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1.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(1): 1-17, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1412901

ABSTRACT

Objective: the aim of this study was to analyse the performance of the technique of texture analysis (TA) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of temporomandibular joints (TMJs) as a tool for identification of possible changes in individuals with migraine headache (MH) by relating the findings to the presence of internal derangements. Material and Methods: thirty MRI scans of the TMJ were selected for study, of which 15 were from individuals without MH or any other type of headache (control group) and 15 from those diagnosed with migraine. T2-weighted MRI scans of the articular joints taken in closed-mouth position were used for TA. The co-occurrence matrix was used to calculate the texture parameters. Fisher's exact test was used to compare the groups for gender, disc function and disc position, whereas Mann-Whitney's test was used for other parameters. The relationship of TA with disc position and function was assessed by using logistic regression adjusted for side and group. Results: the results indicated that the MRI texture analysis of articular discs in individuals with migraine headache has the potential to determine the behaviour of disc derangements, in which high values of contrast, low values of entropy and their correlation can correspond to displacements and tendency for non-reduction of the disc in these individuals. Conclusion: the TA of articular discs in individuals with MH has the potential to determine the behaviour of disc derangements based on high values of contrast and low values of entropy (AU)


Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o desempenho da técnica de análise de textura (AT) em exames de ressonância magnética (RM) das articulações temporomandibulares (ATM) como ferramenta para identificação de possíveis alterações em indivíduos com cefaléia migrânea (CM) relacionando os achados com a presença de desarranjos internos. Material e Métodos: trinta exames de RM das ATM foram selecionados para estudo, sendo 15 de indivíduos sem cefaleia migrânea ou qualquer outro tipo de cefaléia (grupo controle) e 15 diagnosticados com CM. As imagens de RM ponderadas em T2 das articulações realizadas na posição de boca fechada foram usadas para AT. A matriz de co-ocorrência foi usada para calcular os parâmetros de textura. O teste exato de Fisher foi usado para comparar os grupos quanto ao sexo, função do disco e posição do disco, enquanto o teste de Mann-Whitney foi usado para os demais parâmetros. A relação da AT com a posição e função do disco foi avaliada por meio de regressão logística ajustada para lado e grupo. Resultados: a AT por RM dos discos articulares em indivíduos com cefaleia migrânea tem o potencial de determinar o comportamento dos desarranjos discais, em que altos valores de contraste, baixos valores de entropia e sua correlação podem corresponder a deslocamentos e tendência a não redução do disco nesses indivíduos. Conclusão: a análise de textura dos discos articulares em indivíduos com CM tem potencial para determinar o comportamento dos desarranjos do disco com base em altos valores de contraste e baixos valores de entropia. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Temporomandibular Joint Disc , Headache Disorders
2.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(3): 324-327, sept. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409940

ABSTRACT

Resumen La adenopatía dermatopática es una entidad histopatológica que consiste en un aumento del tamaño ganglionar en respuesta a enfermedades cutáneas crónicas. En el análisis histopatológico se observa una hiperplasia paracortical con presencia de células dendríticas, células de Langerhans e histiocitos. La presentación clínica más habitual es la aparición de adenopatías de características benignas con o sin prurito en pacientes con antecedentes de enfermedad cutánea. La aparición de masas laterocervicales es un motivo de consulta frecuente en otorrinolaringología. Presentamos el caso de un paciente exfumador de 41 años que consultó por aparición brusca de una masa cervical quística, sugestiva de quiste braquial o de una adenopatía quística. Una vez descartada malignidad, se procedió a realizar exéresis de la lesión mediante cervicotomía para diagnóstico patológico. El estudio de la muestra confirmó el diagnóstico de adenopatía dermatopática en un paciente sin antecedente de enfermedad cutánea previa.


Abstract Dermatopathic lymphadenopathy is a histopathologic entity which consists on reactive lymphadenopathy in the setting of chronic cutaneous diseases. The histologic examination is characterized by paracortical hyperplasia with presence of dendritic cells, Langerhans cells and histiocytes. The most common clinical presentation is the presence of lymphadenopathy with benign characteristics with or without pruritus in patients with prior history of cutaneous disease. The appearance of laterocervical masses is a frequent reason for consultation in otorhinolaryngology. We present the case of a 41-year-old ex-smoker who consulted due to the sudden appearance of a cystic cervical mass, suggestive of a brachial cyst or cystic adenopathy. Once malignancy had been ruled out, excision of the lesion within cervicotomy was performed in order to reach a pathological diagnosis. The histologic study confirmed the diagnosis of dermatopathic adenopathy in a patient with no history of previous skin disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Skin Diseases/complications , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Lymphadenopathy/diagnosis , Lymphadenopathy/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Cysts , Diagnosis, Differential , Lymphatic Diseases
3.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(2): 179-183, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389852

ABSTRACT

Resumen La patología del sistema nervioso central, habitualmente, no provoca síntomas auditivos unilaterales, ya que la vía auditiva central está formada por una red de conexiones cruzadas entre los diferentes núcleos que la forman. Además, hay que considerar que una lesión pequeña puede extenderse a más de una estructura provocando varios déficits neurológicos debido a la proximidad de los tractos y núcleos nerviosos. Las lesiones unilaterales circunscritas en el colículo inferior son infrecuentes. No obstante, se han descrito casos en los que lesiones unilaterales de diversas etiologías en esta localización causaban síntomas auditivos. Ya que la vía auditiva central es cruzada, síntomas auditivos detectados con más frecuencia afectaban concretamente a la capacidad de localización del sonido o la comprensión verbal. Presentamos el caso de un hombre de 44 años con acúfeno unilateral derecho de larga evolución, sin otra clínica asociada quien fue diagnosticado de un tumor en el colículo inferior derecho mediante resonancia magnética cerebral. Se exponen los hallazgos clínicos y radiológicos del caso.


Abstract Central nervous system diseases usually do not cause auditory symptoms because the central auditory pathway consists on a network of crossed connections between the different nuclei that form it. In addition, we must consider that a small lesion might extend to more than one structure producing many neurologic symptoms due to the proximity of tracts and nuclei in the midbrain. Unilateral circumscribed lesions at inferior colliculus are rare. Nevertheless, lesions at this location causing auditory symptoms have been described. Because of the crossed central auditory pathway, the most commonly detected auditory symptoms specifically affected the ability to locate sound or verbal comprehension. We present the case of a 44-year-old man with a long-term monoaural right-sided tinnitus without other complaints who was diagnosed of a tumour at right inferior colliculus by neuroimaging. Clinical and radiological findings of this case are discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tinnitus/complications , Inferior Colliculi/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Central Nervous System Diseases , Neoplasms
4.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 33(2): 106-116, abr. - jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1395264

ABSTRACT

La tenosinovitis es una manifestación frecuente de la artritis reumatoidea (AR), asociada a la presencia de rupturas tendinosas, discapacidad funcional y procesos erosivos de las articulaciones adyacentes. En los últimos años el manejo clínico de la AR ha sido respaldado por diferentes métodos de evaluación por imágenes, como la ultrasonografía (US) y la resonancia magnética (RM). Estas son herramientas de gran utilidad en la práctica clínica porque permiten la detección precoz de la actividad de la enfermedad y, por lo tanto, un tratamiento oportuno. Por medio de diferentes escalas de evaluación del daño articular y periarticular (como el tendinoso) es posible valorar el estado de la enfermedad y la respuesta al tratamiento. La presente revisión tiene como objetivo describir las escalas de evaluación de la RM y la US en la valoración de la tenosinovitis en pacientes con AR.


Tenosynovitis is a frequent manifestation of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), it is associated with tendon ruptures, functional disability, and erosive processes in the adjacent joints. In recent years, RA clinical management has been supported by different imaging methods such as ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance (MR). These methods are particularly useful tools in clinical practice because they allow the early detection of disease activity and, therefore, prompt treatment. Through different evaluation scales of joint and periarticular damage (such as tendon) they also make possible to assess the state of the disease and the treatment response. The present review aims to describe the scores described for MRI and US to evaluate tenosynovitis in RA patients.


Subject(s)
Tenosynovitis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Ultrasonography
5.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(2): 190-194, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389855

ABSTRACT

Resumen El plasmocitoma extramedular es una neoplasia de células plasmáticas poco frecuente, que se ubica en 80% a 90% de los casos en la cabeza o cuello. Esta neoplasia representa menos del 1% de toda la patología maligna de cabeza y cuello. Dada la poca frecuencia de la patología y la escasez de casos publicados, esta entidad presenta una gran dificultad clínica y terapéutica. El diagnóstico se basa en el análisis histológico con inmunohistoquímica de la muestra obtenida, y el tratamiento varía según la ubicación, donde se puede realizar radioterapia o cirugía. En este artículo presentamos el caso de una paciente de 56 años, con antecedentes de otorrea de larga data en oído derecho, al examen físico presentaba un tumor que obstruía todo el conducto auditivo externo. Se realizó exéresis tumoral y la biopsia evidenció un plasmocitoma.


Abstract Extramedullary plasmacytoma is a rare plasma cell neoplasm, affecting 80% to 90% of the head or neck. This neoplasm represents less than 1% of all malignant head and neck pathology. Given the infrequency of the pathology and the scarcity of published cases, this entity presents great clinical and therapeutic difficulty. Diagnosis is based on histology and immunohistochemistry and treatment varies depending on the location, where radiation therapy or surgery can be performed. In this article, we present the case of a 56-year-old patient with a history of long-standing otorrhea in the right ear. Physical examination presented a tumor that obstructed the entire external auditory canal. Tumor excision was performed, and the biopsy revealed a plasmacytoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Plasmacytoma/surgery , Plasmacytoma/pathology , Plasmacytoma/diagnostic imaging , Ear Neoplasms/surgery , Ear Neoplasms/pathology , Ear Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Plasma Cells , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Diagnosis, Differential , Ear , Ear Canal
6.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 90(1): 53-56, ene.-jun. 2022. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1393246

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: Los infartos cerebelosos suponen una entidad rara con una incidencia baja del total de ictus isquémicos. El territorio más prevalente de los infartos cerebelosos son los de la arteria cerebelosa posterior inferior (PICA). Cuando los infartos se limitan al cerebelo, los pacientes típicamente experimentan síntomas no específicos, esto hace considerar otros diagnósticos de forma errónea. Descripción del caso clínico: paciente femenina de 54 años, con antecedente de hipertensión arterial, quien presentaba cefalea insidiosa y progresiva acompañado de vértigo, alteración en la marcha y deterioro progresivo del estado de conciencia. Se realizó imagen de Resonancia Magnética Cerebral (IRM), la cual reveló zonas hiper intensas bilaterales en región cerebelosa que delimitaban territorio vascular de la arteria cerebelosa posterior inferior además dilatación moderada del sistema ventricular. Fue intervenida quirúrgicamente, realizándose craniectomía suboccipital descompresiva; posterior a la cirugía presentó mejoría clínica. Conclusiones: El ictus isquémico cerebeloso bilateral es una forma infrecuente de ictus y su presentación clínica es muy diversa. El desarrollo de las neuroimágenes, juegan un papel importante para ayudar a los médicos a seleccionar el tratamiento adecuado. Alrededor de la mitad de los pacientes con infartos cerebelosos que presentan deterioro neurológico progresivo y son tratados con craniectomía suboccipital descompresiva tienen buenos resultados. El pilar fundamental de este caso fue el hacer un diagnóstico temprano de esta entidad, ya que permitió prevenir las posibles complicaciones graves asociadas al infarto cerebeloso, las cuales ocurren durante la primera semana del ictus y, por lo tanto, asegurar un pronóstico favorable para el paciente...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Lateral Medullary Syndrome , Cerebral Infarction/complications , Infarction, Posterior Cerebral Artery , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Cerebellum
7.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 37(1): 47-52, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397625

ABSTRACT

Benign tumors of peripheral nerves called Schwannomas or neurilemomas, correspond to a rare pathology, represent 5% of all tumors of the upper extremity, and affects, mainly, the ulnar nerve. The incidence of Schwannoma in the literature for the radial nerve is not clearly established given the infrequency of its presentation, there are only reports of isolated cases The following publication presents the case of a male patient with a radial nerve schwannoma. Clinically, presents increased painful volume on palpation, well delimited, of soft consistency in the distal third of the right arm of 3 years of evolution, without history of previous trauma, without irradiation, or paresthesia, with preservation of motor and sensory function of radial, median and ulnar nerve. Considering that the involvement of the radial nerve is very low frequency, a review is carried out in PubMed, in the last 10 years, there are only 9 studies, grouped in case reports and imaging studies for diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms/surgery , Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms/diagnosis , Radial Neuropathy , Biopsy , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Ultrasonography , Nerve Sheath Neoplasms/surgery , Nerve Sheath Neoplasms/diagnosis
8.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(2): eabc304, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400334

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A função sistodiastólica do ventrículo esquerdo é prognóstica nas doenças cardiovasculares e pode ser avaliada por strain longitudinal global por meio de ecocardiografia e de ressonância magnética cardíaca. O strain longitudinal global pela ressonância magnética cardíaca exige a utilização de software de alto custo. O deslocamento linear longitudinal do ventrículo esquerdo pode ser uma alternativa simples e barata ao strain longitudinal global, porém eles não foram ainda comparados sistematicamente. Objetivo: Comparar o deslocamento linear longitudinal com o strain longitudinal global e fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo em valvopatas aórticos e controles. Métodos: Incluímos 44 participantes (26 valvopatas aórticos/19 controles). O strain longitudinal global utilizou software específico (Circle Cardiovascular Imaging 42) e o deslocamento linear longitudinal apenas medidas lineares de distância entre a base e o ápex do ventrículo esquerdo, gerando deslocamento máximo, velocidade máxima no início da diástole, velocidade na diástase e a relação entre velocidade na diástase e velocidade máxima no início da diástole. Resultados: Deslocamento máximo e velocidade máxima no início da diástole correlacionaram-se com strain longitudinal global (r=0,69 e r=0,65 respectivamente) e com a fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (r=0,47 e r=0,57, p<0,001 para ambos). Deslocamento máximo e velocidade máxima no início da diástole apresentaram área sob a curva Característica de Operação do Receptor de 0,88 e 0,91 e, no melhor ponto de corte (-0,13 e 0,66), sensibilidade de 72,43% e 57,14% e especificidade 80,65% e 87,10%, respectivamente, quando comparados ao strain longitudinal global. Utilizando a fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo como referência, foram obtidos 0,70 e 0,82, e, no melhor ponto de corte (-0,11 e 0,61), sensibilidade de 75,00% e 50,00% e especificidade 72,97% e 78,38%, respectivamente. Conclusão: O deslocamento linear longitudinal foi semelhante ao strain longitudinal global. O deslocamento máximo derivado do deslocamento linear longitudinal foi o melhor parâmetro na sístole, enquanto a velocidade máxima no início da diástole foi o melhor na diástole, o que possibilita a avaliação da função diastólica pela ressonância magnética cardíaca na rotina clínica de forma rápida e sem custo adicional.(AU)


Background: Left ventricular (LV) systolic diastolic function is prognostic in cardiovascular diseases and can be assessed via global longitudinal strain (GLS) on echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). However, GLS by CMR requires the use of expensive software. Longitudinal linear displacement (LLD) may be a simple and inexpensive alternative to GLS, but the two have not been systematically compared. Objective: To compare LLD with GLS and LV ejection fraction (LVEF) in aortic valve disease patients and controls. Methods: We included 44 participants (26 with aortic valve disease, 19 controls). GLS was determined using CVI42 software (Circle Cardiovascular Imaging), while the LLD linear measurements of the distance between the base/apex of the LV included maximum displacement (MD), maximum velocity in early diastole (MVED), atrioventricular junction velocity in diastasis (VDS), and VDS/MVED ratio. Results: DM and MVED were correlated with GLS (r=0.69 and r=0.65, respectively) and LVEF (r=0.47 and r=0.57, p<0.001 for both). DM and MVED showed areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.88 and 0.91, and at the best cut-off point (-0.13 and 0.66), sensitivities of 72.43% and 57.14% and specificities of 80.65% and 87.10%, respectively, compared to GLS. Using LVEF as a reference, we obtained AUC of 0.70 and 0.82, and at the best cut-off point (-0.11 and 0.61), sensitivities of 75.00% and 50.00% and specificities of 72.97% and 78.38%, respectively. Conclusion: LLD demonstrated similar performance to that of GLS. MD derived from LLD was the best parameter during systole, while MVED was the best during diastole. Our findings demonstrate the routine, quick, and inexpensive assessment of diastolic function on CMR.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Stroke Volume/physiology , Echocardiography/methods , Ventricular Function, Left , Aortic Valve Disease/diagnosis , Myocardial Contraction/physiology , Aortic Valve Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging , Blood Flow Velocity , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Heart Ventricles/pathology
9.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(2): eabc293, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400580

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: A ecocardiografia avançada com utilização de strain miocárdico bi e tridimensional propõe identificar a disfunção sistólica subclínica em diversas condições clínicas. No diabetes mellitus, seu papel é de grande interesse para diagnóstico precoce de cardiomiopatia diabética. Contudo, há grande heterogeneidade nos artigos publicados. Objetivo: Realizar uma revisão sistemática, para avaliar o papel atual da avaliação com strain nos pacientes com diabetes mellitus. Métodos: Após revisão sistemática em cinco bancos de dados, 19 estudos que utilizaram strain bidimensional e oito estudos que utilizaram strain tridimensional foram incluídos. Resultados:Na avaliação por strain bidimensional, a amostra totalizou 1.774 indivíduos com diabetes mellitus, com idade média de 57,1 anos e mediana de 55 anos, com equilíbrio em relação ao sexo dos participantes (47,5% do sexo feminino). Nos estudos que utilizaram strain tridimensional, foram incluídos 488 indivíduos com diabetes, com idade média de 55,7 anos e mediana de 63 anos, também com equilíbrio entre o sexo dos pacientes (51% do sexo feminino). O strain global longitudinal foi o marcador de deformação miocárdica que mais frequentemente conseguiu demonstrar diferença entre grupos com indivíduos diabéticos e controles. Conclusão: O strain miocárdico por speckle tracking bi e tridimensional permite identificar disfunção sistólica subclínica em pacientes diabéticos, o que se torna mais marcante nos pacientes com mais fatores de risco associados e com remodelamento ventricular.(AU)


Background: Advanced echocardiography using two- and three-dimensional myocardial strain proposes to identify subclinical systolic dysfunction in different clinical conditions. Strain assessment plays an important role in the early diagnosis of diabetic cardiomyopathy in diabetes mellitus (DM). However, the findings of published articles are heterogeneous. Here we conducted a systematic review to analyze the current role of strain assessment in patients with DM. Methods: This systematic review of five databases identified 19 studies that used twodimensional strain and 8 studies that used three-dimensional strain. Results: The studies of two-dimensional strain included 1,774 DM patients (mean age, 57.1 years; median age, 55 years; 47.5% women), while those of three-dimensional strain included 488 DM patients (mean age, 55.7 years; median age, 63 years; 51% women). Global longitudinal strain was the myocardial deformation marker that differed most frequently between the DM and control groups. Conclusion: Myocardial strain imaging by two- and three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography allows the identification of subclinical systolic dysfunction in DM patients, and differences become more marked when associated with risk factors and ventricular remodeling.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Echocardiography/methods , Diabetes Mellitus/physiopathology , Diabetic Cardiomyopathies/diagnosis , Diabetic Cardiomyopathies/prevention & control , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/complications , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional/methods , Heart Failure/mortality , Heart Injuries/prevention & control
11.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(2): eabc286, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400703

ABSTRACT

Massas intracardíacas constituem um desafio diagnóstico, já que os sintomas são comuns a patologias cardiovasculares ou não. Métodos ­ invasivos ou não ­ possibilitam o diagnóstico diferencial e a confirmação histológica, propiciando tratamento adequado. Para melhor compreender a importância da multimodalidade em imagem e a abordagem nos tumores cardíacos , relatamos o caso de um lifoma cardíaco primário, em que a abordagem multidisciplinar permitiu o rápido diagnóstico e seu tratamento, inclusive das intercorrências, com resposta inicial promissora, a despeito da evolução fatal durante a pandemia por SARS-CoV-2.(AU)


Intracardiac masses are a diagnostic challenge since their symptoms can be common to cardiovascular pathologies. Some methods, whether invasive or not, enable differential diagnosis, histological confirmation, and adequate treatment. To better understand the importance of imaging multimodality and the approach to managing cardiac tumors, we investigated a case of a primary cardiac lymphoma in which the multidisciplinary approach allowed rapid diagnosis and treatment, including of intercurrences, with a promising initial response despite fatal progression due to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/diagnostic imaging , Multimodal Imaging/methods , SARS-CoV-2 , Heart Neoplasms/prevention & control , Pacemaker, Artificial , Respiratory Insufficiency/complications , Biopsy/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods , Electrocardiography/methods
12.
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 31(2): 73-81, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1411986

ABSTRACT

Purpose To identify metabolites in humans that can be associated with the presence of malignant disturbances of the prostate. Methods In the present study, we selected male patients aged between 46 and 82 years who were considered at risk of prostate cancer due to elevated levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) or abnormal results on the digital rectal examination. All selected patients came from two university hospitals (Hospital Universitario del Valle and Clínica Rafael Uribe Uribe) and were divided into 2 groups: cancer (12 patients) and non-cancer (20 patients). Cancer was confirmed by histology, and none of the patients underwent any previous treatment. Standard protocols were applied to all the collected blood samples. The resulting plasma samples were kept at -80°C, and a profile of each one was acquired by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) using established experiments. Multivariate analyses were applied to this dataset, first to establish the quality of the data and identify outliers, and then, to model the data. Results We included 12 patients with cancer and 20 without it. Two patients were excluded due to contamination with ethanol. The remaining ones were used to build an Orthogonal Projections to Latent Structures Discriminant Analysis (OPLS-DA) model (including 15 non-cancer and 10 cancer patients), with acceptable discrimination (Q2 = 0.33). This model highlighted the role of lactate and lipids, with a positive association of these two metabolites and prostate cancer. Conclusions The primary discriminative metabolites between patients with and without prostate cancer were lactate and lipids. These might be the most reliable biomarkers to trace the development of cancer in the prostate.


Objetivo Identificar metabolitos en humanos que pueden estar asociados con la presencia de alteraciones malignas de la próstata. Métodos Se incluyeron muestras de pacientes masculinos entre 46 y 82 años y que se consideraron en riesgo de cáncer de próstata debido a la elevación del antígeno prostático específico (PSA) o el examen rectal anormal. Todos los pacientes seleccionados procedían de dos hospitales universitarios (Hospital Universitario del Valle y Clínica Rafael Uribe Uribe) y se dividieron en dos grupos: Oncológicos (12) vs no oncológicos (20). El cáncer fue confirmado por histología, y ninguno de ellos recibió tratamiento previo. Se aplicaron protocolos estándar a todas las muestras de sangre recolectadas. Las muestras de plasma resultantes se mantuvieron a −80°C y se adquirió un perfil de cada muestra mediante RMN. Se aplicaron análisis multivariantes a este conjunto de datos, primero para establecer la calidad de los datos e identificar valores atípicos, y para modelar los datos. Resultados Se incluyeron 12 pacientes con cáncer y 20 pacientes sin cáncer. Dos pacientes fueron excluidos por contaminación con etanol. Los restantes se utilizaron para construir un modelo OPLS-DA (15 pacientes no oncológicos y diez oncológicos), con una discriminación aceptable (Q2 = 0,33). Este modelo destacó el papel del lactato y los lípidos, encontrando una asociación positiva entre estos dos metabolitos y el cáncer de próstata. Conclusiones Los principales metabolitos discriminativos entre pacientes con cáncer de próstata versus no cáncer fueron el lactato y los lípidos. Estos podrían ser los biomarcadores más confiables para rastrear el desarrollo del cáncer en la próstata.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostate , Prostatic Neoplasms , Metabolomics , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Discriminant Analysis , Multivariate Analysis , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Lactic Acid , Digital Rectal Examination , Social Discrimination
14.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19731, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394038

ABSTRACT

Abstract Poorly water-soluble drugs, such as the antifungal drug griseofulvin (GF), exhibit limited bioavailability, despite their high membrane permeability. Several technological approaches have been proposed to enhance the water solubility and bioavailability of GF, including micellar solubilization. Poloxamers are amphiphilic block copolymers that increase drug solubility by forming micelles and supra-micellar structures via molecular self-association. In this regard, the aim of this study was to evaluate the water solubility increment of GF by poloxamer 407 (P407) and its effect on the antifungal activity against three Trichophyton mentagrophytes and two T. rubrum isolates. The GF water solubility profile with P407 revealed a non-linear behavior, well-fitted by the sigmoid model of Morgan-Mercer-Flodin. The polymer promoted an 8-fold increase in GF water solubility. Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR Roesy) spectroscopy suggested a GF-P407 interaction, which occurs in the GF cyclohexene ring. These results were supported by an increase in the water solubility of the GF impurities with the same molecular structure. The MIC values recorded for GF ranged from 0.0028 to 0.0172 mM, except for T. Mentagrophytes TME34. Notably, the micellar solubilization of GF did not increase its antifungal activity, which could be related to the high binding constant between GF and P407.


Subject(s)
Solubility , Spectrum Analysis/methods , Trichophyton/classification , Poloxamer/analogs & derivatives , Griseofulvin/agonists , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage , Biological Availability , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Molecular Structure , Antifungal Agents/administration & dosage
15.
J. vasc. bras ; 21: e20190001, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365069

ABSTRACT

Resumo A artéria femoral profunda, devido às suas características anatômicas, se encontra protegida da maioria dos traumatismos vasculares. Relatamos um caso de pseudoaneurisma de ramo perfurante da artéria femoral profunda, associado à fístula arteriovenosa, secundário a rotura completa do músculo vasto medial em paciente jogador de futebol. A ressonância magnética demonstrou lesão muscular associada a pseudoaneurisma, e a angiotomografia confirmou a presença de pseudoaneurisma associado a fístula arteriovenosa de ramo da artéria femoral profunda. Foi realizado tratamento endovascular da fístula através da embolização com micromolas fibradas e drenagem cirúrgica do hematoma muscular. O paciente evoluiu bem, sem queixas clínicas no 30º dia de pós-operatório e também após 1 ano.


Abstract Due to its anatomical characteristics, the deep femoral artery is protected from most vascular injuries. We report a case of a soccer player with pseudoaneurysm of a perforating branch of the deep femoral artery, associated with an arteriovenous fistula and secondary to complete rupture of the vastus medialis muscle. Magnetic resonance imaging showed muscle damage associated with a pseudoaneurysm and angiotomography confirmed the presence of a pseudoaneurysm associated with a deep arteriovenous fistula of a branch of the deep femoral artery. Endovascular treatment of the fistula was performed by embolization with fibrous microcoils and surgical drainage of the muscle hematoma. The patient recovered well, was free from clinical complaints on the 30th postoperative day and also after 1 year.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Arteriovenous Fistula/therapy , Aneurysm, False , Quadriceps Muscle/injuries , Femoral Artery/injuries , Rupture , Angiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Embolization, Therapeutic , Femoral Artery/diagnostic imaging , Endovascular Procedures
16.
Femina ; 50(5): 316-320, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380713

ABSTRACT

Os disgerminomas são tumores malignos de células germinativas ovarianas, são raros, geralmente acometem mulheres em idade fértil e têm bom prognóstico e sobrevida elevada. Paciente de 20 anos, primigesta com 26 semanas de gestação, foi admitida no centro obstétrico da Fundação Hospitalar Santo Antônio em Blumenau- SC com quadro de dor abdominal intensa refratária à analgesia e desconforto respiratório. Ressonância magnética demonstrou derrame pleural, moderada ascite e volumosa lesão expansiva de aspecto sólido-cístico em anexo direito. Foram realizadas salpingo-oforectomia à direita e omentectomia parcial e coletado lavado peritoneal. Anatomopatológico evidenciou disgerminoma. A paciente seguiu acompanhamento gestacional nos serviços de pré-natal de alto risco e oncologia. Devido à imaturidade fetal, manteve-se conduta expectante e, após o parto normal com 37 semanas, foi realizado estadiamento e iniciada quimioterapia adjuvante. Devido à baixa incidência e à raridade de tumores de células malignas ovarianas, relatos de casos como este são importantes para discutir as melhores estratégias de manejo clínico.(AU)


Dysgerminomas are rare malignant ovarian germ cell tumors that generally affect adolescence and early adulthood, have a good prognosis and high survival. Patient 20 years old, gestation 1, at 26 weeks of gestation, was hospitalized at the obstetric center of Fundação Hospitalar Santo Antônio in Blumenau-SC, with severe abdominal pain refractory to analgesia and respiratory discomfort. Magnetic resonance showed pleural effusion, moderate ascites and a massive expansive lesion with a solid cystic aspect in the right ovary. Right salpingoophorectomy, partial omentectomy and peritoneal lavage were collected. Anatomopathological evidence showed dysgerminoma. Patient followed gestational follow-up at high-risk prenatal and oncology services. Due to fetal immaturity, expectant management was maintained and after vaginal delivery at 37 weeks, staging was performed and adjuvant chemotherapy was started. Due to the low incidence and rarity of ovarian malignant cell tumors, case reports such as this one are important to discuss the best clinical management strategies.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Prenatal Care , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Dysgerminoma , Dysgerminoma/surgery , Dysgerminoma/drug therapy , Pain , Pleural Effusion , Prognosis , Ascites , Survival , Brazil , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Risk , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Labor, Induced
19.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(1): eabc263, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378702

ABSTRACT

As neoplasias cardíacas primárias são raras, e o diagnóstico correto é essencial para planejar o tratamento mais adequado. O objetivo deste estudo foi demonstrar o papel da ressonância magnética cardíaca na avaliação, no diagnóstico e no acompanhamento de fibroma cardíaco. Paciente do sexo feminino, 21 anos, com massa miocárdica ao ecocardiograma. Realizou ressonância magnética com diagnóstico de fibroma cardíaco. Foi acompanhada durante 6 anos com estabilidade do quadro. Fibromas cardíacos correspondem à segunda neoplasia mais comum em crianças e jovens. À ressonância magnética, caracterizam-se por realce tardio intenso e homogêneo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Fibroma/ultrastructure , Fibroma/diagnostic imaging , Heart Ventricles/abnormalities , Neoplasms/diagnosis , Time Factors , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Echocardiography/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Tomography/methods , Follow-Up Studies
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