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1.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(5): 742-748, oct. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351045

ABSTRACT

Resumen La enfermedad degenerativa del raquis es la causa más frecuente de lumbalgia y ciática en la población general provocando ausentismo, lo que incrementa el gasto en salud de los distintos subsistemas, así como el gasto del empleador quien deberá suplantar al trabajador. Su incidencia aumenta en personas sometidas a tareas de sobrecarga del raquis, como el caso de obreros de la construcción. La artrodesis instrumentada es una práctica frecuente y con resultados satisfactorios para su resolución. No hemos encon trado publicaciones con datos estadísticos locales sobre este tema. El objetivo fue evaluar el impacto laboral que genera la artrodesis lumbosacra instrumentada en trabajadores de la construcción. Realizamos un estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, comparativo y monocéntrico, entre enero de 2005 y agosto de 2018, de trabajadores de la construcción con artrodesis del segmento lumbosacro por lumbalgia de origen degenerativo con evaluación y seguimiento clínico e imagenológico por un periodo de 18 a 24 meses, utilizando el Índice de Discapacidad de Oswestry (IDO) y la Escala Visual Analógica del Dolor (EVA). Se analizó la muestra en grupos según las funciones al momento del retorno laboral, jubilación o despido. Se evaluaron 139 pacientes (mediana 42 años). El 66.9% de la muestra no tuvo complicaciones postoperatorias y retomó la misma actividad prequirúrgica. Los puntajes de IDO y EVA postquirúrgicos fueron peores en los pacientes despedidos, jubilados y/o recalificados. Los menores de 42 años, sin complicaciones postoperatorias que mejoran más de 1 categoría del Oswestry retomaron sus tareas habituales con resultados satisfactorios a mediano y largo plazo.


Abstract Degenerative spinal disease is the leading cause of low back pain and sciatica in the general population. It is an important cause of absenteeism and increased expenses. Its incidence increases in people subjected to tasks that overload the spine, such as construction workers. Instrumented arthrodesis is a frequent practice with satisfactory results for its resolution. To date, in our country, we haven´t found statistical data on this group of work-related patients. Our objective was to evaluate laboral impact generated by instrumented lumbosacral arthrodesis in construction workers. We did a retrospective, descriptive, comparative and monocentric study. Construction workers' patients with degenerative low back pain and instrumented lumbar or lumbosacral arthrodesis who were operated between January 2005 to August 2018 were included. Clinical and imaging evaluation and follow-up for a period of 18 to 24 months. Assessed with the Oswestry Disability Index (IDO) and the Visual Analog Pain Scale (VAS). The sample was analyzed in groups according to the functions at the time of returning to work, retirement or dismissal. We evaluated 139 patients. Mean age 42 years, degenerative spinal disease of the lumbosacral segment, 66.9% of the sample without postoperative complications resumed the same pre-surgical activity. Post-surgical IDO and VAS scores were worse in patients discharged, retired, and/or requalified. Patients under 42 years of age, without postoperative complications who improved more than 1 Oswestry category, returned to their usual tasks with satisfactory results in the medium and long term.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Spinal Fusion , Return to Work , Retrospective Studies , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879462

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore diagnosis and surgical treatment of symptomatic lumbar spinal epidural lipoplasia.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 19 patients with symptomatic lumbar spinal epidural hyperplasia treated with hemilaminectomy and interbody fusion and internal fixation from February 2012 to November 2018 were performed, including 7 males and 12 females, aged from 48 to 72 years old with an average of (57.6±1.2) years old;the course of disease ranged from 6 to 60 months with an average of (18.6±5.1) months;plane requiring decompression:L@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 37 months with an average of (16.3±3.8) months. Ninteen patients were successfully completed operation, and all adipose tissues in the compressed segment of the spinal canal were removed. Operation time was from 125 to 260 min with an average of (186± 15) min, and blood bleeding was from 150 to 500 ml with an average of (280±46) ml. Two patients occurred partial incision fat liquefaction and exudate did not heal, the incision was opened to remove effusion, the dressing was changed and anti-inflammatory treatments were performed. No complications such as cauda equina injury, cerebrospinal fluid leakage, and broken nails occurred. Preopertaive VAS of back pain and leg pain were 5.3±0.7 and 6.8±0.8, respectively, while 2.1±0.4 and 2.3±0.5 respectively at 6 months after opertaion, there were statisticalsignificant difference between 6 months after operation and before operation (@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with symptomatic lumbar spinal epidural lipoplasia undergo hemilaminectomy and internal fixation of compression segment could relieve compression of dura mater and cauda equina, and achieve good clinical results.


Subject(s)
Back Pain , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879454

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effects of different postoperative rehabilitation modes on lumbar degenerative diseases, and explore influence of rehabilitation mode and other factors on postoperative effect.@*METHODS@#From June 2013 to July 2016, totally 900 patients were admitted from nine tertiary hospitals in Beijing to perform single segment bone grafting and internal fixation due to lumbar degenerative diseases were prospectively analyzed. There were 428 males and 472 females, the age of patient over 18 years old, with an average of (51.42±12.41) years old;according to patients' subjective wishes and actual residence conditions, all patients were divided into three groups, named as observation group 1 (performed integrated rehabilitation approach and orthopedic treatment model intervention), observation group 2 (performed integrated rehabilitation approach and orthopedic treatment, classified rehabilitation model intervention), and control group(performed routine rehabilitation model intervention). Visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) were used to evaluate postoperative efficacy among three groups at 24 weeks. Possible factors affecting the postoperative efficacy including age, age grouping, gender, body mass index (BMI), BMI grouping, education level, visiting hospital, payment method of medical expenses, preoperative complications, preoperative JOA score, clinical diagnosis, surgery section, operative method, intraoperative bleeding volume, postoperative complications and rehabilitation mode were listed as independent variables, and postoperative ODI score at 24 weeks as dependent variables. Univariate analysis was used to analyze relationship between influencing factors and postoperative efficacy. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze relationship between influencing factors, rehabilitation mode and postoperative ODI score at 24 weeks, in further to find out the main reasons which affect postoperative efficacy, and to analyze impact of rehabilitation mode on postoperative efficacy.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 24 weeks after operation. All incisions healed at stage I with stable internal fixation. (1)Evaluation of postoperative efficacy:① There were no statistical differences in preoperative VAS and ODI among three groups(@*CONCLUSION@#Preoperative JOA score, gender, age could predict postoperative clinical effects of lumbar degenerative diseases in varying degrees treated with single level bone graft fusion and internal fixation. Different rehabilitation modes could improve clinical effects. Intergrated rehabilitation orthopedic treatment model and integrated rehabilitation approach and orthopedic treatment with classifiedrehabilitation model are superior to conventional rehabilitation model in improving patients' postoperative function and relieving pain, which is worthy of promoting in clinical.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Infant , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbosacral Region , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879442

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the diagnosis, treatment, cause and prevention of nerve compression by bone fragment after lumbar spine surgery.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 23 patients with nerve compression by bone fragment after lumbar spine surgery from February 2012 to March 2019 were collected retrospectively, including 9 males and 14 females, aged 42 to 81 years with an average of (62.60±5.70) years. The surgical methods included lumbar interbody fusion in 20 cases and spinal endoscopy in 3 cases. All 23 patients experienced radiating pain on the decompression side or the contralateral limb after operation. The time of occurrence was from immediately after operation to 2 weeks after operation, with an average of (3.2±1.7) days. All patients underwent postoperative examination of lumbar spine CT or MRI to confirm residual ectopic bone fragments, and at the same time, bilateral lower extremity color Doppler ultrasound excluded thrombosis. Sources of ectopic bone fragments:14 cases of residual bone fragments caused by intervertebral fusion bone graft loss or fenestration fusion, 6 cases of fractured upper articular process head, and 3 cases of upper articular process bone remaining during spinal endoscopic surgery.@*RESULTS@#The patient's hospital stay was 10 to 37 (23.4±6.2) days. All patients were followed up for 6 to 25 (13.6±3.4) months. Three patients underwent posterior open nerve root exploration for removing bone fragments on the same day or the second day after surgery, and the symptoms were relieved. Twenty patients underwent conservative treatment firstly, and 13 patients were discharged after pain relieved by conservative treatment, 7 patients failed conservative treatment, the 2 cases of failed 7 cases had undergone nerve root block surgery during conservative treatment. Two patients underwent spinal endoscopy nerve root exploration and bone mass removal, and five patients underwent posterior open nerve root exploration and bone fragmentation removal. All postoperative pain symptoms were relieved. Preoperative CT, MRI and intraoperative bone fragment removal confirmed the shape and location of the bone fragments. The most likely source of bone fragments was the loss of intervertebral fusion bone grafts or residual bone fragments resulting from fenestration fusion (14 cases), fractured upper articular process head (6 cases), and upper articular process bones remaining in endoscopic surgery (3 cases). According to the Macnab criteria in evaluating clinical outcome, 20 cases got excellent results and 3 good.@*CONCLUSION@#After the lumbar spine surgery, the nerve compression by bone fragments is treated with appropriate treatments, and good clinical results can be obtained. Timely removal of residual bone fragments during operation and careful exploration of nerve roots before closing incision can avoid such complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Decompression, Surgical , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879441

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of the simple nucleus pulposus removal and small incision interlaminar window in the treatment of prolapsed and displaced lumbar disc herniation.@*METHODS@#From February 2016 to February 2018, 35 patients with single-segment prolapse and displaced lumbar disc herniation were treated by the simple nucleus pulposus removal and small incision interlaminar window under general anesthesia. Among them, there were 21 males and 14 females;aged (42±17) years;27 cases of L@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successful and the operation time was 30 to 60 min with an average of 40 min, the intraoperative blood loss was 10 to 30 ml with an average of 20 ml. All the patients were followed up for 1 to 3 years with an average of 1.2 years. Thirty-five patients with low back pain and lower limb symptoms were significantly relieved or disappeared. According to modified Macnab standard, 29 cases obtained excellent results, 5 good, and 1 fair.@*CONCLUSION@#Applying the concept of minimally invasive operation, small incision interlaminar window and simple nucleus pulposus removal for the treatment of prolapsed and displaced lumbar disc herniation has the advantages of short operation time, definite curative effect, and less trauma. And it is a safe and effective surgical method under the premise of strict control of the indications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Nucleus Pulposus , Prolapse , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879439

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of modified interlaminar approach for the treatment of single-segment lumbar spinal stenosis.@*METHODS@#From February 2015 to August 2017, 80 patients with single-segment lumbar spinal stenosis planned to undergo endoscopic surgery were selected, including 38 males and 42 females;aged 33 to 69 (47.6±9.5) years old. Using random number table method, the patients were divided into study group and traditional group, 40 cases in each group, and underwent surgical treatment through modified translaminar approach and traditional approach respectively. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and hospital stay were recorded;visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) before and after operation were compared between two groups;spinal canal arca, spinal canal diameter, disc yellow space and surgical complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#All 80 patients were followed up for at least 3 months. Two patients had incision infection, both of them were in traditional group;there was no significant difference in operation time between two groups(@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the traditional approach, the modified interlaminar approach has advantages of less trauma, faster recovery and better postoperative spinal space recovery in the treatment of single-segment lumbar spinal stenosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879435

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the dynamic changes of lumbosacral sagittal parameters after real-time three-dimensional navigation assisted minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) and traditional open TLIF for treatment of lumbar degenerative disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 61 patients with lumbar degenerative disease underwent single-segment surgery from September 2017 to September 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 31 cases underwent MIS-TLIF with 3D navigation techniques (MIS-TLIF group) and another 30 cases underwent conventional open TLIF (traditional open TLIF group). The basic information, operative time and intraoperative blood loss were collected. The sagittal radiologic parameters were measured before surgery and 3 months after surgery, including lumbar lordosis (LL), segmental lordosis (SL), pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), sacral slope (SS), anterior disc height (ADH), posterior disc height(PDH).And the average disc height(DH) and pelvic incidence to lumbar lordosis mismatch (PI-LL) were calculated.@*RESULTS@#Operative time and intraoperative blood loss in MIS-TLIF group were significantly less than in traditional open TLIF group(@*CONCLUSION@#Real-time navigation-assisted MIS-TLIF and traditional open TLIF can recover DH in a short term for lumbar degenerative diseases, improve LL and PI-LL, and make the arrangement of the sagittal plane of the lumbosacral region more coordinated after surgery. But only the navigation assisted MIS -TLIF can significantly improve SL. Compared with traditional open TLIF, real-time navigation assisted MIS-TLIF in the treatment of degenerative lumbar diseases has the advantages of short operation time and less intraoperative bleeding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbosacral Region , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879434

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical value and safety of unilateral pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation and interbody fusion by muscle-splitting approach treatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 51 patients with recurrent lumbar disc herniation treated from June 2012 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 32 males and 19 females, aged 34 to 64 years with an average of (51.11± 7.28) years. Lesions invoved L@*RESULTS@#There was no statistical difference in operation time between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Muscle-splitting approach is feasible for thetreatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation with pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation and interbody fusion. Compared with the median incision approach, the muscle-splitting approach has the advantages of small incision, less trauma, less bleeding, rapid recovery. Also it can protect multifidus and do not increase the incidence of serious complications. Thus, it can be used as a choice for fixation and fusion of recurrent lumbar disc herniation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Muscles , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879433

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the advantages of self made minimally invasive hook assisted transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) via modified bilateral Wiltse approach in the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 140 patients underwent lumbar spine fusion surgery from October 2016 to October 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 72 cases were treated by self-made minimally invasive hook-assisted TLIF via modified bilateral Wiltse approach (group A), there were 37 males and 35 females, aged (48±16) years old;68 cases were treated by TLIF via traditional posterior median approach (group B ), there were 38 males and 30 females, aged (45±15) years old. The surgical incision size, operation time, intraoperative blood loss volume, postoperative drainage volume, postoperative wound healing, and intervertebral fusion rate at the final follow-up were recorded between two groups. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were used to assess the clinical efficacy.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for 3 to 13 (8±5) months. The wound in group A healed well after operation, and 1 case in group B occurred wound necrosis after operation, and healed after debridement and suture. There were no significant differences in operation time and postoperative fusion rate between two surgical methods (@*CONCLUSION@#The self made minimally invasive hook assistedTLIF via modified bilateral Wiltse approach has the characteristics of minimally invasive, less intraoperative blood loss, less postoperative drainage, fewer complications, and more stable fusion in the treatment of lumbar degenerative desease.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879424

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of transforaminal endoscopy combined with interspinous fusion in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis with instability in the elderly.@*METHODS@#From February 2018 to February 2019, 82 elderly patients with lumbar spinal stenosis and instability were divided into control group and observation group. In the control group, there were 23 males and 18 females;the age was (68.9±4.1) years;the course of disease was (14.1±5.7) months;there were 5 cases of single segment lesions and 36 cases of multi segment lesions;simple bacfuse interspinous fusion was used. In the observation group, there were 22 males and 19 females;the age was (69.1±4.0) years;the course of diseasewas (14.4±5.5) months;there were 6 cases of single segment lesions and 35 cases of multi segment lesions;they were treated with transforaminal endoscopic surgery combined with Bacfuse interspinous fusion. The clinical efficacy, visual analogue scale (VAS), Japanese Orthopaedic Association scores (JOA), Oswestry disability index (ODI), Lehmann lumbar function score, posterior disc height and intervertebral foramen height, complication rate and recurrence rate of the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The clinical efficacy of the observation group was better than that of the control group;the VAS score of the observation group was lower than that of the control group, the JOA score was higher than that of the control group, and the ODI index at 3 months after operation and at the last follow-up was lower than that of the control group, the Lehmann lumbar function score was higher than that of the control group;the posterior edge height of intervertebral disc and intervertebral foramen height were higher than those of the controlgroup;the incidence of complications and recurrence rate (4.9% and 0.0%) of the observation group were lower than those of the control group (19.5%, 9.8%), the difference was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical effect of transforaminal endoscopy combined with interspinous process fusion in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis with instability in the elderly is ideal. It can reduce postoperative pain, improve lumbar function, improve the height of posterior edge of intervertebral disc and intervertebral foramen, and reduce the incidence and recurrence rate. It is worthy of clinical promotion.


Subject(s)
Aged , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879420

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy and superiority of direct lateral interbody fusion combined with posterior percutaneous screw fixation in the treatment of lumbar tuberculosis.@*METHODS@#From June 2013 to August 2016, the clinical data of 83 patients with lumbar tuberculosis were retrospectively analyzed, including 55 males and 28 females, aged from 27 to 72 (49.5±13.5) years. These 83 patients were divided into two groups according to different operation methods, 35 cases in group A were treated with direct lateral interbody fusion combined with posterior percutaneous screw fixation;48 cases in group B were treated with anterior traditional extraperitoneal debridement combined with posterior internal fixation. After operation, regular quadruple antituberculosis drugs were continued for 18 months. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, bone graft fusion time and complications were compared between the two groups. Visual analogue score (VAS) of lumbar pain, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), sagittal Cobb angle, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein(CRP) values before and after operation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The operation was successfully completed in both groups, and the operation mode was not changed during operation. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and hospital stay were (149.4±13.3) min, (354.3±69.0) ml, (9.4±1.6) d in group A and(116.8±10.0) min, (721.9±172.3) ml, (11.8±1.7) d in group B, respectively, with significant difference between the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The two kinds of operation can obtain satisfactory clinical effect. Direct lateral interbody fusion combined with posterior percutaneous screw fixation can reduce intraoperative blood loss and hospital stay, which is conducive to early rehabilitation of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Transplantation , Debridement , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Thoracic Vertebrae , Treatment Outcome , Tuberculosis, Spinal/surgery
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879407

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical outcomes of hydraulic perfusion pump and traditional water fhushing in percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to December 2018, 72 patients with lumbar disc herniation failed to conservative treatment were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided into hydraulic perfusion pump group and traditional water flushing group, 36 cases in each group. There were no significant differences in gender, age, prominent segment, clinical classification, preoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association(JOA) score between two groups (@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for 12 to 24 (15.7±5.1) months. Compared with the traditional water flushing group, the operation time of the hydraulic perfusion pump group was shorter [(65.5±21.3) min vs (74.8±19.9) min, @*CONCLUSION@#Both hydraulic perfusion pump and traditional water flushing assisted percutaneous endoscopic lumbar disc herniation can achieve satisfactory clinical results, but the former has shorter operation time, clearer intraoperative vision, less bleeding, and fewer intraoperative and postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Diskectomy , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Endoscopy , Humans , Infusion Pumps , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Water
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879405

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effecty of Wiltse approach combined with contralateral transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and traditional TLIF in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation and its affect on injury of multifidus muscle.@*METHODS@#From June 2014 to September 2017, 90 patients with lumbar disc herniation combined with lumbar spine instability were divided into two groups (Wiltse approach group and traditional group) depend on the procedure of operation. Wiltse approach group was treated with Wiltse approach screw placement in one side combined with contralateral TLIF. There were 50 patients in Wiltse approach group, including 36 males and 14 females, aged 45 to 72 yearswith an average of (60.4± 3.1) years. The traditional group was treated with traditional TLIF operation. There were 40 patients in the traditional group, including 25 males and 15 females, aged 45 to 74 years with an average of (62.1±3.4) years. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, accuracy of screw implantation, postoperative drainage volume and drainage tube removal time were recorded in two groups. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)were observed before and 12 months after operation. All patients underwent CT examination preoperative and 12 months postoperative, and the CT values of bilateral multifidus muscle were measured.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up, 40 patients in traditional group were 12 to 18 months with an average of (15.3±4.3) months; and 50 patients in Wiltse approach group were 13 to 24 months with an average of (16.5± 4.1) months. There were no statistically significant differences in operative time and intraoperative blood loss between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with traditional surgical procedures, the Wiltse approach nail placement combined with contralateral TLIF has the advantage of accurate nail placement, reducing multifidus muscle damage, and reducing the incidence of postoperative intractable low back pain.


Subject(s)
Aged , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879403

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the biomechanical affect of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy(PTED) on adjacent segments with different degrees of degeneration and related risk of adjacent segment diseases (ASD) caused by this operation.@*METHODS@#A healthy male adult volunteer was selected, and the lumbosacral vertebra image data was obtained by CT scan, and the external contour of the bone structure was reconstructed. On this basis, the external contour of the bone structure was fitted by using the smooth curve in 3D-CAD software, and the complete three-dimensional finite element modelof the non degenerate L@*RESULTS@#In the finite element model without adjacent segmental disc degeneration, the annulus fibrosus von Mises stress and intradiscal pressure of the PTED model showed only a slight increase under most stress conditions, and a slight decrease in a few conditions, and there was no significant change trend before and after surgery. In the original degenerated adjacent segment disc model, the biomechanical indicators related to disc degeneration in the pre- and post-PTED model showed significant deterioration, leading to an increased risk of potential adjacent spondylopathy.@*CONCLUSION@#PTED surgery will not lead to the significant deterioration of postoperative biomechanical environment of non-degeneration adjacent intervertebral discs, and the original degeneration of adjacent intervertebral discs is a important risk factor for ASD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biomechanical Phenomena , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Intervertebral Disc/surgery , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Range of Motion, Articular
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879401

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a three-dimensional finite element model of osteoporosis and to study the stiffness recovery of injured vertebrae and stress analysis of adjacent vertebrae after percutaneous vertebroplasty under different perfusion and distribution conditions by simulating fluid flow into the vertebral body.@*METHODS@#A male healthy volunteer was selected. CT scans were performed from T@*RESULTS@#(1) The VonMises stress of T@*CONCLUSION@#Reliable biomechanical model of lumbar vertebral fracture can be established by using CT scanning data through software simulation. Vertebral fracture and vertebroplasty will cause biomechanical changes of adjacent vertebral bodies. With the increase of bone cement injection, the influence of biomechanical changes will increase significantly. Neighbouring vertebral fractures are more likely. For this experiment, percutaneous vertebroplasty has a suitable amount of cement injection of 4 ml.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Cements , Finite Element Analysis , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebroplasty
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879399

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy and advantage of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion under microscope-assisted Zista channel in the treatment of degreeⅠandⅡdegenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 18 patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis treated by microscope-assisted Zista channel MIS-TLIF operation from January 2017 to March 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 10 males and 8 females with an average age of 59 years (48 to 70). The course of spondylolisthesis ranged from 6 months to 5 years with an average of 33 months. The segment of spondylolisthesis was L@*RESULTS@#All the patients completed the operation successfully and were followed up more than 12 months after operation. Operation time was(160.45±34.98) min, intraoperative blood loss was (88.32±21.12) ml, postoperative drainage volume was (50.34 ±18.22)ml, and walking time after operation was (20.65±6.25) h. Preoperative and postoperative at 7 days, 3 months, 12 months, VAS score of low back pain was 7.81±2.16, 4.19±1.17, 2.25±0.62 and 1.53±0.58 respectively, VAS score of leg pain was 8.47± 2.21, 3.45±0.86, 2.31±0.73 and 1.43±0.47, JOA score was 12.01±2.33, 18.56±3.12, 23.54±3.31 and 26.34±2.65. There were significant differences in VAS and JOA scores between preoperative and postoperative (@*CONCLUSION@#MIS-TLIF under microscope-assisted Zista channel has obvious minimally invasive advantages in the treatment of degreeⅠandⅡdegenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis, and it is a safe and effective method.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Spondylolisthesis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879398

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate clinical effect of unilateral approach and bilateral decompression via large channel endoscopic system for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 32 patients with lumbar spinal tenosis treated by unilateral approach and bilateral decompression via large channel endoscopy from February 2018 to February 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 18 males and 14 females, aged 65 to 84 years old with an average of (70.6± 8.4) years. The course of disease was from 1 to 12 years. All 32 cases were accompanied by numbness or pain in the lower limbs, of which 28 cases were accompanied by intermittent claudication. Narrow segments were L@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for 12-24 (17.68±2.43) months and all operations were successfully completed with the operation time of 70-160(85.64±11.94) min. Spinal dural tear occurred in 1 case during the operation, and sensory disturbance in the other side of lower limb in a short period of time occurred in 2 cases, all improved after corresponding treatment. Postoperative imaging showed that the spinal canal was significantly enlarged and the nerve root was fully released. Before operation and 3 days, 3 months, 1 year after operation, VAS scores of low back pain were 4.62 ±1.41, 2.73 ±1.35, 1.21 ±1.17, 1.11 ±0.34, respectively;VAS scores of leg pain were 6.83 ± 1.71, 3.10±1.50, 1.08±0.19, 0.89±0.24, respectively. VAS scores of low back pain and leg pain each time point after operation were obvious improved (@*CONCLUSION@#It is a safe and effective way to treat lumbar spinal stenosis with unilateral approach and bilateral decompression via large channel endoscopic system. It has the advantages of sufficient decompression, less trauma, fast recovery, high safety and low incidence of postoperative complications. It can minimize the damage to the stable structure of the lumbar spine and is an ideal minimally invasive operation for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Decompression, Surgical , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888354

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The finite element analysis method was used to compare the biomechanical performance of the individualized interbody fusion cage, the clinically common double bullet type fusion cage and the healthy lumbar spine model under different working conditions.@*METHODS@#According to the CT scan data of the lumbar spine of a real healthy human body, a finite element model of the lumbar spine of a healthy human body was designed using finite element software as a normal control group. On this basis, the individualized lumbar fusion cage model and the clinical standard bullet type fusion cage lumbar spine model were further established. These three finite element models were applied with different loads such as vertical compression, forward flexion, extension, and lateral bending to observethe changes in the stress distribution and stress magnitude of each component of the lumbar spine.@*RESULTS@#The maximum stress values of the vertebral body and the fusion cage under the extension condition in the clinical standard bullet type fusion cage lumbar spine model were 45.81 MPa and 97.07 MPa, respectively. The stress of the vertebral body and the fusion cage in the individualized lumbar fusion cage model was closer to the stress of the vertebral body and the intervertebral disc in the healthy lumbar spine model. From the perspective of displacement, the displacement of each component of the lumbar spine models of the two fusion cages was smaller than that of the healthy lumbar spine model, indicated that the internal fixation of the fusion cage limited the range of motion of the vertebral body. On the other hand, it also confirmed the validity of the finite element model established in the study. The displacement of the fusion cage and the vertebral body in the individualized model under different working conditions was generally smaller thanthat of the standard model fusion cage and the vertebral body.@*CONCLUSION@#The fusion cage can replace the diseased intervertebral disc to a certain extent, so as to reduce the patient's pain and restore the lumbar function. The personalized design of the fusion cage can better meet the needs of individual patients, which has the great significance to the recovery of the patient's lumbar spine function, the service life of the fusion cage and the protection of the contact vertebral body, and provides certain guidance for actual clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Equipment Design , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Range of Motion, Articular , Spinal Fusion
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888333

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the correction loss after posterior segmental fixation for lumbar spine fractures and explore the related image factors.@*METHODS@#Posterior short-segment fixation was received in 48 patients with L@*RESULTS@#The average follow-up was 12 to 18 (16.13±5.39) months. LKA, AVH and VWA at 1 week postoperative and those at the final follow up, were significantly improved compared with those preoperative (@*CONCLUSION@#The angle of adjacent intervertebral discs and anterior height of injured vertebrae were lost statistically after posterior short-segment pedicle screw treatment for lumbar fractures, and multivariate analysis showed that all of them were correlated with load-sharing score.


Subject(s)
Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921920

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of degenerative scoliosis on the difficulty and efficacy of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion(MIS-TLIF) in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis.@*METHODS@#From September 2016 to September 2019, 52 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis treated by MIS-TLIF were retrospectively analyzed, including 16 males and 36 females, aged from 42 to 71(63.44±5.96) years old, the course of disease from 1.5 to 6.5 years, with an average of (3.69±1.10) years. All patients had lower extremity root pain or numbness, 41 patients had intermittent claudication. There were 31 cases of L@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 36 months, with an average of (19.58±5.33) months. The operation time and intraoperative bleeding in stenosis group were better than those in scoliosis group (@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with lumbar spinal stenosis undergoing MIS-TLIF, degenerative scoliosis can lead to prolonged operation time and increased bleeding. However, it has no significant effect on therelief of postoperative symptoms, postoperative complications and the recovery of lumbar function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
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