Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 457
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 209-214, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929559

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to see how different initial treatment regimens affected the long-term prognosis of patients with extranodal marginal zone mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma confining to the ocular adnexal (OAML) . Methods: Between April 2008 and April 2019, 109 patients with initial mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue confining to ocular adnexal were evaluated and followed-up, and the prognosis of various initial treatment regimens were examined. Results: A total of 36 patients underwent complete surgical resection of the lesions, and 73 patients had residual lesions after surgery, of which 37 patients chose watchful waiting, and 36 patients chose treatment. The treatment regimen included local radiotherapy and systemic treatment (chemotherapy, immunochemotherapy, the combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy, etc.) , and no serious toxic and side effects were observed in patients receiving systemic treatment. The median follow-up time was 61 (10-142) months. The 5-year and 10-year progression-free survival (PFS) of monocular involvement patients were 78.2% and 76.0% . The 5-year and 10-year PFS rates of patients with binocular involvement were 64.4% and 23.5%. There was significant diference in PFS between patients with monocular and binocular involvement (P=0.010) . Patients who received additional treatment had higher PFS than those patients in the watchful waiting group (P=0.046) . The 5-year PFS was 71.4% and 90.1% among patients in the watchful waiting group and those who received additional treatment, whereas the 10-year PFS was 63.5% and 75.1% , respectively. Patients with OAML were still a risk of disease progression after 5 years. Conclusions: Patients with binocular involvement OAML at the start of the disease had a poor prognosis, but treatment could reduce the risk of recurrence/progression. Systemic therapy is one of the first-line treatment options for patients with OAML, who require long-term monitoring.


Subject(s)
Eye Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Humans , Lymphoid Tissue/pathology , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
Acta sci. vet. (Impr.) ; 49: Pub. 1831, 2021. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1363715

ABSTRACT

Lymphoma is a neoplasm of hematopoietic origin that affects canines. The proper establishment of prognosis and rapid institution of treatment are essential for a better quality of life, and immunophenotyping is one of the tools used for this purpose. The objective of this study was to perform a clonality test for immunophenotypic characterization of canine lymphomas using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for antigen receptor rearrangements (PARR) technique in real-time from samples fixed in formalin and embedded in paraffin. The 23 analyzed samples were fixed in formalin and embedded in paraffin canine lymphoma from the collection Laboratory of Histopathology of the Animal Pathology Area of the Departament of Veterinary Medicine - Federal Rural University of Pernambuco (UFRPE). Samples were processed, their DNA was extracted, quantified, diluted, and standardized at a concentration of 50 ng/µL. After extraction, all samples were subjected to conventional PCR for endogenous control (detection of the IgM target region), in which the extracted DNA was amplified in a final volume of 25 µL. The 128 bp amplified product was detected by 1.5% agarose gel electrophoresis. Of the 23 samples analyzed for the detection of the conserved region referring to the endogenous gene, 91.30% (21/23) amplified the conserved region Cµ by conventional PCR, and two samples 8.70% (2/23) were negative. Endogenous control positive samples were subjected to real-time PCR-PARR for detection of IgH Major and IgH Minor for B lymphocytes (LB), and TCRy for lymphocytes T (LT) target regions. All reactions were performed in duplicate to reduce the risk of false-positive or false-negative results due to technical errors. Samples previously confirmed by immunohistochemistry were used as positive controls for T cell and B cell lymphoma, and MilliQ water was used as a negative reaction control. After amplification, the melting curve gradually increased the temperature by 1o C/5 s to 95o C during continuous fluorescence monitoring. Of the 21 samples analyzed, 100.00% (21/21) demonstrated clonal amplification. Of these, 57.15% (12/21) were positive for phenotype B, and 42.85% (9/21) were positive for phenotype T. Due to the importance of researching and confirming samples from files fixed and embedded in paraffin samples in laboratories, PCR-PARR is a good tool for this purpose. In the present study, real-time PCR analysis demonstrated greater sensitivity in the characterization of the immunophenotype of lymphomas from old samples fixed in formalin and embedded in paraffin. The temperature of melting curve analysis may vary depending on the amount of DNA and its quality. In the present study, it was found that the average melting temperature in the samples varied between ± 3o C when compared to that in the control sample for LB and LT, 83.5o C and 80o C, respectively: in the literature, there is a relative difference in this temperature, which may vary up to 4o C. Real-time PCR-PARR was satisfactory in the characterization of the immunophenotype of canine lymphomas from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded samples; therefore, its use is recommended for both retrospective studies. The use of PCR-PARR associated with histopathological and/or cytopathological examination in cases of canine lymphomas strongly helps pathologists, provide a safe establishment of the immunophenotype, minimize errors, and optimize the diagnosis, thus directly contributing to the establishment of the prognosis.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Immunophenotyping/veterinary , Dog Diseases/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma/veterinary , Dogs
3.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 63(2): 55-64, nov. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150752

ABSTRACT

La función de las amígdalas siempre ha sido discutida, desde afirmar que no tenían funcionalidad, hasta la actualidad que se plantea un papel inmunológico, con actividad linfocitaria de defensa, debido a la localización de linfocitos en el tejido de las amígdalas. Este artículo de actualización pretende describir desde la embriología, histología, fisiología, patología y estomatología, el rol que desempeñan las mismas en su papel inmunológico ante la acción de agentes patógenos. Se destaca la acción conjunta de las amígdalas palatinas, amígdalas faríngeas o adenoides, amígdalas peritubarias, amígdalas linguales y todo el resto de tejido linfático que conforman el anillo linfático faríngeo o anillo de Waldeyer, ya que cumplen un rol determinante en la defensa del organismo (AU)


The function of the tonsils has always been debated, from stating that they had no functionality, to the present day that an immunological role is proposed, with lymphocyte defense activity, due to the location of lymphocytes in the tissue of the tonsils. This update article aims to describe from embryology, histology, physiology, pathology and stomatology, the role they play in their immunological role against the action of pathogens. The joint action of the palatine tonsils, pharyngeal or adenoid tonsils, peritubal tonsils, lingual tonsils and all the rest of the lymphatic tissue that make up the pharyngeal lymphatic ring or Waldeyer's ring is highlighted, since they play a decisive role in the defense of the organism (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Palatine Tonsil/immunology , Adenoids/immunology , Lymphoid Tissue , Immunoglobulins/physiology , Lymphocytes/physiology , Mouth Diseases/immunology
6.
Rev. venez. oncol ; 31(1): 34-39, mar. 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1025009

ABSTRACT

Las metástasis esplénicas intra-parenquimatosas de tumores sólidos son tumores muy raros, y si se trata de nódulos únicos, son excepcionales. Presentamos dos casos de metástasis intra-parenquimatosas. El primer caso se trató de una mujer de 66 años con antecedentes de un adenocarcinoma endometrial. El segundo caso se trató de un paciente de sexo masculino con antecedente de un adenocarcinoma prostático, quien se presentó con un adenocarcinoma mucinoso en el bazo, como segunda neoplasia. También realizamos una revisión de los registros de biopsias de 14 años, del servicio de anatomía patológica del instituto(AU)


The spleen parenchymal metastasis of the solid tumors, are very rare, but the isolated metastasis to the spleen are considered exceptional. We herein present two cases of the isolated splenic metastases. The first case was a female a 66 year old female with a diagnosis endometrial adenocarcinoma. The second cases was a 71 years old male, with a history of a prostatic adenocarcinoma, and a spleen metastasis of a ucinous adenocarcinoma, as a second malignancy. We also made a review of 14 years, biopsies records from the pathology service, of the institute(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Splenic Neoplasms/physiopathology , Endometrial Hyperplasia , Lymphatic Metastasis , Lymphoid Tissue/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms , Biopsy , Medical Oncology
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739202

ABSTRACT

Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is an uncommon form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma involving the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue. Most commonly affected organ is the stomach. But, it could affect almost every organ in the whole body. If they have suspicious lesion, excision biopsy could be made. For staging, blood test including blood smear, abdomen and chest tomography or scan will be checked. Also, bone marrow test can be done if it is needed. The patient had visited the clinic for palpable mass on right lower eyelid. With excisional biopsy, it was diagnosed as lymphoid hyperplasia on pathologic test. But 2 years later, the patient came with recurrent symptom for our department with worry. At that time, we recommended excisional soft tissue biopsy under general anesthesia. Unfortunately, it was revealed MALT lymphoma on pathologic finding. It turned out to be stage 3 in Ann Arbor staging system without B symptoms. Hematologic consultation was made and she was treated with adjuvant chemotherapy for eight cycles to complete remission. We report a case of MALT lymphoma on subcutaneous tissue at right lower eyelid previously diagnosed as lymphoid hyperplasia.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Anesthesia, General , Biopsy , Bone Marrow , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Eyelids , Hematologic Tests , Humans , Hyperplasia , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Stomach , Subcutaneous Tissue , Thorax
8.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 443-448, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759956

ABSTRACT

Primary lymphoma of pancreatic mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) is extremely rare. Initial suspicion of primary pancreatic lymphoma is hampered by its low incidence. However, it should always be included in a differential diagnosis of pancreatic mass with unusual features, because an accurate diagnosis can avoid unnecessary surgical intervention. A 70-year-old woman presented with melena associated with a mass on the pancreatic head. Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided core-needle biopsy of the pancreatic mass revealed MALT lymphoma. The patient is currently undergoing radiation therapy. We present a case of primary lymphoma of the pancreatic MALT with a review of the literature.


Subject(s)
Aged , Biopsy , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Head , Humans , Incidence , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Melena
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787518

ABSTRACT

Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma has specific clinical and pathologic features. The most common site MALT lymphomas is the stomach; however, it can also occur in other organs, such as the salivary glands. MALT lymphoma is rare, but its prognosis is good. A 32-year-old man visited Konyang university hospital with parotid mass. Superficial partial parotidectomy was performed to exclude lymphoid neoplasms. IgH gene rearrangement analysis of the surgical specimen led to the diagnosis of MALT lymphoma. The patient underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy, positron emission tomography-computed tomography, and whole-body bone scan. Regional or distant metastasis was not observed on staging workup. The patient underwent postoperative radiation therapy, there has been no recurrence of MALT lymphoma to date. Here, we report this rare case of parotid MALT lymphoma that was treated with surgery and postoperative radiation therapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Diagnosis , Electrons , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Gene Rearrangement , Humans , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Neoplasm Metastasis , Parotid Gland , Prognosis , Recurrence , Salivary Glands , Stomach
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787163

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) and metaplastic gastritis (MG) are precancerous conditions of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-related gastric cancer. This study aimed to identify the characteristics of nodular gastritis (NG) showing CAG or MG after nodule regression.METHODS: H. pylori-infected patients with NG were included after upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Patients were excluded if their latest endoscopy had been performed ≤36 months after the initial diagnosis of NG. Small-granular-type NG was defined as the condition with 1–2 mm regular subepithelial nodules. Large-nodular-type NG was defined as those with 3–4 mm, irregular subepithelial nodules. The endoscopic findings after nodule regression were recorded.RESULTS: Among the 97 H. pylori-infected patients with NG, 61 showed nodule regression after a mean follow-up of 73.0±22.0 months. After nodule regression, 16 patients showed a salt-and-pepper appearance and/or transparent submucosal vessels, indicating CAG. Twenty-nine patients showed diffuse irregular elevations and/or whitish plaques, indicating MG. Sixteen patients with other endoscopic findings (14 normal, one erosive gastritis, and one chronic superficial gastritis) showed a higher proportion of H. pylori eradication (12/16, 75.0%) than those in the CAG group (5/16, 31.3%) and MG group (6/29, 20.7%; p=0.001). Patients with small-granular-type NG tended to progress toward CAG (14/27, 51.9%), whereas those with large-nodular-type NG tended to progress toward MG (25/34, 73.5%; p<0.001).CONCLUSIONS: In patients with a persistent H. pylori infection, NG tended to progress to CAG or MG when the nodules regressed. Small-granular-type NG tended to progress to CAG, whereas large-nodular-type NG tended to progress to MG.


Subject(s)
Atrophy , Diagnosis , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Follow-Up Studies , Gastritis , Gastritis, Atrophic , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Lymphoid Tissue , Metaplasia , Precancerous Conditions , Stomach Neoplasms
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785316

ABSTRACT

The incidence of gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is increasing worldwide, but the diagnosis is difficult. Most patients are asymptomatic or complain of nonspecific gastrointestinal symptoms. As the endoscopic features of gastric MALT lymphoma are variable and nonspecific, the possibility of this condition may be overlooked during esophagogastroduodenoscopy, and it remain undiagnosed. Therefore, this condition needs to be considered when an abnormal mucosa is observed during this procedure. Biopsy performed during endoscopy is the primary diagnostic test, but false negative results are possible; large numbers of samples should be collected from both normal and abnormal mucosae. Endoscopic ultrasonography is useful to assess the depth of invasion and to predict the treatment response. After treatment, follow-up tests are required every 3 months until complete remission is achieved, and annually thereafter. Early diagnosis of gastric MALT lymphoma is difficult, and its diagnosis and follow-up require wide experience and competent endoscopic technique.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Tests, Routine , Early Diagnosis , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Endosonography , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Incidence , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Mucous Membrane , Stomach Neoplasms
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761576

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia are sequential consequences of chronic Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. These conditions are well known to increase the risk of gastric adenocarcinoma development. Gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is also a malignant consequence of H. pylori infection, but the relationship between gastric MALT lymphoma and atrophic gastritis-intestinal metaplasia has not been a focus of interest. We investigated the clinical characteristics of atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia in patients with gastric MALT lymphoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A study was conducted by reviewing the electronic medical records of patients diagnosed as having gastric MALT lymphoma at an academic institute, the Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital, Seoul, Korea, between January 2001 and December 2018. RESULTS: Fifty-eight subjects were enrolled consecutively during the study period and analyzed retrospectively. The patients' mean age was 56.9 years old. The male-to-female ratio was 1.15 (31/27). On histological examination, background atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia were detected in 26.8% (15/58) of cases. Serum pepsinogen I, II and gastrin levels, as serological markers of atrophy, were evaluated in 28 subjects. Three (5.2%) of the 28 cases were compatible with serological atrophic gastritis (pepsinogen I/II ratio of <3 and pepsinogen I level of <70 ng/mL). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with gastric MALT lymphoma, the prevalence of background mucosal atrophy or intestinal metaplasia was 26.8% on histological examination and 5.2% on serological analyses. These rates are lower than those in patients with gastric adenocarcinoma. This result suggests a different carcinogenic pathway of gastric MALT lymphoma from that of adenocarcinoma.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Atrophy , Electronic Health Records , Gastrins , Gastritis, Atrophic , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter , Humans , Korea , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Metaplasia , Pepsinogen A , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Stomach
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761515

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) and metaplastic gastritis (MG) are precancerous conditions of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-related gastric cancer. This study aimed to identify the characteristics of nodular gastritis (NG) showing CAG or MG after nodule regression. METHODS: H. pylori-infected patients with NG were included after upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Patients were excluded if their latest endoscopy had been performed ≤36 months after the initial diagnosis of NG. Small-granular-type NG was defined as the condition with 1–2 mm regular subepithelial nodules. Large-nodular-type NG was defined as those with 3–4 mm, irregular subepithelial nodules. The endoscopic findings after nodule regression were recorded. RESULTS: Among the 97 H. pylori-infected patients with NG, 61 showed nodule regression after a mean follow-up of 73.0±22.0 months. After nodule regression, 16 patients showed a salt-and-pepper appearance and/or transparent submucosal vessels, indicating CAG. Twenty-nine patients showed diffuse irregular elevations and/or whitish plaques, indicating MG. Sixteen patients with other endoscopic findings (14 normal, one erosive gastritis, and one chronic superficial gastritis) showed a higher proportion of H. pylori eradication (12/16, 75.0%) than those in the CAG group (5/16, 31.3%) and MG group (6/29, 20.7%; p=0.001). Patients with small-granular-type NG tended to progress toward CAG (14/27, 51.9%), whereas those with large-nodular-type NG tended to progress toward MG (25/34, 73.5%; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with a persistent H. pylori infection, NG tended to progress to CAG or MG when the nodules regressed. Small-granular-type NG tended to progress to CAG, whereas large-nodular-type NG tended to progress to MG.


Subject(s)
Atrophy , Diagnosis , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Follow-Up Studies , Gastritis , Gastritis, Atrophic , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Lymphoid Tissue , Metaplasia , Precancerous Conditions , Stomach Neoplasms
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719439

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is an effective treatment in gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma associated with H. pylori infection. However, the treatment strategy in gastric MALT lymphoma patients who are H. pylori-negative or unresponsive to H. pylori eradication therapy remains controversial. In this study, we investigated the clinical efficacy of treatments other than H. pylori eradication therapy in these groups of patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective single-center study based on the medical records of patients diagnosed with gastric MALT lymphoma at Yeungnam University Medical Center between January 2005 and December 2016. Patients were treated with H. pylori eradication therapy, chemotherapy, or radiotherapy according to their H. pylori infection status and stage of gastric MALT lymphoma. RESULTS: Of the 68 eligible patients, 50 were enrolled in the study. Of the 42 patients with H. pylori-positive gastric MALT lymphoma, 36 (81.7%) were treated with H. pylori eradication therapy as primary treatment and 25 (69.4%) achieved a complete response (CR). Patients without a CR after H. pylori eradication therapy (n=11, 30.6%) received radiotherapy as a secondary treatment. Two patients with H. pylori-positive gastric MALT lymphoma and eight with H. pylori-negative gastric MALT lymphoma received radiotherapy as the primary treatment. CR was achieved in all 21 patients treated with radiotherapy as primary or secondary treatment. The 5-year progression-free survival rate after radiotherapy was 92.9%. CONCLUSIONS: Radiotherapy may be a worthwhile treatment option in patients with H. pylori-negative MALT lymphoma or H. pylori-positive MALT lymphoma that is not responsive to H. pylori eradication therapy.


Subject(s)
Academic Medical Centers , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter , Humans , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Medical Records , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Treatment Outcome
15.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(1): 59-64, Jan. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895550

ABSTRACT

Polisserosites são alterações inflamatórias das serosas viscerais e parietais das cavidades corpóreas. Um tipo especial destas alterações foi identificado em bubalinos abatidos para consumo nos anos 80, sendo associada a infecção por Chlamydia psittaci. Apesar da importância da bubalinocultura no Pará, do caráter zoonótico da C. psittaci e da possibilidade de envolvimento de outros agentes na afecção, são raros trabalhos sobre a enfermidade desde os estudos pioneiros. No presente trabalho casos identificados como polisserosite pelo serviço de inspeção sanitária em búfalos abatidos para consumo foram coletados com objetivo de determinar a frequência e origem dos mesmos e de caracterizar as lesões e pesquisar antígenos de Chlamydia spp. nas mesmas. De um total de 2.887 bubalinos abatidos no período de estudo foram identificados 48 (1,66%) casos. O município de Santa Cruz do Arari na Ilha de Marajó apresentou a maior porcentagem de casos em relação ao número de animais abatidos (6,49%, 5/77). Na macroscopia as lesões se caracterizaram por áreas opacas, branco-amareladas de espessamento das serosas, por vezes com franjas fibrosas na superfície. Os resultados permitem concluir que os casos classificados como polisserosite pelos veterinários da inspeção sanitária nos búfalos abatidos para consumo correspondem na histopatologia a um tipo incomum de polisserosite, caracterizada por infiltrado linfocitário, com ocasionais formações de folículos linfoides terciários ou ectópicos. Foi observado ainda nestas lesões um predomínio de linfócitos T (CD3 positivos) no infiltrado, sendo os linfócitos B (CD79 positivos) presentes em maior número no interior das estruturas foliculares. Não foram demonstrados antígenos de clamídias nas lesões do presente estudo, o que demonstra a necessidade de estudos adicionais relativos a(s) etiologia(s) das lesões.(AU)


Polyserositis are inflammatory changes of the visceral and parietal serous of body cavities. A special type of polyserositis was identified in buffaloes in the 80s, being associated with infection by Chlamydia psittaci. Since these pioneering studies, there are no additional works about the condition. Considering the importance of buffalo in Pará, the zoonotic character of C. psittaci and the possibility of involvement of other agents in polyserositis in buffaloes the present study is proposed. We collected cases identified as polyserositis by sanitary inspection service in buffalo slaughtered for consumption in Belem for a complementary characterization of inflammatory cell and the research of Chlamydia spp antigens in lesions. Of 2.887 buffaloes slaughtered in a period of six months, there were 48 (1.66%) cases of polyserositis and 39 analyzed. Santa Cruz do Arari in Marajó Island was the city with the highest frequency of cases, whereas 6.49% of buffaloes had lesions. However, 50% of the present study cases came from Soure municipality in Marajó Island, which provided about 49% of buffaloes slaughtered in the period. In the macroscopy, there were opaque areas with white-yellow thickening of the serous, sometimes with fibrous fringes on the surface. Histopathology showed connective tissue projections partially lined by cuboid or flattened mesothelial cells. Often in projections there were mononuclear infiltrate of variable intensity, consisting mainly of lymphoid cells, with occasional ectopic or tertiary lymphoid follicles.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Buffaloes , Psittacosis/veterinary , Serositis/veterinary , Chlamydophila psittaci , Lymphoid Tissue
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738567

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We report a case of a young female patient who was diagnosed with a marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma) of the lacrimal sac which mimicked dacrocystitis. CASE SUMMARY: A 23-year-old female suffered from epiphora for 3 years in the right eye. She had swelling and a painful lesion at the lacrimal sac 4 months prior and was referred to our hospital due to nasolacrimal duct obstruction and dacryocystitis. Lacrimal irrigation was performed with no passing and regurgitation with mucoid discharge. We performed orbital computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging which showed a suspected tumor of the lacrimal sac in the right eye. We then performed excision and biopsy of the tumor through the skin approach. The patient was diagnosed with a MALT lymphoma with no systemic involvement. After six cycles of chemotherapy involving rituximab with cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone, the lesion of the mass and the painful symptoms decreased, which was regarded as a complete response. However, epiphora and eye discharge persisted, showing a nasolacrimal duct obstruction, so we performed endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy with a lacrimal sac biopsy. The histological examination showed chronic inflammation, but not lymphoma. There was no recurrence of lymphoma at one year postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: If there is an epiphora and palpable lesion in the lacrimal sac area, MALT lymphoma mimicking dacyocystitis may be suspected. After the lymphoma is first diagnosed by excision and biopsy, systemic chemotherapy with dacryocystorhinostomy could be an effective treatment.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Cyclophosphamide , Dacryocystitis , Dacryocystorhinostomy , Drug Therapy , Female , Humans , Inflammation , Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Nasolacrimal Duct , Orbit , Prednisone , Recurrence , Rituximab , Skin , Vincristine , Young Adult
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738559

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We report our experience with a case of orbital lymph node which has not been previously reported in the Republic of Korea. CASE SUMMARY: A 24-year-old female patient with no underlying disease visited our hospital with a 2-month history of a mass at the lateral side of the left upper eyelid. On physical examination, a round, well-defined subcutaneous mass was palpable, and pain, swelling or a skin change were not reported or seen. The appearance, location, and imaging findings of the mass were suspected to be dermoid, and excisional biopsy was performed for accurate diagnosis and treatment. The 1.0 × 0.7 cm-sized, round-shaped and brown-colored mass was excised. The mass was well-defined but in the posterior part; it was attached to the periosteum. The mass was finally diagnosed as a lymph node with lymphadenitis by histopathological examination. No recurrence or new lesion was observed after surgery, and the patient did not complain of abnormal symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: A Complete orbital lymphoid tissue has not yet been found in the orbit, and lymph nodes are known to be absent. However, as in this case, when an orbital mass is observed, the possibility of lymph node should be considered and histopathological examination should be performed to confirm it.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Dermoid Cyst , Diagnosis , Eyelids , Female , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Lymphadenitis , Lymphoid Tissue , Orbit , Periosteum , Physical Examination , Recurrence , Republic of Korea , Skin , Young Adult
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758838

ABSTRACT

Estradiol (17β-estradiol) is synthesized primarily in the gonads of both sexes and regulates the development and function of reproductive organs. Recently, we reported that intestinal lymphocyte homeostasis is regulated by estradiol synthesized de novo in the endothelial cells of the high endothelial venules (HEVs) of mesenteric lymph nodes and Peyer's patches in mice. This observation prompted us to hypothesize that HEVs of intestinal lymphoid tissues are sites of estradiol synthesis across species. In this study, we examined whether estradiol is synthesized in the intestinal lymphoid tissues of adolescent piglets. Comparisons of estradiol levels in blood and tissue showed that estradiol concentrations in mesenteric lymph nodes and Peyer's patches were significantly higher than the level in serum. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction showed that porcine intestinal lymphoid tissues express mRNAs for steroidogenic enzymes (StAR, 17β-Hsd, 3β-Hsd, Cyp17a1, and Cyp19a1), and immunohistochemical results in ilial tissue showed expression of aromatase (CYP19) in Peyer's patch-localized endothelial cells of HEVs. When mesenteric lymph node and Peyer's patch tissues were cultured in vitro, they produced estradiol. Taken together, the results indicate that mesenteric lymph nodes and Peyer's patches are sites of estradiol synthesis in adolescent piglets.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Animals , Aromatase , Endothelial Cells , Estradiol , Gonads , Homeostasis , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Intestines , Lymph Nodes , Lymphocytes , Lymphoid Tissue , Mice , Peyer's Patches , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcription , RNA, Messenger , Swine , Venules
19.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 351-359, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716224

ABSTRACT

The World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of Tumors of Haematopoietic and Lymphoid Tissues was recently published in a revised fourth edition. The categories of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) have not significantly changed since the 2008 fourth edition of the classification; however, newly discovered mutations including CALR and CSF3R and improved characterizations and standardizations of morphological features of some entities, particularly BCR-ABL1-negative MPNs, have impacted the diagnostic criteria of disease entities, increasing the reliability and reproducibility of diagnoses. The 2017 revised edition attempts to incorporate new clinical, prognostic, morphologic, and genetic data that have emerged since the last edition. This article reviews the major changes in the classification and their rationale for MPN classification within the revised 2017 WHO system.


Subject(s)
Classification , Diagnosis , Global Health , Lymphoid Tissue , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Polycythemia Vera , Primary Myelofibrosis , Thrombocythemia, Essential , World Health Organization
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741493

ABSTRACT

A preliminary study into the protective mechanisms of adaptive immunity against porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) in piglets (n = 9) born to a gilt challenged intranasally with a type-2 PRRSV. Immune parameters (neutralizing antibodies, CD3⁺CD4⁺, CD3⁺CD8⁺, CD3⁺CD4⁺CD8⁺ T-lymphocytes, and PRRSV-specific interferon (IFN)-γ secreting T-lymphocytes) were compared with infection parameters (macro- and microscopic lung lesion, and PRRSV-infected porcine alveolar macrophages (CD172α⁺PRRSV-N⁺ PAM) as well as with plasma and lymphoid tissue viral loads. Percentages of three T-lymphocyte phenotypes in 14-days post-birth (dpb) peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) had significant negative correlations with percentages of CD172α⁺PRRSV-N⁺ PAM (p 0.1) with infection parameters. The results indicate that T-lymphocytes contribute to controlling PRRSV replication in young piglets born after in-utero infection.


Subject(s)
Adaptive Immunity , Antibodies , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Interferons , Lung , Lymph Nodes , Lymphoid Tissue , Macrophages, Alveolar , Phenotype , Plasma , Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome , Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus , T-Lymphocytes , Viral Load
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL