Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 190
Filter
1.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(2): e21bbo2, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249703

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The Herbst appliance can be very effective in treatment of Class II patients with mandibular retrognathism. Because of the continuous action in a full-time basis, treatment time using it normally takes from six to ten months, and is usually followed by a second phase of full fixed appliances, in order to obtain both occlusal refinement and long term stability. Despite Herbst appliance's effectiveness in the occlusal and dentoalveolar perspectives, its facial results may differ among patients with different growth patterns, as well as in distinct stages of skeletal maturation. In the current paper, two patients with different facial patterns are presented, who were treated under the same protocol, using Herbst and full fixed appliances in different skeletal maturation stages, and both dentoalveolar and facial results are compared and discussed.


RESUMO Um número significativo de pacientes que procuram o tratamento ortodôntico apresenta má oclusão de Classe II acompanhada pelo retrognatismo mandibular. Abordagens ortopédicas para avanço mandibular são comumente utilizadas enquanto houver crescimento facial remanescente e, nesses casos, o estágio de maturação esquelética deve ser avaliado para definir a melhor época de intervenção terapêutica. Após concluída a fase ortopédica, normalmente é realizada uma segunda fase ortodôntica para refinamento oclusal, com o intuito de oferecer maior estabilidade das correções em longo prazo. No presente artigo, serão discutidos os resultados do avanço mandibular ortopédico considerando-se diferentes estágios de crescimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cephalometry , Orthodontic Appliances, Functional , Mandibular Advancement , Malocclusion, Angle Class II , Face/anatomy & histology , Face/diagnostic imaging , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/therapy , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/diagnostic imaging
2.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 595-604, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155768

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: In this study, we aimed to investigate the predictive value of different airway assessment tools, including parts of the Simplified Predictive Intubation Difficulty Score (SPIDS), the SPIDS itself and the Thyromental Height Test (TMHT), in intubations defined as difficult by the Intubation Difficulty Score (IDS) in a group of patients who have head and neck pathologies. Methods: One hundred fifty-three patients who underwent head and neck surgeries were included in the study. The Modified Mallampati Test (MMT) result, Thyromental Distance (TMD), Ratio of the Height/Thyromental Distance (RHTMD), TMHT, maximum range of head and neck motion and mouth opening were measured. The SPIDSs were calculated, and the IDSs were determined. Results: A total of 25.4% of the patients had difficult intubations. SPIDS scores >10 had 86.27% sensitivity, 71.57% specificity and 91.2% Negative Predictive Value (NPV). The results of the Receiver Operating Curve (ROC) analysis for the airway screening tests and SPIDS revealed that the SPIDS had the highest area under the curve; however, it was statistically similar to other tests, except for the MMT. Conclusions: The current study demonstrates the practical use of the SPIDS in predicting intubation difficulty in patients with head and neck pathologies. The performance of the SPIDS in predicting airway difficulty was found to be as efficient as those of the other tests evaluated in this study. The SPIDS may be considered a comprehensive, detailed tool for predicting airway difficulty.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Neste estudo, avaliamos o valor preditivo de diferentes ferramentas de avaliação das vias aéreas, incluindo componentes do Escore Simplificado Preditivo de Intubação Difícil (ESPID), o próprio ESPID e a Medida da Altura Tireomentoniana (MATM), em intubações definidas como difícies pelo Escore de Dificuldade de Intubação (EDI) em um grupo de pacientes com patologia de cabeça e pescoço. Método: Incluímos no estudo 153 pacientes submetidos a cirurgia de cabeça e pescoço. Coletamos os resultados do Teste de Mallampati Modificado (TMM), Distância Tireomentoniana (DTM), Razão Altura/Distância Tireomentoniana (RADTM), MATM, amplitude máxima de movimentação da cabeça e pescoço e da abertura da boca. Os ESPIDs foram calculados e os EDIs, determinados. Resultados: Observamos intubação difícil em 25,4% dos pacientes. Os escores de ESPID > 10 tiveram sensibilidade de 86,27%, especificidade de 71,57% e valor preditivo negativo de 91,2% (VPN). O resultado da análise da curva de operação do receptor (curva ROC) para os testes de avaliação das vias aéreas e ESPID mostrou que o ESPID tinha a maior área sob a curva; no entanto, foi estatisticamente semelhante a outros testes, exceto para o TMM. Conclusões: O presente estudo demonstra o uso prático do ESPID na previsão da dificuldade de intubação em pacientes com patologia de cabeça e pescoço. O desempenho do ESPID na predição de via aérea difícil mostrou-se tão eficiente quanto os demais testes avaliados neste estudo. O ESPID pode ser considerado ferramenta abrangente e detalhada para prever via aérea difícil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Neck/surgery , Neck Dissection/statistics & numerical data , Thyroid Gland/surgery , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Range of Motion, Articular , Sensitivity and Specificity , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Mandibular Advancement , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery , Intubation, Intratracheal/instrumentation , Laryngectomy/statistics & numerical data , Maxillofacial Injuries/surgery , Middle Aged , Mouth/physiology , Neck/anatomy & histology
3.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(5): 44-50, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1133688

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The most prescribed treatment option for Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is CPAP; however, its adherence is limited. Oral Appliance therapy (OAT) is frequently an option or even an adjuvant, being the mandibular advancement Oral Appliance (OAm) the most used prescription. It modifies the upper airway, improving the airway patency. OAm construction is based on the occlusal plane to disocclusion. In this study, the DIORS® appliance was used, a singular OAm, based on Neuro-Occlusal Rehabilitation concepts, that uses Camper's plane as a disocclusion reference, in order to achieve neuromuscular balance and functional stability. Objective: This study primarily aimed to assess the DIORS® effectiveness in relation to clinical and polysomnographic outcomes. It was also evaluated if the use of DIORS® is as effective as titrated CPAP to treat CPAP non-adherent patients. Methods: Twenty patients were included in this study. Objective and subjective clinical data were assessed at a sleep laboratory using all-night polysomnography, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), taken at three moments: Baseline, CPAP titration, and using DIORS®. Analysis of respiratory parameters as apnea/hypopnea index (AHI), oxyhemoglobin saturation levels, the arousal index and daytime sleepiness were taken as criteria for a successful OAT. Results: Respiratory and arousal parameters improved in both therapies, while DIORS® promoted a better ESS. Conclusion: Results from the present work support that DIORS® is a viable and effective adjuvant therapy for patients with moderate to severe OSA non-adherent to CPAP.


RESUMO Introdução: A opção mais indicada para tratamento da apneia obstrutiva do sono (AOS) é o CPAP; contudo, a aderência é limitada. A Terapia com Aparelho Oral (TAO) é, frequentemente, uma opção, ou mesmo um adjuvante. A prescrição mais utilizada é o Aparelho Oral de avanço mandibular (AOm). O AOm modifica a via aérea superior, melhorando a patência do espaço aéreo. A construção do AOm se baseia no plano de oclusão para desoclusão. No presente estudo, usamos o DIORS®, um AOm diferente, baseado nos conceitos da Reabilitação Neuro-Oclusal (RNO), que utiliza o Plano de Camper como referência da desoclusão para alcançar o equilíbrio neuromuscular e estabilidade funcional. Objetivo: O presente estudo teve como objetivo principal abordar a eficácia do DIORS®, considerando-se os resultados clínicos e polissonográficos. Adicionalmente, foi avaliado, também, se o uso desse AOm é tão eficaz quanto a titulação do CPAP para tratar pacientes com AOS não aderentes ao CPAP. Métodos: Vinte pacientes foram incluídos neste estudo. Dados clínicos objetivos e subjetivos foram avaliados em um laboratório de sono usando polissonografia de noite inteira e a Escala de Sonolência de Epworth (ESE) observando-se três momentos: inicial, titulação do CPAP e usando o DIORS®. Os critérios de sucesso da TAO foram assumidos pela análise dos parâmetros respiratórios como Índice de Apneia e Hipopneia (IAH) e níveis de saturação de oxi-hemoglobina, o índice de despertar e a sonolência diurna. Resultados: Em ambas as terapias, os parâmetros respiratórios e de despertares melhoraram. Adicionalmente, uma melhora na ESE foi alcançada com o DIORS®. Conclusão: Os resultados do presente trabalho apoiam que o DIORS® é uma terapia adjuvante viável e bastante eficaz para pacientes com AOS moderada a grave não aderentes ao CPAP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mandibular Advancement , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Treatment Outcome , Polysomnography , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 252-258, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056431

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of mandibular advancement appliance and low level laser therapy (LLLT) with different doses on cellular hypertrophic changes in the mandibular condyle of rats. Forty-eight 8-week-old male Wistar albino rats weighing between 260 and 280 g were randomly divided into four experimental and control groups. Group I was the control group; group II was the mandibular advancement appliance group; group III was the 8 J/cm2 (0.25 W, 20 s) laser irradiation with mandibular advancement appliance group; and group IV was the 10 J/cm2 (0.25 W, 25 s) laser irradiation with mandibular advancement appliance group. Mandibular condyle cartilage and subchondral bone changes with different LLLT dose and mandibular advancement appliance were evaluated by histomorphometrical analysis. Subchondral bone fraction results showed that there were no significant differences between groups (p<0.05). The statistically significant differences found between control group and experimental groups in anterior and posterior cartilage layers thickness (p<0.05) and (p<0.01). Posterior and anterior condylar cartilage layers of rats react differentially to LLLT and mandibular advancement application. Maximum changes in condylar cartilage layers were found in 8 J/cm2 laser irradiation with mandibular appliance group.


El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los efectos del aparato de avance mandibular y la terapia con láser de bajo nivel (TLBN) con diferentes dosis sobre los cambios hipertróficos celulares, en el cóndilo mandibular de ratas. Cuarenta y ocho ratas albinas macho Wistar de 8 semanas de edad con un peso de 260 y 280 g se dividieron aleatoriamente en cuatro grupos experimentales y control. El grupo I control; grupo II, dispositivos de avance mandibular; grupo III de irradiación con láser de 8 J / cm2 (0.25 W, 20 s) con el grupo dispositivos de avance mandibular; y grupo IV con irradiación láser de 10 J / cm2 (0,25 W, 25 s) con el grupo de dispositivos de avance mandibular. El cartílago del cóndilo mandibular y los cambios en el hueso subcondral con diferentes dosis de TLBN y dispositivo de avance mandibular, se evaluaron mediante análisis histomorfométrico. Los resultados de la fracción ósea subcondral indicaron que no hubo diferencias significativas entre los grupos (p <0,05). Las diferencias estadísticamente significativas encontradas entre el grupo control y los grupos experimentales, en el grosor del cartílago anterior y posterior (p<0,05) y (p<0,01). Las capas de cartílago condilar posterior y anterior de las ratas reaccionan de manera diferencial a la aplicación de TLBN y avance mandibular. Se encontraron cambios significativos en las capas de cartílago condilar con irradiación láser de 8 J /cm2 con el grupo de dispositivos mandibulares.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Bone and Bones/radiation effects , Cartilage, Articular/radiation effects , Mandibular Advancement/methods , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Bone and Bones/surgery , Cartilage, Articular/surgery , Rats, Wistar
5.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 24(3): 99-109, May-June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011976

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Hypopnea Syndrome (OSAS) is a highly prevalent disease with serious consequences for the patients' lives. The treatment of the condition is mandatory for the improvement of the quality of life, as well as the life expectancy of the affected individuals. The most frequent treatments provided by dentistry are mandibular advancement devices (MAD) and orthognathic surgery with maxillomandibular advancement (MMA). This is possibly the only treatment option which offers high probability of cure. Objective: The present article provides a narrative review of OSAS from the perspective of 25 years of OSAS treatment clinical experience. Conclusion: MADs are a solid treatment option for primary snoring and mild or moderate OSAS. Patients with severe apnea who are non-adherent to CPAP may also be treated with MADs. Maxillomandibular advancement surgery is a safe and very effective treatment option to OSAS.


RESUMO Introdução: a Síndrome da Apneia e Hipopneia Obstrutiva do Sono (SAOS) é uma doença muito prevalente e que traz importantes consequências para a vida dos seus portadores. O tratamento da condição é relevante para a melhora do bem-estar geral e da expectativa de vida dos afetados. Os tratamentos odontológicos mais frequentes para a SAOS são os dispositivos de avanço mandibular (DAMs) e a cirurgia ortognática de avanço maxilomandibular (AMM) - essa última, possivelmente, é a única opção de tratamento com alta probabilidade de cura do problema. Objetivo: o presente artigo faz uma revisão narrativa da SAOS sob a perspectiva de 25 anos de experiência clínica no tratamento da doença. Conclusão: os DAMs são uma sólida opção de tratamento para o ronco primário e apneias leves ou moderadas. Apneias graves, em pacientes que não se adaptam ou se recusam a usar o CPAP, também podem ser tratadas com os DAMs. A cirurgia ortognática de AMM é uma alternativa segura e muito eficaz de solução da SAOS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Mandibular Advancement , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Quality of Life , Snoring , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760095

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The clinical significance and need for the treatment of primary snoring and mild obstructive sleep apnea have been recently questioned. In this study, we analyzed therapeutic outcome and the methods of treatment of such diseases. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A retrospective review was conducted using the medical records of patients diagnosed with primary snoring or mild obstructive sleep apnea at a single institution from 2013 to 2015 through polysomnography or WATCHPAT. RESULTS: Of the 18 patients (37%) with primary snoring, 13 patients (72.2%) underwent surgery, four patients (22.2%) were treated with surgery and mandibular advancement device, and one patient (5.6%) underwent automatic positive airway pressure therapy. Of the 78 patients (61%) with mild obstructive sleep apnea, 35 patients (44.8%) had surgery, 24 patients (30.8%) were treated with mandibular advancement device, 13 patients (16.7%) were treated with surgery and mandibular advancement device and 6 patients (7.7%) received automatic positive airway pressure therapy. For primary snoring, while Epworth Sleepiness Scale and Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index did not improve, the snoring visual analog scale decreased significantly. In patients with mild obstructive sleep apnea, Apnea-Hypopnea Index, snoring decibel, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index were significantly decreased after treatment and the lowest oxygen saturation was significantly increased after treatment. CONCLUSION: For primary snoring, the direction of treatment should be determined in accordance with the presence of associated diseases related to sleep disturbance breathing. For mild obstructive sleep apnea, active treatment may be helpful.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mandibular Advancement , Medical Records , Methods , Oxygen , Polysomnography , Respiration , Retrospective Studies , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Snoring , Visual Analog Scale
7.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 34(77): 21-28, 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103901

ABSTRACT

Las anomalías dentoesqueletales se presentan en el 2-3% de la población. Las mismas afectan el complejo maxilomandibular como también la relación entre las arcadas dentarias. Estas alteraciones producen problemas fonéticos, deglutorios, respiratorios y estéticos. Existe una tendencia en corregir las alteraciones dentarias sin tratar las discrepancias esqueletales, dificultando la corrección quirúrgica, si esta fuera necesaria. Actualmente, la cirugía ortognática ha tenido mayor aceptación como el tratamiento ideal para pacientes con estas anomalías. Se presentará una revisión de la literatura sobre las características que esta alteración presenta, junto a la resolución de casos clínicos (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Osteotomy, Le Fort , Maxillofacial Abnormalities/surgery , Orthognathic Surgery , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/surgery , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/surgery , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Mandibular Advancement , Open Bite/surgery
8.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 84(6): 772-780, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974375

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Intraoral devices have increasingly assumed a key role in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, but there are limitations to their indication and side effects that result from their continuous use, as well as the use of the continuous positive airway pressure device. Objectives: To evaluate the changes in dental positioning caused by the continuous use of mandibular advancement devices. Methods: A prospective longitudinal study with a sample of 15 patients, with evaluation of complete documentation after a mean time of 6.47 months, assessed changes in dental positioning due to the use of the Twin Block oral device for the treatment of patients with apnea. The following variables were evaluated: overjet, overbite, upper and lower intermolar distances, upper and lower intercanine distances, Little's irregularity index and the incisor mandibular plane angle. An intraclass correlation test was performed and a correlation index > 0.08 was accepted. After verifying the normal sample distribution (Shapiro-Wilks), a parametric test was used (t test), with a significance level set at 5%. Results: There was a decrease in the values of overjet, overbite and Little's irregularity index, whereas there was an increase in the lower intercanine distance and IMPA values. All these variables are influenced, at different levels, by the forward inclination of the lower incisors, an action that can be expected due to the force applied by the device on the dentition. The other variables did not show statistically significant differences. Conclusion: After a mean time of 6.47 months of use of the mandibular advancement device, there were statistically significant changes in the dental positioning, but they were not clinically relevant. However, it is relevant that this device is commonly in use over long periods of time, making the monitoring of these patients of the utmost importance for the duration of their therapy.


Resumo: Introdução: Os aparelhos intraorais têm assumido cada vez mais um papel importante no tratamento da síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono, mas existem limitações a sua indicação e efeitos colaterais com o seu uso contínuo, assim como com o uso do aparelho de pressão aérea positiva contínua. Objetivos: Avaliar as alterações no posicionamento dentário produzido pelo uso contínuo do aparelho de projeção mandibular. Método: Através de estudo longitudinal prospectivo com amostra de 15 pacientes, com avaliação de documentações completas após um tempo médio de 6,47 meses do uso do aparelho oral de Twin Block para tratamento de pacientes com apneia, foram avaliadas as alterações do posicionamento dos dentes decorrentes do seu uso. As seguintes variáveis foram avaliadas: overjet, overbite, distâncias intermolares superior e inferior, distâncias intercaninos superior e inferior, índice de irregularidade de Little e ângulo do plano incisivo mandibular. Foi feito teste de correlação intraclasse e foram aceitos índices de correlação acima de 0,08. Após atestada a distribuição normal da amostra (Shapiro-Wilks), foi usado um teste paramétrico (teste t), com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Houve diminuição nos valores de overjet, overbite e irregularidade de Little e aumento nos valores da distância intercanino inferior e do ângulo do plano incisivo mandibular. Todas essas variáveis sofrem influência, com diferentes expressividades, da inclinação para frente dos incisivos inferiores, uma ação que pode ser esperada devido à força aplicada pelo aparelho sobre a dentição. As demais variáveis não demostraram diferenças estatisticamente significativas. Conclusão: Houve mudanças estatisticamente significativas no posicionamento dos dentes, porém clinicamente sem relevância, com um tempo médio de uso de 6,47 meses do aparelho de avanço mandibular. Contudo, deve-se considerar que o uso dessa aparelhagem é comum durante longos períodos, fazendo com que seja de suma importância o acompanhamento desses pacientes a longo prazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Mandibular Advancement/instrumentation , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/complications , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure/adverse effects , Time Factors , Tooth Movement Techniques , Cephalometry , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Mandibular Advancement/standards , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy , Open Bite/etiology , Dental Arch/diagnostic imaging , Overbite/etiology , Incisor/diagnostic imaging
9.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(4): 45-54, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-953040

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Occlusal side effects or development of pain and/or functional impairment of the temporomandibular complex are potential reasons for poor compliance or abandonment of mandibular advancement splints treatment for snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. Objective: This study aimed at providing a comprehensive review evaluating the craniofacial side effects of oral appliance therapy for snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. Methods: An electronic search was systematically conducted in PubMed and Virtual Health Library from their inception until October 2016. Only Randomized Controlled Trials whose primary aim was to measure objectively identified side effects on craniofacial complex of a custom-made oral appliance for treating primary snoring or obstructive sleep apnea were included. Studied patients should be aged 20 or older. The risk of bias in the trials was assessed in accordance with the recommendations of The Cochrane Risk of Bias criteria. Results: A total of 62 full-text articles were assessed for eligibility. After the review process, only 6 met all the inclusion criteria. All studies were rated as having a high risk of bias. The most uniformly reported mandibular advancement splint side effects were predominantly of dental nature and included a decrease in overjet and overbite. The risk of developing pain and function impairment of the temporomandibular complex appeared limited with long-term mandibular advancement splint use. Conclusion: The limited available evidence suggests that mandibular advancement splint therapy for snoring and obstructive sleep apnea results in changes in craniofacial morphology that are predominantly dental in nature, specially on a long-term basis. Considering the chronic nature of obstructive sleep apnea and that oral appliance use might be a lifelong treatment, a thorough customized follow-up should therefore be undertaken to detect possible side effects on craniofacial complex. It is also important to provide adequate information to the patients regarding these possible changes, especially to those in whom larger occlusal changes are to be expected or in whom they are unfavorable. Long-term assessments of adverse effects of oral appliance therapy, with larger study samples and recruitment of homogenous patient population are still required.


RESUMO Introdução: efeitos colaterais oclusais e o desenvolvimento de dor e/ou disfunção do complexo temporomandibular podem levar à baixa adesão ou ao abandono do tratamento do ronco e da apneia obstrutiva do sono com aparelhos de avanço mandibular. Objetivo: fornecer uma revisão abrangente da literatura sobre os efeitos colaterais craniofaciais do tratamento do ronco e da apneia obstrutiva do sono com aparelhos de avanço mandibular. Métodos: foram realizadas buscas eletrônicas sistematicamente no PubMed e na Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde até outubro de 2016. Foram incluídos apenas Ensaios Controlados Randomizados, com o objetivo primário de mensurar objetivamente os efeitos colaterais no complexo craniofacial associados ao uso de aparelhos de avanço mandibular no tratamento do ronco e da apneia obstrutiva do sono. Os pacientes estudados deveriam ter 20 anos de idade ou mais. A avaliação do risco de viés dos trabalhos selecionados seguiu as recomendações do The Cochrane Risk of Bias. Resultados: no total, 62 artigos completos foram avaliados em relação à elegibilidade. Após o processo de revisão, apenas 6 atenderam aos critérios de inclusão. Todos os estudos foram julgados como tendo alto risco de viés. Os efeitos colaterais mais frequentemente encontrados foram de natureza dentária e incluíram uma diminuição do overjet e do overbite. O risco de desenvolvimento de dor ou disfunção do complexo temporomandibular pareceu limitado na avaliação de longo prazo do uso do aparelho de avanço mandibular. Conclusão: as evidências disponíveis são limitadas e sugerem que o tratamento do ronco e da apneia obstrutiva do sono com aparelhos de avanço mandibular resulta em alterações craniofaciais predominantemente dentárias, especialmente nas avaliações de longo prazo. Considerando-se que a apneia obstrutiva do sono é crônica e que os aparelho intrabucais se constituem em uma forma de tratamento contínuo e por tempo indefinido, é necessário um acompanhamento individualizado para monitorar possíveis efeitos colaterais no complexo craniofacial. Também é importante informar aos pacientes sobre esses possíveis efeitos, especialmente àqueles nos quais são esperadas maiores alterações oclusais ou nos quais elas sejam desfavoráveis. Ainda são necessárias avaliações de longo prazo dos efeitos colaterais do tratamento com aparelhos intrabucais, com amostras maiores e mais homogêneas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Periodontal Splints/adverse effects , Snoring/therapy , Mandibular Advancement/adverse effects , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy
10.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 58(1): 7-20, jun. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-909015

ABSTRACT

En esta revisión se mencionan, en primer lugar, algunas alteraciones odontológicas y oro-cráneo-faciales que son observadas con cierta frecuencia en pacientes que concurren a la consulta odontológica. Luego se realiza una descripción del rol del odontólogo en la evaluación de pacientes que pudieran presentar trastornos respiratorios relacionados con el sueño (TRRS). A continuación, se describen brevemente dos de los más frecuentes TRRS: el ronquido y la apnea obstructiva del sueño. Finalmente, se mencionan algunos recursos terapéuticos de utilidad en los TRRS, particularmente los beneficios de la implementación de la aparatología oral (AO) en estos pacientes (AU)


In this review, we first mention some odontological and oro-cranial-facial alterations that are frequently observe in patients who attend the dental office. After that, a description of the role of the dentist in the evaluation of patients who could present RDRS will be made. Besides two of the most frequent RDRS are briefly describe: snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. Finally, some useful therapeutic resources for the RDRS treatment will be comment, particularly the benefits of the implementation of oral appliances (OA) -in these patients (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Care , Respiration Disorders , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Snoring , Dental Occlusion, Traumatic , Mandibular Advancement , Occlusal Splints , Orthotic Devices , Patient Care Team , Patient Health Questionnaire , Positive-Pressure Respiration
11.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 12(1): 7-14, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-893297

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El objetivo de este trabajo fue escribir, según la literatura científica disponible más actual, los efectos que inducen el uso de dispositivos de avance mandibular, como terapia para el SAHOS, en el sistema temporomandibular de los pacientes. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura más actual (últimos 10 años; 2006-2016) a partir de la búsqueda electrónica en las bases de datos PubMed, TripData Base, Epistemonikos, The Cochrane Library y las revistas especializadas Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine y SLEEP. Con el uso de las palabras clave: "Mandibular advancement device", "orthodonthic appliances", "sleep apnea syndroms", "sleep apnea obstructive", "Temporomandibular joints disorder", los operadores booleanos AND y OR. Se realizó un análisis crítico de la literatura evaluando nivel de evidencia, grado de recomendación y riesgo de sesgo de cada publicación. La búsqueda en las distintas bases de datos arrojó un total de 242 documentos, de los cuales 60 fueron seleccionados por título y abstract. Luego 8 estudios fueron descartados por estar repetidos. Se aplicaron los criterios de inclusión y exclusión quedando un total de 20 artículos; se eliminaron 8 por no responder a la pregunta de investigación y se añadió 1 título mediante la búsqueda manual. Finalmente, se analizaron 13 artículos; 2 revisiones sistemáticas, 2 ensayos clínicos aleatorizados y 6 series de casos. La mayoría de los documentos incluidos concuerda en que los efectos inducidos por los DAM, sobre el complejo temporomandibular son mínimos y reversibles, sin explicitar ningún diagnóstico de TTM en particular. Sin embargo, esta evidencia viene en su mayoría de estudios recomendables, pero no concluyentes. Se necesitan más y mejores estudios para realizar un análisis y abstraer conclusiones más certeras. Estos deben ser homogéneos a la hora de clasificar TTM y definir un protocolo óptimo de avance mandibular.


ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to describe, based on the most recent scientific literature available, the effects produced by the mandibular advance appliances (MAA) as a therapy for obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) in the temporomandibular system. We carried out a review of the most current literature published in the last 10 years, based on an electronic search in PubMed, TripData Base, Epistemonikos, The Cochrane Library and the specialized magazines Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine and SLEEP. The key words used for each search were "MANDIBULAR ADVANCEMENT DEVICE", "ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCES", "SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMS", "SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE", and "TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDERS" combined with boolean operators AND and OR. A critical analysis of the literature was evaluated based on the level of evidence, degree of recommendation and risk of bias of each publication. We obtained 242 articles and 60 of these were selected by title and abstract. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, obtaining 20 articles of which 8 were excluded because they did not answer the investigation question. One article was obtained by manual search. Of this number, 13 articles, 2 systematic reviews, 2 randomized clinical trial and 6 cases series were analyzed. Most of the articles analyzed agreed that the effects produced by the MAA in the temporomandibular complex are minimal and reversible, and they did not specify any TMD diagnosis in particular. However, this evidence comes mostly from recommended but inconclusive studies. More and better designed studies are needed, with homogeneous classification of TMD diagnostic criteria that allows to define an optimal protocol for mandibular advancement as a therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Splints/adverse effects , Snoring/therapy , Mandibular Advancement/adverse effects , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/diagnosis
12.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 47(1): 7-11, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-902691

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the skeletal, dental and soft tissue effects of mandibular deficiency treatment with the mandibular protraction appliance (MPA) using 12 factors of the Ricketts analysis. Material and method: This cross-sectional retrospective study sample consisted of a group (n = 27), with Class II malocclusion, convex facial profile, increased horizontal trespass and mandibular deficiency, with initial mean age of 12.27 and final of 15.18 years, treated with fixed appliance combined with the MPA, in an average time of 2.9 years. Initial and final radiographs were investigated using Ricketts analysis. The dependent t-test was used to compare the initial and final phases of the MPA group, with a significance level of 5%. Result: Statistically significant differences were observed for dental changes such as retrusion (p=0.000) and palatal inclination of the maxillary incisors (p=0.000); protrusion (p=0.000) and buccal inclination of the mandibular incisors (p=0.000); increased interincisal angle (p=0.002) and improved molar ratio (p=0.003). There was also a restriction of the anterior displacement of the maxilla (p=0.000) and a decrease in the mandibular plane angle (p=0.024). The variable inferior labial protrusion with significance (p=0.000), reiterated the improvement in the profile. Conclusion: The effects of MPA on correction of malocclusion Class II, verified by Ricketts analysis occurred predominantly by dentoalveolar changes, decrease in the Mandibular Plane Angle, and restriction of anterior displacement of the maxilla, which contributed to the improvement in the patient's profile.


Objetivo: Este estudo analisou as alterações dentárias, esqueléticas e tegumentares promovidas pelo Aparelho de Protração Mandibular (APM) por meio da análise de Ricketts. Material e método: A amostra contou com 27 pacientes (14 meninas e 13 meninos) com má oclusão de Classe II, perfil facial convexo, trespasse horizontal aumentado e deficiência mandibular, com idade média inicial de 12,27 e final de 15,18 anos, tratados com aparelho fixo combinado com o APM. A comparação das telerradiografias iniciais (T1) e finais (T2) foi realizada pelo teste t dependente, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultado: Observou-se diferença estatisticamente significante para a retrusão (p=0.000) e lingualização dos incisivos superiores (p=0.000), protrusão (p=0.000) e vestibularização dos incisivos inferiores (p=0.000), aumento do ângulo interincisivos (p=0.002), melhora da relação molar (p=0.003), restrição do deslocamento anterior da maxila (p=0.000), diminuição do ângulo do plano mandibular (p=0.024) e melhora do perfil facial (p=0.000). Conclusão: O APM promoveu alterações dentoalveolares, observadas principalmente pela diminuição do ângulo do plano mandibular e restrição do deslocamento para anterior da maxila que contribuíram para a melhora do perfil do paciente.


Subject(s)
Cephalometry , Orthodontic Appliances, Functional , Mandibular Advancement , Orthodontic Appliances, Fixed , Malocclusion, Angle Class II
13.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-900306

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Introducción: Los dispositivos intraorales o planos estabilizadores son actualmente indicados indiscriminadamente por el dentista, aun cuando su valor terapéutico es controversial y poco se sabe de sus posibles efectos secundarios. Materiales y métodos: Se revisaron publicaciones que incluyeran pacientes con diagnóstico polisomnográfico de Apnea Obstructiva del Sueño que hayan sido tratados con un dispositivo estabilizador controlado mediante polisomnografía, o bien, que hayan sido usados como sujeto control con un dispositivo sin avance mandibular en estudios que evaluaran la eficacia de los dispositivos de avance mandibular. Resultados: Se encontraron 6 artículos que cumplían los criterios de inclusión. Cuando los resultados se consideraban de manera grupal, el cambio en el Índice de Apnea/Hipopnea o Índice de Eventos Respiratorios no era significativo estadísticamente, pero si se analizaba caso a caso, existían pacientes en los que estos valores aumentaban de manera violenta. Conclusión: Aunque un empeoramiento de los índices no es un efecto secundario en todos los pacientes con apnea del sueño, el riesgo en aquellos que lo sufren puede determinar un empeoramiento importante de su condición médica. Es posible que el uso de dispositivos de estabilización esté contraindicado en pacientes que presenten trastornos respiratorios del sueño.


ABSTRACT: Introduction: Frequently, the oral devices or stabilization splints are indiscriminately indicated by the dentist, even when its therapeutic value is controversial and there is poor knowledge about its possible side effects. Material and Method : We reviewed in Pubmed and Ebsco-Host all the publications that included patients with polysomnographic diagnosis of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) who were being treated with stabilization splints and controlled by polysomnography, or patients who were used as control subjects with stabilization splints in studies evaluating mandibular advancement devices (MAD) effectiveness. Results: Six publications met the inclusion criteria. They all describe that when the results of the study were considered as a group, the changes in the Apnea/Hypopnea Index or in the Respiratory Disturbance Index were considered as not statistically significant, but if each case was studied individually some patients experimented a violent increase of these values. Conclusion: Although the increase of index is not a side effect in all patients, the risk in those who experimented it can determinate an important aggravation of a medic condition. It´s possible that there´s There may be a contraindication in the use of stabilization splints in patients with sleep respiratory disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occlusal Splints , Mandibular Advancement , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy , Permeability , Polysomnography , Occlusal Splints/adverse effects , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis
14.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 22(5): 98-112, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891095

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Obtaining long term stability allied to functional and aesthetic balance is the main goal of any orthodontic-orthopedic therapy. This case report describes the orthodontic therapy applied to a 7-year-9-month old child, who presented a Class II, division 1 malocclusion associated to skeletal open bite. Functional and skeletal corrections (sagittally and vertically) were obtained by means of mandible advancement achieved with a closed Balter's bionator appliance followed by a fixed appliance. This approach showed to be efficient in accomplishing both functional and aesthetic goals, that were kept stable five years after the treatment was finished. This case report was presented to the Board of Directors of the Brazilian Board of Orthodontics and Facial Orthopedics (BBO), as partial requirement to becoming a Diplomate of the BBO.


RESUMO A obtenção do equilíbrio funcional e estético em um contexto de estabilidade em longo prazo é o objetivo de qualquer abordagem ortodôntico-ortopédica. O presente relato aborda o tratamento ortodôntico realizado em uma criança com 7 anos e 9 meses de idade, portadora de Classe II, divisão 1, associada a mordida aberta esquelética. A correção funcional e esquelética (sagital e vertical) foi obtida por meio de avanço mandibular, com aparelho Bionator de Balters do tipo fechado, seguido de aparelho ortodôntico fixo. Essa abordagem foi eficiente para atingir as metas funcionais e estéticas, que continuaram estáveis cinco anos após a conclusão do tratamento. Esse caso clínico foi apresentado à Diretoria do Board Brasileiro de Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial (BBO), como parte dos requisitos para a obtenção do título de Diplomado pelo BBO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Retrognathia/therapy , Open Bite/therapy , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/therapy , Orthodontics, Corrective , Follow-Up Studies , Orthodontic Appliances, Functional , Mandibular Advancement
15.
Prosthes. Lab. Sci ; 7(25)out.-dez. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-880651

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O aparelho ortopédico mecânico Herbst destaca-se entre os aparelhos que estimulam o avanço mandibular. Objetivo: Esse artigo demonstra diferentes formas de ancoragem para o aparelho Herbst. Método: Descrevem-se formas distintas de ancoragem, variando desde ancoragem com banda ortodôntica, com esplinte acrílico, com esplinte metálico, associadas ou não ao parafuso expansor. Conclusão: A escolha do tipo de ancoragem para o aparelho Herbst é dependente do plano de tratamento ortodôntico e definida de forma individual para cada paciente.


Introduction: Herbst mechanical orthopedic device stands out among the devices that stimulate the mandibular advancement. Objective: This paper describes different forms of Herbst appliance anchorage. Method: Distinct forms of Herbst appliance anchorage are described varying from orthodontic band, acrylic splint, metallic splint ancorage associated or not with expansion screw. Conclusions: The choice of Herbst appliance anchorage is dependent of orthodontic treatment planning and defined individually for each patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Malocclusion, Angle Class II , Mandibular Advancement , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Orthodontic Appliances, Functional , Orthodontics/methods
16.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 17(2): 45-49, abr.-jun. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1281711

ABSTRACT

A Síndrome da Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono (SAOS) é uma doença com alto índice de morbidade e mortalidade, que compromete 5% da população mundial, sendo 9% dos homens e 4% das mulheres da idade adulta. O avanço maxilomandibular (AMM) tem sido indicado como tratamento cirúrgico da doença nas formas moderada e grave. O objetivo deste estudo é descrever um relato de caso de um paciente 33 anos, gênero feminino, Classe II de Angle. Ao exame polissonográfico, foi constatada a ocorrência de 47 apneias/ hora de sono, e, na radiografia cefalométrica de perfil, observou se um estreitamento das vias áreas superiores. Foi realizado AMM e mentoplastia para aumentar o volume das vias aéreas. A paciente evoluiu com redução acentuada dos sintomas e consequente melhoria em sua qualidade de vida. Atualmente, o AMM é a opção cirúrgica mais bem sucedida para o tratamento da SAOS de moderada a grave... (AU)


Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) is a disease with high morbidity and mortality, which commits 5% of the world population and 9% of men and 4% of women in adulthood. The maxilomandibular advancement (AMM) has been indicated as surgical treatment in moderate and severe forms. The aim of this study is to describe a case report of a patient 33 years old, female, Angle Class II. In polysomnography examination, it was found the occurrence of 47 apneas per hour during sleep and lateral cephalometric radiograph was observed a narrowing of the upper airway. It was performed AMM and genioplasty to increase the volume of the airways. The patient progressed with a significant reduction of symptoms and consequent improvement in their quality of life. Currently, the maxilomandibular advancement is the most successful surgical option for the treatment of moderate to severe OSAS... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Apnea , Mandibular Advancement , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures , Orthognathic Surgery , Maxillary Osteotomy
17.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 22(2): 77-86, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840220

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: This study aims at comparing the perception of orthodontists, maxillofacial surgeons, visual artists and laypersons when evaluating the influence of sagittal position of the mandible - in lateral view - in facial attractiveness; at a job hiring; and in the perception of socioeconomic profile. METHODS: A black male, a white male, a black female and a white female with harmonic faces served as models to obtain a facial profile photograph. Each photograph was digitally manipulated to obtain seven facial profiles: an ideal, three simulating mandibular advancement and three simulating mandibular retrusion, producing 28 photographs. These photographs were evaluated through a questionnaire by orthodontists, maxillofacial surgeons, visual artists and laypersons. RESULTS: The anteroposterior positioning of the mandible exerted strong influence on the level of facial attractiveness, but few significant differences between the different groups of evaluators were observed (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The profiles pointed as the most attractive were also pointed as more favorable to be hired to a job position and pointed also as having the best socioeconomic condition.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: a presente pesquisa teve por objetivo comparar a percepção de ortodontistas, cirurgiões bucomaxilofaciais, artistas visuais e leigos ao avaliar a influência do posicionamento sagital da mandíbula, em vista lateral, na atratividade facial; na contratação para um emprego; e na percepção do perfil socioeconômico. MÉTODOS: um homem negro, um homem branco, uma mulher negra e uma mulher branca com faces harmoniosas serviram como modelos para obtenção de fotografias do perfil facial. Cada fotografia obtida foi digitalmente manipulada para a obtenção de sete perfis faciais: um ideal, três simulando avanço mandibular e três simulando retrusão mandibular, originando 28 fotografias. Essas fotografias foram avaliadas, por meio de um questionário, por quatro grupos de avaliadores: ortodontistas, cirurgiões bucomaxilofaciais, artistas visuais e leigos. RESULTADOS: o posicionamento anteroposterior da mandíbula exerceu forte influência sobre o grau de atratividade facial, porém foram observadas poucas diferenças significativas entre os diferentes grupos de avaliadores (p < 0,05). CONCLUSÕES: os perfis apontados como mais atraentes foram, também, os mais apontados como favoráveis à contratação para um emprego e os mais apontados como aqueles que aparentavam melhor condição socioeconômica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Social Perception , Esthetics, Dental/psychology , Face/anatomy & histology , Mandible/anatomy & histology , Retrognathia , Social Class , Social Values , Brazil , Ethnic Groups , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , Mandibular Advancement , Photography, Dental , Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons/psychology , Orthodontists/psychology , Lip
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-167660

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of advancement magnitude and changes in mandibular plane angle on the stability of mandibular advancement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study evaluated the postoperative stability of mandibular advancement in class II skeletal subjects who underwent bilateral sagittal split osteotomy. Radiographs taken preoperatively, immediately postoperatively and 1 year postoperatively were traced and analyzed using linear and angular measurements. To determine horizontal and vertical relapse, an X-Y coordinate system was established in which the X-axis was constructed by rotating S-N downward by 7° (approximation of the Frankfort horizontal plane) and the Y-axis was defined as a line perpendicular to the X-axis and passing through the point Sella. For certain reference points including point A, point B, pogonion and menton, the perpendicular distance between each point and both axes was determined and cephalometric variables were recorded as X and Y coordinates. RESULTS: Twenty-five subjects were studied. A significant correlation between the amount of mandibular advancement and relapse in the B point (vertical and horizontal) and the pogonion point was observed (vertical and horizontal, P<0.001). Evaluation of data demonstrated a positive correlation between the mandibular plane angle (SN/ML) change and vertical relapse in the B point (P<0.05). A simple regression model demonstrated that 74% of horizontal relapse and 42.3% of vertical relapse in the B point was related to the amount of mandibular advancement. The receiver operating characteristic test showed that 8.5 mm mandibular advancement is related to a relapse rate of 1 mm or more in the pogonion, vertically or horizontally. CONCLUSION: The magnitude of mandibular advancement is a stronger surgical predictor for horizontal rather than vertical relapse at the B point. Changes in mandibular plane angle (SN/ML) during surgery affect vertical, but not horizontal relapse at the B point.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Mandible , Mandibular Advancement , Orthognathic Surgery , Osteotomy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657070

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recently, mandibular advancement device (MAD) has been used widely used for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) because it can effectively reduce the collapsibility of upper airway during sleep. Although MAD is widely prescribed by otorhinolaryngologists, several studies described its complications arising from the anterior placement of the mandible with long-term use. However, there is still a lack of studies on long-term complications in Korean patients. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Retrospectively, we included a total of 57 OSA patients in the study. In this study, all enrolled OSA patients had used MAD over two years with more than 4 hours/day. Dental consulting and cephalometric analysis were conducted to identify the change of dental and skeletal findings at two different times (baseline and after 2 year). RESULTS: The dental findings showed that the overbite and overjet were significantly decreased. Additionally, the proclination of the lower incisors were increased significantly, whereas there was no significant change on the retroclination of the upper incisors. Three patients showed a change of malocclusion type. On the analysis of skeletal findings, we found a significant increase in the sella turcica central point-nasion-supramental point angle and a decrease in the subspinal point-nasion-supramental point angle. Moreover, the anterior lower facial height and anterior facial height were significant increased. CONCLUSION: Consistent with Western studies, our findings suggest that the long-term use of MAD could induce changes in dental and skeletal morphologies in Korean OSA patients. Therefore, clinicians should thoroughly evaluate potential changes in dental and skeletal morphologies when they prescribe MAD to patients with OSA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Incisor , Malocclusion , Mandible , Mandibular Advancement , Methods , Overbite , Retrospective Studies , Sella Turcica , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive
20.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e37, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839503

ABSTRACT

Abstract The characteristics of non-obese patients with mild to moderate Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) who will present with a good response to Mandibular Repositioning Appliance (MRA) treatment have not yet been well established in the literature. The aim of this study is to assess whether polysomnographic (PSG), demographic, anthropometric, cephalometric, and otorhinolaryngological parameters predict MRA success in the treatment of OSAS. Forty (40) males with mild and moderate OSAS were assessed pretreatment and 2-months post-treatment after wearing an MRA. Demographic, anthropometric, otorhinolaryngological (ENT), cephalometric, and polysomnographic parameters, including continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) titrated pressure, dental models, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, quality of life (Short Form SF-36), and mood state (Profile of Mood States – POMS), were assessed. The responders exhibited fewer oropharyngeal alterations, increased upper pharyngeal space, reduced lower airway space, and increased mandibular intercanine width, and they had milder disease. Nevertheless, no predictive factors of MRA success could be found. MRA was more successful among men with a more pervious airway, a larger interdental width and milder OSAS. However, a combined [1] functional and structural assessment is needed to successfully predict the [2] effectiveness of MRA treatment of OSA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Mandibular Advancement/instrumentation , Mandibular Advancement/methods , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy , Anatomic Landmarks , Body Mass Index , Cephalometry , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure/methods , Linear Models , Orthodontic Appliances , Pharynx , Polysomnography , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL