Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 2.921
Filter
1.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(4): 297-303, Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280048

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the number of patients with early-stage breast cancer who could benefit from the omission of axillary surgery following the application of the Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology (ACOSOG) Z0011 trial criteria. Methods A retrospective cohort study conducted in the Hospital da Mulher da Universidade Estadual de Campinas. The study population included 384 women diagnosed with early-stage invasive breast cancer, clinically negative axilla, treated with breast-conserving surgery and sentinel lymph node biopsy, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and/or endocrine therapy, from January 2005 to December 2010. The ACOSOG Z0011 trial criteria were applied to this population and a statistical analysis was performed to make a comparison between populations. Results A total of 384 patients underwent breast-conserving surgery and sentinel lymph node biopsy. Of the total number of patients, 86 women underwent axillary lymph node dissection for metastatic sentinel lymph nodes (SNLs). One patient underwent axillary node dissection due to a suspicious SLN intraoperatively, thus, she was excluded fromthe study. Among these patients, 82/86 (95.3%) had one to two involved sentinel lymph nodes andmet the criteria for the ACOSOG Z0011 trial with the omission of axillary lymph node dissection. Among the 82 eligible women, there were only 13 cases (15.9%) of lymphovascular invasion and 62 cases (75.6%) of tumors measuring up to 2 cm in diameter (T1). Conclusion The ACOSOG Z0011 trial criteria can be applied to a select group of SLNpositive patients, reducing the costs and morbidities of breast cancer surgery.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o número de pacientes com câncer de mama em estágio inicial que se beneficiariam da omissão da linfadenectomia axilar segundo o protocolo Z0011 da Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology (ACOSOG). Métodos Estudo de coorte retrospectiva conduzido no Hospital da Mulher da Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Foram incluídas mulheres diagnosticadas com carcinoma invasivo de mama em estágio inicial, com axila clinicamente negativa, tratadas com cirurgia conservadora e biópsia do linfonodo sentinela, radioterapia, quimioterapia e/ou hormonioterapia, de janeiro de 2005 a dezembro de 2010. Os critérios do estudo da ACOSOG Z0011 foram aplicados a essas mulheres e foi realizada uma análise estatística que comparou ambas as populações dos estudos. Resultados Foram estudadas 384 mulheres submetidas a cirurgia conservadora de mama e biópsia do linfonodo sentinela. Entre elas, 86 mulheres foram submetidas a linfadenectomia axilar por metástase presente no linfonodo sentinela. Uma paciente foi submetida a linfadenectomia axilar por ter um linfonodo palpável suspeito no intraoperatório, não incluída no estudo. Entre essas 86 pacientes, 82 (95,3%) tiveram de 1 a 2 linfonodos sentinela comprometidos e seriam elegíveis para omissão da linfadenectomia axilar pelos critérios do ACOSOG Z0011. Entre as 82 pacientes elegíveis, apenas 13 (15,9%) delas apresentaram tumores com invasão angiolinfática, e 62 (75,6%) dos tumores mediram até 2 cm (T1). Conclusão Os critérios do estudo ACOZOG Z0011 podem ser aplicados a um seleto grupo de pacientes com linfonodo sentinela positivo reduzindo os custos e a morbidade cirúrgica do tratamento do câncer de mama.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Mastectomy, Segmental , Lymph Node Excision , Axilla/pathology , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Retrospective Studies , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
2.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(2): 215-219, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279104

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes: Los estudios sobre factores pronóstico de melanoma están basados en poblaciones caucásicas, con predominio de melanomas delgados (Breslow < 3 mm). Los pacientes mexicanos muestran predominio de melanomas gruesos (Breslow ≥ 3 mm). Objetivo: Identificar factores asociados al pronóstico de pacientes con melanomas gruesos. Material y métodos: Se analizó la influencia pronóstica de factores clinicopatológicos en 362 melanomas gruesos. Resultados: La mediana de Breslow fue de 7 mm, 271 (74.9 %) pacientes tuvieron melanoma acral y 49 (13.5 %) melanoma nodular. El 56.6 % de los pacientes se encontró en etapa clínica [EC] III), 269 (74.3 %) tenía ulceración y 15 (4.1 %) márgenes positivos. Las variables asociadas con menor supervivencia global [SG] fueron la EC (p < 0.001), Breslow (p = 0.044), ulceración (p = 0.004), mitosis (p < 0.001) y margen < 2 cm (p < 0.001) . En el análisis multivariante los factores que influyen en SG fueron la EC, mitosis y el margen quirúrgico. Conclusiones: En pacientes con melanomas gruesos la SG es influida por un margen positive, mitosis y EC.


Abstract Background: Studies on prognostic factors in melanoma are based on Caucasian populations, with a predominance of thin melanomas (Breslow <3 mm). Mexican patients show a predominance of thick melanomas (Breslow ≥ 3 mm). Objective: To identify factors associated with the prognosis of patients with thick melanomas. Material and methods: The prognostic influence of clinicopathological factors was analyzed in 362 thick melanomas. Results: The Breslow median was 7 mm, 271 (74.9 %) patients had acral melanoma and 49 (13.5 %) nodular melanoma. The 56.6 % of patients were found in clinical stage [CS] III), 269 (74.3 %) had ulceration, and 15 (4.1 %) had positive margins. The variables associated with lower overall survival [OS] were CS (p < 0.001), Breslow (p = 0.044), ulceration (p = 0.004), mitosis (p < 0.001) and margin < 2 cm (p < 0.001). In the multivariate analysis, the factors influencing OS were CD, mitosis, and the surgical margin. Conclusions: In patients with thick melanomas, OS is influenced by a positive margin, mitosis and CS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Skin Neoplasms/mortality , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Tumor Burden , Melanoma/mortality , Melanoma/pathology , Prognosis , Ulcer/pathology , Margins of Excision , Lymphatic Metastasis , Melanoma/classification , Mexico , Mitosis
3.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 248-256, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223908

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los microcarcinomas papilares de tiroides son tumores de hasta 10 mm en su diámetro mayor. Su tratamiento es sujeto de debate y se propone, desde seguimiento clínico, hasta intervención quirúrgica temprana. Este estudio buscó identificar factores de riesgo relacionados con compromiso ganglionar, que permitan una mejor selección de los pacientes en nuestro medio, en quienes se propone manejo quirúrgico inmediato o vigilancia activa, en consonancia con la clasificación del riesgo de progresión. Métodos. Estudio de cohorte analítica ambispectiva que incluyó pacientes con microcarcinoma papilar de tiroides llevados a tiroidectomía más vaciamiento central. Se caracterizó la población y se realizó un análisis de regresión logística multivariado para definir factores preoperatorios asociados al compromiso ganglionar. Adicionalmente, se evaluó de manera retrospectiva la eventual asignación a grupos de riesgo de progresión, según los criterios de Miyauchi, y su comportamiento respecto al estado nodal. Resultados. Se incluyeron 286 pacientes. El 48,9 % presentó compromiso ganglionar, y de estos, el 33,5 % presentó compromiso ganglionar significativo, que modificó su clasificación de riesgo de recaída. De estos últimos, el 59,5 % hubiesen sido manejados con vigilancia activa, según los criterios propuestos por Miyauchi. Se identificó que la edad menor de 55 años, los ganglios sospechosos en la ecografía y los nódulos mayores de 5 mm, se relacionan con compromiso ganglionar significativo. Discusión. El manejo quirúrgico inmediato parece ser una opción adecuada para pacientes con sospecha de compromiso ganglionar en ecografía preoperatoria, pacientes menores de 55 años y nódulos mayores de 5 mm. Es posible que los actuales criterios para definir vigilancia activa no seleccionen adecuadamente a los pacientes en nuestro medio.


Introduction. Papillary thyroid microcarcinomas are tumors up to 10 mm in greatest diameter. Its treatment is subject of debate, and it is proposed from clinical follow-up to early surgical intervention. The aim of the study was to identify risk factors related to lymph node involvement, which allow a better selection of patients in our setting, in whom immediate surgical management or active surveillance is proposed, in accordance with the classification of risk of progression.Methods. Ambispective analytic cohort study that included patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma who underwent thyroidectomy and central dissection. The population was characterized and a multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to define preoperative factors associated with lymph node involvement. Additionally, eventual assignment to progression risk groups, according to the Miyauchi criteria, and their nodal state were evaluated.Results. 286 patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma were included. Among them, 48.9% had lymph node disease, and 33.5% had a significant lymph node disease that increased their relapse risk classification. Of the latter, 59.5% could have had a conservative treatment, under Miyauchi's criteria. For ages < 55 years old, suspect nodes in ultrasound and nodules > 5 mm were identified as related to significant lymph node involvement.Discussion. Immediate surgical management appears to be an appropriate option for patients with suspected lymph node involvement on preoperative ultrasound, patients younger than 55 years and nodules larger than 5 mm. It is possible that the current criteria for defining active surveillance do not adequately select patients in our setting.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroidectomy , Thyroid Neoplasms , Neck Dissection , Carcinoma, Papillary , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary , Lymphatic Metastasis
4.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 14(2): 77-80, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283556

ABSTRACT

El carcinoma oculto de tiroides está poco reportado. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 59 años. Durante un control por hipotiroidismo se solicitó ecografía cervical, la que mostró áreas hipoecogénicas en lóbulo derecho, una formación nodular hiperecogénica circunscrita no sospechosa de 8 mm y una adenopatía cervical periglandular derecha de 20 x 12 x 8 mm con áreas quísticas y microcalcificaciones, asociadas a hipervascularización. Se solicitó punción aspirativa por aguja fina del ganglio linfático, con resultado de citología negativa para células neoplásicas. El examen microscópico es compatible con tiroiditis, por lo que no es posible descartar metástasis. Se realizó biopsia del ganglio linfático, el que se informa como metástasis ganglionar linfática de 1.3 cm, histología de carcinoma papilar variedad folicular, sin invasión extracapsular. Se realizó tiroidectomía total y disección cervical derecha. El estudio anatomopatológico reportó una tiroiditis crónica de Hashimoto con un nódulo fibroso hialinizado de 0,4 cm negativo para tumor maligno y metástasis en 4 de 28 ganglios linfáticos, sin invasión extracapsular. El tamaño de la metástasis fue de 0,3 a 0,9 cm. Posteriormente se administró 100 mci de radioyodo. Actualmente, la paciente está en buenas condiciones y mantiene controles con ecografía y tiroglobulina periódicos.


Occult thyroid carcinoma is under-reported. The case of a 59-year-old woman is presented. During a check-up for hypothyroidism, a cervical ultrasound was requested, which showed hypoechogenic areas in the right lobe, an 8 mm nonsuspicious circumscribed hyperechogenic nodular formation and a 20 x 12 x 8 mm right cervical periglandular lymphadenopathy with cystic areas and microcalcifications, associated with hypervascularisation. Fine needle aspiration of the lymph node was requested, with negative cytology results for neoplastic cells. Microscopic examination was compatible with thyroiditis, so metastasis could not be ruled out. A biopsy of the lymph node was performed, which was reported as a 1.3 cm lymph node metastasis, histology of papillary carcinoma of the follicular variety, without extracapsular invasion. Total thyroidectomy and right cervical dissection were performed. The anatomopathological study reported chronic Hashimoto's thyroiditis with a 0.4 cm hyalinised fibrous nodule negative for malignant tumour and metastases in 4 of 28 lymph nodes, without extracapsular invasion. The size of the metastasis was 0.3 to 0.9 cm. Subsequently, 100 mci of radioiodine was administered. The patient is currently in good condition and maintains regular ultrasound and thyroglobulin monitoring.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/secondary , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Lymph Nodes/pathology
5.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(1): e1562, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248501

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Nearly 10% of node negative gastric cancer patients who underwent curative surgery have disease recurrence. Western data is extremely poor on this matter and identifying the risk factors that associate with relapse may allow new strategies to improve survival. Aim: Verify the clinical and pathological characteristics that correlate with recurrence in node negative gastric cancer. Methods: All gastric cancer patients submitted to gastrectomy between 2009 and 2019 at our institution and pathologically classified as N0 were considered. Their data were available in a prospective database. Inclusion criteria were: gastric adenocarcinoma, node negative, gastrectomy with curative intent, R0 resection. Main outcomes studied were: disease-free survival and overall survival. Results: A total of 270 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Mean age was 63-year-old and 155 were males. Subtotal gastrectomy and D2 lymphadenectomy were performed in 64% and 74.4%, respectively. Mean lymph node yield was 37.6. Early GC was present in 54.1% of the cases. Mean follow-up was 40.8 months and 19 (7%) patients relapsed. Disease-free survival and overall survival were 90.9% and 74.6%, respectively. Independent risk factors for worse disease-free survival were: total gastrectomy, lesion size ≥3.4 cm, higher pT status and <16 lymph nodes resected. Conclusion: In western gastric cancer pN0 patients submitted to gastrectomy, lymph node count <16, pT3-4 status, tumor size ≥3.4 cm, total gastrectomy and presence of lymphatic invasion, are all risk factors for disease relapse.


RESUMO Racional: Aproximadamente 10% dos pacientes com câncer gástrico submetidos a operação curativa e sem linfonodos acometidos irão apresentam recorrência da doença. Os dados ocidentais são extremamente pobres sobre este assunto e a identificação dos fatores de risco associados à recidiva podem permitir novas estratégias para melhorar a sobrevida. Objetivo: Identificar as características clínicas e patológicas que se correlacionam com recidiva em pacientes com câncer gástrico pN0. Métodos: Foram considerados todos os pacientes com câncer gástrico submetidos à gastrectomia entre 2009 e 2019 em nossa instituição e que na classificação patológica não apresentaram acometimento linfonodal. Os critérios de inclusão foram: adenocarcinoma gástrico, pN0, gastrectomia com intenção curativa, ressecção R0. Os principais desfechos estudados foram: sobrevida livre de doença e sobrevida global. Resultados: Ao todo 270 pacientes preencheram os critérios de inclusão. A idade média foi de 63 anos e 155 eram homens. A gastrectomia subtotal e a linfadenectomia D2 foram realizadas em 64% e 74,4%, respectivamente. A média de linfonodos ressecados foi de 37,6. Câncer gástrico precoce estava presente em 54,1% dos casos. O seguimento médio foi de 40,8 meses e 19 (7%) apresentaram recidiva. A sobrevida livre de doença e sobrevida global foram de 90,9% e 74,6%, respectivamente. Os fatores de risco independentes para pior sobrevida livre de doença foram: gastrectomia total, lesão ≥3,4 cm, status pT avançado e <16 linfonodos ressecados. Conclusão: Os fatores de risco para recidiva no grupo estudado foram: <16 linfonodos ressecados, status pT3-4, tumor ≥3,4 cm, gastrectomia total e presença de invasão linfática.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Gastrectomy , Lymph Node Excision , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/epidemiology , Neoplasm Staging
6.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3408, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1289786

