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1.
Rev. inf. cient ; 100(2): e3383, mar.-abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251820

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se presentó el caso de una paciente femenina de 40 años de edad que acudió a consulta por presentar aumento de volumen en la región parotídea izquierda. Se realizó ortopantomografía, radiografías simples anteroposterior y lateral de cráneo que revelaron la presencia de una imagen radiolúcida en la región lateral de la rama mandibular izquierda. El diagnóstico clínico fue de osteoma periférico a este nivel, por lo que se realizó remoción quirúrgica total de la lesión. La biopsia confirmó el diagnóstico de osteoma ebúrneo periférico. El osteoma es una neoplasia benigna de tejido óseo, poco frecuente y, rara vez, se localiza de manera aislada en la mandíbula. No se diagnosticaron complicaciones posoperatorias y la paciente mostró satisfacción con la atención estomatológica brindada.


ABSTRACT A 40-year-old female patient came to the consultation due to an increase in volume in the left parotid region. Orthopantomography and simple anteroposterior and lateral skull radiographies were performed, revealing the presence of a radiolucent image in the lateral region of the left mandibular side. The clinical diagnosis at this point was of peripheral osteoma, for which a total surgical removal of the lesion was performed. The biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of peripheral osteoma. An osteoma is a rare benign neoplasm of bone tissue, and is rarely found isolated in the mandible. Postoperative complications were not diagnosed and the patient was satisfied with the dental care provided.


RESUMO Foi apresentado o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino, 40 anos de idade, que compareceu à consulta por aumento de volume na região da parótida esquerda. Foram realizadas ortopantomografia, radiografias simples ântero-posterior e lateral do crânio, que revelaram a presença de imagem radiotransparente na região lateral do ramo mandibular esquerdo. O diagnóstico clínico foi de osteoma periférico a este nível, para o qual foi realizada a remoção cirúrgica total da lesão. A biópsia confirmou o diagnóstico de osteoma periférico ebúrneo. O osteoma é uma neoplasia benigna do tecido ósseo, pouco frequente e raramente localizada de forma isolada na mandíbula. Complicações pós-operatórias não foram diagnosticadas e o paciente ficou satisfeito com o atendimento odontológico prestado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Osteoma/surgery , Osteoma/diagnostic imaging , Mandible/pathology , Rhytidoplasty/methods , Mandibular Neoplasms
2.
Rev. bras. cancerol ; 67(2): e-02785, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282759

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The inhibition of osteoclastic activity, associated with different treatment modalities in patients with head and neck cancer, make bones unable to respond to repair processes related to physiological traumas or infection and may result in bone necrosis. The present study aims to report a clinical case of osteoradionecrosis in mandible, and how its sequels were controlled by ozonotherapy. Case report: A 73-year-old female patient with infiltrative ductal breast carcinoma with mandibular metastasis was submitted to chemo and radiotherapy at head and neck region associated with bisphosphonate. Three years later, she was diagnosed with hemimandibular osteoradionecrosis that exhibited communication with oral cavity and with a chronic, suppurative and persistent associated infection. It was applied adjuvant therapy with ozone through the cutaneous fistula and the exposed and necrotic bone. Additionally, non-vital bone debridement was proceeded in two surgical steps. The patient is after a 1-year follow-up non-symptomatic. Conclusion: It is supposed that ozonotherapy, due to its antibacterial and immunoregulatory mechanism of action, was an important therapeutic agent for improving the patient's quality of life.


Introdução: A inibição da atividade osteoclástica, associada a diversas modalidades de tratamento utilizadas em pacientes com câncer de cabeça e pescoço, torna o osso incapaz de responder aos processos de reparo relacionados a traumas fisiológicos ou à infecção, e pode resultar em necrose óssea. O presente estudo tem como objetivo relatar um caso clínico de osteonecrose em mandíbula como consequência do uso de bisfosfonato associado à quimioterapia e à radioterapia para tratamento de câncer de mama com metástase para mandíbula, tendo suas sequelas controladas por meio do uso da ozonioterapia. Relato do caso: Paciente do sexo feminino, 73 anos, com história de carcinoma ductal infiltrante de mama com metástase óssea em mandíbula, a qual foi submetida ao tratamento de quimioterapia e radioterapia em região de cabeça e pescoço; três anos depois, foi diagnosticada com osteonecrose da hemimandíbula direita com exposição completa para a cavidade bucal e infecção crônica, supurativa e persistente. Foi realizada terapia adjuvante com aplicação de ozônio nas fístulas cutâneas e no remanescente ósseo exposto e necrosado, além do desbridamento dos sequestros ósseos em duas etapas cirúrgicas. Paciente encontra-se em acompanhamento há 1 ano, sem sintomatologia associada. Conclusão: Observou-se que a ozonioterapia, em razão da sua ação antibacteriana e cicatrizante, foi um importante agente terapêutico para a melhora da qualidade de vida da paciente.


Introducción: La inhibición de la actividad osteoclástica, asociada con las diversas modalidades de tratamiento utilizadas por los pacientes con cáncer de cabeza y cuello, hace que el hueso no pueda responder a los procesos de reparación relacionados con traumas o infecciones fisiológicas y puede provocar necrosis ósea. El presente estudio tiene como objetivo informar un caso clínico de osteonecrosis mandibular como consecuencia del uso de bisfosfonato asociado con quimioterapia y radioterapia para tartar el cáncer de mama con mandíbula metastásica, controlando sus secuelas mediante el uso de la terapia con ozono. Relato del caso: Paciente de 73 años con antecedentes de carcinoma ductal mamario infiltrante con metástasis en la mandíbula ósea fue sometida a quimioterapia y radioterapia en la región de la cabeza y el cuello. Tres años después, le diagnostica con osteonecrosis hemimandibular derecha con exposición completa a la cavidad oral e infección crónica, supurativa y persistente. La terapia adyuvante se realizó con la aplicación de ozono en las fístulas cutáneas y en el remanente óseo expuesto y necrótico, además del desbridamiento de los secuestros óseos en dos etapas quirúrgicas. El paciente ha estado bajo seguimiento durante 1 años in síntomas asociados. Conclusión: Debido a su acción antibacteriana y curativa, la ozonioterapia fue un importante agente terapéutico para mejorar la calidad de vida del paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Ozone/therapeutic use , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/diagnosis , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/therapy , Breast Neoplasms , Mandibular Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/radiotherapy , Mandible/pathology
3.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154999

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the intra-examiner and inter-examiner reliability of linear and curvilinear measurements for the complete assessment of implant sites and jaw pathologies using Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT). Material and Methods: Fifty cone-beam computed tomographic images of patients were retrieved from the archives of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology. CBCT images taken for implant planning and evaluation of intrabony jaw pathologies (benign cyst/tumor) were included. Two expert oral and maxillofacial radiologists analyzed the images independently and made the measurements. The images for implant planning were analyzed for width, the height of the edentulous site, and the qualitative analysis of bone in the region. Jaw pathologies were assessed for linear dimensions and curvilinear measurements. Results: The inter-observer measurement error for implant site analysis ranged from 0.12 to 0.42 mm with almost perfect agreement (ICC: 0.94 to 1). The inter-observer measurement error for jaw pathology was 0.09 to 0.25 mm (ICC: 0.98-1). Curvilinear measurements showed perfect agreement between the observers. The intraobserver reliability for the various parameters used for the assessment of the implant site and jaw pathologies indicated almost perfect agreement. Conclusion: Reliability between the radiologists is high for various measurements on CBCT images taken for implant planning and jaw pathologies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pathology, Oral , Diagnostic Imaging/instrumentation , Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted/instrumentation , Dental Implantation/instrumentation , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Observational Studies as Topic/methods , Dimensional Measurement Accuracy , Radiologists , India/epidemiology , Jaw , Mandible/pathology
4.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(3): 310-315, set. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012428

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La odontodisplasia regional (OR) es una alteración en el desarrollo, no hereditario y que afecta tanto la dentición temporal como la dentición definitiva. Involucra a los tejidos mesodérmicos y ectodérmicos de los dientes lo que es condescendiente con hallazgos clínicos, radiográficos e histológicos. Su etiología aun es desconocida y se presenta mayoritariamente en mujeres. Clínicamente puede afectar al maxilar, a la mandíbula o ambas arcadas pero generalmente solo se ve comprometida una ellas, principalmente el más afectado es el hueso maxilar. Radiográficamente se observa una pobre diferencia entre los tejidos del esmalte y la dentina, siendo tejidos menos radiopacos que su contraparte sana generando un aspecto descrito como "diente fantasma". Histológicamente se observan zonas hipocalcificadas del esmalte con un orden de prismas irregulares mientras que la dentina se observa con un número reducido de túbulos dentinarios y de consistencia más fibrosa en su zona coronal. El tratamiento de la OR es controversial ya que su incidencia es baja y la literatura al respecto no es clara. El objetivo de este manuscrito, fue reportar un caso de OR y revisar la literatura relacionada. Presentamos un caso de OR en una paciente de 12 años que presenta ausencia de los dientes 2.4, 2.5 y 2.6; restos radiculares y agenesia de los dientes 3.5 y 4.5. Se describirán sus aspectos clínicos, radiográficos e histológicos. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en las siguientes bases de datos: Clínical key, Science Direct, PubMed y SciELO.


ABSTRACT: Regional odontodysplasia (RO) is a variation in the development; it is not hereditary and it affects both deciduous and permanent dentition. It involves the mesodermal and ectodermal tissues of dental pieces, and coincides with clinical, radiographic and histological findings. Its etiology is still unknown and it reportedly occurs mostly in women. Clinically it can affect the maxilla, mandible or both arches but generally only one is compromised, mainly the maxilla which is affected the most. Radiographically there is limited difference between enamel and dentin tissue, which is less radiopaque than their healthy counterpart, generating an aspect described as "phantom tooth". Histologically hypocalcified areas of the enamel are observed with an irregular order of prisms while the dentine is observed with a reduced number of dentinal tubules and more fibrous consistency in the coronal area. RO treatment is controversial since its incidence is low and the literature on these events is not clear. The aim of this manuscript was to report a case of RO and review related literature. We present a case of RO in a 12-year-old patient who presents absence of parts 2.4.2.5 and 2.6; radicular remains and agenesis of parts 3.5 and 4.5. Its clinical, radiographic and histological aspects are described. A systematic search was carried out in the following databases: Clinical key, Science Direct, PubMed and SciELO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Odontodysplasia/diagnosis , Mandible/pathology , Molar/abnormalities , Radiography, Panoramic , Odontodysplasia/pathology , Dental Enamel/abnormalities
6.
Autops. Case Rep ; 8(3): e2018036, July-Sept. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-911962

ABSTRACT

Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, generally known by the name of Rosai-Dorfman disease is a rare benign condition principally affecting cervical lymph nodes. Concurrent extra-nodal disease frequently occurs, however, solitary extra-nodal disease involving the mandible is exceedingly rare with less than five reported cases in the English literature. We describe a case of primary involvement of the mandible in a 27-year-old female, and discuss the differential diagnosis of this disease with other histiocytic lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Histiocytosis, Sinus/diagnosis , Mandible/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Erdheim-Chester Disease , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Histiocytosis, Sinus/complications , Rare Diseases
7.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(4): 72-78, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-953037

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The present study was an attempt to investigate tongue/mandible volume ratio in children, using volumetric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for early screening and to aid in treatment planning. Methods: Volumetric evaluation of tongue volume/mandible volume ratio (TV/MV ratio) in children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) using MRI was carried out retrospectively on available DICOM MR images of children in the age group of 10-14 years. MRI image records of patients diagnosed with OSA were obtained from interventional radiology department records, at Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital (Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagpur/India). The age, gender, height and weight of the subjects were retrieved from patient database and registered. For the control group, available MRI images of healthy subjects without OSA were retrieved. Body mass index (BMI) was also calculated using the height and the weight present in the records. Measurements from MR images were made using DICOM image processing software. Soft tissue and bony structure segmentation was performed by manual tracing. The tongue volume and mandible volume were directly computed using the software. The tongue volume/mandible volume ratio (TV/MV) was generated using the above values and expressed as a percentage for both groups. Results: The difference between OSA group and control group with respect to TV/MV ratio was found to be highly significant at 0.05 level of significance. There was no significant correlation between BMI and TV/MV ratio in OSA group (p= 0.451) as well as in control group (p= 0.094). Conclusion: TV/MV ratio may be an appropriate variable to evaluate the risk of OSA, representing the balance between skeletal morphology and soft tissue morphology in craniofacial complex.


Resumo Objetivo: o presente estudo foi uma tentativa de investigar a relação volumétrica língua/mandíbula em crianças, usando imagens de ressonância magnética (IRM), para triagem inicial e como meio auxiliar no plano de tratamento. Métodos: a avaliação da relação volume da língua/volume da mandíbula (relação VL/VM) em crianças com apneia obstrutiva do sono (AOS) utilizando IRM foi realizada retrospectivamente em imagens de RM em formato DICOM disponíveis de crianças na faixa etária de 10 a 14 anos. As documentações com IRM de pacientes com diagnóstico de AOS foram obtidas nos arquivos do departamento de radiologia da Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital (Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagpur/Índia). A idade, o sexo, altura e peso dos indivíduos foram obtidos a partir dos registros dos pacientes. Para o grupo controle, foram selecionadas imagens de RM disponíveis de indivíduos saudáveis sem AOS. O índice de massa corporal (IMC) também foi calculado a partir da altura e do peso constantes nos registros. As medições nas imagens de RM foram feitas usando um software de processamento de imagens DICOM. A segmentação entre tecidos moles e estrutura óssea foi realizada por delineamento manual. O volume da língua e o volume da mandíbula foram calculados diretamente com o software. A relação volume da língua/volume da mandíbula (VL/VM) foi calculada usando os valores acima e expressa em porcentagens, para ambos os grupos. Resultados: a diferença entre o grupo com AOS e o grupo controle, quanto à relação VL/VM, foi altamente significativa ao nível de significância de 0,05. Não houve, porém, correlação significativa entre o IMC e a relação VL/VM, nem no grupo AOS (p= 0,451), nem no grupo controle (p= 0,094). Conclusão: a relação VL/VM pode ser uma variável apropriada para se avaliar o risco de AOS, representando o equilíbrio entre a morfologia esquelética e a morfologia dos tecidos moles no complexo craniofacial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Tongue/pathology , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/pathology , Mandible/pathology , Organ Size , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Retrospective Studies
8.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(2): 30-36, Mar.-Apr. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-953017

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The teeth become very close to each other when they are crowded, but their structures remain individualized and, in this situation, the role of the epithelial rests of Malassez is fundamental to release the EGF. The concept of tensegrity is fundamental to understand the responses of tissues submitted to forces in body movements, including teeth and their stability in this process. The factors of tooth position stability in the arch - or dental tensegrity - should be considered when one plans and perform an orthodontic treatment. The direct causes of the mandibular anterior crowding are decisive to decide about the correct retainer indication: Should they be applied and indicated throughout life? Should they really be permanently used for lifetime? These aspects of the mandibular anterior crowding and their implication at the orthodontic practice will be discussed here to induct reflections and insights for new researches, as well as advances in knowledge and technology on this subject.


RESUMO Os dentes ficam muito próximos quando estão apinhados, mas suas estruturas permanecem individualizadas e, nessa situação, o papel dos restos epiteliais de Malassez é fundamental para liberar o EGF. A tensigridade é um conceito chave para compreender as respostas dos tecidos submetidos às forças nos movimentos corporais, incluindo os dentes e sua estabilidade nesse processo. Os fatores da estabilidade de posição de um dente na arcada dentária — ou tensigridade dentária — devem ser considerados quando se planeja e finaliza um caso na prática clínica ortodôntica. As causas diretas do apinhamento dentário anteroinferior são determinantes para se refletir se a contenção deve ser mesmo indicada e aplicada por toda a vida e se, necessariamente, deve ser usada de forma permanente. Esses aspectos do apinhamento dentário anteroinferior e suas implicações na prática clínica serão aqui abordados para induzir reflexões e insights de novas pesquisas, bem como avanços no conhecimento e tecnologia sobre esse assunto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Incisor/pathology , Malocclusion/etiology , Malocclusion/pathology , Mandible/pathology , Tooth/pathology , Tooth Eruption , Tooth Movement Techniques , Alveolar Bone Loss , Orthodontic Retainers , Dental Arch/anatomy & histology , Dental Arch/pathology , Incisor/anatomy & histology , Mandible/anatomy & histology
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e85, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952161

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to investigate the effects of different doses of systemic melatonin application on new bone formation during mandibular distraction osteogenesis (DO) in rats. Mandibular DO was performed on 30 adult female Sprague-Dawley rats, which were randomly divided into three groups: control group (CNT), melatonin dose 1 (MLT-D1), and melatonin dose 2 (MLT-D2). A five-day latent waiting period and a ten-day distraction phase followed the surgery. After the surgery, rats from the MLT-D1 and MLT-D2 groups received 25 and 50 mg/kg melatonin, respectively, at 7, 14, 21, 28, and 35 days. The animals were euthanised 28 days after distraction, i.e. at 43 days after surgery. Histological and histomorphometric analyses revealed that the distracted bone area was completely filled with new bone formation in all three groups. The MLT-D2 group exhibited the most new bone formation, followed by MLT-D1 and CNT. The melatonin groups had more osteoclasts than the CNT (p < 0.05). The number of osteoblasts was higher in the melatonin groups than in the CNT group, and the MLT-D2 had more osteoclasts than the MLT-D1 group (p < 0.05). Finally, the osteopontin (OPN) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels were higher in the melatonin groups than in the CNT group, and the MLT-D2 had higher OPN and VEGF levels than the MLT-D1 (p < 0.05). This study suggests that systemic melatonin application could increase new bone formation in DO.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Osteogenesis, Distraction/methods , Melatonin/administration & dosage , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Osteoblasts/physiology , Osteoclasts/physiology , Osteogenesis/physiology , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Osteopontin/analysis , Mandible/surgery , Mandible/drug effects , Mandible/physiology , Mandible/pathology
10.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 39(12): 663-669, Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-898849

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To examine the role of the panoramic mandibular radiograph in the diagnosis of low bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women. Methods A cross-sectional study including volunteer women aged over 40 years in amenorrhea due to ovarian failure for at least 12 months, who were cared for at the climacteric outpatient clinic of a university hospital in the city of Cuiabá, in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. The panoramic radiographs were evaluated using a specific software. Two aspects were analyzed in the mandibular panoramic radiograph: a qualitative aspect regarding the shape of the mandibular cortical bone, and a quantitative aspect regarding thewidth of themandibular cortical bone. Themorphology of themandibular cortical bone in the digital panoramic radiograph was determined bilaterally by the observation of the bone structure between the mental foramen and the base of the jaw. The mandibular cortical bonewas categorized into three groups. Themental index (MI)was used to evaluate the thickness of themandibular cortical bone through a perpendicular line drawn fromthe base of the mandible at the height of the center of the mental foramen, with another line drawn tangent to the inferior border of the mandible, and a third line parallel to the line at the superior border of themandible. The MI data are expressed in millimeters, with a normal value of 3.0 mm. The densities of the lumbar spine and femur, expressed in g/cm2, were categorized as normal, osteopenia or osteoporosis. Results The agreement index between the MI and the BMD of the lumbar spine was good (Kappa = 0.718), but the same index between the MI and the BMD of the femoral neck was poor (Kappa = 0.443). An excellent agreement occurred when the mandibular cortical index (MCI) was compared with the BMD of the lumbar spine (Kappa = 0.912). The agreement between MCI and the BMD in the femur was moderated (Kappa = 0.579). Conclusion The radiomorphometric indices evaluated in the mandibular panoramic radiograph are capable of identifying postmenopausal women with low mineral density in the mandible, and the results can be used to refer these women to appropriate medical investigation and/or treatment.


Resumo Objetivo Verificar o papel das radiografias maxilares panorâmicas no diagnóstico de osteoporose em mulheres na pós-menopausa. Métodos Estudo de corte transversal, incluindo mulheres voluntárias com idade acima de 40 anos e amenorreia por falência ovariana havia pelo menos 12 meses, atendidas no ambulatório de climatério de um hospital universitário de Cuiabá-MT entre 2014 e 2015. As radiografias panorâmicas foram avaliadas por um programa de mensuração específico. Dois aspectos foram analisados na radiografia panorâmica mandibular: um qualitativo, referente à forma da cortical óssea mandibular, e outro quantitativo, referente à largura da cortical óssea mandibular. A morfologia da cortical óssea mandibular na radiografia panorâmica digital foi determinada pela observação das estruturas ósseas da região entre o forame mentoniano e a cortical óssea mandibular, bilateralmente, sendo categorizada em três grupos. O índice mentoniano (IM) foi utilizado para avaliar a espessura do córtex mandibular por meio de uma linha perpendicular à base da mandíbula na altura do centro do forame mentoniano; uma segunda linha é tangente à borda inferior damandíbula, e uma terceira linha é tangente à superior da mandíbula. Os dados são expressos em milímetros, com um valor normal de 3,0 mm. A densitometria da coluna lombar e do fêmur, expressa em g/cm2, foi categorizada em normal, osteopenia ou osteoporose. Resultados Observou-se boa concordância entre os resultados dos testes realizados. Quando comparado o índice mentoniano (IM) com a densitometria mineral óssea (DMO) da região lombar da coluna, o Kappa foi de 0,718, e quando o mesmo índice foi comparado com a DMO da região do colo do fêmur, ele foi de 0,443, demostrando boa concordância entre os dois testes. Um melhor grau concordância ocorreu quando comparados o índice da cortical óssea mandibular (ICM) com a DMO da região lombar da coluna (0,912) e quando comparados o ICM e a DMO da região do fêmur 0,579. Conclusão Os índices radiomorfométricos avaliados nas radiografias panorâmicas mandibulares mostraram ser capazes de identificar precocemente mulheres pósmenopáusicas combaixa DMO, e podem ser usados para que elas sejam encaminhadas para o tratamento/exame médico adequado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Radiography, Panoramic , Bone Density , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/diagnostic imaging , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Postmenopause , Mandible/pathology , Middle Aged
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(5): 552-558, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888682

ABSTRACT

Abstract In this study we analyzed the mandibular cortical bone of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and non-diabetic. Fifty patients with T1DM and 100 non-diabetic ones paired by age and gender were analyzed. Two double-blinded observers evaluated 150 digital panoramic images of both groups. The mandibular cortical bone was analyzed using the Mandibular Cortical Index (MCI), Mental Index (MI), Gonial Index (GI), Antegonial Index (AI) and Upper and Lower Panoramic Mandibular Indexes (UPMI and LPMI), with the aid of RADIOIMP® software. Influence of T1DM in the morphology of the mandibular cortical bone was studied based on obtaining data related to T1DM diagnosis time, blood glucose level, T1DM control and the presence of chronic complications. Collected data were submitted to descriptive (mean and standard deviation) and inferential analyzes (Pearson's chi-squared test and Fisher's exact test) (p≤0.05). According to the MCI, individuals with T1DM had higher frequencies of mandibular cortical alterations, in both sexes and all age groups (p<0.01). For quantitative indexes, MI, GI, AI, UPMI and LPMI, female patients showed statistically significant differences for GI and AI, while male patients had statistically significant differences for all indexes (p<0.05), presenting the individuals with TDM1 inferior measures. Individuals with poor T1DM control showed significantly higher frequency of mandibular cortical alteration (92.3%), with lower means for MI, GI, AI and LPMI (p≤0.05). In conclusion, patients with T1DM showed decrease in the mandibular cortical bone when compared to non-diabetic ones, indicating that poor disease control is associated with these alterations.


Resumo Neste estudo, nós analisamos a cortical óssea mandibular de pacientes com Diabetes Mellitus tipo 1 (DM1) e não diabéticos. Foram analisados ​​50 pacientes com DM1 e 100 não diabéticos, pareados por idade e sexo. Dois observadores com duplo-mascaramento avaliaram 150 imagens panorâmicas digitais de ambos os grupos. A cortical óssea mandibular foi analisada por meio do Índice Cortical Mandibular (ICM), Índice Mental (IM), Índice Goníaco (IG), Índice Antegoníaco (IA) e os Índices Panorâmicos Mandibulares Superior (IPMS) e Inferior (IPMI), com o auxílio do software RADIOIMP®. A influência do DM1 na morfologia da cortical óssea mandibular foi analisada com base na obtenção de dados relacionados ao tempo de diagnóstico do DM1, nível de glicemia, controle do DM1 e presença de complicações crônicas. Os dados coletados foram submetidos a análises descritivas (média e desvio-padrão) e inferenciais (teste de Qui-quadrado de Pearson e teste exato de Fisher) (p ≤0,05). De acordo com o ICM, indivíduos com DM1 apresentaram maiores frequências de alterações corticais mandibulares, em ambos os sexos e todas faixas etárias (p <0,01). Para os índices quantitativos, IM, IG, IA, IPMS e IPMI, pacientes do sexo feminino apresentaram diferença estatisticamente significativa para os IG e IA, enquanto os pacientes do sexo masculino mostraram diferenças estatisticamente significativas para todos os índices (p <0,05), tendo os indivíduos com DM1 medidas inferiores. Indivíduos com controle ruim do DM1 apresentaram frequência de alteração na cortical mandibular significativamente maior (92,3%), com menores médias para o IM, IG, IA e IPMI (p ≤0,05). Em conclusão, pacientes com DM1 apresentaram diminuição na cortical óssea mandibular quando comparados aos não diabéticos, indicando que o controle ruim da doença está associado a essas alterações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/pathology , Mandible/pathology , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/blood , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/complications , Double-Blind Method , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Dental
12.
Int. j. morphol ; 35(3): 1133-1139, Sept. 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893105

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to quantify the presence of cortical and cancellous bone in the mandibular symphysis. A descriptive study was conducted using cone beam computed tomography where skeletal class I and class III subjects were included, defined according to characteristics detected on dental, clinical and dental occlusion x-rays. From the 3D reconstruction, sections were used in relation to the axial axis of the teeth of the anterior sector; the amount of buccal cortical, cortical, lingual, inferior cortical and cancellous bone as well as symphysis height were determined. The measurements were taken using routine methods and analyzed with ANOVA and Tukey's HSD test with p <0.05 for statistical significance. 20 skeletal class I subjects aged 23 years (± 4.5) and 20 class III subjects aged 22 years (± 5.2) were included. Symphysis height was significantly greater in skeletal class III subjects, exceeding by 0.8 mm the height of class I subjects; the buccal cortical bone presented on average 2 mm less at different dental levels, whereas the lingual cortical and inferior basal bones were significantly larger than the buccal cortical bone. The cancellous and cortical bones did not present any significant differences between the two groups (p=0.093). The buccal and basilar cortical bone is smaller than lingual cortical bone.


El objetivo fue determinar la presencia de hueso cortical y esponjoso en sínfisis mandibular. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo en tomografías computadorizadas cone beam donde se analizaron sujetos clase I y clase III esqueletal definidos según características dentales, clínicas y radiográficas de oclusión dental y características radiográficas. Desde la reconstrucción 3D se utilizaron cortes en relación al eje axial de los dientes del sector anterior; en ellos se determinó la cantidad de hueso cortical bucal, cortical, lingual, cortical inferior, hueso esponjoso y altura de sínfisis. Las mediciones fueron realizadas con métodos de rutina y fueron analizados con la prueba ANOVA y HDS Turkey considerando un valor de p <0.05 para considerar significancia estadística. 20 sujetos clase I esqueletal con 23 años (+ 4.5) y 20 sujetos clase III esqueletal con edad de 23 años (+ 4.5) fueron incluidos. La altura de sínfisis fue significativamente mayor en sujetos de clase III esqueletal, superando por 0.8 mm la altura de sujetos clase I; el hueso cortical bucal presento en promedio menor de 2 mm en diferentes niveles dentarios, mientras que la cortical lingual y basal inferior fueron significativamente mayor que la cortical bucal. El hueso esponjoso y hueso cortical no presentó diferencias significativas entre ambos grupos (p=0.093). La cortical bucal y basilar son menores que el hueso cortical lingual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Chin/pathology , Cancellous Bone , Cortical Bone , Mandible/pathology , Malocclusion, Angle Class I/pathology , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/pathology
13.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 22(2): 106-117, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840222

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The present study reports the treatment carried out in a patient with mandibular second premolar agenesis associated with early loss of a deciduous second molar, deep overbite, severe overjet and dentoalveolar bimaxillary protrusion, which led to lip incompetence and a convex facial profile. The main objectives of this treatment were: to eliminate the spaces in mandibular arch, correct overbite, as well as eliminate bimaxillary protrusion and lip incompetence, thus leading to a balanced profile. The case was presented to the Brazilian Board of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics (BBO) as part of the requirements to obtain the title of BBO diplomate.


RESUMO O presente caso clínico relata o tratamento de uma paciente com agenesia de segundo pré-molar inferior associada à perda precoce do segundo molar decíduo, sobremordida profunda, sobressaliência exagerada e biprotrusão dentoalveolar, que causavam incompetência labial e perfil facial convexo. Os objetivos do tratamento foram eliminar os espaços presentes na arcada inferior, corrigir a sobremordida, eliminar a biprotrusão e a incompetência labial, harmonizando o perfil. Esse caso foi apresentado ao Board Brasileiro de Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial (BBO) como parte dos requisitos para obtenção do título de Diplomado pelo BBO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Tooth, Deciduous/abnormalities , Bicuspid/pathology , Overbite/therapy , Malocclusion/therapy , Mandible/pathology , Anodontia/therapy , Brazil , Radiography, Panoramic , Cephalometry/methods , Orthodontic Brackets , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Malocclusion/diagnostic imaging , Malocclusion, Angle Class I/therapy , Malocclusion, Angle Class I/diagnostic imaging , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/therapy , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/pathology , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging , Anodontia/diagnostic imaging , Molar/pathology , Molar/diagnostic imaging
14.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 22(2): 118-125, Mar.-Apr. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840218

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Even though few technological advancements have occurred in Orthodontics recently, the search for more efficient treatments continues. This paper analyses how to accelerate and improve one of the most arduous phases of orthodontic treatment, i.e., correction of the curve of Spee. The leveling of a deep curve of Spee can happen simultaneously with the alignment phase through a method called Early Vertical Correction (EVC). This technique uses two cantilevers affixed to the initial flexible archwire. This paper describes the force system produced by EVC and how to control its side effects. The EVC can reduce treatment time in malocclusions with deep curves of Spee, by combining two phases of the therapy, which clinicians ordinarily pursue sequentially.


RESUMO Apesar de haver poucos desenvolvimentos tecnológicos nos últimos anos dentro da Ortodontia, a busca por tratamentos mais eficientes não cessou. Assim, o presente artigo visa analisar, de maneira lógica, como otimizar uma das fases do tratamento ortodôntico que mais demandam tempo: a correção da sobremordida exagerada. Pretende-se demonstrar como realizá-la concomitantemente ao alinhamento inicial, por meio de uma técnica denominada correção vertical precoce (CVP). Essa técnica utiliza dois cantilevers associados ao primeiro fio de alinhamento ortodôntico, mas não restritos a ele, a fim de iniciar a planificação da curva de Spee o mais cedo possível. Assim, o tempo de tratamento pode ser diminuído, já que duas fases do tratamento, normalmente realizadas de forma independente, podem ser realizadas ao mesmo tempo. Além disso, tanto o sistema de forças quanto os efeitos colaterais e os passos da execução da técnica serão devidamente apresentados e discutidos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthodontic Wires , Orthodontics, Corrective/methods , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/therapy , Mandible/pathology , Orthodontics, Corrective/instrumentation , Recurrence , Time Factors , Vertical Dimension , Biomechanical Phenomena , Treatment Outcome , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Arch/anatomy & histology , Dental Arch/diagnostic imaging , Dental Occlusion , Overbite/pathology , Overbite/therapy , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/diagnostic imaging
15.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(2): 168-176, Mar.-Apr. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-841173

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate the local effects of statins as adjuvants for treatment by scaling and root planing (SRP) of periodontal disease induced in rats. Material and Methods Ninety rats were used in the present experiment. Periodontal disease was induced in all animals using a cotton thread placed in the left first mandibular molar. After 7 days of induction, the bandage was removed and the animals were divided into three groups: 1) NT group (n=30), no treatment; 2) SRP group (n=30): SRP and irrigation with control gel; 3) S group (n=30) - SRP and irrigation with Simvastatin. Ten animals from each group were euthanized at 7, 15 and 30 days after treatment. Gingival biopsy specimens were processed to analyze the expression of matrix metalloproteinase 8 (MMP-8). The mandibles were removed and submitted to radiographic and laboratory processing for histometric analysis. Results The S group showed a significantly lower expression of MMP-8 compared to NT and SRP groups in all experimental periods. In the radiographic and histometric analyses between the groups, S group showed a significantly lower bone loss (BL) compared to NT and SRP groups in all experimental periods. Conclusions Within the limits of this study, it can be concluded that locally applied statin was effective as an adjuvant treatment for SRP in rats with induced periodontal disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Periodontitis/drug therapy , Root Planing/methods , Simvastatin/pharmacology , Bone Density Conservation Agents/pharmacology , Periodontitis/pathology , Time Factors , Biopsy , Reproducibility of Results , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Rats, Wistar , Matrix Metalloproteinase 8/analysis , Gingiva/drug effects , Gingiva/pathology , Mandible/pathology , Mandible/diagnostic imaging
16.
Autops. Case Rep ; 7(1): 37-41, Jan.-Mar. 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-905131

ABSTRACT

Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is an uncommon tumor characterized by an aggressive behavior with early metastasis, usually to the contralateral lung, liver, brain, and bones. There are only five cases of this particular tumor metastasizing to the oral cavity described in the English literature. We present the case of metastatic SCLC in the mandible with radiographic findings resembling a residual cyst. A 66-year-old man with previous diagnosis and treatment for a SCLC was referred to the Stomatology Department with a history of persistent pain in the mandible 1 year after the inferior right pre-molar tooth extraction. The radiographic exam showed a well-delimited radiolucent area on that extracted tooth's region resembling a residual cyst. Biopsy was performed yielding the diagnosis of metastatic SCLC. The patient was referred to the clinical oncologist for chemotherapy. Although uncommon, this tumor should be included in the differential diagnosis of jawbone lesions, particularly when the patient presents a previous diagnosis of SCLC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Carcinoma, Small Cell/diagnostic imaging , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cysts/etiology , Diagnosis, Differential , Mandible/pathology , Pain/etiology
17.
Journal of Dentistry-Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. 2017; 18 (3): 234-236
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-188524

ABSTRACT

Ameloblastic fibro-odontoma is a relatively rare, benign odontogenic tumor that usually occurs in children and adolescents with unerupted teeth. This article reports an ameloblastic fibro-odontoma in the anterior mandible as a [bump on her gum] in a 7-month-old girl. This is the first case under 9 months old reported to date. Radiographic and histologic findings as well as the treatment are discussed


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Odontogenic Tumors , Tooth, Unerupted , Infant , Radiography, Dental , Mandible/pathology
18.
Int. j. morphol ; 34(4): 1203-1206, Dec. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-840867

ABSTRACT

La simetría mandibular es esencial para determinar los patrones no solo de belleza facial sino de función masticatoria; las alteraciones de crecimiento y desarrollo, patologías genéticas, traumáticas o neoplásicas o por características propias de cada población, que afectan a la mandíbula, generan consecuencias que llevan a tratamientos inclusive quirúrgicos para su corrección. El análisis de Thilander en radiografías panorámicas, permite la valoración de la magnitud de las asimetrías mandibulares, como parte de los exámenes complementarios en el proceso diagnóstico. Determinar la frecuencia de asimetrías condilares, de cuerpo y rama mandibular en radiografías panorámicas digitales. Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en 500 radiografías panorámicas digitales, de adecuado contraste y densidad, obtenidas de pacientes mayores de 18 años de edad, con dentición completa; se registró sexo, edad y mediante el programa CliniView 9.1 se tomaron las medidas mandibulares propuestas por Thilander calculando las diferencias con la fórmula de Bezzur. La prevalencia de asimetrías condilares patológicas en la población mayor de 18 años es del 6 %. Se encontró una diferencia significativa en las medidas verticales entre los dos lados sin que en ellas tenga influencia el género o la edad. Las diferencias en la altura de la rama mandibular se encuentran en la mayoría de los casos a expensas del cóndilo y las discrepancias entre los lados derecho e izquierdo, deben considerarse como elemento diagnóstico en posibles patologías articulares.


The mandibular symmetry is essential to determine the patterns, not only of facial beauty, but also in the masticatory function. The growth and development alterations, genetic pathologies, traumatic, neoplasic or the characteristics of each population, that affect the jaw, generate consequences that may lead to even surgical treatments for correction. Thilander analysis on panoramic x-rays, allows the assessment of the magnitude of mandibular asymmetries, as part of the complementary exams in the diagnostic process. The objective of the study was to determine the frequency of condylar asymmetries in mandibular body and ramus in digital panoramics x-rays. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 500 digital panoramic x-rays with adequate contrast and density, obtained from patients over 18 years of age, with full dentition. Sex and age were registered by 9.1 CliniView program. Proposed mandibular measurements were recorded by Thilander, calculating the differences with the Bazzur's formula. The prevalence of pathological condylar asymmetries in the population over 18 years is 6 %. A significant difference was found in the vertical measurements between the two sides, though there was no influence by either sex or age. The differences in the height of the mandibular ramus are, in most cases, at the expense of the condyle. The discrepancies between the left and right sides must be considered as diagnostic element in possible articular pathologies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Facial Asymmetry/epidemiology , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Mandible/pathology , Radiography, Panoramic , Colombia/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence
19.
Actas odontol ; 13(2): 56-62, dic. 2106. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-834225

ABSTRACT

La clase II esqueletal representa uno de los grandes desafíos a tratar por parte del Ortodoncista. Ésta se presenta cuando existe una discrepancia entre el maxilar y mandíbula, es decir puede haber un crecimiento excesivo del maxilar superior acompañado de una retrusión de la mandíbula. Esto provoca alteraciones tanto esqueléticas como dentarias, presentando apiñamientos, incompetencia labial o perfil convexo, pudiendo ser el tratamiento estrictamente ortodóntico o en ciertos casos requerir de cirugías máxilo faciales. El objetivo de esta investigación fue mejorar el perfil del paciente, conseguir Clase I molar y canina, corregir la incompetencia labial y mejorar la oclusión dental. El plan de tratamiento incluyó la extracción dental de primeros premolares superiores e inferiores y gracias a la aplicación de la técnica ROTH mediante el uso de cadenas elásticas y arcos de retracción se pudo cumplir el objetivo inicial, mejorando la estética y la función de las estructuras dento faciales.


Class II skeletal is one of the major challenges to be treated by the orthodontist. This occurs when there is a discrepancy between the maxilla and mandible, ie may have an overgrowth of the maxilla accompanied by a retrusion of the mandible. This causes both skeletal and dental alterations, presenting crowding, labial incompetence or convex profile and may be strictly orthodontic treatment or in certain cases require maxillo facial surgeries. The objective of this research was to improve the patient's profile, achieving Class I molar and canine, correct lip incompetence and improve occlusion. The treatment plan included tooth extraction first upper and lower premolars and thanks to the implementation of the ROTH technique using elastic chains and arches retraction could meet the initial objective,improving the aesthetics and function of the dento structures facial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/therapy , Orthodontics, Corrective/instrumentation , Orthodontics, Corrective/methods , Bicuspid/pathology , Mandible/pathology , Maxilla/pathology , Tooth Extraction
20.
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(5): 518-523, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-797982

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a disorder linked to the chromosome X long arm (Xq27.3), which is identified by a constriction named fragile site. It determines various changes, such as behavioral or emotional problems, learning difficulties, and intellectual disabilities. Craniofacial abnormalities such as elongated and narrow face, prominent forehead, broad nose, large and prominent ear pavilions, strabismus, and myopia are frequent characteristics. Regarding the oral aspects, deep and high-arched palate, mandibular prognathism, and malocclusion are also observed. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dental radiographic characteristics as described in 40 records of patients with panoramic radiography. Material and Methods: The patients were in the range of 6–17 years old, and were divided into two groups (20 subjects who were compatible with the normality standard and 20 individuals diagnosed with the FXS), which were matched for gender and age. Analysis of the panoramic radiographic examination involved the evaluation of dental mineralization stage, mandibular angle size, and presence of dental anomalies in both deciduous and permanent dentitions. Results: The results of radiographic evaluation demonstrated that the chronology of tooth eruption of all third and second lower molars is anticipated in individuals with FXS (p<0.05). In this group, supernumerary deciduous teeth (2.83%), giroversion of permanent teeth (2.31%), and partial anodontia (1.82%) were the most frequent dental anomalies. In addition, an increase was observed in the mandibular angle size in the FXS group (p<0.05). Conclusion: We conclude that knowledge of dental radiographic changes is of great importance for dental surgeons to plan the treatment of these individuals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Tooth Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Panoramic/methods , Fragile X Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Abnormalities/pathology , Tooth, Deciduous/abnormalities , Tooth, Deciduous/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Eruption , Tooth, Unerupted/diagnostic imaging , Dental Records , Age Factors , Dentition, Permanent , Fragile X Syndrome/pathology , Mandible/pathology
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