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1.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(4): 240-244, 20210000. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359454

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: La desnutrición es un importante problema de salud en el grupo de edad de pediatría que contribuye a aumentar la mortalidad y morbilidad de los pacientes ingresados. Pacientes y método: Estudio descriptivo, aleatorizado, transversal de 2965 casos entre 6 y 60 meses de los cuales 500 casos tenían desnutrición desde el 15 de noviembre de 2019 al 31 de enero de 2020, datos hospitalarios para evaluar la incidencia de desnutrición aguda severa y desnutrición aguda moderada y leve. Desnutrición y su relación con algunos factores sociodemográficos (trabajo paterno, peso al nacer, tipo de alimentación, edad, sexo). Resultados: la incidencia de desnutrición aguda severa es 1%, la incidencia de desnutrición aguda moderada es 10% y desnutrición leve 27% de la muestra de pacientes tomada 469 pacientes existe una fuerte relación de todos los grados de desnutrición con la edad paterna y bajo nacimiento peso con alguna relación con el tipo de alimentación. Conclusiones: si bien la incidencia de desnutrición aguda severa ha disminuido en los últimos años en el hospital universitario de Karbala, existe un marcado aumento en la incidencia de desnutrición aguda moderada y desnutrición leve con su impacto en la salud pediátrica general en cuanto a morbilidad y mortalidad se deben tomar esfuerzos para manejar la desnutrición aguda moderada y desnutrición leve ofreciendo asesoramiento y apoyo nutricional especialmente en personas que no son Empleadores gubernamentales.


Background: Malnutrition is a major health problem in pediatrics age group contribute to increase mortality and morbidity of admitted patients. Patients and method: A descriptive randomized cross sectional study of 2965 cases between 6 -60 months from which 500 cases had malnutrition from15th of November 2019 to 31st of January 2020 hospital-based data to evaluate incidence of sever acute malnutrition and moderate acute malnutrition and mild malnutrition and its relation to some sociodemographic factors (paternal job, birth weight, type of feeding, age, sex). Results: the incidence of severe acute Malnutrition is 1%, the incidence of moderate acute malnutrition is 10% and mild malnutrition 27% from the sample of patients taken 469 patients there is a strong relationship of all degree of malnutrition to paternal age and low birth weight with some relation to type of feeding. Conclusions: while the incidence of severe acute malnutrition has been decreased last years In Karbala teaching hospital, there is marked increase in incidence of moderate acute malnutrition and mild malnutrition with their impact on general pediatric health regarding morbidity and mortality efforts should be taken to manage the moderate acute malnutrition and mild malnutrition by offering nutritional advice and support especially in people who are not governmental Employer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Socioeconomic Factors , Demography/statistics & numerical data , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies/statistics & numerical data , Morbidity , Malnutrition/etiology , Malnutrition/mortality
2.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(2): 246-252, Apr.-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285328

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Cirrhosis is a chronic and progressive liver disease that occurs from prolonged hepatocellular injury. Malnutrition causes complications in cirrhosis patients that worsen the condition to liver failure. Both are closely linked and increase the chances of morbidity and mortality. Regular nutritional screening and monitoring is prime concern for such patients including comprehensive dietary history, laboratory tests, and evaluation of muscle loss and strength capabilities to determine the degree of frailty. For efficient assessment of liver cirrhosis patients Subjective Global Assessment has been used worldwide. The nutritional objectives for such individuals should be to regain liver functions, to prevent complications associated, and to overcome nutritional deficiencies causing malnutrition. METHODS: We conducted a literature review using PubMed, Google Scholar and Science Direct for this purpose, a total of 130 articles were reviewed out of which 80 (from the past 5 years) including originally published research, review articles and abstracts were also included. Exclusion criteria of the selected studies was year of publication, irrelevancy and animal studies based on the purpose of current study. The aim of this study was to check nutritional management in patients having complications of liver cirrhosis. RESULTS: According to the guidelines, for the conservation of normal nutritional status of the malnourished patients', energy should be provided 35 kcal/kg/day while to prevent hypoalbuminemia and maintain the protein stores in the body, 1.5 g/kg/day protein has been recommended. Carbohydrates and fats for cirrhosis patients are recommended 50% to 60% and 10% to 20% of the total dietary intake respectively. CONCLUSION: Initial identification and prevention of malnutrition have the probability to lead to better health outcomes, prevention of complications of the disease, and improving quality of life.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A cirrose hepática é uma doença crônica e progressiva que ocorre por lesão hepatocelular prolongada. A desnutrição causa complicações em pacientes com cirrose que pioram a condição para insuficiência hepática. A cirrose e a desnutrição estão intimamente ligadas e aumentam as chances de morbidade e mortalidade. O rastreamento e monitoramento nutricional regulares são as principais preocupações para esses pacientes, incluindo histórico alimentar abrangente, testes laboratoriais e avaliação de capacidades de perda muscular e força para determinar o grau de fragilidade. Para uma avaliação eficiente de pacientes com cirrose hepática, a Avaliação Global Subjetiva tem sido usada em todo o mundo. Os objetivos nutricionais desses indivíduos devem ser recuperar as funções hepáticas, prevenir complicações associadas e superar deficiências nutricionais que causam desnutrição. MÉTODOS: Realizada uma revisão de literatura usando PubMed, Google Scholar e Science Direct para este fim, e um total de 130 artigos foram revisados dos quais 80 (dos últimos 5 anos), incluindo pesquisas publicadas originalmente. Artigos de revisão e resumos também foram incluídos. Os critérios de exclusão dos estudos selecionados foram ano de publicação, irrelevância e estudos em animais com base na finalidade do estudo atual. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar o manejo nutricional em pacientes com complicações da cirrose hepática. RESULTADOS: De acordo com as diretrizes, para a conservação do estado nutricional normal dos pacientes desnutridos, a energia deve ser fornecida 35 kcal/kg/dia, enquanto para prevenir hipoalbuminemia e manter os estoques de proteínas no corpo, 1,5 g/kg/dia de proteína foi recomendada. Carboidratos e gorduras para pacientes com cirrose são recomendados de 50% a 60% e 10% a 20% da ingestão alimentar total, respectivamente. CONCLUSÃO: A identificação inicial e a prevenção da desnutrição têm a probabilidade de levar a melhores desfechos de saúde, prevenção de complicações da doença e melhoria da qualidade de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nutrition Assessment , Malnutrition/etiology , Malnutrition/prevention & control , Quality of Life , Nutritional Status , Liver Cirrhosis/complications
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878369

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Nutrition is closely related to the health of the elderly population. This study aimed to provide a comprehensive picture of the nutrition status of elderly Chinese and its related dietary, geographical, and socioeconomic factors.@*Methods@#A total of 13,987 ≥ 60-year-old persons from the 2010-2013 Chinese National Nutrition and Health Survey were included to evaluate various aspects of malnutrition, including underweight, overweight or obesity, and micronutrient inadequacy.@*Results@#Overall, the prevalence of obesity, overweight, and underweight was 12.4%, 34.8%, and 5.7%, respectively, with disparities both geographically and socioeconomically. The prevalence of underweight was higher among the older old (≥ 75 years), rural residents and those with low income, with low education status, and residing in undeveloped West areas. More than 75% of the elderly do not meet the Dietary Reference Intakes for vitamins A, B @*Conclusions@#Obesity epidemic, inadequacy of micronutrient intake, and high prevalence of underweight and anemia in susceptible older people are the major nutrition challenges for the rapidly aging population in China.


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet/statistics & numerical data , Female , Health Surveys , Humans , Male , Malnutrition/etiology , Micronutrients/deficiency , Middle Aged , Nutritional Status , Overweight/etiology , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Thinness/etiology
4.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202666, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155359

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: bariatric surgery is currently the only treatment that leads to long-term and sustained weight loss and decreased morbidity and mortality in morbidly obese individuals. Roux-en-Y bypass causes weight loss by restricting food intake associated with reduced intestinal absorption, in addition to multiple endocrine and satiogenic effects. Biliopancreatic diversion promotes weight loss mainly due to poor absorption of the nutrients ingested. Both procedures exclude parts of the gastrointestinal tract. Objective: to describe four cases of revisional surgery after primary bariatric surgery, due to serious nutritional complications, and to review the literature regarding this subject. Methods: a retrospective analysis of patients of Unicamps bariatric center database and review of the literatures were performed. Results: four patients were identified, 2 women and 2 men, with a mean age of 48 years. The mean body mass index before revisional surgery was 23.7 kg/m2. Three patients underwent Scopinaro biliopancreatic diversion, and onde patient underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The revisional surgeries were revision, conversion, and reversion. One patient died. For the review of the literature 12 articles remained (11 case reports and 1 case series). Another five important original articles were included. Conclusion: fortunately, revision surgery is rarely necessary, but when indicated it has increased morbidity, It can be revision, reverion or conversion according to the severity of the patient and the primary surgery performed.


RESUMO Introdução: atualmente, a cirurgia bariátrica é o único tratamento que leva à perda de peso prolongada e sustentada e diminuição da morbimortalidade em indivíduos obesos mórbidos. O bypass em Y-de-Roux causa perda de peso restringindo a ingestão de alimentos associada à redução da absorção intestinal, além de múltiplos efeitos endócrinos e sacietógenos. O desvio biliopancreático promove a perda de peso principalmente devido à diminuição da absorção dos nutrientes ingeridos. Ambos os procedimentos excluem partes do trato gastrointestinal. Objetivo: descrever 4 casos de cirurgia revisional após cirurgia bariátrica primária, devido a graves complicações nutricionais, bem como realizar uma revisão da literatura sobre esse assunto. Métodos: foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva dos pacientes do banco de dados do serviço de cirurgia bariátrica da Unicamp e revisão da literatura. Resultados: foram identificados 4 pacientes, 2 mulheres e 2 homens, com média de idade de 48 anos, o IMC antes da cirurgia revisional eram em média 23,7. Os pacientes haviam sido submetidos em 3 casos a cirurgia de Scopinaro e 1 caso ao bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux. As cirurgias revisionais foram de revisão, conversão e reversão. Um paciente evoluiu a óbito. Em relação a revisão da literatura, foram selecionados 12 artigos (11 relatos de casos e 1 série de casos). Outros cinco artigos originais importantes foram incluídos. Conclusão: felizmente, a cirurgia revisional raramente é necessária, mas, quando indicada, apresenta alta morbidade. São cirurgias de revisão, reversão ou conversão, de acordo com a gravidade do paciente e a cirurgia primária realizada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Reoperation , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Malnutrition/etiology , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Gastric Bypass , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy , Middle Aged
5.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(12): 5003-5016, Dec. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1142701

ABSTRACT

Resumo A infecção pelo HIV é preditora de diversas alterações metabólicas e de composição corporal, além de quadro de desnutrição, anemia e hipovitaminoses. Existem assim, especificidades de diagnóstico e tratamento conforme o estágio da doença e o ambiente ambulatorial ou hospitalar. O objetivo desse trabalho é apresentar arcabouço teórico e conceitual sobre a realização do diagnóstico nutricional em pessoas que vivem com HIV/AIDS. Buscou-se evidências científicas atuais nacionais e internacionais publicadas em artigos científicos, livros recentes, protocolos, consensos e diretrizes. O diagnóstico nutricional engloba vários aspectos e habilidades clínicas e conhecimentos específicos sobre essa morbidade. Assim, devido sua complexidade e abrangência, compreende: história clínica e situação clínica atual, consumo alimentar, dados antropométricos, composição corporal, bioquímicos, pressão arterial e exame físico. Foi demonstrado o processo de diagnóstico nutricional de forma a fornecer subsídios para as equipes de saúde na identificação de parâmetros que possibilitem instituir um plano de cuidado nutricional que promova, previna e recupere as alterações detectadas nas pessoas que vivem com HIV/AIDS.


Abstract HIV infection is a predictor of several metabolic and body composition alterations, in addition to malnutrition, anemia, and hypovitaminosis. There are thus specificities of diagnosis and treatment depending on the stage of the disease and the outpatient or hospital environment. The scope of this narrative review was to update the conceptual and theoretical framework regarding the nutritional diagnosis of people living with HIV/AIDS. Current national and international scientific evidence published in scientific articles, recent books, protocols, consensuses, and guidelines were analyzed. The nutritional diagnosis encompasses several clinical aspects and abilities and specific knowledge about HIV/AIDS, such as: clinical history and current clinical situation, food consumption, anthropometric data, body composition, and biochemistry, blood pressure and physical examination. The nutritional diagnosis process was demonstrated in order to provide subsidies for the health teams in the identification of parameters that make it possible to establish a plan for nutritional care to promote, prevent and recuperate the alterations detected in people living with HIV/AIDS.


Subject(s)
Humans , HIV Infections/diagnosis , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/diagnosis , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Malnutrition/etiology , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Body Composition , Review Literature as Topic
6.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(4): 375-380, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142350

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The protein-energy malnutrition alters the prognosis of patients with cirrhosis. Its prevalence may vary according to the etiology of liver disease, it´s severity and the evaluation of the method applied. The infection by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) and alcoholism are the main etiologies of cirrhosis and result in a significant morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the nutritional status of patients with cirrhosis according the liver disease etiology and severity. METHODS: It is a prospective study, in which the sample was for convenience and consisted of patients with cirrhosis, infected by HCV or alcoholic etiology. The nutritional status evaluation was carried out through anthropometry, food consumption, bioelectrical impedance (BIA) and subjective global assessment (SGA). The anthropometric data evaluated were weight, height, body mass index (BMI), triceps skinfold (TSF), circumference of the arm (CA), non-dominant handshake strength (FAM) and the adductor pollicis muscle thickness (APM). Patients were classified according to the severity of liver disease, using the Child-Pugh and Model for End-stage Liver Diseases (MELD) scores. RESULTS: Ninety patients with cirrhosis were evaluated, 47 with HCV and 43 with alcoholic etiology. The prevalence of protein-calorie malnutrition ranged from 10.9% to 54.3% in the HCV group and from 4.7% to 20.9% in the alcoholic group, depending on the method used for evaluation. The group with HCV infection presented a higher malnutrition prevalence in comparison to the alcoholic in the following evaluations: TSF (P<0.001), phase angle (PA) (P=0.016) and SGA (P=0.010). PA values were lower in patients with viral cirrhosis (5.68±1.05) when compared to those with alcoholic etiology (6.61±2.31) (P=0.016). When all patients were analyzed, regardless of etiology, an inversely correlation was observed among Child-Pugh score and PA values (P=0.018). CONCLUSION: HCV cirrhosis showed worse nutritional parameters in comparison to alcoholic etiology; however, the PA was associated with worse liver function in both etiologies.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A desnutrição proteico-calórica altera o prognóstico dos pacientes com cirrose. Sua prevalência pode variar de acordo com a etiologia da hepatopatia, gravidade da doença e o método de avaliação empregado. A infeção pelo vírus da hepatite C (VHC) e o alcoolismo, estão entre as principais etiologias da cirrose e acarretam significativa morbidade e mortalidade. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o estado nutricional do paciente com cirrose de acordo com a etiologia e gravidade da hepatopatia. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo, em que a amostra foi por conveniência constituída de pacientes com cirrose, infectados pelo vírus da hepatite C (VHC) ou etiologia alcoólica. A avaliação do estado nutricional foi realizada através da antropometria, consumo alimentar, bioimpedância elétrica (BIA) e da avaliação subjetiva global (ASG). Os dados antropométricos avaliados foram: peso, altura, índice de massa corporal (IMC), prega cutânea triciptal (PCT), circunferências do braço (CB), força do aperto de mão não dominante (FAM) e a espessura do músculo adutor do polegar (MAP). Os pacientes foram classificados de acordo com a gravidade da hepatopatia, através do escore Child-Pugh e Model for End-stage Liver Diseases (MELD). RESULTADOS: Foram avaliados 90 pacientes com cirrose, 47 com etiologia pelo VHC e 43 com etiologia alcoólica. A prevalência de desnutrição proteico-calórica variou de 10,9% a 54,3% no grupo do VHC e de 4,7% a 20,9% no grupo dos alcoolistas, dependendo do método utilizado para avaliação. O grupo com infecção pelo VHC apresentou maior prevalência de desnutrição em relação ao de etiologia alcoólica nas seguintes avaliações: PCT (P<0,001), ângulo de fase (AF) (P=0,016) e ASG (P=0,010). Os valores do AF foram menores nos pacientes com cirrose viral (5,68±1,05) quando comparados aos com etiologia alcoólica (6,61±2,31) (P=0,016). Quando analisados todos os pacientes, independente da etiologia da hepatopatia, observou-se uma correlação inversamente proporcional entre a classificação de Child-Pugh e os valores de AF (P=0,018). CONCLUSÃO: A cirrose pelo VHC demonstrou piores parâmetros nutricionais em relação à etiologia alcoólica; entretanto, em ambas etiologias o AF foi associado com pior função hepática em ambas etiologias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Protein-Energy Malnutrition/epidemiology , Malnutrition/etiology , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Prospective Studies , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Liver Neoplasms
7.
Buenos Aires; s.n; oct. 2020. 19 p. tab, graf, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, InstitutionalDB, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1284008

ABSTRACT

La malnutrición por exceso es uno de los problemas de salud más prevalentes en niños y niñas en edad escolar, etapa en la que se observa un marcado incremento en el sobrepeso y la obesidad. Se describe el estado nutricional de una cohorte de niños y niñas que concurrieron a escuelas de gestión estatal de CABA, evaluados/as en 1º y 6º grado, se comparan las prevalencias de sobrepeso / obesidad y su asociación con sexo, zona de la ciudad, tipo de jornada escolar y realización de intervenciones educativas por parte del Programa Mi Escuela Saludable, y se analiza la incidencia del exceso de peso y, en particular, de la obesidad y su asociación con las variables mencionadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , School Health Services , Health Programs and Plans , Food and Nutrition Education , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Malnutrition/etiology , Malnutrition/prevention & control , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Overweight/diagnosis , Overweight/epidemiology , Pediatric Obesity/diagnosis , Pediatric Obesity/prevention & control , Pediatric Obesity/epidemiology
8.
Rev. bras. ciênc. saúde ; 24(3): 465-474, set. 25, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-MA | ID: biblio-1179431

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o perfil nutricional de pacientes onco-hematológicos internados em um hospital especializado em câncer em São Luís - MA. Metodologia: Estudo transversal, retrospectivo, analítico, com coleta de dados secundária, envolvendo pacientes com idade mínima de 18 anos, de ambos os gêneros e que tenham sido submetidos a pelo menos uma ASG-PPP (Avaliação Subjetiva Global Produzida Pelo Paciente). Os dados foram coletados em registros do Serviço de Nutrição e Dietética do hospital. Analisaram-se dados demográficos (gênero e idade), clínicos (diagnóstico) e nutricionais: Índice de massa corporal (IMC), circunferên-cia braquial (CB), prega cutânea tricipital (PCT), circunferência muscular do braço (CMB) e ASG-PPP. As análises foram realizadas no programa estatístico Stata® 13.0. O nível de significância utilizado para os testes foi de p<0,05. Resultados: Foram avaliados 330 pacientes, onde foi constatado que 67,58% eram de adultos e 32,42% de idosos, com maior frequência do sexo masculino, com 60,30%. Ocorreu maior incidência de leucemia (58,48%), seguidos de linfomas (24,85%), mieloma múltiplo (13,33%) e síndrome mielodisplásica (3,3%). Na avaliação do estado nutricional os resultados mostraram que a ASG-PPP detectou maior número de pacientes com algum grau de desnutrição do que outros indicadores (93,94%), seguido pela PCT (65,76%), CMB (53,64%), CB (45,45%) e IMC (14,87%). De acordo com o IMC, foi encontrado maior incidência de eutrofia, correspondendo a 57,27% da amostra. Conclu-são: Diante do que foi encontrado, destaca-se que a desnutrição é um aspecto de extrema importância a ser considerado no tratamento de pacientes onco-hematológicos, visto que pode interferir diretamente no prognóstico da doença. (AU)


Objective: To evaluate the nutritional profile of onco-hematological patients admitted to a specialized cancer hospital in São Luís - MA. Methodology: Cross-sectional, retrospective, analytical study, with secondary data collection, involving patients aged at least 18 years, of both genders and having undergone at least one ASG-PPP (Subjective Global Assessment Produced by the Patient). Data were collected from records of the Hospital's Nutrition and Dietetics Service. Demographic (gender and age), clinical (diagnostic) and nutritional: Body Mass Index (BMI), Brachial Circumference (CB), Tricipital Skinfold (PCT), Muscular Arm Circumference (CMB) and ASG-PPP data were analyzed. The analyses were performed using the Stata® 13.0 statistical program. The level of significance used for the tests was p<0.05. Results: 330 patients were evaluated, in which it was found that 67.58% are adults and 32.42% are elderly, with a higher frequency of males with 60.30%. There was a higher incidence of Leukemia (58.48%), followed by Lymphomas (24.85%), Multiple Myeloma (13.33%) and Myelodysplastic Syndrome (3.3%). In the assessment of nutritional status, the results showed that ASG-PPP detected a greater number of patients with some degree of malnutrition than other indicators (93.94%), followed by PCT (65.76%), CMB (53.64%), CB (45.45%) and BMI (14.87%). According to the BMI, a higher incidence of eutrophy was found, which corresponds to 57.27% of the sample. Conclusion: In view of what was found, it is highlighted that malnutrition is an extremely important aspect to be considered in the treatment of onco-hematological patients, since it can directly interfere in the prognosis of the disease. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/complications , Leukemia/complications , Nutritional Status , Malnutrition/etiology , Lymphoma/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
9.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(3): e1537, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1141901

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Esophageal atresia is congenital anomaly with high mortality. Surgical complications and changes in nutritional status are common problems after surgical correction. Aim: To evaluate nutritional status, esophageal stenosis, and respiratory complications among children who had repaired esophageal atresia. Methods: Children aged >2 months old with repaired esophageal atresia were included in the current study. Gender, age, weight, and height were recorded for each case. Height for age and weight for age were calculated for each case. Results: According to weight for length percentile, 41.02% of the cases were underweight. Esophageal stenosis was seen in 54.76% of the obtained esophagograms. Conclusion: Underweight was present in 41.02 of the patients according to weight-for-height percentile.


RESUMO Racional: Atresia de esôfago é anomalia congênita com mortalidade alta. Complicações cirúrgicas e alterações no estado nutricional são problemas comuns após correção cirúrgica. Objetivo: Avaliar o estado nutricional, a estenose esofágica e as complicações respiratórias em crianças que tiveram a reparação de atresia de esôfago. Métodos: Crianças com idade> 2 meses de idade com atresia esofágica reparada foram incluídas no estudo atual. Sexo, idade, peso e altura foram registrados para cada caso. A altura por idade e o peso por idade foram calculados para cada caso. Resultados: De acordo com o peso para o percentil de comprimento, 41,02% dos casos estavam abaixo do peso. Estenose esofágica foi observada em 54,76% do esofagograma obtido. Conclusão: O baixo peso esteve presente em 41,02 dos pacientes, de acordo com o percentil peso/estatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Malnutrition/etiology , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Esophageal Atresia/surgery , Esophageal Atresia/complications , Esophageal Stenosis/etiology , Esophageal Stenosis/epidemiology , Body Weight , Incidence
10.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(1): e1486, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130507

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Esophageal atresia is congenital anomaly with high mortality. Surgical complications and changes in nutritional status are common problems after surgical correction. Aim: T o evaluate nutritional status, esophageal stenosis, and respiratory complications among children who had repaired esophageal atresia. Methods: Children aged >2 months old with repaired esophageal atresia were included in the current study. Gender, age, weight, and height were recorded for each case. Height for age and weight for age were calculated for each case. Results: According to weight for length percentile, 41.02% of the cases were underweight. Esophageal stenosis was seen in 54.76% of the obtained esophagograms. Conclusion: Underweight was present in 41.02 of the patients according to weight-for-height percentile.


RESUMO Racional: Atresia de esôfago é anomalia congênita com mortalidade alta. Complicações cirúrgicas e alterações no estado nutricional são problemas comuns após correção cirúrgica. Objetivo: Avaliar o estado nutricional, a estenose esofágica e as complicações respiratórias em crianças que tiveram a reparação de atresia de esôfago. Métodos: Crianças com idade> 2 meses de idade com atresia esofágica reparada foram incluídas no estudo atual. Sexo, idade, peso e altura foram registrados para cada caso. A altura por idade e o peso por idade foram calculados para cada caso. Resultados: De acordo com o peso para o percentil de comprimento, 41,02% dos casos estavam abaixo do peso. Estenose esofágica foi observada em 54,76% do esofagograma obtido. Conclusão: O baixo peso esteve presente em 41,02 dos pacientes, de acordo com o percentil peso/estatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Malnutrition/etiology , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Esophageal Atresia/surgery , Esophageal Atresia/complications , Esophageal Stenosis/etiology , Esophageal Stenosis/epidemiology , Body Weight , Incidence
11.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(5): 1166-1177, sept.-oct. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1094120

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la nutrición tiene importancia capital en la evolución de los pacientes ingresados. La prevalencia de malnutrición oscila entre 30% y 60% de los enfermos hospitalizados. Objetivo: evaluar impacto en la mortalidad y complicaciones a corto plazo de una intervención nutricional precoz. Material y método: se realizó un estudio caso control con todos los pacientes que ingresaron en la Unidad de Cuidados intensivos emergentes con el diagnóstico de neumonía adquirida en la comunidad asociada a desnutrición en Hospital Militar Dr. Carlos J. Finlay, de noviembre de 2017 hasta mayo del 2018. Resultados: la media de la edad del estudio fue de 80,73 ± 9,01 años. El 46 % fueron mujeres. La mortalidad global estuvo en el 26 %. El 69 % de los pacientes presento alguna complicación. Existió una mayor sobrevida en el grupo de estudio (7 fallecidos y 29 vivos), que en el grupo de control donde hubo 12 fallecidos y 24 vivos x2 = 0,18. En la tabla 2 se evidencia que existe diferencia entre los grupos según las complicaciones aparecidas. Fue marcada la diferencia entre los grupos en relación a la cantidad de pacientes con diarreas. La incidencia fue mayor tanto en el subgrupo de vivos(8) como en el de fallecidos(3) del grupo control. Por otro lado la hiperglucemia fue mucho mayor en el grupo de estudio(11) y sin embargo, no hubo impacto en la mortalidad x2 = 0,03. En la tabla 3 se evidencia una fuerte evidencia que relaciona al estado nutricional deficiente con una peor evolución. Entre los fallecidos solo 1 tenía un estado nutricional catalogado como desnutrido ligero, sin embargo entre los 22 fallecidos 14 presentaron desnutrición severa. Conclusiones: el estado nutricional al ingreso impacta negativamente en la mortalidad a corto plazo y la estrategia nutricional mixta precoz no reduce ese aspecto sin embargo si reduce el número de complicaciones aunque se asoció a mayor incidencia de hiperglucemia sin impactar en la mortalidad (AU).


SUMMARY Introduction: nutrition has a capital importance in the evolution of in-patients. Malnutrition prevalence ranges from 30 % to 60 % of the admitted patients. Objective: to evaluate the impact on mortality and the short time complications of the precocious nutritional intervention. Material and Method: a case control study was carried out with all patients who entered the Emergency Intensive Care Unit with the diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia associated to malnutrition in the Military Hospital "Dr, Carlos J. Finlay" from November 2017 to May 2018. Results: the average age was 80.73 ± 9.01 years. 46 % were female patients. Global mortality was 26 %. 69 % of patients had complications. The group of study showed a higher survival (7 deads and 29 survivors) than the control one where there were 12 deads and 24 survivors (2=0.18). Table 2 shows that there are differences between groups according to the complications found. The difference between groups was remarkable in relation to the quantity of patients with diarrhea. The incidence was higher both in the group of survivors(8) and in the group of dead peoples(3) of the control group. On the other hand, hyperglycemia was much higher in the group of study(11) but without striking on mortality (2= 0.03). Table 3 shows strong evidence relating deficient nutritional status to a worth evolution. Among the deceased patients only 1 had a nutritional status classified as slightly malnutrition, but among the 22 deceased, 14 had severe malnutrition. Conclusions: the nutritional status at admission negatively strikes on short term mortality, and mixed precocious nutritional strategy does not reduce that aspect. However it does reduce the number of complications, though it was associated to a higher incidence of hyperglycemia without striking on mortality (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Pneumonia/complications , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Early Medical Intervention , Pneumonia/mortality , Nutrition Programs , Malnutrition/etiology , Malnutrition/mortality , Malnutrition/therapy
12.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 155(3): 229-235, may.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286496

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La bioimpedancia eléctrica multifrecuencia (BIE) evalúa con precisión la composición corporal. Objetivo: Investigar el estado nutricional y su relación con el índice de masa corporal (IMC) o el ángulo fase obtenido por BIE en pacientes con enfermedad renal terminal (ERT) en hemodiálisis. Método: En 99 pacientes en hemodiálisis (43.6 ± 17.2 años, 58.8 % varones) se evaluó IMC, BIE y puntuación de desnutrición (DMS, Dialysis Malnutrition Score). La independencia de las asociaciones del IMC y el ángulo fase con el DMS se determinó con regresión lineal múltiple. Resultados: El riesgo de desnutrición (DMS > 13) se incrementó gradualmente entre los sujetos con IMC y ángulo fase normales (44.4 %), IMC bajo (45.8 %), ángulo fase bajo (64.0 %) y en aquellos con ambos parámetros anormales (68.0 %). El ángulo fase fue la única variable asociada independientemente con el estado nutricional de los pacientes (coeficiente beta estandarizado −0.372, p < 0.001), lo que explicó 13.8 % de la variación en el DMS. Conclusiones: El ángulo fase se asocia inversa e independientemente con el riesgo de desnutrición en pacientes con ERT, lo que sugiere que la composición corporal evaluada por BIE pudiera ser mejor que el IMC en la valoración clínica de pacientes con esta enfermedad.


Abstract Introduction: Multi-frequency bio-impedance analysis (BIA) accurately evaluates body composition. Objective: To assess nutritional status and its relationship with body mass index (BMI) or with BIA-obtained phase angle in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis. Method: BMI, BIA and dialysis malnutrition score (DMS) were assessed in 99 patients on hemodialysis (43.6 ± 17.2 years of age, 58.8% males). Multivariate linear regression analysis was used to determine BMI and phase angle independent associations with DMS. Results: Malnutrition risk (DMS > 13) showed a gradual increase among patients with normal BMI and phase angle (44.4%), low BMI (45.8%), low phase angle (64.0%), and in those with both parameters at abnormal ranges (68.0%). The phase angle was the only variable that was independently associated with patient nutritional status (standardized coefficient beta −0.372, p < 0.001), accounting for 13.8% of DMS variation. Conclusion: Phase angle is inversely and independently associated with malnutrition risk in patients with ESRD, which suggests that BIA-assessed body composition might be better than BMI in the clinical assessment of patients with ESRD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Renal Dialysis/methods , Electric Impedance , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Body Composition , Body Mass Index , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Malnutrition/etiology
13.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1046596

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O diagnóstico precoce do risco nutricional pode melhorar o prognóstico dos pacientes onco-hematológicos. Objetivo:Descrever o estado nutricional nos pacientes onco-hematológicos e avaliar os fatores associados ao risco nutricional nos pacientes onco-hematológicos de um hospital universitário terciário de Fortaleza - Ceará. Método: Estudo transversal que incluiu 127 pacientes adultos internados. Os dados de diagnóstico clínico e demográficos foram coletados por meio da análise de prontuários. O estado nutricional foi avaliado pelo índice de massa corporal (IMC), circunferência braquial (CB) e pela aplicação da ferramenta de triagem de risco nutricional - NRS-2002. Resultados: Pelos diferentes parâmetros, houve divergências no estado nutricional. A maioria da amostra apresentava risco nutricional de acordo com a avaliação da NRS-2002 (70,1%; n=89), seguida pela CB (33,9%; n=43) e pelo IMC (8,7%; n=11). Houve correlação positiva significativa entre IMC e idade [r=0,313, p<0,001] e CB [r=0,846, p<0,001], e associação significativa entre NRS-2002≥3 e IMC<18,5 kg/m² (p=0,023); NRS-2002 ≥3 e CB classificada como desnutrição (p=0,001); IMC<18,5kg/m² e CB classificada como desnutrição; e residir em zona urbana e apresentar CB adequada (p=0,023). Conclusão: Este estudo revelou alta prevalência de risco nutricional, bem como uma associação significativa entre risco nutricional e baixos valores de IMC e CB, e residir em zona rural. Assim, há a necessidade de utilizar uma combinação de indicadores, a fim de diagnosticar, de forma mais precisa e precoce, o estado nutricional desses pacientes.


Introduction: Early diagnosis of nutritional risk may improve the prognosis of oncohaematological patients. Objective: To describe the nutritional status and to evaluate the nutritional risk factors in oncohaematological patients of a tertiary university hospital in Fortaleza, Ceará. Method: This cross-sectional study included 127 patients hospitalized. Clinical and demographic diagnostic data were selected through chart analysis. The nutritional status was elaborated by body mass index (BMI), arm circumference (AC) and by the application of the nutritional risk screening (NRS-2002). Results:Due to the different parameters, there were differences in nutritional status. The majority of the presentation criteria were NRS-2002 70.1% (n=89), followed by the AC 33.9% (n=43) and the BMI 8.7% (n=11). There was a significant positive correlation between BMI and age [r=0.313, p<0.001] and AC [r=0.846, p<0.001]. There was a significant association between NRS-2002≥3 and BMI<18.5 kg/m² (p=0.023); NRS-2002≥3 and AC classified as malnutrition (p=0.001); BMI<18.5 kg/m² and AC classified as malnutrition; and reside in urban areas and present adequate AC (p=0.023). Conclusion: This study revealed a high prevalence of nutritional risk, as well as a significant association between nutritional risk and low BMI, AC and to reside in rural areas. Thus, there is a need to use a combination of indicators to diagnose the nutritional status of these patients in a more precise and early manner.


Introducción: El diagnóstico precoz del riesgo nutricional puede mejorar el pronóstico de los pacientes onco-hematológicos. Objetivo: Describir el estado nutricional en los pacientes onco-hematológicos y evaluar los factores asociados al riesgo nutricional en los pacientes onco-hematológicos de un Hospital Universitario Terciario de Fortaleza - Ceará. Método: Estudio transversal que incluyó a 127 pacientes adultos internados. Los datos de diagnóstico clínico y demográfico fueron recolectados a través de análisis de prontuarios. El estado nutricional fue evaluado por el índice de masa corporal (IMC), circunferencia braquial (CB) y por la aplicación de la herramienta de clasificación de riesgo nutricional - NRS-2002. Resultados: Diferentes parámetros, hubo divergencias en el estado nutricional. La mayoría de la muestra presentaba riesgo nutricional de acuerdo con la evaluación de la NRS-2002 70,1% (n=89), seguida por la CB 33,9% (n=43) y por IMC 8,7% (n=11). Se observó una correlación positiva significativa entre el IMC y la edad [r=0,313, p<0,001] y CB [r=0,846, p<0,001]. Se observó una asociación significativa NRS-2002≥3, e IMC<18,5 kg/m² (p=0,023) y CB desnutrida (p=0,001). Hubo asociación significativa entre IMC<18,5kg/m² y CB desnutrida (p=0,001), y entre residir en zona urbana y presentar CB adecuado (p=0,023). Conclusión: Alta prevalencia de riesgo nutricional, así como una asociación significativa entre riesgo nutricional y bajos valores de IMC y CB, y residir en zonas rurales. Hay la necesidad de utilizar una combinación de indicadores para diagnosticar de forma más precisa y precoz el estado nutricional de estos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Hematologic Neoplasms/diet therapy , Mid-Upper Arm Circumference , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Malnutrition/etiology
14.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 22(4): 395-399, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975602

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Critical weight loss is defined as an unintentional weight loss of ≥ 5% at 1 month or ≥ 10% at 6 months from the start of treatment. Critical weight loss leads to deterioration of the immune function and reduced tolerance to treatment (surgery ± radiochemotherapy) as well as increased complication rates. Objective Critical weight loss, defined as a weight loss of ≥ 5% after 1 month or ≥ 10% after 6 months from the start of treatment, is not uncommon in head and neck cancer patients. We aimed to assess the factors associated with critical weight loss during the treatment of oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma patients. Methods A retrospective cohort study was performed at the Aga Khan University Hospital, in Karachi, Pakistan, on 125 patients. Patients receiving adjuvant therapy were considered exposed, and the outcome was critical weight loss. Results The mean age of presentation was 46.9 ± 12.8 years in patients undergoing surgery and adjuvant therapy, with 119 (79.3%) of them being male and 31 (20.7%) female. One hundred and twelve patients (81.3%) developed critical weight loss at 6 months from the start of treatment, and the only significant variable associated with critical weight loss was the stage of the disease (p= 0.03). Conclusion A large proportion of patients with oral cancer developed critical weight loss requiring a need for intervention. The overall stage of the disease is a significant predictor of critical weight loss in patients undergoing treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Mouth Neoplasms/complications , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/complications , Weight Loss , Neck Dissection , Mouth Neoplasms/therapy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Enteral Nutrition , Malnutrition/etiology , Diet , Chemoradiotherapy, Adjuvant
15.
Salud colect ; 14(3): 597-606, jul.-sep. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-979102

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El objetivo fue evaluar y comparar el estado nutricional en poblaciones infanto-juveniles residentes en cuatro partidos de la provincia de Buenos Aires y observar si existen diferencias vinculadas a los contextos ambientales y socioeconómicos particulares, en el marco de la transición nutricional. Entre los ciclos lectivos 2008-2012, se relevó el peso y la talla y se calculó el índice de masa corporal de 7.873 escolares, entre 4 y 12 años de edad, residentes en los partidos de La Plata, Brandsen, Magdalena y Punta Indio. La información acerca del contexto de residencia se obtuvo mediante encuesta estructurada y autoadministrada. Alrededor del 40% de los escolares presentó malnutrición, y prevalecieron el sobrepeso en La Plata, la obesidad en Punta Indio y la desnutrición en Magdalena. El estado nutricional se vinculó con las condiciones socioambientales de residencia y dio cuenta de que estas poblaciones se ubican en distintas etapas del proceso de transición nutricional.


ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the nutritional status of child populations living in four counties of the province of Buenos Aires to observe differences related to particular environmental and socioeconomic contexts in the framework of the nutrition transition. During the school years corresponding to the 2008-2012 period, weight and height were measured and body mass index was calculated for 7,873 school children between the ages of 4 and 12 years from the counties of La Plata, Brandsen, Magdalena and Punta Indio. Information about the contexts of residence was obtained using self-administered structured surveys. About 40% of schoolchildren presented malnutrition, with a prevalence of overweight in La Plata, obesity in Punta Indio and undernutrition in Magdalena. The nutritional status of the study populations was associated with the socioenvironmental conditions of residence, indicating that these populations are at different stages of the nutrition transition process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Nutritional Status , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Pediatric Obesity/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Malnutrition/etiology , Pediatric Obesity/diagnosis , Pediatric Obesity/etiology
16.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(9): 845-852, Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976865

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND One of the most important factors affecting the quality of life of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients is nutrition. Prevention of malnutrition increases patients' quality and length of life. In this study, we aimed to determine the frequency of malnutrition, quality of life, and the relationship between them in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). METHOD The study was conducted with a total of 60 CKD patients including 50 haemodialysis patients and 10 peritoneal dialysis patients. Patients' data associated with socio-demographics, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, triceps skin-fold thickness (TSFT), pre-dialysis systolic and diastolic blood pressure, Kt/V and urea reduction ratio (URR) values, laboratory parameters, Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) and European Quality of Life 5-Dimensions (EQ5D) scale were recorded. FINDINGS Of the total 60 patients; 27 were male (45%), 33 were female (55%), 83.3% were receiving haemodialysis treatment (HD), and 16.7% were receiving peritoneal dialysis treatment (PD). The mean MNA-SF score was 10.4 ± 2.8 in the HD group and 10.5 ± 2.9 in the PD group; there was no difference between the scores of the HD and PD groups. The mean EQ5D score was 0.60 ± 0.29 in the HD group and 0.68 ± 0.33 in the PD group, no significant difference was found between the HD group and the PD group. The quality of life was found lower in malnourished group (p=0.001). CONCLUSION The quality of life needs to be increased by early diagnosis and treatment of malnutrition in patients at risk.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO O estado nutricional é um dos principais determinantes da qualidade de vida de pacientes com doença renal crônica (DRC) e a prevenção da desnutrição aumenta o tempo e a qualidade de vida nessa população. O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar a prevalência de desnutrição, a qualidade de vida e a inter-relação entre esses fatores em pacientes com DRC em terapia dialítica. MÉTODOS Incluímos 60 pacientes com DRC estágio 5 sob terapia dialítica (50 pacientes em hemodiálise [HD] e 10 em diálise peritoneal [DP]). Os pacientes foram analisados com relação aos seus dados sociodemográficos, índice de massa corporal (IMC), circunferência abdominal, dobra cutânea triciptal, pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica pré-diálise, Kt/V e índice de remoção de ureia, parâmetros laboratoriais, miniavaliação nutricional (MNA) e questionário EuroQol-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D). RESULTADOS Do total de pacientes, havia 27 homens (45%) e 33 mulheres (55%), 83,3% em HD e 16,7% em DP. O MNA médio foi 10,4 ± 2,8 nos pacientes em HD e 10,5 ± 2,9 naqueles em DP, não havendo diferença significativa entre os grupos. O EQ-5D médio foi 0,60 ± 0,29 nos pacientes em HD e 0,68 ± 0,33 naqueles em DP, não havendo diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos. A qualidade de vida foi pior nos pacientes desnutridos (p=0,001). CONCLUSÃO O diagnóstico e o tratamento precoce da desnutrição são necessários para melhorar a qualidade de vida dessa população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Quality of Life , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Peritoneal Dialysis/adverse effects , Malnutrition/etiology , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors , Turkey/epidemiology , Nutrition Assessment , Anthropometry , Nutritional Status , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Middle Aged
17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(9): 837-844, Sept. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976864

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION Malnutrition-Inflammation-Atherosclerosis Syndrome is very frequent in patients with chronic kidney disease on haemodialysis. In these patients, the inflammation associated with malnutrition is observed by the Malnutrition-Inflammation Score. OBJECTIVE To analyse the relationship between malnutrition-inflammation-atherosclerosis syndrome and anthropometric and biochemical parameters of patients on haemodialysis. METHODS A cross - sectional study was performed at the Haemodialysis Clinic of the Barão de Lucena Hospital, Recife, Brazil, between July and August 2016, with patients cared at the clinic for at least six months. Patients with amputees, hospitalized, visually impaired, HIV positive, with catheters in the neck, ascites and/or oedema, and those who were unable to provide information at the time of the interview were excluded. The patients were submitted to anthropometric evaluation for the classification of the nutritional status by waist circumference, neck circumference, body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio. Nutritional status related to inflammation was measured by the Malnutrition-Inflammation Score and nutritional status assessment using biochemical indicators that used urea, creatinine and albumin. RESULTS Twenty-seven individuals of both genders, adults and elderly, aged 51.3 ± 13.3 years old participated in the study. The anthropometric evaluation showed that most of the population presented cardiovascular risk. The biochemical evaluation reported low frequencies of malnutrition. Malnutrition-Inflammation-Atherosclerosis syndrome was evidenced in 3.7% of the patients. The Malnutrition-Inflammation Score had a moderate negative correlation with body mass index, waist circumference, neck circumference, waist-to-height ratio and creatinine. CONCLUSION The correlation seen among the parameters suggests that most of the parameters evaluated can be used as an indirect indicator of malnutrition-inflammation-atherosclerosis syndrome.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO A síndrome Desnutrição-Inflamação-Aterosclerose é frequente nos pacientes com doença renal crônica em hemodiálise, acarretando perda de proteínas corporais e produção de citocinas pró-inflamatórias. OBJETIVO Verificar, entre os indicadores nutricionais estudados, aqueles que melhor se correlacionam com a síndrome Desnutrição-Inflamação-Aterosclerose em pacientes submetidos à hemodiálise. MÉTODOS O estudo foi transversal, realizado na Clínica de Hemodiálise do Hospital Barão de Lucena, no Recife (PE), entre julho e agosto de 2016, com pacientes atendidos há pelo menos seis meses. Foram excluídos pacientes amputados, internados, com deficiência visual, cateter no pescoço, HIV positivo, ascite e/ou edema e aqueles incapazes de prestar informações no momento da entrevista. Os pacientes foram submetidos à avaliação antropométrica para a classificação do estado nutricional pela circunferência da cintura, perímetro do pescoço, índice de massa corporal, relação cintura-quadril e relação cintura-estatura. O estado nutricional relacionado à inflamação foi mensurado pelo escore Desnutrição-Inflamação e a avaliação do estado nutricional pelos indicadores bioquímicos: ureia, creatinina e albumina. RESULTADOS Participaram do estudo 27 indivíduos de ambos os sexos, adultos e idosos, com idade de 51,3 ± 13,3 anos. A avaliação antropométrica mostrou que a maior parte da população apresentava risco cardiovascular. A avaliação bioquímica relatou baixas frequências de desnutrição. Foi evidenciada síndrome Desnutrição-Inflamação-Aterosclerose em 3,7% dos pacientes. O escore Desnutrição-Inflamação apresentou correlação moderada negativa com o índice de massa corporal, circunferência da cintura, perímetro do pescoço, relação cintura-estatura e creatinina. CONCLUSÃO A correlação observada entre os parâmetros sugere que a maioria dos parâmetros avaliados pode ser utilizada como indicador indireto da síndrome Desnutrição-Inflamação-Aterosclerose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Malnutrition/etiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Atherosclerosis/etiology , Inflammation/etiology , Reference Values , Syndrome , Time Factors , Urea/blood , Serum Albumin/analysis , Anthropometry , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Renal Dialysis/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Creatinine/blood , Life Style , Middle Aged
19.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 89(1): 24-31, feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-900065

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: La desnutrición es frecuente en niños con cardiopatía congénita (CC). El manejo mé dico e intervenciones cardioquirúrgicas contribuyen a mejorar el estado nutricional en estos niños. Objetivo: Describir la recuperación nutricional posterior a cirugía de CC y sus factores asociados. Pacientes y Método: Estudio longitudinal. Se reclutaron 46 sujetos menores de 18 años ingresados para cirugía de CC entre abril de 2015 y abril de 2016. Se incluyeron las siguientes CC: comunica ción interventricular (CIV), comunicación interauricular (CIA), hipoplasia de ventrículo izquierdo (HVI), Tetralogía de Fallot (TOF) y transposición de grandes arterias (dTGA). Se excluyeron los síndromes genéticos y pacientes con otra enfermedad con compromiso nutricional. Se obtuvo al ingreso y los meses 1, 3 y 6 postquirúrgico los datos demográficos, de su CC, uso de sonda naso- gástrica (SNG), control nutricional, peso y talla. Los valores Z de indicadores antropométricos se calcularon según estándares de la OMS. Resultados: La mediana de edad de los pacientes reclutados fue de 8 meses (RIC 3,26); 24 (52%) varones; 6 (13%) prematuros y 12 (26,1%) pequeños para edad gestacional (PEG). Las CC fueron: 9 (19,6%) CIV; 8 (17,4%) CIA; 12 (26,1%) HVI; 9 (19,6%) TOF y 8 (17,4%) dTGA. ZP/T-IMC/E promedio -0,6 (± 1,5DE), 28,3% malnutrición por déficit. ZT/E promedio -0,86 (± 1,3 DE), 21,7% talla baja. Se encontraron diferencias según CC para edad, uso de SNG y tener control nutricional. Hubo una mejoría de ZT/E entre ingreso y tercer mes (p = 0,02) y de ZP/T-IMC/E al tercer (p = 0,046) y sexto mes (p = 0,001). Se disminuyó el uso de SNG, 19 al ingreso y 3 al sexto mes (p = 0,0016). Se encontró una correlación entre ZP/T-IMC/E de ingreso y una recuperación nutricional (r = -0,7; p < 0,001). Conclusiones: En este estudio se encontró una alta prevalencia de prematurez, PEG, malnutrición por déficit y talla baja, con recuperación de peso, pero no de talla post cardiocirugía.


Abstract: Introduction: Malnutrition is common in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). Medical treatment and surgical interventions contribute improving the nutritional status of these children. Objective: To describe nutritional recovery in children with CHD and associated factors after surgery. Patients and Method: Longitudinal study. 46 Children under 18 years old admitted for CHD surgery between April 2015 and April 2016 were recruited. The following CHD were included: Ventricular septal defect (VSD), Atrial septal defect (ASD), Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), and Transposition of great arteries (dTGA). Children with genetic syndromes and other diseases that could compromise nutritional status were excluded. We obtained demographic, CHD, nasogastric tube use (NGT), nutritional evaluation, and weight and height data at the time of admission and one, three and six months after surgery and. Z-score to assess anthropometric measu res were calculated according to WHO standards. Results: Median age was 8 months (IQR: 3,26), 24 (52%) male, 6 (13%) preterm and 12 (26,1%) small for gestational age (SGA). CHD diagnosis were: 9 (19,6%) VSD, 8 (17,4%) ASD, 12 (26,1%) HLHS, 9 (19,6%) TOF and 8 (17,4%) dTGA. The mean weight-for-heigth-BMI-for-age-z-score (W/H-BMI/AZ) was 0,6 ± 1,5 SD, (28.3% of undernutri tion). The mean heigth-for-age-z-score (H/AZ) was -0,86 ± 1.3sd (21.7% of short stature). We found differences between each CHD and age, use of NGT and been under nutritional follow-up. There was an improvement between H/AZ at admission and 3rd month (p = 0,02), and W/H-BMI/AZ at 3th (p = 0,046) and 6th month (p = 0,001). Use of NGT decreased from admission to 6th month (19 vs 3) (p = 0,0016). We found correlation between admission W/H-BMI/AZ and nutritional recovery (r = -0,7; p < 0,001). Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of prematurity, SGA, undernutrition and short stature use of with weight recovery but not in heigth after cardio-surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Malnutrition/etiology , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Treatment Outcome , Malnutrition/diagnosis , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Heart Defects, Congenital/complications
20.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 31(4): e1407, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973366

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background : Roux-en-Y gastric bypass patients can experience changes in calcium metabolism and hyperparathyroidism secondary to vitamin D deficiency. Aim : To evaluate nutritional deficiencies related to the calcium metabolism of patients undergoing gastric bypass with a 10-year follow-up. Method : This is a longitudinal retrospective study of patients submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass at a multidisciplinary clinic located in the Brazilian southeast region. The study investigated the results of the following biochemical tests: serum calcium, ionized calcium, vitamin D, and parathormone (PTH). The generalized estimating equations (GEE) determined the nutritional deficiencies using a significance level of 5%. Results : Among the patients who finished the study (120 months), 82.86% (n=29) had vitamin D deficiency, and 41.94% (n=13) had high PTH. Postoperative time had a significant effect on PTH (p=0.0059). The percentages of patients with vitamin D, serum calcium, and ionized calcium deficiencies did not change significantly over time. Conclusion : One of the outcomes was vitamin D deficiency associated with secondary hyperparathyroidism. These findings reaffirm the importance of monitoring the bone metabolism of patients submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. HEADINGS: Calcium deficiency. Vitamin D deficiency. Secondary hyperparathyroidism.


Resumo Racional: Pacientes submetidos ao bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux, podem apresentar alterações do metabolismo do cálcio e hiperparatireoidismo secundário à deficiência de vitamina D. Objetivo: Avaliar as deficiências nutricionais relacionadas ao metabolismo do cálcio de pacientes submetidos à bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux, com seguimento de 10 anos. Método: Um estudo retrospectivo longitudinal foi conduzido com pacientes submetidos à bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux, em uma Clínica Multidisciplinar no Sudeste do Brasil. Investigou-se a frequência do acompanhamento médico e nutricional e os exames bioquímicos de cálcio sérico, cálcio iônico, vitamina D e paratormônio (PTH). Para a análise das deficiências nutricionais, foram utilizadas as Equações de Estimativas Generalizadas (EEG), com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Dos pacientes que permaneceram no estudo até o final (120 meses), 82,86% (29), apresentaram níveis de deficiência de vitamina D e 41,94% (13) apresentaram PTH elevado. O efeito do tempo foi significativo para o PTH (p=0,0059). Para a vitamina D, cálcio sérico e cálcio iônico, o percentual de deficiência manteve-se constante ao longo do tempo, sem diferença significativa entre os tempos. Conclusão: A deficiência de vitamina D, associada ao hiperparatireoidismo secundário, foi um desfecho encontrado. Tais achados reafirmam a importância do cuidado com o metabolismo ósseo, em pacientes submetidos à bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux.


Subject(s)
Humans , Parathyroid Hormone/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/etiology , Gastric Bypass/adverse effects , Calcium/blood , Malnutrition/etiology , Hyperparathyroidism/etiology , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period , Time Factors , Vitamin D Deficiency/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Malnutrition/blood , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Hyperparathyroidism/blood , Hyperparathyroidism/epidemiology
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