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1.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 8(1): 1-5, 01/01/2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1100468

ABSTRACT

Relato de caso: as malformações congênitas pulmonares são raras e variam quanto à sua forma de apresentação clínica e gravidade, podendo manifestar-se em qualquer idade. A anamnese e o exame físico foram instrumentos essenciais, além, da entrevista com os familiares para que o diagnóstico de agenesia pulmonar e dextrocardia fossem confirmados de forma rápida e as intervenções de enfermagem e médicas implementadas em tempo recorde e o paciente recebesse alta sem sequelas além das consequências já deixadas pela doença desde sua infância. Conclusão: compreender o diagnóstico é um processo permeado por inquietudes e requer uma avaliação minuciosa dos pacientes a fim de minimizar danos irreversíveis. Sendo assim, a sistematização da assistência de enfermagem é um recurso ímpar que viabiliza a organização da assistência pelo enfermeiro e possibilita utilizar sistemas de classificação da prática de enfermagem, planejamento e avaliação da assistência além de detectar indicadores clínicos, gerando melhora no prognóstico do paciente.


Case report: congenital pulmonary malformations are rare and vary in their clinical presentation and severity and may manifest at any age. Anamnesis and physical examination were essential tools, as well as interviews with family members so that the diagnosis of pulmonary agenesis and dextrocardia could be confirmed quickly and nursing and medical interventions implemented in record time and the patient was discharged without sequelae beyond the consequences already left by the disease since its childhood. Conclusion: understanding the diagnosis is a process permeated by concerns and requires a thorough evaluation of patients in order to minimize irreversible damage. Thus, the systematization of nursing care is a unique resource that enables the organization of care by the nurse and enables the use of nursing practice classification systems, planning and assessment of care, as well as detecting clinical indicators that improve patient's prognosis.


Subject(s)
Lung , Nursing Care
2.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-786178

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a condition that has been described as alveolar collapse and thickening, which correlate with dysregulated surfactant production and injury to type 2 alveolar cells. As resolution of chest computed tomography has improved, especially with the development of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT), the diagnostic measures adopted for pulmonary fibrosis has gradually shifted from biopsy to HRCT. This shift towards HRCT has aided in diagnostic evaluation and detection of the therapeutic and adverse effects of drugs for pulmonary fibrosis. Further, after the endpoint was changed to forced vital capacity, significant improvements are being observed in clinical trial outcomes. Currently active clinical trials are replacing lung biopsy with HRCT. In 2014, pirfenidone and nintedanib gained approval for tandem use in patients with IPF. These drugs were found to not only reduce the progression of pulmonary fibrosis, but also the acute exacerbation and mortality associated with the condition. These drugs showed consistent benefits regardless of the severity of patients' symptoms. Additionally, both nintedanib and pirfenidone were found to be effective in patients with advanced pulmonary fibrosis that was not classified as IPF. Nintedanib has been shown to reduce forced vital capacity in interstitial lung diseases associated with systemic sclerosis. In the next three to five years, many changes in treatment are expected, not only for IPF, but also for the entire spectrum of pulmonary fibrotic diseases. Pirfenidone and nintedanib are now considered standard treatments for IPF and few other fibrotic lung diseases. Clinicians treating patients with pulmonary fibrosis should keep themselves updated with the results of clinical trials that are currently underway.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Humans , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis , Lung , Lung Diseases , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Mortality , Pulmonary Fibrosis , Scleroderma, Systemic , Thorax , Vital Capacity
3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-785354

ABSTRACT

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in the gene encoding the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). These mutations alter the synthesis, processing, function, or half-life of CFTR, the main chloride channel expressed in the apical membrane of epithelial cells in the airway, intestine, pancreas, and reproductive tract. Lung disease is the most critical manifestation of CF. It is characterized by airway obstruction, infection, and inflammation that lead to fatal tissue destruction, which causes most CF morbidity and mortality. This article reviews the pathophysiology of CF, recent animal models, and current treatment of CF.


Subject(s)
Airway Obstruction , Chloride Channels , Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator , Cystic Fibrosis , Epithelial Cells , Epithelial Sodium Channels , Half-Life , Inflammation , Intestines , Lung Diseases , Lung , Membranes , Models, Animal , Mortality , Pancreas
4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-785349

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary paragonimiasis and tuberculosis are endemic in Asia, South America, and Africa. However, differential diagnosis among the diseases is difficult because they present with similar clinical symptoms and diagnostic features. Here, we report a case of pulmonary paragonimiasis that was identified using Ziehl-Neelsen stain after initially being assessed for pulmonary tuberculosis. Following anti-Paragonimus chemotherapy, the patient's symptoms, laboratory test results, and lung lesions improved. Thus, the identification of Paragonimus westermani using Ziehl-Neelsen stain can be considered in the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Africa , Asia , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Drug Therapy , Lung , Paragonimiasis , Paragonimus westermani , South America , Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
5.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-785337

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-δ-dependent Akt activation is known to play critical roles in various immune responses of white blood cells in which PI3K-δ isoform is mostly expressed in contrast to the classes IA PI3Ks p110α and p110β. However, the immunological role of PI3K-δ isoform is still controversial in airway epithelium under house dust mite (HDM)-induced allergic response. This study aimed to evaluate the role of PI3K-δ isoform in HDM-induced allergic responses, focusing on NLRP3 inflammasome activation in airway epithelium.METHODS: We used wild-type mice and PI3K-δ knock-out (KO) mice for HDM-induced asthma animal model and also performed in vitro experiments using primary cultured murine tracheal epithelial cells and human airway epithelial cells.RESULTS: PI3K-δ activated HDM-induced NLRP3 inflammasome and epithelial cell-derived cytokines in the lung including airway epithelial cells. PI3K-δ KO mice or knock-down of PI3K-δ using siRNA exhibited the significant reduction in allergic asthmatic features and the suppression of NLRP3 inflammasome assembly as well as epithelial cell-derived cytokines. Interestingly, significantly increased expression of PI3K-δ isoform was observed in stimulated airway epithelial cells and the increases in epithelial cell-derived cytokines were markedly suppressed by blocking PI3K-δ, while these cytokine levels were independent of NLRP3 inflammasome activation.CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that PI3K-δ-isoform can promote HDM-induced allergic airway inflammation via NLRP3 inflammasome-dependent response as well as via NLRP3 inflammasome-independent epithelial cell activation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Asthma , Cytokines , Dust , Epithelial Cells , Epithelium , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Inflammasomes , Inflammation , Leukocytes , Lung , Mice , Models, Animal , Phosphotransferases , Pyroglyphidae , RNA, Small Interfering
6.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-812981

ABSTRACT

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare and unexplained disease that can involve in any organ or system in the body and displays a variety of clinical manifestations. A 31-year-old man, who had a more than 10-year smoke history, initially presented dry cough, polydipsia and diuresis, with recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax. Pulmonary high-resolution computed tomography showed diffuse cystic and nodular lesions. Langerhans cell histiocytosis was confirmed by a transbronchial cryobiopsy. The disease is involved in the lung, pituitary, thyroid, liver, lymph node, and skin. Glucocorticoid or systemic chemotherapy is commonly used in the treatment for this disease. BRAF gene mutation inhibitor is a new direction for the treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Humans , Lung , Male , Skin , Thyroid Gland , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 210-217, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811475

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to explore the effects of hsa-let-7g on cell proliferation and apoptosis, and elucidate its role in lung cancer development.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression levels of has-let-7g and HOXB1 in tissues and cells were measured by qRT-PCR. An inhibitor of hsa-let-7g or one targeting a control messenger RNA were transfected into A549 and H1944 lung cancer cells, and the effects of hsa-let-7g dysregulation on cell viability and apoptosis were analyzed using CCK-8 and apoptosis detection assays. HOXB1 was confirmed as the target gene of hsa-let-7g, based on luciferase reporter assay results. The relationship between hsa-let-7g and HOXB1 was confirmed by co-transfection of inhibitors of hsa-let-7g and HOXB1 followed by Western blot, CCK-8, and apoptosis detection assays.RESULTS: We observed high expression of hsa-let-7g in lung cancer tissues compared to the corresponding normal tissues, and generally higher expression of hsa-let-7g in patients with advanced tumor classification. The results of CCK-8 and apoptosis detection experiments showed that the inhibition of hsa-let-7g significantly inhibited proliferation of A549 and H1944 cells, but also promoted apoptosis. HOXB1 is a specific target of hsa-let-7g, and downregulation of HOXB1 in lung cancer cells reversed the suppressive effects caused by knocking down hsa-let-7g.CONCLUSION: These data collectively suggest that the expression of hsa-let-7g inhibits lung cancer cells apoptosis and promotes proliferation by down-regulating HOXB1. The results from this study demonstrate the potential of hsa-let-7g/HOXB1 axis as a therapeutic target for the treatment of lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Classification , Down-Regulation , Humans , Luciferases , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , MicroRNAs , RNA, Messenger , Sincalide
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811297

ABSTRACT

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a rare condition characterized by extensive inflammation and fibrosis mainly involving the pulmonary interstitium or alveoli. Usually, patients with ILD clinically present with chronic cough and exertional dyspnea. ILD is classified into subtypes based on clinical characteristics, detailed history obtained from patients, and radiological, and/or histopathological features. The most common type of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia is idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). IPF is a chronic progressive fibrosing ILD and is associated with poor prognosis. An exclusive diagnosis of IPF requires no known condition causing ILD and typical radiological and/or histopathological features of lung fibrosis. Fibrosis observed in this condition is attributable to repetitive epithelial injury with consequent abnormal wound healing in genetically susceptible and elderly individuals. Currently, pirfenidone and nintedanib are useful disease-modifying agents available to treat IPF. In this article, we review the concept, diagnosis, clinical course, and treatment of ILD.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cough , Diagnosis , Dyspnea , Fibrosis , Humans , Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis , Inflammation , Lung , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Prognosis , Wound Healing
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811227

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aims to examine the effects of nursing interventions based on the Extended Theory of Planned Behavior (ETPB) regarding self-efficacy for exercise (SEE), physical activity (PA), physical function (PF), and quality of life (QOL) in patients with lung cancer who have undergone pulmonary resection.METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was conducted between July 2015 and June 2018 in two university-affiliated hospitals. The intervention included pre-operative patient education, goal setting (action and coping planning), and feedback (behavior intention and perceived behavioral control). The intervention group (IG) (n=51) received nursing interventions from the day before surgery to 12 months after lung resection, while the comparison group (CG) (n=36) received usual care. SEE, PA, PF (dyspnea, functional status, and 6-minute walking distance [6MWD]), and QOL were measured before surgery and at one, three, six, and 12 months after surgery. Data were analyzed using the χ² test, Fisher's exact test, Mann–Whitney U test, t-test, and generalized estimation equations (GEE).RESULTS: There were significant differences between the two groups regarding SEE (χ²=13.53, p=.009), PA (χ²=9.51, p=.049), functional status (χ²=10.55, p=.032), and 6MWD (χ²=15.62, p=.004). Although there were no time or group effects, the QOL mental component (Z=−2.78, p=.005) of the IG was higher than that of the CG one month after surgery. Interventions did not affect dyspnea or the QOL physical component.CONCLUSION: The intervention of this study was effective in improving SEE, PA, functional status, and 6MWD of lung cancer patients after lung resection. Further extended investigations that utilize ETPB are warranted to confirm these results.


Subject(s)
Dyspnea , Exercise , Humans , Intention , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Motor Activity , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Nursing , Patient Education as Topic , Quality of Life , Self Efficacy , Walking
11.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811066

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Asthma control in older asthmatics is often less effective, which may be attributed to small airway dysfunction and poor inhalation technique. We compared the efficacy of 2 inhalers (fluticasone propionate/formoterol treatment using a pressurized metered-dose inhaler [p-MDI group] vs. fluticasone propionate/salmeterol treatment using a dry powder inhaler [DPI group]) in older asthmatics.METHODS: We conducted a 12-week, randomized, open-label, parallel-designed trial in older patients (over 55 years old) with moderate-to-severe asthma, and compared the efficacy and safety for asthma control between the 2 groups. Subgroup analyses on disease duration and air trapping were performed. Clinical parameters, including changes in lung function parameters, inhaler technique and adherence, were compared with monitoring adverse reactions between the 2 groups.RESULTS: A total of 68 patients underwent randomization, and 63 (30 in the p-MDI group and 33 in the DPI group) completed this study. The p-MDI group was non-inferior to the DPI group with regard to the rate of well-controlled asthma (53.3% vs. 45.5%, P < 0.001; a predefined non-inferiority limit of 17%). In subgroup analyses, the proportion of patients who did not reach well-controlled asthma in the p-MDI group was non-inferior to that in the DPI group; the difference was 12.7% among those with a longer disease duration (≥ 15 years) and 17.5% among those with higher air-trapping (RV/TLC ≥ 45%), respectively (a predefined non-inferiority limit of 17%, P < 0.001). No significant differences were observed in lung function parameters, inhalation techniques, adherence and adverse reactions between the 2 groups.CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the p-MDI group may be comparable to the DPI group in the management of older asthmatics in aspects of efficacy and safety.