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate the contribution of an instructional module identifying the number and characteristics of lymph nodes by undergraduate nursing students. Method: an experimental, randomized, controlled and masked study using an instructional module for intervention. The 68 students who made up the control group or the experimental group performed the prototype lymph node palpation in the initial and final phases, following the free registration of the characteristics and number of these structures. Between the phases, the instructional module (palpation prototype and a registration guide instrument) was applied to the experimental group. Descriptive statistics and mixed linear regression were used for analysis. Results: the experimental group showed greater accuracy (p<0.05) in the evaluation of the size, consistency, mobility and coalescence of the lymph nodes in the final phase when compared to the control; it also showed more chances to correctly evaluate the consistency ( OR 45,26; 95% CI<7,74>‡<264.54> p<0.0001), mobility (OR 55.95; CI 95% 12.45 - 251.60; p<0.0001) and size (OR 25.64; CI 95% 3.92 - 160.2; p=0.0002) of the lymph nodes. Conclusion: the results reinforce the contribution of the instructional module to increase the knowledge of nursing students about the evaluation of lymph nodes.


Objetivo: avaliar a contribuição de um módulo instrucional para a identificação do número e das características de linfonodos por estudantes de graduação em enfermagem. Método: estudo experimental, aleatorizado, controlado e mascarado utilizando para intervenção um módulo instrucional. Os 68 estudantes que compuseram o grupo controle ou o grupo experimento realizaram nas fases inicial e final a palpação dos linfonodos em protótipo, seguindo-se o registro livre das características e número dessas estruturas. Ao grupo experimento foi aplicado, entre as fases, o módulo instrucional (protótipo de palpação e um instrumento-guia de registro). Para análise empregou-se estatística descritiva e regressão linear mista. Resultados: o grupo experimento apresentou maior acerto (p<0,05) na avaliação do tamanho, consistência, mobilidade e coalescência dos linfonodos na fase final quando comparado ao controle; ainda, apresentou mais chances de avaliar corretamente a consistência (OR 45,26; IC 95% 7,74 - 264,54; p<0,0001), mobilidade (OR 55,95; IC 95% 12,45 - 251,60; p<0,0001) e tamanho (OR 25,64; IC 95% 3,92 - 160,62; p=0,0002) dos linfonodos. Conclusão: os resultados reforçam a contribuição do módulo instrucional para o aumento do conhecimento de estudantes de enfermagem sobre a avaliação de linfonodos.


Objetivo: evaluar la contribución de un módulo instruccional a la identificación del número y características de ganglios linfáticos por estudiantes de pregrado de enfermería. Método: estudio experimental, aleatorizado, controlado y enmascarado mediante intervención de un módulo instruccional. Los 68 estudiantes que integraron el grupo control o el grupo experimental realizaron en las fases inicial y final la palpación de los ganglios linfáticos en prototipo, tras el registro libre de las características y número de estas estructuras. El módulo instruccional (prototipo de palpación y un instrumento-guía de registro) se aplicó al grupo de Experimental. Para el análisis, se utilizó estadística descriptiva y regresión lineal mixta. Resultados: el grupo Experimental mostró mayor acierto (p<0,05) en la evaluación del tamaño, consistencia, movilidad y coalescencia de los ganglios linfáticos en la fase final en comparación con el control; aun así, presentó más probabilidad de evaluar correctamente la consistencia (OR 45,26; IC del 95% 7,74 - 264,54; p<0,0001), la movilidad (OR 55,95; IC del 95% 12,45 - 251, 60; p<0,0001) y tamaño (OR 25,64; IC 95% 3,92 - 160,62; p=0,0002) de los ganglios linfáticos. Conclusión: los resultados refuerzan el aporte del módulo instruccional para el incremento del conocimiento de los estudiantes de enfermería sobre la evaluación de ganglios linfáticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physical Examination , Students, Nursing , Teaching , Linear Models , Control Groups , Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate , Simulation Training , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879953

ABSTRACT

:To establish and verify a risk prediction nomogram for ipsilateral axillary lymph node metastasis in breast cancer stage T1 (mass ≤ 2 cm). :The clinicopathological data of 907 patients with T1 breast cancer who underwent surgical treatment from January 2010 to June 2015 were collected,including 573 cases from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine (modeling group) and 334 cases from Zhejiang University Lishui Hospital (verification group). The risk factors of ipsilateral axillary lymph node metastasis were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression. The influencing factors were used to establish a nomogram for predicting ipsilateral axillary lymph nodes metastasis in T1 breast cancer. The model calibration,predictive ability and clinical benefit in the modeling group and the verification group were analyzed by C index,receiver operating characteristic curve,calibration curve and decision curve analysis (DCA) curve,respectively. :Univariate analysis showed that lymph node metastasis was related with primary tumor size,vascular tumor thrombus,Ki-67,histopathological grade,and molecular type ( vascular tumor thrombus,Ki-67 positive,estrogen receptor (ER) positive,and histopathological grade 2-3 were independent risk factors of axillary lymph node metastasis (<0.05 or <0.01). Based on the independent risk factors,a nomogram prediction model was established. The C indexes of the model group and the validation group were 0.739 (95%:0.693-0.785) and 0.736 (95%:0.678-0.793),respectively. The calibration curve and DCA curve of the modeling group and the verification group indicated that the model was consistent and had good clinical benefit. :Primary tumor size,histopathological grade,vascular tumor thrombus,Ki-67,and ER status are predictors of ipsilateral axillary lymph node metastasis in T1 breast cancer. The established prediction nomogram can effectively predict the risk of ipsilateral axillary lymph node metastasis in T1 breast cancer,which can be used as a reference for individualized axillary management.


Subject(s)
Axilla , Breast Neoplasms , Female , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879266

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with the improvement of the sensitivity of examination equipment and the change of people's living environment and diet, the rate of thyroid cancer has risen rapidly, which has increased nearly five folds in 10 years. The pathogenesis, clinical manifestation, biological behavior, treatment and prognosis of thyroid carcinoma of different pathological types are obviously different. Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) can develop at any age, which accounts for about 90% of thyroid cancer. It progresses slowly and has favourable prognosis, but lymph node metastasis appears easily. Whether PTC is accompanied by lymph node metastasis has an important impact on its prognosis and outcome. The Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B(BRAF)gene mutation plays a crucial role in PTC lymph node metastasis. Having an in-depth understanding of the specific role and mechanism of BRAF gene mutation in PTC is expected to provide new ideas for diagnosis and treatment of PTC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carcinoma, Papillary/genetics , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Mice , Mutation , Oncogenes , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/genetics , Thyroid Neoplasms/genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887864

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of trans-lymphatic contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS)in the diagnosis of cervical lymph node metastasis of thyroid cancer. Methods The patients with suspected thyroid cancer underwent conventional ultrasound and trans-lymphatic CEUS examinations before the biopsy.The differences in ultrasound and CEUS characteristics of cervical lymph nodes between the metastatic group and the non-metastatic group were compared,and pathological results were regarded as the golden standard. Results Twenty patients had thyroid cancer,including 12 cases with lymph node metastasis and 8 cases without metastasis.The diagnostic sensitivity(91.7%


Subject(s)
Contrast Media , Humans , Lymph Nodes/diagnostic imaging , Lymphatic Metastasis/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2102-2109, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887662

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Endometrial cancer (EC) has been one of the most general cancers with respect to gynecological malignancies; however, there are debates on clinical strategies concerning treatments especially for patients with grade 3 (G3) endometroid endometrial cancer (EEC). Present study aimed to evaluate the lymphatic metastasis (LM) related factors and figure out the necessity of lymphadenectomy for G3 EEC patients.@*METHODS@#From January 2009 to April 2019, 3751 EC patients were admitted to Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University. Clinical characteristics include age, grade, stage, and clinical pathological features. A total of 1235 EEC patients were involved in the multivariable analysis. Three hundred and eighty-one patients were involved in the survival analysis and the data attributed to sufficient follow-up information. Kaplan-Meier curve and log-rank test were utilized to analyze the survival rate.@*RESULTS@#Among the 1235 EEC patients, 181 (14.7%) were categorized as G3 and 1054 (85.3%) were grade 1 to grade 2 (G1-2). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that lymphovascular space invasion, adnexal involvement, and cervical stroma involvement were independent risk factors of LM in G3 cohort with odds ratio 3.4, 5.8, and 8.9; 95% confidence interval 1.1-10.6, 1.5-22.4, and 2.8-28.0, respectively. LM rates increased from 3.3% (3/92) to 75% (9/12) for G3 EEC cohort as related factor numbers increased from one to three. There were no differences between G3 and G1-2 EEC in overall survival and progression free survival. Additionally, no survival advantage was observed for G3 EEC patients at early stage with different plans of adjuvant treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#For G3 EEC patients without other pathological positive factor, the LM rate is lower than those with other pathological positive factor. Survival analysis showed no difference between G3 cohort and G1-2 cohort. Also, different adjuvant treatments had no impact on the overall survival for G3 EEC patients.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Endometrioid/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Female , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922256

ABSTRACT

To investigate the relationship between salt-inducible kinase 2 (SIK2) and lymph node metastasis in colorectal cancer patients complicated with chronic schistosomiasis. Tissue specimens were collected from 363 patients who were diagnosed as colorectal cancer by clinical and pathological examination in Wuhu Second People's Hospital from June 2015 to June 2020. Fifty-six patients were colorectal cancer complicated with schistosomiasis (CRC-S) and 307 patients were colorectal cancer not complicated with schistosomiasis (CRC-NS). The clinical and pathological data of the patients were analyzed to explore the relationship between chronic schistosomiasis and colorectal cancer. Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting were used to detect the distribution and expression of SIK2 in colorectal cancer specimens. The relationship between SIK2 and lymph node metastasis of CRC-S was analyzed. The rate of lymph node metastasis in CRC-S group was significantly higher than that in CRC-NS group (62.5% vs. 47.2%, <0.05). In CRC-S patients with lymph node metastasis, schistosome eggs were distributed mainly in tumor tissues (25/35, 71.4%), while in patients with CRC-S without lymph node metastasis, schistosome eggs were distributed mainly in paracancerous tissues (17/21, 81.0%) (14.243, <0.01). The SIK2 was mainly located in cytosol, and its expression in tumor tissues was higher than that in paracancerous tissues. Compared with CRC-NS patients, the expression of SIK2 in CRC-S patients was significantly increased; the expression of SIK2 in patients with lymph node metastasis was higher than that in patients without lymph node metastasis; and the expression of SIK2 in patients with schistosome eggs in cancer tissues was higher than that in patients with schistosome eggs in paracancerous tissues (all <0.01). Lymph node metastasis is more likely to be occurred in colorectal cancer patients with schistosomiasis, especially in those with schistosome eggs in tumor tissues. The expression of SIK2 may be correlated with chronic schistosomiasis, egg distribution and lymphatic metastasis.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Colorectal Neoplasms/complications , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Schistosomiasis/complications
12.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 874-880, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922140

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer ranks the first cancer-related morbidity and mortality in China. Tumor metastasis always predicts the poor prognosis for patients. Moreover, lymphatic metastasis is one of the most significant predictors of poor prognosis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and lymphangiogenesis represents the bridge that functionally facilitates tumor lymphatic metastasis. In this review, we first discussed the molecular mechanisms of tumor-associated lymphangiogenesis and the interaction between tumor microenvironment and lymphatic endothelial cells, then, summarized the role of non-coding RNA in regulating tumor-associated lymphangiogenesis in recent frontier studies, with the aim to provide some novel insights on NSCLC-related lymphangiogenesis research, diagnosis and treatment.
.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Disease Progression , Endothelial Cells , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Lymphangiogenesis , Lymphatic Metastasis , Lymphatic Vessels , Tumor Microenvironment , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921986

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the correlation of methylation status of dachshund homolog 1 (DACH1) gene in tumor tissues with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of patients of esophageal cancer.@*METHODS@#Tumor tissue, paracancerous tissue and normal esophageal mucosal specimens of 104 patients with esophageal cancer were collected. Methylation-specific PCR was used to determine the methylation status of the DACH1 gene. Univariate analysis and multivariate Logistic regression model were used to analyze the correlation between DACH1 methylation status and clinical pathological characteristics of the patients. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to analyze the relationship between DACH1 methylation status and prognostic survival of patients.@*RESULTS@#The methylation rate of the DACH1 gene in esophageal cancer tumor tissue was 30.77% (32/104), which was higher than those in adjacent tissues (1.92%) and normal esophageal mucosa (0%) (P 0.05) but tumor differentiation, TNM staging, and lymph node metastasis(P< 0.05). The degree of tumor differentiation, TNM stage, and lymph node metastasis of patients are independent risk factors for the methylation status of the DACH1 gene. By March 2020, 89 of the 104 patients had died. Among them, the median survival foresophageal cancer patients with DACH1 gene methylation was 22 months, which was lower than 34 months of those without DACH1 methylation (P< 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Methylation of the DACH1 gene may be involved in the occurrence and progress of esophageal cancer. The degree of tumor differentiation, TNM stage, and lymph node metastasis of patients are independent risk factors for the methylation status of the DACH1 gene. Patients with esophageal cancer but unmethylated DACH1 gene have a longer prognostic survival.


Subject(s)
Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Eye Proteins/genetics , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Methylation , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Transcription Factors
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921559

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an artificial intelligence model based on B-mode thyroid ultrasound images to predict central compartment lymph node metastasis(CLNM)in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma(PTC). Methods We retrieved the clinical manifestations and ultrasound images of the tumors in 309 patients with surgical histologically confirmed PTC and treated in the First Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from January to December in 2018.The datasets were split into the training set and the test set.We established a deep learning-based computer-aided model for the diagnosis of CLNM in patients with PTC and then evaluated the diagnosis performance of this model with the test set. Result The accuracy,sensitivity,specificity,and area under receiver operating characteristic curve of our model for predicting CLNM were 80%,76%,83%,and 0.794,respectively. Conclusion Deep learning-based radiomics can be applied in predicting CLNM in patients with PTC and provide a basis for therapeutic regimen selection in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Humans , Lymph Nodes/diagnostic imaging , Lymphatic Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 333-340, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921271

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Pathological complete response (pCR) of axillary lymph nodes (ALNs) is frequently achieved in patients with clinically node-positive breast cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), and ALN status is an important prognostic factor for breast cancer patients. This study aims to develop a new predictive clinical model to assess the ALN pCR rate after NAC.@*METHODS@#This was a retrospective series of 467 patients who had biopsy-proven positive ALNs at diagnosis and underwent ALN dissection from 2007 to 2014 at the National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. We analyzed the clinicopathologic features of the patients and developed a nomogram to predict the probability of ALN pCR. A multivariable logistic regression stepwise model was used to construct a nomogram to predict ALN pCR in node-positive patients. The adjusted area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was calculated to quantify the ability to rank patients by risk. Internal validation was performed using the 50/50 hold-out validation method. The nomogram was externally validated with prospective cohorts of 167 patients from 2016 to 2018 at the Cancer Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and 114 patients from 2018 to 2020 at Beijing Tiantan Hospital.@*RESULTS@#In this retrospective study, 115 (24.6%) patients achieved ALN pCR after NAC. Multivariate analysis showed that clinical tumor stage (Odds ratio [OR]: 0.321, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.121-0.856; P = 0.023); primary tumor response (OR: 0.189; 95% CI: 0.123-0.292; P < 0.001), and estrogen receptor status (OR: 0.530, 95% CI: 0.304-0.925; P = 0.025) were independent predictors of ALN pCR. The nomogram was constructed based on the result of multivariate analysis. In the internal validation of performance of nomogram, the AUCs for the training and test sets were 0.719 and 0.753, respectively. The nomogram was validated in external cohorts with AUCs of 0.720, which demonstrated good discriminatory power in these data sets.@*CONCLUSION@#We developed a nomogram to predict the likelihood of axillary pCR in node-positive breast cancer patients after NAC. The predictive model performed well in multicenter prospective external validation. This practical tool could provide information to surgeons regarding whether to perform additional ALN dissection after NAC.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ChiCTR.org.cn, ChiCTR1800014968.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Female , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Nomograms , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 127-136, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921227

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer continues to be the leading cause of cancer-related death in the world, which is classically subgrouped into two major histological types: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (85% of patients) and small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) (15%). Tumor location has been reported to be associated with the prognosis of various solid tumors. Several types of cancer often occur in a specific region and are more prone to spread to predilection locations, including colorectal cancer, prostate cancer, gastric cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, bladder cancer, lung tumor, and so on. Besides, tumor location is also considered as a risk factor for lung neoplasm with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease/emphysema. Additionally, the primary lung cancer location is associated with specific lymph node metastasis. And the recent analysis has shown that the primary location may affect metastasis pattern in metastatic NSCLC based on a large population. Numerous studies have enrolled the "location" factor in the risk model. Anatomy location and lobe-specific location are both important in prognosis. Therefore, it is important for us to clarify the characteristics about tumor location according to various definitions. However, the inconsistent definitions about tumor location among different articles are controversial. It is also a significant guidance in multimode therapy in the present time. In this review, we mainly aim to provide a new insight about tumor location, including anatomy, clinicopathology, and prognosis in patients with lung neoplasm.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2692-2699, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921207

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Breast cancer patients with ipsilateral supraclavicular lymph node metastasis (ISLNM) but without distant metastasis are considered to have a poor prognosis. This study aimed to develop a nomogram to predict the overall survival (OS) of breast cancer patients with ISLNM but without distant metastasis.@*METHODS@#Medical records of breast cancer patients who received surgical treatment at the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Jiyuan People's Hospital and Huaxian People's Hospital between December 21, 2012 and June 30, 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. Overall, 345 patients with pathologically confirmed ISLNM and without evidence of distant metastasis were identified. They were further randomized 2:1 and divided into training (n = 231) and validation (n = 114) cohorts. A nomogram to predict the probability of OS was constructed based on clinicopathologic variables identified by the univariable and multivariable analyses. The predictive accuracy and discriminative ability were measured by calibration plots, concordance index (C-index), and risk group stratification.@*RESULTS@#Univariable analysis showed that estrogen receptor-positive (ER+), progesterone receptor-positive (PR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive (HER2+) with Herceptin treatment, and a low axillary lymph node ratio (ALNR) were prognostic factors for better OS. PR+, HER2+ with Herceptin treatment, and a low ALNR remained independent prognostic factors for better OS on multivariable analysis. These variables were incorporated into a nomogram to predict the 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS of breast cancer patients with ISLNM. The C-indexes of the nomogram were 0.737 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.660-0.813) and 0.759 (95% CI: 0.636-0.881) for the training and the validation cohorts, respectively. The calibration plots presented excellent agreement between the nomogram prediction and actual observation for 3 and 5 years, but not 1 year, OS in both the cohorts. The nomogram was also able to stratify patients into different risk groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, we established and validated a novel nomogram for predicting survival of patients with ISLNM. This nomogram may, to some extent, allow clinicians to more accurately estimate prognosis and to make personalized therapeutic decisions for individual patients with ISLNM.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Female , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies
18.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 981-988, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920979

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer is a common gynecologic malignancy. Most patients with early-stage cervical cancer received unnecessary systemic pelvic lymphadenectomy, which increased the risk of surgical complications. At present, sentinel lymph node biopsy has been applied in the clinical practice of cervical cancer abroad, however it is still at the starting stage in China in need of application and promotion. The Obstetrics and Gynecology Committee of Chinese Research Hospital Association invited domestic experts in the field of gynecologic oncology to discuss the application value, patient evaluation, technical methods, operation steps, pathological examination and many other key points of sentinel lymph node biopsy based on the current research status, and reached the consensus of clinical application on sentinel lymph node biopsy in cervical cancer to guide the standardized application of the technique in China.


Subject(s)
Consensus , Female , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes/surgery , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging , Sentinel Lymph Node/surgery , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/surgery
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878698

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the differences of energy spectrum CT between small cell lung cancer(SCLC)with mediastinal lymph node metastasis and mediastinal sarcoidosis.Methods Twenty-five SCLC patients with mediastinal lymph node metastasis(SCLC group)and 26 patients with mediastinal sarcoidosis(sarcoidosis group)confirmed by bronchoscopy and biopsy in Tangshan People's Hospital from January 2018 to June 2019 were selected as the research objects.The CT value,iodine concentration,water concentration and energy spectrum curve slope under different single energy levels were compared between SCLC group and sarcoidosis group.Results The single-energy CT values of 40-80 keV segments in the arterial phase of the SCLC group were significantly higher than those in the sarcoidosis group(all P 0.05).The single-energy CT values of 40-90 keV segments in venous phase of the SCLC group were significantly higher than those of the sarcoidosis group(all P 0.05).The concentrations of iodine in the arterial phase and venous phase of the SCLC group were(11.56±4.06)μg/cm


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Sarcoidosis/diagnostic imaging , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
20.
J. bras. pneumol ; 47(2): e20200055, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1180801

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Evaluation of enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes is crucial for patient management. Malignant lymphoma and sarcoidosis are often difficult to differentiate. Our objective was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of MRI for differentiating between sarcoidosis and malignant lymphoma. Methods: This was a retrospective study involving 47 patients who underwent chest MRI and were diagnosed with one of the diseases between 2017 and 2019. T1, T2, and diffusion-weighted signal intensity were measured. Apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) and T2 ratios were calculated. The diagnostic performance of MRI was determined by ROC analysis. Results: Mean T2 ratio was significantly lower in the sarcoidosis group than in the lymphoma group (p = 0.009). The T2-ratio cutoff value that best differentiated between lymphoma-related and sarcoidosis-related enlarged lymph nodes was 7.1, with a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of 58.3%, 95.6%, 76.5%, 93.3%, and 68.7%, respectively. The mean ADC was significantly lower in the lymphoma group than in the sarcoidosis group (p = 0.002). The ADC cutoff value that best differentiated between lymphoma-related and sarcoidosis-related enlarged lymph nodes was 1.205, with a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of 87.5%, 82.6%, 85.1%, 84.0% and 86.3%, respectively. No significant differences were found between the two groups regarding T1 signal intensity, T2 signal intensity, and lymph node diameter. Conclusions: MRI parameters such as ADC, diffusion, and T2 ratio can be useful in the differentiation between sarcoidosis and lymphoma in the evaluation of enlarged lymph nodes.


RESUMO Objetivo: A avaliação de linfonodomegalias mediastinais é crucial para o manejo dos pacientes. O linfoma maligno e a sarcoidose costumam ser difíceis de diferenciar. Nosso objetivo foi determinar a precisão diagnóstica da RMN para diferenciar sarcoidose de linfoma maligno. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo com 47 pacientes submetidos a RMN de tórax e diagnosticados com uma das doenças entre 2017 e 2019. Foi medida a intensidade do sinal em T1, T2 e difusão. Foram calculados o coeficiente de difusão aparente (ADC, do inglês apparent diffusion coefficient) e a razão T2. O desempenho diagnóstico da RMN foi determinado pela análise da curva ROC. Resultados: A média da razão T2 foi significativamente menor no grupo sarcoidose que no grupo linfoma (p = 0,009). A razão T2 = 7,1 foi o melhor valor de corte para diferenciar linfonodomegalias relacionadas com linfoma daquelas relacionadas com sarcoidose, com sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo, valor preditivo negativo e precisão de 58,3%, 95,6%, 76,5%, 93,3% e 68,7%, respectivamente. A média do ADC foi significativamente menor no grupo linfoma que no grupo sarcoidose (p = 0,002). O ADC = 1,205 foi o melhor valor de corte para diferenciar linfonodomegalias relacionadas com linfoma daquelas relacionadas com sarcoidose, com sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo, valor preditivo negativo e precisão de 87,5%, 82,6%, 85,1%, 84,0% e 86,3%, respectivamente. Não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos quanto à intensidade do sinal em T1, intensidade do sinal em T2 e diâmetro dos linfonodos. Conclusões: Parâmetros de RMN como ADC, difusão e razão T2 podem ser úteis na diferenciação entre sarcoidose e linfoma na avaliação de linfonodomegalias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sarcoidosis/diagnostic imaging , Lymphoma/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Lymph Nodes/diagnostic imaging , Lymphatic Metastasis
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL