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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(5): 815-820, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407711

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The present study aims to characterize the spinal balance (SB) in young adults with Schmorl nodes (SN). Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 47 young adults. Lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to divide the patients into an SN group and a control group. Standing full spine radiographs were used to compare the spinopelvic SB parameters between groups: sagittal vertical axis, thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis (LL), pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), and sacral slope (SS). Results The LL and SS values were significantly lower in patients with SN when compared with the control group (54.5° versus 64.3°; 36.2° versus 41.4°, respectively). No significant differences were observed for the other parameters. Significant correlations were found in both groups between LL and SS; PI and PT; and PI and SS. Conclusions Young adults with SN have associated SB modifications, particularly lower LL and SS values, when compared with a control group. This flatter profile resembles that observed in patients with lower back pain and early disc pathology. We believe that SNs are relevant clinical findings that should prompt the study of the SB of a patient, as it may uncover variations associated with early disc degeneration. Level of Evidence III


Resumo Objetivos O presente estudo tem como objetivo caracterizar o equilíbrio sagital (SB, na sigla em inglês) espinhal em adultos jovens com nódulos de Schmorl (NS). Métodos Este é um estudo transversal de uma amostra composta por 47 adultos jovens. Ressonância magnética (RM) lombar foi usada para separar os pacientes em um grupo com NS e um grupo controle. Radiografias da coluna vertebral em pé foram usadas para comparar os parâmetros espinopélvicos do SB entre os grupos: eixo vertical sagital, cifose torácica, lordose lombar (LL), incidência pélvica (PI, na sigla em inglês), inclinação pélvica (PT, na sigla em inglês) e inclinação sacral (SS, na sigla em inglês). Resultados Os valores de LL e SS foram significativamente menores nos pacientes com NS em comparação com o grupo controle (54,5° versus 64,3°; 36,2° versus 41,4°, respectivamente). Não foram observadas diferenças significativas nos demais parâmetros. Os dois grupos apresentaram correlações significativas entre LL e SS, PI e PT e PI e SS. Conclusões Adultos jovens com NS apresentam modificações associadas ao SB, principalmente valores menores de LL e SS, em comparação com o grupo controle. Este perfil mais plano assemelha-se ao observado em pacientes com lombalgia e patologia discal em estágio inicial. Acreditamos que o NS seja um achado clínico relevante que deve levar ao estudo do SB de um paciente por poder revelar variações associadas aos primeiros estágios de degeneração discal. Nível de Evidência III


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Spinal Fusion , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Control Groups , Cross-Sectional Studies , Lordosis/diagnostic imaging , Lumbar Vertebrae/pathology
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1383559

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso de un paciente que instaló un hipo persistente luego de recibir una inyección epidural transforaminal lumbar de corticoides. Se destaca que es una complicación raramente reportada y por ende poco conocida por quienes practican intervencionismo en dolor. Se discuten los posibles mecanismos por los que puede presentarse, se reseña la evolución observada, y se describe el tratamiento instituido. Se señala el impacto que el hipo puede tener sobre la calidad de vida.


The case of a patient who installed a persistent hiccup after receiving a lumbar transforaminal epidural injection of corticosteroids is described. It is highlighted that it is a rarely reported complication and little known by those who practice interventional pain medicine. Possible mechanisms by which it may occur are discussed, the evolution observed and the treatment instituted are reviewed. The impact that hiccups can have on quality of life is pointed out.


Descrevemos o caso de um paciente que desenvolveu soluços persistentes após receber uma injeção peridural transforaminal lombar de corticosteróides. Ressalta-se que é uma complicação pouco relatada e, portanto, pouco conhecida por quem pratica o intervencionismo na dor. Discutem-se os possíveis mecanismos pelos quais pode ocorrer, revisa-se a evolução observada e descreve-se o tratamento instituído. O impacto que os soluços podem ter na qualidade de vida é apontado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Injections, Epidural/adverse effects , Triamcinolone/adverse effects , Glucocorticoids/adverse effects , Hiccup/chemically induced , Triamcinolone/administration & dosage , Low Back Pain/drug therapy , Dopamine D2 Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Hiccup/drug therapy , Lidocaine/administration & dosage , Lumbar Vertebrae , Metoclopramide/therapeutic use
3.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(2): 101-106, maio-ago. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372948

ABSTRACT

Introdução: os cuidados com os trabalhadores é uma importante questão de saúde pública. Objetivo: avaliar os efeitos da ginástica laboral (GL) na flexibilidade da coluna cervical e lombar de servidores do hospital universitário. Materiais e Métodos: trata-se de um estudo experimental. Participaram do estudo, 50 colaboradores distribuídos em dois grupos: Controle (CTL, n=25) e Experimental (EXP, n=25). O grupo CLT não participou das aulas de GL e o grupo EXP realizou 16 sessões de GL, quatro vezes por semana, por quatro semanas. A flexibilidade da coluna cervical e lombar dos participantes foi realizada em dois momentos, antes de iniciarem o programa de GL e após 16 sessões. Resultados: foi verificado que a prática de GL resultou em um aumento da flexibilidade cervical. Em relação à coluna lombar, o período de intervenção não impediu a redução da flexibilidade, no entanto, essa redução foi 50% menor no grupo EXP quando comparado ao grupo CTL. Conclusão: o programa de GL é uma estratégia de intervenção fundamental para a saúde do trabalhador, visto que a flexibilidade é um importante componente da atividade física relacionada à saúde.


