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Rev. inf. cient ; 100(3): e3469, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289643


RESUMEN Introducción: El cáncer de vejiga es un tumor mucho más frecuente de lo que a veces nos transmiten las estadísticas o los medios de comunicación. Ocupa el noveno lugar en cuanto al número de diagnósticos de cáncer a nivel mundial y se reporta aproximadamente cinco veces más frecuente en varones que en mujeres. Objetivo: Describir las características clínico-patológicas de los tumores malignos del tracto urinario inferior. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal de 186 pacientes con tumores malignas del tracto urinario inferior diagnosticados anatomo-patológicamente en el Hospital Provincial Clínico Quirúrgico Docente "Saturnino Lora Torres", de Santiago de Cuba, entre los años 2017 al 2020. Una vez recopilados los datos se procesaron mediante el sistema estadístico SPSS, en su versión 21.0. Resultados: En la serie la mayoría de los afectados fueron hombres entre los 60 y 79 años de edad, siendo más frecuente en el sexo masculino. Predominaron los carcinomas uroteliales con el 96,4 % del total en su variedad papilar y de alto grado de malignidad. Conclusiones: Los tumores malignos del tracto urinario inferior son un problema de salud de baja frecuencia cuya trascendencia es la afectación individual a quien lo padece, y su comportamiento clínico patológico, en sentido general, fue similar a lo reportado por la literatura nacional e internacional, salvo pequeñas y puntuales diferencias relativo a los síntomas, el diagnóstico histológico, en parte, y el grado de malignidad de las lesiones.

ABSTRACT Introduction: Bladder cancer is a more common tumor that sometimes the statistics database or media conveyed to us. It ranks ninth concerning cancer diagnoses worldwide and it is reported to be approximately five times more frequent in males than in females. Objective: To describe the clinicopathologic features of malignant lower urinary tract tumors. Method: A descriptive and cross-sectional study involving a total of 186 patients was conducted. Anatomical and pathological diagnoses were carried out to all patients with malignant lower urinary tract tumor at the Hospital Provincial Clínico Quirúrgico Docente "Saturnino Lora Torres" in Santiago de Cuba, from 2017 throughout 2020. Once the data were collected, they were processed using the SPSS statistical system, version 21.0. Results: Most affected patients with lower urinary tract tumor had an average age of 60 to 70, arising most frequently in males. The 96.4 % of the total of the patients were diagnosed with urothelial carcinomas (predominant), described in its papillary variety and the high degree of malignant transformation. Conclusions: Malignant lower urinary tract tumors are health problems labeled as the low frequency which differ in their transformation according to the patient. The clinical pathological behavior of the tumor, in a general sense, was similar to that reported in the national and international literature, except for small and pointed differences regarding symptoms, histological diagnosis, and the degree of the lesions´ malignant transformation.

RESUMO Introdução: O câncer de bexiga é um tumor mais comum do que às vezes o banco de dados de estatísticas ou a mídia veiculada por nós. Ele ocupa o nono lugar em diagnósticos de câncer em todo o mundo e é relatado ser aproximadamente cinco vezes mais frequente em homens do que em mulheres. Objetivo: Descrever as características clínico-patológicas dos tumores malignos do trato urinário inferior. Método: Foi realizado um estudo descritivo e transversal envolvendo um total de 186 pacientes. Os diagnósticos anatômicos e patológicos foram realizados a todos os pacientes com tumor maligno do trato urinário inferior no Hospital Provincial Clínico Quirúrgico Docente "Saturnino Lora Torres" em Santiago de Cuba, de 2017 a 2020. Uma vez coletados os dados, eles foram processados ​​no SPSS sistema estatístico, versão 21.0. Resultados: A maioria dos pacientes afetados com tumor do trato urinário inferior tinha uma idade média de 60 a 70 anos, surgindo mais frequentemente no sexo masculino. 96,4% do total dos pacientes foram diagnosticados com carcinomas uroteliais (predominantes), descritos em sua variedade papilar e alto grau de transformação maligna. Conclusões: Os tumores malignos do trato urinário inferior são problemas de saúde rotulados como de baixa frequência e que diferem em sua transformação de acordo com o paciente. O comportamento clínico-patológico do tumor, de um modo geral, foi semelhante ao relatado na literatura nacional e internacional, exceto por pequenas e pontuadas diferenças quanto à sintomatologia, ao diagnóstico histológico e ao grau de transformação maligna das lesões.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Urologic Diseases , Renal Dialysis , Urologic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/pathology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(3): 525-532, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154515


ABSTRACT Objectives: Develop and validate a new and simplified score for evaluating the lower urinary tract symptoms in men. Materials and methods: We modified the existing visual prostate symptom score, including changes in the images, sequence, and new alternatives, resulting in a new visual score (LUTS visual score-LUTS-V). For the validation of the new tool, we used the International Prostatic Symptom Score as the gold-standard and the new LUTS-V to 306 men. The total IPSS score and the total LUTS-V score of each subject were evaluated to determine the agreement between the two instruments. ROC curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and best cut-off of LUTS-V. Sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic odds ratios were used to describe the diagnostic properties. Results: The mean age of the participants was 59 [52-87] years. There was a significant correlation between LUTS-V and IPSS. (r=0.72 (p <0.0001). The Bland-Altman analyzes demonstrate good agreement between the two questionnaires (bias=5.6%). LUTS-V demonstrated excellent diagnostic accuracy in detecting the most serious cases with an area under the ROC curve of 83% [78-87%] 95% CI. p <0.001). LUTS-V >4 was the best threshold, with a sensitivity of 74% and specificity of 78%. Conclusions: LUTS-V is a simple, self-administered tool with a significant discriminatory power to identify subjects with moderate to severe LUTS and may represent a useful instrument for the diagnosis and follow-up of men with urinary symptoms.

Humans , Male , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Prostatic Hyperplasia/diagnosis , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/diagnosis , Surveys and Questionnaires , ROC Curve , Middle Aged
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(1): 169-177, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134309


ABSTRACT Purpose: Toilet training (TT) is an important marker in a child's physical and psychosocial development. The present study aimed to evaluate aspects associated to delayed TT. Material and Methods: We interviewed 372 parents of children who had completed TT up to 48 months before the interview. The questionnaires were applied at school exits when parents went to pick their children up and at public parks. Questions included demographics, aspects related to TT, dysfunction voiding symptom score and evaluation of constipation. Results: The interviews were performed at a mean of 15.3±10.4 (0 to 47) months after the end of TT. Girls accounted for 53% of the sample. The mean age at finishing TT was 31.6±9.3 months and similar in both genders (p=0.77). TT occurred before school entry in 45.7% of the children and medical advice for TT was sought only by 4.8% of the parents. No association was observed of age at completing TT and presence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) (p=0.57) and/or constipation (p=0.98). In the univariate analysis, prematurity (OR=2.7 [95% CI 2.3-3.1], p <0.0001) and mothers who work outside their household (OR=1.8 [95% CI 1.4-2.3], p <0.0001) were associated to delayed TT. Conclusion: Children completed TT at a mean of 2 years and 7 months of age. The age of completing TT was not related to LUTS and/or constipation. Premature children and those whose mothers work outside the home finish TT later.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Toilet Training , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , Surveys and Questionnaires , Constipation
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 55: e03707, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1250719


ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the evidence available in the literature on the use of auriculotherapy in adults and elderly people with lower urinary tract symptoms. Method: An integrative literature review. Primary study search was carried out in nine relevant health databases. The characterization of studies regarding the method of application of auriculotherapy was based on the Revised Standards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture recommendations. Results: 296 studies were found, 17 pre-selected and eight included in the review. Favorable results from auriculotherapy were evidenced in specific populations, such as elderly men with prostatic disorders and individuals undergoing surgical procedures. The main urinary symptoms addressed were frequency, urgency, nocturia, incomplete voiding, intermittency, weak flow, effort to start urination, incontinence, and urinary retention. Conclusion: Despite the limited number of studies and weaknesses with regard to sample size and different intervention protocols, it is suggested that auriculotherapy, associated or not with other complementary therapies, may contribute to lower urinary tract symptom control in adults and elderly people.

RESUMEN Objetivo: Analizar la evidencia disponible en la literatura sobre el uso de la terapia del oído en adultos y ancianos con síntomas del tracto urinario inferior. Método: Revisión integradora de la literatura. La búsqueda de estudios primarios se realizó en nueve bases de datos de salud relevantes. La caracterización de los estudios sobre el método de aplicación de la auriculoterapia se basó en las recomendaciones del Revised Standards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture. Resultados: Se encontraron 296 estudios, 17 preseleccionados y ocho incluidos en la revisión. Se evidenciaron resultados favorables de la auriculoterapia en poblaciones específicas, como hombres ancianos con alteraciones prostáticas e individuos sometidos a procedimientos quirúrgicos. Los principales síntomas urinarios abordados fueron frecuencia, urgencia, nicturia, vaciamiento incompleto, intermitencia, flujo débil, esfuerzo para iniciar la micción, incontinencia y retención urinaria. Conclusión: A pesar del número limitado de estudios y las debilidades en cuanto al tamaño de la muestra y los diferentes protocolos de intervención, se sugiere que la auriculoterapia, asociada o no a otras terapias complementarias, puede contribuir al control de los síntomas del tracto urinario inferior en adultos y ancianos.

RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar as evidências disponíveis na literatura sobre o uso da auriculoterapia em adultos e idosos com sintomas do trato urinário inferior. Método: Revisão integrativa da literatura. A busca dos estudos primários foi executada em nove bases de dados relevantes na área da saúde. A caracterização dos estudos quanto ao método de aplicação da auriculoterapia foi baseada nas recomendações do Revised Standards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture. Resultados: Foram localizados 296 estudos, 17 pré-selecionados e oito incluídos na revisão. Evidenciaram-se resultados favoráveis da auriculoterapia em populações específicas, tais como homens idosos com alterações prostáticas e indivíduos submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos. Os principais sintomas miccionais abordados foram frequência, urgência, noctúria, esvaziamento incompleto, intermitência, fluxo fraco, esforço para iniciar a micção, incontinência e retenção urinária. Conclusão: Apesar do limitado número de estudos e de fragilidades no que se refere ao tamanho amostral e diferentes protocolos de intervenção, sugere-se que a auriculoterapia, associada ou não a outras terapias complementares, pode contribuir para controle de sintomas do trato urinário inferior em adultos e idosos.

Nursing Care , Review , Acupuncture, Ear , Auriculotherapy , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 32(1): 38-51, 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151922


Voiding dysfunction is defined as an abnormally slow and/or incomplete micturition, and can be divided in bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) and detrusor underactivity (or hypocontractility). BOO is characterized by reduced urine flow rate and increased detrusor pressure, and can be of anatomical or functional origin. Detrusor underactivity encompasses a reduced urine flow rate associated to low pressure and/or poorly sustained detrusor contraction, and its etiology is multifactorial. Lower urinary tract symptoms are classified as storage, voiding and post micturition symptoms, may be objectively quantified with specific questionnaires, and don't correlate properly with voiding dysfunction. Patients' evaluation requires a directed physical examination of the abdomen, pelvis and genitals focused to detect anatomical and neurological abnormalities. Voiding dysfunction can be demonstrated non-invasively using uroflowmetry and pelvic ultrasound. Uroflowmetry allows determining urinary flow characteristics and their most important parameters are voided volume, maximum flow rate and shape of the curve. Pelvic ultrasound permits to estimate prostatic size and post void residual, suspect detrusor hypertrophy (due to BOO) and detect bladder stones. Invasive test must be reserved for special cases of confirmed voiding dysfunction: cystoscopy when there is concomitant hematuria, urethrocystography to study urethral stenosis and urodynamics to differentiate BOO from detrusor underactivity. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Urination Disorders/diagnosis , Urination Disorders/etiology , Urination Disorders/pathology , Urination Disorders/diagnostic imaging , Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 633-639, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922363


Lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostate hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH) and depression are both increasing in Chinese aging males. However, the relationship still remains unknown. To explore their relationship, a retrospective cohort study based on propensity score matching (PSM) was conducted by analyzing the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study dataset. After data cleaning, a total of 5125 participants were enrolled and subjected to PSM; 1351 pairs were matched and followed for 2 years. Further logistic regression and restricted cubic spline (RCS) were performed to evaluate, model and visualize the relationship between depression and LUTS/BPH. Moreover, subgroup analyses and sensitivity analyses were adopted to verify the robustness of the conclusions. Before PSM, depressive patients showed higher odds of LUTS/BPH in all three models adjusting for different covariates (P < 0.001). After PSM, univariate logistic regression revealed that depressive patients had higher risks for LUTS/BPH than participants in the control group (odds ratio [OR] = 2.10, P < 0.001). The RCS results indicated a nonlinear (P < 0.05) and inverted U-shaped relationship between depression and LUTS/BPH. In the subgroup analyses, no increased risks were found among participants who were not married or cohabitating, received an education, had an abnormal body mass index (<18.5 kg m

Aged , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Depression/epidemiology , Humans , Logistic Models , Longitudinal Studies , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/etiology , Male , Middle Aged , Propensity Score , Prostatic Hyperplasia/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 787-792, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922158


Objective@#To evaluate the safety and clinical efficiency of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in the treatment of small-volume BPH (SBPH) complicated by severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data on 82 cases of SBPH with severe LUTS treated by HoLEP from January 2017 to December 2018. The patients were aged (65.5 ± 7.6) years, with a mean prostate volume of <40 ml, a total IPSS of 24.8 ± 4.6, a QOL score of 5.2 ± 0.8, the maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax) of (7.6 ± 3.7) ml/s, and a mean PSA level of (1.8 ± 1.4) μg/L.@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successfully completed, the mean operation time averaging (30.2 ± 5.0) min, enucleation time (26.7 ± 5.6) min and comminution time (3.5 ± 1.1) min, and the enucleated tissue weighing (20.3 ± 4.9) g. After surgery, the bladders were irrigated for (3.5 ± 1.9) h, with (3.0 ± 1.7) L of rinse solution, and catheterization lasted (24.8 ± 9.7) h. Histopathology revealed moderate or severe lymphocytic infiltration in 69 cases (84.1%). At 6 months after operation, significant improvement was observed in the IPSS, QOL, Qmax and PSA level compared with the baseline (P < 0.05). To date, no urethral stricture-related reoperation was ever necessitated.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HoLEP is safe and effective for the treatment of SBPH complicated by severe LUTS and can be employed after adequate preoperative evaluation of the patient.《.

