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In. Huart Sottolano, Regina Natalia; Biafore, Federico. Imagen por resonancia magnética desde cero: manual para estudiantes y docentes. Montevideo, Oficina del Libro-FEFMUR, c2023. p.101-108, ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1437712
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e22009, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447565


Abstract Oxazolidine derivatives (OxD) have been described as third-line antibiotics and antitumoral agents. The inclusion complexes based on cyclodextrin could improve the solubility and bioavailability of these compounds. A novel synthetic OxD was used, and its inclusion complexes were based on 2-hydroxy-beta-cyclodextrin (2-HPßCD). We conducted an in silico study to evaluate the interaction capacity between OxD and 2-HPßCD. Characterization studies were performed through scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier-transformed infrared (FTIR), nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-NMR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermal analyses. A kinetic study of the OxD was performed, including a cytotoxicity assay using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). The maximum increment of solubility was obtained at 70 mM OxD using 400 mM 2-HPßCD. SEM analyses and FTIR spectra indicated the formation of inclusion complexes. 1H-NMR presented chemical shifts that indicated 1:1 stoichiometry. Different thermal behaviors were obtained. The pharmacokinetic profile showed a short release time. Pure OxD and its inclusion complex did not exhibit cytotoxicity in PBMCs. In silico studies provided a foremost insight into the interactions between OxD and 2-HPßCD, including a higher solubility in water and an average releasing profile without toxicity in normal cells

Solubility/drug effects , Cyclodextrins/agonists , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared/methods , Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Anti-Bacterial Agents/analysis
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21726, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439500


Abstract Pterocarpus santalinoides is used in Nigerian ethnomedicine to treat diabetes mellitus. This study aimed to establish the antidiabetic property of the plant, and isolate and characterize its active principle. Dried and pulverized leaves (500 g) of P. santalinoides were extracted with 1.8 L of 80 % hydromethanol by cold maceration. The dried extract (10 g) was partitioned into n-hexane, ethyl acetate (EtOAc), n-butanol, and water. Antidiabetic activitiy-guided isolation by column chromatographic separation of the EtOAc soluble and purification of the sub-fractions by repeated preparative thin layer chromatography (pTLC) yielded a C-glycosyl flavonoid, identified as isovitexin. The chemical structure was elucidated based on high-resolution mass spectroscopy, 1D, and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic analyses. Alloxan-induced diabetic rat model was adopted for antidiabetic screening. The extract of P. santalinoides (100-200 mg/kg), fraction F4 (50 mg/kg), sub-fraction F4.3 (10 mg/kg), and the semi-purified compound F4.3.2 (5 mg/kg) significantly (p<0.05) reduced the fasting blood glucose of alloxan-induced diabetic rats, causing 48.4, 69.4, 57.7 and 64.5 % antidiabetic activity respectively, compared with > 68 % recorded in glibenclamide (2 mg/kg) control. These results reveal that isovitexin is the antidiabetic principle in P. santalinoides

Animals , Male , Rats , Plant Extracts/analysis , Pterocarpus/adverse effects , Hypoglycemic Agents/analysis , Mass Spectrometry/methods , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Chromatography, Thin Layer/methods , Diabetes Mellitus/pathology , Acetates/pharmacology
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(1): eabc263, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378702


As neoplasias cardíacas primárias são raras, e o diagnóstico correto é essencial para planejar o tratamento mais adequado. O objetivo deste estudo foi demonstrar o papel da ressonância magnética cardíaca na avaliação, no diagnóstico e no acompanhamento de fibroma cardíaco. Paciente do sexo feminino, 21 anos, com massa miocárdica ao ecocardiograma. Realizou ressonância magnética com diagnóstico de fibroma cardíaco. Foi acompanhada durante 6 anos com estabilidade do quadro. Fibromas cardíacos correspondem à segunda neoplasia mais comum em crianças e jovens. À ressonância magnética, caracterizam-se por realce tardio intenso e homogêneo.(AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Fibroma/ultrastructure , Fibroma/diagnostic imaging , Heart Ventricles/abnormalities , Neoplasms/diagnosis , Time Factors , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Echocardiography/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Tomography/methods , Follow-Up Studies
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(2): eabc304, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400334


Introdução: A função sistodiastólica do ventrículo esquerdo é prognóstica nas doenças cardiovasculares e pode ser avaliada por strain longitudinal global por meio de ecocardiografia e de ressonância magnética cardíaca. O strain longitudinal global pela ressonância magnética cardíaca exige a utilização de software de alto custo. O deslocamento linear longitudinal do ventrículo esquerdo pode ser uma alternativa simples e barata ao strain longitudinal global, porém eles não foram ainda comparados sistematicamente. Objetivo: Comparar o deslocamento linear longitudinal com o strain longitudinal global e fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo em valvopatas aórticos e controles. Métodos: Incluímos 44 participantes (26 valvopatas aórticos/19 controles). O strain longitudinal global utilizou software específico (Circle Cardiovascular Imaging 42) e o deslocamento linear longitudinal apenas medidas lineares de distância entre a base e o ápex do ventrículo esquerdo, gerando deslocamento máximo, velocidade máxima no início da diástole, velocidade na diástase e a relação entre velocidade na diástase e velocidade máxima no início da diástole. Resultados: Deslocamento máximo e velocidade máxima no início da diástole correlacionaram-se com strain longitudinal global (r=0,69 e r=0,65 respectivamente) e com a fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (r=0,47 e r=0,57, p<0,001 para ambos). Deslocamento máximo e velocidade máxima no início da diástole apresentaram área sob a curva Característica de Operação do Receptor de 0,88 e 0,91 e, no melhor ponto de corte (-0,13 e 0,66), sensibilidade de 72,43% e 57,14% e especificidade 80,65% e 87,10%, respectivamente, quando comparados ao strain longitudinal global. Utilizando a fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo como referência, foram obtidos 0,70 e 0,82, e, no melhor ponto de corte (-0,11 e 0,61), sensibilidade de 75,00% e 50,00% e especificidade 72,97% e 78,38%, respectivamente. Conclusão: O deslocamento linear longitudinal foi semelhante ao strain longitudinal global. O deslocamento máximo derivado do deslocamento linear longitudinal foi o melhor parâmetro na sístole, enquanto a velocidade máxima no início da diástole foi o melhor na diástole, o que possibilita a avaliação da função diastólica pela ressonância magnética cardíaca na rotina clínica de forma rápida e sem custo adicional.(AU)

Background: Left ventricular (LV) systolic diastolic function is prognostic in cardiovascular diseases and can be assessed via global longitudinal strain (GLS) on echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). However, GLS by CMR requires the use of expensive software. Longitudinal linear displacement (LLD) may be a simple and inexpensive alternative to GLS, but the two have not been systematically compared. Objective: To compare LLD with GLS and LV ejection fraction (LVEF) in aortic valve disease patients and controls. Methods: We included 44 participants (26 with aortic valve disease, 19 controls). GLS was determined using CVI42 software (Circle Cardiovascular Imaging), while the LLD linear measurements of the distance between the base/apex of the LV included maximum displacement (MD), maximum velocity in early diastole (MVED), atrioventricular junction velocity in diastasis (VDS), and VDS/MVED ratio. Results: DM and MVED were correlated with GLS (r=0.69 and r=0.65, respectively) and LVEF (r=0.47 and r=0.57, p<0.001 for both). DM and MVED showed areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.88 and 0.91, and at the best cut-off point (-0.13 and 0.66), sensitivities of 72.43% and 57.14% and specificities of 80.65% and 87.10%, respectively, compared to GLS. Using LVEF as a reference, we obtained AUC of 0.70 and 0.82, and at the best cut-off point (-0.11 and 0.61), sensitivities of 75.00% and 50.00% and specificities of 72.97% and 78.38%, respectively. Conclusion: LLD demonstrated similar performance to that of GLS. MD derived from LLD was the best parameter during systole, while MVED was the best during diastole. Our findings demonstrate the routine, quick, and inexpensive assessment of diastolic function on CMR.(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Stroke Volume/physiology , Echocardiography/methods , Ventricular Function, Left , Aortic Valve Disease/diagnosis , Myocardial Contraction/physiology , Aortic Valve Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging , Blood Flow Velocity , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Heart Ventricles/pathology
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(2): eabc293, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400580


Fundamento: A ecocardiografia avançada com utilização de strain miocárdico bi e tridimensional propõe identificar a disfunção sistólica subclínica em diversas condições clínicas. No diabetes mellitus, seu papel é de grande interesse para diagnóstico precoce de cardiomiopatia diabética. Contudo, há grande heterogeneidade nos artigos publicados. Objetivo: Realizar uma revisão sistemática, para avaliar o papel atual da avaliação com strain nos pacientes com diabetes mellitus. Métodos: Após revisão sistemática em cinco bancos de dados, 19 estudos que utilizaram strain bidimensional e oito estudos que utilizaram strain tridimensional foram incluídos. Resultados:Na avaliação por strain bidimensional, a amostra totalizou 1.774 indivíduos com diabetes mellitus, com idade média de 57,1 anos e mediana de 55 anos, com equilíbrio em relação ao sexo dos participantes (47,5% do sexo feminino). Nos estudos que utilizaram strain tridimensional, foram incluídos 488 indivíduos com diabetes, com idade média de 55,7 anos e mediana de 63 anos, também com equilíbrio entre o sexo dos pacientes (51% do sexo feminino). O strain global longitudinal foi o marcador de deformação miocárdica que mais frequentemente conseguiu demonstrar diferença entre grupos com indivíduos diabéticos e controles. Conclusão: O strain miocárdico por speckle tracking bi e tridimensional permite identificar disfunção sistólica subclínica em pacientes diabéticos, o que se torna mais marcante nos pacientes com mais fatores de risco associados e com remodelamento ventricular.(AU)

Background: Advanced echocardiography using two- and three-dimensional myocardial strain proposes to identify subclinical systolic dysfunction in different clinical conditions. Strain assessment plays an important role in the early diagnosis of diabetic cardiomyopathy in diabetes mellitus (DM). However, the findings of published articles are heterogeneous. Here we conducted a systematic review to analyze the current role of strain assessment in patients with DM. Methods: This systematic review of five databases identified 19 studies that used twodimensional strain and 8 studies that used three-dimensional strain. Results: The studies of two-dimensional strain included 1,774 DM patients (mean age, 57.1 years; median age, 55 years; 47.5% women), while those of three-dimensional strain included 488 DM patients (mean age, 55.7 years; median age, 63 years; 51% women). Global longitudinal strain was the myocardial deformation marker that differed most frequently between the DM and control groups. Conclusion: Myocardial strain imaging by two- and three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography allows the identification of subclinical systolic dysfunction in DM patients, and differences become more marked when associated with risk factors and ventricular remodeling.(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Echocardiography/methods , Diabetes Mellitus/physiopathology , Diabetic Cardiomyopathies/diagnosis , Diabetic Cardiomyopathies/prevention & control , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/complications , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional/methods , Heart Failure/mortality , Heart Injuries/prevention & control
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(2): eabc286, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400703


Massas intracardíacas constituem um desafio diagnóstico, já que os sintomas são comuns a patologias cardiovasculares ou não. Métodos ­ invasivos ou não ­ possibilitam o diagnóstico diferencial e a confirmação histológica, propiciando tratamento adequado. Para melhor compreender a importância da multimodalidade em imagem e a abordagem nos tumores cardíacos , relatamos o caso de um lifoma cardíaco primário, em que a abordagem multidisciplinar permitiu o rápido diagnóstico e seu tratamento, inclusive das intercorrências, com resposta inicial promissora, a despeito da evolução fatal durante a pandemia por SARS-CoV-2.(AU)

Intracardiac masses are a diagnostic challenge since their symptoms can be common to cardiovascular pathologies. Some methods, whether invasive or not, enable differential diagnosis, histological confirmation, and adequate treatment. To better understand the importance of imaging multimodality and the approach to managing cardiac tumors, we investigated a case of a primary cardiac lymphoma in which the multidisciplinary approach allowed rapid diagnosis and treatment, including of intercurrences, with a promising initial response despite fatal progression due to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. (AU)

Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/diagnostic imaging , Multimodal Imaging/methods , SARS-CoV-2 , Heart Neoplasms/prevention & control , Pacemaker, Artificial , Respiratory Insufficiency/complications , Biopsy/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods , Electrocardiography/methods
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e20278, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403705


Abstract Adenocalymma axillarum (K.Schum.) L.G. Lohmann is a liana belonging to the family Bignoniaceae. In traditional medicine, the genus Adenocalymma is used to treat fever, skin ailments, and body, joint, and facial muscle pains, and it is also applied as cosmetic. Biological assays conducted with the A. axillarum crude leaf ethanol extract have indicated leishmanicidal activity and absence of cytotoxicity. This study aimed to analyze the A. axillarum leaf ethanol crude extract by high-performance liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry- diode array detector (HPLC-HRMS-DAD) and to evaluate the leishmanicidal and cytotoxic activities of this crude extract, its fractions, and isolated compounds. HPLC-HRMS-DAD analysis of this extract revealed that it consisted mainly of flavonoids, with nine major compounds. Extract purification yielded 4-hydroxy-N-methylproline, 6-β-hydroxyipolamiide, quercetin-3-O-robinobioside, hyperin, isorhamnetin-3-O-robinobioside, and 3'-O-methylhyperin, which were identified by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. The isolated compounds were inactive against Leishmania amazonensis promastigotes and human lung fibroblast cells.

Mass Spectrometry/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Plant Leaves/classification , Complex Mixtures/chemistry , Leishmania/classification , Bignoniaceae/classification , Joints/abnormalities
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(3): eabc300, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411512


A disjunção do anel mitral (DAM) é uma inserção anormal da linha de flexão do anel mitral na parede atrial. O anel mostra uma separação (disjunção) entre a junção folheto posterior-parede atrial e a crista miocárdica ventricular esquerda.1 A DAM foi descrita pela primeira vez há mais de 30 anos em estudo de autópsia, estando relacionada com prolapso da valva mitral (PVM) em 92% dos casos.2 Desde então, foram realizados diversos estudos, sendo a prevalência de DAM em pacientes com PVM reportada de forma variável, podendo ou não estar associada à insuficiência mitral. O ecocardiograma transtorácico (ETT) faz parte da avaliação inicial do prolapso valvar mitral, permitindo o diagnóstico e a avaliação de complicações relacionadas. Com a evolução de novos métodos diagnósticos, a ressonância magnética cardíaca (RMC) e o ecocardiograma transesofágico (ETE) passaram a aprimorar a avaliação dessa patologia, bem como de sua extensão e localização. Contudo, as características fenotípicas do PVM que estão mais associadas a DAM permanecem incertas, sobretudo devido ao número limitado de pacientes, nos estudos clássicos sobre o tema. Portadores de DAM podem desenvolver sintomas relacionados a arritmias ventriculares, configurando a síndrome arrítmica da DAM (SDAM), podendo evoluir para morte súbita. Na literatura, os dados prognósticos ainda são conflitantes entre os diversos estudos acerca do tema, indo desde critérios claros de diagnóstico, o melhor método de imagem a ser aplicado, o tratamento e o prognóstico. Esta revisão descreve as características da DAM associada ou não ao prolapso valvar, auxiliando no diagnóstico e na conduta dessa importante patologia. (AU)

Mitral annulus disjunction (MAD) is an abnormal insertion of the flexion line of the mitral annulus into the atrial wall. The annulus presents a separation (disjunction) between the posterior leaflet­atrial wall junction and the left ventricular myocardial crest.1 MAD was first described more than 30 years ago in an autopsy study and is reportedly related to mitral valve prolapse (MVP) in 92% of cases.2 Since then, several studies have been conducted, and reports on the prevalence of MAD in patients with MVP have varied. Ultimately, it may or may not be associated with mitral regurgitation. Transthoracic echocardiography is part of initial MVP assessment, allowing its diagnosis and the assessment of related complications. As new diagnostic methods emerged, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and transesophageal echocardiography improved the assessment of this pathology in terms of its diagnosis, extension, and location. However, the phenotypic characteristics of MVP that are more closely associated with MAD remain uncertain mainly due to the limited number of patients in classic studies on the subject. Patients with MAD may develop symptoms related to ventricular arrhythmias, configuring the MAD arrhythmic syndrome, which may progress to sudden death. The literature presents conflicting prognostic data among several studies on the subject from clear diagnostic criteria and best imaging method to be used to treatment and prognosis. This review describes MAD characteristics associated (or not) with valve prolapse to improve the diagnosis and management of this important pathology. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Mitral Valve Prolapse/complications , Mitral Valve Prolapse/diagnostic imaging , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/diagnosis , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , Prognosis , Echocardiography/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods , Heart Atria/pathology , Heart Ventricles/abnormalities
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(3): erer_07, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411516


A necessidade de examinar o coração com uma ferramenta tridimensional não é nova na ecocardiografia. O órgão complexo e dinâmico em estudo sempre exigiu o entendimento em três dimensões e em tempo real. Sem o recurso, o examinador precisa transformar as imagens em bidimensional para uma compreensão de volume que exige complexa interação de conhecimentos e aproximações. A invenção da tridimensão já contabiliza três décadas, e seu aprimoramento levou a produtos comerciais no início do século. Estudos demonstram, no mínimo, equivalência da tridimensão com ganhos no manuseio do tempo necessário. Utilizamos as modalidades Tri Plano na rotina com ganho de tempo e menor estresse do membro superior do examinador. A tridimensão pode responder perguntas mais complexas e auxilia em nossa abordagem mais geométrica da contração, sendo o espessamento analisado em segundo plano.(AU)

The need to examine the heart using a three-dimensional (3D) tool is not new. This complex and dynamic organ has always required 3D and real-time understanding. Without this feature, the examiner has to transform two-dimensional images to understand its volume, which requires complex knowledge and approximation interactions. Echocardiography was invented three decades ago, and its improvements resulted in commercial products at the beginning of the century. Some studies demonstrate 3D equivalence with gains in handling the necessary time. We use triplane modalities in our routine, with time gain and less stress on the examiner's upper limb. Thus, 3D examinations can answer more complex questions and provide a more geometric approach to contraction, with thickening being analyzed in the background. (AU)

Humans , Cardiac Imaging Techniques/methods , Heart/anatomy & histology , Heart/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Echocardiography, Stress/methods
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(3): eabc287, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411754


Descreve-se o caso de um homem de 19 anos assintomático com fibroma de ventrículo esquerdo em acompanhamento por 15 anos, sem tratamento.(AU)

Here we describe a case of a 19-year-old asymptomatic man with a left ventricular fibroma on follow-up for 15 years with no treatment required.(AU)

Humans , Male , Adult , Fibroma/diagnostic imaging , Heart Neoplasms/complications , Heart Ventricles/abnormalities , Myocardium/pathology , Echocardiography/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Electrocardiography, Ambulatory/methods , Death, Sudden, Cardiac
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(3): eabc280, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411955


Cor triatriatum é um anomalia cardíaca congênita rara frequentemente diagnosticada na primeira infância. Este estudo de caso apresenta um adulto com um achado acidental de cor triatriatum sinistrum. Com base na apresentação clínica, o paciente foi tratado de forma conservadora. São apresentados achados de imagens ecocardiográficas de cor triatriatum sinistrum deste paciente juntamente de revisão narrativa da literatura sobre essa doença.(AU)

Cor triatriatum is a rare congenital heart anomaly often diagnosed in early childhood. This case study features an adult with an incidental finding of cor triatriatum sinistrum. Based on the clinical presentation, the patient was treated conservatively. Cor triatriatum sinistrum echocardiographic image findings of this patient are presented along with a narrative review of the literature about this disease. (AU)

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cor Triatriatum/complications , Cor Triatriatum/diagnostic imaging , Incidental Findings , Heart Atria/abnormalities , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional/methods , Fatty Liver/complications , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/complications , Kidney/injuries , Myocardial Infarction/genetics