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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e244123, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278562

ABSTRACT

Abstract Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) is an important component of the innate immune system and have been associated with several autoimmune diseases, such as Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). The aim of this study was to investigate polymorphisms in TLR9 gene in a Brazilian SLE patients group and their association with clinical manifestation, particularly Jaccoud's arthropathy (JA). We analyzed DNA samples from 204 SLE patients, having a subgroup of them presenting JA (n=24). A control group (n=133) from the same city was also included. TLR9 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (−1237 C>T and +2848 G>A) were identified by sequencing analysis. The TLR9 gene genotype frequency was similar both in SLE patients and the control group. In the whole SLE population, an association between the homozygosis of allele C at position −1237 with psychosis and anemia (p < 0.01) was found. Likewise, the homozygosis of allele G at position +2848 was associated with a discoid rash (p < 0.05). There was no association between JA and TLR9 polymorphisms. These data show that TLR9 polymorphisms do not seem to be a predisposing factor for SLE in the Brazilian population, and that SNPs are not associated with JA.


Resumo O receptor Toll-like 9 (TLR9) é um componente importante do sistema imunológico inato e tem sido associado a várias doenças autoimunes, como o Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico (LES). O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar polimorfismos no gene TLR9 em um grupo de pacientes brasileiros com LES e sua associação com a manifestação clínica, particularmente a artropatia de Jaccoud (JA). Foram analisadas amostras de DNA de 204 pacientes com LES, e um subgrupo com JA (n=24). Um grupo de controle (n=133) da mesma cidade também foi incluído. Os polimorfismos de nucleotídeos únicos TLR9 (SNPs) (−1237 C>T e +2848 G>A) foram identificados pela análise de sequenciamento. A frequência do genótipo genético TLR9 foi semelhante tanto em pacientes com LES quanto no grupo controle. Em toda a população de LES, foi encontrada associação entre a homozigose do alelo C na posição −1237 com psicose e anemia (p < 0,01). Da mesma forma, a homozigose do alelo G na posição +2848 foi associada a uma erupção cutânea discoide (p < 0,05). Não houve associação entre polimorfismos JA e TLR9. Esses dados mostram que os polimorfismos TLR9 não parecem ser um fator predisponível para o LES na população brasileira, e que os SNPs não estão associados ao JA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Toll-Like Receptor 9/genetics , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/genetics , Brazil , Pilot Projects , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Gene Frequency/genetics
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1403142

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES), prototipo de enfermedad autoinmune, cursa con empujes y remisiones. Dada la diversidad de presentaciones posibles, su diagnóstico y tratamiento son un reto para el clínico, y se requiere tener un alto índice de sospecha. Objetivo: presentar el caso clínico de un adolescente que debuta con LES a forma de anemia hemolítica, probablemente gatillado por infección por virus de Epstein Barr. Caso clínico: Varón de 14 años, sin antecedentes a destacar. Consulta por fiebre de 7 días de evolución de hasta 39º C, odinofagia, astenia y adinamia. Al examen físico se constata palidez cutáneo mucosa, ictericia, adenopatías cervicales y hepatoesplenomegalia. El laboratorio muestra anemia severa regenerativa con aumento de las bilirrubinas a expensas de la indirecta sin hepatitis. Prueba de Coombs positiva. Anticuerpos específicos para Epstein Barr positivos, con lo que se diagnostica anemia hemolítica secundaria a mononucleosis y se inicia tratamiento corticoideo. En la evolución agrega eritema malar y limitación en flexión de codos y rodillas. Se reciben anticuerpos antinucleares y anti ADN nativo positivos con hipocomplementemia severa. Con diagnóstico de LES se inicia hidroxicloroquina y azatioprina, manteniéndose la prednisona. Conclusiones: Muchos virus (hepatitis C, Parvovirus B19, Epstein Barr y Citomegalovirus) se han descrito como posibles inductores o simuladores de LES. Es necesario mantener un alto índice de sospecha para realizar un diagnóstico oportuno y tratamiento precoz.


Introduction: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), prototype of autoimmune disease, progresses with flares and remissions. Given the diversity of possible presentations, its diagnosis and treatment are a challenge for the clinician, and a high index of suspicion is required. Objective: To present the clinical case of an adolescent who debuted with SLE in the form of hemolytic anemia, probably triggered by Epstein Barr virus infection. Clinical case: 14 - year - old male, with no history to highlight. Consultation for fever of 7 days of evolution of up to 39º C, odynophagia, asthenia and adynamia. Physical examination revealed mucous skin pallor, jaundice, cervical lymphadenopathy, and hepatosplenomegaly. The laboratory shows severe regenerative anemia with increased bilirubin at the expense of indirect without hepatitis. Positive Coombs test. Specific antibodies for Epstein Barr were positive, with which hemolytic anemia secondary to mononucleosis was diagnosed and corticosteroid treatment was started. In the evolution, it adds malar erythema and limitation in flexion of the elbows and knees. Positive antinuclear and anti-native DNA antibodies are received with severe hypocomplementemia. With a diagnosis of SLE, hydroxychloroquine and azathioprine were started, maintaining prednisone. Conclusions: Many viruses (hepatitis C, Parvovirus B19, Epstein Barr and Cytomegalovirus) have been described as possible inducers or mimics of SLE. It is necessary to maintain a high index of suspicion for timely diagnosis and early treatment.


