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2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(4): 539-548, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137283

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To examine the results of various myocardial revascularization techniques in pediatric patients to better understand the strategies for surgical treatment of coronary artery pathologies. Methods: We analyzed 61 publications dedicated to the indications, methods, and results of coronary bypass surgery in children. Due to the small size of this cohort, case reports are also included in our review. Results: The main indications for coronary bypass grafting in children are Kawasaki disease, myocardial revascularization as a necessary procedure during the congenital cardiac surgery, to manage intraoperative iatrogenic damage to coronary arteries, and homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia. The use of internal thoracic arteries as conduits for coronary bypass grafting in children with Kawasaki disease showed significantly better results in long-term functionality compared to autovenous conduits (87% and 44%, respectively, P<0.001). Acute and late coronary events after arterial switch operation for the transposition of the great arteries, anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery, and left main coronary artery atresia are the main congenital heart diseases where surgical correction involves interventions on the coronary arteries. Conclusion: The internal thoracic artery is a reliable and durable conduit that demonstrates proven growth potential in children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Transposition of Great Vessels , Coronary Artery Bypass , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Coronary Vessels , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/surgery
3.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(6): 718-726, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020720

ABSTRACT

Background: Exclusive coronary revascularization with both mammary arteries could result in lower rates of adverse events in the long term. Aim: To describe the five-year evolution of a cohort of patients operated on with this technique. Material and Methods: Follow up analyzing survival of 73 patients aged 59 ± 9 years (82% men) who underwent exclusive coronary surgery with two mammary arteries between December 1,2010 and April 12,2017. We studied their clinical characteristics, surgical results, operative morbidity and mortality and adverse events up to June 30, 2018. Results: Six patients had two-vessel lesions and 67 three-vessel lesions. The operative risk calculated by additive and logistic EuroSCORE was 2.5 and 2.3%, respectively. A mean of 3.75 anastomoses /patient were performed, 116 with left mammary artery (73 to the anterior descending artery, 38 to a diagonal artery and 5 for other objectives) and 158 with right mammary artery (69 to a first marginal artery, 23 to a second marginal artery and 64 to posterior descending artery). There was one case of mediastinitis and one (1.5%) patient died. The mean follow-up was 64.6 ± 23.7 months. The 5-year survival was 90.4%. Conclusions: Coronary revascularization with two exclusive mammary arteries allowed a complete revascularization of the heart with a low rate of complications and adverse effects at five years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Internal Mammary-Coronary Artery Anastomosis/methods , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Postoperative Complications/mortality , Time Factors , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Anastomosis, Surgical/mortality , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Internal Mammary-Coronary Artery Anastomosis/mortality
4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(1): 114-117, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-985245

ABSTRACT

Abstract Buerger's disease, vasculitis of small and medium-sized blood vessels, is a non-atherosclerotic and progressive occlusive condition which frequently involves the distal part of the limbs. The occlusion of coronary arteries in Buerger's disease is a rare condition; however, coronary artery dissection has not been reported previously. Therefore, this paper presents a 45-year-old man who developed coronary artery dissection associated with Buerger's disease. The patient was treated successfully with coronary artery bypass grafting with the left internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending artery, and saphenous vein graft to the right coronary artery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Thromboangiitis Obliterans/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/etiology , Coronary Occlusion/etiology , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Thromboangiitis Obliterans/surgery , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Coronary Angiography/methods , Coronary Occlusion/surgery , Coronary Occlusion/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods , Mammary Arteries/surgery
5.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(1): 48-56, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-985235

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Over the past 10 years, the rate of patients who have undergone coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery has increased twofold in cases of coronary angiography. Today, transradial access is the first choice for coronary angiography. We aimed to compare the efficacy and reliability of radial versus femoral access for coronary angiography in post-CABG surgery in this study. Methods: Data from 442 patients who underwent post-CABG surgery between 2012-2017 were retrospectively compared. The right radial route was used in 120 cases, the left radial route in 148, and femoral route in 174. These three pathways were compared in terms of procedure time and fluoroscopy time, efficacy, and complication development. Comparisons among the three groups were performed with Bonferroni test for continuous variables and chi-square or Fisher's exact test for nominal variables as a binary. Results: Comparison results indicate that femoral access was better than left radial access and the left radial access was better than right radial access in terms of fluoroscopy time (10.71±1.65, 10.94±1.25, 16.12±5.28 min, P<0.001) and total procedure time (17.28±1.68, 17.68±2.34, 23.04±5.84 min, P<0.001). The left radial pathway was the most effective way of viewing left internal mammary artery (LIMA). No statistically significant differences were found among the three groups in other graft visualizations, all minor complications, total procedure and fluoroscopy time "Except LIMA imaging". Mortality due to processing was not observed in all three groups. Conclusion: The left radial route is preferred over right radial access for post-CABG angiography because the left radial pathway is close to the LIMA and is similar to the femoral pathway. In LIMA graft imaging, right radial access is a reliable route, even though it is not as effective as other pathways. We hope that the right radial pathway will improve with physician experience and innovations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Coronary Angiography/methods , Radial Artery/surgery , Femoral Artery/surgery , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Aorta/diagnostic imaging , Time Factors , Fluoroscopy/methods , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Radial Artery/diagnostic imaging , Femoral Artery/diagnostic imaging , Operative Time , Mammary Arteries/diagnostic imaging
6.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(1): 111-113, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-985232

ABSTRACT

Abstract We report a case of a 23-year-old man who was diagnosed with Kawasaki disease that progressed to a coronary aneurysm in the left main coronary artery (LMA). He had suffered from acute coronary syndrome and then underwent an emergent percutaneous coronary angioplasty, in which a polyurethane-covered stent was placed inside the aneurysm. The stent was thrombosed one year later, despite the patient had been treated with anticoagulant and antiplatelet therapy. Emergency percutaneous intervention was then performed. LMA was reopened and stent malposition was observed. Therefore, urgent coronary bypass grafting was performed in which a high degree of competitive flow was observed through the reopened stent. LMA was ligated at the inflow of the aneurysm, resulting in an improvement of graft flow. Left main ligature has not been previously reported.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Coronary Aneurysm/surgery , Coronary Aneurysm/etiology , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/surgery , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/complications , Coronary Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Acute Coronary Syndrome/surgery , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods , Ligation , Mammary Arteries/surgery
7.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 31(4)Out.- Dez. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-964027

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: Ocorre modificação no fluxo da artéria torácica interna, após sua anastomose na artéria coronária descendente anterior. Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da ligadura dos ramos proximais da artéria torácica interna anastomosada na artéria coronária descendente anterior, quanto às velocidades e à reserva de velocidade de fluxo coronariano, em pacientes com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo preservada (> 50%). Métodos: Estudo prospectivo de pacientes com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo > 50% revascularizados. O Grupo I foi formado por 25 pacientes com ligadura dos grandes ramos da artéria torácica interna antes de sua anastomose na artéria coronária descendente anterior, e o Grupo II por 28 pacientes sem ligadura. Registrou-se o Doppler em nível proximal da artéria torácica interna no pré-operatório, pós-operatório precoce e no pós-operatório tardio de 6 meses. Foram mensurados os picos de velocidade sistólica e diastólica, e as velocidades médias sistólica e diastólica. A reserva de velocidade de fluxo coronariano foi obtida durante o ecocardiograma sob estresse com dobutamina no pós-operatório tardio de 6 meses. Resultados: No pós-operatório precoce, o pico de velocidade sistólica e a velocidade média sistólica diminuíram, enquanto aumentaram o pico de velocidade diastólica e a velocidade média diastólica nos dois grupos (p < 0,05). Do pós-operatório precoce para o tardio em 6 meses, apenas o pico de velocidade diastólica se modificou, diminuindo nos dois grupos (p < 0,05). Durante o ecocardiograma sob estresse com dobutamina, o pico de velocidade diastólica e a velocidade média diastólica aumentaram (p < 0,05), e os grupos não diferiram, mas o pico de velocidade sistólica e a velocidade média sistólica aumentaram apenas no Grupo II (p < 0,05). A reserva de velocidade de fluxo coronariano dos grupos calculada pelo pico de velocidade diastólica (Grupo I = 2,17 ± 0,64 e Grupo II = 2,28 ± 0,63) e pela velocidade média diastólica (Grupo I = 2,27 ± 0,54 e Grupo II = 2,5 ± 0,79) não diferiu. Conclusão: Em pacientes com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo preservada, a ligadura dos grandes ramos da artéria torácica interna anastomosada na artéria coronária descendente anterior não compromete a reserva de velocidade de fluxo coronariano, mas determina limitação no aumento das velocidades sistólicas


Introduction: Modification of internal thoracic artery flow occurs after its anastomosis in the left anterior descending coronary artery. Objective: To evaluate the effect of ligation of the proximal branches of anastomosed internal thoracic artery flow on the left anterior descending in relation to velocities and coronary flow velocity reserve in patients with left ventricular ejection fraction preserved (> 50%). Methods: Prospective study of patients with left ventricular ejection fraction > 50% and revascularized. Group I was composed of 25 patients with ligation of the major branches of the internal thoracic artery flow before its anastomosis in the left anterior descending coronary artery, and Group II was composed of 28 patients without ligation. Doppler was recorded at the proximal level of internal thoracic artery flow in the preoperative, early postoperative and 6 months later. The systolic peak velocity and diastolic, and systolic mean velocity and diastolic were measured. Coronary flow velocity reserve was obtained during dobutamine stress echocardiography in postoperative period 6 months later. Results: In the postoperative, the systolic peak velocity and the systolic mean velocity decreased while increasing the diastolic peak velocity and the diastolic mean velocity in the groups (p < 0.05). From the postoperative to the postoperative period 6 months later, only the diastolic peak velocity modified, occurring its decrease in the groups (p < 0.05). During the dobutamine stress echocardiography, diastolic peak velocity and the diastolic mean velocity increased (p < 0.05) and groups did not differ, however, the systolic peak velocity and the systolic mean velocity increased only in Group II (p < 0.05). The coronary flow velocity reserve of the groups calculated by diastolic peak velocity (Group I = 2.17 ± 0.64 and Group II =2.28 ± 0.63) and diastolic mean velocity (Group I = 2.27 ± 0.54 and Group II = 2.5 ± 0.79) did not differ. Conclusion: In patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction, the ligation of the large branches of the anastomosed internal thoracic artery flow into the left anterior descending coronary artery does not compromise the coronary flow velocity reserve, but determines limitation in the increase of the systolic velocities


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial , Internal Mammary-Coronary Artery Anastomosis , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Atropine/administration & dosage , Stroke Volume , Transplantation , Echocardiography/methods , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Statistical Analysis , Prospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Echocardiography, Stress/methods , Dobutamine/administration & dosage , Heart Ventricles
9.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 33(1): 20-42, abr. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-903606

ABSTRACT

Introducción y objetivos: existe tendencia a procurar un aumento de los beneficios de la cirugía de revascularización mediante el uso de ambas arterias mamarias internas (DAMI). Nuestro objetivo fue analizar los resultados nacionales a largo plazo del uso de DAMI en una población de pacientes con ángor estable con indicación de revascularización aislada. Métodos: se recabaron los datos de pacientes operados desde 2006 a 2015 en Uruguay. Se extrajeron variables demográficas, operatorias y de seguimiento. Evaluamos mortalidad operatoria, mediastinitis y sobrevida. Estratificamos la población por edad en menor o mayor o igual a 65 años. Para disminuir la heterogeneidad entre grupos realizamos comparación mediante puntaje de propensión (PS) en menores de 65 años. Resultados: se incluyeron 2.791 pacientes. Los pacientes con DAMI eran más jóvenes (57,3?8,5 vs 65,9?8,6 años, p=0,001), con menor porcentaje de sexo femenino (15,6% vs 28,2%, p=0,001), menor incidencia de hipertensión (74,1% vs 79,8%, p=0,012) y menor Euroscore (1,35 vs 4,23, p=0,001). En ³65 años, DAMI resultó ser predictor independiente de mortalidad operatoria y peor sobrevida. En ?λτ;65 años pareados por PS, los pacientes con DAMI tuvieron mayor sobrevida, pero DAMI no fue predictor independiente para la misma. La revascularización completa en pacientes con una mamaria igualó la sobrevida a DAMI. La incidencia de mediastinitis fue similar en ambos grupos en todos los casos. Conclusiones: el uso de DAMI resultó perjudicial en pacientes 65 años. Dicha técnica ofrece mejores resultados en pacientes menores de 65 años, aunque su beneficio como predictor independiente parecería estar confundido por otras variables como la edad y la revascularización completa.


Introduction and objectives: there is a tendency to increase the benefits of surgery in coronary artery disease using both internal mammary arteries (BIMA). Our objective was to evaluate our long term national results in patients with stable coronary artery disease who receive isolated coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG) using BIMA. Methods: patients operated between 2006 and 2015 were included. Patients' demographic, operative and postoperative variables were extracted. The outcomes were operative mortality, deep sternal infection and survival. Our population was stratified by age in ?λτ; and ³ 65 years old. In order to decreased group heterogeneity, propensity match (PM) was performed. Results: 2.791 patients were included. Patients with BIMA were younger (57.3?8,5 vs 65,9?8,6 years old, p=0,001), lower incidence of females (15,6% vs 28,2%, p=0,001), of hypertension (74,1% vs 79,8%, p=0,012) and lower Euroscore (1,35 vs 4,23, p=0,001). In patients ³ 65 years old, BIMA was an independent predictor for worse operative mortality and survival. In PM patients ?λτ; 65 years old, BIMA was associated with improved survival but failed to be an independent predictor for it. Patients who received single internal mammary artery and had complete revascularization had similar survival to BIMA patients. Deep sternal infection was similar between groups in both strata. Conclusions: the use of BIMA was found to be an independent predictor for worse outcomes in patients ³ 65 years old. BIMA has better results for patients ?λτ; 65 years old although its independent benefit is confused by other variables such as age and complete revascularization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Thoracic Surgery , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Myocardial Revascularization/mortality , Survival Rate , Risk Factors , Age Factors
10.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(3): 191-196, May-June 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897911

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To investigate the impact of gender difference in early postoperative outcomes in elderly patients (aged 70 or older) undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. Methods: Between October 2009 and December 2013, a total of 223 elderly patients (aged 70 or older) undergoing isolated primary coronary artery bypass grafting surgery were included in this retrospective observational cohort study. Patients were divided into two groups according to their gender. The patients' medical records were collected, their baseline preoperative characteristics, operative data, and postoperative outcomes were retrospectively reviewed, and the effect of gender difference in the early postoperative outcomes was analyzed. Results: Group 1 (female patients) and Group 2 (male patients) consisted of 71 and 152 patients, respectively. Mean age of patients was 74.4±3.6 years (range: 70-84 years). The level of EuroSCORE I, the incidence of hypertension and hyperlipidemia were significantly higher in Group 1, while the rate of smoking was significantly higher in Group 2. Mean postoperative intubation time, length of intensive care unit and hospital stay were longer in female patients than in male patients, but these differences were not statistically significant. No statistically significant difference between two groups in terms of the transfusion of blood products was observed. The rates of in-hospital mortality and major postoperative complications were statistically similar between the two groups. Conclusion: In conclusion, the female gender was not associated with worse early postoperative outcomes in elderly patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Sex Factors , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Coronary Artery Bypass/mortality , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period , Time Factors , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Treatment Outcome , Hospital Mortality , Risk Assessment/methods , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay , Mammary Arteries/surgery
11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 31(2): 120-126, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792658

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: We investigated the effects of pedicled and semiskeletonized left internal mammary artery (LIMA) harvesting techniques on postoperative drainage in patients subjected to off-pump CABG, ignoring other advantages or disadvantages of those techniques. Methods: The present study comprises a total of 160 subjects that underwent coronary artery bypass surgery in our clinic. Data were collected consecutively and retrospectively. An attempt was made to have similar groups in terms of demographic characteristics. Patients that underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery by two surgical teams which differed only in LIMA harvesting technique were dichotomized and compared according to these techniques. The first group (Group 1) consisted of patients in whom LIMA was harvested with surrounding tissues using the pedicled technique. The second group (Group 2) consisted of patients in whom LIMA was harvested using the semiskeletonized technique, with the veins separated from surrounding connective tissues. Results: The mean amount of drainage in the first 24 hours was 706.1±234.2 ml vs. 591±258.8 ml (Group 1 vs. Group 2; P=0.005), the mean amount of drainage in the second 24 hours was 270±133.6 ml vs. 189.4±140.4 ml (Group 1 vs. Group 2; P<0.001), and the mean amount of total drainage was determined to be 976.1±306.9 ml vs. 781.2±335.5 ml (Group 1 vs. Group 2; P<0.001). Conclusion: It was observed that semiskeletonized LIMA presents reduced amount of postoperative drainage in the first and second 24-hour periods and total amount of drainage than pedicled LIMA, independent of pleural integrity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Drainage/methods , Tissue and Organ Harvesting/methods , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump/methods , Internal Mammary-Coronary Artery Anastomosis/methods , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Postoperative Care/methods , Postoperative Period , Drainage/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Age Factors
12.
In. Kalil Filho, Roberto; Fuster, Valetim; Albuquerque, Cícero Piva de. Medicina cardiovascular reduzindo o impacto das doenças / Cardiovascular medicine reducing the impact of diseases. São Paulo, Atheneu, 2016. p.655-664.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-971559
13.
Rev. bras. cardiol. invasiva ; 23(4): f:256-l:260, out.-dez. 2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-846608

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A estenose grave do terço proximal da artéria descendente anterior (ADA) é classificada como lesão de alto risco, visto que pode comprometer grande parte do miocárdio ventricular esquerdo. Os stents farmacológicos (SF) de segunda geração têm demonstrado maior eficácia e segurança quando comparados aos não farmacológicos ou aos de primeira geração. São escassos os relatos na literatura do emprego desses dispositivos para o tratamento de lesões isoladas do terço proximal da ADA. Métodos: Estudo observacional e prospectivo, que incluiu pacientes uniarteriais, portadores de lesão de novo no terço proximal da ADA, tratados eletivamente com SF de segunda geração. Avaliamos os desfechos clínicos hospitalares e tardios. Resultados: Foram incluídos 70 pacientes, sendo a maioria do sexo masculino (70%), com média de idades de 65,4 ± 11,2 anos e com alta prevalência de diabetes (37%). O quadro clínico mais frequente foi angina estável (57,1%) e metade das lesões era do tipo B2 ou C. Foram tratadas 70 lesões com 71 stents, com sucesso angiográfico de 100%. O desfecho primário composto por óbito cardíaco, infarto não fatal ou revascularização do vaso alvo no seguimento clínico de 2,5 anos ocorreu em 3% dos pacientes. A mortalidade cardíaca foi de 1,5%, e a revascularização da lesão alvo foi necessária em apenas 1,5% dos pacientes. Conclusões: Em pacientes uniarteriais com lesões de novo da ADA proximal, o tratamento eletivo com SF de segunda geração parece ser uma opção segura, com baixas taxas de eventos cardíacos adversos ou necessidade de nova revascularização


Background: Severe stenosis of the proximal left anterior descending artery (LAD) is classified as a high-risk lesion, as it may affect a large part of the left ventricular myocardium. Second-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) have been shown to be more effective and safer when compared to bare-metal or first-generation ones. There are few reports in the literature on the use of these devices for the treatment of isolated lesions in the proximal LAD. Methods: Observational and prospective study, which included single-vessel patients with de novo lesions in the proximal LAD, electively treated with second-generation DES. In-hospital and late clinical outcomes were evaluated. Results: Seventy patients were included, most of them males (70%), with a mean age of 65.4 ± 11.2 years and a high prevalence of diabetes (37%). The most common clinical presentation was stable angina (57.1%) and half of the lesions were type B2 or C. A total of 70 lesions were treated with 71 stents, with 100% angiographic success. The primary endpoint, consisting of cardiac death, nonfatal infarction, or target-vessel revascularization during the 2.5-year clinical follow-up, occurred in 3% of the patients. Cardiac death was 1.5%, and target-lesion revascularization was required in only 1.5% of the patients. Conclusions: Elective treatment with second-generation DES seems to be a safe option in single-vessel patients with de novo lesions in the proximal LAD, with low rates of adverse cardiac events or need for additional revascularization procedure


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Constriction, Pathologic/complications , Constriction, Pathologic/diagnosis , Coronary Disease , Drug-Eluting Stents , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Angiography/methods , Statistical Analysis , Treatment Outcome , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/methods , Observational Study , Myocardial Revascularization
14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 30(4): 459-465, July-Aug. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-763153

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjective:This study aimed to show the effects of intra-operative diltiazem infusion on flow in arterial and venous grafts in coronary artery bypass graft surgery.Methods:Hundred fourty patients with a total of 361 grafts [205 (57%) arterial and 156 (43%) venous] underwent isolated coronary surgery. All the grafts were measured by intraoperative transit time flow meter intra-operatively. Group A (n=70) consisted of patients who received diltiazem infusion (dose of 2.5 microgram/kg/min), and Group B (n=70) didn't receive diltiazem infusion.Results:Mean graft flow values of left internal mammary artery were 53 ml/min in Group A and 40 ml/min in Group B (P<0.001). Pulsatility index (PI) values of left internal mammary artery for Group A and Group B were 2.6 and 3.0 respectively (P<0.001). No statistically significant difference was found between venous graft parameters.Conclusion:We recommend an effect of diltiazem infusion in increasing graft flows in coronary artery bypass graft operations.


ResumoObjetivo:Este estudo teve como objetivo mostrar os efeitos da infusão de diltiazem intraoperatória no fluxo arterial e enxertos venosos em cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio.Métodos:Cento e quarenta pacientes com um total de 361 enxertos [205 (57%) arteriais e 156 (43%) venosos] passaram por uma cirurgia coronária isolada. Todos os enxertos foram medidos pelo medidor de fluxo de tempo de trânsito intraoperatório. Grupo A (n=70), formado por pacientes que receberam infusão de diltiazem (dose de 2,5 micrograma/kg/min), e Grupo B (n=70), por aqueles que não receberam infusão de diltiazem.Resultados:Os valores médios de fluxo de enxerto de artéria mamária interna esquerda foram 53 ml/min no grupo A e 40 ml/min no Grupo B (P<0,001). Valores do índice de pulsatilidade da artéria mamária interna esquerda para o Grupo A e do Grupo B foram de 2,6 e 3,0, respectivamente (P<0,001). Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os parâmetros do enxerto venoso.Conclusão:Sugerimos um efeito da infusão de diltiazem em aumentar os fluxos de enxerto em operações de bypass de artéria coronária.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antihypertensive Agents/pharmacology , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Coronary Circulation/drug effects , Diltiazem/pharmacology , Infusions, Intra-Arterial/methods , Intraoperative Care/methods , Myocardial Reperfusion , Vascular Grafting/methods , Antihypertensive Agents/administration & dosage , Diltiazem/administration & dosage , Flowmeters , Internal Mammary-Coronary Artery Anastomosis , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Predictive Value of Tests , Treatment Outcome
15.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 29(4): 654-656, Oct-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741738

ABSTRACT

Current technology in robotic surgery allows us to perform myocardial revascularization procedures in a totally endoscopic fashion. We will describe the technique of choice for left internal mammary artery to left anterior descendent artery anastomosis with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass machine. The method is efficient and there is long term follow-up showing similar patency of the graft when compared to conventional methods (when performed through sternotomy).


A tecnologia atual em cirurgia robótica permite realizar-se procedimento de revascularização do miocárdio de modo totalmente endoscópico. Descreveremos aqui a técnica de escolha para anastomose de artéria mamaria interna esquerda em artéria coronariana descendente anterior com uso de circulação extracorpórea. O método e eficaz e já existe acompanhamento a longo prazo mostrando patência do enxerto semelhante ao método convencional por esternotomia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiopulmonary Bypass/methods , Internal Mammary-Coronary Artery Anastomosis/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Video-Assisted Surgery/methods , Anastomosis, Surgical , Coronary Vessels/surgery , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Reproducibility of Results
16.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 29(4): 657-662, Oct-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741742

ABSTRACT

Complete arterial revascularization for the right coronary artery is underused mainly due to technical issues. Herein we report on a new approach for complete arterial revascularization of arterial revascularization for the right coronary artery branches. Complete arterial revascularization for the right coronary artery revascularization was performed in 8 patients using a reverse T composite arterial graft. None of the patients suffered perioperative myocardial infarction. All patients underwent noninvasive coronary imaging, displaying an early patency rate of 100%. Complete arterial arterial revascularization for the right coronary artery revascularization using a reverse T graft offers a new paradigm with enhanced technical flexibility in performing all arterial myocardial complete revascularizations in selected patients.


Revascularização arterial completa para a artéria coronária direita é subutilizada, principalmente devido a problemas técnicos. Nós relatamos uma nova abordagem para a revascularização arterial completa para os ramos da artéria coronária direita. Revascularização arterial completa da artéria coronária direita foi realizada em 8 pacientes usando um enxerto T arterial composto inverso. Nenhum dos pacientes sofreu infarto do miocárdio perioperatório. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a exame de imagem não invasivo coronária não invasiva, exibindo taxa de patência precoce de 100%. Revascularização arterial completa da artéria coronária direita com enxerto inversa T oferece um novo paradigma com maior flexibilidade técnica na execução todas as revascularizações arteriais completas do miocárdio em pacientes selecionados.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Vessels/surgery , Internal Mammary-Coronary Artery Anastomosis/methods , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Circulation , Reproducibility of Results , Radial Artery/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Patency
17.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 29(4): 588-594, Oct-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741745

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the lung function and clinical outcome in severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting with left internal thoracic artery graft, comparing the pleural drain insertion in the intercostal versus subxyphoid region. Methods: A randomized controlled trial. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients were randomized into two groups according pleural drain site: II group (n=27) - pleural drain in intercostal space; SI group (n=29) - pleural drain in the subxyphoid region. Spirometry values (Forced Vital Capacity - and Forced expiratory volume in 1 second) were obtained on preoperative and 1, 3 and 5 postoperative days. Chest x-ray from preoperative until postoperative day 5 (POD5) was performed for monitoring respiratory events, such as atelectasis and pleural effusion. Pulmonary shunt fraction and pain score was evaluate preoperatively and on postoperative day 1. Results: In both groups there was a significant decrease of the spirometry values (Forced Vital Capacity and Forced expiratory volume in 1 second) until POD5 (P<0.05). However, when compared, SI group presented less decrease in these parameters (P<0.05). Pulmonary shunt fraction was significantly lower in SI group (P<0.05). Respiratory events, pain score, orotracheal intubation time and postoperative length of hospital stay were lower in the SI group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Subxyphoid pleural drainage in severe Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients determined better preservation and recovery of pulmonary capacity and volumes with lower pulmonary shunt fraction and better clinical outcomes on early postoperative off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. .


Objetivo: Avaliar a função pulmonar e os resultados clínicos em pacientes com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica grave submetidos à cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio sem circulação extracorpórea, com enxerto da artéria torácica interna esquerda, comparando a inserção do dreno pleural intercostal versus subxifoide. Métodos: Estudo clínico, controlado e randomizado. Pacientes com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica foram randomizados em dois grupos de acordo com a posição do dreno pleural: grupo II (n=27) - dreno pleural intercostal; grupo IS (n=29) - dreno pleural na região subxifóide. Os valores espirométricos (Capacidade Vital Forçada e Volume expiratório forçado no 1 segundo) foram obtidos no pré-operatório, e no 1º, 3º e 5º dias de pós-operatório. Foi realizada radiografia de tórax no préoperatório até o 5º dia pós-operatório (5PO) para monitoração de eventos respiratórios, como atelectasia e derrame pleural. A fração de shunt pulmonar e a escala de dor foram avaliadas no 1º dia pós-operatório. Resultados: Em ambos os grupos houve queda significativa dos valores espirométricos (Capacidade Vital Forçada e Volume expiratório forçado no 1 segundo) até o 5PO (P<0.05), porém, quando comparados, o grupo IS apresentou menor queda destes parâmetros (P<0.05). A fração de shunt pulmonar foi significativamente menor no grupo IS (P<0.05). Os eventos respiratórios, escala da dor, tempo de intubação orotraqueal e dias internação hospitalar no pós-operatório foram menores no grupo IS (P<0.05). Conclusão: Drenagem pleural subxifoide em pacientes com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica grave determinou melhor preservação e recuperação dos volumes e capacidades pulmonares, com menor fração de shunt pulmonar e melhores resultados clínicos no pós-operatório precoce de cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio sem circulação extracorpórea. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump/methods , Drainage/methods , Lung/physiology , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Pleura , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/rehabilitation , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump/adverse effects , Forced Expiratory Volume , Length of Stay , Postoperative Period , Pleural Effusion/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/rehabilitation , Pulmonary Atelectasis/prevention & control , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/etiology , Spirometry , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors , Vital Capacity
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 29(3): 459-462, Jul-Sep/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-727169

ABSTRACT

Third REDO-CABG is a challenge for the surgical team. Usually a patent mammary is the only graft working and the sternotomy becomes a risky procedure. Injury to a patent graft has been associated to a high mortality rate. Many different approaches have been proposed. We describe a novel technique to approach the right coronary artery through a right anterior small thoracotomy using the right mammary prolonged with saphenous vein for grafting the posterior descending artery on the beating heart. The technique is very simple and feasible because anatomically the right coronary artery and the right mammary are very close and the mobilization of the heart is minimal.


A terceira reoperação de revascularização miocárdica é um desafio para a equipe cirúrgica. Normalmente, uma mamária patente é a única possibilidade de enxerto e a esternotomia torna-se um procedimento arriscado. A lesão de enxerto patente tem sido associada a uma alta taxa de mortalidade. Muitas abordagens diferentes têm sido propostas. Descrevemos uma nova técnica de abordagem da artéria coronária direita através de uma pequena toracotomia anterior direita usando a mamária direita prolongada com enxerto de veia safena para a artéria descendente posterior com o coração batendo. A técnica é muito simples e viável, pois anatomicamente a artéria coronária direita e a mamária direita estão muito próximas e a mobilização do coração é mínima.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Internal Mammary-Coronary Artery Anastomosis/methods , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Thoracotomy/methods , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome
19.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 29(2): 148-155, Apr-Jun/2014. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-719416

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Avaliamos por meio da medida de fluxo por tempo de trânsito o desempenho das artérias torácicas direita e esquerda quando utilizadas como enxerto para revascularização da artéria interventricular anterior. Métodos: Cinquenta pacientes submetidos à operação para revascularização do miocárdio sem circulação extracorpórea foram divididos em dois grupos. No grupo A, os pacientes receberam enxerto de artéria torácica interna direita para o ramo interventricular anterior. No grupo B, os pacientes receberam enxerto de artéria torácica interna esquerda para o mesmo ramo. Ao término da operação, o fluxo foi avaliado por meio da medida de fluxo por tempo de trânsito. Resultados: No grupo A, idade média foi de 60,6±9,49 anos. A média de peso e altura do grupo foi de 80,4±10,32 Kg e 169,2±6,86 cm. A média de pontes por paciente neste grupo foi de 3,28±1,49. O fluxo médio e a resistência distal obtidos na artéria torácica interna direita foi de 42,1±23,4 ml/min e 2,8±0,9 respectivamente. No grupo B, a idade média foi de 59,8±9,7 anos. A média de peso e altura deste grupo foi de 77,7±14,2215,7 Kg e 166,0±8,2 cm. A média de pontes por paciente neste grupo foi de 3,08±0,82. O fluxo médio e a resistência distal observados neste grupo foi de 34,2±19,1ml⁄min e 2,0±0,7. Não houve óbitos nesta série. Conclusão: A artéria torácica interna direita apresentou um comportamento similar ao da artéria torácica interna esquerda quando anastomosada ao ramo interventricular anterior da coronária esquerda. Não houve diferença estatística entre a medida de fluxo obtida entre ambas as artérias. .


INTRODUCTION: We evaluated with transit time flow the performance of the right and left thoracic arteries when used as a graft for the left anterior descending artery. Methods: Fifty patients undergoing surgery for myocardial revascularization without cardiopulmonary bypass were divided into two groups. In group A patients received graft of right internal mammary artery to the anterior interventricular branch. In group B patients received graft of left internal mammary artery to the same branch. At the end of the operation the flow was assessed by measuring transit time. Results: In group A, mean age was 60.6±9.49 years. The average height and weight of the group was 80.4±10.32 kg and 169.2±6.86 cm. The average number of grafts per patient in this group was 3.28±1.49. The mean flow and distal resistance obtained in right internal thoracic artery was 42.1±23.4 ml/min and 2.8±0.9 respectively. In group B, the mean age was 59.8±9.7 years. The average height and weight of this group was 77.7±14.22 kg and 166.0±8.2 cm. The average number of grafts per patient in this group was 3.08 ±0.82. The mean flow and distal resistance observed in this group was 34.2±19.1 ml/min and 2.0±0.7. There were no deaths in this series. Conclusion: Right internal mammary artery presented a similar behavior to left internal mammary artery when anastomosed to the anterior interventricular branch of the left coronary artery. There was no statistical difference between the measured flow obtained between both arteries. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Vessels/surgery , Internal Mammary-Coronary Artery Anastomosis/methods , Mammary Arteries/physiopathology , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Analysis of Variance , Anastomosis, Surgical , Blood Flow Velocity , Body Mass Index , Coronary Circulation , Reference Values , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
20.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 29(1): 107-109, Jan-Mar/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-710085

ABSTRACT

Internal mammary artery harvesting is an essential part of any coronary artery bypass operation. Totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass graft surgery has become reality in many centers as a safe and effective alternative to conventional surgery in selected patients. Internal mammary artery harvesting is the initial part of the procedure and should be performed equally safely if one wants to achieve excellence in patency rates for the bypass. We here describe the technique for mammary harvesting with the Da Vinci Si robotic system.


Dissecção da artéria mamária interna é parte essencial de qualquer operação de revascularização do miocárdio. Cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio totalmente endoscópica se tornou realidade em muitos centros como uma alternativa segura e efetiva, comparável à cirurgia convencional, em pa cientes selecionados. Dissecção da artéria mamária interna é a parte inicial do procedimento e deve ser realizada com igual se gurança se quisermos atingir excelentes taxas de patência para a ponte. Descreveremos aqui a técnica de dissecção de artéria mamária interna com o sistema robótico Da Vinci.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/methods , Tissue and Organ Harvesting/methods , Coronary Artery Bypass/instrumentation , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Tissue and Organ Harvesting/instrumentation
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