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1.
Medwave ; 22(3): e002553, 29-04-2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368115

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Older adults are at a higher risk of severe illness and death from COVID-19. This vulnerability increases in those who live in long-term care facilities due to overcrowding, greater physical dependence, and contact with health workers. Evidence on the impact of the pandemic on these establishments in lowand middle-income countries has been scant. This study aims to determine the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in older people residing in long-term care facilities and estimate the impact of infection after the first wave of the pandemic. METHODS: A cross-sectional design with 2099 residents in three regions of Chile was carried out between September and November 2020. Measurement of antibodies was performed with a rapid test. The impact of SARS-CoV-2 infection was estimated with seropositive residents, those who had a history of positive polymerase chain reaction tests, and those who died from COVID-19. Bivariate analysis with the region, sex, age, history of COVID-19, physical dependence, and serological results were performed. In addition, we performed a correlation analysis between the seroprevalence of the centers by the municipality and the rate of confirmed cases. RESULTS: The seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in the three regions was 14.7% (95% confidence interval: 13.2 to 16.3%), the infection impact was 46.4%, and the fatality rate was 19.6%. A significant correlation was found between the seroprevalence of older adults residing in long-term care facilities and the cumulative incidence by municipalities. CONCLUSIONS: The seroprevalence of older adults residing in long-term care facilities was higher than the general population. The high impact of infection among this population at the end of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic is similar to other countries. The centers' environment is directly related to COVID-19 infection. Morbidity and mortality monitoring systems should be implemented promptly to establish prevention and control measures.


INTRODUCCIÓN: Las personas mayores tienen más riesgo de enfermar gravemente y fallecer por COVID-19. Esta vulnerabilidad aumenta en quienes viven en establecimientos de larga estadía, debido a hacinamiento, mayor dependencia física y contacto con los trabajadores. La evidencia sobre el impacto de la pandemia de estos establecimientos en países de medianos y bajos ingresos ha sido escasa. El objetivo es determinar la seroprevalencia de la infección por SARS-CoV-2 en personas mayores que residen en establecimientos de larga estadía. Así como estimar el impacto global de la infección después de la primera ola de la pandemia. MÉTODOS: Diseño transversal con 2099 residentes en tres regiones de Chile, realizado entre septiembre y noviembre 2020. Anticuerpos fueron medidos con test rápido contra SARS-CoV-2. Se estimó el impacto de la infección con los residentes seropositivos, los residentes con antecedentes de reacción en cadena de la polimerasa de transcripción inversa positiva, y residentes que murieron por COVID-19. Análisis bivariado entre el resultado serológico y región, sexo, edad, antecedentes de COVID-19 y dependencia física fueron realizados. Además, realizamos un análisis de correlación entre la seroprevalencia de los centros por municipio y la tasa acumulada de casos confirmados. RESULTADOS: La seroprevalencia de anticuerpos en las tres regiones fue 14,7% (intervalo de confianza del 95%: 13,2 a 16,3%). El impacto real de la infección se estimó en 46,4% y la tasa de letalidad en 19,6%. La seroprevalencia de los residentes de los centros por comuna se correlacionó positiva y significativamente con la frecuencia de la enfermedad a nivel comunal. CONCLUSIONES: Seroprevalencia superior a la de la población general, observándose un alto impacto de la infección por COVID-19 al final de la primera ola de la pandemia. El lugar en el que se encuentran los establecimientos está directamente relacionado con la tasa de seroprevalencia en ellos. Sistemas de vigilancia epidemiológica deben aplicarse con prontitud para establecer medidas de prevención y control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Chile/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Long-Term Care , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 27: e2492, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360146

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo identificar quais são os sinais e sintomas de disfagia orofaríngea mais presentes nos idosos residentes em Instituições de Longa Permanência. Estratégia de pesquisa revisão integrativa realizada em quatro bases de dados: Embase, LILACS, MEDLINE/PubMed e Web of Science, com uso de termos na língua inglesa e aplicação de filtros por idioma e idade. Critérios de seleção estudos disponíveis na forma de texto completo em inglês, português ou espanhol, sem restrição de tempo de publicação, relacionados a idosos residentes em Instituições de Longa Permanência que referiram disfagia orofaríngea. Foram excluídos estudos relacionados a idosos da comunidade ou que estavam em hospitais, e com outras condições de saúde não relacionadas aos problemas de deglutição. Resultados de 389 estudos, 16 foram incluídos nesta revisão, publicados entre os anos de 1986 e 2020. Houve predomínio de participantes do sexo feminino, com média mínima de idade de 71 anos e máxima de 87 anos. Os sinais e sintomas mais frequentes de disfagia orofaríngea foram presença de tosse e engasgo, além de outros relevantes, como pressão de língua diminuída, voz molhada, perda de peso e deglutição lenta. Conclusão de acordo com os estudos revisados, os sinais e sintomas mais frequentes relacionados à disfagia orofaríngea nos idosos institucionalizados foram presença de tosse e engasgo, antes, durante ou após a deglutição.


Abstract Purpose To identify the most prevalent signs and symptoms of oropharyngeal dysphagia in elderly adults who live in old folks' home. Research strategy Integrative review carried out in four databases: Embase, Lilacs, MEDLINE/Pubmed, and Web of Science using English terms and filters for language and age. Selection criteria Studies available in the full-text form in English, Portuguese or Spanish, with no publication time restrictions, related to elderly people living in care homes who reported oropharyngeal dysphagia. Studies related to elderly people in the community or in hospitals and with other health issuesthat were not related to swallowing disorders were excluded. Results Of 389 studies, 16 were included in this review, published between 1986 and 2020. There was a predominance of female participants whose minimum mean age was 71 and maximum, 87. The most frequent signs and symptoms of oropharyngeal dysphagia were the presence of coughing and choking, in addition to other relevant ones, such as diminished tongue pressure, wet voice, weight loss, and slow swallowing. Conclusion According to the reviewed studies, the most frequent signs and symptoms related to oropharyngeal dysphagia in elderly people living in care homes were (the) presence of coughing and choking, before, during or after swallowing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aging , Deglutition Disorders/diagnosis , Mass Screening , Long-Term Care , Sickness Impact Profile , Homes for the Aged , Mortality
3.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(2): 196-210, maio 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1283580

ABSTRACT

Introdução:A população idosa constitui um dos grupos mais vulneráveis à infecção pelo novo coronavírus. Tal fragilidade é ainda mais evidente naqueles que residem em Instituições para Idosos, por apresentar maior risco de contaminação e, ainda, de morbimortalidade. Objetivo: Identificar o impacto da COVID-19 na saúde de pessoas idosas residentes nas Instituições de Longa Permanência. Metodologia:Trata-se de estudo retrospectivo de revisão integrativa da literatura, entre os meses de novembro/2020 e março/2021, sintetizando estudos publicados sobre a temática. A partir do objetivo traçado para este estudo, determinamos quais seriam as questões norteadoras: 1. "Quais medidas estão sendo adotadas para minimizar os efeitos da COVID-19 nas Instituições de Longa Permanência para Idosos?" 2. "Quais os principais impactos causados por essas medidas?". Estes eixos colaboram para a compreensão dos acontecimentos de significativa relevância social. Resultados:As instituições para idosos, como ambientes coletivos, possuem residentes com elevada vulnerabilidade à infecção pelo novo coronavírus. Naqueles idosos acometidos por quadros de demência e outras doenças neurológicas, o isolamento social aprofunda a gravidade da infecção pela COVID-19, dificultando, assim, as atividades relacionadas à atenção e assistência realizadas pelos cuidadores. Ademais, caracteriza-se como medida fundamental a adoção do rastreamento laboratorial precoce para potencializar a prevenção de casos e promover o controle da infecção. Percebe-se ainda uma deficiência referente à construção de um protocolo com medidas de profilaxia e manejo adequado de modo mais direcionado dentro dessas instituições. Conclusão:Torna-se urgente um olhar mais atento às necessidades da população idosa, especialmente dogrupo institucionalizado, de modo a promover políticas de investimento em cuidados de saúde integrais e realizados por equipe multiprofissional (AU).


Introduction:The elderly population is one of the groups most vulnerable to infection by the new coronavirus. Such fragility is even more evident in those who live in Institutions for the Aged, as it presents a higher risk of contamination and, even, of morbidity and mortality. Objective: To identify the impact of COVID-19 on the health of elderly people residing in Long Term Institutions for the Aged. Methodology:This is a retrospective study of integrative literature review, between the months of November/2020 and March/2021, synthesizing published studies on the theme. Based on the objective outlined for this study, we determined what the guiding questions would be: 1. "What measures are being taken to minimize the effects of COVID-19 on Long Term Care Institutions for the Aged?" 2. "What are the main impacts caused by these measures?. These axes contribute to the understanding of events of significant social relevance. Results:Institutions for the aged, as collective environments, have residents with high vulnerability to infection with the new coronavirus. In those aged people affected by dementia and other neurological diseases, social isolation deepens the severity of the infection by COVID-19, thus hampering the activities related to the care and assistance performed by caregivers. In addition, the adoption of early laboratory screening is characterized as a fundamental measure to enhance the prevention of cases and promote infection control. It is also perceived a deficiency regarding the construction of a protocol with prophylaxis measures and adequate management in a more targeted way within these institutions.Conclusions:It is urgent to look more closely at the needs of the aged population, especially the institutionalized group, in order to promote investment policies in comprehensive health care carried out by a multidisciplinary team (AU).


Introducción: la población anciana es uno de los grupos más vulnerables a la infección por el nuevo coronavirus. Tal fragilidad es aún más evidente en quienes viven en Instituciones de Ancianos, ya que presenta un mayor riesgo de contaminación e, incluso, de morbilidad y mortalidad. Objetivo: Identificar el impacto del COVID-19 en la salud de los ancianos que residen en Instituciones de Atención de Larga Duración. Metodología: Se trata de un estudio retrospectivo de revisión integradora de la literatura, entre los meses de noviembre/2020 y marzo/2021, sintetizando los estudios publicados sobre el tema. Con base en el objetivo delineado para este estudio, determinamos cuáles serían las preguntas orientadoras: 1. "¿Qué medidas se están tomando para minimizar los efectos del COVID-19 en las Instituciones de Atención de Larga Duración para el Anciano?" 2. "¿Cuáles son los principales impactos provocados por estas medidas?". Estos ejes contribuyen a la comprensión de hechos de relevancia social significativa.Resultados:Las instituciones para los ancianos, como entornos colectivos, tienen residentes conalta vulnerabilidad a la infección por el nuevo coronavirus. Aquellos ancianos afectados por demencia y otras enfermedades neurológicas, el aislamiento social profundiza la gravedad de la infección por COVID-19, dificultando así las actividades relacionadas con el cuidado y asistencia que realizan los cuidadores. Además, la adopción del cribado precoz de laboratorio se caracteriza por ser una medida fundamental para potenciar la prevención de casos y promover el control de infecciones. También se percibe una deficiencia en la construcción de un protocolo con medidas de profilaxis y manejo adecuado de manera más focalizada dentro de estas instituciones. Conclusiones: Es urgente mirar más de cerca las necesidades de la población anciana, especialmente del grupo institucionalizado, para promover políticas de inversión en la atención integral de salud llevadas a cabo por un equipo multidisciplinario (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Health of the Elderly , Long-Term Care , Coronavirus/immunology , COVID-19/pathology , Homes for the Aged , Social Isolation/psychology , Brazil , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Retrospective Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Coronavirus Infections/pathology , Protocols/methods , Health Services Needs and Demand
4.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(1): 99-102, ene.-feb. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279081

ABSTRACT

Resumen Ante la pandemia de COVID-19, el grupo más afectado ha sido el de las personas mayores que viven en instituciones de cuidados a largo plazo (ICLP), el cual ha acumulado entre 30 y 60 % de los fallecimientos en el mundo. En México se han reportado brotes en residencias de por lo menos ocho entidades federativas. Diversos factores hacen susceptibles a este grupo y a las ICLP: la convivencia en lugares comunes, dormitorios compartidos y el contacto físico con el personal que ahí labora, aunados a la falta de protocolos y estándares de cuidados de observancia obligatoria, así como a la escasa capacitación del personal. Se evidencia la necesidad de desarrollar un Sistema Nacional de Cuidados que brinde apoyo a las personas con dependencia de cuidados y sus familias y que incluya a las ICLP. Derivado de los retos por la carencia de información y competencias en prevención y control de infecciones en las ICLP, un conjunto de expertos, en colaboración con instituciones públicas, integramos un grupo con el objetivo de actualizar las guías que permitan a las ICLP hacer frente a la pandemia y que contribuyan a la generación de ese Sistema Nacional de Cuidados.


Abstract Since the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic, the most affected population group has been that of older people living in long-term care facilities (LTCFs), which has accumulated between 30 and 60 % of total number of deaths in the world. In Mexico, outbreaks have been reported in LTCFs of at least eight states. Various factors make this population group and LTCFs susceptible to COVID-1 outbreaks, mainly due to coexistence in common spaces, shared bedrooms and permanent physical contact with the personnel who work there, coupled with a lack of protocols and standards of care of mandatory observance, as well as personnel training limitations. There is evidence of the need to formally develop a National Care System that provides support to those in need of care and their families, and that includes LTCFs. In view of the challenges due to the lack of information and competencies in infection prevention and control at LTCFs, a group of experts, in collaboration with different public institutions, joined efforts with the purpose to update the guidelines in order to allow LTCFs face the pandemic and to contribute to the generation of said National Care System.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Long-Term Care , COVID-19/epidemiology , Homes for the Aged , Nursing Homes , Mexico/epidemiology
5.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 29(1): 12-19, Ene-Mar 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1283821

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la enfermedad renal crónica tiene consecuencias graves para los adultos mayores. La diálisis peritoneal continua ambulatoria es una alternativa de tratamiento, pero afecta la calidad de vida del paciente, la familia y el cuidador primario, por lo que se requiere un cuidador con habilidades que ofrezca apoyo en algunas actividades elementales y, además, apoye emocional y espiritualmente al paciente. Objetivo: identificar el nivel de la habilidad del cuidador primario del adulto mayor con diálisis peritoneal. Metodología: estudio descriptivo en 80 cuidadores familiares de adultos mayores con diálisis peritoneal continua ambulatoria. Se utilizó el instrumento Habilidad de cuidado del cuidador familiar, que consta de 55 reactivos y se divide en tres dimensiones: relación, 27 reactivos; comprensión, 18 reactivos; y modificación de la vida, 10 reactivos. El instrumento incluye variables sociodemográficas, de parentesco y tiempo dedicado al cuidado. Se elaboró una base de datos y éstos se analizaron mediante estadística descriptiva. Resultados: la habilidad de cuidado fue alta en 65%; la dimensión de relación resultó alta en 38.8% y media en 61.3%, con una comprensión alta en 86.2% y modificación de la vida alta en 68.8%. Los cuidadoras fueron mujeres en 85%; 46.3% cuidó > 37 meses; 50% cuidó > 24 h, y padres y esposa(o) apoyaron en 91.3%. Conclusión: estos hallazgos muestran que las habilidades de los cuidadores primarios fueron en general buenas, con la notoria participación del personal de enfermería en la capacitación y el apoyo recibido.


Introduction: Chronic kidney disease has severe consequences for older adults, and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis is an alternative treatment, but it affects the quality of life of patient, family, and primary caregiver. It requires a caregiver with caregiving skills to provide support in some elemental activities, as well as emotional and spiritual support to the patient. Objective: To identify the level of caregiving skills of the primary caregiver of the older adult on peritoneal dialysis. Methodology: Descriptive study in 80 family caregivers of older adults with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. It was used the Caregiving skill of the family caregiver instrument, which consists of 55 items, divided into three dimensions: relationship, 27 items; understanding, 18 items; and life modification, 10 items. The instrument includes sociodemographic, relationship and time spent variables. A database was created and it was used descriptive statistics analysis. Results: Caregiving skills were high in 65%; relationship dimension high in 38.8%, and medium in 61.3%; understanding high in 86.2%; life modification high in 68.8%. 85% were female caregivers; 46.3% spent > 37 months providing care, 50% provided care > 24 hours; parents and wife/husband supported in 91.3%. Conclusion: Our findings show that caregiving skills of pri- mary caregivers were generally good with the significant involvement of the nursing staff in the training and support received.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory/nursing , Caregivers , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Long-Term Care
6.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 24(272): 5082-5091, jan.2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1148264

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar as principais limitações para a implementação da Sistematização da Assistência de Enfermagem em instituição de longa permanência para idosos. Método: Pesquisa de natureza descritiva e exploratória de abordagem qualitativa, realizada com quatro enfermeiros de instituições de Longa Permanência para Idosos. Foram entrevistados 4 enfermeiros. Resultados: Emergiu-se duas categorias centrais: Percepções sobre a importância da atualização para prática da sistematização da assistência de enfermagem em saúde do idoso e dificuldades e condições de trabalho enfrentados pelos enfermeiros na implantação da Sistematização da Assistência de Enfermagem em Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos. Conclusão: deve-se haver estimulação institucional, através de medidas que subsidiem a implantação da Sistematização da Assistência de Enfermagem, parceria e treinamentos para a equipe de enfermagem, proporcionando a melhoria da qualidade da assistência à sua clientela e a satisfação profissional.(AU)


Objective: To analyze the main limitations for the implementation of the Nursing Assistance Systematization in a long-term care institution for the elderly. Method: Research of a descriptive and exploratory nature with a qualitative approach, carried out with four nurses from Long-Term Care Institutions for the Elderly. Four nurses were interviewed. Results: Two central categories emerged: Perceptions about the importance of updating for the practice of systematizing nursing assistance in the health of the elderly and the difficulties and working conditions faced by nurses in implementing the Nursing Assistance Systematization in a Long-Term Care Facility for the Elderly. Conclusion: there must be institutional stimulation, through measures that subsidize the implementation of the Nursing Assistance Systematization, partnership and training for the nursing team, providing an improvement in the quality of care to its clientele and professional satisfaction.(AU)


Objetivo: Analizar las principales limitaciones para la implementación de la Sistematización de la Asistencia de Enfermería en una institución de atención de larga duración para el adulto mayor. Método: Investigación de carácter descriptivo y exploratorio con abordaje cualitativo, realizada con cuatro enfermeras de Instituciones de Atención de Larga Duración para el Adulto Mayor. Se entrevistó a cuatro enfermeras. Resultados: Surgieron dos categorías centrales: Percepciones sobre la importancia de la actualización para la práctica de sistematizar la asistencia de enfermería en la salud del adulto mayor y las dificultades y condiciones laborales que enfrentan los enfermeros en la implementación de la Sistematización de la Asistencia de Enfermería en una Institución de Atención de Larga Duración para el Adulto Mayor. Conclusión: debe existir un estímulo institucional, a través de medidas que apoyen la implementación de la Sistematización de la Asistencia de Enfermería, asociación y entrenamiento para el equipo de enfermería, proporcionando una mejora en la calidad de la asistencia a su clientela y satisfacción profesional.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Long-Term Care , Geriatric Nursing , Homes for the Aged , Nursing Care/methods , Health of Institutionalized Elderly
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880369

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The Fujiwara-kyo Osteoporosis Risk in Men (FORMEN) study was launched to investigate risk factors for osteoporotic fractures, interactions of osteoporosis with other non-communicable chronic diseases, and effects of fracture on QOL and mortality.@*METHODS@#FORMEN baseline study participants (in 2007 and 2008) included 2012 community-dwelling men (aged 65-93 years) in Nara prefecture, Japan. Clinical follow-up surveys were conducted 5 and 10 years after the baseline survey, and 1539 and 906 men completed them, respectively. Supplemental mail, telephone, and visit surveys were conducted with non-participants to obtain outcome information. Survival and fracture outcomes were determined for 2006 men, with 566 deaths identified and 1233 men remaining in the cohort at 10-year follow-up.@*COMMENTS@#The baseline survey covered a wide range of bone health-related indices including bone mineral density, trabecular microarchitecture assessment, vertebral imaging for detecting vertebral fractures, and biochemical markers of bone turnover, as well as comprehensive geriatric assessment items. Follow-up surveys were conducted to obtain outcomes including osteoporotic fracture, cardiovascular diseases, initiation of long-term care, and mortality. A complete list of publications relating to the FORMEN study can be found at https://www.med.kindai.ac.jp/pubheal/FORMEN/Publications.html .


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Density , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cohort Studies , Geriatric Assessment , Humans , Independent Living , Japan/epidemiology , Long-Term Care/statistics & numerical data , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis/etiology , Osteoporotic Fractures/etiology , Risk Factors
8.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 41(spe4): e191768, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1340461

ABSTRACT

O aumento da população idosa no Brasil tem feito crescer a demanda por cuidados de longa duração oferecidos por instituições de longa permanência para idosos (Ilpi). A literatura apresenta caracterizações de Ilpi em cidades ou regiões específicas, mas uma visão geral dessas instituições e de seus residentes, especialmente em termos de características psicológicas e cognitivas, pode ajudar psicólogos a compreenderem as necessidades desses idosos e a planejar intervenções. O objetivo desta revisão integrativa é caracterizar Ilpi brasileiras, em termos de condições de funcionamento e de oferta de serviços, bem como de funções psicológicas e cognitivas de seus residentes, com fundamentação na literatura científica. Por meio de buscas nas bases SciELO, PePSIC e Periódicos Capes, foram selecionados nove artigos que caracterizam Ilpi brasileiras e 19 estudos que qualificam as condições psicológicas e cognitivas de residentes. Os artigos caracterizam 41 Ilpi de quatro do país. A maioria dessas instituições eram filantrópicas e recebiam idosos de ambos os sexos (majoritariamente mulheres), com preferência a pessoas independentes para atividades de vida diária. Os ambientes físicos eram compatíveis com a legislação, mas as rotinas eram rígidas e havia pouca oferta de atividades de lazer, o que contribuía para a baixa autonomia dos residentes. Constataram-se quadros reduzidos de funcionários, majoritariamente profissionais de saúde e cuidadores. A depressão foi a condição mais estudada, com prevalência média de 50% em residentes. A prevalência de declínio cognitivo variou entre 45% e 86%. Discute-se a necessidade de profissionais preparados para o trabalho junto a essa população, especialmente psicólogos capazes de intervir sobre o sofrimento psíquico de residentes.(AU)


The growth in Brazil's older population has increased the demand for long-term care provided by long-term care institutions (ILPI) for older adults. Although studies have characterized these institutions and their residents in specific cities or regions, a more general analysis, including psychological and cognitive characteristics, can help psychologists understand the needs of this population and plan interventions. This integrative literature review sought to characterize Brazilian ILPI regarding environmental conditions and service provision, as well as the psychological and cognitive functions of residents. Based on a literature search conducted in the SciELO, PePSIC and Capes databases, we selected nine papers characterizing Brazilian ILPI and 19 studies characterizing the psychological and cognitive conditions of residents. The selected papers analyzed 41 ILPI from four Brazilian regions. Most were philanthropic and received older adults of both genders (mostly women), preferably those independent for performing daily activities. Despite presenting a physical environment compatible with the legislation, all ILPIs had rigid routines and little time for leisure activities, contributing to the residents' low autonomy, and had reduced staff - mostly health professionals and caregivers. Depression had an average prevalence of 50%, while the prevalence of cognitive decline ranged from 45% to 86%. We need professionals prepared to work with this population, especially psychologists capable of intervening on the resident's psychological suffering.(AU)


El aumento de la población adulta mayor en Brasil ha ocasionado una mayor demanda de cuidados que ofrecen los hogares para ancianos (HA). La literatura presenta caracterizaciones de HA en ciudades o regiones específicas, y la visión general de estos establecimientos y sus residentes, especialmente de sus características psicológicas y cognitivas, pueden ayudar a los psicólogos a comprender las necesidades de esta población y a planear intervenciones. Esta revisión integrativa pretende evaluar los HA en Brasil en cuanto a condiciones de funcionalidad y a oferta de servicios, así como la salud psicológica y cognitivas de los residentes. A partir de la búsqueda de los datos en las bases SciELO, PePSIC y Periódicos Capes, se han seleccionado nueve artículos que evaluaban los HA brasileños y 19 estudios que caracterizaban las condiciones psicológicas y cognitivas de los residentes. Los artículos analizaron 41 HA de cuatro regiones del país. La mayoría de estos establecimientos era filantrópica y atendía a los adultos mayores de ambos sexos (la mayoría mujeres), con el requisito de que estuviesen aptos para realizar las actividades diarias. El ambiente físico estaba compatible con la legislación, pero las rutinas eran rígidas y había poca oferta de las actividades de ocio, lo que les aportaba a los residentes muy poca autonomía. Se contaba con un reducido número de trabajadores cuya mayoría era profesionales de la salud y cuidadores. La depresión fue la enfermedad más estudiada, con una prevalencia media del 50%. La prevalencia de disminución cognitiva osciló entre el 45% y el 86%. Esto evidencia la necesidad de capacitar a los profesionales para el trabajo con las personas mayores, en especial los psicólogos capaces de intervenir en el sufrimiento psíquico de los residentes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Psychology , Residential Facilities , Long-Term Care , Homes for the Aged , Anxiety , Population , Quality of Life , Women , Aged , Chronic Disease , Caregivers , Health Personnel , Supply , Personal Autonomy , Depression , Empathy , Cognitive Dysfunction , Leisure Activities
9.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 9(1): 1-8, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362820

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: mapear os possíveis desfechos de longo prazo da COVID-19 no mundo. Métodos: em acordo com as recomendações do Joanna Briggs Institute, foi realizada uma revisão sistemática de escopo de estudos experimentais e observacionais com busca nas bases de dados PubMed e Scopus, complementada por busca manual. Resultados: de 5.325 registros, 121 atenderam aos critérios de elegibilidade, os quais incluíram 1.638 recuperados da COVID-19. Foram identificados 52 potenciais desfechos de longo prazo da COVID-19, principalmente disfunção olfatória (n=605), disfunção gustativa (n=372), dispneia (n=233) e lesões pulmonares (n=225). Entre os cuidados de longo prazo, destacam-se início de terapia medicamentosa, terapia de substituição renal e amputação. Conclusão: foram mapeados 52 possíveis desfechos de longo prazo da COVID-19 e recomendações de continuação de cuidados, que variaram de manifestações leves a graves com duração menor ou igual a um mês e maior que um mês.


Objective: to map these possible long-term outcomes of COVID-19 worldwide. Methods: In accordance with the recommendations of the Joanna Briggs Institute, a systematic scoping review of experimental and observational studies was carried out with a search in PubMed and Scopus databases, complemented by manual search. Results: Of 5,325 records, 121 met eligibility criteria, which included 1,638 recovered from COVID-19. Fifty-two (52) potential long-term outcomes of COVID-19 were identified, mainly olfactory dysfunction (n=605), taste dysfunction (n=372), dyspnea (n=233) and lung injuries (n=225). Long-term care included initiation of drug therapy, renal replacement therapy and amputation. Conclusion: Fifty-two (52) possible long-term outcomes of COVID-19 and recommendations for continued care were mapped, ranging from mild to severe manifestations lasting less than or equal to one month and greater than one month.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Taste Disorders , Long-Term Care , Renal Replacement Therapy , PubMed , Minors , Dyspnea , Lung Injury , Olfaction Disorders
10.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 20: e55208, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339617

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: analisar os fatores associados às internações hospitalares de longa permanência de pacientes atendidos pelo Sistema Único de Saúde em instituição de alta complexidade. Método: estudo transversal quantitativo a partir de dados secundários de internações hospitalares de 2013 a 2015. Calculou-se a razão de prevalência por Regressão de Poisson bruta e ajustada. Resultados: das 12.689 internações nos anos de estudo, 645 foram de longa permanência (>30 dias), com uma prevalência de 5,1%. Predominaram entre o sexo masculino (62%), > 60 anos de idade (52,6%). As causas mais frequentes da hospitalização foram doenças do aparelho circulatório (33,5%) e causas externas (22,3%). O óbito ocorreu para 45,6%. Na análise bivariada, estiveram estatisticamente associadas às internações de longa permanência as variáveis: sexo, idade (60 anos e mais) o baixo ou a não escolaridade dos indivíduos, ser da 17ª regional de saúde, ter sido internado na especialidade neurocirurgia e ter necessitado de internação em UTI. No entanto, permaneceram no modelo final sexo masculino, residir na regional de saúde do município em análise e ter necessitado de internação em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. (p<0,001). Conclusão: Estratégias de promoção da saúde voltadas à saúde do homem devem ser desenvolvidas pelo município, especialmente considerando que os mesmos são os que mais perdem a vida pela ausência de cuidados com a saúde e em decorrência dos agravos resultantes de causas externas.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar los factores asociados a las internaciones hospitalarias de larga estancia de pacientes atendidos por el Sistema Único de Salud en institución de alta complejidad. Método: estudio transversal cuantitativo a partir de datos secundarios de internaciones hospitalarias de 2013 a 2015. Se calculó la razón de prevalencia por Regresión de Poisson bruta y ajustada. Resultados: de las 12.689 internaciones en los años de estudio, 645 fueron de larga permanencia (>30 días), con una prevalencia de 5,1%. Predominaron entre el sexo masculino (62%), > 60 años de edad (52,6%). Las causas más frecuentes de la hospitalización fueron enfermedades del sistema circulatorio (33,5%) y causas externas (22,3%). El óbito ocurrió para 45,6%. En el análisis bivariado, estuvieron estadísticamente asociadas a las internaciones de larga estancia las variables: sexo, edad (60 años y más) la baja o la no escolaridad de los individuos, ser de la 17ª regional de salud, haber sido internado en la especialidad neurocirugía y haber necesitado de internación en UCI. Sin embargo, permanecieron en el modelo final sexo masculino, residir en la regional de salud del municipio en análisis y haber necesitado de internación en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos. (p<0,001). Conclusión: Estrategias de promoción de la salud dirigidas a la salud del hombre deben ser desarrolladas por el municipio, especialmente considerando que los hombres son los que más pierden la vida por la ausencia de cuidados con la salud y en consecuencia de los agravios resultantes de causas externas.


ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the factors associated with long-term hospitalizations of patients treated by the Unified Health System in a highly complex institution. Method: it is a quantitative cross-sectional study based on secondary data on hospital admissions from 2013 to 2015. The prevalence ratio was calculated using crude and adjusted Poisson regression. Results: about the 12,689 hospitalizations during the years of study, 645 were long hospital stay (>30 days), with a prevalence of 5.1%. There was a predominance of males (62%),> 60 years-old (52.6%). The most frequent causes of hospitalization were diseases of the circulatory system (33.5%) and external causes (22.3%). Death occurred to 45.6%. In the bivariate analysis, the following variables were statistically associated with long-term hospitalizations: gender, age (60 years-old and over), low or uneducated individuals, being from the 17th Regional Health Department, having been admitted to the neurosurgery specialty and having needing ICU admission. However, the male gender remained in the final model, staying in the regional health department of the municipality under analysis and requiring admission to the Intensive Care Unit (p <0.001). Conclusion: Health promotion strategies aimed at men's health should be developed by the municipality, especially considering that they are the ones who most lose their lives due to the lack of health care and due to injuries resulting from external causes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Long-Term Care , Hospitalization , Length of Stay , Patients , Bed Occupancy , Unified Health System , Mortality , Death , Delivery of Health Care , Empathy , Men's Health , Health Promotion , Hospitals , Intensive Care Units , Men , Neurosurgery
11.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 508-512, dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134528

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: ¿Por qué es importante la salud oral en la prevención de enfermedades respiratorias en tiempos de pandemia? La razón es simple, cualquier enfermedad respiratoria en la persona mayor, podría eventualmente activar alarma de COVID-19 positivo, pudiendo ser esta ocasionada por otro motivo, sin mencionar el riesgo aumentado de tener una enfermedad previa de tipo respiratoria en tiempos de pandemia, sobre todo, en una población de riesgo como las personas mayores institucionalizadas. Por esta razón, la prevención en higiene oral de personas mayores mediante un Protocolo que proponga lineamientos a seguir en Establecimientos de Larga Estadía para Adultos Mayores, es fundamental en la prevención de Neumonía por aspiración. Cabe mencionar, que desde antes de surgir el COVID-19, ya la Neumonía se considera la principal causa de muerte por enfermedades infecciosas en la población chilena, y la primera causa específica de muerte en los mayores de 80 años.


ABSTRACT: Why is oral health important in the prevention of respiratory diseases in times of pandemic? The reason is simple, any respiratory disease in the elderly could eventually trigger a positive COVID-19 alarm, and this could be caused by another reason, not to mention the increased risk of having a previous respiratory-type illness in times of pandemic, over everything, in a population of risk like the institutionalized older people. For this reason, the prevention of oral hygiene in older people through a Protocol that proposes guidelines to be followed in long-stay establishments for older adults, is essential in the prevention of aspiration Pneumonia. It is worth mentioning that, before the emergence of COVID-19, Pneumonia was considered the main cause of death from infectious diseases in the Chilean population and the first specific cause of death in those over 80 years of age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged, 80 and over , Oral Hygiene/methods , Pneumonia, Aspiration/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Clinical Protocols , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Long-Term Care , Pandemics/prevention & control , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data
12.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(supl.1): S16-S22, set. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138644

ABSTRACT

La pandemia por COVID-19 ha generado un estancamiento mundial en la atención y resolución de todas las patologías graves y crónicas, debido al colapso de los sistemas de salud, a la dificultad de consulta, dada por la disminución de movilidad de las personas, por las cuarentenas establecidas y también por el temor de los pacientes al contagio en los centros de salud. Los enfermos oncológicos han visto canceladas sus atenciones, suspendidos o postergado sus tratamientos y diferidas sus cirugías. Esto no ha sido ajeno a las pacientes con cáncer de mama. En el presente trabajo, se reporta la experiencia de una Unidad de Patología Mamaria de un hospital público de Santiago de Chile y de las acciones realizadas para mantener la continuidad de atención en una comuna con una alta tasa de infección por SARS-CoV-2.


The COVID-19 pandemic has generated a global stagnation in the care and medical treatment of serious and chronic illnesses due to the collapse of the health systems, the difficulty of consulting due to decreased mobility caused by forced quarantines and also because of the fear of infection when attending a health center. Cancer patients have had their medical appointments canceled, their treatments suspended or postponed, and their surgeries delayed. Breast cancer patients have not been the exception. We report the experience of a Breast Pathology Unit of a public hospital in Santiago of Chile, and the actions carried out to maintain continuity of care in a community with a high infection rate of SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Breast Neoplasms/therapy , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Continuity of Patient Care/organization & administration , Medical Oncology/methods , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Hospital , Chile , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Long-Term Care/methods , Telemedicine , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Betacoronavirus
14.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(9): 3445-3458, Mar. 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1133168

ABSTRACT

Resumo A pandemia da "novel coronavirus disease" 2019 (COVID-19), infecção causada pelo coronavírus 2 da síndrome respiratória aguda grave (SARS-CoV-2), tem descortinado uma realidade até então oculta: a vulnerabilidade da população residente em instituições de longa permanência para idosos (ILPI). Diversas publicações científicas têm revelado a concentração de até 60% dos óbitos atribuídos à COVID-19 em tais instituições. A maioria dos residentes em ILPI reúnem os principais fatores de risco para morbimortalidade pela COVID-19, o que torna imprescindível a definição de ações voltadas à prevenção da transmissibilidade do SARS-CoV-2 neste ambiente, além das medidas usuais de distanciamento social e isolamento dos portadores da doença. Propõem-se, no presente artigo, estratégias de rastreamento da infecção em residentes e trabalhadores de ILPI por meio de testes laboratoriais disponíveis no Brasil. A identificação precoce de indivíduos portadores do SARS-CoV-2 com possibilidades de transmissão ativa e continuada do vírus permite a adoção de medidas que interrompam o ciclo de transmissão local da infecção.


Abstract An infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the 2019 Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic has unveiled a hitherto hidden reality: the vulnerability of the population living in long-term care facilities for the elderly (LTCF). To date, several scientific publications have revealed a concentration of up to 60% of deaths attributed to COVID-19 in such institutions. Most LTFC residents share the primary risk factors currently associated with increased morbimortality due to the COVID-19 infection. It is crucial to define actions to prevent SARS-CoV-2 spread in this environment, besides the usual measures of social distancing and isolation of the carriers of this disease. This paper proposes strategies for the investigation of this infection in LTCF residents and workers using laboratory tests available in Brazil. The early identification of individuals with SARS-CoV-2, who may actively and continuously spread the virus, allows adopting measures aimed at interrupting the local transmission cycle of this infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Mass Screening/methods , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Homes for the Aged/statistics & numerical data , Pneumonia, Viral/mortality , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Health Personnel , Long-Term Care , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Vulnerable Populations , Pandemics/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus , Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification
15.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(9): 3647-3656, Mar. 2020. tab
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1133170

ABSTRACT

Abstract This article aims to perform an analysis of the factors that determine the self-perception of oral health of Brazilians, based on a multidimensional methodology basis. This is a cross-sectional study with data from a national survey. A household interview was conducted with a sample of 60,202 adults. Self-perception of oral health was considered the outcome variable and sociodemographic characteristics, self-care and oral health condition, use of dental services, general health and work condition as independent variables. The dimensionality reduction test was used and the variables that showed a relationship were submitted to logistic regression. The negative oral health condition was related to difficulty feeding, negative evaluation of the last dental appointment, negative self-perception of general health condition, not flossing, upper dental loss, and reason for the last dental appointment. The use of a multidimensional methodological basis was able to design explanatory models for the self-perception of oral health of Brazilian adults, and these results should be considered in the implementation, evaluation, and qualification of the oral health network.


Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é realizar uma análise dos fatores que determinam a autopercepção de saúde bucal dos brasileiros sob base metodológica multidimensional. Estudo transversal, com dados provenientes de inquérito em âmbito nacional. Foi realizada entrevista domiciliar com uma amostra de 60.202 adultos. Considerou-se a autopercepção de saúde bucal como variável desfecho e características sociodemográficas, de autocuidado e condição de saúde bucal, de utilização de serviços odontológicos, de condição de saúde geral e de trabalho como variáveis independentes. Empregou-se o teste de redução de dimensionalidade e as variáveis que apresentaram relação passaram pelo teste de regressão logística. A autopercepção negativa de saúde bucal apresentou-se relacionada à dificuldade para se alimentar, avaliação negativa do atendimento recebido durante a última consulta odontológica, autopercepção ruim da condição de saúde geral, não utilização de fio dental, perda dental superior e motivo da última consulta com o cirurgião dentista. A utilização de base metodológica multidimensional foi capaz de (re)desenhar modelos explicativos para a condição percebida de saúde bucal de adultos brasileiros, devendo, os seus resultados serem considerados na implementação, avaliação e qualificação da rede de saúde bucal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pneumonia, Viral/mortality , Long-Term Care , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Homes for the Aged/statistics & numerical data , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Computer Simulation , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Pandemics , Institutionalization/statistics & numerical data
16.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(9): 3437-3444, Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1133138

ABSTRACT

Resumo O presente estudo tem como objetivo estimar o impacto da COVID-19 na mortalidade de idosos institucionalizados no Brasil. Foram estimados números de óbitos pela doença para o País, Unidades da Federação e Regiões, com base nas estimativas calculadas e efetuadas neste trabalho do percentual de óbitos de idosos que ocorreriam em instituições de longa permanência de acordo com os totais. Essa estimativa foi baseada em informações disponíveis para uma série de países. O percentual ponderado foi de 44,7%. Estimaram-se 107.538 óbitos de idosos nestas instituições no Brasil em 2020, por COVID-19. São previstos maiores números de óbitos na Região Sudeste (48.779 óbitos), seguida da Região Nordeste (28.451 óbitos); São Paulo é a Unidade da Federação que na estimativa será mais afetada (24.500 óbitos). Fica claro o forte impacto da COVID-19 na população idosa residente em instituições de longa permanência para idosos. As estimativas ultrapassam para o país 100 mil idosos, potencialmente os mais frágeis e vulneráveis, e são baseadas em número de óbitos totais conservador, tendo em vista outras estimativas e a situação alarmante de crescimento dos números de óbitos no Brasil.


Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic poses difficulties for long-term care institutions for the elderly, with increased mortality rates for the residents. This study aims to estimate the impact of COVID-19 on mortality of institutionalized elderly in Brazil. Estimates of the percentage of elderly deaths occurring in care homes were calculated for Brazil, States and Regions using estimates for the total number of deaths. The estimation was based upon information available for other countries. The weighted percentage was 44.7% and 107,538 COVID-19 deaths were estimated for the elderly in these institutions in Brazil in 2020. Higher numbers of deaths were expected in the Southeast Region (48,779 deaths), followed by the Northeast Region (28,451 deaths); São Paulo was the most affected State (24,500 deaths). The strong impact of COVID-19 on the elderly population living in long-term care facilities is clear. Estimates for the country exceeded 100,000 elderly people, potentially the most fragile and vulnerable, and are based upon a conservative number of total deaths, in view of other estimates and the alarming situation of death growth in Brazil from COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pneumonia, Viral/mortality , Long-Term Care , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Homes for the Aged/statistics & numerical data , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Computer Simulation , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Pandemics , Institutionalization/statistics & numerical data
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811254

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study assessed the food intake and nutritional status of the elderly in long-term care facilities in order to provide adequate food services and improve the nutritional status.METHODS: The survey was carried out from August 2019 to October 2019 for the elderly in long-term care facilities located in Gwangju Metropolitan City. The survey was conducted to collect data from 199 elderly persons (34 males and 165 females) aged over 65 years old. The food intake was assessed using a 1-day 24-hour recall method.RESULTS: More than 90% of the subjects were over 75 years old. Forty five percent of the subjects were active, 44.2% of the subjects perceived themselves as not being healthy. Dementia and Parkinson's disease were the most common diseases, followed by hypertension, musculo-skeletal disease, diabetes, and stroke. Only 25.6% of the subjects had most of their teeth intact, and 44.7% of the subjects had difficulty in chewing and swallowing. The total food intake was 1,127 g in males and 1,078 g in females. The most frequently consumed foods were kimchi, cooked rice with multi-grains, soybean soup, cooked rice with white rice, yogurt, pumpkin porridge, soy milk, and duck soup. The average energy intake of the subjects was 1,564.9 kcal in males and 1,535.5 kcal in females. The overall nutritional status of the elderly in the long-term care facilities was poor. In particular, the intake of vitamin D and calcium, vitamin C, riboflavin, and potassium were very low. The intake of vitamin D was 5 µg, and 86.4% of the elderly were below the estimated average requirement, while the intake of sodium was high.CONCLUSION: The results of this study can be used to understand the health and nutritional status and to improve the food services and nutrition management for the elderly in long-term care facilities.


Subject(s)
Aged , Ascorbic Acid , Calcium , Cucurbita , Deglutition , Dementia , Ducks , Eating , Energy Intake , Female , Food Services , Humans , Hypertension , Long-Term Care , Male , Mastication , Methods , Nutritional Status , Parkinson Disease , Potassium , Riboflavin , Sodium , Soy Milk , Soybeans , Stroke , Tooth , Vitamin D , Yogurt
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827269

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Preventing the need for long-term care (LTC) by identifying physical function risk factors are important to decrease the LTC burden. The objective of this study was to investigate whether grip strength and/or walking speed, which are components of the frailty definition, are associated with LTC in community-dwelling older and oldest people.@*METHODS@#The participants were 1098 community-dwelling older and oldest people who had not received LTC at the baseline. The endpoint was receiving LTC after the baseline survey. The independent variables were grip strength and walking speed, and participants were divided into two groups based on these variables. The confounding factors were age, sex, the Japanese version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA-J), hypertension, diabetes mellitus, stroke, joint diseases, living alone, body mass index, and serum albumin. We calculated the hazard ratio of receiving LTC using the Cox proportional hazard model.@*RESULTS@#Among the 1098 participants, 107 (9.7%) newly received LTC during the follow-up. Regarding the physical function, only slow walking speed was significantly correlated with LTC after adjusting for all confounding factors except the MoCA-J score (HR = 1.74, 95% CI = 1.10-2.75, P = .018). However, slow walking speed was still a risk factor for LTC after adjusting for the MoCA-J score and other confounding factors (HR = 1.64, 95% CI = 1.03-2.60, P = .037).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The findings from this study may contribute to a better understanding of slow walking speed as a factor related to LTC, which might be a criterion for disability prevention and could serve as an outcome measure for physical function in older people.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Exercise , Female , Humans , Independent Living , Japan , Long-Term Care , Male , Proportional Hazards Models
20.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 36(6): 716-722, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058103

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Las infecciones respiratorias son causa de preocupación socio-sanitaria por su elevada mortalidad y el coste económico que conllevan. El número de pacientes procedentes de centros socio-sanitarios con infecciones respiratorias que requieren ingreso hospitalario está aumentando en las últimas décadas. Las particularidades de estos pacientes pueden influir en la evolución de estas infecciones. Objetivo: Analizar si existen diferencias entre las infecciones respiratorias de origen comunitario y las asociadas a cuidados sanitarios respecto a la mortalidad. Material y Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática en tres bases de datos: Medline, Web of Science y Scopus. Se incluyeron estudios empíricos, publicados entre 2000 y 2016. Resultados: La procedencia de los enfermos, la edad y la malnutrición fueron los factores que se asociaron con peor pronóstico, junto con la presencia de co-morbilidad cardiaca o neurológica. La mortalidad fue más elevada en los pacientes procedentes de centros socio-sanitarios respecto a aquellos que procedían de su domicilio. Conclusión: Los profesionales de la salud deberían tener en cuenta la procedencia de los enfermos para dar un cuidado personalizado acorde a las particularidades de estos enfermos.


Background: Respiratory infections are a cause of socio-health concern due to their high mortality and the economic cost. The number of patients from social care centers with respiratory infections requiring hospital admission is increasing in recent decades. The particularities of these patients could influence the evolution of these infections. Aim: To analyze if there are differences respect to mortality between respiratory infections of community origin and those associated with social care centers. Methods: A systematic review was carried out in three databases: Medline, Web of Science and Scopus. Empirical studies, published between 2000 and 2016, were included. Results: The origin of the patients, age and malnutrition were the factors associated with worse prognosis, together with the presence of cardiac or neurological comorbidity. Mortality was higher in patients from social care centers compared to those who came from their home. Conclusion: Health professionals should take into account the origin of the patients in order to give a more personalized care according to the particularities of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiratory Tract Infections , Long-Term Care , Hospital Mortality , Health Personnel , Hospitalization
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