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1.
Subj. procesos cogn ; 25(2): 1-16, dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363034

ABSTRACT

El artículo aporta respuestas a la pregunta ¿Cuál es la potencia explicativa de la teoría de las RS? Se enumeran diversas aplicaciones de las RS como constructos de significación colectiva del sentido común de las personas. Se apela a las problemáticas clásicas abordadas y los distintos campos disciplinares que abarcan. La potencia explicativa de las RS se analiza en términos de las diferentes lógicas de la explicación que implican las escuelas psicológicas y sociales que se compatibilizan con las RS. Se analiza el método comparativo como lógica explicativa y técnica que potencia las explicaciones para fenómenos que asocian RS y diversas teorías. La posmodernidad presenta innumerables desafíos a las ciencias humanas. Las RS pueden contribuir para varios de ellos demostrando ser una técnica poderosa. La actualidad de las RS consiste en develar los sentidos implicados en el sentido común contribuyendo a la comprensión del mundo actual y su gobernanza AU


The article provides answers to the question: What is the explanatory power of the SR theory? Various applications of SR are listed as constructs of collective meaning of people's common sense. It appeals to the classic problems addressed and the different disciplinary fields they cover.The explanatory power of the SR is analyzed in terms of the different logics of the explanation implied by the psychological and social schools that are compatible with the SR.The comparative method is analyzed as an explanatory and technical logic that enhances explanations for phenomena that associate SR and various theories.Postmodernity presents myriad challenges to the human sciences. RS can contribute to several of them proving to be a powerful technique. SR today consists of unveiling the meanings involved in common sense, contributing to the understanding of the current world and its governance AU


Subject(s)
Perception , Knowledge , Comprehension , Theory of Mind , Logic , Methods
2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(3): 412-415, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288231

ABSTRACT

Abstract Dual-chamber pacemaker is a fully automatic pacemaker with the function of simulating human physiological pacing. It regulates pacing by programming different refractory periods and various special functions, which are closely related to arrhythmia. After in-depth understanding of these special functions, regular electrocardiogram follow-up analysis is required to provide individualized optimal program control and so is appropriate the administration of the pacemaker's special functions to better provide optimal clinical guidance for patients with arrhythmia.


Subject(s)
Pacemaker, Artificial/adverse effects , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/etiology , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/therapy , Electrocardiography , Logic
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888071

ABSTRACT

This paper explores the statistical distribution characteristics of coating film thickness, so as to present a new method for determining coating endpoint based on 3σ criterion and logic regression. Firstly, the spectrum and thickness of 4 batch samples were collected. Secondly, the spectral range of normal products was obtained by 3σ criterion, with the spectral feature NI as the number of test spectrum in the above range. Then, the model based on 3σ criterion and logic regression was built according to the best condition in K-fold cross-validation and the determined threshold of qualified rate in the coating endpoint. Finally, the qualified rate of test set samples at different time points was calculated by the above model, and the above change trend and the threshold value were combined to determine the coating endpoint. The results of KS analysis showed the distribution of thickness of the qualified products followed the normal distribution(P=0.081>0.05). The accuracy of the coating endpoint determination was as high as 100% by the model based on 3σ criterion and logic regression when the determined threshold of qualified rate was 90%. Therefore, the 3σ criterion was feasible to the research of coating eligibility. This paper reveals certain random phenomena in the coating process, and the method features a high accuracy, quick analysis and a good interpretability, which provides a reference for online detection and qualify evaluation in future.


Subject(s)
Endpoint Determination , Logic , Research Design , Tablets
4.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(12): 5017-5028, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1142698

ABSTRACT

Resumo Reconhecer as contribuições da área de avaliação no suporte ao desempenho das políticas de saúde, é admiti-la de forma contínua e permanente no contexto da gestão. Isso requer um conjunto de procedimentos, para além das práticas de monitoramento e avaliação, denominado gestão do desempenho. O objetivo desse estudo foi analisar a lógica da Política de Avaliação da Vigilância em Saúde (VS) de Pernambuco, comparando-a com a Política canadense correspondente. Para tal, foi realizado um estudo qualitativo, análise lógica da teoria do programa, utilizando-se como ferramenta o desenho do modelo lógico da gestão do desempenho, e sua respectiva matriz de análise e julgamento com os critérios a serem avaliados. Na VS, foram entrevistados 9 informantes-chave e analisados documentos; o modelo canadense foi analisado com base em um documento produzido por Lahey (2010). As duas políticas estudadas são convergentes, possuindo os elementos necessários à gestão do desempenho. Porém, enquanto a avaliação teve destaque no modelo canadense, o monitoramento constituiu-se o eixo condutor da institucionalização das práticas avaliativas na VS. Algumas lições aprendidas no modelo canadense podem ser recomendadas, como o desenvolvimento de um plano de avaliação, pautado no nível estratégico e decisor da VS.


Abstract Acknowledging the contributions of the assessment area in supporting the performance of health policies, is to admit it in an ongoing and permanent way in the management context. This requires a set of procedures that go beyond monitoring and evaluation practices, known as performance management. The goal of this study was to analyze the logic of the Health Surveillance (HS) Evaluation Policy of Pernambuco, comparing it with the corresponding Canadian policy. For this purpose, a qualitative study of logical analysis of the program theory was carried out, using as a tool the design of the logical model of performance management and its respective matrix of analysis and judgment with the criteria to be evaluated. In HS, 9 key-informants were interviewed, and documents were analyzed; the Canadian model was analyzed based on a paper written by Lahey (2010). Both policies analyzed by this study are convergent and have the necessary elements for performance management. While the evaluation featured largely in the Canadian model, monitoring was the driving force behind the institutionalization of assessment practices in HS. Some lessons learned in the Canadian model can be recommended, such as the development of an assessment plan, based on the strategic and decision-making level of HS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Policy , Logic , Canada
5.
Estud. Interdiscip. Psicol ; 11(3): 196-217, set-dez.2020. Ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342683

ABSTRACT

A pesquisa em psicanálise é um tema recorrentemente debatido e possui um já extenso histórico no contexto brasileiro. Este texto parte de uma discussão a respeito desse tema, mais especificamente, de uma discussão suscitada pelo texto Pesquisa de tipo teórico, de Luiz Alfredo Garcia-Roza, acerca da utilização do significante como modalidade própria de pesquisa psicanalítica. Para trabalhar tal questão, foram abordados os fundamentos do conceito de significante de Ferdinand de Saussure, bem como a sua passagem para a psicanálise, com o trabalho de Jacques Lacan. Com a elaboração da teoria do significante lacaniano, foi identificado que o significante não funciona como um conceito, mas como um método de abordagem, o que justifica compreendê-lo como uma lógica em detrimento de tratá-lo como um termo ordinário. Posteriormente, foram explorados o alcance e as implicações desse método de pesquisa, tendo como chaves de leitura importantes textos de Roland Barthes e Michel Foucault (AU)


The research in psychoanalysis is a subject frequently debated and has a very extensive history in the Brazilian context. This text starts from a discussion about this theme, more specifically, an argue raised by the text Pesquisa de tipo teórico, by Garcia-Roza, about the use of the signifier as an inherent modality of psychoanalytic research. To address this issue, the foundations of the concept of signifier were approached in Saussure's text, as well as its use in psychoanalysis, with the work of Lacan. With the elaboration of the Lacanian signifier theory, it was identified that the signifier works not as a concept, but as a method of approach, which justifies understanding it as a logic rather than dealing with it as an ordinary term. Then, the scope and implications of this type of research method were explored, having as key reading important texts by Barthes and Foucault (AU).


La investigación en psicoanálisis es un tema recurrentemente debatido y tiene una muy extensa historia en el contexto brasileño. Este texto parte de una discusión sobre este tema, más específicamente, de una discusión planteada por el texto Pesquisa de tipo teórico, de Garcia-Roza, acerca de la utilización del significante como modalidad propia de la investigación psicoanalítica. Para trabajar tal cuestión, fueron abordados los fundamentos del concepto de significante, en el texto de Saussure, así como su transición para el psicoanálisis, con el trabajo de Lacan. Con la elaboración de la teoría del significante lacaniano, fue identificado que el significante no funciona como un concepto, sino como un método de enfoque, lo que justifica comprenderlo como una lógica en lugar de tratarlo como un término ordinario. En seguida, fueron explorados el alcance y las implicaciones de este método de investigación, teniendo como llaves de lectura textos importantes de Barthes y Foucault (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychoanalysis , Research Design , Comprehension , Logic
6.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(11): 4411-4422, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1133054

ABSTRACT

Resumen El propósito de este artículo es comprender los significados de las políticas alimentarias para madres beneficiarias y, para técnicos que diseñan e implementan dichas políticas. Se utilizó el método de la teoría fundamentada. Las técnicas de recolección fueron la entrevista semi-estructurada y el grupo focal. Los participantes fueron beneficiarias de algún programa de alimentación y nutrición, con una experiencia mínima de dos años y; los técnicos con cinco años o más de desempeño en el diseño y/o implementación de las políticas. Las políticas alimentarias se conciben y se gestionan bajo una lógica de mercado, la cual requiere de una institucionalidad que le sea funcional al modelo mercantil para proveer servicios públicos, lo cual se materializa en el esquema de la subcontratación a terceros, especialmente empresas privadas, quienes implementan estas políticas con el propósito de lograr la rentabilidad financiera. El mercado se impone como el referencial de las acciones del Estado, por tanto, se configura un Estado que limita su función a la fiscalización de las acciones subcontratadas, y las políticas de alimentación se constituyen en dispositivos para la desviación de recursos públicos hacia el sector privado.


Abstract This paper aims to understand the meanings of food and nutrition policies for beneficiary mothers and for technicians designing and implementing said policies. The Grounded Theory method was employed. The data collection techniques adopted were the semi-structured interview and the focus group. The participants were beneficiaries of food and nutrition programs, with a minimum two-year experience, and technicians with five-year experience in designing or implementing these policies and programs. Food and nutrition policies are conceived and managed under a market logic, which has required an institutional framework that adopted this commercial model to provide public services, which is implemented in the scheme of outsourcing third parties, especially private companies, who implement these policies to achieve financial profitability. The market is imposed as the benchmark for the State's actions, and, therefore, the State's action is limited the oversight of outsourced actions, and food policies become devices for the diversion of public resources to the private sector.


Subject(s)
Humans , Private Sector , Nutrition Policy , Colombia , Food , Logic
7.
Ciênc. cogn ; 24(2): 227-244, 29 fev. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292682

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho tem como objetivo investigar a elaboração de comparações por crianças de 3 a 11 anos para explicar o processo de dissolução. Os dados foram coletados em entrevistas individuais semiestruturadas e sua análise evidenciou que as crianças foram capazes de elaborar diferentes tipos de comparações que se diferenciam com relação ao grau de abstração. Outra evidência foi a de que as experiências vivenciadas e o conhecimento das crianças influenciam no tipo de comparação que elas são capazes de elaborar. Por meio dessas comparações, elas expressaram ideias sobre o processo de dissolução como: desaparecimento, derretimento, transmutação e desintegração. Com base nessa análise, apoiamos a hipótese de outros autores deque há uma progressão nos tipos de comparação que as crianças elaboram ao longo de sua vida, passando de comparações superficiais para aquelas que envolvem o mapeamento de relações de similaridade entre os domínios comparados, mas que a idade não é o fator determinante do tipo de comparação que elas irão elaborar. No contexto do Ensino de Ciências, o qual envolve processos de significação de conceitos, destacamos a necessidade de que os professores compreendam como as crianças elaboram suas comparações para explicá-los.


This study aims to investigate the elaboration of comparisons by children from 3 to 11 years to explain the process of dissolution. The data were collected in individual semi-structured interviews and your analysis showed that the children were able to develop different types of comparisons that differ with respect to the degree of abstraction. Another evidence was that the experiences and knowledge of the children influence the type of comparison that they are able to elaborate. Through these comparisons, they expressed ideas about the process of dissolution such as: disappearance, melting, transmutation and disintegration. Based on this analysis, we support the hypothesis of other authors that there is a progression in the types of comparison that children develop over your life, from superficial comparisons to those involving the mapping of relations of similarity between domains compared, but age is not the determining factor in the type of comparison that they will develop. In the context of teaching science, which involves processes of signification of concepts, we highlight the need for teachers to understand how children develop their comparisons to explain them.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Child , Concept Formation , Logic , Faculty
9.
Psicol. USP ; 31: e170147, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1135816

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é construir um estudo comparativo entre a clínica psicanalítica e a médica, referente a quem elas se destinam, o paradoxo derivado de suas bases epistemológicas e o destino dado a este paradoxo. Trazemos para o contexto os discursos do campo clínico da medicina reprodutiva no Brasil, em especial o texto regulador das práticas de reprodução com materiais doados e duas críticas oriundas da esfera jurídica. Na primeira parte, a comparação entre métodos clínicos considera que, apesar do compartilhamento de bases epistemológicas comuns, as clínicas concebem, de formas distintas, a lógica de funcionamento daquele a quem destinam sua prática. Todavia a atual regulação das práticas clínicas de reprodução assistida expõe um paradoxo referente ao processo de filiação parental, que implica as bases epistemológicas médicas e psicanalíticas, com efeitos em suas práticas. Na segunda parte do artigo, compararemos os diferentes destinos dados a este paradoxo.


Abstract This is a comparative study concerning the relation between the psychoanalytic clinic and the physician, referring to whom both serve, the paradox derived from their epistemological grounds, and the fate given to this paradox. We contextualize the discourses of the clinical field of reproductive medicine in Brazil, in particular the regulatory text on reproduction practices with donated materials and two criticisms arising from the legal sphere. In the first section, the comparison between clinical methods considers that, despite the sharing of common epistemological grounds, clinics conceive the logic of functioning of the one to whom they direct their practice in different ways. However, the current regulation of Medically Assisted Reproduction clinical practices in Brazil exposes a paradox pertaining to the process of parental affiliation, which implies different medical and psychoanalytical epistemological bases, affecting their practices. In the second part of the article, we compare the different destinations resulting from this paradox.


Résumé Cet article à pour but construire une étude comparative entre la clinique psychanalytique et la clinique médicale, relatif à qui ils sont destinés, le paradoxe dérivé de leurs bases épistémologiques et le destin donné à ce paradoxe. Nous apportons au contexte les discours du domaine clinique de la médecine reproductive au Brésil, en particulier le texte réglementaire des pratiques de reproduction avec des matériaux donnés et deux critiques de la sphère juridique. Dans la première partie, la comparaison entre les méthodes cliniques considère que, malgré le partage de bases épistémologiques communes, les cliniques considèrent, de différentes manières, la logique du fonctionnement de celui à qui ils sont destinés à la pratique. Cependant, la réglementation actuelle des pratiques cliniques de Reproduction médicalement assistée au Brésil expose un paradoxe concernant le processus d'affiliation parentale, qui implique les bases épistémologiques de la médecine et de la psychanalyse, et influence leurs pratiques. Ce sera dans la deuxième partie de l'article que nous comparerons les différentes destinations données à ce paradoxe.


Resumen El objetivo de este artículo es construir un estudio comparativo entre la clínica psicoanalítica y la médica relacionada a quien destinan, la paradoja derivada de sus bases epistemológicas y el destino dado a esta paradoja. Ponemos en discusión los discursos del campo clínico de la medicina reproductiva en Brasil, en particular el texto regulador de las prácticas de reproducción con materiales donados y dos críticas del marco jurídico. En la primera parte, la comparación entre los métodos clínicos permite considerar que, a pesar de que se compartan bases epistemológicas comunes, las clínicas conciben de forma distinta la lógica de funcionamiento para aquel a quien destinan sus prácticas. Sin embargo, la actual regulación de las prácticas clínicas de reproducción asistida en Brasil presenta una paradoja relacionada al proceso de afiliación parental, lo cual relaciona las bases epistemológicas médicas y psicoanalíticas, con efectos sobre sus respectivas prácticas. En la segunda parte del artículo comparemos los diferentes destinos dados a esta paradoja.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychoanalysis , Clinical Medicine , Reproductive Techniques , Philosophy , Logic
10.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 36(5): e00043219, 20202. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100948

ABSTRACT

O objetivo foi avaliar a implantação do Programa Mais Médicos (PMM) com base no estudo de caso do Espírito Santo, Brasil. Na primeira etapa, foram analisados os documentos que instituíram o PMM, permitindo a criação de um modelo lógico. Na segunda, foram analisados dados do PMM no Espírito Santo (2013-2016) baseando-se em faixas populacionais, gerando a criação de indicadores da proporção de médicos antes e após o Programa com os parâmetros: inaceitável (0 a 0,99 médico/1.000 habitantes); aceitável (1 a 1,99); e desejável (2,0 ou mais). Os dados foram analisados com os testes não paramétricos de Wilcoxon e Kruskal-Wallis. O modelo incluiu as dimensões, insumos, atividades, produtos, resultados e impacto do PMM, e orientou a análise da implantação do Programa. Do total de médicos para o provimento emergencial para o Espírito Santo (432), a maioria (63,8%) pertencia ao perfil intercambistas cooperados (cubanos) e 31,2% eram médicos com registro no Conselho Regional de Medicina do estado. Tanto os médicos brasileiros quanto os intercambistas individuais foram alocados prioritariamente em municípios de médio e grande portes. Os cubanos se distribuíram de forma mais heterogênea em municípios de todos os portes populacionais e, consequentemente, são mais frequentes em áreas de maior vulnerabilidade social e menor capital social. Houve significativo incremento do quantitativo de médicos no Espírito Santo; entretanto, o provimento de médicos para a população em extrema pobreza não exibiu um indicador desejável, apresentando uma média ainda inaceitável em municípios de até 10.000 habitantes e aceitável nos municípios com as demais faixas populacionais.


