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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(5): 317-324, oct. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1390881

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La apendicitis aguda (AA) en pacientes pediátricos requiere de un diagnóstico certero. El índice neutrófilos-linfocitos (INL) es un parámetro accesible que puede ser útil en su diagnóstico. Objetivo. Determinar la precisión del INL para diagnosticar AA en pacientes con dolor abdominal. Población y métodos. Estudio de prueba diagnóstica. Se incluyeron 520 pacientes atendidos en el servicio de urgencias pediátricas. Para cuantificar la precisión diagnóstica, se estimó la sensibilidad, la especificidad, los valores predictivos (VP) y los cocientes de probabilidad (CP). Se utilizó un modelo de regresión logística múltiple para evaluar el efecto de las potenciales variables confusoras en la relación entre el INL y la AA. Resultados. La prevalencia de AA fue del 49 %. Para un punto de corte de 5, la sensibilidad fue del 85,1 %, especificidad: 78,9 %, VP+: 79,5 % y VP-: 84,6 %. Sin embargo, basándose en los cocientes de probabilidad, el INL es una prueba poco potente para el diagnóstico de AA (CP+ = 4,03 y CP- = 0,18) y resultó una prueba sin utilidad diagnóstica en el caso de apendicitis complicada (CP+ = 1,57 y CP- = 0,55). Después del ajuste por edad, sexo, obesidad, tiempo de evolución y uso de analgésicos, el INL fue una variable explicativa de la presencia de AA (odds ratio = 23,53; IC95 % 13,14-42,15). Conclusiones. El INL no es lo suficientemente preciso aisladamente para confirmar o descartar la presencia de AA. No obstante, el INL puede emplearse junto con otras pruebas para seleccionar a los pacientes en los cuales es necesario un mayor estudio.


Introduction. Acute appendicitis (AA) in pediatric patients requires an accurate diagnosis. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is an accessible parameter useful for its diagnosis. Objective. To determine NLR accuracy to diagnose AA in patients with abdominal pain. Population and methods. Diagnostic test study. A total of 520 patients seen at the Pediatric Emergency Department were included. Diagnostic accuracy was estimated based on sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, and likelihood ratios. A multiple logistic regression model was used to assess the effect of potentially confounding variables in the relationship between NLR and AA. Results. The prevalence of AA was 49%. For a cutoff point of 5, sensitivity was 85.1%, specificity: 78.9%; positive predictive value: 79.5%; and negative predictive value: 84.6%. However, based on likelihood ratios, the NLR is not powerful enough to diagnose AA (positive likelihood ratio = 4.03 and negative likelihood ratio = 0.18) and did not exhibit diagnostic usefulness in complicated appendicitis (positive likelihood ratio = 1.57 and negative likelihood ratio = 0.55). Following adjustment for age, sex, obesity, time since symptom onset, and analgesic use, the NLR was an explanatory variable for the presence of AA (odds ratio = 23.53; 95% confidence interval: 13.14­42.15). Conclusions. The NLR alone is not sufficiently accurate to confirm or rule out the presence of AA. However, the NLR can be used together with other tests to select patients in whom further study is necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Appendicitis/epidemiology , Lymphocytes , Acute Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Neutrophils
2.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(2): 155-160, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374719

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Different theories have been proposed on the etiology of tinnitus, including metabolic and audiologic causes. We suggest that mean platelet volume and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio levels change in tinnitus, indicating microcirculatory disturbance and inflammatory process in the etiopathogenesis of tinnitus. Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the mean platelet volume and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio in patients with tinnitus in comparison to healthy controls. Methods: Retrospective case-control study. Two-hundred and eighty-seven patients aged 18-59 years and diagnosed with tinnitus in the Ear, Nose, and Throat Clinic between December 2014 and May 2017 (patient group) and 275 healthy individuals who applied for a hearing screening within the same time period (control group). Demographics, concomitant diseases, laboratory results, and audiometric data were recorded. Mean platelet volume and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio were the outcome measures. Patients with hearing loss due to presbycusis or another reasons, and patients with anatomical disorders in the external and middle ear were excluded from the study by using physical examinations, pure audio audiometry results and radiological imaging. The upper age limit was set at 59 to exclude presbycusis patients. Results: The ratio of female patients was higher in patient group than control group (58.5%, n = 168 vs. 49.4%, n= 127; respectively; p = 0.033). The mean age of patient group was significantly higher than those of control group (44.89 ± 10.96 years and 38.37 ± 10.65 years, respectively; p = 0.001). The percentage of subjects with high mean platelet volume level was significantly higher in patient group than control group (9.4%, n = 27, and 3.1%, n = 8 respectively; p = 0.008). The mean neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio was higher in patients with tinnitus than control group (1.95 ± 1.02 and 1.67 ±0.57, p = 0.012). A neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio level of 2.17 and above is associated with 1.991 times higher risk of tinnitus (odds ratio = 1.99, 95% confidence interval 1.31-3.02). Conclusion: High mean platelet volume and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio values are associated with idiopathic tinnitus, suggesting the role of vascular pathologies in etiology of tinnitus. Tinnitus may be a sign of underlying systemic or local disorders. Therefore, patients with tinnitus should undergo detailed evaluation including hematological indices.


Resumo Introdução: Diferentes teorias já foram propostas sobre a etiologia do zumbido, inclusive causas metabólicas e audiológicas. Acreditamos que os níveis do volume plaquetário médio e da relação neutrófilos/linfócitos se alteram no zumbido, sugerem distúrbio microcirculatório e processo inflamatório na etiopatogenia do zumbido. Objetivo: Avaliar o volume plaquetário médio e a relação neutrófilos/linfócitos em pacientes com zumbido em comparação com controles saudáveis. Método: Estudo de caso-controle retrospectivo, com 287 pacientes entre 18 e 59 anos e diagnosticados com zumbido na Clínica de Otorrinolaringologia entre dezembro de 2014 e maio de 2017 (grupo pacientes) e 275 indivíduos saudáveis que solicitaram uma triagem auditiva no mesmo período (grupo controle). Foram registrados dados demográficos, doenças concomitantes, resultados laboratoriais e dados audiométricos. O volume plaquetário médio e a relação neutrófilos/linfócitos foram as medidas de desfecho. Pacientes com perda auditiva por presbiacusia ou por outros motivos e pacientes com distúrbios anatômicos na orelha externa e média foram excluídos do estudo por meio de exame físico, resultados de audiometria tonal pura e imagens radiológicas. O limite de idade superior foi fixado em 59 anos para excluir pacientes com presbiacusia. Resultados: A proporção de pacientes do sexo feminino foi maior no grupo de pacientes do que no grupo controle (58,5%, n = 168 vs. 49,4%, n = 127; respectivamente; p = 0,033). A média de idade do grupo de pacientes era significantemente maior do que a do grupo controle (44,89 ± 10,96 anos e 38,37 ± 10,65 anos, respectivamente; p = 0,001). A porcentagem de indivíduos com nível alto de volume plaquetário médio foi significantemente maior no grupo de pacientes do que no grupo controle (9,4%, n = 27 e 3,1%, n = 8, respectivamente; p = 0,008). A relação neutrófilos/linfócitos média foi maior nos pacientes com zumbido do que no grupo controle (1,95 ± 1,02 e 1,67 ±0,57, p = 0,012). Um nível de relação neutrófilos/linfócitos de 2,17 e acima está associado a um risco 1,991 vez maior de zumbido (odds ratio = 1,99, Intervalo de Confiança de 95% 1,31 a 3,02). Conclusão: Altos valores de volume plaquetário médio e relação neutrófilos/linfócitos estão associados ao zumbido idiopático, sugerem o papel de doenças vasculares na etiologia do zumbido. O zumbido pode ser um sinal de distúrbios sistêmicos ou locais subjacentes. Portanto, pacientes com zumbido devem ser submetidos a uma avaliação detalhada, inclusive índices hematológicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Presbycusis , Tinnitus/diagnosis , Lymphocytes , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Lymphocyte Count , Mean Platelet Volume , Microcirculation , Middle Aged , Neutrophils/pathology
3.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(2): 161-167, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374716

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal is a rare entity. Previous studies have suggested predictors for tumor recurrence. However, most of the prognostic factors were from the clinicopathological aspect. Objective: This study aims to analyze the correlation between pre-operative peripheral inflammation markers and survival outcomes, in order to identify prognostic biomarkers for patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal who underwent surgery at our institute. The pre-operative circulating inflammatory markers, such as the neutrophil, lymphocyte, platelet, and monocyte counts were measured and their ratios including neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio were calculated. The prognostic value of the measured hematologic parameters in relation to the survival outcomes was also evaluated. Results: A total of 83 patients were included, of which 26 patients showed tumor recurrence and 57 without recurrence. Neutrophil counts and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio were closely connected with tumor stage. In the patients with recurrence, neutrophil counts, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio were elevated (p< 0.0001, p< 0.0001 and p = 0.001), while lymphocyte counts and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio were decreased (p = 0.013 and p = 0.016, respectively). The receiver operating curve analysis indicated that pre-operative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio is a potential prognostic marker for recurrence of squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal (area under curve = 0.816), and the cut-off points was 2.325. Conclusions: Pre-operative neutrophil and lymphocyte counts, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, lymphocyte-to-monocyte are significantly correlated with tumor recurrence in patients with external auditory canal squamous cell carcinoma. Furthermore, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio may be unfavorable prognostic factors of this disease.


Resumo Introdução: O carcinoma espinocelular do meato acústico externo é uma doença rara. Estudos anteriores sugeriram preditores de recorrência do tumor. Entretanto, a maioria dos fatores prognósticos se originou do aspecto clínico-patológico. Objetivo: Analisar a correlação entre marcadores inflamatórios periféricos pré-operatórios e os desfechos de sobrevida e identificar biomarcadores prognósticos para pacientes com carcinoma espinocelular do meato acústico externo. Método: Analisamos retrospectivamente pacientes com diagnóstico de carcinoma espinocelular do meato acústico externo submetidos à cirurgia em nosso instituto. Os marcadores inflamatórios circulantes pré-operatórios, como as contagens de neutrófilos, linfócitos, plaquetas e monócitos, foram medidos e as suas relações calculadas, inclusive as relações neutrófilos/linfócitos, plaquetas/linfócitos e linfócitos/monócitos. O valor prognóstico dos parâmetros hematológicos medidos em relação aos desfechos de sobrevida também foi avaliado. Resultados: Foram incluídos 83 pacientes, entre os quais 26 apresentaram recorrência tumoral e 57 não apresentaram. A contagem de neutrófilos e a relação neutrófilo/linfócito estavam intimamente associadas ao estágio do tumor. Nos pacientes com recorrência, a contagem de neutrófilos, a relação neutrófilos/linfócitos e a relação plaquetas/linfócitos eram elevadas (p < 0,0001, p > 0,0001 e p = 0,001), enquanto a contagem de linfócitos e a relação linfócitos/monócitos estavam diminuídas (p = 0,012 ep = 0,016, respectivamente). A análise da curva, Receiver Operating Characteristic, indicou que a relação neutrófilos/linfócitos pré-operatória era um potencial marcador prognóstico para a recorrência de carcinoma espinocelular do meato acústico externo (Área sob a curva = 0,816) e o ponto de corte foi de 2,325. Conclusão: A contagem pré-operatória de neutrófilos e linfócitos, as relações neutrófilos/linfócitos, plaquetas/linfócitos e linfócitos/monócitos estão significativamente correlacionadas com a recorrência do tumor em pacientes com carcinoma espinocelular do meato acústico externo. Além disso, a relação neutrófilos/linfócitos pode ser um fator prognóstico desfavorável dessa doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Prognosis , Lymphocytes , Biomarkers , Retrospective Studies , Lymphocyte Count , Ear Canal/pathology , Inflammation/pathology , Neutrophils/pathology
4.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 81-86, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357470

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Quick and accurate identification of critically ill patients ensures appropriate and correct use of medical resources. In situations that threaten public health, like pandemics, rapid and effective methods are needed for early disease detection among critically ill patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) of coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) patients upon admission to the emergency department (ED) and these patients' prognosis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort study among COVID-19 patients in the ED of a tertiary-level hospital. METHODS: Data on patients' age, gender, vital signs, chronic diseases, laboratory tests and clinical outcomes were collected from electronic medical records. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed. The area under the curve (AUC) was used to assess the accuracy of NLR for predicting in-hospital mortality risk and intensive care unit (ICU) requirement. The Youden J index (YJI) was used to determine optimal threshold values. RESULTS: 1,175 patients were included. Their median age was 63 years (IQR, 48-75). With an NLR cutoff value of 5.14, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, AUC and YJI for ICU requirement were calculated as 77.87%, 74.08%, 92.4%, 0.811 and 0.5194, respectively. With the same cutoff value, the sensitivity, specificity, AUC and YJI for in-hospital mortality were 77.27%, 75.82%, 0.815 and 0.5309, respectively. In addition, advanced age, leukocytosis, anemia and lymphopenia were found to be associated with poor prognosis. CONCLUSION: The NLR, which is a widely available simple parameter, can provide rapid insights regarding early recognition of critical illness and prognosis among COVID-19 patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Prognosis , Lymphocytes , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , SARS-CoV-2 , Middle Aged , Neutrophils
5.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368616

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Introdução: A pandemia pelo novo coronavírus (SARS-CoV-2) trouxe muitas incertezas sobre quais parâmetros laboratoriais seriam mais adequados durante a evolução da COVID 19. Objetivos: Correlacionar os resultados do hemograma (HGM), da relação neutrófilos/linfócitos (R N/L), da proteína C reativa (PCR) e dos achados morfológicos de indivíduos diagnosticados com infecção por SARS-CoV-2 através de Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real (RT-PCR) em um laboratório particular de Belém, Pará, no período de março a setembro de 2020. Materiais e Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo com 30 indivíduos, de ambos os sexos, qualquer idade e queixa clínica, de origem domiciliar ou hospitalar que realizaram HGM, PCR e RT-PCR para COVID 19 até o 8o dia de infecção. As alterações morfológicas foram analisadas após a seleção das lâminas desses pacientes. Resultados:Amostra composta por 15 homens e 15 mulheres, com idades entre 7 e 92 anos. Desses, 12/30 indivíduos estavam em domicílio e 18/30 internados. As principais queixas foram febre, mal-estar geral, diarreia e desconforto respiratório. O estudo estatístico mostrou a existência de relação de dependência direta entre os aumentos da R N/L, PCR e necessidade de internação (p=0,0005). A análise morfológica mostrou neutrófilos hipossegmentados com granulações tóxicas, monócitos vacuolizados e linfócitos reativos com citoplasma basofílico. Conclusão: Nossos resultados associam os níveis intermediários e elevados da R N/L com o aumento de PCR e a gravidade da doença, porém, sem relação com os achados morfológicos em neutrófilos, linfócitos e monócitos que foram comuns a todos os pacientes diagnosticados até o 8o dia de infecção. (AU)


ABSTRACT: Morphological changes in leukocytes of acute SARS-CoV-2 infection patients, Amazon, BrazilORIGINAL ARTICLEIntroduction: The pandemic for the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) brought many uncertainties about which laboratory parameters would be most suitable during the evolution of COVID 19. Objectives: Correlate the results of the blood count (BC), the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (N/LR), the C-reactive protein (CRP) and morphological findings of individuals diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection through Polymerase Chain Reaction in Real Time (RT-PCR) in a private laboratory in Belém, Pará, from March to September 2020. Materials and Methods: Retrospective study with 30 individuals, of both sexes, any age and clinical complaint, of home or hospital origin who underwent BC, CRP and RT-PCR for COVID 19 until the 8th day of infection. Morphological changes were analyzed after selecting the slides for these patients. Results: Sample composed of 15 men and 15 women, aged between 7 and 92 years. Of these 12/30 individuals were at home and 18/30 were hospitalized. The main complaints were fever, malaise, diarrhea and respiratory distress. The statistical study showed a direct dependency relationship between increases in N/LR, CRP and the need for hospitalization (p = 0.0005). Morphological analysis showed hyposegmented neutrophils with toxic granulations, vacuolated monocytes, and reactive lymphocytes with basophilic cytoplasm. Conclusion: Our results associate intermediate and elevated levels of N/LR with increased CRP and disease severity, however, unrelated to the morphological findings in neutrophils, lymphocytes and monocytes that were common to all patients diagnosed up to the 8th day of infection. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Lymphocytes , Monocytes , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , SARS Virus/pathogenicity , COVID-19/blood , Neutrophils
6.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 94-99, Jan. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360695

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the hemogram index parameters and their clinical significance in the evaluation of the inflammatory response of patients with male breast cancer, who are rarely observed in the literature. METHODS: In total, 22 (n=22) healthy male and 28 (n=28) male breast cancer patients without synchronous/metachronous tumors were included in this study. They were grouped as the healthy male control group (Group 1) and the male breast cancer patient group (Group 2). The male breast cancer was divided into two subgroups, namely, early stage [(stage: 0/I/II) (Group 2A)] and late stage [(stage: III/IV) (Group 2B)], and their hemogram index parameters were compared. RESULTS: A significant (p>0.05) increase was observed in neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and·platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) values in the late stage (Group 2B: stage III/IV) compared to the early stage (Group 2A: stage 0/I/II) and healthy control (Group 1) groups. CONCLUSIONS: In male breast cancer patients, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio and platelet/lymphocyte ratio values were significantly higher as the stage of cancer increased. These readily available simple tests can be used to evaluate the host's inflammatory response in male breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Breast Neoplasms, Male/pathology , Breast Neoplasms, Male/diagnostic imaging , Blood Cell Count , Lymphocytes/pathology , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Neutrophils
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928685

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the significance of peripheral blood lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR) and corrected levels of serum calcium (cCa) as prognostic markers for the newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 114 newly diagnosed MM patients in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from January 2013 to March 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to identify the optimal cutoff value, and the patients were divided into high LMR group and low LMR group (LMR≥3.35 and LMR < 3.35). Moreover, the patients were divided into four groups according to initial diagnosis LMR and LMR after four courses of treatment (LMR4): Group A (LMR≥3.35, LMR4≥3.35), Group B (LMR≥3.35, LMR4 < 3.35), Group C (LMR < 3.35, LMR4≥3.35), and group D (LMR < 3.35, LMR4 < 3.35). The simple prognosis model was established by combined with LMR and cCa, the patients were divided into Group a (no risk factor), group b (1 risk factor) and Group c (2 risk factors). Independent sample T-test, Pearson Chi-square test or Mann-Whitney U test were used to evaluate the differences between various parameters, and Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression were used for survival analysis.@*RESULTS@#The median follow-up time was 13.05(0.1-72.5)months. Survival analysis showed that the patients with low LMR predicted poor prognosis, the overall survival (OS) time of the patients with low LMR was significantly shorter (17 vs 50.5 months, P=0.006) than the patients with high LMR, the difference was also significant between group A and Group D (56.5 vs 30.5 months, P=0.043). The OS of the patients was also significantly shorter in the high cCa group (≥2.75 mmol/L) compared with normal group (8.5 vs 34 months, P=0.006). Multivariate survival analysis showed that LMR < 3.35 (P=0.028) and cCa≥2.75 mmol/L (P=0.036) were the independent risk factors affecting prognosis of MM patients. The comparison of risk factors showed that the median OS of Group a, b and c was 50, 20, and 8.5 months, respectively. The prognosis of the patients without risk factors was better than that of patients with 1-2 risk factors (Group a vs Group b, P < 0.0001; Group a vs Group c, P=0.002).@*CONCLUSION@#LMR and cCa are the independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of newly diagnosed MM patients, and the development of a simple prognosis system combining them can quickly identify the prognosis of newly diagnosed MM patients.


Subject(s)
Calcium , Humans , Lymphocytes , Monocytes , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928063

ABSTRACT

UPLC-Q-TOF-MS combined with network pharmacology and experimental verification was used to explore the mechanism of acupoint sticking therapy(AST) in the intervention of bronchial asthma(BA). The chemical components of Sinapis Semen, Cory-dalis Rhizoma, Kansui Radix, Asari Radix et Rhizoma, and Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens were retrieved from TCMSP as self-built database. The active components in AST drugs were analyzed by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS, and the targets were screened out in TCMSP and Swiss-TargetPrediction. Targets of BA were collected from GeneCards, and the intersection of active components and targets was obtained by Venny 2.1.0. The potential targets were imported into STRING and DAVID for PPI, GO, and KEGG analyses. The asthma model induced by house dust mite(HDM) was established in mice. The mechanism of AST on asthmatic mice was explored by pulmonary function, Western blot, and flow cytometry. The results indicated that 54 active components were obtained by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS and 162 potential targets were obtained from the intersection. The first 53 targets were selected as key targets. PPI, GO, and KEGG analyses showed that AST presumedly acted on SRC, PIK3 CA, and other targets through active components such as sinoacutine, sinapic acid, dihydrocapsaicin, and 6-gingerol and regulated PI3 K-AKT, ErbB, chemokine, sphingolipid, and other signaling pathways to intervene in the pathological mechanism of BA. AST can improve lung function, down-regulate the expression of PI3 K and p-AKT proteins in lung tissues, enhance the expression of PETN protein, and reduce the level of type Ⅱ innate immune cells(ILC2 s) in lung tissues of asthmatic mice. In conclusion, AST may inhibit ILC2 s by down-regulating the PI3 K-AKT pathway to relieve asthmatic airway inflammation and reduce airway hyperresponsiveness.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Asthma/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Immunity, Innate , Lymphocytes , Mice , Network Pharmacology
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927627

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The association between neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with subclinical macrovascular and microvascular diseases has been less investigated. We sought to examine the association between NLR and new-onset subclinical macrovascular and microvascular abnormalities in the Chinese population.@*METHODS@#From a community cohort, we included 6,430 adults aged ≥ 40 years without subclinical macrovascular and microvascular diseases at baseline. We measured subclinical macrovascular and microvascular abnormalities separately using the ankle-brachial index (ABI), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), and albuminuria.@*RESULTS@#During a mean follow-up of 4.3 years, 110 participants developed incident abnormal ABI, 746 participants developed incident elevated baPWV, and 503 participants developed incident albuminuria. Poisson regression analysis indicated that NLR was significantly associated with an increased risk of new-onset abnormal ABI, elevated baPWV, and albuminuria. Compared to overweight/obese participants, we found a much stronger association between NLR and subclinical vascular abnormalities in participants with normal weight. Furthermore, we found an interaction between the NLR and body mass index (BMI) on the risk of new-onset abnormal ABI ( P for interaction: 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#NLR was associated with subclinical macrovascular and microvascular diseases in the Chinese population. Furthermore, in participants with normal weight, the association between NLR and subclinical vascular abnormalities was much stronger.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Ankle Brachial Index , Body Mass Index , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Incidence , Lymphocytes/cytology , Male , Middle Aged , Neutrophils/cytology , Poisson Distribution , Prospective Studies , Vascular Diseases/etiology
10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 265-275, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927602

ABSTRACT

Group 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3) as a family member of innate lymphoid cells (ILCs), have been defined as novel innate immune cells in the past decade. ILC3 include a variety of heterogenous subsets with different phenotypes and functions, which are mainly distributed in barrier organs such as the intestine, lung and skin. They play an important role in immune regulation, tissue repair and lymphoid tissue formation. However, in various inflammatory diseases, ILC3 become dysregulated and participate in the pathogenesis through secreting a series of cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-17, IL-22, interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) to modulate other immune cells and induce the formation of ectopic lymphoid structures. Therefore, it is of great significance to explore the phenotype and function of ILC3 in order to advance the understanding of inflammatory diseases and find new therapeutic targets. In this article, the phenotypic characteristics, biological functions and research progress of ILC3 in inflammatory diseases were reviewed.


Subject(s)
Cytokines , Immunity, Innate , Interferon-gamma , Intestines , Lymphocytes
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929024

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) has recently been investigated as a new inflammatory marker in many inflammatory diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus and immunoglobulin A vasculitis. However, there were very few reports regarding the clinical role of PLR in patients with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) associated vasculitis. This study was thus undertaken to investigate the relationship between inflammatory response and disease activity in Chinese patients with myeloperoxidase-anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPO-ANCA) associated vasculitis. Furthermore, we evaluated whether PLR predicts the progression of end stage of renal disease (ESRD) and all-cause mortality.@*METHODS@#The clinical, laboratory and pathological data, and the outcomes of MPO-ANCA associated vasculitis patients were collected. The Spearman correlation coefficient was computed to examine the association between 2 continuous variables. Cox regression analysis was used to estimate the association between PLR and ESRD or all-cause mortality.@*RESULTS@#A total of 190 consecutive patients with MPO-ANCA associated vasculitis were included in this study. Baseline PLR was positively correlated with CRP (r=0.333, P<0.001) and ESR (r=0.218, P=0.003). PLR had no obvious correlation with Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (BVAS). Patients having PLR≥330 exhibited better cumulative renal survival rates than those having PLR<330 (P=0.017). However, there was no significant difference in the cumulative patient survival rates between patients with PLR≥330 and those with PLR<330 at diagnosis (P>0.05). In multivariate analysis, PLR is associated with the decreased risk of ESRD (P=0.038, HR=0.518, 95% CI 0.278 to 0.963). We did not find an association between PLR with all-cause mortality using multivariate analysis (HR=1.081, 95% CI 0.591 to 1.976, P=0.801).@*CONCLUSIONS@#PLR is positively correlated with CRP and ESR. Furthermore, PLR may independently predict the risk of ESRD.


Subject(s)
Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis/diagnosis , Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic/analysis , China/epidemiology , Humans , Kidney Failure, Chronic/complications , Lymphocytes , Peroxidase , Retrospective Studies
12.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 57-62, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935977

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the changing trend and characteristics of lymphocyte-platelets ratio (LPR) of early stage in patients with extensive burns, and to explore the prognostic significance of LPR. Methods: A retrospective case series study was conducted. From January 2008 to December 2018, 244 patients with extensive burns were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University, including 181 males and 63 females, aged (44±16) years. The total burned area of patients was 60.0% (42.0%, 85.0%) total body surface area. Platelet and lymphocyte test results of patients were collected on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd day after admission, and LPR of patients was calculated to analyze the changing trend of the three days after admission. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were conducted to investigate the risk factors or independent risk factors for death of patients, including age, sex, total burn area, area of full-thickness burns and above, inhalation injury, and LPR. According to the 1st day's LPR after admission of patients, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve predicting death of patients was drawn to find the optimal value of LPR. Patients were divided into high LPR group (n=136) and low LPR group (n=108) based on the optimal value of LPR, and the clinical data of total burn area, area of full-thickness burns and above, inhalation injury, tracheotomy, offline time of patients within 28 days, and mortality in the 2 groups were compared. The surviving curve of patients was drawn by Kaplan-Meier method to predict the difference of the 90-day survival rate between the two groups of patients. Data were statistically analyzed with Student's t test, Mann-Whitney U test, and chi-square test. Results: Within 3 days of admission, the LPR of patients showed a time-dependent upward trend. LPR of patients on the 2nd and 3rd day after admission was 8.6 (5.3, 14.4) and 8.6 (4.9, 13.7), respectively, which were significantly higher than the 1st day's 6.3 (4.2, 9.8), with Z values of -4.25 and -3.43, respectively, P<0.01. Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, total burn area, area of full-thickness burns and above, inhalation injury, and LPR were all risk factors for death of patients (with odds ratios of 1.03, 1.73, 1.31, 4.74, and 3.11, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 1.01-1.06, 1.40-2.13, 1.21-1.42, 1.62-13.86, and 1.41-6.88, respectively, P<0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, area of full-thickness burns and above, and LPR were independent risk factors for death of patients (with odds ratios of 1.06, 1.36, and 2.85, respectively, 95% confidence intervals of 1.03-1.09, 1.19-1.55, 1.02-7.97, P<0.05 or P<0.01). The area under ROC curve of the 1st day's LPR, predicting death of patients, was 0.61 (with 95% confidence interval of 0.51-0.71, P<0.05), and the optimal predicted value was 5.8 with corresponding sensitivity of 77% and specificity of 52% respectively. The total burn area, area of full-thickness burns and above, rates of incidence of inhalation injury, tracheotomy, and mortality of patients in high LPR group were significantly higher than those in low LPR group (with Z values of -3.06 and -3.19, χ2 values of 5.42, 11.64, and 8.45, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). The offline time of patients within 28 days in high LPR group was significantly shorter than that in low LPR group (Z=-2.98, P<0.01). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the 90-day survival rate of admission of patients in low LPR group was significantly higher than that of patients in high LPR group (χ2=8.24, P<0.01). Conclusions: The early LPR of patients with extensive burns showed a time-dependent upward trend. The LPR on the first day after admission that is closely correlated with total burn area, area of full-thickness and deeper burns, inhalation injury, tracheotomy, and mortality of patients, is an independent risk factor for the prognosis of patients with extensive burns. The first day's LPR after admission is significantly correlated with the 90-day survival rate of patients, which can be used as an evaluation index for the severity of extensive burns.


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Platelets , Burns , Female , Humans , Lymphocytes , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
13.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 335-339, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935949

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the number of autoimmune hepatitis cases in the world has shown a significant upward trend, but its etiology and pathogenesis is still unclear. At present, it is generally considered to be caused by abnormal immune regulation mechanism of the body, especially the lymphocytes and their cytokines, which has attracted widespread concern and thus is reviewed here.


Subject(s)
Cytokines , Hepatitis, Autoimmune , Humans , Lymphocytes
14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 402-409, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935228

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognostic evaluation value of preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), and systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) in rectal cancer patients. Nomogram survival prediction model based on inflammatory markers was constructed. Methods: The clinical and survival data of 585 patients with rectal cancer who underwent radical resection in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiao tong University from January 2013 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The optimal cut-off values of NLR, PLR, LMR, and SII were determined by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The relationship between different NLR, PLR, LMR and SII levels and the clinic pathological characteristics of the rectal cancer patients were compared. Cox proportional risk model was used for univariate and multivariate regression analysis. Nomogram prediction models of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) of patients with rectal cancer were established by the R Language software. The internal validation and accuracy of the nomograms were determined by the calculation of concordance index (C-index). Calibration curve was used to evaluate nomograms' efficiency. Results: The optimal cut-off values of preoperative NLR, PLR, LMR and SII of OS for rectal cancer patients were 2.44, 134.88, 4.70 and 354.18, respectively. There was statistically significant difference in tumor differentiation degree between the low NLR group and the high NLR group (P<0.05), and there were statistically significant differences in T stage, N stage, TNM stage, tumor differentiation degree and preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level between the low PLR group and the high PLR group (P<0.05). There was statistically significant difference in tumor differentiation degree between the low LMR group and the high LMR group (P<0.05), and there were statistically significant differences in T stage, N stage, TNM stage, tumor differentiation degree and preoperative CEA level between the low SII group and the high SII group (P<0.05). The multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the age (HR=2.221, 95%CI: 1.526-3.231), TNM stage (Ⅲ grade: HR=4.425, 95%CI: 1.848-10.596), grade of differentiation (HR=1.630, 95%CI: 1.074-2.474), SII level (HR=2.949, 95%CI: 1.799-4.835), and postoperative chemoradiotherapy (HR=2.123, 95%CI: 1.506-2.992) were independent risk factors for the OS of patients with rectal cancer. The age (HR=2.107, 95%CI: 1.535-2.893), TNM stage (Ⅲ grade, HR=2.850, 95%CI: 1.430-5.680), grade of differentiation (HR=1.681, 95%CI: 1.150-2.457), SII level (HR=2.309, 95%CI: 1.546-3.447), and postoperative chemoradiotherapy (HR=1.837, 95%CI: 1.369-2.464) were independent risk factors of the DFS of patients with rectal cancer. According to the OS and DFS nomograms predict models of rectal cancer patients established by multivariate COX regression analysis, the C-index were 0.786 and 0.746, respectively. The calibration curve of the nomograms showed high consistence of predict and actual curves. Conclusions: Preoperative NLR, PLR, LMR and SII levels are all correlated with the prognosis of rectal cancer patients, and the SII level is an independent prognostic risk factor for patients with rectal cancer. Preoperative SII level can complement with the age, TNM stage, differentiation degree and postoperative adjuvant chemoradiotherapy to accurately predict the prognosis of rectal cancer patients, which can provide reference and help for clinical decision.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Humans , Inflammation/classification , Lymphocytes , Neutrophils , Nomograms , Preoperative Period , Prognosis , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies
15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 167-172, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935197

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the postoperative prognostic factors of non-metastatic colorectal cancer (non-mCRC), and construct a prognostic prediction model. Methods: A total of 846 patients with colorectal cancer who were admitted to the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from July 1, 2014 to December 31, 2016 were included in the study. There were 314 patients in the metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) group and 532 patients in the non-mCRC group. The data of clinical characteristics, preoperative blood routine and common serum tumor markers for CRC tests were collected retrospectively. The disease-free survival time (DFS) data of patients in non-mCRC group were obtained by follow-up. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to clarify the independent risk factors of DFS, and then these factors were included to construct a nomogram prediction model. The concordance index (C index), receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) and calibration curve were used to evaluate the performance of the model. Results: Platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) and carbohydrate antigen 242 (CA242) in the mCRC group were higher than those of the non-mCRC group, while the lymphocyte/monocyte ratio (LMR) was lower than that of the non-mCRC group (P<0.05). ROC analysis showed that the area under curve (AUC) of CEA, CA19-9, CA242, NLR, LMR and PLR for the diagnosis of mCRC were 0.775, 0.716, 0.712, 0.607, 0.591 and 0.556, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated that age, perineural invasion, pN stage and preoperative CA242 level were independent risk factors for DFS of non-mCRC patients (P<0.05). Based on this, a nomogram prediction model predicting 3 years of DFS for non-mCRC patients was constructed, its C index and AUC for non-CRC prognostic prediction were 0.710 and 0.733, respectively, higher than 0.696 and 0.701 of AJCC 7th edition TNM staging system. The calibration curve of nomogram showed that the predicted DFS rate was consistent with the actual DFS rate. Conclusions: Age, perineural invasion, pN stage and preoperative CA242 level are independent risk factors for 3-year DFS of non-mCRC patients. The nomogram prediction model constructed based on these four indictors has a good predictive performance and may provide prognosis evaluation reference for the patients with non-mCRC.


Subject(s)
CA-19-9 Antigen , Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , Humans , Lymphocytes , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
16.
Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes ; 55(3): 77-83, sept. - dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1395643

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la proporción entre el recuento absoluto de neutrófilos y el recuento absoluto de linfocitos (índice de neutrófilos/linfocitos, INL) se ha convertido en los últimos años en un marcador crucial de inflamación sistémica, y se ha descrito que su elevación se relaciona con numerosas enfermedades inflamatorias crónicas. Objetivos: determinar el índice de neutrófilos/linfocitos (INL) en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2), comparar con no diabéticos y establecer su correlación con la concentración de proteína C reactiva ultrasensible en una población de la localidad de Riobamba, Ecuador. Materiales y métodos: se realizó una investigación de tipo descriptiva, correlacional, de corte transversal, en el período comprendido desde julio de 2019 a febrero de 2020. Se seleccionaron 80 individuos para participar en el proyecto: 25 sujetos controles y 55 pacientes con diagnóstico de DM2. A cada sujeto se le extrajo una muestra de sangre en ayunas para la determinación de glucosa, colesterol total, triglicéridos, HDL colesterol, LDL colesterol, proteína C reactiva ultrasensible (PCR-us), hemoglobina glicosilada (HbA1c), recuento total de leucocitos, neutrófilos y linfocitos. Resultados: se encontró un incremento significativo en la concentración de glucosa (p<0,0001), HbA1c (p<0,0001), índice de masa corporal (IMC) (p<0,0001), PCR-us (p<0,0001), recuento absoluto de neutrófilos (p=0,001), recuento absoluto de linfocitos (p=0,04) e INL (p=0,0005), y una reducción significativa del HDL colesterol (p=0,02) en los pacientes con DM2 vs los controles. Se observó una correlación positiva (p<0,0001; r=0,7774) entre el INL y la PCR-us en los pacientes con DM2. Conclusiones: los pacientes con DM2 experimentaron elevación en el INL que se correlacionó con el incremento en la concentración de la PCR-us.


Introduction: the ratio between the absolute neutrophil count and the absolute lymphocyte count (neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, NLR) has become a crucial marker of systemic inflammation in recent years, and its elevation has been described as being related to numerous chronic inflammatory diseases. Objectives: to determine the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), to compare with non-diabetics and to establish its correlation with the concentration of ultrasensitive C-reactive protein in a population of the town of Riobamba, Ecuador. Materials and methods: a descriptive, correlational, crosssectional, research was conducted from July 2019 to February 2020. Eighty individuals were selected to participate in the project, 25 control subjects and 55 patients with a diagnosis of T2DM. Each subject had a fasting blood sample drawn for the determination of glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, ultrasensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), total leukocyte count, neutrophils and lymphocytes. Results: a significant increase in glucose concentration (p<0.0001), HbA1c (p<0.0001), body mass index (BMI) (p<0.0001), hs-CRP (p<0.0001), absolute neutrophil count (p=0.001), absolute lymphocyte count (p=0.04), and NLR (p=0.0005), and a significant reduction in HDL cholesterol (p=0.02), were found in patients with T2DM vs controls. A positive correlation (p<0.0001; r=0.7774) was observed between NLR and hs-CRP in patients with T2DM. Conclusions: patients with T2DM experience elevation in NLR which correlates with increase in hs-CRP concentration.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Lymphocytes , Inflammation , Neutrophils
17.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 43(4): 424-429, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350803

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Smoking is associated with the occurrence and progression of cardiovascular diseases, inflammatory disorders and malignancies. Objective: To study the platelet indices, neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in smokers and their correlation with smoking pack-years. Method: A total of 110 smokers and 110 non-smokers were included. The smokers were grouped into three groups: mild (<5 pack-years), moderate (5-10 pack-years) and heavy (>10 pack-years). The platelet count, plateletcrit (PCT), mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet distribution width (PDW) were noted. The NLR and PLR were calculated and the statistical analysis was made using the Student's T-test, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Spearman's correlation coefficient. Results: The platelet count, PCT and PDW were significantly higher with mean values: 218.56 ± 121.31 vs 203.23 ± 80.35 (p-value = 0.038), 0.27 ± 0.10 vs 0.26 ± 0.10 (p-value = 0.041) and 12.54 ± 1.45 vs 11.99 ± 1.70 (p-value = 0.001) in smokers and non-smokers, respectively. The PLR differed significantly with mean values: 119.40 ± 84.81 in smokers and 181.99 ± 313.09 in non-smokers, with a p-value of 0.045. A significant positive correlation was found between pack-years of smoking and platelet count and PLR with the Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.250 and 0.198 and p-values, 0.008 and 0.037, respectively. The Platelet Count, PCT, MPV and PDW varied significantly between mild, moderate and heavy smoker groups, with p-values of 0.045, 0.010, 0.015 and 0.017, respectively. Conclusion: The platelet indices and inflammatory markers NLR and PLR are derived from routine blood investigations, which are easily available and inexpensive. The monitoring of platelet indices, along with the PLR, can be used as early predictors of morbidity in smokers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tobacco Use Disorder , Mean Platelet Volume , Thromboembolism , Lymphocytes , NLR Proteins , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Neutrophils
18.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 38(6): 768-773, dic. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388319

ABSTRACT

ANTECEDENTES: El COVID-19 presenta una progresión a cuadros respiratorios graves que pueden culminar con la muerte. Al ser una pandemia, hay necesidad de herramientas de bajo costo que permitan determinar su evolución. El índice neutrófilo-linfocito (INL) es un marcador inflamatorio estudiado en diversas patologías. OBJETIVO: Estimar la asociación entre INL > 3 y mortalidad en pacientes hospitalizados con COVID 19. PACIENTES Y MÉTODOS: Se incluyeron pacientes con diagnóstico de COVID 19 que ingresaron a la sala de internación general de nuestro hospital, desde marzo hasta agosto de 2020. Los pacientes se dividieron en dos grupos: con INL 3. Se realizó un modelo de regresión logística múltiple para estimar la asociación entre el INL > 3 y mortalidad. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 711 pacientes con COVID-19. El modelo de regresión logística múltiple mostró asociación entre INL > 3 y mortalidad (OR 3.8; IC95% 1,05 a 13,7; p 0,04) ajustado por edad, días de internación, traslados a terapia intensiva, neumonía grave, valores de proteína-C-reactiva, hipertensión arterial, y comorbilidad neurológica, renal crónica, cardiaca y oncológica previas. COCLUSIÓN: El INL es accesible en la evaluación inicial de los pacientes que se internan con COVID-19, habiéndose asociado en nuestra serie con mortalidad.


BACKGROUND: COVID-19 rapidly progresses to acute respiratory failure and mortality. A pandemic needs an urgent requirement for low-cost and easy-access tools that assess the infection evolution. The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is an inflammatory biomarker used in several diseases. AIM: To estimate the association between NLR > 3 with mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID 19. METHODS: NLR was analyzed in patients with COVID-19 seen at Hospital Fernandez between March and August 2020. Patients were grouped in those with NLR 3. Clinical characteristics and mortality were analyzed and compared between groups. A multivariable regression model was used to estimate the association between NLR > 3 and mortality. RESULTS: We included 711 patients with COVID-19. In a multivariable regression model, NLR > 3 associated with mortality (OR 3.8; 95% CI 1.05 to 13.7; p 0.04) adjusting by age, days of hospitalization, intensive care requirement, severe pneumonia, C-reactive protein levels, arterial hypertension, and comorbidities. CONCLUSION: NLR was associated with mortality, and it is an accessible and easy tool to use in the first evaluation of hospitalized patients with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , COVID-19/mortality , Argentina/epidemiology , Lymphocytes , Retrospective Studies , Lymphocyte Count , Neutrophils
19.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 5(4): 361-370, out.dez.2021. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399785

ABSTRACT

O corpo humano tende sempre a procurar um estado de homeostase, buscando o equilíbrio entre todos os sistemas. O exercício físico está presente na rotina diária de indivíduos, mesmo com objetivos diferentes, porém a influência no sistema imunológico não é muitas vezes abordada como fator relevante. O sistema imune é responsável por proteger o organismo contra infecções e doenças, podendo ser modulado perante a resposta de exercícios físicos regulares. Tendo em vista que, atualmente, existe uma preocupação maior em tornar e manter a imunidade eficiente, a prática regular e moderada do exercício pode contribuir para uma maior eficácia desse sistema, dessa forma, podendo ser considerada uma proteção ao corpo humano. O objetivo dessa revisão foi sintetizar os dados de estudos presentes na literatura que demonstram a influência do exercício físico na resposta do sistema imunológico, tornando possível compreender as alterações moleculares, fisiológicas, metabólicas e celulares que levam a um tipo específico de resposta do organismo humano.


The human body always tends to seek a homeostasis state, trying to balance all systems. Physical exercise is present in the routine of individuals even with different goals, but the influence in the immune system isnt a relevant factor. The immune system is responsible for protecting the human body against some infections and diseases, and could be modulated in response by some regular physical exercise. At the moment there is a greater concern to keep efficient immunity, a practice of regular and moderate exercise can contribute to a better effectiveness of this system, thus, it can be considered a form of protection to the human body. The objective of this review was to synthesize some data from any studies presented in the literature that demonstrate the influence of physical exercise on the immune system response. Making it possible to understand the molecular mechanisms, physiological, metabolic and cellular changes that turn to a specific type of response in the human body.


Subject(s)
Humans , Exercise , Immune System , Immunity , Dendritic Cells , Immunoglobulins , Killer Cells, Natural , Lymphocytes , Monocytes , Cytokines , Human Body , Chemokines , Protective Factors , Endurance Training , Homeostasis , Leukocytes , Macrophages , Neutrophils
20.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(6): 661-670, Nov.-Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350335

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Nuocytes play an important role in Type 2 immunity. However, the contribution of ILC2s to allergic rhinitis remains to be clearly elucidated. Objective: To evaluate the role of nuocytes from mesenteric lymph node on allergic responses in mice. Methods: After intraperitoneal administration of interleukin IL-25 and IL-33 to wild-type and Il17br-/-Il1rl1-/- double-deficient mice, nuocytes were purified from the the nasal-associated lymphoid tissue and mesenteric lymph nodes. Then, we assessed productions of IL-5 and IL-13 in nuocytes' cultures. Finally, we adoptively transferred the mesenteric lymph node-derived nuocytes from wild-type and Il17br-/-Il1rl1-/- mice to the murine model of allergic rhinitis to evaluate their roles in nasal allergic responses. Results: We showed that nuocytes in the mesenteric lymph nodes of wild-type mice were upregulated after application of IL-25 and IL-33, and were induced to produce IL-5 and IL-13. Numbers of sneezing and nasal rubbing as well as eosinophils were all enhanced after the adoptive transfer of wild-type nuocytes. Concentrations of IL-5, IL-13, IL-25 and IL-33 in nasal lavage fluid of allergic mice were also increased. However, nuocytes fromIl17br-/-Il1rl1-/- mice did not increase sneezing and nasal rubbing and eosinophilia, and upregulate the above cytokines in the nasal lavage fluid. Conclusion: The findings demonstrate that nuocytes from the mesenteric lymph nodes of wildtype mice promote allergic responses in a mouse model.


Resumo Introdução: Os nuócitos desempenham um papel importante na imunidade do tipo 2. No entanto, a contribuição das interleucinas ILC2s na rinite alérgica ainda precisa ser elucidada. Objetivo: Avaliar o papel dos nuócitos de linfonodos mesentéricos nas respostas alérgicas em camundongos. Método: Após a administração intraperitoneal de interleucina (IL)-25 e IL-33 em camundongos do tipo selvagem e camundongos Il17br-/-Il1rl1-/- com deficiência dupla, os nuócitos foram purificados do tecido linfoide associado a mucosa nasal e linfonodos mesentéricos. Em seguida, avaliamos as produções de IL-5 e IL-13 em culturas de nuócitos. Finalmente, transferimos adotivamente os nuócitos derivados de linfonodos mesentéricos de camundongos do tipo selvagem e camundongos Il17br-/-Il1rl1-/- para o modelo murino de rinite alérgica para avaliar seu papel nas respostas alérgicas nasais. Resultados: Mostramos que os nuócitos nos linfonodos mesentéricos de camundongos do tipo selvagem estavam up-regulados após a aplicação de IL-25 e IL-33 e foram induzidos a produzir IL-5 e IL-13. Os espirros e friçcão nasal, bem como os eosinófilos, aumentaram após a transferência adotiva de nuócitos do tipo selvagem. As concentrações de IL-5, IL-13, IL-25 e IL-33 no líquido da lavagem nasal de camundongos alérgicos também estavam aumentadas. Entretanto, os nuócitos de camundongos Il17br-/-Il1rl1-/- não aumentaram os espirros e a friçcão nasal ou eosinofilia e up-regularam as citocinas acima no líquido de lavagem nasal. Conclusão: Os achados demonstram que os nuócitos dos linfonodos mesentéricos de camundongos selvagens promovem respostas alérgicas em um modelo de camundongo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Rhinitis, Allergic , Immunity, Innate , Lymphocytes , Cytokines , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin-1 Receptor-Like 1 Protein , Lymph Nodes , Nasal Mucosa
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