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1.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 37(1): e1260, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251714

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La anemia de Fanconi es una enfermedad genética rara, de herencia autosómica o ligada al X, caracterizada por inestabilidad genómica e hipersensibilidad a los agentes de entrecruzamiento del ADN, como el diepoxibutano y la mitomicina C (MMC). La respuesta anormal a estas sustancias, que constituye un marcador celular único y se manifiesta como un incremento de la frecuencia de roturas cromosómicas, es la base de su diagnóstico. Objetivo: Realizar el análisis de roturas cromosómicas inducidas por la mitomicina C en linfocitos de sangre periférica de pacientes cubanos con sospecha de anemia de Fanconi. Métodos: Se realizó estudio de roturas cromosómicas inducidas por la mitomicina C a diferentes concentraciones en cultivos de linfocitos T provenientes de sangre venosa periférica en 32 pacientes con sospecha clínica de anemia de Fanconi e igual cantidad de sujetos controles. Resultados: Al finalizar el análisis seis pacientes (20 por ciento) fueron diagnosticados con anemia de Fanconi. De ellos, cuatro presentaron alto porcentaje de rupturas y dos un mosaicismo somático. Desde el punto de vista clínico, cuatro mostraban anemia aplásica y dos exhibían únicamente rasgos dismórficos típicos de la enfermedad. Conclusiones: El ensayo de roturas cromosómicas inducidas por la mitomicina C permitió el diagnóstico definitivo de anemia de Fanconi en pacientes con antecedentes de anemia aplásica, aún sin anomalías congénitas. Este constituye el primer estudio de este tipo en un grupo de pacientes cubanos(AU)


Introduction: Fanconi anemia is a rare genetic disease of autosomal inheritance or X-linked, characterized by genomic instability and hypersensitivity to DNA cross-linking agents like diepoxybutane and mitomycin C (MMC). The basis for its diagnosis is an abnormal response to these substances, which constitutes a unique cell marker and manifests as an increased chromosomal breakage rate. Objective: To perform the analysis of the chromosomal breakages induced by mitomycin C in peripheral blood lymphocytes of Cuban patients with suspicion of Fanconi anemia. Methods: A study was conducted of chromosomal breakages induced by mitomycin C at various concentrations in cultures of T lymphocytes from venous peripheral blood of 32 patients with clinical suspicion of Fanconi anemia and an equal number of control subjects. Results: At the end of the analysis, six patients (20 percent) were diagnosed with Fanconi anemia. Of these, four showed a high percentage of breakages and two had somatic mosaicism. From a clinical point of view, four had aplastic anemia and two only presented dysmorphic features typical of the disease. Conclusions: Evaluation of the chromosomal breakages induced by mitomycin C led to the definitive diagnosis of Fanconi anemia in patients with a history of aplastic anemia, even in the absence of congenital anomalies. This is the first study of its type in a group of Cuban patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Congenital Abnormalities , Lymphocytes , Genomic Instability , Fanconi Anemia , Genetic Diseases, Inborn , Hypersensitivity , Cuba/epidemiology
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(10): e11409, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285656

ABSTRACT

Obesity has been associated with an increased risk of breast cancer recurrence and death. Some readily available biomarkers associated with systemic inflammation have been receiving attention as potential prognostic indicators in cancer, including neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR). This study aimed to explore the correlation between body mass index (BMI) and invasive breast cancer and the association of NLR, PLR, and BMI with breast cancer outcomes. We undertook a retrospective study to evaluate patients treated for breast cancer over 14 years. Clinicopathological data was obtained before receiving any treatment. Of the 1664 patients included with stage I-III, 567 (34%) were obese (BMI≥30 kg/m2). Obese patients had larger tumors compared to non-obese patients. Higher BMI was associated with recurrence and worse survival only in patients with stage I disease. NLR and PLR were classified into high and low level groups. The NLRhigh (NLR>4) was found to be an independent prognostic factor for recurrence and mortality, while the PLRhigh (PLR>150) group had no impact on survival. A subgroup of patients with NLRhigh and BMIhigh had the worst disease-free survival (P=0.046), breast cancer-specific survival (P<0.001), and overall survival (P=0.006), compared to the other groups. Patients with early-stage breast cancer bearing NLRhigh and BMIhigh had worse outcomes, and this might be explained by the dysfunctional milieu of obesity in adipose tissue and its effects on the immune system. This study highlights the importance of lifestyle measures and the immune system interference with clinical outcomes in the early breast cancer setting.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms , Neutrophils , Prognosis , Lymphocytes , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Obesity/complications
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(8): e10850, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249328

ABSTRACT

The conversion of adenosine to inosine is catalyzed by adenosine deaminase (ADA) (EC 3.5.4.4), which has two isoforms in humans (ADA1 and ADA2) and belongs to the zinc-dependent hydrolase family. ADA modulates lymphocyte function and differentiation, and regulates inflammatory and immune responses. This study investigated ADA activity in lymphocyte-rich peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in the absence of disease. The viability of lymphocyte-rich PBMCs isolated from humans and kept in 0.9% saline solution at 4-8°C was analyzed over 20 h. The incubation time and biochemical properties of the enzyme, such as its Michaelis-Menten constant (Km) and maximum velocity (Vmax), were characterized through the liberation of ammonia from the adenosine substrate. Additionally, the presence of ADA protein on the lymphocyte surface was determined by flow cytometry using an anti-CD26 monoclonal human antibody, and the PBMCs showed long-term viability after 20 h. The ADA enzymatic activity was linear from 15 to 120 min of incubation, from 2.5 to 12.5 µg of protein, and pH 6.0 to 7.4. The Km and Vmax values were 0.103±0.051 mM and 0.025±0.001 nmol NH3·mg-1·s-1, respectively. Zinc and erythro-9-(2-hydroxy-3-nonyl) adenine (EHNA) inhibited enzymatic activity, and substrate preference was given to adenosine over 2′-deoxyadenosine and guanosine. The present study provides the biochemical characterization of ADA in human lymphocyte-rich PBMCs, and indicates the appropriate conditions for enzyme activity quantification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenosine Deaminase , Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4 , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Adenine , Lymphocytes
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1007-1010, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880184

ABSTRACT

Cancer cell lines are an indispensable tool in the cancer research. Since the first human cell line, HeLa was established in the 1950s, thousands of cancer cell lines have been established, including 637 characterized leukemia-lymphoma cell lines. The probability to successfully establish cancer cell lines is a low by traditional methods, and the addition of regulatory factors is often required. However, a novel "conditional reprogramming" technology can improve this situction. The establishment and description of a new cell line should be consistent with international guidelines. Cancer cell lines are mainly used in the research of tumor pathogenesis and drug development. Scientists have developed many kinds of cell line panels which can be used for the high-throughput screening of anticancer drugs. Mycoplasma contamination and/or cross-contamination from other cells should be avoided during the use of cell lines. The establishment of a cell model passport database can prevent those misidentifications. In this review, the types, establishment and usage of leukemia-lymphoma cell lines as well as points of attention when using them are summarized briefly.


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Humans , Leukemia , Lymphocytes , Lymphoma
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880042

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and monocyte/lymphocyte ratio (MLR) in the valuation prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 82 patients with initially diagnosed MM admitted to Gansu Provincial People's Hospital was analyzed retrospectively. NLR and MLR were calculated based on blood routine results respectively. The optimal cut-off point of NLR and MLR was determined according to the ROC curve, and the patients were divided into the high NLR/MLR group and the low NLR/MLR group. The general data, biochemical indicators and prognosis of the patients in each groups were compared respectively. The prognostic significance of the high NLR/MLR group and the low NLR/MLR group in patients between different treatment regimens and different clinical characteristics were analyzed. Risk stratification was designed based on NLR and high MLR as two risk factors, and the effect of risk factors, on the prognosis of MM patients were compared.@*RESULTS@#ROC curve analysis determined that the optimal cut-off point of NLR was 3.1 (sensitivity 75%, specificity 70.7%) and the optimal cut-off point of MLR was 0.34 (sensitivity 83.3%, specificity 53.4%). The lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and mean platelet volume (MPV) were correlated to NLR and MLR (P<0.05). There were no significant difference in age, sex, serum calcium (Ca), β @*CONCLUSION@#Elevated NLR and MLR are associated with poor prognosis in MM patients and may serve as the cost-effective and readily available prognostic biomarkers.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Humans , Lymphocytes , Monocytes , Multiple Myeloma , Neutrophils , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878405

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to investigate the effects of microRNA-146a (miR-146a) on the production of cytokines in lymphocytes stimulated by @*METHODS@#Lymphocytes were harvested from mouse spleen and cultured @*RESULTS@#Compared with non-LPS-stimulated group, @*CONCLUSIONS@#MiR-146a can provide a suitable microenvironment for bone formation by preventing the inflammatory effects of


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines , Lipopolysaccharides , Lymphocytes , Mice , MicroRNAs , Porphyromonas gingivalis
8.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 63(2): 55-64, nov. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150752

ABSTRACT

La función de las amígdalas siempre ha sido discutida, desde afirmar que no tenían funcionalidad, hasta la actualidad que se plantea un papel inmunológico, con actividad linfocitaria de defensa, debido a la localización de linfocitos en el tejido de las amígdalas. Este artículo de actualización pretende describir desde la embriología, histología, fisiología, patología y estomatología, el rol que desempeñan las mismas en su papel inmunológico ante la acción de agentes patógenos. Se destaca la acción conjunta de las amígdalas palatinas, amígdalas faríngeas o adenoides, amígdalas peritubarias, amígdalas linguales y todo el resto de tejido linfático que conforman el anillo linfático faríngeo o anillo de Waldeyer, ya que cumplen un rol determinante en la defensa del organismo (AU)


The function of the tonsils has always been debated, from stating that they had no functionality, to the present day that an immunological role is proposed, with lymphocyte defense activity, due to the location of lymphocytes in the tissue of the tonsils. This update article aims to describe from embryology, histology, physiology, pathology and stomatology, the role they play in their immunological role against the action of pathogens. The joint action of the palatine tonsils, pharyngeal or adenoid tonsils, peritubal tonsils, lingual tonsils and all the rest of the lymphatic tissue that make up the pharyngeal lymphatic ring or Waldeyer's ring is highlighted, since they play a decisive role in the defense of the organism (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Palatine Tonsil/immunology , Adenoids/immunology , Lymphoid Tissue , Immunoglobulins/physiology , Lymphocytes/physiology , Mouth Diseases/immunology
11.
Rev. moçamb. ciênc. saúde ; 6(1): 8-13, Out. 2020. Tab, ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | RSDM, AIM | ID: biblio-1343979

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Moçambique é um dos países endémicos à malária. Em 2011, a estimativa de prevalência desta doença era de 40­80% em crianças dos 2­9 anos e 90% em crianças menores de 5 anos. Estas altas prevalências podem ser devido à dificuldade das crianças em desenvolverem uma resposta imune eficaz. São necessários mais estudos para entender a resposta imune nestas crianças. Este estudo teve como objectivo descrever as características imuno-hematológicas em crianças menores de 15 anos infectadas por Plasmodium falciparum. Metodologia: Foram recrutadas crianças de 2-15 anos, infectadas por P. falciparum. Em cada criança, cujo tutor legal consentiu que participasse no estudo, colheu-se 5 ml de sangue venoso para um tubo com anticoagulante K3EDTA. O sangue foi usado para a contagem automática de células por citometria de fluxo. Os resultados foram agrupados por idade, dos 2-8 anos e 9-15 anos. Resultados: Das 50 crianças incluídas no estudo, 84% tinham idades entre os 2-8 anos, 70% do sexo masculino e 4% com serologia positiva para HIV. O nível de hemoglobina foi mais elevado no grupo de 9-15 anos (10,3g/dL) em relação ao grupo de 2-8 anos (8,7g/dL). A contagem absoluta de linfócitos T-CD4 foi maior no grupo de 2-8 anos (819 cél./µl). A activação celular não apresentou diferenças entre os grupos. Conclusão: A maioria dos casos de malária e anemia aguda foi observada em crianças dos 2 aos 8 anos, predominantemente do sexo masculino. Os valores absolutos de linfócitos foram mais elevados nas crianças dos 2-8 anos, mas os valores percentuais linfocitários não diferiram entre os grupos.


Introduction: Mozambique is one of the endemic countries to malaria. In 2011, the estimated prevalence of this disease was 40­80% in children aged from 2­9 years and 90% in children under 5 years. These high rates may be due to the difficulty of children in building an effective immune response. Further studies are needed to understand the immune response mounted by children in the presence of Plasmodium. This study aimed to describe the immuno-haematological characteristics of children under 15 years infected with Plasmodium falciparum. Methodology: Children aged from 2-15 years, infected with P. falciparum, were recruited for the study. In each child, whose legal guardian consented to take part of the study, was collected 5 ml of venous blood to a K3EDTA anticoagulant tube. The samples were tested using automatic full blood cell counting and flow cytometry. The results were grouped by age, 2-8 years and 9-15 years. Results: From the 50 children included in the study, 84% were aged 2-8 years, 70% were male and 4% were HIV positive. The haemoglobin level was higher in the 9-15 year old group (10.3g/dL) compared to the 2-8 year old group (8.7g/dL). The absolute T-CD4 lymphocytes levels were higher in the 2-8 year old group (819 cells/µl). The T-CD8 lymphocytes activations levels were similar in both groups. Conclusion: The majority of the children attended in the Paediatric Emergency who diagnosed malaria were 2 to 8 years old. These children were predominantly male and presented acute anaemia. The absolute T-CD4 and T-CD8 lymphocytes levels were higher in children aged 2-8 years, but the percentage levels of lymphocytes did not differ between groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child , Plasmodium falciparum , Lymphocytes , Child , Malaria , Lymphocyte Activation , Prevalence , Flow Cytometry , Vector Borne Diseases , Host-Parasite Interactions , Anemia
12.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(8): 1077-1081, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136333

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Cellulite infection is a non-necrotizing inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue and is one of the most common reasons for admission to hospital. This retrospective study aimed to investigate the Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR), Platelet to Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR), and Lymphocyte to Monocyte Ratio (LMR) in patients with cellulitis. METHODS In our study, we retrospectively analyzed 96 patients with cellulitis and 98 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. The study and control groups were compared regarding NLR, PLR, and LMR.0.001). When patients with cellulitis were divided into two groups, i.e., ≥65 years and <65 years, a statistically significant difference was noted in the NLR and LMR values (p < 0.05). In the ROC curve analysis, NLR had the highest discriminative power in distinguishing between cellulitis and healthy controls (AUC = 0.950, 95% CI: 0.920-0.979, p < 0.001; 91.6% sensitivity and 89.8% specificity). CONCLUSION NLR was significantly higher in differentiating cellulite and in patients older than 65 years. Larger, prospective studies are required to determine its usefulness in assessing differential diagnosis and prognosis in cellulitis patients.


RESUMO OBJETIVO A celulite infecciosa é uma inflamação não necrotizante da pele e do tecido subcutâneo e uma das causas mais comuns para internação. O objetivo deste estudo retrospectivo foi investigar as relações Neutrófilo/Linfócito (RNL), Plaqueta/Linfócito (RPL) e Linfócito/Monócito (RLM) em pacientes com celulite. MÉTODOS Nós analisamos, retrospectivamente, 96 pacientes com celulite e 98 controles saudáveis equivalentes em sexo e idade. Os grupos foram comparados quanto a RNL, RPL e RLM. RESULTADOS Os valores de RPL e RNL do grupo com celulite foram significativamente mais elevados do que os do grupo de controle (p < 0,001). Após dividir os pacientes com celulite em dois grupos, ≥65 anos e <65 anos, uma diferença estatisticamente significativa foi observada nos valores de RNL e RLM (p < 0,05). Na análise da curva ROC, a RNL apresentou o maior poder de discriminação para distinguir entre pacientes com celulite e controles saudáveis (AUC = 0,950, 95% CI: 0,920 - 0,979; p < 0,001; 91,6% de sensibilidade e 89,8% de especificidade). CONCLUSÃO O valor de RNL foi significativamente maior para a diferenciação de pacientes com celulite e pacientes com mais de 65 anos. Estudos prospectivos maiores são necessários para determinar a sua utilidade na avaliação de diagnósticos diferenciais e prognósticos em pacientes com celulite.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphocytes , Monocytes , Cellulitis , Neutrophils , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies
13.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(4): 456-460, July-Aug. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132614

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Otosclerosis is an idiopathic disease characterized by new bone formation in foci of the human otic capsule. It is more common in Caucasian populations; affecting females twice as often as males. Its etiopathogenesis has not yet been fully elucidated. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between otosclerosis and white blood cell and thrombocyte counts, mean platelet volume, neutrophil lymphocyte ratio, and the platelet lymphocyte ratio. Methods This retrospective case-control study was conducted in the outpatient clinic Mustafa Kemal University, in the department of otolaryngology, between 2015 and 2018. A total of 30 patients with an established diagnosis of otosclerosis were compared to a control group of 30 healthy subjects, matched for age, gender and body mass index. The white blood cell, thrombocyte, mean platelet volume, neutrophil lymphocyte ratio and platelet lymphocyte ratio values were calculated for all participants. Results There was no statistically significant difference between the groups with respect to age, gender, or body mass index, or for the mean neutrophil lymphocyte ratio, platelet lymphocyte ratio, white blood cell, or thrombocyte values (p > 0.05). A statistically significant difference was determined between the groups for the mean platelet volume values. The mean platelet volume values were lower in the otosclerotic patients (p = 0.047). Conclusion These results show that neutrophil lymphocyte ratio, platelet lymphocyte ratio, white blood cell and thrombocytes should not be used to predict otosclerosis, but suggest that mean platelet volume may be a negative predictive marker.


Resumo Introdução A otosclerose é uma doença idiopática caracterizada por neoformação óssea em focos da cápsula ótica humana. É mais comum em populações caucasianas, afeta o sexo feminino numa taxa 2 vezes maior do que o masculino. A etiopatogenia ainda não foi totalmente elucidada. Objetivo Investigar a relação entre otosclerose e taxa de glóbulos brancos, plaquetas, volume plaquetário médio, relação neutrófilos-linfócitos e relação plaquetas-linfócitos. Método Estudo retrospectivo de caso-controle feito no ambulatório da Mustafa Kemal University, Departamento de Otorrinolaringologia, entre 2015 e 2018. Foram comparados 30 pacientes com diagnóstico estabelecido de otosclerose com um grupo controle de 30 indivíduos saudáveis, pareados por idade, sexo e índice de massa corpórea. Os valores de glóbulos brancos, plaquetas, volume plaquetário médio, relação neutrófilos-linfócitos e relação plaquetas/linfócitos foram calculados para todos os participantes. Resultados Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos em relação a idade, sexo ou índice de massa corpórea, ou em relação aos valores médios de relação neutrófilos-linfócitos, relação plaquetas/linfócitos, valores de glóbulos brancos e plaquetas (p > 0,05). Uma diferença estatisticamente significante foi observada entre os grupos em termos de valores médios de volume plaquetário médio. Os valores de volume plaquetário médio foram menores nos pacientes com otosclerose (p = 0,047). Conclusão A relação plaquetas/linfócitos, a relação plaquetas/linfócitos, os valores de glóbulos brancos e plaquetas não podem ser usados para predizer a otosclerose, mas sugerem que o volume plaquetário médio possa ser um marcador preditivo negativo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Otosclerosis , Mean Platelet Volume , Lymphocytes , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Lymphocyte Count , Neutrophils
14.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(4): 299-304, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131606

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To investigate the usefulness of systemic inflammatory markers [i.e., white blood cell and platelet counts, mean platelet volume, and their ratios] as diagnostic markers of the pathogenesis of diabetic macular edema. Methods: The study cohort included 80 diabetic macular edema patients (40 with diabetic retinopathy and 40 without) and 40 healthy age- and sex-matched controls. Neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, and platelet counts, and the mean platelet volume were determined from peripheral blood samples, and the monocyte/lymphocyte, platelet/lymphocyte, and mean platelet volume/lymphocyte, and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratios were calculated and compared among groups. Results: The mean neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio of the diabetic macular edema and non-diabetic macular edema groups was higher than that of the control group, and the value of the diabetic macular edema group was higher than that of the non-diabetic macular edema group (p<0.001 in diabetic macular edema vs. control, p=0.04 in non-diabetic macular edema vs. control, and p=0.03 in diabetic macular edema vs. non-diabetic macular edema). A neutrophil/lymphocyte cutoff value of ≥2.26 was identified as an indicator of the pathogenesis of diabetic macular edema with a sensitivity of 85% and specificity of 74%. The mean platelet volume of the diabetic macular edema group was higher than those of the non-diabetic macular edema and control groups, while those of the non-diabetic macular edema and control groups were similar (diabetic macular edema vs. non-diabetic macular edema, p=0.08; diabetic macular edema vs. control, p=0.02; and non- diabetic macular edema vs. control, p=0.78). All other parameters were similar between groups (all p>0.05). Conclusion: The neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio and mean platelet volume of the diabetic macular edema group were higher than those of the non-diabetic macular edema and control groups. A neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio cutoff value of ≥2.26 was identified as an indicator of the pathogenesis of diabetic macular edema with high sensitivity and specificity. Moreover, the neutrophil/ lymphocyte ratio of the non-diabetic macular edema group was higher than that of the control group.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar a utilidade de marcadores inflamatórios sistêmicos (ou seja, contagem de glóbulos brancos e plaquetas, volume médio de plaquetas e suas proporções) como marcadores de diagnóstico da patogênese do edema macular diabético. Métodos: A coorte do estudo incluiu 80 pacientes com edema macular diabético (40 com retinopatia diabética e 40 sem) e 40 controles saudáveis de acordo com a idade e sexo. As contagens de neutrófilos, linfócitos, monócitos, plaquetas e valores do volume plaquetário médio foram determinados a partir de amostras de sangue periféricdo, e as proporções de monócitos/linfócitos, plaquetas/linfócitos, volume plaquetário médio/linfócitos e neutrófilos/linfócitos foram calculadas e comparadas entre os grupos. Resultados: A proporção média de neutrófilos/linfócitos dos grupos com edema macular diabético e não-diabético foi maior que a do grupo controle, e o valor do grupo com edema macular diabético foi maior que o do grupo com edema macular não diabético (p<0,001 no com edema macular diabético vs. controle, p=0,04 no com edema macular não diabético vs. controle e p=0,03 no com edema macular diabético vs. o com edema macular não-diabético). Um valor de corte de neutrófilos/linfócitos ≥2,26 foi identificado como um indicador da patogênese do edema macular diabético com sensibilidade de 85% e especificidade de 74%. O volume plaquetário médio do grupo com edema macular diabético foi maior que o dos grupos com edema macular não-diabético e controle, enquanto os do grupo de edema macular não-diabético e controle foram semelhantes (edema macilar diabético vs. Edema macular não-diabético, p=0,08; com edema macular diabético vs. controle, p=0,02; e com edema macular não-diabético vs. controle, p=0,78). Todos os outros parâmetros foram semelhantes entre os grupos (todos p>0,05). Conclusão: A proporção de neutrófilos/linfócitos e o volume plaquetário médio do grupo com edema macular diabético foram superiores aos do grupo com edema macular não-diabético e controle. Um valor de corte da razão neutrófilos/linfócitos ≥2,26 foi identificado como um indicador da patogênese do edema macular diabético com alta sensibilidade e especificidade. Além disso, a proporção de neutrófilos/linfócitos do grupo com edema macular não-diabético foi superior à do grupo controle.


Subject(s)
Humans , Macular Edema , Diabetic Retinopathy , Mean Platelet Volume , Lymphocytes , Macular Edema/diagnosis , Macular Edema/etiology , Diabetic Retinopathy/complications , Diabetic Retinopathy/diagnosis , Neutrophils
15.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(4): 1258-1262, July-Aug. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1131512

ABSTRACT

Este estudo objetivou descrever o aspecto hematológico de seis onças-pardas (Puma concolor) infectadas pelo Cytauxzoon felis. Os seis casos de infecção foram identificados durante o manejo sanitário de 11 animais de um centro de reabilitação de animais silvestres. Estruturas compatíveis com piroplasmídeos foram observadas durante a avaliação do esfregaço sanguíneo e confirmadas como Cytauxzoon felis pela técnica de PCR. A análise estatística demonstrou diferença significativa (P<0,05) no número absoluto dos linfócitos entre os grupos dos animais infectados e não infectados. Assim, expressivas alterações hematológicas e bioquímicas entre os grupos investigados alertam para a dificuldade de identificação de onças-pardas infectadas por C. felis, apoiada apenas em exames de rotina, bem como para o risco, sobretudo, da reintrodução desses animais na natureza.(AU)


This Cytauxzoon felis by the PCR technique. Statistical analysis showed a significant difference is study aimed to describe the hematological appearance of six puma (puma concolor) infected with cytauxzoon felis. The six cases of infection were identified during the sanitary management of 11 animals from a wild animal rehabilitation center. Piroplasmid compatible structures were observed during the blood smear evaluation and confirmed as (P<0.05) in the absolute number of lymphocytes between the groups of infected and uninfected animals. Thus expressive hematological and biochemical alterations between the groups investigated alert to the difficulty of identifying infected brown jaguars by C. felis, supported only by routine examinations, and the risk especially when aiming at the reintroduction of these animals in the wild.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Plasmids , Lymphocytes/chemistry , Puma/blood , Hematologic Tests/veterinary , Brazil , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Animals, Wild/blood
16.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(3): 274-284, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137258

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To investigate the predictive value of preoperative neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) for long-term major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), which have not yet been well described, in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: The records of 751 consecutive patients who underwent elective CABG between January 2008 and January 2010 were retrospectively enrolled and stratified according to quartiles of preoperative NLR. At 7.8-year follow-up, MACCE was considered as an endpoint. Results: Overall MACCE was 11.6% of all cases. Long-term myocardial infarction, percutaneous coronary intervention, stroke and cardiovascular mortality were found associated with the upper NLR quartile (P<0.001, P<0.001, P=0.005, P<0.001, respectively). In multivariate analysis, NLR on admission remained an independent predictor of long-term MACCE (OR 1.087, 95% CI 1.026-1.151; P=0.004), in all EuroSCORE risk groups (P<0.001; P<0.001; P=0.029). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses revealed an NLR cut-off value of 4.32 predicting MACCE. Conclusion: NLR is a useful and readily available predictive marker of long-term MACCE following CABG, independent of the EuroSCORE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Lymphocytes , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Neutrophils
17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(6): 762-770, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136297

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Comparison of radiological scoring systems, clinical scores, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and serum C-reactive protein level for severity and mortality in acute pancreatitis BACKGROUND/AIMS To compare radiological scoring systems, clinical scores, serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) for predicting the severity and mortality of acute pancreatitis (AP). MATERIALS AND METHODS Demographic, clinical, and radiographic data from 80 patients with AP were retrospectively evaluated. The harmless acute pancreatitis score (HAPS), systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), bedside index for severity in acute pancreatitis (BISAP), Ranson score, Balthazar score, modified computed tomography severity index (CTSI), extrapancreatic inflammation on computed tomography (EPIC) score and renal rim grade were recorded. The prognostic performance of radiological and clinical scoring systems, NLR at admission, and serum CRP levels at 48 hours were compared for severity and mortality according to the revised Atlanta Criteria. The data were evaluated by calculating the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves and area under the ROC (AUROC). RESULTS Out of 80 patients, 19 (23.8%) had severe AP, and 9 (11.3%) died. The AUROC for the BISAP score was 0.836 (95%CI: 0.735-0.937), with the highest value for severity. With a cut-off of BISAP ≥2, sensitivity and specificity were 68.4% and 78.7%, respectively. The AUROC for NLR was 0.915 (95%CI: 0.790-1), with the highest value for mortality. With a cut-off of NLR >11.91, sensitivity and specificity were 76.5% and 94.1%, respectively. Of all the radiological scoring systems, the EPIC score had the highest AUROC, i.e., 0.773 (95%CI: 0.645-0.900) for severity and 0.851 (95%CI: 0.718-0.983) for mortality, with a cut-off value ≥6. CONCLUSION The BISAP score and NLR might be preferred as early determinants of severity and mortality in AP. The EPIC score might be suggested from the current radiological scoring systems.


RESUMO Comparação dos sistemas de escores radiológicos, escores clínicos razão neutrófilo/linfócito e níveis séricos de proteína C-reativa para determinação da gravidade e mortalidade em casos de pancreatite aguda OBJETIVO Comparar sistemas de escores radiológicos, escores clínicos, os níveis séricos de proteína C-reativa (PCR) e a razão neutrófilo/linfócitos (RNL) como métodos de previsão de gravidade e mortalidade em casos de pancreatite aguda (PA). MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS Dados demográficos, clínicos e radiográficos de 80 pacientes com PA foram avaliados retrospectivamente. Os valores de Harmless Acute Pancreatitis Score (HAPS), Síndrome da Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica (SIRS), Índice de Gravidade na Pancreatite Aguda à Beira do Leito (BISAP), escore de Ranson, escore de Balthazar, Índice Modificado de Gravidade por Tomografia Computadorizada (CTSI), escore de Inflamação Extrapancreática em Tomografia Computadorizada (EPIC) e grau renal foram registrados. O desempenho prognóstico dos sistemas de escores clínicos e radiológicos e RNL no momento da internação e os níveis séricos de PCR após 48 horas foram comparados quanto à gravidade, de acordo com os critérios de Atlanta revisados e mortalidade. Os dados foram avaliados pelo cálculo das curvas ROC e da área sob a curva ROC (AUROC). RESULTADOS De 80 pacientes, 19 (23,8%) tinham PA grave e 9 (11,3%) morreram. A AUROC para o escore BISAP foi de 0,836 (95%CI: 0.735-0.937), com o valor mais alto de gravidade. Com um valor de corte de BISAP ≥ 2 , a sensibilidade e a especificidade foram de 68,4% e 78,7%, respectivamente. A AUROC para o a RNL foi de 0,915 (95%CI: 0.790-1), com o valor mais alto de mortalidade. Com um valor de corte de RNL > 11,91, a sensibilidade e a especificidade foram de 76,5% e 94,1%, respectivamente. Entre os sistemas de escore radiológico, o EPIC apresentou o maior valor de AUROC, 0,773 (95%CI: 0.645-0.900) para gravidade e 0,851 (95%CI: 0.718-0.983) para mortalidade com um valor de corte ≥6. CONCLUSÃO O escore BISAP e a RNL podem ser preferíveis como determinantes precoces de gravidade e mortalidade na PA. O escore EPIC pode ser sugerido entre os atuais sistemas de escores radiológicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreatitis , C-Reactive Protein/metabolism , Prognosis , Severity of Illness Index , Lymphocytes , Acute Disease , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Neutrophils
18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(6): 746-751, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136276

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE The present study aimed to investigate the role of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), an inflammation marker, complete blood count, and biochemical parameters in the diagnosis of COVID-19. METHODS A total of 80 patients who had been hospitalized in the internal medicine clinic were enrolled in the study. The cases were allocated into two groups, i.e., COVID (+) and (-), based on real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The demographic, clinical, and laboratory [NLR, platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), complete blood count, biochemistry, and serology] data of the patients were retrospectively obtained from the hospital data management system. RESULTS NLR and fever levels were found to be higher in COVID-19 (+) cases (P=0.021, P=0.001, respectively). There was no difference between males and females with regard to COVID-19 positivity (P=0.527). Total bilirubin levels were found to be lower in COVID-19 (+) cases (P=0.040). When the ROC analysis was carried out for NLR in COVID-19 (+) cases, the AUC value was found to be 0.660 (P=0.021), sensitivity as 69.01 %, specificity as 65.40 %, LR+: 1.98 and LR- : 0.48, PPV: 80.43, and NPV: 50.00, when the NLR was ≥2.4. The risk of COVID-19 was found to be 20.3-fold greater when NLR was ≥ 2.4 in the logistic regression (P=0.007). CONCLUSION NLR is an independent predictor for the diagnosis of COVID-19. We also found that fever and total bilirubin measurements could be useful for the diagnosis of COVID-19 in this population.


RESUMO OBJETIVO O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar o papel da razão neutrófilos/linfócitos (RNL), um marcador de inflamação, hemograma completo e parâmetros bioquímicos no diagnóstico de COVID-19. MÉTODOS Um total de 80 pacientes internados na clínica médica foram incluídos no estudo. Os casos foram alocados em dois grupos, COVID (+) e (-), de acordo com a reação em cadeia da polimerase com transcrição reversa em tempo real. Os dados demográficos, clínicos e laboratoriais [NLR, relação plaquetas / linfócitos (PLR), hemograma completo, bioquímica e sorologia]) dos pacientes foram obtidos retrospectivamente no sistema de gerenciamento de dados hospitalares. RESULTADOS Os níveis de NLR e febre foram maiores nos casos de COVID-19 (+) (P = 0,021, P = 0,001,respectivamente). Não houve diferença entre homens e mulheres em relação à positividade para COVID-19 (P = 0,527). Os níveis totais de bilirrubina foram menores nos casos de COVID-19 (+) (P = 0,040). Quando a análise ROC foi realizada para NLR nos casos COVID-19 (+), o valor da AUC foi de 0,660 (P = 0,021), sensibilidade 69,01%, especificidade 65,40%, LR +: 1,98 e LR-: 0,48 , PPV: 80,43 e NPV: 50,00 quando o NLR era> 2,4. The risk of COVID-19 was found to be 20.3-fold greater when NLR was ≥ 2.4 in the logistic regression (P=0.007). CONCLUSÃO NLR é um preditor independente para o diagnóstico de COVID-19. Também concluímos que aferições de febre e bilirrubina total podem ser úteis para o diagnóstico de COVID-19 nesta população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/immunology , Lymphocytes , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/immunology , Coronavirus , Pandemics , Neutrophils , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Coronavirus Infections , Betacoronavirus
19.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(3): e241-e245, jun. 2020. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1104227

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El Helicobacter pylori (HP) causa inflamación local en el estómago y una respuesta inmunitaria humoral sistémica. En los estudios que investigaron la asociación entre la infección por HP y el índice de neutrófilos/linfocitos (INL) y el volumen plaquetario medio (VPM) en adultos, no se observó ninguna relación. Hasta donde sabemos, no se hicieron estudios en niños. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar la asociación entre los valores de INL y VPM y la infección por HP, la clasificación de la gravedad y el estado antes y después del tratamiento.Población y métodos: En el estudio se incluyeron pacientes de 2 a 18 años de edad con dispepsia y sin enfermedades crónicas sometidos a una endoscopía alta. Se hizo una biopsia endoscópica de la mucosa y se determinaron la presencia de HP y la gravedad de la infección según la clasificación de Sídney.Resultados: Se incluyeron en el estudio 153 pacientes con HP y 211 sin HP; la media de edad fue de 13,3 ± 3,4 años y 13,1 ± 3,5 años, respectivamente. No se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los pacientes con y sin HP ni tampoco entre los subgrupos de pacientes con HP según la gravedad en relación con el INL y el VPM (p > 0,05).Conclusiones: No se observó una asociación entre los valores de INL y VPM y la infección por HP, la clasificación de la gravedad ni el estado antes y después del tratamiento.


Introduction: HP causes local inflammation in the stomach and a systemic humoral immune response. No relationship was found in adult studies investigating the association between HP infection and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and mean platelet volume (MPV). To our knowledge, there is no study in children. We aimed to evaluate the association between NLR and MPV values with HP infection, severity classification, and pre- and post-treatment status.Population and Methods: Patients with dyspepsia aged between 2-18 years and without any chronic diseases undergoing gastroduodenoscopy were included in the study. Endoscopic mucosal biopsy was performed, HP presence and infection severity were determined according to Sydney Classification.Results: 153 patients with HP positivity and 211 patients with HP negativity were included in the study, the mean age of them was 13.3 ± 3.4 years and 13.1 ± 3.5 years, respectively. No statistically significant difference was found between patients with HP positive and negative patients and also between severity subgroups of HP positive patients in terms of NLR and MPV (p > 0.05).Conclusions:There was no association between NLR and MPV values with HP infection, severity classification, or pre- and post-treatment status.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections , Biopsy , Lymphocytes , Cross-Sectional Studies , Endoscopy , Mean Platelet Volume , Neutrophils
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