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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880055

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between the change of lymphocyte subsets before and after immunosuppressive therapy (IST) with disease severity of severe aplastic anemia (SAA) and hematologic response to IST.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 94 patients with SAA/VSAA treated by r-ATG and CsA in our hospital from December 2009 to October 2011 was analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 26 patients who had sequential data of lymphocyte subsets and cytokines before and after treatment were enrolled. The relationship between lymphocyte subsets, cytokine level before IST and disease severity, as well as the relationship between changes if lymphocyte subsets, changes of cytokine and the HR after IST for 6 months was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were no statistical differences in the ratio and absolute count of lymphocyte, the ratio and absolute count of each lymphocyte subsets, including CD3@*CONCLUSION@#The hematopoietic recovery and early hematologic remission may be affected by the intensity of immune suppression reflected from the changes of lymphocyte subsets and the immune reconstruction reflected from the recovery of lymphocyte subsets. The immune reconstruction is most significant within 3 months after IST.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Humans , Immunosuppression , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Lymphocyte Subsets , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880048

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the expression of CD40/CD40L in multiple myeloma(MM) patients and its influence on prognosis.@*METHODS@#Thirty patients with MM treated in Cangzhou People's Hospital from May 2016 to June 2017 were selected and divided into MM group, then 30 healthy people with a physical examination in our hospital at the same time were selected as the normal group. The serum CD40/CD40L levels of the patients in the two groups was detected by flow cytometry, and its correlation with the lymphocyte population, pathological grade and prognostic significance of MM patients was anaysis.@*RESULTS@#The expression of CD40 in serum of the patients in MM group was significantly higher than those in normal group (P0.05). The levels of CD40 and CD40L in the patients before and after chemotherapy showed no difference(P>0.05). The levels of Ts and NK cells in the patients of MM group were lower than those in normal group (P0.05). The CD40 level was correlated with the serum total B lymphocyte level of the patients in MM group (r=0.877, P=0.005). There was a correlation with CD40L and Th cells in the serum of MM patients (r=-0.783, P=0.035). The expression of serum CD40 in the patients at phase III-IV was higher than those of the patients at phase I-II, the levels of serum CD40L in MM patients at different periods showed no significant difference(P>0.05). The survival rate of MM patients with high CD40 expression was lower than that of MM patients with low CD40 expression (χ@*CONCLUSION@#The increasing of CD40 level in MM patients is related to the pathological grade of the patients. Chemotherapy can reduce the level of CD40. The increasing of CD40 is an important factor for the poor prognosis of MM patients. CD40L level is not meaningful for MM treatment and prognosis.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , CD40 Antigens , CD40 Ligand , Humans , Lymphocyte Subsets , Prognosis
3.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200080, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135269

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Thrombocytopenia in malaria involves platelet destruction and consumption; however, the cellular response underlying this phenomenon has still not been elucidated. OBJECTIVE To find associations between platelet indices and unbalanced Th1/Th2/Th17 cytokines as a response to thrombocytopenia in Plasmodium vivax infected (Pv-MAL) patients. METHODS Platelet counts and quantification of Th1/Th2/Th17 cytokine levels were compared in 77 patients with uncomplicated P. vivax malaria and 37 healthy donors from the same area (endemic control group - ENCG). FINDINGS Thrombocytopenia was the main manifestation in 55 patients, but was not associated with parasitaemia. The Pv-MAL patients showed increases in the mean platelet volume (MPV), which may be consistent with larger or megaplatelets. Contrary to the findings regarding the endemic control group, MPV and platelet distribution width (PDW) did not show an inverse correlation, due the increase in the heterogeneity of platelet width. In addition, the Pv-MAL patients presented increased IL-1β and reduced IL-12p70 and IL-2 serum concentrations. Furthermore, the reduction of these cytokines was associated with PDW values. MAIN CONCLUSIONS Our data demonstrate that an increase in MPV and the association between reductions of IL-2 and IL-12 and PDW values may be an immune response to thrombocytopenia in uncomplicated P. vivax malaria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plasmodium vivax/immunology , Thrombocytopenia/pathology , Thrombocytopenia/blood , Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Malaria, Vivax/immunology , Malaria, Vivax/pathology , Thrombocytopenia/parasitology , Interleukin-2/blood , Malaria, Vivax/parasitology , Malaria, Vivax/blood , Interleukin-12/blood
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785340

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: While there is an urgent need for diagnosis and therapeutic intervention in patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs), current genetic tests have drawbacks. We retrospectively reviewed the usefulness of flow cytometry (FCM) as a quick tool for immunophenotyping and functional assays in patients suspected to have PIDs at a single tertiary care institute.METHODS: Between January 2001 and June 2018, patients suspected of having PIDs were subjected to FCM tests, including lymphocyte subset analysis, detection of surface- or intracellular-target proteins, and functional analysis of immune cells, at Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. The genetic diagnosis was performed using Sanger or diagnostic exome sequencing.RESULTS: Of 60 patients diagnosed with definite or probable PID according to the European Society of Immune Deficiencies criteria, 24 patients were provided with useful information about immunological dysfunction after initial FCM testing. In 10 patients, the PID diagnosis was based on abnormal findings in FCM testing without genetic tests. The FCM findings provided strong evidence for the diagnosis of severe combined immunodeficiency (n = 6), X-linked chronic granulomatous diseases (CGD) (n = 6), leukocyte adhesion deficiency type 1 (n = 3), X-linked agammaglobulinemia (n = 11), autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome-FASLG (n = 1), and familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis type 2 (n = 1), and probable evidence for autosomal recessive-CGD (n = 2), autosomal dominant-hyper-immunoglobulin E (IgE)-syndrome (n = 1), and STAT1 gain-of-function mutation (n = 1). In PIDs derived from PIK3CD (n = 2), LRBA (n = 2), and CTLA4 mutations (n = 3), the FCM test provided useful evidence of immune abnormalities and a tool for treatment monitoring.CONCLUSIONS: The initial application of FCM, particularly with known protein targets on immune cells, would facilitate the timely diagnosis of PIDs and thus would support clinical decisions and improve the clinical outcome.


Subject(s)
Agammaglobulinemia , Diagnosis , Exome , Flow Cytometry , Genetic Testing , Granulomatous Disease, Chronic , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Korea , Leukocytes , Lymphocyte Subsets , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Phenotype , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Severe Combined Immunodeficiency , Tertiary Healthcare
6.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 314-318, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879643

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we review the results of previous studies and summarize the effects of various factors on the regulation of bone metabolism in traumatic bone infections. Infection-related bone destruction incorporates pathogens and iatrogenic factors in the process of bone resorption dominated by the skeletal and immune systems. The development of bone immunology has established a bridge of communication between the skeletal system and the immune system. Exploring the effects of pathogens, skeletal systems, immune systems, and antibacterials on bone repair in infectious conditions can help improve the treatment of these diseases.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Bone and Bones/metabolism , Cellular Microenvironment , Humans , Immune System/immunology , Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Osteitis/microbiology , Osteoblasts/physiology , Osteoclasts/physiology , Staphylococcal Infections
7.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20200124, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134800

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To evaluate apoptotic levels of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and apoptotic regulatory proteins (Bax and Bcl-2) in lymphocyte subsets of oral cancer (OC) patients and healthy controls (HC). Methodology The percentage of apoptotic cells and lymphocyte counts were measured in the first cohort using PBMCs obtained from 23 OC patients and 6 HC. In the second cohort, (OC, 33; HC, 13), the mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of Bax and Bcl-2 in CD19+ B, CD4+ T, CD8+ T, and CD16+56+ natural killer (NK) cells was determined via flow cytometry. Results The percentage of apoptotic cells was higher in the PBMCs of OC patients than in HC patients, particularly in patients with stage IV cancer (p<0.05). However, lymphocyte counts were significantly lower in stage IV patients (p<0.05). NK CD19+ B and CD16+56+ cell counts were significantly lower in OC patients compared with HC patients (p<0.001 and p<0.01, respectively), but CD4+ T cells were interestingly significantly higher in OC patients (p<0.001). While Bax MFI was slightly higher, Bcl-2 MFI was significantly lower for all four lymphocyte subsets in OC samples, particularly in stage IV patients, when compared with HC. Consequently, Bax/Bcl-2 ratios showed an upward trend from HC to OC patients, particularly those in stage IV. We found similar trends in Bax and Bcl-2 MFI for tumor stage, tumor size, and lymph node involvement. Conclusions The increased lymphocyte apoptosis in stage IV OC patients may be related to higher Bax levels and lower Bcl-2 levels. The Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in lymphocytes may be useful to determine the prognosis of OC patients, and could be considered a mean for supportive treatment in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Killer Cells, Natural , Lymphocyte Subsets , Apoptosis , Flow Cytometry
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719330

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL) is a rare subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and asparaginase-based regimens are the best first-line treatments. Data on the role of specific circulating lymphocyte subsets in the progression of ENKTL are limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical correlation and distribution of circulating absolute CD4+ T-cell counts (ACD4Cs) in ENKTL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively searched medical records for 70 newly diagnosed ENKTL patients treated with pegaspargase-based regimens. Comparison of ACD4Cs as a continuous parameter in different groups was calculated. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to assess prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: Stage III/IV, B symptoms, elevated lactate dehydrogenase, monocytopenia, high-intermediate and high risk International Prognostic Index (IPI) and Korean Prognostic Index (KPI), high risk Prognostic Index of Natural Killer Lymphoma (PINK), and lower lymphocytes were significantly associated with low ACD4C at diagnosis. With a median follow-up time of 32 months, patients who had an ACD4C < 0.30×109/L had a worse OS. Median OS was 11 months and median PFS was 5 months in the low ACD4C cohort. There were significant differences in both OS and PFS between the two cohorts. Moreover, multivariate Cox analysis identified ACD4Cs as an independent predictor for OS and PFS. CONCLUSION: Low ACD4Cs were associated with poorer survival and could act as a negative predictor for ENKTL patients treated with asparaginase-based regimens.


Subject(s)
Cell Count , Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Lymphocyte Subsets , Lymphocytes , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , T-Lymphocytes
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1876-1880, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781525

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression level of T lymphocyte subsets in elderly patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM), and to evaluated the prognostic value of T lymphocytic abnormalities in elderly NDMM patients.@*METHODS@#Pretreated peripheral blood of 39 newly diagnosed elder patients with MM was tested by multi-parameter flow cytometry (MFC) to quantitatively detect T lymphocyte subsets, including CD4T cell, CD8T cell, and CD4/CD8 ratio. The prognostic values T-lymphocyte subset were evaluated in newly diagnosed elderly patients with MM.@*RESULTS@#The median follow-up time was 21.5 (range, 3.0-66.0) months. Absolute counts of CD4T cell and CD4/CD8 ratio positively correlated with prognosis. In the multivariate COX analysis, lower CD4/CD8 ratio and CD4T cell counts were identified to be independent adverse prognostic factors for OS.@*CONCLUSION@#Lower CD4/CD8 ratio and CD4T cell counts at initial diagnosis are independent unfavorable prognostic factors for elderly patients with MM, and T lymphocyte subsets are crucial indicators for MM patients' prognosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphocyte Subsets , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , T-Lymphocyte Subsets
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the distribution of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in healthy children aged 0-6 years.@*METHODS@#A total of 826 healthy Han children aged 0-6 years were recruited. According to their age, the children were divided into four groups: newborn, infant, toddler and preschool. Their peripheral blood samples were collected to measure the percentages of lymphocyte subsets by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in the percentages of CD3 T cells, CD3CD4 T cells and CD3CD19 B cells and the CD4/CD8 ratio between boys and girls (P<0.05). The girls had a lower percentage of CD3CD19 B cells, higher percentages of CD3 T cells and CD3CD4 T cells and a higher CD4/CD8 ratio than the boys. The newborn group had the highest percentages of CD3 T cells and CD3CD4 T cells and the highest CD4/CD8 ratio (P<0.05). The percentage of CD3CD4 T cells and the CD4/CD8 ratio gradually decreased with age and the preschool group had the lowest values (P<0.05). The newborn group had the lowest percentages of CD3CD19 B cells and CD3CD16CD56 NK cells (P<0.05). The percentage of CD3CD16CD56 NK cells gradually increased with age and the preschool group had the highest percentage (P<0.05). The percentage of CD3CD19 B cells reached the peak in the toddler period and then decreased with age (P<0.05). The preschool group had the highest percentage of CD3CD8 T cells (P<0.05). The variation trend of distribution of lymphocyte subsets in boys from different age groups was consistent with that in children from different age groups. For girls, the newborn group had the highest percentage of CD3CD4 T cells and CD4/CD8 ratio (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The distribution of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in healthy children is significantly different across ages and sexes. Therefore, the reference values should be established according to age and sex.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD19 , B-Lymphocytes , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Killer Cells, Natural , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphocyte Subsets , Male
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774042

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the value of absolute counts of lymphocyte subsets in the early prediction of refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (RMPP) in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 244 children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP). Among these children, 166 had MPP, and 58 had RMPP. The two groups were compared in terms of clinical features and laboratory markers such as lymphocyte subsets, lactate dehydrogenase, C-reactive protein, procalcitonin and immunoglobulin E (IgE). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the specific indices for predicting RMMP.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences between the two groups in the absolute counts of CD3, CD4, CD19, and CD56 lymphocytes and the serum levels of lactate dehydrogenase, C-reactive protein, and IgE (P<0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that the absolute counts of CD3, CD4 and CD19 lymphocytes had an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.866, 0.900 and 0.842 respectively in the differential diagnosis of RMPP and MPP, with a sensitivity of 86%, 90% and 82% respectively and a specificity of 75%, 70% and 80% respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The absolute counts of CD3, CD4 and CD19 lymphocytes can be used to predict RMPP in children.


Subject(s)
C-Reactive Protein , Child , Humans , Lymphocyte Subsets , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772938

ABSTRACT

The activation mechanism of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-engineered T cells may differ substantially from T cells carrying native T cell receptor, but this difference remains poorly understood. We present the first comprehensive portrait of single-cell level transcriptional and cytokine signatures of anti-CD19/4-1BB/CD28/CD3ζ CAR-T cells upon antigen-specific stimulation. Both CD4 helper T (T) cells and CD8 cytotoxic CAR-T cells are equally effective in directly killing target tumor cells and their cytotoxic activity is associated with the elevation of a range of T1 and T2 signature cytokines, e.g., interferon γ, tumor necrotic factor α, interleukin 5 (IL5), and IL13, as confirmed by the expression of master transcription factor genes TBX21 and GATA3. However, rather than conforming to stringent T1 or T2 subtypes, single-cell analysis reveals that the predominant response is a highly mixed T1/T2 function in the same cell. The regulatory T cell activity, although observed in a small fraction of activated cells, emerges from this hybrid T1/T2 population. Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is produced from the majority of cells regardless of the polarization states, further contrasting CAR-T to classic T cells. Surprisingly, the cytokine response is minimally associated with differentiation status, although all major differentiation subsets such as naïve, central memory, effector memory, and effector are detected. All these suggest that the activation of CAR-engineered T cells is a canonical process that leads to a highly mixed response combining both type 1 and type 2 cytokines together with GM-CSF, supporting the notion that polyfunctional CAR-T cells correlate with objective response of patients in clinical trials. This work provides new insights into the mechanism of CAR activation and implies the necessity for cellular function assays to characterize the quality of CAR-T infusion products and monitor therapeutic responses in patients.


Subject(s)
Antigens , Metabolism , CTLA-4 Antigen , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line , Cytokines , Metabolism , Cytotoxicity, Immunologic , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor , Pharmacology , Humans , Lymphocyte Activation , Allergy and Immunology , Lymphocyte Subsets , Metabolism , Phenotype , Proteomics , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , Metabolism , Single-Cell Analysis , Methods , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Metabolism , Th1 Cells , Cell Biology , Th2 Cells , Cell Biology , Transcription, Genetic , Up-Regulation
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781711

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical value of lymphocyte subsets, immunoglobulins, and complement C3 and C4 in the evaluation of immune status in children with hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD).@*METHODS@#A total of 282 children with HFMD were enrolled as the HFMD group, and 130 healthy children were enrolled as the healthy control group. The percentages of peripheral CD3, CD4, and CD8 T lymphocytes, CD19 B lymphocytes, and CD56 natural killer cells were measured. The CD4/CD8 ratio was calculated. The levels of immunoglobulin A (IgA), immunoglobulin M (IgM), immunoglobulin G (IgG), and complement C3 and C4 were measured.@*RESULTS@#The multivariate analysis showed that compared with the healthy control group, the HFMD group had significantly lower percentages of CD3, CD4, and CD8 T lymphocytes and levels of complement C3 and C4 (P<0.05), as well as significantly higher percentage of CD56 natural killer cells and level of IgG (P<0.05). The individual effect analysis showed that the children aged 0-3 years in the HFMD group had a significantly higher CD4/CD8 ratio than the healthy control group (P<0.05); boys aged 0-3 and ≥3 years in the HFMD group had a significantly higher level of IgM than the healthy control group (P<0.05); boys aged ≥3 years and girls aged 0-3 years in the HFMD group had a significantly lower level of IgA than the healthy control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Cellular and humoral immunity disorders are observed in children with HFMD. The monitoring of lymphocyte subsets and immunoglobulin levels can provide a laboratory basis for immune status assessment in children with HFMD.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Complement C3 , Complement C4 , Female , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Humans , Immunoglobulins , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Killer Cells, Natural , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphocyte Subsets , Male
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(4): e8131, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001517

ABSTRACT

The leading cause of death in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients is infection. The objective of this study was to evaluate the distribution of lymphocyte subsets in untreated SLE patients with infections. This was a cross-sectional study. Data from January 2017 to May 2018 were collected. Flow cytometry was used to measure the peripheral lymphocyte subsets including CD3+T cells, CD4+T cells, CD8+T cells, CD19+B cells, CD3-CD16+CD56NK cells, and CD3+CD16+CD56NKT cells in 25 healthy controls and 52 treatment-naive SLE patients, among whom 13 were complicated with infections. Association between the lymphocyte subsets and infections was further analyzed. SLE patients with infections (n=13) showed a significantly higher incidence rate of fever (84.6 vs 28.2%) and serositis (84.6 vs 23.1%), increased level of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (60.5±30.1 vs 37.4±27.1 mm/h), serum C-reactive protein (CRP) (102.7±94.9 vs 9.4±14.9 mg/L), procalcitonin (PCT) (1.07±0.08 vs 0.16±0.13 μg/L), and lower blood hemoglobin (Hb) (93.0±20.5 vs 110.4±16.0 g/L) level compared with non-infection patients (n=39) (all P<0.05). In comparison with non-infectious SLE patients (387.9±261.6/μL), CD4+T cells count decreased significantly in infectious SLE patients (217.8±150.4/μL) (P<0.05), and it was negatively correlated with infection-related indicators including PCT (r=−0.573, P=0.041) and CRP (r=−0.596, P=0.032) levels. Our findings suggested that abnormalities of peripheral lymphocyte subsets were related to the immune disorder of lupus itself, regardless of immunosuppressive treatment. Monitoring lymphocyte subsets, especially CD4+T cells, may be helpful for identifying the presence of infection in SLE patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Lymphocyte Subsets , Infections/blood , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/blood , Reference Values , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Lymphocyte Count , Flow Cytometry , Procalcitonin/blood
15.
Blood Research ; : 198-204, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716613

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, which form a part of the host immune system, affect the development and progression of cancer. This study investigated whether subsets of lymphocytes reflecting host-tumor immunologic interactions are related to the prognosis of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). METHODS: Lymphocyte subsets in the peripheral blood of 88 patients who were newly diagnosed with AML were analyzed by quantitative flow cytometry. The relationships of lymphocyte subsets with AML subtypes, genetic risk, and clinical courses were analyzed. RESULTS: The percentages of T and NK cells differed between patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and those with AML with myelodysplasia-related changes. In non-APL, a high proportion of NK cells (>16.6%) was associated with a higher rate of death before remission (P=0.0438), whereas a low proportion of NK cells (≤9.4%) was associated with higher rates of adverse genetic abnormalities (P=0.0244) and relapse (P=0.0567). A multivariate analysis showed that the lymphocyte subsets were not independent predictors of survival. CONCLUSION: Lymphocyte subsets at diagnosis differ between patients with different specific subtypes of AML. A low proportion of NK cells is associated with adverse genetic abnormalities, whereas a high proportion is related to death before remission. However, the proportion of NK cells may not show independent correlations with survival.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immune System , Killer Cells, Natural , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Lymphocyte Subsets , Lymphocytes , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Recurrence
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714198

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Increase in the use of diagnostic imaging or occupational exposure to radiation have brought upon concerns on the safety and biological effects of low- or moderate-dose radiation. However, limited information is available on the effects of low or moderate dose radiation on human health. METHODS: Using C57BL/6 mice, we aimed to evaluate the biological effects of low- and moderate-dose radiation on the immune system. X-rays was chosen as a radiation source and we analyzed complete blood counts, various lymphocyte subsets and various cytokine levels after single fraction x-ray exposure (0.1 Gy, 1 Gy). RESULTS: No significant changes in the immunologic parameter of C57BL/6 mice were observed after radiation, except LIX (a cytokine equivalent to human CXCL5), that showed higher level after 0.1 Gy radiation compared to the control. CONCLUSION: We observed that a single fraction of low or moderate dose of X-ray radiation does not cause significant changes in the immune system of C57BL/6 mice. Further studies are necessary to elucidate the mechanism underlying our results.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Cell Count , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Immune System , Lymphocyte Subsets , Mice , Occupational Exposure , Radiation Dosage
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1765-1771, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774388

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of different stimultors (PHA, PMA and IL-2) and culture systems (PBMC and whole blood) on the proliferation of human peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets, so as to provide the experimental basis for selecting the appropriate system according to the experimental purposes.@*METHODS@#A total of 10 ml serum samples were collected from healthy volunteers (n=6). The 300 μl whole blood was directly used to detect lymphocyte subsets by flow cytometry. The 400 μl whole blood were inoculated respectively with 3 different stimulators at 37℃ and 5% CO2 for 60 h; Three different stimulators were also added to the PBMC which were isolated from 2 ml whole blood. Then the proliferation ability of lymphocyte subsets was analyzed by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#After the PBMC were stimulated with PHA, CD4CD8CD3 lymphocytes were the most subset; The proportion of CD3CD4 T lymphocytes and CD3CD19 B lymphocytes decreased after being stimulated by PMA (P<0.01, P<0.05); the lymphocyte subset ratio had no significant change after being stimulated by IL-2. After the whole blood system was stimulated with PHA, the CD4/CD8 T lymphoblasts were main subsets, the counts of B lymphocytes and NK cells were reduced; after being stimulated with PMA, the number of CD8CD3 T lymphoblast and CD4CD8T lymphocytes increased, the B/NK cells were not distinguished with the surface markers; after the whole blood system was stimulated with IL-2, the proportion of NK cells significantly increased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Lymphocyte proliferation stimulated by PMA is the fastest, while the effect of IL-2 on the lymphocyte subset proportion stimulated by IL-2 is the minimal. After being stimulated by PHA the division cycles of lymphocyte are the most.


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural , Lymphocyte Activation , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphocyte Subsets
18.
Immune Network ; : e36-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717667

ABSTRACT

Operational tolerance (OT), defined as maintaining stable graft function without immunosuppression after transplant surgery, is an ideal goal for kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). Recent investigations have demonstrated the distinctive features of B cells, T cells, and dendritic cell-related gene signatures and the distributions of circulating lymphocytes in these patients; nonetheless, substantial heterogeneities exist across studies. This study was conducted to determine whether previously reported candidate gene biomarkers and the profiles of lymphocyte subsets of OT could be applied in Korean KTRs. Peripheral blood samples were collected from 153 patients, including 7 operationally tolerant patients. Quantitative real-time PCR and flow cytometry were performed to evaluate gene expression and lymphocyte subsets, respectively. Patients with OT showed significantly higher levels of B cell-related gene signatures (IGKV1D-13 and IGKV4-1), while T cell-related genes (TOAG-1) and dendritic cell-related genes (BNC2, KLF6, and CYP1B1) were not differentially expressed across groups. Lymphocyte subset analyses also revealed a higher proportion of immature B cells in this group. In contrast, the distributions of CD4⁺ T cells, CD8⁺ T cells, mature B cells, and memory B cells showed no differences across diagnostic groups. An OT signature, generated by the integration of IGKV1D-13, IGKV4-1, and immature B cells, effectively discriminated patients with OT from those in other diagnostic groups. Finally, the OT signature was observed among 5.6% of patients who had stable graft function for more than 10 years while on immunosuppression. In conclusion, we validated an association of B cells and their related signature with OT in Korean KTRs.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Biomarkers , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression , Humans , Immunosuppression , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Lymphocyte Subsets , Lymphocytes , Memory , Precursor Cells, B-Lymphoid , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , T-Lymphocytes , Transplant Recipients , Transplants
19.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(12): 1385-1394, dez. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-895388

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of viable cells from colostrum on immune development in dairy heifer calves during the first 28 days of life. The animals were distributed between 2 groups: COL+ (n=9) receiving fresh whole colostrum from their own damns; and COL- (n=10) receiving pooled frozen colostrum, containing no viable cells, from a pool of donor cows. These calves were assessed before colostrum intake (D0), 48 hours of age (D2), and weekly from D7 to D28. The development of immunity was evaluated by assessment of the phenotype of blood leukocyte subsets, and induced cytokine production after 72 hours of stimulation in culture with concanavalin A (ConA), killed Staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus) and killed Escherichia coli (E. coli) by peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC). The clinical history of these calves was marked by a high frequency of diarrhea in both groups. However, COL- had greater diarrhea intensity scores (fecal score~3 of 4), and rectal temperature on D7 than COL+ calves. Moreover, bronchopneumonia (n=1) and navel inflammation were observed only in COL- calves. COL- had a lower concentration of serum iron, and a higher absolute number of lymphocytes on D7 than COL+. COL- also had a higher percentage of anemic calves than the COL+ calves on D21 and D28. In general, the percent of cells within each subset of leukocytes was similar between the groups over the experiment, except on week 1 when COL- calves had a higher percentage of lymphocytes expressing CD45RO+ (P=0.07). A steady increase in CD45RO+ and concomitant decline in CD45RO- leukocytes was observed over the course of the study, indicating the development of immune memory. The proportion of CD14MHCII+ leukocytes increased with age (P≤0.05). The median background cytokine production by PBMC that were not stimulated was below the level of detection of the assays used for both groups. The PBMC from COL+ calves stimulated with ConA secreted a larger quantity of IL-17 week 2 (COL+=2060.0pg/mL and COL-=0.0pg/mL, P=0.00). PBMC from COL+ calves stimulated with killed S. aureus whole cell antigen (P=0.05) and killed E. coli whole cell antigen (P=0.05) also secreted higher levels of IL17 than COL- calves at week 4. Clear production of IL17 was observed in PBML from COL+ calves at week 2, but the difference was not statistical different between groups. In conclusion, calves fed fresh and frozen colostrum showed no difference in cells subset profile overall. The increased percentage of leukocytes expressing the memory CD45RO+ or CD14MHCII+ over the course of the experiment indicated a maturation of the adaptive immune response after natural exposure to pathogens in the environment of the calf. The enhanced IL17 secretion by COL+ calves indicated that viable maternal cells modulated T-cell Th17 production that was primed by bacterial antigens. This mechanism could be responsible for quick and efficient activation of neutrophils for bacterial clearance. The differences in cytokine production observed between groups may help to explain the different clinical pictures observed for calves COL+ and COL- calves.(AU)


O objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar a influência das células do colostro no desenvolvimento imune em bezerras leiteiras durante os primeiros 28 dias de vida. Os animais foram distribuídas em 2 grupos: COL+ (n=9) recebeu colostro fresco de suas próprias mães; e COL- (n=10) recebeu pool de colostro congelado sem células viáveis oriundo de vacas doadoras. Estas bezerras foram avaliadas antes da ingestão do colostro (D0); às 48 horas (D2) e semanalmente entre o D7 e D28. O desenvolvimento da imunidade foi avaliada pela fenotipagem das subpopulações celulares do sangue e produção de citocinas pelas células mononucleares sanguíneas após 72 horas de estimulação com concanavalina A (ConA), Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) e Escherichia coli (E. coli) inativadas. O histórico clínico das bezerras foi marcado por elevada frequência de diarreias em ambos os grupos. Entretanto, COL- apresentou maior intensidade de diarreia (escore de fezes ~ 3 de 4) e maior temperatura retal no D7 do que as bezerras COL+. Além disso, broncopneumonia (n=1) e inflamações umbilicais foram diagnosticadas apenas nas bezerras COL-. O grupo COL- apresentou menor concentração de ferro sérico e maior número de linfócitos no D7 do que o grupo COL+. COL- também apresentou maior frequência de anemias que o grupo COL+ no D21 e D28. Em geral, a fração das subpopulações celulares foram semelhantes entre os dois grupos ao longo do tempo estudado, exceto na semana 1, onde as bezerras COL- apresentaram maior proporção de CD45RO+ (P=0.07). Observou-se um constante aumento de CD45RO+ com declínio concomitante de CD45RO- ao longo do estudo, indicando o desenvolvimento da resposta imune. A proporção de células CD14MHCII+ aumentou de acordo com a idade (P≤0.05). As medianas das citocinas produzidas a partir do PBMC não estimuladas apresentaram valores abaixo do nível de detecção em ambos os grupos. O PBMC do COL+ estimulado com ConA secretou elevada concentração de IL17 na semana 2 (COL+=2060.0pg/mL e COL-=0.0pg/ml, P=0.00). PBMC do COL+ estimuladas com S. aureus inativado (P=0.05) e E. coli inativada (P=0.05) secretaram níveis mais elevados de IL17 que as bezerras COL- na semana 4. Outros picos de IL17 foram observados no COL+ na semana 2, porém não foi possível detectar diferenças estatísticas entre os grupos. Conclui-se que as bezerras alimentadas com colostro fresco e congelado apresentaram perfil similar entre as proporções das subpopulações celulares. O aumento de células expressando os marcadores de memória CD45RO+ e CD14MHCII+ demonstram, ao longo do experimento, o amadurecimento do sistema imune específico das bezerras após estimulação natural por patógenos após o nascimento. A maior secreção de IL17 pelas células das bezerras COL+ indica que as células maternas podem modular resposta imune Th17 direcionada aos antígenos bacterianos. Este mecanismo poderia ser responsável pela rápida e eficiente quimiotaxia de neutrófilos e eliminação dos microrganismos bacterianos. Os diferentes perfis de citocinas podem ser responsáveis pelos diferentes históricos clínicos relatados para as bezerras COL+ e COL-.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Infant, Newborn , Cattle , Cytokines , Lymphocyte Subsets , Immunization, Passive/veterinary , Colostrum , Animals, Newborn/immunology
20.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(7): 754-758, jul. 2017. tab
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-895481

ABSTRACT

A citometria de fluxo vem se firmando como uma ferramenta útil na prática médico-veterinária, particularmente na clínica de pequenos animais. Tal conhecimento tem ensejado o estabelecimento de valores fisiológicos para diferentes subpopulações linfocitárias, indispensáveis à compreensão da dinâmica da celularidade linfóide, em diversas situações patológicas. Assim sendo, o presente ensaio teve como objetivo imunomarcar, por intermédio da técnica citométrica, as subpopulações linfocitárias CD5+CD4+, CD5+CD8+ e CD21+, em quatro diferentes raças de cães domésticos e sadios, de tal forma a agregar informações sobre o perfil imunológico das diferentes raças. Foram utilizados 40 cães adultos (2-7 anos), machos e fêmeas, das raças Beagle (G1, n=10), Golden Retriever (G2, n=10), Bulldog Inglês (G3, n=10) e sem raça definida (SRD) (G4, n=10). As colheitas de sangue foram realizadas por venipunção jugular, utilizando-se sistema de frascos a vácuo (K2-EDTA). O hemograma e o processamento das amostras para citometria de fluxo foram realizados num prazo máximo de 24 horas após a colheita do sangue. As amostras foram analisadas no citofluorômetro FACSCANTO (Becton Dickinson, San Jose, CA, USA). Utilizou-se o programa FACSDiva (Becton Dickinson, San Jose, CA, USA), para identificar e quantificar as células CD5+CD4+, CD5+CD8+ e CD21+, que forneceu o histograma e respectiva tabela com a quantidade de células detectadas pela imunofenotipagem. Os dados obtidos para contagem de linfócitos T auxiliares, T citotóxicos/supressores e linfócitos B foram tabulados e submetidos a Análise de Variância pelo teste F. O teste de Tukey a 5% de probabilidade foi utilizado para comparação das médias entre as diferentes raças de cães. Os valores médios de contagens de células CD5+CD8+ no sangue periférico do G1, G2, G3 e G4 foram de 155, 206, 544 e 503 células/µL, respectivamente. Os valores médios de contagens de células CD5+CD4+ no sangue periférico do G1, G2, G3 e G4 foram de 746, 642, 1101 e 855 células/µL, respectivamente. Os valores médios de contagens de células CD21+ no sangue periférico do G1, G2, G3 e G4 foram de 171, 299, 494 e 403 células/µL, respectivamente. Assim sendo, o número médio de células obtido para a subpopulação de linfócitos T citotóxicos foi significativamente maior (p<0,05) nos Bulldogs Ingleses e cães SRD, comparativamente aqueles encontrados nos grupos de Beagles e Golden Retrievers. Ademais, observou-se que o número médio de células obtido para a subpopulação de linfócitos B foi significavamente maior (p<0,05) nos Bulldogs Ingleses, quando comparado àquele dos Beagles.(AU)


Flow cytometry has established itself as a useful tool in veterinary practice, particularly for small animals practice. Such knowledge has made necessary the establishment of physiological values for different lymphocyte subpopulations, indispensable to understanding the dynamics of lymphoid cellularity in various pathological conditions. In this sense, the objective of this study was to determine, through cytometric technique, lymphocyte subsets of CD5+CD4+, CD5+CD8+ and CD21+ in four different breeds of domestic dogs, so to add information about the immunological profile of different breeds. A total of 40 adult dogs were used (2-7 years), being males and females of Beagles (G1, n=10), Golden Retrievers (G2, n=10), English Bulldogs (G3, n=10) and crossbreed dogs (G4, n=10). Blood samples were collected by jugular venipuncture, using vacuum flasks system (K2-EDTA). Hemogram and processing of samples for flow cytometry were performed within a maximum of 24 hours after blood collection. Samples were analyzed using FACSCanto device (Becton Dickinson, San Jose, CA, USA). FACSDiva software (Becton Dickinson, San Jose, CA, USA) was used to identify and quantify the CD5+ CD4+, CD5+CD8+, and CD21+, which provided the histogram and the respective table with the number of cells identified by immunophenotyping. The data obtained for T helper lymphocyte count, T cytotoxic/suppressor lymphocyte count and B lymphocytes were tabulated and submitted to analysis of variance by F test. Tukey test at 5% probability was used to compare means between the different breeds of dogs. The average values for CD5+CD8+ cell count in peripheral blood in G1, G2, G3 and G4 were of 155, 206, 544 and 503 cells/uL, respectively. The average values for CD5+CD4+ cell count in peripheral blood in G1, G2, G3 and G4 were of 746, 642, 855 and 1101 cells/uL, respectively. The average values for CD21 + cell count in peripheral blood for G1, G2, G3 and G4 were of 171, 299, 494 and 403 cells/uL, respectively. Therefore, The average number of cells obtained for the subsets of cytotoxic T lymphocytes was significantly higher (p<0,05) in the British Bulldogs and crossbreed dogs compared to those found in Beagles and Golden Retrievers. Furthermore, it was observed that the average number of cells obtained for the subsets of B lymphocytes was significantly higher (p<0,05) in English Bulldogs compared to that of Beagles.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , B-Lymphocytes , Lymphocyte Subsets , Blood Cell Count/veterinary , Flow Cytometry/veterinary
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