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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 583-588, May-June 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278349

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of diseases in free-ranging wild canids that were roadkill on highways in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil. PCR tests were performed for the detection of Brucella sp., Babesia sp., Rangelia sp., and Hepatozoon sp. in the spleen. Morphological evaluation and identification of parasites was performed in the liver and lung. Twenty specimens of C. thous were necropsied at the Animal Pathology Sector of the Veterinary Hospital of the Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Tissue samples were processed for histopathological examination and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. There was no PCR amplification of genomic DNA sequences of Brucella sp., Babesia sp., Rangelia sp., and Hepatozoon sp. using DNA extracted from the spleen as template. Histologically, lesions associated with parasitism by Platynosomum sp. and Angiostrongylus sp. were observed in the liver and lung, respectively. This is the first report of Platynosomum sp. and Angiostrongylus sp. parasitism in C. thous in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Therefore, this study demonstrated parasitism of crab-eating foxes by Platynosomum sp. and Angiostrongylus sp. Importantly, no evidence of infection with Brucella sp., Babesia sp., Rangelia sp., and Hepatozoon sp. was obtained by PCR analysis.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a ocorrência de doenças em canídeos silvestres de vida livre que foram atropelados em rodovias no estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil. Testes de PCR foram realizados para a detecção de Brucella sp., Babesia sp., Rangelia sp. e Hepatozoon sp. no baço. A avaliação morfológica e a identificação de parasitas foram realizadaa no fígado e no pulmão. Vinte espécimes de C. thous foram necropsiados no Setor de Patologia Animal do Hospital Veterinário da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Amostras de tecido foram processadas para exame histopatológico e análise de reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR). Não houve amplificação por PCR das sequências de DNA genômico de Brucella sp., Babesia sp., Rangelia sp. e Hepatozoon sp. usando-se DNA extraído do baço como modelo. Histologicamente, lesões associadas ao parasitismo por Platynosomum sp. e Angiostrongylus sp. foram observadas no fígado e no pulmão, respectivamente. Este é o primeiro relato de Platynosomum sp. e Angiostrongylus sp. parasitismo em C. thous no estado do Espírito Santo, Brasil. Portanto, este estudo demonstrou parasitismo de cachorro-do-mato por Platynosomum sp. e Angiostrongylus sp. É importante detacar que não há evidências de infecção por Brucella sp., Babesia sp., Rangelia sp. e Hepatozoon sp. por análise de PCR.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Babesia/isolation & purification , Brucella/isolation & purification , Canidae/blood , Angiostrongylus/isolation & purification , Autopsy/veterinary , Spleen/virology , Accidents, Traffic , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Liver/parasitology , Lung/parasitology , Animals, Wild/blood
2.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 29(2): e002420, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138064

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hepatozoon pyramidumi sp. n. is described from the blood of the Egyptian saw-scaled viper, Echis pyramidum, captured from Saudi Arabia. Five out of ten viper specimens examined (50%) were found infected with Hepatozoon pyramidumi sp. n. with parasitaemia level ranged from 20-30%. The infection was restricted only to the erythrocytes. Two morphologically different forms of intraerythrocytic stages were observed; small and mature gamonts. The small ganomt with average size of 10.7 × 3.5 μm. Mature gamont was sausage-shaped with recurved poles measuring 16.3 × 4.2 μm in average size. Infected erythrocytes were hypertrophied; their nuclei were deformed and sometimes displaced from their central position in the normal uninfected cell. Merogonic stages were observed in the lung endothelial cell and the liver parenchyma cells. Mature meront was 17.8 × 13.6 µm and contained banana-shaped merozoites with average size of ~15 × 2 µm. Phylogenetic analysis based on the SSU rDNA sequence clustered Hepatozoon pyramidumi sp. n with previously sequenced Hepatozoon spp., most of them infected reptilian hosts without geographic consideration. The morphological and molecular comparison with closely related species proved the taxonomic uniqueness and novelty of the present form.


