Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 195
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4406-4414, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921516

ABSTRACT

To develop a magnetic nanoparticle chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA) for the determination of type Ⅰ procollagen N-terminal peptide (PINP) in human serum, we expressed a recombinant PINP-α1 protein in Corynebacterium glutamicum and used it as an immunogen to immunize BALB/c mice. We obtained three hybridoma cell lines that stably secret antibody against PINP-α1 protein. After further pairing and screening, we chose a monoclonal antibody 8C12 coupled with biotin as the capture antibody, and a monoclonal antibody 1F11 labeled horseradish peroxidase as the detection antibody. The antibodies combined with the serum samples, forming a sandwich complex which was used to detect the concentration of PINP in serum. After optimizing the conditions, we determined that the best working concentration of the capture antibody and the detection antibody were 3 μg/mL, and the incubation time was 30 minutes. The quantitative assay had a detection range of 5-1 100 ng/mL, with recovery rates between 93%-107% and the minimum detection limit of 1.22 ng/mL achieved. The intra-and inter-assay precisions were lower than 10%. The correlation coefficient of PINP results between this CLIA method and the Roche electrochemiluminescence immunoassay system was 0.906 2. Therefore, this CLIA method is specific and can be used to quantitatively detect the content of PINP in serum, which has the potential to become an auxiliary approach for bone disease examination.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Immunoassay , Luminescence , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Peptide Fragments/isolation & purification , Procollagen/isolation & purification
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1406-1414, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878642

ABSTRACT

The toxin-producing bacterium Vibrio cholerae can cause severe diarrhea and has caused seven global pandemics. Traditional viable cell counts and phage plaques are commonly used to evaluate the efficacy of virulent phage clearance of V. cholerae, but these operations are time-consuming and labor-intensive, and difficult to provide real-time changes. It is desirable to develop a simple and real-time method to monitor V. cholerae during phage lysis. In this study, a luminescence-generating plasmid pBBR-pmdh-luxCDABE was transformed into three O1 serogroup drug-resistant strains of V. cholerae. The results showed that the luminescence value as a monitoring index correlates well with the traditional viable cell count method. Monitoring the number of live cells of V. cholerae by measuring the luminescence allowed real-time analysis of the number of bacteria remaining during phage lysis. This method enables repeated, interference-free, continuous multiple-time-point detection of the same sample without the time delay of re-culture or plaque formation, facilitating real-time monitoring and analysis of the interaction between the phage and the host bacteria.


Subject(s)
Bacteriophages/genetics , Luminescence , Plasmids , Vibrio cholerae
3.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 47: 36-42, sept. 2020. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253018

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: For more than a decade, water-soluble, eco-friendly, biocompatible, and low-toxicity fluorescent nanomaterials have received considerable attention for their numerous in vivo and in vitro applications in biomedical imaging, disease diagnostics, and environmental monitoring. Owing to their tunable photoluminescence properties, carbon-based luminescent nanomaterials have shown great potential in bioimaging, photocatalysis, and biosensing among other applications. RESULTS: Marine environments provide excellent resources for the fabrication of these nanomaterials, because many marine organisms contain interesting trigger organic compounds that can be used as precursors. Herein, we synthesize multi-color emissive carbon dots (CDs) with an intrinsic photoluminescence quantum yield of 20.46%. These nanostructures were achieved through the one-step hydrothermal treatment of marine polysaccharide chondroitin sulfate, obtained from shark cartilage, in aqueous solution. CONCLUSIONS: We successfully demonstrate the low toxicity of our marine resource-derived CDs in zebrafish, and provide an initial assessment of their possible use as a bioimaging agent. Notably, the newly synthesized CDs localize in the intestines of zebrafish larvae, thereby indicating their biocompatibility and potential use as in vivo dyes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Polysaccharides/chemistry , Sharks , Carbon/chemistry , Quantum Dots/chemistry , Zebrafish , Carbon/toxicity , Cartilage , Quantum Dots/toxicity , Luminescence , Nanostructures , Coloring Agents/toxicity , Coloring Agents/chemistry
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(1): 290-294, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1088932

ABSTRACT

The objective of the present study was to analyze the serum levels of the tumor marker Ca15.3 in healthy bitches and those with mammary neoplasms, correlating results with tumor type, clinical staging, time until presentation, and presence of ulceration and vascularization. For the study, 30 bitches with mammary tumors and 30 healthy bitches (control group) were selected. Histopathology was performed for identification of tumor type, and blood was collected for measurement of serum concentration of the marker via the chemiluminescence method using a commercial kit. A higher frequency of malignant neoplasms was observed (76.7%), with a higher quantity of carcinoma in mixed tumor (26.7%). Regarding serum concentration of the marker Ca15.3, there was no difference in serum values when comparing the means from bitches with neoplasia and healthy bitches, nor when comparing the other characteristics. The majority of results for serum concentration of Ca15.3, whether in bitches with neoplasia or in healthy bitches, was zero. It is concluded that the measurement of the marker Ca15.3 using the chemiluminescence method and commercial kits for humans did not offer significant results that would make this method or this marker a useful tool for patient monitoring and evaluation of the prognosis of bitches with mammary neoplasms.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal , Mucin-1/administration & dosage , Luminescence , Electrochemotherapy/veterinary
5.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 79(4): 271-275, ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040520

ABSTRACT

Existe mucha controversia sobre los beneficios de la medición de la calcitonina sérica (CT) durante la evaluación inicial de pacientes con nódulos tiroideos. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar la identificación temprana del carcinoma medular de tiroides (CMT) a través de la medición rutinaria de CT sérica en una cohorte de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Se estudiaron consecutivamente a los pacientes con enfermedad nodular de la tiroides (n=1017). La CT se midió por quimioluminiscencia (valor normal: hasta 18 pg/ml en hombres y 12 pg/ml en mujeres). En dos pacientes, la hipercalcitoninemia se confirmó en mediciones repetidas. La aspiración con aguja fina con medición de CT en el líquido obtenido identificó la presencia del CMT. El estudio genético fue positivo en uno (mutación exón 14, Val804Met, CMT familiar). El otro presentó un polimorfismo (heterocigoto exón 13 L769L - heterocigoto exón 15 S904S). En ambos casos, la CT se normalizó 3 meses después de la cirugía y se mantuvo en valores normales después de 6 años de seguimiento. La medición rutinaria de la CT en nódulos tiroideos fue útil para detectar dos casos de CMT, uno de ellos esporádico y el otro familiar en la cohorte seguida. La prevalencia de CMT fue de 0.2%.


There is much controversy about the benefits of the use of serum calcitonin (CT) in the initial evaluation of patients with thyroid nodules. The objective of the study was to early identify medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) through the routine measurement of CT in thyroid nodular pathology in a large cohort of patients from Buenos Aires, Argentina. Consecutive patients with nodular thyroid disease (n=1017) were studied. CT was measured by chemiluminescence, normal value: up to 18 pg/ml in men and 12 pg/ml in women. In two patients, hypercalcitoninemia was confirmed in repeated measurements. Fine needle aspiration with CT measurement in the needle wash fluid identified MTC in nodules with citology abnormalities. The genetic study was positive in one patient (mutation exon 14, Val804Met, MTC familiar). The other presented a polymorphism (exon 13 L769L heterozygous - exon 15 S904S heterozygous). In both cases, CT was normalized 3 months after surgery and remained normal after 6 years of follow-up. The routine measurement of CT in thyroid nodular pathology was useful to detect two cases of MTC, one of them sporadic and the other familiar in this cohort. The prevalence of MTC was 0.2%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Calcitonin/blood , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Thyroid Nodule/pathology , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/diagnosis , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Thyroid Neoplasms/blood , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers/blood , Cohort Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Thyroid Nodule/blood , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/pathology , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/blood , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Early Diagnosis , Luminescence
6.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 28(3): 518-521, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042525

