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2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 626-633, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137321

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To detect and to compare the apoptotic effects of intraoperatively topically applied diltiazem, papaverine, and nitroprusside. Methods: Internal thoracic artery segments of ten patients were obtained during coronary bypass grafting surgery. Each internal thoracic artery segment was divided into four pieces and immersed into four different solutions containing separately saline (Group S), diltiazem (Group D), papaverine (Group P), and nitroprusside (Group N). Each segment was examined with both hematoxylin-eosin and the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) method in order to determine and quantify apoptosis. Results: Apoptotic cells were counted in 50 microscopic areas of each segment. No significant difference was observed among the four groups according to hematoxylin-eosin staining. However, the TUNEL method revealed a significant increase in mean apoptotic cells in the diltiazem group when compared with the other three groups (Group S=4.25±1.4; Group D=13.31±2.8; Group N=9.48±2.09; Group P=10.75±2.37). The differences between groups were significant (P=0.0001). No difference was observed between the samples of the diabetic and non-diabetic patients in any of the study groups. Conclusion: The benefit of topically applied vasodilator drugs must outweigh the potential adverse effects. In terms of apoptosis, diltiazem was found to have the most deleterious effects on internal thoracic artery graft segments. Of the analyzed medical agents, nitroprusside was found to have the least apoptotic activity, followed by papaverine. Diabetes did not have significant effect on the occurrence of apoptosis in left internal thoracic artery grafts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Papaverine/therapeutic use , Vasodilator Agents/therapeutic use , Nitroprusside/therapeutic use , Diltiazem/therapeutic use , Mammary Arteries , Papaverine/pharmacology , Vasodilator Agents/pharmacology , Nitroprusside/pharmacology , Diltiazem/pharmacology
3.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(4): 539-548, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137283

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To examine the results of various myocardial revascularization techniques in pediatric patients to better understand the strategies for surgical treatment of coronary artery pathologies. Methods: We analyzed 61 publications dedicated to the indications, methods, and results of coronary bypass surgery in children. Due to the small size of this cohort, case reports are also included in our review. Results: The main indications for coronary bypass grafting in children are Kawasaki disease, myocardial revascularization as a necessary procedure during the congenital cardiac surgery, to manage intraoperative iatrogenic damage to coronary arteries, and homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia. The use of internal thoracic arteries as conduits for coronary bypass grafting in children with Kawasaki disease showed significantly better results in long-term functionality compared to autovenous conduits (87% and 44%, respectively, P<0.001). Acute and late coronary events after arterial switch operation for the transposition of the great arteries, anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery, and left main coronary artery atresia are the main congenital heart diseases where surgical correction involves interventions on the coronary arteries. Conclusion: The internal thoracic artery is a reliable and durable conduit that demonstrates proven growth potential in children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Transposition of Great Vessels , Coronary Artery Bypass , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Coronary Vessels , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/surgery
6.
CorSalud ; 12(1): 64-76, ene.-mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124644

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La arteria mamaria interna es el hemoducto de elección para injertar en la arteria coronaria descendente anterior. Un enorme cuerpo de evidencia demuestra que los resultados de la cirugía de revascularización miocárdica en el corto y largo plazo dependen de determinados factores relacionados con la preparación de la arteria, como su flujo y el grado de vascularización esternal residual. Por ese motivo, en las últimas décadas el procedimiento de disección de la arteria mamaria interna ha recibido tanta atención como la técnica de construcción de los injertos. Sin embargo, la historia de su origen y posterior evolución no ha sido siempre adecuadamente contada y muchas imprecisiones se han trasmitido a lo largo de los años.


ABSTRACT The left internal mammary artery is the conduit of choice for left anterior descending coronary artery grafting. A huge body of evidence shows that the short and long-term outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting depend on specific factors related to the preparation of the artery, namely, its blood flow and residual sternal vascularization degree. Accordingly, the internal mammary artery harvesting has received as much attention as the grafting construction technique in recent decades. However, the story of its origins and subsequent progress has not always been properly told as many inaccuracies have been passed on over the years.


Subject(s)
Dissection , History of Medicine , Mammary Arteries , Myocardial Revascularization
7.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(1): 91-99, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092466

ABSTRACT

Abstract The saphenous vein is the most common conduit used in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) yet its failure rate is higher compared to arterial grafts. An improvement in saphenous vein graft performance is therefore a major priority in CABG. No-touch harvesting of the saphenous vein is one of the few interventions that has shown improved patency rates, comparable to that of the left internal thoracic artery. After more than two decades of no-touch research, this technique is now recognized as a Class IIa recommendation in the 2018 European Society of Cardiology and the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery guidelines on myocardial revascularization. In this review, we describe the structural alterations that occur in conventional versus no-touch saphenous vein grafts and how these changes affect graft patency. In addition, we discuss various strategies aimed at repairing saphenous vein grafts prepared at conventional CABG.


Subject(s)
Humans , Saphenous Vein , Mammary Arteries , Vascular Patency , Coronary Artery Bypass , Treatment Outcome
8.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(2): 181-184, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101483

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze two techniques of papaverine application, topical spray on the harvested left internal mammary artery (LIMA) and perivascular injection, to find out their ability to improve LIMA flow. Methods: Forty patients were randomized into two groups. In Group 1, papaverine was sprayed on the harvested pedunculated LIMA. In Group 2, papaverine was delivered into the perivascular plane. Drug dosage was the same for both groups. LIMA flow was measured 20 minutes after applying papaverine. Blood flow was recorded for 20 seconds and flow per minute was calculated. The systemic mean pressures were maintained at 70 mmHg during blood collection. The data collected was statistically evaluated and interpreted. Results: The LIMA blood flow before papaverine application in the Group 1 was 51.9±13.40 ml/min and in Group 2 it was 55.1±15.70 ml/min. Statistically, LIMA flows were identical in both groups before papaverine application. The LIMA blood flow, post papaverine application, in Group 1 was 87.20±13.46 ml/min and in Group 2 it was 104.7±20.19 ml/min. The Group 2 flows were statistically higher than Group 1 flows. Conclusion: Papaverine delivery to LIMA by the perivascular injection method provided statistically significant higher flows when compared to the topical spray method. Hence, the perivascular delivery of papaverine is more efficient than the spray method in improving LIMA blood flow.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mammary Arteries , Papaverine , Vasodilator Agents , Injections
9.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(5): 1002-1005, Nov. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055043

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fistula from left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to pulmonary artery (PA) is rarely encountered in daily practice. In recent years, endovascular therapy options have emerged for the treatment of fistula formations and replaced with surgery. A 53-year-old man admitted to our outpatient clinic with symptoms of typical angina and shortness of breath despite optimal medical therapy. In his relevant history, he had a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) operation in 2009 in which his LIMA was anastomosed to left anterior descending (LAD) and ramus artery sequentially. Coronary angiography including selective imaging of LIMA demonstrated a fistula formation originating from the proximal portion of the LIMA and draining to PA. After successful closure of fistula with transcatheter coil embolization, the patient was discharged without any complication and symptom. In conclusion, although LIMA to PA fistula is an infrequent clinical condition, it should be considered as a potential cause of persistent angina after CABG operation. Treatment options include conservative medical therapy, surgical ligation and endovascular interventions. The best therapy should be individualised for each patient in respect to patient's symptoms, surgical compatibility and anatomy of fistula.


Resumo A fístula da artéria mamária interna esquerda (AMIE) para a artéria pulmonar (AP) é raramente encontrada na prática diária. Nos últimos anos, opções de terapia endovascular surgiram para o tratamento de formações de fístula e foram substituídas por cirurgia. Um homem de 53 anos de idade, internado em nosso ambulatório com sintomas de angina típica e falta de ar, apesar da terapia clínica ideal. Em seu histórico relevante, ele teve uma cirurgia de revascularização miocárdica (CRM) em 2009, na qual sua AMIE foi anastomosada à descendente anterior esquerda (DAE) e à artéria ramus sequencialmente. A angiografia coronária, incluindo imagens seletivas da AMIE, demonstrou uma formação de fístula proveniente da porção proximal da AMIE e drenando para AP. Após o fechamento bem-sucedido da fístula com embolização transcateter com mola, o paciente recebeu alta sem qualquer complicação e sintoma. Em conclusão, embora fístula entre AMIE e AP seja uma condição clínica pouco frequente, deve ser considerada como uma causa potencial de angina persistente após a operação de revascularização do miocárdio. As opções de tratamento incluem terapia médica conservadora, ligadura cirúrgica e intervenções endovasculares. A melhor terapia deve ser individualizada para cada paciente em relação aos sintomas do paciente, compatibilidade cirúrgica e anatomia da fístula.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Artery , Catheterization, Peripheral/methods , Arterio-Arterial Fistula/therapy , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Angina Pectoris/therapy , Mammary Arteries , Postoperative Complications , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Arterio-Arterial Fistula/complications , Arterio-Arterial Fistula/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Self Expandable Metallic Stents , Angina Pectoris/etiology
10.
CorSalud ; 11(3): 211-218, jul.-set. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089739

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La disección de la arteria torácica interna es uno de los procedimientos más definitorios de la cirugía de revascularización miocárdica, pues se ha demostrado que la calidad de vida y la evolución a corto y largo plazo de los pacientes dependerán de las características morfológicas del injerto. Hace más de 25 años se propuso la utilización de un separador pulmonar maleable para facilitar la disección de la arteria torácica interna, especialmente su segmento proximal, pero nunca se ha fabricado ese dispositivo. Se presenta un separador pulmonar manufacturado a partir de dispositivos en desuso, empleados en cirugía coronaria. Se comentan y discuten las principales ventajas demostradas durante más de tres años en cerca de un centenar de pacientes.


ABSTRACT Internal thoracic artery dissection is one of the most defining procedures of coronary artery bypass grafting, as it has been demonstrated that the quality of life and short-long term outcome of patients will depend on the morphological characteristics of the graft. More than 25 years ago, the use of a malleable lung spreader was proposed to facilitate the internal thoracic artery dissection especially its proximal segment, but that device has never been manufactured. A lung spreader, assembled from disused devices, used in coronary artery revascularization is presented. The main advantages confirmed over more than three years in nearly a hundred patients are discussed and commented upon.


Subject(s)
Myocardial Revascularization , Pneumothorax , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Pleural Cavity , Mammary Arteries
11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(4): 488-490, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020502

ABSTRACT

Abstract Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is an ultra-orphan disease. We report the first case in the literature of Off-Pump Coronary Revascularization Using Bilateral Internal Thoracic Arteries in a patient with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. A 36-year-old man came to the emergency department with acute non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). He presented paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria diagnosed in 2016. Coronary angiography revealed tripple vessel disease. The conduits used for coronary revascularization were both internal thoracic arteries (left ITA-right ITA [LITA-RITA]). We consider that off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) using Bilateral Internal Thoracic Arteries (BITA) can be safely performed with low in-hospital mortality and complications rates, even in patient with PNH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Coronary Disease/surgery , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump/methods , Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal/complications , Coronary Angiography/methods , Coronary Disease/complications , Mammary Arteries/transplantation
12.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(6): 718-726, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020720

ABSTRACT

Background: Exclusive coronary revascularization with both mammary arteries could result in lower rates of adverse events in the long term. Aim: To describe the five-year evolution of a cohort of patients operated on with this technique. Material and Methods: Follow up analyzing survival of 73 patients aged 59 ± 9 years (82% men) who underwent exclusive coronary surgery with two mammary arteries between December 1,2010 and April 12,2017. We studied their clinical characteristics, surgical results, operative morbidity and mortality and adverse events up to June 30, 2018. Results: Six patients had two-vessel lesions and 67 three-vessel lesions. The operative risk calculated by additive and logistic EuroSCORE was 2.5 and 2.3%, respectively. A mean of 3.75 anastomoses /patient were performed, 116 with left mammary artery (73 to the anterior descending artery, 38 to a diagonal artery and 5 for other objectives) and 158 with right mammary artery (69 to a first marginal artery, 23 to a second marginal artery and 64 to posterior descending artery). There was one case of mediastinitis and one (1.5%) patient died. The mean follow-up was 64.6 ± 23.7 months. The 5-year survival was 90.4%. Conclusions: Coronary revascularization with two exclusive mammary arteries allowed a complete revascularization of the heart with a low rate of complications and adverse effects at five years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Internal Mammary-Coronary Artery Anastomosis/methods , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Postoperative Complications/mortality , Time Factors , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Anastomosis, Surgical/mortality , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Internal Mammary-Coronary Artery Anastomosis/mortality
13.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(1): 114-117, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-985245

ABSTRACT

Abstract Buerger's disease, vasculitis of small and medium-sized blood vessels, is a non-atherosclerotic and progressive occlusive condition which frequently involves the distal part of the limbs. The occlusion of coronary arteries in Buerger's disease is a rare condition; however, coronary artery dissection has not been reported previously. Therefore, this paper presents a 45-year-old man who developed coronary artery dissection associated with Buerger's disease. The patient was treated successfully with coronary artery bypass grafting with the left internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending artery, and saphenous vein graft to the right coronary artery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Thromboangiitis Obliterans/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/etiology , Coronary Occlusion/etiology , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Thromboangiitis Obliterans/surgery , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Coronary Angiography/methods , Coronary Occlusion/surgery , Coronary Occlusion/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods , Mammary Arteries/surgery
14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(1): 48-56, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-985235

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Over the past 10 years, the rate of patients who have undergone coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery has increased twofold in cases of coronary angiography. Today, transradial access is the first choice for coronary angiography. We aimed to compare the efficacy and reliability of radial versus femoral access for coronary angiography in post-CABG surgery in this study. Methods: Data from 442 patients who underwent post-CABG surgery between 2012-2017 were retrospectively compared. The right radial route was used in 120 cases, the left radial route in 148, and femoral route in 174. These three pathways were compared in terms of procedure time and fluoroscopy time, efficacy, and complication development. Comparisons among the three groups were performed with Bonferroni test for continuous variables and chi-square or Fisher's exact test for nominal variables as a binary. Results: Comparison results indicate that femoral access was better than left radial access and the left radial access was better than right radial access in terms of fluoroscopy time (10.71±1.65, 10.94±1.25, 16.12±5.28 min, P<0.001) and total procedure time (17.28±1.68, 17.68±2.34, 23.04±5.84 min, P<0.001). The left radial pathway was the most effective way of viewing left internal mammary artery (LIMA). No statistically significant differences were found among the three groups in other graft visualizations, all minor complications, total procedure and fluoroscopy time "Except LIMA imaging". Mortality due to processing was not observed in all three groups. Conclusion: The left radial route is preferred over right radial access for post-CABG angiography because the left radial pathway is close to the LIMA and is similar to the femoral pathway. In LIMA graft imaging, right radial access is a reliable route, even though it is not as effective as other pathways. We hope that the right radial pathway will improve with physician experience and innovations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Coronary Angiography/methods , Radial Artery/surgery , Femoral Artery/surgery , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Aorta/diagnostic imaging , Time Factors , Fluoroscopy/methods , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Radial Artery/diagnostic imaging , Femoral Artery/diagnostic imaging , Operative Time , Mammary Arteries/diagnostic imaging
15.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(1): 111-113, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-985232

ABSTRACT

Abstract We report a case of a 23-year-old man who was diagnosed with Kawasaki disease that progressed to a coronary aneurysm in the left main coronary artery (LMA). He had suffered from acute coronary syndrome and then underwent an emergent percutaneous coronary angioplasty, in which a polyurethane-covered stent was placed inside the aneurysm. The stent was thrombosed one year later, despite the patient had been treated with anticoagulant and antiplatelet therapy. Emergency percutaneous intervention was then performed. LMA was reopened and stent malposition was observed. Therefore, urgent coronary bypass grafting was performed in which a high degree of competitive flow was observed through the reopened stent. LMA was ligated at the inflow of the aneurysm, resulting in an improvement of graft flow. Left main ligature has not been previously reported.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Coronary Aneurysm/surgery , Coronary Aneurysm/etiology , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/surgery , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/complications , Coronary Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Acute Coronary Syndrome/surgery , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods , Ligation , Mammary Arteries/surgery
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762809

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Thoracodorsal vessels (TDVs) and internal mammary vessels (IMVs) have both been widely employed as recipient vessels for use in free muscle-sparing transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (MS-TRAM) flaps. However, whether TDVs or IMVs are preferable as recipient vessels for autologous breast reconstruction with a free MS-TRAM flap remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes when TDVs were used as recipient vessels to those obtained when IMVs were used as recipient vessels for autologous breast reconstruction with a free MS-TRAM flap. METHODS: A retrospective matched-cohort study was performed. We retrospectively reviewed data collected from patients who underwent a free MS-TRAM flap for autologous breast reconstructions after mastectomy between March 2003 and June 2013. After a one-to-one matching using age, 100 autologous breast reconstructions were selected in this study. Of the 100 breast reconstructions, 50 flaps were anastomosed to TDVs and 50 to IMVs. Patient demographics and clinical outcomes including operation time, length of hospital stay, postoperative complications, and aesthetic score were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups in patient demographics and clinical outcomes, including the complication rates and aesthetic scores. There were no major complications such as total or partial flap loss in either group. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study demonstrate that both TDVs and IMVs were safe and efficient as recipient vessels in terms of the complication rates and aesthetic outcomes.


Subject(s)
Breast , Demography , Female , Humans , Length of Stay , Mammaplasty , Mammary Arteries , Mastectomy , Myocutaneous Flap , Postoperative Complications , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Rectus Abdominis , Retrospective Studies
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761837

ABSTRACT

We report the case of a female patient who underwent late reoperation following endocarditis surgery. The patient first underwent surgery at 22 years of age for endocarditis with aortic and tricuspid insufficiency. She underwent aortic root replacement with a homograft and tricuspid valve replacement with a tissue valve. Coronary artery bypass using the internal thoracic artery and ligation of the left main coronary artery were performed. Ten years later, failure of the homograft and the tricuspid valve developed. In the second operation, the patient underwent a successful Bentall operation and tricuspid valve replacement with a mechanical valve under deep hypothermia and retrograde cold cardioplegia without drainage.


Subject(s)
Allografts , Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Vessels , Drainage , Endocarditis , Female , Heart Arrest, Induced , Humans , Hypothermia , Ligation , Mammary Arteries , Reoperation , Tricuspid Valve
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The left internal thoracic artery (LITA) has been used as the first conduit of choice in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) because of excellent long-term patency and outcomes. However, no studies have examined substances other than nitric oxide that could be beneficial for the bypass conduit, native coronary artery or ischemic myocardium. This study was conducted to evaluate differences in metabolic profiles between the LITA and ascending aorta using gas chromatography-time of flight-mass spectrometry (GC-TOF-MS). METHODS: Twenty patients who underwent CABG using the LITA were prospectively enrolled. Plasma samples were collected simultaneously from the LITA and ascending aorta. GC-TOF-MS based untargeted metabolomic analyses were performed and a 2-step volcano plot analysis was used to identify distinguishable markers from two plasma metabolome profiles. Semi-quantitative and quantitative analyses were performed using GC-TOF-MS and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively, after selecting target metabolites based on the metabolite set enrichment analysis. RESULTS: Initial volcano plot analysis demonstrated 5 possible markers among 851 peaks detected. The final analysis demonstrated that the L-cysteine peak was significantly higher in the LITA than in the ascending aorta (fold change = 1.86). The concentrations of intermediate metabolites such as L-cysteine, L-methionine and L-cystine in the ‘cysteine and methionine metabolism pathway' were significantly higher in the LITA than in the ascending aorta (2.0-, 1.4- and 1.2-fold, respectively). Quantitative analysis showed that the concentration of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) was significantly higher in the LITA. CONCLUSION: The plasma metabolome profiles of the LITA and ascending aorta were different, particularly higher plasma concentrations of L-cysteine and H2S in the LITA.


Subject(s)
Aorta , Chromatography, Gas , Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Vessels , Cysteine , Cystine , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Hydrogen Sulfide , Mammary Arteries , Mass Spectrometry , Metabolism , Metabolome , Metabolomics , Methionine , Myocardium , Nitric Oxide , Plasma , Prospective Studies , Spectrum Analysis
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742338

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Optimal graft selection for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction remains debatable. We report an analysis of our experiences of isolated CABG in patients with severe LV dysfunction and the impact of graft strategy on long-term outcomes. METHODS: We analyzed 209 patients with severe LV dysfunction (ejection fraction [EF] <30%) who underwent primary isolated CABG. Of these, 169 were revascularized with a bilateral internal thoracic arterial (ITA) graft (BITA group) and 40 were revascularized with a single ITA graft (SITA group). The mean follow-up duration was 22±32 months. RESULTS: There were 18 early deaths (8.6%). Overall survival at 5 years was 66.7%. The rate of freedom from cardiac-related death at 5 years was 74.1%, and was significantly higher in patients who underwent off-pump CABG (p=0.005) and in the BITA group (p=0.023). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that old age (hazard ratio [HR], 2.548; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.134–5.762; p=0.024), off-pump CABG (HR, 0.245; 95% CI, 0.090–0.661; p=0.006), and BITA grafts (HR, 0.333; 95% CI, 0.146–0.757; p=0.009) were correlated with cardiac mortality. CONCLUSION: CABG in patients with severe LV dysfunction (EF < 30%) showed reasonable long-term outcomes. The rate of freedom from cardiac-related death was significantly higher in patients who underwent off-pump CABG and in the BITA group. Off-pump BITA grafting strategies can be accepted as a viable primary option in patients with severe LV dysfunction if performed by an experienced surgeon.


Subject(s)
Cardiomyopathies , Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Vessels , Follow-Up Studies , Freedom , Humans , Mammary Arteries , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Transplants , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
20.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 31(4)Out.- Dez. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-964027

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: Ocorre modificação no fluxo da artéria torácica interna, após sua anastomose na artéria coronária descendente anterior. Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da ligadura dos ramos proximais da artéria torácica interna anastomosada na artéria coronária descendente anterior, quanto às velocidades e à reserva de velocidade de fluxo coronariano, em pacientes com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo preservada (> 50%). Métodos: Estudo prospectivo de pacientes com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo > 50% revascularizados. O Grupo I foi formado por 25 pacientes com ligadura dos grandes ramos da artéria torácica interna antes de sua anastomose na artéria coronária descendente anterior, e o Grupo II por 28 pacientes sem ligadura. Registrou-se o Doppler em nível proximal da artéria torácica interna no pré-operatório, pós-operatório precoce e no pós-operatório tardio de 6 meses. Foram mensurados os picos de velocidade sistólica e diastólica, e as velocidades médias sistólica e diastólica. A reserva de velocidade de fluxo coronariano foi obtida durante o ecocardiograma sob estresse com dobutamina no pós-operatório tardio de 6 meses. Resultados: No pós-operatório precoce, o pico de velocidade sistólica e a velocidade média sistólica diminuíram, enquanto aumentaram o pico de velocidade diastólica e a velocidade média diastólica nos dois grupos (p < 0,05). Do pós-operatório precoce para o tardio em 6 meses, apenas o pico de velocidade diastólica se modificou, diminuindo nos dois grupos (p < 0,05). Durante o ecocardiograma sob estresse com dobutamina, o pico de velocidade diastólica e a velocidade média diastólica aumentaram (p < 0,05), e os grupos não diferiram, mas o pico de velocidade sistólica e a velocidade média sistólica aumentaram apenas no Grupo II (p < 0,05). A reserva de velocidade de fluxo coronariano dos grupos calculada pelo pico de velocidade diastólica (Grupo I = 2,17 ± 0,64 e Grupo II = 2,28 ± 0,63) e pela velocidade média diastólica (Grupo I = 2,27 ± 0,54 e Grupo II = 2,5 ± 0,79) não diferiu. Conclusão: Em pacientes com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo preservada, a ligadura dos grandes ramos da artéria torácica interna anastomosada na artéria coronária descendente anterior não compromete a reserva de velocidade de fluxo coronariano, mas determina limitação no aumento das velocidades sistólicas


Introduction: Modification of internal thoracic artery flow occurs after its anastomosis in the left anterior descending coronary artery. Objective: To evaluate the effect of ligation of the proximal branches of anastomosed internal thoracic artery flow on the left anterior descending in relation to velocities and coronary flow velocity reserve in patients with left ventricular ejection fraction preserved (> 50%). Methods: Prospective study of patients with left ventricular ejection fraction > 50% and revascularized. Group I was composed of 25 patients with ligation of the major branches of the internal thoracic artery flow before its anastomosis in the left anterior descending coronary artery, and Group II was composed of 28 patients without ligation. Doppler was recorded at the proximal level of internal thoracic artery flow in the preoperative, early postoperative and 6 months later. The systolic peak velocity and diastolic, and systolic mean velocity and diastolic were measured. Coronary flow velocity reserve was obtained during dobutamine stress echocardiography in postoperative period 6 months later. Results: In the postoperative, the systolic peak velocity and the systolic mean velocity decreased while increasing the diastolic peak velocity and the diastolic mean velocity in the groups (p < 0.05). From the postoperative to the postoperative period 6 months later, only the diastolic peak velocity modified, occurring its decrease in the groups (p < 0.05). During the dobutamine stress echocardiography, diastolic peak velocity and the diastolic mean velocity increased (p < 0.05) and groups did not differ, however, the systolic peak velocity and the systolic mean velocity increased only in Group II (p < 0.05). The coronary flow velocity reserve of the groups calculated by diastolic peak velocity (Group I = 2.17 ± 0.64 and Group II =2.28 ± 0.63) and diastolic mean velocity (Group I = 2.27 ± 0.54 and Group II = 2.5 ± 0.79) did not differ. Conclusion: In patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction, the ligation of the large branches of the anastomosed internal thoracic artery flow into the left anterior descending coronary artery does not compromise the coronary flow velocity reserve, but determines limitation in the increase of the systolic velocities


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial , Internal Mammary-Coronary Artery Anastomosis , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Atropine/administration & dosage , Stroke Volume , Transplantation , Echocardiography/methods , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Statistical Analysis , Prospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Echocardiography, Stress/methods , Dobutamine/administration & dosage , Heart Ventricles
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