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1.
Biociencias ; 16(1): [45-56 ], 20210601.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1291178

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las infecciones urinarias nosocomiales constituyen una complicación frecuente e importante problema de salud debido complicaciones y recidivas frecuentes. Se pretende identificar los microorganismos implicados en las infecciones urinarias nosocomiales, su relación con el uso de sonda y estancia hospitalaria. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo­retrospectivo. Se revisaron bases de vigilancia epidemiológica restringiendo a infección de vías urinarias de origen hospitalario; se describieron las características generales y se exploraron diferencias entre los tiempos de estancia por microorganismo por Kluskal Wallis para un nivel de significancia del 95%. Resultados: Se encontraron 167 de infección de vías urinarias de origen hospitalario, la mediana de edad fue de 75 años; la mayoría de género femenino (58%), 34,1% asociadas al uso de sonda; 10% fallecieron en la hospitalización, la mayoría provenían de la unidad de cuidados intensivos adultos. El microorganismo más frecuentemente aislado fue Escherichia coli (46,1%); los pacientes aportaron una mediana de estancia de 20 días. Se encontraron diferencias significativas en los tiempos de estancia por microorganismo aislado en infección urinaria asociada a sonda, el microorganismo relacionado con los mayores tiempos de estancia fue Proteus mirabillis; el resto de diferencias no fueron significativas. Conclusiones: El microorganismo más frecuentemente aislado fue Escherichia coli, el Proteus mirabillis se encontró fue el más relacionado con uso sonda y tiempo de estancia, se requieren estudios adicionales para determinar asociaciones entre la estancia hospitalaria y fenotipos de resistencia, los protocolos de tratamiento empírico disponibles a la fecha, concuerdan los microorganismos aislados.


Introduction: The nosocomial urinary tract infections are a common complication and a major health problem due to complications and frequent recurrences. It aims to identify microorganisms involved in nosocomial urinary infections, their relationship with the use of probe and hospital stay. Materials & methods: A descriptive retrospective study. Surveillance bases restricting urinary tract infections hospital origins were reviewed; general characteristics were described and differences between the lengths of time of stay were screened by microorganism Kluskal Wallis for a significance level of 95%. Results: 167 urinary tract infections were found of hospital origin, the median age was found to be of 75; most females (58%), 34.1% associated with the use of probe; 10% died in the hospital, most came from the adult intensive care unit. The most frequently isolated microorganism was Escherichia coli (46.1%); patients contributed a median stay of 20 days. Significant differences in length of stay by microorganism isolated in catheter-associated urinary tract infection was found, the microorganism related to the greatest length of stay was Proteus mirabilis; the remaining differences were not significant. Conclusions: The most frequently isolated microorganism was Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis was found to be related to probe the use and length of stay, additional studies are required to determine associations between hospital stay and resistance phenotypes empirical treatment protocols available to the date, consistent microorganisms isolated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male Urogenital Diseases , Infections
2.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 911-916, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880291

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the diagnosis, classification and treatment of ectopic seminal tract opening in enlarged prostatic utricle (EPU).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data on 22 cases of ectopic seminal tract opening in EPU confirmed by spermography, EPU open cannula angiography or intraoperative puncture of the vas deferens and treated by transurethral incision of EPU, cold-knife incision or electric incision of EPU, full drainage of the anteriorwal, and open or laparoscopic surgery from October 1985 to October 2017.@*RESULTS@#Five of the patients were diagnosed with ectopic opening of the vas deferens and the other 17 with ectopic opening of the ejaculatory duct in EPU. During the 3-48 months of postoperative follow-up, symptoms disappeared in all the cases, semen quality was improved in those with infertility, and 2 of the infertile patients achieved pregnancy via ICSI.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ectopic seminal tract opening in EPU is rare clinically. Spermography is a reliable method for the diagnosis of the disease, and its treatment should be aimed at restoring the smooth flow of semen based on proper classification and typing of the disease.


Subject(s)
Ejaculatory Ducts/surgery , Humans , Male , Male Urogenital Diseases/surgery , Prostate/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Semen Analysis , Seminal Vesicles/surgery , Vas Deferens/surgery
3.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 317-321, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689758

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To explore Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) infection in the urogenital tract of infertile men and its influence on semen quality.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Semen samples were collected from 352 infertile males in the Center of Reproductive Medicine of Nanjing General Hospital from March to July 2015. MG infection was detected by real-time fluorescence simultaneous amplification and testing and semen analyses were conducted according to the WHO Laboratory Manual for the Examination and Processing of Human Semen (5th Ed) on the semen pH value, semen volume, total sperm count, sperm concentration, total sperm motility, percentages of progressively motile sperm (PMS) and immotile sperm (IMS), and sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI). The data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis by t-test and non-parametric test (Wilcoxon test).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>MG infection was found in 3.4% (12/352) of the infertile patients. Compared with the MG-positive cases, the MG-negative ones showed a significantly higher semen volume ([2.85 ± 0.14] vs [3.84 ± 0.12] ml, P = 0.008) and percentage of PMS ([15.86±1.72] vs [60.95 ± 5.63] %, P = 0.032) but a lower DFI ([30.73 ±2.24] vs [20.71 ± 1.55]%, P = 0.014). However, no statistically significant differences were observed between the two groups in the semen pH value (7.38 ±0.02 vs 7.39 ± 0.01, P = 0.774), sperm concentration ([52.96 ± 15.78] vs [60.05 ± 4.29]×10⁶/ml, P = 0.683), sperm count ([154.15 ± 46.37] vs [221.56 ± 15.43]×106, P = 0.236), total sperm motility ([29.04 ± 3.11] vs [33.52 ± 1.51] %, P = 0.626), or percentage of IMS ([23.57 ± 0.99] vs [62.34 ± 1.69] %, P = 0.691).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Urogenital MG infection is common in infertile males and potentially affects the semen quality, especially sperm vitality of the patient.</p>


Subject(s)
DNA Fragmentation , Humans , Infertility, Male , Microbiology , Male , Male Urogenital Diseases , Microbiology , Mycoplasma Infections , Mycoplasma genitalium , Semen , Semen Analysis , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa , Physiology
4.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 645-650, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689705

ABSTRACT

Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) was first isolated by Tully from the urinary tract of the male patient with non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU) in 1981. MG is extremely difficult to be cultured and was rarely studied until the development and application of molecular biology technology. The research on MG in China is still in the primary stage. However, relevant studies abroad have found that it is an important pathogen causing human genitourinary tract infection and spreading worldwide. Male MG infection is reportedly related to NGU, prostatitis, epididymitis, balanoposthitis, male HIV infection, and male infertility. This review outlines the advances in the studies of MG in male urogenital diseases.


Subject(s)
Balanitis , Microbiology , China , Epididymitis , Microbiology , HIV Infections , Microbiology , Humans , Male , Male Urogenital Diseases , Microbiology , Mycoplasma Infections , Mycoplasma genitalium , Urethritis , Microbiology
5.
Rev. med. Rosario ; 83(3): 104-110, sep.-dic. 2017. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-973313

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Durante años, el varicocele se ha propugnado como la causa más común de infertilidad, siendo esta patología la de mayor incidencia en los varones como factor causal (19 - 41%). Material y Métodos: Se evaluaron 228 pacientes, sexo masculino (18 y 39 años) con subfertilidad primaria con o sin varicocele. Se realizó historia clínica, examen físico, laboratorio y espermograma por duplicado. Se dividieron un grupo de 120 pacientes con subfertilidad primaria, varicocele izquierdo y por lo menos un parámetro seminal alterado en dos muestras sometidos a varicocelectomía y control seminal 6 y 9 meses post-operatorio y otro grupo 108 pacientes de iguales características pero sin varicocele. Se utilizaron criterios OMS en concentración, motilidad y morfología espermática. Estudio de casos y controles. Resultados: La mejoría en la concentración de espermatozoides tras el tratamiento quirúrgico fue de 20,06% (p‹ 0,0001) a los 6 meses y 26,31% (p‹ 0,0001) a los 9 meses. La motilidad aumentó 21,32% (p‹ 0,001) a los 6 meses y 28,28% (p‹ 0,0001) a los 9 meses y la morfología mejoró un 26,8% (p‹ 0,0001) a los 6 meses y 57,38% (p‹ 0,0001) a los 9 meses. Todas las variables resultaron estadísticamente significativas tras el tratamiento quirúrgico. No hubo diferencia estadísticamente significativa en ninguna de las variables entre el grupo pre-quirúrgico y el grupo control, y si las hubo en todas las variables estudiadas entre el grupo control comparado con el post- quirúrgico, a favor de este último. Los porcentajes de mejoras entre el grupo post-quirúrgico a los 6 meses y 9 meses de la cirugía, a favor de este último fueron 7,5% (p‹ 0,0001) en la concentración, 5,28 % (p‹ 0.0001) en la motilidad y 25,32% (p‹ 0.0001) en la morfología... Conclusiones: Los parámetros seminales evidenciaron cambios positivos luego de la varicocelectomia y más aún con el transcurrir del tiempo.


Introduction: Varicocele has been proposed for years as the most common cause of infertility, and this condition is the prevalent incidence as causal factor. (19-41%) Material and methods: 228 male patients (between 18 and 39 years old) were evaluated with primary sub fertility with or without varicocele. The records included history, physical examination and two spermogram for patient. The population was divided in two groups. The first one of 120 patients with primary subfertility, left varicocele and at least one abnormal seminal parameter in two samples, with surgical resection of varicocele and final seminal post-surgical evaluation at 6 and 9 months. The other group included 108 patients with similar characteristics but without varicocele. The WHO criteria for spermatic concentration, motility and morphology were applied. Evaluation of cases and controls. Results: The improvement in spermatozoa concentration after treatment was of 20.06% (p<0,0001). The motility improved 21,32% at 6 months (p<0,0001) and 28,28% at 9 months (p<0,0001).The morphology improved 26,8% at 6 months (p<0,0001) and 57,38% at 9 months (p<0,0001)All the parameters were statistically significant after surgery. While there were no significant differences in any parameter between the pre-surgical group and the control group, there were differences in all the parameters evaluated between the control group and the post-surgical group, with best results in the latter.The percentages of improvement in the post-surgical group were 7,5%(p < 0,0001) in concentration, 5,28% in motility and 25,32% in morphology...Conclusions: The seminal parameters showed positive changes after varicocelectomy, especially over time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Genital Diseases, Male , Infertility, Male , Infertility, Male/surgery , Male Urogenital Diseases/surgery , Varicocele , Andrology , Reference Standards/analysis
6.
Metro cienc ; 25(1): 15-19, Jun. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-986599

ABSTRACT

El hallazgo de cuerpo extraño uretral es una de las patologías menos comunes reportadas en la bibliografía médica y, por tanto, es de gran sorpresa para el especialista de urología. Debido a que no hay suficiente documentación, este tema despierta gran interés para el manejo futuro y en la instrucción a médicos de esta especialidad. Comúnmente, en estos casos hay un componente psicológico/psiquiátrico, sexual, autoerotismo o de abuso de sustancias psicotrópicas. De acuerdo a las características del cuerpo extraño, su localización y tipo de paciente, el tratamiento variará y su resultado final dependerá de estos factores. Presentamos el caso de un paciente varón de 52 años que acude a Emergencia con sintomatología respiratoria y dificultad urinaria de varios días de evolución, con antecedente de uso de drogas como base de cocaína y marihuana durante largo tiempo, además de prácticas sexuales grupales; se logra evidenciar de manera incidental un cuerpo extraño en la uretra. (AU)


The finding of foreign urethral body is one of the less common pathologies reported in medical literature, and therefore of great surprise to the Urology Specialist. In the absence of sufficient literature on the subject, this is an issue that arouses great interest for the future management and training doctors in this specialty. Typically, such cases have basic psychological / mental, sexual, and/or substance abuse component. According to the characteristics of the foreign body, its location and type of patient, treatment will vary and the outcome will depend on these factors; it is why a multidisciplinary assessment should be performed. We report the case of a 52-year-old male patient who came to Emergency Department with respiratory symptoms and urinary difficulty of several days duration, as background there was a history of long-term drug abuse as cocaine base and marihuana, also group sex activities; incidentally a foreign body in urethra was found. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Urethra , Foreign-Body Reaction , Male Urogenital Diseases , Hemorrhage
7.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2017. 113 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-909166

ABSTRACT

Trata-se de um estudo sobre a análise das práticas cotidianas dos profissionais de enfermagem em atenção à saúde do homem fundamentada na etnometodologia. Considerando a baixa procura do sexo masculino por serviços de saúde, a alta incidência de enfermidades crônicas exclusivas do homem, a pouca aderência aos serviços de saúde, a vergonha da exposição do corpo, as práticas cotidianas pouco visíveis no sentido do alinhamento à política de saúde do homem, questiona-se: é possível analisar as práticas de saúde ao homem, no cotidiano das atividades desenvolvidas pela Enfermagem, no espaço hospitalar, na perspectiva da PNAISH? O objetivo geral foi discutir se as práticas cotidianas realizadas pelos profissionais de enfermagem no cuidado à saúde do homem se encontram alinhadas à PNAISH. Os objetivos específicos foram: conhecer a construção do cotidiano dos profissionais de enfermagem envolvidos no cuidado ao homem na unidade de urologia no contexto hospitalar; descrever as práticas cotidianas de cuidado; e analisar o conhecimento dos profissionais de enfermagem em relação à política de saúde do homem. O estudo foi realizado na unidade de urologia de um Hospital Universitário localizado no Rio de Janeiro em 2016 e os participantes foram os profissionais de enfermagem. Estudo de natureza qualitativa, etnometodológica. A técnica de produção de dados foi por meio de entrevista semiestruturada e observação participante, e o tratamento dos mesmos seguiu a orientação da Análise de Conteúdo de Bardin. O estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética e Pesquisa da UERJ recebendo o nº 1.582.510. Os achados foram organizados e categorizados, emergindo, assim, três categorias intituladas: Registro do cotidiano dos profissionais de enfermagem; Práticas cotidianas e o movimento do cuidado; e Saúde do homem: olhares e saberes. Os dados foram analisados e fundamentados na etnometodologia e na política do homem. Os resultados apontam para a importância da assistência qualificada dos profissionais de enfermagem e a valorização da política sobre saúde do homem, seu desenvolvimento contínuo em todos os níveis de atenção à saúde. Além disso, averiguou-se que é necessária a qualificação dos profissionais de enfermagem em relação à política ampliando para o ensino dos cursos de Graduação em Enfermagem. Conclui-se que a etnometodologia foi importante para a revelação dos achados e pelas pistas e indícios encontrados nos depoimentos, sendo fundamental para a interpretação dos achados obtidos nesta pesquisa.


This study is about the analysis of daily practices of nursing professionals in the human health care based on ethnomethodology. Considering the low demand of men for health services, the high incidence of chronic diseases exclusive to men, poor adherence to health services, the shame of body exposure, daily practices that are barely visible in the direction of health policy alignment of the man, the question is: is it possible to analyze the health practices to the man, in the daily activities developed by the Nursing, in the hospital space, from the PNAISH perspective? The general objective was to discuss whether the daily practices performed by nursing professionals in the health care of the man are aligned with the PNAISH. The specific objectives were to know the construction of the routine of the nursing professionals involved in the care of the man in the urology unit in the hospital context, to describe daily care practices, and to analyze the knowledge of nursing professionals in the health policy of man. The study was conducted at the urology unit of a University Hospital located in Rio de Janeiro in 2016, and the participants were the nursing professionals. This study is qualitative, ethnomethodological. The technique of data production was through a semi-structured interview and participant observation, and the treatment followed the guidance of the Bardin Content Analysis. The study was approved by the Ethics and Research Committee of UERJ receiving the number 1,582,510. The findings were organized and categorized, emerging three categories entitled Registry of the daily routine of nursing professionals; Day-to-day practices and the movement of care; and Man´s health: looks and knowledge. The data were analyzed and based on the ethnomethodology and politics of man. The results point to the importance of skilled care of nursing professionals and the valorization of the policy on human health, its continuous development in all levels of health care. Also, it was verified to qualify the nursing professionals in the policy broadening for the teaching of Nursing Undergraduate courses was important. It is concluded that ethnomethodology was important for the revelation of the findings and for the clues found in the statements, being fundamental for the interpretation of the findings obtained in this research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Comprehensive Health Care , Male Urogenital Diseases/nursing , Men's Health/ethnology , Nursing Care/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/ethnology
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-100438

ABSTRACT

Population analyses and demographic data have clearly documented the rapid growth of the aging population in recent years. Although the population over 65 currently accounts for approximately 13.2% of the total population in Korea, it is estimated that this number will reach at least 40% by 2060. Aging is associated with a general decline in almost every physiological function of biological systems, including the lower urinary tract. Aging is also known to put individuals at a high risk for urinary tract infections. Geriatric hospitals in Korea have undergone a large expansion in terms of the number of beds and institutions. Many elderly patients in geriatric hospitals suffer from various genitourinary disorders. In particular, voiding dysfunction and urinary tract infections are prevalent comorbidities of other chronic geriatric diseases in patients in geriatric hospitals. Careful monitoring and management can help to reduce those genitourinary problems in elderly patients in geriatric hospitals.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aging , Comorbidity , Female Urogenital Diseases , Humans , Korea , Male Urogenital Diseases , Urinary Tract , Urinary Tract Infections
9.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 38(1): 86-86, jul. 2015.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-761801

Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Arginase/metabolism , Arthritis, Reactive/microbiology , Arthritis, Reactive/virology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/microbiology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/virology , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/metabolism , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , Arthritis, Reactive/complications , Arthritis, Reactive/immunology , Bacterial Infections/complications , Bacterial Infections/immunology , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Case-Control Studies , Chlamydia trachomatis/classification , Chlamydia trachomatis/isolation & purification , Female Urogenital Diseases/complications , Female Urogenital Diseases/immunology , Female Urogenital Diseases/microbiology , Female Urogenital Diseases/virology , Gastrointestinal Diseases/complications , Gastrointestinal Diseases/immunology , Gastrointestinal Diseases/microbiology , Gastrointestinal Diseases/virology , Hepacivirus/classification , Hepacivirus/isolation & purification , Hepatitis B virus/classification , Hepatitis B virus/isolation & purification , Hepatitis/complications , Hepatitis/immunology , Hepatitis/virology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/immunology , Male Urogenital Diseases/complications , Male Urogenital Diseases/immunology , Male Urogenital Diseases/microbiology , Male Urogenital Diseases/virology , Nasopharyngeal Diseases/complications , Nasopharyngeal Diseases/immunology , Nasopharyngeal Diseases/microbiology , Nasopharyngeal Diseases/virology , Primary Cell Culture , Streptococcus pyogenes/classification , Streptococcus pyogenes/isolation & purification
10.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 467-471, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276073

ABSTRACT

Fosfomycin (FOM) is an antibiotic with a small relative molecular weight (138.1) and a long half-life, and has a unique chemical structure and antibacterial mechanisms. It exerts a bactericidal activity by inhibiting the early synthesis of bacterial cell walls. It is also a broad-spectrum antibiotic with a good drug tolerance and compliance and a low pressure to bacterial resistance, but no cross-resistance with other antibiotics. Recent studies show the effectiveness of FOM in the treatment of acute uncomplicated urinary tract infections and urogenital tract infections as well, such as prostatitis and epididymitis. This review focuses on the clinical application of FOM in the treatment of infectious diseases of the urogenital tract.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Epididymitis , Drug Therapy , Fosfomycin , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Male , Male Urogenital Diseases , Drug Therapy , Prostatitis , Drug Therapy , Urinary Tract Infections , Drug Therapy
11.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 38-43, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319545

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the features and treatment of male infertility induced by autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), and compare the outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) for infertile men with ADPKD and those with congenital bilateral absence of vas deferens (CBAVD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed 21 cases of ADPKD-induced infertility, 15 treated by ICSI (group A), and another 164 cases of strictly matched CBAVD-induced infertility (group B). We compared the two groups in the couples' age, the number of ICSI oocytes, and the rates of fertilization, transferrable embryos, good embryos, embryos implanted, clinical pregnancy, biochemical pregnancy, early abortion, singleton and twins in the first cycle.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After 28 cycles of ICSI, 10 of the 15 ADPKD-induced infertility patients achieved clinical pregnancy, including 7 cases of live birth, 1 case of spontaneous abortion, and 2 cases of pregnancy maintenance. No significant differences were observed between groups A and B in the couples' age, the wives' BMI, or the numbers of ICSI oocytes and embryos transplanted (P >0.05), nor in the rates of ICSI fertilization (72.64% vs 76.17%), transferrable embryos (51.28% vs 63.24%), quality embryos (38.46% vs 49.83%), embryo implantation (17.64% vs 38.50%), abortion (0 vs 9.23%), singleton (50% vs 81.54%) and twins (50% vs 18.46%). However, the rates of clinical pregnancy (13.33% vs 42.68%, P = 0.023 <0.05) and biochemical pregnancy (13.33% vs 39.63%, P = 0.032 <0.05) were significantly lower in group A than in B.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ICSI is effective in the treatment of male infertility induced by either ADPKD or CBAVD, but the ADPKD cases have a lower success rate than the CBAVD cases in an individual cycle. The affected couples should be informed of the necessity of prenatal genetic diagnosis before embryo implantation and the inevitable vertical transmission of genetic problems to the offspring.</p>


Subject(s)
Abortion, Spontaneous , Embryo Implantation , Embryo Transfer , Female , Humans , Infertility, Male , Therapeutics , Male , Male Urogenital Diseases , Therapeutics , Oocytes , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Vas Deferens , Congenital Abnormalities
12.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 229-233, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319514

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the results and significance of the detection of the CFTR gene mutation in azoospermia patients with congenital unilateral absence of the vas deferens (CUAVD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We collected peripheral blood samples from 6 azoospermia patients with CUAVD for detection of the CFTR gene mutations and single nucleotide polymorphisms. We analyzed the genome sequences of the CFTR gene in comparison with the website of the UCSC Genome Browser on Human Dec. 2013 Assembly.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Missense mutation of c. 592G > C in exon 6 was found in 1 of the 6 azoospermia patients with CUAVD and splicing mutation of c. 1210-12T[5] was observed in the noncoding region before exon 10 in 2 of the patients, both with the V470 haplotype in exon 11.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Mutations of the CFTR gene can be detected in azoospermia patients with CUAVD and the detection of the CFTR gene mutation is necessary for these patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Azoospermia , Genetics , Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator , Genetics , Exons , Humans , Male , Male Urogenital Diseases , Genetics , Mutation, Missense , Genetics , Vas Deferens , Congenital Abnormalities
13.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol ; 79(3): 209-217, jun. 2014. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-720216

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: El espermatozoide es una célula altamente especializada encargada de llevar el material genético paterno hasta el tracto reproductivo femenino en búsqueda del oocito, no obstante durante su desplazamiento puede interactuar con sustancias, otras células e incluso microorganismos que puede transportar desencadenando procesos infecciosos que alteran el éxito reproductivo. Objetivo: Describir las bacterias involucradas en la alteración de la función reproductiva y sus efectos sobre calidad espermática, así como la capacidad de los espermatozoides para transportar infecciones y diseminarlas al tracto reproductivo femenino. Resultados: Las infecciones bacterianas que afectan el tracto reproductivo masculino se clasifican en infecciones de transmisión sexual, del tracto urinario y las asociadas a la microbiota bacteriana, donde están implicadas una gran variedad de agentes etiológicos como Chlamydia trachomatis, Ureoplasma urealyticum, Mycoplasma hominis, Escherichia coli y los Staphyloccoccus coagulasa negativos. Aún es controversial el efecto de estos gérmenes sobre los parámetros seminales así como la presencia de microbiota en el semen; su diagnóstico depende de la calidad de la muestra, de la sensibilidad de la técnica de detección y de los factores de riesgo que presente el individuo. Conclusión: Los procesos inflamatorios e infecciosos en el trato reproductivo masculino influyen en la fertilidad, por lo que se requiere profundizar en el estudio de estos procesos, establecer más y mejores métodos diagnósticos y pautas para el autocuidado que disminuyan la propagación de estos agentes patógenos.


Introduction: Spermatozoon is a highly specialized cell responsible for carrying the paternal genetic material toward the oocyte. During its journey in the female reproductive tract, the sperm cell interacts with substances, cells and also microorganisms that can be transported, thus triggering infectious processes that could alter reproductive success. Objective: Describe the species of bacteria involved in the alteration of sperm cells reproductive function and their effect on the sperm quality. In addition, evaluate the ability of the sperm cell to carry infections and disseminate them in the female reproductive tract. Results: Bacterial infections that affect the male reproductive tract are classified as sexually transmitted infections, urinary tract infections, and infections associated with bacterial microbiome. Chlamydia trachomatis, Ureoplasma urealyticum, Mycoplasma hominis, Escherichia coli and coagulase-negative Staphylococcus are the main etiologic agents of these infections. The presence of bacteria in semen and their effect of in semen parameters are still controversial. To probe that bacteria are present in semen depends on the quality of the sample, the sensitivity and specificity of the detection technique and the patient risk factors. Conclusion: Inflammatory and infectious processes in the male reproductive treatment affect fertility; therefore, further study of the role of thoseprocesses, establishment of more and better diagnostic methods and guidelines for self-care to decrease the spread of these pathogens will be necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Male Urogenital Diseases/diagnosis , Male Urogenital Diseases/microbiology , Spermatozoa/microbiology , Infertility, Male , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/diagnosis , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/microbiology , Genital Diseases, Male/diagnosis , Genital Diseases, Male/microbiology
14.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 59-62, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267942

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the influence of Ureaplasma urealyticum (Uu) infection in the male reproductive tract on the outcomes of IVF and the clinical significance of preoperative Uu test by analyzing the correlation between the results of Uu culture before IVF-ET and the outcomes of IVF-ET.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Among 1,059 couples undergoing IVF-ET, we selected 973 after excluding genetic factors and divided them into a Uu negative and a Uu positive group according to the results of culture of Uu in the semen of the males. We compared the rates of IVF fertilization, oocyte cleavage, clinical pregnancy and abortion between the two groups, and analyzed the influence of Uu infection on IVF outcomes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 973 selected subjects, 836 were Uu negative (group A) and 137 Uu positive (group B), and of the latter, 130 were restored to Uu negative after treatment (group B1) and the other 7 remained unchanged (group B2). No significant differences were found between groups A and B in the rates of IVF fertilization (81.6% vs 79.8%, P = 0.13), abnormal fertilization (11.8% vs 12.4%, P = 0.58) and oocyte cleavage (92.0% vs 92.1%, P = 0.94), nor between groups A and B2 (81.6% vs 89.8%, P = 0.10; 11.8% vs 13.2%, P = 0.75; 92.0% vs 92.5%, P = 0.10). Totally, 747 of the patients underwent embryo transfer, including 643 in group A and 104 in group B. There were no significant differences between groups A and B in the rates of clinical pregnancy (38.6% vs 34.7%, P = 0.44) and abortion (16.5% vs 22.2%, P = 0.39), nor between groups A and B2 (38.6% vs 33.3%, P = 0.79; 16.5% vs 0, P = 0.53).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Uu infection in the male reproductive tract does not significantly affect the rates of IVF fertilization, oocyte cleavage, clinical pregnancy and abortion. However, more investigations with larger sample sizes of the cases restored from Uu positive to Uu negative are needed to lend further support to our findings.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Embryo Transfer , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Genitalia, Male , Microbiology , Humans , Infertility, Male , Microbiology , Therapeutics , Male , Male Urogenital Diseases , Epidemiology , Microbiology , Middle Aged , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate , Ureaplasma Infections , Epidemiology , Ureaplasma urealyticum
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254526

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the association between a 5T polymorphism in intron 8 of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene and congenital bilateral absence of vas deferens (CBAVD) in Han Chinese males.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Genomic DNA from 33 individuals with CBAVD and 99 azoospermic males with CBAVD were recruited. The 5T polymorphism was detected with PCR, TA cloned and sequenced.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>CFTR gene mutations were identified in 17 (51.5%) of patients with CBAVD. In 3 patients (17.6%), the mutations were identified on both alleles. Nine CFTR gene mutations (9.1%) were detected in 99 azoospermic patients, for whom none had mutations on both alleles.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This study has confirmed molecular heterogeneity of CFTR mutations in CBAVD. For CBAVD patients without 5T mutations, other changes may be found in the same gene.</p>


Subject(s)
Alleles , Asians , Genetics , Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator , Genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Humans , Introns , Male , Male Urogenital Diseases , Genetics , Mutation , Polymorphism, Genetic , Vas Deferens , Congenital Abnormalities
16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 999-1003, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257002

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the necessity of detecting the gene of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator factor (CFTR) in Chinese men with congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We detected the mutation of all the 27 exons of the CFTR gene in 9 patients with CBAVD by DNA sequencing, and compared the results using NCBI and Cystic Fibrosis Mutation Database.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Four novel missense mutations/variants were found in the CFTR gene of the CBAVD patients, which were submitted and accepted in the Cystic Fibrosis Mutation Database.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There are mutations or variants in the CFTR gene in Chinese men with CBAVD, and the mutational distribution is different from that in Westerners.</p>


Subject(s)
Alleles , Asians , Genetics , Base Sequence , Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator , Genetics , Exons , Genotype , Humans , Male , Male Urogenital Diseases , Genetics , Mutation , Vas Deferens , Congenital Abnormalities
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-632570

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine clinical characteristics that are associated with tuberculosis orchitis in patients who present with a testicular mass. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an analytic retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent radical orchiectomy for a possible testicular malignancy based on a testicular mass from 2005 to 2009. The following data were derived from a review of the patient's charts: patient age, laterality of the disease, duration of symptoms, concomitant extra-testicular tuberculosis (TB), pre-operative anti-TB treatment received, pertinent pre-operative physical findings, pertinent diagnostics done pre-operatively, and intra-operative findings. RESULTS: The prevalence of testicular tuberculosis in persons who underwent radical orchiectomy for a scrotal mass is 31.8%. TB orchitis occurs more often in younger patients, those who have had tuberculosis in the past, or have received treatment, those with larger testicular masses, those with scrotal skin sinus and tenderness or swelling, tunica, vaginalis invasion, scrotal skin invasion, and epididymal enlargement, and those with cheesy substance noted in intraoperative findings. There were no significant differences between testicular tuberculosis and testicular tumor in terms of ultrasound findings. CONCLUSION: Testicular tuberculosis is prevalent among patients who underwent radical orchiectomy due to a scrotal mass. Several clinical characteristics preoperatively and intraoperatively may predict TB orchitis in these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Middle Aged , Adult , Young Adult , Adolescent , Child , Infant , Orchitis , Testicular Diseases , Male Urogenital Diseases , Orchiectomy
20.
Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases. 2010; 4 (1): 72-76
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-105750

ABSTRACT

We report a case of human urogenital myiasis in an 86-year-old rural man with a penil ulcer and numerous alive and motile larvae from urethra and glans penis. Entomological studies on adult flies showed the larvae were Lucilia sericata and Wohlfahrtia magnifica. The clinical presentation and treatment strategies are discussed


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Male Urogenital Diseases , Diptera
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