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to report an outbreak of human toxoplasmosis at a research institution in Londrina, Paraná, from December 2015 to February 2016. Blood samples from 26 symptomatic individuals were collected and the microparticle chemiluminescence immunoassay was performed to detect IgM, IgG and specific IgG avidity test in the official laboratory. A total of 20 people with symptoms and serology compatible with acute toxoplasmosis (IgM positive and IgG with low avidity) were selected as cases, while 45 asymptomatic employees working in the same teams and during the same shifts were selected as controls. All the participants of the investigation answered an epidemiological questionnaire. Three samples of water and one sludge from the institution's supply cisterns, 10 soil samples, 11 plant samples, three cat fecal samples and one domestic feline cadaver were collected for analysis of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for T. gondii. After analyzing the epidemiological data, the consumption of vegetables in the restaurant of the institution was the only variable associated with the occurrence of the disease. In laboratory results, all the samples showed negative results to PCR. The rapid recognition of the outbreak, early notification and investigation could have broken the chain of transmission early, thus preventing the emergence of new cases. In addition, the adoption of good food handling practices could have prevented the occurrence of the outbreak.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi relatar um surto de toxoplasmose humana em uma instituição de pesquisa em Londrina, Paraná, no período de dezembro de 2015 a fevereiro de 2016. Amostras de sangue de 26 indivíduos sintomáticos foram coletadas e o imunoensaio de quimioluminescência de micropartículas foi realizado para detectar IgM, IgG e teste de avidez de IgG específica em laboratório oficial. Um total de 20 pessoas com sintomas e sorologia compatíveis com toxoplasmose aguda (IgM positiva e IgG com baixa avidez) foi selecionado como casos, enquanto 45 funcionários assintomáticos que trabalhavam nas mesmas equipes e durante os mesmos turnos foram utilizados como controles. Todos os participantes da investigação responderam a um questionário epidemiológico. Foram coletadas três amostras de água e uma de lodo das cisternas de abastecimento da instituição, 10 de solo, 11 de vegetais, três amostras de fezes de gato e um cadáver de filhote felino doméstico para detecção de T. gondii pela reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR). Após análise dos dados epidemiológicos, o consumo de hortaliças no restaurante da instituição foi a única variável associada à ocorrência da doença. Em resultados laboratoriais, todas as amostras apresentaram resultados negativos a PCR. O rápido reconhecimento do surto, notificação e investigação prematura poderia ter quebrado a cadeia de transmissão, evitando assim o surgimento de novos casos. Além disso, a adoção de boas práticas de manipulação de alimentos poderia ter impedido a ocorrência do surto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Cats , Toxoplasma/immunology , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Immunoglobulin M/blood , Antibodies, Protozoan/blood , Toxoplasmosis/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Brazil/epidemiology , Immunoassay , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors , Luminescence , Middle Aged
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774326

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the performance of the chemiluminescence immune assay (CLIA) and the electro-chemiluminescence immuneoassay(ECLIA) for Treponemapallidum antibody(anti-TP) screening in blood donors.@*METHODS@#The sero-panel samples from NCCL were tested with ELISA, CLIA and ECLIA assays synchronously to evaluate their performances respectively.@*RESULTS@#The sensitivity and the negative predictive value of the CLIA were 100%, which were the same as one kind of ELISA, and better than the other ELISA; The specificity of the CLIA was 88.46%, the accuracy rate was 97.02%, the positive predictive value was 96.13%, which were higher than both ELISA. Due to the significant interference of sample heat inactivation in ECLIA detection, the result can not demonstrate the true performance of ECLIA in this study. The preliminary result was as follows: the sensitivity was 98.93%, the negative predictive value was 96.75%, and the accuracy rate, specificity and positive predictive value of ECLIA were 97.02%, 91.54% and 97.10% respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with ELISA, the CLIA has higher sensitivity and specificity and can be used for Treponemal antibody screening in blood bank. Unfortunately, the data in this study cannot come to a conclusion for ECLIA and needs more testing.


Subject(s)
Blood Donors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Luminescence , Luminescent Measurements , Sensitivity and Specificity
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771918

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the application of blood screening method based on chemiluminescence immunoassay(CLIA)and to evaluate its officacy.@*METHODS@#Screening HBsAg, anti-HCV, anti-HIV and TP was performed on 3,530 voluntary blood donors by ELISA and CLIA, and then all the specimens with ELISA and ELISA/CLIA were further confirmed by NAT; TP single and double positive specimens by ELISA or CLIA were further confirmed by TPPA.@*RESULTS@#The results of CLIA method was well consistent with NAT results, displaying better repeatability and higher sensitivity than ELISA method. For CLIA/ELISA specimens there was a certain false-negative result obtained by ELISA method, especially for blood donors with low virus biter concentration or "window period".@*CONCLUSION@#ELISA and CLIA have complementary advantages in blood screening, which can improve the sensitivity of blood screening, reduce the missed detection and shorten detection time. The introduction of CLIA for blood screening is of great importance for ensuring the quality of blood and the safety of clinical transfusion.


Subject(s)
Blood Donors , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B virus , Luminescence , Luminescent Measurements , Mass Screening
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761880

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We examined the association between thyroid hormone and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS)/benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 5,708 middle aged men were included. LUTS/BPH were assessed using the international prostate symptom score (IPSS), total prostate volume (TPV), maximal flow rate (Qmax), and a full metabolic workup. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4) levels were measured using chemiluminescence immunoassay. We divided participants into quartiles based on their TSH and FT4 levels: first to fourth quartile (Q1–Q4). RESULTS: There was a significant increase in the percentage of men with IPSS>7, Qmax7 were significantly different between FT4 quartile groups (ORs; [5–95 percentile interval], p; TPV≥30 mL, Q1: 0.000 [references]; Q2: 1.140 [0.911–1.361], p=0.291; Q3: 1.260 [1.030–1.541], p=0.025; Q4: 1.367 [1.122–1.665], p=0.002; IPSS>7: Q1: 0.000 [references]; Q2: 0.969 [0.836–1.123], p=0.677; Q3: 1.123 [0.965–1.308], p=0.133; Q4: 1.221 [1.049–1.420], p=0.010). In men with above median levels of testosterone, the FT4 correlated positively with TPV, even after adjusting for confounders. However, the FT4 was not correlated with TPV in men with below median levels of testosterone. TSH was not related to LUTS/BPH measurements. CONCLUSIONS: TPV, IPSS, and Qmax were significantly related to FT4. TPV and IPSS were significantly and independently related to FT4. Additionally, the relationship between FT4 and TPV was distinct when testosterone levels are high.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunoassay , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , Luminescence , Male , Middle Aged , Odds Ratio , Prostate , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Testosterone , Thyroid Gland , Thyrotropin , Thyroxine , Urinary Tract , Urologic Diseases
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786473

ABSTRACT

Targeted alpha therapy (TAT) is an active area of drug development as a highly specific and highly potent therapeutic modality that can be applied to many types of late-stage cancers. In order to properly evaluate its safety and efficacy, understanding biokinetics of alpha-emitting radiopharmaceuticals is essential. Quantitative imaging of alpha-emitting radiopharmaceuticals is often possible via imaging of gammas and positrons produced during complex decay chains of these radionuclides. Analysis of the complex decay chains for alpha-emitting radionuclides (Tb-149, At-211, Bi-212 (decayed from Pb-212), Bi-213, Ra-223, Ac- 225, and Th-227) with relevance to imageable signals is attempted in this mini-review article. Gamma camera imaging, single-photon emission computed tomography, positron emission tomography, bremsstrahlung radiation imaging, Cerenkov luminescence imaging, and Compton cameras are briefly discussed as modalities for imaging alpha-emitting radiopharmaceuticals.


Subject(s)
Electrons , Luminescence , Positron-Emission Tomography , Radioisotopes , Radionuclide Imaging , Radiopharmaceuticals , Tomography, Emission-Computed , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765638

ABSTRACT

Maintaining immunosuppressant concentrations within the therapeutic range in organ recipients requires regular monitoring. The blood concentrations of immunosuppressants are routinely measured using one of several automated immunoassays, such as chemiluminescence immunoassays (CLIAs) and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-TMS). The ARCHITECT i2000 immunoassay analyzer (Abbott Diagnostics, USA) was developed as an automated CLIA analyzer for the measurement of cyclosporin A and tacrolimus in whole blood. Here, the precision and linearity of the ARCHITECT i2000 analyzer for the detection of cyclosporin A and tacrolimus in whole blood were evaluated according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines and were compared with those of an LC-TMS detection method. The total coefficient of variation for the two drugs was less than 10%, and they showed linearity values of 0.97 or more, which was within the manufacturer's range. The measurements of both immunosuppressants by the ARCHITECT i2000 were closely correlated with measurements determined by LC-TMS. However, most measurements were lower with LC-TMS than with the ARCHITECT i2000. Measurement of cyclosporin A and tacrolimus in whole blood using the ARCHITECT i2000 showed very satisfactory performance in terms of precision and linearity as well as good correlation with the comparative method.


Subject(s)
Cyclosporine , Immunoassay , Immunosuppressive Agents , Luminescence , Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Tacrolimus
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765079

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Both hyperuricemia and hyperhomocysteinemia are known as main risk factors of cardiovascular diseases. There has been, however, no report on the relationship between carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and homocysteine (Hcy) in hyperuricemic patients. This study aimed to investigate how hyperuricemia is associated with increased carotid IMT with a focus on hyperhomocysteinemia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1,222 patients who visited the Chung-Ang University Hospital Health Promotion Center from January 2013 to December 2015. The serum Hcy levels were estimated with a competitive immunoassay using the direct chemiluminescence method. The carotid IMT was measured by B-mode carotid ultrasonography. The definition of hyperuricemia was a serum uric acid level > 7.0 mg/dL for men or > 5.6 mg/dL for women, and hyperhomocysteinemia was defined as serum levels > 15 μmol/L. RESULTS: The hyperuricemic patients showed significantly higher serum Hcy levels and lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) than did normouricemic patients (13.39 ± 4.42 vs. 11.69 ± 3.65 μmol/L, P < 0.001; 85.16 ± 19.18 vs. 96.14 ± 16.63, P < 0.001, respectively). Serum Hcy level (odds ratio [OR], 1.050; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.009–1.092) and fasting glucose level (OR, 1.018; 95% CI, 1.011–1.026) were independent risk factors for carotid plaque. In patients with hyperuricemia, the serum Hcy levels correlated with the eGFR (γ = −0.478, P < 0.001). The carotid IMT correlated with serum Hcy levels and eGFR (γ = 0.196, P = 0.008; γ = − 0.297, P < 0.001, respectively) but not with the serum lipid profile. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that renal function impairment in hyperuricemic patients may worsen carotid IMT by increasing serum Hcy levels.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Cross-Sectional Studies , Fasting , Female , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Glucose , Health Promotion , Homocysteine , Humans , Hyperhomocysteinemia , Hyperuricemia , Immunoassay , Luminescence , Male , Methods , Risk Factors , Ultrasonography , Uric Acid
13.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(1): 64-71, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887635

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The present study compares immune and endocrine parameters between HIV-infected patients who underwent the Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS-P) during antiretroviral therapy (ART) and HIV-patients who did not undergo the syndrome (non-IRIS-P). Materials and methods Blood samples were obtained from 31 HIV-infected patients (15 IRIS-P and 16 non-IRIS-P) before ART (BT) and 48 ± 2 weeks after treatment initiation (AT). Plasma Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and Interleukin-18 (IL-18) were determined by ELISA. Cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) and thyroxin concentrations were measured using chemiluminescence immune methods. Results Concentrations of IL-6 (7.9 ± 1.9 pg/mL) and IL-18 (951.5 ± 233.0 pg/mL) were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in IRIS-P than in non-IRIS-P (3.9 ± 1.0 pg/mL and 461.0 ± 84.4 pg/mL, respectively) BT. Mean T4 plasma level significantly decreased in both groups of patients after treatment (p < 0.05). In both groups cortisol levels were similar before and after ART (p > 0.05). Levels of DHEA-S in IRIS-P decreased AT (1080.5 ± 124.2 vs. 782.5 ± 123.8 ng/mL, p < 0.05) and they were significantly lower than in non-IRIS-P (782.5 ± 123.8 vs. 1203.7 ± 144.0 ng/mL, p < 0.05). IRIS-P showed higher values of IL-6 and IL-18 BT and lower levels of DHEA-S AT than in non-IRIS-P. Conclusion These parameters could contribute to differentiate IRIS-P from non-IRIS-P. The significant decrease in DHEA-S levels in IRIS-P after ART might suggest a different adrenal response in these patients, which may reflect the severity of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Biomarkers/blood , HIV Infections/blood , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active/adverse effects , Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome/blood , Thyroxine/blood , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Hydrocortisone/blood , HIV Infections/immunology , HIV Infections/metabolism , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Interleukin-6/blood , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate/blood , Viral Load , Interleukin-18/blood , Luminescence , Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome/immunology , Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome/metabolism
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718775