Subject(s)
Airway Management , Asthma , Dry Powder Inhalers , Fluticasone , Humans , Inhalation , Lung , Medication Adherence , Metered Dose Inhalers , Nebulizers and Vaporizers , Random Allocation
12.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811061

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Reduction-oxidation reaction homeostasis is vital for regulating inflammatory conditions and its dysregulation may affect the pathogenesis of chronic airway inflammatory diseases such as asthma. Peroxiredoxin-6, an important intracellular anti-oxidant molecule, is reported to be highly expressed in the airways and lungs. The aim of this study was to analyze the expression pattern of peroxiredoxin-6 in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of asthmatic patients and in bronchial epithelial cells (BECs).METHODS: The expression levels and modifications of peroxiredoxin-6 were evaluated in PBMCs from 22 asthmatic patients. Phosphorylated and acetylated peroxiredoxin-6 in hydrogen peroxide-treated human BECs was detected using immunoprecipitation analysis. The expression level of peroxiredoxin-6 was also investigated in BECs treated with hydrogen peroxide. Cycloheximide and proteasome inhibitors were used to determine whether peroxiredoxin-6 is degraded by proteasomes.RESULTS: Peroxiredoxin-6 expression was significantly reduced in the PBMCs of asthmatic patients compared to control subjects. Distinct modification patterns for peroxiredoxin-6 were observed in the PBMCs of asthmatic patients using 2-dimensional-electrophoresis. The levels of phosphorylated serine and acetylated lysine in peroxiredoxin-6 were significantly increased in the BECs following hydrogen peroxide treatment. The level of peroxiredoxin-6 expression was reduced in hydrogen peroxide-stimulated BECs, presumably due to proteasomes.CONCLUSIONS: The expression of peroxiredoxin-6, which is down-regulated in the immune cells of asthmatic patients and BECs, can be modified by oxidative stress. This phenomenon may have an effect on asthmatic airway inflammation.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Cycloheximide , Epithelial Cells , Homeostasis , Humans , Hydrogen , Hydrogen Peroxide , Immunoprecipitation , Inflammation , Lung , Lysine , Oxidative Stress , Proteasome Inhibitors , Protein Processing, Post-Translational , Serine
13.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811060

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Simple and reliable animal models of human diseases contribute to the understanding of disease pathogenesis as well as the development of therapeutic interventions. Although several murine models to mimic human asthma have been established, most of them require anesthesia, resulting in variability among test individuals, and do not mimic asthmatic responses accompanied by T-helper (Th) 17 and neutrophils. As dendritic cells (DCs) are known to play an important role in initiating and maintaining asthmatic inflammation, we developed an asthma model via adoptive transfer of allergen-loaded DCs.METHODS: Ovalbumin (OVA)-loaded bone marrow-derived DCs (BMDCs) (OVA-BMDCs) were injected intravenously 3 times into non-anesthetized C57BL/6 mice after intraperitoneal OVA-sensitization.RESULTS: OVA-BMDC-transferred mice developed severe asthmatic immune responses when compared with mice receiving conventional OVA challenge intranasally. Notably, remarkable increases in systemic immunoglobulin (Ig) E and IgG1 responses, Th2/Th17-associated cytokines (interleukin [IL]-5, IL-13 and IL-17), Th2/Th17-skewed T-cell responses, and cellular components, including eosinophils, neutrophils, and goblet cells, were observed in the lungs of OVA-BMDC-transferred mice. Moreover, the asthmatic immune responses and severity of inflammation were correlated with the number of OVA-BMDCs transferred, indicating that the disease severity and asthma type may be adjusted according to the experimental purpose by this method. Furthermore, this model exhibited less variation among the test individuals than the conventional model. In addition, this DCs-based asthma model was partially resistant to steroid treatment.CONCLUSIONS: A reliable murine model of asthma by intravenous (i.v.) transfer of OVA-BMDCs was successfully established without anesthesia. This model more accurately reflects heterogeneous human asthma, exhibiting a robust Th2/Th17-skewed response and eosinophilic/neutrophilic infiltration with good reproducibility and low variation among individuals. This model will be useful for understanding the pathogenesis of asthma and would serve as an alternative tool for immunological studies on the function of DCs, T-cell responses and new drugs.


Subject(s)
Adoptive Transfer , Anesthesia , Animals , Asthma , Cytokines , Dendritic Cells , Eosinophils , Goblet Cells , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulins , Inflammation , Interleukin-13 , Lung , Methods , Mice , Models, Animal , Neutrophils , Ovalbumin , Ovum , T-Lymphocytes
14.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-810977

ABSTRACT

Since the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV or officially named by the World Health Organization as COVID-19) outbreak in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China in 2019, there have been a few reports of its imaging findings. Here, we report two confirmed cases of 2019-nCoV pneumonia with chest computed tomography findings of multiple regions of patchy consolidation and ground-glass opacities in both lungs. These findings were characteristically located along the bronchial bundle or subpleural lungs.


Subject(s)
China , Coronavirus , Lung , Pneumonia , Thorax , World Health Organization
15.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-810964

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and is associated with poor outcomes. This study was performed to determine the clinical efficacy of PH-specific therapeutic agents for IPF patients.METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register. We searched randomized controlled trials (RCTs) without language restriction until November 2018. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality to end of study.RESULTS: We analyzed 10 RCTs involving 2,124 patients, 1,274 of whom received PH-specific agents. In pooled estimates, the use of PH-specific agents was not significantly associated with reduced all-cause mortality to end of study compared with controls (hazard ratio, 0.99; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.92, 1.06; P = 0.71; I² = 30%). When we performed subgroup analyses according to the type of PH-specific agent, sample size, age, forced vital capacity, diffusion lung capacity, and the extent of honeycombing, PH-specific agents also showed no significant association with a reduction in all-cause mortality. A small but significant improvement in quality of life, measured using the St. George Respiratory Questionnaire total score, was found in the PH-specific agent group (mean difference, −3.16 points; 95% CI, −5.34, −0.97; P = 0.005; I² = 0%). We found no significant changes from baseline in lung function, dyspnea, or exercise capacity. Serious adverse events were similar between the two groups.CONCLUSION: Although PH-specific agents provided small health-related quality-of-life benefits, our meta-analysis provides insufficient evidence to support their use in IPF patients.


Subject(s)
Diffusion , Dyspnea , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis , Lung , Lung Volume Measurements , Mortality , Quality of Life , Sample Size , Treatment Outcome , Vasodilator Agents , Vital Capacity
16.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-810962

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although the association of hyperuricemia with an increased risk of mortality has been demonstrated in the context of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the long-term outcomes of hyperuricemia have not been studied in the case of stable COPD.METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed baseline data of 240 men with stable COPD enrolled in the Korea Obstructive Lung Disease cohort. We evaluated associations between serum uric acid levels and clinical parameters, risk factors for all-cause mortality, and acute exacerbation of COPD.RESULTS: The mean age of subjects was 66.4 ± 7.7 years, and the median follow-up time was 5.9 years. We identified no significant difference in terms of lung function or laboratory findings between patients with hyperuricemia and those without. Serum uric acid level was negatively associated with systemic inflammation indicated by neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio (r = −0.211, P = 0.001). Univariate Cox regression analysis revealed hyperuricemia to not be associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality in men with stable COPD (hazard ratio [HR], 0.580; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.250–1.370; P = 0.213). In the multivariate Cox regression model, hyperuricemia was not an independent predictor of acute exacerbation (HR, 1.383; 95% CI, 0.977–1.959; P = 0.068).CONCLUSION: Among men with stable COPD, hyperuricemia is not an independent predictor of all-cause mortality or future acute exacerbation of COPD. These results differ from those of previous studies on patients with acute exacerbation of COPD.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hyperuricemia , Inflammation , Korea , Lung , Lung Diseases, Obstructive , Male , Mortality , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Uric Acid
17.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-816681