Introduction: care of workers is an important public health issue. Objective: to evaluate the effects of occupational gymnastics (OG) on the flexibility of the cervical and lumbar spine of employees at the university hospital. Materials and Methods: this is an experimental study. A total of 50 employees participated in the study, divided into two groups: Control (CTL, n = 25) and Experimental (EXP, n = 25). The CLT group did not participate in the OG classes and the EXP group had 16 OG sessions, which took place four times a week, for four weeks. The flexibility of the cervical and lumbar spine of the participants was assessed in two moments, before starting the OG program and after 16 sessions. Results: it was observed that the practice of OG resulted in an increase in cervical flexibility. Regarding the lumbar spine, the intervention period did not prevent the reduction in flexibility; however, this reduction was 50% lower in the EXP group when compared to the CTL group. Conclusion: the OG program is a fundamental intervention strategy for workers' health, since flexibility is an important component of physical activity related to health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Pliability , Muscle Stretching Exercises , Government Employees , Gymnastics , Hospitals, University , Exercise , Cervical Vertebrae , Occupational Health , Lumbar Vertebrae
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(2): 345-347, Mar.-Apr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387985

ABSTRACT

Abstract The differential diagnosis of dorsal thoracic pain can be a challange due to the proximity of the dorsal column to vital organs as well as to its unique anatomy, innervation, and rib joint. The patterns of referred visceral pain require, in most cases, extensive complementary diagnostic tests in order to exclude severe conditions. Referred pain patterns often result in numerous and expensive visceral workups in order to exclude serious conditions, and costovertebral joint osteoarthritis is usually only considered when the origin of the pain remains unexplained. The authors present the case of a 40-year-old man with disabling dorsal pain due to isolated costovertebral osteoarthrosis. The symptomatology was controlled after injection of methylprednisolone guided by computed tomography. This clinical case aims to describe the clinical presentation of a rare entity that should be considered in the differential diagnosis of back pain.


Resumo O diagnóstico diferencial de dorsalgia revela-se um desafio pela proximidade da coluna dorsal a órgãos vitais assim como por sua anatomia única, inervação e articulação com as costelas. Os padrões de dor referida visceral obrigam, na maioria das vezes, a extensivos exames complementares de diagnóstico de forma a excluir condições graves. A osteoartrose da articulação costovertebral é um diagnóstico pouco reconhecido, e habitualmente é somente considerado quando a fonte de dor continua sem explicação após extensa investigação. Os autores apresentam o caso de um homem de 40 anos de idade com dor dorsal incapacitante devido a osteoartrose costovertebral isolada. A sintomatologia foi controlada após a injeção de metilprednisolona guiada por tomografia computadorizada. Este caso clínico tem como objetivo descrever a apresentação clínica de uma entidade rara que deverá ser considerada no diagnóstico diferencial de dorsalgia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Osteoarthritis/therapy , Thoracic Vertebrae/pathology , Back Pain , Diagnosis, Differential , Lumbar Vertebrae/pathology
5.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 29(1): 27-35, jan./mar. 2022. il.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1393204

ABSTRACT

For vertebromedullary injuries, epidemiological knowledge is essential to guide the choice of the most effective diagnostic method. The objective of this retrospective study was to describe the epidemiological profile of animals and thoracolumbar and lumbosacral spine lesions diagnosed by computed tomography scan. A compilation of CT scan reports for the aforementioned regions performed in a comercial diagnostic center from 04/01/2017 to 04/30/2020, contrasted and non-contrasted, from routine, was performed in order to list the most common lesions and their locations, as well as the species, breeds and ages most affected. There were 1164 CT scans performed in the period evaluated, all of them in dogs, 57,56% (n=670) for the spine, with 89,7% reports accessed (n=601), where the regions mentioned here added up to 73,05% studies (n=439). In both regions, male French Bulldog dogs had the most injuries. For the thoracolumbar region, disk mineralization, followed by extrusion, were the most frequent injuries, while the site was T12-13 and the mean age 6,5±3,63 years old. In the lumbosacral, disk protrusion was most frequent, the most affected site was L7-S1 and age 6,65±3,79 years. It was concluded that the spine is the main target of CT scans, and that lesions related to the intervertebral disk were the main ones identified, with chondrodystrophic animals being more predisposed to injury.


Para lesões vertebromedulares é indispensável o conhecimento epidemiológico para direcionar a escolha do método diagnóstico mais eficaz. O objetivo desse estudo retrospectivo foi descrever o perfil epidemiológico dos animais e das lesões em coluna vertebral toracolombar e lombossacral diagnosticadas através de exame tomográfico. Realizou-se a compilação de laudos de tomografias computadorizadas para as referidas regiões realizadas em centro diagnóstico comercial, entre 01/04/2017 a 30/04/2020, contrastadas e não-contrastadas, provenientes da rotina, a fim de relacionar as lesões e seus locais de ocorrência, bem como a espécie, raças e idades mais comuns. Foram realizados 1164 exames tomográficos no período avaliado, sendo 57,56% (n=670) para a coluna, com 89,7% laudos acessados (n=601), nos quais as regiões toracolombar e lombossacral somaram 73,05% dos estudos (n=439). Em ambas as regiões, os cães Bulldog Francês machos foram os que mais apresentaram lesões. Para a região toracolombar, a mineralização de disco, seguida pela extrusão, foram as lesões mais frequentes, enquanto o local foi T12-13 e a média de idade 6,5±3,63 anos. Na lombossacral, a protusão de disco foi mais frequente, o local mais afetado foi L7-S1 e idade de 6,65±3,79 anos. Concluiu-se que a coluna vertebral é o principal alvo de tomografias, e que as lesões relacionadas ao disco intervertebral foram as principais identificadas, sendo os animais condrodistróficos mais predispostos a lesões.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Dogs , Spinal Injuries/veterinary , Spine/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/veterinary , Cats/injuries , Dogs/injuries , Intervertebral Disc/injuries , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Lumbosacral Region/abnormalities
6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1411616

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comunicar los resultados obtenidos según la posición del dispositivo de TLIF anterior. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio multicéntrico, observacional, analítico, transversal, de recuperación retrospectiva. Se evaluaron los parámetros espinopélvicos pre- y posoperatorios de espinogramas de 20 pacientes que fueron operados entre septiembre de 2019 y agosto de 2021. Se incluyó a pacientes sometidos a artrodesis lumbar con implante de tipo TLIF anterior. Se excluyó a pacientes sin espinograma pre- o posquirúrgico y más de un dispositivo. Resultados: La media de la lordosis monosegmentaria fue de 13,33° antes de la cirugía y de 18,81° después (p <0,001). La media de la lordosis monosegmentaria fue de 7,32°; 2,95° y 6,24° para las posiciones I, II y III, respectivamente. La media de la altura discal fue de 6,22 mm en el preoperatorio y 11,06 mm en el posoperatorio (p >0,001). Conclusiones: Los resultados de la colocación de este tipo de dispositivos y su relación con la lordosis segmentaria fueron alentadores, se comprendió la importancia de la disposición de estos en el extremo anterior del espacio discal. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objective: To report the results obtained according to the position of an anterior TLIF device. Materials and Methods: Multicenter, observational, analytical, cross-sectional, retrospective recovery study. We evaluated the pre and post-operative spinopelvic pa-rameters of the spinograms of 20 patients who underwent surgery between September 2019 and August 2021. Patients who had undergone lumbar arthrodesis with an anterior TLIF implant were included, whereas patients without a pre or post-surgical spinogram and more than one device were excluded. Results: The mean monosegmental lordosis was 13.33° preoperatively and 18.81° postoperatively (p <0.001). The mean monosegmental lordosis was 7.32°, 2.95°, and 6.24° for positions I, II, and III, respectively. The mean disc height was 6.22 mm for the preoperative period and 11.06 mm for the postoperative period (p >0.001). Conclusion: We found encouraging results on the placement of this type of device and its relationship with segmental lordosis, understanding the importance of its placement at the anterior end of the disc space. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Spinal Fusion , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Lordosis , Lumbar Vertebrae
7.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358104

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fracturas vertebrales múltiples son el resultado de traumatismos de alta energía. Se clasifican en contiguas cuando hay fractura de dos o más cuerpos vertebrales en forma adyacente y no contiguas cuando hay lesiones de varios niveles separadas por, al menos, una vértebra sin lesión. Objetivos: Evaluar la clínica y la cinemática de las fracturas vertebrales múltiples, establecer su distribución, evaluar la asociación con lesiones extravertebrales y detallar las complicaciones. Materiales y métodos: Estudio multicéntrico, prospectivo y observacional de pacientes con fracturas vertebrales múltiples. Resultados: 66 pacientes (26 mujeres y 40 hombres; promedio de edad 39 años) con 196 lesiones vertebrales, 55 no tenían déficit neurológico. Cinemática: 32 accidentes automovilísticos, 27 caídas de altura, 5 traumas directos y 2 traumas deportivos. Topografía: dos C0-C3, cuatro C3-C7, ocho C7-T1, 61 T1-T10, 91 T10-L2, 28 L2-L5 y una sacro. Combinación: 21 toracolumbar-toracolumbar y 8 torácica-torácica. Treinta y dos fracturas eran contiguas; 19, no contiguas y 15 tenían un patrón mixto. Veintiséis pacientes pre-sentaron 47 lesiones extravertebrales (20 politraumatismos), 12 traumas torácicos. Treinta y seis pacientes recibieron tratamiento conservador y 30 fueron operados. Conclusiones: La presencia de fracturas vertebrales múltiples es frecuente y son consecuencia de accidentes automovilísticos, la mayoría de los pacientes no tiene compromiso neurológico. El sector más afectado fue entre T2 y L5, la combinación más frecuente fue toracolumbar-toracolumbar, seguida de torácica-torácica. Las lesiones extravertebrales más frecuentes fueron traumatismos de cráneo y de tórax. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Background: Multiple vertebral fractures (MVF) are the result of high-energy trauma. These can be contiguous (CMVF) when there is a fracture of two or more vertebral bodies in an adjacent way and non-contiguous (NCMVF) when there are lesions of various levels separated by at least one vertebra without injury. Objective: To evaluate clinical features and kinematics, establish distribution, evaluate association with extra-vertebral injuries, detail complications. materials and methods: A multicenter, prospective, and observational study. Patients with MVF. Results: Sixty-six patients presented 196 vertebral lesions, without neurological deficit in 55; 26 were women and 40 were men, with an average age of 39 years old. Kinematics: 32 car accidents, 27 falls from height, 5 direct traumas and 2 sports traumas. Topography: 2 C0-C3, 4 C3-C7, 8 C7TT1, 61 T1-T10, 91 T10-L2, 28 L2-L5 and 1 sacrum. Combination: 21 thoracolumbar-thoracolumbar and 8 thoracic-thoracic. There were 32 contiguous injuries, 19 non-contiguous injuries, and 15 mixed-pattern injuries. Twenty-six patients presented 47 extra-verterbral injuries (20 multiple trauma, 12 thoracic trauma). 36 patients received non-surgical treatment and 30 patients underwent surgery. Conclusion: The presence of MVF in spinal cord trauma is frequent, most do not show neurological involvement and are consequences of motor vehicle accidents. The most affected sector was between T2 to L5, the most frequent combination was thoracolumbar-thoracolumbar, followed by thoracic-thoracic; the most frequent were extra-vertebral injuries, mainly head and chest trauma. Complications: one patient had increased kyphosis; one, surgical site infection; and one patient died. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Spinal Injuries , Thoracic Vertebrae , Fractures, Multiple , Lumbar Vertebrae
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936153

