Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 7.875
Filter
1.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529139

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To identify the most prevalent oral lesions based on reports from a pathology institute's reports and associations between malignant and oral potentially malignant disorders with patient's demographic variables and the anatomical location. Material and Methods: All 1,298 histopathological reports of oral lesions recorded in the database were reviewed. Demographic variables, anatomical location of the lesion, histopathological diagnosis of the lesions, and their biological behavior were analyzed. Results: Regarding the biological behavior of the identified lesions, benign lesions were predominant (70%), followed by lesions of undetermined behavior (14.3%), malignant lesions (14.2%), absence of histological alteration (1.2%), and finally, oral potentially malignant disorders (0.5%). The anatomical locations of the most prevalent oral lesions potentially malignant disorders and malignant were in the following structures of the oral cavity: gums, buccal mucosa, floor of the mouth and hard palate (p=49.2%), and tongue (p=48.7%). Conclusion: The probability of malignant and premalignant lesions was higher among males (PR= 4.21; 95% CI 2.08-6.22), the increase in age (PR = 1.06; 95% CI 1.05-1.08), and in the tongue region (PR = 5.48; 95% CI 1.67; 17.92). Identification of malignant and potentially malignant oral conditions is higher in older men and in tongue specimens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Mouth Neoplasms/epidemiology , Diagnosis, Oral , Mouth/injuries , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Biopsy , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods
2.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(3): 33128, 26 dez. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1524392

ABSTRACT

Introdução:A osteoartrite é uma doença degenerativa caracterizada pela deterioração progressiva da cartilagem articular, resultando em dor e incapacidade articular total em estágios avançados.Éconsiderada um dos distúrbios articulares mais comuns em todo o mundo e sua prevalência está aumentando constantemente devido ao envelhecimento, dietas inflamatórias e inatividade física. Objetivo:Investigar a contribuição da microbiota intestinal e dos componentes dietéticos, naperspectiva dediminuir as patologias associadas à osteoartrite. Metodologia:Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa desenvolvida a partir da seleção de artigos disponíveis escritos nalíngua inglesa, publicados nas bases de dados Pubmed e Science Direct. Resultados:No total, 25.583 artigos foram encontrados na busca, após os critérios de exclusão, 19 artigos compuseram o corpo de análise da revisão. Pesquisas em animais mostram que os efeitos induzidos por dieta rica em gordura foram evidentes e indicaram uma inflamação sistêmica de baixo grau resultando no agravamento da oesteoartritepor meio do aumento da degeneração da cartilagem. Dado ao impacto potencial da dieta na oesteoartrite, foram realizados estudos para avaliar a dieta mediterrânea, os níveis de ômega 3 e 6, vitamina C e E, com destaque para a oligofrutose, uma abordagem nova para tratar a oesteoartriteda obesidade. Conclusões:Conclui-se que apesar de já existir alguma evidência da utilidade da nutrição por meioda dieta alimentar como complemento da terapêutica na osteoartrite são necessários mais estudos que comprovem as intervenções na redução máxima dos marcadores inflamatórios ocasionando o alíviodos sintomas em pacientes com oesteoartrite (AU).


Introduction:Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease characterized by progressive deterioration of the articular cartilage, resulting in pain and total joint disability in advanced stages. It is considered one of the most common joint disorders worldwide and its prevalence is steadily increasing due to aging, inflammatory diets and physical inactivity. Objective:The aim of this literature review was to investigate the contribution of intestinal microbiota and dietary components to try to reduce the pathologies associated with osteoarthritis.Methodology:This is an integrative review, developed from the selectionof available articles written in English, published in the Pubmed and Science Direct databases. Results:Intotal, 25.583articleswerefoundinthesearch,aftertheexclusioncriteria,19 articles madeupthebodyofanalysisofthereview.Animal research shows that the effects induced by a high-fat diet were evident and indicated low-grade systemic inflammation resulting in worsening osteoarthritis by increasing cartilage degeneration. Given the potential impact of diet on osteoarthritis, studies have been conducted to evaluate the Mediterranean diet, omega 3 and 6 levels, vitamin C and E, especially oligofructose, a new approach to treat obesity osteoarthritis.Conclusions:It is concluded that although there is already some evidence of the usefulness of nutrition through the diet as a complement to therapy in osteoarthritis, further studiesare needed to prove the interventions in the maximum reduction of inflammatory markers will cause the relief of symptoms in patients with osteoarthritis (AU).


Introducción: La artrosis es una enfermedad degenerativa caracterizada por el deterioro progresivo del cartílago articular, que se traduce en dolor e incapacidad articular total en estadios avanzados. Se considera uno de los trastornos articulares más comunes en todo el mundo y su prevalencia aumenta constantemente debido al envejecimiento, las dietas inflamatorias y la inactividad física. Objetivo: El objetivo de esta revisión fue investigar la contribución de la microbiota intestinal y los componentes de la dieta, en un intento por reducirlas patologías asociadas a la artrosis. Metodología: Se trata de una revisión integradora, desarrollada a partir de la selección de artículos disponibles escritos en inglés, publicados en las bases de datos Pubmed y Science Direct. Resultados: En total, se encontraron 25.583 artículos en la búsqueda, después de los criterios de exclusión, 19 artículos conformaron el cuerpo de análisis de la revisión.La investigación en animales muestra que los efectos inducidos por una dieta alta en grasas fueron evidentes e indicaron una inflamación sistémica de bajo grado que resultó en un empeoramiento de la osteoartritis a través de una mayor degeneración del cartílago. Dado el impacto potencial de la dieta en la osteoartritis, se han realizado estudios para evaluar ladieta mediterránea, los niveles de omega 3 y 6, vitamina C y E, con énfasis en la oligofructosa, un nuevo enfoque para tratar la osteoartritis por obesidade.Conclusiones: Se concluye que aunque ya existe alguna evidencia de la utilidad de la nutrición a través de la dieta como complemento al tratamiento de la artrosis, son necesarios más estudios que prueben intervenciones en la reducción máxima de los marcadores inflamatorios, provocando el alivio de los síntomas en pacientes con osteoartritis (AU).