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study presents a preliminary report on the chest radiographic and computed tomography (CT) findings of the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pneumonia in Korea.MATERIALS AND METHODS: As part of a multi-institutional collaboration coordinated by the Korean Society of Thoracic Radiology, we collected nine patients with COVID-19 infections who had undergone chest radiography and CT scans. We analyzed the radiographic and CT findings of COVID-19 pneumonia at baseline. Fisher's exact test was used to compare CT findings depending on the shape of pulmonary lesions.RESULTS: Three of the nine patients (33.3%) had parenchymal abnormalities detected by chest radiography, and most of the abnormalities were peripheral consolidations. Chest CT images showed bilateral involvement in eight of the nine patients, and a unilobar reversed halo sign in the other patient. In total, 77 pulmonary lesions were found, including patchy lesions (39%), large confluent lesions (13%), and small nodular lesions (48%). The peripheral and posterior lung fields were involved in 78% and 67% of the lesions, respectively. The lesions were typically ill-defined and were composed of mixed ground-glass opacities and consolidation or pure ground-glass opacities. Patchy to confluent lesions were primarily distributed in the lower lobes (p = 0.040) and along the pleura (p < 0.001), whereas nodular lesions were primarily distributed along the bronchovascular bundles (p = 0.006).CONCLUSION: COVID-19 pneumonia in Korea primarily manifested as pure to mixed ground-glass opacities with a patchy to confluent or nodular shape in the bilateral peripheral posterior lungs. A considerable proportion of patients with COVID-19 pneumonia had normal chest radiographs.


Subject(s)
Cooperative Behavior , Coronavirus , Humans , Korea , Lung , Pleura , Pneumonia , Radiography , Radiography, Thoracic , Thorax , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
18.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-816680

ABSTRACT

From December 2019, Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia (formerly known as the 2019 novel Coronavirus [2019-nCoV]) broke out in Wuhan, China. In this study, we present serial CT findings in a 40-year-old female patient with COVID-19 pneumonia who presented with the symptoms of fever, chest tightness, and fatigue. She was diagnosed with COVID-19 infection confirmed by real-time reverse-transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. CT showed rapidly progressing peripheral consolidations and ground-glass opacities in both lungs. After treatment, the lesions were shown to be almost absorbed leaving the fibrous lesions.


Subject(s)
Adult , China , Coronavirus , Fatigue , Female , Fever , Humans , Lung , Pneumonia , Thorax , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
19.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782524

ABSTRACT

Tumor incidence in wild mammals is reportedly very low. Wild nutria, a large rodent, is known to carry many infectious diseases, but rarely exhibits neoplastic diseases. We necropsied a male wild nutria and found a large nodular mass in the left inguinal region, adjacent to the penis. Histopathologically, the mass was diagnosed as preputial gland adenoma. Spontaneous preputial gland adenomas are extremely rare in all animals. Moreover, reports of tumors in nutrias have been limited to adenocarcinomas of the lungs and uterus, as well as subcutaneous fibromas. Here, we describe preputial gland adenoma in a wild nutria.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Adenoma , Animals , Communicable Diseases , Fibroma , Humans , Incidence , Lung , Male , Mammals , Penis , Rodentia , Sebaceous Glands , Uterus
20.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782281

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In Korea, to investigate the casual relationship between humidifier disinfectant and lung disease, four rounds of investigation and judgment were conducted. During this investigation, two adults who performed lung biopsy were recognized for their relevance between humidifier disinfectants and lung disease. At first, we did not think of the relationship to humidifier disinfectant because chest computed tomography (CT) finding of 2 cases were improved. However, they performed lung biopsy and it showed typical humidifier disinfectant lung injury (HDLI) pathologic findings, they could be recognized as HDLI. We report these cases here.CASE PRESENTATION: We selected 2 cases from the fourth-round investigation at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital. Patient of case 1 used humidifier disinfectants since September 2010. The patient was admitted 6 months later to the intensive care unit (ICU) due to severe dyspnea. Pathology following a lung biopsy revealed typical HDLI finding which was determined to be due to humidifier disinfectant exposure. Patient of case 2 used humidifier disinfectant from 2001 to 2008 for about 3 months each winter. The patient's cough and sputum production symptoms began in December of 2007. The patient was admitted to the respiratory medicine department due to worsening dyspnea. Pathology following a lung biopsy revealed typical HDLI finding. This was determined to have been caused by humidifier disinfectant exposure.CONCLUSIONS: Because the typical radiologic findings associated with HDLI can improve over time, it is necessary to consider the revision of current diagnostic criteria that the presence of radiologic findings is important.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biopsy , Cough , Disinfectants , Dyspnea , Humans , Humidifiers , Intensive Care Units , Judgment , Korea , Lung Diseases , Lung Injury , Lung , Pathology , Pulmonary Medicine , Sputum , Thorax
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