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility and key technology of microscopic resection of lumbar intraspinal tumor through microchannel keyhole approach.@*METHODS@#The clinical features, imaging characteristics and surgical methods of 54 cases of lumbar intraspinal tumor which were microscopically operated by microchannel from February 2017 to September 2019 were reviewed and analyzed. There were 8 cases of extradural tumor, 3 cases of extra-and intradural tumor and 43 cases of subdural extramedullary tumor (including 3 cases of ventral spinal tumor). The tumors were 0.5-3.0 cm in diameter. The clinical symptoms included 49 cases of pain in the corresponding innervation area, 5 cases of sensory disturbance (numbness) at or below the tumor segment, 7 cases of limb weakness and 2 cases of urination and defecation dysfunction.@*RESULTS@#In the study, 37 tumors were resected through hemilaminectomy, 14 tumors were resected through interlaminar fenestration, 3 tumors were resected through hemilaminectomy or interlaminar fenestration combined with facetectomy of medial 1/4 facet. All of the 54 tumors were totally resected. The operation time was 75-135 min, with an average of 93.3 min. The postoperative hospital stay was 4-7 days, with an average of 5.7 days. Postoperative pathology included 34 cases of schwannoma, 4 cases of meningioma, 9 cases of ependymoma, 1 case of enterogenous cyst, 5 cases of teratoma/epidermoid/dermoid cyst, and 1 case of paraganglioma. No infection or cerebrospinal fluid leakage was found after operation. No neurological dysfunction occurred except 1 case of urination dysfunction and 4 cases of limb numbness. The follow-up period ranged from 3 to 33 months with an average of 14.4 months. Five patients with new onset symptoms returned to normal. The pain symptoms of 49 patients were completely relieved; 4 of 5 patients with hypoesthesia recovered completely, the other 1 patient had residual mild hypoesthesia; 7 patients with limb weakness, and 2 patients with urination and defecation dysfunction recovered to normal. No spinal instability or deformity was found, and no recurrence or residual tumors were found. According to McCormick classification, they were of all grade Ⅰ.@*CONCLUSION@#The lumbar intraspinal extramedullary tumors within two segments (including the ventral spinal tumors) can be totally resected at stage Ⅰ through microchannel keyhole approach with appropriate selection of the cases. Microchannel technique is beneficial to preserve the normal structure and muscle attachment of lumbar spine, and to maintain the integrity and stability of lumbar spine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypesthesia , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Meningeal Neoplasms , Pain , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Cord Neoplasms/surgery , Spinal Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 230-236, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935605

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of long-segment pedicle screw reduction and internal fixation combined with kyphoplasty in the treatment of stage Ⅲ reducible Kummell disease. Methods: The clinical data of 32 patients with stage Ⅲ reducible Kummell disease treated at the Department of Orthopedics, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University College of Medicine from January 2012 to March 2017 were analyzed retrospectively.There were 7 males and 25 females,aged (71.8±6.7)years(range:61 to 86 years).The injured segment was T10 in 1 patient,T11 in 8 patients,T12 in 13 patients,L1 in 7 patients,L2 in 2 patients and L3 in 1 patient.Preoperative American spinal injury association(ASIA) classification of patients all showed grade D.Bone mineral density (BMD),spinal X-ray,CT and MRI were examined before operation.All patients were treated with postural reduction, long-segment pedicle screw reduction and internal fixation combined with kyphoplasty.The operation time,intraoperative blood loss,length of stay and postoperative complications were recorded.The visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI) as well as the BMD of hip were collected before and after operation.The Cobb angle of involved segment kyphosis and the height of anterior edge of diseased vertebrae were measured before operation,3 days and 12 months after operation.CT-related parameters were measured before and 3 days after operation,including sagittal anterior and posterior diameter of spinal canal,cross-sectional anterior and posterior diameter of spinal canal and cross-sectional spinal canal area.Paired sample t test and repeated measures were used to compare the data before and after operation. Results: All patients received the operation successfully.The operation time was (131.3±16.9) minutes (range:95 to 180 minutes),the blood loss was (82.5±27.1) ml (range:50 to 150 ml),and the length of stay was (8.3±2.4) days (range:5 to 14 days).All patients were followed up for more than 12 months.The VAS decreased gradually at 3 days,3 months,6 months and 12 months after operation,and the differences were statistically significant compared with the VAS before surgery (all P<0.01).ODI at 3,6 and 12 months after surgery was significantly improved compared with that before surgery(All P<0.01).The CT-related parameters at 3 days after operation were significantly higher than those before operation (All P<0.05).At 12 months after surgery,the Cobb angle decreased from (35.2±7.6) ° preoperatively to (4.3±1.7) ° (t=22.630,P<0.01),the height of anterior edge of diseased vertebrae increased from (4.3±1.0) mm preoperatively to (16.9±2.5) mm(t=-25.845,P<0.01),the bone mineral density of hip increased from -(2.2±0.6) preoperatively to -(2.8±0.6)(t=-0.040,P<0.01).Up to the last follow-up,2 patients had distal pedicle screw loosening, 1 patient had proximal junctional kyphosis,and there was no new vertebral fracture. Conclusions: Based on postural reduction,long-segment pedicle screw reduction and internal fixation combined with kyphoplasty is a safe and effective treatment method for stage Ⅲ reducible Kummell disease,which can reconstruct the stability of the diseased vertebrae.Postoperative standard anti-osteoporosis treatment is the basis to ensure the efficacy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Kyphoplasty , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 69-78, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935582

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the role of minimally invasive crenel lateral lumbar interbody fusion (CLIF) in the decision of fusion level in posterior correction for severe adult degenerative scoliosis. Methods: This is a prospective study.Patients with level Ⅴ and Ⅵ of Lenke-Silva classification who were treated at Department of Orthopedics,the Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University from June 2016 to March 2019 were included.First,the enrolled patients completed the preoperative clinical and imaging examination,the Lenke-Silva classification was evaluated,the surgical segments in first-stage CLIF was determined and the fusion segments required for single-stage posterior correction was predicted.After the first-stage CLIF,patients received reassessment of Lenke-Silva classification and global coronal and sagittal balance.Patients were divided into two groups:the effective group (level of Lenke-Silva classification decreased) and the ineffective group (level of Lenke-Silva classification unchanged).Second-stage posterior surgery was performed based on the results of reassessments.The fusion segment,Cobb angle,parameters of global coronal and sagittal plane,visual analogue pain score (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were compared between the two groups preoperatively,after first-stage CLIF,second-stage posterior fixation and at the final follow-up.The potential factors associated with the decrease of the level of Lenke-Silva classification were recorded and compared between the two groups.Independent sample t test,repeated measure analysis of variance,rank sum test,χ2 test or Fisher exact method were used to compare the difference among groups. Results: Fifty-four patients were enrolled,including 8 males and 46 females,aged (68.8±5.8) years (range:56 to 77 years).Preoperatively,26 patients were classified as level Ⅴ by Lenke-Silva classification,28 cases were grade Ⅵ.CLIF was performed in 194 segments,with 114 segments(58.8%) receiving anterior column realignment (ACR) and 15 segments(7.7%) using hyperlordotic cages.After first-stage CLIF,22 patients with level Ⅴ and 10 patients with Ⅵ of Lenke-Silva classification decreased and were classified into effective group.The level of the remaining 4 patients with level Ⅴ and 18 patients with grade Ⅵ unchanged and were classified into ineffective group.Preoperatively,the apical vertebrae was below L1 in all 32 patients of effective group and 18 (81.8%,18/22) patients of ineffective group.The difference was statistically significant (P=0.023).There were 7 (31.8%,7/22) patients had continuous osteophyte in front of the intervertebral space in ineffective group,while none patient had continuous osteophyte in front of the intervertebral space in effective group,and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.001).In first-stage CLIF,more intraoperative ACR(71.2% vs.39.5%,χ²=20.660,P<0.01)and hyperlordotic cage (12.7% vs.0,P=0.001) were used in the effective group,while there was less severe cage subsidence after the operation (5.9% vs.15.8%,χ²=4.793,P=0.029) in effective group.After first-stage CLIF,there was no difference in the Cobb angle between the two groups.While,lumbar lordosis (LL) in effective group (34.0±8.3)° was greater than that of the ineffective group (25.5±9.7)° (t=3.478,P=0.001),and the difference between the pelvic incidence (PI) and LL in effective group (15.7±4.6)°was significantly smaller than ineffective group(20.0±10.8)° (t=-2.129,P=0.038).The posterior fusion levels was less,the rate of fusion to thoracic spine region and the actual fusion segment was less than that of single-stage posterior correction in effective group (all P<0.01).All patients were follow-up for 24 to 45 months.There was no significant difference in radiological and clinical results between the two groups after first-,second-stage surgery and at the final follow-up (all P>0.05). Conclusions: First-stage CLIF decreased the Lenke-Silva classification of some patients with severe degenerative scoliosis.Combined with the reassessment of Lenke-Silva classification and global coronal and sagittal plane,it helps to accurately determine the fusion segment.Decrease of Lenke-Silva classification is associated with the preoperative level of apical vertebrae,continuous osteophytes in front of the intervertebral space,intraoperative use of ACR and hyperlordotic cage and the degree of cage subsidence postoperatively.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Animals , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 509-516, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935419

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the prevalence of osteoporosis and related factors in postmenopausal women aged ≥40 years in China and provide scientific evidence for osteoporosis prevention and control. Methods: Data of this study were from the 2018 China Osteoporosis Epidemiological Survey, covering 44 counties (districts) in 11 provinces in China. Related variables were collected by questionnaire survey and physical measurement, and the BMD of lumbar spine and proximal femur was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorption method. The prevalence of osteoporosis and its 95%CI in postmenopausal women aged ≥40 years were estimated with complex sampling weights. Results: A total of 5 728 postmenopausal women aged ≥40 years were included in the analysis and the prevalence of osteoporosis was 32.5% (95%CI: 30.3%-34.7%). The prevalence of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women aged 40-49 years, 50-59 years, 60-69 years, 70-79 years, and ≥80 years were 16.0% (95%CI:4.5%-27.5%), 18.4% (95%CI:15.9%-20.8%), 37.5% (95%CI:34.5%-40.4%), 52.9% (95%CI: 47.5%-58.3%), and 68.0% (95%CI:55.9%-80.1%) respectively. The prevalence of osteoporosis was higher (P<0.001) in those with education level of primary school or below (47.2%, 95%CI: 43.0%-51.3%) and in those with individual annual income less than 10 000 Yuan, (40.3%, 95%CI: 36.9%-43.7%). The prevalence of osteoporosis was 35.1% in rural areas (95%CI: 32.0%-38.1%), which was higher than that in urban areas (P<0.001). The prevalence of osteoporosis in low weight, normal weight, overweight and obese groups were 69.9% (95%CI: 59.0%-80.8%), 42.2% (95%CI: 38.7%-45.7%), 24.2% (95%CI: 21.3%-27.1%) and 14.6% (95%CI: 11.1%-18.0%), respectively. The prevalence of osteoporosis in those with menstrual maintenance years ≤30 years and in those with menopause years ≥11 years were 46.1% (95%CI:40.8%-51.3%) and 48.2% (95%CI:45.0%-51.3%), respectively. Multivariate logistic analysis showed that age ≥60 years, education level of primary school or below, annual household income per capita less than 10 000 Yuan, low body weight, menstrual maintenance years ≤30 years, menopause years ≥11 years were risk factors of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women in China. Conclusions: The prevalence of osteoporosis was high in postmenopausal women aged ≥40 years in China, and there were differences in osteoporosis prevalence among different socioeconomic groups. Effective interventions should be taken for the prevention and control of osteoporosis in key groups in the future.


Subject(s)
Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Osteoporosis/epidemiology , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/etiology , Postmenopause , Prevalence , Risk Factors
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928868

ABSTRACT

To find an effective method of minimally invasive treatment combining prevention and assistance in the middle zone of conservative treatment and fusion surgery for lumbar degenerative diseases, through the clinical effect observation and the advantage and disadvantage comparison of several commonly used lumbar interspinous dynamic stabilization systems, by analyzing the physiological structure, biomechanics and relevant data of lumbar interspinous processes, based on fully understanding of memory alloy materials, a new dynamic lumbar interspinous fixation device with a memory alloy material has been independently designed and researched, which can not only reconstruct the normal biomechanical characteristics of the lumbar spine and satisfy the normal activities of the human spine, but also avoid damage to the original structure and reduce the incidence of postoperative complications. In addition, the device can be used to optimize the current therapeutic methods. According to our research, the dynamic lumbar interspinous process stabilization device with a memory alloy has theoretically achieved satisfactory results, which can be used to overcome the shortcomings of the existing technology and is superior to the current several dynamic lumbar interspinous process stabilization systems.


Subject(s)
Alloys , Biomechanical Phenomena , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Prostheses and Implants , Spinal Fusion
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928340

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To manufacture a new type of transverse process retractor by using computer-aided design(CAD) combined with 3D printing technology and investigate its clinical application effect.@*METHODS@#A new type of transverse protrusion retractor was developed by CAD combined with 3D printing technology. From September 2018 to September 2019, the new transverse process retractor was applied in clinic. Sixty patients with lumbar single segment lesions who needed treatment by pedicle screw fixation, bone grafting and interbody fusion were divided into new transverse process retractor group and control group, with 30 cases in each group. There were 14 males and 16 females in new type transverse process retractor group, the age was (68.0±4.3) years old on average; lesion segment of 8 cases were L3,4, 9 cases were L4,5, 13 cases were L5S1;5 cases of lumbar disc herniation, 20 cases of lumbar spinal stenosis, 5 cases of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis;new transverse process retractor was used to pedicle screw placement. While there were 15 males and 15 females in control group, with an average age of (69.2±4.5) years old;lesion segment of 8 cases were L3,4, 10 cases were L4,5, 12 cases were L5S1;5 cases of lumbar disc herniation, 21 cases of lumbar spinal stenosis, 4 cases of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis;the traditional lamina retractor was used for soft tissue pulling and finished pedicle screw placement by freehand. The length of surgical incision, the time required for inserting a single screw, fluoroscopy times, the times of adjusting the positioning needle or screw in insertion process, and the visual analogue scale (VAS) of surgical incision 72 hours after operation were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#Using CAD and 3D printing technology, a new type of transverse protrusion retractor was developed quickly. The length of surgical incision, the time required for inserting a single screw, fluoroscopy time, and the times of adjusting the positioning needle or screw in insertion process in new transverse process retractor group were less than those in control group(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS of lumbar incision pain at 72 hours after operation between two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Using CAD combined with 3D printing technology to develop a new transverse protrusion retractor has the advantages of convenient design, short development cycle and low cost. It provides a new idea for the research and development of new medical devices. The new transverse process retractor has the advantages of easy operation, reliable fixation, less damage to paravertebral muscle, convenient pedicle screw placement, reducing fluoroscopy time and so on.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Low Back Pain , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Spinal Fusion , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Spondylolisthesis/surgery , Surgical Wound , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928339

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy in the treatment of adjacent segment lumbar disc herniation after lumbar fusion.@*METHODS@#From February 2010 to June 2018, 64 patients with adjacent segment lumbar disc herniation after lumbar fusion were retrospectively analyzed and divided into observation group and control group. In observation group, there were 23 males and 10 females performed with percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy, including 27 cases of single segment fusion and 6 cases of double segment fusion, aged from 55 to 83 years old with an average of (65.7±7.4) years old. In control group, there were 22 males and 9 females performed with traditional open fusion revision, including 25 cases of single-segment fusion and 6 cases of double segment fusion, aged from 51 to 78 years old with an average of(64.8±7.8) years old. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, fluoroscopy times, postoperative ambulation time and length of postoperative hospital stay were recorded. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by visual analogue scale(VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index(ODI). The complications between two groups were observed.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for at least 2 years. The observation group patients were followed up with an average of (2.4±0.5) years. The control group patients were followed up with an average of(2.6±0.7) years. Compared with control group, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative ambulation time and length of postoperative hospital stay of the observation group were significantly reduced (P<0.05), and the fluoroscopy times of observation group were significantly increased compared with control group(P<0.05). The VAS of low back and lower limb, and ODI at the latest follow-up between two groups were all significantly improved compared to those of pre-operation (P<0.05). The VAS of low back at each point and ODI at 1, 3 months after operation in observation group was significantly reduced compared with control group(P<0.05), however there was no significant difference in VAS for lower limb between two groups (P>0.05). The difference of complications between two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with traditional open fusion revision surgery, percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy for the treatment of adjacent segment lumbar disc herniation after lumbar fusion has the advantages of reducing operation time and intra-operative blood loss, shortening ambulation time and the length of postoperative hospital stay, and promoting pain and functional improvement, and decrease incidence of complications. However, long-term clinical efficacy needs further study.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Loss, Surgical , Diskectomy , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928338

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe clinical efficacy of chiropractic manipulation in the treatment of degenerative scoliosis (DS).@*METHODS@#From June 2017 to September 2019, 120 patients with degenerative scoliosis were randomly divided into treatment group (60 cases) and control group(60 cases). The patients in treatment group were treated with chiropractic manipulation once every other day for 4 weeks. The patients in control group were treated with eperisone hydrochloride tablets combined with thoracolumbar orthopedic(TSLO)brace, oral eperisone hydrochloride tablets 50 mg three times a day, wearing TSLO brace for not less than 8 hours a day. The course of treatment was 4 weeks. After the patients were selected into the group, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were recorded before treatment, 1, 2, 3, 4 weeks after treatment and 1 month after treatment. The full length X-ray of the spine was taken before and 4 weeks after treatment, and the scoliosis Cobb angle, sagittal vertical axis (SVA) and lumbar lordosis (LL) were measured and compared. The adverse reactions during the treatment were recorded.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in VAS and ODI between two groups at each time point after treatment (P<0.001), VAS and ODI at 2 weeks after treatment (PVAS=0.025, PODI=0.032) and 3 weeks after treatment(PVAS=0.040, PODI=0.044) in treatment group were significantly different from those in control group, but there was no significant difference in VAS and ODI at other time points between treatment group and control group (P>0.05). There was significant difference in Cobb angle between treatment group(P=0.010) and control group(P=0.017) after treatment, but there was no significant difference in LL and SVA between treatment group and control group. There was no significant difference in Cobb angle, LL and SVA between two groups before and after treatment. During the treatment, there were 4 mild adverse reactions in the control group and no adverse reactions in the treatment group.@*CONCLUSION@#Chiropractic manipulation can effectively relieve pain and improve lumbar function in patients with degenerative scoliosis. The onset of action is faster than that oral eperisone hydrochloride tablets combined with TSLO brace, and it has better safety and can improve Cobb angle of patients with degenerative scoliosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lordosis , Lumbar Vertebrae , Manipulation, Chiropractic , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/therapy , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928337

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy of percutaneous pedicle screw short segment internal fixation with or without the intermediate screw in the treatment of Magerl A3 thoracolumbar fractures with low bone mineral density.@*METHODS@#Patients with Magerl A3 thoracolumbar fracture underwent percutaneous pedicle screw short segment internal fixation from January 2017 to July 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, 93 cases met the diagnosis and inclusion criteria, 9 cases were excluded according to the exclusion criteria, and the remaining 84 cases obtained complete imaging follow-up data. There were 38 males and 46 females, the age ranged from 56 to 73 years old with an average of (64.78±7.12) years old, bone mineral density (BMD) ranged from 0.61 to 0.89 g/cm3 with an average of (0.73±0.14) g/cm3, the follow-up time was 11 to 25 months with an average of (17.58±6.12) months. There were 45 cases in group A with intermediate screw and 39 cases in group B without intermediate screw. The operation time and intraoperative blood loss were recorded, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and visual analogue scale (VAS) were used for clinical evaluation. The Cobb angle, vertebral wedge angle (VWA) and anterior vertebral body height (AVBH) were measured by X-ray after the operation. The corrected loss of the above parameters was calculated.@*RESULTS@#There were 5 cases of screw loosening in 84 patients (2 cases in group A and 3 cases in group B, P>0.05). There were significant differences in operation time and intraoperative blood loss between two groups(P<0.01). Clinical effects of two groups were good, postoperative VAS and ODI after operation obviously improved, there was no significant difference between two groups during all follow-up periods (3 days, 1 month after operation and the final follow-up) (P>0.05). Three days after the operation, the image evaluations (Cobb angle, VWA and AVBH) were significantly improved (P<0.05), but significant reduction loss was observed in both groups at 1 month after the operation and at the final follow-up (P<0.05). At the final follow-up, the loss of Cobb angle, VWA and AVBH in group A were (5.26±4.18) °, (4.63±3.80) ° and (9.54±8.71)%, respectively;group B was (6.01±4.34) °, (6.55±6.21) ° and (11.67± 9.95)%, respectively;however, there was no significant difference in reduction loss between the two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Although the curative effect of the patients is satisfactory, the stability of the patients can not be improved by increasing the middle injured vertebra screw placement, the two groups of percutaneous short segment internal fixation can not resist the reduction loss of Magerl-A3 thoracolumbar fracture with low bone mineral density. Because the injured vertebra screw increases the operation time and intraoperative blood loss, it is not significant to use the intermediate screw for the elderly Magerl A3 thoracolumbar fractures with low bone mineral density.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Loss, Surgical , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928333

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the difference in clinical efficacy of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) under Quadrant channel system combined with microscope and percutaneous pedicle screw in the treatment of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.@*METHODS@#A total of 114 patients with single-segment degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis from June 2015 to February 2019, were divided into three groups according to the surgical methods, such as the MIS-TLIF under the microscope surgery group ( microscope group), MIS-TLIF combined with percutaneous pedicle screw technique surgery group(percutaneous group) and posterior lumbar interbody fusion surgery group (open group). In the microscope group, there were 12 males and 26 females, aged from 42 to 83 years with an average of (63.29±9.09) years. In the percutaneous group, there were 16 males and 22 females, aged from 45 to 82 years with an average of (63.37±7.50) years. In the open group, there were 12 males and 26 females, aged from 51 to 82 years with an average of (63.76±8.21) years. The general conditions of operation, such as operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage, length of surgical incision, frequency of intraoperative fluoroscopy and postoperative time of lying in bed were recorded to analyze the differences in surgical related indicators. Visual analogue scale (VAS) of waist and leg pain in preoperative and postoperative period (3 days, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months) were recorded to evaluate pain remission;Oswestry Disability Index(ODI), Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score were recorded to evaluate the recovery of waist and leg function on preoperative and postoperative 12 months. The lumbar spondylolisthesis rate and intervertebral height at 12 months after operation were recorded to evaluate the reduction of spondylolisthesis. The Siepe intervertebral fusion standard was used to analyze the intervertebral fusion rate at 12 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#①All 114 patients were followed up more than 1 year, and no complications related to incision infection occurred. In the microscope group, there was 1 case of subcutaneous effusion 8 days after operation. After percutaneous puncture and drainage, waist compression, and then the healing was delayed. In the percutaneous group, 2 cases of paravertebral muscle necrosis occurred on the side of decompression, and the healing was delayed after debridement. In open group, there was 1 case of intraoperative dural tear, which was packed with free adipose tissue during the operation. There was no postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leakage and other related complications.① Compared with microscope group, percutaneous group increased in operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative wound drainage, surgical incision length, intraoperative fluoroscopy times, and postoperative bed rest time. In open group, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative wound drainage, surgical incision length, and postoperative bed rest time increased, but the intraoperative fluoroscopy time decreased. Compared with percutaneous group, the intraoperative blood loss, wound drainage, surgical incision length, and postoperative bed rest time in open group increased, but operative time and the intraoperative fluoroscopy time decreased(P<0.05). ②ODI and JOA scores of the three groups at 12 months after operation were improved compared with those before operation (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the three group(P>0.05). ③Compared with microscope group, the VAS of low back pain in percutaneous group increased at 3 days after operation, and VAS of low back pain in open group increased at 3 days, and 12 month after operation. Compared with percutaneous group, the VAS low back pain score of the open group increased at 3 months after operation (P<0.05). ④ The lumbar spondylolisthesis rate of the three groups of patients at 12 months afrer operation was decreased compared with that before operation(P<0.05), and the intervertebral heigh was increased compared with that before operation(P<0.05), however, there was no significant difference among three groups at 12 months afrer operation(P>0.05). ⑤ There was no significant difference between three groups in the lumbar fusion rate at 12 months afrer operation(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The MIS-TLIF assisted by microscope and the MIS-TLIF combined with percutaneous pedicle screw are safe and effective to treat the degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis with single-segment, and the MIS-TLIF assisted by microscope may be more invasive, cause less blood loss and achieve better clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Blood Loss, Surgical , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Low Back Pain , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion/methods , Spondylolisthesis/surgery , Surgical Wound , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928331

ABSTRACT

Percutaneous endoscopic spine decompression(PSED) in recent years in the treatment of degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis(DLSS) achieved excellent results.Compared with traditional open surgery, which is characterized by large trauma, much bleeding, longer bed stay and slow recovery, the rapid development of PSED technology has greatly reduced the surgical trauma, postoperative recovery time and complications of DLSS patients. PSED core as the target therapy, with minimal trauma at the same time to achieve satisfactory decompression effect for lumbar spinal stenosis. Depending on the level, location, and degree of lumbar spinal stenosis, it is important to determine the ideal treatment. However, in practice, PSED has insufficient understanding of the treatment of different pathological types of lumbar spinal stenosis, such as indication selection, surgical approach selection, advantages and limitations of various approaches, and endoscopic vertebral fusion.At present, with the deepening of PSED research and the improvement of endoscopic instruments, great progress has been made in the treatment of DLSS.In this paper, the research progress in the treatment of DLSS by PSED in recent years will be described from four aspects, namely, the grasp of indications, the selection of approaches, the advantages and disadvantages of endoscopic approaches, and endoscope-assisted vertebral fusion, in order to provide certain guidance for the clinical treatment of DLSS by PSED.


Subject(s)
Decompression, Surgical/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928306

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of the modified Topping-off technique in the treatment of multiple lumbar degenerative diseases.@*METHODS@#From October 2019 to May 2020, 42 patients who underwent modified Topping-off operation (modified Topping-off group) and 42 patients who underwent multilevel total laminectomy and interbody fusion with screw rod system internal fixation (whole laminectomy group) were observed and analyzed. There were 15 males and 27 females in the modified Topping-off group, aged from 28 to 80 years old, with an average of (59.57±11.85)years old. There were 14 males and 28 females in the whole laminectomy group, aged from 45 to 82 years old, with an average of (64.26±9.19) years old. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were evaluated before operation, 1 week, 6 weeks and 12 weeks after operation. The intraoperative blood loss, incision length, operation time, postoperative drainage, weight-bearing time, hospitalization time, intervertebral space height, intervertebral foramen height and lumbar mobility were statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 weeks. The intraoperative blood loss and postoperative drainage in the modified Topping-off group were significantly less than those in the whole lamina group (P<0.05). The incision length, operation time, weight-bearing time and hospital stay in the modified Topping-off group were shorter than those in the whole lamina group(P<0.05). There were significant differences in intervertebral space height, intervertebral foramen height and lumbar mobility between the two groups at 12 weeks after operation(P<0.05). The modified Topping-off group had significantly lower VAS 1, 6, 12 weeks after operation and ODI 12 weeks after operation compared with rhose before operation. The VAS at 1, 6, 12 weeks in the whole lamina group were significantly lower those that before operation(P<0.05). The ODI at 12 weeks in the whole lamina group were significantly lower than those before operation(P<0.01). There were significant differences in VAS scores between the two groups at 1 week, 6 weeks and 12 weeks after operation(P<0.01). There was significant difference in ODI between the two groups 12 weeks after operation(P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The application of modified Topping-off technique in the treatment of multi segmental lumbar degenerative diseases can reduce the total length of fusion segments, avoid or slow down the degeneration of adjacent segments, and has a positive effect on maintaining the normal movement of the spine.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Screws , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbosacral Region , Male , Middle Aged , Spinal Fusion/methods , Technology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928287

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the short-term clinical effect of lumbar nerve root canal injection under X-ray angiography in the treatment of sciatica.@*METHODS@#The clincal data of 78 patients with sciatica underwent lumbar nerve root canal injection under X-ray angiography from December 2017 to February 2020 was retrospectively analyzed. Including 31 males and 47 females, aged from 22 to 88 years old with a median of 65 years. There were 55 cases of lumbar disc herniation and 23 cases of lumbar spinal stenosis, the course of disease ranged from 1 to 8 weeks with a median of 3 weeks. There were 71 cases of single segment disc herniation or stenosis, including L3,4 of 5 cases, L4,5 of 61 cases, L5S1 of 5 cases, and 7 cases of multisegment herniation or stenosis. The pain visual analogue scale (VAS) was recorded and Macnab was used to evaluate the clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All patients completed standardized treatment without serious adverse reactions. VAS were (3.21±0.76) scores immediately after treatment, (2.89±0.33) scores 1 hour after treatment, (1.80±0.27) scores 6 hours after treatment, (1.10±0.20) scores 24 hours after treatment, (2.53±0.35) scores 1 week after treatment and (4.27±0.36) scores 1 month after treatment. There were significant differences in VAS between before treatment(7.83±0.56) and each time period after treatment(P<0.05). According to Macnab low back pain evaluation standard, 42 cases were effective, 34 cases were markedly effective and 2 cases were ineffective within 24 hours after treatment, with an effective rate of 97.4%;38 cases were effective, 25 cases were markedly effective, 15 cases were ineffective within one week after treatment, the effective rate was 80.0%;32 cases were effective, 22 cases were markedly effective, 24 cases were ineffective within one month after treatment, the effective rate was 69.2%.@*CONCLUSION@#The short-term clinical effect of nerve root canal injection under X-ray radiography in the treatment of sciatica is good and it is an effective method to relieve sciatica.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Angiography , Dental Pulp Cavity , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/diagnostic imaging , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Sciatica/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , X-Rays , Young Adult
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