Resumo Hepatozoon pyramidumi sp. n. é descrito a partir do sangue da víbora em escamas e quilhas serrilhadas, Echis pyramidum, capturada na Arábia Saudita. Cinco de dez espécimes de víbora examinadas (50%) foram encontradas infectadas com Hepatozoon pyramidumi sp. n. com nível de parasitemia de 20% a 30%. A infecção foi restrita apenas aos eritrócitos. Foram observadas duas formas morfologicamente diferentes de estágios intra-eritrocíticos: gamontes de tamanho pequeno e madura. As formas menores de gamontes apresentaram média de 10,7 × 3,5 μm. Os gamontes maduros apresentaram forma de salsicha, com pequenos polos recurvados, medindo 16,3 × 4,2 μm, em média. Os eritrócitos infectados estavam aumentados de tamanho; seus núcleos encontravam-se deformados e, algumas vezes, deslocados de sua posição central, quando comparados às células normais não-infectadas. Foram observados estágios merogônicos em células endoteliais pulmonares e nas células do parênquima hepático. Os merontes maduros apresentavam 17,8 × 13,6 µm e continham merozoítos em forma de banana com tamanho médio de ~ 15 × 2 µm. A análise filogenética baseada nas sequências SSU rDNA agrupou Hepatozoon pyramidumi sp. n com Hepatozoon spp. detectados em répteis de várias regiões geográficas. Por meio de análises morfológicas e moleculares com espécies intimamente relacionadas, demonstrou-se a singularidade dessa nova espécie de Hepatozoon.


Subject(s)
Animals , DNA, Protozoan/genetics , Apicomplexa/physiology , Apicomplexa/genetics , Viperidae/parasitology , Phylogeny , Saudi Arabia , DNA, Ribosomal/genetics , Apicomplexa/classification , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Viperidae/blood , Parasitemia/parasitology , Parasitemia/veterinary , Erythrocytes , Erythrocytes/pathology , Liver/parasitology , Liver/pathology , Lung/parasitology , Lung/pathology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878688

ABSTRACT

A patient with multiple-organ echinococcosis suffered from liver echinococcosis,lung echinococcosis,and pelvic echinococcosis successively in the past three decades.From the first operation at 19 years-old,she underwent operations several times due to the recurrence of multiple organ involvement.Echinococcosis is a zoonotic disease.Although the liver usually is the primary site,the disease can also invade many other organs.Diagnosis is typically based on disease history and imaging findings.Thorough removal of the lesions during the first operation is particularly important.Comprehensive evaluations and multi-disciplinary team are helpful in the treatment of patients with multiple organ invasion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Diagnostic Imaging , Echinococcosis/surgery , Female , Humans , Liver/parasitology , Lung/parasitology , Pelvis/physiopathology , Young Adult
4.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 111(3): 181-191, Mar. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777374

ABSTRACT

To date, 21 species of the genus Angiostrongylus (Nematoda: Angiostrongylidae) have been reported around the world, 15 of which are parasites of rodents. In this study, new host, geographic records, and histopathologic studies of Angiostrongylus spp in sigmodontine rodents from Argentina, with an updated summary of records from rodent hosts and host specificity assessment, are provided. Records of Angiostrongylus costaricensis from Akodon montensis andAngiostrongylus morerai from six new hosts and geographical localities in Argentina are reported. The gross and histopathologic changes in the lungs of the host species due to angiostrongylosis are described. Published records of the genus Angiostrongylus from rodents and patterns of host specificity are presented. Individual Angiostrongylusspecies parasitise between one-19 different host species. The most frequent values of the specificity index (STD) were between 1-5.97. The elevated number of host species (n = 7) of A. morerai with a STD = 1.86 is a reflection of multiple systematic studies of parasites from sigmodontine rodents in the area of Cuenca del Plata, Argentina, showing that an increase in sampling effort can result in new findings. The combination of low host specificity and a wide geographic distribution of Angiostrongylus spp indicates a troubling epidemiological scenario although, as yet, no human cases have been reported.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Angiostrongylus/physiology , Heart/parasitology , Host Specificity/physiology , Lung/parasitology , Rodent Diseases/parasitology , Sigmodontinae/parasitology , Argentina , Host-Parasite Interactions/physiology , Lung/pathology , Myocardium/pathology , Rodentia/parasitology , Sampling Studies , Species Specificity
5.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-162045

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Protoscolex and hook morphology had been used to identify different strains of Echinococcus granulosus. Method: In the present study, hydatid sand was isolated from infected organs such as liver, lung and spleen from slaughtered animals in several abattoirs in the selected study areas in Libya. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) was used to describe the outer surface of the Protoscoleces and the hooks. Result: SEM pictures showed different morphological characters of the outer surface of the different parts of the same protoscolex. Also, the buds on the outer surface of brood capsule, and showed some differences between the large and small hooks. These findings appeared the that there was a correlation with significant statistical difference between the measurements of large as well as small hooks from the same organs of each host as well as between different hosts. Conclusion: Finally, it was difficult to determine whether these cases are not real distortions in the morphology of E. granulosus. They possibly could be caused by mutation or related to a special strain of E.granulosus. Thus, the findings of the present study would suggest that there is a need to consider relationships between the different characters of hooks with different strains of E.granulosus.


Subject(s)
Echinococcus granulosus/anatomy & histology , Echinococcus granulosus/cytology , Echinococcus granulosus/physiology , Host-Parasite Interactions , Humans , Liver/parasitology , Lung/parasitology , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/methods
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155353

ABSTRACT

A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay allows rapid diagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii infection. In the present study, the LAMP assay was evaluated using blood from both naturally and experimentally infected pigs. The sensitivity of the LAMP assay was compared with that of Q-PCR. Both assays detected T. gondii in the blood of experimentally infected pigs, with 100% agreement. In infected blood samples, the parasite was detected as early as 2 days post-infection and reached a peak in 3-5 days. In 216 field serum samples, the detection rates of LAMP and Q-PCR assays were 6.9% and 7.8%, respectively. This result indicates that the sensitivity of the LAMP assay was slightly lower than that of the Q-PCR assay. However, the LAMP may be an attractive diagnostic method in conditions where sophisticated and expensive equipment is unavailable. This assay could be a powerful supplement to current diagnostic methods.


Subject(s)
Animals , Azure Stains , Biological Assay , Brain/parasitology , DNA, Protozoan/blood , Lung/parasitology , Mice , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques/veterinary , Parasitemia , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Sensitivity and Specificity , Swine , Swine Diseases/diagnosis , Toxoplasma/genetics , Toxoplasmosis, Animal/diagnosis
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155351

ABSTRACT

To determine alteration of immune responses during visceral larva migrans (VLM) caused by Toxascaris leonina at several time points, we experimentally infected mice with embryonated eggs of T. leonina and measured T-helper (Th) cell-related serial cytokine production after infection. At day 5 post infection (PI), most larvae were detected from the lungs, spleen, intestine, and muscle. Expression of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) and CCL11 (eotaxin) showed a significant increase in most infected organs, except the intestine. However, expression of the CXCL1 (Gro-alpha) gene was most highly enhanced in the intestine at day 14 PI. Th1-related cytokine secretion of splenocytes showed increases at day 28 PI, and the level showed a decrease at day 42 PI. Th2-related cytokine secretion of splenocytes also showed an increase after infection; in particular, IL-5 level showed a significant increase at day 14 PI, and the level showed a decrease at day 28 PI. However, levels of Th17-related cytokines, IL-6 and IL-17A, showed gradual increases until day 42 PI. In conclusion, Th1, Th2, and Th17-related cytokine production might be important in immune responses against T. leonina VLM in experimental mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain/parasitology , Cytokines/metabolism , Female , Gene Expression Regulation , Heart/parasitology , Interleukins/metabolism , Intestines/parasitology , Larva Migrans, Visceral/immunology , Liver/parasitology , Lung/parasitology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Muscles/parasitology , Spleen/parasitology , Th1 Cells/immunology , Th17 Cells/immunology , Th2 Cells/immunology , Toxascaris/immunology
8.
Iranian Journal of Parasitology. 2012; 7 (2): 99-102
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-124838

ABSTRACT

Cutaneous leishmaniasis is one of the most important parasitic diseases, which are endemic in different parts of Iran. Leishmania major and L. tropica are the primary causative agents of this disease. The aim of the present study was to detect the multiple forms of L. major in lung. Ppromastigotes of L. major at stationary phase were injected to BALB/c mice. After 60 days, the different forms of Leishmania parasites were checked in lung tissue. Promastigote and amastigote forms of Leishmania parasites were detected


Subject(s)
Animals, Laboratory , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous , Lung/parasitology , Mice, Inbred BALB C
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-175375

ABSTRACT

Toxoplasmic encephalitis is caused by reactivation of bradyzoites to rapidly dividing tachyzoites of the apicomplexan parasite Toxoplasma gondii in immunocompromised hosts. Diagnosis of this life-threatening disease is problematic, because it is difficult to discriminate between these 2 stages. Toxoplasma PCR assays using gDNA as a template have been unable to discriminate between an increase or decrease in SAG1 and BAG1 expression between the active tachyzoite stage and the latent bradyzoite stage. In the present study, real-time RT-PCR assay was used to detect the expression of bradyzoite (BAG1)- and tachyzoite-specific genes (SAG1) during bradyzoite/tachyzoite stage conversion in mice infected with T. gondii Tehran strain after dexamethasone sodium phosphate (DXM) administration. The conversion reaction was observed in the lungs and brain tissues of experimental mice, indicated by SAG1 expression at day 6 after DXM administration, and continued until day 14. Bradyzoites were also detected in both organs throughout the study; however, it decreased at day 14 significantly. It is suggested that during the reactivation period, bradyzoites not only escape from the cysts and reinvade neighboring cells as tachyzoites, but also converted to new bradyzoites. In summary, the real-time RT-PCR assay provided a reliable, fast, and quantitative way of detecting T. gondii reactivation in an animal model. Thus, this method may be useful for diagnosing stage conversion in clinical specimens of immunocompromised patients (HIV or transplant patients) for early identification of tachyzoite-bradyzoite stage conversion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, Protozoan/biosynthesis , Brain/parasitology , Female , Gene Expression , Heat-Shock Proteins/biosynthesis , Immunocompromised Host , Life Cycle Stages , Lung/parasitology , Mice , Protozoan Proteins/biosynthesis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Toxoplasma/genetics , Toxoplasmosis, Animal
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 44(4): 319-326, Apr. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-581491

ABSTRACT

It is well known that eosinophilia is a key pathogenetic component of toxocariasis. The objective of the present study was to determine if there is an association between peritoneal and blood eosinophil influx, mast cell hyperplasia and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) production after Toxocara canis infection. Oral inoculation of 56-day-old Wistar rats (N = 5-7 per group) with 1000 embryonated eggs containing third-stage (L3) T. canis larvae led to a robust accumulation of total leukocytes in blood beginning on day 3 and peaking on day 18, mainly characterized by eosinophils and accompanied by higher serum LTB4 levels. At that time, we also noted increased eosinophil numbers in the peritoneal cavity. In addition, we observed increased peritoneal mast cell number in the peritoneal cavity, which correlated with the time course of eosinophilia during toxocariasis. We also demonstrated that mast cell hyperplasia in the intestines and lungs began soon after the T. canis larvae migrated to these compartments, reaching maximal levels on day 24, which correlated with the complete elimination of the parasite. Therefore, mast cells appear to be involved in peritoneal and blood eosinophil infiltration through an LTB4-dependent mechanism following T. canis infection in rats. Our data also demonstrate a tight association between larval migratory stages and intestinal and pulmonary mast cell hyperplasia in the toxocariasis model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Eosinophilia/parasitology , /biosynthesis , Lung/parasitology , Mast Cells/parasitology , Toxocara canis , Toxocariasis/parasitology , Eosinophilia/immunology , Hyperplasia/parasitology , Hyperplasia/pathology , Intestines/parasitology , Intestines/pathology , Lung/pathology , Mast Cells/pathology , Peritoneal Cavity , Rats, Wistar , Toxocariasis/immunology , Toxocariasis/pathology
11.
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 2011 Apr-June; 29(2): 180-183
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-143806

ABSTRACT

Cysticercosis is a common tropical disease. One of the uncommon manifestations of cysticercosis and a rare complication is its disseminated form. We report an immunocompetent patient with disseminated cysticercosis who had involvement of the brain, subcutaneous tissues, lungs and skeletal muscles and presented with arthritis. He was otherwise asymptomatic in spite of the extensive involvement of multiple organs. A planned approach to therapy is necessary to prevent complications.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis/parasitology , Arthritis/pathology , Brain/parasitology , Brain/pathology , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Cysticercosis/diagnosis , Cysticercosis/pathology , Cysticercus/isolation & purification , Humans , Lower Extremity/pathology , Lower Extremity/diagnostic imaging , Lung/parasitology , Lung/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Muscle, Skeletal/parasitology , Muscle, Skeletal/pathology , Radiography, Thoracic , Subcutaneous Tissue/parasitology , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-78164

ABSTRACT

In Korea, many people enjoy eating raw or underkooked freshwater crayfish and crabs which unfortunately may cause paragonimiasis. Here, we describe a case of pulmonary and abdominal paragonimiasis in a 9-year-old girl, who presented with a 1-month history of abdominal pain, especially in the right flank and the right inguinal area, with anorexia. A chest radiograph revealed pleural effusion in both lungs, and her abdominal sonography indicated an inflammatory lesion in the right psoas muscle. Peripheral blood analysis of the patient showed hypereosinophilia (66.0%) and an elevated total serum IgE level (>2,500 IU/ml). The pleural effusion tested by ELISA were also positive for antibodies against paragonimiasis. Her dietary history stated that she had ingested raw freshwater crab, 4 months previously. The diagnosis was pulmonary paragonimiasis accompanied by abdominal muscle involvement. She was improved after 5 cycles of praziquantel treatment and 2 times of pleural effusion drainage. In conclusion, herein, we report a case of pulmonary and abdominal paragonimiasis in a girl who presented with abdominal pain and tenderness in the inguinal area.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Muscles/parasitology , Animals , Anthelmintics/therapeutic use , Brachyura/parasitology , Child , Drainage , Female , Humans , Lung/parasitology , Lung Diseases, Parasitic/diagnosis , Paragonimiasis/diagnosis , Paragonimus/isolation & purification , Pleural Effusion/parasitology , Praziquantel/therapeutic use , Republic of Korea , Shellfish/parasitology , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-182108

ABSTRACT

The present work evaluated the effects of alcoholic extracts of salvia (Salvia officinalis), thyme (Thymus vulgaris), and 2 pure compounds (thymol and menthol) on the viability of Echinococcus granulosus protoscolices in vitro. Four different concentrations of each extract (2,500, 1,500, 1,000, and 500 microg/ml) and 3 different concentrations each of thymol and menthol (50, 10, and 1 microg/ml) were used. Concentration of 2,500 microg/ml of both extracts showed a significant protoscolicidal activity on the 6th day. Complete loss of viability of protoscolices occurred with 500 microg/ml concentration of both extracts at day 6 and day 7 post-treatment (PT), respectively. Pure compounds, i.e., menthol and thymol, showed potent effects with 50 microg/ml concentration at day 2 and day 5 PT, respectively. These effects were compared with those of albendazole sulfoxide (800 microg/ml), a commonly used treatment drug for hydatidosis. Krebs-Ringer solution and the hydatid cystic fluid at a ratio of 4:1 was a good preservative solution which kept the protoscolices viable for 15 days.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anthelmintics/isolation & purification , Camelus , Cell Survival/drug effects , Echinococcosis, Pulmonary/parasitology , Echinococcus granulosus/drug effects , Lung/parasitology , Medicine, Traditional/methods , Plant Extracts/isolation & purification , Plants, Medicinal/chemistry , Salvia officinalis/chemistry , Thymus Plant/chemistry , Time Factors
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 43(3): 310-315, Mar. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-539718

ABSTRACT

Fifteen symptomatic and seven asymptomatic dogs infected naturally with Leishmania chagasi were examined in order to identify the presence of parasites and changes in heart and lung. Histopathological, cytological, and immunohistochemical analyses were performed on samples of heart and lung tissues. An inflammatory reaction characterized by inflammatory mononuclear, perivascular and intermuscular infiltrates was observed in both symptomatic and asymptomatic animals on histopathological analysis of the heart. In the lung, there was thickening of the alveolar septa due to congestion, edema, inflammatory infiltrate, and fibroblast proliferation. A focal reaction was observed although a diffuse reaction was present in both groups. On cytological examination, heart and lung imprints revealed amastigotes in two symptomatic animals and heart imprints were found in 1 asymptomatic dog. Immunoperoxidase staining showed amastigotes in the lung and heart of only 1 of 6 symptomatic animals examined. Within the ethical principles and limits of this research, it can be inferred that the study of heart and lung alterations in canine visceral leishmaniasis is increasingly important for understanding the problem related to humans. Dogs with visceral leishmaniasis were a good experimental model, since infection was caused by the same agent and the animals developed clinical, pathological and immunological alterations similar to those observed in humans.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Female , Male , Dog Diseases/pathology , Leishmania infantum , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/veterinary , Lung/parasitology , Myocardium/pathology , Antibodies, Protozoan/blood , Dog Diseases/diagnosis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect , Immunohistochemistry , Leishmania infantum/immunology , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/diagnosis , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/pathology , Lung/pathology
15.
Iranian Journal of Parasitology. 2009; 4 (1): 59-61
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-91499

ABSTRACT

Linguatula serrata, is a cosmopolitan zoonotic parasite. Adult of L. serrrata parasitize the nasopharynx of canids. Consuming raw glandular material of infected intermediate hosts [camel, sheep, cattle, goat, etc.] can infect human. In Iran, two-humped camel is merely found in cold regions [Ardabil and East Azarbijan provinces] and is in danger of extinction. A seven-year-old two-humped male camel, due to car accident injury was sent to slaughterhouse of Tabriz, Iran. In meat inspection practice, the visceral organs were taken out. A small red nodule having a white center was observed at the surface of the left lobe of lung. To study more, the whole of the left lobe of lung was sent to the parasitology laboratory. One nymph of L. serrata was separated from the specimen. This is the first report of infection with L. serrate of two-humped camel in Iran


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Parasitic Diseases, Animal/parasitology , Arthropods , Lung/parasitology
16.
Braz. j. biol ; 68(4): 885-888, Nov. 2008.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-504509

ABSTRACT

The rates of pentastomid infections in the syntopic lizards Hemidactylus mabouia and Tropidurus hispidus inhabiting buildings at the Federal University of Paraiba, in João Pessoa, NE Brazil were examined. A total of 30 specimens of Hemidactylus mabouia and 55 specimens of Tropidurus hispidus were examined. The animals were sacrificed by freezing and then fixed and conserved in 70 percent alcohol. Analyses of the respiratory tract of Hemidactylus mabouia demonstrated that these lizards were infected by Raillietiella frenatus at a rate of 20 percent (6/30) with an average infection intensity of 1.33 ± 0.21, 1-2. None of the specimens of T. hispidus analyzed were infected. Hemidactylus mabouia and R. frenatus are of African origin and it is possible that there are specific relationships, or preferences, between these two species.


Foram analisadas as taxas de infecção por pentastomídeos nos lagartos simpátricos Hemidactylus mabouia e Tropidurus hispidus, habitando prédios da Universidade Federal da Paraíba, em João Pessoa, Nordeste do Brasil. Para tanto, foram examinados 30 espécimes de Hemidactylus mabouia e 55 de Tropidurus hispidus. Os espécimes coletados foram eutanizados por congelamento, fixados e conservados em álcool 70 por cento. A análise do trato respiratório dos Hemidactylus mabouia mostrou que estavam infectados por Raillietiella frenatus, com prevalência de 20 por cento (6/30) e intensidade de infecção média de 1,33 ± 0,21, 1-2. Nenhum espécime de T. hispidus analisado estava infectado. Hemidactylus mabouia e R. frenatus possuem origem africana e é possível que haja alguma relação de especificidade ou preferência entre essas espécies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Crustacea/classification , Lizards/parasitology , Lung/parasitology , Brazil , Urban Population
17.
Braz. j. biol ; 68(1): 193-197, Feb. 2008. mapas, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-482203

ABSTRACT

The relationship between pentastomids and two Colubridae species, Phillodryas nattereri Steindachner, 1870 and Oxybelis aeneus (Wagler, 1824), were investigated in the federal government’s reserve Estação Ecológica do Seridó (ESEC, Seridó) situated at lat 6° 35’-40’ S and long 37° 15’-20 W in the municipality of Serra Negra do Norte, state of Rio Grande do Norte, Northeast Brazil and run by IBAMA (the Brazilian Institute for the Environment and Natural Resources). Throughout 2005, 26 specimens of snakes, 13 of P. nattereri and 13 of O. aeneus were collected. After anatomical dissection and laboratorial examination of the snakes’ respiratory tracts, P. nattereri was found to be parasitized by two species of pentastomids: Cephalobaena tetrapoda Heymons, 1922 with a prevalence of 30.8 percent and a mean intensity of infection of 51.5 ± 32.7 (range 3-147), and Raillietiella furcocerca (Diesing, 1863) which had a prevalence of 7.7 percent and a mean intensity of infection of 1.0. Only one female of O. aeneus was found to be infected by C. tetrapoda, with a prevalence of 7.7 percent and mean intensity of infection of 2.0. There was no significant relationship between size of snout-vent length (SVL) and intensity of infection in the specimens investigated here. The two individuals of P. nattereri infected by more than 40 specimens of pentastomids had their lungs completely infected including the pulmonary peritoneum and trachea. It is noteworthy that the hosts had their lung tissues partially destroyed with apparent haemorrhage, and the trabecular structure of their lungs was also destroyed. The contrasting rates of infection estimated here may be related to differences in foraging strategies, in diet, and habitat selection carried out by individuals of P. nattereri and O. aeneus.


As relações entre pentastomídeos e duas espécies de Colubridae, Phillodryas nattereri Steindachner, 1870 e Oxybelis aeneus (Wagler, 1824), foram investigadas na Estação Ecológica do Seridó (ESEC-Seridó) situada em 6° 35’ - 40’S e 37°15’ - 20’W no município de Serra Negra do Norte, Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Nordeste do Brasil, mantida pelo IBAMA (Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis). Ao longo de 2005 foram coletados 26 espécimes de serpentes, sendo 13 de P. nattereri e 13 de O. aeneus. Depois da dissecação dos espécimes e exame em laboratório do trato respiratório, foram encontradas duas espécies de pentastomídeos parasitando P. nattereri: Cephalobaena tetrapoda Heymons, 1922 com prevalência 30.8 por cento, intensidade média de infecção 51.5 ± 32.7 (amplitude de 3-147) e Raillietiella furcocerca (Diesing, 1863) com prevalência 7.7 por cento e intensidade média de infecção 1.0. Apenas uma fêmea de O. aeneus estava infectada por C. tetrapoda com prevalência 7.7 por cento e intensidade de infecção 2.0. Não houve relação significativa entre o comprimento rostro-anal (SVL) e a intensidade de infecção nos espécimes coletados. Os dois indivíduos de P. nattereri com infecção por pentastomídeos em número superior a 40 tinham seus pulmões completamente infectados por esses parasitas, incluindo a traquéia e peritônio pulmonar. Esses indivíduos possuíam seus pulmões gradualmente destruídos, hemorragias aparentes e partes da estrutura trabecular dos pulmões destruída. As taxas de infecção contrastantes estimadas aqui podem estar relacionadas com as diferenças de estratégias de forrageamento, dieta e seleção de habitats por P. nattereri e O. aeneus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Colubridae/parasitology , Crustacea/classification , Lung/parasitology , Brazil , Prevalence
18.
Braz. j. biol ; 68(1): 199-203, Feb. 2008. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-482204

ABSTRACT

This article describes a new species of Brazilian Raillietiella Sambon, 1910 from lungs of Tropidurus hispidus (Spix, 1825). Between July and October 2005 eighteen specimens of T. hispidus were actively captured with elastic rubber slings in granite outcrops (lajeiros) (06° 59’ S and 39° 31’ W) from caatinga formations in the municipality of Farias Brito, State of Ceará, Northeastern Brazil. One female and one male of T. hispidus had lungs infected by Raillietiella mottae sp. nov. (prevalence 11.1 percent and mean intensity of infection 6.0 ± 1.4, range 5-7). The parasite’s main diagnostic characteristics include the dimensions of sharp hooks and strongly curved or "C-shaped" male copulatory spicules with knob-like posterior projection from the base towards the inner curvature of the spicule.


Este artigo descreve uma nova espécie de Raillietiella Sambon, 1910 a partir dos pulmões de Tropidurus hispidus (Spix, 1825). Entre julho a outubro de 2005, dezoito espécimes de T. hispidus foram coletados ativamente usando-se estilingues em formações rochosas (lajeiros) (06° 59’S e 39° 31’W) no domínio da caatinga no município de Farias Brito, estado do Ceará, nordeste do Brasil. Uma fêmea e um macho de T. hispidus tinham seus pulmões infectados por Raillietiella mottae sp. nov. (prevalência 11,1 por cento e intensidade média de infecção 6,0 ± 1,4, amplitude 5-7). As principais características diagnósticas dos parasitas incluem as dimensões dos ganchos com ponta aguda e as espículas copulatórias curvadas ou "em forma de C", com base posterior em forma de maçaneta, cuja parte distal é direcionada para o interior da curvatura da espícula.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Crustacea/anatomy & histology , Crustacea/classification , Lizards/parasitology , Lung/parasitology , Brazil , Lizards/classification
19.
Genet. mol. res. (Online) ; 7(2): 444-450, 2008. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-640994

ABSTRACT

In the present study, the initial developmental stage of Toxocara canis eggs and larvae, and number of recovered larvae from BALB/c mouse-infected organs are described. In vitro culture of T. canis detects the frequencies of interphasic, mitotic and embryonated eggs only within a 7-day period. Analysis by egg counting was carried out for 32 days. The results showed that at 7 days after cultivation, the frequency of larvae was 50.4% and that this frequency reached 52.8% in 32 days. In the experimental infection of BALB/c mice with T. canis, the number of recovered larvae statistically increased in the brain and liver, with doses of approximately 200 and 1000 eggs. After 7 days of infection, a larger number of larvae were obtained in the lung and liver, although a maximum amount was found in the brain after a 15- or 30-day post-infection period.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Parasite Egg Count , Toxocara canis/growth & development , Toxocariasis/parasitology , Cerebrum/parasitology , Disease Models, Animal , Liver/parasitology , Larva/growth & development , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Lung/parasitology , Time Factors
20.
Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research. 2008; 9 (4): 387-389
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-87335

ABSTRACT

Linguatula serrata is a tongue-shaped parasite that infects carnivores or insectivorous reptile as final host and herbivores as intermediate ones. During necropsy of a 1.5-year-old female stray cat, a few white and fine nodules were observed on the diaphragmatic lobes of the lung. In histopathological examination, the nodules contained a turned spinosum parasite with cuticular spines and in parasitological examination of digested suspension, nymph of L. serrata with characteristic features was seen. This is the first confirmed infestation in a cat with nymph of L. serrata in Iran


Subject(s)
Female , Animals , Nymph/parasitology , Lung/parasitology , Parasites
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