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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e255664, 2024. graf, mapas, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1360227

ABSTRACT

Magnolia biondii Pamp is an important ornamental tree species widely grown and used as a rootstock in the propagation of different Magnolia varieties. In the current studies, anatomical, physiological and endogenous hormones were studied to check the effect of IBA 750 mg/L on the adventitious rooting and to provide theoretical and technical support for the propagation of Magnolia biondii Pamp through stem cuttings. Two thousand stem cuttings were prepared and divided into two groups i.e., IBA treated cuttings and water control. For the evaluation of antioxidant enzyme activities, and endogenous hormones levels, samples were collected on the day of planting and each 5th day and further steps were carried out in the laboratory according to the protocols and proper precautions. For the anatomical observations, samples were collected on the 13th, 15th, and 17th day for IBA treated cuttings while 21st, 23rd, and 25th day for control. Collected samples were preserved in the FAA solution and further observations were carried out in the laboratory. Anatomical observations showed that it took 13 days for the differentiation of root primordia to the appearance of young adventitious roots in IBA treated cuttings, while it took 21 days to develop primordia in the control. Antioxidant enzyme activities involved in ROS were significantly higher in the IBA treated cuttings compared to control. POD showed a peak on the 13th day before the emergence of roots in IBA treated cuttings while it showed a peak on the 21st day in the control. PPO showed a peak on the 21st day in the IBA treated cuttings while it showed a peak on the 29th day in the control. SOD showed a peak on the 17th day in IBA treated cuttings, while it showed a peak on the 25th day in the control. Exogenous application of IBA enhanced the endogenous IAA and GA3 levels compared to CK, while it reduced the levels of ABA continuously at the time of rooting and then increased gradually. Inclusively, our study suggests that IBA 750 mg/L is efficient for the rooting of Magnolia biondii Pamp cuttings, as it enhanced the process of antioxidant enzyme activities, endogenous hormones levels and reduced the time of root formation which is evident from the anatomical observations.


Magnolia biondii Pamp é uma importante espécie de árvore ornamental muito cultivada e utilizada como porta-enxerto na propagação de diferentes variedades de Magnolia. Nos estudos atuais, hormônios anatômicos, fisiológicos e endógenos foram estudados para verificar o efeito do AIB na dose de 750 mg / L no enraizamento adventício e fornecer suporte teórico e técnico para a propagação de M. biondii Pamp por meio de estacas. Duas mil estacas foram preparadas e divididas em dois grupos, ou seja, tratadas com AIB e controle de água. Para a avaliação das atividades das enzimas antioxidantes e dos níveis de hormônios endógenos, as amostras foram coletadas no dia do plantio e a cada 5 dias, enquanto as demais etapas foram realizadas em laboratório de acordo com os protocolos e os devidos cuidados. Para as observações anatômicas, as amostras foram coletadas no 13º, 15º e 17º dias para estacas tratadas com AIB e no 21º, 23º e 25º dias para o controle. As amostras coletadas foram preservadas em solução FAA, e outras observações foram realizadas em laboratório. Observações anatômicas mostraram a necessidade de 13 dias para a diferenciação dos primórdios radiculares até o aparecimento de raízes adventícias jovens em estacas tratadas com AIB e de 21 dias para o desenvolvimento dos primórdios no controle. As atividades das enzimas antioxidantes envolvidas nas ROS foram significativamente maiores nas estacas tratadas com AIB em comparação com o controle. A POD apresentou pico no 13º dia antes da emergência das raízes nas estacas tratadas com AIB, enquanto no 21º dia apresentou pico no controle. A PPO teve pico no 21º dia nas estacas tratadas com AIB e no 29º dia no controle. A SOD apresentou pico no 17º dia nas estacas tratadas com AIB e no 25º dia no controle. A aplicação exógena de AIB aumentou os níveis endógenos de IAA e GA3 em relação ao controle, enquanto reduziu os níveis de ABA continuamente no momento do enraizamento e, em seguida, aumentou gradativamente. Inclusive, nosso estudo sugere que o AIB na dose de 750 mg / L é eficiente para o enraizamento de estacas de M. biondii Pamp, visto que potencializou o processo de atividades de enzimas antioxidantes e os níveis de hormônios endógenos, além de reduzir o tempo de formação de raízes, o que fica evidente nas observações anatômicas.


Subject(s)
Magnolia/growth & development , Hormones
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(3): 915-925, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514287

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Magnolia bark extract supplementation has an anti-oxidative role in mammalians. However, its role in physiological aged-associated heart insufficiency is not known yet. Therefore, we investigated the effects of a magnolia bark complex, including magnolol and honokiol components (MAHOC), in elderly rat hearts (24-month-old aged group). One group of aged rats was supplemented with MAHOC (400 mg/kg/d, for 12 weeks) besides the standard rat diet while the second group of elderly rats and adult rats (to 6-month- old adult-group) were only fed with the standard rat diet. The morphological analysis using light microscopy has shown marked myofibrillar losses, densely localized fibroblasts, vacuolizations, infiltrated cell accumulations, and collagen fibers in the myocardium of the elderly rats compared to the adults. We also detected a markedly increased amount of degenerated cardiomyocytes including the euchromatic nucleus. The MAHOC supplementation of the elderly rats provided marked ameliorations in these abnormal morphological changes in the heart tissue. Furthermore, electrophysiological analysis of electrocardiograms (ECGs) in the supplemented group showed significant attenuations in the prolonged durations of P-waves, QRS-complexes, QT-intervals, and low heart rates compared to the unsupplemented elderly group. The biochemical analysis also showed significant attenuations in the activity of arylesterase and total antioxidant status in the myocardium of the supplemented group. We further determined significant attenuations in the activity of a mitochondrial enzyme succinate dehydrogenase, known as a source of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and the decreased level of ATP/ADP in the heart homogenates of the supplemented group. Moreover, under in vitro conditions by using an aging-mimicked cardiac cell line induced by D-galactose, we demonstrated that MAHOC treatment could provide prevention of depolarization in mitochondria membrane potential and high-level ROS production. Overall, our data presented significant myocardial ameliorations in physiological aging-associated morphological alterations parallel to the function and biochemical attenuations with MAHOC supplementation, at most, through recoveries in mitochondria.


La suplementación con extracto de corteza de magnolia tiene un papel antioxidante en los mamíferos, sin embargo, su rol en la insuficiencia cardíaca asociada al envejecimiento fisiológico aún no se conoce. Por lo anterior, investigamos los efectos de un complejo de corteza de magnolia, incluidos los componentes magnolol y honokiol (MAHOC), en corazones de ratas seniles (grupo de edad de 24 meses). La alimentación de grupo de ratas seniles se complementó con MAHOC (400 mg/kg/d, durante 12 semanas) además de la dieta estándar, mientras que el segundo grupo de ratas seniles y ratas adultas (hasta el grupo de adultos de 6 meses) solo recibió la dieta estándar para ratas. El análisis morfológico mediante microscopía óptica ha mostrado marcadas pérdidas miofibrilares, fibroblastos densamente localizados, vacuolizaciones, acumulaciones de células infiltradas y fibras de colágeno en el miocardio de las ratas seniles en comparación con las adultas. También detectamos una cantidad notablemente mayor de cardiomiocitos degradados, incluido el núcleo eucromático. La suplementación con MAHOC de las ratas seniles proporcionó mejoras marcadas en estos cambios morfológicos anormales en el tejido cardiaco. Por otra parte, el análisis de los electrocardiogramas (ECG) en el grupo suplementado mostró atenuaciones significativas en las duraciones prolongadas de las ondas P, los complejos QRS, los intervalos QT y las frecuencias cardíacas bajas, en comparación con el grupo de ratas seniles sin suplementación alimenticia. El análisis bioquímico también mostró atenuaciones significativas en la actividad de la arilesterasa y el estado antioxidante total en el miocardio del grupo suplementado. Determinamos además atenuaciones significativas en la actividad de la enzima mitocondrial succinato deshidrogenasa, conocida como fuente de especies reactivas de oxígeno (ROS), y la disminución del nivel de ATP/ADP en los homogeneizados de corazón del grupo suplementado. Además, en condiciones in vitro mediante el uso de una línea de células cardíacas, imitando el envejecimiento inducido por D- galactosa, demostramos que el tratamiento con MAHOC podría prevenir la despolarización en el potencial de membrana de las mitocondrias y la producción de ROS de alto nivel. En general, nuestros datos presentaron mejoras miocárdicas significativas en alteraciones morfológicas asociadas con el envejecimiento fisiológico paralelas a la función y atenuaciones bioquímicas con la suplementación con MAHOC, como máximo, a través de recuperaciones en las mitocondrias.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Biphenyl Compounds/administration & dosage , Aging , Magnolia , Heart/drug effects , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Plant Extracts , Reactive Oxygen Species , Rats, Wistar , Lignans/administration & dosage , Heart/physiology
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3806-3814, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981513

ABSTRACT

The weight coefficients of appearance traits, extract yield of standard decoction, and total content of honokiol and magnolol were determined by analytic hierarchy process(AHP), criteria importance though intercrieria correlation(CRITIC), and AHP-CRITIC weighting method, and the comprehensive scores were calculated. The effects of ginger juice dosage, moistening time, proces-sing temperature, and processing time on the quality of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex(MOC) were investigated, and Box-Behnken design was employed to optimize the process parameters. To reveal the processing mechanism, MOC, ginger juice-processed Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex(GMOC), and water-processed Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex(WMOC) were compared. The results showed that the weight coefficients of the appearance traits, extract yield of standard decoction, and total content of honokiol and magnolol determined by AHP-CRITIC weighting method were 0.134, 0.287, and 0.579, respectively. The optimal processing parameters of GMOC were ginger juice dosage of 8%, moistening time of 120 min, and processing at 100 ℃ for 7 min. The content of syringoside and magnolflorine in MOC decreased after processing, and the content of honokiol and magnolol followed the trend of GMOC>MOC>WMOC, which suggested that the change in clinical efficacy of MOC after processing was associated with the changes of chemical composition. The optimized processing technology is stable and feasible and provides references for the modern production and processing of MOC.


Subject(s)
Ginger , Magnolia/chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Biphenyl Compounds/chemistry , Lignans/chemistry
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1262-1272, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928051

ABSTRACT

In this study, we employed Q Exactive to determine the main differential metabolites of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex du-ring the "sweating" process. Further, we quantified the color parameters and determined the activities of polyphenol oxidase(PPO), peroxidase(POD), and tyrosinase of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex during the "sweating" process. Gray correlation analysis was performed for the color, chemical composition, and enzyme activity to reveal the effect of enzymatic reaction on the color of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex during the "sweating" process. Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex sweating in different manners showed similar metabolite changes. The primary metabolites that changed significantly included amino acids, nucleotides, and sugars, and the secondary metabolites with significant changes were phenols and phenylpropanoids. Despite the different sweating methods, eleven compounds were commonly up-regulated, including L-glutamic acid, acetylarginine, hypoxanthine, and xanthine; six compounds were commonly down-re-gulated, including L-arginine, L-aspartic acid, and phenylalanine. The brightness value(L~*), red-green value(a~*), and yellow-blue value(b~*) of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex kept decreasing during the "sweating" process. The changes in the activities of PPO and POD during sweating were consistent with those in the color parameter values. The gray correlation analysis demonstrated that the main differential metabolites such as amino acids and phenols were closely related to the color parameters L~*, a~* and b~*; POD was correlated with amino acids and phenols; PPO had strong correlation with phenols. The results indicated that the color change of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex during "sweating" was closely related to the reactions of enzymes dominated by PPO and POD. The study analyzed the correlations among the main differential metabolites, color parameters, and enzyme activities of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex in the "sweating" process. It reveals the common law of material changes and ascertains the relationship between color changes and enzymatic reactions of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex during "sweating". Therefore, this study provides a reference for studying the "sweating" mechanism of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex and is of great significance to guarantee the quality of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex.


Subject(s)
Magnolia/chemistry , Quality Control , Sweating
5.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 491-499, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888777

ABSTRACT

Six new oligomeric neolignans including two trimeric neolignans (1 and 2) and four dimeric neolignans (3-6) were isolated from the leaves of Magnolia officinalis var. biloba. Their structures were determined based on HR-ESIMS and NMR data, as well as electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Compound 1 is formed from two obovatol moieties directly linked to an aromatic ring of the remaining obovatol moiety, which is an unprecedented type of linkage between monomers. All isolates were assessed for their inhibitory effects on NO production in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. Compounds 1 and 3 showed significantly inhibitory activities with IC


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Lignans/pharmacology , Magnolia/chemistry , Molecular Structure , Phytochemicals/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Plant Leaves/chemistry
6.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 481-490, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888776

ABSTRACT

Honokiol is the dominant biphenolic compound isolated from the Magnolia tree, and has long been considered as the active constituent of the traditional Chinese herb, 'Houpo', which is widely used to treat symptoms due to 'stagnation of qi'. Pharmacological studies have shown that honokiol possesses a wide range of bioactivities without obvious toxicity. Honokiol protects the liver, kidneys, nervous system, and cardiovascular system through reducing oxidative stress and relieving inflammation. Moreover, honokiol shows anti-diabetic property through enhancing insulin sensitivity, and anti-obese property through promoting browning of adipocytes. In vivo and in vitro studies indicated that honokiol functions as an anti-cancer agent through multiple mechanisms: inhibiting angiogenesis, promoting cell apoptosis, and regulating cell cycle. A variety of therapeutic effects of honokiol may be associated with its physiochemical properties, which make honokiol readily cross the blood brain barrier and the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier, with high bioavailability. In the future, more clinical researches on honokiol are needed to fully authenticate its therapeutic values.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Biphenyl Compounds/pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Lignans/pharmacology , Magnolia
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2686-2690, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887938

ABSTRACT

Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex, a common Chinese medicinal in clinic, should undergo "sweating" process in producing area according to Chinese Pharmacopoeia, which affects its genuineness and quality. In light of the concept and research mode of quality marker(Q-marker) for decoction pieces, the active components of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex pieces which altered significantly before and after "sweating" were identified in this study. The main pharmacodynamic material basis was clarified by pharmacodynamic, pharmacokinetic and drug property research, followed by the prediction of Q-markers of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex before and after "sweating", for better improving its quality standard.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Magnolia
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3826-3836, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828379

ABSTRACT

Magnolia officinalis is a traditional Chinese medicine,with many years of cultivating process, M. officinalis leaves show more differentiation types due to the exchange of seeds from different provenances. "Da Ao"(DA), "Xiao Ao"(XA), "Chuan Hou"(CH),and "Liu Ye"(LY)are the main types of M. officinalis in Sichuan province of China,and there were obvious differences in growth rate,chemical composition,leaf shape and leaf colour. This study selected different types of M. officinalis leaves(DA,XA,LY and CH)from Sichuan to determine their chlorophyll content. Transcriptomic level sequencing of different types of M. officinalis leaf tissues was by high-throughput sequencing analysis and proteomics used an integrated approach involving TMT labelling and LC-MS/MS to quantify the dynamic changes of the whole proteome of M. officinalis. The results showed that CH had the lowest chlorophyll content while DA had the highest chlorophyll content. Furthermore,transcriptome and proteomics results showed that chlorophyll synthesis pathway in DA glutamine-tRNA reductase,urinary porphyrins decarboxylase(UROD),oxygen-dependent protoporphyrin(ODCO),the original-Ⅲ oxidase protoporphyrin oxidase(PPO),magnesium chelating enzyme subunit ChlD,protoporphyrin magnesium Ⅸ monomethyl ester [oxidative] cyclase(MPPMC)were significantly higher than CH,XA and LY,consistent in the results of determination of chlorophyll content(chlorophyll content was highest of 37.56 mg·g~(-1) FW). Some rate-limiting enzymes related to the chlorophyll synthesis,such as ODCO,PPO and MPPMC were tested by Parallel Reaction Monitoring(PRM),and the results showed that the rate-limiting enzyme content in DA was higher than that in other three types. Therefore,based on the differences in leaf color of four types of M. officinalis,the research conducted a preliminary study on the chlorophyll metabolism pathway in leaves of different types of M. officinalis,and explored relevant genes and proteins causing leaf color differences from the molecular level,so as to lay a foundation for studying the differences in growth and development of different types of M. officinalis.


Subject(s)
China , Chlorophyll , Chromatography, Liquid , Magnolia , Plant Leaves , Proteome , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Transcriptome
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 975-982, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777529

ABSTRACT

This study aims to establish a combinative method based on fingerprint,assay of multi-component and chemometrics for quality evaluation of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex. Twenty batches of samples were determined by UPLC and a common mode of fingerprint was established. The similarities between fingerprints of 20 batches of samples were over 0. 90 and the common mode were evaluated. Eight components were identified as syringing, magnocurarine, magnoflorine, magnoloside B, magnoloside A, honokiol,magnolol,and piperitylmagnolol by comparison with reference substances and their content in samples were simultaneously determined.Based on the results,the fingerprint had good consistency between the same origin and minor diversity between the different sources.Piperitylmagnolol and peak 13 could be used as a distinction with the different sources. According to content of 8 components,Fisher discriminant analysis model was established and different source sample was classified pursuant to the discriminant fraction. It is indicated that simultaneous quantification of multi components coupled with chemometrics analysis could be a well-acceptable strategy to identify and evaluate the quality of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Discriminant Analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Magnolia , Chemistry , Phytochemicals , Reference Standards , Quality Control
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 803-810, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777492

ABSTRACT

To mine and discover the active components of " Coptidis Rhizome-Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex( C&M) " based on the network pharmacology,integrate and analyze the potential targets and mechanisms. The TCMSP database was used to screen active ingredients. TTD and Drug Bank databases were used to predict the potential targets by referring to relevant literature,and the pathway annotation technology was used to enrich and analyze the active ingredients and potential targets of " C&M". A total of 29 potential target active ingredients were screened from " C&M",including 12 alkaloids components such as( R)-canadine,berberine,coptisine,and palmatine; 3 lignans consisting of magnolol,honokiol and obovatol; 6 volatile oils consisting of α-eudesmol,β-eudesmol,eucalyptol and so on,and flavonoids including quercetin and neohesperidin. Corresponding 199 predicted targets were screened out,mainly including PTGS2,PTGS1,NCOA2,Hsp90 AB1,and so on. 72 signaling pathways were involved,8 of which were related to cancer,such as prostate cancer,bladder cancer,and pancreatic cancer; 9 of which were related to endocrine,including oxytocin signaling pathway,insulin signaling pathway,thyroid hormone signaling pathway and so on,as well as inflammation-related pathway. This study has preliminarily mined and discovered the main active components and potential targets of " C&M",providing material source for the study on the preparation of structural components of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Alkaloids , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Magnolia , Rhizome
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1170-1178, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774574

ABSTRACT

Based on metabolomics,the effect of Magnolia officinalis before and after " sweating" on gastrointestinal motility disorder( rat) was compared. To study the mechanism of M. officinalis " sweating" increased the efficacy and reduced the toxicity. The rat model of gastrointestinal motility disorder was established by intraperitoneal injection of L-arginine. Pharmacodynamic indexes were relative residual rate of gastric pigment and intestinal propulsion ratio in rats. LC-MS metabolomics and multivariate statistical analysis were used to screen and identify biomarkers associated with gastrointestinal motility disorders,and MetPA database was used to analyze related metabolic pathways. The results showed that M. officinalis could improve gastrointestinal motility disorder whether it " sweating" or not,and the effect of " sweating" M. officinalis was stronger than that of " no sweating" M. officinalis. The metabolites of the experimental groups could be distinguished distinctly,and 15 different compounds and 17 related pathways were identified preliminarily. The mechanism of M. officinalis might be to improve gastrointestinal motility disorder by increasing the content of L-glutamate in the metabolic pathway of alanine,aspartate and glutamate and protecting gastrointestinal barrier. Before " sweating",M. officinalis could reduce taurine through metabolism of taurine and taurine and biosynthetic pathway of primary bile acid,increase the content of deoxycholic acid in glycine goose,and increase the risk of liver and kidney injury. After " sweating",M. officinalis could enhance gastrointestinal motility by increasing the contents of L-tryptophan and serotonin in the tryptophan pathway,and avoid the production of harmful metabolites to achieve synergistic and detoxifying effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Gastrointestinal Motility , Magnolia , Metabolomics , Sweating , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3601-3607, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773676

ABSTRACT

Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex( MOC),the stem bark of Magnolia officinalis( MO) and M. officinalis var. biloba( MOB),is a main ingredient in more than 200 types of Chinese formulae commonly used in clinics. MO and MOB are widely distributed in China,from Sichuan of the west to Zhejiang province of the east and from Shannxi province in the north to Guangxi province in the south. This review summarizes new findings on geo-heralism of MOC concerning textual research,plants taxonomy,genetic study,chemical study,and pharmacological activity,resulting in the following views. ①The original plants of MOC are suggested to be divided into three geographic clans according to the form of leave and the result of genetic research; ②Concentrations of magnolol,honokiol,magnoloside A,magnoloside B,magnoflorine,and β-eudesmol in samples collected from different geographic areas are varied;③Samples of MOC produced in Hubei and Sichuan were traditionally regarded as Dao-di herbs,which were called Chuanpo,and the pure haplotype of MOC produced in Hubei may become a genetic index.


Subject(s)
Biphenyl Compounds , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Lignans , Magnolia , Chemistry , Phytochemicals
13.
Rev. biol. trop ; 66(2): 622-633, abr.-jun. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-977333

ABSTRACT

Resumen El estudio de la ecofisiología de las especies en peligro de extinción es clave para el éxito de programas de conservación y restauración ecológica. El objetivo de este trabajo fue conocer el efecto de los factores luz, fertilidad de suelo y procedencia de las plántulas en el crecimiento de plántulas de Magnolia pugana. Se estimó la tasa relativa de crecimiento (TRC) y sus componentes (Tasa de Asimilación Neta: TAN y Cociente del Área Foliar: CAF), así como la relación raíz/vástago (C: R/V). Las plántulas fueron obtenidas de semillas recolectadas de dos localidades en Zapopan, Jalisco, México, la primera es una población silvestre en San Nicolás (SN) y la segunda es una plantación ubicada en los jardines del Centro Universitario de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias (CUCBA). El experimento se llevó a cabo en condiciones de invernadero. En septiembre 2015, 96 plántulas de tres meses de edad fueron sometidas a los siguientes tratamientos con un experimento factorial (2 × 2 × 2): nivel de luz (alta = 1 120 μmol m-2 s-1 y baja = 136.3 μmol m-2 s-1), procedencia de las plántulas (San Nicolás y CUCBA) y fertilidad del suelo (alta = suelo San Nicolás, baja = suelo del CUCBA) con 12 repeticiones por cada combinación de factores y niveles. El crecimiento se estimó con dos cosechas: la primera a los 30 días de establecido el experimento y la segunda a los 60 días. Los niveles de luz, fertilidad del suelo y la procedencia de las plántulas influyeron en el crecimiento a través de ajustes fisiológicos y morfológicos. En general Magnolia pugana mostró mayor TRC y TAN en la luz alta, mientras que el CAF disminuyó. La fertilidad del suelo y la procedencia de las plántulas no afectaron la TRC ni sus componentes. Sin embargo, si fueron afectados por los niveles de luz, las plántulas de SN crecieron más en luz alta. La altura del tallo varió debido a la fertilidad del suelo y a la procedencia de las plántulas, en el suelo con fertilidad baja, en el suelo del CUCBA las plántulas de SN fueron 35 % más altas que las del CUCBA. El suelo de baja fertilidad en la luz alta ocasionó que las plántulas asignaran mayor biomasa a la raíz. El componente fisiológico (TAN) fue el mayor determinante en la variación intraespecífica de la TRC. Las plántulas de SN mostraron mayor plasticidad fenotípica debido a que es una población silvestre, por lo que posiblemente tiene variación genética más alta que la población cultivada del CUCBA. Los resultados sugieren que Magnolia pugana es una especie con capacidad de adaptarse a diversos ambientes debido a su plasticidad fenotípica frente a los distintos niveles de luz y fertilidad del suelo.


Abstract The study of ecophysiology of endangered species is key to the success of conservation and ecological restoration programs. The objective of this work was to know the effect of light, soil fertility and seed origin on the growth of Magnolia pugana seedlings. The relative growth rate (RGR) and its components (Net Assimilation Rate: NAR and Leaf Area Ratio: LAR), as well as the root-shoot ratio (R/S) were estimated. Seedlings were obtained from seeds collected in two localities in Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico, the first is a wild population in San Nicolás (SN) and the second is a plantation located in the gardens of the Centro Universitario de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias (CUCBA). The experiment was conducted under greenhouse conditions. In September 2015, 96 seedlings of approximately three months old were subjected to the following treatments in a factorial experiment (2x2x2): light level (high = 1 120 μmol m-2 s-1 and low = 136.3 μmol m-2 s-1), seedling origin (SN and CUCBA) and soil fertility (high fertility = SN soil, low fertility = CUCBA soil) with 12 replicates for each combination of factors and levels. Growth was estimated in two harvests: the first harvest after 30 days of starting the experiment and the second at 60 days. Light and soil fertility levels, as well as seedling origin influenced growth through physiological and morphological adjustments. In general, Magnolia pugana showed higher RGR and NAR in high light, while LAR decreased. Soil fertility and seedling origin did not affect RGR or its components. However, these were affected by the light level, seedlings from SN grew more in high light. Stem height varied due to soil fertility and seedling origin, in low fertility soil (CUCBA) the seedlings of SN were 35 % higher than those of CUCBA. Low fertility soil under high light caused greater investment in seedling root biomass. The physiological component (NAR) was the major determinant of intraspecific variation in RGR. SN seedlings showed greater phenotypic plasticity due to coming from a wild population, which possibly has higher genetic variation than the cultivated population from CUCBA. The results suggest that Magnolia pugana is a species capable of adapting to diverse environments due to its phenotypic plasticity in response to different light and soil fertility levels. Rev. Biol. Trop. 66(2): 622-633. Epub 2018 June 01.


Subject(s)
Soil/classification , Soil Analysis , Magnolia/growth & development , Seedlings/growth & development
14.
Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science ; : 70-83, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766056

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the capacity of single and combined applications of the bark of the stems and roots of Magnolia officinalis Rehd. et Wils. (Magnoliae Cortex) and Zea mays L. (maize) to modulate inflammation in RAW 264.7 cells stimulated with Porphyromonas gingivalis. METHODS: RAW 264.7 cells were stimulated with P. gingivalis, and Magnoliae Cortex and/or maize was added. Cytotoxicity and the capacity to modulate inflammation were determined with a methylthiazol tetrazolium (MTT) assay, nitrite production, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and western blotting. RESULTS: Treatment with Magnoliae Cortex and/or maize inhibited nuclear transcription factor κB (NF-κB) pathway activation and nuclear p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) protein expression in P. gingivalis-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Moreover, the treatments suppressed cytokines (prostaglandin E2 [PGE2], interleukin [IL]-1β, and IL-6) and nitrite production. CONCLUSIONS: Both Magnoliae Cortex and maize exerted an anti-inflammatory effect on P. gingivalis-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells, and this effect was more pronounced when the extracts were combined. These findings show that these extracts may be beneficial for slowing the progression of periodontal disease.


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Cytokines , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Inflammation , Interleukins , Magnolia , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Periodontal Diseases , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Porphyromonas , Protein Kinases , Transcription Factors , Zea mays
15.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 119-124, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-88719

ABSTRACT

The isolation of the MeOH extract from the flower bud of Magnolia biondii Pamp. using various column chromatographies and HPLC led to eleven neoglignan derivatives (1 - 11). Their structures were mainly determined by 1D and 2D NMR spectral data analysis and physiological methods. The isolated compounds (1 - 11) were tested for anti-allergic effects using IL-2 inhibitory assay in Jurkat T cells.


Subject(s)
Chromatography , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Flowers , Interleukin-2 , Magnolia , Magnoliaceae , Statistics as Topic , T-Lymphocytes
16.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 417-426, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147983

ABSTRACT

4-O-methylhonokiol, a neolignan compound from Magnolia Officinalis, has been reported to have various biological activities including hair growth promoting effect. However, although transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signal pathway has an essential role in the regression induction of hair growth, the effect of 4-O-methylhonokiol on the TGF-β signal pathway has not yet been elucidated. We thus examined the effect of 4-O-methylhonokiol on TGF-β-induced canonical and noncanonical pathways in HaCaT human keratinocytes. When HaCaT cells were pretreated with 4-O-methylhonokiol, TGF-β1-induced G1/G0 phase arrest and TGF-β1-induced p21 expression were decreased. Moreover, 4-O-methylhonokiol inhibited nuclear translocation of Smad2/3, Smad4 and Sp1 in TGF-β1-induced canonical pathway. We observed that ERK phosphorylation by TGF-β1 was significantly attenuated by treatment with 4-O-methylhonokiol. 4-O-methylhonokiol inhibited TGF-β1-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and reduced the increase of NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4) mRNA level in TGF-β1-induced noncanonical pathway. These results indicate that 4-O-methylhonokiol could inhibit TGF-β1-induced cell cycle arrest through inhibition of canonical and noncanonical pathways in human keratinocyte HaCaT cell and that 4-O-methylhonokiol might have protective action on TGF-β1-induced cell cycle arrest.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Cycle , Hair , Keratinocytes , Magnolia , NADPH Oxidases , Phosphorylation , Reactive Oxygen Species , RNA, Messenger , Signal Transduction
17.
Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health ; : 181-187, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-75049

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the antiplaque and antigingivitis effectiveness of aqueous single-phase and oil-water two-phase mouthrinses, containing bamboo salt, magnolia bark, and Centella asiatica extracts, in Korean adults. METHODS: In this double-blinded clinical trial, a total of thirty-four participants aged over 19 years were randomly allocated to three experimental groups: 1) control group; 2) aqueous single-phase mouthrinse (ASM) group, and; 3) oil-water two-phase mouthrinse (OTM) group. The experimental mouthrinses all contained sodium fluoride, and the ASM and OTM contained additional ingredients of bamboo salt, magnolia bark, and Centella asiatica extracts. For the OTM, 50% essential oil was added to create an oil-water two-phase mouthrinse. A two-week randomized crossover design with a two-week washout period was applied. Following a complete dental prophylaxis, participants were instructed to use the prescribed mouthrinse twice daily for two weeks as an adjunct to their usual mechanical oral hygiene procedures. Pre- and post-experiment clinical examinations were performed to measure the plaque index (PI) and bleeding on probing (BOP) for the full mouth. Paired t-test was applied to compare the intergroup differences for all clinical variables. RESULTS: Compared to the control group, ASM showed a significantly reduced BOP (P<0.05). However, there was no statistically significant difference in the effects of the three mouthrinses on reducing the PI. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicate that the use of an aqueous, single-phase mouthrinse containing bamboo salt, magnolia bark and Centella asiatica extracts could help alleviate gingivitis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Centella , Cross-Over Studies , Dental Prophylaxis , Gingivitis , Hemorrhage , Magnolia , Mouth , Oral Hygiene , Sodium Fluoride
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 450-454, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330256

ABSTRACT

The market and literature were studied to understand the existing situation of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex goods, and the collected samples were analyzed, combined with the actual production, a new standard of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex commercial specification and grade was drafted. Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex goods was divided into two categories according to the source in the old standard. Then each category was divided into four kinds of specifications according to the site. Each kind of specification was divided into several grades according to the length and weight. To judge the quality of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex goods was mainly based on the appearance quality. In the new standard, the classification of commercial specification and grade is based on the thickness, magnolol and honokiol content. The goods of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex can be divided into three specifications: Tongpu, Genpu and Doupu. Tongpu is divided into three grades, the remaining two are not graded.


Subject(s)
Magnolia , Chemistry
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3229-3232, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304827

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents from the acetone extract of twigs of Manglietia hookeri were isolated and purified by various column chromatographic methods over silica gel and sephadex LH-20, and preparative TLC. The structures of these compounds were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectral analysis, including NMR and MS spectra. Six eudesmane sesquiterpenes were obtained and their structures were identified as trans-eudesmane-4, 11-diol(1), β-eudesmol(2), (-) -10-epi-5β-hydroxy-β-eudesmol (3), epi-carrisone (4), 6-hydroxy-eudesm-4(14) -ene(5) and gynurenol(6). All the compounds were isolated from this plant for the first time. Furthermore, the 13C-NMR data of compound 3 were reported for the first time.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Magnolia , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Sesquiterpenes, Eudesmane , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4400-4405, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279226

ABSTRACT

To compare the difference of total phenol of magnolia solid dispersion prepared by different methods. Hot melt extrusion, solvent evaporation method, and fusion-cooling method were used to prepare total phenol of Magnolia accessory solid dispersion, Plastone S-630 and HPC. The drug dispersion state in the prepared solid dispersion was evaluated with DSC and X-ray diffraction; FT-IR method was used to analyze the possible connections between drug and accessories. Finally, accelerated stability-in vivo dissolution test was use to compare the stability differences between these three processes. The results of DSC and X-ray diffraction showed that all of the drug in solid dispersion processed by three processes can exist in amorphous form; FT-IR results also could not distinguish the difference between the three processes; accelerated stability-in vivo dissolution test showed the stability of solid dispersion prepared by HPC was better than Plastone S-630, and the same kinds of materials solid dispersion prepared by hot melt extrusion showed a better stability than the other two processes.


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Magnolia , Chemistry , Phenol , Chemistry , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , X-Ray Diffraction
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