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1.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210088, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339881

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: compreender, por meio do brinquedo terapêutico dramático, o significado, para o irmão, de visitar a criança hospitalizada em terapia intensiva. Método: pesquisa qualitativa, modalidade fenomenológica, que utilizou o brinquedo terapêutico dramático para acessar às experiências dos irmãos. Foi realizada em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica do interior do estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Participaram das sessões de brinquedo terapêutico 11 irmãos menores de 10 anos, as quais foram analisadas à luz da Teoria do Amadurecimento. Resultados: os irmãos, tendo um lugar para brincar, dramatizaram situações, anteriormente, vividas, de seu cotidiano e da visita à criança hospitalizada. Ao viver, criativamente, revelaram que brincar é fazer a integração das experiências do "eu", favorecendo o continuar a ser diante da situação vivida. Conclusões e implicações para a prática: o Brinquedo Terapêutico Dramático compreendido à luz de um referencial teórico possibilitou que o irmão significasse a visita como uma experiência de integração do "eu", revelando emoções, desejos e preferências do cotidiano. Nesse sentido, o cuidado ao irmão da criança hospitalizada define-se pela oferta do brincar livre, para que ele demonstre o sentimento de continuar a ser em suas interações com o mundo, no qual o contexto hospitalar tornou parte da realidade.


Resumen Objeto: Comprender por medio del juego terapéutico dramático el significado, para el hermano, de la visita al niño hospitalizado en Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica. Método: Investigación cualitativa, modalidad fenomenológica, que utilizó el juego terapéutico dramático para comprender la experiencia del hermano. Se realizó en Unidad de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica del interior del Estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Participaron de las sesiones de juego terapéutico 11 hermanos con menos de 10 años, quienes fueron analizados a la luz de la Teoría de la Maduración. Resultados: Los hermanos, al tener un lugar para jugar, dramatizaron situaciones anteriormente vividas, de su cotidiano y de la visita al niño hospitalizado. Al vivir de forma creativa, revelaron que jugar es permitir la integración de las experiencias del "yo", lo que favorece el concepto de seguir siendo, ante la situación vivida. Conclusiones e implicaciones para la práctica: El Juego Terapéutico Dramático comprendido a la luz de un referencial teórico hizo posible que el hermano entendiera la visita como una experiencia de integración del "yo", revelando emociones, deseos y preferencias cotidianas. En este sentido, el cuidado del hermano del niño hospitalizado se define por la oferta de juego libre, para que pueda demostrar su sentimiento de seguir siendo en sus interacciones con el mundo, en el que el contexto hospitalario se ha convertido en parte de la realidad.


Abstract Objective: to understand, by means of dramatic therapeutic play, the meaning, for the sibling, of visiting the child hospitalized in intensive care. Method: a qualitative research, phenomenological modality, which used the dramatic therapeutic play to access the siblings' experiences. It was carried out in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit in the countryside of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Eleven siblings under ten years of age participated in the therapeutic play sessions, which were analyzed in the light of the Theory of Maturation. Results: the siblings, having a place to play, dramatized previously lived situations, from their daily life and from the visit to the hospitalized child. By living creatively, they revealed that playing is to integrate the experiences of the "I", favoring the continuity of being in the face of the situation lived. Conclusions and implications for practice: the Dramatic Therapeutic Play understood in the light of a theoretical framework allowed the sibling to mean the visit as an experience of integration of the "I", revealing emotions, desires and preferences of daily life. In this sense, the care for the brother of the hospitalized child is defined by the offer of free play, so that he demonstrates the feeling of continuing to be in his interactions with the world, in which the hospital context has become part of reality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Play and Playthings/psychology , Visitors to Patients/psychology , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Child, Hospitalized , Siblings/psychology , Sibling Relations , Child Health , Creativity , Qualitative Research
2.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210040, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339880

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo analisar a percepção dos pais sobre as práticas de educação em saúde desenvolvidas pelos enfermeiros na Unidade Neonatal que facilitaram a aquisição de competências parentais para uma tomada de decisão fundamentada. Método estudo exploratório e descritivo, com abordagem qualitativa. Participaram 13 pais com filhos internados, pela primeira vez, em uma Unidade Neonatal portuguesa. Os dados foram colhidos entre fevereiro e agosto de 2020, por meio de grupos focais, processados no software Interface de R pour Analyses Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionneires, através da Classificação Hierárquica Descendente e da Análise de Similitude. Resultados da Classificação Hierárquica Descendente, emergiram quatro classes: "Necessidades de informação", "Lacunas na informação", "Disponibilidade para informar"; "Práticas facilitadoras da educação em saúde". Conclusão e implicações para a prática os pais consideraram como práticas facilitadoras da educação em saúde a tecnologia digital aliada à disponibilidade dos enfermeiros para informar e explicar, bem como propiciar um ambiente empático e informal. Tal resultado pode subsidiar o desenvolvimento de intervenções de enfermagem de educação em saúde para pais na Unidade Neonatal, com recurso à tecnologia digital.


