Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 188
Filter
2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 342-345, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288587

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Chronic low back pain (CNLBP) manifests as chronic lumbosacral and hip pain, affecting athletes' daily training and competition. Whole-body sports training can significantly improve the strength of the core muscles of the lumbosacral region and has certain advantages in the treatment of chronic low back pain. Object We study the therapeutic effect of whole-body physical training on athletes' chronic low back pain (CNLBP). Method We selected 60 athletes with chronic low back pain patients. At the same time, we divide it into a control group and an observation group. The control group received conventional treatment, and the observation group received full-body physical training on this basis. After two months, the relevant physiological indicators of the patients were compared. Result After treatment, all physiological indexes of the two groups have great differences. Conclusion Whole-body physical training can significantly reduce athletes' back pain symptoms and help restore professional athletes to regular training. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução A dor lombar (GNP) crônica se manifesta como dor lombossacra e no quadril que afeta o treinamento e a competição diária dos atletas. O treinamento esportivo de corpo inteiro pode melhorar significativamente a força dos músculos centrais da região lombossacra e tem certas vantagens no tratamento da dor lombar crônica. Objetivo Estudarmos o efeito terapêutico do treinamento físico de corpo inteiro na dor lombar crônica (CNLBP) em atletas. Método Selecionamos 60 atletas com lombalgia crônica. Ao mesmo tempo, nós o dividimos em um grupo de controle e um grupo de observação. O grupo controle recebeu tratamento convencional e o grupo observação recebeu treinamento físico de corpo inteiro. Após dois meses, os indicadores fisiológicos relevantes dos pacientes foram comparados. Resultado após o tratamento, todos os índices fisiológicos dos dois grupos apresentam grandes diferenças. Conclusão O treinamento físico de corpo inteiro pode reduzir significativamente os sintomas de dor nas costas dos atletas e ajudar os atletas profissionais a voltarem a treinar regularmente. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos: investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción El dolor lumbar crónico (DPNG) se manifiesta como dolor lumbosacro y de cadera crónico que afecta el entrenamiento y la competición diaria de los deportistas. El entrenamiento deportivo de cuerpo entero puede mejorar significativamente la fuerza de los músculos centrales de la región lumbosacra y tiene ciertas ventajas en el tratamiento del dolor lumbar crónico. Objeto Estudiamos el efecto terapéutico del entrenamiento físico de cuerpo entero sobre el dolor lumbar crónico (CNLBP) de los deportistas. Método Seleccionamos a 60 deportistas con lumbalgia crónica. Al mismo tiempo, lo dividimos en un grupo de control y un grupo de observación. El grupo de control recibió tratamiento convencional y el grupo de observación recibió entrenamiento físico de cuerpo completo. Después de dos meses, se compararon los indicadores fisiológicos relevantes de los pacientes. Resultado después del tratamiento, todos los índices fisiológicos de los dos grupos tienen grandes diferencias. Conclusión El entrenamiento físico de todo el cuerpo puede reducir significativamente los síntomas de dolor de espalda de los atletas y ayudar a que los atletas profesionales vuelvan a entrenar regularmente. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Low Back Pain/therapy , Exercise Therapy/methods , Athletes , Case-Control Studies , Chronic Disease , Treatment Outcome
3.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(2): 137-143, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290232

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Patients with low back pain frequently undergo a variety of diagnostic and therapeutic interventions, but some of these have uncertain effectiveness. This highlights the importance of the association of healthcare services and therapeutic measures relating to disability. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the use of healthcare services and therapeutic measures among Brazilian older adults with disability-related low back pain. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational cross-sectional study on baseline assessment data from the Back Complaints in the Elders - Brazil (BACE-B) cohort. METHODS: The main analyses were based on a consecutive sample of 602 older adult participants in BACE-B (60 years of age and over). The main outcome measurement for disability-related low back pain was defined as a score of 14 points or more in the Roland Morris Questionnaire. RESULTS: Visits to doctors in the previous six weeks (odds ratio, OR = 1.82; 95% confidence interval, CI 1.22-2.71) and use of analgesics in the previous three months (OR = 1.57; 95% CI 1.07-2.31) showed statistically significant associations with disability-related low back pain. The probability of disability-related low back pain had an additive effect to the combination of use of healthcare services and therapeutic measures (OR = 2.57; 95% CI 1.52-4.36). The analyses showed that this association was significant among women, but not among men. CONCLUSIONS: Occurrence of the combined of consultations and medication use was correlated with higher chance of severe disability among these elderly people with nonspecific low back pain. This suggested that overuse and "crowding-in" effects were present in medical services for elderly people.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Low Back Pain/therapy , Low Back Pain/epidemiology , Pain Measurement , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Delivery of Health Care , Disability Evaluation
4.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 23(1): e813, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280403

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El dolor lumbar es una de las afecciones que causa mayor índice de incapacidad, por lo que se ha señalado como una de las principales causas de invalidez laboral temporal o definitiva. Objetivo: Identificar las ventajas de la aplicación de ozono médico como terapia combinada en el tratamiento de pacientes con lumbalgia aguda. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio experimental de casos y controles donde cada grupo estuvo integrado por 50 pacientes mayores de 20 años de edad con diagnóstico de dolor lumbar, previo consentimiento informado. El grupo control recibió tratamiento con esquemas terapéuticos tradicionales según los consensos internacionales para el tratamiento del dolor lumbar agudo. En el caso de los pacientes del grupo de casos se adicionó ozono médico en tres sesiones semanales por vía rectal hasta completar 10 sesiones. Se utilizó la prueba de comparación de medias y de McNemar para identificar cambios en la intensidad del dolor y en la presencia y tipo de incapacidad. Resultados: Hubo un promedio de edad por encima de los 50 años, con predominio de pacientes femeninas. La intensidad del dolor al inicio del tratamiento se comportó como media de ambos grupos en 8,76 puntos, mientras que el 87 por ciento de los pacientes refirió algún tipo de discapacidad. Predominó la incapacidad moderada. Conclusiones: La aplicación de ozono médico combinado influyó positivamente en la disminución de la intensidad del dolor y en la presencia y tipo de incapacidad(AU)


Introduction: Low back pain is one of the conditions that generates the highest rate of disability, has been identified as one of the main causes of temporary and / or permanent work disability. Objective: To identify the advantages of the application of medical ozone as a combined therapy in the treatment of patients with acute low back pain. Methods: An experimental case-control study was carried out where each group consisted of 50 patients over 20 years of age with a diagnosis of low back pain. The control group received treatment with traditional therapeutic schemes according to international consensus for the treatment of acute low back pain, in the case of patients in the case group the use of medical ozone was added, in three weekly sessions rectally until completing 10 sessions. The comparison test of means and McNemar were used to identify changes in pain intensity and in the presence and type of disability. Results: Average age above 50 years with a predominance of female patients. The intensity of pain at the start of treatment behaved as an average of both groups at 8.76 points, while 87 percent of the patients reported some type of disability with a predominance of moderate disability. Conclusions: The application of combined medical ozone positively influenced the decrease in pain intensity and the presence and type of disability(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Ozone/therapeutic use , Low Back Pain/therapy , Combined Modality Therapy/methods , Case-Control Studies , Low Back Pain/drug therapy
5.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(1): 22-29, jan.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177697

ABSTRACT

Um dos grandes desafios da Dor Crônica é o impacto negativo sobre os aspectos físicos e emocionais do indivíduo, frequentemente associado com depressão, ansiedade e incapacidade física. Terapias baseadas em práticas meditativas vem sendo estudadas e possuem resultados promissores no controle da dor crônica. Os objetivos deste estudo são verificar na literatura se as Intervenções Baseadas em Mindfulness (IBM`s) apresentam eficácia no tratamento da dor crônica e destacar quais ferramentas podem ser utilizadas na prática clínica. Com a introdução do Mindfulness na medicina, criaram-se intervenções baseadas nesta prática para que pudessem ser aplicadas na clínica. Com isso, diversos estudos nos últimos 20 anos foram desenvolvidos com o objetivo de avaliar alterações morfológicas no cérebro de pacientes após a prática de IBM`s. As evidências indicam que ser mais "mindful" é uma tendência natural ou um resultado de uma prática profunda. A efetividade das IBM`s na dor crônica depende da prática intensa ou da personalidade do paciente. Apesar de ainda não haver um consenso sobre as práticas baseadas em Mindfulness, atualmente existem evidências moderadas de que podem ser utilizadas como uma terapia complementar ao tratamento convencional em pacientes portadores de dores crônicas.


One of the major challenges of Chronic Pain is the physical and emotional negative impact of the individual, often associated with depression, anxiety and physical disability. Therapies based on meditative practices have been studied and have promising results in the control of chronic pain. The aims of this study were to verify in the literature whether Mindfulness Based Interventions (MBI`s) are effective in treating chronic pain and which tools can be used in the clinical practice. With the introduction of Mindfulness in medicine, interventions based on this practice were created so that they could be applied in the clinic. Thus, several studies over the last 20 years have been developed to evaluate morphological changes in the brain of patients after the practice of MBI`s. Evidence indicates that being more "mindful" is a natural tendency or a result of deep practice. The effectiveness of IBM's in chronic pain depends on the patient's intense practice or personality. Although there is still no consensus on Mindfulness-based practices, there is currently moderate evidence that they can be used as a complementary therapy to conventional treatment in patients with chronic pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Complementary Therapies/methods , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Chronic Pain/psychology , Chronic Pain/therapy , Mindfulness , Surveys and Questionnaires , Low Back Pain/therapy , Meditation
6.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(1): 1-9, Mar 19, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283934

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A manipulação visceral é atualmente um tratamento usado amplamente pelos osteopatas no mundo, contudo, sua base de mecanismos ainda é pouco esclarecida, havendo certa escassez de pesquisas publicadas sobre tais intervenções. O conceito para o tratamento se baseia na ação sobre aderências fáscias que supostamente afetam a hemodinâmica visceral, desregulação autonômica, fatores psicossomáticos e ptose visceral, repercutindo de maneira direta no bom funcionamento das demais estruturas do corpo. Objetivo: O estudo tem como objetivo mensurar as variações imediatas da resposta sintomática dolorosa por pressão na coluna lombar pela manipulação visceral. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo experimental, com abordagem longitudinal e caráter quantitativo. Constituído por amostra de doze indivíduos divididos em G1 (uso de manipulação visceral), G2 (uso de placebo) e uso do algômetro de pressão nos músculos paravertebrais corresponde ao nível topográfico da quinta vértebra lombar. Para análise estatística dos dados obtidos, foi aplicado o teste t de Student para amostras pareadas no software Bioestat. Além disso, o nível de rejeição da hipótese de nulidade foi estabelecido em 0,05 ou 5%. Resultados: Obteve-se relevância em um ponto de vista estatístico na análise do grupo submetido a manipulação visceral. Quando comparado a outras evidências recentes, os resultados obtidos pelo estudo revelam dados condizentes. Conclusão: Os resultados deste estudo fornecem informações confiáveis que vão nortear a futura utilização da manipulação visceral na dor lombar crônica, mostrando bom prognóstico em curto prazo. (AU)


Introduction: Visceral manipulation is currently a treatment widely used by osteopaths worldwide, however, its basis of mechanisms is still poorly understood, and there is a lack of published research on such interventions. The concept for treatment is based on the action on fascia adhesions that supposedly affect visceral hemodynamics, autonomic dysregulation, psychosomatic factors, and visceral ptosis, directly affecting the proper functioning of other body structures. Objective: This study aimed to measure the immediate variations in the symptomatic painful response to pressure in the lumbar spine by visceral manipulation. Methods: This is an experimental study, with a longitudinal approach and quantitative character. Consisting of a sample of twelve individuals divided into G1 (use of visceral manipulation), G2 (use of placebo) and use of the pressure algometer in the paravertebral muscles corresponds to the topographic level of the fifth lumbar vertebra. For statistical analysis of the data obtained, the Student's t test was applied to paired samples using the Bioestat software. In addition, the level of rejection of the null hypothesis was set at 0.05 or 5%. Results: Relevance was obtained from a statistical point of view in the analysis of the groups submitted to visceral manipulation. When compared to other recent evidence, the results obtained by the study reveal consistent data. Conclusion: The results of this study provide reliable information that will guide the future use of visceral manipulation in chronic low back pain, showing a good prognosis in the short term. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Low Back Pain/therapy , Musculoskeletal Manipulations/methods , Longitudinal Studies
7.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(1): 4-8, mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177177

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la osteopatía aborda al paciente de manera global y aplica técnicas de tratamiento manual. Se realizó una evaluación retrospectiva sobre 447 pacientes para conocer los resultados del tratamiento del dolor lumbar y cervical. Material y métodos: fueron incluidos en este estudio 447 pacientes con diagnóstico de lumbalgia y cervicalgia (77,4% de sexo femenino). Los pacientes atendidos ya habían realizado tratamientos convencionales sin haber conseguido resultados satisfactorios. Se evaluó a los pacientes con la escala de valor numérico de dolor (EVN), y los puntajes (scores) de Oswestry (ODI) y el índice de discapacidad de la región cervical (NDI). Los 4 osteópatas intervinientes son profesionales certificados en esta disciplina. Resultados: el 42,8% de los pacientes fueron derivados por el Servicio de Traumatología y el 41,3% por el Servicio de Medicina Familiar. El 34,2% tuvieron diagnóstico de dolor lumbar y al 20,81% se le diagnosticó dolor cervical. Tanto en la valoración del dolor como en los scores utilizados se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre la primera y la última sesión. Discusión: en pacientes con diagnóstico de lumbalgia y cervicalgia que no habían obtenido resultados satisfactorios con tratamientos convencionales previos, el tratamiento osteopático derivó en mejoras significativas en todos los parámetros estudiados. (AU)


Introduction: osteopathy addresses the patient globally and applies manual treatment techniques. A retrospective evaluation was carried out on 447 patients to know the results of the treatment of lumbar and cervical pain. Material and methods: 447 patients with a diagnosis of low back pain and cervical pain (77.4% female) were included in this study. The patients already had undergone conventional treatments without having achieved satisfactory results. The patients were evaluated with the numerical value of pain scale (VNS), and Oswestry scores (ODI) and the index of disability of the cervical region (NDI). The 4 intervening osteopaths are certified professionals in this discipline. Results: 42.8% of the patients were referred by the Traumatology Service and 41.3% by the Family Medicine Service. 34.2% had a diagnosis of lumbar pain and 20.8% were diagnosed with neck pain. Statistically significant differences were found between the first and last sessions in both the pain assessment and the scores used. Discussion: in patients with low back pain and neck pain who had not obtained satisfactory results with previous conventional treatments, osteopathic treatment resulted in significant improvements in all the parameters evaluated. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Osteopathic Medicine/statistics & numerical data , Low Back Pain/therapy , Neck Pain/therapy , Pain Measurement/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Low Back Pain/diagnosis , Neck Pain/diagnosis , Manipulation, Osteopathic/statistics & numerical data , Pain Management/methods
8.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 767-775, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922498

ABSTRACT

Acupuncture is a promising treatment for relieving pain and improving lower back function in clinical practice. However, evidence from randomized clinical trials (RCTs) remains controversial. Most RCTs conclude that acupuncture procedures for chronic low back pain (CLBP) had no significant difference in efficacy and belonged to placebo. We carefully reviewed and analyzed the methodology and implementation of sham acupuncture in RCTs. Controversial evidence of acupuncture for CLBP is only a microcosm of the evaluation methodological limitation of acupuncture. Inappropriate selection of sham acupuncture controls, rigorous RCT research models, and incorrect interpretation of results may contribute to negative evidence. Evaluating and disregarding the holistic efficacy of acupuncture with an explanatory RCT model based on evaluation drugs may be unwise. Moreover, sham acupuncture is often proven to be non-inert, unreasonable, and with low fidelity. Pitfalls of the explanatory RCT model and sham acupuncture design should be avoided. Establishing a new evaluation system that is in line with the clinical characteristics of acupuncture and obtaining high-quality evidence are difficult but promising tasks.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Chronic Pain/therapy , Humans , Low Back Pain/therapy , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879430

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the analgesic effect of manipulation loading on chronic low back pain (CLBP) model rats and the expression of inflammatory factors in psoas major muscle tissue, and to explore the improvement of manipulation on local inflammatory microenvironment.@*METHODS@#Thirty two SPF male SD rats weighing 340-360g were randomly divided into blank group, sham operation group, chronic low back pain model group and treatment group, with 8 rats in each group. In the model group, L@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in PWT and PWL between the blank group and the sham operation group after modeling (@*CONCLUSION@#Local massage loading has analgesic effect on CLBP rats, at the same time, it can inhibit the content of CGRP and NGF in psoas muscle tissue of CLBP rats, and improve the local inflammatory microenvironment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcitonin , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Low Back Pain/therapy , Male , Nerve Growth Factor/genetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
10.
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 31(5/6): 387-395, sept.-dic. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223797

ABSTRACT

El dolor lumbar corresponde a uno de los síntomas más prevalentes en la humanidad, siendo la segunda causa más frecuente de atención médica a nivel mundial. Existen diversos enfoques de diagnóstico y tratamiento para dolor lumbar, entre ellos la temporalidad del síntoma, el trabajo de diagnóstico sindromático, los síntomas de alarma, también llamados "banderas rojas", que pueden hacer sospechar patologías de mayor gravedad o urgencia. El estudio etiológico puede ser necesario en casos agudos con estas banderas rojas y en casos crónicos. Este estudio se realiza principalmente con imágenes (radiografías, tomografía computada, resonancia magnética, SPECT/CT) y ocasionalmente con exámenes de laboratorio. La mayor parte de los tratamientos están enfocados en el manejo conservador, principalmente el ejercicio físico guiado y asociado a fármacos analgésicos. Existen terapias alternativas tales como la acupuntura, el tai-chi, entre otros, algunas de ellas han mostrado ser un buen complemento al manejo del dolor lumbar. El enfoque multidisciplinario es la tendencia más actual de manejo, esto incluye el trabajo e intervención de diversos profesionales abordando el problema de forma integral, incluyendo el manejo psicoterapéutico. Intervenciones como las infiltraciones de columna han demostrado reducir el dolor por tiempos cortos, siendo útiles como puente para realizar un tratamiento apropiado. La cirugía solo se reserva para casos refractarios, siendo controversiales los resultados existentes en la literatura.


Low back pain is one of the most prevalent symptoms in humanity, being the second most common cause of medical attention worldwide. There are various approaches to diagnosis and treatment for low back pain, including the temporality of the symptom, the work of syndromatic diagnosis, the alarm symptoms, also called "red flags", that can make suspect pathologies of greater severity or emergency. The etiological study may be necessary in acute cases with these "red flags" and in chronic cases. This study is mainly done with images (X-rays, CT scan, MRI, SPECT/CT) and occasionally with laboratory tests. Most of the treatments are focused on conservative management, mainly guided physical exercise associated with analgesic drugs. There are alternative therapies such as acupuncture, tai-chi, among others, some of them have proven to be a good complement to the management of low back pain. The multidisciplinary approach is the most current management trend, this includes the work and intervention of various professionals addressing the problem in an integral way, including psychotherapeutic management. Interventions such as spinal infiltrations have been shown to reduce pain for short times, being useful as a bridge for proper treatment. Surgery is only reserved for refractory cases, the results existing in the literature being controversial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Low Back Pain/therapy , Low Back Pain/diagnostic imaging , Low Back Pain/physiopathology , Evidence-Based Medicine
11.
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 31(5/6): 404-416, sept.-dic. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223802

ABSTRACT

El dolor lumbar en niños ha ido en aumento en su prevalencia en los últimos años. Si bien la causa del dolor lumbar generalmente se relaciona con alguna condición que resuelve espontáneamente, o a períodos de desarrollo y crecimiento acelerado, se deben descartar una serie de patologías presentes en este rango etario que conllevan severas implicancias para la adultez. Se ha constatado que la incidencia del dolor lumbar aumenta a lo largo de los años de vida del niño, y se espera que al llegar a la adolescencia, un 10-30% de la población pediátrica total haya experimentado dolor lumbar en algún momento de su vida. A pesar de la creciente incidencia, un estudio prospectivo en niños con dolor lumbar reveló, que menos de un 30% de los pacientes tuvo un diagnóstico definitivo, o con una etiología clara. Dentro del estudio del dolor lumbar son esenciales una historia clínica detallada, con caracterización del dolor, y presencia de banderas rojas. El examen físico debe ser completo, y en caso de hallazgos positivos, debe complementarse con estudio imagenológico. Hay que considerar que un gran porcentaje de los pacientes presentarán un dolor lumbar de carácter inespecífico atribuible a tensión muscular y factores psicosociales. Sin embargo, debe realizarse un seguimiento adecuado hasta la resolución sintomática. El estudio debe ir dirigido a descartar aquellas patologías de mayor complejidad, teniendo en consideración los factores de riesgo asociados: edad, actividad física, peso, factores psicosociales, entre otros. La radiografía nos orientará y ayudará a descartar la mayoría de las patologías prevalentes en este grupo etario, profundizando en el estudio, dependiendo de los hallazgos clínicos y de la anamnesis.


Lumbar pain in children has increased in frequency during the last years. Even though the primary cause for this pain is related to benign conditions, or accelerated bursts of growth, there are certain pathologies to be discarded since they can have an impact during adulthood. The incidence of lumbar pain increases with age, and it has been reported that by the time of adolescence up to 10 to 30% of the pediatric population will have experimented lumbar pain at some point in their lives. In spite of this increasing incidence, a report revealed that less than 30% of patients had a definitive diagnosis, o a clear etiology. It is of importance, during the study of lumbar pain, to have a good clinical history, characterization of pain, and thorough physical examination, and in the case of positive findings, an imagenology study must be completed. We have to consider that a large percentage of patients will experience unspecific lumbar pain, probably caused by muscle contraction and psychosocial factors. Nevertheless, close follow up must be made until the symptoms are resolved. The study must be directed at diseases that are more complex, considering the risk factors associated: age, physical activity, weight, psychosocial factors, among others. Radiography will help to guide the study and rule out the most prevalent pathology, according to the history and clinical findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Low Back Pain/diagnosis , Low Back Pain/therapy , Risk Factors , Diagnosis, Differential
12.
Acta ortop. mex ; 34(1): 10-15, ene.-feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345078

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: El dolor lumbar es una de las principales causas de incapacidad laboral en México; dentro del tratamiento conservador, se incluye la realización de ejercicios para la disminución del dolor. Objetivo: Valorar los efectos en la disminución del dolor lumbar con un programa controlado de ejercicios diseñados para mejorar la flexibilidad y fuerza en el núcleo o centro del cuerpo (core). Material y métodos: Se incluyeron a 18 personas: 12 mujeres y seis hombres de entre 24 y 70 años con dolor lumbar, el cual estaba referido con una puntuación de 2 a 10 utilizando la escala visual análoga (EVA), con o sin dolor en la extremidad inferior. Se aconsejó a los participantes abstenerse de tomar medicamentos, alcohol y de realizar actividades físicas intensas durante el período de tratamiento. Los participantes realizaron 12 sesiones de 10 ejercicios en tres series de 10 repeticiones, tres veces por semana, evaluándose durante estas sesiones: peso, distancia dedos piso, fuerza de recto anterior, diámetro abdominal e índice de Oswestry inicial y final. Resultados: Los datos se analizaron con la prueba de Wilcoxon. Se evidenció disminución no sólo en el dolor (p < 0.01), sino una mejoría en el peso, la flexibilidad y la percepción de incapacidad por la escala de Oswestry (p < 0.01), mostrando que la serie de ejercicios propuestos es una alternativa para al manejo del dolor lumbar. Discusión: Se recomienda la presencia de un terapeuta que acompañe y corrija las posturas para que los ejercicios sean bien realizados, así como darle valor al grado de incapacidad que produce el dolor en el desempeño cotidiano de las personas que lo presentan.


Abstract: Introduction: Low back pain is one of the main causes of work disability in Mexico, conservative treatment includes performing exercises. Objective: To assess the effects of lower back pain with a controlled exercise program to improve flexibility and strength in the core or center of the body. Material and methods: We included 18 people, 12 women and six men between 24 and 70 years of age, with low back pain, with a score of 2 to 10 using the visual analogue scale (VAS), with or without referred pain in the lower limb. Participants were advised to refrain from taking medications, alcohol and intense physical activities during the treatment period. The participants carried out 12 sessions of 10 exercises in 3 sets of 10 repetitions, 3 times per week, evaluating: weight, distance toes, anterior rectum strength, abdominal diameter, initial and final Oswestry index. Results: The results were analyzed with the Wilcoxon test, showing a decrease not only in pain (p < 0.01), but an improvement in weight, flexibility and perception of disability due to the Oswestry scale (p < 0.01) showing that the series of exercises proposed is an alternative to the management of low back pain. Discussion: It is recommended the presence of a therapist who accompanies and corrects the postures so that the exercises are performed well, as well as giving value to the degree of disability caused by pain in the daily performance of the people who present it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Low Back Pain/therapy , Exercise , Exercise Therapy , Mexico
13.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1180-1184, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877583

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect on spinal low back pain (SLBP) in Air Force crew treated with novel thumbtack needling therapy and to analyze the relevant factors of the therapeutic effect.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 Air Force crew with SLBP were randomized into a thumbtack needling group (40 cases), an external treatment group (40 cases, 1 case dropped off ) and a combined treatment group (40 cases, 1 case dropped off ). In the thumbtack needling group, the thumbtack needling therapy was adopted. The novel thumbtack needles were inserted at the lower No.6 region of the wrist-ankle acupuncture, Yaotongdian (EX-UE 7), Yaoyangguan (GV 3), etc. Each point was pressed and kneaded for 1 min each time, 3 or 4 times a day. The treatment for 3 days was taken as one course. At the interval of 2 days, 3 courses were required totally. In the external treatment group, @*RESULTS@#Compared with the values before treatment, McGill scores and ODI scores were reduced (@*CONCLUSION@#The thumbtack needling therapy is significantly effective on spinal low back pain in Air Force crew and is of the safety. Hence, this therapy is applicable to be promoted in the primary care army hospital.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Electromyography , Humans , Low Back Pain/therapy , Needles , Treatment Outcome
14.
Brasília; Fiocruz Brasília;Instituto de Saúde de São Paulo; dez. 3, 2019. 34 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, MTYCI, PIE | ID: biblio-1118203

ABSTRACT

O yoga caracteriza-se como uma prática integrativa de origem oriental que combina posições corporais, técnicas de respiração, meditação e relaxamento. É indicada no tratamento de sistemas musculoesquelético, endócrino, respiratório, além de outros agravos à saúde, e estimula as funções cognitivas. Qual a eficácia/efetividade e a segurança do yoga para tratamento da dor aguda ou crônica em população adulta? As buscas foram realizadas nas bases de dados Pubmed, HSE-Health Systems Evidence, Epistemonikos, Portal Regional da BVS, HE-Health Evidence e Embase, em 27 de setembro de2019. Foram incluídas revisões sistemáticas (RS), com ou sem metanálises, publicadas em inglês, espanhol e português, e que que avaliavam o yoga no tratamento de dor crônica e aguda na população adulta e/ou idosa. Não houve restrição em relação ao ano de publicação. As estratégias de busca foram utilizadas com base na combinação de palavras-chave estruturadas a partir do acrônimo PICOS, usando os termos MeSH no Pubmed e DeCS na BVS, adaptando-os ao HSE, Epistemonikos, HE e Embase. A qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas selecionadas foi avaliada segundo a ferramenta Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews(AMSTAR 2). De 693 artigos identificados, dez revisões sistemáticas foram selecionadas, oito delas com meta-análises. Com relação à qualidade metodológica, três revisões foram consideradas de qualidade moderada, duas de baixa qualidade e cinco de qualidade criticamente baixa. Na lombalgia crônica, a prática de yoga, quando comparada a atividades passivas, cuidado habitual, educação, atendimento médico padrão, controle de atenção, lista de espera, sem exercícios físicos, mostrou ser eficaz na diminuição da dor em curto, médio e longo prazos. Os resultados são mais consistentes com relação aos efeitos em curto e médio prazos. Na comparação de yoga com exercícios físicos as evidências resultam de poucos estudos e são controversas, mostrando benefício em curto e médio prazos no controle de lombalgia ou diferenças estatisticamente não significantes. Yoga, em comparação a intervenções passivas, sem exercícios físicos, mostrou ser benéfico também para melhorar quadros de incapacidade específica relacionada à lombalgia, em curto, médio e longo prazos. Além disso, houve melhora clínica dos casos de lombalgia a favor de yoga em curto e médio prazos. Na dor cervical crônica, as revisões mostraram evidências de efeitos benéficos de yoga para redução da dor quando comparado a cuidados habituais ou exercícios, entretanto não houve diferença com pilates ou medicina complementar e alternativa Da mesma forma, yoga mostrou-se superior a cuidados habituais e exercícios na redução da incapacidade relacionada dor cervical. A qualidade de vida e o humor melhoraram com yoga em relação a cuidados habituais. Yoga parece trazer benefícios também para pessoas com quadros de dor relacionados a osteoartrite e artrite reumatoide, fibromialgia, síndromes do túnel do carpo e do intestino irritável. No entanto, os resultados são menos consistentes. Com relação à segurança da prática de yoga, as evidências mostraram eventos adversos em geral sem gravidade. E quando comparado a exercícios não houve diferença no relato de eventos adversos. As revisões sistemáticas apresentaram resultados favoráveis à prática de yoga em relação aos cuidados habituais, particularmente nos casos de dor lombar e cervical. Há menos evidências acerca da superioridade do yoga em comparação a intervenções ativas. Em outras situações estudadas, como a dor associada a fibromialgia, osteoartrite, artrite reumatoide, síndromes do túnel do carpo e do intestino irritável, as evidências são menos consistentes. É importante ressaltar que as revisões sistemáticas incluídas nesta revisão rápida foram consideradas de baixa confiança na avaliação com a ferramenta AMSTAR 2. Além disso, os resultados têm como base estudos primários com amostras pequenas, com heterogeneidade na aplicação das intervenções, e considerável risco de viés. Isso remete à necessidade de se realizar ensaios clínicos, bem como revisões sistemáticas, com melhor qualidade metodológica


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Yoga , Acute Pain/therapy , Chronic Pain/therapy , Osteoarthritis/therapy , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/therapy , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/therapy , Fibromyalgia/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Low Back Pain/therapy , Neck Pain/therapy , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy
15.
Rehabil. integral (Impr.) ; 14(2): 91-101, dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100631

ABSTRACT

El dolor sacroilíaco es una causa generalmente subdiagnosticada de dolor lumbar, que afecta del 15% a 30% de los pacientes con dolor lumbar bajo crónico no radicular. La articulación sacroilíaca (ASI) recibe continuo stress durante la bipedestación y marcha, siendo estabilizada por estructuras ligamentarias, capsulares y miofasciales fuertes, que reciben una abundante inervación. Destaca la dificultad en el diagnóstico del dolor sacroilíaco; debido a su naturaleza heterogénea. Éste se debe sospechar en todo paciente con síndrome de dolor lumbar no radicular, unilateral y no central. El examen físico debería descartar patología de cadera y columna lumbar. La realización de maniobras de provocación del dolor sacroilíaco aporta en el diagnóstico, teniendo la combinación de 3 o más maniobras positivas una sensibilidad de 85% y especificidad de 79%. Se ha recurrido a inyecciones diagnósticas con anestésicos locales, tanto intraarticulares como de ligamentos circundantes. El tratamiento del dolor sacroilíaco es multimodal e individualizado para cada paciente. El tratamiento conservador­basado en terapia física y antiinflamatorios no esteroidales­ es la terapia de primera línea. Las infiltraciones esteroidales tanto intra como extraarticulares pueden proveer alivio en un grupo de pacientes con inflamación activa. La denervación de los ramos dorsales laterales con radiofrecuencia ha mostrado ser un tratamiento exitoso en pacientes con dolor sacroilíaco, logrando 6 meses a 1 año de alivio del dolor. En pacientes con dolor refractario, la fusión de la articulación sacroilíaca es una opción, prefiriéndose la técnica mínimamente invasiva de fijación trans-sacroilíaca.


Sacroiliac pain is an frecuent underdiagnosed source of low back pain, affecting 15% to 30% of individuals with chronic, non-radicular pain. The sacroiliac joint (SIJ) is subject to continuous stress during standing position and gait, being stabilized by strong ligament, capsular and myofascial structures with rich innervation. Due to its heterogeneous nature, SIJ pain is difficult to diagnose, and it should be suspected in all patients with non-radicular unilateral and non-central low back pain syndrome. Physical examination should rule out hip and lumbar spine pathology. SIJ provocation maneuvers are used for diagnosis, with the combination of 3 or more positive maneuvers resulting in a sensitivity of 85% and a specificity of 79%. Diagnostic injections of local anesthetics, both intra-articular and in the surrounding ligaments have been used. treatment of SIJ pain is multimodal and individualized for each patient. Conservative treatment, based on physical therapy and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is the first line therapy. Both intra- and extra-articular steroid infiltrations can provide relief in a group of patients with active inflammation. Radiofrequency denervation of lateral dorsal branches has proven to be a successful treatment in SIJ pain patients, achieving 6 to 12 months of pain relief. In patients with refractory pain, SIJ fusion is an option, with minimally invasive trans-sacroiliac fixation being the preferred technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sacroiliac Joint/pathology , Low Back Pain/diagnosis , Low Back Pain/therapy , Low Back Pain/etiology , Low Back Pain/physiopathology , Diagnosis, Differential
16.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(4): 420-426, dic. 2019. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1057066

ABSTRACT

La acupuntura es una técnica de origen chino que surge hace aproximadamente 2000 años. Es una modalidad terapéutica que ha cobrado gran importancia en el mundo occidental para el tratamiento de diversos cuadros, incluida la lumbalgia. Comunicamos el caso de un hombre de 74 años de edad, que consulta por reagudización de la lumbalgia crónica, luego de un tratamiento alternativo, a quien se le diagnostica una complicación infecciosa. Si bien, en manos experimentadas e instruidas, es una técnica con relativamente escasas complicaciones, se han publicado diversos reportes que describen complicaciones, en su mayoría, menores y asociadas a una técnica estéril insuficiente o a falta de conocimiento por parte del acupunturista. El auge de estas técnicas alternativas puso el foco en las medidas de seguridad, por lo cual entes, como la Organización Mundial de la Salud han creado guías para su correcto uso. Conocer las posibles complicaciones facilita el diagnóstico temprano y el tratamiento. Se analiza la presentación clínica y se realiza una revisión bibliográfica del cuadro. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Acupuncture originated in China approximately 2000 years ago and is a growing treatment modality worldwide. Patients resort to acupuncture for a variety of conditions, including lower back pain. We discuss the case of a 74-year-old man who received acupuncture to treat lower back pain, after which the pain increased. An infection was detected and treated. Despite the fact that acupuncture can be considered generally safe if performed by well-trained practitioners, literature from around the world reports all kinds of complications, most of which are minor and usually a result of an inappropriate technique. The popularity of this alternative treatment has driven some organizations, such as World Health Organization (WHO) to draft guidelines about its safety. Being aware of possible complications allows for an early diagnosis and treatment. On this paper, we discuss the aforementioned case and include a review of the related literature. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Aged , Acupuncture Therapy/adverse effects , Low Back Pain/complications , Low Back Pain/therapy , Infections/diagnosis
17.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(11): 4211-4226, nov. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039510

ABSTRACT

Resumo O Problema Crônico de Coluna (PCC) é uma das doenças mais prevalentes no mundo e representa uma das principais causas de anos de vida perdidos por incapacidade. Embora de grande relevância para a saúde pública, estudos sobre o acesso e a utilização dos tipos de tratamento são escassos. O objetivo deste artigo é descrever os principais tratamentos para PCC no Brasil, analisar os fatores associados à sua utilização e discutir possíveis desigualdades na utilização de fisioterapia /exercícios e a utilização de medicamentos. A partir da PNS 2013 foram realizadas análises descritivas sobre prevalência de PCC e regressão logística múltipla para analisar a associação segundo as características demográficas, socioeconômicas, a situação da saúde, a limitação causada pelo PCC, acesso a serviços de saúde e regionais. Ter ensino superior aumenta 2,39 vezes as chances de realizar fisioterapia, no entanto, a escolaridade não se mostrou associada à utilização de medicamentos. Indivíduos de estratos superiores apresentam quase 2 vezes mais chances de realizar fisioterapia, o que não foi observado para medicamentos. Sobre as condições de saúde, o aumento do grau da limitação por PCC eleva a chance de uso de medicamentos em até 3,5 vezes, mas não varia quando associado à realização de fisioterapia.


Abstract Chronic low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common diseases in the world and one of the leading causes of years of life lost due to disability. Despite being a major public health concern, studies on access to and use of different types of treatment are scarce. The aim of this article is to describe the most common treatments for chronic LBP in Brazil, examine the factors associated with the use of these treatments, and discuss possible inequalities in the use of physical therapy/exercise and medications. A descriptive analysis was performed using data from the 2013 National Health Survey. Multiple logistic regression was conducted to determine the association between treatment use and demographic, socioeconomic, health status, access to health services, and geographical characteristics. People with higher education were 2.39 times more likely to do physiotherapy. However, no association was found between education level and medication use. People in social class A/B were almost twice as likely to do physical therapy. However, there was no association between social status and medication use. People with a very high or high degree of functional limitation were 3.5 times more likely to use medication. However, no association was observed between functional limitation and physical therapy use.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Physical Therapy Modalities/statistics & numerical data , Low Back Pain/therapy , Exercise Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Chronic Pain/therapy , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Health Status , Health Surveys , Educational Status , Health Services Accessibility , Middle Aged
18.
Dolor ; 29(71): 36-40, jul. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1118184

ABSTRACT

El dolor crónico postoperatorio de cirugía de columna lumbar tiene una incidencia entre un 10-50 por ciento de los pacientes postoperados, siendo de difícil manejo. Se ha denominado síndrome de fracaso de cirugía espinal lumbar (FBSS) a aquellos pacientes que han sido beneficiarios de una cirugía del raquis lumbosacro y en quienes no se logra una mejoría de manera satisfactoria, presentando dolor crónico lumbar, siendo su incidencia de alrededor de un 20 por ciento, y debido a una mala evolución del proceso de recuperación que puede ocasionar fibrosis en el canal medular. Existen diversas alternativas terapéuticas para afrontar este problema, donde destacan el tratamiento farmacológico, medicina física y el abordaje intervencionista no quirúrgico y quirúrgico implementados últimamente, con el fin de disminuir de manera efectiva el dolor en este grupo de pacientes. Sin embargo, a pesar de las terapias combinadas, existe un grupo de pacientes que debe ser sometido a una nueva intervención quirúrgica con resultados poco promisorios.


Chronic postoperative pain of lumbar spine surgery has an incidence between 10-50 percent of postoperative patients, being difficult to manage. The Failed Back Surgery Syndrome (FBSS) has been referred to those patients who have been beneficiaries of lumbosacral spinal surgery and who do not achieve a satisfactory improvement, presenting chronic lumbar pain with an incidence around 20 percent and due to a poor evolution of the recovery process that can cause fibrosis in the medullary canal. There are several therapeutic alternatives to address this problem, which highlights the pharmacological treatment, physical medicine and the non-surgical and surgical intervention approach recently implemented, in order to effectively reduce pain in this group of patients. However, despite the combination therapies, there is a group of patients that must undergo a new surgical intervention with little promising results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Pain, Postoperative/therapy , Low Back Pain/etiology , Low Back Pain/therapy , Failed Back Surgery Syndrome/complications , Failed Back Surgery Syndrome/therapy , Neurosurgical Procedures/adverse effects , Chronic Pain , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery
19.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(3): 227-232, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013410

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Pain is one of the most common reason for seeking medical care. This study aimed to analyze patients with chronic pain in Maricá, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Methods: A transversal retrospective study with 200 patients, who were treated in ambulatory care in a public hospital from June 2014 to December 2015. The variables considered were: pain intensity, type of pain, anatomical location, diagnosis and treatment. The data were statistically analyzed, the Fisher's exact test was applied, and the probability p was significant when ≤0.05. Results: We analyzed 200 patients with chronic pain, most of them female (83%). Mean age was 58.6 ± 13.01 years old. The patients were classified in groups by age, six groups with ten years of difference between them. Main age range was the 50-59 years old group, with 49 females (32%) and 5 males (15%). About 65.5% of the total of patients (131) had severe pain (Numeric Rating Sacale was 9.01). Mixed pain was predominant, affecting 108 patients (92 females and 16 males, what represents 55% and 47% of the total of females and males, respectively, that participate in the study). The most prevalent anatomical pain (159 patients, 131 females and 28 males) was in the lower limbs. Lower back pain was present in 113 of the 200 patients (94 females and 19 males). In the 30-39, 50-59, 60-69 years old group, the results for pain locations were significant: p = 0.01, p = 0.0069, p = 0.0003, respectively. Conclusion: The prevalence of chronic pain was associated with females in 50-59 years old and severe mixed pain. Pain was located mainly in lower limbs and lumbar region. The most frequent diagnosis was low back pain followed by fibromyalgia. The patients were informed about their disease and treatment.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: A dor é um dos motivos mais comuns para procurar atendimento médico. Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar pacientes com dor crônica atendidos em Maricá, no Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Métodos: Estudo transversal retrospectivo com 200 pacientes, atendidos em ambulatório de um hospital público no período de junho de 2014 a dezembro de 2015. As variáveis analisadas foram: intensidade da dor, tipo de dor, localização anatômica, diagnóstico e tratamento. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística, aplicou-se o teste exato de Fisher, e o valor p foi significativo quando ≤ 0,05. Resultados: Analisamos 200 pacientes com dor crônica, sendo a maioria mulheres (83%). A média de idade foi de 58,6 ± 13,01 anos. Os pacientes foram classificados em seis grupos de acordo com a faixa etária, com dez anos de diferença entre eles. O grupo principal foi entre 50-59 anos, com 49 mulheres (32%) e cinco homens (15%). Dos pacientes, 65,5% apresentaram dor intensa (Escala Visual Numérica 9,01). A dor mista foi prevalente, afetou 108 pacientes (92 mulheres e 16 homens, o que representa 55% e 47% do total de mulheres e homens, respectivamente). A dor anatômica mais prevalente (159 pacientes, 131 mulheres e 28 homens) foi nos membros inferiores. A dor na parte inferior das costas estava presente em 113 das 200 pessoas analisadas (94% mulheres e 19% homens). Nos grupos entre 30-39, 50-59 e 60-69 anos, os resultados para a localização da dor foram significativos: p = 0,01, p = 0,0069, p = 0,0003, respectivamente. Conclusão: A prevalência de dor crônica foi associada ao sexo feminino na faixa de 50-59 anos e à dor mista intensa. A dor foi localizada principalmente nos membros inferiores e na região lombar. O diagnóstico mais frequente foi de lombalgia seguida de fibromialgia. Os pacientes foram informados sobre suas doenças e tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Fibromyalgia/epidemiology , Low Back Pain/epidemiology , Chronic Pain/epidemiology , Ambulatory Care , Brazil , Fibromyalgia/therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Low Back Pain/therapy , Chronic Pain/therapy , Middle Aged
20.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(6): 886-892, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013004

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical curative effects of lumbar oblique-pulling manipulation in combination with sling-exercise-therapy training on chronic nonspecific lower back pain. METHODS: A total of 60 patients with chronic nonspecific lower back pain in the Outpatient Department were included in this study. These patients were randomly divided into two groups: the observation group and the control group. The control group adopted a single sling-exercise-therapy training three times a week, while the observation group adopted lumbar oblique-pulling manipulation in combination with manipulation treatment once a week. The course of treatment lasted for four weeks. RESULTS: (1) Before and after treatment, the ODI score was compared within the group. A remarkable statistical significance was observed from the third day (P<0.05). At the third month of follow-up, the difference in ODI scores between these two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). (2) Before and after treatment, it was observed that differences in VAS scores from the third day were statistically significant (P<0.05). (3) The difference in muscle strength between these two groups had remarkable statistical significance in the third month of follow-up (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The effective rehabilitation function of lumbar oblique-pulling manipulation in combination with sling-exercise-therapy training in patients with CNLBP is superior to that of sling-exercise-therapy training alone.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Investigar os efeitos curativos da manipulação lombar com o movimento de puxar oblíquo combinado a terapia por exercícios de sling-training para dor lombar baixa crônica não específica. METODOLOGIA: Um total de 60 pacientes com dor lombar baixa crônica não específica no ambulatório foram incluídos neste estudo. Esses pacientes foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: o grupo de observação e o grupo de controle. O grupo de controle aderiu apenas à terapia por exercícios de sling-training três vezes por semana, enquanto o grupo de observação aderiu à manipulação lombar com o movimento de puxar oblíquo combinado à terapia por exercícios de sling-training uma vez por semana. O tratamento durou quatro semanas. RESULTADOS: (1) Antes e após o tratamento, o escore de ODI foi comparado no grupo. Uma significância estatística notável foi observada a partir do terceiro dia (P<0,05). No terceiro mês de acompanhamento, a diferença nos escores de ODI entre os dois grupos foi estatisticamente significante (P<0,05). (2) Antes e após o tratamento, observou-se que diferenças nos escores de VAS a partir do terceiro dia foram estatisticamente significantes (P< 0,05). (3) A diferença de força muscular entre os dois grupos apresentou significância estatística notável no terceiro mês de acompanhamento (p<0,05). CONCLUSÃO: A função de reabilitação efetiva da manipulação lombar com o movimento de puxar oblíquo combinada à terapia por exercícios de sling-training em pacientes com dor lombar baixa crônica não específica é superior à da terapia por exercícios de sling-training sozinha.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Low Back Pain/therapy , Musculoskeletal Manipulations/methods , Exercise Therapy/methods , Spine/physiopathology , Time Factors , Chronic Disease , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Low Back Pain/physiopathology , Muscle Strength , Visual Analog Scale
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL