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1.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(1): 72-75, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152792

ABSTRACT

Abstract Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma is a rare, non-mass-forming, extranodal large B-cell lymphoma subtype characterized by the presence of tumor cells in the lumens of vessels. It is divided into two major types: classical and Asian. Patients presenting only with skin involvement are mostly female, at a younger age than classical intravascular large B-cell lymphoma patients, and have a better prognosis. Since the diagnosis of cases with isolated skin involvement is difficult, keeping this entity in mind, performing a careful microscopic examination, and applying new, effective treatment regimens will make it possible to achieve better clinical outcomes in these cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Panniculitis/diagnosis , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/diagnosis , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prognosis , Skin
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1136-1140, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888529

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of CHOP regimen based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome in the initial treatment of elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#Thirty-one patients with DLBCL treated from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, their median age was 83 (71-95) years old, and all of them were in Ⅲ-Ⅳ stage, including 17 cases who had international prognostic index (IPI) ≥ 3. The patients were treated with R-CHOP and CHOP regimens based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome. The efficacy and safety were evaluated during and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#A total of 219 chemotherapy cycles and 7 median cycles were performed in 31 patients. The overall response (OR) rate and complete remission (CR) rate was 80.7% (25/31) and 61.3% (19/31), respectively, as well as 2 cases (6.5%) stable, 4 cases (12.9%) progressive. The main toxicities were as follows: the incidence of grade Ⅲ -Ⅳ neutropenia was 29% (9/31); two patients (6.5%) developed degree Ⅰ-Ⅱ cardiac events, which were characterized by new degree Ⅰ atrioventricular block; there were no cardiac events requiring emergency treatment and discontinuation of chemotherapy. The 1-year, 2-year and 3-year overall survival rate was 83.9%, 77.4% and 61.3%, respectively. The 1-year, 2-year and 3-year progression-free survival rate was 77.4%, 64.5% and 61.3%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The chemotherapy regimen based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome has better efficacy and higher cardiac safety for elderly patients with DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Humans , Liposomes/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prednisolone , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Vincristine/therapeutic use
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880038

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the prognostic value of GELTAMO-IPI for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 238 newly diagnosed DLBCL patients treated in Shanxi Cancer Hospital from September 2011 to March 2016 were collected retrospectively, the risk stratification and prognostic evaluation of the patients were analyzed according to GELTAMO-IPI. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of the patients were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method, COX regression analysis was used to compare the risk of death and progress in each risk group. Harrell's C statistics was used to compare the prognostic stratification ability of each model.@*RESULTS@#The 3-year OS rate statistics showed that both IPI and GELTAMO-IPI could distinguish low risk group and Low-intermediate risk group, but the prognosis stratification ability of IPI was better (IPI: HR=5.085, P0.05). GELTAMO-IPI could distinguish High-intermediate risk group from high risk group (GELTAMO-IPI: HR=2.966, P50%). The results of Harrell's C statistics showed the C-index of IPI and GELTAMO-IPI was 0.687 and 0.721 (P<0.001); the C-index of the predicted PFS was 0.672 and 0.700 (P<0.001). It was suggested that the prognostic stratification ability of GELTAM0-IPI be superior to that of IPI, R-IPI, NCCN-IPI.@*CONCLUSION@#GELTAMO-IPI can make a clear distinction between DLBCL patients with different prognosis, especially for high-risk patients, and the prognostic stratification ability of GELTAMO-IPI is significantly better than that of IPI.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1797-1801, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922337

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the treatment outcome and prognosis of the newly-treated myc@*METHODS@#152 double-expression lymphoma patients (myc@*RESULTS@#The median age of 152 DEL patients was 60.5 years old (15-87 years old). 85 patients (55.9%) were Ann Arbor stage III/IV. There was no significant difference in clinical data between the patients in the two groups. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that bcl-6 expression, ECOG score, and stage were the independent prognostic factors for the entire group of DEL patients. There was no statistical difference in ORR between the patients in the two groups (χ2=0.749, P=0.387). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that PFS and OS of the bcl-6@*CONCLUSION@#bcl-6


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide , Doxorubicin , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Middle Aged , Prednisolone , Prognosis , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Young Adult
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1504-1509, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922286

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of arsenic disulfide (AS@*METHODS@#The human DLBCL cell OCI-LY3 was treated with different concentrations of AS@*RESULTS@#The DLBCL cell viability was decreased significantly at 24, 48 or 72 h as cultured with itraconazole. Along with the increasing of itraconazole concentration, the DLBCL cell viability was significantly reduced as compared with that in control group, and the results showed statistically significant(r=-0.690,r=-0.639, r=-0.833, r=-0.808, r=-0.578). The inhibitory and apoptosis rates of the cells were significantly increased as compared with those of the single drug-treated group after treated by the combination of itraconazole and AS@*CONCLUSION@#Itraconazole can inhibit proliferation of DLBCL cells in a concentration-and time-dependent manner. In addition, the combination of AS


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Arsenicals , Hedgehog Proteins , Humans , Itraconazole/pharmacology , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Sulfides
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1987-1990, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922237

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the leading causes of chronic liver disease. HCV is not only related to hepatic malignancies but may also promote lymphoid neoplasms. Currently, research has confirmed HCV-related lymphoma, including marginal zone lymphoma (MZL), lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL), follicular lymphoma (FL), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and Burkitt lymphoma (BL). Many types of research have shown that antiviral therapy can improve or even remission several HCV-related lymphomas. The direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) (such as NS5A protease inhibitors, NS4/4A protease inhibitors and viral polymerase inhibitors) have shown clinical advantages of high efficacy and low side effects for both virus elimination and tumor regression in several HCV-related lymphomas, which may make the selected HCV-related lymphoma patients treated without chemotherapy. In this review the research progress and development direction of antiviral therapy in treating HCV-related lymphoma has summarized briefly.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Hepacivirus , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone/drug therapy , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887884

ABSTRACT

A case of primary oral mucosal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBCL)due to long-term use of methotrexate(MTX)for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis(RA)was admitted to the Department of Hematology,Fujian Medical University Union Hospital.We analyzed and discussed the clinical features,diagnosis and treatment,and prognosis of specific malignant lymphoma induced by MTX in this RA patient.Our purpose is to improve the awareness and knowledge of other iatrogenic immunodeficiency-associated lymphoproliferative disorders of clinicians and pathologists.This study provides a new reference for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of MTX-associated DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Lymphoproliferative Disorders , Methotrexate/adverse effects
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2796-2802, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877934

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Numerous studies have focused on lymphoma among patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, little is known about the treatment options and survival rate of lymphoma in the Chinese people living with HIV (PLHIV). Our study aimed to investigate the prognosis and compare outcome of dose-adjusted etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and rituximab (DA-EPOCH-R) with standard cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone and rituximab(R-CHOP) as front line therapy for PLHIV with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) receiving modern combined antiretroviral therapy (cART).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis evaluating PLHIV with DLBCL was performed in Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center from July 2012 to September 2019. The demographic and clinical data were collected, and overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) analyses of patients receiving R-CHOP or DA-EPOCH-R therapy were performed by Kaplan-Meier analysis. Additionally, a Cox multiple regression model was constructed to identify related factors for OS.@*RESULTS@#A total of 54 eligible patients were included in the final analysis with a median follow-up of 14 months (interquartile range [IQR]: 8-29 months). The proportion of high international prognostic index (IPI) patients was much larger in the DA-EPOCH-R group (n = 29) than that in the R-CHOP group (n = 25). The CD4 cell counts and HIV RNA levels were not significantly different between the two groups. The 2-year OS for all patients was 73%. However, OS was not significantly different between the two groups, with a 2-year OS rate of 78% for the DA-EPOCH-R group and 66% for the R-CHOP group. Only an IPI greater than 3 was associated with a decrease in OS, with a hazard ratio of 5.0. The occurrence of grade 3 and 4 adverse events of chemotherapy was not significantly different between the two groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Outcomes of R-CHOP therapy do not differ from those of DA-EPOCH-R therapy. No HIV-related factors were found to be associated with the OS of PLHIV in the modern cART era.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , China , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , HIV , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Vincristine/therapeutic use
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1923-1932, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879994

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical value of serum amyloid A (SAA1/2) and misfolded transthyretin (TTR) for relapsed/refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (R/R DLBCL) patients.@*METHODS@#30 R/R DLBCL patients were enrolled as observation group, 20 remission/stabilization DLBCL and 10 chronic lymphadenitis patients were enrolled as control group. SELDI technique, Tris-Tricine sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electro-phoresis, the shotgun-LTQ-MS method, and bioinformatics technique were used to detected and analyzed SAA and TTR in R/R DLBCL patients. SPSS 21.0 software was used to analyze the relationship between the high expression of SAA, misfolded TTR in serum and the clinicopathological features, survival time of R/R DLBCL. patients Chi-square test was used to analyze clinical count data, Kaplan-Meier curve was used for survival analysis, and Log-Rank test was used to compare single-factor survival differences.@*RESULTS@#The high expression of SAA and TTR (SAA@*CONCLUSION@#Both SAA and misfolded TTR are poor prognosis factors of R/R DLBCL patients.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Patients , Prealbumin/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Serum Amyloid A Protein
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1919-1922, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879993

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize and analyze the clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis of acute lung injury in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) after chemotherapy with rituximab chemotherapy, so as to improve the understanding of the disease and guide the clinical treatment.@*METHODS@#Twenty-Six patients with DLBCL were treated with rituximab chemotherapy and developed to acute lung injury in Third Hospital of Peking University from January 2013 to September 2018 were selected. The clinical features, imaging findings, chemotherapy course, therapeutic effect and prognosis were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The main clinical symptoms of patients were fever, cough and chest tightness, among which 12 patients showed hypoxia and 3 patients showed respiratory failure type I. The mainly manifested chest CT was diffusive glass grinding in both lungs, and some patients were complicated with a small amount of pleural effusion. The onset chemotherapy time was mainly distributed in 2 to 4 courses, the time between the onset of symptoms and the infusion of rituximab was 8 to 49 days. 25 patients shows no obvious limitation in daily life after effective treatment, and 1 patient died of ineffective treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#There are no typical clinical symptoms in the early stage of acute lung injury after rituximab chemotherapy in DLBCL. Early detection and early hormone therapy are very important to achieve good therapeutic effect.


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prognosis , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Vincristine/therapeutic use
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1912-1918, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879992

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the efficacy of rituximab combined with CHOP/EPOCH regimen for treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBCL) patients, and to explore the high risk factors of refractory and relapsed patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 72 patients with de novo DLBCL from December 2012 to December 2018 in the Department of Hematology, Zhongda Hospital Affiliated to Southeast University were retrospectively analyzed. The remission rate of DLBCL patients treated by rituximab combined with CHOP/EPOCH was analyzed, and survival analysis was conducted to explore the risk factors influencing refractory recurrence.@*RESULTS@#45 cases among 72 patients achieved complete remission (CR), 11 cases achieved partial remission (PR), the total remission rate was 77.78%. 25 cases (34.2%) refractory and relapsed. Single factor analysis showed that the B symptoms, low Hb, high NLR, low MLR, high β@*CONCLUSION@#The remission rate of DLBCL patients treated by rituximab combined with CHOP/EPOCH regimen is high, but about one third of the patients still show refractory and relapsed. B Symptoms, anemia, high β


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Etoposide , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Vincristine
12.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(12): 1553-1560, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094189

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Prognosis of patients with Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) is highly variable, and despite the use of modern immunochemotherapy regimens, almost 50% of patients will eventually relapse. Standard risk models, like the International Prognostic Index or the Revised International Prognostic Index (R_IPI) incorporate patient and tumor characteristics but do not consider variables related to host adaptive immunity which have been shown to be of significant prognostic value in non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Aim To analyze the prognostic significance of the absolute monocyte count at diagnosis in diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma in a retrospective setting. Material and Methods We reviewed data of 171 patients with DLBCL treated with Rituximab-based immunochemotherapy at two reference public Hospitals in Montevideo-Uruguay. The outcome measures were overall and relapse free survival. Results The absolute monocyte count, analyzed as a dichotomized variable predicted progression-free and overall survival in low risk patients according to the R-IPI score. Worse outcomes were observed in those with high monocyte count al diagnosis. Conclusions Absolute monocyte count could help in the identification of high-risk patients otherwise expected to have a good prognosis according to traditional scores.


Antecedentes El pronóstico de pacientes con Linfoma Difuso de Células B Grandes (DLBCL) es muy variable y el 50% de los pacientes recae a pesar de uso de regímenes actualizados de inmuno-quimioterapia. Los modelos pronósticos clásicos como el International Prognostic Index o el Revised International Prognostic Index (R_IPI) incorporan características del paciente o del tumor pero no incorporan variables asociadas a la inmunidad adaptativa que tienen valor en linfomas no Hodgkin. Objetivo Analizar retrospectivamente el valor pronóstico del recuento absoluto de monocitos al momento del diagnóstico en pacientes con DLBCL. Material y Métodos Se revisó información de 171 pacientes con DLBCL tratados con inmuno-quimioterapia basada en rituximab en dos centros de referencia públicos de Montevideo, Uruguay. Las variables de resultado fueron la sobrevida global y libre de recaída. Resultados El recuento absoluto de monocitos, tratado como una variable dicotómica, predijo la sobrevida libre de recaída en pacientes de bajo riesgo, de acuerdo al puntaje R-IPI. El pronóstico fue peor en pacientes con altos recuentos al momento del diagnóstico. Conclusiones El recuento absoluto de monocitos puede identificar pacientes de alto riesgo, clasificados como de bajo riesgo por los puntajes tradicionales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Monocytes , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/blood , Leukocyte Count , Prognosis , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Retrospective Studies , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Immunotherapy
13.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(2): 136-140, Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990325

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY We describe the case of a female patient, 52 years old, with dizziness and left motor incoordination for 2 weeks. Brain MRI magnetic resonance imaging) revealed a hyperintense lesion on T2-weighted images, without restricted diffusion, in the left middle cerebellar peduncle. Spectroscopy demonstrated peak of lipids and perfusion did not show any elevation in relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV). The patient underwent an open biopsy and resection, and the diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) was established. The patient received intravenous dexamethasone with symptoms remission, followed by four cycles of methotrexate plus cytarabine. After 3 months, the patient returned with decreased consciences level and a new MRI revealed a right superior frontal gyrus lesion with features suggesting a lymphomatous lesion. The patient died five days after her relapse.


RESUMO Descrevemos o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino, de 52 anos, apresentando história de tontura e perda da coordenação motora do lado esquerdo há duas semanas. A RM (ressonância magnética) de crânio revelou uma lesão hiperintensa nas imagens ponderadas em T2, sem restrição à difusão, localizada no pedúnculo cerebelar médio esquerdo. A espectroscopia demonstrou pico de lipídeos, sem elevação do volume sanguíneo cerebral relativo (rCBV) à perfusão. A paciente foi submetida à biópsia a céu aberto, estabelecendo o diagnóstico de linfoma difuso de grandes células B (DLBCL). Houve remissão dos sintomas após o início do tratamento com dexametasona endovenosa, seguida de quatro ciclos de metotrexato associado à citarabina. Após três meses, a paciente retornou apresentando rebaixamento do nível de consciência, e a RM de crânio revelou uma nova lesão de origem linfomatosa no giro frontal superior direito. A paciente faleceu após cinco dias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Brain Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/diagnostic imaging , Brain Neoplasms/drug therapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Fatal Outcome , Immunocompetence , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
14.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(2): 247-250, Feb. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004339

ABSTRACT

Patients transplanted from solid organs have an increased risk of cancer, especially lymphomas. Lymphomas correspond to 4 to 5% of malignant neoplasms in the general population and in solid organ transplant patients it reaches an incidence of 21%. The incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphomas is 10 times higher than in the non-transplanted population. We report the case of a 68-year-old man with a kidney transplant who 6 years after transplantation, developed a non-Hodgkin diffuse large cells B lymphoma with lymph node and pulmonary involvement, with markers of very poor prognosis (triple MYC expressor, BCL2 and BCL6). and its evolution with chemotherapy with DA R EPOCH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/genetics , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/etiology , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/drug therapy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Genes, myc/genetics , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/etiology , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-6/genetics , Etoposide/therapeutic use
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-157198

ABSTRACT

Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) is a rare subtype of extranodal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma that most commonly involves the central nervous system and skin. To our knowledge, no state-of-the art imaging findings have been reported for hepatic IVLBCL in the English literature. We report the first case of hepatic involvement of IVLBCL along with a literature review.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD20/metabolism , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Remission Induction , Rituximab/administration & dosage , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-111037

ABSTRACT

The radiologic findings of a single nodule from Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) have been rarely reported. We described a case of granulomatous PJP manifesting as a solitary pulmonary nodule with a halo sign in a 69-year-old woman with diffuse large B cell lymphoma during chemotherapy. The radiologic appearance of the patient suggested an infectious lesion such as angioinvasive pulmonary aspergillosis or lymphoma involvement of the lung; however, clinical manifestations were not compatible with the diseases. The nodule was confirmed as granulomatous PJP by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery biopsy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived/adverse effects , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Biopsy/methods , Cyclophosphamide/adverse effects , Doxorubicin/adverse effects , Female , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Pneumocystis carinii/pathogenicity , Pneumonia, Pneumocystis/diagnosis , Positron-Emission Tomography , Prednisone/adverse effects , Solitary Pulmonary Nodule/microbiology , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Vincristine/adverse effects
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-174926

ABSTRACT

Febrile neutropenia (FN) is the major toxicity of rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) regimen in the treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The prediction of neutropenia and FN is mandatory to continue the planned R-CHOP therapy resulting in successful anti-cancer treatment. The clinical features and patterns of neutropenia and FN from 181 DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP were analyzed retrospectively. Sixty percent (60.2%) of patients experienced at least one episode of grade 4 neutropenia. Among them, 42.2% of episodes progressed to FN. Forty-eight percent (48.8%) of patients with FN was experienced their first FN during the first cycle of R-CHOP. All those patients never experienced FN again during the rest cycles of R-CHOP. Female, higher stage, international prognostic index (IPI), age > or =65 yr, comorbidities, bone marrow involvement, and baseline serum albumin < or =3.5 mg/dL were significant risk factors for FN by univariate analysis. Among these variables, comorbidities (P=0.009), bone marrow involvement (P=0.006), and female gender (P=0.024) were independent risk factors for FN based on multivariate analysis. On observing the patterns of neutropenia and FN, primary prophylaxis of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and antibiotics should be considered particularly in female patients, patients with comorbidities, or when there is bone marrow involvement of disease.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Age Factors , Aged , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived/adverse effects , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Chemotherapy-Induced Febrile Neutropenia/etiology , Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage , Demography , Doxorubicin/administration & dosage , Female , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Neutropenia/etiology , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Vincristine/administration & dosage , Young Adult
19.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154382

ABSTRACT

A 3-year-old girl presented with a history of intermittent fever of six months duration associated with respiratory symptoms consisting of recurrent cough, fever, wheeze and a suspected history of contact with tuberculosis (TB). Chest radiograph revealed pulmonary infiltrates mimicking miliary TB. She was started on anti-tuberculous treatment, but in view of clinical deterioration, a further work-up including a lung biopsy revealed non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL). This case documents the extremely rare occurrence of pulmonary involvement and miliary infiltrates on the chest radiograph in NHL.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents/administration & dosage , Antitubercular Agents/administration & dosage , Antitubercular Agents/adverse effects , Biopsy , Child, Preschool , Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Humans , Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/physiopathology , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/physiopathology , Prednisolone/administration & dosage , Symptom Assessment/methods , Treatment Outcome , Tuberculosis, Miliary/diagnosis , Tuberculosis, Miliary/drug therapy , Vincristine/administration & dosage
20.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2013 Aug; 51(8): 615-622
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-149364

ABSTRACT

Oxazaphosphorines belong to a group of alkylating agents. Mafosfamide cyclohexylamine salt (D-17272), 4-hydro-peroxy-cyclophosphamide (D-18864) and glufosfamide (D-19575, β-D-glucose-isophosphoramide mustard) are new generation oxazaphosphorines. The objective of the present study was to compare the cytotoxic action of these oxazaphosphorine compounds against human histiocytic lymphoma U937 cells. The chemical structures of the oxazaphosphorines were responsible for the different responses of U937 cells. The cytotoxic effects of D-17272, D-18864, and D-19575 on U937 cells depended on the agent tested, its dose, and the time intervals after the oxazaphosphorine application. Among the oxazaphosphorine agents, D-18864 appeared to be the most cytotoxic, and D-19575 was characterized by the lowest cytotoxicity. The in vitro cytotoxic activities of the oxazaphosphorines were strongly associated with their cell death inducing potential.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating/pharmacology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cyclophosphamide/analogs & derivatives , Cyclophosphamide/pharmacology , Flow Cytometry , Glucose/analogs & derivatives , Glucose/pharmacology , Humans , Ifosfamide/analogs & derivatives , Ifosfamide/pharmacology , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial/drug effects , Necrosis , Phosphoramide Mustards/pharmacology , Tumor Cells, Cultured
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