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1.
Infectio ; 25(4): 293-295, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1286725

ABSTRACT

Resumen La trombosis venosa cerebral (TVC) es una presentación clínica poco común del tromboembolismo venoso caracterizada por cefalea, crisis convulsivas, déficits neurológicos focales y papiledema. El diagnóstico es confirmado con Tomografía axial computarizada (TAC) de cráneo y Resonancia magnética nuclear (RMN) cerebral. La TVC tiene una relación importante con el virus de inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH), ya que los pacientes VIH positivos cursan con hiperviscosidad san guínea, alteraciones de factores anticoagulantes endógenos y riesgo de sobreinfección, entre otros; que predisponen a estados protrombóticos y lesión vascular como lo es la TVC. El tratamiento de la TVC es terapia anticoagulante, por lo general se utiliza heparina no fraccionada o heparina de bajo peso molecular para la fase aguda y anticoagulantes orales como la warfarina para el mantenimiento posterior. Reportamos el primer caso documentado de TVC en un paciente VIH positivo en Colombia.


Abstract Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare clinical presentation of venous thromboembolism characterized by headache, seizures, neurological deficits and papi lledema. The diagnosis is confirmed using computed tomography scan (CT scan) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain. CVT has an important relationship with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) given that HIV-positive patients may present with blood hyperviscosity, irregular levels of endogenous anticoagulation factors and risk of sepsis among others, that predispose to prothrombotic states and vascular injury such as CVT. The treatment of CVT is anticoagulant therapy, generally unfractionated heparin or low molecular weight heparin for the early phase and oral anticoagulants such as warfarin for the late phase. This case reports the first documented case of CVT in an HIV positive patient in Colombia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Venous Thromboembolism , Skull , Brain , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , HIV , Headache , Hepatitis B
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(5): 853-856, oct. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351061

ABSTRACT

Resumen La prosopagnosia es un tipo de agnosia visual caracterizada por la incapacidad de reconocer los rostros de las personas. Existen básicamente dos variantes, aperceptivas y asociativas. El "efecto Tortoni" es un fenómeno descripto por Bekinschtein y col. hace unos años en mozos de café en Buenos Aires, quienes utilizaban esta herramienta para recordar los pedidos de cada integrante de una mesa. Presentamos un caso de prosopagnosia asociada a lesión temporo-occipital bilateral secundaria a traumatismo encefalocra neano, manifestada en forma inicial por la falta de reconocimiento de rostros, con la utilización de una estra tegia asociativa similar a la descripta en el efecto "Tortoni" como compensación. Mujer de 62 años que sufrió un traumatismo encefalocraneano grave. Pocos meses después del evento, presentó dificultad para reconocer personas conocidas, hecho evidenciado por sus allegados cuando en una mesa los integrantes cambiaron su asiento, permanecieron callados por unos instantes, y posteriormente la paciente continuó nombrándolos por su ubicación previa. En la resonancia magnética de cerebro se objetivaron lesiones contusas de aspecto secuelar en región temporo-occipital bilateral. La prosopagnosia adquirida secundaria a lesiones focales en la región temporo-occipital generalmente bilateral, derecha, y raramente izquierda, es un cuadro poco frecuente. La es trategia utilizada en el "efecto Tortoni" fue en nuestra paciente una de las manifestaciones iniciales del cuadro. La realización de un test neuropsicológico ecológico que considere esta estrategia podría ser de utilidad en el rastreo y detección precoz de esta entidad.


Abstract Proposapnosia is a type of visual agnosia characterized by the inability to recognize people's faces. There are basically two variants, apperceptive and associative. The "Tortoni effect" is a phenomenon described by Bekinschtein et al a few years ago in waiters from Buenos Aires, who used this tool to remember the orders of each member of a table. We present a case of prosopagnosia associated with bilateral temporo-occipital injury secondary to head trauma, initially manifested by the lack of face recognition with the use of an associative strategy similar to that described in the "Tortoni effect" as compensation, in a 62-year-old female who suffered a severe head injury. A few months after this event, the patient had difficulty in recognizing familiar people, a fact evidenced by her relatives when at a restaurant table, they changed their seats, remained silent momentarily, and right after the patient kept naming them by their previous location. The magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed blunt sequelae lesions in the bilateral temporo-occipital region. Acquired prosopagnosia due to focal lesions in the temporo-occipital region, generally bilateral and right, and less frequently left, is a rare condition. The strategy used in the "Tortoni effect" was one of the initial manifestations of the condition in our patient. Carrying out an ecological neuropsychological test that considers this strategy could be useful in the screening and early detection of this entity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Prosopagnosia/diagnosis , Prosopagnosia/etiology , Brain , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neuropsychological Tests
3.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(5): 840-842, oct. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351036

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se describe el caso de una paciente de 27 años que se presentó al servicio de urgencias por hipoestesia y parestesia de dos meses de evolución. El cuadro se inició en ambos pies, progresó en pocos días hasta las rodillas sin trastornos de la marcha y se acompañó de distonías en pulgar e índice de ambas manos. La analítica sanguínea incluyendo tóxicos fue negativa. La resonancia magnética medular mostró una imagen sugestiva de mielopatía o mielitis (C3-C5) sin otras anomalías sugestivas de enfermedad sistémica. El análisis bioquímico y el bacteriológico del líquido cefalorraquídeo fueron normales. Ante estos elementos se re-interrogó a la paciente en busca de consumo de tóxicos inusuales con la confirmación de consumo de óxido nitroso. La paciente fue internada para la realización de otros estudios que confirmaron la hipótesis diagnóstica del servicio de urgencias.


Abstract We describe the case of a 27-year-old female patient who presented to the emergency ward with hypoesthesia and paresthesia developing over the last two months, initially in both feet and progressing to the knees in a few days without associated gait disorders. Dystonia in the thumb and index finger of both hands was noted. Blood tests including toxic drugs were negative. The spinal magnetic resonance imaging was consistent with (C3-C5) myelopathy or myelitis without other abnormalities suggestive of systemic diseases. The biochemi cal and bacteriological analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid was normal. Because of these findings, the patient was re-interviewed to determine the consumption of unusual drugs, and nitrous oxide consumption was referred. The patient was admitted for further studies, which confirmed the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Spinal Cord Diseases/chemically induced , Spinal Cord Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Nitrous Oxide/adverse effects , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
4.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 322-328, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345302

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD) is an inflammatory bowel disease characterized by a chronic and recurrent inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract caused by an interaction of genetic and environmental factors. OBJECTIVE: To compare the quality and acceptance of two different oral contrast volumes for computed tomography enterography in Crohn's disease patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 58 consecutive Crohn's disease patients who randomly received an oral contrast agent composed of 78.75 g polyethylene glycol diluted in either 1,000 mL or 2,000 mL of water. An examination was performed to evaluate the presence of inflammation or complications in the small bowel. The variables included the quality of intestinal segment filling and luminal distension, and oral contrast agent acceptance and tolerance in the patients. Statistical analysis included descriptive statistics and association tests. RESULTS: A total of 58 patients were assessed, in which 58.6% were female, 34.5% exhibited clinically-active disease, and 63.8% were receiving biologic therapy. As for comparative analysis between the two different volumes of oral contrast, no statistically significant difference was found regarding bowel loop filling (P=0.58) and adequate luminal distension (P=0.45). Patients who received a larger volume (2,000 mL) exhibited side-effects more frequently (51.7% vs 31.0%; P=0.06) and had greater difficulty ingesting the agent (65.5% vs 37.9%; P=0.07) compared with a volume of 1,000 mL. CONCLUSION: The quality of computed tomography enterography was not influenced by the contrast volume. However, acceptance and tolerance were better in the 1,000 mL group.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A doença de Crohn (DC) é uma doença inflamatória intestinal caracterizada por uma inflamação crônica e recorrente do trato gastrointestinal causada por uma interação de fatores genéticos e ambientais. OBJETIVO: Comparar a qualidade e aceitação de dois volumes diferentes de contraste oral para enterografia por tomografia computadorizada em pacientes com doença de Crohn. MÉTODOS: Um estudo transversal foi conduzido em 58 pacientes com doença de Crohn que receberam aleatoriamente um agente de contraste oral composto por 78,75 g de polietilenoglicol diluído em 1.000 mL ou 2.000 mL de água. Um exame foi realizado para avaliar a presença de inflamação ou complicações no intestino delgado. As variáveis incluíram a qualidade do preenchimento do segmento intestinal e distensão luminal e aceitação e tolerância do contraste oral nos pacientes. A análise estatística incluiu estatística descritiva e testes de associação. RESULTADOS: Foram avaliados 58 pacientes, dos quais 58,6% eram mulheres, 34,5% apresentavam doença clinicamente ativa e 63,8% estavam recebendo terapia biológica. Quanto à análise comparativa entre os dois diferentes volumes de contraste oral, não foi encontrada diferença estatisticamente significativa em relação ao enchimento da alça intestinal (P=0,58) e distensão luminal adequada (P=0,45). Pacientes que receberam um volume maior (2.000 mL) exibiram efeitos colaterais com mais frequência (51,7% vs 31,0%; P=0,06) e tiveram maior dificuldade para ingerir o agente (65,5% vs 37,9%; P=0,07) em comparação com um volume de 1.000 mL. CONCLUSÃO: A qualidade da entero-tomografia computadorizada não foi influenciada pelo volume de contraste. No entanto, aceitação e tolerância foram melhores no grupo de 1.000 mL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Crohn Disease/diagnostic imaging , Contrast Media , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cross-Sectional Studies , Intestine, Small
5.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 253-256, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288571

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Discuss the application of magnetic resonance imaging in evaluating ankle motion injury. Objective Verify the influencing factors of magnetic resource imaging (MRI) diagnosis based on the linear regression algorithm model. Methods The experimental group was diagnosed by MRI, while the control group was diagnosed by plain X-ray. After that, the mathematical model of the linear regression algorithm was constructed. Results It could be concluded that the MRI detection rate was 85.71%, and the X-ray plain film detection rate was 77.14%. The linear regression model analysis showed that the P-value of cartilage injury, tendon fracture, bone contusion, and soft tissue swelling was greater than 0.05. Conclusions MRI has more advantages in the application of ankle joint diagnosis. And ligament injury and joint effusion are the influencing factors of MRI diagnosis, which can highly indicate the authenticity of the injury in the ankle joint. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução Discutir a aplicação da ressonância magnética na avaliação da lesão motora do tornozelo. Objetivo Verificar os fatores que influenciam o diagnóstico de imagens de recursos magnéticos (RM) com base no modelo de algoritmo de regressão linear. Métodos O grupo experimental foi diagnosticado por ressonância magnética, enquanto o grupo controle foi diagnosticado por radiografia simples. Em seguida, foi construído o modelo matemático do algoritmo de regressão linear. Resultados Concluiu-se que a taxa de detecção da ressonância magnética foi de 85,71% e a taxa de detecção da placa de raios X simples foi de 77,14%. A análise do modelo de regressão linear mostrou que o valor P para lesão da cartilagem, fratura do tendão, contusão óssea e edema do tecido mole foi maior que 0,05. Conclusões a ressonância magnética apresenta mais vantagens na aplicação do diagnóstico da articulação do tornozelo. E a lesão ligamentar e derrame articular são os fatores que influenciam o diagnóstico de ressonância magnética, o que pode indicar amplamente a autenticidade da lesão articular do tornozelo. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos: investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción Discutir la aplicación de la resonancia magnética en la evaluación de la lesión por movimiento del tobillo. Objetivo Verificar los factores que influyen en el diagnóstico de imágenes de recursos magnéticos (IRM) basado en el modelo de algoritmo de regresión lineal. Métodos El grupo experimental fue diagnosticado por resonancia magnética, mientras que el grupo control fue diagnosticado por radiografía simple. Después de eso, se construyó el modelo matemático del algoritmo de regresión lineal. Resultados Se pudo concluir que la tasa de detección de resonancia magnética fue del 85,71% y la tasa de detección de la placa simple de rayos X fue del 77,14%. El análisis del modelo de regresión lineal mostró que el valor P de la lesión del cartílago, la fractura del tendón, la contusión ósea y la hinchazón de los tejidos blandos fue superior a 0,05. Conclusiones la RM tiene más ventajas en la aplicación del diagnóstico de la articulación del tobillo. Y la lesión de ligamentos y el derrame articular son los factores que influyen en el diagnóstico de resonancia magnética, que pueden indicar en gran medida la autenticidad de la lesión en la articulación del tobillo. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Ankle Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Algorithms , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Linear Models , Sensitivity and Specificity
6.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 42(2): 243-248, jun./dez. 2021. Ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1293206

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o músculo reto femoral é o músculo mais frequentemente lesado do grupo quadríceps durante chutes e corridas repetitivas, apesar de suas avulsões serem raras. A dor localizada na coxa proximal e a incapacidade de flexionar o quadril e/ou estender o joelho associado à história do paciente de contração violenta ou alongamento forçado do grupo muscular do quadríceps femoral podem indicar uma avulsão do reto femoral. Objetivo: relatar um caso e revisar a literatura acerca desta lesão incomum. Materiais e Métodos: revisão do prontuário, registro fotográfico do método diagnóstico e revisão da literatura. Resultados: homem de 46 anos com dor localizada no quadril esquerdo com irradiação para a coxa por três meses após cair no chão com a região dolorida em um jogo de futebol. A dor começou subitamente uma semana após a queda. A ressonância magnética do quadril apresentava avulsão completa do reto femoral esquerdo, distando 2 cm da espinha ilíaca anterior inferior com efusão líquida adjacente. Conclusão: este relato demonstra a dificuldade de diagnosticar essa lesão, pois o seu exame físico é inespecífico, podendo simular patologias mais complexas, necessitando de exames complementares para seu correto diagnóstico.


Introduction: the rectus femoris muscle is the most frequently injured muscle of the quadriceps group during repetitive kicking and sprinting. Avulsions of the rectus femoris are rare injuries. Pain located at the proximal thigh and disability in flexing the hip and/or extending the knee associated with a patient history of a violent contraction or forceful stretching of the quadriceps femoris muscle group can indicate an avulsion of rectus femoris. Objective: report a case and review the literature about this uncommon lesion. Materials and Methods: we reviewed medical records, photographic records of diagnostic methods, and reviews from the literature. Results: a 46-year-old man with pain located at the left anterior hip with irradiation to the thigh for three months after falling to the ground with the sore region in a soccer game. The pain started suddenly one week after the fall. The MRI of the hip featured complete avulsion of the left rectus femoris, being 2 cm distal from the anterior inferior iliac spine with adjacent liquid effusion. Conclusion: this report demonstrates the difficulty of diagnosing this lesion, since its physical examination is non-specific, and it can simulate more complex pathologies, requiring complementary tests for its correct diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Middle Aged , Tendon Injuries , Thigh , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Quadriceps Muscle
8.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 359-366, jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346470

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome de leucoencefalopatía posterior reversible (PRES) es un desorden neurológico agudo caracterizado por cefalea, alteración de la conciencia, convulsiones y alteraciones visuales, con imágenes de edema vasogénico reversible en regiones cerebrales posteriores. Nos propusimos describir una serie de casos de pacientes trasplantados que desarrollaron PRES, caracterizando su presentación, evolución clínica, imágenes y terapéutica. Se analizaron historias clínicas informatizadas desde enero 2009 hasta enero 2019. Se recabaron datos demográficos, antecedentes clínicos, motivos y días de internación, tiempos desde el trasplante a la presentación clínica y diagnóstico. Se evaluó la mejoría/resolución en estudios por imágenes y la supervivencia anual. Se identificaron 27 pacientes con PRES; 22 trasplantados de órgano sólido de 1647 totales (1.3%) y 5 de médula ósea de 617 totales (0.8%). La media de edad fue de 38.2 años (DS 19.5), 62.9% de sexo femenino, 59.2% (16) antes del año del trasplante. Las comorbilidades más frecuentes enfermedad renal (14; 51%) e hipertensión arterial (11; 40%). Se realizó tomografía axial computarizada (TAC) a 23 pacientes (85.1%), siendo patológica en 11 (47.8%), y resonancia magnética nuclear (RMN) a 25 (92.6%), mostrando patrón característico en 17 (62.9%), con mejoría/resolución antes del año en 20 (74%). El tratamiento fue sintomático, modificando la inmunosupresión. Se registraron 5 óbitos durante la internación y otros 3 antes del año, con una supervivencia anual del 70.3% (19). La población de trasplantados, en crecimiento en nuestro medio, es particularmente susceptible al PRES. Tanto su presentación en estudios por imágenes, como su comorbilidad, difieren de otras poblaciones.


Abstract Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is an acute neurological disorder characterized by headache, encephalopathy, seizures and visual disturbances, with reversible vasogenic edema in posterior brain areas. The aim of this research was to describe a case series of transplanted patients who developed PRES, characterize their presentation, treatment, clinical and imaging evolution. Electronic medi cal records were analyzed from January 2009 to January 2019. Demographic data, clinical backgrounds, causes of admission, hospital length of stay and time from transplantation to PRES were collected. Image improvement/ resolution and annual survival were assessed. We identified 27 patients with PRES; 22 of 1647 total solid-organ transplant (1.3%) and 5 of 617 total bone marrow transplant (0.8%). The mean age at presentation was 38.2 years (SD 19.5), 62.9% female, 59.2% (16) before the year of transplantation. The most common comorbidities were kidney disease (14; 51%) and high blood pressure (11; 40%). Computed axial tomography (CT) was per formed in 23 patients (85.1%), with pathological findings in 11 (47.8%). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of 25 (92.6%), showed a characteristic pattern in 17 (62.9%) with improvement/resolution before the year in 20 (74%). Treatment was symptomatic, modifying immunosuppression. Five deaths were recorded during hospital stay and another 3 before the year of admission, with an annual survival of 70.3% (19 patients). Organ transplant trend is growing in our region. These patients are particularly susceptible to PRES, with a different imaging presentation and comorbidities from other populations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome/etiology , Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome/epidemiology , Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Hypertension , Seizures , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Follow-Up Studies
9.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1248721

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas osteocondrales (FOC) traumáticas de rodilla en la edad pediátrica, son lesiones que acompañan hasta un 30% de las luxaciones agudas de rótula (LAR). Si no se mantiene una elevada sospecha clínica, es frecuente su retraso diagnóstico, pudiendo generar potenciales complicaciones. A propósito, presentamos el caso de una paciente de 12 años con una FOC post LAR que pasó inadvertida en la primera consulta, requiriendo la fijación del fragmento osteocondral con tornillos HCS a los 5 meses, logrando un excelente resultado funcional a los 54 meses de seguimiento.


Traumatic osteochondral fractures (OCF) of the knee in pediatric age are injuries that accompany up to 30% of acute patellar dislocations (APD). If high clinical suspicion is not maintained, its diagnostic delay is frequent, and may generate potential complications. Incidentally, we present the case of a 12-year-old patient with a post-APD OCF that went unnoticed in the first consultation, requiring fixation of the osteochondral fragment with HCS screws at 5 months. Achieving an excellent functional result at 54 months follow-up.


As fraturas osteocondrais traumáticas (FOC) do joelho em idade pediátrica são lesões que acompanham até 30% das luxações agudas da patela (LAP). Se uma alta suspeita clínica não for mantida, seu atraso no diagnóstico é frequente e pode gerar complicações potenciais. A propósito, apresentamos o caso de um paciente de 12 anos com FOC pós-LAP que passou despercebido na primeira consulta, exigindo fixação do fragmento osteocondral com parafusos HCS em 5 meses. Obtendo um excelente resultado funcional aos 54 de acompanhamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Knee Injuries/surgery , Knee Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Bone Screws , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Patellar Dislocation/complications , Fracture Fixation , Knee Injuries/etiology
11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 78-82, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288653

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the feasibility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to obtain the critical shoulder angle (CSA) comparing the results obtained through radiography and MRI, and assess the learning curves. Methods In total, 15 patients were evaluated in a blinded and randomized way. The CSA was measured and compared among groups and subgroups. Results The mean angles measured through the radiographic images were of 34.61 ± 0.67 and the mean angles obtained through the MRI scans were of 33.85 ± 0.53 (p = 0.29). No significant differences have been found among the groups. The linear regression presented a progressive learning curve among the subgroups, from fellow in shoulder surgery to shoulder specialist and radiologist. Conclusion There was no statistically significant difference in the X-rays and MRI assessments. The MRI seems to have its efficacy associated with more experienced evaluators. Data dispersion was smaller for the MRI data regardless of the experience of the evaluator.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a confiabilidade da obtenção do ângulo crítico do ombro (ACO) na ressonância magnética (RM) comparada com esse mesmo ângulo obtido por meio de radiografias, e avaliar a curva de aprendizado do método. Métodos As imagens de radiografias e RMs de 15 pacientes foram avaliadas prospectivamente de forma cega e randômica. O ACO foi medido e comparado entre os grupos e subgrupos. Resultados A média dos ACOs nas imagens de radiografia foi de 34,61º ± 0,67, e, na RM, 33,85º ± 0,53 (p = 0,29). Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa. Houve curva de aprendizado progressiva na regressão linear entre os subgrupos, de especializando em ombro a especialista e radiologista. Conclusão Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre o ACO por imagens de radiografia e RM. O método da RM parece ter sua eficiência associada a avaliadores mais experientes. Independente da experiência do avaliador, a variabilidade dos dados foi menor nas avaliações por RM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder Joint , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Radiography , Double-Blind Method , Reproducibility of Results , Rotator Cuff , Learning Curve
12.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(1): 120-130, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134327

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aim: To evaluate the radiotherapy (RT) effect in the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) function in men with prostate cancer (PC). Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study included three groups of patients with PC and RT indication: 1) Pre-RT group: evaluated before the beginning of RT; 2) Acute group: evaluated between six months and one year after RT; 3) Late Group: evaluated between two and a half years and four years post-RT. PFM assessment was divided into: a) functional assessment through the digital anal palpation (Modified Oxford Scale) and surface electromyography (sEMG) with anal probe; b) anatomical assessment by pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with thickness measurements of levator ani muscle and pelvic specific parameters at rest and under Valsalva maneuver. We used Student t test, considering as significant p <0.05. Results: Thirty-three men were assessed: Pre-RT (n=12); Acute (n=10) and Late (n=11) groups. PFM functional assessment showed Late group with lower electromyographic activity, especially in the sustained contractions when compared to the Pre-RT (p=0.003) and Acute groups (p=0.006). There was no significant difference between groups in MRI. Conclusion: PFM functional assessment showed a decrease in sEMG activity in the Late group post-RT. Most of the sample (72.7%) did not know how to actively contract the PFM or had a weak voluntary contraction when assessed by digital anal palpation. Also, these patients presented higher prevalence of pelvic complaints. No changes were observed in the morpho-functional parameters evaluated by MRI, except the measurement of the membranous urethra length when comparing Pre-RT Group and Acute and Late Groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostate/immunology , Pelvic Floor/diagnostic imaging , Palpation , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Electromyography , Muscle Contraction
13.
Medisan ; 25(1)ene.-feb. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1154858

ABSTRACT

La inestabilidad patelofemoral es una entidad que afecta principalmente a adolescentes y adultos jóvenes. En su diagnóstico se consideran elementos clínicos e imagenológicos, en especial para medir la distancia entre la tuberosidad anterior de la tibia y el surco intercondíleo, que permite la selección de la técnica quirúrgica en cada paciente, en específico la transferencia de la tuberosidad anterior de la tibia. En este artículo se exponen brevemente algunos aspectos de interés sobre el tema: métodos imagenológicos empleados en estos pacientes (radiografía simple, tomografía axial computarizada, imagen por resonancia magnética) y valores de referencia considerados como normales; también se describe por pasos cómo medir la distancia entre la tuberosidad anterior de la tibia y el surco intercondíleo.


The patellofemoral instability is an entity that mainly affects adolescents and young adults. In its diagnosis clinical and imaging elements are considered, especially to measure the tibial-tuberosity to trochlear groove distance that allows the selection of the surgical technique in each patient, in specific the transfer of the tibial-tuberosity. In this work some aspects of interest on the topic are shortly exposed: the imaging methods used in these patients (simple x-rays, computerized axial tomography, magnetic resonance imaging) and the reference values considered as normal; it is also described step by step how to measure the tibial-tuberosity to trochlear groove distance.


Subject(s)
Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Patellofemoral Joint/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Patellofemoral Joint/diagnostic imaging
14.
J. afr. imag. méd ; 13(1): 31-35, 2021. Tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1342864

ABSTRACT

Objectif :Décrire le profil épidémiologique et remnologique des pathologies retrouvées chez les patients adressés pour IRM hypophysaire dans le service d'imagerie médicale du CHU-B. Patients et Méthode :il s'agissait d'une étude transversale descriptive, réalisée au service d'imagerie médicale du CHU de Brazzaville de janvier 2014 à décembre 2018. Tous les patients adressés pour IRM hypophysaire étaient inclus. Les examens ont été réalisés sur une IRM de haut champ de 1,5 Tesla sans et avec injection de produit de contraste. Les données épidémiologiques, l'indication et les résultats retrouvés ont été traitées avec le logiciel Microsoft Excel 2013. Résultats :Cinquante-huit IRM étaient retenues durant la période d'étude. L'âge moyen des patients était de 38,24 ± 11,52 ans avec des extrêmes allant de 12 à 74 ans et un âge médian de 36 ans. Le sexe ratio (F/H) était de 4,8 avec 48 femmes (82,76%). La galactorrhée était le motif de consultation le plus fréquemment retrouvé (21,88% des cas), suivie des aménorrhées (18,75%). L'adénome hypophysaire était la pathologie la plus fréquente devant les selles turciques vides et les kystes de la poche de Rathke. Conclusion :La pathologie hypophysaire est l'apanage du sujet jeune de sexe féminin. Son mode de révélation le plus fréquent est celui de troubles gynécologiques et/ou endocriniens. Les adénomes constituent la quasi-totalité de la pathologie hypophysaire avec une nette prédominance de macroadénome. L'IRM apporte des informations essentielles au diagnostic de cespathologies malgré son accessibilité et sa disponibilité qui restent encore limité.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pituitary Neoplasms , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Central Nervous System Cysts , Galactorrhea , Pituitary Gland , Congo
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879541

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and genetic variant in a Chinese pedigree affected with thiamine pyrophosphokinase deficiency (TPKD).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the pedigree were analyzed retrospectively and summarized from the perspectives of clinical manifestation, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and genotype. Relevant literature was also reviewed.@*RESULTS@#The proband, a female, has developed paroxysmal ataxia with dystonia at the age of 2-year-and-8-month. The ataxia has recurred for 7-8 times. The child had died at 11 years old due to recurrence and aggravation of the disease. MRI showed diffuse symmetrical lesions of brain parenchyma and spinal cord. Her brother had similar symptoms and died at 6. The parents were consanguineous but healthy. Genetic testing revealed that the girl has carried homozygous c.161C>T variants of the TPK1 gene, suggesting the diagnosis of TPKD. So far 15 cases of TPKD have been reported, among which 9 were from consanguineous marriages. The disease usually occurs before the age of 3, and most patients had featured paroxysmal encephalopathy and recurrent infections. Symmetrical celebral cortex, basal ganglia and cerebellum lesions were common. Missense mutations of the TPK1 gene were common. Vitamin B1 was effective in some cases.@*CONCLUSION@#For infants featuring encephalopathy, ataxia, dystonia and other phenotypes, early genetic testing should be recommended in order to provide guidance for clinical treatment and genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Child , China , Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , Infant , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Mutation , Pedigree , Retrospective Studies , Thiamin Pyrophosphokinase/genetics
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879438

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis and T2WI high signal in the interspinous ligament in MRI in order to improve the understanding of the signal changes of the interspinous ligament.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 43 patients with clinically diagnosed lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis were collected from March 2018 to March 2020, there were 19 males and 24 females, aged 50 to 92 years with an average of 69 years old. Using picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) to access images and record the distribution and incidence of T2WI high signal in the interspinous ligament between the slipped and non-slipped segments. Using Spearman correlation analysis to explore the relationshipbetween the T2WI high signal of the interspinous ligament and the degree of lumbar spondylolisthesis.@*RESULTS@#Except for 8 ligaments that were not included in the statistical results due to poor image quality, 43 patients with a total of 207 lumbar vertebrae and interspinous ligaments were included in the study. According to the Meyerding classification method, 43 patients had a total of 48 segments with spondylolisthesis, 41 segments in grade Ⅰ and 7 segments in grade Ⅱ. There were 30 cases of MRI T2WI high signal in the interspinous ligament corresponding to spondylolisthesis segment, including 3 cases on L@*CONCLUSION@#In patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis, the MRI T2WI hyperintensity is more common in the interspinous ligament. The occurrence of T2WI high signal is positively correlated with the degree of spondylolisthesis, which should be payed enough attention in imaging diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Ligaments, Articular , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Spondylolisthesis/diagnostic imaging
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879393

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical application of 1.5 T MRI in acute rotator interval injury.@*METHODS@#Totally 160 patients with acute rotator cuff tear by clinical diagnosis were retrospectively analyzed by MRI examination and arthroscopy from March 2016 to February 2019, including 122 males and 38 females, aged from 22 to 71 years old with an average of (42.35±3.48) years old. Based on the results of arthroscopy as the gold standard, the shape and signal changes of rotator cuff, rotator interval, peripheral bursa, bone and soft tissue were observed by MRI on axial, oblique coronal and oblique sagittal imagese.@*RESULTS@#The direct MRI signs of acute rotator interval injury displayed thickening, diminution, distortion, interruption of the coracohumeral ligament and superior glenohumeral ligament complex with highsignal intensity on fat-suppression by proton weighted sequence. The indirect MRI signs displayed rotator cuff, peripheral bone and soft tissue injury. The consistency of the results between the two methods was quite satisfactory (Kappa=0.85), and the concordance rate of the two methods has statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#MRI could clearly display acute rotator interval, and could accurately diagnose acute rotator interval injury, which provide more accurate imaging basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Arthroscopy , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Rotator Cuff/diagnostic imaging , Rotator Cuff Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Young Adult
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879391

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate relationship between cold pain of knee joint and subchondral bone marrow edema (BME).@*METHODS@#From May 2018 to August 2019, 92 patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) associated with cold pain of knee were admitted, all patients were underwent MRI examination. The patients were divided into observation group (47 patients with BME) and control group(45 patients without BME). In observation group, there were 6 males and 41 females aged from 36 to 87 years old with an average of (63.2±12.3) years old. In control group, there were 10 males and 35 females, aged from 48 to 84 years old with an average of (62.7±8.3) years old. All patientswere treated with drugs. The degree of joint degeneration was evaluated by Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grading. Degree of cold pain of knee was evaluated by knee cold pain score, and degree of BME was evaluated according to WORMS. The correlation between cold pain of knee and K-L grading and BME was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Score of cold pain in observation group (15.55±7.68) was higher than that of control group (9.42± 5.50), which had significant difference (@*CONCLUSION@#The cold pain of KOA patients is not related to K-L grading, but corelate with BME grading. The Cold pain of knee was more pronounced in KOA patients with BME, and the severity of BME is often related to degree of cold pain. It seemed to be a tendency:the more serious BME, the heavier coldpain.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Marrow , Edema , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Pain/etiology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879263

ABSTRACT

With the wide application of deep learning technology in disease diagnosis, especially the outstanding performance of convolutional neural network (CNN) in computer vision and image processing, more and more studies have proposed to use this algorithm to achieve the classification of Alzheimer's disease (AD), mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and normal cognition (CN). This article systematically reviews the application progress of several classic convolutional neural network models in brain image analysis and diagnosis at different stages of Alzheimer's disease, and discusses the existing problems and gives the possible development directions in order to provide some references.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease/diagnostic imaging , Cognitive Dysfunction/diagnosis , Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neural Networks, Computer
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879262

ABSTRACT

Image-guided radiation therapy using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a new technology that has been widely studied and developed in recent years. The technology combines the advantages of MRI imaging, and can offer online real-time tracking of tumor and adjacent organs at risk, as well as real-time optimization of radiotherapy plan. In order to provide a comprehensive understanding of this technology, and to grasp the international development and trends in this field, this paper reviews and summarizes related researches, so as to make the researchers and clinical personnel in this field to understand recent status of this technology, and carry out corresponding researches. This paper summarizes the advantages of MRI and the research progress of MRI linear accelerator (MR-Linac), online guidance, adaptive optimization, and dosimetry-related research. Possible development direction of these technologies in the future is also discussed. It is expected that this review can provide a certain reference value for clinician and related researchers to understand the research progress in the field.


Subject(s)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Particle Accelerators , Radiometry , Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted , Radiotherapy, Image-Guided
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