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1.
Adv Rheumatol ; 60: 46, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130794

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Chronic low back pain (CLBP) represents a problem in the occupational environment, often associated with disability, sick-leave demands, loss of productivity, anxiety, depression and high socioeconomic cost. The emergence of functional neuroimaging allowed new insights into brain structure and physiology in normality and chronic pain. While occupational related aspects are recognized as important risk factors for chronicity there have not been thus far evaluated by fMRI experiments. The overall objective of this study is to compare the neuronal correlates between groups of individuals CLBP with or without sick-leave demands. Methods A total of 74 individuals were divided into three groups: chronic low back pain with sick-leave demands [CLBP_L]; chronic low back pain without sick-leave demands [CLBP_NL]; individuals without pain or sick-leave demands [Control]. Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to assess brain function during moderate acute pain stimulation task (thumb controlled pressure). Results After acute painful stimulation, a higher brain response was found in the anterior cingulate and superior and medium frontal gyrus was observed in CLBP_NL vs. CLBP_L ( p < 0,001) and increased brain response in the frontal pole and paracingulate region in control vs. CLBP_L ( p < 0.001) during acute pain stimulation. Conclusion The modulation of acute pain participates in the mechanism propagating chronic pain perception. The lower activation in the superior frontal gyrus observed in the CLBP_L group compared to CLBP_NL, reinforces the idea of an already existing activation in this area.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Low Back Pain/complications , Sick Leave , Functional Neuroimaging/instrumentation , Neuronal Plasticity
2.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 73(5): e20190125, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1115387

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: to verify the effects of hierarchization and in vivo exposure for fear of pain, avoidance of movement, and anxiety in chronic low back pain. Methods: quasi-experimental study. The 27 patients who participated graded the damage associated with the movements in each of the 40 activities of daily living depicted in pictures using a scale from 0 to 100. The patients chose five out of all the activities that received a score higher than 50 to carry out the exposure. The intensities of fear and anxiety were measured before and after each exposure session. Results: the frequencies of the gender were equal, and the mean age was 44.9 years. The activities chosen more frequently for the exposure were shoveling (33.3%) and running (33.3%). There was reduction of fear and anxiety before and after exposure (p<0.001). Conclusions: hierarchization and in vivo exposure were effective in reducing fear and anxiety.


RESUMEN Objetivos: verificar los efectos de la jerarquización y exposición viva al supuesto miedo al dolor y evitar el movimiento y la ansiedad en pacientes con dolor lumbar crónico. Métodos: estudio cuasiexperimental. Los 27 pacientes que participaron clasificaron el dolor de cada uno de los 40 movimientos de la actividad cotidiana representados en fotos, utilizando una escala de 0-100. Entre las actividades clasificadas con más de 50, eligieron 5 para realizar la exposición. La intensidad del miedo y la ansiedad fueron medidas antes y después de cada sesión de exposición. Resultados: la muestra expresó equivalencia entre sexos, media etaria de 44,9 años. Las actividades más elegidas para la exposición fueron: trabajar con la pala (33,3%) y correr (33,3%). Hubo reducción del miedo y de la ansiedad antes y después de las exposiciones (p<0,001). Conclusiones: la jerarquización y exposición vivas fueron efectivas para reducir el miedo y la ansiedad.


RESUMO Objetivos: verificar os efeitos do uso da hierarquização e exposição ao vivo para a crença de medo da dor e evitação do movimento e ansiedade em pacientes com dor lombar crônica. Métodos: estudo quase-experimental. Os 27 pacientes que participaram graduaram o dano de cada um dos 40 movimentos de atividades da vida diária representados em fotos, utilizando uma escala de 0 a 100. Dentre as atividades graduadas acima de 50, escolheram 5 para realizar a exposição. As intensidades do medo e da ansiedade foram mensuradas antes e depois de cada sessão de exposição. Resultados: a frequência entre os sexos foi equitativa, a média da idade foi de 44,9 anos. As atividades mais escolhidas para a exposição foram trabalhar com a pá (33,3%) e correr (33,3%). Houve redução do medo e ansiedade antes e após as exposições (p<0,001). Conclusões: a hierarquização e exposição ao vivo foram efetivas na redução do medo e da ansiedade.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Avoidance Learning , Low Back Pain/psychology , Fear/psychology , Pain Measurement/statistics & numerical data , Pain Measurement/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Low Back Pain/complications , Low Back Pain/nursing , Movement/physiology
3.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(4): 128-134, dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099754

ABSTRACT

Asociada o no a una enfermedad orgánica, la depresión tiene gran prevalencia en la práctica médica pero es subdiagnosticada. El trastorno del ánimo suele coexistir con variadas quejas somáticas y dolores crónicos, configurando síndromes mixtos con un diagnóstico diferencial complejo. En este artículo se describen distintas presentaciones clínicas de la depresión en medicina general, con énfasis en los estados depresivos atípicos, depresiones enmascaradas muy relevantes por su frecuencia y consecuencias: depresión posquirúrgica, cuadros dolorosos crónicos como cefaleas o lumbago, la fatiga crónica y la fibromialgia. Solo el reconocimiento y diagnóstico de la depresión subyacente posibilitará la implementación de las adecuadas intervenciones terapéuticas. Se revisan también algunas recomendaciones para el uso de antidepresivos en atención primaria y la eventual consulta psiquiátrica. (AU)


Associated or not with an organic disease, depression has a high prevalence in medical practice but is underdiagnosed. The mood disorder usually coexists with varied somatic complaints and chronic pain, forming mixed syndromes with a complex differential diagnosis. This article describes different clinical presentations of depression in general medicine, with emphasis on atypical depressive states, masked depressions very relevant for their frequency and consequences: post-surgical depression, chronic painful conditions such as headaches or lumbago, chronic fatigue and fibromyalgia. Only the recognition and diagnosis of the underlying depression will enable the implementation of appropriate therapeutic interventions. Some recommendations for the use of antidepressant drugs in primary care and the eventual psychiatric consultation are also reviewed. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Primary Health Care/trends , Depression/diagnosis , Psychiatry/trends , Signs and Symptoms , Somatoform Disorders/diagnosis , Citalopram/adverse effects , Citalopram/therapeutic use , Fibromyalgia/complications , Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic/complications , Fluoxetine/adverse effects , Fluoxetine/therapeutic use , Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors/adverse effects , Low Back Pain/complications , Cholinergic Antagonists/adverse effects , Medical Errors , Sertraline/adverse effects , Sertraline/therapeutic use , Depression/classification , Depression/complications , Depression/therapy , Depression/epidemiology , General Practice , Chronic Pain/complications , Venlafaxine Hydrochloride/adverse effects , Venlafaxine Hydrochloride/therapeutic use , Duloxetine Hydrochloride/adverse effects , Duloxetine Hydrochloride/therapeutic use , Serotonin and Noradrenaline Reuptake Inhibitors/adverse effects , Headache/complications , Amitriptyline/adverse effects , Amitriptyline/therapeutic use , Antidepressive Agents/administration & dosage
4.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(4): 420-426, dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1057066

ABSTRACT

La acupuntura es una técnica de origen chino que surge hace aproximadamente 2000 años. Es una modalidad terapéutica que ha cobrado gran importancia en el mundo occidental para el tratamiento de diversos cuadros, incluida la lumbalgia. Comunicamos el caso de un hombre de 74 años de edad, que consulta por reagudización de la lumbalgia crónica, luego de un tratamiento alternativo, a quien se le diagnostica una complicación infecciosa. Si bien, en manos experimentadas e instruidas, es una técnica con relativamente escasas complicaciones, se han publicado diversos reportes que describen complicaciones, en su mayoría, menores y asociadas a una técnica estéril insuficiente o a falta de conocimiento por parte del acupunturista. El auge de estas técnicas alternativas puso el foco en las medidas de seguridad, por lo cual entes, como la Organización Mundial de la Salud han creado guías para su correcto uso. Conocer las posibles complicaciones facilita el diagnóstico temprano y el tratamiento. Se analiza la presentación clínica y se realiza una revisión bibliográfica del cuadro. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Acupuncture originated in China approximately 2000 years ago and is a growing treatment modality worldwide. Patients resort to acupuncture for a variety of conditions, including lower back pain. We discuss the case of a 74-year-old man who received acupuncture to treat lower back pain, after which the pain increased. An infection was detected and treated. Despite the fact that acupuncture can be considered generally safe if performed by well-trained practitioners, literature from around the world reports all kinds of complications, most of which are minor and usually a result of an inappropriate technique. The popularity of this alternative treatment has driven some organizations, such as World Health Organization (WHO) to draft guidelines about its safety. Being aware of possible complications allows for an early diagnosis and treatment. On this paper, we discuss the aforementioned case and include a review of the related literature. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Aged , Acupuncture Therapy/adverse effects , Low Back Pain/complications , Low Back Pain/therapy , Infections/diagnosis
5.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(3): 94-97, sept. 2019. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048277

ABSTRACT

Las fístulas arteriovenosas durales medulares son malformaciones vasculares adquiridas que constituyen una causa muy infrecuente de mielopatía progresiva (5-10 casos por millón de habitantes por año). La resonancia magnética es el estudio por imágenes de elección para su diagnóstico. A continuación presentamos el caso de una paciente femenina de 89 años, que consultó a la guardia de nuestra institución por un cuadro de paraparesia moderada asociada a parestesias e incontinencia urinaria posterior a esfuerzo físico. Se le diagnosticó una fístula arteriovenosa dural medular como causante de su cuadro. (AU)


Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVF) are acquired spinal vascular malformations and a rare cause of progressive myelopathy (5-10 new cases per year and per 1 million inhabitants). Magnetic resonance imaging is the diagnosis modality of choice. We present a case of a 89-year-old female patient who consulted the emergency department of our institution because of paraparesis and lower extremities paresthesias associated with urinary incontinence post physical effort. With the final diagnosis of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula, as a cause of the clinical symptoms. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arteriovenous Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Dura Mater/abnormalities , Paresthesia , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Spinal Cord Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications , Urinary Incontinence , Arteriovenous Fistula/etiology , Arteriovenous Fistula/epidemiology , Low Back Pain/complications , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/complications , Paraparesis , Fecal Incontinence , Hypertension/complications , Hypesthesia , Erectile Dysfunction , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
6.
Cogit. Enferm. (Online) ; 24: e65058, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1055963

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: determinar a intensidade da dor e a incapacidade funcional em portadores de dor lombar crônica inespecífica. Método: estudo transversal com 90 trabalhadores da enfermagem de um hospital público entre agosto e outubro de 2017. Empregou-se Questionário de Roland Morris e Escala Visual Numérica. Procederam-se análises bivariadas, correlações de Pearson ou Spearman e teste Anova para comparação de médias. Resultado: a intensidade da dor foi moderada e associada com Índice de Massa Corpórea e limitação em atividades de vida diária e trabalho. A incapacidade funcional mostrou-se baixa e relacionada ao duplo emprego na enfermagem e faixa etária de 41 a 50 anos. A relação entre intensidade da dor e incapacidade foi significativa, positiva e moderada. Conclusão: a intensidade da dor lombar e incapacidade funcional associaram-se a fatores laborais e individuais. A identificação desses fatores pode favorecer a implementação de medidas preventivas e guiar intervenções reabilitativas mais elaboradas e específicas.


RESUMEN Objetivo: determinar la intensidad del dolor y la incapacidad funcional en portadores de dolor lumbar crónica inespecífica. Método: estudio trasversal con 90 trabajadores de enfermería de un hospital público, hecho entre agosto y octubre de 2017. Se utilizó cuestionario de Roland Morris y Escala Visual Numérica. Se hicieron análisis bivariados, correlaciones de Pearson o Spearman y test Anova para comparación de promedios. Resultado: la intensidad del dolor fue moderada y se la asoció al Índice de Masa Corpórea y limitación en actividades de vida diaria y trabajo. La incapacidad funcional se reveló baja y relacionada a la doble jornada en la enfermería, además de franja etaria de 41 a 50 años. La relación entre intensidad del dolor e incapacidad fue significativa, positiva y moderada. Conclusión: la intensidad del dolor lumbar así como la incapacidad funcional se asociaron a factores laborales e individuales. La identificación de esos factores puede favorecer la implementación de medidas preventivas y orientar intervenciones de rehabilitación más apropiadas y específicas.


ABSTRACT Objective: To determine pain intensity and functional disability in patients with non-specific chronic low back pain. Method: Cross-sectional study with 90 nursing workers of a public hospital conducted between August and October 2017. The Roland Morris Questionnaire and Visual Numerical Scale were used. Bivariate analyzes, Pearson or Spearman correlations and Anova test for comparison of means were performed. Result: Pain intensity was moderate and associated with Body Mass Index and limitation in activities of daily living and reduction of work productivity. Functional disability was low and related to having more than one nursing job and aged 41- 50 years. Conclusion: Low back pain intensity and functional disability were associated with work and individual factors. The identification of these factors may favor the implementation of preventive measures and guide more accurate and specific rehabilitation interventions. The relationship between the intensity of pain and disability was significant, positive and moderate.


Subject(s)
Occupational Health , Low Back Pain/complications , Nurse Practitioners , Occupational Diseases , Chronic Disease
7.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 20(2): e24, mayo.-ago. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093783

ABSTRACT

El desarrollo de las nuevas tecnologías está modificando nuestra vida en muchos aspectos, incluyendo la aparición de nuevas patologías y el cambio en las causas de otras ya conocidas. El eritema "ab igne" es un tipo de hipermelanosis producida por la exposición crónica al calor moderado, que clásicamente se ha relacionado con el uso de braseros, bolsas de agua caliente o mantas eléctricas, actualmente las podemos ver relacionadas con el empleo de ordenadores portátiles. El diagnóstico es eminentemente clínico y la sospecha diagnóstica junto con la anamnesis dirigida revelarán la exposición crónica a la radiación térmica. Es necesario tener presentes estos nuevos agentes etiológicos para evitar retrasos diagnósticos y el consiguiente empeoramiento del cuadro clínico. El conocimiento de esta entidad clínica es importante dado que se encuentra dentro del diagnóstico diferencial de la patología con lesiones reticuladas cutáneas, presente de forma habitual en ciertas enfermedades reumatológicas. Los facultativos debemos conocer esta entidad para sospecharla y advertir a nuestros pacientes del riesgo que supone el apoyo directo y continuado de una fuente de calor(AU)


El desarrollo de las nuevas tecnologías está modificando nuestra vida en muchos aspectos, incluyendo la aparición de nuevas patologías y el cambio en las causas de otras ya conocidas. El eritema "ab igne" es un tipo de hipermelanosis producida por la exposición crónica al calor moderado, que clásicamente se ha relacionado con el uso de braseros, bolsas de agua caliente o mantas eléctricas, actualmente las podemos ver relacionadas con el empleo de ordenadores portátiles. El diagnóstico es eminentemente clínico y la sospecha diagnóstica junto con la anamnesis dirigida revelarán la exposición crónica a la radiación térmica. Es necesario tener presentes estos nuevos agentes etiológicos para evitar retrasos diagnósticos y el consiguiente empeoramiento del cuadro clínico. El conocimiento de esta entidad clínica es importante dado que se encuentra dentro del diagnóstico diferencial de la patología con lesiones reticuladas cutáneas, presente de forma habitual en ciertas enfermedades reumatológicas. Los facultativos debemos conocer esta entidad para sospecharla y advertir a nuestros pacientes del riesgo que supone el apoyo directo y continuado de una fuente de calor(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Medical History Taking , Low Back Pain/complications , Diagnosis, Differential , Erythema Ab Igne/diagnostic imaging , Lumbosacral Region/injuries
8.
Conscientiae saúde (Impr.) ; 17(2): 127-134, jun. 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-916162

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a literatura aponta controvérsias sobre a estabilização proporcionada pela ativação antecipatória dos músculos profundos do tronco e as evidências baseadas na análise bilateral do tempo de reação (onset) muscular de sujeitos com dor lombar são escassas. Objetivos: comparar o onset muscular do tronco entre sujeitos saudáveis e com dor lombar recorrente, bem como, comparar o onset muscular entre os lados do tronco nestas populações. Métodos: 19 sujeitos com dor lombar e 19 sujeitos saudáveis executaram o teste de elevação do membro superior dominante, no qual foram coletados os sinais eletromiográficos dos músculos do tronco. Resultados: na comparação entre os grupos, sujeitos com dor lombar apresentaram respostas mais rápidas do oblíquo interno contralateral ao membro elevado (p= 0,016). Na comparação entre os lados, sujeitos saudáveis apresentaram diferença significativa entre o onset dos oblíquos internos (p= 0,043). Conclusão: a dor lombar recorrente provoca alteração das respostas motoras geradas pela perturbação postural.


Introduction: The literature showed controversies about the stabilization provided by the anticipatory activation of the deep trunk muscles and the evidence based on the bilateral analysis of the muscle reaction time (onset) of subjects with low back pain is poor. Objectives: to compare the trunk muscle onset between healthy subjects and people with recurrent low back pain, as well as to compare the onset between the trunk sides in these populations. Methods: 19 subjects with low back pain and 19 healthy subjects performed the arm elevation test of the dominant upper limb, in which the electromyographic signals of the trunk muscles were collected. Results: in the groups comparison, subjects with low back pain had faster responses of the contralateral internal oblique to the raised limb (p = 0,016). In the comparison between the sides, healthy subjects presented significant difference between the onset of the internal oblique (p = 0,043). Conclusion: recurrent low back pain causes alteration of the motor responses generated by the postural destabilization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Low Back Pain/complications , Postural Balance , Abdominal Muscles , Electromyography
9.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 57(4): 306-310, July.-Aug. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-899435

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Fear-avoidance beliefs are related to the prognosis of chronicity in low back pain in subacute stages, however in chronic pain, is no clear the influence of these factors; it has been suggested that the study population can determine the magnitude of influence on disability and pain of those suffering from back pain. Currently, information does not exist in the Mexican population. Objective: To analyze the relationship between fear-avoidance beliefs with pain and disability in Mexicans with chronic low back pain; analyze potentials differences between subgroups according to the time of evolution. Methods: Cross-sectional study in Mexicans with chronic LBP aged between 18 and 45. Data were collected on general socio demographic characteristics, time of evolution, body mass index, pain, disability and fear-avoidance beliefs. Results: 33 men and 47 women, with an average age of 34.19 ± 7.65 years. Higher scores of fear-avoidance beliefs were obtained in women (47.2 ± 20.99 versus 38.5 ± 9.7; p = 0.05) and single participants (p = 0.04). A positive correlation was found between disability (r = 0.603, p < 0.001) and pain (r = 0.234, p = 0.03) with high scores of fear-avoidance beliefs. Through generalized linear models for disability, total score of the fear avoidance beliefs questionnaire showed a standardized beta coefficient of 0.603, p < 0.001 (R 2 of 0.656); for pain showed a standardized beta coefficient of 0.29, p = 0.01 (R 2 of 0.721). Conclusion: The present study suggests that there is a strong relationship between pain severity, FABQ scores, and functional disability in Mexicans with chronic LBP.


RESUMO Introdução: As crenças de medo e evitação estão relacionadas com o prognóstico da cronicidade da lombalgia nas fases subagudas; contudo, na dor crônica, não é clara a influência desses fatores. Sugeriu-se que um estudo populacional pode determinar a magnitude da influência da lombalgia sobre a incapacidade e a dor. Atualmente não há informação a esse respeito na população mexicana. Objetivo: Analisar a relação entre as crenças de medo e evitação com a dor e incapacidade em mexicanos com lombalgia crônica; analisar potenciais diferenças entre subgrupos determinados pelo tempo de evolução. Métodos: Estudo transversal em mexicanos com lombalgia crônica entre 18 e 45 anos. Coletaram-se dados sobre características sociodemográficas gerais, tempo de evolução, índice de massa corporal, dor, incapacidade e crenças de medo e evitação. Resultados: Foram estudados 33 homens e 47 mulheres com média de 34,19 ± 7,65 anos. Obtiveram-se escores de crenças de medo e evitação mais elevados em participantes do sexo feminino (47,2 ± 20,99 versus 38,5 ± 9,7; p = 0,05) e solteiros (p = 0,04). Encontrou-se uma correlação positiva entre a incapacidade (r = 0,603, p < 0,001) e a dor (r = 0,234, p = 0,03), com altas pontuações de crenças de medo e evitação. Por meio de modelos lineares generalizados para incapacidade, a pontuação total no questionário de crenças de medo e evitação mostrou um coeficiente beta padronizado de 0,603, p < 0,001 (R2 de 0,656); para a dor, mostrou um coeficiente beta padronizado de 0,29, p = 0,01 (R2 de 0,721). Conclusão: O presente estudo sugere que há uma forte relação entre a intensidade da dor, os escores no FABQ e a incapacidade funcional em mexicanos com lombalgia crônica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Avoidance Learning , Low Back Pain/psychology , Disabled Persons/psychology , Fear/psychology , Chronic Pain/psychology , Severity of Illness Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Low Back Pain/complications , Chronic Pain/complications , Mexico
10.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 21(1): 303-309, Jan. 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-770644

ABSTRACT

Resumo A lombalgia crônica constituise como uma doença que interfere na qualidade de vida e na capacidade funcional do paciente. Este estudo teve por objetivo identificar o efeito moderador do “Tipo de Família” na relação entre a incapacidade funcional e a qualidade de vida em doentes com lombalgia crônica. Participaram no estudo 213 pacientes com lombalgia há mais de 3 meses. Os instrumentos utilizados foram: Medical Outcome Study (MOS-20); Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ); Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales (FACES II). Foram realizadas análises de regressão com o objetivo de testar o efeito moderador do tipo de família. Os resultados revelaram que os doentes com níveis mais baixos de incapacidade funcional apresentavam melhor qualidade de vida nas famílias intermédias e equilibradas, com relação mais forte nestas últimas. De acordo com os resultados, os programas de intervenção na lombalgia crônica, além do doente, devem incluir a família, particularmente nas equilibradas, que são as que mais sentem o impacto da doença na sua qualidade de vida.


Abstract Chronic low back pain is a disease that interferes with quality of life and the patient's functional capability. This study aimed to identify the moderating effect of the “Type of Family” in the relationship between functional disability and quality of life in patients with chronic low back pain. Two hundred and three patients with low back pain for longer than 3 months participated in the study. The instruments used were: Medical Outcome Study (MOS 20); Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDO; Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales (FACES II). Regression analyses were performed in order to test the moderating effect of the type of family. The results showed that patients with lower levels of disability presented better quality of life in the intermediate and balanced families, and this relationship was even stronger in balanced families. According to the results, intervention programs in chronic low back pain, besides the patient, should include the family particularly in balanced families since they are the ones that feel the impact of the disease on their quality of life the most.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Family Health , Low Back Pain/complications , Pain Measurement , Surveys and Questionnaires , Disabled Persons , Disability Evaluation
11.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 61(4): 347-354, July-Aug. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-761719

ABSTRACT

SummaryIntroduction:overweight and obesity in adolescents are major public health problems with particular interest, because of their potential association with risk factors for development of diseases. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in adolescents in southern Portugal and investigate the association with risk factors for development of cardiovascular, respiratory and musculoskeletal diseases.Methods:the sample consisted of 966 adolescents aged 10 to 16 years. The calculation of body mass index (BMI), evaluation of blood glucose, total cholesterol and triglycerides, blood pressure, spirometry and application of low back pain (LBP) questionnaire were performed.Results:178 (18.4%) adolescents were overweight and 52 (5.4%) obese. None of the variables revealed a statistically significant association with overweight and obesity. The presence of high blood pressure was observed in 200 (20.7%) individuals and hypertension in 158 (16.4%) adolescents. Overweight and obese adolescents are 2.3 times more likely to develop signs of pre-hypertension and hypertension. 559 (57.9%) students had restrictive respiratory disorders and 23 (2.4%) had obstructive disorders. Those who were overweight and obese had 0.64 probability of having restrictive respiratory disorders.Conclusion:there was a high prevalence of overweight and obesity in Portuguese adolescents and these showed a statistically significant relationship with the development of pre-hypertension and hypertension, and restrictive respiratory disorders.


ResumoIntrodução:o sobrepeso e a obesidade em adolescentes são atualmente considerados problemas de saúde pública, com interesse decorrente de sua associação a fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento de doenças.Objetivo:determinar a prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade em adolescentes do sul de Portugal e investigar os fatores associados ao desenvolvimento de doenças cardiovasculares, respiratórias e musculoesqueléticas.Métodos:a amostra foi constituída por 966 adolescentes com idade entre 10 e 16 anos. Foi calculado o índice de massa corporal (IMC) e foram realizadas avaliações de glicemia, colesterol total, triglicerídeos, pressão arterial, espirometria, além da aplicação de um questionário para avaliar a presença de lombalgia.Resultados:cento e setenta e oito (18,4%) adolescentes apresentaram sobrepeso e 52 (5,4%) eram obesos. Nenhuma das variáveis analisadas revelou associação estatisticamente significativa com sobrepeso e obesidade. Duzentos (20,7%) adolescentes apresentaram pressão arterial elevada e 158 (16,4%), hipertensão. Os adolescentes com sobrepeso e obesidade revelaram 2,3 vezes mais chances de desenvolver pré-hipertensão e hipertensão. Quinhentos e cinquenta e nove (57,9%) alunos apresentaram doenças respiratórias restritivas e 23 (2,4%), distúrbios obstrutivos, sendo que os indivíduos com sobrepeso e obesidade apresentaram 0,64 de probabilidade de desenvolver doenças respiratórias restritivas.Conclusão:observou-se uma elevada prevalência de adolescentes portugueses com sobrepeso e obesidade. Essas variáveis demonstraram uma relação estatisticamente significativa com o desenvolvimento de pré-hipertensão e hipertensão arterial e com doenças respiratórias restritivas.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Low Back Pain/complications , Overweight/epidemiology , Respiration Disorders/complications , Blood Glucose/analysis , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hypertension/blood , Hypertension/complications , Logistic Models , Obesity/complications , Obesity/epidemiology , Overweight/complications , Prevalence , Portugal/epidemiology , Prehypertension/blood , Prehypertension/complications , Risk Factors , Sedentary Behavior , Spirometry
12.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 13(2): 243-248, Apr-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751419

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To correlate epidemiological data, lifestyle, and psychosocial factors as predictors for clinical manifestation of back pain in patients treated at the orthopedic emergency unit of a Brazilian tertiary care hospital, and to evaluate their interest in participating in a hypothetical program for physical rehabilitation. Methods: This is an observational cross-sectional study. We evaluated 210 patients from the emergency department of a tertiary hospital with a major complaint of back pain. We used: epidemiological multiple-choice questionnaires developed for this study; Oswestry questionnaire for physical disability; Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD) scale. Data analyses were performed using SAS - Statistical Analysis System (SAS Institute, 2001). Measurements were performed with the SAS functions Proc MEANS and Proc Freq. Results: The mean age was 39.1 years and there was no predominance between genders. The usual work activity was administrative (65.2% of cases). The mean body mass index was 26.0, indicating overweight. The majority (83.3%) of patients had low physical disability (Oswestry 0 – 40%). The number of medical visits in the previous 6 months (p=0.04) and the scores of anxiety and depression (p=0.05), independently, were correlated with physical disability. Most patients (77%) would agree to participate in a hypothetical program of physical rehabilitation for prevention of back pain. Conclusion: Patients with back pain complaints were predominantly young adults, sedentary or hypoactive, overweight, and with recurrent complaints of symptoms. Most participants had low levels of physical disability and would accept participation in a hypothetical physical rehabilitation program for the prevention of back pain. .


RESUMO Objetivo: Correlacionar dados epidemiológicos, hábitos de vida e fatores psicossociais como preditivos para manifestação clínica de dorsolombalgia em pacientes atendidos no setor de urgências ortopédicas de hospital terciário brasileiro, além de avaliar o interesse em participar de programa hipotético para reabilitação física. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo observacional do tipo transversal. Foram avaliados 210 pacientes provenientes do pronto atendimento de um hospital terciário, com queixa predominante de dor nas costas. Foram utilizados: questionários epidemiológicos do tipo múltipla escolha desenvolvidos para o presente estudo; questionário Oswestry para incapacidade física; e escala Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD). As análises dos dados foram realizadas por meio do programa SAS - Statistical Analysis System (SAS Institute, 2001). Os cálculos foram realizados com as funções Proc MEANS e Proc Freq do SAS. Resultados: A média de idade foi de 39,1 anos e não houve predominância entre os gêneros. A atividade laborativa mais frequente foi a administrativa (65,2% dos casos). Observou-se índice de massa corporal médio de 26,0, que indicou sobrepeso. A maioria (83,3%) dos pacientes apresentou baixa incapacidade física (Oswestry de 0 – 40%). O número de visitas nos 6 meses anteriores (p=0,04) e os escores de ansiedade e depressão (p=0,05), isoladamente, tiveram correlação com a incapacidade física. A maioria dos pacientes (77%) aceitaria participar de programa hipotético de reabilitação física para prevenção de dores nas costas. Conclusão: Os pacientes com queixa de dorsolombalgia foram, predominantemente, adultos jovens, sedentários ou hipoativos, com sobrepeso e com queixas recorrentes dos sintomas. A maioria dos participantes apresentou baixa incapacidade física e aceitaria participar de programa hipotético de reabilitação física para a prevenção de dores nas costas. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Back Pain/epidemiology , Disability Evaluation , Life Style , Low Back Pain/epidemiology , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/psychology , Anxiety/complications , Anxiety/diagnosis , Body Mass Index , Back Pain/complications , Back Pain/psychology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression/complications , Depression/diagnosis , Emergency Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Low Back Pain/complications , Low Back Pain/psychology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Severity of Illness Index , Sex Distribution , Sports , Surveys and Questionnaires , Smoking/epidemiology , Tertiary Care Centers/statistics & numerical data
13.
Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) ; 19(1): 70-76, Jan-Feb/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741372

ABSTRACT

Background: Low back pain (LBP) and urinary incontinence (UI) are highly prevalent among elderly individuals. In young adults, changes in trunk muscle recruitment, as assessed via ultrasound imaging, may be associated with lumbar spine stability. Objective: To assess the associations between LBP, UI, and the pattern of transversus abdominis (TrA), internal (IO), and external oblique (EO) muscle recruitment in the elderly as evaluated by ultrasound imaging. Method: Fifty-four elderly individuals (mean age: 72±5.2 years) who complained of LBP and/or UI as assessed by the McGill Pain Questionnaire, Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form, and ultrasound imaging were included in the study. The statistical analysis comprised a multiple linear regression model, and a p-value <0.05 was considered significant. Results: The regression models for the TrA, IO, and EO muscle thickness levels explained 2.0% (R2=0.02; F=0.47; p=0.628), 10.6% (R2=0.106; F=3.03; p=0.057), and 10.1% (R2=0.101; F=2.70; p=0.077) of the variability, respectively. None of the regression models developed for the abdominal muscles exhibited statistical significance. A significant and negative association (p=0.018; β=-0.0343) was observed only between UI and IO recruitment. Conclusion: These results suggest that age-related factors may have interfered with the findings of the study, thus emphasizing the need to perform ultrasound imaging-based studies to measure abdominal muscle recruitment in the elderly. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Urinary Incontinence/physiopathology , Urinary Incontinence/drug therapy , Ultrasonography , Low Back Pain/physiopathology , Low Back Pain/diagnostic imaging , Abdominal Muscles/physiopathology , Abdominal Muscles/diagnostic imaging , Urinary Incontinence/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Low Back Pain/complications
14.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 29(4): 525-530, 2014. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-840

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A mamoplastia redutora utilizando pedículo inferior incluindo complexo aréolopapilar é muito utilizada na América do Norte, mas pouco difundida no Brasil. Sua principal vantagem é a utilização em grandes ptoses mamárias, mantendo a sensibilidade da aréola. OBJETIVO: O objetivo é descrever as características pré e pós-operatórias de pacientes submetidos a mamoplastia redutora pela técnica do pedículo inferior areolado na Santa Casa de Campo Grande - MS em 2013. MÉTODO: Entrevista, exame físico e dados de prontuário das pacientes operadas por esta técnica nessa instituição no ano de 2013. RESULTADOS: Foram avaliadas 40 pacientes, sendo que a idade variou de 21 a 68 anos, com média de 40,62 anos. As comorbidades relatadas foram hipertensão arterial sistêmica, diabetes, retocolite ulcerativa, hérnia de disco e distúrbio de ansiedade. O peso médio de tecido mamário ressecado foi 600,6g na mama direita e 609,6g na mama esquerda. Dentre as queixas pré-operatória, a mais comum foi a lombalgia, seguida por dor nos ombros. As mais frequentes complicações no pós-operatório recente foram a deiscência do ponto médio da vertente (10%) e o hematoma (5%).O tipo de Anestesia predominante foi a anestesia geral. Todas as pacientes apresentaram displasias benignas da mama nos histopatológicos de pós-operatórios. CONCLUSÃO: A técnica do pedículo inferior areolado mostrou-se adequada para o tratamento de grandes hipertrofias e ptoses mamárias.


INTRODUCTION: Reduction mammaplasty with the inferior pedicle nipple-areolar technique is widely used in North America but not in Brazil. Its main advantage lies in maintaining the sensitivity of the areola in large mammary ptoses. To describe the preoperative and postoperative characteristics of patients who underwent reduction mammaplasty with the inferior pedicle nipple-areolar technique at the Santa Casa de Campo Grande - MS in 2013. METHOD: We performed interview, physical examination, and review of medical records of patients operated by using this technique at this institution in 2013. RESULTS: Forty patients were evaluated. Their ages ranged from 21 to 68 years, with a mean of 40.62 years. The comorbidities reported were hypertension, diabetes, ulcerative colitis, disc herniation, and anxiety disorder. The average weight of resected tissue was 600.6 g from the right breast and 609.6 g from the left breast. The most common presurgery complaint was low back pain, followed by shoulder pain. The most frequent complications in the early postoperative phase were dehiscence of the mid-point of the strand (10%) and hematoma (5%). The predominant type of anesthesia was general anesthesia. All patients showed benign breast dysplasia in the postoperative histopathological examination. CONCLUSION: The inferior pedicle nipple-areolar technique was adequate for the treatment of major hypertrophies and mammary ptoses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , History, 21st Century , Postoperative Complications , Surgery, Plastic , Surgical Flaps , Breast , Medical Examination , Medical Records , Mammaplasty , Low Back Pain , Interview , Evaluation Study , Mammary Glands, Human , Hypertrophy , Intraoperative Complications , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Breast/surgery , Medical Examination/methods , Medical Records/standards , Mammaplasty/adverse effects , Mammaplasty/methods , Low Back Pain/surgery , Low Back Pain/complications , Mammary Glands, Human/surgery , Hypertrophy/surgery , Intraoperative Complications/surgery
15.
Rev. latinoam. enferm ; 21(spe): 12-19, Jan.-Feb. 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-666752

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: to determine the prevalence and key factors associated with fatigue in chronic low back pain patients. METHODS: cross-sectional study of 215 chronic low back pain patients from three health care centers and two industrial corporations. The crude prevalence of fatigue and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated. Associations between fatigue and the independent variables were measured. RESULTS: the prevalence of fatigue among the participants was 26.0% [95% CI: 20.3 - 32.5]. Fatigue was independently associated with depression and self-efficacy. An increase of one unit in the score of depression increased the risk of fatigue by 9%; an increase of one unit in the score of self-efficacy reduced the risk of fatigue by 2%. CONCLUSIONS: fatigue was prevalent in chronic low back pain patients and associated with depression and self-efficacy. Knowing these factors can direct strategies for prevention and control of fatigue in chronic low back pain patients.


OBJETIVOS: determinar a prevalência e os principais fatores relacionados à fadiga em pacientes com dor lombar crônica. MÉTODOS: trata-se de estudo transversal, com a participação de 215 pacientes com dor lombar crônica, em três centros de saúde e duas indústrias. Foram calculadas a prevalência bruta de fadiga e seu intervalo de confiabilidade de 95% (IC). RESULTADOS: a prevalência de fadiga entre os participantes com dor lombar crônica foi de 26% [20,3-32,5; IC 95%]. A fadiga foi associada à depressão e à autoeficácia de forma independente. O aumento de um ponto no escore de depressão aumentou o risco de fadiga em 9% e o aumento de um ponto no escore de autoeficácia reduziu o risco de fadiga em 2%. CONCLUSÕES: fadiga foi um fator predominante em pacientes com dor lombar crônica e indicou relação com depressão e autoeficácia. O conhecimento desses fatores pode orientar estratégias para prevenção e controle da fadiga em pacientes com dor lombar crônica.


OBJETIVOS: Determinar la prevalencia y factores asociados con la fatiga en pacientes con dolor lumbar crónico. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal con 215 pacientes con dolor lumbar crónico en tres servicios de salud y dos industrias. La prevalencia de la fatiga y su intervalo de confianza (IC) se calcularon. Las asociaciones entre variables independientes y la fatiga se calcularon. RESULTADOS: La prevalencia de la fatiga en los pacientes con dolor lumbar crónico fue del 26% [20,3 a 32,5, IC 95%]. La fatiga se asocia con la depresión y la autoeficacia. El aumento de un punto en la puntuación de depresión aumentó un 9% el riesgo de fatiga y un aumento de un punto en la auto-eficacia reduce el riesgo de la fatiga en el 2%. CONCLUSIONES: La fatiga es frecuente en pacientes con dolor lumbar crónico y se asocia con la depresión y la autoeficacia. Conocer estos factores puede dirigir las estrategias de prevención y control de la fatiga en pacientes con dolor lumbar crónico.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Chronic Pain/complications , Fatigue/epidemiology , Fatigue/etiology , Low Back Pain/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prevalence , Risk Factors
16.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 46(spe): 16-23, out. 2012. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-659825

ABSTRACT

A incapacidade relacionada à dor lombar crônica (DLC) é um fenômeno complexo e multifatorial. O objetivo desse estudo foi identificar a prevalência e os fatores associados à incapacidade em pacientes com dor lombar crônica. Estudo transversal com amostra composta por 177 pacientes com DLC, de três serviços de saúde; que responderam ao formulário com dados demográficos, ao Inventário de Depressão de Beck, às Escalas Oswestry Disability Index, de autoeficácia para dor crônica, Tampa de Cinesiofobia e de Fadiga de Piper. A prevalência de incapacidade foi de 65% (IC95%: 57,5 - 72,0) e era de moderada a grave em 80,7% dos pacientes. O modelo de regressão múltipla identificou três fatores independentemente associados à incapacidade: ausência de trabalho remunerado, autoeficácia baixa e depressão. Os fatores associados à incapacidade identificados são modificáveis. Intervenções como recolocação no trabalho, tratamento para a depressão e reconceitualização da crença de autoeficácia podem ter um impacto importante na prevenção e redução de incapacidade.


Disability related to chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a complex and multidimensional phenomenon. The aim of the study was to identify the prevalence of disability and factors associated with disability outcome in 177 CLBP adults. Respondents were recruited from three health care service centers and answered questions from: Demographic Identification Form, Oswestry Disability Index, Chronic Pain Self-efficacy Scale, Tampa Scale Kinesiophobia, Beck Depression Inventory, and the Revised Piper Fatigue Scale. The prevalence of disability among the respondents was 65% (95% CI: 57.5 - 72.0), and disability was moderate to severe in 80.7% of them. The multiple regression model identified three factors as independently associated with disability: work situation, low self-efficacy and depression. The factors identified to be associated with disability are modifiable. Interventions such as work relocation, depression treatment and re-conceptualization of self-efficacy may have an important impact in preventing and reducing disability in chronic low back pain patients.


La discapacidad relacionada con el dolor lumbar crónico (DLC) es complejo y multifactorial. El objetivo fue identificar la prevalencia y factores asociados a la discapacidad en pacientes con DLC. Estudio transversal con 177 pacientes de tres servicios de salud; que respondieron al formulario con los datos demográficos, Inventario de Depresión de Beck, Escala de discapacidad de Oswestry, autoeficacia para el dolor crónico, Tampa kinesiophobia and Piper fatiga. La prevalencia de la discapacidad fue del 65% (IC 95%: 57,5 a 72,0) y de moderada a severa en 80,7% de los pacientes. El modelo de regresión se identificó tres factores independientemente asociados con la discapacidad: la falta de trabajo, baja autoeficacia y la depresión. Los factores identificados son modificables. Intervenciones como el trabajo de sustitución, el tratamiento de la depresión y la reconceptualización de la creencia de la autoeficacia puede tener un impacto importante en la prevención y reducción de la discapacidad.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Chronic Pain/complications , Chronic Pain/epidemiology , Disabled Persons , Low Back Pain/complications , Low Back Pain/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prevalence
17.
Fisioter. Bras ; 9(3): 189-193, maio-jun. 2008.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-546548

ABSTRACT

O propósito deste estudo foi estimar a prevalência de dor lombar entre praticantes de musculação, bem como estratificar aqueles que acusam este sintoma quanto ao grau de intensidade da dor (severa, moderada e suave). A amostra foi composta de 260 indivíduos do sexo masculino, com idade média de 27,6 anos (± 6,8), praticantes de musculação em academias do bairro do Méier do Rio de Janeiro. O estudo é do tipo descritivo transversal e utilizou como variável discricionária a presença de dor lombar. Os dados foram coletados através do Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale. Como resultado, encontramos que a prevalência de lombalgia entre os participantes foi de 47,3 por cento (n = 123), variando quanto à sua intensidade entre suave (39,8 por cento dos praticantes), moderada (51,2 por cento), severa (8,9 por cento) e apresentando mensalmente (36,6 por cento) as maiores freqüências de queixa da dor. Entre aqueles que alegaram sentir dor 57,7 por cento disseram não sentir dor enquanto praticam musculação. Outro dado importante revela que 68,3 por cento dos que sentem dor não perderam nenhum dia de trabalho devido a esta algia.


The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of low back pain (LBP) in resistance training in gym centers, as well as to stratify those who point out this morbidity in degrees of pain intensity (severe, moderate, light). The participants were 260 male individuals, with average age 27.6 years old (± 6.8), practitioners of resistance training in gym centers at Méier District, Rio de Janeiro city. This was a cross-sectional study that used the low back pain presence as a discretionary variable. Data was collected by Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale. The results showed that low back pain prevalence among the participants was 47.3 percent (n = 123) and pain intensity oscillate between light (39.8 percent of participants), moderate (51.2 percent) and severe (8.9 percent), and monthly (36.6 percent) showed high frequency of pain complaint. On the other hand, 57.7 percent of participants who had LBP reported that during resistance training did not feel pain. Another important data was that 68.3 percent did not miss a day of work due to LBP.


Subject(s)
Low Back Pain/complications , Lumbar Vertebrae , Lumbosacral Region , Muscular Diseases , Manipulation, Spinal , Manipulation, Spinal/adverse effects
18.
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 19(2): 133-137, mayo 2008.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-499224

ABSTRACT

El dolor lumbar es una afección muy frecuente y con alta repercusión socio-económica en la sociedad occidental, a pesar que la mayoría de las veces su curso es autolimitado. La degeneración discal es un proceso de envejecimiento normal pero su rol en la etiopatogenia del dolor lumbar es significativo. Esta revisión muestra un enfoque clínico práctico para clasificar a estos enfermos de las primeras consultas, de manera de identificar rápidamente etiologías que requieren un manejo especializado y precoz. Enseguida, se describen recomendaciones acerca del manejo inicial en el dolor lumbar inespecífico, basadas en guías clínicas, propuestas por grupos de expertos en base a evidencias de la literatura publicadas recientemente.


Mostly, back pain is a self limiting condition but, his high incidence involves great social and economics costs. Age-related changes of disc degeneration doesn´t explain all the cases of lumbar problems. This review looks at a practical approach to this patients in the first examination for recognize the clinical entities that require early and specialized treatment. Then, it describes guidelines for the initial management in specific back pain based in recent publications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Low Back Pain/diagnosis , Low Back Pain/physiopathology , Low Back Pain/therapy , Low Back Pain/classification , Low Back Pain/complications , Low Back Pain/etiology
19.
JPMI-Journal of Postgraduate Medical Institute. 2008; 22 (2): 95-101
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-88487

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of dynamic standing balance in individuals with and without low back pain [LBP] using Biodex Balance System [BBS]. Twenty three patients with LBP and 20 age-matched healthy subjects participated in this study. Bilateral and unilateral stance both with eyes open and eyes closed with the BBS over a period of 20s was assessed. The subjects were assigned to two groups [with and without LBP] by an independent observer. The tester was unaware of the group assignment and completed balance test using BBS. Two days after the first measurement session, the tester retested the subjects in the second measurement session in a random order, different from the first measurement session. The results of this study showed that the intra-class correlation coefficient in normal subjects and those with LBP was between [0.91-0.95] and [0.88-0.96] respectively. The results showed that BBS is reliable for evaluating dynamic postural balance in subjects with and without LBP. A significant difference was found in Medial-Lateral Stability Index [MLSI] and Overall Stability Index [OSI] between subjects with and without LBP. The findings of this study showed high reliability for BBS to evaluate dynamic postural balance in subjects with and without LBP


Subject(s)
Humans , Low Back Pain/etiology , Low Back Pain/complications , Postural Balance , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data
20.
Rev. argent. resid. cir ; 10(1): 21-23, abr. 2005. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-563199

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El Síndrome de Wünderlich o hemorragia retroperitoneal espontánea es una entidad poco frecuente, su etiología obedece a múltiples causas. Su forma aguda se caracteriza por dolor y tumor lumbar con signos de hemorragia interna (tríada de Lenk). La presentación suele ser brusca, con elevada morbi-mortalidad. Su tratamiento es quirúrgico en la mayoría de los casos.Objetivo: Presentar dos casos de hemorragia retroperitoneal espontánea.Materia y Método: Análisis de historias clínicas.Caso Nº1: masculino, 47 años, con dolor cólico y distensión abdominal de 48 hs. de evolución, con tumoración en fosa ilíaca izquierda (FII) y flanco izquierdo. Se descompensa hemodinámicamente, cirugía de urgencia, nefrectomía y suprarrenalectomía izquierda. Egreso hospitalario al 10º día. Anatomía Patológica: panarteritis nodosa con compromiso necrotizante de una rama de la arteria renal con dilatación aneurismática y ruptura con hematoma retroperitoneal.Caso Nº 2: femenino, 72 años, ingresa con dolor y tumoración en fosa ilíaca de varios días de evolución, con equimosis. Cirugía electiva al 6º día de internación, diagnóstico intraoperatorio de hematoma retroperitoneal espontáneo: drenaje. Egreso hospitalario al 7º día. Anatomía Patológica: hematoma organizado.Conclusión: El síndrome de Wünderlich es una patología de muy baja frecuencia, se encuentra asociado a procesos tumorales renales y autoinmunes. La TAC es el método de elección para su diagnóstico. El diagnóstico precoz disminuye su alta mortalidad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Case Reports , Low Back Pain/complications , Retroperitoneal Space/pathology , Hemorrhage , Kidney Neoplasms/complications
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