Humans , Lasers, Solid-State , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/surgery , Male , Prostate/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(2): 126-130, Apr.-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131650


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Recently it was shown an association between lower urinary tract symptoms in mothers and their children. However, the role of functional constipation in this binomial is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate bladder and bowel dysfunction between mothers and children. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study. Mothers and their children responded a self-administrated questionnaire composed by Rome IV criteria, International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Overactive Bladder, Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System and demographic questions. RESULTS: A total of 441 mother-child pairs was obtained. Children's mean age was 9.1±2.7 years, with 249 (56.5%) female. Mothers' mean age was 35.7±6.1 years. Isolated constipation was present at 35 (7.9%) children and 74 (16.8%) mothers. Isolated lower urinary tract symptoms were present in 139 (31.5%) children and 92 (20.9%) mothers and bladder bowel dysfunction occurred in 51 (11.6%) children and 78 (17.7%) mothers. There wasn't any association between isolated lower urinary tract symptoms in children and isolated lower urinary tract symptoms in mothers (P=0.31). In univariate analysis there were an association between bladder bowel dysfunction in children and bladder bowel dysfunction in mothers (OR=4.8 IC 95% 2.6-9.6, P<0.001) and isolated constipation in children and isolated constipation in mothers (OR=3.0 IC 95% 1.4-6.4, P=0.003). In multivariate analysis mothers with bladder bowel dysfunction was the only independent factor associated with bladder bowel dysfunction in children (OR=5.4 IC 95% 2.5-11.6, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Mothers with bladder bowel dysfunction are more likely to have a child with bladder bowel dysfunction. Association between these two dysfunctions plays an important role in this familiar presentation.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: Recentemente foi demonstrada associação entre sintomas do trato urinário inferior entre mães e filhos. No entanto, o papel da constipação funcional neste binômio não é claro. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a disfunção vésico-intestinal entre mães e filhos. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal de base populacional. As mães e os filhos responderam a um questionário de autorresposta, composto pelos critérios de Roma IV, International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Overactive Bladder, Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System e perguntas sociodemográficas. RESULTADOS: Foram estudados 441 pares mãe-filho. A idade média dos filhos foi de 9,1±2,7 anos, sendo 249 (56,5%) do sexo feminino. A idade média das mães foi de 35,7±6,1 anos. A constipação sem sintomas do trato urinário inferior estava presente em 35 (7,9%) crianças e 74 (16,8%) mães. Sintomas do trato urinário inferior isolados estavam presentes em 139 (31,5%) crianças e 92 (20,9%) mães e a disfunção vésico-intestinal ocorreu em 51 (11,6%) crianças e 78 (17,7%) mães. Não houve associação entre sintomas isolados do trato urinário inferior em crianças e sintomas isolados do trato urinário inferior em mães (P=0,31). Na análise univariada, houve associação entre disfunção vésico-intestinal em crianças e disfunção vésico-intestinal em mães (OR=4,8 IC 95% 2,6-9,6; P<0,001) e constipação isolada em crianças e constipação isolada em mães (OR=3,0 IC 95 % 1,4-6,4; P=0,003). Na análise multivariada, mães com disfunção vésico-intestinal foi o único fator de associação independente para disfunção vésico-intestinal em crianças (OR=5,4 IC 95% 2,5-11,6; P<0,001). CONCLUSÃO: Mães com disfunção vésico-intestinal têm maior probabilidade de ter filhos com disfunção vésico-intestinal. A associação entre constipação e sintomas do trato urinário inferior desempenha um papel importante nesta apresentação familiar.

Humans , Female , Child , Adult , Constipation , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , Mothers , Cross-Sectional Studies
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(3): 419-424, May-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090623


ABSTRACT Objectives: To evaluate the lower urinary tract symptoms, classified by the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), urodynamic results (Watts Factor (WF), Bladder Contractility Index (BCI), and post void residual (PVR), in order to differentiate Detrusor Underactivity (DU) from Bladder Outlet Obstruction (BOO). Methods: Retrospective observational study performed from 2011 to 2018 at the Hospital das Clínicas of Unicamp. Two phases were done: first, to estimate sample size, and second, to evaluate the predicted parameters. Male patients with range age from 40 to 80 years were included. Patients were divided into two groups: Group 1, without BOO and with DU; Group 2, with BOO. Variables analyzed: age, comorbidities, symptoms, urodynamic data (BCI and WF) and PVR. Results: Twenty-two patients were included in each group, with medians of 68 (Group 1) and 67.5 years old (Group 2) (p = 0.8416). There was no difference for comorbidities. In relation to IPSS, medians were: 16.5 and 20.5, respectively (p = 0.858). As for symptoms, there was predominance of combination of storage and voiding symptoms in the two groups (p = 0.1810). Regarding PVR, 15 patients in Group 1 and 16 in Group 2 presented PVR> 30mL (p = 0.7411). BCI presented median values of 75 and 755.50 for Group 1 and Group 2, respectively (p <0.0001), while WF had medians of 22.42 and 73.85 (p <0.0001). Conclusion: Isolated symptoms, classified by IPSS and PVR, could not differentiate patients with DU from those with BOO, but it was possible using urodynamic data.

Humans , Male , Aged , Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction , Urodynamics , Retrospective Studies , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , Urinary Bladder, Underactive
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(3): 374-380, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090617


ABSTRACT Introduction: Urinary or sexual dysfunction in the elderly are underreported. However, they are highly prevalent. This study aims to identify the prevalence of these conditions. Objective: The aim is to carry out an investigation in non-institutionalized individuals over 60 years of age, to obtain data on its sexual and urinary health in São Paulo, Campinas, Santo André and Londrina. Results: 6.000 questionnaires were distributed, and 3425 were included in the study, for the analysis of the questionnaires separately. In relation to ADAM, 92% of the 1385 evaluated were suspicious of androgen deficiency (ADAM). As for the male sexual function, it was observed 37% of premature ejaculation. As for the female sexual function, 1300 (74%) did not practice sexual intercourse and the main reasons were: lack of partner and lack of sexual desire. In addition, 988 (78%) of women who had no sexual intercourse responded that they didn't want sex and, more importantly, about 22% of them would like to have sexual intercourse. International prostate symptom score (IPSS) showed gradual worsening of urinary symptoms with increasing age, being the most prevalent: nocturia and urinary urgency. As for the female IPSS, we noted that even after 80 years, the majority have mild symptoms related to voiding dysfunction; with increasing age there is a gradual increase in the result of the IPSS. Conclusion: Due to the large number of sexual and urinary disorders found, we recommend the improvement in health conditions, promoting a better quality of life in the elderly.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , Quality of Life , Urination Disorders , Sexual Partners , Surveys and Questionnaires , Premature Ejaculation , Erectile Dysfunction , Middle Aged
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(1): 53-59, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056365


ABSTRACT Purpose: To translate, adapt and validate the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire on Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms ICIQ-FLUTS for the Brazilian female population. Materials and Methods: A translation of the questionnaire into Brazilian Portuguese was made followed by an adaptation for better understanding by native speakers. After that, the ICIQ-FLUTS was answered by eighty volunteers (n=80) twice (for interviewers 1 and 2) with an interval of 30 minutes between them. Furthermore, after 15 days from the evaluation, the participants answered the ICIQ-FLUTS again in order to verify the questionnaire stability over time. The questionnaires Utian Quality Of Life (UQOL) and International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form (ICIQ-SF), which are validated in Brazil were also applied to perform the validation. Results: The result of the Cronbach α coefficient of the instrument presented a value of 0.832. The values for test-retest were 0.907 (inter-observer) and 0.901 (intra-observer). The correlation between ICIQ-FLUTS (score I - domain of urinary incontinence) with the ICIQ-SF (final score) was strong and positive (r=0.836, p=0.000). In addition, the ICIQ-FLUTS showed moderate and negative correlation with the total score of UQOL (r=-0.691, p=0.017). Conclusion: The Portuguese version of the ICIQ-FLUTS questionnaire showed strong correlation to ICIQ-SF questionnaire and satisfactory values to test-retest and internal consistency.

Humans , Female , Adult , Quality of Life , Translations , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Brazil , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/physiopathology , Language , Middle Aged
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202605, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136559


ABSTRACT Introduction: despite being infrequent, urinary incontinence has a huge impact on the quality of life of patients undergoing radical prostatectomy, even with the robotic-assisted technique. Objective: to assess the evolution of urinary symptoms from preoperative to 12 months after robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy. Methods: data was collected from 998 patients who underwent robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy. Demographic data, preoperative and postoperative information on patients were documented. The ICIQ and IPSS questionnaires were also applied preoperatively and after 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after the operation. Results: Out of 998 patients, 257 correctly completed all questionnaires. The mean age of the patients was 60 ± 0.74 years. We found that the total IPSS increased initially and at 6 months after the operation, it was already lower than the initial preoperative value (7.76 at 6 months vs. 9.90 preoperative, p <0.001), being that questions regarding voiding symptoms were the first to improve followed by the questions regarding post micturition and storage symptoms. As for the ICIQ variables, there was an increase with radical prostatectomy and none of them returned to the preoperative level (p<0.001). Conclusions: robotic assisted radical prostatectomy causes, at first, a worsening of urinary symptoms in the lower tract with subsequent recovery. Recovery begins with voiding symptoms, followed by post micturition and storage symptoms. The symptoms assessed by the IPSS evolve to better parameters even than those of the preoperative period, while the symptoms of incontinence assessed by the ICIQ do not reach the preoperative levels in the studied interval.

RESUMO Introdução: apesar de infrequente, a incontinência urinária gera imenso impacto na qualidade de vida dos pacientes submetidos a prostatectomia radical, mesmo com a técnica robótica-assistida. Objetivo: avaliar a evolução dos sintomas urinários desde o pré-operatório até 12 meses após a prostatectomia radical robótica-assistida. Métodos: foram coletados os dados de 998 pacientes submetidos à prostatectomia radical robótica-assistida. Foram documentados dados demográficos, informações pré-operatórias e pós-operatórias dos pacientes. Também foram aplicados os questionários ICIQ e IPSS no pré-operatório e após 1, 3, 6 e 12 meses de pós-operatório. Resultados: de 998 pacientes, 257 preencheram corretamente todos os questionários. A idade média dos pacientes foi de 60±0,74 anos. Verificou-se que o IPSS total subia inicialmente e aos 6 meses após a operação, este já se tornava inferior ao valor inicial pré-operatório (7,76 aos 6 meses vs. 9,90 pré-operatório, p<0.001), sendo que as questões referentes a sintomas de esvaziamento foram as primeiras a melhorar e posteriormente as questões referentes a sintomas pós-miccionais e de armazenamento. Quanto às variáveis do ICIQ, houve elevação com a prostatectomia radical e nenhuma delas retornou ao patamar pré-operatório (p<0,001). Conclusões: a prostatectomia radical robótica assistida causa num primeiro momento uma piora nos sintomas urinários do trato inferior com uma recuperação subsequente. A recuperação se inicia pelos sintomas de esvaziamento, seguido dos sintomas pós-miccionais e de armazenamento. Os sintomas avaliados pelo IPSS acabam evoluindo a parâmetros melhores inclusive que os do pré-operatório, enquanto os sintomas de perda urinária avaliados pelo ICIQ não atingem os níveis pré-operatórios no intervalo estudado.

Humans , Male , Aged , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Quality of Life , Urinary Incontinence/etiology , Urination Disorders/etiology , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/complications , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Prostatectomy/methods , Urination , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
Ibom Medical Journal ; 13(3): 156-163, 2020.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1262928


Background: Digital rectal examination (DRE) is an indispensable tool for provisional diagnosis of prostate diseases. When abnormal prostate examination findings are elicited, a diagnosis of prostate cancer (Pca) is usually entertained and further tests to confirm or rule out the presence of Pca demands histological examination of biopsied tissue. A combination of DRE findings and serum PSA increases the predictive value for Pca diagnosis. In this study, we evaluated the degree of accuracy of DRE to diagnose Pca confirmed by histology reports of biopsy specimens.Materials and Methods: Two hundred and six (206) patients were studied over a period of three years. Information retrieved from their case notes were entered into a well-structured protocol for management of prostatic diseases. Analysis of variables collated was performed with the statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) version 20.0. Frequency table was used to analyze categorical variables while descriptive statistics was used for continuous variables. Level of significance was set at P<.05.Results: 206 patients were studied with mean age of 68.23±8.71 years ranging from 48 to 91 years. Men in the Pca group were older than those in the BPH group. Abnormal DRE was associated with high grade tumours, and high level of aggressive tumour characteristics by WHO grade group standard.Conclusion: DRE has a high level of accuracy in predicting a diagnosis of Pca which was confirmed by histology reports especially in prostates with abnormal findings

Biopsy , Digital Rectal Examination , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , Nigeria , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnosis
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 24(3): e20190137, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1090281


RESUMO Objetivo Mapear e descrever a ocorrência de sintomas urinários e intestinais durante a infância e investigar o impacto de tais sintomas nas experiências vividas por crianças e suas famílias. Método Revisão sistemática de métodos mistos realizada nas bases eletrônicas MEDLINE/PUBMED, CINAHL, LILACS, PSYCINFO e EMBASE em julho de 2019, as quais geraram 3.020 referências. Após remoção das duplicatas, 2.521 títulos e resumos foram triados com filtro de tempo, e aplicado critérios de inclusão. Desses, 31 artigos foram lidos na íntegra e avaliados quanto à qualidade metodológica pelo Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool, resultando em 15 artigos como amostra final. Resultados Foram encontrados: sentimento de inferioridade, agressividade, culpa e vergonha. A revisão evidenciou, ainda, o impacto negativo dos sintomas urinários e/ou intestinais no contexto social da criança e de sua família, em especial, no ambiente escolar. Conclusão e implicações para a prática Essa revisão sistemática de métodos mistos evidencia a importância de trabalhar os impactos emocionais e sociais da criança, em especial os eventos no ambiente escolar. Se faz necessário subsidiar o profissional de saúde na assistência às famílias e crianças com sintomas urinários e/ou intestinais, no sentido de prover um cuidado ampliado, valorizando as necessidades biopsicoemocionais da díade criança-família.

RESUMEN Objetivo Mapear y describir la ocurrencia de síntomas urinarios e intestinales durante la infancia e investigar su impacto en las experiencias de los niños y sus familias. Método Revisión sistemática de métodos mixtos, realizada en las bases de datos electrónicas MEDLINE/PUBMED, CINAHL, LILACS, PSYCINFO, EMBASE en julio de 2019, las cuales generaron 3,020 referencias. Después de eliminar los duplicados, se seleccionaron 2.521 títulos y resúmenes con filtro de tiempo, y se aplicaron criterios de inclusión. De esos, 31 artículos fueron totalmente leídos y evaluados en cuanto a la calidad metodológica por Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool, resultando en 15 artículos como muestra final. Resultados Fueron encontrados: sentimiento de inferioridad, agresividad, culpa y vergüenza. También se notó el impacto negativo de los síntomas urinarios y/o intestinales en el contexto social de los niños y sus familias, especialmente en el escolar. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica Esta revisión sistemática resalta la importancia de abordar los impactos emocionales y sociales de los niños, especialmente en la escuela. Se necesita subsidiar el profesional de salud en la atención a las familias y niños con síntomas urinarios y/o intestinales, a fin de proporcionar un cuidado ampliado, valorando las necesidades biopsicosociales de la díada niño-familia.

ABSTRACT Objective To map and describe the occurrence of urinary and intestinal symptoms during childhood and to investigate the impact of such symptoms on the experiences of children and their families. Method Systematic review of mixed methods, performed in the electronic databases MEDLINE/PUBMED, CINAHL, LILACS, PSYCINFO and EMBASE in July 2019, which generated 3,020 references. After removal of duplicates, 2,521 titles and abstracts were screened with time filter, and application of inclusion criteria. Among these, 31 articles were read in full and evaluated as for methodological quality by the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool, resulting in 15 articles as the final sample. Results The following results were found: feeling of inferiority, aggressiveness, guilt and shame. The review also showed the negative impact of urinary and/or intestinal symptoms in the social context of children and their families, especially in the school environment. Conclusion and Implications for practice: This systematic review of mixed methods highlights the importance of addressing children's emotional and social impacts, especially events in the school environment. It is necessary to subsidize the health professional in assisting families and children with urinary and/or intestinal symptoms, in order to provide expanded care, valuing the biopsychosocial needs of the child-family dyad.

Humans , Child , Adolescent , Family , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/diagnosis , Urinary Incontinence , Constipation , Encopresis , Nocturnal Enuresis , Fecal Incontinence , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/psychology
West Afr. j. radiol ; 27(2): 95-99, 2020. ilus
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1273558


Introduction: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is common in men over 50 years and causes lower urinary tract (LUT) symptoms. There is an emerging need to explore the value of utilizing ultrasound (US)-derived parameters of the LUT as noninvasive predictors of the degree of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) from BPH and determine if they correlate with the symptom severity observed in these patients. This study aimed to determine the utility of US-derived parameters of the LUT (prostate volume [PV], bladder wall thickness [BWT], and postvoid residual volume [PVR]) in predicting severity of BOO and correlating them with the symptom severity scores ­ International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and quality of life (QoL) ­ in patients with BPH in our practice.Methodology: We prospectively studied 100 newly diagnosed patients with symptomatic BPH who presented to the urology outpatient clinic and were referred to the radiology department for transabdominal scan of the urinary bladder and prostate. The patients' age, IPSS, and QoL and their BWT1 (full bladder), BWT2 (empty bladder), PV, and PVR were measured using transabdominal US scan. Correlation was done using Pearson's correlation coefficient, and P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.Results: The mean age of the participants was 60 years. The mean BTW1 and BTW2 were 4.66 mm and 25.80 mm, respectively. The mean IPSS was 16, with a majority (42%) having severe symptoms. There is a negative insignificant correlation between PVR and BTW2 (r = −0.053, P = 0.603). There is a weak but statistically insignificant correlation between QoL and BWT. There is a weak but insignificant correlation between PV and IPSS (r = 0.193, P = 0.055). There is a weak but insignificant correlation between IPSS and BWT. There is a moderate and statistically significant correlation between IPSS and PVR (r = 0.350, P < 0.001).Conclusion: In our patients, we found that BWT had an insignificant correlation with QoL and a negative correlation with PVR, respectively. We could show, however, that in them, PVR and IPSS were significantly correlated

Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , Nigeria , Prostate , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Quality of Life/diagnostic imaging
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811289


The prevalence of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is rising with Korea becoming an aging society. As patients age, their comorbidities and the risks associated with anesthesia increase. Recently, there has been an increasing concern regarding sexual function after surgery. As a result, interest in minimally invasive surgery for BPH that does not require anesthesia or affect sexual function has grown. This review article introduces newly developed minimally invasive surgeries for BPH divided into four categories based on the strategy—mechanical, anatomical, atrophic, and laparoscopic. Here, the mechanisms for each surgical method have been introduced. Furthermore, recent representative studies of these procedures with a focus on randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses have also been reviewed. Side effects related to sexual function have also been mentioned briefly along with the efficacy and indication for robotic BPH surgery, which has recently been attracting attention. However, these newer, minimally invasive procedures require additional comparative randomized controlled trials and long-term results to produce more robust evidence for their use.

Aging , Anesthesia , Comorbidity , Humans , Korea , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , Methods , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Prevalence , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological , Transurethral Resection of Prostate
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1167-1179, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056330


ABSTRACT Introduction: Lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) is a common clinical condition. Emotional and behavioral issues are increasing among children and adolescents, with stress indicating difficulties in personal and social functioning. This study evaluated whether urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) is associated with stress. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, analytical study with 6-14-year-old patients with LUTS and no anatomical/neurogenic urinary tract abnormalities was conducted using the Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System, a psychological assessment and the Child Stress Scale. The overall stress score was analyzed in relation to the psychological assessment data. Answers to the seven specific DVSS urinary questions were compared with those for the four Child Stress Scale domains. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. The chi-square test and Pearson's correlation were used to determine associations. Significance was defined as p <0.05. Results: Most children were male (56%). Mean age was 9.0±2.25 years. Stress was detected in 20 out of 98 patients (20.4%; 95% CI: 13-30%). Of these, 90% were born from unplanned pregnancies and 67% were upset about their disorder. All the Child Stress Scale domains were significantly associated with urinary dysfunction, with dysuria being significantly associated with all four domains. In the multivariate analysis, dysuria was the only symptom that remained associated with stress. Associations with stress strengthened as the frequency of dysuria increased: physical reactions (p <0.01), emotional reactions (p <0.05), psychological reactions with a depressive component (p <0.01) and psychophysiological reactions (p <0.05). Conclusion: Stress levels are higher in children and adolescents with LUTS who have more severe symptoms. Dysuria was the symptom most associated with stress, both in the physical reactions domain, in the psychological reactions domains with or without a depressive component and in the psychophysiological reactions domain.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/psychology , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/epidemiology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Stress, Psychological/physiopathology , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil/epidemiology , Linear Models , Child Behavior/psychology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Adolescent Behavior/psychology , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/physiopathology
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(5): 446-453, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1059096


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Lower urinary tract symptoms significantly worsen quality of life. The hypothesis that they might lead to serious systolic blood pressure alterations through inducing sympathetic nervous activity has not been studied so far. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between benign prostate enlargement-related storage and voiding symptoms and systolic blood pressure. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional single-center study on data from a hospital patient record system. METHODS: We evaluated the medical records of all consecutive patients with benign prostate enlargement-related lower urinary tract symptoms admitted between January 2012 and December 2017. Storage and voiding symptoms were assessed separately. International Prostate Symptom Score, uroflowmetry, postvoiding residual urine volume and systolic blood pressure were recorded. Pearson correlation and linear regression analysis were used. RESULTS: Positive correlations were found between systolic blood pressure and all of the storage symptoms. Among these, urgency had the most significant effect. There were 166 patients (41.4%) with urgency for urination, which increased mean systolic blood pressure from 124.88 mmHg (average value in elevated blood pressure group) to 132.28 mmHg (average value in stage-1 hypertension group). Hesitancy in urinating and feeling of incomplete bladder emptying had weak positive correlations with systolic blood pressure. There was a negative correlation between systolic blood pressure and intermittency of urination. CONCLUSIONS: With increasing numbers of urine storage symptoms, systolic blood pressure also increases, while the opposite occurs for voiding symptoms in patients with benign prostate enlargement. We conjecture that storage symptoms may lead to this increase through inducing sympathetic hyperactivity. Further prospective studies with larger groups are needed to confirm these findings.

Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Prostatic Hyperplasia/complications , Urination/physiology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/complications , Hypertension/complications , Organ Size , Prostate/physiopathology , Severity of Illness Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/physiopathology , Hypertension/physiopathology