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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 22-28, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012419

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) and its collision tumors. Methods: Five cases of IVLBCL were collected, including 2 cases of collision tumors, and 1 case complicated with liver cirrhosis. The morphology and immunophenotype were analyzed. The related literature was reviewed. Results: There were 2 females and 3 males, aged from 53 to 73 years, with a median age of 65 years. The tumors were located in the lower extremities, right cerebellar hemisphere, left kidney, bilateral nasal cavity, and liver, respectively. Cases 2 and 3 were incidentally found in meningioma and renal cell carcinoma tissues, respectively. Case 5 had a background of liver cirrhosis. Morphologically, atypical large lymphoid cells were located in small blood vessels and capillary lumen, with little cytoplasm, hyperchromasia, prominent nucleoli, and obvious mitotic figures. Immunohistochemically, the IVLBCL tumor cells expressed CD20 and PAX5; 2 cases were CD5 positive. One of the 5 cases was GCB phenotype, and 4 cases were non-GCB phenotype. All cases expressed C-MYC (positive rate was 10%-40%). PD-L1 was positive in 4 cases (positive rate was 60%-90%). Ki-67 proliferation index was 70%-90%. CKpan, CD3, TDT, and CD34 were negative. In case 2, meningioma cells were positive for PR, EMA, and vimentin, but negative for CKpan and PD-L1. In case 3, renal carcinoma cells were positive for CKpan, PAX8, EMA, vimentin, CAⅨ and CD10, while PD-L1 was negative. No EBER expression (by in situ hybridization) or C-MYC gene translocation (FISH, break-apart probe) was detected in any of the 5 cases. Three patients were followed up, and all died within 1-13 months. Conclusions: IVLBCL is a highly aggressive lymphoma, with occult clinical manifestations and poor prognosis. Collision tumors of IVLBCL are extremely rare. A better understanding of IVLBCL would help pathologists avoid misdiagnoses.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , B7-H1 Antigen , Vimentin , Meningioma , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Meningeal Neoplasms , Liver Cirrhosis
2.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 25(2): [8], ago. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514158

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: Los linfomas primarios de ovario son poco frecuentes; el 1 % de estos se presenta en ovario y el 1.5 % de los tumores malignos de ovario son linfomas. Los tipos histológicos más frecuentes es el linfoma no Hodgkin difuso de células B grande y el BurKitt; el tratamiento consiste en cirugía combinada con quimioterapia. Objetivo: Reportar un caso de un linfoma no Hodgkin difuso de células B grande primario de ovario. Presentación de caso: Se presentó el caso de una paciente de 39 años de edad, con antecedentes patológicos personales de salud; la cual fue al cuerpo de guardia de ginecología por presentar dolor abdominal difuso que no se aliviaba con analgésicos. En la exploración física presentaba dolor a la palpación superficial y profunda en hipocondrio y fosa ilíaca derecha con masa tumoral palpable. Ecografía hacia proyección anexial derecha se observó una imagen de baja ecogenicidad y en la laparoscopia de urgencia se concluyó como una formación de aspecto tumoral que parecía corresponderse con ovario derecho. Se le realizó una histerectomía con doble anexectomía. El diagnóstico anatomopatológico fue un linfoma no Hodgkin primario de ovario. Conclusiones: La paciente del caso presentado tuvo una clínica oligosintomática y la confirmación de la enfermedad fue a partir de una muestra quirúrgica, lo que expresa que el diagnóstico del linfoma no Hodgkin de células B es difícil y aunque es poco frecuente siempre se debe tener en cuenta en el diagnóstico diferencial de las tumoraciones unilaterales de ovario.


Background: Primary ovarian lymphomas are uncommon, 1% of these malignancies occur in the ovary, and 1.5% of all ovarian malignancies are lymphomas. The most common histologic types are diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and BurKitt's lymphoma; treatment consists of surgery combined with chemotherapy. Objective: To report a case of primary ovarian diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Case presentation: A 39-year-old female case is presented, with a personal pathological history; she went to the gynecology emergency service because she presented diffuse abdominal pain that was not relieved by analgesics. Physical examination revealed superficial and deep pain on palpation in the hypochondrium and right illiac fossa with a palpable tumor mass. Right adnexal ultrasound showed an image of low echogenicity and at the emergency laparoscopy, it was diagnosed as a tumor-like formation that appeared to correspond to the right ovary. She underwent a hysterectomy with double adnexectomy. The anatomopathologic diagnosis was primary ovarian non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Conclusions: The patient in the presented case had an oligosymptomatic clinical presentation. Confirmation of the disease was obtained from a surgical sample, which means that B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is difficult to diagnose and although it is uncommon, it should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of unilateral ovarian tumors.


Subject(s)
Ovarian Neoplasms , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Case Reports , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
3.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 43(2): 89-92, jun. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1510662

ABSTRACT

El linfoma primario del sistema nervioso central es una forma de enfermedad extraganglionar originada en el cerebro, la leptomeninges, la médula espinal o los ojos. Los tumores espinales son neoplasias de baja prevalencia y pueden causar una morbimortalidad neurológica considerable. El linfoma aislado que surge dentro del conducto dural es la forma menos común de linfoma primario del sistema nervioso central: representa aproximadamente el 1% de los casos y se observa más a menudo en el contexto de diseminación secundaria que como el sitio primario de origen. Los síntomas son inespecíficos y dependen del nivel espinal involucrado. La presentación es insidiosa e incluye dorsalgia, debilidad y dificultad progresiva para la deambulación. La resonancia magnética es la modalidad de elección para búsqueda de lesiones dentro del conducto espinal/raquídeo, en pacientes que presentan síntomas neurológicos. El tratamiento quirúrgico no resulta útil, y el objetivo principal de la cirugía es conocer el diagnóstico histológico. (AU)


A primary central nervous system lymphoma is a form of extranodal disease originating in the brain, leptomeninges, spinal cord, or eyes. Spinal tumors are low-prevalence neoplasms and can cause considerable neurological morbidity and mortality. An isolated lymphoma emerging within the dural canal is the rarest form of primary central nervous system lymphoma: it accounts for approximately 1% of cases occurring more often in the context of secondary dissemination than as the primary site of origin. Symptoms are nonspecific and depend on the spinal level involved. The presentation is insidious and includes dorsalgia, weakness, and progressive difficulty in ambulatory function. MRI is the modality of choice to search for lesions within the spinal/rachial canal in patients presenting with neurological symptoms. Surgical treatment is not helpful, and the main objective of surgery is to know the histological diagnosis. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Central Nervous System/diagnostic imaging , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Central Nervous System/pathology , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , Positron-Emission Tomography , Laminectomy
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1714-1719, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010027

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the short-term efficacy and adverse reactions of orelabrutinib combined with high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) in the first-line treatment of elderly high-risk primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL), as well as the survival of patients.@*METHODS@#Twenty-five elderly patients with high-risk primary central nervous system diffuse large B-cell lymphoma admitted to Fujian Provincial Hospital from June 2016 to June 2022 were enrolled in this study, and complete clinical data from all patients were collected retrospectively, and the cut-off for follow-up was December 2022. 15 patients had received temmozolomide combined with HD-MTX regimen for at least four cycles, sequential lenalidomide maintenance therapy, while 10 patients had received orelabrutinib combined with HD-MTX regimen for at least four cycles, sequential orelabrutinib maintenance therapy. The short-term efficacy and adverse reactions of the two groups of patients after treatment were observed. Kaplan-Meier was used to analyze the progression-free survival (PFS) and time to progression (TTP).@*RESULTS@#The objective response rate (ORR) and 2-year median FPS of orelabrutinib combined with HD-MTX regimen group were similar to the temozolomide combined with HD-MTX regimen group (ORR: 100% vs 66.7%; 2-year median PFS: 16 months vs 15 months, P>0.05). The 2-year median TTP of the orelabrutinib+HD-MTX regimen group was better than that of the temozolomide+HD-MTX regimen group (not reached vs 12 months, P<0.05). There were no significant differences in adverse reactions such as gastrointestinal reactions, bone marrow suppression, liver and kidney damage, cardiotoxicity, pneumonia and bleeding between these two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For elderly patients with high-risk PCNSL, orelabrutinib combined with HD-MTX has reliable short-term efficacy, good safety, and tolerable adverse reactions, which is worthy of clinical promotion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Methotrexate/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Temozolomide/therapeutic use , Central Nervous System Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Central Nervous System
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1706-1713, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010026

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Baicalin on the proliferation and pyroptosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cell line DB and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#DB cells were treated with baicalin at different concentrations (0, 5, 10, 20, 40 μmol/L). Cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 assay and half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) was calculated. The morphology of pyroptosis was observed under an inverted microscope, the integrity of the cell membrane was verified by LDH content release assay, and the expressions of pyroptosis-related mRNA and protein (NLRP3, GSDMD, GSDME, N-GSDMD, N-GSDME) were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot. In order to further clarify the relationship between baicalin-induced pyroptosis and ROS production in DB cells, DB cells were divided into control group, baicalin group, NAC group and NAC combined with baicalin group. DB cells in the NAC group were pretreated with ROS inhibitor N-acetylcysteine (NAC) 2 mmol/L for 2 h. Baicalin was added to the combined treatment group after pretreatment, and the content of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the cells was detected by DCFH-DA method after 48 hours of culture.@*RESULTS@#Baicalin inhibited the proliferation of DB cells in a dose-dependent manner (r=-0.99), and the IC50 was 20.56 μmol/L at 48 h. The morphological changes of pyroptosis in DB cells were observed under inverted microscope. Compared with the control group, the release of LDH in the baicalin group was significantly increased (P<0.01), indicating the loss of cell membrane integrity. Baicalin dose-dependently increased the expression levels of NLRP3, N-GSDMD, and N-GSDME mRNA and protein in the pyroptosis pathway (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the level of ROS in the baicalin group was significantly increased (P<0.05), and the content of ROS in the NAC group was significantly decreased (P<0.05). Compared with the NAC group, the content of ROS in the NAC + baicalin group was increased. Baicalin significantly attenuated the inhibitory effect of NAC on ROS production (P<0.05). Similarly, Western blot results showed that compared with the control group, the expression levels of pyroptosis-related proteins was increased in the baicalin group (P<0.05). NAC inhibited the expression of NLRP3 and reduced the cleavage of N-GSDMD and N-GSDME (P<0.05). Compared with the NAC group, the NAC + baicalin group had significantly increased expression of pyroptosis-related proteins. These results indicate that baicalin can effectively induce pyroptosis in DB cells and reverse the inhibitory effect of NAC on ROS production.@*CONCLUSION@#Baicalin can inhibit the proliferation of DLBCL cell line DB, and its mechanism may be through regulating ROS production to affect the pyroptosis pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/pharmacology , Pyroptosis , Cell Line , RNA, Messenger , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1690-1700, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010024

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between 18Fluoro-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) metabolic parameters and peripheral blood circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and the prognostic value of these two types of parameters in predicting progression-free survival (PFS).@*METHODS@#Clinical, PET/CT and ctDNA data of DLBCL patients who underwent peripheral blood ctDNA testing and corresponding PET/CT scans during the same period were retrospectively analyzed. At the time of ctDNA sampling and PET scan, patients were divided into baseline and relapsed/refractory (R/R) groups according to different disease conditions. CtDNA mutation abundance was expressed as variant allele frequency (VAF), including maximum VAF (maxVAF) and mean VAF (meanVAF). Total metabolic tumour volume (TMTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were obtained by the 41% maximum normalized uptake value method, and the distance between the two farthest lesions (Dmax) was used to assess the correlation between PET parameters and ctDNA mutation abundance using Spearman correlation analysis. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to obtain the optical cut-off values of those parameters in predicting PFS in the baseline and R/R groups, respectively. Survival curves were outlined using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test was performed to compare survival differences.@*RESULTS@#A total of 67 DLBCL patients [28 males and 39 females, median age 56.0(46.0, 67.0) years] were included and divided into baseline group (29 cases) and R/R group (38 cases). Among these PET parameters, baseline TMTV, TLG, and Dmax were significantly correlated with baseline ctDNA mutation abundance, except for maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) (maxVAF vs TMTV: r=0.711; maxVAF vs TLG: r=0.709; maxVAF vs Dmax: r=0.672; meanVAF vs TMTV: r=0.682; meanVAF vs TLG: r=0.677; meanVAF vs Dmax: r=0.646). While in all patients, these correlations became weaker significantly. Among R/R patients, only TMTV had a weak correlation with meanVAF (r=0.376). ROC analysis showed that, the specificity of TMTV, TLG and Dmax in predicting PFS was better than mutation abundance, while the sensitivity of ctDNA mutation abundance was better. Except R/R patients, TMTV, TLG, Dmax, and VAF were significantly different at normal/elevated lactate dehydrogenase in baseline group and all patients (all P<0.05). Survival curves indicated that high TMTV (>109.5 cm3), high TLG (>2 141.3), high Dmax (>33.1 cm) and high VAF (maxVAF>7.74%, meanVAF>4.39%) were risk factors for poor PFS in baseline patients, while only high VAF in R/R patients (both maxVAF and meanVAF >0.61%) was a risk factor for PFS.@*CONCLUSION@#PET-derived parameters correlate well with ctDNA mutation abundance, especially in baseline patients. VAF of ctDNA predicts PFS more sensitively than PET metabolic parameters, while PET metabolic tumour burden with better specificity. TMTV, TLG and VAF all have good prognostic value for PFS. PET/CT combined with ctDNA has potential for further studies in prognostic assessment and personalized treatment.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Circulating Tumor DNA/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Positron-Emission Tomography , Survival Analysis , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/metabolism , Prognosis
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1684-1689, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010023

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the expression of Exosome Component 4(EXOSC4) in the tissues of newly diagnosed patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#The expression of EXOSC4 protein in the tissues of 181 newly diagnosed DLBCL patients was analyzed by immunohistochemical staining. Clinical data were collected. The correlation between EXOSC4 protein expression in the tissues of newly diagnosed DLBCL patients and clinical features were analyzed and its prognostic significance.@*RESULTS@#The positive rate of EXOSC4 protein expression was 68.51% in the tissues of 181 newly diagnosed DLBCL patients. These patients were divided into two groups, with 44 cases in high expression group and 137 cases in low expression group. There were no significant differences in age, gender, B symptoms, serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score, Ann Arbor stage, extranodal disease, International Prognostic Index (IPI) score, National Comprehensive Cancer Network IPI (NCCN-IPI) score, and cell origin between the two groups (P>0.05). Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that high EXOSC4 protein expression in tissues was an independent poor prognostic factor for OS and PFS in newly diagnosed DLBCL patients (all P<0.05). K-M survival analysis showed that newly diagnosed DLBCL patients with high EXOSC4 protein expression had significantly shorter overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) than those patients with low EXOSC4 protein expression (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#High EXOSC4 protein expression in tissues of newly diagnosed DLBCL patients is an independent poor prognostic factor for survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Relevance , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Exosome Multienzyme Ribonuclease Complex/genetics
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 167-175, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970048

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#To compare the efficacy and safety of dose-adjusted etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, and doxorubicin plus rituximab (DA-EPOCH-R) with standard rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) in Waldeyer's ring diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (WR-DLBCL) at a single institution.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study included 115 newly diagnosed patients with WR-DLBCL, of whom 68 patients received R-CHOP, and 47 patients received DA-EPOCH-R as their first-line treatment. The baseline features of the two groups were well balanced using a 1:1 propensity score matching method, and a total of 84 cases were obtained, including respective 42 cases in the R-CHOP and DA-EPOCH-R groups, for further survival and prognosis analysis. The primary objectives included progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS).@*RESULTS@#During a median follow-up of 45 months, there were nine (21.4%) deaths in the R-CHOP group and two (4.8%) in the DA-EPOCH-R group. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed statistically significant improvements in PFS and OS in patients with DA-EPOCH-R compared with those treated with R-CHOP (log-rank test, P  = 0.025 and P  = 0.035, respectively). The 2-year PFS and OS rates in the DA-EPOCH-R group were 90.1% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 81.4-99.8%) and 95.2% (95% CI: 89.0-100.0%), respectively, and 80.5% (95% CI: 69.3-93.6%) and 90.5% (95% CI: 52.8-99.8%) in the R-CHOP group. Patients without B symptoms and elevated lactate dehydrogenase levels had a higher PFS in the DA-EPOCH-R group, with P values of 0.038 (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.11; 95% CI: 0.01-0.88) and 0.042 (HR: 0.19; 95% CI: 0.04-0.94), respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in clinical responses and treatment-related toxicities between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with patients received R-CHOP, those treated by DA-EPOCH-R had superior PFS, OS, and controlled toxicity in patients with WR-DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Etoposide/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 55-61, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969708

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of primary and secondary pancreatic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) . Methods: Clinical data of patients with pancreatic DLBCL admitted at Shanghai Rui Jin Hospital affiliated with Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from April 2003 to June 2020 were analyzed. Gene mutation profiles were evaluated by targeted sequencing (55 lymphoma-related genes). Univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were used to evaluate the prognostic factors of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) . Results: Overall, 80 patients were included; 12 patients had primary pancreatic DLBCL (PPDLBCL), and 68 patients had secondary pancreatic DLBCL (SPDLBCL). Compared with those with PPDLBCL, patients with SPDLBCL had a higher number of affected extranodal sites (P<0.001) and had higher IPI scores (P=0.013). There was no significant difference in the OS (P=0.120) and PFS (P=0.067) between the two groups. Multivariate analysis indicated that IPI intermediate-high/high risk (P=0.025) and double expressor (DE) (P=0.017) were independent adverse prognostic factors of OS in patients with pancreatic DLBCL. IPI intermediate-high/high risk (P=0.021) was an independent adverse prognostic factor of PFS in patients with pancreatic DLBCL. Targeted sequencing of 29 patients showed that the mutation frequency of PIM1, SGK1, BTG2, FAS, MYC, and MYD88 in patients with pancreatic DLBCL were all >20%. PIM1 (P=0.006 for OS, P=0.032 for PFS) and MYD88 (P=0.001 for OS, P=0.017 for PFS) mutations were associated with poor OS and PFS in patients with SPDLBCL. Conclusion: There was no significant difference in the OS and PFS between patients with PPDLBCL and those with SPDLBCL. IPI intermediate-high/high risk and DE were adverse prognostic factors of pancreatic DLBCL. PIM1, SGK1, BTG2, FAS, MYC, and MYD88 were common mutations in pancreatic DLBCL. PIM1 and MYD88 mutations indicated worse prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 , Disease-Free Survival , Retrospective Studies , China/epidemiology , Prognosis , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Pancreas/pathology , Immediate-Early Proteins/therapeutic use , Tumor Suppressor Proteins
12.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 918-923, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012335

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and molecular genetics of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL) with concurrent or secondary to nodal T-follicular helper cell lymphoma, angioimmunoblastic-type (nTFHL-AI). Methods: The clinicopathological features and molecular genetics of DLBCL associated with nTFHL-AI diagnosed between January 2015 and October 2022 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were analyzed using histology, immunohistochemistry, PCR, EBV-encoded RNA in situ hybridization and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Clinical information was collected and analyzed. Results: A total of 6 cases including 3 nTFHL-AI with secondary DLBCL and 3 composite lymphomas were reviewed. There were 4 male and 2 female patients, whose ages ranged from 40 to 74 years (median 57 years). All patients presented with nodal lesions at an advanced Ann Arbor stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ (6/6). Bone marrow involvement was detected in 4 patients. All cases showed typical histologic and immunophenotypic characteristics of nTFHL-AI. Among them, 5 cases of DLBCL with concurrent nTFHL-AI exhibited numerous large atypical lymphoid cells and the tumor cells were CD20 and CD79α positive. The only case of DLBCL secondary to nTFHL-AI showed plasma cell differentiation and reduced expression of CD20. All of cases were activated B-cell (ABC)/non-germinal center B-cell (non-GCB) subtype. Three of the 6 cases were EBV positive with>100 positive cells/high power field, meeting the diagnostic criteria of EBV+DLBCL. The expression of MYC and CD30 protein in the DLBCL region was higher than that in the nTFHL-AI region (n=5). C-MYC, bcl-6 and bcl-2 translocations were not detected in the 4 cases that were subject to FISH. Four of the 6 patients received chemotherapy after diagnosis. For the DLBCL cases of nTFHL-AI with secondary DLBCL, the interval was between 2-20 months. During the follow-up period ranging from 3-29 months, 3 of the 6 patients died of the disease. Conclusions: DLBCL associated with nTFHL-AI is very rare. The expansion of EBV-infected B cells in nTFHL-AI may progress to secondary EBV+DLBCL. However, EBV-negative cases have also been reported, suggesting possible other mechanisms. The up-regulation of MYC expression in these cases suggests a possible role in B-cell lymphomagenesis. Clinicians should be aware that another biopsy is still necessary to rule out concurrent or secondary DLBCL when nodal and extranodal lesions are noted after nTFHL-AI treatment.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , B-Lymphocytes , Biopsy , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer
13.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 785-790, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012308

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicpathological characteristics of ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) of the gastrointestinal tract, and to discuss its diagnosis and differential diagnosis. Methods: Five cases of gastrointestinal ALK-positive ALCL diagnosed and treated in Xijing Hospital of the Fourth Military Medical University, between 2011 and 2019 were collected. There were three male and two female patients, aged 5-42 years (mean 25 years). These patients clinically presented with fever and night sweats, weight loss, abdominal pain, abdominal mass, ulcers, bleeding, or intestinal obstruction, and underwent surgical resection of the tumors or endoscopic biopsy. The clinical manifestations, auxiliary examinations, histopathological characteristics, immunophenotypes and genetic alterations were analyzed. Results: In this cohort, one case was common type, two cases were monomorphic variant of common type, and two cases were small cell variant. The tumor cells in all cases expressed ALK, CD30, and one or more T lymphocyte markers, while all the markers of B lymphocyte and plasmacyte were negative. Clonality analysis showed that two cases had clonal T cell receptor (TCR) and immunoglobulin (Ig) gene rearrangement, one case had no clonal TCR but Ig gene rearrangement, and one case had no clonal TCR and Ig gene rearrangements. During the 4 to 67 months' follow-up, two patients died of the disease, two were alive with free of disease and one had a relapse. Conclusions: ALK-positive ALCL of the gastrointestinal tract is extremely rare, and has poor prognosis. Lymphoma originating from this site with CD30 and ALK-positive phenotypes may be considered to be ALCL; however differentiation from other tumors that had anaplastic features, expressed CD30 and or ALK, in particular, ALK positive large B-cell lymphoma is necessary.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic/pathology , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics , Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase , Gastrointestinal Tract/pathology , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/genetics
14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 820-824, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012238

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study systematically explore the efficacy and safety of fourth-generation chimeric antigen receptor T-cells (CAR-T), which express interleukin 7 (IL7) and chemokine C-C motif ligand 19 (CCL19) and target CD19, in relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma. Methods: Our center applied autologous 7×19 CAR-T combined with tirelizumab to treat 11 patients with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma. The efficacy and adverse effects were explored. Results: All 11 enrolled patients completed autologous 7×19 CAR-T preparation and infusion. Nine patients completed the scheduled six sessions of tirolizumab treatment, one completed four sessions, and one completed one session. Furthermore, five cases (45.5%) achieved complete remission, and three cases (27.3%) achieved partial remission with an objective remission rate of 72.7%. Two cases were evaluated for disease progression, and one died two months after reinfusion because of uncontrollable disease. The median follow-up time was 31 (2-34) months, with a median overall survival not achieved and a median progression-free survival of 28 (1-34) months. Two patients with partial remission achieved complete remission at the 9th and 12th months of follow-up. Therefore, the best complete remission rate was 63.6%. Cytokine-release syndrome and immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome were controllable, and no immune-related adverse reactions occurred. Conclusion: Autologous 7×19 CAR-T combined with tirelizumab for treating relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma achieved good efficacy with controllable adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Antigens, CD19 , Chemokine CCL19 , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Interleukin-7 , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/therapy , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen
15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 813-819, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012237

ABSTRACT

Objective: To further elucidate the clinical efficacy and safety of a combination regimen based on the BTK inhibitor zebutanil bridging CD19 Chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T cells) in the treatment of relapsed/refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (r/r DLBCL) . Methods: Twenty-one patients with high-risk r/r DLBCL were treated with a zanubrutinib-based regimen bridging CAR-T between June 2020 and June 2023 at the Department of Hematology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University and the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, and the efficacy and safety were retrospectively analyzed. Results: All 21 patients were enrolled, and the median age was 57 years (range: 38-76). Fourteen patients (66.7%) had an eastern cooperative oncology group performance status score (ECOG score) of ≥2. Eighteen patients (85.7%) had an international prognostic index (IPI) score of ≥3. Three patients (14.3%) had an IPI score of 2 but had extranodal infiltration. Fourteen patients (66.7%) had double-expression of DLBCL and seven (33.3%) had TP53 mutations. With a median follow-up of 24.8 (95% CI 17.0-31.6) months, the objective response rate was 81.0%, and 11 patients (52.4%) achieved complete remission. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 12.8 months, and the median overall survival (OS) was not reached. The 1-year PFS rate was 52.4% (95% CI 29.8% -74.3%), and the 1-year OS rate was 80.1% (95% CI 58.1% -94.6%). Moreover, 18 patients (85.7%) had grade 1-2 cytokine-release syndrome, and two patients (9.5%) had grade 1 immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome. Conclusion: Zanubrutinib-based combination bridging regimen of CAR-T therapy for r/r DLBCL has high efficacy and demonstrated a good safety profile.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Immunotherapy, Adoptive/adverse effects , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Antigens, CD19/adverse effects
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 805-812, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012236

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the prognostic value of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) testing in patients with refractory/relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (R/R DLBCL) undergoing chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapy, and to guide the prevention and subsequent treatment of CAR-T-cell therapy failure. Methods: In this study, 48 patients with R/R DLBCL who received CAR-T-cell therapy at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine between December 2017 and March 2022 were included. Furthermore, ctDNA testing of 187 lymphoma-related gene sets was performed on peripheral blood samples obtained before treatment. The patients were divided into complete remission and noncomplete remission groups. The chi-square test and t-test were used to compare group differences, and the Log-rank test was used to compare the differences in survival. Results: Among the patients who did not achieve complete remission after CAR-T-cell therapy for R/R DLBCL, the top ten genes with the highest mutation frequencies were TP53 (41%), TTN (36%), BCR (27%), KMT2D (27%), IGLL5 (23%), KMT2C (23%), MYD88 (23%), BTG2 (18%), MUC16 (18%), and SGK1 (18%). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that patients with ctDNA mutation genes >10 had poorer overall survival (OS) rate (1-year OS rate: 0 vs 73.8%, P<0.001) and progression-free survival (PFS) rate (1-year PFS rate: 0 vs 51.8%, P=0.011) compared with patients with ctDNA mutation genes ≤10. Moreover, patients with MUC16 mutation positivity before treatment had better OS (2-year OS rate: 56.8% vs 26.7%, P=0.046), whereas patients with BTG2 mutation positivity had poorer OS (1-year OS rate: 0 vs 72.5%, P=0.005) . Conclusion: ctDNA detection can serve as a tool for evaluating the efficacy of CAR-T-cell therapy in patients with R/R DLBCL. The pretreatment gene mutation burden, mutations in MUC16 and BTG2 have potential prognostic value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , Circulating Tumor DNA/genetics , Feasibility Studies , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/therapy , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Mutation , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Immediate-Early Proteins , Tumor Suppressor Proteins
17.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 755-758, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011038

ABSTRACT

This article reports a case of primary thyroid diffuse large B-cell lymphoma involving the superior mediastinum with Hashimoto's thyroiditis admitted to the Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, First Hospital of Jilin University. This patient underwent right thyroid lobectomy and was transferred to the Department of Hematology of the Oncology Center for 6 courses of chemotherapy with R-CHOP protocol. The postoperative recovery was good, and the patient was regularly followed up for 12 months after the operation. The patient's condition was stable, and CT showed no abnormally high metabolism in the operation area indicating the inhibition of tumor activity, superficial lymph nodes and peripheral blood cells were normal. The case encountered many difficulties in the diagnosis process, and the diagnosis was not confirmed after puncture in two Grade III Class A hospitals in China. There are few patients with primary thyroid diffuse large B-cell lymphoma complicated with Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and it is particularly rare to invade the mediastinum. There is no report in China and abroad in the literature we reviewed. Therefore, this article reports the case and retrospectively analyzes the etiology, clinical symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of primary thyroid lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mediastinum , Retrospective Studies , Hashimoto Disease , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Thyroid Neoplasms
18.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 711-722, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010565

ABSTRACT

Composite lymphoma (CL) involving B-cell lymphoma and T-cell lymphoma is extremely rare. Herein, we report three such cases using immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, and the next-generation sequencing (NGS) to identify the pathological and molecular characteristics of CL. In the first case, the patient was admitted to hospital for generalized pruritic maculopapular rash over the whole body. An excisional biopsy of the skin lesions showed T-cell lymphoma. At the same time, the staging bone marrow (BM) biopsy revealed a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). After R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) therapies, the patient produced a good response with substantial dissipation of the rashes and relief of skin. The other two patients were admitted to hospital due to lymphadenopathy and were diagnosed with DLBCL and follicular lymphoma (FL) after core needle biopsy of lymph nodes, BM biopsy, BM aspiration, and flow cytometry. Following R-CHOP and R-COP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone) therapies, they achieved complete remission unconfirmed (CRu) and complete remission (CR). However, one or two years later, they suffered a relapse of lymphadenopathy. The shocking fact was that re-biopsy of lymphadenopathy revealed peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) and angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL). NGS findings identified DNA methyltransferase 3a (DNMT3a), isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (IDH2), Ras homolog gene family, member A (RHOA), splicing factor 3B subunit 1 (SF3B1), and tumor protein p53 (TP53) mutations. After immunochemotherapy, these patients achieved CRu and CR again. Nevertheless, they suffered a second relapse of T-cell lymphoma. Finally, they died due to progression of disease. We found that the occurrence of CL is associated with Epstein-Barr virus infection and DNMT3a, IDH2, and TP53 mutations, and the prognosis of the disease is closely related to the T-cell lymphoma components.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/drug therapy , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Lymphoma, T-Cell/drug therapy , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Lymphadenopathy/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use
19.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 510-516, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981081

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is often associated with bone marrow infiltration, and 2-deoxy-2-(18F) fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ( 18F-FDG PET/CT) has potential diagnostic significance for bone marrow infiltration in DLBCL.@*METHODS@#A total of 102 patients diagnosed with DLBCL between September 2019 and August 2022 were included. Bone marrow biopsy and 18F-FDG PET/CT examinations were performed at the time of initial diagnosis. Kappa tests were used to evaluate the agreement of 18F-FDG PET/CT with the gold standard, and the imaging features of DLBCL bone marrow infiltration on PET/CT were described.@*RESULTS@#The total detection rate of bone marrow infiltration was not significantly different between PET/CT and primary bone marrow biopsy ( P = 0.302) or between the two bone marrow biopsies ( P = 0.826). The sensitivity, specificity, and Youden index of PET/CT for the diagnosis of DLBCL bone marrow infiltration were 0.923 (95% CI, 0.759-0.979), 0.934 (95% CI, 0.855-0.972), and 0.857, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#18F-FDG PET/CT has a comparable efficiency in the diagnosis of DLBCL bone marrow infiltration. PET/CT-guided bone marrow biopsy can reduce the misdiagnosis of DLBCL bone marrow infiltration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/methods , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Bone Marrow/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1448-1458, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980920

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Exploring the underlying mechanism of rituximab resistance is critical to improve the outcomes of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Here, we tried to identify the effects of the axon guidance factor semaphorin-3F (SEMA3F) on rituximab resistance as well as its therapeutic value in DLBCL.@*METHODS@#The effects of SEMA3F on the treatment response to rituximab were investigated by gain- or loss-of-function experiments. The role of the Hippo pathway in SEMA3F-mediated activity was explored. A xenograft mouse model generated by SEMA3F knockdown in cells was used to evaluate rituximab sensitivity and combined therapeutic effects. The prognostic value of SEMA3F and TAZ (WW domain-containing transcription regulator protein 1) was examined in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and human DLBCL specimens.@*RESULTS@#We found that loss of SEMA3F was related to a poor prognosis in patients who received rituximab-based immunochemotherapy instead of chemotherapy regimen. Knockdown of SEMA3F significantly repressed the expression of CD20 and reduced the proapoptotic activity and complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) activity induced by rituximab. We further demonstrated that the Hippo pathway was involved in the SEMA3F-mediated regulation of CD20. Knockdown of SEMA3F expression induced the nuclear accumulation of TAZ and inhibited CD20 transcriptional levels via direct binding of the transcription factor TEAD2 and the CD20 promoter. Moreover, in patients with DLBCL, SEMA3F expression was negatively correlated with TAZ, and patients with SEMA3F low TAZ high had a limited benefit from a rituximab-based strategy. Specifically, treatment of DLBCL cells with rituximab and a YAP/TAZ inhibitor showed promising therapeutic effects in vitro and in vivo .@*CONCLUSION@#Our study thus defined a previously unknown mechanism of SEMA3F-mediated rituximab resistance through TAZ activation in DLBCL and identified potential therapeutic targets in patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Hippo Signaling Pathway , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , Prognosis , Semaphorins/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics
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