Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 131
Filter
1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 21-26, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009218

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of modified suspension reduction method combined with percutaneous vertebroplasty in the treatment of osteoporotic thoracolumbar compression fractures.@*METHODS@#From February 2020 to October 2021, 92 patients with thoracolumbar osteoporotic compression fracture were treated by percutaneous vertebroplasty. According to different treatment methods, they were divided into the observation group and the control group. The observation group was treated with modified suspension reduction and then percutaneous vertebroplasty, while the control group was treated with percutaneous vertebroplasty alone. The observation group (47 cases), including 20 males and 27 females, the age ranged from 59 to 76 years old with an average of (69.74±4.50) years old, fractured vertebral bodies:T10(2 cases), T11(7 cases), T12(19 cases), L1(14 cases), L2(5 cases);the control group(45 cases), including 21 males and 24 females, the age ranged from 61 to 78 years old with an average of (71.02±3.58) years old, fractured vertebral bodies:T10(3 cases), T11(8 cases), T12(17 cases), L1(12 cases), L2(5 cases);The leakage of bone cement were observed, the visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry lumbar dysfunction index (ODI), anterior vertebrae height (AVH), Cobb angle of kyphosis and the amount of bone cement injected before and after operation were recorded and compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, ranged from 6 to10 with an average of (8.45±1.73) months. Two patients ocurred bone cement leakage in observation group and 3 patients in control group. AVH of observation group increased (P<0.05) and Cobb angle of injured vertebrae decreased (P<0.05). Cobb angle of injured vertebrae and AVH of the control group were not significantly changed (P>0.05). Cobb angle of injured vertebrae of the observation group was lower than that of control group (P<0.05) and AVH was higher than that of the control group (P<0.05). In the observation group, VAS before operation and 1 week, 3 and 6 months after operation respectively were(7.32±1.05) scores, (3.56±1.18) scores, (1.83±0.67) scores, (1.27±0.34) scores, and ODI were(40.12±14.69) scores, (23.76±10.19) scores, (20.15±6.39) scores, (13.45±3.46) scores. In the control group, VAS before operation and 1 week, 3 and 6 months after operation respectively were(7.11±5.26) scores, (3.82±0.68) scores, (1.94±0.88) scores, (1.36±0.52) scores, and ODI were(41.38±10.23) scores, (25.13±14.22) scores , (20.61±5.82) scores, (14.55±5.27) scores . The scores of VAS and ODI after operation were lower than those before operation (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Modified suspension reduction method combined with PVP surgery for osteoporotic thoracolumbar compression fractures has achieved good clinical results, which can effectively relieve lumbar back pain, restore vertebral height, correct kyphosis, improve lumbar function and patients' quality of life.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Vertebroplasty/methods , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Kyphosis/surgery , Retrospective Studies
2.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 623-627, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981745

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty(PVP) combined with nerve block in the treatment of lumbar osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures under the guidance of traditional chinese medicine "theory of equal emphasis on muscle and bone".@*METHODS@#Total of 115 patients with lumbar osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures were treated by percutaneous vertebroplasty from January 2015 to March 2022, including 51 males and 64 females, aged 25 to 86 (60.5±15.9) years. Among them, 48 cases were treated with PVP operation combined with erector spinae block and joint block of the injured vertebral articular eminence (intervention group), and 67 cases were treated with conventional PVP operation (control group). The visual analogue scale(VAS) and Oswestry disability index(ODI) before operation, 3 days, 1 month and 6 months after operation between two groups were evaluated. The operation time, number of punctures and intraoperative bleeding between two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The VAS and ODI scores of both groups improved significantly after operation compared with those before operation(P<0.05). Moreover, the VAS and ODI scores of 3 days and 1 month after operation of the intervention group improved more significantly than that of the control group(P<0.05). The difference of VAS and ODI scores before operation and 6 months after operation between two groups had no statistical significances(P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the number of punctures and intraoperative bleeding between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Based on the theory of "equal emphasis on muscles and bones", PVP combined with nerve block can effectively relieve paravertebral soft tissue spasm and other "muscle injuries", which can significantly improve short-term postoperative low back pain and lumbar spine mobility compared to conventional PVP treatment, and accelerate postoperative recovery, resulting in satisfactory clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Vertebroplasty/methods , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Spinal Puncture , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Muscles , Treatment Outcome , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Bone Cements
3.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 532-542, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981728

