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1.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(2): 160-170, mar.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341278

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: cardiovascular diseases are among the principal causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Prevention, early diagnosis and treatment can play an important role in reducing complication of cardiovascular diseases. Objectives: Considering increasing popularity of cardiac computed tomography CT angiography (CTA) in one side and also magnetic esonance angiography (MRA) as gold standard modality on the other side, we decided to perform this meta-analysis study to compare cardiac CTA and MRA in evaluating left ventricular volumes. Method: this study is a systematic review in which we included all studies with inclusion criteria and without exclusion criteria up to 30 December, 2019. Studies were selected after searching on different databases and articles in bibliography of included studies. Obtained studies were screened for quality. Required data were extracted and were then analyzed via STATA 11 statistical package. Results: among 90 articles obtained in primary search, finally 19 studies entered data extraction and synthesis. Based on our meta-analysis, standardized mean difference was -0.09 (95% CI -0.2, 0.02) for end systolic volume (ESV), -0.10 (95% CI -0.22, 0.01) for end diastolic volume (EDV), 0.10 (95% CI -0.01, 0.22) for ejection fraction (EF) and -0.09 (95% CI -0.23, 0.04) for stroke volume (SV). Conclusion: Results of this systematic review and meta-analysis showed that there is no statistically significant difference between CTA and MRA in evaluating ESV, EDV, EF and SV. Based on our findings, it can be interpreted that CTA has similar accuracy with MRA in evaluating ventricular volumes.


Resumen Introducción: Las enfermedades cardiovasculares están entre las principales causas de morbimortalidad global. La prevención, el diagnóstico precoz y el tratamiento pueden desempeñar un papel importante en la reducción de las complicaciones de las enfermedades cardiovasculares. Objetivo: Teniendo en cuenta la creciente popularidad de la angiografía por tomografía computarizada (ATC) cardiaca, por un lado, y también la angiografía por resonancia magnética (ARM) como el método de referencia, por el otro, decidimos llevar a cabo un metaanálisis para comparar la ATC y la ARM cardiaca en la evaluación de los volúmenes del ventrículo izquierdo. Método: Revisión sistemática en la cual incluimos todos los estudios con criterios de inclusión y sin criterios de exclusión hasta el 30 de diciembre de 2019. Los estudios se seleccionaron de diferentes bases de datos y artículos de las bibliografías de los estudios incluidos. Los estudios obtenidos se examinaron para evaluar su calidad. Los datos requeridos fueron extraídos y luego analizados utilizando el paquete estadístico STATA 11. Resultados: De los 90 artículos obtenidos en la búsqueda primaria, finalmente 19 estudios entraron a extracción de datos y síntesis. Según nuestro metaanálisis, la diferencia de medias estandarizada fue de −0.09 (intervalo de confianza del 95% [IC95%] −0.2 a 0.02) para el volumen sistólico final (VSF), −0.10 (IC95%: −0.22 a 0.01) para el volumen diastólico final (VDF), 0.10 (IC95%: −0.01 a 0.22) para la fracción de eyección (FE) y − 0.09 (IC95%: −0.23 a 0.04) para el volumen sistólico (VS). Conclusiones: Los resultados de esta revisión sistemática y metaanálisis mostraron que no existe una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre la ATC y la ARM en la evaluación del VSF, el VDF, la FE y el VS. Basado en nuestros hallazgos, se puede interpretar que la ATC tiene una precisión parecida a la ARM en la evaluación de los volúmenes ventriculares.


Subject(s)
Stroke Volume , Meta-Analysis , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Computed Tomography Angiography , Heart Ventricles
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887873

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic performance of 1.5-T non-contrast free-breathing whole-heart magnetic resonance coronary angiography(MRCA)for≥50% and≥70% coronary artery stenosis in coronary artery disease(CAD).Methods Forty-one patients clinically scheduled for invasive coronary angiography(ICA)underwent 1.5-T non-contrast free-breathing whole-heart MRCA.The diagnostic performance for≥50% and≥70% stenosis was evaluated and compared using ICA as a reference standard.Results MRCA was completed in all the 41 patients with the total acquisition time of(10.1 ± 2.2)min.The sensitivity,specificity,and accuracy of MRCA for≥50% and≥70% stenosis were 100%(95%


Subject(s)
Coronary Angiography , Coronary Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Predictive Value of Tests , Sensitivity and Specificity
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880683

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Cervicocerebral artery dissection (CAD) is one of the important causes for ischemic stroke in young and middle-aged people. CAD is dangerous and untimely diagnosis and treatment are likely to result in severe disability. Early diagnosis and timely intervention can greatly improve the prognosis of patients. This study was to investigate the imaging features of CAD on high-resolution magnetic resonance vessel wall imaging (HRMR-VWI) and to analyze the influential factors of vascular recanalization.@*METHODS@#A total of 19 CAD patients with both baseline HRMR-VWI and follow-up data of vascular imaging in the period from April 2017 to December 2019 in Department of Radiology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University were retrospectively analyzed. The diseased vessels were divided into a recovery group and a unrecovered group. After treatment, diseased vessels with no residual arterial dissection and no residual stenosis in the lumen were included in the recovery group. Diseased vessels with stenosis, occlusion or residual dissection were included in the unrecovered group. Diseased vessels were divided into a ischemic stroke group and a non-ischemic stroke group according to the presence or absence of ischemic stroke in the area supplied by the diseased vessels. Differences in clinical data and HRMR-VWI imaging findings were compared between the groups.@*RESULTS@#A total of 26 vessels were involved, including 14 (53.8%) internal carotid artery extracranial segment, 8 (30.8%) vertebral artery extracranial segment, 3 (11.5%) vertebral artery intracranial segment, and 1 (3.9%) basilar artery. Ischemic stroke occurred in 16 diseased vascular supply areas. Intramural hematoma was all observed in the baseline HMR-VWI of the affected vessels. There were 18 vessels (69.2%) in the recovery group and 8 vessels (30.8%) in the unrecovered group. Compared with the vessels in the recovery group, the vessels in the unrecovered group were mostly found in the intracranial segment (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Intramural hematoma is a common imaging manifestation of CAD and can be shown clearly and accurately on HRMR-VWI. Recanalization rate of CAD is high, and the recanalization of CAD in intracranial segment is slower than that of CAD in extracranial segment, which can prolong the review time.


Subject(s)
Basilar Artery , Dissection , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Stroke
4.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(3): e0007, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280119

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Os diagnósticos diferenciais que compõem as proptoses agudas são, muitas vezes, desafiadores. A anamnese e o exame clínico exigem do oftalmologista atenção especial aos detalhes que permitem diferenciar quadros relativamente benignos e autolimitados de quadros que evoluirão com incapacidades permanentes. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente de 49 anos que, durante viagem de avião, apresentou dor ocular, hematoma periorbitário e proptose do olho esquerdo súbitos. Referia diplopia aguda incapacitante. Exames de tomografia e angiorressonância magnética confirmaram diagnóstico de sinusopatia do seio etmoidal esquerdo e hematoma subperiosteal da órbita esquerda, associado ao barotrauma. Apesar de raro, o diagnóstico de hematoma subperiosteal não traumático deve ser considerado diferencial em relação a proptoses agudas, sendo a anamnese fundamental para essa elucidação diagnóstica.


ABSTRACT Differential diagnoses of acute proptosis are often challenging. History and clinical examination require from ophthalmologists special attention to details, which make it possible to differentiate relatively benign and self-limited conditions from those that will progress to permanent disabilities. We report a 49-year-old female patient who had sudden eye pain, periorbital hematoma and proptosis of the left eye during a commercial flight. She also complained of disabling acute diplopia. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance angiography imaging confirmed the diagnosis of subperiosteal hematoma of the left orbit, associated with left ethmoid sinus disease. Although rare, non-traumatic subperiosteal hematoma should be considered in differential diagnoses of acute proptosis, and history taking is fundamental to elucidate the picture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Orbital Diseases/etiology , Orbital Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Barotrauma/complications , Eye Hemorrhage/etiology , Eye Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/drug therapy , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Aviation , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Exophthalmos , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination/therapeutic use , Diplopia , Air Travel
6.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(10): 642-650, Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131688

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Intracranial vessel wall imaging plays an increasing role in diagnosing intracranial vascular diseases. With the growing demand and subsequent increased use of this technique in clinical practice, radiologists and neurologists should be aware of the choices in imaging parameters and how they affect image quality, clinical indications, methods of assessment, and limitations in the interpretation of these images. Due to the improvement of the MRI techniques, the possibility of accurate and direct evaluation of the abnormalities in the arterial vascular wall (vessel wall imaging) has evolved, adding substantial data to diagnosis when compared to the indirect evaluation based on conventional flow analyses. Herein, the authors proposed a comprehensive approach of this technique reinforcing appropriated clinical settings to better use intracranial vessel wall imaging.


RESUMO O estudo angiográfico intracraniano não invasivo está sendo amplamente utilizado no diagnóstico de doenças vasculares intracranianas. Com a crescente demanda e o aumento subsequente do uso dessa técnica na prática clínica, radiologistas e neurologistas devem estar cientes das opções nos parâmetros de imagem e como estes afetam a qualidade da imagem, as indicações clínicas, os métodos de avaliação e as limitações na interpretação dessas imagens. Devido ao aprimoramento das técnicas de imagem por RM, a possibilidade de avaliação precisa e direta das anormalidades na parede vascular arterial (vessel wall imaging) evoluiu, agregando dados substanciais ao diagnóstico quando comparados à avaliação indireta baseada em análises de fluxo convencionais. Neste artigo, os autores discorrem sobre a avaliação e interpretação dos achados de imagem desta nova técnica e suas aplicações clínicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cerebrovascular Disorders , Magnetic Resonance Angiography/methods , Head
7.
Rev. chil. radiol ; 26(1): 8-11, mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115519

ABSTRACT

Resumen: El hamartoma fibroso de la infancia (FHI) es una lesión rara de tejidos blandos en niños con morfología trifásica característica. El principal problema con estas lesiones es el diagnóstico diferencial con otras masas de tejidos blandos, en particular sarcomas, que requieren un afrontamiento clínico y terapéutico diferente. Presentamos un caso de un infante de 10 meses con un crecimiento asintomático de una masa axilar que, tras realizarse angioresonancia magnética y biopsia se confirmó el diagnóstico de FHI.


Abstract: Fibrous hamartomas of childhood (FHC) are rare soft tissue lesions in infants and young children with characteristic three-phase morphology.The main problem with these lesions is differentiating it from other soft tissue masses, in particular sarcomas, which require a different clinical and therapeutic approach. We present a case of a 10-month-old infant with asymptomatic growth of a left axillary mass that, after magnetic resonance angiography and biopsy, the diagnosis of FHC was confirmed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Hamartoma/diagnostic imaging , Fibrosis , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Hamartoma/pathology
8.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(1): 84-86, feb. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125041

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber (SKTW) es una rara malformación venosa que, en general afecta a los miembros inferiores y, más raramente, a los superiores. Se caracteriza por formaciones angiomatosas cutáneas, várices e hipertrofia del miembro afectado. El compromiso genitourinario es sumamente infrecuente. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 14 años. Ingresó por hematuria macroscópica de 48 h de evolución y metrorragia con grave compromiso hemodinámico. Se encontraba en estudio por presentar un hemangioma en el miembro inferior izquierdo que se extendía hasta la región pelviana. La uretrocistofibroscopía demostró la presencia de múltiples lesiones angiomatosas diseminadas en forma amplia en la vejiga, algunas de ellas con sangrado activo. La angioresonancia mostró una voluminosa formación hipervascularizada en contacto con la pared vesical a la cual desplazaba y fístulas arteriovenosas a nivel pelviano y en el miembro inferior izquierdo confirmando el diagnóstico etiológico. Se realizó una embolización arterial selectiva de los territorios ilíacos interno y externo e inmediatamente después una endocoagulación láser de los focos angiomatosos sangrantes. La hematuria remitió completamente en las 24 h posteriores al procedimiento. La metrorragia asociada al SKTW fue controlada mediante la utilización de análogos LHRH y progestágenos.


Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome (KTWS) is a rare venous malformation that generally affects the lower limbs and, more infrequently, the upper limbs. It is characterized by cutaneous angiomatous formations, varicose veins and hypertrophy of the affected limb. The involvement of the genitourinary tract is extremely infrequent. We expose the case of a 14 years old female patient who was admitted for macroscopic hematuria of 48 hours of evolution and metrorrhagia with severe hemodynamic decompensation. The patient was under study for presenting a hemangioma in the lower left limb that extended to the pelvic region. Urethrocystofibroscopy showed the presence of multiple wide-spread angiomatous lesions in the bladder, some of them with active bleeding. The angio-resonance showed a voluminous hypervascular formation in contact with the bladder wall showing several arteriovenous fistulas at the pelvic level and in the left lower limb confirming the etiological diagnosis. A selective arterial embolization of the internal and external iliac territories was performed and then, a laser endocoagulation of the bleeding angiomatous foci was carried out. The hematuria completely stopped within 24 hours later of the procedure. The metrorrhagia associated with KTWS was controlled by the use of LHRH analogs and progestogens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Metrorrhagia/surgery , Pelvis , Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome/pathology , Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Angiography/methods , Gallbladder Diseases/surgery , Gallbladder Diseases/pathology , Hemangioma/surgery , Hemangioma/pathology , Hematuria/surgery , Hematuria/pathology , Metrorrhagia/pathology
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880610

ABSTRACT

The traditional classification, diagnosis, and treatment of intracranial aneurysms are based on the characteristics of their vascular lumen. However, in the past few years, some advances in MRI technology with high-resolution imaging can assess the pathology of intracranial vascular walls. Compared with traditional methods of computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance angiograhpy, and digital subtraction angiography, high resolution magnetic resonance imaging technology can help us to newly understand the disease by directly evaluating the characteristics of vascular wall, such as aneurysm wall thickness, inflammation, enhancement, permeability and hemodynamics. At present, high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging is increasingly used in clinic to assess the rupture risk of intracranial aneurysms, which is of great significance for guiding the diagnosis and treatment of intracranial aneurysms.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Ruptured/diagnostic imaging , Cerebral Angiography , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Risk Assessment , Technology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826379

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the feasibility of non-contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (NCE-MRA) on a 3.0T scanner. Totally 36 volunteers and 24 patients with clinically suspected coronary artery disease underwent NCE-MRA. The quality of the NCE-MRA images was graded for each segment on a four-point scale. The subjects were divided into two groups according to image quality. The age,body mass index (BMI),heart rate,end-expiratory diaphragm displacement,and respiratory diaphragm motion amplitude were evaluated and compared. The average image quality score of every segment was above 2 points. The proximal and middle segments of left anterior descending artery had significantly higher quality scores than the distal segments (=0.000) and the proximal segment of left circumflex coronary artery had significantly higher quality scores than the distal segments (=0.000),the proximal segment of right coronary artery also had a significant higher quality score than its distal segment (=0.001). The image quality was good in 38 subjects (64.4%). The heart rate [(66.35±9.39) beat/min (75.32±11.67) beat/min] (=0.002) and the body mass index [(24.72±3.33) kg/m (27.82±3.61) kg/m ] (=0.002) were significantly different between the good image quality group and the poor image quality group. The end-expiratory diaphragm displacement in good image quality group was (4.43±2.07)mm,which was significantly lower than that in poor image quality group [(9.26±7.62)mm](=0.013). The respiratory diaphragm motion amplitude [(21.35±6.02) mm] in good image quality group was significantly lower than that in poor image quality group [(30.68±14.20)mm](=0.012). NCE-MRA on 3.0T is a feasible tool for visualization of the proximal and middle segments of coronary arteries,and the image quality can be optimized by controlling heart rate and respiration in the future.


Subject(s)
Contrast Media , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Diagnostic Imaging , Coronary Vessels , Diagnostic Imaging , Feasibility Studies , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Angiography
14.
Clinics ; 75: e1212, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055876

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the findings of magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) in patients with a clinical diagnosis of vertebrobasilar insufficiency (VBI). METHOD: From our outpatient neurotology clinic, we selected patients (using the criteria proposed by Grad and Baloh) with a clinical diagnosis of VBI. We excluded patients with any definite cause for vestibular symptoms, a noncontrolled metabolic disease or any contraindication to MRA or TCD. The patients in the study group were sex- and age-matched with subjects who did not have vestibular symptoms (control group). Our final group of patients included 24 patients (study, n=12; control, n=12). RESULTS: The MRA results did not demonstrate significant differences in the findings between our study and control groups. TCD demonstrated that the systolic pulse velocity of the right middle cerebral artery, end diastolic velocity of the basilar artery, pulsatility index (PI) of the left middle cerebral artery, PI of the right middle cerebral artery, and PI of the basilar artery were significantly higher in the study group than in the control group, suggesting abnormalities affecting the microcirculation of patients with a clinical diagnosis of VBI compared with controls. CONCLUSION: MRA failed to reveal abnormalities in patients with a clinical diagnosis of VBI compared with controls. The PI of the basilar artery, measured using TCD, demonstrated high sensitivity (91%) and specificity (91%) for detecting clinically diagnosed VBI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Basilar Artery/diagnostic imaging , Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Transcranial/methods , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Blood Flow Velocity , Microcirculation
15.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 26(5): 286-291, sep.-oct. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1092939

ABSTRACT

Resumen La aorta shaggy se define como una degeneración ateromatosa agresiva y extensa de la aorta, cuya friabilidad predispone a ulceración y complicaciones embólicas, cursa con alto riesgo de embolia sistémica y no se conocen prevalencia ni incidencia en poblaciones de riesgo. La mayoría de casos publicados hacen referencia a complicaciones en procedimientos quirúrgicos. En la literatura no se hallaron reportes que asocien ateroembolia aórtica con obstrucción de la arteria de Adamkiewicz, cuyo diagnóstico no siempre es posible visualizando su oclusión por angiotomografía o por angiorresonancia, pues el defecto puede ser evanescente o puede existir compromiso distal con obstrucción microvascular, difícilmente aparente con arteriografía selectiva. Se presenta un caso de mielopatía isquémica embólica asociada a aorta shaggy con probable oclusión de la arteria de Adamkiewicz como responsable del deterioro neurológico agudo de la paciente, confirmado por resonancia magnética nuclear. Para caracterizar mejor esta enfermedad y para tener las estrategias diagnósticas y terapéuticas apropiadas en su abordaje oportuno, consideramos importante el reporte de casos similares aumentando así su sospecha diagnóstica.


Abstract A shaggy aorta is defined as an aggressive and extensive atheromatous degeneration of the aorta. Its friability predisposes to ulceration and embolic complications. It carries a high risk of systemic embolisms, and its prevalence and incidence in risk populations is unknown. The majority of published cases mention complications in surgical procedures. No reports have been found in the literature that associate aortic atheroembolism with obstruction of the artery of Adamkiewicz. Its diagnosis is not always possible by visualising its occlusion by computed tomography angiography or by magnetic resonance angiography, since the defects may be evanescent, or there may be a distal compromise with a microvascular obstruction, hardly apparent with selected angiography. A case is presented of embolic ischaemic myelitis associated with a shaggy aorta, with probable occlusion of the artery of Adamkiewicz being responsible form the acute neurological deterioration of the patient, confirmed by a nuclear magnetic resonance scan. In order to better describe the features of this disease and to have the appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for its timely approach, it is considered important to report all similar cases, thus increasing its diagnostic suspicion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Aorta , Atherosclerosis , Myelitis , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Embolism
17.
Rev. argent. radiol ; 83(4): 160-169, oct. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057418

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los síndromes de compresión vascular constituyen un grupo de patologías poco frecuentes con prevalencia incierta, no solo por el desconocimiento que se tiene de estos, sino también por su presentación clínica inespecífica. Eso conlleva a que sean infradiagnosticados o detectados en etapas tardías, con secuelas a largo plazo. Su fisiopatología y clínica dependen del tipo de vaso comprometido, el sitio anatómico afectado y la causa subyacente que lo esté produciendo. La anamnesis, el examen físico dirigido y el uso de métodos complementarios como la ultrasonografía Doppler y la angiografía por tomografía computarizada (ATC) o angiografía por resonancia magnética (ARM), son herramientas vitales para su correcto diagnóstico, planificación terapéutica y seguimiento.


Abstract Vascular compression syndromes constitute a group of rare pathologies with uncertain prevalence not only because of their unawareness, but also for its nonspecific clinical presentation. This leads to their underdiagnosis, or detection in late stages with long-term sequelae. Its pathophysiology and presentation depends on the type of vessel involved, the affected anatomical site and the underlying cause producing it. Clinical history, physical examination and use of complementary methods such as Doppler ultrasonography, Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) or Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA), are essential tools for its proper diagnosis, therapeutic planning and follow-up.


Subject(s)
Cervical Rib Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Computed Tomography Angiography
18.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 29(3 Supl): 291-296, jul.-set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023081

ABSTRACT

Avaliar a eficácia diagnóstica da angiotomografia coronariana (AC) comparada com a cineangiocoronariografia (CAT). Material e Métodos: Foram avaliados retrospectivamente 146 pacientes submetidos a AC e CAT com angiografia coronariana quantitativa (ACQ), com intervalo médio de um mês entre os exames. O estudo foi realizado no Hospital Cardiológico Costantini. Foram avaliados os fatores de risco da amostra, a localização das lesões e o grau de severidade da obstrução coronariana nos grandes vasos (TCE, DA, CX e CD). Os resultados dos métodos diagnósticos foram comparados pelo coeficiente de correlação de Pearson. A partir dos achados positivos foi realizada a avaliação de correlação entre os métodos perante a severidade das lesões. Resultados: A amostra foi composta predominantemente por homens (73,97%), sendo a hipertensão arterial (HAS) (71,91%) o fator de risco mais frequente. A artéria mais acometida foi a DA. Quanto ao grau de severidade das lesões, os resultados foram os seguintes na comparação entre AC e CAT: lesões discretas com correlação r = 0,23; moderadas com r = 0,53 e severas com r = 0,70. Na comparação entre AC e ACQ: lesões discretas com correlação r = 0,45; moderadas com r = 0,70 e severas com r = 0,67. Conclusão: A AC apresentou moderada com ACQ e CAT em lesões moderadas e severas, e forte correlação na ausência de lesões quando comparada com ACQ


To evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of multislice CT coronary angiotomography compared with coronary cineangiography. Material and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 146 patients submitted to MSCT and CA with quantitative coronary angiography (QCA), with a mean interval of one month between the exams. The study was carried out at the Costantini Cardiology Hospital. The risk factors for the sample, the location of the lesions and the degree of severity of the coronary obstruction in the large vessels (LCT, AD, CX and RC).The results of the diagnostic methods were compared using Pearson correlation coefficient. From the positive findings, a correlation evaluation was performed between the methods for the severity of the lesions. Results: The sample consisted predominantly of men (73.97%), and hypertension (SAH) (71.91%) was the most frequent risk factor. The most affected artery was AD. Regarding the degree of severity of the lesions, the results were as follows in the comparison between MSCT and CA: mild lesions with correlation r = 0.23, moderate with r = 0.53 and severe with r = 0.70. In the comparison between MSCT and QCA: mild lesions with correlation r = 0.45, moderate with r = 0.70 and severe with r = 0.67. Conclusion: MSCT showed moderate correlation with QCA and CA in moderate and severe lesions, and a strong correlation in the absence of lesions when compared with QCA


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Angiography/methods , Angiography, Digital Subtraction/methods , Coronary Angiography/methods , Diagnostic Imaging/methods , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Magnetic Resonance Angiography/methods , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods , Hypertension
19.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 91(2): e358, abr.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1003962

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La malformación aneurismática de la vena de Galeno es una infrecuente variedad de fístula arteriovenosa cerebral de origen embriológico. Se localiza en la línea media de la fisura coroidal y tiene morfología de amplio espectro. Objetivo: Exponer información actualizada acerca del tema. Método: La información se obtuvo de la búsqueda automatizada realizada fundamentalmente en bases de datos MEDLINE, Current Contents y Scielo. Resultados: La malformación aneurismática de la vena Galeno se manifiesta con síntomas y signos derivados de la insuficiencia cardiaca severa refractaria al tratamiento médico y del daño neurológico que provoca. La entidad implica morbilidad grave y mortalidad en el periodo neonatal. La angiorresonancia es la técnica de referencia, pero la ecografía doppler es buen método de valoración. El tratamiento de elección es la embolización endovascular. Consideraciones finales: Debe existir índice elevado de sospecha para no fracasar en el diagnóstico precoz de la enfermedad. Es importante definir la anatomía de la lesión, por las implicaciones clínicas, terapéuticas y pronósticas que ello acarrea. El tratamiento exitoso sigue siendo un reto terapéutico complejo(AU)


Introduction: Vein of Galen aneurysm is a rare and congenital cerebral arteriovenous abnormality with reported incidence of 1:25 000 live births. It represents the 30 percent of the vascular congenital cerebral malformations that harm the pediatric population. Objective: To show updated information about the topic. Method: The information was obtained from the automated search mostly done in MEDLINE, CurrentContents and Scielo databases. Development: Vein of Galen malformation presents with symptoms and signs derived from the severe refractary heart failure to medical treatment and the neurologic damage it causes. That entity implies severe morbidity and mortality on the neonatal period. Angioresonance is the reference technique, but the Doppler ecography is a good valuation method. The election treatment is the endovascular embolization. Final considerations: There must be an elevated rate of suspect to do not fail on the early diagnostic of the disease. It is important to define the lesion's anatomy, because of the clinic, therapeutic and prognostic implications this represent. The successful treatment is still a complex therapeutic challenge(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Vein of Galen Malformations/epidemiology , Vein of Galen Malformations/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Angiography/methods
20.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(2): 300-303, Apr.-June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012547

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A 16-year-old female patient previously diagnosed with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) presented with acute bilateral pneumonia, upper gastrointestinal bleeding caused by ruptured esophageal varices, ascites, and lower limb edema. She required intensive care and an endoscopic procedure to treat the gastrointestinal bleeding. The analysis of the differential diagnosis for chronic liver disease indicated she had a spontaneous splenorenal shunt. Ultrasound-guided biopsy revealed the patient had cirrhosis, as characteristically seen in individuals with ARPKD. She had no symptoms at discharge and was referred for review for a combined transplant.


RESUMO Relato de caso de uma paciente adolescente de 16 anos de idade com diagnóstico prévio de doença renal policística autossômica recessiva (DRPAR), que apresentou quadro agudo de pneumonia bilateral e hemorragia digestiva alta por ruptura de varizes esofágicas, bem como ascite e edema de membros inferiores. Necessitou de estabilização clínica intensiva e tratamento endoscópico do sangramento digestivo. Após investigação dos diagnósticos diferenciais da hepatopatia crônica, diagnosticou-se shunt esplenorrenal espontâneo, e realizou-se biópsia hepática guiada por ecografia com diagnóstico de cirrose, espectro típico da DRPAR. Recebeu alta hospitalar assintomática e foi encaminhada para avaliação de transplante duplo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Arteriovenous Anastomosis/pathology , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive/complications , Caroli Disease/complications , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Arteriovenous Anastomosis/diagnostic imaging , Referral and Consultation , Renal Veins/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Brazil , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Treatment Outcome , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive/drug therapy , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive/diagnostic imaging , Caroli Disease/pathology , Caroli Disease/drug therapy , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Adrenergic beta-Agonists/therapeutic use , Diuretics, Potassium Sparing/therapeutic use , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/drug therapy
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