ABSTRACT

The 2016–2017 surveys on the external quality assessment scheme for serologic tests for syphilis in Korea were conducted by the Korean Association of External Quality Assessment Service. Proficiency testing (PT) panels consisting of three pooled serum samples were shipped to 430 and 432 laboratories participating in the program in the 1st and 2nd trials of 2016 and 465 and 503 laboratories in the 1st and 2nd trials of 2017, respectively. The rates of returning results were 94.2% and 50.2% for non-treponemal and treponemal tests, respectively, in the 1st trial of 2016; 94.7% and 49.5% in the 2nd trial of 2016; 94.2% and 49.5% in the 1st trial of 2017; and 92.8% and 48.7% in the 2nd trial of 2017, respectively. The most commonly used methods for non-treponemal tests were rapid plasma reagin (RPR) card test, followed by RPR turbidoimmunoassay and venereal disease research laboratory tests. The most commonly used methods for treponemal tests were Treponema pallidum particle agglutination, followed by immunochromatographic assay, Treponema pallidum latex agglutination, chemiluminescence immunoassay, and fluorescent treponemal antibody-absorption. The accuracy rates of the 2017 PT for non-treponemal and treponemal tests were 92.5%–99.8% and 93.3%–100.0%, respectively, which were significantly lower compared to the 98.4%–100.0% and 97.0%–100.0% in 2016. A possible explanation for the lower accuracy rates in the 2017 PT survey is the matrix effect caused by pooling multiple individual serum samples. These data suggest that pooling of serum samples obtained from a small number of donors may help avoid the matrix effect affecting standard materials used for syphilis serology PT.


Subject(s)
Agglutination , Humans , Immunoassay , Chromatography, Affinity , Korea , Latex , Luminescence , Plasma , Serologic Tests , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Ships , Syphilis , Tissue Donors , Treponema pallidum
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718561

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Lycopene, a carotenoid with anti-oxidant properties, occurs naturally in tomatoes and pink grapefruit. Although the beneficial effects of lycopene on various disorders have been established, little attention has been paid to the possible anti-diabetic effects of lycopene focusing on β-cells. Therefore, this study investigated the potential of lycopene to protect β-cells against apoptosis induced by a cytokine mixture. METHODS: For toxicity experiments, the cells were treated with 0.1 ~ 10 nM of lycopene, and the cell viability in INS-1 cells (a rat β-cell line) was measured using a MTT assay. To induce cytokine toxicity, the cells were treated with a cytokine mixture (20 ng/mL of TNFα+20 ng/mL of IL-1β) for 24 h, and the effects of lycopene (0.1 nM) on the cytokine toxicity were measured using the MTT assay. The expression levels of the apoptotic proteins were analyzed by Western blotting, and the level of intracellular reactive oxidative stress (ROS) was monitored using a DCFDA fluorescent probe. The intracellular ATP levels were determined using a luminescence kit, and mRNA expression of the genes coding for anti-oxidative stress response and mitochondrial function were analyzed by quantitative reverse-transcriptase PCR. RESULTS: Exposure of INS-1 cells to 0.1 nM of lycopene increased the cell viability significantly, and protected the cells from cytokine-induced death. Lycopene upregulated the mRNA and protein expression of B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and reduced the expression of the Bcl-2 associated X (Bax) protein. Lycopene inhibited apoptotic signaling via a reduction of the ROS, and this effect correlated with the upregulation of anti-oxidative stress response genes, such as GCLC, NQO1, and HO-1. Lycopene increased the mRNA expression of mitochondrial function-related genes and increased the cellular ATP level. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that lycopene reduces the level of oxidative stress and improves the mitochondrial function, contributing to the prevention of cytokine-induced β-cell apoptosis. Therefore, lycopene could potentially serve as a preventive and therapeutic agent for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphate , Animals , Apoptosis , B-Lymphocytes , Blotting, Western , Cell Survival , Citrus paradisi , Clinical Coding , Luminescence , Lycopersicon esculentum , Oxidative Stress , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rats , RNA, Messenger , Up-Regulation
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716910

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the pathophysiological role of superoxide anion and total reactive oxygen species (ROS) production by the spermatozoa of men with varicocele and its relationship with varicocele grade and semen parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 34 men with grade II–III varicocele, regardless of their fertility status. The control group consisted of 13 healthy men. Semen characteristics were examined according to the 2010 World Health Organization criteria. The swim-up method was used for sperm preparation. Total ROS and superoxide anion production was assayed by luminol- and lucigenin-dependent chemiluminescence (CL), respectively. RESULTS: The men with varicocele had significantly higher total ROS and superoxide anion levels than the healthy control subjects (2.9±0.4 relative light unit (RLU) vs. 2.4±0.1 RLU, p=0.001 for luminol-dependent CL and 2.8±0.4 RLU vs. 2.3±0.2 RLU, p=0.002 for lucigenin-dependent CL). Cases of grade III varicocele had significantly higher superoxide anion and total ROS levels than grade II cases and control subjects (p < 0.001). Superoxide anion and total ROS levels were negatively correlated with all semen parameters. CONCLUSIONS: The superoxide anion levels produced by spermatozoa were significantly higher in varicocele patients than in control subjects. ROS production was related to increased varicocele grade, impaired semen concentration, and abnormal morphology in men with varicocele. Our findings suggest that superoxide anion overproduction may be an important step in the cascade of ROS-related damage to spermatozoa, resulting in impaired semen parameters in patients with varicocele.


Subject(s)
Fertility , Humans , Luminescence , Male , Methods , Oxidative Stress , Prospective Studies , Reactive Oxygen Species , Semen , Spermatozoa , Superoxides , Varicocele , World Health Organization
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714781

ABSTRACT

As part of the immunoserology program of the Korean Association of External Quality Assessment Service, we organized two trials on the external quality assessment of hepatitis viral markers in 2016 and 2017. The hepatitis viral antigens and antibodies program consisted of 10 test items. We delivered two and three types of pooled sera specimens to 965 and 965 institutions for the first and second trials of external proficiency testing in 2016, respectively. The number of participating laboratories was 915 (94.8%) and 913 (95.0%) in the first and second trials in 2016, respectively. We also delivered three kinds of pooled sera specimens to 936 and 1,015 institutions for the first and second trials of external proficiency testing in 2017, respectively. The number of participating laboratories was 920 (98.3%) and 996 (98.1%) in the first and second trials in 2017, respectively. The most commonly tested items were hepatitis B surface antigen, followed by the antibodies to hepatitis B surface antigen, anti-hepatitis C virus, hepatitis B envelope antigen, antibodies to hepatitis B envelope antigen, anti-hepatitis A virus and antibodies to hepatitis B core antigen. The most frequently used methods for detecting viral markers were the chemiluminescence immunoassay and the electrochemiluminescence immunoassay, but they yielded a few-false positive results due to the matrix effect. The immunochromatographic assay yielded false-negative results for anti-hepatitis A virus due to low sensitivity. Continuous improvement in the quality of viral hepatitis testing through participation in the survey seems necessary.


Subject(s)
Antibodies , Antigens, Viral , Biomarkers , Hepatitis A , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B Core Antigens , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis C , Hepatitis , Immunoassay , Chromatography, Affinity , Korea , Laboratory Proficiency Testing , Luminescence
18.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 366-375, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714674

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation induced by native low-density lipoprotein (nLDL) stimulation is dependent on superoxide production from activated NADPH oxidase. The present study aimed to investigate whether the novel arginase inhibitor limonin could suppress nLDL-induced VSMC proliferation and to examine related mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Isolated VSMCs from rat aortas were treated with nLDL, and cell proliferation was measured by WST-1 and BrdU assays. NADPH oxidase activation was evaluated by lucigenin-induced chemiluminescence, and phosphorylation of protein kinase C (PKC) βII and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 was determined by western blot analysis. Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation was assessed using MitoSOX-red, and intracellular L-arginine concentrations were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in the presence or absence of limonin. RESULTS: Limonin inhibited arginase I and II activity in the uncompetitive mode, and prevented nLDL-induced VSMC proliferation in a p21Waf1/Cip1-dependent manner without affecting arginase protein levels. Limonin blocked PKCβII phosphorylation, but not ERK1/2 phosphorylation, and translocation of p47phox to the membrane was decreased, as was superoxide production in nLDL-stimulated VSMCs. Moreover, mitochondrial ROS generation was increased by nLDL stimulation and blocked by preincubation with limonin. Mitochondrial ROS production was responsible for the phosphorylation of PKCβII. HPLC analysis showed that arginase inhibition with limonin increases intracellular L-arginine concentrations, but decreases polyamine concentrations. L-Arginine treatment prevented PKCβII phosphorylation without affecting ERK1/2 phosphorylation. CONCLUSION: Increased L-arginine levels following limonin-dependent arginase inhibition prohibited NADPH oxidase activation in a PKCβII-dependent manner, and blocked nLDL-stimulated VSMC proliferation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aorta , Arginase , Arginine , Blotting, Western , Bromodeoxyuridine , Cell Proliferation , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Lipoproteins , Luminescence , Membranes , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , NADP , NADPH Oxidases , Phosphorylation , Phosphotransferases , Protein Kinase C , Rats , Reactive Oxygen Species , Superoxides
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740728

