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National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 926-933, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880294


Objective@#To investigate the relationship of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) from 900 MHz cellphone frequency with testicular oxidative damage and its influence on the Prdx2 protein expression in the rat testis, and to explore the mechanism of Guilingji Capsules (GC) alleviating oxidative damage to the testis tissue.@*METHODS@#Fifty healthy SD male rats were randomly divided into five groups of equal number, sham-EMR, 4-h EMR, 8-h EMR, 4-h EMR+GC and 8-h EMR+GC and exposed to 900 MHz EMR (370 μW/cm2) for 0, 4 or 8 hours daily for 15 successive days. The rats of the latter two groups were treated intragastrically with GC suspension and those of the first three groups with pure water after exposure to EMR each day. After 15 days of exposure and treatment, all the rats were sacrificed and their testis tissue collected for observation of the histomorphological and ultrastructural changes by HE staining and transmission electron microscopy, measurement of the levels of serum glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) with thiobarbiuric acid and determination of the Prdx2 protein expression by immunohistochemistry and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the rats in the sham-EMR group, those in the 4-h and 8-h EMR groups showed different degrees of histomorphological and ultrastructural changes in the testis tissue, significantly decreased levels of GSH ([80.62 ± 10.99] vs [69.58 ± 4.18] and [66.17 ± 8.45] mg/L, P < 0.05) and SOD ([172.29 ± 10.98] vs [158.92 ± 6.46] and [148.91 ± 8.60] U/ml, P < 0.05) and increased level of MDA ([7.51 ± 1.73] vs [9.84 ± 1.03] and [11.22 ± 2.13] umol/ml, P < 0.05), even more significantly in the 8-h than in the 4-h EMR group (P < 0.05). In comparison with the sham-EMR group, the expression of the Prdx2 protein was markedly downregulated in the 4-h and 8-h EMR groups (0.56 ± 0.03 vs 0.49 ± 0.03, 0.21 ± 0.01, P < 0.05), but again upregulated in the 4-h and 8-h EMR+GC groups (0.55±0.03 and 0.37±0.04) (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Electromagnetic radiation from cellphones can cause ultrastructural damage to the testis tissue of male rats, while Guilingji Capsules can alleviate it, presumably by upregulating the Prdx2 protein expression in the testis tissue and reducing testicular oxidative damage.

Animals , Capsules , Cell Phone , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Electromagnetic Radiation , Glutathione/blood , Male , Malondialdehyde/blood , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Oxidative Stress , Peroxiredoxins/metabolism , Radiation Injuries, Experimental/drug therapy , Rats , Superoxide Dismutase/blood , Testis/pathology , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20200059, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132201


Abstract Hypoxia occurs in the splanchnic region during exercise associated with sympathetic activity. In the elderly, vascular insufficiency and low vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression are observed. Compared to young people, sympathetic signals of older individuals are blunted and more resistant to splanchnic blood flow alterations during exercise. VEGF induces vasodilation responses and hence may retain blood in the splanchnic vascular bed. We hypothesized that regular mild-intensity exercise triggers weak VEGF expression in the digestive tract of the elderly. The effects of exercise on the levels of VEGF, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), malondialdehyde (MDA) and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) in the stomach, jejunum, ileum and colon tissues were evaluated. With exercise, the VEGF levels in the stomach and colon increased. Although the SOD, GPx, and MDA levels decreased in the stomach, they increased in the colon. T-AOC increased in the stomach and there was no change in the jejunum, ileum and colon. The hypoperfusion during exercise was not equal in all regions of the gastrointestinal tract in the aged subjects. Hypoxia and other exercise-related mechanisms could have led to this VEGF induction. The stomach, jejunum, and ileum might have developed resistance to ischemia. The induction of VEGF may be beneficial in aging-associated impaired gastrointestinal homeostasis and neovascularization.

Animals , Male , Rats , Superoxide Dismutase/blood , Exercise/physiology , Gastrointestinal Tract/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors/metabolism , Glutathione Peroxidase/blood , Malondialdehyde/blood , Vasodilation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Exercise Test
J. bras. pneumol ; 46(2): e20180406, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090800


RESUMO Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar os efeitos agudos e crônicos da vareniclina no tecido pulmonar em um estudo experimental. Métodos Um total de 34 ratos foi alocado aleatoriamente em grupos de estudo (vareniclina) e controle. Assim, os ratos foram divididos em dois grupos: (i) grupo controle e (ii) grupo vareniclina. A seguir, os ratos de cada grupo foram, por sua vez, subdivididos igualmente em agudos (C1; V1) e crônicos (C2; V2), e todos os ratos dos grupos agudos e crônicos foram sacrificados sob anestesia: no 45.º dia, para o grupo agudo [C1 (n=5) e V1 (n=12)], e no 90.º dia, para o grupo crônico [C2 (n=5) e V2 (n=12)], respectivamente. Em seguida, foram realizadas análises bioquímicas e histopatológicas. Resultados Trinta e quatro ratos completaram o estudo. Destes ratos, 24 estavam no grupo vareniclina e 10 no grupo controle. Na exposição crônica à vareniclina, os níveis de oxidante composto por malondialdeído (MDA) e mieloperoxidase (MPO) aumentaram, e os níveis de superóxido dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutationa (GSH) e glutationa peroxidase (GPx), nomeados como antioxidantes, diminuiram significativamente quando comparados com o grupo controle. Os níveis de MDA e MPO também foram significativamente mais elevados e os níveis de SOD, CAT, GPx e GSH foram significativamente mais baixos no grupo vareniclina crônico, quando comparado ao grupo vareniclina agudo. Estes achados também foram confirmados por observações histopatológicas. Conclusões Este é o primeiro estudo que avaliou os efeitos pulmonares da vareniclina experimentalmente em um modelo animal. Observamos que o tratamento crônico da vareniclina causa inflamação e lesão pulmonar.

ABSTRACT Objective This study aimed to investigate acute and chronic effects of varenicline on lung tissue in an experimental study. Methods A total of 34 rats were randomly allocated into study (varenicline) and control groups. The rats were divided into two groups (i) control group, (ii) varenicline group. Then, the rats in the each group were sub-divided equally in turn as acute (C1; V1) and chronic (C2; V2) ; all rats of acute and chronic groups were sacrificed under the anesthesia on the 45th day for acute group [C1 (n=5) and V1 (n=12)] and the 90th day for chronic group [C2 (n=5) and V2 (n=12)], respectively. Thus, biochemical and histopathological analysis were carried out. Results Thirty four rats completed the study, 24 were in varenicline group and 10 were in control group. In chronic exposure to varenicline, oxidant levels comprising of malondialdehyde (MDA), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) increased and superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) levels, named as antioxidants, decreased significantly when compared to the control group. MDA and MPO levels were also significantly higher and SOD, CAT, GPx, GSH levels were also significantly lower in chronic varenicline group when compared to acute varenicline group. These findings were also supported by histopathological observations. Conclusion This is the first study, which evaluated pulmonary effects of varenicline experimentally on an animal model. It was observed that chronic varenicline treatments cause inflammation and lung cell injury.

Animals , Rats , Superoxide Dismutase/blood , Varenicline/pharmacology , Lung/drug effects , Catalase/blood , Oxidative Stress , Glutathione , Glutathione Peroxidase , Malondialdehyde/blood
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4039, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056073


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the oxidative profile, nutritional status and food intake (caloric value; macronutrients; vitamins A, E and C; and zinc), and to correlate oxidative stress with nutritional status in patients who were candidates for liver transplant. Methods This is a cross-sectional, analytical, and descriptive study with 51 candidates for liver transplant. Sociodemographic and clinical data, anthropometric parameters, food consumption, and a 10mL blood sample were collected from each patient. Oxidative stress was analyzed by the thiobarbituric acid method. The consumption of macronutrients, caloric value and micronutrients (zinc, vitamins A, E and C) were qualitatively analyzed, and zinc was also quantitatively analyzed. Results The mean age was 49.17±8.17 years. The highest percentage of malnutrition was according to arm muscle circumference (56.86%), followed by arm circumference (52.94%), triceps skin fold (50.98%), and body mass index (1.96%). The mean malondialdehyde level was 14.80±8.72μM/L, presenting a negative correlation with the body mass index for patients with liver cirrhosis according to IMC-Campillo values (p=0.001; r=-0.430). Low energy, carbohydrate, protein, vitamin A and E consumption were observed in more than 50% of subjects. Conclusion This study showed an association of nutritional status through body mass index for patients with liver cirrhosis according to IMC-Campillo, with oxidative stress in patients with liver cirrhosis on a liver transplant waiting list.

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o perfil oxidativo, o estado nutricional e o consumo alimentar (valor calórico; macronutrientes; vitaminas A, E e C; e zinco), e correlacionar o estresse oxidativo com o estado nutricional em pacientes candidatos ao transplante hepático. Métodos Trata-se de estudo transversal, analítico e descritivo com 51 pacientes candidatos ao transplante hepático. Coletaram-se dados sociodemográficos e clínicos, parâmetros antropométricos, consumo alimentar e amostra de 10mL de sangue de cada paciente. O estresse oxidativo foi analisado por método do ácido tiobarbitúrico. O consumo de macronutrientes, do valor calórico e dos micronutrientes (zinco, vitaminas A, E e C) foi analisado qualitativamente, e o zinco também foi analisado quantitativamente. Resultados A média de idade foi de 49,17±8,17 anos. Maior percentual de desnutrição esteve de acordo com circunferência muscular do braço (56,86%), seguida de circunferência do braço (52,94%), dobra cutânea triciptal (50,98%) e índice de massa corporal (1,96%). A média do malondialdeído foi de 14,80±8,72µM/L, apresentando correlação negativa com os valores do índice de massa corporal para pacientes com cirrose hepática segundo IMC-Campillo (p=0,001; r=-0,430). Observou-se baixo consumo de energia, carboidrato, proteína, e vitaminas A e E em mais de 50% dos indivíduos. Conclusão Este estudo mostrou associação do estado nutricional, por meio do índice de massa corporal para pacientes com cirrose hepática segundo IMC-Campillo, com o estresse oxidativo em paciente com cirrose hepática em lista de transplante de fígado.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Nutritional Status/physiology , Liver Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Oxidative Stress/physiology , End Stage Liver Disease/metabolism , Transplant Recipients/statistics & numerical data , Reference Values , Energy Intake , Nutrition Assessment , Anthropometry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Educational Status , Feeding Behavior/physiology , End Stage Liver Disease/surgery , Malondialdehyde/blood , Middle Aged
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(12): 881-887, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055207


ABSTRACT Induction of long-term potentiation (LTP) increases the storage capacity of synapses in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG). Irisin is a myokine generated from FNDC5 (a gene precursor) during exercise. Although intra-cornu ammonis 1 administration of irisin fortifies LTP in mice with Alzheimer's disease, the effects of intra-DG injection of irisin on the LTP in rats remains to be elucidated in vivo. In this study, male Wistar rats were randomly divided into a control group (saline), irisin (0.5, 1, and 1.5 μg/rat), and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). After treatment, the population spike (PS) amplitude and slope of excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSP) were measured in the DG of rats in vivo. Moreover, following completion of the experiments, the stimulating and recording sites in the hippocampus were confirmed histologically from brain sections. Furthermore, biochemical assays like malondialdehyde (MDA), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and total oxidant status (TOS) were evaluated (the antioxidant markers were analyzed in the plasma). Our results suggest that all doses of irisin (0.5, 1, 1.5 μg/rat) caused an increase in the EPSP slope and PS amplitude when compared with the control group. In addition, the results obtained showed that irisin decreased TOS and MDA levels while increasing TAC levels as a marker of lipid peroxidation in plasma. The present report provides direct evidence that irisin affects the activity-dependent synaptic plasticity in the dentate gyrus.

RESUMO A indução de potenciação de longo prazo (LTP) aumenta a capacidade de armazenamento das sinapses no giro denteado (DG) do hipocampo. A irisina é uma miocina gerada a partir do FNDC5 (um precursor genético) durante o exercício. Embora a administração intra-Cornu Ammonis1 de irisina fortaleça a LTP em camundongos com doença de Alzheimer, os efeitos da injeção intra-denteada de irisina sobre a LTP em ratos ainda precisam ser elucidados in vivo. Neste estudo, ratos Wistar machos foram divididos aleatoriamente em um grupo controle (solução salina), irisina (0,5, 1 e 1,5 μg / rato) e dimetilsulfóxido (DMSO). Após o tratamento, a amplitude do pico populacional (PS) e a variação dos potenciais pós-sinápticos excitatórios (EPSP) foram medidos no DG de ratos in vivo. Além disso, após a conclusão das experiências, os locais de estimulação e registro no hipocampo foram confirmados histologicamente a partir de secções do cérebro. Adicionalmente, ensaios bioquímicos como malondialdeído (MDA), capacidade antioxidante total (TAC) e status oxidante total (TOS) foram avaliados (os marcadores antioxidantes foram analisados no plasma). Nossos resultados sugerem que todas as doses de irisina (0,5, 1, 1,5 μg / rato) causaram um aumento na variação da EPSP e na amplitude da PS quando comparadas com o grupo controle. Além disso, os resultados obtidos mostraram que a irisina diminuiu os níveis de TOS e MDA, enquanto aumentou os níveis de TAC como um marcador da peroxidação lipídica no plasma. O presente estudo fornece evidências diretas de que a irisina afeta a plasticidade sináptica dependente de atividade no DG.

Animals , Male , Neuropeptides/administration & dosage , Fibronectins/administration & dosage , Long-Term Potentiation/drug effects , Dentate Gyrus/drug effects , Microinjections/methods , Reference Values , Time Factors , Lipid Peroxidation , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/analysis , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/drug effects , Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials/drug effects , Malondialdehyde/blood , Antioxidants/analysis
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(5): 561-566, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054858


Abstract Background Rubeosis faciei diabeticorum is a persistent facial erythema in patients with diabetes mellitus. The actual pathogenesis has not been studied. However, it is speculated to be a cutaneous diabetic microangiopathy. Objective Examine the correlation between the severity of facial erythema and the possible causes of microvascular diabetic complications, namely oxidative stress, hyperglycemia, and cutaneous accumulation of advanced glycation end-products . Methods Patients diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (n = 32) were enrolled in the study. The facial erythema index was measured using the Mexameter MX18; cutaneous accumulation of advanced glycation end-products was estimated by measuring skin auto fluorescence with the AGE Reader (DiagnOptics Technologies B.V. - Groningen, Netherlands). Glycated haemoglobin, total antioxidant status, and malondialdehyde were measured in blood by TBARS assay. The correlation between the selected variables was assessed by Spearman's rank test; p ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results There was a statistically significant correlation between total antioxidant status and the facial erythema index (ρ = 0.398, p = 0.024). Malondialdehyde, skin autofluorescence, glycated haemoglobin, body mass index, duration of diabetes, and age did not demonstrate statistically significant correlation with the facial erythema index. Study limitations This is an observational study. Elevation of total antioxidant status could have been caused by several factors that might have also influenced the development of rubeosis faciei, including hyperbilirubinemia and hyperuricemia. Conclusions The results contradicted expectations. Total antioxidant status correlated positively with facial erythema index; however, there was no correlation with oxidative stress and skin autofluorescence. Further investigations should be conducted to reveal the cause of total antioxidant status elevation in patients with rubeosis faciei.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Oxidative Stress , Diabetic Angiopathies/metabolism , Erythema/metabolism , Facial Dermatoses/metabolism , Reference Values , Spectrophotometry , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Body Mass Index , Statistics, Nonparametric , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/metabolism , Diabetic Angiopathies/complications , Erythema/etiology , Facial Dermatoses/etiology , Fluorescence , Malondialdehyde/blood , Antioxidants/analysis
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(4): 374-380, Apr. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001285


Abstract Background: Mercury's deleterious effects are associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Objective: To determine whether chronic exposure to inorganic mercury increases the activity of angiotensin-converting enzyme and its relationship with oxidative stress in several organs and tissues. Methods: We studied male Wistar and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) (3-month-old) exposed or not to HgCl2 for 30 days. At the end of treatment, we investigated the following: changes in body weight, hemodynamic parameters, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity and oxidative stress in the heart, aorta, lung, brain and kidney in hypertensive compared to normotensive animals. A value of p < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Chronic exposure to HgCl2 did not affect weight gain in either group. Systolic blood pressure, measured weekly, did not increase in Wistar rats but showed a small increase in SHR rats. We also observed increases in left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and ACE activity in the plasma and hearts of normotensive rats. In the SHR+Hg group, ACE activity increased in plasma but decreased in kidney, lung, heart, brain and aorta. Oxidative stress was assessed indirectly by malondialdehyde (MDA) production, which increased in Hg-treated rats in both plasma and heart. In the SHR+Hg group, MDA increased in heart and aorta and decreased in lungs and brain. Conclusion: These results suggest that chronic exposure to inorganic mercury aggravates hypertension and produces more expressive changes in ACE activity and oxidative stress in SHRs. Such exposure affects the cardiovascular system, representing a risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disorders in normotensive rats and worsening of pre-existing risks for hypertension.

Resumo Fundamento: Os efeitos deletérios do mercúrio estão associados ao risco cardiovascular aumentado. Objetivo: Determinar se a exposição crônica ao mercúrio inorgânico aumenta a atividade da enzima conversora de angiotensina e sua relação com o estresse oxidativo em vários órgãos e tecidos. Métodos: Estudamos ratos Wistar e ratos espontaneamente hipertensos (SHR) (3 meses de idade) expostos ou não a HgCl2 por 30 dias. Ao final do tratamento, investigamos: alterações de peso, parâmetros hemodinâmicos, atividade da enzima conversora de angiotensina (ECA) e estresse oxidativo no coração, aorta, pulmão, cérebro e rim de animais hipertensos comparados a animais normotensos. Um valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado significativo. Resultados: A exposição crônica ao HgCl2 não afetou o ganho de peso em nenhum dos grupos. A pressão arterial sistólica, medida semanalmente, não aumentou em ratos Wistar, mas mostrou um pequeno aumento nos ratos SHR. Também observamos aumentos na pressão diastólica final do ventrículo esquerdo e na atividade da ECA no plasma e no coração de ratos normotensos. No grupo SHR + Hg, a atividade da ECA aumentou no plasma, mas diminuiu no rim, pulmão, coração, cérebro e aorta. O estresse oxidativo foi avaliado indiretamente pela produção de MDA, que aumentou nos ratos tratados com Hg tanto no plasma quanto no coração. No grupo SHR + Hg, o MDA aumentou no coração e na aorta e diminuiu nos pulmões e no cérebro. Conclusão: Estes resultados sugerem que a exposição crônica ao mercúrio inorgânico agrava a hipertensão e produz mudanças mais expressivas na atividade da ECA e no estresse oxidativo em SHRs. Essa exposição afeta o sistema cardiovascular, representando um fator de risco para o desenvolvimento de distúrbios cardiovasculares em ratos normotensos e para piorar riscos pré-existentes para hipertensão.

Animals , Male , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Hypertension/metabolism , Mercury/toxicity , Mercury Poisoning/complications , Aorta/enzymology , Rats, Inbred SHR , Reference Values , Time Factors , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Brain/enzymology , Risk Factors , Rats, Wistar , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/analysis , Heart , Hypertension/physiopathology , Kidney/enzymology , Lung/enzymology , Malondialdehyde/blood
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(1): 39-46, Jan. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983876


ABSTRACT Objective: We investigated the protective effect of the extract of the Camellia japonica L. flower on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats. Methods: The rat ischemia-reperfusion injury was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion for 90 minutes and reperfusion for 48 hours. The animals received an intravenous injection once a day of 20, 40, 80 mg/kg extract of C. japonica for three consecutive days before the ischemia reperfusion. The learning and memory function, the infarct volume, serum malondialdehyde (MDA) level and lactate dehydrogenase activity, and extravasation of immunoglobulin G (IgG) into cerebral parenchyma were assessed as the cell damage index. Results: Pretreatment with extract of C. japonica markedly reduced the infarct volume, serum malondialdehyde level and lactate dehydrogenase activity, and markedly inhibited the extravasation of IgG. Moreover, pretreatment with extract of C. japonica may also inhibit the learning and memory deficits induced by an ischemia-reperfusion injury. Conclusion: It was concluded that pretreatment with extract of C. japonica has a protective effect on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats.

RESUMO Objetivo: Investigamos o efeito protetor do extrato da flor de Camellia japonica L. (ECJ) na lesão de reperfusão isquêmica cerebral (I/R) em ratos. Métodos: A lesão de I/R de rato foi induzida por uma oclusão da artéria cerebral média por 90 minutos e reperfusão por 48 horas. Os animais receberam uma injeção intravenosa uma vez ao dia de 20, 40, 80 mg/kg de ECJ por três dias consecutivos antes da I/R. A função de aprendizagem e memória, o volume do infarto, o nível sérico de malondialdeído (MDA), a atividade da desidrogenase láctica e o extravasamento de imunoglobulina (IgG) no parênquima cerebral foram avaliados como índices de dano celular. Resultados: O pré-tratamento com ECJ reduziu acentuadamente o volume do infarto, o nível sérico de MDA e a atividade da desidrogenase láctica, e inibiu marcadamente o extravasamento de IgG. Além disso, o pré-tratamento com ECJ também poderia inibir os déficits de aprendizado e memória induzidos pela lesão de I/R. Conclusão: O pré-tratamento com ECJ tem um efeito protetor contra lesão cerebral de I/R em ratos.

Animals , Male , Female , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Brain Ischemia/prevention & control , Neuroprotective Agents/pharmacology , Camellia/chemistry , Swimming/physiology , Time Factors , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Nimodipine/pharmacology , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Disease Models, Animal , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/analysis , Malondialdehyde/blood
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(6): 833-840, Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973814


Abstract Background: Observational studies have highlighted an association between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and cardiovascular risk factors. Despite the growing body of evidences, several studies were conducted in older individuals or in carriers of diseases susceptible to affect SUA levels and cardiometabolic risk markers. Objective: To evaluate the relationship of SUA with body adiposity, metabolic profile, oxidative stress, inflammatory biomarkers, blood pressure and endothelial function in healthy young and middle-aged adults. Methods: 149 Brazilian adults aged 20-55 years, both sexes, underwent evaluation of body adiposity, SUA, fasting glucose and insulin, lipid profile, malondialdehyde (MDA), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), adiponectin, blood pressure and endothelial function. Endothelial function was assessed by the reactive hyperemia index (RHI) derived from peripheral arterial tonometry method. Participants were allocated in two groups according to SUA levels: control group (CG; n = 130; men ≤ 7 mg/dL, women ≤ 6 mg/dL) and hyperuricemia group (HG; n = 19; men > 7 mg/dL, women > 6 mg/dL). A P-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: After adjustment for confounders, participants in HG compared with those in CG displayed higher body mass index (BMI): 34.15(33.36-37.19) vs.31.80 (26.26-34.42) kg/m2,p = 0.008, higher MDA: 4.67(4.03-5.30) vs. 3.53(3.10-4.07) ng/mL, p < 0.0001 and lower RHI: 1.68 ± 0.30 vs. 2.05 ± 0.46, p = 0.03). In correlation analysis adjusted for confounders, SUA was positively associated (p < 0.05) with BMI, waist circumference, LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides and MDA, and negatively associated (p < 0.05) with HDL-cholesterol, adiponectin and RHI. Conclusions: This study suggests that in healthy young and middle-aged adults higher SUA levels are associated with higher body adiposity, unfavorable lipid and inflammatory phenotype, higher oxidative stress and impaired endothelial function.

Resumo Fundamento: Estudos observacionais têm destacado uma associação entre níveis de ácido úrico sérico (AUS) e fatores de risco cardiovascular. Apesar do crescente conjunto de evidências, vários estudos foram realizados em indivíduos mais velhos ou em portadores de doenças passíveis de influenciar os níveis de AUS e marcadores de risco cardiometabólico. Objetivo: Avaliar a relação do AUS com adiposidade corporal, perfil metabólico, estresse oxidativo, biomarcadores de inflamação, pressão arterial e função endotelial em adultos jovens e de meia-idade saudáveis. Métodos: 149 adultos, brasileiros, com idades entre 20 e 55 anos, de ambos os sexos, foram submetidos a avaliação de adiposidade corporal, AUS, glicose e insulina de jejum, perfil lipídico, malondialdeído (MDA), proteína C-reativa ultra-sensível (PCR-us), adiponectina, pressão arterial e função endotelial. A função endotelial foi avaliada pelo índice de hiperemia reativa (RHI) derivado do método de tonometria arterial periférica. Os participantes foram divididos em dois grupos de acordo com os níveis de AUS: grupo de controle (GC; n = 130; homens ≤ 7 mg/dL, mulheres ≤ 6mg/dL) e grupo de hiperuricemia (GH; n = 19; homens > 7mg/dL, mulheres > 6mg/dL). Valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: Após ajuste para fatores de confundimento, os participantes do GH comparados aos do GC apresentaram índice de massa corporal (IMC) mais alto: 34,15 (33,36-37,19) vs. 31,80 (26,26-34,42) kg/m2, p = 0,008, MDA mais alto: 4,67(4,03-5,30) vs. 3,53(3,10-4,07) ng/mL, p < 0,0001 e RHI mais baixo: 1,68 ± 0,30 vs. 2,05 ± 0,46, p = 0,03. Na análise de correlação ajustada para fatores de confundimento, o AUS se associou positivamente (p < 0,05) com IMC, circunferência da cintura, LDL colesterol, triglicérides e MDA, e se associou negativamente (p < 0,05) com HDL colesterol, adiponectina e RHI. Conclusões: Este estudo sugere que, em adultos jovens e de meia-idade saudáveis, níveis mais altos de AUS estão associados a maior adiposidade corporal, fenótipo inflamatório e de lipídios desfavorável, maior estresse oxidativo e função endotelial comprometida.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Uric Acid/blood , Metabolic Syndrome/blood , Hyperuricemia/blood , Blood Pressure , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Diet Surveys , Cholesterol/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Oxidative Stress , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Hyperuricemia/complications , Adiposity , Hyperemia/blood , Inflammation/blood , Malondialdehyde/blood
Acta cir. bras ; 33(10): 935-944, Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973465


Abstract Purpose: To investigate the impact of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) intervention on the viscoelasticity of sciatic nerve in rats with chronic alcohol intoxication (CAI). Methods: The CAI rat models were prepared, divided into model groups, and treated with either BMSCs or basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). Then the rats underwent electrophysiological test and the serum levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and metallothionein (MT) were measured. Histological observation, stress relaxation test, and creep test were performed for the sciatic nerve of the CAI model in each group. Results: The MDA level of group BMSC was significantly lower (p<0.05) than that of groups MOD (the CIA model) and bFGF. The SOD and MT levels were higher in group BMSC than in groups MOD and bFGF (p<0.05). The motor nerve conduction velocity and amplitude were higher in group BMSC than in groups MOD and bFGF (p<0.05). The amounts of 7200s stress reduction and 7200 s strain increase of the sciatic nerve in group BMSC were greater than those in groups bFGF and MOD (p<0.05). Conclusion: Bone mesenchymal stem cells can improve the metabolism of free radicals, restore the tissue morphology and viscoelasticity of the chronic alcohol intoxication animal model, and positively affect the repairing of the injured sciatic nerve.

Animals , Male , Rats , Sciatic Nerve/physiopathology , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Alcoholic Intoxication/physiopathology , Nerve Regeneration , Sciatic Nerve/pathology , Stress, Physiological , Superoxide Dismutase/blood , Viscosity , Bone Marrow Cells , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Alcoholic Intoxication/blood , Elasticity , Malondialdehyde/blood , Metallothionein/blood
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(2): 212-215, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887198


Abstract: Background: Previous studies have shown oxidative stress in pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus, nevertheless, it remains unknown whether a similar response is characteristic of endemic pemphigus foliaceus in Peru. Objectives: To determine the oxidative stress response in endemic pemphigus foliaceus patients and subjects with positive for anti-desmoglein1 antibodies (anti-dsg1) from endemic areas of Peru. Subjects and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. The study population included 21 patients with Endemic Pemphigus foliaceus and 12 healthy subjects with anti-dsg1 antibodies from the Peruvian Amazon (Ucayali), as well as 30 healthy control subjects. Malondialdehyde, an indicator of lipid peroxidation by free radicals, was measured in serum. Results: We collected 21 cases of endemic pemphigus foliaceus, 15 of them with active chronic disease and 6 in clinical remission. Serum malondialdehyde values in patients with chronic active evolution and healthy subjects with anti-dsg1 antibodies were statistically higher than those of healthy controls (p<0.001). There was no significant difference between serum values of localized and generalized clinical forms. Study limitations: The main limitation of this present study is the small number of patients with endemic pemphigus and healthy subjects positive for desmoglein 1 antibodies. Conclusions: The increased serum levels of malondialdehyde in patients with chronic active endemic pemphigus foliaceus and healthy subjects from endemic areas with anti-dsg1 antibodies may suggest a contribution of systemic lipid peroxidation in the pathogenesis of endemic pemphigus foliaceus.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pemphigus/immunology , Pemphigus/metabolism , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Desmoglein 1/immunology , Malondialdehyde/blood , Antibodies/blood , Peru , Reference Values , Remission, Spontaneous , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Lipid Peroxidation/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Endemic Diseases , Desmoglein 1/blood
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(12): e7747, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974262


Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is a critical molecular mechanism involved in the pathogenesis of sepsis. Hence, strategies for alleviating this stress may be essential for preventing cardiovascular injuries under sepsis. Adiponectin is secreted by adipocytes and its levels are decreased in sepsis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the protective effects of adiponectin treatment on endothelial cells and its mechanism. Male Wistar rats underwent cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) before being treated with adiponectin (72 and 120 μg/kg). The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) in plasma, histological structure, and apoptosis of endothelial cells were evaluated. In vitro, human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated with adiponectin at 10 and 20 μg/mL for 24 h after stimulation by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), ultrastructure, rate of apoptosis, the expression of inositol-requiring enzyme 1α (IRE1α) protein, and its downstream molecules (78 kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78), C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), and caspase-12) were detected. The results showed that the levels of MDA and ROS induced by CLP or LPS stimulation were increased. Furthermore, endothelial cell apoptosis was increased under sepsis. The IRE1α pathway was initiated, as evidenced by activated IRE1α, increased GRP78, and up-regulated CHOP and caspase-12 in HUVECs. Following treatment with adiponectin, the number of apoptotic endothelial cells was markedly decreased. These findings demonstrated that treatment with adiponectin decreased apoptosis of endothelial cells caused by sepsis by attenuating the ER stress IRE1α pathway activated by oxidative stress.

Humans , Animals , Male , Umbilical Veins/cytology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Sepsis/pathology , Endothelial Cells/drug effects , Adiponectin/pharmacology , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress/physiology , Reference Values , Cells, Cultured , Lipopolysaccharides , Blotting, Western , Reactive Oxygen Species/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Apoptosis/physiology , Microscopy, Confocal , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Flow Cytometry , Malondialdehyde/blood
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 16(3): eAO4190, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-953185


ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the relation between oxidative stress markers, human papillomavirus infection and cervical cancer precursor lesions. Methods The study comprised women aged 14 to 60 years living in communities located by Amazon rivers in the state of Pará (Itaituba, Limoeiro do Ajuru and Bragança, 126, 68 and 43 women respectively). Papanicolau smears and polymerase chain reaction tests for human papillomavirus DNA detection were performed. Blood samples were collected to test malondialdehyde, total and oxidized glutathione levels. Results Malondialdehyde, total and oxidized glutathione concentrations did not differ significantly (p>0.05) between women with and without low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions across communities. Malondialdehyde levels (8.02nmols/mL) were almost five times higher in human papillomavirus-positive compared to human papillomavirus-negative women (1.70nmols/mL) living in Itaituba (statistically significant difference; p<0.05). Malondialdehyde levels did not differ significantly (p>0.05) between human papillomavirus-positive and human papillomavirus-negative women living in remaining communities. Significant (p<0.05) differences in total glutathione levels between human papillomavirus-positive and human papillomavirus-negative women (8.20μg/mL and 1.47μg/mL, respectively) were limited to those living in Bragança. Conclusion Malondialdehyde and total glutathione levels were significantly associated with human papillomavirus infection. However, lack of similar associations with squamous lesions suggest oxidative stress alone does not explain correlations with cervical carcinogenesis. Other factors may therefore be involved.

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a relação de marcadores de estresse oxidativo com a infecção pelo papilomavírus humano e as lesões precursoras do câncer cervical. Métodos Foram incluídas mulheres ribeirinhas da Amazônia (a saber: 126 do município de Itaituba, 68 de Limoeiro do Ajuru e 43 de Bragança), todas do Estado do Pará, de 14 a 60 anos. Foram realizados testes Papanicolau e de reação em cadeia de polimerase para a detecção de DNA do papilomavírus humano. Coleta de amostras de sangue foi realizada para a avaliação do malondialdeído e a determinação da glutationa total e oxidada. Resultados As concentrações oxidativas do malondialdeído e os teores de glutationa total e oxidada não apresentaram diferença significativa (p>0,05) nas mulheres com e sem lesão intraepitelial escamosa de baixo grau, em todas as comunidades pesquisadas. Mulheres com papilomavírus humano em Itaituba apresentaram níveis de malondialdeído (8,02nmols/mL) quase cinco vezes maior quando relacionadas àquelas sem o HPV (1,70nmols/mL), com diferença estatística significativa (p<0,05). As outras comunidades não mostraram diferença estatística significativa entre as concentrações de malondialdeído nas mulheres com e sem papilomavírus humano (p>0,05). Os teores de glutationa total mostraram diferença significativa (p<0,05) somente em Bragança naquelas com (8,20µg/mL) e sem a infecção pelo papilomavírus humano (1,47µg/mL). Conclusão Houve associação significativa da resposta oxidativa do malondialdeído e da glutationa total com a infecção pelo papilomavírus humano, porém não houve diferença quando associada à lesão escamosa, sugerindo que o estresse oxidativo isoladamente não explica a relação com a carcinogênese do colo uterino, que deve ser influenciada ainda por outros fatores.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/blood , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Glutathione Disulfide/blood , Papillomavirus Infections/blood , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Cervix/blood , Glutathione Peroxidase/blood , Malondialdehyde/blood , Papillomaviridae/isolation & purification , Reference Values , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , DNA, Viral , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/virology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Papillomavirus Infections/complications , Rivers , Papanicolaou Test , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions of the Cervix/virology , Middle Aged
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 80(4): 234-237, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888132


ABSTRACT Purpose: We evaluated dynamic thiol/disulfide homeostasis (TDH), malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, and catalase (CAT) activity in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). All analyzes were conducted on plasma samples. Methods: Thirty-two patients with AMD and 38 age-matched healthy controls were included. Native thiol, total thiol, and disulfide levels and TDH status were determined using a novel, automated assay. MDA levels and CAT activity were determined. Percentages were compared using the chi-squared test. The Student's t-test and Mann-Whitney U-test were used to compare quantitative variables. Results: Native thiol levels were significantly lower (p=0.004) in patients with AMD (272.02 ± 52.41 µmol/l) than in healthy individuals (307.82 ± 47.18 µmol/l), whereas disulfide levels were significantly higher (p<0.001) in patients with AMD than in controls (21.64 ± 5.59 vs. 14.48 ± 5.37 µmol/L). Dynamic TDH was also significantly lower (p<0.001) in patients with AMD than in controls (13.41 ± 4.3 vs. 25.41 ± 14.52 µmol/l). No significant differences were evident in total thiol or MDA levels. Mean CAT activity was significantly higher (p=0.043) in patients with AMD compared with controls (0.035 vs. 0.018 k/ml). Conclusions: The antioxidant/oxidant balance demonstrated by dynamic TDH is shifted to the oxidative side in patients with AMD.

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a homeostase dinâmica de tiol/dissulfureto e os níveis de malon dialdeído (MDA) e catalase (CAT) em pacientes com degeneração macular relacionada à idade (DMRI). Todas as análises foram realizadas em amostras de plasma. Métodos: Foram incluídos 32 pacientes com degeneração macular relacionada à idade e 38 controles saudáveis de idade similar. Os níveis de tiol, tiol total, dissulfureto e estado de homeostase de tiol/dissulfureto foram determinados utilizando um novo ensaio automatizado. Os níveis de atividade de MDA e CAT foram também determinados. As porcentagens foram comparadas pelo teste do qui-quadrado. O teste t de Student e o teste U de Mann Whitney foram utilizados para comparar variáveis quantitativas. Resultados: Os níveis de tiol nativo foram significativamente menores (p=0,004) nos pacientes com degeneração macular relacionada à idade (272,02 ± 52,41 µmol/l) do que nos indivíduos saudáveis (307,82 ± 47,18 µmol/l), enquan to os dissulfetos foram significativamente maiores em pacientes com degeneração macular relacionada à idade (21,64 ± 5,59 µmol/l versus 14,48 ± 5,37 µmol/l, respectivamente, p<0,001). A homeostase dinâmica de tiol/dissulfureto também foi significativamente menor nos pacientes com degeneração macular re la cionada à idade (13,41 ± 4,3 µmol/l) versus os controles (versus 25,41 ± 14,52 µmol/l, p<0,001). Não foram observadas diferenças significativas nos níveis de tiol total ou MDA. A atividade média de CAT foi significativamente mais elevada (p=0,043) em doentes com degeneração macular relacionada à idade (0,035 k/ml vs. 0,018 k/ml). Conclusões: O equilíbrio antioxidante/oxidante demonstrado pela homeostase dinâmica de tiol/dissulfeto é deslocado para o lado oxidativo em pacientes com de generação macular relacionada à idade.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Sulfhydryl Compounds/blood , Catalase/metabolism , Disulfides/blood , Macular Degeneration/blood , Malondialdehyde/blood , Antioxidants , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Age Factors , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Homeostasis
Journal of Medicinal Plants. 2017; 16 (Supp. 10): 134-140
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-185702


Background: Ziziphora tenuior have high levels of phenolic and flavonoid antioxidant compounds able be for prevention with oxidative stress

Objective: In accordance with the limited studies about the effect drinking Ziziphora tenuior on exercise- induced oxidative stress response, this study was conducted to identify the effect of drinking Ziziphora tenuior and one bout aerobic exercise on serum total antioxidant capacity [TAC] and malondiadehyde [MDA] in inactive women

Methods: Twenty inactive girls [aged 22 +/- 2 years, body fat 17 +/- 2. %, and VO[2max] 35 +/- 2 ml/kg/min] in a randomized and double-blind design were allocated in two equal groups: were used Drinking Ziziphora tenuior the infusion for 48 hours before exercise, every 24 hours, 3 meals morning, noon and night [2gr per serving in 200 ml of boiling water for each person] in Ziziphora tenuior. were consumed The control group coincides with the group Ziziphora tenuior-like beverages. After a 48-hour all subjects were participated protocol with Bruce on the treadmill. Blood samples obtained before the drinking Ziziphora tenuior along with before and after the exercise protocol. The normal data were expressed as mean [ +/- SD] and analyzed by repeated measure ANOVA, Bonferroni and independent t test at alpha

Results: results show that the short drinking Ziziphora tenuior has not significant effect on oxidative stress index [MDA] [P>0.05]. Moreover, increased the serum MDA was significantly [P<0.05] decreased one bout aerobic exercise, the serum TAC was significantly [P<0.05]. However, the increased serum MDA and reduced TAC in the placebo group was significantly more than in supplement group [P<0.05]

Conclusion: The present results show that the increased resting total antioxidative capacity following drinking Ziziphora tenuiorcan, decrease the undesirable alterations of serum MDA in male inactive after one one bout aerobic exercise

Female , Humans , Young Adult , Oxidative Stress , Phytotherapy , Plant Extracts , Antioxidants , Malondialdehyde/blood , Exercise
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(9): e6393, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888997


Although acute exercise is apparently pro-inflammatory and increases oxidative stress, it can promote the necessary stress stimulus to train chronic adaptations in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). This study aimed to compare the effects of exercise intensity and duration on the inflammatory markers soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor (sTNFR1) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), and on oxidative stress [malondialdehyde (MDA) and antioxidant enzymes: catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD)] in individuals with CHF. Eighteen patients performed three exercise sessions: 30 min of moderate-intensity (M30) exercise, 30 min of low-intensity (L30) exercise, and 45 min of low-intensity (L45) exercise. Blood analysis was performed before exercise (baseline), immediately after each session (after), and 1 h after the end of each session (1h after). Thirty min of M30 exercise promoted a larger stressor stimulus, both pro-inflammatory and pro-oxidative, than that promoted by exercises L30 and L45. This was evidenced by increased sTNFR1 and MDA levels after exercise M30. In response to this stressor stimulus, 1 h after exercise, there was an increase in IL-6 and CAT levels, and a return of sTNFR1 to baseline levels. These findings suggest that compared with the duration of exercise, the exercise intensity was an important factor of physiologic adjustments.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Biomarkers/blood , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Exercise Test , Heart Failure/immunology , Inflammation/immunology , Superoxide Dismutase/blood , Catalase/blood , Chronic Disease , Interleukin-6/blood , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor/blood , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Heart Failure/blood , Inflammation/physiopathology , Inflammation/blood , Malondialdehyde/blood
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e110, 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952111


Abstract: This study aimed to assess the impact of hyperlipidemia on healthy and diseased periodontal tissue by evaluating oxidative stress biomarkers in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF). Clinical periodontal parameters and blood serum lipid, GCF malondialdehyde (MDA), protein carbonyl (PC), and total antioxidant capacity (TAOC) levels were evaluated in six age and sex-matched groups (n = 15 each) of normolipidemic and hyperlipidemic individuals as follows: normolipidemic + periodontally healthy (H), normolipidemic + gingivitis (G), normolipidemic + chronic periodontitis (CP), hyperlipidemic + periodontally healthy (HH), hyperlipidemic + gingivitis (HG), and hyperlipidemic + CP (HCP). GCF MDA, and PC levels varied among groups, with patients with periodontitis having the highest MDA and PC levels [CP > G > H (p < 0.01) and HCP > HG > HH (p < 0.01)] and the lowest TAOC levels [CP < G < H (p < 0.01) and HCP < HG < HH (p < 0.01)]. Furthermore, paired comparisons showed MDA and PC levels to be higher and TAOC levels to be lower in HCP compared with NCP (p < 0.01). In patients with hyperlipidemia, GCF, MDA, and PC levels positively correlated with clinical assessments and serum triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) levels and negatively correlated with serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) levels, whereas GCF TAOC levels negatively correlated with clinical assessments and serum TG, TC, and LDL levels, but positively correlated with serum HDL levels (p < 0.01). In normolipidemic patients, GCF, MDA, and PC levels positively correlated with clinical assessments and serum TG levels and negatively correlated with serum HDL levels, whereas GCF TAOC levels negatively correlated with clinical assessments and serum TG levels and positively correlated with serum HDL levels (p < 0.01). In conclusion, abnormal serum lipid subfractions could be considered a risk factor for enhancing oxidative stress in GCF in the presence of periodontal disease.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/metabolism , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Chronic Periodontitis/blood , Gingivitis/blood , Hyperlipidemias/blood , Reference Values , Triglycerides/blood , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Case-Control Studies , Cholesterol/blood , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Protein Carbonylation/physiology , Chronic Periodontitis/etiology , Gingivitis/etiology , Hyperlipidemias/complications , Malondialdehyde/blood , Middle Aged
Acta cir. bras ; 31(12): 801-806, Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837659


ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of silymarin on oxidative stress and hepatic injury induced by obstructive jaundice in an experimental model. METHODS: Thirty Wistar-Albino type female rats were divided into 3 groups each including 10 rats. Only laparotomy was performed in group 1. Bile duct ligation was performed in group 2. In group 3, bile duct ligation was performed and orogastic silymarin 300 mg/kg/day dose was given for seven days. At the end of seven days, rats were sacrificed. The blood and liver tissue samples were taken to be examined biochemically and histopathologically. RESULTS: The plasma and liver levels of malondialdehyde were significantly lower in silymarin group than in the bile duct ligated group. Although liver levels of GSH were significantly higher in silymarin group than in the bile duct ligated group, there was no significant difference between the plasma GSH levels of these groups. In silymarin group; the enlargement of hepatocytes, dilatation of canaliculi and the edema were regressed. CONCLUSION: Silymarin diminished the harmful effects of obstructive jaundice on liver.

Animals , Female , Rats , Silymarin/pharmacology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Jaundice, Obstructive/complications , Liver/pathology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Bile Ducts , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Jaundice, Obstructive/pathology , Glutathione/blood , Ligation , Malondialdehyde/blood
Acta cir. bras ; 31(10): 661-667, Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-827656


ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To develop a model for studying cerebrovascular disease prevention in elderly women. METHODS: Sixty 18-month-old Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into an estrogen administration group (EA, n=30) and a non-administration group (NA, n=30); thirty 4-month-old SD rats were allocated to a control group. The EA group received estradiol benzoate starting on the 5th day of a 34-day breeding period, and the serum levels of estradiol (E2), estrogen receptor (ER), and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured. The MCA of each group was then sampled for viscoelastic experiments. RESULTS: The serum levels of E2 and MDA in the EA group showed significant differences compared to those in the control group (p<0.05), while the difference in ER between the EA and control groups was not significant (p>0.05). The decrease in MCA stress at 7,200 s and the increase in strain at 7,200 s in the EA group showed no significant differences compared to the control group (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: Estradiol administration inhibited the formation of lipid peroxidation products and restored middle cerebral arterial viscoelasticity in aged female rats.

Animals , Female , Middle Cerebral Artery/drug effects , Estradiol/analogs & derivatives , Estrogens/pharmacology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Viscosity/drug effects , Lipid Peroxidation/drug effects , Random Allocation , Receptors, Estradiol/blood , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Middle Cerebral Artery/physiology , Elasticity/drug effects , Estradiol/administration & dosage , Estradiol/blood , Estradiol/pharmacology , Estrogens/administration & dosage , Malondialdehyde/blood
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(3): 239-249, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-787550


ABSTRACT Diabetes mellitus (DM) causes an increased production of free radicals that can impair bone healing. Melatonin is a hormone secreted mainly by the pineal gland, which participates in the neutralization process of free radicals. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate histologic and biochemical effects of supplemental melatonin administration on bone healing and antioxidant defense mechanism in diabetic rats. Material and Methods Eighty-six Sprague-Dawley male rats were used in this study. Diabetes mellitus was induced by intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of 65 mg/kg streptozotocin (STZ). Surgical bone defects were prepared in the tibia of each animal. Diabetic animals and those in control groups were treated either with daily melatonin (250 μg/animal/day/i.p.) diluted in ethanol, only ethanol, or sterile saline solution. Rats were humanely killed at the 10th and 30th postoperative days. Plasma levels of Advanced Oxidation Protein Products (AOPP), Malondialdehyde (MDA), and Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) were measured. The number of osteoblasts, blood vessels and the area of new mineralized tissue formation were calculated in histologic sections. Results At the 10th day, DM+MEL (rats receiving both STZ and melatonin) group had significantly higher number of osteoblasts and blood vessels as well as larger new mineralized tissue surfaces (p<0.05 for each) when compared with DM group. At the 30th day, DM group treated with melatonin had significantly lower levels of AOPP and MDA than those of DM group (p<0.05). Conclusion Melatonin administration in STZ induced diabetic rats reduced oxidative stress related biomarkers and showed beneficial effects on bone healing at short term.

Animals , Male , Free Radical Scavengers/administration & dosage , Fracture Healing/drug effects , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , Melatonin/administration & dosage , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Reference Values , Superoxide Dismutase/blood , Tibia/drug effects , Tibia/pathology , Time Factors , Fibrosis , Calcification, Physiologic/drug effects , Biomarkers , Cell Count , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Streptozocin , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/chemically induced , Advanced Oxidation Protein Products/blood , Malondialdehyde/blood