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of intervertebral disc tissue injury and herniation into the vertebral body in thoracolumbar fracture on fracture healing, vertebral bone defect volume and intervertebral space height.@*METHODS@#From April 2016 to April 2020, a total of 140 patients with thoracolumbar single vertebral fracture combined with upper intervertebral disc injury treated with pedicle screw rod system reduction and internal fixation in our hospital. There were 83 males and 57 females, aged from 19 to 58 years old, with an average age of (39.33±10.26) years old. All patients were followed up regularly 6 months, 12 months and 18 months after surgery. The patients with injured intervertebral disc tissue not herniated into the fractured vertebral body were the control group, and the patients with injured intervertebral disc and herniated into the fractured vertebral body were the observation group. By detecting the thoracolumbar AP and lateral X-ray films, CT and MRI of the thoracolumbar segment at different follow-up time, calculate the changes of the wedge angle of the fractured vertebral body, the sagittal kyphosis angle and the height of the superior adjacent intervertebral space, the changes of the fracture healing and bone defect volume after the reduction of the vertebral body, and the changes of the intervertebral disc degeneration grade. The prognosis was evaluated by visual analogue scale(VAS) and Oswestry disability index(ODI). Finally, the differences of the above results among different groups were comprehensively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the patients had normal wound healing without complications. A total of 87 patients received complete follow-up data, at least 18 months after internal fixation. Thoracolumbar AP and lateral X-ray films showed that 18 months after the reduction and internal fixation operation, the vertebral wedge angle, sagittal kyphosis angle and the height of the upper adjacent intervertebral space in the observation group were greater than those in the control group(P<0.05). CT scanning showed that the deformity of the fracture healed 12 months after the vertebral body reduction in the observation group and formed a "cavity" of bone defect connected with the intervertebral space, and its volume was significantly increased compared with that before (P<0.05). MRI scanning showed that the degeneration rate of injured intervertebral discs in the observation group was more serious than that in the control group 12 months after operation(P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in VAS and ODI score at each time.@*CONCLUSION@#Herniation of injured intervertebral disc tissue hernias into the fractured vertebral body leads to increased bone resorption defect volume around the fracture and forms a malunion "cavity" connected with the intervertebral space. This may be the main reason for the change of vertebral wedge angle, the increase of sagittal kyphosis angle and the decrease of intervertebral space height after removal of internal fixation devices.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Vertebral Body/injuries , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Bone , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Pedicle Screws , Kyphosis/surgery , Intervertebral Disc/surgery , Hernia , Retrospective Studies
4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 465-472, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981716

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the early clinical efficacy of robot-assisted percutaneous short-segment bone cement-augmented pedicle screw fixation in the treatment of stageⅡ-Ⅲ Kümmell disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 20 patients with stageⅡ-Ⅲ Kümmell's disease who underwent robot-assisted percutaneous bone cement-augmented pedicle screw fixation between June 2017 and January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 4 males and 16 females, aged from 60 to 81 years old with an average age of (69.1±8.3) years. There were 9 cases of stageⅡand 11 cases of stage Ⅲ, all of which were single vertebral lesions, including 3 cases of T11, 5 cases of T12, 8 cases of L1, 3 cases of L2, and 1 case of L3. These patients did not exhibit symptoms of spinal cord injury. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and complications were recorded. The position of pedicle screws and the filling and leakage of bone cement in gaps were observed using postoperative CT 2D reconstruction. The data of the visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), kyphosis Cobb angle, wedge angle of the diseased vertebra, and anterior and posterior vertebral height on lateral radiographs were statistically analyzed preoperatively, 1 week postoperatively, and at the final follow-up.@*RESULTS@#Twenty patients were followed up for 10 to 26 months, with an average follow-up of (16.0±5.1) months. All operations were successfully completed. The surgical duration ranged from 98 to 160 minutes, with an average of (122±24) minutes. The intraoperative blood loss ranged from 25 to 95 ml, with an average of (45±20) ml. There were no intraoperative vascular nerve injuries. A total of 120 screws were inserted in this group, including 111 screws at grade A and 9 screws at grade B according to the Gertzbein and Robbins scales. Postoperative CT indicated that the bone cement was well-filled in the diseased vertebra, and cement leakage occurred in 4 cases. Preoperative VAS and ODI were (6.05±0.18) points and (71.10±5.37)%, respectively, (2.05±0.14) points and (18.57±2.77)% at 1 week after operation, and (1.35±0.11) points and (15.71±2.12) % at final follow-up. There were significant differences between postoperative 1 week and preoperative, and between final follow-up and postoperative 1 week(P<0.01). Anterior and posterior vertebral height, kyphosis Cobb angle, and wedge angle of the diseased vertebra were(45.07±1.06)%, (82.02±2.11)%, (19.49±0.77) °, and (17.56±0.94) ° preoperatively, respectively, (77.00±0.99)%, (83.04±2.02)%, (7.34±0.56) °, and (6.15±0.52) ° at 1 week postoperatively, and (75.13±0.86)%, (82.39±0.45)%, (8.38±0.63) °, and (7.09±0.59) ° at the final follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#Robot-assisted percutaneous short-segment bone cement-augmented pedicle screw fixation demonstrates satisfactory short-term efficacy in treating stageⅡ-Ⅲ Kümmell's disease as an effective minimally invasive alternative. However, longer operation times and strict patient selection criteria are necessary, and long-term follow-up is required to determine its lasting effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pedicle Screws , Bone Cements , Robotics , Blood Loss, Surgical , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Kyphosis , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Fracture Fixation, Internal
5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 450-453, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986787

