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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1531278

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La lipomatosis epidural espinal es una enfermedad infrecuente caracterizada por el sobrecrecimiento del tejido adiposo no encapsulado dentro del espacio epidural. Esto genera una estenosis del conducto espinal que puede provocar sintomatología compresiva. La presentación típica es insidiosa a lo largo de meses o años. El objetivo de este estudio fue realizar un análisis descriptivo de la manifestación clínica inicial en pacientes con lipomatosis epidural espinal grado III de Naka. Materiales y métodos: Estudio observacional retrospectivo en la Unidad de Patología Espinal de 4 instituciones, de 2010 a 2023. Se incluyó a pacientes >18 años, de ambos sexos, que acudieron por dolor lumbar con irradiación o sin irradiación, y presentaban lipomatosis lumbar Naka III en la resonancia magnética. Resultados: Se incorporó a 40 pacientes (edad promedio 62.5 años). El 75% era obeso, ninguno era fumador. El motivo de consulta más frecuente fue lumbalgia, con una mediana de evolución del dolor de 5.5 meses. Conclusiones:La lumbalgia fue la consulta más frecuente, con excepción del compromiso de L3-S1 que fue la lumbocruralgia. Los pacientes que sufrieron dolor más tiempo (>6 meses) eran más jóvenes y tenían un índice de masa corporal menor; sin embargo, no resultó estadísticamente significativo. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL) is a rare pathology characterized by the overgrowth of nonencapsulated adipose tissue within the epidural space. This generates spinal stenosis, which might result in compression symptoms. The typical presentation is insidious pain that lasts months or years. The objective of this study was to carry out a descriptive analysis of the initial clinical signs of patients with Naka's grade III lumbar SEL. materials and methods: Retrospective observational study in the Spinal Pathology Unit of 4 institutions, from 2010 to 2023. Patients over the age of 18, of both sexes, who consulted for low back pain with or without radiation and presented Naka's grade III lumbar lipomatosis on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were included. Results: We included 40 patients, with a mean age of 62.5 years; 75% were obese, there were no smokers. The most frequent reason for consultation was low back pain, with a median duration of 5.5 months. Conclusions: The most common reason for consultation was low back pain, with the exception of L3-S1 level involvement, which caused lumbar pain with radiation to the thigh. Patients with a longer period of pain (>6 months) were younger and had a lower BMI; although this was not statistically significant. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Spinal Diseases , Low Back Pain , Lipomatosis , Lumbar Vertebrae
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1531279

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Presentar una serie de casos de fracturas vertebrales en pasajeros de autobús asociadas al pasaje por reductores de velocidad. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo de una serie de casos de lesiones vertebrales torácicas y lumbosacras sufridas por pasajeros a causa del impacto del vehículo con reductores de velocidad. Se incluyó a pacientes tratados en dos instituciones, entre el 1 de enero de 2012 y el 1 de enero de 2023. Resultados: Se registraron 23 pacientes con lesiones vertebrales de la columna toraco-lumbosacra, 14 mujeres (60,9%) y 9 hombres (39,1%), promedio de la edad 43 años (DE ± 12; rango 25-62). Casi todos eran pasajeros (n = 22; 95,7%) que viajaban sentados en la última fila del autobús (n = 20; 86,5%). Un solo caso correspondía a un conductor del vehículo. Se documentaron 29 lesiones vertebrales, 28 fracturas toracolumbares (de T10 a L2; 96,6%) y una fractura de coxis (3,4%). La vértebra más comprometida fue L1 (n = 16; 55%). Las fracturas más graves (A3/A4) se asociaron con tratamiento quirúrgico (p = 0,007) y una mayor mediana de días de internación (p = 0,005). Conclusiones: Las lesiones vertebrales asociadas al impacto vehicular con reductores de velocidad son fracturas causadas por un mecanismo de compresión axial, más frecuentes en pasajeros ubicados en la última fila de asientos del autobús. Comprometen predominantemente la charnela toracolumbar y la vértebra fracturada con más frecuencia es L1 y exclusivamente uno de los platillos vertebrales. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objective: To present a case series of spinal fractures in bus passengers caused by passing over speed bumps. materials and methods: A descriptive and retrospective study of a case series of thoracic and lumbosacral spinal injuries suffered by passengers as a result of vehicle impacts with speed bumps was conducted. Patients treated at two institutions from January 1, 2012 to January 1, 2023 were included. Results: 23 patients with vertebral injuries of the thoracolumbosacral spine were recorded: 14 women (60.9%) and 9 men (39.1%), average age 43 years (SD±12; range=25-62). Almost all of the patients were passengers (n=22, 95.7%) sitting in the last row of seats on the bus (n=20, 86.5%). A single case was documented involving the vehicle's driver. 29 spinal injuries were recorded, 28 thoracolumbar fractures (from T10 to L2; 96.6%) and 1 coccyx fracture (3.4%). The most frequently involved vertebra was L1 (n=16; 55%). The most severe fractures (A3/A4) were associated with surgical treatment (p=0.007) and a longer median hospital stay (p=0.005). Conclusions: Spinal injuries during vehicular impact with speed bumps are caused by an axial compression mechanism, with greater involvement of passengers who are located in the last row of seats. They primarily affect the thoracolumbar joint, with the L1 vertebra and exclusively one of the vertebral endplates being fractured most frequently. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Spinal Injuries , Thoracic Vertebrae , Spinal Fractures , Motor Vehicles , Deceleration , Fractures, Compression , Traffic , Lumbar Vertebrae
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1531280

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La cirugía mínimamente invasiva de columna se ha vuelto cada vez más popular en los últimos años. Se han desarrollado técnicas nuevas y menos invasivas que se han convertido en procedimientos de elección para determinadas enfermedades. El tamaño del corredor aorto-psoas es un factor determinante al elegir la técnica oblicua de fusión intersomática. Objetivos: Describir las modificaciones en el tamaño del corredor aorto-psoas en decúbito lateral derecho y decúbito supino mediante resonancia magnética y su asociación con el índice de masa corporal. materiales y métodos: Se realizó una resonancia magnética de los espacios discales de L1-L2 a L4-L5 a 13 voluntarios en decúbito supino y decúbito lateral derecho. Se midió el corredor y se comparó el tamaño en cada nivel. Resultados: El tamaño del corredor aorto-psoas y de la distancia arteria-disco tuvo un aumento estadísticamente significativo al posicionar al paciente en decúbito lateral derecho. Conclusiones: La resonancia magnética es de suma importancia en la planificación prequirúrgica, pues deja en evidencia la movilidad de las estructuras abdominales. Se producen cambios significativos en el corredor aorto-psoas y la distancia arteria-disco al ubicar al paciente en decúbito lateral derecho. Sin embargo, estos cambios no tienen una relación significativa con el índice de masa corporal. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) has gained popularity in recent years. New and less invasive techniques have emerged as the preferred procedures for certain pathologies. The size of the aorta-psoas corridor is decisive when choosing the oblique interbody fusion technique. Objectives: To describe the changes in the size of the aorta-psoas corridor in the right lateral decubitus and supine decubitus positions by magnetic resonance imaging and their association with body mass index. materials and methods: 13 volunteers underwent MRI of the disc spaces from L1-L2 to L4-L5 in the supine and right lateral decubitus positions. The corridor was measured, and the sizes at each level were compared. Results: A statistically significant increase in the size of the aorta-psoas corridor and the artery-disc distance was obtained when positioning the patient in the right lateral decubitus position. However, these have no significant relationship with BMI. Conclusions: The use of MRI in pre-surgical planning is extremely important. This study reveals the mobility of the abdominal structures. We can conclude that, as stated in the objective of the study, significant changes occur in the aorta-psoas corridor and the artery-disc distance when the patient is positioned in the right lateral decubitus position. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Spinal Diseases , Spinal Fusion , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Lumbar Vertebrae
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1531282

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las luxofracturas vertebrales toracolumbares se producen por traumatismos de alta energía, representan el 10% de las lesiones traumáticas de la columna vertebral y se asocian frecuentemente con otras lesiones. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar las complicaciones tempranas en pacientes con una luxofractura toracolumbar según la oportunidad quirúrgica, antes o después de las 24 h del trauma. Materiales y métodos: Estudio multicéntrico, analítico, observacional y retrospectivo de una cohorte de pacientes operados por una luxofractura toracolumbar, desde el 1 de enero de 2014 hasta el 1 de enero de 2023. Se inclu-yó a pacientes de ambos sexos, >18 años, operados por una luxofractura vertebral de alta energía. Se los agrupó según si habían sido operados de columna antes o después de las 24 h del trauma. Se registraron las complicaciones totales y agrupadas. Resultados: Se evaluó a 72 pacientes, 64 hombres (88,9%) y 8 mujeres (11,1%), con una edad promedio de 35.94 años. Predominaron las instituciones laborales (n = 60; 83,3%). El mecanismo de lesión más frecuente fueron los accidentes de tránsito (n = 42; 58,3%), seguidos de las caídas de altura (n = 26; 36,1%). El 86% sufrió una o más lesiones asociadas. Se registraron 283 complicaciones en 67 (93,1%) pacientes y 45 complicaciones quirúrgicas en 26 pacientes (36,1%). La mediana de complicaciones fue mayor en pacientes operados tardíamente (p = 0,004). Conclusiones:Los pacientes con luxofractura toracolumbar operados después de las primeras 24 h presentaron una mediana de complicaciones totales significativamente mayor que los operados precozmente. Nnivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Thoracolumbar fracture-dislocations account for 10% of traumatic spinal injuries and typically occur in the context of high-energy trauma. Our objective is to compare early complications in patients with thoracolumbar fracture-dislocation based on surgical timing, either before or after 24 hours from the trauma.materials and methods: This is a multicenter, retrospective cohort study of patients surgically treated for thoracolumbar dislocations, from January 1, 2014 to January 1, 2023. We included adult patients (>18 years old) of any gender, surgically treated for high-energy thoracolumbar fracture-dislocations. Patients were grouped based on when they underwent spinal surgery: before or after 24 hours following trauma. Total and grouped complications were recorded. Results: Our sample comprised 72 patients, with 64 men (88.9%) and 8 women (11.1%) at an average age of 35.94 years. Occupational health care centers were predominant (n=60; 83.3%). Road traffic accidents (n=42; 58.3%) were the most frequent cause of injury, followed by falls from height (n=26; 36.1%). Furthermore, 86% of patients had one or more associated injuries. In total, 283 complications were recorded, with 67 patients (93.1%) suffering at least one complication, and 26 patients (36.1%) experiencing surgical complications. The median number of complications was significantly higher in late-operated patients (p=0.004). Conclusions: Patients with thoracolumbar dislocations who underwent surgery after the first 24 hours following trauma had a significantly higher median rate of complications than those who underwent early surgery. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Postoperative Complications , Spinal Injuries , Thoracic Vertebrae , Joint Dislocations , Fractures, Bone , Lumbar Vertebrae
5.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1531285

ABSTRACT

La estenosis espinal de las tres regiones de la columna en simultáneo es un cuadro infrecuente que requiere una adecuada valoración clínica y de las imágenes. En la actualidad, no existen guías establecidas para su abordaje diagnóstico y terapéutico. El objetivo de este artículo es describir la presentación clínica, el tratamiento y la evolución en un paciente con triple estenosis y contrastarlos con la evidencia disponible a través de una revisión narrativa de la bibliografía. Se presenta a una mujer de 69 años de edad que consultó con un cuadro de paraparesia progresiva asociado a ciatalgia derecha y signos de motoneurona superior positivos. En los estudios por imágenes, se constató una triple estenosis: cervical, torácica y lumbar. Se procedió a la descompresión y la resección tumoral torácica asociadas al tratamiento conservador de las estenosis cervical y lumbar. La evolución era favorable al año de la cirugía. La estenosis espinal de triple región sintomática es una condición rara, las valoraciones clínicas y radiológicas adecuadas permitirán un diagnóstico correcto con un abordaje adecuado y oportuno. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Simultaneous spinal stenosis across all three regions of the spine is an uncommon condition that requires proper clinical and imaging assessment. There are currently no established guidelines for its diagnosis and treatment. The objective of this paper is to describe, based on a case report, the clinical presentation, treatment, and progression of triple stenosis in a patient and compare it with available evidence through a narrative literature review. A 69-year-old woman presented with progressive paraparesis associated with right sciatica and positive signs of upper motor neuron involvement. Imaging confirmed triple stenosis: cervical, thoracic, and lumbar. She underwent thoracic decompression and tumor resection, as well as conservative treatment for cervical and lumbar stenoses, and showed favorable progress one year after surgery. Symptomatic triple-region spinal stenosis is an uncommon condition. Proper clinical and radiological assessments will enable an accurate diagnosis with appropriate and timely intervention. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Aged , Spinal Diseases , Spinal Stenosis , Thoracic Vertebrae , Cervical Vertebrae , Lumbar Vertebrae
6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1531286

ABSTRACT

Las hernias de disco extraforaminales en el espacio L5-S1 suelen ser difíciles de tratar por su complicado acceso y el riesgo de lesión nerviosa. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con discopatía en L5-S1 izquierda que fue tratado mediante discectomía endoscópica por abordaje símil Wiltse transfacetario. Este tipo de abordaje permite el acceso seguro a las hernias extraforaminales en el espacio L5-S1 evitando la manipulación e irritación de la raíz de L5. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Extraforaminal L5-S1 disc herniations are usually difficult to treat due to their complicated access and risk of nerve injury. We present the case of a patient with left L5-S1 disc disease who was treated by endoscopic discectomy using a transfacet Wiltse-like approach. This method provides safe access to L5-S1 extraforaminal herniations while avoiding manipulation and irritation of the L5 root. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Spinal Diseases , Endoscopy , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Lumbar Vertebrae , Lumbosacral Region
7.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1531287

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El abordaje lateral de la columna lumbar en la artrodesis intersomática está descrito para tratar varias enfermedades. Si bien es un procedimiento seguro, a medida que la técnica ha ganado popularidad, se han publicado diversas complicaciones asociadas. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar una revisión narrativa de la bibliografía para proveer al lector de un resumen organizado de las complicaciones comunicadas más frecuentes relacionadas con esta técnica. Materiales y métodos: Se llevó a cabo una revisión narrativa de la bibliografía obtenida en las bases de datos PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus y LILACS para identificar artículos que detallen complicaciones relacionadas con el abordaje lateral de la columna lumbar. Resultados: Luego del análisis de los resultados de la búsqueda bibliográfica, se seleccionaron 18 artículos para esta revisión. Conclusiones: Las complicaciones más frecuentes directamente relacionadas con este abordaje son la cruralgia y el déficit motor para la flexión de la cadera o la extensión de la pierna que, en su gran mayoría, son transitorias y reversibles. Hay escasos reportes de lesiones vasculares severas o fatales. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Introduction: The lateral approach for lumbar interbody fusion has been described for the treatment of diverse pathologies. Although it is a safe procedure, its popularity has led to an increase in reports of complications associated with it. The objective of this work is to conduct a narrative review of the literature on the most frequently reported complications associated with this surgical approach. Materials and methods: We performed a narrative review of the literature based on the publications obtained from the following databases: PubMed.gov, Web of Science, Scopus and Lilacs to identify published articles that detail complications related to the lateral approach to the lumbar spine. Results: After analyzing the results of the bibliographic search, 18 articles were selected to carry out this review. Conclusions: The most frequent complications directly related to this approach are thigh pain and motor deficit for hip flexion and/or leg extension, which are mostly temporary and reversible. Severe or fatal vascular injuries have rarely been reported. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Postoperative Complications , Spinal Fusion , Lumbar Vertebrae
8.
Braz. j. anesth ; 73(6): 758-763, Nov.Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520378

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Reduced lumbar lordosis may make the process of identifying the intervertebral distance easier. The primary aim of this study was to measure the L3-L4 intervertebral space in the same patients undergoing spinal anesthesia in three different sitting positions, including the classic sitting position (CSP), hamstring stretch position (HSP) and rider sitting position (RSP). The secondary aim was to compare ultrasonographic measurements of the depth of the ligamentum flavum and intrathecal space in these three defined positions. Methods: This study is a single-blinded, prospective, randomized study. Ninety patients were included in final analysis. the patients were positioned on the operating table in three different positions to perform ultrasonographic measurements of the spinal canal. The intervertebral distance (IVD), the distance between the skin and the ligamentum flavum (DBSLF) and the intrathecal space (IS) were measured in the L3 -L4 intervertebral space in three different positions. Results: The RSP produced the largest mean distance between the spinous processes. The RSP yielded a significantly larger IVD than did the CSP (p < 0.001) and HSP (p < 0.001). The DBSP was larger in the CSP than in the HSP (p = 0.001). The DBSLF was significantly larger in the RSP than in the HSP (p = 0.009). Conclusions: Positioning the patient in the RSP significantly increased the intervertebral distance between L3 -L4 vertebrae compared to the CSP and HSP, suggesting easier performance of lumbar neuraxial block.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sitting Position , Anesthesia, Spinal , Prospective Studies , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Lumbosacral Region/diagnostic imaging
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(5): 1330-1335, oct. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521023

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The study will provide information on the morphometrics of the vertebrae, which can be used to guide clinicians on the appropriate size of transpedicular screws to use in spine interventions among the Jordanian population and for comparative studies with other races. A retrospective analysis of normal CT scans of the lumbar and thoracolumbar areas was done. Linear and angular measurements of 336 vertebrae were collected for 25 males and 23 females. The results were compared between right and left and between both sexes. The L5 has the longest AVBH and the shortest PVBH in both sexes, it also, had the shortest and widest pedicle in both males and females. ratio of the AVBH to PVBH showed progressive increase in both sexes from T11 to L5. Similarly, the VBW increased progressively from the top to the bottom in both sexes, but it was significantly different between both sexes. The L1 was the most cranially oriented vertebrae in males while the L2 showed the most cranial orientation in females. Both sexes L5 was the most caudally oriented vertebrae. This study provides a database for vertebral morphometrics in the Jordanian population, there are slight differences between the right and left side in the upper studied vertebrae (T11-L2) and some measurement showed significant differences between males and females. These findings need to be taken into consideration when inserting pedicle screws.


Este estudio proporciona información sobre la morfometría de las vértebras, la cual puede ser utilizada por los médicos oara determinar el tamaño adecuado de los tornillos transpediculares a utilizar en intervenciones de columna en la población jordana y para estudios comparativos con otras grupos. Se realizó un análisis retrospectivo de tomografías computarizadas normales de las áreas lumbar y toracolumbar. Se recogieron medidas lineales y angulares de 336 vértebras de 25 hombres y 23 mujeres. Los resultados se compararon entre vértebras derechas e izquierdas y entre ambos sexos. La L5 tiene el AVBH más largo y el PVBH más corto en ambos sexos, también tenía el pedículo más corto y más ancho tanto en hombres como en mujeres. La relación de AVBH a PVBH mostró un aumento progresivo en ambos sexos de T11 a L5. De manera similar, el VBW aumentó progresivamente de arriba hacia abajo en ambos sexos, pero fue significativamente diferente entre ambos sexos. La L1 fue la vértebra más orientada cranealmente en los hombres, mientras que la L2 mostró la orientación más craneal en las mujeres. En ambos sexos L5 fue la vértebra más orientada caudalmente. Este estudio proporciona una base de datos para la morfometría vertebral en la población jordana, donde existen ligeras diferencias entre el lado derecho e izquierdo en las vértebras superiores estudiadas (T11-L2). Algunas mediciones mostraron diferencias significativas entre hombres y mujeres. Estos hallazgos deben tenerse en cuenta al insertar tornillos pediculares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Jordan , Lumbar Vertebrae/anatomy & histology
10.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 199-205, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449789

ABSTRACT

Abstract Lumbar facet syndrome stands out as a significant cause for the increasing prevalence of back pain complaints. Alternatives such as radiofrequency (RF) ablation may be a therapeutic option to relieve the chronic pain associated with this condition. It is critical to analyze the effectiveness of lumbar facet syndrome treatment using the traditional RF ablation technique and the relief generated by it in chronic low back pain (CLBP). This study is a systematic review using the following inclusion criteria: title, observational studies, clinical trials, controlled clinical trials, clinical studies, and publications over the last 17 years (from 2005 to 2022). The exclusion criteria included papers addressing other themes and review articles. The databases used for data collection included the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (Medline), PubMed, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Lilacs, and Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (Virtual Health Library in Portuguese). The query used the following terms: facet, pain, lumbar, and radiofrequency. The application of these filters yielded 142 studies, and 12 were included in this review. Most studies indicated that the traditional RF ablation technique was beneficial in relieving CLBP refractory to conservative treatment.


Resumo Em um contexto de aumento da prevalência de queixas de dores na coluna, a síndrome facetária se destaca como um importante causador. Alternativas como a ablação por radiofrequência (RF) podem ser uma opção de terapia para alívio da dor crônica que essa patologia pode causar. É necessário analisar a eficácia do tratamento da síndrome facetária pela técnica de ablação por radiofrequência tradicional e o alívio gerado nas dores lombares crônicas (DLC). O presente estudo trata-se de uma revisão sistemática cujo os critérios de inclusão para análise foram: título; estudos observacionais; ensaios clínicos; ensaio clínico controlado; estudos clínicos e publicação nos últimos dezessete anos (2005-2022). Já os critérios de exclusão foram: artigos que abordavam outras temáticas e artigos de revisão. As bases utilizadas para coleta de dados incluíram Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System online (Medline), Pubmed, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Lilacs, Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde. Os termos utilizados para a pesquisa foram: facet; pain; lumbar; radiofrequency. Aplicando-se os filtros foram encontrados 142 estudos, 12 foram incluídos. Os estudos em sua maioria apontaram ser benéfica a técnica de ablação por radiofrequência tradicional no alívio das dores lombares crônicas refratárias ao tratamento conservador.


Subject(s)
Humans , Low Back Pain/therapy , Zygapophyseal Joint , Radiofrequency Therapy , Lumbar Vertebrae
11.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 895-900, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981684

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the application and progress of different minimally invasive spinal decompression in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS).@*METHODS@#The domestic and foreign literature on the application of different minimally invasive spinal decompression in the treatment of LSS was extensively reviewed, and the advantages, disadvantages, and complications of different surgical methods were summarized.@*RESULTS@#At present, minimally invasive spinal decompression mainly includes microscopic bilateral decompression, microendoscopic decompression, percutaneous endoscopic lumbar decompression, unilateral biportal endoscopy, and so on. Compared with traditional open surgery, different minimally invasive spinal decompression techniques can reduce the operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and postoperative pain of patients, thereby reducing hospital stay and saving treatment costs.@*CONCLUSION@#The indications of different minimally invasive spinal decompression are different, but there are certain advantages and disadvantages. When patients have clear surgical indications, individualized treatment plans should be formulated according to the symptoms and signs of patients, combined with imaging manifestations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Laminectomy/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 706-712, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981656

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the early effectiveness of unilateral biportal endoscopy (UBE) laminectomy in the treatment of two-level lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 98 patients with two-level LSS treated with UBE between September 2020 and December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 53 males and 45 females with an average age of 59.9 years (range, 32-79 years). Among them, there were 56 cases of mixed spinal stenosis, 23 cases of central spinal canal stenosis, and 19 cases of nerve root canal stenosis. The duration of symptoms was 1.5- 10 years, with an average of 5.4 years. The operative segments were L 2, 3 and L 3, 4 in 2 cases, L 3, 4 and L 4, 5 in 29 cases, L 4, 5 and L 5, S 1 in 67 cases. All patients had different degrees of low back pain, among of which 76 cases were with unilateral lower extremity symptoms and 22 cases were with bilateral lower extremity symptoms. There were 29 cases of bilateral decompression in both segments, 63 cases of unilateral decompression in both segments, and 6 cases of unilateral decompression and bilateral decompression of each segment. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, total incision length, hospitalization stay, ambulation time, and related complications were recorded. Visual analogue scale (VAS) score was used to assess the low back and leg pain before operation and at 3 days, 3 months after operation, and at last follow-up. The Oswestry disability index (ODI) was used to evaluate the functional recovery of lumbar spine before operation and at 3 months and last follow-up after operation. Modified MacNab criteria was used to evaluate clinical outcomes at last follow-up. Imaging examinations were performed before and after operation to measure the preservation rate of articular process, modified Pfirrmann scale, disc height (DH), lumbar lordosis angle (LLA), and cross-sectional area of the canal (CAC), and the CAC improvement rate was calculated.@*RESULTS@#All patients underwent surgery successfully. The operation time was (106.7±25.1) minutes, the intraoperative blood loss was (67.7±14.2) mL, and the total incision length was (3.2±0.4) cm. The hospitalization stay was 8 (7, 9) days, and the ambulation time was 3 (3, 4) days. All the wounds healed by first intention. Dural tear occurred in 1 case during operation, and mild headache occurred in 1 case after operation. All patients were followed up 13-28 months with an average of 19.3 months, and there was no recurrence or reoperation during the follow-up. At last follow-up, the preservation rate of articular process was 84.7%±7.3%. The modified Pfirrmann scale and DH were significantly different from those before operation ( P<0.05), while the LLA was not significantly different from that before operation ( P=0.050). The CAC significantly improved ( P<0.05), and the CAC improvement rate was 108.1%±17.8%. The VAS scores of low back pain and leg pain and ODI at each time point after operation significantly improved when compared with those before operation, and the differences between each time points were significant ( P<0.05). According to the modified MacNab criteria, 63 cases were excellent, 25 cases were good, and 10 cases were fair, with an excellent and good rate of 89.8%.@*CONCLUSION@#UBE laminectomy is a safe and effective technique with little trauma and fast recovery for two-level LSS and the early effectiveness is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Laminectomy , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Constriction, Pathologic/surgery , Low Back Pain , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Endoscopy , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods , Decompression, Surgical , Surgical Wound/surgery , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 596-600, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981638

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes in spinal-pelvic sagittal parameters from preoperative standing to prone position in old traumatic spinal fractures with kyphosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 36 patients admitted between December 2016 and June 2021 for surgical treatment of old traumatic spinal fractures with kyphosis, including 7 males and 29 females, aged from 50 to 79 years (mean, 63.9 years), were retrospectively analyzed. Lesion segments included 2 cases of T 11, 12 cases of T 12, 2 cases of T 11, 12, 4 cases of T 12 and L 1, 12 cases of L 1, 2 cases of L 2, 1 case of L 2, 3, and 1 case of L 3. The disease duration ranged from 4 to 120 months, with an average of 19.6 months. Surgical procedures included Smith-Petersen osteotomy in 4 cases, Ponte osteotomy in 6 cases, pedicle subtraction osteotomy in 2 cases, and improved fourth level osteotomy in 18 cases; the remaining 6 cases were not osteotomized. The bone mineral density ranged from -3.0 to 0.5 T, with a mean of -1.62 T. The spinal-pelvic sagittal parameters from preoperative standing to prone positions were measured, including local kyphosis Cobb angle (LKCA), thoracic kyphosis (TK), lumbar lordosis (LL), sacral slope (SS), pelvic tilt (PT), and PI and LL mismatch (PI-LL). The kyphotic flexibility=(preoperative standing LKCA-preoperative prone LKCA)/preoperative standing LKCA×100%. Spinal-pelvic sagittal parameters were compared between standing position and prone position before operation, and Pearson correlation was used to judge the correlation between the parameters of standing position and prone position before operation.@*RESULTS@#When the position changed from standing to prone, LKCA and TK decreased significantly ( P<0.05), while SS, LL, PT, and PI-LL had no significant difference ( P>0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that LL was significantly correlated with SS and PI-LL in both standing and prone positions ( P<0.05), and the correlation strength between LL and SS in prone position was higher than that in standing position. In the standing position, LKCA was significantly correlated with SS and PT ( P<0.05). However, when the position changed from standing to prone, the correlation between LKCA and SS and PT disappeared, while PT and PI-LL was positive correlation ( P<0.05). The kyphotic flexibility was 25.13%-78.79%, with an average of 33.85%.@*CONCLUSION@#For the patients of old traumatic spinal fractures with kyphosis, the preoperative LKCA and TK decrease significantly from standing position to prone position, and the correlation between spinal and pelvic parameters also changed, which should be taken into account in the formulation of preoperative surgical plan.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Standing Position , Retrospective Studies , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Kyphosis/surgery , Lordosis/surgery
14.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 589-595, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981637

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the feasibility of predicting proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) in adults after spinal deformity surgery based on back-forward Bending CT localization images and related predictive indicators.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for 31 adult patients with spinal deformity who underwent posterior osteotomy and long-segment fusion fixation between March 2017 and March 2020. There were 5 males and 26 females with an average age of 62.5 years (range, 30-77 years). The upper instrumented vertebrae (UIV) located at T 5 in 1 case, T 6 in 1 case, T 9 in 13 cases, T 10 in 12 cases, and T 11 in 4 cases. The lowest instrumented vertebrae (LIV) located at L 1 in 3 cases, L 2 in 3 cases, L 3 in 10 cases, L 4 in 7 cases, L 5 in 5 cases, and S 1 in 3 cases. Based on the full-length lateral X-ray film of the spine in the standing position before and after operation and back-forward Bending CT localization images before operation, the sagittal sequence of the spine was obtained, and the relevant indexes were measured, including thoracic kyphosis (TK), lumbar lordosis (LL), local kyphosis Cobb angle (LKCA) [the difference between the different positions before operation (recovery value) was calculated], kyphosis flexibility, hyperextension sagittal vertical axis (hSVA), T 2-L 5 hyperextension C 7-vertebral sagittal offset (hC 7-VSO), and pre- and post-operative proximal junctional angle (PJA). At last follow-up, the patients were divided into PJK and non-PJK groups based on PJA to determine whether they had PJK. The gender, age, body mass index (BMI), number of fusion segments, number of cases with coronal plane deformity, bone mineral density (T value), UIV position, LIV position, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, osteotomy grading, and related imaging indicators were compared between the two groups. The hC 7-VSO of the vertebral body with significant differences between groups was taken, and the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to evaluate its accuracy in predicting the occurrence of PJK.@*RESULTS@#All 31 patients were followed up 13-52 months, with an average of 30.0 months. The patient's PJA was 1.4°-29.0° at last follow-up, with an average of 10.4°; PJK occurred in 8 cases (25.8%). There was no significant difference in gender, age, BMI, number of fusion segments, number of cases with coronal plane deformity, bone mineral density (T value), UIV position, LIV position, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and osteotomy grading between the two groups ( P>0.05). Imaging measurements showed that the LL recovery value and T 8-L 3 vertebral hC 7-VSO in the PJK group were significantly higher than those in the non-PJK group ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in hyperextension TK, hyperextension LL, hyperextension LKCA, TK recovery value, LL recovery value, kyphosis flexibility, hSVA, and T 2-T 7, L 4, L 5 vertebral hC 7-VSO ( P>0.05). T 8-L 3 vertebral hC 7-VSO was analyzed for ROC curve, and combined with the area under curve and the comprehensive evaluation of sensitivity and specificity, the best predictive index was hC 7-L 2, the cut-off value was 2.54 cm, the sensitivity was 100%, and the specificity was 60.9%.@*CONCLUSION@#Preoperative back-forward Bending CT localization image can be used to predict the occurrence of PJK after posterior osteotomy and long-segment fusion fixation in adult spinal deformity. If the patient's T 8-L 2 vertebral hC 7-VSO is too large, it indicates a higher risk of postoperative PJK. The best predictive index is hC 7-L 2, and the cut-off value is 2.54 cm.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Kyphosis/surgery , Lordosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Postoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery
15.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 457-462, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981615

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To introduce a scout view scanning technique of back-forward bending CT (BFB-CT) in simulated surgical position for evaluating the remaining real angle and flexibility of thoracolumbar kyphosis secondary to old osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture.@*METHODS@#A total of 28 patients with thoracolumbar kyphosis secondary to old osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture who met the selection criteria between June 2018 and December 2021 were included in the study. There were 6 males and 22 females with an average age of 69.5 years (range, 56-92 years). The injured vertebra were located at T 10-L 2, including 11 cases of single thoracic fracture, 11 cases of single lumbar fracture, and 6 cases of multiple thoracolumbar fractures. The disease duration ranged from 3 weeks to 36 months, with a median of 5 months. All patients received examinations of BFB-CT and standing lateral full-spine X-ray (SLFSX). The thoracic kyphosis (TK), thoracolumbar kyphosis (TLK), local kyphosis of injured vertebra (LKIV), lumbar lordosis (LL), and the sagittal vertical axis (SVA) were measured. Referring to the calculation method of scoliosis flexibility, the kyphosis flexibility of thoracic, thoracolumbar, and injured vertebra were calculated respectively. The sagittal parameters measured by the two methods were compared, and the correlation of the parameters measured by the two methods was analyzed by Pearson correlation.@*RESULTS@#Except LL ( P>0.05), TK, TLK, LKIV, and SVA measured by BFB-CT were significantly lower than those measured by SLFSX ( P<0.05). The flexibilities of thoracic, thoracolumbar, and injured vertebra were 34.1%±18.8%, 36.2%±13.8%, and 39.3%±18.6%, respectively. Correlation analysis showed that the sagittal parameters measured by the two methods were positively correlated ( P<0.001), and the correlation coefficients of TK, TLK, LKIV, and SVA were 0.900, 0.730, 0.700, and 0.680, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Thoracolumbar kyphosis secondary to old osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture shows an excellent flexibility and BFB-CT in simulated surgical position can obtain the remaining real angle which need to be corrected surgically.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Spinal Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Kyphosis/surgery , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Lordosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies
16.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 303-312, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981543

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of postoperative fusion implantation on the mesoscopic biomechanical properties of vertebrae and bone tissue osteogenesis in idiopathic scoliosis, a macroscopic finite element model of the postoperative fusion device was developed, and a mesoscopic model of the bone unit was developed using the Saint Venant sub-model approach. To simulate human physiological conditions, the differences in biomechanical properties between macroscopic cortical bone and mesoscopic bone units under the same boundary conditions were studied, and the effects of fusion implantation on bone tissue growth at the mesoscopic scale were analyzed. The results showed that the stresses in the mesoscopic structure of the lumbar spine increased compared to the macroscopic structure, and the mesoscopic stress in this case is 2.606 to 5.958 times of the macroscopic stress; the stresses in the upper bone unit of the fusion device were greater than those in the lower part; the average stresses in the upper vertebral body end surfaces were ranked in the order of right, left, posterior and anterior; the stresses in the lower vertebral body were ranked in the order of left, posterior, right and anterior; and rotation was the condition with the greatest stress value in the bone unit. It is hypothesized that bone tissue osteogenesis is better on the upper face of the fusion than on the lower face, and that bone tissue growth rate on the upper face is in the order of right, left, posterior, and anterior; while on the lower face, it is in the order of left, posterior, right, and anterior; and that patients' constant rotational movements after surgery is conducive to bone growth. The results of the study may provide a theoretical basis for the design of surgical protocols and optimization of fusion devices for idiopathic scoliosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Scoliosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Osteogenesis , Biomechanical Phenomena/physiology , Finite Element Analysis
17.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 537-542, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986886

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influential factors associated with functional status of those patients who undertook a full-endoscopic lumbar discectomy operation.@*METHODS@#A prospective study was conducted. A total of 96 patients who undertook a full-endoscopic lumbar discectomy operation and met inclusive criteria were enrolled in the study. The postoperative follow-up was held 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after operation. The self-developed record file was used to collect the patient's information and medical history. Visual analogue scale (VAS) score, Oswestry disability index (ODI) score, Gene-ralised anxiety disorder-7 (GAD-7) scale score and patient health questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) scale score were applied to measure pain intensity, functional status, anxiety status and depression status. Repeated measurement analysis of variance was used to explore the ODI score 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after operation. Multiple linear regression was recruited to illuminate the influential factors associated with functional status after the operation. Logistic regression was employed to explore the independent risk factors related to return to work 6 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#The postoperative functional status of the patients improved gradually. The functional status of the patients 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after operation were highly positively correlated with the current average pain intensity. The factors influencing the postoperative functional status of the patients were different according to the recovery stage. One month and 3 months after operation, the factors influencing the postoperative functional status were the current average pain intensity; 6 months after operation, the factors influencing the postoperative functional status included the current average pain intensity, preoperative average pain intensity, gender and educational level. The risk factors influencing return to work 6 months after operation included women, young age, preoperative depression status and high average pain intensity 3 months after operation.@*CONCLUSION@#It is feasible to treat chronic low back pain with full-endoscopic lumbar discectomy operation. In the process of postoperative functional status recovery, medical staffs should not only take analgesic mea-sures to reduce the pain intensity experienced by the patients, but also pay attention to the impact of psychosocial factors on the recovery. Women, young age, preoperative depression status, and high average pain intensity 3 months after operation may delay return to work after the operation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/etiology , Prospective Studies , Functional Status , Treatment Outcome , Diskectomy/adverse effects , Endoscopy , Pain , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Retrospective Studies
18.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 530-536, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986885

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of percutaneous pedicle screw fixation combined expandable tubular retractor in the treatment of patients with spinal metastases.@*METHODS@#In the study, 12 patients of spinal metastases treated with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation combined expandable tubular retractor in our hospital were retrospectively reviewed between June 2017 and October 2019. Among the 12 patients, 9 were males and 3 were females; the median age was 62.5 years [(65.1±2.9) years]. The decompression segment of 7 patients was located at the lower thoracic spine (including 1 patient with incomplete paraplegia) and the decompression segment of 5 patients was located at the lumbar spine; Tomita score was 6.0±0.6. Perioperative data of the patients were reviewed. Visual analog scale (VAS score), Karnofsky score, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score were compared before and after surgery. The patient's survival, adjuvant treatment, and internal fixation failure were observed in the follow-up period.@*RESULTS@#All the 12 patients had a successful operation with percuta-neous pedicle screw fixation combined expandable tubular retractor. The average operative time, blood loss, and blood transfused of the patients were (247.0±14.6) min, (804.2±222.3) mL and (500.0±100.0) mL, respectively. The average amount of drainage was (240.8±79.3) mL. Drainage tubes were pulled out early postoperative [(3.2±0.3) d], allowing early mobilization. The patients discharged (7.8±0.8) d postoperative. All the patients were followed up for 6-30 months, and the average overall survival time was (13.6±2.4) months. During the follow-up period, 2 patients experienced screw displacement, the internal fixation was stable after conservative treatment and no revision surgery was performed. The VAS of the patients was 7.1±0.2 before surgery, which decreased to 2.3±0.1 and 2.8±0.4 at 3 and 6 months after surgery (P < 0.05). The Karnofsky score of the patients was 59.2±1.9 before surgery, which increased to 75.0±1.9 and 74.2±3.1 at 3 and 6 months after surgery (P < 0.05). The ECOG of the patients was 2.3±0.2 before surgery, which decreased to 1.7±0.1 and 1.7±0.2 at 3 and 6 months after surgery (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For selected patients with spinal metastases, minimally invasive surgical treatment of spinal metastases (percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation combined with expandable tubular retractor) can effectively relieve the clinical symptoms and improve the quality of life, with satisfactory clinical outcome.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Treatment Outcome , Spinal Neoplasms/surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Spinal Fractures/surgery
19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 450-453, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986787

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#According to the characteristics of spinal burst fractures in high-altitude areas and the local medical conditions, to explore the clinical efficacy of short-segment fixation with pedicle screws combined with screw placement in injured vertebrae in the treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures.@*METHODS@#From August 2018 to December 2021, 12 patients with single-vertebral thoracolumbar burst fractures without neurological symptoms were treated with injured vertebral screw placement technique, including 7 males and 5 females;aged 29 to 54 years old, with an average of(42.50±7.95) years old;6 cases of traffic accident injury, 4 cases of high fall injury, 2 cases of heavy object injury;2 cases of T11, 4 cases of T12, 3 cases of L1, 2 cases of L2, and 1 case of L3. In the operation, screws were first placed in the upper and lower vertebrae of the fracture, pedicle screws were placed in the injured vertebra, and connecting rods were installed, and the fractured vertebral body was reset by positioning and distraction. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scoring were used to evaluate the changes in pain and quality of life of patients, and the kyphotic correction rate and correction loss rate of the injured segment were measured by X-ray.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successful without significant intraoperative complications. All 12 patients were followed up, the duration ranged from 9 to 27 months, with an mean of (17.75±5.79) months. VAS at 3 days after operation was significantly higher than that at admission (t=6.701, P=0.000). There was significant difference in JOA score between 9 months after operation and at admission (t=5.085, P=0.000). Three days after operation, Cobb angle was (4.42±1.16)°, and the correction rate was (82±5)% compared with (25.67±5.71)° at admission. Cobb angle was (5.08±1.24) °at 9 months after operation, with a corrected loss rate of (16±13)%. No loosening or breakage of internal fixation was found.@*CONCLUSION@#Under the high-altitude hypobaric and hypoxic environment, the effect of the operation should be ensured while reducing the trauma. The application of the technique of placing screws on the injured vertebra can effectively restore and maintain the height of the injured vertebra, with less bleeding and shorter fixed segments, which is an effective method.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Altitude , Quality of Life , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Compression , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Comminuted
20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 686-691, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981756

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of electromyography on the clinical manifestations and prognosis after posterior lumbar interbody fusion(PLIF) of degenerative lumbar diseases.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 68 patients with degenerative lumbar diseases, including 29 males and 39 females, aged 21 to 84 years old, who underwent electromyogram (EMG) from January 2018 to October 2019. The patients were divided into negative and positive groups according to whether theresults of EMG was normal or abnormal, PLIF surgery was performed in both groups. The preoperative duration of illness, postoperative recovery time, operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative ambulation time and length of postoperative hospital stay were recorded. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by visual analogue scale(VAS) of low back and lower limb, the Japanese Orthopedic Association(JOA) score before and after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were follow-up from 26 to 39 months. The subjective symptoms, clinical signs, daily activities and JOA total scores after operation in two groups were significantly higher than those before preoperation(P<0.05);the clinical signs score and total JOA score in the negative group at 3 months after operation were higher than those in the positive group(P<0.05). The VAS score of leg pain in the negative group after 1 and 3 months was less than that in the positive group(P<0.05). Patients 's illness time, postoperative recovery time, hospitalization time and implantation time in the negative group were shorter than those in the positive group(P<0.05). At other time points, there was no significant difference in low pain VAS, leg pain VAS, JOA scores in the two groups(P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the operation time and intraoperative bleeding volume between the two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with normal electromyography had shorter disease duration than ones with abnormal electromyography in lumbar degenerative disease;after PLIF, patients with normal electromyography recovered faster than ones with abnormal electromyography, but the results of electromyography had no effect on the final prognosis of PLIF surgery.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Pain
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