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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 118-133, feb. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430508

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: We investigated Tweety Family Member 3 (TTYH3) level in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and its relationship with immune infiltration in tumors by bioinformatics. Differential expressions of TTYH3 in lung cancer were analyzed with Oncomine, TIMER, GEO, UALCAN and HPA. Relationship of TTYH3 mRNA/protein levels with clinical parameters was analyzed by UALCAN. Co-expressed genes of TTYH3 in LUAD were analyzed using Cbioportal. Its relationship with LUAD prognosis was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier plotter. GO and KEGG analysis were performed. Correlation between TTYH3 and tumor immune infiltration were tested by TIMER, TISIDB and GEPIA. We found that TTYH3 was significantly increased in LUAD tissues. TTYH3 high expression was closely related to poor overall survival, post progression survival and first progression in LUAD patients. TTYH3 mRNA/protein levels were significantly associated with multiple pathways. Specifically, TTYH3 up-regulation was mostly related to biological regulation, metabolic process, protein blinding, extracellular matrix organization and pathways in cancer. Moreover, TTYH3 was positively associated with immune cell infiltration in LUAD. Finally, TTYH3 was highly expressed in LUAD as revealed by meta-analysis. TTYH3 is closely related to the prognosis of LUAD and immune cell infiltration, and it can be used as a prognostic biomarker for LUAD and immune infiltration.


Investigamos por bioinformática el nivel de Tweety Family Member 3 (TTYH3) con adenocarcinoma de pulmón (LUAD) y su relación con la infiltración inmune en tumores. Las expresiones diferenciales de TTYH3 en cáncer de pulmón se analizaron con Oncomine, TIMER, GEO, UALCAN y HPA. Con UALCAN se analizó la relación de los niveles de ARNm/proteína de TTYH3 con los parámetros clínicos. Los genes coexpresados de TTYH3 en LUAD se analizaron utilizando Cbioportal. Su relación con el pronóstico LUAD se analizó mediante plotter de Kaplan- Meier. Se realizaron análisis GO y KEGG. TIMER, TISIDB y GEPIA probaron la correlación entre TTYH3 y la infiltración inmune tumoral. Encontramos que TTYH3 aumentó significativamente en los tejidos LUAD. La alta expresión de TTYH3 estuvo estrechamente relacionada con una supervivencia general deficiente, supervivencia posterior a la progresión y primera progresión en pacientes con LUAD. Los niveles de ARNm/ proteína de TTYH3 se asociaron significativamente con múltiples vías. Específicamente, la regulación positiva de TTYH3 se relacionó principalmente con la regulación biológica, el proceso metabólico, el cegamiento de proteínas, la organización de la matriz extracelular y las vías en el cáncer. Además, TTYH3 se asoció positivamente con la infiltración de células inmunitarias en LUAD. Finalmente, TTYH3 se expresó altamente en LUAD como lo reveló el metanálisis. TTYH3 está estrechamente relacionado con el pronóstico de LUAD y la infiltración de células inmunitarias, y se puede utilizar como biomarcador pronóstico para LUAD y la infiltración de células inmunitarias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chloride Channels/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger , Lymphocytes , Biomarkers, Tumor , Chloride Channels/genetics , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/immunology , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/immunology , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism
2.
Arq. Ciênc. Vet. Zool. UNIPAR (Online) ; 26(1cont): 251-262, jan.-jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1443228

ABSTRACT

Os linfócitos são células de defesa do organismo que funcionam como barreira contra infecções e células cancerígenas, elas circulam pelo sistema linfático e estão presentes por todo o organismo do animal, podem se proliferar de forma maligna, caracterizando o linfoma. Acometem em sua maioria, cães de raças de grande porte, animais de meia idade e idosos. Sendo uma doença de etiologia desconhecida, vários fatores podem contribuir para sua evolução, como deficiências autoimunes, bem como hábitos alimentares ao longo da vida do animal, ou até por predisposição genética. O presente relato de caso, tem o objetivo de mostrar a evolução gradual da doença, quais sinais clínicos o animal poderá apresentar, e como os exames laboratoriais podem nos auxiliar em seu diagnóstico.(AU)


The lymphocytes are defense cells of the body that act as a barrier against infection and cancer cells, they circulate through the lymphatic system and are present throughout the animal's body, and can proliferate in a malignant way, characterizing the lymphoma. They mostly affect large breed dogs, middle-aged and elderly animals. Being a disease of unknown etiology, several factors may contribute to its evolution, such as autoimmune deficiencies, as well as food habits throughout the animal's life, or even genetic predisposition. The present case report has the objective of showing the gradual evolution of the disease, which clinical signs the animal may present, and how laboratory tests can help us in its diagnosis.(AU)


Los linfocitos son células de defensa del organismo que actúan como barrera contra infecciones y células cancerígenas, circulan por el sistema linfático y están presentes en todo el organismo del animal, pudiendo proliferar de forma maligna, caracterizando el linfoma. Afectan sobre todo a perros de razas grandes, animales de mediana edad y ancianos. Siendo una enfermedad de etiología desconocida, varios factores pueden contribuir a su evolución, como deficiencias autoinmunes, así como hábitos alimentarios a lo largo de la vida del animal, o incluso predisposición genética. El presente caso clínico tiene como objetivo mostrar la evolución gradual de la enfermedad, qué signos clínicos puede presentar el animal y cómo las pruebas de laboratorio pueden ayudarnos en su diagnóstico.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Lymphoma/diagnosis , Lymphoma/etiology , Lymphocytes/immunology
3.
Health sci. dis ; 24(2): 22-25, 2023.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1413765

ABSTRACT

Introduction. L'efficacité du traitement antirétroviral dans la restauration immunitaire dépend fortement du stade de l'infection et du taux de lymphocyte TCD4 au moment de l'introduction du traitement. Nous avons évalué le taux de lymphocytes TCD4 à la découverte de la séropositivité au VIH pour caractériser le niveau d'infection de chaque patient. Matériel et méthodes. C'est une étude transversale et descriptive qui s'est déroulée dans le laboratoire de virologie de la faculté de médecine de Libreville. Nous avons analysé les données de la cohorte DERIRADO. Résultats. Nous avons inclus 133 patients. L'âge médian était de 45 ans (Q1-Q3 :37 ; 52). La médiane de LTCD4 était de 388 cellules/mm3 (Q1-Q3 : 250 ; 556). Le diagnostic était avancé chez 112 (84%) patients. Conclusion. La découverte de la séropositivité au Virus de l'Immunodéficience Humaine est faite à un stade d'immunodépression avancé chez la majorité des patients. Ce constat relève la nécessité de mettre en route les politiques de sensibilisation pour cibler les populations clés et amener le plus grand nombre au dépistage de l'infection par le Virus de l'Immunodéficience Humaine si l'on veut diminuer la courbe de transmission.


Introduction. The effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy in immune restoration largely depends on the stage of infection and the TCD4 lymphocyte count at the time of treatment initiation. We evaluated the rate of TCD4 lymphocytes at the discovery of HIV seropositivity to characterize the level of infection of each patient. Methods. This was a cross sectional descriptive and analytic study whose setting was the laboratory of virology of the faculty of medicine of Libreville. Our data source was DERIRADO cohort. Results. We included 133 patients. The median age was 45 (Q1- Q3:37;52). The median LTCD4 was 388 cells/mm3 (Q1-Q3: 250; 556). The diagnosis was advanced in 112 (84%) patients. Conclusion. The diagnosis of seropositivity to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus is made at a stage of immunosuppression in the majority of patients. This highlights the need to implement sensitization policies to target key populations and bring as many people as possible to screening in order to reduce the transmission curve


Subject(s)
HIV Seropositivity , Treatment Outcome , CD4 Lymphocyte Count , Anti-Retroviral Agents , Lymphocytes , Diagnosis
4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 120(1): 20220177, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1420150

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A estratégia farmacoinvasiva é uma alternativa na inviabilidade da intervenção coronária percutânea primária (ICP). Objetivos Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar os efeitos da estratégia farmacoinvasiva precoce sobre o tamanho da área infartada e a fração de ejeção ventricular esquerda em pacientes idosos e não idosos. O papel dos marcadores inflamatórios também foi avaliado. Métodos Pacientes (n=223) com infarto do miocárdio com elevação do segmento ST (IAMCSST) foram prospectivamente incluídos e submetidos à trombólise medicamentosa nas primeiras seis horas, e à angiografia coronariana e à ICP, quando necessária, nas primeiras 24 horas. As amostras de sangue foram coletadas no primeiro dia (D1) e 30 dias após (D30). A ressonância magnética cardíaca foi realizada no D30. O nível de significância estatística foi estabelecido em p<0,05. Resultados Pacientes idosos e não idosos apresentaram porcentagem similares de massa infartada [13,7 (6,9-17,0) vs. 14,0 (7,3-26,0), respectivamente p=0,13)] [mediana (intervalo interquartil)]. No entanto, os pacientes idosos apresentaram maior fração de ejeção ventricular esquerda [53 (45-62) vs. 49 (39-58), p=0,025)]. As concentrações de interleucina (IL)1beta, IL-4, IL-6, e IL-10 não foram diferentes entre D1 e D30, mas pacientes idosos apresentaram níveis mais elevados de IL-18 em D1 e D30. O número absoluto de linfócitos B e T foram similares em ambos os grupos em D1 e D30, porém, pacientes idosos apresentaram uma razão neutrófilo-linfócito mais alta em D30. A análise de regressão linear multivariada dos desfechos de RMC de toda a população do estudo mostrou que os preditores independentes não foram diferentes entre pacientes idosos e não idosos. Conclusão A estratégia farmacoinvasiva em pacientes idosos foi associada a pequenas diferenças nos parâmetros inflamatórios, tamanho do infarto similar, e melhor função ventricular esquerda em comparação a pacientes não idosos


Abstract Background Pharmacoinvasive strategy is an alternative when primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is not feasible. Objectives This study aimed to evaluate the effects of early pharmacoinvasive strategy on the infarct size and left ventricular ejection fraction in elderly and non-elderly patients. The role of inflammatory markers was also examined. Methods Patients (n=223) with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) were prospectively included and submitted to pharmacological thrombolysis in the first six hours, and underwent coronary angiogram and PCI when necessary, in the first 24 hours. Blood samples were collected in the first day (D1) and after 30 days (D30). Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) was performed at D30. Significance was set at p<0.05. Results Elderly and non-elderly patients showed similar percentage of infarcted mass (13.7 [6.9-17.0] vs. 14.0 [7.3-26.0], respectively, p=0.13) (median [interquartile range]). However, elderly patients had better left ventricular ejection fraction (53 [45-62] vs. 49 [39-58], p=0.025). Titers of interleukin (IL)1beta, IL-4, IL-6, and IL-10 did not differ between D1 and D30, but elderly patients had higher titers for IL-18 at D1 and D30. Absolute numbers of B and T lymphocytes were similar in both groups at D1 and D30, but elderly patients had higher neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio at D30. Multivariate linear regression analysis of cMRI outcomes in the whole population showed that the independent predictors were not different between elderly and non-elderly patients. Conclusion Pharmacoinvasive strategy in elderly patients was associated with small differences in inflammatory parameters, similar infarct size and better left ventricular function than non-elderly patients.


Subject(s)
ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction , Lymphocytes , Cytokines
5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 776-780, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986211

ABSTRACT

Type II innate lymphoid cell (ILC2) is a newly identified innate immunological cell that belongs to the lymphocyte lineage in cell morphology, resides in the body's mucosal tissues, and has the dual functions of innate and adaptive immunity to promote tissue remodeling and repair after injury. Additionally, it is involved in the occurrence and development of a variety of liver diseases and plays an important role in maintaining the immunological homeostasis of the liver region. This article reviews the differentiation, development, and biological functions of ILC2, with particular attention to the research progress in liver diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunity, Innate , Lymphocytes , Cell Differentiation , Liver Diseases
6.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 424-433, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982275

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of composite Sophora colon-soluble Capsule (CSCC) on gut microbiota-mediated short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) production and downstream group 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3s) of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced ulcerative colitis (UC) mice model.@*METHODS@#The main components of CSCC were analyzed by hybrid ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography ion mobility spectromety quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-IM-QTOF/MS). Twenty-four male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=6) by using a computer algorithm-generated random digital, including control, DSS model, mesalazine, and CSCC groups. A DSS-induced colitis mice model was established to determine the effects of CSCC by recording colonic weight, colonic length, index of colonic weight, and histological colonic score. The variations in ILC3s were assessed by immunofluorescence and flow cytometry. The results of gut microbiota and SCFAs were acquired by 16s rDNA and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. The expression levels of NCR+ ILC3-, CCR6+ Nkp46- (Lti) ILC3-, and ILCreg-specific markers were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot, respectively.@*RESULTS@#The main components of CSCC were matrine, ammothamnine, Sophora flavescens neoalcohol J, and Sophora oxytol U. After 7 days of treatment, CSCC significantly alleviated colitis by promoting the reproduction of intestinal probiotics manifested as upregulation of the abundance of Bacteroidetes species and specifically the Bacteroidales_S24-7 genus (P<0.05). Among the SCFAs, the content of butyric acid increased the most after CSCC treatment. Meanwhile, compared with the model group, Lti ILC3s and its biomarkers were significantly downregulated and NCR+ ILC3s were significantly elevated in the CSCC group (P<0.01). Further experiments revealed that ILC3s were differentiated from Lti ILC3s to NCR+ ILC3s, resulting in interleukin-22 production which regulates gut epithelial barrier function.@*CONCLUSION@#CSCC may exert a therapeutic effect on UC by improving the gut microbiota, promoting metabolite butyric acid production, and managing the ratio between NCR+ ILC3s and Lti ILC3s.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Mice , Colitis, Ulcerative/pathology , Immunity, Innate , Butyric Acid/therapeutic use , Sophora , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Lymphocytes , Colon , Colitis/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Mice, Inbred C57BL
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 837-842, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982138

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the predictive value of complete blood count (CBC) and inflammation marker on the recurrence risk in children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP).@*METHODS@#One hundred and thirty-three children with HSP admitted to Cangzhou Central Hospital from February 2017 to March 2019 were enrolled. The clinical data of the children were collected, at the time of admission CBC and C-reactive protein (CRP) were detected. After discharge, the children were followed up for 1 year, the clinical data of children with and without recurrence were compared, and multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors affecting HSP recurrence. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve should be drawn and the predictive value of CBC and CRP on HSP recurrence should be analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In the follow-up of 133 children, 8 cases were lost and 39 cases recurred, with a recurrence rate of 31.20% (39/125). The age, skin rash duration, proportion of renal damage at the initial onset, percentage of neutrophils, percentage of lymphocytes, platelet count (PLT), mean platelet volume (MPV) and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), MPV/PLT ratio (MPR), and CRP level of patients with recurrence were statistically different from those without recurrence (P <0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that long skin rash duration, renal damage at the initial onset, increased PLR, high PLT, increased MPV and elevated CRP level were independent risk factors for recurrence in children with HSP (P <0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of the combination of the four blood and inflammation marker (PLT, MPV, PLR and CPR) in the early prediction of HSP recurrence was 0.898, which was higher than the initial renal damage (AUC=0.687) and persistent skin rash time (AUC=0.708), with a sensitivity of 84.62% and a specificity of 83.72%.@*CONCLUSION@#Observation of CBC and CPR can predict the risk of HSP recurrence early and guide early clinical intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , IgA Vasculitis , Blood Cell Count , Inflammation , C-Reactive Protein , Lymphocytes , Neutrophils , Exanthema , Retrospective Studies
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 707-713, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982120

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influence of lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) on the prognosis of patients with extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma (ENKTL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 203 patients with ENKTL admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2011 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The ROC curve determined the limit values of LMR and NLR; Categorical variables were compared using a chi-square test, expressed as frequency and percentage (n,%). Continuous variables were expressed as medians and extremes and compared with the Mann-Whitney U test; Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of different grouped LMR and NLR patients were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier curves and compared with log-rank tests. The COX proportional risk regression model was used to perform one-factor and multi-factor analysis of PFS and OS.@*RESULTS@#The optimal critical values of LMR and NLR were determined by the ROC curve, which were 2.60 and 3.40, respectively. LMR≤2.60 was more likely to occur in patients with bone marrow invasion (P=0.029) and higher LDH (P=0.036), while NLR≥3.40 was more likely to occur in patients with higher ECOG scores (P=0.002), higher LDH (P=0.008), higher blood glucose (P=0.024), and lower PLT (P=0.010). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that PFS and OS of patients in the high LMR group were significantly better than the low LMR group, while PFS and OS in the low NLR group were significantly better than the high NLR group. The results of multivariate COX analysis showed that EBV-DNA positive (P=0.047), LMR≤2.60 (P=0.014), NLR≥3.40 (P=0.023) were independent risk factors affecting PFS in patients with ENKTL. LMR≤2.60 (P<0.001), NLR≥3.40 (P=0.048), and high β2-MG (P=0.013) were independent risk factors affecting OS in patients with ENKTL.@*CONCLUSION@#Low LMR and high NLR before treatment are associated with poor prognosis in patients with ENKTL, which also can be used as an easily testable, inexpensive, and practical prognostic indicator in the clinic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Monocytes/pathology , Neutrophils , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Lymphocytes , Prognosis
9.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 599-603, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981905

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between intestinal inflammatory group 2 innate lymphoid cells (iILC2s) and lung ILC2s and its inflammatory response in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods Mouse COPD model was established by smoking method. The mice were randomly divided into normal group and COPD group. HE staining was used to detect the pathological changes in lung and intestine tissues of mice in normal group and COPD group, and the contents of natural ILC2s(nILC2s) and iILC2s cells were measured by flow cytometry. Wright-Giemsa staining was used to measure the number of immune cells in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of mice in normal group and COPD group, and the concentration of IL-13 and IL-4 was detected by ELISA. Results In COPD mice, epithelial cells of the lung and intestinal tissues exhibited pathological hyperplasia, partial atrophy or deletion, inflammatory cell infiltration, increased pathological score and significantly increased neutrophils, monocytes, and lymphocytes in BALF. Lung iILC2s, intestinal nILC2s and iILC2s were increased significantly in the COPD group. The contents of IL-13 and IL-4 in BALF were significantly increased. Conclusion The increase of iILC2s and their related cytokines in COPD lung may be related to intestinal inflammatory ILC2s.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Cytokines , Immunity, Innate , Interleukin-13 , Interleukin-4 , Lymphocytes , Lung/pathology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Disease Models, Animal , Intestines
10.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 558-563, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981899

ABSTRACT

Group 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3) are an ILC subset that is characterized by the expression of retinoic acid-related orphan nuclear receptor γt (RORγt) and interleukin 22 (IL-22). This review summarizes the role of ILC3 in coordinating innate immunity and adaptive immunity based on current research and elaborate the significance of ILC3 from the perspective of immune system evolution. In addition, based on immune-related functions, we propose a possible time when ILC3 appears in the evolution of the immune system. And then, the research limitations and prospects are discussed.


Subject(s)
Immunity, Innate , Lymphocytes , Tretinoin
11.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 552-557, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981898

ABSTRACT

Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) are the "mirror cells" of Th2 cells. Although the total cell number of ILC2s is far less than that of CD4+ Th2 cells in the body, the activated ILC2s have a more powerful biological activity than CD4+ Th2 cells and can rapidly enhanced Th2-cell inflammatory reaction. It plays an important role in the pathogenesis of allergic respiratory diseases. The transmitters that activate ILC2s include inflammatory cytokines (IL-33, IL-25, TSLP, IL-4, IL-9), lipid transmitters (prostaglandins, leukotrienes), and other activating transmitters (ICOS, Complement C3a, neuropeptide receptor, vasoactive intestinal peptide and calcitonin gene-related peptide, etc). Activated ILC2s produce large amounts of IL-4, IL-5, IL-9, IL-13, and amphiregulin and other inflammatory mediators, and induce airway hyperresponsiveness, mucus secretion and airway remodeling and other respiratory allergic reactions. Therefore, respiratory allergic diseases, especially steroid-dependent asthma, could be treated potentially by inhibiting the activation of ILC2s. Hereby, we summarized the immunobiology of ILC2s, the initiation of ILC2s in allergic inflammation, the relationship between ILC2s and respiratory allergic diseases, and the recent advances in biological agents targeted by ILC2s.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunity, Innate , Interleukin-4 , Interleukin-9 , Lymphocytes , Hypersensitivity , Cytokines , Respiratory Tract Diseases , Inflammation
12.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e238998, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509519

ABSTRACT

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a treatment for many diseases; however, it can induce complications such as Oral Mucositis (OM) and Graft-versus- Host Disease (GVHD). The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a peripheral biomarker of systemic inflammation and an independent prognostic factor for several inflammatory diseases. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the association of NLR with OM and GVHD in patients undergoing allogeneic HSCT. Methods: Patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT at the Bone Marrow Transplant Service of the Hospital de Clínicas Complex of the Federal University of Paraná were included in the study. Socio-demographic data and blood counts were collected from patients' medical records. The NLR was calculated and associated with OM and GVHD. Results: 45 patients were included in the study. Although NLR was higher in patients with OM and oral GVHD, no statistical difference was observed, and no relationship between OM and GVHD with NLR could be stated. Conclusion: Although both OM and GVHD are associated with an inflammatory response as well as the immune system, it was not associated with NLR. Further investigation considering other variables related to HSCT might find possible associations, as it could favor patient management and prevention


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Stomatitis , Lymphocytes , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , Neutrophils
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 17-24, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971096

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the gene mutation profile in children with acute lymphocyte leukemia (ALL) and to explore its prognostic significance.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 249 primary pediatric ALL patients diagnosed and treated in the Department of Hematological Oncology of Wuhan Children's Hospital from January 2018 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to obtain gene mutation data and analyze the correlation between it and the prognosis of children with ALL.@*RESULTS@#227 (91.2%) were B-ALL, 22 (8.8%) were T-ALL among the 249 cases, and 178 (71.5%) were found to have gene mutations, of which 85 (34.1%) had ≥3 gene mutations. NRAS(23.7%), KRAS (22.9%),FLT3(11.2%), PTPN11(8.8%), CREBBP (7.2%), NOTCH1(6.4%) were the most frequently mutated genes, the mutations of KRAS, FLT3, PTPN11, CREBBP were mainly found in B-ALL, the mutations of NOTCH1 and FBXW7 were mainly found in T-ALL. The gene mutation incidence of T-ALL was significantly higher than that of B-ALL (χ2= 5.573,P<0.05) and were more likely to have co-mutations (P<0.05). The predicted 4-year EFS rate (47.9% vs 88.5%, P<0.001) and OS rate (53.8% vs 94.1%, P<0.001) in children with tp53 mutations were significantly lower than those of patients without tp53 mutations. Patients with NOTCH1 mutations had higher initial white blood cell count (128.64×109/L vs 8.23×109/L,P<0.001), and children with NOTCH1 mutations had a lower 4-year EFS rate than those of without mutations (71.5% vs 87.2%, P=0.037).@*CONCLUSION@#Genetic mutations are prevalent in childhood ALL and mutations in tp53 and NOTCH1 are strong predictors of adverse outcomes in childhood ALL, with NGS contributing to the discovery of genetic mutations and timely adjustment of treatment regimens.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/genetics , Prognosis , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Mutation , Lymphocytes
14.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 179-185, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971057

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the changes and significance of type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2), interleukin-33 (IL-33), interleukin-25 (IL-25), thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), interleukin-5 (IL-5), and interleukin-13 (IL-13) in peripheral blood of preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).@*METHODS@#A total of 76 preterm infants with a gestational age of <32 weeks and a length of hospital stay of ≥14 days who were admitted to the Department of Pediatrics of the Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University from September 2020 to December 2021 were enrolled. According to the diagnostic criteria for BPD, they were divided into a BPD group with 30 infants and a non-BPD group with 46 infants. The two groups were compared in terms of the percentage of ILC2 and the levels of IL-33, IL-25, TSLP, IL-5, and IL-13 in peripheral blood on days 1, 7, and 14 after birth.@*RESULTS@#The BPD group had significantly lower birth weight and gestational age than the non-BPD group (P<0.05). On days 7 and 14 after birth, the BPD group had significantly higher levels of ILC2, IL-33, TSLP, and IL-5 than the non-BPD group (P<0.05), and these indices had an area under the curve of >0.7 in predicting the devolpment of BPD (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for gestational age and birth weight, peripheral blood IL-33, TSLP and IL-5 on days 7 and 14 after birth were closely related to the devolpment of BPD (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early innate immune activation and upregulated expression of related factors may be observed in preterm infants with BPD. ILC2, IL-33, TSLP, and IL-5 may be used as biological indicators for early diagnosis of BPD.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Birth Weight , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/pathology , Cytokines , Immunity, Innate , Infant, Premature , Interleukin-13 , Interleukin-33 , Interleukin-5 , Lymphocytes/pathology , Thymic Stromal Lymphopoietin
15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 160-164, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969819

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the influence factors of poor prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and the predictive value of inflammatory reaction indexes including neutrophils and lymphocytes ratio (NLR), platelet and lymphocyte ratio (PLR), monocyte and lymphocyte ratio (MLR) provision and differentiation degree, infiltration depth, lymph node metastasis number on the postoperative recurrence of ESCC. Methods: A total of 130 patients with ESCC who underwent radical resection from February 2017 to February 2019 in Nanyang Central Hospital were selected and divided into good prognosis group (66 cases) and poor prognosis group (64 cases) according to the prognostic effect. The clinical data and follow-up data were collected. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent influencing factors of poor prognosis. Spearman correlation analysis was used to determine the correlation between preoperative NLR, PLR and MLR with the degree of differentiation, depth of invasion and number of lymph node metastases. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to evaluate the efficacy of NLR, PLR and MLR in predicting poor prognosis of ESCC. Results: Univariate analysis showed that the degree of differentiation, the degree of invasion and the number of lymph node metastasis were related to the prognoses of patients with ESCC (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the degree of differentiation, depth of invasion and number of lymph node metastases were independent influencing factors for poor prognosis of patients with ESCC, moderate differentiation (OR=2.603, 95% CI: 1.009-6.715) or low differentiation (OR=9.909, 95% CI: 3.097-31.706), infiltrating into fibrous membrane (OR=14.331, 95% CI: 1.333-154.104) or surrounding tissue (OR=23.368, 95% CI: 1.466-372.578), the number of lymph node metastases ≥ 3 (OR=9.225, 95% CI: 1.693-50.263) indicated poor prognosis. Spearman correlation analysis showed that NLR was negatively correlated with the degree of differentiation and the number of lymph node metastases (r=-0.281, P=0.001; r=-0.257, P=0.003), PLR was negatively correlated with the degree of differentiation, depth of invasion and number of lymph node metastasis (r=-0.250, P=0.004; r=0.197, P=0.025; r=-0.194, P=0.027), MLR was positively correlated with the degree of differentiation and the number of lymph node metastasis (r=0.248, P=0.004; r=0.196, P=0.025). ROC curve analysis showed that the areas under the curve of NLR, PLR and MLR in predicting poor prognosis of ESCC were 0.971, 0.925 and 0.834, respectively. The best cut-off value of NLR was 2.87. The sensitivity and specificity of NLR in predicting poor prognosis of ESCC were 90.6% and 87.9%, respectively. The optimal cut-off value of PLR was 141.75. The sensitivity and specificity for predicting poor prognosis of ESCC were 92.2% and 87.9%, respectively. The best cut-off value of MLR was 0.40. The sensitivity and specificity of MLR in predicting poor prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were 54.7% and 100.0%, respectively. Conclusions: The degree of differentiation, the degree of invasion and the number of lymph node metastases are closely related to the poor prognosis of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. NLR, PLR and MLR can provide important information for predicting the poor prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/pathology , Prognosis , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Neutrophils , Lymphocytes , Blood Platelets/pathology , Inflammation , Retrospective Studies
16.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 710-717, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985462

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the ability of the ratio of platelet to lymphocyte (PLR) for predicting extubation failure in septic patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV). Methods: The retrospective cohort study was conducted in ICU at Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital Shijingshan District, Capital Medical University in China from January, 2010 to December, 2019, including patients with sepsis who received IMV. 180 patients were enrolled in the study, including 111 male and 69 female, with the age range of 23-93 years and the median age of 76 years, and with an average age of 71.22 years. The medical records were reviewed, such as age, sex, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHEII), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA), spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) outcome, weaning outcome, complete blood count before SBT. According to weaning outcome, patients were divided into weaning failure and weaning success group. The difference of PLR, white blood cell(WBC), C-reaction protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) were compared between weaning failure and success group. Receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) curves and multivariate logistical regression analysis were employed to analyze the performance of these inflammatory markers for predicting weaning failure in patients with sepsis. Results: 180 patients with sepsis were included in the study and 37 patients (20.5%) experienced weaning failure (31 SBT failure and 6 extubation failure after successful SBT). PLR was higher in weaning failure group than that in weaning success group (Z=-5.793,P<0.001). Other inflammation biomarkers such as WBC, CRP and PCT were also higher in weaning failure group than that in weaning success group(Z=-4.356, -3.118 and -2.743, P<0.001, 0.002 and 0.006, respectively). According to ROC curves, PLR has a better predictive ability for weaning failure (AUC=0.809,95%CI 0.733-0.885) when compared to WBC (AUC=0.773,95%CI 0.648-0.817), CRP (AUC=0.666,95%CI 0.577-0.755) and PCT (AUC=0.603,95%CI 0.508-0.698). The cutoff value of PLR for predicting weaning failure was 257.69 with sensitivity 78.38%, specificity 76.22%, and diagnostic accuracy 71.66%. According to multivariate logistic regression analyses, PLR>257.69 was an independent risk factor for predicting weaning failure in patients with sepsis. Conclusions: PLR may be a valuable biomarker for predicting weaning failure in septic patients receiving IMV, and the patients with higher PLR should be handled with caution since they are at higher risk of weaning failure, and some more effective treatment should be in consideration after extubation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Respiration, Artificial , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis/diagnosis , Procalcitonin , C-Reactive Protein , Biomarkers , ROC Curve , Lymphocytes
18.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(5): 317-324, oct. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1390881

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La apendicitis aguda (AA) en pacientes pediátricos requiere de un diagnóstico certero. El índice neutrófilos-linfocitos (INL) es un parámetro accesible que puede ser útil en su diagnóstico. Objetivo. Determinar la precisión del INL para diagnosticar AA en pacientes con dolor abdominal. Población y métodos. Estudio de prueba diagnóstica. Se incluyeron 520 pacientes atendidos en el servicio de urgencias pediátricas. Para cuantificar la precisión diagnóstica, se estimó la sensibilidad, la especificidad, los valores predictivos (VP) y los cocientes de probabilidad (CP). Se utilizó un modelo de regresión logística múltiple para evaluar el efecto de las potenciales variables confusoras en la relación entre el INL y la AA. Resultados. La prevalencia de AA fue del 49 %. Para un punto de corte de 5, la sensibilidad fue del 85,1 %, especificidad: 78,9 %, VP+: 79,5 % y VP-: 84,6 %. Sin embargo, basándose en los cocientes de probabilidad, el INL es una prueba poco potente para el diagnóstico de AA (CP+ = 4,03 y CP- = 0,18) y resultó una prueba sin utilidad diagnóstica en el caso de apendicitis complicada (CP+ = 1,57 y CP- = 0,55). Después del ajuste por edad, sexo, obesidad, tiempo de evolución y uso de analgésicos, el INL fue una variable explicativa de la presencia de AA (odds ratio = 23,53; IC95 % 13,14-42,15). Conclusiones. El INL no es lo suficientemente preciso aisladamente para confirmar o descartar la presencia de AA. No obstante, el INL puede emplearse junto con otras pruebas para seleccionar a los pacientes en los cuales es necesario un mayor estudio.


Introduction. Acute appendicitis (AA) in pediatric patients requires an accurate diagnosis. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is an accessible parameter useful for its diagnosis. Objective. To determine NLR accuracy to diagnose AA in patients with abdominal pain. Population and methods. Diagnostic test study. A total of 520 patients seen at the Pediatric Emergency Department were included. Diagnostic accuracy was estimated based on sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, and likelihood ratios. A multiple logistic regression model was used to assess the effect of potentially confounding variables in the relationship between NLR and AA. Results. The prevalence of AA was 49%. For a cutoff point of 5, sensitivity was 85.1%, specificity: 78.9%; positive predictive value: 79.5%; and negative predictive value: 84.6%. However, based on likelihood ratios, the NLR is not powerful enough to diagnose AA (positive likelihood ratio = 4.03 and negative likelihood ratio = 0.18) and did not exhibit diagnostic usefulness in complicated appendicitis (positive likelihood ratio = 1.57 and negative likelihood ratio = 0.55). Following adjustment for age, sex, obesity, time since symptom onset, and analgesic use, the NLR was an explanatory variable for the presence of AA (odds ratio = 23.53; 95% confidence interval: 13.14­42.15). Conclusions. The NLR alone is not sufficiently accurate to confirm or rule out the presence of AA. However, the NLR can be used together with other tests to select patients in whom further study is necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Appendicitis/epidemiology , Lymphocytes , Acute Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Neutrophils
19.
Medicina (Ribeirao Preto, Online) ; 55(1)maio 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410471

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The pandemic for the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) brought many uncertainties about which laboratory parameters would be most suitable during the evolution of COVID 19. Objectives: Correlate the results of the blood count (BC), the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (N/LR), the C-reactive protein (CRP) and morphological findings of individuals diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection through Polymerase Chain Reaction in Real Time (RT-PCR) in a private laboratory in Belém, Pará, from March to September 2020. Materials and Methods: Retrospective study with 30 individuals, of both sexes, any age and clinical complaint, of home or hospital origin who underwent BC, CRP and RT-PCR for COVID 19 until the 8th day of infection. Morphological changes were analyzed after selecting the slides for these patients. Results: Sample composed of 15 men and 15 women, aged between 7 and 92 years. Of these 12/30 individuals were at home and 18/30 were hospitalized. The main complaints were fever, malaise, diarrhea and respiratory distress. The statistical study showed a direct dependency relationship between increases in N/LR, CRP and the need for hospitalization (p = 0.0005). Morphological analysis showed hyposegmented neutrophils with toxic granulations, vacuolated monocytes, and reactive lymphocytes with basophilic cytoplasm. Conclusion: Our results associate intermediate and elevated levels of N/LR with increased CRP and disease severity, however, unrelated to the morphological findings in neutrophils, lymphocytes and monocytes that were common to all patients diagnosed up to the 8th day of infection (AU)


Introdução: A pandemia pelo novo coronavírus (SARS-CoV-2) trouxe muitas incertezas sobre quais parâmetros laboratoriais seriam mais adequados durante a evolução da COVID 19. Objetivos: Correlacionar os resultados do hemograma (HGM), da relação neutrófilos/linfócitos (R N/L), da proteína C reativa (PCR) e dos achados morfológicos de indivíduos diagnosticados com infecção por SARS-CoV-2 através de Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real (RT-PCR) em um laboratório particular de Belém, Pará, no período de março a setembro de 2020. Materiais e Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo com 30 indivíduos, de ambos os sexos, qualquer idade e queixa clínica, de origem domiciliar ou hospitalar que realizaram HGM, PCR e RT-PCR para COVID 19 até o 8o dia de infecção. As alterações morfológicas foram analisadas após a seleção das lâminas desses pacientes. Resultados:Amostra composta por 15 homens e 15 mulheres, com idades entre 7 e 92 anos. Desses, 12/30 indivíduos estavam em domicílio e 18/30 internados. As principais queixas foram febre, mal-estar geral, diarreia e desconforto respiratório. O estudo estatístico mostrou a existência de relação de dependência direta entre os aumentos da R N/L, PCR e necessidade de internação (p=0,0005). A análise morfológica mostrou neutrófilos hipossegmentados com granulações tóxicas, monócitos vacuolizados e linfócitos reativos com citoplasma basofílico. Conclusão: Nossos resultados associam os níveis intermediários e elevados da R N/L com o aumento de PCR e a gravidade da doença, porém, sem relação com os achados morfológicos em neutrófilos, linfócitos e monócitos que foram comuns a todos os pacientes diagnosticados até o 8o dia de infecção


Subject(s)
Pathology, Clinical , Lymphocytes , Monocytes , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Amazonian Ecosystem , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/diagnosis , Neutrophils
20.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(2): 161-167, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374716

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal is a rare entity. Previous studies have suggested predictors for tumor recurrence. However, most of the prognostic factors were from the clinicopathological aspect. Objective: This study aims to analyze the correlation between pre-operative peripheral inflammation markers and survival outcomes, in order to identify prognostic biomarkers for patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal who underwent surgery at our institute. The pre-operative circulating inflammatory markers, such as the neutrophil, lymphocyte, platelet, and monocyte counts were measured and their ratios including neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio were calculated. The prognostic value of the measured hematologic parameters in relation to the survival outcomes was also evaluated. Results: A total of 83 patients were included, of which 26 patients showed tumor recurrence and 57 without recurrence. Neutrophil counts and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio were closely connected with tumor stage. In the patients with recurrence, neutrophil counts, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio were elevated (p< 0.0001, p< 0.0001 and p = 0.001), while lymphocyte counts and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio were decreased (p = 0.013 and p = 0.016, respectively). The receiver operating curve analysis indicated that pre-operative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio is a potential prognostic marker for recurrence of squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal (area under curve = 0.816), and the cut-off points was 2.325. Conclusions: Pre-operative neutrophil and lymphocyte counts, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, lymphocyte-to-monocyte are significantly correlated with tumor recurrence in patients with external auditory canal squamous cell carcinoma. Furthermore, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio may be unfavorable prognostic factors of this disease.


Resumo Introdução: O carcinoma espinocelular do meato acústico externo é uma doença rara. Estudos anteriores sugeriram preditores de recorrência do tumor. Entretanto, a maioria dos fatores prognósticos se originou do aspecto clínico-patológico. Objetivo: Analisar a correlação entre marcadores inflamatórios periféricos pré-operatórios e os desfechos de sobrevida e identificar biomarcadores prognósticos para pacientes com carcinoma espinocelular do meato acústico externo. Método: Analisamos retrospectivamente pacientes com diagnóstico de carcinoma espinocelular do meato acústico externo submetidos à cirurgia em nosso instituto. Os marcadores inflamatórios circulantes pré-operatórios, como as contagens de neutrófilos, linfócitos, plaquetas e monócitos, foram medidos e as suas relações calculadas, inclusive as relações neutrófilos/linfócitos, plaquetas/linfócitos e linfócitos/monócitos. O valor prognóstico dos parâmetros hematológicos medidos em relação aos desfechos de sobrevida também foi avaliado. Resultados: Foram incluídos 83 pacientes, entre os quais 26 apresentaram recorrência tumoral e 57 não apresentaram. A contagem de neutrófilos e a relação neutrófilo/linfócito estavam intimamente associadas ao estágio do tumor. Nos pacientes com recorrência, a contagem de neutrófilos, a relação neutrófilos/linfócitos e a relação plaquetas/linfócitos eram elevadas (p < 0,0001, p > 0,0001 e p = 0,001), enquanto a contagem de linfócitos e a relação linfócitos/monócitos estavam diminuídas (p = 0,012 ep = 0,016, respectivamente). A análise da curva, Receiver Operating Characteristic, indicou que a relação neutrófilos/linfócitos pré-operatória era um potencial marcador prognóstico para a recorrência de carcinoma espinocelular do meato acústico externo (Área sob a curva = 0,816) e o ponto de corte foi de 2,325. Conclusão: A contagem pré-operatória de neutrófilos e linfócitos, as relações neutrófilos/linfócitos, plaquetas/linfócitos e linfócitos/monócitos estão significativamente correlacionadas com a recorrência do tumor em pacientes com carcinoma espinocelular do meato acústico externo. Além disso, a relação neutrófilos/linfócitos pode ser um fator prognóstico desfavorável dessa doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Prognosis , Lymphocytes , Biomarkers , Retrospective Studies , Lymphocyte Count , Ear Canal/pathology , Inflammation/pathology , Neutrophils/pathology
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