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2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(1): 3-11, jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360121

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Problemas nutricionais são comuns em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC) e estão associados a um prognóstico ruim. É relevante mencionar que algumas populações de pacientes, como os com Doença de Chagas, são normalmente excluídas da maioria das análises. Objetivo Buscamos analisar a ocorrência de desnutrição e caquexia em pacientes com Doença de Chagas durante episódios de IC descompensada (ICD) em comparação a outras etiologias, e investigar a influência desses achados em desfechos hospitalares. Método Realizamos um estudo de série de casos consecutivos com pacientes hospitalizados com ICD. Os pacientes foram submetidos à Avaliação Nutricional Subjetiva Global (ASG), além de medidas antropométricas e laboratoriais, e foram avaliados para a ocorrência de caquexia, baixa massa muscular e força. Estudamos a ocorrência de morte e transplante cardíaco de urgência durante a internação. Resultados Ao todo, 131 pacientes foram analisados e 42 (32,1%) tinham Doença de Chagas. Pacientes com Doença de Chagas apresentavam índice de massa corporal (IMC) menor (22,4 kg/m2 [19,9-25,3] vs. 23,6 kg/m2 [20,8-27,3], p=0,03), maior frequência de desnutrição (76,2% vs 55,1%, p=0,015) e mais ocorrências de morte ou transplante (83,3% vs. 41,6%, p<0,001). Observamos que, dentre os pacientes com etiologia da Doença de Chagas, a ocorrência de morte ou transplante cardíaco esteve associada com desnutrição (3 [42,9%] pacientes com alta hospitalar vs. 29 [82,9%] pacientes que morreram ou receberam transplante cardíaco, P=0,043). Conclusões Ao todo, nossos resultados indicam que pacientes com Doença de Chagas internados com ICD costumam apresentar problemas nutricionais, principalmente desnutrição. É importante mencionar que este achado esteve associado à ocorrência de morte e transplante cardíaco durante a internação.


Abstract Background Nutritional disorders are common among patients with heart failure (HF) and associated with poor prognosis. Importantly, some populations of patients, like the ones with Chagas disease, are frequently excluded from most analyses. Objective We sought to study the occurrence of undernutrition and cachexia in patients with Chagas disease during episodes of decompensated HF (DHF) as compared to other etiologies, and to investigate the influence of these findings on hospital outcomes. Methods We performed a consecutive case series study with patients hospitalized with DHF. Patients underwent the Subjective Global Assessment of nutritional status (SGA), besides anthropometric and laboratorial measures, and were evaluated for the occurrence of cachexia, low muscle mass and strength. We studied the occurrence of death or urgent heart transplantation during hospitalization. Results Altogether, 131 patients were analyzed and 42 (32.1%) had Chagas disease. Patients with Chagas disease had lower Body Mass Index (BMI) (22.4 kg/m2[19.9-25.3] vs. 23.6 kg/m2 [20.8-27.3], p=0.03), higher frequency of undernutrition (76.2% vs 55.1%, p=0.015) and higher occurrence of death or transplant (83.3% vs. 41.6%, p<0.001). We found that, in patients with Chagas etiology, the occurrence of death or cardiac transplantation were associated with undernutrition (3 [42.9%] patients with hospital discharge vs 29 [82.9%] patients with death or heart transplant, p=0.043). Conclusions Taken together, our results indicate that patients with Chagas disease hospitalized with DHF often present with nutritional disorders, especially undernutrition; importantly, this finding was associated with the occurrence of death and heart transplant during hospitalization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/complications , Malnutrition/complications , Heart Failure/etiology , Cachexia/etiology , Hospitals
3.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 92(2): e211, dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1278304

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las cardiopatías congénitas (CC) son patologías frecuentes en pediatría. Son causa de importante morbimortalidad en la infancia. Son pacientes complejos, que requieren abordaje integral, en equipo interdisciplinario. Objetivos: describir las características epidemiológicas, clínicas y evolutivas de niños portadores de CC asistidos en la Unidad de Cardiología del HP-CHPR durante el año 2015, así como su estado nutricional y los factores que pudieran influir en este. Material y método: estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, a través de la revisión de historias clínicas de pacientes portadores de CC, hospitalizados en la Unidad de Cardiología del HP-CHPR en 2015. Se describieron características epidemiológicas y clínicas de los pacientes. Resultados: en el período evaluado egresaron 63 pacientes, que representaron una tasa de 6,58/1.000 egresos hospitalarios. Tenían un promedio de edad de 23,8 meses. Un total de 8 pacientes fueron diagnosticados en el período prenatal, 54 presentaban CC no cianóticas. Habían sido sometidos a tratamiento quirúrgico 24 niños, 13 con cirugía correctiva. Se diagnosticó desnutrición en 43%. Esta fue más prevalente en portadores de CC cianótica, de defectos complejos, y de cromosomopatías u otras malformaciones. Conclusión: los niños con CC representaron un pequeño porcentaje de quienes requirieron hospitalización en el HP-CHPR. El porcentaje de desnutrición fue elevado. Este estudio confirma la importante morbimortalidad de los niños pequeños portadores de CC. Es importante reconocer el mayor riesgo de estos pacientes y actuar en forma individualizada y oportuna.


Introduction: congenital heart disease (CHD) is a frequent pathology among children. It may cause significant morbidity and mortality during childhood. These are complex patients, who require a comprehensive approach and an interdisciplinary team. Objective: to describe the epidemiological, clinical and evolutionary characteristics of children with CHD assisted in the Cardiology Department of the Children Hospital-CHPR in 2015. Material and Methods: descriptive, retrospective study, review of clinical records of patients with CHD, hospitalized in the Cardiology Department of the Children's Hospital PRHC in 2015. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients were described. Results: 63 patients were hospitalized during the evaluated period, a total rate of 6.58/1.000 discharges. They had an average age of 23.8 months. Eight patients were diagnosed in the prenatal period, 54 presented non-cyanotic CHD. Twenty-four children had undergone surgical treatment, 13 had had corrective surgery. Malnutrition was diagnosed in 43% and it was more prevalent in cyanotic CHD carriers, complex defects, and chromosomopathies or other malformations. Conclusion: CHD represented a small percentage of the children who required hospitalization at the PH-PRHC. The percentage of malnutrition was high. The study confirmed the significant morbidity and mortality of these patients. It is important to recognize the highest risk of these patients and act in a customized and timely fashion.


Introdução: as cardiopatias congênitas (CC) são patologias comuns em pediatria. Elas são uma causa significativa de morbidade e mortalidade na infância. Os pacientes são complexos e requerem uma abordagem integral e uma equipe interdisciplinar. Objetivos: descrever as características epidemiológicas, clínicas e evolutivas de crianças com CC atendidas na Unidade de Cardiologia do Hospital Pediátrico PHPR durante o ano de 2015, descrever seu estado nutricional e os fatores que poderiam influenciá-lo. Material e métodos: estudo descritivo, retrospectivo, feito por meio da revisão de prontuários de pacientes com CC, internados na Unidade de Cardiologia do HP-CHPR em 2015. Foram descritas as características epidemiológicas e clínicas dos pacientes. Resultados: no período avaliado, 63 pacientes receberam alta hospitalar, representando uma taxa de 6,5/1.000 altas hospitalares. Eles tinham uma idade média de 23,8 meses. Oito pacientes foram diagnosticados no período pré-natal, 54 apresentavam CC não cianótica. 24 crianças tinham sido submetidas a tratamento cirúrgico, 13 tinham recebido cirurgia corretiva. 43% foram diagnosticadas com desnutrição, a qual foi mais prevalente em portadores de CC cianótica, defeitos complexos e malformações cromossômicas ou outras. Conclusão: os CCs representaram um pequeno percentual de crianças que necessitaram de internação no HP-CHPR. O percentual de desnutrição foi alto. Este estudo confirma a morbidade e mortalidade significativas de crianças pequenas com CC. É importante reconhecer o risco aumentado desses pacientes e agir de forma individualizada e oportuna.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Malnutrition/complications , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/epidemiology , Hospitalization , Prenatal Diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Heart Defects, Congenital/classification
4.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 71(3): 228-235, sept. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1353323

ABSTRACT

The objective of this review is to present the impact of nutritional education, physical activity and support network interventions on the nutritional status, cognitive and academic achievement of students under 18 years of age. According to the literature, multicomponent interventions that address diet, physical activity, and involve parents concluded to be more effective in combating obesity and enhancing academic achievement in young people. Therefore, the implementation of public policies that commit to intervene in a timely manner in the first stages of the life cycle, would have a considerably beneficial impact on health(AU)


El objetivo de esta revisión es dar a conocer el impacto de las intervenciones de educación nutricional, actividad física y redes de apoyo en el estado nutricional, rendimiento cognitivo y académico de estudiantes menores de 18 años. De acuerdo con la literatura, las intervenciones de carácter multicomponente que abordan alimentación, actividad física, e involucran a los padres concluyeron ser más efectivas para combatir la obesidad y potenciar el rendimiento académico en jóvenes. Por lo tanto, la implementación de políticas públicas que permitan intervenir de forma oportuna las primeras etapas del ciclo vital, tendrían un impacto considerablemente beneficioso para la salud(AU)


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Child , Food and Nutrition Education , Exercise , Malnutrition/complications , Overweight , Pediatric Obesity , Nutritional Status , Chronic Disease , Academic Performance
5.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(5): 2233-2247, sept.-oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144730

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la presencia de la ventilación mecánica, crea interrogantes vinculadas con la importancia de conocer la influencia del estado nutricional y su asociación con factores de riesgo. Objetivo: relacionar el estado nutricional según indicadores antropométricos agrupados con variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y de laboratorio. Las que fueron estudiadas en pacientes ventilados artificialmente al ingreso en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos del Hospital Universitario "Celia Sánchez Manduley", durante los años 2017 al 2018. Materiales y método: se realizó un estudio observacional, analítico de cohorte prospectiva, con pacientes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Se utilizaron técnicas de estadística descriptiva, medidas de tendencia central y dispersión. El nivel de significación de se halló según p valor ≤ 0,05 a través de Chi cuadrado de Pearson (X2) y la prueba T de student. Resultados: el sexo masculino y la edad mayor de 60 años estuvieron significativamente asociados a los ventilados desnutridos. La medición de los indicadores bioquímicos aislados no fue significativamente útil para la evaluación del estado nutricional en estos pacientes. Conclusiones: la comorbilidad, las infecciones nosocomiales, la ventilación de mediana duración y las entidades clínicas neurológicas, predominaron con alta mortalidad al egreso, pero sin asociación significativa al estado nutricional (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: the presence of mechanical ventilation brings about questions related to the importance of knowing the influence of the nutritional status and its relation with risks factors. Objective: to establish a relationship of the nutritional status according to grouped anthropometric indicators with laboratory, clinical and socio-demographic variables that were studied in artificially ventilated patients when admitting them in the Intensive Care Unit of the University Hospital "Celia Sánchez Manduley", during 2017 and 2018. Materials and method: a cohort, prospective, analytical, observational study was carried out with patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Different techniques of descriptive statistics were used, together of with measures of central tendency and dispersion. The level of significance was determined according to value p ≤ 0,05 by means of Pearson's Chi Squared (X2) and the student T test. Results: male sex and ages over 60 years were significantly associated to malnutritioned ventilated patients. Measuring isolated biochemical indicators was not significantly useful to assess nutritional status in these patients. Conclusions: comorbidity, nosocomial infections, average lasting ventilation, and neurological clinical entities predominated, with high mortality at discharging, but without significant association to the nutritional status (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patients , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Nutritional Status/physiology , Clinical Diagnosis , Risk Factors , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Malnutrition/complications , Intensive Care Units
6.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 19(2): e598, mayo.-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126356

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La desnutrición en pacientes ingresados en una sala de terapia intensiva es elevada, pero en el anciano crítico es aún mayor, con repercusión sobre el aparato respiratorio, prolongación de la ventilación y otras complicaciones. Objetivo: Caracterizar el estado nutricional en pacientes geriátricos con ventilación mecánica en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo y de corte transversal durante el periodo de enero de 2017 a marzo de 2019 en la unidad de cuidados intensivos del Hospital General Docente "Orlando Pantoja Tamayo". Se estudiaron 83 pacientes con edades mayor o igual a 60 años, los cuales requirieron del uso de ventilación mecánica más de 24 h. El estado nutricional fue evaluado con el empleo del índice de control nutricional. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino, el grupo de edades de 60 a 74 años, y las enfermedades tipo quirúrgicas. Solo 9,1 % de los que recibieron ventilación mecánica invasiva no estaban desnutrido. Los que fallecieron tenían desnutrición moderada o severa. Conclusiones: En los pacientes geriátricos ventilados, ingresados en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, se encontró un alto grado de malnutrición. La desnutrición moderada o severa predominó en la mayoría de los que recibieron ventilación mecánica invasiva y en el grupo de fallecidos(AU)


Introduction: Malnutrition in patients hospitalized in an intensive care room is high, but it is even higher in the critically-ill elderly patient, with repercussions on the respiratory system, prolonged ventilation, and other complications. Objective: To characterize the nutritional status of geriatric patients under mechanical ventilation in an intensive care unit. Methods: A descriptive, prospective and cross-sectional study was carried out during the period from January 2017 to March 2019, in the intensive care unit of Orlando Pantoja Tamayo General Teaching Hospital. 83 patients aged 60 or older were studied; they required mechanical ventilation for more than 24 hours. The nutritional status was evaluated with the use of the nutritional control score. Results: There was a predominance of the male sex, the age group 60-74 years, and of surgical diseases. Only 9.1% of those who received invasive mechanical ventilation were not undernourished. Those who died had moderate or severe undernutrition. Conclusions: In ventilated geriatric patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit, a high degree of malnutrition was found. Moderate or severe malnutrition predominated in the majority of those who received invasive mechanical ventilation and in the group of the deceased(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Malnutrition/complications , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Nutrition Surveys/standards , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Critical Care Outcomes , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data
7.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 30: e-3003, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116887

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Pacientes portadores de vasculopatia periférica internam recorrentemente para procedimentos cirúrgicos ou tratamento clínico devido a complicações da doença de base. O real impacto da desnutrição nesses pacientes durante a internação ainda é pouco compreendido. Objetivo: Investigar os fatores de risco associados à mortalidade em pacientes internados com doença vascular periférica devido a complicação da doença vascular. Métodos: Estudo observacional retrospectivo avaliou cento e dezessete pacientes acima de 18 anos admitidos no serviço de cirurgia vascular de hospital terciário no período de junho de 2013 a agosto de 2014 por complicação da doença vascular. Avaliados parâmetros clínicos, comorbidades, dados demográficos, complicações durante a internação e estado nutricional. Dados coletados por meio de entrevista, aplicação do questionário Avaliação Global Subjetiva (AGS), exame físico e laboratoriais e dados de prontuário. Resultados: Cento e dezessete pacientes com doença vascular periférica avaliados em relação a complicações vasculares durante internação. Mortalidade geral de 7,7% e pacientes desnutridos ou com suspeita de desnutrição eram 39% da amostra Através da análise multivariada, tanto a classificação AGS (OR 6,15 CI 1,092-34,74 P = 0,039) quanto a presença de doença cardíaca (OR 8,51 CI 1,56-47,44 P = 0,015) foram fatores preditores independentes para mortalidade. Pacientes com doença vascular classificados em suspeita de estarem desnutridos ou desnutridos apresentaram chance de ir a óbito durante a internação aumentada em 6,15 vezes, enquanto a cardiopatia elevou essa chance 8,51 vezes. Conclusão: Pacientes internados por complicação de doença vascular periférica apresentam como fatores de risco para mortalidade a desnutrição e a presença de doença cardíaca.(AU)


Patients with peripheral vasculopathy are routinely hospitalized for surgical procedures or clinical treatment due to complications of the underlying disease. The real impact of malnutrition in these patients during hospitalization is still poorly understood. Aim: This study aimed to assess mortality predictors in patients with peripheral vascular disease during hospitalization. Methods: This retrospective observational study evaluate one hundred and seventeen patients over 18 years admitted to the vascular surgery service of a tertiary hospital in the period of June 2013 and August 2014 due to complications of vascular disease. They were assessed for clinical parameters, comorbidities, demographics, complications during hospitalization and nutritional status. Data were collected through interviews, the questionnaire Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment (SGA), laboratory exam and physical examination. Results: One hundred and seventeen patients with peripheral vascular disease were followed during admission due to vascular complications. Overall mortality was 7.7%, and malnourished patients or patients at nutritional risk were 39,0% of the sampled population By multivariate analysis both rating by SGA (OR 6.15, CI 1.092 to 34.74, P = 0.039), the presence of heart disease (OR 8.51 CI 1,56 to 47.44 P = 0.015) were independent predictors of mortality. When the patient was classified as malnourished or suspected of being malnourished by SGA it increased 6.15 times the odds of death during hospitalization, while the presence of heart disease increased by 8.51 times. Conclusion: Patients hospitalized for complications of peripheral vascular disease present as risk factors for mortality: malnutrition and the presence of heart disease. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Malnutrition/complications , Peripheral Arterial Disease/mortality , Heart Diseases/complications , Serum Albumin/analysis , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Peripheral Arterial Disease/etiology , Hospitalization
8.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(4): 435-441, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041361

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the prevalence of hepatic steatosis (HS) in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF) and associate it with nutritional status. Methods: Cross-sectional study with children and adolescents with CF diagnosis. Weight and height were used to calculate the body mass index (BMI) and subsequent classification of the nutritional status. The midarm circumference (MAC), triceps skinfold thickness (TSF) and midarm muscle circumference (MAMC) were used to evaluate body composition. Abdominal ultrasonography was performed for diagnosis of HS. The statistical tests used were Student's t test, Mann-Whitney test and chi-square test with significance level of 5%. Results: 50 patients with CF were evaluated, 18 (36%) were diagnosed with HS (Group A) and 32 (64%) without HS (Group B). The mean age of Group A was 13,2±4,9 years old and Group B 11,7±4,9; for BMI, the value for Group A was 18,0±4,1 and Group B was 15,7±3,8; the TSF of Group A was 8,4±3,5 mm and Group B was 7,0±2,5 mm. For these variables, there was no significant difference between the groups. The mean of MAC and MAMC differed significantly between the groups, being higher in the HS group, with p values of 0,047 and 0,043. Conclusions: The frequency of HS in patients with CF is high and it is not related to malnutrition, according to the parameters of BMI, TSF and MAMC. The values of MAC and MAMC indicated a greater reserve of muscle mass in patients with HS.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência de esteatose hepática (EH) em crianças e adolescentes com fibrose cística (FC) e associá-la com o estado nutricional. Métodos: Estudo transversal com crianças e adolescentes com diagnóstico de FC. Foram aferidos o peso e a altura para o cálculo do índice de massa corpórea (IMC) e classificação do estado nutricional. A circunferência do braço (CB), a dobra cutânea tricipital (DCT) e a circunferência muscular do braço (CMB) foram empregadas para avaliação da composição corporal. A ultrassonografia abdominal foi realizada para o diagnóstico de EH. Os testes estatísticos empregados foram o teste t de Student, o teste de Mann-Whitney e o teste do qui-quadrado, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Dos 50 pacientes avaliados, 18 (36%) apresentaram EH (Grupo A) e 32 (64%) não (Grupo B). Para as médias de idade (Grupo A: 13,3±5,0 anos; e Grupo B: 11,7±5,0 anos), IMC (Grupo A: 18,0±4,1; e Grupo B: 15,7±3,8) e DCT (Grupo A: 8,4±3,5 mm; e Grupo B: 7,0±2,5 mm), não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos. A média da CB e da CMB diferiram significativamente entre os grupos, sendo mais elevada no grupo com EH, com valores p respectivos de 0,047 e 0,043. Conclusões: É alta a frequência de EH em pacientes com FC e ela não está relacionada com a desnutrição, segundo os parâmetros de IMC, DCT e CMB. Os valores de CB e CMB indicaram maior reserva de massa muscular nos pacientes com EH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Nutritional Status , Cystic Fibrosis/complications , Malnutrition/complications , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/ethnology , Risk Management , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cystic Fibrosis/physiopathology , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Malnutrition/physiopathology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/diagnosis , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/epidemiology
9.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(1): 34-40, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001320

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The maintenance of nutrition for the person with ileostomy is a major challenge despite to the proper management of stoma eliminations. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the nutritional status of people with ileostomy. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional study carried out on a population of 17 people with ileostomy enrolled in the Service of Attention to the Health of the Person with Stoma of level II, referring to a health region in Minas Gerais. The anthropometric evaluation consisted of the collection of weight, height, and calculation of body mass index. A 24-hour food recall and the nutritional assessment method Global Subjective Assessment were also evaluated. The data were analyzed by the Dietbox software, where the ingested nutrients were estimated, and by the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 22.0. RESULTS: There was a predominance of a population composed of people over 50 years old, female, married and single, with family income between two and three minimum wages, incomplete elementary school and that did not exercise paid activity. The cancer was given as the main diagnosis that originated the stoma and had a surgery time of less than two years. Regarding nutritional status, most of the interviewees presented adequate body mass index, but more than half reported significant weight loss after the ileostomy. The predominant nutritional diagnosis provided by the General Subjective Assessment was "suspected malnutrition/moderate malnutrition". On the other hand, the contribution of energy, carbohydrates, lipids, sodium, potassium, magnesium and vitamin B12 was considered insufficient in almost all the participants. CONCLUSION: Therefore, it is suggested the periodic evaluation of the nutritional status of this population. Thus, it is expected that preventive, therapeutic and maintenance dietary diagnosis and planning may contribute to the nutritional status of the person with the ileostomy.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Além do manejo adequado das eliminações da estomia, a manutenção da nutrição para a pessoa com ileostomia é um grande desafio. OBJETIVO: Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o estado nutricional de pessoas com ileostomia. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, realizado numa população de 17 pessoas com ileostomia cadastrados no Serviço de Atenção à Saúde da Pessoa Ostomizada de nível II referência para uma região de saúde em Minas Gerais. Foi realizada a avaliação antropométrica que consistiu na coleta do peso, altura e cálculo do índice de massa corporal. Também foi avaliado um recordatório alimentar de 24 horas e o método de avaliação nutricional Avaliação Subjetiva Global. Os dados foram analisados pelo software Dietbox, onde foi estimado os nutrientes ingeridos, e pelo Statistical Package for the Social Sciences versão 22.0. RESULTADOS: Houve predomínio de uma população composta por pessoas com idade superior a 50 anos, do sexo feminino, de estado civil casado e solteiro, com renda familiar entre dois e três salários mínimos, ensino fundamental incompleto e que não exerciam atividade remunerada. O câncer foi dado como principal diagnóstico que originou a estomia e possuíam um tempo de cirurgia menor que dois anos. Quanto ao estado nutricional, a maior parte dos entrevistados apresentaram índice de massa corporal adequada, porém mais da metade referiu perda de peso importante após a confecção da ileostomia. O diagnóstico nutricional predominante, fornecido pela Avaliação Subjetiva Geral foi de "suspeita de desnutrição/desnutrido moderado". Já o aporte de energia, carboidratos, lipídeos, sódio, potássio, magnésio e vitamina B12 foi avaliado como insuficiente na quase totalidade dos participantes. CONCLUSÃO: Portanto, sugere-se a avaliação periódica do estado nutricional dessa população. Assim, espera-se que o diagnóstico e planejamento dietético preventivo, terapêutico e de manutenção possam contribuir para a condição nutricional da pessoa com ileostomia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ileostomy , Anthropometry , Nutritional Status , Postoperative Complications , Socioeconomic Factors , Energy Intake , Weight Loss , Nutrition Assessment , Cross-Sectional Studies , Malnutrition/complications , Middle Aged
10.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 69(1): 50-58, mar. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1022679

ABSTRACT

El lactante de 12 a 24 meses es un foco de atención debido a que se encuentra en un periodo de edad de gran vulnerabilidad a la mala nutrición y/o al establecimiento de malos hábitos de alimentación; en consecuencia, es crucial identificar las prácticas de alimentación de los infantes durante los primeros 24 meses de edad. En este estudio, transversal analítico, se reportan las prácticas de lactancia materna y alimentación complementaria de 211 lactantes, de 15 a 24 meses de edad, separados por género. Se obtuvieron las características del lactante, las prácticas de lactancia materna y de alimentación complementaria, el consumo de bebidas azucaradas y de alimentos ultraprocesados. Se utilizaron las pruebas t de Student no pareada, chi cuadrada y se estimó la razón de momios (IC95%). Las madres prolongaron más la lactancia materna en varones. En 99% de los lactantes se observó una ingestión excesiva de alimentos ultraprocesados, y los mismos se consumían con mayor frecuencia (seis veces/semana). La frecuencia de consumo de bebidas azucaradas fue de cinco veces por semana en ambos géneros. La cantidad de bebidas azucaradas consumidas al día fue significativamente mayor en varones y tenían cuatro veces mayor probabilidad de consumir las mismas [RM= 4.9 (IC95% 1.22, 19.5), p=0.02] y mayor probabilidad de consumir jugos procesados [RM=1.94 (IC 95% 0.92, 4.09), p=0.078] que las niñas. En la población estudiada se observó un consumo excesivo de alimentos ultra-procesados y bebidas azucaradas, especialmente entre los varones(AU)


Infants aged 12 to 24 months are a focus of attention because they are in an age period of great vulnerability to poor nutrition and/or the establishment of bad eating habits; consequently, it is crucial to identify infant feeding practices during the first 24 months of age. In this analytical, cross-sectional study, breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices of 211 infants, aged 15 to 24 months, separated by gender, are reported. Infant characteristics, breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices, consumption of sugary drinks and ultra-processed foods were obtained. The unpaired Student t-tests, chi-square were used and the odds ratio (95% CI) was estimated. Mothers prolonged breastfeeding in boys. Excessive ingestion of ultra-processed foods was observed in 99% of infants, and they were consumed more frequently (six times / week). The frequency of consumption of sugary drinks was five times a week in both genders. The amount of sugary drinks consumed per day was, not only significantly higher in boys, but also they were four times more likely to consume this kind of beverages [RM = 4.9 (95% CI 1.22, 19.5), p = 0.02], as well as processed juices [RM = 1.94 (95% CI 0.92, 4.09), p = 0.078] than girls. In this studied population excessive consumption of ultra-processed and sugary drinks was observed, especially among males(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Breast Feeding , Malnutrition/complications , Infant , Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena/physiology , Pediatrics , Child Health
11.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(1): 47-52, 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991372

ABSTRACT

Background: Cardiovascular complications can occur in up to 80% of adolescent patients with eating disorders (ED) and account for 30% of their mortality. Aim: To evaluate cardiovascular complications in adolescents with ED and their evolution after refeeding. Patients and Methods: In adolescents with ED admitted to treatment, we assessed the nutritional status, weight loss prior to consultation, presence of bradycardia (BC, defined as heart rate < 60 bpm), we performed an electrocardiogram (ECG) and an echocardiography and measured thyroid hormones. Results: We studied 53 women aged 16.4 ± 2.3 years. Fifteen had a diagnosis of Anorexia Nervosa (AN), seven of Bulimia (BN), eight a not otherwise specified ED (ED-NOS), four a Binge Eating Disorder (BED), sixteen an Atypical Anorexia (AAN) and three an Atypical Bulimia (ABN). Thirty four percent were malnourished and 3.8% overweight. The most common cardiac problem was BC in 51%. In eight of 26 patients in whom an echocardiogram was done, it was abnormal. Six had a decreased ventricular mass, three a pericardial effusion and three valvular involvement. There was a significant association between bradycardia and malnutrition, weight loss and low free triiodothyronine levels. BC was significantly more common in patients with AN, but it also occurred in half of the patients with AAN and in one of three patients with other types of ED. At follow up, bradycardia significantly improved with refeeding. Conclusions: There is an association between all types of ED and bradycardia, as well as anatomical and functional cardiac anomalies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Bradycardia/etiology , Feeding and Eating Disorders/complications , Bradycardia/physiopathology , Echocardiography , Weight Loss/physiology , Feeding and Eating Disorders/physiopathology , Body Mass Index , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Cohort Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Malnutrition/complications , Malnutrition/physiopathology , Electrocardiography
12.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(3): e201900301, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989070

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effects of dietary restriction on the growth plate and long bone tissue in growing rats. Methods: Sixty male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to two groups: Control (Con) and Diet-restricted (Res). After weaning, the Res rats were offered 50% of the chow ingested by the control (ad libitum food intake). The animals were subdivided into two subgroups with follow-ups up to 56 or 70 days. After euthanasia, the growth plate of tibias was analyzed by histomorphometry, micro-computed tomography, and mechanical test. The trabecular and compact bones were evaluated by histomorphometry, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and micro-computed tomography (μCT). Real-time PCR was used to analyze gene expression. Results: Although dietary restriction did not alter gene expression, several phenotypic changes were seen in the growth plate; i.e., decrease in volume, reduction in total area and height, decrease in the area ossified zones, mechanical weakening, reduction in mass of trabecular and cortical bone, lower bone density, deterioration of the trabecular and cortical microarchitecture, and trabeculae with lower collagen deposition. Conclusion: Dietary restriction had severe detrimental effects on the growth plate and trabecular and cortical bone.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Bone Density/physiology , Malnutrition/complications , Cancellous Bone/growth & development , Cortical Bone/growth & development , Growth Plate/growth & development , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Models, Animal , Malnutrition/physiopathology , X-Ray Microtomography
14.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 90(4): e345, set.-dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978467

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El abandono precoz de la lactancia materna exclusiva se asocia con el desarrollo prematuro de exceso de peso y adiposidad. Objetivo: Determinar la posible relación entre el exceso de peso y la obesidad central con la duración de la lactancia materna exclusiva. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo que incluyó 162 adolescentes, entre 10-18 años, atendidos en el Policlínico Universitario Carlos Manuel Portuondo, durante el 2016. De las historias clínicas se tomaron los datos de las siguientes variables: edad, sexo, duración de la lactancia materna exclusiva, estado nutricional, grado de obesidad y adiposidad. Resultados: La malnutrición por exceso y por defecto fueron significativamente mayor en pacientes con cinco o menos meses de lactancia materna exclusiva (51,84 por ciento vs 9,26 por ciento respectivamente). El grado de obesidad y la adiposidad se relacionaron con el tiempo de duración de la lactancia materna exclusiva (p= 0,0131 y p= 0,0010 respectivamente). Del total de pacientes con adiposidad, el 81,39 por ciento presentó abandono de la lactancia materna exclusiva antes de los cinco meses de edad. Conclusiones: La lactancia materna exclusiva protege al niño (adolescente) frente al exceso de peso y la adiposidad a corto y mediano plazo(AU)


Introduction: Early dropping out of exclusive maternal breastfeeding it is associated with the premature development of excess weight and adiposity. Objective: To determine the possible relation among excess weight and central obesity with the duration of exclusive maternal breastfeeding. Methods: Descriptive study that included 162 adolescents from 10 to 18 years who were attended in Carlos Manuel Portuondo University Policlinic during 2016. From clinic records were taken the data of the following variables: age, sex, duration of exclusive maternal breastfeeding, nutritional state, stage of obesity and adiposity. Results: Malnutrition by lack or excess was significantly higher in patients with 5 or less months of exclusive maternal breastfeeding (51.84 percent vs. 9.26 percent respectively). Stages of obesity and adiposity were related with the duration of exclusive maternal breastfeeding (p= 0.0131 and p= 0.0010 respectively). Of the total of patients with adiposity, 81.39 percent presented dropping out of exclusive maternal breastfeeding before the five months of life. Conclusions: Exclusive maternal breastfeeding with a proper duration protects children (and then adolescents) of excess weight and adiposity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Weaning , Breast Feeding/methods , Weight Gain/physiology , Pediatric Obesity/prevention & control , Pediatric Obesity/epidemiology , Breast Feeding/statistics & numerical data , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Malnutrition/complications , Adiposity/physiology
15.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(4): 397-402, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983840

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a frequent condition among hospitalized patients and a factor of increased risk of postoperative complication. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of malnutrition on phase angle (PA), body water distribution and clinical outcomes in surgical patients with colorectal disease. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed in a tertiary hospital with 40 patients admitted electively. In the preoperative evaluation, global subjective assessment and bioelectrical impedance analysis were performed to determine nutritional status, PA, extracellular water (ECW), intracellular water (ICW) and total body water (TBW). In postoperative evaluation, the length of hospital stay and severe complications, according to Clavien-Dindo classification, were determined. The optimal PA cutoff for malnutrition screening was determined by ROC curve analysis. RESULTS: Seventeen (42.5%) patients were diagnosed as malnourished and 23 (57.5%) as well-nourished according to global subjective assessment. Twelve (30.0%) patients developed severe complications. The malnourished group presented lower values of serum albumin (P=0.012), hematocrit (P=0.026) and PA (P=0.002); meanwhile, ECW/ICW (P=0.019) and ECW/TBW (P=0.047) were higher. Furthermore, 58.8% of malnourished patients developed severe postoperative complications compared to 8.7% of well-nourished. Malnutrition was independent predictor of severe postoperative complications (OR=15.00, IC: 2.63-85.68, P=0.002). The optimal PA cutoff obtained was 6.0º (AUC=0.82, P=0.001), yielding sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of 76.5%, 87.0%, 81.3% and 83.4%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Malnutrition was an independent predictive factor for severe complications in patients underwent to elective major coloproctological surgery. Besides that, malnutrition was associated with lower PA values and greater ratio of ECW. The PA provided great accuracy in nutritional screening, implying a useful marker of malnutrition.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A desnutrição é uma condição frequente entre pacientes hospitalizados e é um fator de risco para complicações pós-operatórias. OBJETIVO: Este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar o impacto da desnutrição sobre o ângulo de fase (AF), a distribuição de água corporal e complicações clínicas em pacientes cirúrgicos com doença colorretal. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo realizado em um hospital universitário terciário com 40 pacientes admitidos eletivamente. Na avaliação pré-operatória, foram realizadas a avaliação subjetiva global e análise de bioimpedância elétrica com a finalidade de determinarem o estado nutricional, AF, água extracelular (AEC), água intracelular (AIC) e água corporal total (ACT). Na avaliação pós-operatória, o tempo de internação hospitalar e a presença de complicações graves, segundo a classificação de Clavien-Dindo, foram determinados. O melhor ponto de corte do AF para o rastreamento de desnutrição foi obtido a partir da análise da curva ROC. RESULTADOS: Dezessete (42,5%) pacientes foram diagnosticados como desnutridos e 23 (57,5%), como bem nutridos de acordo com a avaliação subjetiva global. Doze (30,0%) pacientes desenvolveram complicações pós-operatórias graves. O grupo desnutrido apresentou menores valores de albumina sérica (P=0,012), hematócrito (P=0,026) e AF (P=0,002); enquanto que as relações de AEC/AIC (P=0,019) e AEC/ACT (P=0,047) estiveram elevadas. Além disso, 58,8% dos pacientes desnutridos desenvolveram complicações pós-operatórias graves em comparação a 8,7% dos pacientes bem nutridos. A desnutrição foi fator preditivo independente para o desenvolvimento de complicações pós-operatórias graves (OR=15,00, IC: 2,63-85,68; P=0,002). O melhor ponto de corte do AF obtido foi 6.0º (AUC=0,82; P=0,001) com sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo e valor preditivo negativo de 76,5%, 87,0%, 81,3% e 83,4%, respectivamente. CONCLUSÃO: A desnutrição foi fator preditivo para o desenvolvimento de complicações graves em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia eletiva coloproctológica de grande porte. Além disso, a desnutrição foi associada a menores valores de AF e maior proporção de AEC. O AF forneceu boa acurácia no rastreamento da desnutrição, sugerindo seu uso como potencial marcador de desnutrição.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Malnutrition/complications , Severity of Illness Index , Body Water , Colorectal Neoplasms/complications , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Diseases/surgery , Gastrointestinal Diseases/classification , Gastrointestinal Diseases/complications , Middle Aged
16.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 94(6): 602-608, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976005

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To assess the agreement between the results of the Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment questionnaire, adapted for children and adolescents of the Brazilian population, and the nutritional status assessment method through growth curves and the classification of the World Health Organization in a pediatric hospital service. Methods: This was an analytical, quantitative, cross-sectional study. During the data collection period, the nutritional status of all patients from 0 to 12 years of age, admitted to the pediatric unit of a university hospital, was concomitantly assessed according to the Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment and World Health Organization curves. To determine the assessment and agreement between these methods, the Kappa and Kendall coefficients were used, respectively, considering a significance level of 5%. Results: Sixty-one children participated, with a predominance of males. It was observed that the highest frequency of equivalent results occurred among the group classified as well nourished, and that only the height/age variable showed a close agreement between the methods. Additionally, there was a good correlation only for the weight/height variable between the assessment tools used. Conclusion: Due to the low agreement between the methods, the combination of both may be beneficial for the nutritional assessment of pediatric patients, collaborating with the early diagnosis of nutritional alterations and facilitating the use of adequate dietary therapy.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a concordância entre os resultados do questionário da Avaliação Nutricional Subjetiva Global adaptado para crianças e adolescentes da população brasileira e do método de avaliação do estado nutricional por meio de curvas de crescimento e a classificação da Organização Mundial da Saúde em um serviço pediátrico hospitalar. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo analítico, quantitativo, de caráter transversal. Durante o período de coleta de dados, foi avaliado o estado nutricional de todos os pacientes até 12 anos admitidos na Enfermaria de Pediatria de um hospital universitário segundo a Avaliação Nutricional Subjetiva Global e as curvas da Organização Mundial da Saúde, concomitantemente. Para determinar a avaliação e a concordância entre esses métodos, os coeficientes de Kappa e de Kendall foram usados, respectivamente, considerou-se nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Participaram do trabalho 61 crianças, com predominância do sexo masculino. Observou-se que a maior frequência de resultados iguais ocorreu entre o grupo classificado como bem nutrido e que somente a variável altura/idade demonstrou íntima concordância entre os métodos. Além disso, verificou-se uma boa correlação somente para a variável peso/altura entre os instrumentos usados. Conclusão: Devido à baixa concordância entre os métodos, a combinação de ambos pode ser benéfica para a avaliação nutricional dos pacientes pediátricos e colaborar com o diagnóstico precoce de alterações nutricionais, facilitar a aplicação do tratamento dietoterápico adequado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , World Health Organization , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status/physiology , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , Child Development/physiology , Anthropometry/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Malnutrition/complications , Hospitals, Pediatric , Length of Stay
19.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 34(7): e00113916, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952420

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study explores the relationship between malnutrition and intimate partner violence (IPV) among 1,086 young adult Bangladeshi women aged 15-24 years using a cross-sectional data from the 2007 Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey (BDHS). About one-third (33.4%) young adult women experienced physical and/or sexual IPV, 14.5% experienced only sexual IPV and 29% experienced only physical IPV by husbands. About 32.6% young adult women were reported as being underweight (BMI < 18.5) and 6.2% were overweight (BMI ≥ 25). Underweight women experienced more physical IPV (OR = 1.39; 95%CI: 1.09-2.71) and physical and/or sexual IPV (OR = 1.48; 95%CI: 1.12-2.75) than normal range women. Results also indicate a positive association between being overweight/obese and all the forms of IPV. The study findings indicate that the IPV experience plays a significant role in underweight and overweight/obese young adult women and support that younger women's health and nutrition program and policies need to address IPV.


Resumo: O estudo explora as relações entre desnutrição e violência entre parceiros íntimos (VPI) em uma amostra de 1.086 mulheres adultas jovens (15-24 anos) de Bangladesh, usando dados transversais do Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey (BDHS) de 2007. Cerca de um terço (33,4%) dessas mulheres relataram terem sofrido VPI física e/ou sexual, 14,5% apenas VPI sexual e 29% apenas VPI física praticada pelo marido. Cerca de 32,6% das mulheres adultas jovens eram desnutridas (IMC < 18,5), enquanto 6,2% apresentavam sobrepeso (IMC ≥ 25). As mulheres com baixo peso sofriam mais VPI física (OR = 1,39; IC95%: 1,09-2,71) e VPI física e/ou sexual (OR = 1,48; IC95%: 1,12-2,75) quando comparadas às mulheres eutróficas. Os resultados também indicam uma associação positiva entre sobrepeso/obesidade e todas as formas de VPI. Os achados indicam que a exposição à VPI tem um papel significativo na experiência das adultas jovens de baixo peso e com sobrepeso/obesidade e confirmam que são necessários programas e políticas nutricionais e de saúde para as mulheres jovens de Bangladesh.


Resumen: Este estudio explora la relación entre la malnutrición y violencia doméstica (IPV por sus siglas en inglés) entre 1.086 mujeres adultas jóvenes bangladesíes, con una edad entre 15-24 años, usando datos de un estudio transversal, procedentes del 2007 Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey (BDHS). Cerca de un tercio (33,4%) de las mujeres adultas jóvenes sufrieron violencia física y/o sexual IPV, 14,5% sufrieron sólo sexual IPV, y un 29% sufrieron sólo física IPV por parte de sus maridos. Cerca de un 32,6% de las mujeres adultas jóvenes se encontraban por debajo del peso ideal (IMC < 18,5) y un 6,2% tenían sobrepeso (BMI ≥ 25). Las mujeres con el peso por debajo del apropiado sufrían más violencia física IPV (OR = 1,39; IC95%: 1,09-2,71) y física y/o sexual IPV (OR = 1,48; IC95%: 1,12-2,75), en comparación con el rango normal de mujeres. Los resultados también indican una asociación positiva entre sufrir sobrepeso/obesidad y todas las formas de IPV. Los hallazgos del estudio indican que sufrir IPV tiene un papel significativo en el peso por debajo del peso ideal y con sobrepeso/obesas de las mujeres adultas jóvenes y el apoyo a salud de estas mujeres más jóvenes, que necesitan tanto programas de nutrición, como políticas especialmente dirigidas a mujeres que sufren violencia doméstica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Malnutrition/complications , Intimate Partner Violence/statistics & numerical data , Exposure to Violence/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Bangladesh , Marriage/psychology , Marriage/statistics & numerical data , Body Mass Index , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sampling Studies , Malnutrition/psychology , Overweight/complications , Overweight/psychology , Intimate Partner Violence/psychology , Exposure to Violence/psychology
20.
Rev. Col. Méd. Cir. Guatem ; 156(2): 54-60, nov. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-986501

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: Las anomalías del tubo neural son frecuentes en Guatemala. Una mayor frecuencia se observa en el antiplano guatemalteco, con mayor concentración de población indígena y con mayor depauperación económica. Observaciones de especialistas indican que en el primer semestre del año son mucho más frecuentes que en el segundo. Estas observaciones señalan que algo existe en el ambiente, probablemente en el ambiente alimentario, relacionado con el consumo de maíz, base dietética del guatemalteco. En el grano de este cereal, existe, fumomisinas (micotoxinas producidas por hongos) en gran cantidad, que tienen un efecto inhibidor de la captación celular de ácido fólico, micronutriente íntimamente relacionado con el cierre temprano del tubo neural. Objetivo: Demostrar si es cierto que existe mayor frecuencia de anomalías del tubo neural en Guatemala en el primer semestre del año que en el segundo, principalmente en los denominados meses de verano. Sugerir hipótesis futuras que expliquen este comportamiento epidemiológico. Metodología: Estudio descriptivo-analítico retrospectivo en la Unidad de Espina Bífida del Hospital General San Juan de Dios y en las 8 áreas geoeconómicas de Guatemala, analizando una sola variable: La fecha de nacimiento de niños y niñas que presentaron anomalías del tubo neural de diferente tipo. Resultados: Se demuestra que en efecto las anomalías del tubo neural son más frecuentes en el primer semestre del año que en el segundo. Principalmente en los meses de marzo-abril. Y que ocurren con menos frecuencia en el segundo semestre. Estos datos se podrían vincular con el consumo dietético de maíz, grano que también tiene diferencias estacionales en cuanto a su producción, almacenamiento, preparación y consumo (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Spinal Dysraphism/complications , Fumonisins/adverse effects , Malnutrition/complications , Population Groups , Folic Acid Deficiency/diagnosis , Nervous System Malformations/complications , Neural Tube Defects/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Guatemala/epidemiology
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