Resumen Objetivo analizar la percepción de los padres sobre las prácticas de educación en salud desarrolladas por enfermeras de la Unidad Neonatal que facilitaron la adquisición de habilidades parentales para la toma de decisiones informada. Método estudio exploratorio descriptivo, con abordaje cualitativo. Participaron 13 padres con hijos hospitalizados, por primera vez, en una Unidad Neonatal Portuguesa. Los datos fueron recolectados entre febrero y agosto de 2020, a través de grupos focales, procesados en el software Interface de R pour Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionneires, a través de la Clasificación Jerárquica Descendente y el Análisis de Similitud. Resultados surgieron cuatro clases de la Clasificación Jerárquica Descendente: "Necesidades de información"; "Brechas de información"; "Disponibilidad para informar"; "Prácticas facilitadoras de la educación para la salud". Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica los padres consideraron prácticas facilitadoras para la educación en salud la tecnología digital combinada con la disponibilidad de enfermeras para informar y explicar, además de brindar un ambiente empático e informal. Este resultado puede apoyar el desarrollo de intervenciones de enfermería de educación para la salud para los padres en Unidad Neonatal, con el uso de tecnología digital.


Abstract Objective to analyze parents' perception of health education practices developed by nurses in a Neonatal Unit that facilitated the acquisition of parenting skills for an informed decision-making. Method this is an exploratory, descriptive and qualitative study. We included 13 parents with children hospitalized for the first time in a Portuguese Neonatal Unit. Data were collected between February and August 2020, through focus groups, processed in the software Interface de R pour Multidimensionnelles de Textes et de Questionneires, through Descending Hierarchical Classification and Similitude Analysis. Results four classes emerged from the Descending Hierarchical Classification: "Information needs"; "Information gaps"; "Availability to inform"; "Facilitating health education practices". Conclusion and implications for practice parents considered digital technology combined with nurses' availability to inform and explain, as well as provide an empathetic and informal environment as facilitating practices for health education. These results can support health education nursing interventions for parents at the Neonatal Units using digital technology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Parents/psychology , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Health Education , Health Literacy , Nurses , Pamphlets , Communication , Decision Making , Qualitative Research , Digital Technology , Length of Stay , Nurse-Patient Relations , Nursing Care/psychology
3.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26(spe): e20210234, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1342933

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever a experiência de planejamento, execução e avaliação de um serviço de suporte ético-emocional para profissionais de enfermagem frente à pandemia de COVID-19. Método: Relato de experiência no âmbito da Comissão de Suporte Ético-Emocional do Conselho Regional de Minas Gerais, Brasil, desenvolvido entre os meses de abril e dezembro de 2020 e operacionalizado através de ligações telefônicas e mensagens via aplicativo de comunicação. Resultados: Foram atendidos 241 profissionais. Foram revelados e declarados sentimentos, emoções, vivências e problemas oriundos do cotidiano de trabalho da enfermagem diante do contexto pandêmico. Tais problemas reforçam a eminência, a urgência e o valor que o suporte teve para a vida, trabalho e saúde dos profissionais atendidos, configurando-se como uma estratégia de saúde e de intervenção indispensável à promoção, prevenção, segurança e proteção da saúde mental frente à pandemia. Os atendimentos culminaram na redução de sentimentos negativos; na percepção aumentada (identificação de potenciais ameaças e contextos de "gatilhos"); na valorização pessoal; no autoconhecimento e autocuidado. Considerações finais e implicações para a prática: O suporte fez-se inovador para área da saúde e da enfermagem ao constituir-se como uma estratégia multidisciplinar promotora, aconselhadora e facilitadora do cuidado em tempos de COVID-19. Encoraja-se a manutenção desta estratégia após a pandemia


Objective: To describe the experience of planning, implementing and evaluating an ethical-emotional support service for Nursing professionals facing the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: An experience report in the scope of the Ethical-Emotional Support Commission of the Regional Council of Minas Gerais, Brazil, developed between April and December 2020 and operationalized through phone calls and messages via a communication application. Results: A total of 241 professionals were assisted. Feelings, emotions, experiences and problems arising from the daily Nursing work in the pandemic context were revealed and stated. Such problems reinforce the prominence, urgency and value that the support service had for the life, work and health of the professionals assisted, configuring itself as a health and intervention strategy, indispensable for mental health promotion, prevention, safety and protection in the face of the pandemic. The consultations culminated in the reduction of negative feelings; in increased perception (identification of potential threats and "trigger" contexts); in personal appreciation; and in self-knowledge and self-care. Final considerations and implications for the practice: The support service was innovative for the Health and Nursing areas by constituting a multidisciplinary strategy that promotes, counsels, and facilitates care in times of COVID-19. We encourage the maintenance of this strategy after the pandemic


Objetivo: Describir la experiencia de planificación, implementación y evaluación de un servicio de soporte ético-emocional para los profesionales de enfermería ante la pandemia de COVID-19. Método: Relato de experiencia en el ámbito de la Comisión de Soporte Ético-Emocional del Consejo Regional de Minas Gerais, Brasil, desarrollado entre los meses de abril y diciembre de 2020 y operacionalizado a través de enlaces telefónicos y mensajes vía la aplicación de comunicación. Resultados: Se atendió a 241 profesionales. Se revelaron y declararon los sentimientos, las emociones, las experiencias y los problemas derivados del trabajo diario de las enfermeras ante el contexto de la pandemia. Estos problemas refuerzan la eminencia, la urgencia y el valor que el soporte tiene para la vida, el trabajo y la salud de los profesionales atendidos, configurándose como una estrategia de salud y de intervención indispensable para la promoción, prevención, seguridad y protección de la salud mental frente a la pandemia. Las consultas culminaron en la reducción de los sentimientos negativos; en el aumento de la percepción (identificación de posibles amenazas y contextos "desencadenantes"); en la valoración personal; en el autoconocimiento y el autocuidado. Consideraciones finales e implicaciones para la práctica: El soporte fue innovador en el ámbito de la salud y la enfermería como estrategia multidisciplinaria para promover, asesorar y facilitar la asistencia en tiempos de COVID-19. Se fomenta el mantenimiento de esta estrategia después de la pandemia


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Remote Consultation , Ethics, Nursing , Telemental Health , COVID-19/psychology , Nurse Practitioners/psychology , Burnout, Professional , Occupational Health , Workload
4.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210038, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339877

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo descrever, na perspectiva de enfermeiros e médicos, as facilidades e os entraves da referência em uma Unidade de Pronto Atendimento. Método estudo descritivo, qualitativo, realizado em uma Unidade de Pronto Atendimento de um município de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Participaram sete enfermeiros e 23 médicos. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevista individual semiestruturada e analisados mediante a técnica do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo. Resultados as facilidades envolveram: ter serviços de referência especializados; gravidade do paciente; atendimento em "vaga zero"; boa relação entre os profissionais dos serviços de urgência e a empatia. Dentre os entraves, estavam: contato difícil por telefone com os hospitais e a superlotação destes; dificuldade para conseguir transporte, sobretudo, para paciente com situação clínica estável e a falta de ambulância do município. Conclusão e implicações para a prática as facilidades da referência potencializam o atendimento às urgências, porém, os entraves, referentes à vaga hospitalar e ao transporte, podem comprometer a integralidade e a continuidade do cuidado, necessitando de melhorias na atenção à saúde em rede.


Resumen Objetivo describir, desde la perspectiva de enfermeros y médicos, las facilidades y barreras de referencia en una Unidad de Urgencias. Método estudio descriptivo, cualitativo, realizado en una Unidad de Urgencias de una ciudad de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Participaron siete enfermeros y 23 médicos. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevistas individuales semiestructuradas y analizados usando la técnica del Discurso Colectivo del Sujeto. Resultados las facilidades involucradas: contar con servicios de referencia especializados; gravedad del paciente; servicio en "vacante cero"; buena relación entre los profesionales de los servicios de urgencias y la empatía. Entre los obstáculos estaban: el difícil contacto telefónico con los hospitales y su hacinamiento; dificultad para conseguir transporte, especialmente para pacientes con situación clínica estable y falta de ambulancia en la ciudad. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica las facilidades de referencia mejoran la atención de emergencia, sin embargo, las barreras, relacionadas a la vacante hospitalaria y el transporte, pueden comprometer la integridad y continuidad de la atención, requiriendo mejoras en la atención en red.


Abstract Objective to describe, from the perspective of nurses and physicians, the eases and hindrances of referrals in an Emergency Care Unit. Method a descriptive, qualitative study, carried out in an Emergency Care Unit in a city of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Seven nurses and 23 physicians participated. Data was collected through individual semi-structured interviews and analyzed using the Discourse of the Collective Subject technique. Results the eases involved: having specialized reference services; patient severity; care in "zero vacancy"; good relationship among professionals of the emergency services and empathy. Among the hindrances were: difficult contact by telephone with hospitals and their overcrowding; difficulty in getting transport, especially for patients with stable clinical situation and the lack of ambulance from the municipality. Conclusion and implications for the practice the referral facilities potentiate the attendance to urgencies, however, the hindrances, referring to hospital vacancy and transport, can compromise the integrality and continuity of care, requiring improvements in network health care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Emergency Medical Services , Health Services Research , Telephone , Beds , Ambulances , Patient Transfer , Health Personnel , Continuity of Patient Care , Qualitative Research , Empathy , Patient Safety , Patient Acuity , Integrality in Health , Interprofessional Relations
5.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210203, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339876

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo analisar as características individuais, clínicas e os fatores associados à mortalidade de pacientes com COVID-19, em hospital público do estado do Paraná, Brasil. Métodos estudo seccional, retrospectivo, documental (n= 86), com pacientes adultos internados, de março a junho de 2020. Resultados a mortalidade foi de 12,8%, o grupo de maior risco foi de idosos com comorbidades, especialmente, cardiovasculares. A chance de óbito foi 58 vezes maior em idosos, comparada aos adultos, e oito vezes maior naqueles com comorbidades, comparadas aos hígidos. A maioria dos pacientes apresentou sintomatologia respiratória, febre e mialgia. Tratamento à base de antibióticos, anticoagulantes e antivirais, associado ao suporte ventilatório. As principais complicações foram hipóxia, insuficiência renal aguda e infecção secundária. Conclusão e implicações para a prática idosos com comorbidades cardiovasculares que necessitaram de cuidados intensivos apresentaram maior chance de óbito. Os resultados de um dos centros de referência na pandemia possibilitam discutir medidas epidemiológicas adotadas, com ênfase em conceitos restritivos nos primeiros meses.


RESUMEN Objetivo analizar las características individuales, clínicas y los factores asociados a la mortalidad en pacientes con COVID-19 en un hospital público del estado de Paraná. Métodos estudio transversal, retrospectivo, documental (n = 86), con pacientes adultos hospitalizados, de marzo a junio de 2020. Resultados la mortalidad fue del 12,8%, grupo de mayor riesgo para los ancianos con comorbilidades, especialmente enfermedades cardiovasculares. La probabilidad de muerte fue 58 veces mayor en los ancianos en comparación con los adultos y ocho veces mayor en aquellos con comorbilidades en comparación con los sanos. La mayoría de los pacientes presentaban síntomas respiratorios, fiebre y mialgia. Tratamiento a base de antibióticos, anticoagulantes y antivirales, asociado al soporte ventilatorio. Las principales complicaciones fueron hipoxia, insuficiencia renal aguda e infección secundaria. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica los ancianos con comorbilidades cardiovasculares que requirieron cuidados intensivos tenían una mayor probabilidad de muerte. Los resultados de uno de los centros de referencia pandémica permiten discutir las medidas epidemiológicas adoptadas, con énfasis en conceptos restrictivos en los primeros meses.


ABSTRACT Objective to analyze the individual and clinical characteristics and the factors associated with mortality in patients with COVID-19, in a public hospital in the state of Paraná, Brazil. Methods a cross-sectional, retrospective, documentary study (n= 86), with adult inpatients, from March to June 2020. Results mortality was 12.8%, the highest risk group was the elderly with comorbidities, especially cardiovascular ones. The chance of death was 58 times higher in the elderly compared to adults, and eight times higher in those with comorbidities compared to the healthy ones. Most patients presented with respiratory symptoms, fever, and myalgia. Treatment was based on antibiotics, anticoagulants and antivirals, associated with ventilatory support. The main complications were hypoxia, acute renal failure, and secondary infection. Conclusion and implications for practice elderly people with cardiovascular comorbidities who required intensive care had a higher chance of death. The results from one of the reference centers in the pandemic make it possible to discuss epidemiological measures adopted, with emphasis on restrictive concepts in the first months.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Health Profile , Death , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/mortality , Respiration, Artificial , Cardiovascular Diseases , Comorbidity , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , COVID-19/drug therapy , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay
6.
São Paulo; SMS; 14 ago. 2021.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SMS-SP, SMS-SP | ID: biblio-1292019

Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , COVID-19
7.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211717, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254426

ABSTRACT

Aim: To derive and validate a short version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) in Spanish to measure oral health quality of life (OHRQoL) for subjects wearing fixed orthodontic appliances. Methods: Cross-sectional study (data for sensitivity to change analysis were collected longitudinally). The data of 400 subjects (27.34 years, SD 11.66 years, 231 women, and 169 men) were used to develop a short-form instrument, and the data of 126 other subjects (25.95 years, SD 12.39 years, 62 women, and 64 men) were used for its validation. The original OHIPs were translated into Spanish using an iterative forward-backward sequence. After face and content validity were evaluated by an expert committee, an exploratory factorial analysis (EFA) was used to derive the Spanish short-form instrument (OHIP-S14 Ortho). To validate the OHIP-S14 Ortho, validity (content validity assessed by EFA, construct validity assessed by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), discriminative validity assessed by the Kruskal-Wallis test, and reliability (internal consistency assessed by Cronbach's α test-retest, and inter-observer reliability assessed by correlation coefficients) were evaluated. Sensitivity to change and usefulness of the scale were also evaluated. Results: The OHIP-S14 Ortho included only six of the items in Slade´s original OHIP-14 short-form. A two-factor structure with adequate discriminative validity was found. High internal consistency (α=0.912), excellent inter-observer (Lin's correlation=0.97±0.011; rho= 0.97), test-retest agreement (Lin's correlation=0.80±0.059) and adequate sensitivity to change were also found. Conclusions: The OHIP-S14 Ortho is a valid and reliable instrument to measure OHRQoL in Spanish-speaking patients with fixed orthodontic appliances


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Orthodontic Appliances , Quality of Life , Reproducibility of Results
8.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213867, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254427

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to compare the microbiological potential and gustatory perception of essential oils (EO) mouthrinses containing and not containing alcohol. Methods: Twenty healthy adult volunteers rinsed with 10mL of the following test solutions: EO with alcohol, EO without alcohol, or a control solution (saline solution with mint essence). A washout period of at least seven days was adopted after a single-use protocol of the respective solution. All participants used all three tested substances. Antimicrobial potential was assessed by counting salivary total viable bacteria both before and after each rinse. Gustatory perception was evaluated using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Multiple comparisons were performed with the Wilcoxon test, using Bonferroni correction. Results: Both EO solutions presented a higher antimicrobial potential in comparison to the control solution (p<0.017). However, no significant difference in antimicrobial potential was observed between EO containing or not containing alcohol (p=0.218). VAS of EO with alcohol (median: 2.7) was similar to control solution (median: 1.6) (p=0.287). A better gustatory perception was observed of the EO without alcohol (median 7.6) when compared to the control solution (p<0.0001). When EO groups were compared, EO without alcohol also demonstrated a significantly better gustatory perception (p=0.001). Conclusion: Mouthrinse containing EO without alcohol presented a better taste perception when compared to the EO with alcohol, but no difference was observed in the antimicrobial potential of both EO solutions after a single rinse protocol


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bacteria , Oils, Volatile , Alcohols , Taste Perception , Mouthwashes
9.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e219912, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254429

ABSTRACT

Aim: Evaluation of the reliability of 3D computed tomography (3D-CT) in the diagnosis of mandibular fractures. Methods: A cross-sectional, quantitative and qualitative study was carried out, through the application of a questionnaire for 70 professionals in the area of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Radiology. 3D-CT images of mandibular fractures were delivered to the interviewees along with a questionnaire. Participants answered about the number of traces, the region and the type of fracture. The correct diagnosis, that is, the expected answer, was based on the reports of a specialist in oral and maxillofacial radiology after viewing the images in the axial, sagittal and coronal sections. The resulting data from the interviewees was compared with the expected answer and then, the data was analyzed statistically. Results: In the sample 56.9% were between 22 and 30 years old, 52.8% were oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMF), 34.7% were residents in OMF surgery and 12.5% OMF radiologists. Each professional answered 15 questions (related to five patients) and 50.8% of the total of these was answered correctly. Specialists in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology correctly answered 53.9%. Interviewees with experience between 6 and 10 years correctly answered 58.2%. In identifying fracture traces, 46.1% of the questions were answered correctly. In terms of location, 5.6% of interviewees answered wrongly while 14.2% answered wrongly regarding classification. Conclusion: 3D computed tomography did not prove to be a reliable image for diagnosing mandibular fractures when used alone. This made necessary an association with axial, sagittal and coronal tomographic sections


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Diagnostic Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Surveys and Questionnaires , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Mandibular Fractures
10.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211202, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254523

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the prevalence and predisposing factors for hypomineralization of second molars in children in primary dentition. Methods: A questionnaire was applied to parents to analyze predisposing factors and to assist in the diagnosis of hypomineralization in children between 2 and 6 years old, followed by an intraoral examination based on indices of non-fluorotic enamel defects in the primary dentition, according to the "Modified Index DDE" to determine demarcated opacity and HSPM presence / severity index to assess hypomineralization. Children from public and private schools were dived into two groups: if they presented HSPM-Group 1 (G1) and if they did not have HSPM-Control group (CG). Results: The most frequent predisposing factors associated with the child were Illness in the first year of life (X2= 6.49; p=0.01) and antibiotic use in the first year of life (X2= 41.82; p= 0.01). The factors associated with the mother were hypertension (X2= 9.36; p=0.01), infections during pregnancy (X2=14.80; p=0.01) and alcohol consumption during pregnancy (X2=97.33; p=0.01). There was a prevalence of 3.9% of HSPM in 14 children, with statistical difference regarding gender (X2 = 4.57; p <0.05), with boys presenting a higher frequency. In G1 hypomineralization was of the type with demarcated opacity, with more prevalent characteristics the yellowish spot, with moderate post-eruptive fracture and acceptable atypical restorations. All lesions were located in the labial region with 1/3 of extension. Conclusion: The prevalence of HSPM in children between 2 and 6 years old was 3.9%, with a predominance in males, with tooth 65 being the most affected. There was an association between HSPM and infection in the first year of life, as well as the use of antibiotics and sensitivity in the teeth affected by the lesion. There was an association between HSPM and hypertension, infection and mothers' alcohol use during pregnancy


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Tooth Demineralization , Dental Enamel , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia/epidemiology , Amelogenesis
11.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211654, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254524

ABSTRACT

Grade C periodontitis in youngers is characterized by a severe form of periodontitis, and IL10 rs6667202 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) has been described as an important feature in this disease etiology. Aim: This study aimed to evaluate, in vivo, the functionality of IL10 rs6667202 SNP on IL-10 gingival fluid levels. Methods: Thirty patients with Perio4C were selected, 15 with the IL10 AA genotype (rs6667202) and 15 with AC/CC genotypes. The gingival fluid was collected from two sites with probing depth ≥ 7 mm and bleeding on probing, and two healthy sites. The IL-10 concentration was determined by Luminex/MAGpix platform. Results: In deep pockets, the IL10 AA genotype presented a lower concentration of IL-10 when compared with AC or CC genotypes (p<0.05). In shallow pockets, no difference between groups was seen (p>0.05). Conclusion: IL10 rs6667202 SNP decreases the production of IL-10 in crevicular fluid, potentially affecting this disease progression


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aggressive Periodontitis , Interleukin-10 , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
12.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213400, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254527

ABSTRACT

Aim: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the oral hygiene habits, oral health conditions, and the perception about the influence of oral health conditions on the physical performance of youth and professional volleyball and soccer athletes. Methods: A total of 96 male athletes participated: 48 volleyball players (25 youth and 23 professional players); and 48 soccer players, of whom 22 were youth, and 26 were professional players. We analyzed the oral hygiene and oral health condition (daily toothbrush, flossing, mouthwash, dental plaque, orthodontic treatment, dental/facial trauma, temporomandibular dysfunction, malocclusion, and the athletes' perception about the influence of oral health conditions on the physical performance (yes or no)). Comparisons were made between the youth and professional athletes for each sport (volleyball and soccer). According to each variable, we applied the Chi-square, Fisher's Exact, and Mann-Whitney tests. Results: For soccer athletes, we found significant differences between youth and professionals for: flossing (p=0.014), orthodontic treatment (p=0.028), dental/facial trauma (p=0.041), and the athletes' perception about oral health and physical performance (p<0.001). Considering the category (youth and professional) regardless of the type of sport, we found significant differences for dental plaque (p=0.024) and dental/facial trauma (p=0.005). According to the sport (volleyball and soccer), independent of the category, we found significant differences for daily brushing, dental/facial trauma (p=0.005), and the athletes' perception about oral health and physical performance (p=0.006). Conclusion: We concluded that the surveyed athletes had good oral health and believed that oral health can influence sports performance


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Oral Hygiene , Sports , Oral Health , Athletic Performance
13.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e212755, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254632

ABSTRACT

Aim: To investigate restorative decisions made by dentists and to examine what demographic characteristics are associated with the decisions for managing approximal and occlusal lesions. Methods: A questionnaire was randomly sent to 900 Palestinian dentists. It noted the demographic details of the dentists and the years of experience. The questionnaire evaluated the respondents for their treatment decisions regarding approximal and occlusal carious lesions. The data was analyzed using the IBM SPSS statistics for windows. The associations between gender and years of experience of the respondents and their restorative decisions were assessed. Results: The response rate was 58.2%. For occlusal carious lesions, 93.9% of the respondents would postpone operative treatment until the lesion was in dentine (grade 3 to 5). For approximal lesions, intervention was deemed appropriate by 92.6% of the respondents when there was radiographic evidence of a carious lesion reaching the DEJ or deeper. Around 53% preferred to prepare approximal lesions according to the traditional principles of cavity preparation. For both approximal and occlusal lesions, the participants opted for resin composites. Statistically, there was a significant association between the restorative decisions with the years since graduation and gender. Conclusion: The study showed variations between the treatment decisions of Palestinian dentists. The subjects chose conservative treatment plans but still adhered to traditional learned practices especially when cavity preparation for approximal lesions was concerned. The years since graduation and gender played a significant role in the choice of treatment opted for. Resin composites seemed to be a popular choice for treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Population Characteristics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Composite Resins , Practice Patterns, Dentists' , Dental Caries , Dental Cavity Preparation
14.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213555, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254634

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study evaluated, by the application of questionnaires, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the clinical routine and inspection by the competent authorities, on the flow of patients in the office, as well as on possible changes in Endodontic treatment costs and the amounts charged to patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from May 2nd, 2020 to May 6th, 2020, using an online questionnaire with a convenience sample. The inclusion criterion was professionals who perform endodontic treatments in daily clinical practice and who professional setting is private practice. The questionnaire brought questions about the impact on costs and the amount charged to the patient. Results: A total of 1042 questionnaires were answered from all the different states of Brazil, by professional who usually perform Endodontic treatment, and who is working in private practice. A total of 1010 (96.9%) respondents affirm it was necessary to modify the protective equipment in endodontic treatment due to pandemic and longer intervals between appointments was cited by 922 (88.5%), economically affecting the dental practice. There was no association between routine changes and economic impacts with gender, professional experience, area of residence or education level. Conclusion: In conclusion, most dental professionals recognized changes in the routine of endodontic treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic. They have a perception of increase in endodontic costs, and reduction in the volume of patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Surveys and Questionnaires , Coronavirus , Dental Offices , Endodontics
15.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e214270, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254738

ABSTRACT

There are various instruments to measure attitudes toward persons with disabilities (PwD). The Multidimensional Attitudes Scale (MAS) toward PwD is a three-dimension scale with good psychometric properties; the Spanish version has been validated with a four-factor structure. Aim: To examine the factor structure of a cross-cultural adapted version of the Spanish MAS towards deaf persons in a sample of Chilean dental students. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved five Chilean public health experts that reviewed the scale for obtaining a preliminary version of a 30-item modified MAS towards deaf persons; a pilot with 15 dental students was performed, and a final sample composed of 311 students was included. For the exploratory factor analysis (EFA), maximum likelihood estimation (ML) for determining the number of factors and parallel analysis (PA) was used, with Oblimin for the rotation method. Cronbach's alpha was used to assess reliability. The root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA), comparative fit index (CFI), incremental fit index (IFI), goodness of fit index (GFI), Tucker-Lewis fit index (TLI-NNF) and root mean square of residuals (RMSR) were used to assess model fit. Results: All items had a normal distribution with the exception of items 7 and 10. The four-factor structure without item 10 in this EFA presented an adequate Cronbach's alpha (>0.83), suggesting acceptable reliability. RMSEA, TLI-NNFI, RMSR, GFI and CFI indices suggested a good fit of the model and were consistent with the literature. Conclusion: The Spanish modified version of the MAS towards deaf persons has a four-factor structure, which in consistent with a previous version of the MAS


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Dental , Attitude , Hispanic Americans , Chile , Deafness , Validation Studies as Topic
16.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e210298, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252387

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the most well-known malignancies that affect the human population worldwide. The early diagnosis and early intervention of OSCC help improve the survival rate of the patients. The tumour free surgical margins are a positive prognostic factor for recurrence-free survival. The molecular markers can be used to detect the tumour free surgical margins. Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the expression of p53 & Cyclin D1 marker in resected surgical apparently clear margins and to correlate the p53 & Cyclin D1 expression with clinicopathological characteristics and patient outcome. Methods: The study population included retrospective cases of OSCC with apparently clear margins (2017-18) n=10 and Clinicopathological variables relevant to survival analysis were recorded. Finally, two margins were selected from each case, a total of 20 margins were included in this study. Paraffin-embedded wax blocks retrieved and tissue sections were made. Expression of cyclin D1 and p 53 was assessed by the immunohistochemical staining procedure Results: Positive expressions Cyclin D1 in 40% of mild dysplasia margins and 60% in clearance adequate margins were present. p53 expression was seen in 16% of mild dysplasia margins and 84% in clearance adequate margins. The expression of p53 and Cyclin D1 molecular markers are noted in the basal & parabasal layer of epithelium. Conclusion: Molecular markers could play a more reliable method for the assessment of dysplasia at the margins


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Cyclin D1
17.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211359, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252506

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the effects of an intervention for the prevention of obesity on the prevalence of dental caries disease in Spanish children. Methods: Two cities participated intervention study nested in a cohort IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of dietary and lifestyle induced health effects in children and infants): Huesca, where there was a 2-year intervention, which encouraged less sugar consumption; and Zaragoza (control). The prevalence of caries was evaluated by examining the 1st permanent molars in the 7-11 age range, using the ICDAS (International Caries Detection and Assessment System). These teeth erupt at 6 years of age and at the baseline (2007-2008) were free of caries because they were not present in the oral cavity. As outcomes, white spots were selected, combining the ICDAS criteria 1 and 2, and untreated caries, combining criteria 4, 5 and 6. Their association with socioeconomic variables, BMI (Body Mass Index), frequency of sugar intake, sex and parents' perceptions of their children, was investigated. To do so, the chi-square test was applied (p<0.05). Results: The sample consisted of 281 children. The prevalence of white spots and untreated caries was higher in Huesca, despite the intervention. There was no association between the outcomes and the variables studied (p>0.05). Conclusion: The intervention for the prevention of obesity did not exert any association with the prevalence of caries in Spanish children


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Oral Health , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Obesity
18.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211606, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253158

ABSTRACT

Aim: The present study sought to investigate dental caries experience and its association with sociodemographic, postnatal and breastfeeding variables in children in the agerange from 6 to 71 months of age, in the Xingu Indigenous Park, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Methods: This was an analytical cross-sectional study that used secondary data pertaining to 402 indigenous children of the Low, Middle and Eastern Xingu regions, who participated in the Oral Health Epidemiological Survey in 2013. The dependent variable was dental caries, dichotomized by the median (dmf-t≤1 and dmf-t>1). The data of independent variables were obtained by means of instruments of the Local Health Information System of the Xingu Indigenous Special Sanitary District (DSEI). Raw analyses were performed to test the association of the independent variables with the dependent variable. The variables were tested in the multiple logistic regression model. Results: The mean value of the dmf-t index was 2.60 and the prevalence of affected children was 51%. In the multiple analysis, only children older than 36 months (OR: 6.64; CI95%: 4.11 to 10.73) and those that were breastfed for a longer period of time (OR: 1.88; CI95%: 1.16 to 3.02) showed significant association with the dmf-t>1 index. Conclusion: Childhood dental caries among indigenous children was associated with age and breastfeeding prolonged for over 26 months, therefore, pointing out the need to offer dental follow-up care at earlier ages


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Breast Feeding , Indians, South American , Oral Health , Dental Caries
19.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e210699, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253172

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate orthodontists' knowledge and clinical practices regarding the treatment of patients with HIV/AIDS. Methods: Cross-sectional study performed with 655 Brazilian orthodontists based on a previously calculated sample size. Self-administered questionnaires were sent to orthodontists to collect information on knowledge and clinical conduct regarding the care of patients with HIV/AIDS. The study evaluated the awareness of possible risk factors for contamination, oral manifestations of HIV, need for more information on the care of HIV-positive patients, whether orthodontic treatment is indicated in HIV-positive patients, and whether they had knowingly performed orthodontic treatment in HIV-positive patients. Simple regression models were adjusted, and crude Odds Ratios estimated the associations with 95% confidence intervals. The variables with P < 0.20 in the crude analysis were tested in multiple logistic regression models, and those with P ≤ 0.05 were maintained in the final model. Magnitudes were estimated by adjusted Odds Ratios values, with 95% confidence intervals. Results: Orthodontists who were aware of the oral manifestations of HIV/AIDS, those having work experience of more than 20 years, and those who believed that orthodontic treatment could be indicated for these patients were 3.30 (1.79-6.10), 2.74 (1.36-5.52) and 1.92 (1.13-3.24) times more likely to perform orthodontic treatment in HIV-positive patients, respectively. Most orthodontists (92.9%) reported they needed to obtain more information about orthodontic care in patients with HIV/AIDS. Conclusion: Although orthodontists reported feeling able and qualified to provide dental care to patients with HIV/AIDS, gaps in their knowledge need to be addressed with further training


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Orthodontics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , HIV , Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
20.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211076, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253739

ABSTRACT

Aim: to evaluate the intra and inter-device reliability of two intraoral spectrophotometers in measuring the Commission Internationale de l'Éclairage (CIE) L*a*b* color coordinates and to compare the color difference (ΔE) between both devices. Methods: the central region of the labial surface of the maxillary central incisor of 31 participants was measured twice by each of the devices (VITA EasyShade and Degudent Shadepilot) by one examiner. CIE L*a*b* color coordinates were obtained for all teeth and ΔE was measured and compared. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Mann-whitney U test were used to analyze the data (p<0.05). Results: inter-device reliability ICCs in measuring CIE L*a*b* color coordinates ranged between 0.08-0.49 with significant difference between devices only concerning the b coordinate (p<0.05). While intra device reliability ICCs ranged between 0.86-0.89 for VITA EasyShade and 0.81-0.86 for Degudent Shadepilot. The mean ΔE for CIE L*a*b* color coordinates of VITA EasyShade was 3.61 (±1.93) compared to 3.60 (± 1.45) for Degudent Shadepilot with insignificant difference between both devices (p>0.05). Conclusions: high intra device reliability in measuring CIE L*a*b* color coordinates was achieved particularly of Vita EasyShade, and both devices had clinically acceptable color difference (ΔE <3.7) however, inter device reliability was low to moderate. Consequently, the same spectrophotometer should be used throughout the steps of performing any tooth- colored restoration


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Spectrophotometry , Color , Data Accuracy
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