Introdução: O lúpus eritematoso sistêmico (LES), protótipo de doença autoimune, evolui com impulsos e remissões. Dada a diversidade de apresentações possíveis, seu diagnóstico e tratamento são um desafio para o clínico, sendo necessário um alto índice de suspeição. Objetivo: apresentar o caso clínico de uma adolescente que iniciou com LES na forma de anemia hemolítica, provavelmente desencadeada por infecção pelo vírus Epstein Barr. Caso clínico: Homem de 14 anos, sem antecedentes a destacar. Consulta por febre de 7 dias de evolução de até 39º C, odinofagia, astenia e adinamia. O exame físico revelou palidez cutânea mucosa, icterícia, linfadenopatia cervical e hepatoesplenomegalia. O laboratório mostra anemia regenerativa grave com aumento da bilirrubina em detrimento da indireta sem hepatite. Teste de Coombs positivo. Anticorpos específicos para Epstein Barr foram positivos, com o qual foi diagnosticada anemia hemolítica secundária à mononucleose e iniciado tratamento com corticosteróides. Na evolução, acrescenta eritema malar e limitação na flexão dos cotovelos e joelhos. Anticorpos antinucleares e anti-DNA nativos positivos são recebidos com hipocomplementemia grave. Com diagnóstico de LES, iniciou-se hidroxicloroquina e azatioprina, mantendo-se prednisona. Conclusões: Muitos vírus (hepatite C, Parvovírus B19, Epstein Barr e Citomegalovírus) têm sido descritos como possíveis indutores ou mimetizadores do LES. É necessário manter um alto índice de suspeição para diagnóstico oportuno e tratamento precoce.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/diagnosis , Infectious Mononucleosis/diagnosis , Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune/diagnosis , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Azathioprine/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/drug therapy , Diagnosis, Differential , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Infectious Mononucleosis/drug therapy , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/drug therapy
3.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 33(2): 76-82, abr. - jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1393391

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las manifestaciones hematológicas en el lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) son frecuentes. La leucopenia se presenta del 50 al 60% de los casos, pero solo el 17% tiene un recuento leucocitario <1.000/mm3. La neutropenia en pacientes con leucopenia ocurre entre un 20-40% (según el valor de corte del laboratorio). Los mecanismos posibles de neutropenia descriptos son: aumento en la destrucción de granulocitos periféricos por anticuerpos antineutrófilos, opsonización y destrucción por monocitos; cambios en el pool esplénico y marginal; y disminución en la producción medular. La formación de trampas extracelulares de neutrófilos (neutrophil extracellular traps, NETs) contribuye en la producción de interferón tipo 1 (IFN-1) a partir de plasmocitos y células dendríticas causando daño endotelial y cambios protrombóticos. La NETosis y el clearence anormal de material apoptótico promueven mayor liberación de antígenos y la consiguiente formación de autoanticuerpos. Las consecuencias infecciosas de la neutropenia al diagnóstico de LES se desconocen. Los objetivos del presente estudio fueron conocer la prevalencia de la neutropenia al diagnóstico de LES, determinar su correlación con otras variables de la patología, y estudiar su relación con una mayor probabilidad de actividad, daño, infecciones y mortalidad. Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo. Se incluyeron pacientes con diagnóstico de LES (Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics, SLICC 2012) de la cohorte del Sanatorio, desde enero de 2010 a diciembre de 2020. Se consignaron variables demográficas y asociadas a la enfermedad (criterios clínicos y de laboratorio). Escala de actividad: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index 2k (SLEDAI-2k). Se dividieron en dos grupos según la presencia de neutropenia (<1.500/mm3). Se definió un subgrupo de neutropenia severa: <500/mm3. En pacientes con neutropenia se evaluó la presencia de infección viral, bacteriana y tratamiento con factor de crecimiento de colonias de granulocitos y monocitos (GM-GSF). Análisis estadístico: los datos descriptivos se presentaron como medias y sus desvíos estándar (±DS) (variables continuas) y porcentajes (variables categóricas). Se compararon variables independientes de acuerdo con su distribución con test Mann Whitney. Se utilizó prueba t de Student para comparación de medias, y chi cuadrado (X2) para variables cualitativas. Se consideró como estadísticamente una p≤0,05. Resultados: se incluyeron 70 pacientes. Mujeres 59 (84%), edad media 38,6 años (18-72). Leucopenia 24 (34%), linfopenia 30 (42,8%), neutropenia 12 (17%), neutropenia severa 2 (2,8%) y plaquetopenia 7 (10%). Grupo con neutropenia (n=12): Sicca 12 (100%). Media índice neutrófilo/linfocito (INL) 1,33 (DS 0,69), infecciones: virus de Epstein-Barr (VEB) IgM (+) uno, parvovirus y CMV solicitados y negativos dos. PAMO realizada una: normal. Pacientes en tratamiento con GM-GSF: dos, sin eventos adversos. Dos infecciones urinarias. Conclusiones: en nuestro estudio se observó correlación entre neutropenia con síntomas Sicca, leucopenia y linfopenia, y un INL menor. Se desconoce si se relacionó a peor evolución. La presencia de infección fue baja (16%). Dos pacientes requirieron GM-GSF (con neutropenia severa), sin haber presentado eventos adversos.


