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1.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 92(2): e211, dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1278304

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las cardiopatías congénitas (CC) son patologías frecuentes en pediatría. Son causa de importante morbimortalidad en la infancia. Son pacientes complejos, que requieren abordaje integral, en equipo interdisciplinario. Objetivos: describir las características epidemiológicas, clínicas y evolutivas de niños portadores de CC asistidos en la Unidad de Cardiología del HP-CHPR durante el año 2015, así como su estado nutricional y los factores que pudieran influir en este. Material y método: estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, a través de la revisión de historias clínicas de pacientes portadores de CC, hospitalizados en la Unidad de Cardiología del HP-CHPR en 2015. Se describieron características epidemiológicas y clínicas de los pacientes. Resultados: en el período evaluado egresaron 63 pacientes, que representaron una tasa de 6,58/1.000 egresos hospitalarios. Tenían un promedio de edad de 23,8 meses. Un total de 8 pacientes fueron diagnosticados en el período prenatal, 54 presentaban CC no cianóticas. Habían sido sometidos a tratamiento quirúrgico 24 niños, 13 con cirugía correctiva. Se diagnosticó desnutrición en 43%. Esta fue más prevalente en portadores de CC cianótica, de defectos complejos, y de cromosomopatías u otras malformaciones. Conclusión: los niños con CC representaron un pequeño porcentaje de quienes requirieron hospitalización en el HP-CHPR. El porcentaje de desnutrición fue elevado. Este estudio confirma la importante morbimortalidad de los niños pequeños portadores de CC. Es importante reconocer el mayor riesgo de estos pacientes y actuar en forma individualizada y oportuna.


Introduction: congenital heart disease (CHD) is a frequent pathology among children. It may cause significant morbidity and mortality during childhood. These are complex patients, who require a comprehensive approach and an interdisciplinary team. Objective: to describe the epidemiological, clinical and evolutionary characteristics of children with CHD assisted in the Cardiology Department of the Children Hospital-CHPR in 2015. Material and Methods: descriptive, retrospective study, review of clinical records of patients with CHD, hospitalized in the Cardiology Department of the Children's Hospital PRHC in 2015. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients were described. Results: 63 patients were hospitalized during the evaluated period, a total rate of 6.58/1.000 discharges. They had an average age of 23.8 months. Eight patients were diagnosed in the prenatal period, 54 presented non-cyanotic CHD. Twenty-four children had undergone surgical treatment, 13 had had corrective surgery. Malnutrition was diagnosed in 43% and it was more prevalent in cyanotic CHD carriers, complex defects, and chromosomopathies or other malformations. Conclusion: CHD represented a small percentage of the children who required hospitalization at the PH-PRHC. The percentage of malnutrition was high. The study confirmed the significant morbidity and mortality of these patients. It is important to recognize the highest risk of these patients and act in a customized and timely fashion.


Introdução: as cardiopatias congênitas (CC) são patologias comuns em pediatria. Elas são uma causa significativa de morbidade e mortalidade na infância. Os pacientes são complexos e requerem uma abordagem integral e uma equipe interdisciplinar. Objetivos: descrever as características epidemiológicas, clínicas e evolutivas de crianças com CC atendidas na Unidade de Cardiologia do Hospital Pediátrico PHPR durante o ano de 2015, descrever seu estado nutricional e os fatores que poderiam influenciá-lo. Material e métodos: estudo descritivo, retrospectivo, feito por meio da revisão de prontuários de pacientes com CC, internados na Unidade de Cardiologia do HP-CHPR em 2015. Foram descritas as características epidemiológicas e clínicas dos pacientes. Resultados: no período avaliado, 63 pacientes receberam alta hospitalar, representando uma taxa de 6,5/1.000 altas hospitalares. Eles tinham uma idade média de 23,8 meses. Oito pacientes foram diagnosticados no período pré-natal, 54 apresentavam CC não cianótica. 24 crianças tinham sido submetidas a tratamento cirúrgico, 13 tinham recebido cirurgia corretiva. 43% foram diagnosticadas com desnutrição, a qual foi mais prevalente em portadores de CC cianótica, defeitos complexos e malformações cromossômicas ou outras. Conclusão: os CCs representaram um pequeno percentual de crianças que necessitaram de internação no HP-CHPR. O percentual de desnutrição foi alto. Este estudo confirma a morbidade e mortalidade significativas de crianças pequenas com CC. É importante reconhecer o risco aumentado desses pacientes e agir de forma individualizada e oportuna.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Malnutrition/complications , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/epidemiology , Hospitalization , Prenatal Diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Heart Defects, Congenital/classification
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(6): 622-632, dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250284

ABSTRACT

Resumen El índice PROFUND es una de las puntuaciones pronósticas sugeridas en pacientes pluripatológicos (PP). A pesar del valor pronóstico de la desnutrición y su prevalencia en esta población, el mismo no incluye una variable que estime el estado nutricional. La valoración global subjetiva (VGS) es una herramienta ampliamente validada para tal fin. Se evaluó mediante un estudio prospectivo y observacional, la capacidad pronóstica de mortalidad a 12 meses del índice PROFUND y VGS en PP internados en clínica médica. Ingresaron al estudio 111 pacientes. Edad 75.8 (± 9.3) años. Índice PROFUND 7.6 (± 4.7) puntos. El 60.1% presentaba desnutrición moderada-severa por VGS. Fallecieron 66 dentro del año. En el modelo de Cox, la VGS y el índice PROFUND se asocian con mortalidad a los 12 meses (p < 0.0001 y p 0.0026 respectivamente). En los desnutridos severos, el riesgo es aproximadamente 6 veces mayor en comparación a los normonutridos (HR: 6.514, IC95% 2.826-15.016) y para un mismo nivel de VGS, el riesgo es un 10% mayor por cada punto que aumenta el índice PROFUND (HR: 1.106, IC95% 1.036-1.181). El AUC para predecir mortalidad a 12 meses del índice PROFUND y VGS fue: 0.747 (IC95%: 0.656-0.838); 0.733 (IC95%: 0.651-0.816) y al combinar las dos variables: 0.788 (IC95%: 0.703-0.872, p 0.048). Como conclusión el índice PROFUND y la VGS se asocian con mortalidad y tienen un valor pronóstico similar. La combinación de ambas herramientas permitiría establecer mejor el pronóstico y el manejo en esta compleja población


Abstract The PROFUND index is one of the suggested prognostic scores in pluripathological patients (PP). Despite the prognostic value of malnutrition and its prevalence in this population, it does not include a variable that estimates nutritional status. Subjective global assessment (SGA) is a widely validated tool for this purpose. The prognostic capacity of 12-month mortality of PROFUND index and SGA in PP admitted to a medical clinic was evaluated by a prospective and observational study. 111 patients entered the study. Age 75.8 (± 9.3) years. PROFUND index 7.6 (± 4.7) points. 60.1% had moderate-severe malnutrition due to VGS. 66 died within the year. In the Cox model, SGA and PROFUND index are associated with mortality at 12 months (p <0.0001 and p 0.0026 respectively). In severe malnutrition, the risk is approximately 6 times higher compared to normonutrition (HR: 6.514, 95% CI 2.826-15.016) and for the same level of SGA, the risk is 10% higher for each point that the PROFUND index increases (HR: 1.106, 95% CI 1.036-1.181). The AUC for predicting 12-month mortality from PROFUND index and SGA was: 0.747 (95% CI: 0.656-0.838); 0.733 (95% CI: 0.651-0.816) and when combining the two variables: 0.788 (95% CI: 0.703-0.872, p 0.048). In conclusion, PROFUND index and SGA are associated with mortality and have a similar prognostic value. The combination of both tools would allow better prognosis and management in this complex population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Hospitalization , Prognosis , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Prospective Studies
3.
Buenos Aires; s.n; oct. 2020. 19 p. tab, graf, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, InstitutionalDB, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1284008

ABSTRACT

La malnutrición por exceso es uno de los problemas de salud más prevalentes en niños y niñas en edad escolar, etapa en la que se observa un marcado incremento en el sobrepeso y la obesidad. Se describe el estado nutricional de una cohorte de niños y niñas que concurrieron a escuelas de gestión estatal de CABA, evaluados/as en 1º y 6º grado, se comparan las prevalencias de sobrepeso / obesidad y su asociación con sexo, zona de la ciudad, tipo de jornada escolar y realización de intervenciones educativas por parte del Programa Mi Escuela Saludable, y se analiza la incidencia del exceso de peso y, en particular, de la obesidad y su asociación con las variables mencionadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , School Health Services , Health Programs and Plans , Food and Nutrition Education , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Malnutrition/etiology , Malnutrition/prevention & control , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Overweight/diagnosis , Overweight/epidemiology , Pediatric Obesity/diagnosis , Pediatric Obesity/prevention & control , Pediatric Obesity/epidemiology
4.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 19(2): e598, mayo.-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126356

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La desnutrición en pacientes ingresados en una sala de terapia intensiva es elevada, pero en el anciano crítico es aún mayor, con repercusión sobre el aparato respiratorio, prolongación de la ventilación y otras complicaciones. Objetivo: Caracterizar el estado nutricional en pacientes geriátricos con ventilación mecánica en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo y de corte transversal durante el periodo de enero de 2017 a marzo de 2019 en la unidad de cuidados intensivos del Hospital General Docente "Orlando Pantoja Tamayo". Se estudiaron 83 pacientes con edades mayor o igual a 60 años, los cuales requirieron del uso de ventilación mecánica más de 24 h. El estado nutricional fue evaluado con el empleo del índice de control nutricional. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino, el grupo de edades de 60 a 74 años, y las enfermedades tipo quirúrgicas. Solo 9,1 % de los que recibieron ventilación mecánica invasiva no estaban desnutrido. Los que fallecieron tenían desnutrición moderada o severa. Conclusiones: En los pacientes geriátricos ventilados, ingresados en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, se encontró un alto grado de malnutrición. La desnutrición moderada o severa predominó en la mayoría de los que recibieron ventilación mecánica invasiva y en el grupo de fallecidos(AU)


Introduction: Malnutrition in patients hospitalized in an intensive care room is high, but it is even higher in the critically-ill elderly patient, with repercussions on the respiratory system, prolonged ventilation, and other complications. Objective: To characterize the nutritional status of geriatric patients under mechanical ventilation in an intensive care unit. Methods: A descriptive, prospective and cross-sectional study was carried out during the period from January 2017 to March 2019, in the intensive care unit of Orlando Pantoja Tamayo General Teaching Hospital. 83 patients aged 60 or older were studied; they required mechanical ventilation for more than 24 hours. The nutritional status was evaluated with the use of the nutritional control score. Results: There was a predominance of the male sex, the age group 60-74 years, and of surgical diseases. Only 9.1% of those who received invasive mechanical ventilation were not undernourished. Those who died had moderate or severe undernutrition. Conclusions: In ventilated geriatric patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit, a high degree of malnutrition was found. Moderate or severe malnutrition predominated in the majority of those who received invasive mechanical ventilation and in the group of the deceased(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Malnutrition/complications , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Nutrition Surveys/standards , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Critical Care Outcomes , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data
7.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 111, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1139485

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To analyze the nutritional situation of children under five years old from both urban and rural areas of Colombia. METHOD: Analytical study, based on cross-sectional data, collected from ENSIN-2015. The sample consisted of 12,256 children aged between 0 and 4 years old. We calculated the prevalence ratios (PR) with their respective 95% confidence interval (95%CI). PR were assessed by binomial regression models with malnutrition or overweight as the dependent variable and geographic area as the explanatory variable. We used context variables to adjust the estimated PR and control the confounder within. RESULTS: Acute malnutrition (weight-for-height) had a prevalence of 1.6%, while overweight had a 5.6% rate. No differences per geographic zone in the weight-for-height indicator were found. Stunted growth - chronic malnutrition - was higher in the rural area (PR = 1.2; 95%CI 1-1.53; p = 0.050). Prevalences adjusted by variables related to structural, social and economic developement showed that both the household chief's educational level and the food insecurity of the area account for malnutrition. CONCLUSION: The height-for-age indicator works better to establish development level. Measures against coverage, relevance and quality of education and access to food can harm the nutritional status of the children.


RESUMEN OBJETIVO: Analizar el estado de nutrición en menores de cinco años de áreas urbanas y rurales en Colombia. MÉTODOS: Estudio analítico, con base en datos de corte transversal, recolectados por la ENSIN-2015. La muestra fue de 12.256 niños colombianos entre cero y cuatro años. Se calcularon razones de prevalencia (RP) y sus respectivos intervalos al 95% de confianza (IC95%). Las RP se obtuvieron de modelos de regresión binomial con el déficit o el exceso, como la variable dependiente y la zona geográfica como la principal explicación. Variables del contexto se utilizaron para ajustar las RP estimadas y limpiar el efecto confusor de éstas. RESULTADOS: La prevalencia de desnutrición aguda (peso/talla) fue de 1,6%, la de exceso de 5,6%. No existieron diferencias por zona geográfica, en el indicador (peso/talla). El retraso talla/edad - desnutrición crónica - fue mayor en la zona rural (RP = 1,2; IC95% 1,00-1,53; p = 0,050). Las prevalencias ajustadas por variables que dan cuenta del desarrollo estructural, social y económico, mostraron que la escolaridad del jefe y la inseguridad alimentaria del hogar explican la desnutrición. CONCLUSIONES: El indicador talla/edad es el mejor para establecer el nivel de desarrollo. Medidas contra la cobertura, pertinencia, calidad en la educación y el acceso a los alimentos impactarán negativamente el estado de nutrición en los niños.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child Nutrition Disorders/epidemiology , Infant Nutrition Disorders/epidemiology , Nutritional Status , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Child Nutrition Disorders/diagnosis , Infant Nutrition Disorders/diagnosis , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Colombia/epidemiology , Malnutrition/epidemiology
8.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5309, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133765

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the discriminative power of Nutritional Risk Screening 2002. Methods: A cross sectional study involving one hundred participants aged ≥60 years. The original and adapted versions of Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 and the Mini Nutritional Assessment were used. Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 adaptation consisted of a lower age cutoff (60 years or older) for addition of one extra point to the final score. Results: Screening using Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 revealed higher nutritional risk among patients aged ≥70 years (p=0.009), whereas screening using the adapted version of Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 revealed similar nutritional risk in both age groups (60-69 years and ≥70 years; p=0.117). Frequency of nutritional risk was highest when the Mini Nutritional Assessment was administered (52.7%), followed by the adapted and original versions of Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (35.5% and 29.1%, respectively). Conclusion: The adapted version of Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 was more effective than the original version. However, further studies are needed to confirm these findings.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o poder de discriminação diagnóstica da ferramenta Nutritional Risk Screening 2002. Métodos: Estudo transversal com cem participantes com idade ≥60 anos. Foram aplicados o Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 original, o Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 adaptado e o Mini Nutritional Assessment. A adaptação do Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 consistiu em diminuir o critério de idade, incluindo pontuação adicional para 60 anos de idade ou mais. Resultados: Maior risco nutricional ocorreu nos ≥70 anos quando aplicado o Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 original (p=0,009), enquanto o Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 adaptado apresentou risco nutricional semelhante em ambos os grupos (60-69 anos e ≥70 anos; p=0,117). A frequência de risco nutricional foi maior no Mini Nutritional Assessment (52,7%), seguido do Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 adaptado (35,5%) e do Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 original (29,1%). Conclusão: A adaptação do Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 mostrou-se descritivamente mais eficaz do que a original, porém mais estudos devem ser realizados para confirmar os achados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Nutrition Assessment , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Brazil , Geriatric Assessment , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Assessment , Middle Aged
9.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(3): e1537, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1141901

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Esophageal atresia is congenital anomaly with high mortality. Surgical complications and changes in nutritional status are common problems after surgical correction. Aim: To evaluate nutritional status, esophageal stenosis, and respiratory complications among children who had repaired esophageal atresia. Methods: Children aged >2 months old with repaired esophageal atresia were included in the current study. Gender, age, weight, and height were recorded for each case. Height for age and weight for age were calculated for each case. Results: According to weight for length percentile, 41.02% of the cases were underweight. Esophageal stenosis was seen in 54.76% of the obtained esophagograms. Conclusion: Underweight was present in 41.02 of the patients according to weight-for-height percentile.


RESUMO Racional: Atresia de esôfago é anomalia congênita com mortalidade alta. Complicações cirúrgicas e alterações no estado nutricional são problemas comuns após correção cirúrgica. Objetivo: Avaliar o estado nutricional, a estenose esofágica e as complicações respiratórias em crianças que tiveram a reparação de atresia de esôfago. Métodos: Crianças com idade> 2 meses de idade com atresia esofágica reparada foram incluídas no estudo atual. Sexo, idade, peso e altura foram registrados para cada caso. A altura por idade e o peso por idade foram calculados para cada caso. Resultados: De acordo com o peso para o percentil de comprimento, 41,02% dos casos estavam abaixo do peso. Estenose esofágica foi observada em 54,76% do esofagograma obtido. Conclusão: O baixo peso esteve presente em 41,02 dos pacientes, de acordo com o percentil peso/estatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Malnutrition/etiology , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Esophageal Atresia/surgery , Esophageal Atresia/complications , Esophageal Stenosis/etiology , Esophageal Stenosis/epidemiology , Body Weight , Incidence
10.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(1): e1486, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130507

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Esophageal atresia is congenital anomaly with high mortality. Surgical complications and changes in nutritional status are common problems after surgical correction. Aim: T o evaluate nutritional status, esophageal stenosis, and respiratory complications among children who had repaired esophageal atresia. Methods: Children aged >2 months old with repaired esophageal atresia were included in the current study. Gender, age, weight, and height were recorded for each case. Height for age and weight for age were calculated for each case. Results: According to weight for length percentile, 41.02% of the cases were underweight. Esophageal stenosis was seen in 54.76% of the obtained esophagograms. Conclusion: Underweight was present in 41.02 of the patients according to weight-for-height percentile.


RESUMO Racional: Atresia de esôfago é anomalia congênita com mortalidade alta. Complicações cirúrgicas e alterações no estado nutricional são problemas comuns após correção cirúrgica. Objetivo: Avaliar o estado nutricional, a estenose esofágica e as complicações respiratórias em crianças que tiveram a reparação de atresia de esôfago. Métodos: Crianças com idade> 2 meses de idade com atresia esofágica reparada foram incluídas no estudo atual. Sexo, idade, peso e altura foram registrados para cada caso. A altura por idade e o peso por idade foram calculados para cada caso. Resultados: De acordo com o peso para o percentil de comprimento, 41,02% dos casos estavam abaixo do peso. Estenose esofágica foi observada em 54,76% do esofagograma obtido. Conclusão: O baixo peso esteve presente em 41,02 dos pacientes, de acordo com o percentil peso/estatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Malnutrition/etiology , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Esophageal Atresia/surgery , Esophageal Atresia/complications , Esophageal Stenosis/etiology , Esophageal Stenosis/epidemiology , Body Weight , Incidence
11.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(4): 854-862, out.-dez. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047588

ABSTRACT

A avaliação do estado nutricional dos idosos possibilita uma intervenção adequada, a fim de evitar ou minimizar agravos à saúde que comprometam a capacidade funcional dessas pessoas. Nessa perspectiva, o trabalho apresentado neste artigo teve como objetivo verificar o estado nutricional e hábitos alimentares da população idosa do estado do Piauí. Foram utilizados dados de acesso público disponíveis no SISVAN Web referentes à avaliação nutricional realizada nos anos de 2014 a 2018. Observou-se aumento da prevalência de sobrepeso naquela população e uma diminuição do número de pessoas com baixo peso. Quando avaliados por sexo, as mulheres apresentaram maiores percentuais de excesso de peso em todos aqueles anos. O perfil do consumo alimentar mostrou que a maioria dos idosos consome alimentos in natura como frutas, verduras e feijão, e que, entre os que participaram da amostra, poucos fizeram uso de alimentos ultraprocessados. Por fim, cabe ressaltar a importância da avaliação do quadro de saúde da população como forma de subsídio para o planejamento de ações de saúde, dessa forma alocando melhor os recursos e possibilitando uma atuação eficaz dos que trabalham na área da saúde.


The evaluation of the nutritional status of the elderly allows the appropriate nutritional intervention avoiding or minimizing health problems that cause damage on their functional capacity. From this perspective, the study presented in this article aimed to verify the nutritional status and eating habits of the elderly population of the state of Piauí, Brazil. We used public access data available in the SISVAN Web regarding the nutritional evaluation carried out from 2014 to 2018. The data revealed an increase in the prevalence of overweight in that population and a reduction of the number of elderly with low weight. When evaluated by sex, women presented higher percentages of overweight in all those years. The food consumption profile showed that the majority of the eldery population consumes fresh foods such as fruits, vegetables and beans and only a few of participants of the sample consumed ultra-processed foods. Finally, the importance of the evaluation of the health of the population as a form of incentive to plan health actions is highlighted, so that the resources can be more competently allocated and the health care workers can act efficiently and effectively.


La evaluación del estado nutricional de las personas mayores permite una intervención nutricional adecuada evitando o minimizando los problemas de salud que comprometen su capacidad funcional. Desde esta perspectiva, el estudio presentado en este artículo tuvo como objetivo verificar el estado nutricional y los hábitos alimenticios de la población anciana del estado de Piauí, Brasil. Utilizamos los datos de acceso público disponibles en el SISVAN Web con respecto a la evaluación nutricional realizada desde los años 2014 hasta 2018. Se observó un aumento en la prevalencia del sobrepeso en laquella población y una disminución en el número de personas que tenían bajo peso. Cuando fueron evaluados por sexo, las mujeres presentaron porcentajes más altos de sobrepeso en todos aquellos años. El perfil del consumo de alimentos mostró que la mayoría de los ancianos consumía alimentos frescos como frutas, verduras y frijol, y pocos participantes de la muestra habían consumido alimentos ultraprocesados. Por fin, debe ser destacada la importancia de la evaluación de la salud de la población como una forma de incentivo para la planificación de acciones de salud, asignando así mejores recursos y posibilitando una actuación de los trabajadores de la salud eficiente y eficaz.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Nutritional Surveillance , Nutritional Status , Feeding Behavior , Health Information Systems , Brazil , Eating , Body Mass Index , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Overweight/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology
12.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 31(4): 490-496, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058038

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a concordância entre o escore NUTRIC modificado e o escore NUTRIC com proteína C-reativa na identificação de pacientes em risco nutricional e na predição da mortalidade entre pacientes críticos. Avaliou-se também o risco de óbito com agrupamento dos pacientes segundo o risco nutricional e a desnutrição detectada pela avaliação subjetiva global. Métodos: Estudo de coorte em pacientes admitidos em uma unidade de terapia intensiva. O risco nutricional foi avaliado por meio do escore NUTRIC modificado e uma versão do escore NUTRIC com proteína C-reativa. Aplicou-se avaliação subjetiva global para diagnóstico de desnutrição. Calculou-se a estatística de Kappa e construiu-se uma curva ROC considerando o NUTRIC modificado como referência. A validade preditiva foi avaliada considerando a mortalidade em 28 dias (na unidade de terapia intensiva e após a alta) como desfecho. Resultados: Estudaram-se 130 pacientes (63,05 ± 16,46 anos, 53,8% do sexo masculino). Segundo o NUTRIC com proteína C-reativa, 34,4% foram classificados como escore alto, enquanto 28,5% dos pacientes tiveram esta classificação com utilização do NUTRIC modificado. Segundo a avaliação subjetiva global, 48,1% dos pacientes estavam desnutridos. Observou-se concordância excelente entre o NUTRIC modificado e o NUTRIC com proteína C-reativa (Kappa = 0,88; p < 0,001). A área sob a curva ROC foi igual a 0,942 (0,881 - 1,000) para o NUTRIC com proteína C-reativa. O risco de óbito em 28 dias estava aumentado nos pacientes com escores elevados pelo NUTRIC modificado (HR = 1,827; IC95% 1,029 - 3,244; p = 0,040) e pelo NUTRIC com proteína C-reativa (HR = 2,685; IC95% 1,423 - 5,064; p = 0,002). Observou-se elevado risco de óbito nos pacientes com alto risco nutricional e desnutrição, independentemente da versão do NUTRIC aplicada. Conclusão: A concordância entre o escore NUTRIC modificado e o NUTRIC com proteína C-reativa foi excelente. Além disto, a combinação da avaliação com um escore NUTRIC mais avaliação subjetiva global pode aumentar a precisão para predição de mortalidade em pacientes críticos.


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the concordance between the modified NUTRIC and NUTRIC with C-reactive protein instruments in identifying nutritional risk patients and predicting mortality in critically ill patients. The risk of death in patient groups was also investigated according to nutritional risk and malnutrition detected by subjective global assessment. Methods: A cohort study of patients admitted to an intensive care unit. Nutritional risk was assessed by modified NUTRIC and a version of NUTRIC with C-reactive protein. Subjective global assessment was applied to diagnose malnutrition. Kappa statistics were calculated, and an ROC curve was constructed considering modified NUTRIC as a reference. The predictive validity was assessed considering mortality in 28 days (whether in the intensive care unit or after discharge) as the outcome. Results: A total of 130 patients were studied (63.05 ± 16.46 years, 53.8% males). According to NUTRIC with C-reactive protein, 34.4% were classified as having a high score, while 28.5% of patients had this classification with modified NUTRIC. According to SGA 48.1% of patients were malnourished. There was excellent agreement between modified NUTRIC and NUTRIC with C-reactive protein (Kappa = 0.88, p < 0.001). The area under the ROC curve was equal to 0.942 (0.881 - 1.000) for NUTRIC with C-reactive protein. The risk of death within 28 days was increased in patients with high modified NUTRIC (HR = 1.827; 95%CI 1.029 - 3.244; p = 0.040) and NUTRIC with C-reactive protein (HR = 2.685; 95%CI 1.423 - 5.064; p = 0.002) scores. A high risk of death was observed in patients with high nutritional risk and malnutrition, independent of the version of the NUTRIC score applied. Conclusion: An excellent agreement between modified NUTRIC and NUTRIC with C-reactive protein was observed. In addition, combining NUTRIC and subjective global assessment may increase the accuracy of predicting mortality in critically ill patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Nutrition Assessment , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Intensive Care Units , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Nutritional Status , Reproducibility of Results , Cohort Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Critical Illness/mortality , Risk Assessment/methods , Malnutrition/mortality , Middle Aged
13.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 46(6): 675-682, dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058129

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La malnutrición y los factores que la determinan preocupan a nivel mundial; pues muchos de ellos podrían modificarse e impactar en favor de un envejecimiento saludable. El objetivo fue determinar la prevalencia de malnutrición y factores asociados en adultos mayores del cantón Gualaceo, Ecuador, mediante un estudio transversal en 250 adultos mayores, con muestreo probabilístico, estratificado y aleatorizado. Se evaluó el estado nutricional con Mini Nutritional Assessment y factores asociados como: depresión con la Escala abreviada de Depresión Geriátrica de Yesavage, actividad física con el Cuestionario Internacional de Actividad Física, el nivel socioeconómico con la Encuesta de Estratificación del Nivel Socioeconómico del Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas y Censos, y parámetros de laboratorio. Se realizó estadística descriptiva y la asociación con razón de prevalencia y su intervalo de confianza al 95% y análisis multivariado. La prevalencia de malnutrición fue 20.4 %, el riesgo de malnutrición 47.2% y estado nutricional satisfactorio de 32.4%. La media de edad fue 76,3 (±8.2) años. Se evidenció que la quinta parte de la muestra tomada de adultos mayores del cantón Gualaceo tenía malnutrición y se asoció con: depresión, sedentarismo, bajo nivel socioeconómico y anemia, ratificando a la malnutrición como un problema de salud pública.


ABSTRACT Malnutrition and its underlying factors are a worldwide concern; as many of them can be modified, which in turn would positively impact healthy aging. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of malnutrition and associated factors among the elderly of Gualaceo, Ecuador, using a cross-sectional design with 250 elderly participants. Sampling was probabilistic, stratified and randomized in Gualaceo, Ecuador. Nutritional status was assessed using the Mini Nutritional Assessment; depression with the Yesavage Geriatric Depression Scale; physical activity with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, socioeconomic level with the Survey Of Stratification of the Socioeconomic Level of the National Institute of Statistics and Censuses, and laboratory parameters. Descriptive statistics, prevalence ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated and multivariate analysis was conducted. The prevalence of malnutrition was 20.4%, the risk of malnutrition 47.2%, and 32.4% had a satisfactory nutritional status. The mean age was 76.3 (±8.2) years. One fifth of the sample of elderly residents of the Gualaceo town had malnutrition and is associated with depression, sedentary lifestyle, low socioeconomic status and anemia, ratifying malnutrition as a public health problem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Social Class , Exercise , Confidence Intervals , Nutritional Status , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , Malnutrition/psychology , Depression/epidemiology , Ecuador/epidemiology , Sedentary Behavior , Obesity/epidemiology
14.
Salud pública Méx ; 61(6): 833-840, nov.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252171

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Objetivo: Describir la prevalencia de desnutrición infantil y algunas características sociodemográficas asociadas con la desnutrición crónica en menores de cinco años, de localidades de menos de 100 000 habitantes en 2012 y 2018 en México. Material y métodos: Se calcularon prevalencias de bajo peso, desnutrición crónica y emaciación. Se presenta la comparación de la desnutrición crónica por variables sociodemográficas y de diversidad dietética. Se probaron modelos logísticos multivariados entre desnutrición crónica y variables sociodemográficas. Resultados: En 2018, 4.4% presentó bajo peso, 14.9% desnutrición crónica y 1.5% emaciación. La desnutrición crónica fue mayor en hogares indígenas (24.5%), hogares de mayores carencias socioeconómicas (17.5%) y hogares con inseguridad alimentaria moderada/severa (15.3%). La desnutrición crónica se asoció positivamente con habitar hogar indígena y la alta diversidad dietética resultó factor protector de desnutrición crónica. Conclusiones: Se documenta una alta prevalencia de desnutrición crónica asociada con condiciones de alta marginalidad. Es importante fortalecer estrategias diseñadas para contener la desnutrición, sobre todo en las poblaciones de mayores carencias sociales.


Abstract: Objective: To describe the undernutrition prevalence, as well as some sociodemographic characteristics associated to stunting in children under five years old, living on localities with less than 100 000 inhabitants in Mexico in 2012 and 2018. Material and methods: Low weight, stunting and wasting prevalences were calculated in children under 5y according to WHO Growth Reference. A comparison of stunting by sociodemographic and diet diversity variables is presented. Multi-variated logistic models between chronic malnutrition and sociodemographic variables were calculated. Results: In 2018, 4.4% of the individuals suffered low weight, 14.9% stunting and 1.5 % wasting. Stunting was greater in indigenous households (24.5%), households from the lower socioeconomic-index tertile (17.5%), and households with moderated/severe food insecurity (15.3%). Stunting was positively associated with indigenous condition; on the other hand a highly diverse diet resulted to be a protective factor against it. Conclusions: A high prevalence of chronical malnutrition was documented associated with high poverty conditions. It is important to enforce strategies aimed to contain it, mainly in such populations with greater social deprivation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Child, Preschool , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Growth Disorders/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Demography , Prevalence , Population Density , Mexico/epidemiology
15.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(4): 447-450, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055162

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is associated with clinical factors, including longer hospital stay, increased morbidity and mortality and hospital costs. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of malnutrition using different nutritional indicators and to identify factors that contribute to malnutrition in hospitalized patients. METHODS: We investigated anthropometric, laboratory standards, nutritional risk screening (NRS), subjective global assessment (SGA), mini nutritional assessment and habitual energy consumption (HEC). Chi-square, Fisher's exact test, Mann-Whitney test and univariate and multiple Cox regression analysis were used, at 5% significance level. RESULTS: It was found 21.01% of malnourished individuals by ASG; a total of 34.78% with nutritional risk according to NRS and 11.59% with low weight (BMI). There was no statistically significant difference in the prevalence of malnutrition by ASG (P=0.3344) and nutritional risk by NRS (P=0.2286), among the types of disorders. Patients with nutritional risk were of higher median age (64.5 vs 58.0 years; P=0.0246) and had lower median values of HEC (1362.1 kcal vs 1525 kcal, P=0.0030), of calf circumference (32.0 cm vs 33.5 cm, P=0.0405) of lymphocyte count (1176.5 cell/mm3 vs 1760.5 cell/ mm3, P=0.0095); and higher percentage of low body weight according to the BMI (22.9% vs 5.6%; P=0.0096). Lymphocyte count was associated with nutritional risk (P=0.0414; HR= 1.000; IC95%= 0.999; 1.000). CONCLUSION: NRS was more sensitive than other indicators in the diagnosis of malnutrition. Patients at risk were older and had lower HEC values, calf circumference, BMI and lymphocyte count. Low lymphocyte count was considered a factor associated with nutritional risk by the NRS.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A desnutrição está associada a fatores clínicos, incluindo maior tempo de internação, aumento da morbimortalidade e custos hospitalares. OBJETIVO: Investigar a prevalência de desnutrição por diferentes indicadores nutricionais e identificar fatores que contribuem para a desnutrição em pacientes hospitalizados. MÉTODOS: Investigou-se indicadores antropométricos, laboratoriais, nutritional risk screening, avaliação subjetiva global (ASG), mini avaliação nutricional e consumo energético habitual (CEH). Utilizou-se os testes qui-quadrado, exato de Fisher, Mann-Whitney e análise de regressão de Cox univariada e múltipla, com nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: Verificou-se 21,01% de desnutridos pela ASG; 34,78% com risco nutricional pelo NRS e 11,59% com baixo peso pelo índice de massa corporal (IMC). Não houve diferença estatisticamente signi­ficante da prevalência de desnutrição pela ASG (P=0,3344) e de risco nutricional pelo NRS (P=0,2286), entre os tipos de doenças. Os pacientes com risco nutricional apresentaram maior mediana de idade (64,5 vs 58,0 anos; P=0,0246) e menores valores medianos no CEH (1362,1 kcal vs 1525 kcal, P=0,0030); na circunferência de panturrilha (CP) (32,0 cm vs 33,5 cm, P=0,0405); na contagem de linfócitos (CL) (1176,5 cel/mm3 vs 1760,5 cel/mm3, P=0,0095); e maior percentual de baixo peso pelo IMC (22,9% vs 5,6%; P=0,0096). A CL foi associada ao risco nutricional (P=0,0414; HR=1,000; IC95%= 0,999; 1,000). CONCLUSÃO: O NRS foi mais sensível que outros indicadores no diagnóstico de desnutrição. Pacientes com risco apresentaram mais idade e valores menores de CEH, CP, IMC e CL. A baixa CL foi considerada fator associado ao risco nutricional pelo NRS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Young Adult , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Hospitalization , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Malnutrition/epidemiology
16.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 35(3): e2483, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156407

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Según la alta incidencia de desnutrición en el país, se realizan estudios que evidencian un bajo rendimiento físico y mental en el niño, relacionado a una inadecuada merienda escolar. Objetivo: Evaluar la composición de la merienda escolar y los factores determinantes. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal correlacional, realizado en preescolares de 10 centros de educación inicial de la provincia de Santa Elena, en 2017. El universo quedó constituido por 785 niños, con una muestra de 150 binomios padres/preescolares. Se utilizó el método observacional y la encuesta aplicada, las variables estudiadas fueron: edad de los padres, sexo, nivel de instrucción, peso y talla (evaluadas según las Tablas de Valoración Nutricional de la Organización Mundial de la Salud), alimentos incluidos en la merienda y capacitación sobre alimentación saludable. En el análisis de los datos se utilizó el software SPSSS versión 21 y las medidas de tendencia central, de dispersión e intervalos de confianza. Resultados: El 84,44 por ciento de los padres incorporan alimentos saludables, 81,14 por ciento entre 21 a 25 años de edad. En la escuela "Carmen Montenegro" suministran en la merienda escolar alimentos saludables a diferencia del centro de educación "Luz Esmeralda Valdivia" en la cual añaden alimentos de bajo nivel proteico y donde 58,73 por ciento manifestó no haber recibido capacitación sobre alimentación saludable. Conclusión: Los alimentos más incorporados en la merienda escolar fueron: frutas, lácteos, legumbres y jugos naturales; y los menos añadidos fueron: dulces, jugos envasados, gaseosas y snacks(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: With respect to the high incidence of malnutrition in the country, studies are being carried out that show a low physical and mental performance in the child, associated with inadequate school snack. Objective: To evaluate the composition of the school snack and the determining factors. Methods: A descriptive, correlation, cross-sectional study was carried out in preschools children from 10 education centers in Santa Elena Province, in 2017. The study population was made up of 785 children, with a sample of 150 parent/ preschool binomials. The observational method and the applied survey were used, the variables studied were age of the parents, sex, level of instruction, weight and height (evaluated according to the Nutritional Assessment Tables of the World Health Organization), foods included in the snack, and training on healthy eating. The software SPSS v. 21 and the measures of central tendency, dispersion and confidence intervals were used in the data analysis. Results: 84.44 percent of the parents incorporate healthy foods, 81.14 percent between 21 and 25 years of age. At Carmen Montenegro School, they provide healthy food in the school snack, unlike Luz Esmeralda Valdivia Education Center, in which they add low-protein foods and where 58.73 percent said that they had not received training on healthy eating. Conclusion: The most incorporated foods in the school snack were fruits, dairy products, legumes, and natural juices; while the least added were sweets, packaged juices, soda, and snacks(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Schools/statistics & numerical data , Nutrition Assessment , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Snacks , Diet, Healthy/trends , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Studies as Topic , Data Analysis
17.
Buenos Aires; s.n; ago. 2019. 24 p. tab, graf, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, InstitutionalDB, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1284048

ABSTRACT

Se presenta información referida a la situación nutricional de la población menor de 19 años, adultos/as y embarazadas atendidas en los Centros de Salud Nivel 1 (CESACs) durante el período 2019. El propósito de este Informe es facilitar el acceso a datos consolidados sobre la situación nutricional de la población atendida en el primer nivel de atención, de manera que los equipos de salud puedan disponer y compartir información correspondiente a sus áreas de trabajo y al conjunto de la Ciudad, y planificar acciones acordes al perfil epidemiológico-nutricional. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Nutrition Programs , Nutritional Surveillance , Health Centers , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Overweight/diagnosis , Overweight/epidemiology , Nutritional Sciences , Anemia/diagnosis , Obesity/epidemiology
19.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(3): 1189-1199, mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-989595

ABSTRACT

Resumo A desnutrição é um fator relevante na evolução dos pacientes com doença renal crônica (DRC) em hemodiálise (HD), estando associada a maior frequência e duração de internações hospitalares. Objetivou-se avaliar o estado nutricional de pacientes com DRC em HD em unidades públicas ou privadas vinculadas ao SUS no Distrito Federal. Dados sociodemográficos, bioquímicos e antropométricos foram obtidos de 96 participantes, sendo 35,5% provenientes de hospitais públicos. Os critérios utilizados para avaliação de desnutrição na DRC foram Índice de Massa Corpórea (IMC) < 23 kg/m2, circunferência muscular do braço (CMB) reduzida e albumina sérica < 3,8 g/dl. Do total de avaliados, 14,6% apresentou desnutrição (60 ± 12 anos; 57% masculino; 69% clínicas privadas); 33,3% apresentou estado nutricional adequado (55 ± 14 anos; 53% masculino; 57% clínicas privadas); 52,1% tinha ao menos uma variável relacionada à desnutrição, onde o IMC abaixo do recomendado foi o mais prevalente (42,7%), seguido da CMB reduzida (41,7%) e da albumina sérica (33,3%). Com base nos resultados conclui-se que ao menos uma variável relacionada ao estado nutricional esteve alterada em metade da amostra estudada, o que reforça a importância da avaliação nutricional no contexto do tratamento da DRC.


Abstract Malnutrition is a major factor in the evolution of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on hemodialysis (HD). It is associated with increased frequency and the duration of hospitalizations. The scope of this study was to evaluate the nutritional status of patients with CKD on HD in public or private clinics of the Unified Health System in the Federal District. Sociodemographic, biochemical and anthropometric data were obtained from 96 participants, 35.5% of which were from public clinics. Parameters for evaluation of malnutrition in CKD included Body Mass Index (BMI) < 23 kg/m2, reduced arm muscle circumference (AMC) and serum albumin < 3.8 g/dL. From all participants, 14.6% were classified as malnourished (60 ± 12 years; 57% male; 69% private clinics); 33.3% presented adequate nutritional status (55 ± 14 years; 53% male; 57% private clinics); 52.1% had at least one parameter related to malnutrition. BMI below the recommended parameter was the most prevalent variable (42.7%), followed by reduced AMC (41.7%) and serum albumin (33.3%). Based on these results, it may be concluded that at least one positive variable was related to malnutrition in half of the sample, which reinforces the importance of nutritional assessment in the context of the treatment of CKD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Nutritional Status , Renal Dialysis/methods , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Serum Albumin/analysis , Body Mass Index , Nutrition Assessment , Anthropometry , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Middle Aged , National Health Programs
20.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1268561

ABSTRACT

Introduction: globally, 50 million children under 5 were wasted; of which 16 million were severely wasted. A severely wasted child is at a nine times higher risk of dying. To prevent this problem, it is necessary to determine the magnitude and factors associated with childhood wasting. In Ethiopia specifically Wukro town, Tigray regional state there is no clear information regarding under five wasting. Therefore, the study assessed the prevalence and associated factors of wasting among under five children in wukro town,North Ethiopia. Objective: to assess the prevalence of wasting and associated factors among under five children of Wukro town, Tigray, North Ethiopia, 2017/2018.Methods: community based cross-sectional study design with a single population proportion formula was used with a total sample size of 400 children. Wukro town has three kebele, two kebelle were included in the study through simple random sampling method. There was proportional allocation of subjects to each kebelle and final study subject was selected using systematic method. In case there were more than one child in the household one child was selected randomly. The data were collected by face to face interview and measuring of weight and height after the instrument was pre-tested. The anthropometric results were entered in to Emergency nutritional assessment (ENA) to calculate Z-Score. The collected data and result of Z-score were entered in to Statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 20. Finally, results were presented in texts, graphs and tables. Results: a total of 394 under five children were participated in this study, which gave a response rate of 98.5%. The respondents were females 222(56.3%) and 106(26.95%) were in the age group of 12-23 month. The overall prevalence of wasting was 28(7.2%). Out of this 14(3.6%) were wasted and 14(3.6%) were severely wasted. Under five children those, whose family does not live together were 3.086 times more likely to be wasted compared to under five children those, whose family live together (P=.038, OR=3.086, & 95% CI= (1.061, 8.970)). Under five children those, whose mother did not taken family planning were 2.530 times more likely to be wasted compared to under five children those, whose mother take family planning (P=.038, OR=2.530, & 95% CI= (1.054, 6.074)).Conclusion: significant numbers of mothers were not taken extra food during pregnancy and lactation. There was significant prevalence of wasting of under five children in the study area. Living condition of family and usage of family planning were associated with increased risk of wasting


Subject(s)
Anthropometry , Ethiopia , Infant , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Wasting Syndrome
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