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#According to the characteristics of spinal burst fractures in high-altitude areas and the local medical conditions, to explore the clinical efficacy of short-segment fixation with pedicle screws combined with screw placement in injured vertebrae in the treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures.@*METHODS@#From August 2018 to December 2021, 12 patients with single-vertebral thoracolumbar burst fractures without neurological symptoms were treated with injured vertebral screw placement technique, including 7 males and 5 females;aged 29 to 54 years old, with an average of(42.50±7.95) years old;6 cases of traffic accident injury, 4 cases of high fall injury, 2 cases of heavy object injury;2 cases of T11, 4 cases of T12, 3 cases of L1, 2 cases of L2, and 1 case of L3. In the operation, screws were first placed in the upper and lower vertebrae of the fracture, pedicle screws were placed in the injured vertebra, and connecting rods were installed, and the fractured vertebral body was reset by positioning and distraction. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scoring were used to evaluate the changes in pain and quality of life of patients, and the kyphotic correction rate and correction loss rate of the injured segment were measured by X-ray.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successful without significant intraoperative complications. All 12 patients were followed up, the duration ranged from 9 to 27 months, with an mean of (17.75±5.79) months. VAS at 3 days after operation was significantly higher than that at admission (t=6.701, P=0.000). There was significant difference in JOA score between 9 months after operation and at admission (t=5.085, P=0.000). Three days after operation, Cobb angle was (4.42±1.16)°, and the correction rate was (82±5)% compared with (25.67±5.71)° at admission. Cobb angle was (5.08±1.24) °at 9 months after operation, with a corrected loss rate of (16±13)%. No loosening or breakage of internal fixation was found.@*CONCLUSION@#Under the high-altitude hypobaric and hypoxic environment, the effect of the operation should be ensured while reducing the trauma. The application of the technique of placing screws on the injured vertebra can effectively restore and maintain the height of the injured vertebra, with less bleeding and shorter fixed segments, which is an effective method.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Altitude , Quality of Life , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Compression , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Comminuted
6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 936-942, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009164

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy of percutaneous screw fixation combined with minimally invasive transpedicular bone grafting and non-bone grafting in the treatment of thoracolumbar fractures.@*METHODS@#From Janury 2021 to June 2022, 40 patients with thoracolumbar fracture were divided into the experimental group and the control group. There were 26 patients in the experimental group, including 21 males and 5 females with an aberage age of (47.3±12.3) years old, who underwent percutaneous pedicle screw fixation combined with transpedicular autogenous bone grafting. In the control group, 14 patients received percutaneous pedicle screw fixation only. including 7 makes and 7 females with an average age of (50.2±11.2) years old. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, anterior height ratio of injured vertebrae, Cobb angle, visual analogue score (VAS), MacNab scores, loosening or broken of the implants. were compared and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in operation time, intraoperative blood loss, VAS and anterior height ratio of injured vertebrae between the two groups. Compared with the preoperative results, VAS and anterior height ratio of injured vertebrae were improved statistically(P<0.05). For Cobb angle of injured vertebra, there was no significant difference between the two groups before surgery (P=0.766). While at 1 week, 3 months and 12 months after surgery, there were statistically differences between the two groups (P values were 0.042, 0.007 and 0.039, respectively). The Cobb angle of injured vertebrae one year after operation was statistically decreased in both groups compared with that before surgery (P<0.001). One year after surgery, the excellent and good rate of Macnab scores was 96.15% in the experimental group and 92.86% in the control group, and there was no statistical differences between the two groups (P=0.648). There was one patient in the control group suffering superficial wound infection on the third day, which was cured by dressing change and anti-infection treatment. There were no postoperative screw loosening and broken in both groups.@*CONCLUSION@#The two surgical methods have the advantages of less trauma, less pain and quicker recovery, which can restore the height of the injured vertebra, reconstruct the spinal sequence and reduce the fracture of the vertebral body. Transpedicular autogenous bone grafting can increase the stability of the fractured vertebra and maintain the height of the vertebra better after surgery, thus reducing the possibility of complications such as kyphosis, screw loosening and broken.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Bone Transplantation , Blood Loss, Surgical , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies
7.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1489-1495, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009088

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the safety and effectiveness of one-stage posterior eggshell osteotomy and long-segment pedicle screw fixation in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis kyphosis combined with acute thoracolumbar vertebral fracture.@*METHODS@#A clinical data of 20 patients with ankylosing spondylitis kyphosis combined with acute thoracolumbar spine fracture, who were treated with one-stage posterior eggshell osteotomy and long-segment pedicle screw fixation between April 2016 and January 2022, was retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 16 cases were male and 4 cases were female; their ages ranged from 32 to 68 years, with an average of 45.9 years. The causes of injury included 10 cases of sprain, 8 cases of fall, and 2 cases of falling from height. The time from injury to operation ranged from 1 to 12 days, with an average of 7.1 days. The injured segment was T 11 in 2 cases, T 12 in 2 cases, L 1 in 6 cases, and L 2 in 10 cases. X-ray film and CT showed that the patients had characteristic imaging manifestations of ankylosing spondylitis, and the fracture lines were involved in the anterior, middle, and posterior columns and accompanied by different degrees of kyphosis and vertebral compression; and MRI showed that 12 patients had different degrees of nerve injuries. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, intra- and post-operative complications were recorded. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were used to evaluate the low back pain and quality of life, and the American spinal cord injury association (ASIA) classification was used to evaluate the neurological function. X-ray films were taken, and local Cobb angle (LCA) and sagittal vertical axis (SVA) were measured to evaluate the correction of the kyphosis.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successfully completed and the operation time ranged from 127 to 254 minutes (mean, 176.3 minutes). The amount of intraoperative bleeding ranged from 400 to 950 mL (mean, 722.5 mL). One case of dural sac tear occurred during operation, and no cerebrospinal fluid leakage occurred after repair, and the rest of the patients did not suffer from neurological and vascular injuries, cerebrospinal fluid leakage, and other related complications during operation. All incisions healed by first intention without infection or fat liquefaction. All patients were followed up 8-16 months (mean, 12.5 months). The VAS score, ODI, LCA, and SVA at 3 days after operation and last follow-up significantly improved when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05), and the difference between 3 days after operation and last follow-up was not significant ( P>0.05). The ASIA grading of neurological function at last follow-up also significantly improved when compared with that before operation ( P<0.05), including 17 cases of grade E and 3 cases of grade D. At last follow-up, all bone grafts achieved bone fusion, and no complications such as loosening, breaking of internal fixation, and pseudoarthrosis occurred.@*CONCLUSION@#One-stage posterior eggshell osteotomy and long-segment pedicle screw fixation is an effective surgical procedure for ankylosing spondylitis kyphosis combined with acute thoracolumbar vertebral fracture. It can significantly relieve patients' clinical symptoms and to some extent, alleviate the local kyphotic deformity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Animals , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Pedicle Screws , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Egg Shell/injuries , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Kyphosis/surgery , Osteotomy , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1253-1258, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009053

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility and accuracy of ultrasound volume navigation (UVN) combined with X-ray fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous pedicle screw implantation through a prospective randomized controlled study.@*METHODS@#Patients with thoracic and lumbar vertebral fractures scheduled for percutaneous pedicle screw fixation between January 2022 and January 2023 were enrolled. Among them, 60 patients met the selection criteria and were included in the study. There were 28 males and 32 females, with an average age of 49.5 years (range, 29-60 years). The cause of injury included 20 cases of traffic accidents, 21 cases of falls, 17 cases of slips, and 2 cases of heavy object impact. The interval from injury to hospital admission ranged from 1 to 5 days (mean, 1.57 days). The fracture located at T 12 in 15 cases, L 1 in 20 cases, L 2 in 19 cases, and L 3 in 6 cases. The study used each patient as their own control, randomly guiding pedicle screw implantation using UVN combined with X-ray fluoroscopy on one side of the vertebral body and the adjacent segment (trial group), while the other side was implanted under X-ray fluoroscopy (control group). A total of 4 screws and 2 rods were implanted in each patient. The implantation time and fluoroscopy frequency during implantation of each screw, angle deviation and distance deviation between actual and preoperative planned trajectory by imaging examination, and the occurrence of zygapophysial joint invasion were recorded.@*RESULTS@#In terms of screw implantation time, fluoroscopy frequency, angle deviation, distance deviation, and incidence of zygapophysial joint invasion, the trial group showed superior results compared to the control group, and the differences were significant ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#UVN combined with X-ray fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous pedicle screw implantation can yreduce screw implantation time, adjust dynamically, reduce operational difficulty, and reduce radiation damage.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Prospective Studies , X-Rays , Surgery, Computer-Assisted/methods , Spinal Fusion/methods , Fluoroscopy/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries
9.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1246-1252, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009052

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of sagittal top compression reduction technique in the treatment of thoracolumbar vertebral fractures.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 59 patients with thoracolumbar vertebral fractures who met the selection criteria and were admitted between November 2018 and January 2022. Among them, 34 patients were treated with sagittal top compression reduction technique (top pressure group), and 25 patients were treated with traditional reduction technique (traditional group). There was no significant difference in baseline data between the two groups ( P>0.05), including gender, age, fracture segment, cause of injury, AO classification of thoracolumbar vertebral fractures, thoracolumbar injury classification and severity (TLICS) score, American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grading, surgical approach, preoperative vertebral body index, height ratio of the anterior margin of injured vertebra, injured vertebra angle, segmental kyphosis angle, visual analogue scale (VAS) score, and Oswestry disability index (ODI). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and incidence of complications between the two groups were recorded and compared. After operation, VAS score and ODI were used to evaluate effectiveness, and X-ray and CT examinations were performed to measure imaging indicators such as vertebral body index, height ratio of the anterior margin of injured vertebra, injured vertebra angle, and segmental kyphosis angle.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in operation time and intraoperative blood loss between the two groups ( P>0.05). No complication such as dural sac, nerve root, or vascular injury was found during operation, and all incisions healed by first intention. Patients in both groups were followed up 6-48 months, with an average of 20.6 months. No loosening, breakage, or failure of internal fixation occurred during follow-up. The imaging indicators, VAS score, and ODI of the two groups significantly improved at 1 week and last follow-up when compared to preoperative ones ( P<0.05). At last follow-up, the VAS score and ODI further significantly improved when compared to 1 week after operation ( P<0.05). At 1 week after operation and last follow-up, the vertebral body index, segmental kyphosis angle, injured vertebra angle, and ODI in the top pressure group were significantly better than those in the traditional group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS score and height ratio of the anterior margin of injured vertebra between the two groups at 1 week after operation ( P>0.05), but the two indicators in the top pressure group were significantly better than those in the traditional group at last follow-up ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment of thoracolumbar vertebral fractures with sagittal top compression reduction technique can significantly improve the quality of vertebral reduction, and is superior to traditional reduction techniques in relieving pain and improving spinal function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Treatment Outcome , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Kyphosis , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Compression/surgery
10.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 33-40, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970968

ABSTRACT

Spondyloptosis in the clinic is rarely reported. We herein present a 47-year-old female, who suffered from a crush injury directly by a heavy cylindrical object from the lateral side. She was diagnosed to have traumatic L3 spondyloptosis with multiple traumas. Staged surgical procedures were conducted and a three-year follow-up was obtained. Eventually, normal spinal alignment was restored, and neurological deficits were gradually improved. At three years follow-up, the motor strength scores and function of the sphincters were incompletely improved. Previously published reports on traumatic lumbar spondyloptosis were reviewed and several critical points for management of this severe type of spinal injury were proposed. First, thoracolumbar and lumbosacral junction were mostly predilection sites. Second, numerous patients involving traumatic lumbar spondyloptosis were achieved to American Spinal Injury Association grade A. Third, lumbar spondyloptosis was commonly coupling with cauda equina injury. Finally, the outcomes were still with poorly prognosis and recovery of patients was correlation to spondyloptosis severity. Based on this case report and literatures review, we highlighted that the spinal alignment restoration relying on staged operations and following rehabilitation hereof are both important once facing with multiple traumas. Furthermore, we suggested to perform routine CT angiography during lumbar spondyloptosis to justify whether there are large vessel compression or injury.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Spondylolisthesis/surgery , Spinal Injuries , Multiple Trauma/complications
11.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 29(1): 27-35, jan./mar. 2022. il.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1393204

ABSTRACT

For vertebromedullary injuries, epidemiological knowledge is essential to guide the choice of the most effective diagnostic method. The objective of this retrospective study was to describe the epidemiological profile of animals and thoracolumbar and lumbosacral spine lesions diagnosed by computed tomography scan. A compilation of CT scan reports for the aforementioned regions performed in a comercial diagnostic center from 04/01/2017 to 04/30/2020, contrasted and non-contrasted, from routine, was performed in order to list the most common lesions and their locations, as well as the species, breeds and ages most affected. There were 1164 CT scans performed in the period evaluated, all of them in dogs, 57,56% (n=670) for the spine, with 89,7% reports accessed (n=601), where the regions mentioned here added up to 73,05% studies (n=439). In both regions, male French Bulldog dogs had the most injuries. For the thoracolumbar region, disk mineralization, followed by extrusion, were the most frequent injuries, while the site was T12-13 and the mean age 6,5±3,63 years old. In the lumbosacral, disk protrusion was most frequent, the most affected site was L7-S1 and age 6,65±3,79 years. It was concluded that the spine is the main target of CT scans, and that lesions related to the intervertebral disk were the main ones identified, with chondrodystrophic animals being more predisposed to injury.


Para lesões vertebromedulares é indispensável o conhecimento epidemiológico para direcionar a escolha do método diagnóstico mais eficaz. O objetivo desse estudo retrospectivo foi descrever o perfil epidemiológico dos animais e das lesões em coluna vertebral toracolombar e lombossacral diagnosticadas através de exame tomográfico. Realizou-se a compilação de laudos de tomografias computadorizadas para as referidas regiões realizadas em centro diagnóstico comercial, entre 01/04/2017 a 30/04/2020, contrastadas e não-contrastadas, provenientes da rotina, a fim de relacionar as lesões e seus locais de ocorrência, bem como a espécie, raças e idades mais comuns. Foram realizados 1164 exames tomográficos no período avaliado, sendo 57,56% (n=670) para a coluna, com 89,7% laudos acessados (n=601), nos quais as regiões toracolombar e lombossacral somaram 73,05% dos estudos (n=439). Em ambas as regiões, os cães Bulldog Francês machos foram os que mais apresentaram lesões. Para a região toracolombar, a mineralização de disco, seguida pela extrusão, foram as lesões mais frequentes, enquanto o local foi T12-13 e a média de idade 6,5±3,63 anos. Na lombossacral, a protusão de disco foi mais frequente, o local mais afetado foi L7-S1 e idade de 6,65±3,79 anos. Concluiu-se que a coluna vertebral é o principal alvo de tomografias, e que as lesões relacionadas ao disco intervertebral foram as principais identificadas, sendo os animais condrodistróficos mais predispostos a lesões.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Dogs , Spinal Injuries/veterinary , Spine/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/veterinary , Cats/injuries , Dogs/injuries , Intervertebral Disc/injuries , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Lumbosacral Region/abnormalities
12.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 694-700, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888342

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effects of posterior short-segment pedicle screw internal fixation combined with vertebroplasty for the treatment of Kümmell disease with kyphosis.@*METHODS@#Twenty-four patients with Kümmell disease complicated with kyphosis treated by posterior short-segment pedicle screw internal fixation combined with vertebroplasty from January 2016 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 6 males and 18 females, aged 63 to 85 (73.1±6.5) years old. The clinical effect was evaluate by visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), the anterior height of injured vertebral body, and the sagittal Cobb angle of the affected segment beforeoperation, at 3 days and final follow up after operation. And the surgical complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#All 24 patients were followed up from 12 to 24 months with an average of (15.5±3.2) months. The VAS score was decreased from 5.21±1.06 preoperatively to 2.38±0.58 at 3 days postoperatively and 1.71±0.75 at final follow-up;ODI was decreased from (50.4±13.5)% preoperatively to (20.9±8.0)% at 3 days postoperatively and (16.7±9.6)% at final follow-up;the anterior height of injured vertebral body was restored from (8.0±4.2) mm before surgery to (18.1±5.0) mm at 3 days after surgery and (16.8±5.1) mm at final follow up;the sagittal Cobb angle of affected segment was decreased from (19.5±6.3)° preoperatively to (7.6±2.1)° at 3 days after surgery and(8.4±1.7)° at final follow-up. VAS, ODI, anterior height of injured vertebral body, and sagittal Cobb angle of affected segment were significantly improved at 3 days after operation and at final follow-up (@*CONCLUSION@#Posterior short-segment pedicle screw internal fixation combined with vertebroplasty for the treatment of Kümmell disease with kyphosis has relatively small surgical trauma, excellent clinical results, good vertebral height recovery, satisfactory correction of kyphotic angle, and fewer complications, etc. It is a safe and effective surgical method to treat Kümmell disease with kyphosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Kyphosis/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Vertebroplasty
13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 170-174, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879392

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty in treating Kümmell disease with type Ⅲ.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to December 2018, 37 patients with type Ⅲ Kümmell disease were retrospectively analyzed, including 11 males and 26 females, aged from 61 to 84 years old with an average of (68.6±4.2) years old, and the courses of disease ranged from 2 to 10 months with an average of(6.5±2.3) months. Nine patients were grade C, 20 patients were grade D and 8 patients were grade E according to Frankle grading. All patients were treated by cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty. Operation time, blood loss, postoperative drainage, hospital stay and complicationswere observed after oeprtaion. Visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index(ODI), height of anterior vertebral body, Cobb angle before and after operation were compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 60 months with an average of (22.4±10.9) months. Operation time was (240.9±77.4) min, blood loss was (315.0±149.2) ml, postoperative drainage was (220.8±72.0) ml, hospital stay was (12.6±4.7) days. One patient occurred incision redness and 1 patient occurred infection after opertaion. No loosening of bone cement occurred. Postopertaive VAS and ODI were lower than that of before opertaion(@*CONCLUSION@#Cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty is a safe and effective method for the tretament of Kümmell disease with type Ⅲ.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Bone Cements , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Pedicle Screws , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
14.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 39(3): 181-188, 15/09/2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362393

ABSTRACT

Introduction The AOSpine Thoracolumbar Spine Injury Classification (AOSTSIC) system has been proposed to better characterize injury morphologies and improve the classification of thoracolumbar (TL) spine trauma. However, the indications for surgical treatment according to the AOSTSIC system are still debated. Additionally, the proposed Thoracolumbar AOSpine Injury Score (AOSIS) is quite complex, which may preclude its use in daily practice. The objective of this reviewis to discuss the AOSTSIC systemand its indications for initial nonoperative versus surgical management of acute TL spine trauma. Methods We analyzed the literature for each injury type (and subtype, when pertinent) according to the AOSTSIC system as well as their potential treatment options. Results Patients with AOSTSIC subtypes A0, A1, and A2 are neurologically intact in the vast majority of the cases and initially managed nonoperatively. The treatment of A3- and A4-subtype injuries (burst fractures) in neurologically-intact patients is still debated with great controversy, with initially nonoperative management being considered an option in select patients. Surgery is recommended when there are neurological deficits or failure of nonoperativemanagement,with the role of magnetic resonance findings in the Posterior Ligamentous Complex (PLC) evaluation still being considered controversial. Injuries classified as type B1 in neurologically-intact patients may be treated, initially, with nonoperative management, provided that there are no ligamentous injury and non-displacing fragments. Due to severe ligamentous injury, type-B and type-C injuries should be considered as unstable injuries that must be surgically treated, regardless of the neurological status of the patient. Conclusions Until further evidence, we provided an easy algorithm-based guide on the spinal trauma literature to help surgeons in the decision-making process for the treatment of TL spine injuries classified according to the new AOSTSIC system.


Subject(s)
Spinal Injuries/classification , Thoracic Injuries/classification , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries
15.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(2): 119-124, jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1125548

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La acrobacia en tela es una práctica circense con muchos adeptos en la población urbana. Consiste en sostenerse en altura tomado por dos extremos de tela, para realizar posturas fijas y cambiar entre ellas mediante deslizamiento y caídas. La práctica profesional no está libre de lesiones. Objetivo: Conocer la naturaleza de la lesión, reconocer los factores predisponentes de lesión y las medidas de prevención utilizadas, evaluar la cinemática, clasificar la lesión y analizar el tratamiento. Materiales y Métodos: Se incluyeron seis pacientes. Se evaluaron la estructura física personal, la cinemática de la caída, los sistemas de protección, la clasificación de las fracturas según la nueva clasificación AO, el cuadro neurológico, el tratamiento y las complicaciones. Resultados: La muestra incluyó a 6 mujeres, con un promedio de edad de 24 años y un índice de masa corporal de 19,29. Caída de 3,08 m de altura, cuatro con colchoneta <5 cm. Las lesiones principales fueron: 6 A1, 4 B2 y 1C. No se observaron déficits neurológicos. Cuatro pacientes fueron sometidas a cirugía. Conclusiones: La práctica de acrobacia en tela es una actividad circense de reciente aparición global. Las mujeres están más expuestas a las lesiones. El entrenamiento riguroso y el empleo de elementos de seguridad son necesarios para evitar las lesiones. No se observó un patrón único de lesión, la causa fue multifactorial. El tratamiento indicado depende de la lesión vertebral. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Aerial silk is a circus practice that has become very popular in urban populations. It involves hanging from two pieces of fabric in order to make fixed positions and change between them by sliding and dropping from different heights. The professional practice is not free of injuries. Objective: To learn the nature of the injury, to recognize the injury predisposing factors and the safety measures used, to study the kinematics, to classify the injury, and to analyze the treatment. Materials and Methods: Six patients were included. The evaluation included individual body structure, drop kinematics, safety measures, classification of fractures according to the new AO classification, neurological symptoms, treatment, and complications. Results: The study included six female patients, averaging 24 years, a body mass index of 19.29 and a fall from 3.08m, 4 of which included mattress <5cm. The main injuries classification resulted in 6 A1, 4 B2 and 1 C. No neurological deficit was found. Four patients underwent surgical treatment. Conclusions: Aerial silk is a circus activity that has recently become a worldwide practice. Women are more exposed. Rigorous training and the use of safety elements are necessary to avoid injuries. We did not observe a unique pattern of injury, because of its multifactorial cause. The therapeutic decision-making is related to the spinal injury. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Athletic Injuries , Spinal Injuries , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Spinal Fractures , Gymnastics/injuries , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries
16.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(4): 406-419, dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1057065

ABSTRACT

Comunicamos dos casos de fracturas lumbares bajas de tipo estallido con compromiso de la cuarta vértebra lumbar (L4), en pacientes que desarrollan la actividad conocida como "jineteada gaucha", quienes sufrieron una caída de tipo "voleo", en la cual el caballo cae hacia atrás sobre su dorso aprisionando al jinete contra el suelo. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


We discuss two cases of lumbar burst fractures at the fourth lumbar spine vertebra (L4), in patients engaging in a type of horseriding activity known as jineteada gaucha, in which the horse falls on its back, holding the rider against the ground. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Accidental Falls , Spinal Fractures , Horses , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries
17.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(3): 216-223, jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1020336

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las lesiones del saco dural con atrapamiento de la cauda equina entre los fragmentos óseos pueden estar asociadas con fracturas toracolumbares. Objetivo: Realizar un análisis retrospectivo de las variables clínico-radiográficas y el sistema de clasificación AOSpine y la posibilidad de lesión dural asociada en una serie de fracturas toracolumbares por estallido, tratadas en nuestro Centro. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo, observacional de una serie de pacientes con fracturas toracolumbares con compromiso del muro posterior operados en nuestra institución, entre enero de 2012 y diciembre de 2017. Resultados: Se incluyeron 46 pacientes, 16 casos con lesión del saco dural asociada. Las variables porcentaje de ocupación del canal, distancia interpedicular, ángulo del fragmento retropulsado y déficit neurológico asociado mostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas según la comparación en función de la presencia o ausencia de lesión dural (p = 0,046, p = 0,007, p = 0,046 y p = 0,004, respectivamente). Conclusiones: Según nuestros resultados, la lesión dural traumática podría ser contemplada en la planificación del tratamiento de fracturas toracolumbares ante fragmentos voluminosos del muro posterior con ángulo agudo, compromiso severo del canal raquídeo, distancia interpedicular elevada y daño neurológico asociado, tal como se propone en la bibliografía. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Fractures of the thoracolumbar spine can trigger thecal sac injuries due to the impingement of the cauda equina between bone fragments. Objective: To carry out a retrospective analysis of clinical and radiological variables, the AOSpine Classification System and the possibility of secondary thecal sac injury in a series of thoracolumbar burst fractures treated at our center. Materials and Methods: A retrospective, observational study of a series of patients with thoracolumbar fractures with compromise of the posterior vertebral body wall, who underwent surgery at our center between January 2012 and December 2017. Results: Forty-six patients were included, 16 of which had secondary thecal sac injury. The differences in the variables-percentage of spinal canal involvement, interpedicular distance, angle of the retropulsed fragment, neurological deficit and type C fractures-were statistically significant according to the comparison made with the presence or absence of thecal sac injury (p=0.046, p=0.007, p=0.046, p=0.004, p=0,001 respectively). Conclusions: This study suggests that traumatic thecal sac injury could be suspected when managing burst fractures with prominent fragments in the posterior vertebral body wall, acute angle of the retropulsed fragment, severe compression of the spinal canal, wide interpedicular distance, neurological deficit and fracture displacement (fracture type C according to the AOSpine Classification System). Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Spinal Injuries , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Spinal Fractures/classification , Dura Mater/injuries , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries
18.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 8(3): e173, 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1087901

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento de las patologías discales y degenerativas que afectan a las articulaciones interfacetarias de la columna vertebral representan entre ambas más del 95% de los objetivos curativos en esta área del cuerpo, en razón de esto, esta investigación evalúa los efectos de los factores de crecimiento ozonizados en pacientes con diagnóstico de síndrome facetario lumbar, así como también, valorar la intensidad del dolor en el síndrome facetario, determinando el grado de movilidad articular previo y posteriora la infiltración. Métodos: la presente investigación se considera un estudio descriptivo y prospectivo, con un diseño es preexperimental, en pacientes que acudieron a la consulta de terapia del dolor del Hospital Dr. Pedro García Clara, en Ciudad Ojeda, estado Zulia-Venezuela. Los resultados se expresaron como valores absolutos, en porcentajes, media ± desviación estándar (M±DE), analizando las diferencias de los resultados mediante la prueba "t" de Student, cuando fueron aplicables, tomando un valor de p<0.05. Resultados: se evidencia, que los factores de crecimiento ozonizados infiltrados en los pacientes con diagnóstico de síndrome facetario lumbar, tienen efectos clínicos significativos, en cuanto a la disminución de la intensidad del dolor y el aumento del grado de movilidad articular. Conclusiones: el uso del plasma rico ozonizado es una técnica efectiva para disminuir la intensidad del dolor cuando es utilizado en el síndrome facetario ya que permite una aumento significativo de los grados de movilidad articulares de la columna lumbar (flexión, extensión e inclinación. Es una técnica sencilla, eficaz, económica y con efectos adversos mínimos(AU)


The treatment of the disc and degenerative pathologies that affect the interfaceative joints of the spine represent between them more than 95% of the healing objectives in this area of the body, because of this, this research evaluates the effects of the growth factors Ozonized in patients with a diagnosis of lumbar facet syndrome, as well as assessing the intensity of pain in facet syndrome, determining the degree of joint mobility before and after infiltration. Methods: the present investigation is considered a descriptive and prospective study, with a pre-experimental design, in patients who attended the pain therapy consultation of the Dr. Pedro García Clara Hospital, in Ciudad Ojeda, Zulia-Venezuela state. thee results were expressed as absolute values, in percentages, mean ± standard deviation (M ± SD), analyzing the differences of the results by means of the Student "t" test, whenapplicable, taking a value of p <0.05. Results: it is evidenced that infiltrated ozonized growth factors in patients with a diagnosis of lumbar facet syndrome, have significant clinical effects, in terms of the decrease in pain intensity and the increase in the degree of joint mobility. Conclusions: the use of ozonated rich plasma is an effective technique to reduce the intensity of pain when used in facet syndrome because it allows a significant increase in the degrees of joint mobility of the lumbar spine (flexion, extension and tilt.) It is a simple, effective technique, economic and with minimal adverse effects(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Low Back Pain/pathology , Low Back Pain/drug therapy , Chronic Pain/therapy , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Infiltration-Percolation/adverse effects , Prospective Studies
19.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(12): 2278-2283, dez. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-976432

ABSTRACT

Changes in the spine of dogs are usually detected in clinical and in surgical practice. Few studies exist on musculoskeletal ultrasound anatomy of the thoracolumbar and lumbar segments of the normal spine of dogs. This study aimed to compare the normal musculoskeletal ultrasound anatomy of the T10-S1 vertebral segments with images obtained with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), and anatomical structures, and to establish the ability to identify structures using these modalities. Ultrasound scans allowed visualization of the muscles of the region, articular processes, spinous process, interspinous ligament, and yellow ligament in the lumbosacral window. Computed tomography images provided better bone details, compared to ultrasound images. Low-field MRI allowed the identification of the same structures identified with ultrasound imaging, and allowed the identification of cerebrospinal fluid, transverse processes, and provided improved detail of the intervertebral discs and spinal cord. Knowledge of ultrasound anatomy of the region may allow the the identification of muscle and ligament injuries. Thus, in cities where CT and MRI are inaccessible, ultrasonography of the region could be a good alternative to identify possible changes not observable with radiographic examination or to complement radiographic examination.(AU)


Alterações na coluna vertebral de cães são comumente encontradas na rotina clínica e cirúrgica veterinária. Existem poucos estudos sobre a anatomia ultrassonográfica musculoesquelética do segmento toracolombar e lombar da coluna vertebral normal de cães. O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar a anatomia ultrassonográfica musculoesquelética normal dos segmentos vertebrais T10-S1 com imagens obtidas pela ressonância magnética, tomografia computadorizada e peças anatômicas visando demonstrar a sua capacidade de identificação de estruturas. A varredura ultrassonográfica permitiu a visibilização da musculatura da região, processos articulares, processos espinhosos, ligamentos interespinhosos e ligamento amarelo na janela lombossacra. A tomografia computadorizada forneceu imagens com melhor detalhamento ósseo quando comparada ao exame ultrassonográfico. A ressonância magnética de baixo campo permitiu a identificação das mesmas estruturas que o exame ultrassonográfico acrescido da identificação do líquido cerebroespinal, processos transversos e melhor detalhamento dos discos intervertebrais e medula espinhal. Com o conhecimento da anatomia ultrassonográfica da região, acredita-se que lesões musculares e ligamentares possam ser identificadas. Vale salientar que em cidades onde a tomografia computadorizada e a ressonância magnética não estejam acessíveis a ultrassonografia da região pode ser uma boa alternativa para identificar possíveis alterações não visibilizadas ao exame radiográfico, ou complementá-lo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Bone and Bones/anatomy & histology , Ultrasonography/veterinary , Dogs/anatomy & histology , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Muscles/anatomy & histology , Lumbar Vertebrae/abnormalities
20.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 37(4): 304-308, 15/12/2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362636

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of the present study was to evaluate the outcome of short segment instrumentation in patients affected by burst thoracolumbar fractures. Methods A total of 19 patients with unstable burst fractures of the thoracolumbar spine were eligible for short segment instrumentation. Their functional outcome (by using the Oswestry and Denis scales) and back pain (using the visual analog scale) were evaluated after 12 months. Results Themean age of the patients was 30.7 years old, andmost of them weremale (n » 15). The mean hospital stay was 4.6 days. The mean standard deviation (SD) of the pain score according to the visual analog scale was 1.63 1.25 after 12 months of surgery, and there were no patients classified with grades 4 or 5 on the Denis work scale. The average Oswestry disability index (ODI) was 17% during the follow-ups. Conclusions The outcome of the studied patients, including the clinical pain and the functional outcome of postsurgical patients, suggested that the short-segment instrumentation could be an appropriate method for patients with unstable thoracolumbar junction fractures. However, a long-term follow-up is recommended.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Pain, Postoperative , Spinal Injuries/surgery , Thoracic Injuries/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/rehabilitation , Functional Status , Pain Measurement/statistics & numerical data , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Back Pain , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL