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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887938

ABSTRACT

Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex, a common Chinese medicinal in clinic, should undergo "sweating" process in producing area according to Chinese Pharmacopoeia, which affects its genuineness and quality. In light of the concept and research mode of quality marker(Q-marker) for decoction pieces, the active components of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex pieces which altered significantly before and after "sweating" were identified in this study. The main pharmacodynamic material basis was clarified by pharmacodynamic, pharmacokinetic and drug property research, followed by the prediction of Q-markers of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex before and after "sweating", for better improving its quality standard.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Magnolia
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888777

ABSTRACT

Six new oligomeric neolignans including two trimeric neolignans (1 and 2) and four dimeric neolignans (3-6) were isolated from the leaves of Magnolia officinalis var. biloba. Their structures were determined based on HR-ESIMS and NMR data, as well as electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Compound 1 is formed from two obovatol moieties directly linked to an aromatic ring of the remaining obovatol moiety, which is an unprecedented type of linkage between monomers. All isolates were assessed for their inhibitory effects on NO production in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. Compounds 1 and 3 showed significantly inhibitory activities with IC


Subject(s)
Animals , Lignans/pharmacology , Magnolia/chemistry , Mice , Molecular Structure , Phytochemicals/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Plant Leaves/chemistry
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888776

ABSTRACT

Honokiol is the dominant biphenolic compound isolated from the Magnolia tree, and has long been considered as the active constituent of the traditional Chinese herb, 'Houpo', which is widely used to treat symptoms due to 'stagnation of qi'. Pharmacological studies have shown that honokiol possesses a wide range of bioactivities without obvious toxicity. Honokiol protects the liver, kidneys, nervous system, and cardiovascular system through reducing oxidative stress and relieving inflammation. Moreover, honokiol shows anti-diabetic property through enhancing insulin sensitivity, and anti-obese property through promoting browning of adipocytes. In vivo and in vitro studies indicated that honokiol functions as an anti-cancer agent through multiple mechanisms: inhibiting angiogenesis, promoting cell apoptosis, and regulating cell cycle. A variety of therapeutic effects of honokiol may be associated with its physiochemical properties, which make honokiol readily cross the blood brain barrier and the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier, with high bioavailability. In the future, more clinical researches on honokiol are needed to fully authenticate its therapeutic values.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Biphenyl Compounds/pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Humans , Lignans/pharmacology , Magnolia
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828379

ABSTRACT

Magnolia officinalis is a traditional Chinese medicine,with many years of cultivating process, M. officinalis leaves show more differentiation types due to the exchange of seeds from different provenances. "Da Ao"(DA), "Xiao Ao"(XA), "Chuan Hou"(CH),and "Liu Ye"(LY)are the main types of M. officinalis in Sichuan province of China,and there were obvious differences in growth rate,chemical composition,leaf shape and leaf colour. This study selected different types of M. officinalis leaves(DA,XA,LY and CH)from Sichuan to determine their chlorophyll content. Transcriptomic level sequencing of different types of M. officinalis leaf tissues was by high-throughput sequencing analysis and proteomics used an integrated approach involving TMT labelling and LC-MS/MS to quantify the dynamic changes of the whole proteome of M. officinalis. The results showed that CH had the lowest chlorophyll content while DA had the highest chlorophyll content. Furthermore,transcriptome and proteomics results showed that chlorophyll synthesis pathway in DA glutamine-tRNA reductase,urinary porphyrins decarboxylase(UROD),oxygen-dependent protoporphyrin(ODCO),the original-Ⅲ oxidase protoporphyrin oxidase(PPO),magnesium chelating enzyme subunit ChlD,protoporphyrin magnesium Ⅸ monomethyl ester [oxidative] cyclase(MPPMC)were significantly higher than CH,XA and LY,consistent in the results of determination of chlorophyll content(chlorophyll content was highest of 37.56 mg·g~(-1) FW). Some rate-limiting enzymes related to the chlorophyll synthesis,such as ODCO,PPO and MPPMC were tested by Parallel Reaction Monitoring(PRM),and the results showed that the rate-limiting enzyme content in DA was higher than that in other three types. Therefore,based on the differences in leaf color of four types of M. officinalis,the research conducted a preliminary study on the chlorophyll metabolism pathway in leaves of different types of M. officinalis,and explored relevant genes and proteins causing leaf color differences from the molecular level,so as to lay a foundation for studying the differences in growth and development of different types of M. officinalis.


Subject(s)
China , Chlorophyll , Chromatography, Liquid , Magnolia , Plant Leaves , Proteome , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Transcriptome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773676

ABSTRACT

Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex( MOC),the stem bark of Magnolia officinalis( MO) and M. officinalis var. biloba( MOB),is a main ingredient in more than 200 types of Chinese formulae commonly used in clinics. MO and MOB are widely distributed in China,from Sichuan of the west to Zhejiang province of the east and from Shannxi province in the north to Guangxi province in the south. This review summarizes new findings on geo-heralism of MOC concerning textual research,plants taxonomy,genetic study,chemical study,and pharmacological activity,resulting in the following views. ①The original plants of MOC are suggested to be divided into three geographic clans according to the form of leave and the result of genetic research; ②Concentrations of magnolol,honokiol,magnoloside A,magnoloside B,magnoflorine,and β-eudesmol in samples collected from different geographic areas are varied;③Samples of MOC produced in Hubei and Sichuan were traditionally regarded as Dao-di herbs,which were called Chuanpo,and the pure haplotype of MOC produced in Hubei may become a genetic index.


Subject(s)
Biphenyl Compounds , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Lignans , Magnolia , Chemistry , Phytochemicals
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777529

ABSTRACT

This study aims to establish a combinative method based on fingerprint,assay of multi-component and chemometrics for quality evaluation of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex. Twenty batches of samples were determined by UPLC and a common mode of fingerprint was established. The similarities between fingerprints of 20 batches of samples were over 0. 90 and the common mode were evaluated. Eight components were identified as syringing, magnocurarine, magnoflorine, magnoloside B, magnoloside A, honokiol,magnolol,and piperitylmagnolol by comparison with reference substances and their content in samples were simultaneously determined.Based on the results,the fingerprint had good consistency between the same origin and minor diversity between the different sources.Piperitylmagnolol and peak 13 could be used as a distinction with the different sources. According to content of 8 components,Fisher discriminant analysis model was established and different source sample was classified pursuant to the discriminant fraction. It is indicated that simultaneous quantification of multi components coupled with chemometrics analysis could be a well-acceptable strategy to identify and evaluate the quality of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Discriminant Analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Magnolia , Chemistry , Phytochemicals , Reference Standards , Quality Control
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777492

ABSTRACT

To mine and discover the active components of " Coptidis Rhizome-Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex( C&M) " based on the network pharmacology,integrate and analyze the potential targets and mechanisms. The TCMSP database was used to screen active ingredients. TTD and Drug Bank databases were used to predict the potential targets by referring to relevant literature,and the pathway annotation technology was used to enrich and analyze the active ingredients and potential targets of " C&M". A total of 29 potential target active ingredients were screened from " C&M",including 12 alkaloids components such as( R)-canadine,berberine,coptisine,and palmatine; 3 lignans consisting of magnolol,honokiol and obovatol; 6 volatile oils consisting of α-eudesmol,β-eudesmol,eucalyptol and so on,and flavonoids including quercetin and neohesperidin. Corresponding 199 predicted targets were screened out,mainly including PTGS2,PTGS1,NCOA2,Hsp90 AB1,and so on. 72 signaling pathways were involved,8 of which were related to cancer,such as prostate cancer,bladder cancer,and pancreatic cancer; 9 of which were related to endocrine,including oxytocin signaling pathway,insulin signaling pathway,thyroid hormone signaling pathway and so on,as well as inflammation-related pathway. This study has preliminarily mined and discovered the main active components and potential targets of " C&M",providing material source for the study on the preparation of structural components of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Magnolia , Male , Rhizome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774574

ABSTRACT

Based on metabolomics,the effect of Magnolia officinalis before and after " sweating" on gastrointestinal motility disorder( rat) was compared. To study the mechanism of M. officinalis " sweating" increased the efficacy and reduced the toxicity. The rat model of gastrointestinal motility disorder was established by intraperitoneal injection of L-arginine. Pharmacodynamic indexes were relative residual rate of gastric pigment and intestinal propulsion ratio in rats. LC-MS metabolomics and multivariate statistical analysis were used to screen and identify biomarkers associated with gastrointestinal motility disorders,and MetPA database was used to analyze related metabolic pathways. The results showed that M. officinalis could improve gastrointestinal motility disorder whether it " sweating" or not,and the effect of " sweating" M. officinalis was stronger than that of " no sweating" M. officinalis. The metabolites of the experimental groups could be distinguished distinctly,and 15 different compounds and 17 related pathways were identified preliminarily. The mechanism of M. officinalis might be to improve gastrointestinal motility disorder by increasing the content of L-glutamate in the metabolic pathway of alanine,aspartate and glutamate and protecting gastrointestinal barrier. Before " sweating",M. officinalis could reduce taurine through metabolism of taurine and taurine and biosynthetic pathway of primary bile acid,increase the content of deoxycholic acid in glycine goose,and increase the risk of liver and kidney injury. After " sweating",M. officinalis could enhance gastrointestinal motility by increasing the contents of L-tryptophan and serotonin in the tryptophan pathway,and avoid the production of harmful metabolites to achieve synergistic and detoxifying effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Gastrointestinal Motility , Magnolia , Metabolomics , Rats , Sweating , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
9.
Rev. biol. trop ; 66(2): 622-633, abr.-jun. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-977333

ABSTRACT

Resumen El estudio de la ecofisiología de las especies en peligro de extinción es clave para el éxito de programas de conservación y restauración ecológica. El objetivo de este trabajo fue conocer el efecto de los factores luz, fertilidad de suelo y procedencia de las plántulas en el crecimiento de plántulas de Magnolia pugana. Se estimó la tasa relativa de crecimiento (TRC) y sus componentes (Tasa de Asimilación Neta: TAN y Cociente del Área Foliar: CAF), así como la relación raíz/vástago (C: R/V). Las plántulas fueron obtenidas de semillas recolectadas de dos localidades en Zapopan, Jalisco, México, la primera es una población silvestre en San Nicolás (SN) y la segunda es una plantación ubicada en los jardines del Centro Universitario de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias (CUCBA). El experimento se llevó a cabo en condiciones de invernadero. En septiembre 2015, 96 plántulas de tres meses de edad fueron sometidas a los siguientes tratamientos con un experimento factorial (2 × 2 × 2): nivel de luz (alta = 1 120 μmol m-2 s-1 y baja = 136.3 μmol m-2 s-1), procedencia de las plántulas (San Nicolás y CUCBA) y fertilidad del suelo (alta = suelo San Nicolás, baja = suelo del CUCBA) con 12 repeticiones por cada combinación de factores y niveles. El crecimiento se estimó con dos cosechas: la primera a los 30 días de establecido el experimento y la segunda a los 60 días. Los niveles de luz, fertilidad del suelo y la procedencia de las plántulas influyeron en el crecimiento a través de ajustes fisiológicos y morfológicos. En general Magnolia pugana mostró mayor TRC y TAN en la luz alta, mientras que el CAF disminuyó. La fertilidad del suelo y la procedencia de las plántulas no afectaron la TRC ni sus componentes. Sin embargo, si fueron afectados por los niveles de luz, las plántulas de SN crecieron más en luz alta. La altura del tallo varió debido a la fertilidad del suelo y a la procedencia de las plántulas, en el suelo con fertilidad baja, en el suelo del CUCBA las plántulas de SN fueron 35 % más altas que las del CUCBA. El suelo de baja fertilidad en la luz alta ocasionó que las plántulas asignaran mayor biomasa a la raíz. El componente fisiológico (TAN) fue el mayor determinante en la variación intraespecífica de la TRC. Las plántulas de SN mostraron mayor plasticidad fenotípica debido a que es una población silvestre, por lo que posiblemente tiene variación genética más alta que la población cultivada del CUCBA. Los resultados sugieren que Magnolia pugana es una especie con capacidad de adaptarse a diversos ambientes debido a su plasticidad fenotípica frente a los distintos niveles de luz y fertilidad del suelo.


Abstract The study of ecophysiology of endangered species is key to the success of conservation and ecological restoration programs. The objective of this work was to know the effect of light, soil fertility and seed origin on the growth of Magnolia pugana seedlings. The relative growth rate (RGR) and its components (Net Assimilation Rate: NAR and Leaf Area Ratio: LAR), as well as the root-shoot ratio (R/S) were estimated. Seedlings were obtained from seeds collected in two localities in Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico, the first is a wild population in San Nicolás (SN) and the second is a plantation located in the gardens of the Centro Universitario de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias (CUCBA). The experiment was conducted under greenhouse conditions. In September 2015, 96 seedlings of approximately three months old were subjected to the following treatments in a factorial experiment (2x2x2): light level (high = 1 120 μmol m-2 s-1 and low = 136.3 μmol m-2 s-1), seedling origin (SN and CUCBA) and soil fertility (high fertility = SN soil, low fertility = CUCBA soil) with 12 replicates for each combination of factors and levels. Growth was estimated in two harvests: the first harvest after 30 days of starting the experiment and the second at 60 days. Light and soil fertility levels, as well as seedling origin influenced growth through physiological and morphological adjustments. In general, Magnolia pugana showed higher RGR and NAR in high light, while LAR decreased. Soil fertility and seedling origin did not affect RGR or its components. However, these were affected by the light level, seedlings from SN grew more in high light. Stem height varied due to soil fertility and seedling origin, in low fertility soil (CUCBA) the seedlings of SN were 35 % higher than those of CUCBA. Low fertility soil under high light caused greater investment in seedling root biomass. The physiological component (NAR) was the major determinant of intraspecific variation in RGR. SN seedlings showed greater phenotypic plasticity due to coming from a wild population, which possibly has higher genetic variation than the cultivated population from CUCBA. The results suggest that Magnolia pugana is a species capable of adapting to diverse environments due to its phenotypic plasticity in response to different light and soil fertility levels. Rev. Biol. Trop. 66(2): 622-633. Epub 2018 June 01.


Subject(s)
Soil/classification , Soil Analysis , Magnolia/growth & development , Seedlings/growth & development
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766056

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the capacity of single and combined applications of the bark of the stems and roots of Magnolia officinalis Rehd. et Wils. (Magnoliae Cortex) and Zea mays L. (maize) to modulate inflammation in RAW 264.7 cells stimulated with Porphyromonas gingivalis. METHODS: RAW 264.7 cells were stimulated with P. gingivalis, and Magnoliae Cortex and/or maize was added. Cytotoxicity and the capacity to modulate inflammation were determined with a methylthiazol tetrazolium (MTT) assay, nitrite production, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and western blotting. RESULTS: Treatment with Magnoliae Cortex and/or maize inhibited nuclear transcription factor κB (NF-κB) pathway activation and nuclear p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) protein expression in P. gingivalis-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Moreover, the treatments suppressed cytokines (prostaglandin E2 [PGE2], interleukin [IL]-1β, and IL-6) and nitrite production. CONCLUSIONS: Both Magnoliae Cortex and maize exerted an anti-inflammatory effect on P. gingivalis-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells, and this effect was more pronounced when the extracts were combined. These findings show that these extracts may be beneficial for slowing the progression of periodontal disease.


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Cytokines , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Inflammation , Interleukins , Magnolia , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Periodontal Diseases , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Porphyromonas , Protein Kinases , Transcription Factors , Zea mays
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147983

ABSTRACT

4-O-methylhonokiol, a neolignan compound from Magnolia Officinalis, has been reported to have various biological activities including hair growth promoting effect. However, although transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signal pathway has an essential role in the regression induction of hair growth, the effect of 4-O-methylhonokiol on the TGF-β signal pathway has not yet been elucidated. We thus examined the effect of 4-O-methylhonokiol on TGF-β-induced canonical and noncanonical pathways in HaCaT human keratinocytes. When HaCaT cells were pretreated with 4-O-methylhonokiol, TGF-β1-induced G1/G0 phase arrest and TGF-β1-induced p21 expression were decreased. Moreover, 4-O-methylhonokiol inhibited nuclear translocation of Smad2/3, Smad4 and Sp1 in TGF-β1-induced canonical pathway. We observed that ERK phosphorylation by TGF-β1 was significantly attenuated by treatment with 4-O-methylhonokiol. 4-O-methylhonokiol inhibited TGF-β1-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and reduced the increase of NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4) mRNA level in TGF-β1-induced noncanonical pathway. These results indicate that 4-O-methylhonokiol could inhibit TGF-β1-induced cell cycle arrest through inhibition of canonical and noncanonical pathways in human keratinocyte HaCaT cell and that 4-O-methylhonokiol might have protective action on TGF-β1-induced cell cycle arrest.


Subject(s)
Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Cycle , Hair , Humans , Keratinocytes , Magnolia , NADPH Oxidases , Phosphorylation , Reactive Oxygen Species , RNA, Messenger , Signal Transduction
12.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 119-124, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-88719

ABSTRACT

The isolation of the MeOH extract from the flower bud of Magnolia biondii Pamp. using various column chromatographies and HPLC led to eleven neoglignan derivatives (1 - 11). Their structures were mainly determined by 1D and 2D NMR spectral data analysis and physiological methods. The isolated compounds (1 - 11) were tested for anti-allergic effects using IL-2 inhibitory assay in Jurkat T cells.


Subject(s)
Chromatography , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Flowers , Interleukin-2 , Magnolia , Magnoliaceae , Statistics as Topic , T-Lymphocytes
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-75049

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the antiplaque and antigingivitis effectiveness of aqueous single-phase and oil-water two-phase mouthrinses, containing bamboo salt, magnolia bark, and Centella asiatica extracts, in Korean adults. METHODS: In this double-blinded clinical trial, a total of thirty-four participants aged over 19 years were randomly allocated to three experimental groups: 1) control group; 2) aqueous single-phase mouthrinse (ASM) group, and; 3) oil-water two-phase mouthrinse (OTM) group. The experimental mouthrinses all contained sodium fluoride, and the ASM and OTM contained additional ingredients of bamboo salt, magnolia bark, and Centella asiatica extracts. For the OTM, 50% essential oil was added to create an oil-water two-phase mouthrinse. A two-week randomized crossover design with a two-week washout period was applied. Following a complete dental prophylaxis, participants were instructed to use the prescribed mouthrinse twice daily for two weeks as an adjunct to their usual mechanical oral hygiene procedures. Pre- and post-experiment clinical examinations were performed to measure the plaque index (PI) and bleeding on probing (BOP) for the full mouth. Paired t-test was applied to compare the intergroup differences for all clinical variables. RESULTS: Compared to the control group, ASM showed a significantly reduced BOP (P<0.05). However, there was no statistically significant difference in the effects of the three mouthrinses on reducing the PI. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicate that the use of an aqueous, single-phase mouthrinse containing bamboo salt, magnolia bark and Centella asiatica extracts could help alleviate gingivitis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Centella , Cross-Over Studies , Dental Prophylaxis , Gingivitis , Hemorrhage , Humans , Magnolia , Mouth , Oral Hygiene , Sodium Fluoride
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304827

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents from the acetone extract of twigs of Manglietia hookeri were isolated and purified by various column chromatographic methods over silica gel and sephadex LH-20, and preparative TLC. The structures of these compounds were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectral analysis, including NMR and MS spectra. Six eudesmane sesquiterpenes were obtained and their structures were identified as trans-eudesmane-4, 11-diol(1), β-eudesmol(2), (-) -10-epi-5β-hydroxy-β-eudesmol (3), epi-carrisone (4), 6-hydroxy-eudesm-4(14) -ene(5) and gynurenol(6). All the compounds were isolated from this plant for the first time. Furthermore, the 13C-NMR data of compound 3 were reported for the first time.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Magnolia , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Sesquiterpenes, Eudesmane , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279226

ABSTRACT

To compare the difference of total phenol of magnolia solid dispersion prepared by different methods. Hot melt extrusion, solvent evaporation method, and fusion-cooling method were used to prepare total phenol of Magnolia accessory solid dispersion, Plastone S-630 and HPC. The drug dispersion state in the prepared solid dispersion was evaluated with DSC and X-ray diffraction; FT-IR method was used to analyze the possible connections between drug and accessories. Finally, accelerated stability-in vivo dissolution test was use to compare the stability differences between these three processes. The results of DSC and X-ray diffraction showed that all of the drug in solid dispersion processed by three processes can exist in amorphous form; FT-IR results also could not distinguish the difference between the three processes; accelerated stability-in vivo dissolution test showed the stability of solid dispersion prepared by HPC was better than Plastone S-630, and the same kinds of materials solid dispersion prepared by hot melt extrusion showed a better stability than the other two processes.


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Magnolia , Chemistry , Phenol , Chemistry , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , X-Ray Diffraction
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149086

ABSTRACT

Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) was identified as a marker of the inflammatory response and overexpressed in various tissues and cells related to cardiovascular disease. Honokiol, an active component isolated from the Chinese medicinal herb Magnolia officinalis, was shown to have a variety of pharmacological activities. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of honokiol on palmitic acid (PA)-induced dysfunction of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and to elucidate potential regulatory mechanisms in this atherosclerotic cell model. Our results showed that PA significantly accelerated the expression of PTX3 in HUVECs through the IkappaB kinase (IKK)/IkappaB/nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) pathway, reduced cell viability, induced cell apoptosis and triggered the inflammatory response. Knockdown of PTX3 supported cell growth and prevented apoptosis by blocking PA-inducted nitric oxide (NO) overproduction. Honokiol significantly suppressed the overexpression of PTX3 in PA-inducted HUVECs by inhibiting IkappaB phosphorylation and the expression of two NF-kappaB subunits (p50 and p65) in the IKK/IkappaB/NF-kappaB signaling pathway. Furthermore, honokiol reduced endothelial cell injury and apoptosis by regulating the expression of inducible NO synthase and endothelial NO synthase, as well as the generation of NO. Honokiol showed an anti-inflammatory effect in PA-inducted HUVECs by significantly inhibiting the generation of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1. In summary, honokiol repaired endothelial dysfunction by suppressing PTX3 overexpression in an atherosclerotic cell model. PTX3 may be a potential therapeutic target for atherosclerosis.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis/drug effects , Atherosclerosis/chemically induced , Biphenyl Compounds/chemistry , C-Reactive Protein/genetics , Down-Regulation/drug effects , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , I-kappa B Kinase/immunology , Lignans/chemistry , Magnolia/chemistry , Palmitic Acid , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/immunology , Serum Amyloid P-Component/genetics , Signal Transduction/drug effects
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330256

ABSTRACT

The market and literature were studied to understand the existing situation of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex goods, and the collected samples were analyzed, combined with the actual production, a new standard of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex commercial specification and grade was drafted. Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex goods was divided into two categories according to the source in the old standard. Then each category was divided into four kinds of specifications according to the site. Each kind of specification was divided into several grades according to the length and weight. To judge the quality of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex goods was mainly based on the appearance quality. In the new standard, the classification of commercial specification and grade is based on the thickness, magnolol and honokiol content. The goods of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex can be divided into three specifications: Tongpu, Genpu and Doupu. Tongpu is divided into three grades, the remaining two are not graded.


Subject(s)
Magnolia , Chemistry
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337980

ABSTRACT

Methyl valerate (MVA) pathway is one of the important ways for synthesis of terpenoids. This study was based on data of the transcriptome sequencing of Magnolia officinalis, the associated genes MoACOT, MoHMGS, MoHMGR, MoMK in methyl valerate (MVA) pathway, were completed in detail by using bioinformatics methods. The results of analysis showed that MoACOT and MoMK were stable hydrophobic proteins, MoHMGS and MoHMGR were unstable hydrophobic protein. The secondary structures of all proteins were hybrid architecture,and alpha helical were the major motifs. There were no clear transmembrane domains in MoACOT, MoHMGS and MoMK, but two transmembrane domains were founded in MoHMGR which were from 39-61 aa and 82-104 aa resepectively. The results of evolutionary relationship analysis showed that MoACOT, MoHMGS, MoHMGR and MoMK had relative close relationship to angiosperm or dicotyledonous plants, and accorded with genetic evolution rule. From transcriptome data, transcripted level of MoACOT, MoHMGS, MoHMGR, MoMK in M. officinalis and M. officinalis var. biloba was not significantly different. The result provided theoretical reference for study on Methyl valerate (MVA) pathway of terpenoid of M. officinalis.


Subject(s)
Computational Biology , Genes, Plant , Magnolia , Genetics , Metabolism , Phylogeny , Terpenes , Metabolism
19.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 17(6): 268-274, Nov. 2014. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-730257

ABSTRACT

Background Genetic diversity and genetic variation of 10 populations and subpopulations of Magnolia wufengensis, a new and endangered endemic species, were examined by inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) and sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) molecular markers. Compared with other endangered endemic Magnolia taxa, M. wufengensis holds a relatively high level of genetic variation. Result Total genetic diversity was found to be 87.7% for ISSR and 88.0% for SRAP markers. For polymorphic loci (P), the effective mean number of alleles (Ae) was 1.414 for ISSR markers and 1.458 for SRAP markers, while the mean expected heterozygosity (H) was 0.256 using ISSR and 0.291 for SRAP markers. Within-population variation was estimated for P as 74.9% using ISSR and 74.6% with SRAP markers; the number of alleles Ae was 1.379 with ISSR and 1.397 for SRAP and H 0.235 with ISSR and 0.247 for SRAP markers. Conclusion The analysis of molecular variation of both ISSR and SRAP marker systems indicated that most genetic variation is within populations, with values of 90.64% and 82.92% respectively. Mantel tests indicated a moderate association between the two marker systems and a low correlation between genetic and geographic distances. High levels of genetic diversity and low levels of population divergence suggest that genetic drift is not currently of great concern for this species. Severe habitat loss and fragmentation, predominantly ascribed to anthropogenic pressures, caused in-situ developing restriction of this species. Action for conserving this rare species for its long-term survival should be taken immediately.


Subject(s)
Polymorphism, Genetic , Genetic Variation , Microsatellite Repeats , Magnolia/genetics , DNA/isolation & purification , Base Sequence , Genetic Markers , Cluster Analysis , Analysis of Variance , Magnoliaceae , Genetic Structures
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 476-481, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245059

ABSTRACT

The effects of magnolol (Mag) on hyperglycemia and hyperlipemia, hepatic oxidative stress and cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) activity of diabetic rats induced by high-fat diet (HFD) and streptozotocin (STZ) were studied. After oral administration of Mag (25, 50 and 100 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)) for continuous 10 weeks, the blood glucose and lipids (TC, TG and LDL-C) levels, as well as the hepatic CYP2E1 activity and MDA content of diabetic rats, decreased significantly (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), whereas the oral glucose tolerance and hepatic antioxidant enzymatic activities (CAT and GSH-Px) of diabetic rats, increased significantly (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The results indicated that Mag was effective against the hepatic oxidative damage, hyperglycemia and hyperlipemia of diabetic rats induced by HFD and STZ, and the inhibition of Mag on hepatic CYP2E1 activity could be an important mechanism of Mag against hepatic insulin resistance and oxidative damage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biphenyl Compounds , Pharmacology , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Cholesterol , Blood , Cholesterol, LDL , Blood , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1 , Metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Blood , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Diet, High-Fat , Glucose Tolerance Test , Hypoglycemic Agents , Pharmacology , Lignans , Pharmacology , Liver , Metabolism , Magnolia , Chemistry , Male , Oxidative Stress , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Protective Agents , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Streptozocin , Triglycerides , Blood
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