The study aimed to assess the implementation of the More Doctors Program (PMM in Portuguese) based on a case study of the Espírito Santo State, Brazil. The first stage involved analyzing the documents that launched the PMM, allowing the creation of a logic model. In the second stage, data on the PMM in Espírito Santo State were analyzed (2013-2016) based on population brackets, creating indicators for the proportion of physicians before and after the Program with the following parameters: unacceptable (0 to 0.99 physicians/1,000 inhabitants); acceptable (1 to 1.99); and desirable (2.0 or more). Data were analyzed with the Wilcoxon and Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric tests. The model included the size, inputs, activities, outputs, results, and impact of the PMM, orienting analysis of the Program's implementation. Of all the physicians in the emergency supply to Espírito Santo State (432), the majority (63.8%) were cooperative exchange physicians (Cubans), while 31.2% were regional board-accredited Brazilians. The Brazilian and individual exchange physicians were allocated mainly in medium and large municipalities, while the Cubans were distributed more heterogeneously in municipalities of all population sizes and were thus more common in areas with greater social vulnerability and lower social capital. There was a significant increase in the number of physicians in Espírito Santo State, but the supply to the extremely poor population did not reach the desired level, presenting an unacceptable mean rate in municipalities with up to 10,000 inhabitants and an acceptable rate in municipalities in the other population brackets.


El objetivo fue evaluar la implantación del programa Más Médicos (PMM), a partir del estudio de caso de Espírito Santo, Brasil. En una primera etapa, se analizaron los documentos que instituyeron el PMM, permitiendo la creación de un modelo lógico. En la segunda etapa, se analizaron datos del PMM en Espírito Santo (2013-2016), a partir de franjas poblacionales, generando la creación de indicadores de la proporción de médicos antes y después del programa con los parámetros: inaceptable (0 a 0,99 médicos/1.000 habitantes); aceptable (1 a 1,99); y deseable (2,0 o más). Los datos se analizaron con las pruebas no-paramétricas de Wilcoxon y Kruskal-Wallis. El modelo incluyó dimensiones, insumos, actividades, productos, resultados e impacto del PMM y orientó el análisis de la implantación del Programa. Del total de médicos para la provisión de emergencia para Espírito Santo (432), la mayoría (63,8%) pertenecían al perfil intercambios de cooperación (cubanos) y 31,2% a médicos brasileños registrados en el Consejo Regional de Medicina. Tanto los médicos brasileños, como los intercambios individuales, se ubicaron prioritariamente en municipios de tamaño medio y grande, mientras que los cubanos se distribuyeron de forma más heterogénea en municipios de todos los tamaños poblacionales y, consecuentemente, son más frecuentes en áreas de mayor vulnerabilidad social y menor capital social. Hubo un significativo incremento de la cantidad de médicos en Espírito Santo, no obstante, la provisión de médicos para la población en extrema pobreza no mostró un indicador deseable, presentando una media todavía inaceptable en municipios de hasta 10.000 habitantes y aceptable en los municipios de las demás franjas poblacionales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physicians , National Health Programs , Brazil , Logic
11.
Pesqui. prát. psicossociais ; 14(4): 1-9, out.-dez. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1115071

ABSTRACT

Este artigo aborda a relação da Psicologia Analítica com a pós-modernidade a partir de três pressupostos e consequências: superação do individualismo epistemológico, a progressividade a partir da tradição e colocar em xeque a fé na razão soberana. Para tanto, algumas noções de Jung são fundamentais nesse processo: compensação, sombra e intersignos. Essa passagem do conhecimento pautado no corte para concepções holísticas caracteriza o imanentismo epistemológico, que aponta para a superação da Educação pela iniciação, do domínio da natureza para a ecosofia e da lógica da não contradição para a lógica do contraditorial, de pessoas plurais.


This article addresses the relationship of Analytical Psychology to postmodernity, from three assumptions and consequences: overcoming epistemological individualism, progressivity from tradition and putting faith in sovereign reason in check. Therefore, some notions of Jung are required in this process: compensation, shadow and intersign. This passage from court-based knowledge to holistic conceptions characterizes epistemological immanentism, which points to the overcoming of education through initiation, from the domain of nature to ecosophy and from the logic of non-crontadiction to the logic of the contradictory, of plural people.


Este artículo aborda la relación de la Psicología Analítica con la posmodernidad, a partir de tres supuestos y consecuencias: superar el individualismo epistemológico, la progresividad de la tradición y poner a prueba la fe en la razón soberana. Con este fin, algunas nociones de Jung son fundamentales en este proceso: compensación, sombra e intersign. Este pasaje del conocimiento basado en la corte a las concepciones holísticas caracteriza el inmanentismo epistemológico, que apunta a superar la educación a través de la iniciación, del dominio de la naturaleza a la ecosofía y de la lógica de la no contradicción a la lógica de lo contradictorio, de las personas plurales.


Subject(s)
Psychology , Jungian Theory , Nature , Knowledge , Education , Individuation , Logic
12.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(9): 3571-3582, set. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019694

ABSTRACT

Resumo Discute-se a reorganização das relações entre a produção científica e as inovações produtivas a partir do quarto final do século XX cuja expressão mais geral foi uma intensa aproximação espaço-temporal entre essas duas atividades. O setor de saúde humana foi um dos setores onde essa aproximação ocorreu com grande intensidade e o texto discute algumas bases conceituais importantes nesse processo, trazendo as contribuições de Gibbons, Stokes e Lundvall-Freeman, bem como as de Merton, Kuhn e Bourdieu no que se refere à organização do trabalho científico. Aponta e discute três processos derivados dessa reorganização, quais sejam a erosão do conceito do conhecimento científico como um bem público, a difusão de um personagem denominado 'pesquisador empreendedor' e o aparecimento da estratégia da pesquisa translacional.


Abstract The scope of this paper is a discussion of the transformative relationship between scientific research and productive innovation, which occurred from the final quarter of the twentieth century onwards. The main characteristic of the phenomenon was an intense space-time approximation of the two activities. The human health sector has been one of the main fields where that approximation was most markedly observed. Some major conceptual bases of the reorganization are discussed, and the text examines works by Gibbons, Stokes and Lundvall-Freeman, as well as Merton, Kuhn and Bourdieu with respect to the organization of the scientific work. The paper highlights and discusses three aspects that arose from the new configuration, namely the erosion of the well-established concept of scientific knowledge as a public good, the appearance of the individual referred to as the 'entrepreneurial researcher' and the emergence of the strategy of translational research in health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Research Personnel/organization & administration , Entrepreneurship , Translational Research, Biomedical/organization & administration , Biomedical Research/organization & administration , Logic
13.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(9): 3571-3582, set. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019663

ABSTRACT

Resumo Discute-se a reorganização das relações entre a produção científica e as inovações produtivas a partir do quarto final do século XX cuja expressão mais geral foi uma intensa aproximação espaço-temporal entre essas duas atividades. O setor de saúde humana foi um dos setores onde essa aproximação ocorreu com grande intensidade e o texto discute algumas bases conceituais importantes nesse processo, trazendo as contribuições de Gibbons, Stokes e Lundvall-Freeman, bem como as de Merton, Kuhn e Bourdieu no que se refere à organização do trabalho científico. Aponta e discute três processos derivados dessa reorganização, quais sejam a erosão do conceito do conhecimento científico como um bem público, a difusão de um personagem denominado 'pesquisador empreendedor' e o aparecimento da estratégia da pesquisa translacional.


Abstract The scope of this paper is a discussion of the transformative relationship between scientific research and productive innovation, which occurred from the final quarter of the twentieth century onwards. The main characteristic of the phenomenon was an intense space-time approximation of the two activities. The human health sector has been one of the main fields where that approximation was most markedly observed. Some major conceptual bases of the reorganization are discussed, and the text examines works by Gibbons, Stokes and Lundvall-Freeman, as well as Merton, Kuhn and Bourdieu with respect to the organization of the scientific work. The paper highlights and discusses three aspects that arose from the new configuration, namely the erosion of the well-established concept of scientific knowledge as a public good, the appearance of the individual referred to as the 'entrepreneurial researcher' and the emergence of the strategy of translational research in health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Research Personnel/organization & administration , Entrepreneurship , Translational Research, Biomedical/organization & administration , Biomedical Research/organization & administration , Logic
14.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(9): 3583-3594, set. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019657

ABSTRACT

Resumo O texto apresenta e discute os novos personagens que têm crescente presença no ambiente de pesquisa, quais sejam o pesquisador empreendedor e a universidade empreendedora. Discute ainda o cenário atual da difusão de conhecimento científico que apresenta crescentes problemas, com dificuldade de publicação de resultados e dificuldades de acesso a resultados de pesquisa publicados. Discute também o significado da estratégia da pesquisa translacional e apresenta e discute alguns desafios éticos relevantes que resultam da reorganização das relações entre ciência e negócio. Em particular trata dos conflitos de interesse e dos resultados da supercompetição entre cientistas e instituições em um cenário de encurtamento de apoio financeiro público à ciência.


Abstract The paper introduces and discusses the new players that now have a growing presence on the research scene, namely the entrepreneurial researcher and the entrepreneurial university. It also discusses the current scenario of the diffusion of scientific knowledge that presents increasing problems, with difficulty in publishing results and difficulties in accessing the results of published research. It also discusses the implications of the strategy of translational research and presents and discusses some relevant ethical challenges that result from the reorganization of the relationship between science and business. In particular, it deals with conflicts of interest and the results of excessive competition between scientists and institutions in a scenario of diminished public financial support for science.


Subject(s)
Humans , Research Personnel/organization & administration , Universities/organization & administration , Entrepreneurship/ethics , Translational Research, Biomedical/organization & administration , Publishing , Research Personnel/ethics , Research Support as Topic , Universities/ethics , Conflict of Interest , Ethics, Research , Translational Research, Biomedical/ethics , Logic
15.
Ágora (Rio J. Online) ; 22(2): 200-208, maio-ago. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1004868

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Nós propomos, neste artigo, uma interpretação da seguinte passagem do Abriss der Psychoanalyse de Freud: "As regras decisivas da lógica não têm validade no inconsciente, pode-se dizer que ele é o reino do ilógico". Para tanto, procederemos em quatro etapas: 1) Delimitar o conceito de lógica a partir do Organon de Aristóteles. 2) Identificar quais são as regras decisivas da lógica e seu conteúdo. 3) Examinar em que sentido tais regras não possuem validade no inconsciente. 4) Problematizar a tese freudiana de que o inconsciente seria o reino do ilógico. A ideia de que esta tese freudiana é problemática surge de uma tese que Lacan apresenta no seminário XIV sobre a lógica da fantasia, a saber, que o inconsciente "está instalado no campo da lógica e que ele articula proposições". Esta tese lacaniana nos permitirá chegar à conclusão de que o inconsciente não é totalmente o reino do ilógico.


Abstract: We propose, in this paper, an interpretation of this passage in Freud's Abriss der Psychoanalyse: "The decisive rules of logic don't apply in the unconscious, we could call it the Empire of the illogical". To do this, we are going to follow these steps: 1) Define the concept of logic through Aristotle's Organon. 2) Identify the decisive rules of logic and their contents. 3) Examine in what sense these rules don't apply in the unconscious. 4) Call into question Freud's thesis that unconscious would be the Empire of the illogical. The idea that this Freudian thesis is problematic comes from a thesis which Lacan presents in the seminar XIV on the logic of phantasy, namely that the unconscious "is installed in the field of logic and that it articulates propositions". This thesis will allow us to conclude that the unconscious is not completely the Empire of the illogical.


Subject(s)
Psychoanalysis , Unconsciousness , Logic
16.
Psicol. rev. (Belo Horizonte) ; 25(1): 118-132, jan.-abr. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091864

ABSTRACT

Tendo como referência o documentário Malucos de estrada, de Rafael Lage, este texto se propõe a discutir a forma com que a verdade de uma dada sociedade pode se operacionalizar nesta. Contrapondo a concepção do que significaria o termo "viver" para a sociedade ocidental contemporânea e para a psicanálise, propõe que a vida somente tem sentido se referenciada na verdade que serve de solo para a existência, identificada por Freud como sendo a verdade do inconsciente, e que se faria apresentar sempre como furo no saber estabelecido, como subversão deste. Propõe, então, que os personagens desse documentário, por se apresentarem na cena social de uma forma não predicativa, podem nos auxiliar a pensar a verdade, em termos sociais, como algo assubstancial, somente passível de se processar por meio da subversão daquilo que se apresenta subsumido à lógica classificatória e hierarquizante de uma dada sociedade.


Referring to the documentary film Malucos de estrada, by Rafael Lage, the purpose of this text is to discuss the way the truth of a certain society may take place within it. Counterpointing to what the term "live" would mean for the contemporary Western society and psychoanalysis, it proposes that life is only meaningful if evidenced in the truth that serves as ground for the existence, identified by Freud as being the truth of the unconscious, which would always be presented as a hole in the established knowledge, its subversion. This study proposes that the characters of this documentary film, having in mind that they are presented in the social scenario in a non predicative way, may help us view the truth not as a substantial thing but as something that may only be processed by the subversion of everything presented in subjection to a classificatory and hierarchical logic of a certain society.


Teniendo como referencia el documentario Malucos de estrada, de Rafael Lage, este texto se propone a discutir la forma como la verdad de dicha sociedad puede operar en ella. Contraponiendo la concepción de qué significaría el término "vivir" para la sociedad occidental contemporánea y para el psicoanálisis, propone que la vida solo tiene sentido si referenciada en la verdad que sirve de suelo para la existencia, identificada por Freud como siendo la verdad del inconsciente, y que se haría presentar siempre como perforación en el saber establecido. Propone, entonces, que los personajes de ese documentario, puesto que se presentan en la escena social de una forma no predictiva, nos pueden ayudar a pensar la verdad, en términos sociales, como algo no sustancial, pasible solamente de procesarse por medio de la subversión de lo que se presenta subsumido a la lógica clasificatoria y de jerarquización de dicha sociedad.


Subject(s)
Culture , Freedom , Logic
17.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 140-148, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777202

ABSTRACT

As a high-level cognitive function of actively regulating human behaviors, cognitive control plays essential roles in conflict processing, working memory, decision making and so on. However, it is still under debate whether a universal cognitive control mechanism underlies the processing of various conflicts. Many existing theories tend to hold that cognitive control is domain-general; however, this view has been challenged by recent empirical studies. The logics of studying generality/specificity mainly include transferability, parallel comparison, correlation and resources competition, etc. Current empirical findings support that cognitive control is domain-general, domain-specific or both, respectively. To tackle this controversy, future studies about cognitive control can be performed from the perspectives of life-span development, the dynamic brain network, combination of multiple logics, causal relationship from brain injury, computational modeling, cognitive flexibility and functional connectivity.


Subject(s)
Brain , Physiology , Brain Mapping , Cognition , Computer Simulation , Humans , Logic
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759910

ABSTRACT

Lee Kap-Soo (April 23, 1889–December 5, 1973) graduated from Gyeongseong Medical College in 1920, went to Germany to study, and returned to Korea after graduating from Berlin University in 1924. On September 14, 1933, he played a leading role in the founding of the Joseon Eugenics Society, and he contributed eugenic ideas through written publications and lectures. He was a leading eugenicist who continued his activities related to eugenics, such as re-establishing the Korean National Eugenics Society and making efforts to enact the Eugenics Act after Korea's liberation from Japanese occupation. His ideas on eugenics were then a rapid acceptance of the world's times and science, and his ideas were an expanded eugenics that emphasized the nation. He actively carried out the campaign for eugenics and maintained a consistent stance before and after liberation. His eugenic ideas and activities show that Korean society was not free from the influence of eugenics that was gaining popularity around the world. His eugenic ideas were related to enlightenment, but the basis of eugenics was the logic of discrimination and exclusion. In particular, his eugenic ideas and activities have caused pain to Hansen's patients through forced isolation and discontinuation. In addition, his doctrine of eugenics still holds sway in Korean society. The history of Lee Kap-Soo's life and eugenics-related activities shows the important points and characteristics of the history of eugenics in Korean society before and after the liberation from Japan, and furthermore provides an important clue in understanding and explaining the colonial vestige in Korean society, economic growth first ideology, enthusiasm for scientific development, and competitive social culture.


Subject(s)
Asians , Berlin , Discrimination, Psychological , Economic Development , Eugenics , Germany , Humans , Japan , Korea , Lecture , Leprosy , Logic , Occupations
20.
Safety and Health at Work ; : 103-108, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761330

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study was designed to provide logical backgrounds for the revision of biological exposure indices (BEIs) for styrene exposure in Korea. In order to investigate the correlation between airborne styrene and biological exposure indices, we measured urinary mandelic acid (MA) and phenylglyoxylic acid (PGA) in workers exposed to styrene occupationally, as well as airborne styrene at workplaces. METHODS: Surveys were conducted for 56 subjects. The concentrations of airborne styrene and urinary metabolites of styrene were measured in 36 workers who were occupationally exposed to styrene, and in 20 controls. Air samples were collected using personal air samplers and analyzed by gas chromatography. Urine samples were collected at the end of the shift and analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography. RESULTS: The geometric mean concentration of airborne styrene was 9.6 ppm. The concentrations of urinary MA, PGA, and MA+PGA in the exposure group were 267.7, 143.3, and 416.8 mg/g creatinine, respectively. The correlation coefficients for correlation between airborne styrene and MA, PGA, and MA+PGA were 0.714, 0.604, and 0.769, respectively. The sum of urinary MA and PGA corresponding to an exposure of 20 ppm styrene was 603 mg/g creatinine. CONCLUSION: The correlation of the sum of urinary MA and PGA with airborne styrene was better than the correlation of each individual urinary determinant. It is considered appropriate to amend the concentration of urinary MA+PGA to 600 mg/g creatinine as a BEI, which corresponds to an airborne styrene concentration of 20 ppm in Korea.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Gas , Chromatography, Liquid , Creatinine , Humans , Korea , Logic , Occupations , Styrene
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