Subject(s)
Osteoarthritis/pathology , Obesity , Logistic Models
3.
Psico USF ; 28(3): 449-459, jul.-set. 2023. tab, il
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1521371

ABSTRACT

Risk behaviors are common in adolescence and demonstrates an association with depressive symptoms. Considering the psychological health implications of this phase in adult life, the aim of this study was to verify associations between depressive symptoms and consumption of alcohol and marijuana, self-injurious behavior, health self-perception, life satisfaction, anxiety symptoms and suicidal ideation in adolescents. A total of 298 adolescents, aged 12 to 14 years (61.1% girls), participated in the study. The measures were the translated Health Behavior in School-aged Children questionnaire (HBSC - BR) and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI). The chi-square test, student's t test and binomial logistic regression (p<0.05) were used. Depressive symptoms were associated with anxiety symptoms and self-injury. Higher risk for alcohol use and consumption, self-injury, negative health self-perception, anxiety and depression related to females. The findings of this population suggest worrying health outcomes, especially for girl. (AU)


Comportamentos de risco são comuns na adolescência e demonstram associação com sintomas depressivos. Considerando as implicações da saúde psicológica dessa fase na vida adulta, o objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar associações entre sintomas depressivos e consumo de álcool e maconha, comportamento autolesivo, autopercepção de saúde, satisfação com a vida, sintomas ansiosos e ideação suicida em adolescentes. Participaram 298 adolescentes, de 12 a 14 anos (61,1% meninas). Os instrumentos utilizados foram o questionário traduzido Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC - BR) e o Inventário de Depressão Infantil (CDI). Utilizou-se os teste Qui-Quadrado, t de student e regressão logística binomial (p<0,05). Sintomas depressivos associaram-se com sintomas ansiosos e autolesão. Maior risco para uso e consumo de álcool, autolesão, autopercepção de saúde negativa, ansiedade e depressão em relação ao sexo feminino. Os achados desta população sugerem resultados preocupantes de saúde, sobretudo para o sexo feminino. (AU)


Las conductas de riesgo son comunes en la adolescencia y demuestran una asociación con síntomas depresivos. Considerando las implicaciones psicológicas para la salud de esta fase en la vida adulta, el objetivo de este estudio fue verificar asociaciones entre síntomas depresivos y consumo de alcohol y marihuana, autolesión, autopercepción de salud, satisfacción con la vida, ansiedad e ideación suicida en adolescentes. Participaron 298 adolescentes de 12 a 14 años (61,1% niñas). Los instrumentos utilizados fueron el cuestionario traducido Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC - BR) y el Inventario de Depresión Infantil (CDI). Se utilizaron las pruebas de chi-cuadrado, t de Student y regresión logística binomial (p<0,05). Los síntomas depresivos se asociaron con síntomas de ansiedad y autolesiones. Mayor riesgo de uso y consumo de alcohol, autolesiones, autopercepción negativa de la salud, ansiedad y depresión en relación con el sexo femenino. Los hallazgos de esta población sugieren resultados de salud preocupantes, especialmente para las mujeres. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Anxiety/psychology , Cannabis , Mental Health , Depression/psychology , Alcoholism/psychology , Health Risk Behaviors , Personal Satisfaction , Chi-Square Distribution , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
4.
RFO UPF ; 27(1): 58-72, 08 ago. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509384

ABSTRACT

Objective: This cross-sectional study aimed to describe the prevalence of apical periodontitis (AP) in people living with HIV (PLHIV) over 50 years old and explore its association with sociodemographic, medical, and oral characteristics. Methods: Data from 59 PLHIV were collected, and the periapical area of 1018 teeth was evaluated through periapical radiographs (Rx) using the periapical index (PAI). The presence and quality of root fillings and restorations (coronal fillings and crowns) were assessed with Rx, and caries presence was based on Rx and clinical data. Viral load (VL) and T CD4 counts were also analyzed. Results: AP prevailed in 71% of individuals and 8% of teeth. Family income of >5 Brazilian minimum wages (OR=0.06, 95% CI=0.005-0.62) and having at least one root-filled tooth (OR=14.55, 95% CI=1.45-145.72) were associated with AP prevalence, whereas VL and T CD4 were not. Caries, root filling, and restorations were associated with AP occurrence. Conclusion: PLHIV presented a high AP prevalence, but intrinsic factors related to HIV infection were not associated with AP in the studied subjects. PLHIV would benefit from oral health policies to prevent AP, as the results indicate that the endodontic disease in the present sub-population might be related to social problems.(AU)


Objetivo: este estudo transversal teve como objetivo descrever a prevalência de periodontite apical (PA) em pessoas vivendo com HIV (PVHIV) acima de 50 anos de idade, e explorar sua associação com características sociodemográficas, médicas e bucais. Métodos: os dados de 59 PVHIV foram coletados e a região periapical de 1018 dentes foi avaliada através de radiografias periapicais (Rx) usando o Índice Periapical (PAI). A presença e qualidade das obturações radiculares e restaurações (restaurações diretas e coroas) também foram avaliadas no Rx; a presença de cárie foi baseada em dados clínicos e radiográficos. Carga Viral (CV) e contagem de linfócitos T CD4 também foram avaliados. Resultados: a prevalência de PA nos indivíduos foi de 71%, e 8% dos dentes apresentaram PA. Renda familiar >5 salários mínimos (OR=0.06, 95% CI=0.005-0.62) e ter pelo menos um dente com obturação endodôntica (OR=14.55, 95% CI=1.45-145.72) foram associados com a prevalência de PA, enquanto que CV e T-CD4 não foram. A presença de cárie, obturação endodôntica e restaurações foram associadas com a presença de PA no dente. Conclusão: PVHIV apresentaram uma alta prevalência de PA, mas fatores intrínsecos relacionados à infecção pelo HIV não foram associados com PA nos sujeitos avaliados. PVHIV se beneficiariam de políticas públicas de saúde para prevenir a PA, uma vez que os resultados indicam que a doença endodôntica na presente subpopulação pode ser relacionada a problemas sociais.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Periapical Periodontitis/epidemiology , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/epidemiology , Periapical Periodontitis/etiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/complications , Sex Distribution
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1267-1272, ago. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514354

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: In the study, it was aimed to predict sex from hand measurements using machine learning algorithms (MLA). Measurements were made on MR images of 60 men and 60 women. Determined parameters; hand length (HL), palm length (PL), hand width (HW), wrist width (EBG), metacarpal I length (MIL), metacarpal I width (MIW), metacarpal II length (MIIL), metacarpal II width (MIIW), metacarpal III length (MIIL), metacarpal III width (MIIIW), metacarpal IV length (MIVL), metacarpal IV width (MIVW), metacarpal V length (MVL), metacarpal V width (MVW), phalanx I length (PILL), measured as phalanx II length (PIIL), phalanx III length (PIIL), phalanx IV length (PIVL), phalanx V length (PVL). In addition, the hand index (HI) was calculated. Logistic Regression (LR), Random Forest (RF), Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA), K-nearest neighbour (KNN) and Naive Bayes (NB) were used as MLAs. In the study, the KNN algorithm's Accuracy, SEN, F1 and Specificity ratios were determined as 88 %. In this study using MLA, it is understood that the highest accuracy belongs to the KNN algorithm. Except for the hand's MIIW, MIIIW, MIVW, MVW, HI variables, other variables were statistically significant in terms of sex difference.


En el estudio, el objetivo era predecir el sexo a partir de mediciones manuales utilizando algoritmos de aprendizaje automático (MLA). Las mediciones se realizaron en imágenes de RM de 60 hombres y 60 mujeres. Parámetros determinados; longitud de la mano (HL), longitud de la palma (PL), ancho de la mano (HW), ancho de la muñeca (EBG), longitud del metacarpiano I (MIL), ancho del metacarpiano I (MIW), longitud del metacarpiano II (MIIL), ancho del metacarpiano II (MIIW), longitud del metacarpiano III (MIIL), ancho del metacarpiano III (MIIIW), longitud del metacarpiano IV (MIVL), ancho del metacarpiano IV (MIVW), longitud del metacarpiano V (MVL), ancho del metacarpiano V (MVW), longitud de la falange I (PILL), medido como longitud de la falange II (PIIL), longitud de la falange III (PIIL), longitud de la falange IV (PIVL), longitud de la falange V (PVL). Además, se calculó el índice de la mano (HI). Regresión logística (LR), Random Forest (RF), Análisis discriminante lineal (LDA), K-vecino más cercano (KNN) y Naive Bayes (NB) se utilizaron como MLA. En el estudio, las proporciones de precisión, SEN, F1 y especificidad del algoritmo KNN se determinaron en un 88 %. En este estudio que utiliza MLA, se entiende que la mayor precisión pertenece al algoritmo KNN. Excepto por las variables MIIW, MIIIW, MIVW, MVW, HI de la mano, otras variables fueron estadísticamente significativas en términos de diferencia de sexo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carpal Bones/diagnostic imaging , Finger Phalanges/diagnostic imaging , Metacarpal Bones/diagnostic imaging , Sex Determination by Skeleton/methods , Algorithms , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Carpal Bones/anatomy & histology , Discriminant Analysis , Logistic Models , Finger Phalanges/anatomy & histology , Metacarpal Bones/anatomy & histology , Machine Learning , Random Forest
6.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 27: 1503, jan.-2023. Tab.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1527058

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: investigar a associação entre força de preensão manual e características sociodemográficas e clínicas de idosos condutores de veículos automotores. Método: estudo transversal, realizado em clínicas de medicina de tráfego na cidade de Curitiba/Paraná, com 421 idosos (≥ 60 anos). Realizou-se análise estatística pelo modelo de Regressão Logística e Teste de Wald, considerando intervalo de confiança de 95% e valores de p <0,05 como significativos. Resultados: oitenta e quatro (20%) idosos apresentaram força de preensão manual reduzida. A força de preensão manual reduzida foi associada à faixa etária (p=0,001) e à hospitalização no último ano (p=0,002). Conclusão: houve associação significativa entre a força de preensão manual de idosos motoristas e as variáveis idade e hospitalização no último ano. Dessa forma, torna-se essencial a inclusão de avaliações específicas, centradas nas variáveis sociodemográficas e clínicas próprias da pessoa idosa, durante o exame de aptidão para dirigir veículos automotores.(AU)


Objective: to investigate the association between handgrip strength and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of elderly automobile drivers. Method: cross-sectional study, carried out in traffic medicine clinics in the city of Curitiba/Paraná, with 421 elderly people (≥ 60 years old). Statistical analysis was performed using the Logistic Regression model and the Wald Test, considering a 95% confidence interval and p values <0.05 as significant. Results: eighty-four (20%) seniors had reduced handgrip strength. Reduced handgrip strength was associated with age group (p=0.001) and hospitalization in the last year (p=0.002). Conclusion: there was a significant association between the handgrip strength of elderly drivers and the variables age and hospitalization in the last year. Thus, it is essential to include specific assessments, centered on sociodemographic and clinical variables specific to the elderly person, during the aptitude test to drive automobiles.(AU)


Objetivo: investigar la asociación entre la fuerza de prensión de la mano y las características sociodemográficas y clínicas de los ancianos conductores de vehículos automotores. Método: estudio transversal, realizado en clínicas de medicina de tránsito de la ciudad de Curitiba/Paraná, con 421 ancianos (≥ 60 años). El análisis estadístico fue realizado por el modelo de Regresión Logística y Test de Wald, considerando intervalo de confianza de 95% y valores de p <0,05 como significativos. Resultados: 84 (20%) sujetos ancianos presentaron reducción de la fuerza de prensión de la mano. La reducción de la fuerza de prensión de la mano se asoció al grupo de edad (p=0,001) y a la hospitalización en el último año (p=0,002). Conclusión: hubo una asociación significativa entre la fuerza de prensión de la mano de los conductores ancianos y las variables edad y hospitalización en el último año. Así pues, es esencial incluir evaluaciones específicas, centradas en las variables sociodemográficas y clínicas de los ancianos, durante el examen de aptitud para conducir vehículos automotores.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Automobile Driving , Automobiles , Health of the Elderly , Hand Strength , Sociodemographic Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Automobile Driver Examination , Logistic Models
7.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1431040

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To present the profile of hospitalizations due to transport accidents in individuals aged 0-19 years in a reference hospital for urgent and emergency traumatology care. Material and Methods: This retrospective study is grounded on analyzing medical records of children and adolescents hospitalized due to transport accidents in 2016 and 2017. The bivariate analyses included Chi-square and Fischer's exact tests and binary logistic regression, with a 5% significance level. Results: Four hundred and seventy-five (43.7%) of the 1,088 medical records investigated corresponded to transport accidents, and accidents involving motorcycles were the most frequent (68.3%), affecting adolescents (81.3%), while children were more involved in accidents as pedestrians (57.1%). Advancing age increases the likelihood of the outcome, with a significant association in the multivariate analysis (p<0.001). The mandible was most frequently affected in maxillofacial fractures. Conclusion: Transport accidents predominantly affect male adolescents, involving motorcycles, and the lower limbs are the most affected. The mandible was the most affected bone in maxillofacial fractures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Accidents, Traffic , Child , Adolescent , Facial Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Traffic Victims , Hospitalization , Chi-Square Distribution , Logistic Models , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals, Packaged , Maxillary Fractures
8.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e220017, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1431042

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate whether the dimensions of cavitated dentin carious lesions on the occlusoproximal surfaces of primary teeth could predict the location of cement-enamel junction (CEJ). Material and Methods: Two hundred extracted primary molars were selected and digital images were obtained. The teeth were set in arch models for clinical measurement. The cervical-occlusal (CO) and buccal-lingual/palatal (BL/P) cavities' dimensions were obtained by digital (Image J) and clinical (periodontal millimeter probe) assessments. The cervical margin location was also determined. The thresholds (cut-off points) were determined by sensitivity, specificity and the areas under the receiver operating characteristics curves (Az) for the two methods. Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to investigate the correlation between clinical and digital measurements. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the association between the dimensions and cervical margin location. Results: There was a strong correlation between methods for all measurements (CO: r=0.90, VL/P: r=0.95). Cavities with BL/P distance higher than 4.5 mm and CO dimension higher than 3.5 mm had a lower chance of presenting the cervical limit above the CEJ, irrespective of the measurement method. Conclusion: CO and VL/P dimensions could be used to predict the CEJ location and, ultimately, as a clinical parameter for restorative decision-making.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Deciduous/injuries , Dental Caries/complications , Dental Enamel/injuries , Dentin/injuries , Logistic Models , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Dentistry, Operative , Correlation of Data
9.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e220119, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1521297

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare clinical and radiographical pulpectomy outcomes in primary teeth filled with different pastes. Material and Methods: The sample included thirty-eight teeth indicated for pulpectomy due to irreversible pulp inflammation or necrosis from thirty patients (2 to 9 years old). The first appointment comprised chemomechanical preparation (2.5% sodium hypochlorite), smear layer removal (6% citric acid), intracanal dressing and temporary restoration. Seven days later, teeth were randomly assigned to filling with iodoform (IP) or calcium hydroxide with zinc oxide (CHZO) based pastes and temporarily restored. Final restoration (composite resin) occurred at the 3rd appointment. Data from baseline, 6 and 12 months were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics (p≤0.05). Results: The overall frequency of success was 63.6% (n=21), with no significant difference between groups (IP=62.5% n=10; CHZO=64.7% n=11, p=0.59). Multiradicular teeth, overfilled canals and teeth whose coronal restoration have been lost were significantly associated with failure (p=0.01, p=0.04 and p<0.001, respectively). Conclusion: After 12 months, both pastes showed similar outcomes and can be used as good options for pulpectomies in primary teeth. Moreover, tooth location, extent of the root canal filling, and integrity of final restoration during the follow-up influenced the outcome of pulpectomies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Pulpectomy/instrumentation , Root Canal Filling Materials , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Chi-Square Distribution , Logistic Models
10.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e220054, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1521286

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe behaviors with oral hygiene items in single-bathroom households during the domiciliary isolation of individuals with positive 'Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction' (RTPCR+) in southern Brazil. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study was conducted with Research and Monitoring Sector of COVID-19 data from Palhoça, Brazil, of individuals aged ≥18 years, living in a singlebathroom household, who had an RT-PCR positive. A link of Google Forms was used. Socio-demographic information, characteristics during the home isolation, oral hygiene, and behaviors with oral hygiene items in the bathroom were collected. Descriptive stratified analyses according to age were conducted (<40 and ≥40 years). Results: Among 524 individuals, 36% were aged ≥40 years. During isolation, according to the behaviors with oral hygiene items in the household single-bathroom, 70% (95%CI 64.9-75.5) of the youngest participants reported sharing toothbrushes in the same container and 30% (95%CI 24.4-35.1) of the oldest; use of the same toothpaste was reported by 67% (95%CI 62.8-71.7) of the youngest and 33% (95%CI 28.337.3) of the oldest participants. For the outcome of sharing the same toothpaste, the chances for the youngest and the oldest to share the same toothbrush container was 11 times and 6 times more, respectively. Conclusion: The individuals related good oral hygiene habits; however, behaviors with oral hygiene items in the bathroom were neglected, especially by the younger individuals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Oral Hygiene/education , Toothbrushing/instrumentation , Preventive Dentistry , COVID-19/transmission , Chi-Square Distribution , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods
11.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e220174, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529129

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on dentists' income and to identify associated factors in one of the poorest Brazilian states. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study including dentists who volunteered to answer an electronic questionnaire in Maranhão. Hierarchical multinomial logistic regression analyses were performed, estimating crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) and respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) (alpha=5%). Results: The COVID-19 pandemic impacted the professionals´ income negatively [55.44% (50.26-60.52%)] and also positively [6.9% (4.55-9.94%)]. The negative impact on income was greater among male dentists (OR=2.54; 95%CI: 1.16-5.53), over 30 years of age (OR=3.03; 95%CI: 1.34-6.87), with family income below two minimum wages (OR=4.63; 95%CI: 1.50-14.30), who worked in the continent instead of in the capital island (OR=2.21; 95%CI: 1.14-4.29) and in the private sector (OR=31.43; 95%CI: 11.59-85.22). Moreover, those who had been tested for COVID-19, with a negative result, had a 21.3-fold greater chance of having an increased household income when compared to those who had not been tested. Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic negatively impacted the dentists' income in Maranhão, especially the older, males, with lower incomes, and who worked in the private sector, living far from the capital. The SUS played an important role in the social protection of dentists during the COVID-19 pandemic, mitigating the economic impacts on the public sector working class.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Unified Health System , COVID-19/prevention & control , Brazil/epidemiology , Confidence Intervals , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health Surveys
12.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 38(1): e202, 2023. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1450408

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la mortalidad posoperatoria ha sido el indicador principal de los resultados a corto y mediano plazo en la evaluación de la cirugía cardíaca. Una forma de analizar dicho evento es mediante los modelos de ajuste del riesgo que identifican variables que predicen su ocurrencia. Uno de los más utilizados es el EuroSCORE I que pro-porciona la probabilidad de morir de cada individuo y que está constituido por 18 variables de riesgo. Objetivos: presentar los resultados de la aplicación y la validación del modelo EuroSCORE I en Uruguay entre los años 2003 y 2020. Metodología: inicialmente se desarrolló una validación externa del EuroSCORE I en la población uruguaya adulta tomando como población de referencia la intervenida entre los años 2003 y 2006. Una vez que se validó el EuroSCORE I, este se aplicó prospectivamente durante los años 2007 al 2020 en su versión original y con el ajuste desarrollado con población del período 2003-2006. Resultados: la aplicación del modelo original encontró que hubo 5 años en los que la razón de mortalidad observada y esperada (MO/ME) fue significativamente mayor que 1. En el período 2007-2020 el EuroScore I no calibró en 6 oca-siones, y fue aplicada la versión ajustada en la evaluación de las instituciones de medicina altamente especializada. La aplicación del modelo ajustado mostró una buena calibración para el período 2007-2020, salvo en el año 2013, y mostró una buena discriminación (área bajo la curva ROC) en todo el período evaluado. Conclusiones: las escalas de riesgo son herramientas metodológicas y estadísticas que tienen gran utilidad para la toma de decisiones en salud. Este trabajo tiene como fortaleza el de presentar datos nacionales aplicando un modelo de riesgo ampliamente utilizado en todo el mundo, lo que nos permite comparar nuestros resultados con los obte-nidos a nivel internacional (EuroSCORE I logístico original) y, por otro lado, evaluar la performance comparativa interna a lo largo de un largo período de tiempo (EuroSCORE I logístico ajustado). Para el futuro resta el desafío de comparar estos resultados, ya sea con un modelo propio o con otros internacionales de elaboración más reciente.


Introduction: postoperative mortality has been the main indicator of short- and medium-term results in the eva luation of cardiac surgery. One way to analyze such outcomes is through risk adjustment models that identify varia bles that predict the occurrence. One of the most used is the EuroSCORE I, which provides the probability of death for each individual and is made up of 18 risk variables. Objectives: present the results of the application and validation of the EuroSCORE I model in Uruguay between 2003 and 2020. Methodology: initially, an external validation of the EuroSCORE I was developed in the Uruguayan adult popula tion, taking as reference population the intervened population between 2003 and 2006. Once the EuroSCORE I was validated, it was applied prospectively during the years 2007 to 2020 in its original version and with the adjustment developed with the population of the period 2003 to 2006. Results: the application of the original model found that there were 5 years during which the observed versus ex pected mortality ratio (OM/ME) was significantly greater than 1. In the period 2007 to 2020, the EuroScore I did not calibrate on 6 occasions, the adjusted version being applied in the evaluation of highly specialized medicine institu tions. The application of the adjusted model showed a good calibration for the period 2007-2020 except in the year 2013 and showed good discrimination (area under the ROC curve) throughout the evaluated period. Conclusions: risk scales are methodological and statistical tools that are very useful for decision-making in health care. This work has the strength of presenting national data applying a risk model widely used across the world, which allows it to be compare with results at an international level (original logistical Euroscore I) and, on the other hand, to evaluate the internal comparative performance over long period of time (adjusted logistic Euroscore I). Up next is the challenge of comparing these results either with our own model or with other more recent international ones.


Introdução: a mortalidade pós-operatória tem sido o principal indicador de resultados a curto e médio prazo na avaliação da cirurgia cardíaca. Uma forma de analisar esse evento é por meio de modelos de ajuste de risco que identificam variáveis que predizem a ocorrência do evento. Um dos mais utilizados é o EuroSCORE I, que fornece a probabilidade de morrer para cada indivíduo e é composto por 18 variáveis de risco. Objetivos: apresentar os resultados da aplicação e validação do modelo EuroSCORE I no Uruguai entre os anos de 2003 e 2020. Metodologia: inicialmente, foi realizada uma validação externa do EuroSCORE I na população uruguaia adulta, tomando como referência a população operada entre 2003 e 2006. Uma vez validado o EuroSCORE I, foi aplicado prospectivamente durante os anos de 2007 a 2020 em sua versão original e com o ajuste desenvolvido com a popu lação do período de 2003 a 2006. Resultados: a aplicação do modelo original constatou que houve 5 anos em que a razão de mortalidade observada versus esperada (MO/ME) foi significativamente maior que 1. No período de 2007 a 2020, o EuroScore I não calibrou em 6 ocasiões, sendo a versão ajustada aplicada na avaliação de instituições médicas altamente especializadas. A aplicação do modelo ajustado mostrou uma boa calibração para o período 2007-2020 exceto no ano de 2013 e apre sentou boa discriminação (área sob a curva ROC) em todo o período avaliado. Conclusões: as escalas de risco são ferramentas metodológicas e estatísticas muito úteis para a tomada de decisões em saúde. O ponto forte deste trabalho é apresentar dados nacionais aplicando um modelo de risco amplamente uti lizado em todo o mundo, que permite comparar com resultados a nível internacional (original Logistic Euroscore I) e, por outro lado, avaliar o comparativo interno desempenho durante um longo período de tempo (Euroscore Logístico I ajustado). Para o futuro, fica o desafio de comparar esses resultados, seja com um modelo próprio ou com outros internacionais de elaboração mais recente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Risk Assessment/methods , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/mortality , Uruguay , Calibration , Logistic Models , ROC Curve , Validation Study
13.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 471-479, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986878

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop and validate a three-year risk prediction model for new-onset cardiovascular diseases (CVD) among female patients with breast cancer.@*METHODS@#Based on the data from Inner Mongolia Regional Healthcare Information Platform, female breast cancer patients over 18 years old who had received anti-tumor treatments were included. The candidate predictors were selected by Lasso regression after being included according to the results of the multivariate Fine & Gray model. Cox proportional hazard model, Logistic regression model, Fine & Gray model, random forest model, and XGBoost model were trained on the training set, and the model performance was evaluated on the testing set. The discrimination was evaluated by the area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC), and the calibration was evaluated by the calibration curve.@*RESULTS@#A total of 19 325 breast cancer patients were identified, with an average age of (52.76±10.44) years. The median follow-up was 1.18 [interquartile range (IQR): 2.71] years. In the study, 7 856 patients (40.65%) developed CVD within 3 years after the diagnosis of breast cancer. The final selected variables included age at diagnosis of breast cancer, gross domestic product (GDP) of residence, tumor stage, history of hypertension, ischemic heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease, type of surgery, type of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In terms of model discrimination, when not considering survival time, the AUC of the XGBoost model was significantly higher than that of the random forest model [0.660 (95%CI: 0.644-0.675) vs. 0.608 (95%CI: 0.591-0.624), P < 0.001] and Logistic regression model [0.609 (95%CI: 0.593-0.625), P < 0.001]. The Logistic regression model and the XGBoost model showed better calibration. When considering survival time, Cox proportional hazard model and Fine & Gray model showed no significant difference for AUC [0.600 (95%CI: 0.584-0.616) vs. 0.615 (95%CI: 0.599-0.631), P=0.188], but Fine & Gray model showed better calibration.@*CONCLUSION@#It is feasible to develop a risk prediction model for new-onset CVD of breast cancer based on regional medical data in China. When not considering survival time, the XGBoost model and the Logistic regression model both showed better performance; Fine & Gray model showed better performance in consideration of survival time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Proportional Hazards Models , Logistic Models , China/epidemiology
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1573-1582, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980928

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Few studies have explored the impact of perchlorate, nitrate, and thiocyanate (PNT) on kidney function. This study aimed to evaluate the association of urinary levels of PNT with renal function as well as the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among the general population in the United States.@*METHODS@#This analysis included data from 13,373 adults (≥20 years) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005 to 2016. We used multivariable linear and logistic regression, to explore the associations of urinary PNT with kidney function. Restricted cubic splines were used to assess the potentially non-linear relationships between PNT exposure and outcomes.@*RESULTS@#After traditional creatinine adjustment, perchlorate (P-traditional) was positively associated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (adjusted β: 2.75; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.25 to 3.26; P  < 0.001), and negatively associated with urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) (adjusted β: -0.05; 95% CI: -0.07 to -0.02; P  = 0.001) in adjusted models. After both traditional and covariate-adjusted creatinine adjustment, urinary nitrate and thiocyanate were positively associated with eGFR (all P values <0.05), and negatively associated with ACR (all P values <0.05); higher nitrate or thiocyanate was associated with a lower risk of CKD (all P values <0.001). Moreover, there were L-shaped non-linear associations between nitrate, thiocyanate, and outcomes. In the adjusted models, for quartiles of PNT, statistically significant dose-response associations were observed in most relationships. Most results were consistent in the stratified and sensitivity analyses.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Exposures to PNT might be associated with kidney function, indicating a potential beneficial effect of environmental PNT exposure (especially nitrate and thiocyanate) on the human kidney.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , United States/epidemiology , Nitrates/adverse effects , Nutrition Surveys , Thiocyanates/urine , Perchlorates/urine , Creatinine , Environmental Exposure , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , Logistic Models
15.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 153-158, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971053

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the association between early-life factors (including birth weight, method of birth, gestational age, and history of gestational metabolic disorders) and pubertal timing in girls.@*METHODS@#The stratified cluster sampling method was used to select the girls in grades 2-3 and 7-8 from three primary schools and three middle schools in Guangzhou, China from March to December, 2019, and breast development was examined for all girls. A questionnaire survey was performed to collect the information on early-life factors. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to evaluate the association of gestational metabolic disorders, birth weight, method of birth, and gestational age with pubertal timing in girls. The Bootstrap method was used to assess the mediation effect of body mass index (BMI) (Z score) between high birth weight (≥4 000 g) and pubertal timing.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1 665 girls were enrolled, among whom 280 (16.82%) were judged to have early pubertal timing. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that high birth weight was associated with the increased risk of early pubertal timing (OR=2.12, 95%CI: 1.19-3.66, P=0.008). Nevertheless, no significant association was observed between other early-life factors and pubertal timing (P>0.05). The OR for the mediation effect of BMI (Z score) between high birth weight and early pubertal timing was 1.25 (95%CI: 1.09-1.47), accounting for 29.33% of the total effect of high birth weight on early pubertal timing.@*CONCLUSIONS@#High birth weight is associated with the increased risk of early pubertal timing in girls, and overweight/obesity may play a partial mediating role in the association between high birth weight and early pubertal timing in girls.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Birth Weight , Body Mass Index , China , Gestational Age , Logistic Models , Puberty, Precocious
16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 49-55, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970951

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the basic characteristics of previously reported patients with hepatitis C and analyze the related factors affecting their antiviral treatment. Methods: A convenient sampling method was adopted. Patients who had been previously diagnosed with hepatitis C in the Wenshan Prefecture of Yunnan Province and Xuzhou City of Jiangsu Province were contacted by telephone for an interview study. The Andersen health service utilization behavior model and related literature were used to design the research framework for antiviral treatment in previously reported hepatitis C patients. A step-by-step multivariate regression analysis was used in previously reported hepatitis C patients treated with antiviral therapy. Results: A total of 483 hepatitis C patients, aged 51.73 ± 12.06 years, were investigated. The proportion of male, agricultural occupants who were registered permanent residents, farmers and migrant workers was 65.24%, 67.49%, and 58.18%, respectively. Han ethnicity (70.81%), married (77.02%), and junior high school and below educational level (82.61%) were the main ones. Multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that married patients with hepatitis C (OR = 3.19, 95% CI: 1.93-5.25, compared with unmarried, divorced, and widowed patients) with high school education or above (OR = 2.54, 95% CI: 1.54-4.20, compared with patients with junior high school education or below) were more likely to receive antiviral treatment in the predisposition module. Patients with severe self-perceived hepatitis C in the need factor module (compared with patients with mild self-perceived disease, OR = 3.36, 95% CI: 2.09-5.40) were more likely to receive treatment. In the competency module, the family's per capita monthly income was more than 1,000 yuan (compared with patients with per capita monthly income below 1,000 yuan, OR = 1.59, 95% CI: 1.02-2.47), and the patients had a high level of awareness of hepatitis C knowledge (compared with patients with a low level of knowledge, OR = 1.54, 95% CI: 1.01-2.35), and the family members who knew the patient's infection status (compared with patients with an unknown infection status, OR = 4.59, 95% CI: 2.24-9.39) were more likely to receive antiviral treatment. Conclusion: Different income, educational, and marital statuses are related to antiviral treatment behavior in hepatitis C patients. Family support of hepatitis C patients receiving hepatitis C-related knowledge and their families knowing the infection status is more important in promoting the antiviral treatment of patients, suggesting that in the future, we should further strengthen the hepatitis C knowledge of hepatitis C patients, especially the family support of hepatitis C patients' families in treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , China , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Hepacivirus , Logistic Models
17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 452-456, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969927

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between the response to repeated negative HIV testing and the risk sexual behaviors in men who have sex with men (MSM) in Chengdu. Methods: A total of 610 MSM were recruited by convenience sampling method through Chengdu Tongle Health Consultation Service Centre from March to May 2022. Data were collected from the MSM through questionnaire survey, including the demographic characteristics, sexual behaviors in the past 6 months, the response to rerpeated negative HIV testing. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were conducted to analyze the association between the response to repeated negative HIV testing and risk sexual behavior. Results: A total of 579 (94.9%) participants participated in the questionnaire survey and 354 (61.1%) subjects were included in the study.For the negative HIV testing, some MSM believed that they had taken effective protection measures (17.03±2.20), some believed that they were lucky (7.50±1.87) and some believed that they were at low risk (8.87±3.62). Multivariate logistic regression model showed that protected sexual behavior was negatively associated with group sex (aOR=0.80, 95%CI: 0.67-0.95), lucky was positively associated with casual sex (aOR=1.20, 95%CI: 1.06-1.35), inconsistent condom use (aOR=1.21, 95%CI: 1.06-1.37), group sex (aOR=1.26, 95%CI: 1.00-1.60), and multiple sexual partners (aOR=1.24, 95%CI: 1.09-1.42) and low risk perception was positively associated with multiple sexual partners only (aOR=1.08, 95%CI: 1.01-1.15). Conclusions: There were high levels of recognition of protected sexual behavior and lucky dimensions in response to repeated negative HIV testing and well risk perception in MSM in Chengdu. In HIV testing and counseling services, intervention and risk warning should be strengthened in MSM who believed that they are lucky to improve their awareness of safe sex and reduce the negative effects of fluke mind.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Homosexuality, Male , HIV Infections/prevention & control , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Sexual Behavior , HIV Testing , Logistic Models
18.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1443404

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: apresentar resultados do eixo 2 do projeto Diagnóstico da Violência Fatal e Não Fatal no Estado de Alagoas (DVEAL). Neste artigo é comparado o padrão epidemiológico do estupro de crianças e adolescentes em relação aos adultos. Métodos: delineou-se uma investigação observacional e retrospectiva incluindo 380 registros de violência sexual no Instituto Médico Legal, entre 2016 e 2018. Por meio de regressão logística binária e múltipla calculou-se a chance de violência por faixa etária, associando os possíveis fatores relacionados. Resultados: metade das vítimas estupradas possuíam até 13 anos de idade, com média de 14 anos, e 9 em cada 10 casos eram de mulheres/meninas vitimadas. O padrão do estupro identificado foi de vítimas: em situação conjugal solteira; estudantes, abusadas por conhecidos; que realizaram exame pericial entre 1-7 dias; abusadas durante a madrugada; e em região genital. Cerca de 8 em cada 10 casos foram estupros confirmados pela perícia, o restante foi via relato oral. O modelo final identificou dois fatores mais associados à violência sexual em crianças/adolescentes. Conclusão: o padrão de vitimização sexual no estado impacta significativamente crianças e adolescentes e, principalmente, o gênero feminino


Aims: to present the results of axis 2 of the Diagnosis of Fatal and Non-Fatal Violence in the State of Alagoas (DVEAL) project. This article compares the epidemiological pattern of rape involving children/adolescents in relation to adults. Methods: an observational and retrospective investigation was designed, including 380 records of sexual violence at the Instituto Médico Legal, between 2016 and 2018. Through binary and multiple logistic regression, the chance of violence by age group was calculated, associating the possible related factors. Results: half of the raped victims were up to 13 years old, with an average of 14 years old, and 9 out of 10 cases were victimized women/girls. The pattern of rape identified was of victims: single marital status; students, abused by acquaintances; who underwent an expert examination between 1-7 days; abused during the dawn; and in the genital region. About 8 out of 10 cases were rapes confirmed by forensics, the rest were via oral report. The final model identified two factors most associated with sexual violence in children/adolescents. Conclusions: the pattern of sexual victimization in the state significantly impacts children and adolescents, especially the female gender


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Rape/statistics & numerical data , Child Abuse, Sexual/statistics & numerical data , Violence Against Women , Brazil , Logistic Models , Sex Factors , Retrospective Studies , Age Factors , Sociodemographic Factors
19.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1448788

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the prevalence of bruxism in Iranian children aged 6 to 12 years. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 600 schoolchildren aged 6-12 years. The questionnaire consisted of two sections: the first section included demographic information, while the second evaluated the occurrence of bruxism. Kruskal-Wallis, Chi-Square, Fisher and Multinomial logistic regression were used. A level of p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: 698 questionnaires were distributed, of which 600 participants were returned. According to Multinomial logistic regression, awake bruxism was associated significantly with the following variables: age, sequence of birth, recurrent headache, gastrointestinal disease, nasal obstruction, neurological disorder, easy child crying, sleep disorders, talking in a dream and snoring and jaw disorder. Sleep bruxism was associated significantly with age, premature birth, allergy, gastrointestinal disease, drooling, mouth breathing, nasal obstruction, oral habit, nail biting, sleep disorder, jaw disorders, and family history. Conclusion: Pre-birth and post-birth factors play an important role in the prevalence of bruxism in society. It is possible to prevent complications of bruxism by informing parents and making a timely diagnosis. Parents should be aware of this occurrence to reduce possible related factors to teeth and the masticatory system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Sleep Wake Disorders/complications , Bruxism/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Pediatric Dentistry , Sleep Bruxism , Stress, Psychological , Bruxism/complications , Chi-Square Distribution , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric
20.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1448799

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To associate caregivers' sense of coherence (SOC) and untreated caries with oral health status in children covered by a dental public health system. Material and Methods: A convenience sample of caregivers/children in Angra dos Reis, Brazil, was surveyed. Caregivers' SOC was evaluated using the 13-question version questionnaire. For both caregivers/children, sociodemographic information was acquired and caries experience was evaluated by DMFT/dmft and PUFA/pufa index. Statistical associations between children's untreated carious teeth and interest variables from the caregivers were evaluated by binary logistic regression assessed by generalized linear modeling. Results: A total of 233 pairs of caregivers-children were included. Children's untreated permanent and primary carious teeth represented 34.8% and 62.2% of the caries experience, respectively and at least one PUFA/pufa scored tooth was detected in 22.7% of them. Caregivers' DMFT was 13.5±7.0, while 33.6% scored on PUFA. A total of 62.1% of them presented untreated carious lesions. Results from the univariate model, correlating children's untreated caries and caregivers' attributes showed a statistical significance for SOC values (p<0.015), untreated decayed teeth (p<0.035), self-perception of oral health (p<0.022) and oral impact on daily performance (p<0.010). The multivariate logistic first model kept the statistical significance only for the caregiver's untreated decayed teeth. Conclusion: Caregivers' SOC and untreated carious teeth could be used as indicators of dental treatment needs in their offspring.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Oral Health/education , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Sense of Coherence , Health Policy , Mother-Child Relations/psychology , Social Perception , Chi-Square Distribution , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL