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Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 43(2): 93-97, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1510690


La rotura traumática, simultánea y bilateral del tendón cuadricipital es una lesión infrecuente, generalmente asociada a otras enfermedades sistémicas tales como insuficiencia renal o trastornos endocrinos. Presentamos el caso de un varón sano y atleta de 38 años que sufrió esta lesión mientras realizaba una sentadilla en el gimnasio. (AU)

The traumatic bilateral and simultaneous quadriceps tendon rupture is a rare injury, usually associated with other systemic diseases such as renal insufficiency or endocrine disorders. We present the case of a 38-year-old healthy male athlete who sustained this injury while performing a squat at the gym. (AU)

Humans , Male , Adult , Rupture/diagnostic imaging , Tendon Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Quadriceps Muscle/injuries , Quadriceps Muscle/diagnostic imaging , Rupture/surgery , Tendon Injuries/surgery , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Radiography , Ultrasonography , Quadriceps Muscle/surgery , Knee/surgery , Knee/diagnostic imaging
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986976


OBJECTIVE@#To quantitatively assess cardiac functions in patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA) and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) using cardiac magnetic resonance-feature tracking (CMR-FT) technique and evaluate the prognostic value of CMR-FT in patients with CA.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively collected the data from 31 CA patients with systemic amyloidosis confirmed by Congo red staining and serum immunohistochemistry after extracardiac tissue biopsy undergoing CMR at our hospital from March, 2013 to June, 2021.Thirty-one age and gender matched patients with asymmetric left ventricular wall hypertrophy and 31 healthy individuals without organic or functional heart disease served as the controls.Radial, circumferential and longitudinal strains and strain rates of the left ventricle at the global level and in each myocardial segment (basal, middle and apical) were obtained with CMR-FT technique and compared among the 3 groups.The predictive value of myocardial strains and strain rates for all-cause mortality in CA patients was analyzed using a stepwise COX regression model.@*RESULTS@#The left ventricular volume, myocardial mass, ejection fraction and cardiac output differed significantly among the groups (P < 0.05).Except for apical longitudinal strain, the global and segmental strains were all significantly lower in CA group than in HCM group (P < 0.05).The global and segmental strains were all significantly lower in CA group than in the healthy individuals (P < 0.05).The basal strain rates in the 3 directions were significantly lower in CA group than in the healthy individuals (P < 0.05), but the difference in apical strain rates was not statistically significant between the two groups.Multivariate stepwise COX analysis showed that troponin T (HR=1.05, 95%CI: 1.01-1.10, P=0.017) and middle peak diastolic circumferential strain rate (HR=6.87, 95%CI: 1.52-31.06, P=0.012) were strong predictors of death in CA patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Strain and strain rate parameters derived from CMR-FT based on cine sequences are new noninvasive imaging markers for assessing cardiac impairment in CA and cardiac function changes in HCM, and provide independent predictive information for all-cause mortality in CA patients.

Humans , Retrospective Studies , Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine/methods , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/diagnostic imaging , Ventricular Function, Left , Stroke Volume , Amyloidosis/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Prognosis , Predictive Value of Tests
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970713


Acute carbon monoxide poisoning and its delayed encephalopathy have obvious damage to the central nervous system. There are different neuroimaging changes in different stages of the disease, and they are relatively specific. This article reviews the clinical research progress on the imaging changes of carbon monoxide poisoning and delayed encephalopathy, including computed tomography (CT) , conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) , diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) , diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) , diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) , magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and other imaging changes reflecting the function and metabolic state of the brain tissue.

Humans , Brain Diseases/etiology , Carbon Monoxide Poisoning/diagnostic imaging , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Diffusion Tensor Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970627


Two prenylated 2-arylbenzofurans were isolated from roots of Artocarpus heterophyllus, with a combination of various chromatographic approaches, including ODS, MCI, Sephadex LH-20, and semipreparative high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). They were identified as 5-[6-hydroxy-4-methoxy-5,7-bis(3-methylbut-2-enyl)benzofuran-2-yl]-1,3-benzenediol(1) and 5-[2H,9H-2,2,9,9-tetramethyl-furo[2,3-f]pyrano[2,3-h][1]benzopyran-6-yl]-1,3-benzenediol(2) with spectroscopic methods, such as HR-ESI-MS, IR, 1D NMR, and 2D NMR, and named artoheterins B(1) and C(2), respectively. The anti-respiratory burst activities of the two compounds were evaluated with rat polymorphonuclear neutrophils(PMNs) stimulated by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate(PMA). The results showed that 1 and 2 exhibited significant inhibitory effect on respiratory burst of PMNs with IC_(50) values of 0.27 and 1.53 μmol·L~(-1), respectively.

Rats , Animals , Molecular Structure , Artocarpus/chemistry , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Plant Roots/chemistry
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970598


To elucidate the chemical material basis of Rhododendron nivale, this study comprehensively used various chromatographic techniques to isolate and obtain five new meroterpenoid enantiomers(1a/1b-5a/5b) from the ethyl acetate extract of R. nivale. A variety of spectral analytical methods, such as high-resolution mass spectrometry(HRMS), nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy(NMR), and infrared(IR) spectrum, were used to evaluate the structure, combined with the measurement and calculation of electronic circular dichroism(ECD). The new compounds 1a/1b-4a/4b were named as(±)-nivalones A-B(1a/1b-2a/2b) and(±)-nivalnoids C-D(3a/3b-4a/4b), along with one known enantiomer(±)-anthoponoid G(5a/5b). Human neuroblastoma cells(SH-SY5Y cells) induced by hydrogen peroxide(H_2O_2) were used as oxidative stress models to evaluate the protective activity of the isolated compounds against oxidative damage to nerve cells. It was found that compounds 2a and 3a had a certain protective effect on nerve cells against H_2O_2-induced oxidative damage at concentrations of 50 μmol·L~(-1), which increased the cell survival rate from 44.02%±2.30% to 67.82%±1.12% and 62.20%±1.87%, respectively. Other compounds did not show a significant ability to protect cells from oxidative damage. These findings enrich the chemical constituents of R. nivale and provide valuable information for identifying the structure of its meroterpenoids.

Humans , Rhododendron/chemistry , Neuroblastoma , Oxidative Stress , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Stereoisomerism , Molecular Structure
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970479


The chemical constituents in the ethanol extract of Hypericum wightianum(Hypericaceae) were purified by column chromatography and identified via magnetic resonance imaging(NMR), high-resolution mass spectrum, and circular dichroism. A total of 22 compounds were identified, including eight polyprenylated phloroglucinols(1-8), three chromones(9-11), and three terpenoids(14-16) and so on. Among them, compounds 16 and 17 were first reported in the genus Hypericum, and compounds 1-11, 14, 15, and 19 were first isolated from H. wightianum. Compounds 1-4 were previously reported as two pairs of enantiomers. This study reported the chiral resolutions and absolute configurations of compounds 1-4 for the first time.

Phloroglucinol , Hypericum/chemistry , Molecular Structure , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982724


Phytochemical investigation on the ethanol extract of a well-known medicinal herb Leonurus japonicus, led to the separation of 18 labdane type diterpenoids (1-18). Through comprehensive spectroscopic analyses and quantum chemical calculations, these compounds were structurally characterized as six new interesting 5,5,5-di-spirocyclic ones (1-6), two new (7 and 8) and six known (13-18) interesting 6,5,5-di-spirocyclic ones, a new rare 14,15-dinor derivative (9), and three new ones incorporating a γ-lactone unit (10-12). An in vitro neuroprotective assay in RSC96 cells revealed that compounds 7 and 12 exhibited neuroprotective activity in a concentration-dependent way, comparable to the reference drug N-acetylcysteine.

Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Leonurus/chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Diterpenes/chemistry , Plant Components, Aerial , Molecular Structure
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982715


This study employed the α-glucosidase inhibitory activity model as an anti-diabetic assay and implemented a bioactivity-guided isolation strategy to identify novel natural compounds with potential therapeutic properties. Hypericum sampsoniiwas investigated, leading to the isolation of two highly modified seco-polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols (PPAPs) (1 and 2), eight phenolic derivatives (3-10), and four terpene derivatives (11-14). The structures of compounds 1 and 2, featuring an unprecedented octahydro-2H-chromen-2-one ring system, were fully characterized using extensive spectroscopic data and quantum chemistry calculations. Six compounds (1, 5-7, 9, and 14) exhibited potential inhibitory effects against α-glucosidase, with IC50 values ranging from 0.050 ± 0.0016 to 366.70 ± 11.08 μg·mL-1. Notably, compound 5 (0.050 ± 0.0016 μg·mL-1) was identified as the most potential α-glucosidase inhibitor, with an inhibitory effect about 6900 times stronger than the positive control, acarbose (IC50 = 346.63 ± 15.65 μg·mL-1). A docking study was conducted to predict molecular interactions between two compounds (1 and 5) and α-glucosidase, and the hypothetical biosynthetic pathways of the two unprecedented seco-PPAPs were proposed.

Molecular Structure , Hypericum/chemistry , alpha-Glucosidases , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Glycoside Hydrolase Inhibitors/pharmacology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981583


Objective To investigate the impact of microvascular obstruction (MVO) on the global and regional myocardial function by cardiac magnetic resonance feature-tracking (CMR-FT) in ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients after percutaneous coronary intervention.Methods Consecutive acute STEMI patients who underwent cardiac magnetic resonance imaging 1 - 7 days after successful reperfusion by percutaneous coronary intervention treatment were included in this retrospective study. Based on the presence or absence of MVO on late gadolinium enhancement images, patients were divided into groups with MVO and without MVO. The infarct zone, adjacent zone, and remote zone were determined based on a myocardial 16-segment model. The radial strain (RS), circumferential strain (CS), and longitudinal strain (LS) of the global left ventricle (LV) and the infarct, adjacent, and remote zones were measured by CMR-FT from cine images and compared between patients with and without MVO using independent-samples t-test. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the association of MVO with the impaired LV function.Results A total of 157 STEMI patients (mean age 56.66 ± 11.38 years) were enrolled. MVO was detected in 37.58% (59/157) of STEMI patients, and the mean size of MVO was 3.00 ±3.76 mL. Compared with patients without MVO (n =98 ), the MVO group had significantly reduced LV global RS (t= -4.30, P < 0.001), global CS (t= 4.99, P < 0.001), and global LS ( t= 3.51, P = 0.001). The RS and CS of the infarct zone in patients with MVO were significantly reduced (t= -3.38, P = 0.001; t= 2.64, P = 0.01; respectively) and the infarct size was significantly larger (t= 8.37, P < 0.001) than that of patients without MVO. The presence of LV MVO [OR= 4.10, 95%CI: 2.05 - 8.19, P<0.001) and its size [OR=1.38, 95%CI: 1.10-1.72, P=0.01], along with the heart rate and LV infarct size were significantly associated with impaired LV global CS in univariable Logistic regression analysis, while only heart rate (OR=1.08, 95%CI: 1.03 - 1.13, P=0.001) and LV infarct size (OR=1.10, 95%CI: 1.03 - 1.16, P=0.003) were independent influencing factors for the impaired LV global CS in multivariable Logistic regression analysis.Conclusion The infarct size was larger in STEMI patients with MVO, and MVO deteriorates the global and regional LV myocardial function.

Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/complications , Contrast Media , Retrospective Studies , Gadolinium , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1633-1643, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981159


The multiple-step cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP) generates amyloid-β peptides (Aβ), highly toxic molecules causing Alzheimer's disease (AD). The nonspecific cleavage between the transmembrane region of APP (APPTM) and γ-secretase is the key step of Aβ generation. Reconstituting APPTM under physiologically-relevant conditions is crucial to investigate how it interacts with γ-secretase and for future AD drug discovery. Although producing recombinant APPTM was reported before, the large scale purification was hindered by the use of biological protease in the presence of membrane protein. Here, we expressed recombinant APPTM in Escherichia coli using the pMM-LR6 vector and recovered the fusion protein from inclusion bodies. By combining Ni-NTA chromatography, cyanogen bromide cleavage, and reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC), isotopically-labeled APPTM was obtained in high yield and high purity. The reconstitution of APPTM into dodecylphosphocholine (DPC) micelle generated mono dispersed 2D 15N-1H HSQC spectra in high quality. We successfully established an efficient and reliable method for the expression, purification and reconstruction of APPTM, which may facilitate future investigation of APPTM and its complex in more native like membrane mimetics such as bicelle and nanodiscs.

Humans , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor/chemistry , Micelles , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases/metabolism , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Recombinant Proteins
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 780-787, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980829


Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) is a novel and minimally invasive technology. Since the US Food and Drug Administration approved unilateral ventral intermediate nucleus-MRgFUS for medication-refractory essential tremor in 2016, studies on new indications, such as Parkinson's disease (PD), psychiatric diseases, and brain tumors, have been on the rise, and MRgFUS has become a promising method to treat such neurological diseases. Currently, as the second most common degenerative disease, PD is a research hotspot in the field of MRgFUS. The actions of MRgFUS on the brain range from thermoablation, blood-brain barrier (BBB) opening, to neuromodulation. Intensity is a key determinant of ultrasound actions. Generally, high intensity can be used to precisely thermoablate brain targets, whereas low intensity can be used as molecular therapies to modulate neuronal activity and open the BBB in conjunction with injected microbubbles. Here, we aimed to summarize advances in the application of MRgFUS for the treatment of PD, with a focus on thermal ablation, BBB opening, and neuromodulation, in the hope of informing clinicians of current applications.

Humans , Parkinson Disease/therapy , Brain , Blood-Brain Barrier , Essential Tremor/surgery , Brain Neoplasms , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971680


Five new spirostanol saponins (1-5) and seven known compounds (6-12) were isolated from the n-butanol fraction of 75% ethanol extract of Allii Macrostemonis Bulbus. The identification and structural elucidation of all the isolates were performed through extensive 1D and 2D NMR experiments, HR-ESI-MS data analysis and comparisons with literature values. Antioxidant evaluation showed that compounds 6-11 exhibited certain scavenging effects on ABTS radical, where compounds 6, 7 and 11 had IC50 values of 0.208, 0.057 and 0.014 mg·mL-1, respectively.

Saponins/chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Molecular Structure
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971664


Drimane-type sesquiterpenoids are widely distributed in fungi. From the ethyl acetate extract of the earwig-derived Aspergillus sp. NF2396, seven new drimane-type sesquiterpenoids, named drimanenoids A-G (1-7), were isolated. Their structures were elucidated by diverse spectroscopic analysis including high-resolution ESI-MS, one- and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy. Drimanenoids A-F (1-6) are new members of drimane-type sesquiterpenoid esterified with unsaturated fatty acid side chain at C-6. Drimanenoids C (3), D (4) and F (6) showed antibacterial activity against five types of bacteria with different inhibition diameters. Drimanenoid D (4) exhibited moderate cytotoxicity against human myelogenous leukemia cell line K562 with an IC50 value of 12.88 ± 0.11 μmol·L-1.

Humans , Polycyclic Sesquiterpenes , Sesquiterpenes/chemistry , Aspergillus/chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Molecular Structure
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971371


OBJECTIVES@#Currently, it is difficult to assess the expression status of hormone receptor (HR) in breast malignant tumors with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2)-positive in the early preoperative stage, and it is difficult to predict whether it is non-invasively. This study aims to explore the value of MRI on the different HR expression status (HR+/HR-) in HER-2 positive breast cancer.@*METHODS@#Thirty patients with HR+ HER-2-positive breast cancer (HR+ group) and 23 patients with HR-HER-2-positive breast cancer (HR- group) from the First Hospital of Hunan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine between January 7, 2015 and November 26, 2021 were selected as subjects, and all the patients were examined by MRI and all were confirmed by surgery or pathological biopsy puncture. The immunohistochemical staining results were used as the gold standard to analyze the basic clinical conditions, peri-lesion conditions and MRI sign characteristics in the 2 groups.@*RESULTS@#There were all significant differences in terms of mass margins, internal reinforcement features, and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values between the HR+ group and the HR- group (all P<0.05). The logistic multivariate regression model showed that: when the lesion presented as a mass-type breast cancer on MRI, the internal enhancement features of the lesion were an independent predictor for differentiation in the 2 types of breast cancer [odds ratio (OR)=5.95, 95% CI: 1.223 to 28.951, P<0.05], and the mass margin (OR=0.386, 95% CI: 0.137 to 1.082, P>0.05) and ADC value (OR=0.234, 95% CI: 0.001 to 105.293, P>0.05) were not the independent predictors in distinguishing the 2 types of breast cancer.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Multiparametric MRI has good diagnostic value for HR expression status in HER-2-positive breast cancer. Combined logistic regression analysis to construct a predictive model may be helpful to the identical diagnosis.

Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Breast , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Retrospective Studies
São Paulo; s.n; 2023. 24 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1512772


INTRODUÇÃO: Os sarcomas são tumores malignos raros e compreendem um grupo heterogêneo de tumores, com mais de 60 subtipos histológicos. A importância da classificação do grau histológico é fundamental para a definição da linha de tratamento a ser seguida. A busca por métodos que aumentem a acurácia na definição de alto grau deve ser constante. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o papel da Ressonância Nuclear Magnética na predição do grau histológico nos sarcomas de partes moles. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional, transversal e retrospectivo. Critérios de inclusão foram pacientes com mais de 18 anos, submetidos a biópsia por agulha grossa guiada ou revisão de biópsia externa, exame de RNM e a ressecção do tumor primário no ACCCC. Exclusão de pacientes submetidos a biópsia cirúrgica. Principais variáveis foram: tamanho do tumor, idade, localização, subtipo histológico, grau histológico da biópsia e da peça cirúrgica ­ sendo utilizado classificação em alto grau (G2 e G3 da FNCLCC) e baixo grau (G1). Os critérios radiológicos da RNM (tamanho, definição das margens (regular ou irregular), heterogeneidade de sinal em T2 (maior 50% ou menor 50%), sinal de alta intensidade peritumoral em T2 (edema peritumoral presente ou ausente), realce pós-contraste peritumoral (presente ou ausente) foram avaliados por dois radiologistas da nossa instituição. Além disso, foi realizado o cálculo de um score para avaliação de predição do alto grau histológico, por meio da somatória dos critérios positivos analisados (considerando ser de 0 (zero), quando nenhum critério foi identificado a 5 (cinco) quando todos os critérios forem positivos). Utilizamos teste de associação Qui-quadrado entre os itens da RNM e o grau histológico da peça cirúrgica e, em seguida, utilizamos teste de regressão logística a fim de identificar a associação independente, de modo a avaliar o valor da RNM na predição do grau histológico. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. RESULTADOS: Sessenta e oito pacientes foram incluídos no estudo. Trinta mulheres e 38 homens. A biópsia identificou 54 tumores de alto grau e 14 tumores de baixo grau. Já na peça cirúrgica tivemos 52 tumores de alto grau e 16 de baixo grau. A via mais comum de biópsia foi biópsia por agulha grossa guiada por ultrassonografia com 54,4% dos casos. O subtipo mais comum foi o lipossarcoma com 17(25%) casos, seguido pelo sarcoma sinovial 17,6% e leiomiossarcoma 10,3%, assim como localização em extremidade com 64,7%. Identificamos uma maioria de tumores maiores que 5cm, correspondendo à 89,7%. A regularidade das margens 43 (63,2%) foram regular, e apenas 25 (36,8%) consideradas irregular. Já na avaliação da heterogeneidade tumoral em T2 foram 36 (52,9%) heterogêneos contra 32 (47,1%) com menos 50% de heterogeneidade. O sinal de alta intensidade peritumoral em T2 estava presente em 45 (66,2%) das vezes, ao passo que, o realce pós-contraste peritumoral estava presente em 31 (45,6%). O score ficou: dois com score 0 (zero), 10 com score 1 (um), 16 com score 2 (dois), 13 com score 3 (três), 18 com score 4 (quatro) e nove com score 5 (cinco). Os critérios da RNM que demonstraram associação com grau histológico foram sinal de alta intensidade peritumoral em T2 (p <0,001) e realce peritumoral pós-contraste (p=0,006). Na regressão logística a presença de sinal de alta intensidade peritumoral em T2 (OR 11,8) e o realce pós-contraste peritumoral (OR 8,8) também foram preditivos de tumor de alto grau. Apesar de os demais critérios da RNM não apresentarem associação com o grau histológico, ao se aplicar o score (somatório dos achados dos critérios na RNM) encontramos, que a cada ponto a mais aumentase a chance de tumor de alto grau em 2 vezes (OR 2,0; p 0,014). CONCLUSÃO: A utilização da RNM como ferramenta para predizer o grau histológico dos sarcomas de partes moles se demonstrou eficiente. Os critérios relacionados ao padrão de crescimento infiltrativo tumoral identificados na RNM como sinal de alta intensidade peritumoral em T2 e realce pós-contraste peritumoral foram positivos para predizer alto grau histológico.

INTRODUCTION: Sarcomas are rare malignant tumors and comprise a heterogeneous group of tumors, with more than 60 histological subtypes. The importance of classifying the histological grade is fundamental for defining the line of treatment to be followed. The search for methods that increase the accuracy in the definition of high degree must be constant. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in predicting the histological grade in soft tissue sarcoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an observational, cross-sectional retrospective study. Inclusion criteria were patients over 18 years old who underwent guided core needle biopsy or external pathology review, MRI exam, and primary tumor surgery at the ACCCC from January 2015 to June 2022. Patients who underwent surgical biopsy were excluded. The main variables were tumor size, age, location, histological subtype, histological grade of the biopsy and of the surgical specimen ­ using a classification of high grade as G2 and G3 of the FNCLCC and low grade as G1. MRI radiological criteria (size, margin definition (regular or irregular), heterogeneity of the T2 signal (greater than 50% or less than 50%), high intensity peritumoral signal on T2 (peritumoral edema present or absent), post- peritumoral contrast (present or absent) were evaluated by two radiologists from our institution. In addition, a score was calculated to evaluate the prediction of histological grade, through the sum of the positive criteria analyzed (considering it to be 0 (zero), when no criterion was identified to 5 (five) when all criteria are positive). We used the Chi-square association test between the MRI items and the histological grade of the surgical specimen, and then we used the logistic regression test to identify the independent association. P values < 0.05 were considered significant. RESULTS: After applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, sixty-eight patients were included. Thirty women and 38 men. The biopsy identified 54 highgrade tumors and 14 low-grade tumors. In the surgical specimen, we had 52 high-grade and 16 low-grade tumors. The most common type of biopsy was ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy with 54.4% of cases. Liposarcoma with 17 (25%) cases were most frequently, followed by synovial sarcoma 17.6% and leiomyosarcoma 10.3%, as well as location in the extremity with 64.7%. We identified most tumors larger than 5cm, corresponding to 89.7%. The regularity of the margins 43 (63.2%) were regular, and only 25 (36.8%) considered irregular. In the evaluation of tumor heterogeneity in T2, there were 36 (52.9%) against 32 (47.1%). Peritumoral high-intensity T2-weighted signal was present in 45 (66.2%), whereas peritumoral post-contrast enhancement was present in 31 (45.6%). The score was: two with score 0 (zero), 10 with score 1 (one), 16 with score 2 (two), 13 with score 3 (three), 18 with score 4 (four) and nine with score 5 (five). The MRI criteria that demonstrated an association with histological grade were peritumoral high-intensity T2-weighted signal (p <0.001) and peritumoral post-contrast enhancement (p=0.006). In logistic regression, the presence of peritumoral high-intensity T2weighted signal (OR 11.8) and peritumoral post-contrast enhancement (OR 8.8) were also predictive of high-risk tumor. Although the other MRI criteria are not associated with the histological grade, when applying the score (sum of the MRI findings of the criteria), we found that each additional point increases the chance of a high-grade tumor by 2 times (OR 2.0; p 0.014). CONCLUSION: The use of MRI as a tool to predict the histological grade of soft tissue sarcomas proved to be efficient. The criteria related to the infiltrative tumor growth pattern identified on MRI as peritumoral high-intensity T2-weighted signal and peritumoral post-contrast enhancement were positive for predicting histological high grade.

Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Sarcoma, Clear Cell
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e244244, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448957


Com os avanços tecnológicos e o aprimoramento da prática médica via ultrassonografia, já é possível detectar possíveis problemas no feto desde a gestação. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a prática do psicólogo no contexto de gestações que envolvem riscos fetais. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo sob formato de relato de experiência como psicólogo residente no Serviço de Medicina Fetal da Maternidade Escola da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Os registros, feitos por observação participante e diário de campo, foram analisados em dois eixos temáticos: 1) intervenções psicológicas no trabalho em equipe em consulta de pré-natal, exame de ultrassonografia e procedimento de amniocentese; e 2) intervenções psicológicas em casos de bebês incompatíveis com a vida. Os resultados indicaram que o psicólogo nesse serviço é essencial para atuar de forma multiprofissional na assistência pré-natal para gravidezes de alto risco fetal. Ademais, a preceptoria do residente é relevante para sua formação e treinamento para atuação profissional no campo da psicologia perinatal.(AU)

Face to the technological advances and the improvement of medical practice via ultrasound, it is already possible to detect possible problems in the fetus since pregnancy. The objective of this study was to analyze the psychologist's practice in the context of pregnancies which involve fetal risks. It is a qualitative study based on an experience report as a psychologist trainee at the Fetal Medicine Service of the Maternity School of UFRJ. The records, based on the participant observation and field diary, were analyzed in two thematic axes: 1) psychological interventions in the teamwork in the prenatal attendance, ultrasound examination and amniocentesis procedure; and 2) psychological interventions in cases of babies incompatible to the life. The results indicated that the psychologist in this service is essential to work in a multidisciplinary way at the prenatal care for high fetal risk pregnancies. Furthermore, the resident's preceptorship is relevant to their education and training for professional performance in the field of Perinatal Psychology.(AU)

Con los avances tecnológicos y la mejora de la práctica médica a través de la ecografía, ya se puede detectar posibles problemas en el feto desde el embarazo. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la práctica del psicólogo en el contexto de embarazos de riesgos fetal. Es un estudio cualitativo basado en un relato de experiencia como residente de psicología en el Servicio de Medicina Fetal de la Escuela de Maternidad de la Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Los registros, realizados en la observación participante y el diario de campo, se analizaron en dos ejes temáticos: 1) intervenciones psicológicas en el trabajo en equipo, en la consulta prenatal, ecografía y los procedimientos de amniocentesis; y 2) intervenciones psicológicas en casos de bebés incompatibles con la vida. Los resultados señalaron como fundamental la presencia del psicólogo en este servicio trabajando de forma multidisciplinar en la atención prenatal en el contexto de embarazos de alto riesgo fetal. Además, la tutela del residente es relevante para su educación y formación para el desempeño profesional en el campo de la Psicología Perinatal.(AU)

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Care , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Psychosocial Intervention , Heart Defects, Congenital , Anxiety , Orientation , Pain , Parent-Child Relations , Parents , Paternity , Patient Care Team , Patients , Pediatrics , Placenta , Placentation , Pregnancy Complications , Pregnancy Maintenance , Prognosis , Psychoanalytic Theory , Psychology , Puerperal Disorders , Quality of Life , Radiation , Religion , Reproduction , Reproductive and Urinary Physiological Phenomena , General Surgery , Syndrome , Congenital Abnormalities , Temperance , Therapeutics , Urogenital System , Bioethics , Physicians' Offices , Infant, Premature , Labor, Obstetric , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Animal , Pregnancy Outcome , Adaptation, Psychological , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Echocardiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Family , Abortion, Spontaneous , Child Rearing , Child Welfare , Mental Health , Family Health , Survival Rate , Life Expectancy , Cause of Death , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Chromosome Mapping , Parental Leave , Mental Competency , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Down Syndrome , Perinatal Care , Comprehensive Health Care , Chemical Compounds , Depression, Postpartum , Neurobehavioral Manifestations , Disabled Children , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Gravidity , Crisis Intervention , Affect , Cytogenetic Analysis , Spirituality , Complicity , Value of Life , Humanizing Delivery , Death , Decision Making , Defense Mechanisms , Abortion, Threatened , Delivery of Health Care , Dementia , Uncertainty , Organogenesis , Qualitative Research , Pregnant Women , Early Diagnosis , Premature Birth , Nuchal Translucency Measurement , Child Mortality , Depression , Depressive Disorder , Postpartum Period , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Techniques, Obstetrical and Gynecological , Ethanol , Ego , Emotions , Empathy , Environment , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Ethics, Professional , Cell Nucleus Shape , Prenatal Nutrition , Cervical Length Measurement , Family Conflict , Family Therapy , Resilience, Psychological , Reproductive Physiological Phenomena , Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications , Gestational Sac , Brief, Resolved, Unexplained Event , Fetal Death , Embryonic and Fetal Development , Multimodal Imaging , Mortality, Premature , Clinical Decision-Making , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Child, Foster , Freedom , Burnout, Psychological , Birth Setting , Frustration , Sadness , Respect , Psychological Distress , Genetics , Psychological Well-Being , Obstetricians , Guilt , Happiness , Health Occupations , Hospitalization , Hospitals, Maternity , Hospitals, University , Human Development , Human Rights , Imagination , Infections , Infertility , Anencephaly , Jurisprudence , Obstetric Labor Complications , Licensure , Life Change Events , Life Support Care , Loneliness , Love , Medical Staff, Hospital , Intellectual Disability , Morals , Mothers , Narcissism , Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities , Neonatology , Nervous System Malformations , Object Attachment
Audiol., Commun. res ; 28: e2725, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429891


RESUMO Objetivo descrever os principais métodos quantitativos utilizados para análise morfométrica do trato vocal em cantores, suas aplicações e os principais segmentos estudados. Estratégia de pesquisa trata-se de uma revisão integrativa guiada pela pergunta condutora: "Quais os principais métodos quantitativos utilizados para análise morfométrica do trato vocal, suas aplicações e os principais segmentos estudados em cantores?". Foram utilizadas as bases eletrônicas PubMed, Scopus e BVS, por meio da chave de busca Vocal tract OR Oropharynx AND Morphology OR Geometry AND Evaluation OR Diagnosis AND voice, sem restrições de ano de publicação, sendo incluídos artigos em três idiomas: português, inglês e espanhol. Critérios de seleção: a seleção se deu de forma independente, por meio da leitura por pares e posterior aplicação dos critérios de exclusão e inclusão. Resultados dos 380 estudos, foram excluídos 30 duplicados. A partir da leitura dos resumos, aplicando-se os critérios de seleção, foram selecionados 18 estudos para leitura na íntegra, dos quais, 12 foram incluídos nesta revisão. A ressonância magnética foi o principal instrumento utilizado e os segmentos analisados incluíram desde o comprimento e volume do trato vocal, como segmentos isolados e suas particularidades morfológicas. Conclusão os métodos de quantificação morfológica do trato vocal integram instrumentos importantes para a avaliação instrumental do trato vocal e de seus segmentos, colaborando na atualização tecnológica em voz para melhor compreensão e intervenções fonoaudiológicas na voz cantada

ABSTRACT Purpose To describe the main quantitative methods used for morphometric analysis of the vocal tract in singers, their applications and the main segments studied. Research strategy This is an integrative review guided by the guiding question "What are the main quantitative methods used for morphometric analysis of the vocal tract, their applications and the main segments studied in singers?". The electronic databases PubMed, Scopus and VHL were used through the search key (Vocal tract OR Oropharynx) AND (Morphology OR Geometry) AND (Evaluation OR Diagnosis) AND (voice), without restriction of years of publication, including articles in three languages: Portuguese, English and Spanish. Selection criteria The selection took place independently through reading by pairs and subsequent application of exclusion and inclusion criteria. Results Of the 380 studies, 30 duplicates were excluded. After reading the abstracts, applying the selection criteria, 18 studies were selected for full reading, of which 12 were included in this review. Magnetic resonance imaging was the main instrument used and the analyzed segments ranged from the length and volume of the vocal tract to isolated segments and their morphological particularities. Conclusion Vocal tract morphological quantification methods are important for the instrumental evaluation of the vocal tract and its segments, a technological update leading to better understanding of singers' voice and therapeutical intervention.

Humans , Vocal Cords/anatomy & histology , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Singing , Speech Therapy , Voice Quality
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e22009, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447565


Abstract Oxazolidine derivatives (OxD) have been described as third-line antibiotics and antitumoral agents. The inclusion complexes based on cyclodextrin could improve the solubility and bioavailability of these compounds. A novel synthetic OxD was used, and its inclusion complexes were based on 2-hydroxy-beta-cyclodextrin (2-HPßCD). We conducted an in silico study to evaluate the interaction capacity between OxD and 2-HPßCD. Characterization studies were performed through scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier-transformed infrared (FTIR), nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-NMR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermal analyses. A kinetic study of the OxD was performed, including a cytotoxicity assay using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). The maximum increment of solubility was obtained at 70 mM OxD using 400 mM 2-HPßCD. SEM analyses and FTIR spectra indicated the formation of inclusion complexes. 1H-NMR presented chemical shifts that indicated 1:1 stoichiometry. Different thermal behaviors were obtained. The pharmacokinetic profile showed a short release time. Pure OxD and its inclusion complex did not exhibit cytotoxicity in PBMCs. In silico studies provided a foremost insight into the interactions between OxD and 2-HPßCD, including a higher solubility in water and an average releasing profile without toxicity in normal cells

Solubility/drug effects , Cyclodextrins/agonists , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared/methods , Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Anti-Bacterial Agents/analysis
Coluna/Columna ; 22(1): e269183, 2023. tab, il
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430245


ABSTRACT Introduction: This study describes the imaging characteristics and accessibility of the L4 / L5 left oblique corridor used in the OLIF spinal fusion approach and the dimensions of the left oblique corridor at L2/L3 and L3/L4. Methods: Observational, retrospective, and descriptive study, in which MRI is described for 330 patients. The length of the left OC L2/L3, L3/L4, and L4/L5 were measured and classified into four grades: 0 (not measurable), 1 (≤10 mm), 2 (10-20 mm), and 3 (≥20 mm). The psoas was measured at the level of the L4 / L5, and the modified Moro classification was used for the height of the psoas, considering high psoas from AII to AIV. The data was processed in the SPSS 26.0 system. Results: The mean age was 62.1 ± 13.5 years, the OC length in L2/L3, L3/L4 y L4/L5 were 16.1 ± 5.9, 16.2 ± 6.7 and 14.7 ± 8.8 mm, respectively. 14.8% had high psoas. OC grade 0 (2.1%) was obtained in 7 patients, 87 with grade 1 (26.4%), 129 with grade 2 (39.1%), and 107 with grade 3 (32.4%). The length of the OC in males was 2.4 mm (MD, 95% CI: 0.4-4.5, p: 0.02), more than in females. Conclusion: It was shown that 85.2% had an accessible psoas muscle for the left OLIF L4 / L5 approach, 71.5% had an accessible oblique corridor, and only 14.8% had high psoas. These parameters combined, 61.5% of MRI, were appropriate for this approach. Level of evidence III; Retrospective study.

Resumo: Introducción: Este estudio describe las características imagenológicas y la accesibilidad del corredor oblicuo izquierdo L4/L5 utilizado para la fusión intersomática oblicua, así como las dimensiones del corredor oblicuo izquierdo en L2/L3 y L3/L4. Métodos: Estudio observacional, retrospectivo y descriptivo, que se describe la RM de 330 pacientes. Se midió la longitud del CO izquierdo L2/L3, L3/L4 y L4/L5 y se clasificó en cuatro grados: 0 (no medible), 1 (≤10 mm), 2 (10-20 mm) y 3 (≥20 mm). El psoas se midió a nivel de L4/L5, para la altura del psoas se utilizó la clasificación de Moro modificada; considerando psoas alto de AII a AIV. Los datos fueron procesados en el sistema SPSS 26.0. Resultados: La edad media fue de 62.1 ± 13.5 años, la longitud de CO en L2/L3, L3/L4 y L4/L5 fue de 16.1 ± 5.9, 16.2 ± 6.7 y 14.7 ± 8.8 mm, respectivamente. El 14.8% tenía psoas alto. En 7 pacientes, se obtuvo CO grado 0 (2.1%), 87 con grado 1 (26.4%), 129 con grado 2 (39.1%) y 107 con grado 3 (32.4%). La longitud de la CO en hombres fue 2.4 mm (DM, IC 95%: 0.4-4.5, p: 0.02) más que en las mujeres. Conclusão: Se demostró que el 85.2% tenía un psoas accesible para el abordaje OLIF L4/L5 izquierdo, el 71.5% tenía corredor oblicuo accesible y solo el 14.8% tenía psoas alto. Combinados estos parámetros, el 61.5% de las RM fueron apropiadas para este abordaje. Nivel de evidencia III; estudio retrospectivo.

Resumen: Introdução: Este estudo descreve as características de imagem e acessibilidade do corredor oblíquo esquerdo L4/L5 usado para a fusão intersomática oblíqua, bem como as dimensões do corredor oblíquo esquerdo em L2/L3 e L3/L4. Métodos: Estudo observacional e descritivo, no qual é descrita a RM de 330 pacientes. O comprimento do OC esquerdo L2/L3, L3/L4 e L4/L5 foi medido e classificado em quatro graus: 0 (não mensurável), 1 (≤10 mm), 2 (10-20 mm) e 3 (≥20 mm). O psoas foi medido no nível de L4/L5 sendo utilizada a classificação de Moro modificada; considerando um psoas alto de AII a AIV. Os dados foram processados no sistema SPSS 26.0. Resultados: A média de idade foi de 62.1 ± 13.5 anos, o comprimento do CO em L2/L3, L3/L4 e L4/L5 foi de 16.1 ± 5.9, 16.2 ± 6.7 e 14.7 ± 8.8 mm, respectivamente. 14.8% tinham psoas alto. Em 7 pacientes obteve-se CO grau 0 (2.1%), 87 com grau 1 (26.4%), 129 com grau 2 (39.1%) e 107 com grau 3 (32.4%). O comprimento do CO nos homens foi 2.4 mm (MD, IC 95%: 0.4-4.5, p: 0.02) a mais do que nas mulheres. Conclusión: Evidenciou-se que 85.2% tinham psoas acessível para a abordagem OLIF L4/L5 esquerda, 71.5% tinham corredor oblíquo acessível e apenas 14.8% tinham psoas alto. Combinados esses parâmetros, 61.5% das RMs foram adequadas para essa abordagem. Nível de evidência III; Estudo retrospectivo.

Humans , Male , Female , Spinal Fusion , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Spine