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a multifaceted disorder that afflicts millions of individuals worldwide. IBS is currently diagnosed based on the presence/duration of symptoms and systematic exclusion of other conditions. A more direct manner to identify IBS is needed to reduce healthcare costs and the time required for accurate diagnosis. The overarching objective of this work is to identify gene expression-based biological signatures and biomarkers of IBS. METHODS: Gene transcripts from 24 tissue biopsy samples were hybridized to microarrays for gene expression profiling. A combination of multiple statistical analyses was utilized to narrow the raw microarray data to the top 200 differentially expressed genes between IBS versus control subjects. In addition, quantitative polymerase chain reaction was employed for validation of the DNA microarray data. Gene ontology/pathway enrichment analysis was performed to investigate gene expression patterns in biochemical pathways. Finally, since vitamin D has been shown to modulate serotonin production in some models, the relationship between serum vitamin D and IBS was investigated via 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) chemiluminescence immunoassay. RESULTS: A total of 858 genetic features were identified with differential expression levels between IBS and asymptomatic populations. Gene ontology enrichment analysis revealed the serotonergic pathway as most prevalent among the differentially expressed genes. Further analysis via real-time polymerase chain reaction suggested that IBS patient-derived RNA exhibited lower levels of tryptophan hydroxylase-1 expression, the enzyme that catalyzes the rate-limiting step in serotonin biosynthesis. Finally, mean values for 25(OH)D were lower in IBS patients relative to non-IBS controls. CONCLUSIONS: Values for serum 25(OH)D concentrations exhibited a trend towards lower vitamin D levels within the IBS cohort. In addition, the expression of select IBS genetic biomarkers, including tryptophan hydroxylase 1, was modulated by vitamin D. Strikingly, the direction of gene regulation elicited by vitamin D in colonic cells is “opposite” to the gene expression profile observed in IBS patients, suggesting that vitamin D may help “reverse” the pathological direction of biomarker gene expression in IBS. Thus, our results intimate that IBS pathogenesis and pathophysiology may involve dysregulated serotonin production and/or vitamin D insufficiency.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Biopsy , Cohort Studies , Colon , Diagnosis , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression , Gene Ontology , Health Care Costs , Humans , Immunoassay , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Luminescence , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA , Serotonin , Transcriptome , Tryptophan , Tryptophan Hydroxylase , Vitamin D , Vitamins
20.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 90(1,supl.1): 663-679, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886935

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Bioluminescence - visible and cold light emission by living organisms - is a worldwide phenomenon, reported in terrestrial and marine environments since ancient times. Light emission from microorganisms, fungi, plants and animals may have arisen as an evolutionary response against oxygen toxicity and was appropriated for sexual attraction, predation, aposematism, and camouflage. Light emission results from the oxidation of a substrate, luciferin, by molecular oxygen, catalyzed by a luciferase, producing oxyluciferin in the excited singlet state, which decays to the ground state by fluorescence emission. Brazilian Atlantic forests and Cerrados are rich in luminescent beetles, which produce the same luciferin but slightly mutated luciferases, which result in distinct color emissions from green to red depending on the species. This review focuses on chemical and biological aspects of Brazilian luminescent beetles (Coleoptera) belonging to the Lampyridae (fireflies), Elateridae (click-beetles), and Phengodidae (railroad-worms) families. The ATP-dependent mechanism of bioluminescence, the role of luciferase tuning the color of light emission, the "luminous termite mounds" in Central Brazil, the cooperative roles of luciferase and superoxide dismutase against oxygen toxicity, and the hypothesis on the evolutionary origin of luciferases are highlighted. Finally, we point out analytical uses of beetle bioluminescence for biological, clinical, environmental, and industrial samples.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Coleoptera/physiology , Coleoptera/chemistry , Luminescence , Luciferases/metabolism , Behavior, Animal , Brazil , Forests , Evolution, Molecular , Luciferases/chemistry
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL