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Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 29(1): 9-18, 20230000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1428434


La reconstrucción mamaria utilizando el colgajo TRAM (transverse rectus abdominis muscle) bipediculado es un procedimiento poco frecuente aunque en ciertas ocasiones es de gran utilidad. Las indicaciones principales están descriptas para los casos que se requieren volúmenes de tejidos de mayor cantidad que la reconstrucción mamaria convencional, antecedentes de irradiación de grandes zonas de la pared del tórax y, en ciertas ocasiones, en reconstrucciones mamarias autólogas bilaterales. La presente publicación revisa el uso de 12 colgajos TRAM bipediculados en nuestra institución, las variantes que hemos usado y los resultados obtenidos. También se detallan elementos anatómicos de interés técnico con el objeto de reducir las complicaciones.

Breast reconstruction using the bipedicle TRAM (transverse rectus abdominis muscle) flap is a rare procedure, although it is sometimes very useful. The main indications are described for cases that require larger tissue volumes than conventional breast reconstruction, a history of irradiation of large areas of the chest wall, and on certain occasions, in bilateral autologous breast reconstructions. This publication reviews the use of 12 bipedicle TRAM flaps in our institution, the variants that we have used, and the results obtained. Anatomical elements of technical interest are also detailed to reduce complications.

Humans , Female , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Mammaplasty/methods , Myocutaneous Flap/transplantation
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 514-518, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984751


Objective: To investigate the oncologic and surgical safety of the fused fascia method for immediate breast reconstruction with implants. Methods: The clinical data of 343 patients with immediate breast reconstruction with implants in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital from 2014-2017 were retrospectively analyzed to compare the 5-year local recurrence-free survival, 5-year disease-free survival and 5-year overall survival of patients with breast reconstruction by fusion fascia and other methods, and to analyze the complication incidences of implant removal between different implant groups. Results: Of the 343 patients with breast reconstruction, 95 were in the fused fascia group (fascia group) and 248 were in the non-fascia group (25 in the bovine pericardial patch group and 223 in the muscle flap group). At a median follow-up of 49 months, the differences in 5-year local recurrence-free survival (90.1% and 94.9%, respectively), 5-year disease-free survival (89.2% and 87.6%, respectively), and 5-year overall survival (95.2% and 95.1%, respectively) between patients in the fascial and non-fascial groups were not statistically significant (P>0.05). The complication incidence of implant removal was 24.0% (6/25) in the patch group and 2.1% (2/95) and 2.2% (5/223) in the fascia and muscle flap groups, respectively. Conclusion: Immediate breast reconstruction with fused fascial combined with implant is safe and feasible, less invasive than muscle flaps, more economical and with fewer complications than patches.

Humans , Animals , Cattle , Female , Mastectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Breast Implants/adverse effects , Feasibility Studies , Mammaplasty/methods , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Treatment Outcome , Postoperative Complications/surgery
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 13-18, Jan. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360716


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the perception of the aesthetic result of breast reconstruction surgery from the perspective of plastic surgeons compared with physicians who are not specialists in plastic surgery. METHODS: Twenty patients who underwent breast reconstruction after mastectomy had their aesthetic results evaluated by 16 plastic surgeons and 16 nonplastic physicians, yielding a total of 620 ratings (320 ratings from plastic surgeons and 320 ratings from other specialists). For all analyses, the level of rejection adopted for the null hypothesis was 5% (p-value <0.05). RESULTS: Significant differences were observed between the two groups. On average, medical professionals who specialized in plastic surgery always obtained higher scores than other physicians. However, no significant differences were found in the assessment of the aesthetic outcome of breast reconstruction according to the sex of the rating medical professional for any of the assessments considered in this study. A strong positive linear correlation between the time since training in the medical specialty of plastic surgery (r=0.750, p=0.001) and the mean aesthetic outcome score was observed in this study. CONCLUSION: Plastic surgeons assessed the aesthetic results of breast reconstruction more positively than nonplastic physicians.

Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mammaplasty/methods , Surgeons , Esthetics , Mastectomy
Singapore medical journal ; : 42-46, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927257


INTRODUCTION@#Oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery (OBCS) can cause breast asymmetry. Although contralateral breast surgery to achieve symmetry was offered to these patients, the uptake of symmetrisation was variable. We aimed to determine the factors that deter patients with breast cancer undergoing OBCS from opting for symmetrisation.@*METHODS@#All patients with breast cancer who underwent OBCS of displacement type with no symmetrisation were prospectively surveyed to explore the social, economic, psychological and physical reasons against symmetrisation.@*RESULTS@#A total of 28 patients participated in a survey administered at a mean 21.6 (range 2-47) months after OBCS. A combination of factors, such as worry and desire to treat breast cancer first (67.9%), not being overly concerned about breast cosmesis (57.1%) and fear of pain from additional operation (28.6%), deterred patients from immediate symmetrisation. Worry and desire to treat breast cancer first was the most important single factor for 50% of the patients. Reasons for no delayed symmetrisation included not being overly concerned about breast cosmesis (70.4%), fear of breast cancer recurrence (48.1%) and being happy with current breast cosmesis (33.3%), with the former two reasons equally cited as the single most important deterrent by 30% of patients each.@*CONCLUSION@#A combination of factors may deter patients from symmetrisation. The most significant factors deterring OBCS among patients were worry and desire to treat breast cancer first for immediate symmetrisation, and not being overly concerned about breast cosmesis and fear of breast cancer recurrence for delayed symmetrisation. Reassuring these patients may increase their uptake of symmetrisation, thereby improving patient cosmesis and satisfaction.

Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mammaplasty/methods , Mastectomy/methods , Mastectomy, Segmental/methods , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 761-766, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940936


Objective: To explore the surgical strategy of nipple areola complex (NAC) management in central breast cancer. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 164 cases of central breast cancer who underwent surgery treatment from December 2017 to December 2020 in the Breast Center of Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University. Prior to the surgery, the tumor-nipple distance (TND) and the maximum diameter of the tumor were measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The presence of nipple invagination, nipple discharge, and nipple ulceration (including nipple Paget's disease) were recorded accordingly. NAC was preserved in patients with TND≥0.5 cm, no signs of NAC invasion (nipple invagination, nipple ulceration) and negative intraoperative frozen pathological margin. All patients with signs of NAC involvement, TND<0.5 cm or positive NAC basal resection margin confirmed by intraoperative frozen pathology underwent NAC removal. χ(2) test or Fisher exact test was used to analyze the influencing factors. Results: Of the 164 cases of central breast cancer, 73 cases underwent breast-conserving surgery, 43 cases underwent nipple-areola complex sparing mastectomy (NSM), 34 cases underwent total mastectomy, and the remaining 14 cases underwent skin sparing mastectomy (SSM). Among the 58 cases of NAC resection (including 34 cases of total mastectomy, 14 cases of SSM, and 10 cases of breast-conserving surgery), 25 cases were confirmed tumor involving NAC (total mastectomy in 12 cases, SSM in 9 cases, and breast-conserving surgery in 4 cases). The related factors of NAC involvement included TND (P=0.040) and nipple invagination (P=0.031). There were no correlations between tumor size (P=0.519), lymph node metastasis (P=0.847), bloody nipple discharge (P=0.742) and NAC involvement. During the follow-up period of 12 to 48 months, there was 1 case of local recurrence and 3 cases of distant metastasis. Conclusions: For central breast cancer, data suggest that patients with TND≥0.5cm, no signs of NAC invasion (nipple invagination, nipple ulceration) and negative NAC margin in intraoperative frozen pathology should be treated with NAC preservation surgery, whereas for those with TND<0.5 cm or accompanied by signs of NAC invasion, NAC should be removed. In addition, nipple reconstruction can be selected to further improve the postoperative appearance of patients with central breast cancer.

Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mammaplasty/methods , Mastectomy/methods , Nipples/surgery , Retrospective Studies
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 244-248, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935607


Objective: To examine the outcome of different incision selection for nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) with implant-based breast reconstruction (IBBR). Methods: Ninety-Two cases accepted NSM and IBBR from totally 1 002 cases of breast cancer admitted to Beijing Tongren Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from June 2013 to December 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. All the patients were female, aging (42.0±7.5) years (range: 27 to 64 years). There were 12 patients at stage 0, 47 patients at stage Ⅰ, 17 patients at stage Ⅱ, and 16 patients at stage Ⅲ. The patients were divided in three groups by the incision: peri-areolar group (n=23), inframammary group (n=33) and lateral group (n=36). The age, tumor size, lymph node status, hormone receptor, operation method and postoperative complications were followed-up of three groups and compared by one-way ANOVA, χ2 test or Fisher's exact test and expansion to comparied. Results: There was no significant difference in operation time ((180.7±54.0) minutes vs. (176.9±48.1) minutes vs. (194.6±37.5) minutes, F=1.401, P=0.252), postoperative drainage volume ((497.5±226.0) ml vs. (495.4±182.5) ml vs. (519.8±172.0) ml, F=0.167, P=0.846) and drainage time ((8.8±3.8) days vs. (8.0±2.5) days vs. (8.3±2.9) days, F=0.542, P=0.583) among the peri-areolar, inframammary, and lateral groups. The cumulative postoperative complications were relatively higher in the peri-areola group (26.1%(6/23) vs. 0 vs.8.3%(3/36), χ²=9.675, P=0.004). All female patients were followed up for (49.0±25.6) months(range: 12 to 112 months). Breast cancer related death rate was 2.2% (2/92), local recurrence was 1.1% (1/92), regional recurrence was 4.3% (4/92), distant metastasis was 6.5% (6/92), and the disease-free survival rate was 88.0% (81/92). Conclusion: The surgical effects of the peri-areolar, inframammary and lateral incisions for NSM and IBBR are approximate, the total complication rate of the peri-areolar incision is slightly higher.

Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Mammaplasty/methods , Mastectomy/methods , Nipples/surgery , Retrospective Studies
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 237-243, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935606


Objective: To examine the clinical effect of acellular bovine pericardium patch in implant based immediate breast reconstruction. Methods: The clinicopathological information of 141 breast cancer patients, who admitted to Department of Breast Reconstruction and Oncoplastic Surgery, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital, underwent immediate mammoplasty with implants combined with acellular bovine pericardium patches were analyzed from June 2016 to October 2019. All patients were female, with the age of (38.8±8.5) years (range: 13 to 60 years). The body mass index was (21.9±2.5) kg/m2 (range: 16.0 to 32.3 kg/m2). There were 39 cases of duct carcinoma in situ, 46 cases of stage Ⅰ, 40 cases of stage Ⅱ and 16 cases of stage Ⅲ. All patients received nipple-areola-sparing mastectomy or skin-sparing mastectomy with sentinel lymph node biopsy or axillary lymph node dissection, and prosthesis implantation with sub-pectoralis combined with breast patch. The correlation of clinicopathological characters and complications was assessed by t test, χ2 test, Fisher's exact probability method and Logistic regression. Pre-and post-operative aesthetic, quality of life scores were recorded. Results: The operation time (M(IQR)) was 3.6(1.5) hours (range: 3.0 to 6.5 hours). The early postoperative complication rate was 22.0% (31/141), prosthesis removal was the main postoperative complication, accounting for 64.5% (20/31) of the total complications, of which 15 cases occurred in the first 30 patients. The follow-up time was 28(8) months (range: 20 to 53 months), The most frequent long-term complications were capsular contracture and implant displacement, with the incidence of 11.2% (14/125) and 10.4% (13/125), respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that prosthesis volume ≥300 ml (OR=8.173, 95%CI: 1.302 to 51.315, P=0.021) and peri-areolar incision (OR=7.809, 95%CI: 2.162 to 28.211, P<0.01) were independent relative factors for the occurrence of short-term postoperative local complications. After 2 years of operation, the score of breast appearance satisfaction was 71.7±15.5, postoperative effect satisfaction was 90.4±9.5, psychological satisfaction was 90.7±17.1, sexual satisfaction was 70.1±25.1. The immediate postoperative satisfaction rate at discharge was 95.4% (134/141), and 17.6% (22/125) of patients had the intention to received revision surgery. Conclusions: Prosthesis volume ≥300 ml and peri-areolar incision were independent realtive factors for short-term local complications after bovine pericardium patch combined with prosthesis implantation in the immediate breast reconstruction. After completing the learning curve, the postoperative complications of the procedure could be decreased.

Adolescent , Adult , Animals , Cattle , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Breast Implantation , Breast Implants , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mammaplasty/methods , Mastectomy/methods , Pericardium/surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies
Medisan ; 25(5)2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1346540


Introducción: La mastoplastia de reducción mediante la técnica de pedículo inferior es una de las intervenciones quirúrgicas estéticas más empleadas para corregir la hipertrofia mamaria. Objetivo: Caracterizar a las pacientes con hipertrofia mamaria, a quienes se les practicó mastoplastia de reducción con la técnica de pedículo inferior. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, observacional, transversal y retrospectivo de 185 pacientes entre 10 y 59 años de edad, con diagnóstico de hipertrofia mamaria, atendidas en el Servicio de Cirugía Plástica y Caumatología del Hospital General Docente Octavio de la Concepción y de la Pedraja del municipio de Baracoa, a las cuales se les practicó mastoplastia de reducción por técnica de pedículo inferior, desde enero de 2004 hasta diciembre 2020. Resultados: En la serie predominaron las féminas entre 30-39 años de edad (42,8 %), los resultados estéticos evaluados de buenos (90,3 %), las complicaciones escasas (20,0 %), con primacía de la necrosis de la piel en el punto inferior de unión de los colgajos (7,0 %) y las pacientes satisfechas con el proceder (93,5 %). El tejido glandular resecado varió entre menos de 300 g y más de 1 200, según el grado de hipertrofia. Conclusiones: La técnica de reducción mamaria a pedículo inferior es versátil, segura y aplicable a todo tipo de hipertrofia, con una tasa de complicaciones baja; asimismo ofrece resultados estéticos favorables y alto grado de satisfacción.

Introduction: The reduction mastoplasty by means of the inferior pedicle technique is one of the most used cosmetic surgical interventions to correct mammary hypertrophy. Objective: To characterize the patients with mammary hypertrophy to whom reduction mastoplasty was practiced with the inferior pedicle technique. Methods: A descriptive, observational, cross-sectional and retrospective study of 185 patients between 10 and 59 years, with diagnosis of mammary hypertrophy was carried out. They were assisted in the Plastic Surgery and Caumatology Service of Octavio de la Concepción y de la Pedraja Teaching General Hospital from the municipality of Baracoa, to whom reduction mastoplasty by inferior pedicle technique was practiced, from January, 2004 to December, 2020. Results: In the series there was a prevalence of the females between 30-39 years (42.8 %), the cosmetic results with good evaluation (90.3 %), few complications (20.0 %), with primacy of the skin necrosis in the inferior space of the flap union (7.0 %) and the patients satisfied with the procedure (93.5 %). The dried up glandular tissue varied in less than 300 grams and more than 1 200, according to the degree of hypertrophy. Conclusions: The mammary reduction technique to inferior pedicle is versatile, safe and applicable to all types of hypertrophy, with a low rate of complications; also it offers favorable cosmetic results and high degree of satisfaction.

Breast , Mammaplasty/methods , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Hypertrophy
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 73(5): 568-574, oct. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388880


Resumen Antecedentes: La cirugía de aumento mamario con lipoinjerto se ha incrementado debido a que evita usar prótesis. Es utilizado para aumentos moderados con fines estéticos, no retarda el diagnóstico de cáncer ni aumenta el riesgo de sufrirlo. Objetivo: Revisar nuestra experiencia en aumento mamario estético con lipoinjerto, en una sesión y con seguimiento superior a un año. Materiales y Método: Se diseñó una cohorte prospectiva de mujeres. Se excluyeron aquellas con alteraciones congénitas, mesenquimopatías y fumadoras. La lipoinyección se efectuó con principios de Coleman. Para la medición del volumen mamario preoperatorio se utilizó la aplicación Breast-V. Volumen de aumento, tasa de retención y tasa de aumento fueron calculados. Resultados: 73 pacientes fueron lipoinjertadas, 35 superaron seguimiento a un año. Volumen mamario inicial fue 219,5 ± 44,1 cc. Volumen de aumento fue 99,9 ± 29,8 cc, tasa de retención grasa injertada 41,4%, tasa de aumento del volumen mamario 48,1%. 41 pacientes presentaron imágenes posoperatorias: quistes 15 pacientes (36,6%); necrosis grasa 2 pacientes (4,9%); macrocalcificaciones 8 pacientes (19,5%); microcalcificaciones 1 paciente (2,5%), cuya biopsia fue negativa para malignidad. Discusión: El lipoinjerto mamario es un procedimiento seguro, con resultados adecuados cuando se realiza en una sesión y por el mismo cirujano, siguiendo principios de Coleman. El aumento porcentual es el índice más significativo para evaluar su éxito. Conclusiones: Lipoinyección mamaria en una sesión es una técnica segura que logra aumento moderado del volumen mamario. Es útil para aumentos moderados o corrección de asimetrías leves. No hay evidencia de que interfiera con el diagnóstico precoz del cáncer de mama.

Background: Lipograft breast augmentation has increased due to avoidance of prosthetics. It is used for moderate increases for aesthetic purposes, it does not delay the diagnosis of cancer or increase the risk of suffering it. Aim: To review our experience in cosmetic breast augmentation with lipograft, in one session and with a follow-up of more than one year. Materials and Method: A prospective cohort of women was designed. Those with congenital alterations, mesenchymopathies and smokers were excluded. Lipoinjection was carried out with Coleman's principies. The Breast-V application was used to measure preoperative breast volume. Volume of increase, retention rate and rate of increase were calculated. Results: 73 patients were lipografted, 35 had a one-year follow-up. Initial breast volume was 219.5 ± 44.1 cc. Volume increase was 99.9 ± 29.8 cc, grafted fat retention rate 41.4%, breast volume increase rate 48.1%. 41 patients presented postoperative images: cysts 15 patients (36.6%); fat necrosis 2 patients (4.9%); macrocalcifiations 8 patients (19.5%); microcalcifiations 1 patient (2.5%), whose biopsy was negative for malignancy. Discussion: The mammary lipograft is a safe procedure, with adequate results when performed in one session and by the same surgeon, following Coleman principles. The percentage increase is the most significant index to evalúate your success. Conclusions: Breast lipoinjection in one session is a safe technique that achieves a moderate increase in breast volume. It is useful for moderate magnification or correction of slight asymmetries. There is no evidence that it interferes with the early diagnosis of breast cancer.

Humans , Female , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Adipose Tissue/transplantation , Mammaplasty/methods , Injections/methods , Surgery, Plastic/rehabilitation , Follow-Up Studies , Mammaplasty/rehabilitation
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1248724


El síndrome de Poland constituye una malformacion que asocia diversos grados de anomalia toracica y a nivel del miembro superior, con una incidencia de 1 cada 30000 nacidos vivos. Esta patologia geenra ausencia de la glandula mamaria y del musculo pectroral mayor como malformacion mas frecuente. Lo cual produce una asimetria a nivel de torax con perdida de la armonia la cual lleva a una alteracion tanto fisica como psicologica a nivel de la paciente. Por esto es necesario resolver esta patologia con la menor morbilidad posible. El planteo de generar la menor morbilidad nos llevo a realizar una tecnica por abordaje unico sub axilar, a traves del cual se diseca el musculo dorsal ancho y se transpone de forma anterior, obteniendo una sola incision, la cual se mantiene oculta debajo del miembro superior adducido. Produciendo menor tiempo operatorio, menor tiempo de internacion, disminuyendo el número de incsiones y logrando una adecuada fijacion anterior del musculo dorsal ancho.

Poland's syndrome is a malformation associated with varying degrees of thoracic and upper limb abnormality, with an incidence of 1 in 30,000 live births. This pathology generates the absence of the mammary gland and the major pectoral muscle as the most frequent malformation. Which produces an asymmetry at the chest level with loss of harmony which leads to both physical and psychological alteration at the level of the patient. For this reason, it is necessary to resolve this pathology with the least possible morbidity. The proposal to generate the least morbidity led us to perform a single sub axillary approach technique, through which the latissimus dorsi muscle is dissected and transposed anteriorly, obtaining a single incision, which is kept hidden under the upper limb adduced. Producing less operative time, shorter hospitalization time, reducing the number of incisions and achieving an adequate anterior fixation of the latissimus dorsi muscle.

A síndrome de Poland é uma malformação associada a vários graus de anomalia torácica e de membros superiores, com uma incidência de 1 em 30.000 nascidos vivos. Essa patologia gera a ausência da glândula mamária e do músculo pectoral principal como a malformação mais frequente. O que produz uma assimetria ao nível do peito com perda de harmonia que conduz a alterações físicas e psicológicas ao nível do paciente. Por isso, é necessário resolver essa patologia com a menor morbidade possível. A proposta de gerar o mínimo de morbidade nos levou a realizar uma única técnica de abordagem subaxilar, por meio da qual o músculo grande dorsal é dissecado e transposto anteriormente, obtendo-se uma única incisão, que é mantida escondida sob o membro superior. aduzido. Produzindo menos tempo operatório, menor tempo de internação, reduzindo o número de incisões e conseguindo uma fixação anterior adequada do músculo grande dorsal.

Humans , Female , Adult , Poland Syndrome/surgery , Mammaplasty/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Thoracic Wall/abnormalities , Thoracic Wall/surgery
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(4): e1030, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149847


RESUMEN Introducción: La reconstrucción mamaria inmediata disminuye el impacto psicológico del cáncer de mama y mejora la calidad de vida de las pacientes. Objetivo: Evaluar la simetría en la reconstrucción mamaria inmediata en el Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiobiología de Cuba. Método: Se realizó un estudio analítico y prospectivo, de cohorte incidente, en el Servicio de Cirugía Reconstructiva del Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiobiología de 2014 al 2017. Se incluyeron 41 pacientes que consintieron participar en el estudio. Se recogieron variables demográficas y onco-reconstructivas. Se utilizó un software creado en la institución para evaluar la simetría mamaria. Los datos se recogieron de la historia clínica. Se aplicaron el test de Chi-cuadrado corregido y la razón de momios para el análisis estadístico. Resultados: El 30,2 por ciento de mujeres reconstruidas pertenecieron al grupo de 30 a 39 años; el 46,3 por ciento tenían sobrepeso. La mejor simetría se encontró con las técnicas oncoplásticas (31,7 por ciento), seguida de la mastectomía ahorradora de piel. La técnica de expansión tisular con la mastectomía presentó mayores complicaciones (63,6 por ciento) y menor simetría. La necrosis parcial de piel fue la mayor complicación en 7,3 por ciento y estuvo relacionadas con las técnicas ahorradoras de piel. Conclusiones: Evaluar de forma objetiva la simetría mamaria permitió conocer la efectividad de las técnicas quirúrgicas reconstructivas. Con las técnicas de cirugía oncoplástica y mastectomía ahorradora de piel se obtuvieron los mejores resultados estéticos y pocas complicaciones. La expansión mamaria inmediata con una mastectomía radical modificada no ofrece ninguna ventaja(AU)

ABSTRACT Introduction: Immediate breast reconstruction reduces the psychological impact of breast cancer and improves the quality of life of patients. Objective: To assess symmetry in immediate breast reconstruction at the of Cuba. Method: An analytical and prospective study of incident cohort was carried out in the reconstructive surgery service at the National Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology (INOR), from 2014 to 2017. Forty-one patients who consented to participate in the study were included. Demographic and oncoreconstructive variables were collected. A software created in the institution was used to assess breast symmetry. The data were collected from the medical histories. The corrected chi-square test and odds ratio were applied for statistical analysis. Results: 30.2 percent of women who received reconstruction belonged to the age group 30-39 years; 46.3 percent were overweight. The best symmetry was found with oncoplastic techniques (31.7 percent), followed by skin-sparing mastectomy. The tissue expansion technique with mastectomy presented greater complications (63.6 percent) and less symmetry. Partial skin necrosis was the major complication, accounting for 7.3 percent of the cases, and was related to skin-sparing techniques. Conclusions: Objectively evaluating breast symmetry allowed us to know the effectiveness of reconstructive surgical techniques. With oncoplastic surgery and skin-sparing mastectomy techniques, the best aesthetic outcomes and few complications were obtained. Immediate breast expansion with a modified radical mastectomy offers no benefit(AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mastectomy, Modified Radical/adverse effects , Mammaplasty/methods , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Quality of Life , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(2): e952, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126417


RESUMEN Introducción: La reconstrucción mamaria por cáncer, mediante la técnica de expansión tisular es una técnica que proporciona piel de color, textura y sensibilidad naturales. Objetivo: Caracterizar la reconstrucción mamaria con el uso de expansores tisulares en el Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiobiología de Cuba. Método: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo y longitudinal en el Servicio de Cirugía Reconstructiva del Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiobiología de Cuba del 2013 al 2017. La muestra de 93 pacientes se seleccionó de forma consecutiva del universo de pacientes. El análisis estadístico incluyó las pruebas de Chi-cuadrado, estimación de la razón de momios y regresión logística binaria, con nivel de significación p ≤ 0,05. Resultados: Predominó la reconstrucción en mujeres con un promedio de edad de 45,7 años, [IC95 por ciento (43,8-47,5) y desviación estándar 9.0]. La quimioterapia se administró a 74 pacientes y la radioterapia a 41. La reconstrucción diferida se realizó en el 51,6 por ciento de las cirugías, y en el 72,0 por ciento no se presentaron complicaciones. El cáncer en estadio III y el uso de quimioterapia y radioterapia neoadyuvante mostraron riesgo con significación estadística para las complicaciones posquirúrgicas. Conclusiones: La reconstrucción mamaria mediante el uso de expansores tisulares presentó características demográficas y clínicas similares a las descritas previamente en la población cubana y el resto del mundo, aunque con peculiaridades desde el punto de vista onco-reconstructivo. La realización de la cirugía reconstructiva inmediata luego de la radioterapia neoadyuvante resultó en un mayor riesgo de complicaciones(AU)

ABSTRACT Introduction: Breast reconstruction for cancer, using the tissue expansion technique, is a technique that provides skin of natural color, texture and sensitivity. Objective: To characterize breast reconstruction with the use of tissue expanders at the National Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology of Cuba. Method: A retrospective and longitudinal study was carried out in the Reconstructive Surgery Service of the National Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology of Cuba from 2013 to 2017. The sample of 93 patients was selected consecutively from the universe of patients. Statistical analysis included Chi-square tests, estimation of the odds ratio and binary logistic regression, with a significance level of p ≤ 0,05 Results: Reconstruction predominated in women with an average age of 45.7 years, [95 percent CI (43.8-47.5) and standard deviation 9.0]. Chemotherapy was administered to 74 patients and radiotherapy to 41. Delayed reconstruction was performed in 51.6 percent of the surgeries, and in 72.0 percent there were no complications. Stage III cancer and the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy showed a statistically significant risk for postoperative complications. Conclusions: Breast reconstruction by using tissue expanders presented demographic and clinical characteristics similar to those previously described in the Cuban population and the rest of the world, although with peculiarities from the onco-reconstructive point of view. Performing immediate reconstructive surgery after neoadjuvant radiation therapy resulted in an increased risk of complications(AU)

Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Tissue Expansion Devices/adverse effects , Mammaplasty/methods , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Longitudinal Studies
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(2): 118-125, abr. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092902


Resumen Introducción El tratamiento estándar del cáncer de mama es la cirugía conservadora, aunque actualmente existe un incremento de cirugías más radicales, incluyendo reconstrucción. Estas técnicas, aparentemente más complejas, pueden suponer mayor índice de complicaciones y, por ende, mayor intervalo de tiempo entre la cirugía y el inicio de terapias adyuvantes, lo que puede condicionar peores resultados de los tratamientos, traducido en el índice de recidivas locales y/o sistémicas o incluso de las tasas de supervivencia. Objetivo Revisar si la mastectomía bilateral con reconstrucción inmediata (MBRI) supone un retraso en el inicio del tratamiento adyuvante (TA). Materiales y Método Análisis retrospectivo de pacientes con MBRI como tratamiento de cáncer. Variables principales: tiempo transcurrido entre la cirugía y el inicio de la TA, definiendo retraso como más de 90 días. Otras variables: datos del paciente, tipo de intervención, complicaciones. Se analizan datos por tipo de intervención y si presentaban cirugía conservadora previa. Resultados 296 pacientes con MBRI, 171 (57,7%) por cáncer de novo y 125 (42,3%) por neoplasia recidivada o un segundo primario (ipsi o contralateral). La tasa general de complicaciones fue de 21% y no difirió entre los grupos con y sin radioterapia previa (p 0,05). La técnica quirúrgica asociada a una tasa mayor de complicaciones fue el patrón corto de Wise. No hubo diferencias en el resto. No existió un retraso significativo mayor de 90 días en los grupos con o sin radioterapia, ni según la técnica quirúrgica. Conclusiones La MBRI no ocasiona retrasos significativos en el inicio de TA.

Background Breast conserving surgery is already the standard treatment of breast cancer although mastectomy and radical techniques including reconstruction are currently increasing. These techniques, apparently more complex, can develop more complications and delay adjuvant therapies initiation, conditioning worst results of treatments, with higher rates of local and/or systemic recurrences or even survival rates. Aim Review whether bilateral mastectomy with immediate reconstruction (MBRI) conditionate a delay in the initiation of adjuvant therapy (TA). Materials and Method A retrospective analysis of patients with MBRI as a cancer treatment. Main variable: Time to TA, was defined as the number of days between surgery and the first dose of chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Other variables: patient data, type of intervention and complications. We analyzed the data by type of intervention and if they had been previously treated from another breast tumor. Results In all, 296 patients with MBRI were included, 171 with a Cancer de novo and 125 already treated that now have a relapsed neoplasia or a second primary (IPSI or contralateral). Overall complication rate was 21%. Complication rate did not differ between groups either or neither previous radiotherapy. The surgical technique associated with a higher rate of complications was the short Wise pattern, with no differences in the others. There was no delay greater than 90 days in the groups with radiotherapy or without, or according to the surgical technique. Conclusions MBRI does not cause significant delays in the beginning of adjuvant therapies.

Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Mammaplasty/methods , Mastectomy/methods , Postoperative Complications , Chi-Square Distribution , Comorbidity , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 567-570, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047930


O pioderma gangrenoso (PG) é doença inflamatória da pele, que pode se desenvolver espontaneamente, associado a certas doenças sistêmicas e neoplásicas, ou ao trauma cirúrgico, incluindo os das mamas. Há relatos cada vez mais frequentes, considerando o aumento desse procedimento nos dias atuais. A manifestação clínica das úlceras é característica e deve ser lembrada nas evoluções cicatriciais desfavoráveis com intensa reação inflamatória, perdas teciduais, secreção sanguinolenta e/ ou purulenta, fundo granuloso e bordas elevadas. Relatase o caso de paciente que teve pioderma gangrenoso após mamoplastia redutora. Respondeu ao corticosteroide sistêmico, e vem evoluindo sem recidivas até o momento.

Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is an inflammatory disease of the skin that may develop spontaneously. It is associated with certain systemic and neoplastic diseases, including those of the breasts. PG is also associated with surgical trauma. It has been increasingly reported, along with the increase in the incidence of reduction mammoplasty procedures. The clinical manifestation of ulcers is characteristic of PG and it should be considered in cases of poor healing with intense inflammatory reaction, tissue loss, bloody and/ or purulent secretion, granular background, and lesions with high edges. We describe a patient who developed PG after reduction mammoplasty. She has since responded to systemic corticosteroids and has had no relapse to date.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Postoperative Complications , Skin Diseases , Autoimmune Diseases , Mammaplasty , Pyoderma Gangrenosum , Diagnosis, Differential , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Skin Diseases/surgery , Skin Diseases/complications , Skin Diseases/therapy , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Autoimmune Diseases/therapy , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Mammaplasty/methods , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/surgery , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/complications , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/therapy
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(6): 566-570, dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058320


Resumen Introducción: El tumor Phyllodes mamario es una entidad muy poco frecuente, con tendencia a la recidiva local y una tasa de malignización de 5-10%. La base de su tratamiento es la resección quirúrgica. Material y Métodos: Mujer de 32 años diagnosticada de un tumor Phyllodes maligno en mama derecha sometida en otro centro a cirugía conservadora con colocación de expansor y a dos tumorectomías posteriores por recidiva local. Fue referida a nuestro Hospital al presentar una nueva recidiva de gran tamaño (9,2 cm) para valoración de intervención quirúrgica. Resultados: Se realizó exéresis del tumor (remanente de tejido mamario y músculo pectoral mayor) y retirada del expansor con reconstrucción mamaria con colgajo de dorsal ancho en el mismo tiempo quirúrgico. En el momento actual la paciente se encuentra pendiente de iniciar tratamiento radioterápico. Conclusiones: El tumor Phyllodes maligno es una entidad poco frecuente y cuyo manejo terapéutico se basa en la resección quirúrgica con márgenes. De forma adyuvante se puede administrar quimiorradioterapia. Es de gran importancia realizar un manejo multidisciplinar e individualizado de cada caso para ofrecer el mejor pronóstico.

Introduction: Phyllodes tumor is a rare entity, with a high tendency to local recurrence and a malignancy rate of 5-10%. The basis of its treatment is the surgical resection. Materials and Method: We report a 32-year-old woman who was diagnosed of a malignant Phyllodes tumor who had previously underwent conservative breast surgery and expander placement in another center. Two subsequent lumpectomies due to local recurrences were necessary. She was referred to our Hospital for she presented a new large-sized recurrence (9.2 cm) at the retroarelor area for assessment of new surgical treatment. Results: Surgical resection of the tumor (remnant of mammary tissue and pectoralis major muscle) and removal of the expander with immediate breast reconstruction with latissimus dorsi flap was performed. At the present time, the patient is pending radiotherapeutic treatment. Conclusions: Malignant Phyllodes tumor is a rare entity whose therapeutic management is based on margin-free surgical excision. Adjuvant chemoradiotherapy might be administered. It is very important to carry out a multidisciplinary and individualized management of each case to offer the best possible forecast.

Humans , Female , Adult , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Mammaplasty/methods , Phyllodes Tumor/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Mammaplasty/adverse effects , Phyllodes Tumor/diagnostic imaging , Breast Implants
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(3): e864, jul.-set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1098976


RESUMEN Introducción: El resultado estético de la reconstrucción mamaria depende de varios factores difíciles de evaluar, la aplicación de la lipotransferencia ofrece alternativas para lograr mejores resultados estéticos y mayor satisfacción de las pacientes. Objetivo: Introducir la técnica de lipotransferencia en el instituto nacional de oncología de Cuba Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo, de corte longitudinal, en 10 pacientes a las que se les practicó técnica de lipotransferencia para reconstrucción mamaria por cáncer, que fueron operadas en el Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiobiología (INOR), en el período comprendido entre noviembre de 2016 y noviembre de 2018. Resultados: La técnica fue aplicada con mejores resultados estéticos en pacientes reconstruidas con expansión tisular. Se logró mejorar la disponibilidad de tejidos y amortiguar los daños de la radioterapia. La cantidad de grasa infiltrada fue hasta 400 ml, lo que propició mejorar la calidad de los tejidos y el contorno de la mama reconstruida. Obteniéndose con ello mejor simetría. Conclusiones: La aplicación de esta técnica complementaria, permite obtener mejores resultados estéticos y de esta mejor simetría en pacientes reconstruidas por cáncer de mama(AU)

ABSTRACT Introduction: The aesthetic result of breast reconstruction depends on several factors that are difficult to evaluate. The application of lipotransference offers alternatives to achieve better aesthetic results and greater patient satisfaction. Objective: To introduce the lipotransference technique in the Cuban National Institute of Oncology Methods: A descriptive, prospective, longitudinal-section study was carried out in 10 patients who underwent lipotransfer technique for breast reconstruction due to cancer, who underwent surgery at the National Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology (INOR), in the period between November 2016 and November 2018. Results: The technique was applied with better aesthetic results in reconstructed patients with tissue expansion. Tissue availability was improved and the damage from radiation therapy was cushioned. The amount of fat infiltrated was up to 400 ml, which favored improving the quality of the tissues and the contour of the reconstructed breast. Thus obtaining better symmetry. Conclusions: The application of this complementary technique allows obtaining better aesthetic results and this better symmetry in patients reconstructed for breast cancer(AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Mammaplasty/methods , Plastic Surgery Procedures/adverse effects , Myocutaneous Flap/transplantation , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(3): e868, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1098975


RESUMEN Introducción: La reconstrucción mamaria postmastectomía es la forma habitual en nuestro país. En el Instituto de Oncología se realizan en la actualidad con sistematicidad de manera inmediata para disminuir el impacto psicológico de la mastectomía. Objetivo: Evaluar el comportamiento de la reconstrucción mamaria inmediata con el uso de expansores tisulares. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo y longitudinal, en pacientes ingresadas en el Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiología con criterios de reconstrucción mamaria inmediata con expansores tisulares, en el periodo comprendido entre octubre de 2015 a diciembre de 2018. El universo estuvo conformado por 51 paciente siendo la muestra 43. Resultados: Predominó la reconstrucción en mujeres entre 40 y 49 de color de la piel blanca. La mayoría con hábitos tóxicos de fumadoras. Se realizó como técnica quirúrgica la reconstrucción inmediata con expansión tisular, fue el más utilizado el anatómico. Las principales complicaciones estuvieron relacionadas con la radioterapia y hábitos tóxicos. Conclusiones: Todas las mujeres se reconstruyeron con expansor tisular, de forma inmediata, con bajo índice de complicaciones(AU)

ABSTRACT Introduction: Postmastectomy breast reconstruction is the usual way in our country. At the Oncology Institute they are currently performed systematically immediately to lessen the psychological impact of mastectomy. Objective: To evaluate the behavior of immediate breast reconstruction with the use of tissue expanders. Methods: An observational, descriptive, retrospective and longitudinal study was carried out in patients admitted to the National Institute of Oncology and Radiology with criteria for immediate breast reconstruction with tissue expanders, in the period from October 2015 to December 2018. The universe it was made up of 51 patients, sample 43. Results: Reconstruction predominated in women between 40 and 49 of white skin color. Most with toxic smoking habits. Immediate reconstruction with tissue expansion was performed as a surgical technique, anatomical was the most used. The main complications were related to radiation therapy and toxic habits. Conclusions: All the women were reconstructed with a tissue expander, immediately, with a low rate of complications(AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Tissue Expansion Devices/adverse effects , Mammaplasty/methods , Mastectomy/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 315-323, jul.-sep. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047145


Introdução: As cirurgias de aumento de mamas com implantes de silicone estão entre os procedimentos de cirurgia plástica mais realizados. O objetivo desse estudo é avaliar os casos de pacientes com prótese de silicone, submetidas à mamoplastia secundária, apresentando uma alternativa de abordagem com ressecção em monobloco do tecido mamário, cápsula fibrosa e prótese de silicone; e o neoposicionamento do implante em loja retromuscular peitoral parcial. Métodos: Foram analisados 24 casos de mamoplastia secundária com neoposicionamento da prótese, apresentando os motivos da indicação da cirurgia e o detalhamento da abordagem cirúrgica para maior facilidade na execução do procedimento e a obtenção de resultados mais satisfatórios. Resultados: Todos os casos operados apresentavam alterações no exame físico das mamas, como: ptose mamária contratura capsular, posicionamento inadequado dos implantes e assimetrias mamárias. Nos casos estudados, as próteses com revestimento de poliuretano e sua completa adesão à cápsula fibrosa permitiram a ressecção mais prática, mesmo com variáveis graus de contratura capsular. As cápsulas fibrosas que envolviam implantes texturizados tinham características mais finas e a instabilidade das próteses, pela presença de seroma residual ou pelo excessivo tamanho da loja da prótese, desencadearam maior dificuldade na ressecção. Conclusão: A realização de mamoplastia secundária com troca de prótese, empregando a ressecção em monobloco e neoposicionamento do implante no espaço retromuscular peitoral parcial com suturas do músculo ao tecido mamário, oferece uma alternativa para otimizar o procedimento, maior estabilidade do músculo até completa cicatrização e a formação de nova cápsula fibrosa.

Introduction: Breast augmentation with silicone implants is one of the most common plastic surgery procedures. The objective of this study was to evaluate patients with previous silicone implantations undergoing secondary mammaplasty, presenting an alternative approach with en block resection of breast tissue, fibrous capsule, and silicone implant, followed by implant repositioning in the partial retropectoral pocket. Methods: This study included 24 cases of secondary mammaplasty with implant repositioning. It presents the indications for surgery and details the surgical approach for easier procedures and more satisfactory results. Results: All the included cases presented breast changes on physical examination, such as breast ptosis, capsular contracture, improper implant position, and breast asymmetry. In the studied cases, the use of polyurethane-coated implants and their complete adherence to the fibrous capsule resulted in a more practical resection even with varying degrees of capsular contracture. Fibrous capsules of textured implants were thinner, and implant instability due to the presence of residual seroma or pockets bigger than necessary resulted in more difficult resection. Conclusion: Secondary mammaplasty with en bloc resection, along with implant replacement and repositioning in the partial retropectoral pocket with sutures involving muscle and breast tissue is an alternative to optimize the procedure, providing greater muscle stability until complete healing and new fibrous capsule formation.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , History, 21st Century , Pectoralis Muscles , Prostheses and Implants , Surgery, Plastic , Breast , Retrospective Studies , Mammaplasty , Breast Implantation , Implant Capsular Contracture , Pectoralis Muscles/surgery , Prostheses and Implants/adverse effects , Surgery, Plastic/adverse effects , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Breast/surgery , Mammaplasty/adverse effects , Mammaplasty/methods , Breast Implantation/methods , Breast Implantation/rehabilitation , Implant Capsular Contracture/surgery