Introduction: hematological manifestations are frequent in systemic erythematosus lupus (SLE). Leukopenia is seen in between 50 to 60% of cases, but only 17% has a leukocyte count <1,000/mm3. Neutropenia in patients with leukopenia occurs between 20-40% of cases, depending on the cut-off value used. Possible described mechanisms for neutropenia are: an increase in destruction of granulocytes by anti-neutrophil antibodies, opsonization and destruction by monocytes; change in the splenic and marginal neutrophil pool; a diminished production in the bone marrow. The formation of NETs contributes to the production of INF-1 from plasmocytes and dendritic cells, causing endothelial damage and pro-thrombotic changes. NETosis and apoptotic abnormal clearence promote the formation of antigens and subsequent autoantibodies. Infectious consequences of neutropenia in SLE are still unknown. The objectives of this article were to know the prevalence of neutropenia at diagnosis of SLE in our hospital, and secondly to determine its correlation with other variables of the disease and to investigate whether it's related with a greater probability of infections. Materials and methods: descriptive, retrospective study. Patients with diagnosis of SLE (SLICC 2012) from our cohort were included. Demographic and related to disease variables were stated. Activity scale: SLEDAI-2k. Patients were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of neutropenia (<1.500/mm3 ) and multivariate analysis was performed to clinical and analytical variables. A subgroup with severe neutropenia (<500/mm3) was evaluated. Multivariate analysis was performed to detect correlations between a diminished neutrophil count and clinical manifestations, disease severity, autoantibodies profile, infections, and associated diseases. In neutropenic patients, the presence of viral or bacterial infection and the use of GM-GSF were evaluated. Statistical analysis was performed as mean +/-SD for continuous variables and percentage for categorical variables. T-Test or Mann-Whitney were used to compare independent variables according to distribution. Student's T and Chi-Square for qualitative variables. Statistical significance: p<0.05. Results: 70 patients were included. Female 59 (84%), mean age 38.6 years (18- 72). Leukopenia 24 (34%), lymphopenia 30 (42.8%), neutropenia 12 (17%), severe 2 (2.8%), thrombocytopenia 7 (10%). Neutropenic group: Sicca 12 (100%), neutrophil/lymphocyte index (NLI) 1.33 (DS 0.69), infections: EBV IgM+1/12, parvovirus and CMV negative 2/12. BMA 1/12, without pathologic findings. GM-GSF 2/12. Infections: 2/12 (urinary). Conclusions: we observed a correlation between Sicca symptoms, leuko and lymphopenia, and a lower NLI. The clinical significance of these findings was uncertain. The presence of infection was low (16%). Two required GM-GSF, having not presented adverse events.


Subject(s)
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Autoimmune Diseases , Neutropenia
4.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 33(1): 14-25, ene. - mar. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392898

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el lupus es una enfermedad compleja y varias veces de difícil abordaje. Alcanzar la remisión es uno de los objetivos, incorporando opciones terapéuticas. Objetivos: describir las características generales de los pacientes según el estado de la enfermedad y el uso de belimumab. Materiales y métodos: estudio de corte transversal, registro RELESSAR. Se definió el estado de la enfermedad como: remisión: SLEDAI=0 y sin corticoides; baja actividad de la enfermedad: SLEDAI >0 y ≤4 y sin corticoides; control no óptimo: SLEDAI >4 y cualquier dosis de corticoides. Resultados: se incluyeron 1.277 pacientes, 23,4% en remisión, 12,6% en baja actividad y 63,8% con control no óptimo. En este último grupo eran más jóvenes y con menor duración de la enfermedad; presentaban mayores índices de actividad y cronicidad, y mayor empleo de inmunosupresores. Solo el 22,3% de los pacientes con criterio potencial de uso de belimumab (lupus eritematoso sistémico activo a pesar del tratamiento estándar) lo recibía en ese momento. Las variables asociadas a hospitalizaciones fueron: terapia con corticoides, ciclofosfamida y mayor SLICC. Conclusiones: se refleja la complejidad del manejo de estos pacientes y se visualizan aspectos estructurales como la desigualdad. El uso del belimumab resultaría beneficioso en los pacientes seleccionados.


Introduction: lupus is a complex disease and often difficult to approach. Achieving remission is one of the objectives, incorporating therapeutic options. Objectives: to describe the characteristics of the patients and the use of belimumab, according to the status of the disease. Materials and methods: cross-sectional study. Patients of the RELESSAR registry. Stratification: Remission: SLEDAI=0 and without corticosteroids. Low disease activity SLEDAI> 0 and ≤4 and without corticosteroids and non-optimal control: SLEDAI> 4 and any dose of corticosteroids. Results: a total of 1,277 patients were included, 23.4% in remission, 12.6% in low disease activity and 63.8% in non-optimal control. The last group was younger and had a shorter duration of the disease. They had higher activity and chronicity indices and greater use of immunosuppressants. Only 22.3% of the patients with potential criteria for the use of belimumab (activity disease despite standard treatment) were receiving it. The variables associated with hospitalizations were: corticosteroids, cyclophosphamide and higher SLICC. Those associated with severe infection: mycophenolate mofetil, azathioprine, corticosteroids, and higher SLICC. Conclusions: the complexity of the management of these patients is reflected, visualizing structural aspects such as inequality. The use of belimumab could be beneficial in selected patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Referral and Consultation , Therapeutics
6.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(2): 256-260, feb. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389633

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Amicrobial Pustulosis of the Folds is a relapsing, chronic and rare neutrophilic dermatosis, characterized by papulopustular, eczematous and aseptic lesions on skin folds. This disorder usually occurs predominantly in females (30 years of age average) with a history of an autoimmune disorder, especially systemic lupus erythematosus. There is no standard therapy, but systemic corticosteroids, alone or in combination with other immunosuppressive drugs, are usually the first-line therapy. We report two females aged 37 and 20 years with the disease but without associated autoimmune diseases. They were successfully treated with non-steroidal treatments.


La pustulosis amicrobiana de los pliegues es una dermatosis neutrofílica crónica, recurrente y poco común. Se caracteriza por lesiones pápulo-pustulosas, eczematosas y asépticas de los pliegues cutáneos. Este cuadro se presenta predominantemente en mujeres de alrededor de 30 años con enfermedades autoinmunes, especialmente lupus eritematoso sistémico. No existe un tratamiento estándar pero los corticoides solos o con inmunosupresores se usan de primera línea. Informamos dos mujeres de 27 y 20 años sin patología autoinmune, con la enfermedad. Ellas fueron tratadas exitosamente sin usar esteroides.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Autoimmune Diseases/complications , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/drug therapy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Drug Therapy, Combination , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928757

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the changes of Ⅻ antithrombin (FⅫa-AT), thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), and lupus anticoagulant (LA) ratio in the peripheral blood factor of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and the clinical value of combined diagnosis of thrombotic events.@*METHODS@#A total of 133 SLE patients treated in Xingtai People's Hospital were selected and divided into simple SLE group (105 cases) and SLE complicated with thrombosis group (28 cases) according to whether thrombotic events occurred, and 102 cases of healthy people in the same period were selected as control. The clinical data of the 3 groups, the level of peripheral blood FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, and LA ratio were compared, the relationship between each peripheral blood index and SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) score were analyzed. The influencing factors of thrombotic events in SLE patients were analyzed, and the value of each peripheral blood index in the diagnosis of SLE complicated with thrombotic events were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of the patients with age ≥60 year, hypertension, and smoking history in SLE complicated with thrombosis group was higher than those in simple SLE group and control group (P<0.05). The SLEDAI score, peripheral blood FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, LA ratio levels of the patients in SLE complicated with thrombosis group were significantly higher than those in simple SLE group and control group, and the simple SLE group was significantly higher than the control group (P<0.05). FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, LA ratio in peripheral blood of SLE patients were positively correlated with SLEDAI score (r=0.663, 0.578 and 0.625). Age, blood pressure, smoking history, peripheral blood FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, LA ratio were the important influencing factors of thrombotic events in SLE patients (P<0.05). The AUC diagnosed by the FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, and LA ratio in peripheral blood was 0.881, the 95% CI was 0.813-0.931, the sensitivity was 82.14%, and the specificity was 91.43%, which was superior to each index alone (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Peripheral blood FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, LA ratio level changes in SLE patients are significantly related to disease activity, and the combined diagnosis of thrombotic events is more reliable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Risk Factors , Thrombosis/etiology , Thrombospondin 1
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 903-914, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927753

ABSTRACT

In recent decades, the treatment of autoimmune diseases has moved from the use of hormones and conventional immunosuppressive drugs to biological agents. B cell proliferation and maturation play crucial roles in the development of autoimmune diseases. The tumor necrosis factor superfamily ligand B cell activating factor (BAFF) and its receptor mediate B cell survival through regulating signaling pathways. Therefore, BAFF and its receptors are important therapeutic targets for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. This review describes the mechanism of BAFF and its receptor in the human body system and introduces the latest views on how over-activation of BAFF pathway promotes the development of autoimmune diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjogren's syndrome, and rheumatoid arthritis. In connection to the treatment of the above three diseases, this review discusses the clinical trials and application status of three BAFF-targeting antibody drugs, including Belimumab, Tabalumab and Atacicept. Finally, this review proposes new strategies that targeting the BAFF pathway to provide a new treatment for autoimmune diseases.


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Diseases/drug therapy , B-Cell Activating Factor/therapeutic use , B-Lymphocytes , Humans , Interleukin-4 , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/drug therapy
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 447-455, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927548

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disease, and the mechanism of SLE is yet to be fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to explore the role of two-pore segment channel 2 (TPCN2) in SLE pathogenesis.@*METHODS@#Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of TPCN2 in SLE. We performed a loss-of-function assay by lentiviral construct in Jurkat and THP-1 cell. Knockdown of TPCN2 were confirmed at the RNA level by qRT-PCR and protein level by Western blotting. Cell Count Kit-8 and flow cytometry were used to analyze the cell proliferation, apoptosis, and cell cycle of TPCN2-deficient cells. In addition, gene expression profile of TPCN2-deficient cells was analyzed by RNA sequencing (RNA-seq).@*RESULTS@#TPCN2 knockdown with short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated lentiviruses inhibited cell proliferation, and induced apoptosis and cell-cycle arrest of G2/M phase in both Jurkat and THP-1 cells. We analyzed the transcriptome of knockdown-TPCN2-Jurkat cells, and screened the differential genes, which were enriched for the G2/M checkpoint, complement, and interleukin-6-Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription pathways, as well as changes in levels of forkhead box O, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B/mechanistic target of rapamycin, and T cell receptor pathways; moreover, TPCN2 significantly influenced cellular processes and biological regulation.@*CONCLUSION@#TPCN2 might be a potential protective factor against SLE.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis/genetics , Cell Division , Humans , Jurkat Cells , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/genetics , RNA, Small Interfering/genetics
11.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0020, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365724

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O lúpus eritematoso sistêmico é uma doença que pode apresentar comprometimento oftalmológico geralmente benigno, sendo as alterações mais encontradas a síndrome do olho seco e a catarata. Nos pacientes com a doença estável, o dano oftalmológico parece estar relacionado ao tratamento sistêmico a longo prazo, o que enfatiza a importância do exame oftalmológico completo de rotina. Porém, quando a doença está em franca atividade e, em especial, quando há o envolvimento renal, deve-se iniciar o tratamento precoce com corticoterapia sistêmica e com medidas de suporte, para se evitarem repercussões mais complexas, como as crises hipertensivas que podem levar ao óbito.


ABSTRACT Systemic lupus erythematosus may present ophthalmological involvement, usually benign, and the most common changes are dry eye syndrome and cataract. In patients with stable disease, ophthalmologic damage appears to be related to long-term systemic treatment, emphasizing the importance of routine complete ophthalmologic examination. However, in full-blown disease, especially when there is renal involvement, early treatment should start with systemic steroid therapy and supportive measures, to avoid major repercussions, such as hypertensive crises that may lead to death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Hypertensive Retinopathy/etiology , Hypertension, Malignant/complications , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Ophthalmoscopy , Retina/diagnostic imaging , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Visual Acuity , Pulse Therapy, Drug , Hypertensive Retinopathy/diagnosis , Hypertensive Retinopathy/drug therapy , Slit Lamp Microscopy , Fundus Oculi , Hypertension/complications , Hypertension/etiology , Hypertension, Malignant/etiology
12.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(6): 545-553, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388696

ABSTRACT

ANTECEDENTES: El lupus eritematoso sistémico es una enfermedad autoinmunitaria multisistémica que afecta principalmente a mujeres en edad fértil. La nefritis lúpica es la manifestación clínica más frecuente durante la gestación y constituye un factor de riesgo para la pérdida del embarazo, en especial en pacientes con insuficiencia renal. Además, presenta mayor riesgo de pérdida fetal, restricción del crecimiento intrauterino e hipertensión. CASOS CLÍNICOS: El primer caso se trata de una gestante de 28 + 2 semanas con daño renal grave y anticuerpos anti-DNA en título elevado. En el segundo caso destaca el debut con sintomatología de dificultad respiratoria y edemas como manifestaciones clínicas de nefropatía lúpica tipo V a las 23 semanas de gestación. En ambas pacientes destaca la prematuridad como complicación perinatal, así como el crecimiento intrauterino retardado en el primer caso. Por último, se describen los resultados clínico-analíticos tras el inicio terapéutico específico en ambos casos. CONCLUSIONES: El diagnóstico diferencial del debut de nefritis lúpica durante la gestación continúa siendo un desafío, a pesar de los avances en cuanto a marcadores angiogénicos. La valoración clínica continúa siendo la piedra angular de este proceso diagnóstico y de sus implicaciones en cuanto a complicaciones del embarazo actuales y futuras.


BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus is a multisystem autoimmune disease that mainly affects women of childbearing age. Lupus nephritis represents the most frequent clinical manifestation in pregnancy, constituting a risk factor for pregnancy loss, especially in patients with kidney damage. It also has a higher risk of fetal loss, intrauterine growth restriction, and gestational hypertension. CLINICAL CASES: The first case is a 28 + 2-week pregnant woman with severe kidney damage and high-titles anti-DNA antibodies. In the second case, we highlight the debut with symptoms of respiratory distress and edema as clinical manifestations of type V lupus nephropathy in a 23-week gestation. In both cases, prematurity stands out as a perinatal complication, as well as delayed intrauterine growth in the former. Finally, the clinical-analytical results are described, after the specific therapeutic initiation in both cases. CONCLUSIONS: The differential diagnosis of the onset of lupus nephritis during pregnancy continues to be a challenge, despite the advances in angiogenic markers; clinical assessment continues to be the cornerstone of this diagnostic process and its implications for current and future pregnancy complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications/diagnosis , Lupus Nephritis/diagnosis , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Pre-Eclampsia/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications/drug therapy , Lupus Nephritis/drug therapy , Diagnosis, Differential
13.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 5(4): 422-425, out.dez.2021. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399807

ABSTRACT

A reativação da BCG pode ocorrer em diversos contextos: associada a quadros infecciosos, imunossupressão, autoimunidade e pós-vacinações. Além disso, especialmente em crianças abaixo de 5 anos de idade, deve ser valorizada como um achando presente em cerca de 50% dos casos de Doença de Kawasaki. Neste artigo, relatamos o primeiro caso publicado na literatura de uma paciente adulta jovem, a qual manifestou uma reativação de BCG após receber a primeira dose de vacina contra COVID-19 (AztraZeneca/Oxford/Biomanguinhos). Dentro das primeiras 24h após a administração da vacina, a paciente desenvolveu febre alta, sudorese, dor local, mialgia difusa e cefaleia. Após dois dias, iniciou eritema e enduração no local da cicatriz da vacina BCG. Ela tem como comorbidade a urticária crônica espontânea, porém estava assintomática sem crises há mais de 1 ano. Tem como antecedente familiar relevante o óbito materno por síndrome complexa de sobreposição de autoimunidade (lúpus eritematoso sistêmico, síndrome de Sjögren e síndrome do anticorpo antifosfolípide). Após ser medicada com anti-inflamatórios não esteroides (AINE) e corticoterapia tópica de moderada potência por 3 dias, houve resolução completa da reativação da BCG. A paciente, após 3 meses, recebeu a segunda dose da vacina e não manifestou nenhum sintoma. Acredita-se que a reativação da BCG ocorra devido a um mecanismo de reação cruzada entre HSP do indivíduo, elicitadas como mediadores da imunidade inata frente à inflamação vacinal, com alguns epítopos do M. bovis. Recomendase que seja investigada alguma condição imunossupressora ou autoimune nos pacientes que manifestem reativação da BCG, principalmente em adultos, na qual a doença de Kawasaki é bastante rara. As vacinas, incluindo as contra COVID-19, também podem desencadear o surgimento deste fenômeno imunológico ainda pouco compreendido.


BCG reactivation can occur in different contexts: associated with infectious conditions, immunosuppression, autoimmunity and post-vaccinations. Also, especially in children below of 5 years of age, should be valued as a finding present in about 50% of cases of Kawasaki disease. In this article, we report the first case published in the literature of a young adult patient, who manifested a reactivation of BCG after receiving the first dose of vaccine against COVID-19 (AztraZeneca/Oxford/Biomanguinhos). Within the first 24 hours after the administration of the vaccine, the patient developed high fever, sweating, local pain, diffuse myalgia and headache. After 2 days, erythema and induration at the site of the BCG vaccine scar began. she has how comorbidity to chronic spontaneous urticaria, but she was asymptomatic without crises for more than 1 year. The relevant family history is maternal death due to the complex syndrome of autoimmunity overlap (systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögrens syndrome, and anti-phospholipid antibody). After being medicated with NSAID and moderate topical corticosteroid therapy potency for 3 days, there was complete resolution of BCG reactivation. The patient, after 3 months, received the 2nd dose of the vaccine and had no symptoms. It is believed that the reactivation of BCG occurs due to a cross-reaction mechanism between the individuals HSP, elicited as mediators of innate immunity against vaccine inflammation, with some epitopes of M. bovis. It is recommended that any immunosuppressive or autoimmune condition be investigated in patients that manifest BCG reactivation, especially in adults, in which Kawasaki disease is quite rare. Vaccines, including those against COVID-19, can also trigger of this immunological phenomenon still poorly understood.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , BCG Vaccine , Autoimmunity , Cicatrix , COVID-19 , ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 , Pain , Signs and Symptoms , Sjogren's Syndrome , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Antiphospholipid Syndrome , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Erythema , Fever , Chronic Urticaria , COVID-19 Vaccines , Headache , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Mycobacterium bovis
14.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(4): 586-590, Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350902

ABSTRACT

Abstract Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic multisystem autoimmune inflammatory disease. However, some patients may exhibit a histological pattern of kidney injury, with characteristics indistinguishable from lupus nephritis, but without presenting any extrarenal symptoms or serologies suggestive of SLE. Such involvement has recently been called non-lupus full-house nephropathy. The objective is to report a series of clinical cases referred to the Laboratory of the Federal University of Maranhão that received the diagnosis of "full-house" nephropathy unrelated to lupus, upon immunofluorescence and to discuss its evolution and outcomes. Non-lupus full-house nephropathy represents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, because it is a new entity, which still needs further studies and may be the initial manifestation of SLE, isolated manifestation of SLE or a new pathology unrelated to SLE.


Resumo O lúpus eritematoso sistêmico (LES) é uma doença inflamatória crônica autoimune multissistêmica. Alguns pacientes, contudo, podem exibir um padrão histológico de lesão renal, com características indistinguíveis da nefrite lúpica, porém sem apresentar quaisquer sintomas extrarrenais ou sorologias sugestivas de LES. Tal acometimento tem sido recentemente denominado nefropatia "full-house" não relacionada ao lúpus. O objetivo é relatar uma série de casos clínicos encaminhados ao Laboratório da Universidade Federal do Maranhão que receberam o diagnóstico de nefropatia "full-house" não relacionada ao lúpus à imunofluorescência e discutir sua evolução e desfechos. A nefropatia "full-house" não relacionada ao lúpus representa um desafio diagnóstico e terapêutico por ser uma entidade nova, que ainda necessita de maiores estudos e pode ser a manifestação inicial do LES, manifestação isolada do LES ou uma patologia nova não relacionada ao LES.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lupus Nephritis/diagnosis , Kidney Diseases , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Kidney
15.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(3): e1051, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352035

ABSTRACT

El lupus eritematoso sistémico es una enfermedad autoinmune, de curso crónico con afectación multisistémica. Las manifestaciones oculares del lupus eritematoso sistémico pueden afectar cualquier estructura del ojo. La formación de catarata y la aparición de la diabetes secundaria asociada con el tratamiento esteroideo prolongado es frecuente en estos pacientes. Se presenta el caso de una paciente femenina de 69 años, con antecedentes de lupus eritematoso sistémico de más de 20 años de evolución, tratada con 5 mg diarios de prednisona oral en dosis de mantenimiento. Refiere, además, diabetes mellitus tipo 2 controlada de más de 10 años de evolución. Asiste a la consulta de Oftalmología por disminución de la visión y se diagnostica catarata en el ojo derecho. Se realiza facoemulsificación con implante de lente intraocular plegable, previa profilaxis para la endoftalmitis. La catarata asociada a la diabetes secundaria en los pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico justifica el uso de profilaxis antinflamatoria con esteroides tópicos y sistémicos para asegurar una mínima inflamación posoperatoria y mejorar el pronóstico visual(AU)


Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic autoimmune disease of multisystemic involvement. Ocular manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus may present in any structure of the eye. Cataract formation and the appearance of secondary diabetes associated to prolonged steroid therapy are common in these patients. A case is presented of a female 69-year-old patient with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus of more than 20 years' evolution, treated with 5 mg daily of oral prednisone at maintenance doses. The patient also reports controlled diabetes mellitus type 2 of more than ten years' evolution. Her main concern in attending Ophthalmology consultation is vision reduction. Cataract is diagnosed in her right eye. The treatment indicated is phacoemulsification with foldable intraocular lens implantation following prophylaxis for endophthalmitis. Cataract associated to secondary diabetes in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus justifies the use of anti-inflammatory prophylaxis with topical and systemic steroids to ensure minimum postoperative inflammation and improve visual prognosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Cataract/diagnosis , Endophthalmitis/complications , Phacoemulsification/methods , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/methods , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/etiology , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Research Report
16.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 32(3): 9-14, set. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1365495

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la disfunción sexual (DS) es la alteración en una o varias de las fases de la actividad sexual. Puede culminar en frustración, dolor y disminución de la frecuencia de las relaciones sexuales. Objetivos: determinar la frecuencia de DS y analizar los factores asociados en pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES). Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio de corte transversal. Se incluyeron pacientes femeninas con LES, entre 18 y 50 años, se excluyeron aquellas con síndrome de Sjögren, menopausia, depresión severa y analfabetas. Se evaluaron variables demográficas y de la enfermedad. Se aplicó la escala Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21) y el Índice de Función Sexual Femenina (Female Sexual Function Index, FSFI). Se comparó con un grupo control sano. Resultados: se evaluaron 60 mujeres con LES y 63 controles. La prevalencia de DS en LES fue de 71,7% y hubo diferencias significativas en todos los dominios de la función sexual. El score total del FSFI en pacientes con LES fue menor al comparar con los controles. Según la escala DASS-21, estrés, ansiedad y depresión se observaron en al menos la mitad de mujeres lúpicas, sin embargo, no se encontró asociación entre estas variables y DS. Conclusiones: la prevalencia de DS en pacientes con LES fue elevada. Depresión, ansiedad y estrés no fueron determinantes en la presencia de DS.


Introduction: sexual dysfunction is the alteration in one or several phases of sexual activity. It can culminate in frustration, pain and a decrease in the frequency of sexual intercourse. Objectives: determine the frequency of sexual dysfunction and analyze associated factors in patients with SLE. Materials and methods: a descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted. We included patients with SLE, between 18 and 50 years of age, Secondary Sjogren's syndrome, menopause, severe depression and illiterate patients were excluded. Demographic and disease-related variables were studied. The Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21), and the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) were applied. Results: sixty women with SLE and 63 controls were evaluated. The prevalence of SD in SLE was 71.7% and there were significant differences in all domains of sexual function. The total FSFI score in patients with SLE was lower when compared to controls. According to the DASS-21 scale, stress, anxiety and depression were observed in at least half of lupus women, however no association was found between these variables and SD. Conclusions: the prevalence of SD in patients with SLE was high. Depression, Anxiety, and Stress were not determinants in the presence of SD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/epidemiology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/physiopathology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Stress, Physiological , Case-Control Studies , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression/epidemiology
17.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(2): e701, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1289999

ABSTRACT

El debut del lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) durante el embarazo, intrincado con preeclampsia grave, asociado a edema vulvar masivo gestacional, es raro y de difícil diagnóstico. Se reporta una paciente de 19 años, con 35 semanas de gestación, que debutó con LES durante el tercer trimestre del embarazo, y que consulta por manifestaciones cutáneas, dadas por eritemas en pulpejos de dedos de manos. Se constata preeclampsia severa. Se realiza cesárea de urgencia, e ingresa a la unidad de cuidados intensivos. Instala edema de vulva masivo que incapacita la deambulación.


The onset of systemic lupus erythematosus during pregnancy, complicated with severe preeclampsia, associated with massive gestational vulvar edema, is rare and difficult to diagnose. A 19-year-old patient is reported, with 35 weeks of gestation, who started with systemic lupus erythematosus during her third trimester of pregnancy, and consulted due to cutaneous manifestations caused by erythema on the pads of the fingers. Severe preeclampsia was observed. An emergency cesarean section was performed, and the patient was admitted to the Intensive Care Unit. She developed a massive vulvar edema that disabled ambulation.


O aparecimento de lúpus eritematoso sistêmico durante a gravidez, intrincado com pré-eclâmpsia grave é raro e de difícil diagnóstico. É relatada uma paciente de 19 anos, com 35 semanas de gestação, que estreou com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico no terceiro trimestre de gestação, e que se consultou por manifestações cutâneas causadas por eritema nas pontas dos dedos das mãos. Também existe uma pré-eclâmpsia grave. E realizada cesárea de emergência e ela é internada na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Instala um edema vulvar maciço que impede a deambulação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pre-Eclampsia , Vulva/pathology , Edema/surgery , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/drug therapy , Catastrophic Illness , Diagnosis, Differential
18.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(2): 116-119, abr.-jun. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379284

ABSTRACT

A dor abdominal no paciente com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico tem amplo espectro clínico, variando desde condições inespecí- ficas, como diarreia e vômitos, até eventos de importante morbi- mortalidade, como o abdome agudo inflamatório e/ou perfura- tivo. A seguir, descreve-se um caso de paciente do sexo feminino, de 23 anos, internada por dor abdominal associada a vômitos e à diarreia crônica e progressiva. Foi diagnosticada com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico há 2 anos. Durante a internação, evoluiu com quadro de abdome agudo, e foi realizada tomografia compu- tadorizada de abdome, revelando importante edema de parede intestinal difuso. Isso, somado a alterações clínico-laboratoriais, permitiu o diagnóstico de enterite lúpica. Foi realizado tratamen- to conservador, com corticoterapia e terapia de suporte com correção de distúrbios eletrolíticos severos, sendo iniciado ciclo- fosfamida, com resolução dos sintomas gastrintestinais.


Abdominal pain in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus has a broad clinical spectrum, ranging from nonspecific symp- toms, such as diarrhea and vomiting, to events of significant morbidity and mortality, such as acute inflammatory and/or per- forating abdomen. This article describes a case of a 23-year-old female patient hospitalized for abdominal pain, associated with vomiting and progressive chronic diarrhea. She was diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus 2 years ago. During hospita- lization, the patient progressed with acute abdomen, and an ab- dominal computed tomography scan was performed, revealing major diffuse intestinal wall edema. This, added to clinical and laboratories alterations, allowed the diagnosis of lupus enteritis. A conservative treatment with corticotherapy and supportive therapy with correction of severe electrolyte disturbances were initiated, as well as the prescription of cyclophosphamide, with resolution of gastrointestinal symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Enteritis/etiology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Vomiting/etiology , Water-Electrolyte Imbalance/therapy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Ultrasonography , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Rare Diseases/etiology , Diarrhea/etiology , Enteritis/diagnosis , Enteritis/drug therapy , Administration, Intravenous , Piperacillin, Tazobactam Drug Combination/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
19.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 59(2): 152-158, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388386

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome de WEBINO (wall-eyed bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia), se presenta por una lesión del tegmento pontino (incluye área pontina paramediana, fascículo longitudinal medial y núcleo del abducens). Presenta limitación bilateral en la aducción y exotropía en la posición de la mirada primaria, nistagmo del ojo que abduce e incapacidad para la convergencia. Reporte de caso: Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 14 años con antecedente de Lupus Eritematoso Sistémico que debutó con diplopía horizontal de inicio súbito. El diagnóstico de WEBINO fue clínico y asociado con hallazgos de lesión isquémico pontomesencefálica en Resonancia Nuclear Magnética y angioresonancia cerebral. Se administró tratamiento con Metilprednisolona y presentó resolución gradual de los síntomas, sin embargo una semana después falleció por criptococosis sistémica. Conclusiones: Hacer el diagnostico de WEBINO se hace desafiante por su rareza y por la precisión de su localización neuroanatómica. Se debe realizar una exploración detallada para definir la causa probable y establecer el tratamiento oportuno que favorezca el pronóstico neurológico.


Background: Wall-eyed bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia (WEBINO) is presented by a lesion of the pontine tegment (includes paramedian pontine area, medial longitudinal fascicle and nuclei of the abducens). It presents bilateral limitation in adduction and exotropia in the position of the primary gaze, abducting eye nystagmus and inability to converge. Case report: We present the case of a 14-year-old patient with a history of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus who debuted with sudden onset horizontal diplopia. WEBINO's diagnosis was clinical and associated with findings of ponto-mesencephalic ischemic injury in magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance angiography. Treatment with Methylprednisolone was administered and she presented gradual resolution of the symptoms, however, one week later she died of systemic cryptococcosis. Conclusions: Making the WEBINO diagnosis is challenging due to its rarity and the precision of its neuroanatomical location. A detailed examination should be performed to define the probable cause and establish the appropriate treatment that favors the neurological prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Ocular Motility Disorders/drug therapy , Ocular Motility Disorders/diagnostic imaging , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Diplopia , Pontine Tegmentum/pathology
20.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 37(2): e1235, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289431

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La púrpura trombocitopénica trombótica puede presentarse en menos del 2 por ciento de los pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico. Esta asociación implica un aumento de la mortalidad y un periodo de remisión más prolongado. Objetivo: Se presenta el caso de paciente peruana que desarrolló esta asociación y presentó complicaciones relacionadas con shock séptico. Caso clínico: Paciente femenina, con antecedente de púrpura trombocitopénica inmunológica y lupus eritematoso sistémico, acudió a emergencia por presentar palidez cutánea generalizada, petequias en miembros inferiores y hematuria. Posteriormente, su estado de salud se complicó con un shock séptico y deterioro del nivel de conciencia. Por todo esto, es referida a un hospital de mayor complejidad y hace su ingreso a la unidad de cuidados intensivos. La clínica y los exámenes de laboratorio revelaron hallazgos compatibles con púrpura trombocitopénica trombótica (anemia grave, plaquetopenia, esquistositosis) y lupus eritematoso sistémico activo grave. Antes de ser referida, recibió pulsos de metilprednisona y prednisona. Ya en unidad de cuidados intensivos, se cambió a soporte ventilatorio y tratamiento antibiótico. Con el diagnóstico presuntivo de púrpura trombocitopénica trombótica, asociada a lupus eritematoso sistémico activo grave, se inició tratamiento oportuno con plasmaféresis, corticoterapia y ciclofosfamida. La paciente recuperó los niveles plaquetarios y el nivel óptimo de conciencia. Actualmente acude a controles. Conclusiones: La púrpura trombocitopénica trombótica es una emergencia hematológica con alta mortalidad en ausencia de tratamiento. Su reconocimiento oportuno, sin dosificación de la proteína ADAMTS13, en esta asociación poco frecuente con lupus eritematoso sistémico es importante en el buen pronóstico del paciente(AU)


Introduction: Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura may occur in less than 2 percent of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. This association implies an increase in mortality and a longer remission period. Objective: We present the case of a Peruvian woman who developed this association, and complicating herself with septic shock. Clinical case: A female patient, with a history of immunological thrombocytopenic purpura and systemic lupus erythematosus, comes to the emergency room due to generalized skin pallor, lower limb petechiae and hematuria. Subsequently, her state of health gets complicated with a septic shock and deterioration of the level of consciousness. For all of this, she was referred to a hospital of greater complexity and makes admission to an intensive care unit. Clinical and laboratory tests revealed findings compatible with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (severe anemia, platelet disease, schistositosis) and severe active systemic lupus erythematosus. Before being referred, she received pulses of methylprednisone and prednisone. When already in the intensive care unit, it was changed to ventilatory support andantibiotic treatment. With the presumptive diagnosis of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, associated with severe active systemic lupus erythematosus, a timely treatment was initiated with plasmapheresis, corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide. The patient recovered platelet levels and optimal level of consciousness. She is currently going to controls. Conclusions: Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is a hematological emergency with high mortality in the absence of treatment. Its timely recognition, without dosing of ADAMTS13 protein, in this rare association with systemic lupus erythematosus is important in the good prognosis of the patient(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic/complications , Plasmapheresis/methods , Intensive Care Units , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic/drug therapy
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