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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(1): e45-e48, feb. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1147260

ABSTRACT

Cuando los recién nacidos presentan obstrucción de la vía aérea, requieren un manejo urgente y experto para evitar la mortalidad y la morbilidad. La definición de vía aérea difícil se relaciona con problemas en la intubación endotraqueal o en la ventilación a presión positiva con bolsa y máscara o reanimador de pieza en T. El manejo debe basarse en la comprensión del mecanismo fisiopatológico responsable de la vía aérea difícil. Las causas en el recién nacido pueden ser congénitas y/o adquiridas.Se presenta el caso de una recién nacida con síndrome de Treacher-Collins tipo 1 [OMIM #154500] con una disostosis mandibulofacial, micrognatia, hipoplasia malar, paladar hendido, sin cardiopatía congénita, asociado con intubación extremadamente difícil


f newborns have an airway obstruction, they require urgent and expert management to avoid mortality and morbidity. The definition of difficult airway includes problems in endotracheal intubation or positive pressure ventilation with bag and mask or T-piece resuscitator. Management should be based on an understanding of the pathophysiological mechanism responsible for difficult airway. The causes of difficult airway in the newborn can be congenital or acquired.We present the case of a newborn with Treacher-Collins syndrome Type 1 [OMIM # 154500] with a mandibulofacial dysostosis, micrognathia, malar hypoplasia, cleft palate, without congenital heart disease, associated with extremely difficult intubation


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Airway Management , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Congenital Abnormalities , Osteogenesis, Distraction , Airway Obstruction , Intubation, Intratracheal
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888397

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To delineate the clinical and genetic features of a fetus with micrognathia, low-set ears, microtia, polyhydramnios and anechoic stomach by ultrasonography.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out to detect genetic variant in the fetus, for which routine chromosomal karyotyping and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) yielded no positive finding. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#WES revealed that the fetus has carried a de novo nonsense c.2302C>T (p.Q768X) variant in exon 23 of the EFTUD2 gene, which was detected in neither parent. The variant was unreported previously and may lead to premature termination of the translation of EFTUD2 protein at the 768th amino acid. Bioinformatic analysis predicted the amino acid to be highly conserved and may alter the structure and function of the EFTUD2 protein.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.2302C>T variant of the EFTUD2 gene probably underlay the mandibulofacial dysostosis Guion-Almeida type in the fetus. Discovery of the novel variant has enriched variant spectrum of the EFTUD2 gene and provided a basis for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for the family.


Subject(s)
Female , Fetus , Humans , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis/genetics , Mutation , Peptide Elongation Factors/genetics , Phenotype , Pregnancy , Ribonucleoprotein, U5 Small Nuclear/genetics
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1337592

ABSTRACT

El Síndrome de Treacher Collins (STC) constituye un reto para el anestesiólogo por malformaciones craneofaciales que complican el manejo de su vía aérea e intubación. Presentamos el caso de una paciente (8 años) con diagnóstico de STC que debía someterse a una cirugía de colocación de implante de conducción ósea bajo anestesia general. Presentaba un antecedente de intubación difícil, marcada micrognatia y distancia tiromentoniana de 2 cm. Se planteó un esquema de intubación en dos etapas secuenciales. En la primera etapa se realizó una evaluación de la vía aérea (visualización de la glotis) bajo sedación con dexmedetomidina, remifentanilo y propofol. Al visualizar la glotis se pasó a la segunda etapa para realizar la intubación posterior a la inducción anestésica.El manejo exitoso se fundamentó en una sedación adecuada y la utilización de un videolaringoscopio con pala curva para la evaluación previa de la vía aérea y posterior intubación sin complicaciones


Treacher Collins Syndrome (TCS) constitutes a challenge for the anesthesiologist due to craniofacial malformations that make management of the airway and intubation difficult. We present a case of a patient (8-year-old) diagnosed with TCS who had to undergo surgery for the placement of a bone conduction implant under general anesthesia. She had a history of difficult intubation, marked micrognathia and a thyromental distance of 2 cm. An intubation scheme in two sequential stages was proposed. In the first stage, an evaluation of the airway (visualization of the glottis) was carried out under sedation with dexmedetomidine, remifentanil and propofol. When the glottis was visualized, we proceeded to the second stage to carry out intubation after anesthetic induction.The successful management of this case was based on adequate sedation and the use of a video laryngoscope with a curved blade for prior evaluation of the airway and subsequent intubation without complications


A síndrome de Treacher Collins (STC) constitui um desafio para o anestesiologista devido às malformações craniofaciais que dificultam o manejo da via aérea e a intubação. Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente (8 anos) com diagnóstico de STC que foi submetida a uma cirurgia para colocação de implante de condução óssea sob anestesia geral. Ela tinha história de intubação difícil, micrognatia acentuada e distância tiromentoniana de 2 cm. Foi proposto um esquema de intubação em duas etapas sequenciais. Na primeira etapa, foi realizada avaliação das vias aéreas (visualização da glote) sob sedação com dexmedetomidina, remifentanil e propofol. Quando a glote foi visualizada, a segunda etapa foi realizada para realização da intubação após a indução anestésica. O manejo bem-sucedido baseou-se na sedação adequada e no uso de videolaringoscópio com lâmina curva para avaliação prévia da via aérea e posterior intubação sem complicações


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Laryngoscopy , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis , Airway Management , Intubation , Anesthesia
4.
Rev. Psicol., Divers. Saúde ; 9(1): 46-59, Março 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254194

ABSTRACT

Síndrome de Treacher Collins (STC) é uma anomalia do desenvolvimento craniofacial rara de manifestação clínica variável. Este estudo teve por objetivo principal analisar a experiência de uma mulher de 26 anos com STC que iniciou a reabilitação na idade adulta, buscando aprofundar possíveis impactos para o seu desenvolvimento. Com aprovação do Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa (CAAE 00981418.3.0000.5441), realizou-se um estudo de caso clínico por meio da análise documental do prontuário multiprofissional e uma entrevista semiestruturada gravada em áudio, transcrita integralmente e analisada qualitativamente pela técnica de Análise de Conteúdo de Bardin. Evidenciaram-se duas categorias temáticas que sinalizam a experiência de vida da participante dividida em dois momentos: (1)"Desenvolvimento até a fase adulta" que abarcou as subcategorias: "O que eu tenho?"; "Relacionamento com a mãe"; "Eu sofri bullying: desafio da escolarização" (2) "Ser alguém com Síndrome de Treacher Collins", e subcategorias: "Existem outros como eu: conhecendo o diagnóstico"; "Início do tratamento: desafios e expectativas"; "A psicologia e a equipe interdisciplinar"; "Mas hoje eu sou feliz: planos para o futuro". STC, sendo uma malformação facial, pode implicar em conviver com o estigma de não apresentar o rosto dentro dos padrões sociais impostos. No caso analisado, apontou-se sofrimento emocional, sendo este intensificado pelo não pedido de ajuda. Por outro lado, o diagnóstico da síndrome possibilitou o processo de identificação com outros sujeitos acometidos, o início da reabilitação e a vivência de impactos positivos em sua qualidade de vida. A psicologia figurou como espaço de escuta e possibilidade de reflexão sobre o processo de reabilitação.


The Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) is a rare anomaly of craniofacial development with variable clinical manifestation. The main goal of this study was to analyze the experience of a 26-year-old woman with TCS who initiated her rehabilitation in adulthood, aiming to deepen the possible impacts on her development. After approval by the Institutional Ethics Review Board (CAAE 00981418.3.0000.5441), the case study was conducted by documental analysis of the multiprofessional patient records and a semi-structured interview recorded in audio, transcribed in full and qualitatively analyzed by the Content Analysis technique of Bardin. Two theme categories were evidenced that indicated the life experience of the participant divided in two periods: (1) "Development up to adulthood", which included the subcategories: "What's wrong with me?"; "Relationship with the mother"; "I suffered bullying: challenge of school education" (2) "Being someone with Treacher Collins syndrome", and subcategories: "There are others like me: knowing the diagnosis"; "Treatment onset: challenges and expectations"; "Psychology and the interdisciplinary team"; "But I am happy today: plans for the future". Since TCS is a facial malformation, it may involve living with the stigma of not presenting a face within the imposed social standards. The present case presented emotional suffering, worsened because she did not ask for help. Conversely, the diagnosis of the syndrome allowed the process of identification with other affected individuals, the onset of rehabilitation and experience of positive impacts on her quality of life. Psychology participated as a space for hearing and possibility of reflecting about the rehabilitation process.


Subject(s)
Mandibulofacial Dysostosis , Rehabilitation , Therapeutics
5.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 7(2): 141-151, jul.-dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1046791

ABSTRACT

El Síndrome de Treacher Collins es una malformación craneofacial autosómica dominante (STC) que se presenta cuando el gen TCOF1 (5q32-q33.1) sufre una mutación. Su incidencia se estima en 1/50,000 nacidos y presenta manifestaciones en tejidos blandos y duros. Métodos: Seis individuos diagnosticados con STC, remitidos de la Asociación Treacher Collins México AC, para la realización de estudios imagenológicos prequirúrgicos. Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas, radiográficas y morfométricas de individuos con esta condición. Resultados: No existen suficientes estudios en los cuales se determinen patrones específicos en un mismo individuo, e incluso cuando se comparan entre sí, por lo que es necesario establecer protocolos para su manejo. Conclusiones: Las características clínicas del individuo con STC varían de acuerdo con la severidad de expresión genética, las cuales se pueden corroborar con fotografías, imágenes radiográficas y medidas morfométricas que nos orientaran en el manejo y planeación del tratamiento. (AU)


Treacher Collins Syndrome is a craniofacial, autosomal dominant, severe and complex malformation that occurs when the TCOF1 (5q32-q33.1) gene suffers a mutation. Its incidence is estimated at 1/50,000 births and shows manifestations in soft and hard tissues. Methods: Six individuals whit TCS diagnosis refer from Asociacion Treacher Collins México AC to do a pre-surgical imaging studies. Objective: Describe the clinical, radiographic and morphometric characteristics of individuals with this condition. Results: There are not enough studies that may establish specific patterns in the same individual and even when compared to each other, so it is necessary to establish protocols for their management. Conclusions: The clinical characteristics of the individual with TCS vary according to the severity of genetic expression, which can be corroborated with photographs, radiographic images and morphometric measurements that will guide us is the management and planning of treatment. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Clinical Diagnosis , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mandible/abnormalities , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis
6.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 24: e2047, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-989409

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A Síndrome de Treacher Collins ou Disostose Mandibulofacial é decorrente de mutações genéticas e caracterizada por malformações craniofaciais. Crianças com essa síndrome podem apresentar dificuldades cognitivas, linguísticas e psicomotoras. São raras as publicações que discorrem sobre a complexidade de seus aspectos terapêuticos, especialmente, voltados à evolução clínica vinculada à linguagem. O presente estudo objetiva analisar o processo terapêutico voltado à oralidade de um menino com essa síndrome, considerando a natureza dialógica da linguagem. Trata-se de um estudo de caso longitudinal e prospectivo, realizado em uma clínica-escola de uma Universidade, situada no sul do Brasil, durante quatro anos, desde 2012 até 2016. Os dados foram coletados a partir de gravações semanais do paciente em interação com os seus terapeutas, sendo, também, considerados os registros arquivados em seu prontuário. Os resultados indicam que a criança apresentou evolução no que se refere à apropriação da linguagem oral. Apesar das dificuldades na produção vocal e na articulação de fonemas, decorrentes de alterações craniofaciais próprias da síndrome em questão, as atividades dialógicas estabelecidas entre o menino, seus terapeutas e sua família, propiciaram mudanças gradativas no seu posicionamento em relação ao outro e à linguagem. Inicialmente, ele fazia uso de gestos, mímicas faciais, apontamentos, os quais eram compreendidos apenas pelas pessoas que faziam parte do seu cotidiano. Atualmente, além dos recursos gestuais, ele passou a usar a oralidade para participar de práticas interativas, indicando mais autonomia para interagir com seus interlocutores.


ABSTRACT The Treacher Collins Syndrome or Mandibulofacial dysostosis is due to genetic mutations and characterized by craniofacial malformations. Children with this syndrome may present cognitive, linguistic and psychomotor difficulties. There are few publications that discuss the complexity of its therapeutic aspects, especially those focused on language clinical evolution. The present study aims to analyze a speech - language clinical work on oral language of a boy who has this syndrome, considering the dialogical nature of language. This is a longitudinal and prospective case study, carried out in a university clinic located in the south of Brazil, during four years, from 2012 to 2016. Data were collected from weekly recordings of the patient interacting with his therapists, and also from his record files. The results indicate that this child presented oral language appropriation evolution. Despite his vocal production and phonemes articulation´s difficulties, due to his craniofacial alterations that characterize this syndrome, the dialogical activities established between the child, his therapists and his family, caused gradual changes in his language use. Initially, he used gestures, facial mimics, pointing, which were understood only by people who were part of his daily life. Nowadays, he still uses gestures, but he also began to use oral language to participate in interactive practices, which indicates his autonomy to interact with other people.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Speech Intelligibility , Clinical Evolution , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis/therapy , Micrognathism , Physician-Patient Relations , Professional-Family Relations , Brazil , Child Language , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772651

ABSTRACT

Treacher Collins syndrome is a congenital craniofacial malformation with autosomal dominant inheritance as the main genetic pattern. In this condition, the biosynthesis of ribosomes in neural crest cells and neuroepithelial cells is blocked and the number of neural crest cells that migrate to the craniofacial region decreases, causing first and second branchial arch dysplasia. Definite causative genes include treacle ribosome biogenesis factor 1 (tcof1), RNA polymerase Ⅰ and Ⅲ subunit C (polr1c), and RNA polymerase Ⅰ and Ⅲ subunit D (polr1d). This paper provides a review of research of three major patho-genic genes, pathogenesis, phenotypic research, prevention, and treatment of the syndrome.


Subject(s)
DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases , Genetics , Humans , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis , Genetics , Neural Crest , Nuclear Proteins , Phosphoproteins
8.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 16(4): 232-234, out.-dez. 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1025921

ABSTRACT

A síndrome de Treacher Collins é uma patologia rara, com gene causador mapeado no braço longo do cromossomo cinco (5q31. 3-q33.3). Conhecida como disostose craniofacial, apresenta-se com hipoplasia malar, hipoplasia mandibular e malformações do pavilhão auricular. Tal condição representa previsão de dificuldade para o ato anestésico de intubação, necessitando de avaliação pré-operatória minuciosa e cuidado intensivo no perioperatório. A anestesia geral costuma ser realizada por indução de anestésicos inalatórios, uma vez que crianças submetidas a procedimentos cirúrgicos são não cooperativas, além de haver dificuldade de se obter acesso venoso. Assim, objetiva-se relatar caso de via aérea de intubação difícil em paciente com síndrome de Treacher Collins, correlacionando às manifestações clínicas, ao diagnóstico e ao tratamento cirúrgico, e revisando a literatura sobre o tema. Relatamos um caso cuja singularidade reside no manejo anestésico diferente dos executados em outros centros médicos, ao abordar pacientes com previsão de via aérea difícil. Ao invés de se utilizar máscara laríngea ou intubação com laringoscópio óptico, procedeu-se a: indução inalatória, sedação sem abolir respiração espontânea, visualização das estruturas para introdução do tubo endotraqueal (Cormack 3), acesso venoso, intubação orotraqueal e, posteriormente, indução anestésica e bloqueio neuromuscular. Julgamos importante divulgar tal relato para expor alternativas na indisponibilidade de certos dispositivos, como o fibroscópio. A técnica de intubação sem máscara laríngea ou fibroscópio em pacientes com síndrome craniofacial pode ocorrer sem intercorrências com a estratégia de não abolir a respiração do paciente, porém com leve sedação, devido à não cooperação e à dificuldade de se obter acesso venoso em crianças. (AU)


Treacher Collins syndrome is a rare disease with the culprit gene mapped on the distal long arm of chromosome five (5q31. 3-q33.3). It is known as craniofacial dysostosis, and presents with malar hypoplasia, mandibular hypoplasia, and pinnae malformations. Such condition represents expected difficult airway intubation during anesthesia, requiring detailed preoperative evaluation, and intensive perioperative care. General anesthesia is usually performed through inhaling anesthetics because children undergoing surgical procedures are not cooperative, and their venous access is difficult. Thus, the aim of the study is to report a case of difficult airway intubation in a patient diagnosed with Treacher Collins syndrome, correlating clinical manifestations, diagnosis e surgical treatment, and reviewing the literature on the subject. We report a case that is unique because the anesthetic management is different from what has been done in other medical centers, since it manages patients with expected difficult airway. Instead of using a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) device or a flexible optical intubation (FOI), an inhaling induction was performed, with preserved spontaneous breathing sedation, and visualization of the structures to receive the endotracheal tube (Cormarck 3), venous access, orotracheal intubation and then, anesthetic induction and neuromuscular block. We consider it important to share this report to give alternatives when some devices, such as the fiberscope, are not available. The intubation technique without laryngeal mask airway device or fiberscope in patients with craniofacial syndrome may take place with no complications, when the patient's spontaneous breathing is not aborted, but with light sedation, because of children's noncooperation, and difficulty venous access. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Intubation/methods , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis/surgery , Zygoma/abnormalities , Ear/abnormalities , Ear/surgery , Anesthesiologists , Intubation/standards , Anesthesia/methods , Anesthesia/standards , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis/complications , Micrognathism/etiology
9.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(12): 4311-4318, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-974759

ABSTRACT

Resumo A Síndrome de Treacher Collins (STC) é uma síndrome craniofacial de padrão autossômico dominante e expressão clínica variada, em que a orelha pode ou não estar ausente ou malformada. Indivíduos com STC sofrem estigmas podendo repercutir na interação com pares. Instrumentos de qualidade de vida obtidos por meio de questionários de autopercepção são ferramentas de identificação de estigmas e podem permitir o ajuste social desses indivíduos. Objetiva-se avaliar e mensurar a qualidade de vida em indivíduos com STC, aferindo os impactos da deformidade de orelhas na qualidade de vida. Doze voluntários com diagnóstico clínico e genético de STC responderam ao questionário de qualidade de vida da OMS, divididos em grupos com orelhas normais (n = 6) versus orelhas afetadas (n = 6) e seus resultados foram comparados. A escala de Siviero foi usada para estratificar a qualidade de vida em satisfatória, intermediária e insatisfatória. A pontuação geral do grupo com orelhas normais foi de 73,13; a do grupo com orelhas afetadas de 71,81, ambos classificados como níveis intermediários de qualidade de vida e sem diferença significativa entre si. A deformidade de orelha não representa um ônus na qualidade de vida dos indivíduos que já se apresentam com outras deformidades e com escores de qualidade de vida intermediários.


Abstract Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) is an autosomal dominant disorder with variable expression in which the ear may or may not be absent or with a malformation. Individuals with TCS suffer social stigma that may affect interaction with their peers. Quality of life instruments obtained through self-perception questionnaires are stigma identification tools and can enable social adjustment of these individuals. This study aims to assess the quality of life of individuals with TCS and to gauge the impacts of ear deformity on the quality of life. Twelve volunteers with a clinical and genetic diagnosis of TCS answered the WHO quality of life questionnaire and were divided into groups with normal ears (n = 6) versus affected ears (n = 6), and their results were compared. Siviero's scale was used to stratify the quality of life scores as satisfactory, intermediate and unsatisfactory. The overall score of the normal ears group was 73.13 and 71.81 for the affected ears group, and both were classified as an intermediate quality of life, with no statistically significant differences between them. Ear deformity is not a burden to the quality of life of these individuals, who already show other deformities and overall intermediate quality of life scores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Self Concept , Ear, External/abnormalities , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis/complications , Peer Group , Surveys and Questionnaires , Social Stigma , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis/psychology
10.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 68(1): 87-90, Jan.-Feb. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897809

ABSTRACT

Abstract Neonates and small infants with craniofacial malformation may be very difficult or impossible to mask ventilate or intubate. We would like to report the fiberoptic intubation of a small infant with Treacher Collins Syndrome using the technique described by Ellis et al. Case report: An one month-old infant with Treacher Collins Syndrome was scheduled for mandibular surgery under general endotracheal anesthesia. Direct laryngoscopy for oral intubation failed to reveal the glottis. Fiberoptic intubation using nasal approach and using oral approach through a 1.5 size laryngeal mask airway were performed; however, both approach failed because the fiberscope loaded with a one 3.5 mm ID uncuffed tube was stuck inside the nasal cavity or inside the laryngeal mask airway respectively. Therefore, the laryngeal mask airway was keep in place and the fiberoptic intubation technique described by Ellis et al. was planned: the tracheal tube with the 15 mm adapter removed was loaded proximally over the fiberscope; the fiberscope was advanced under video-screen visualization into the trachea; the laryngeal mask airway was removed, leaving the fiberscope in place; the tracheal tube was passed completely through the laryngeal mask airway and advanced down over the fiberscope into the trachea; the fiberscope was removed and the 15 mm adapter was reattached to the tracheal tube. Conclusion: The fiberoptic intubation method through a laryngeal mask airway described by Ellis et al. can be successfully used in small infants with Treacher Collins Syndrome.


Resumo Os recém-nascidos e crianças pequenas com malformação craniofacial podem ser muito difíceis ou impossíveis de ventilar por máscara ou de intubar. Gostaríamos de relatar a intubação com fibra óptica de um bebê com síndrome de Treacher Collins usando a técnica descrita por Ellis et al. Relato de caso: Uma criança de um mês de idade com síndrome de Treacher Collins foi programada para cirurgia mandibular sob anestesia geral endotraqueal. A laringoscopia direta para intubação oral não revelou a glote. A intubação com fibra óptica usando as abordagens nasal e oral por meio de máscara laríngea de tamanho 1,5 foi tentada, mas ambas as abordagens falharam porque o fibroscópio portando um tubo sem balonete de 3,5 mm ficou preso no interior da cavidade nasal ou dentro da máscara laríngea, respectivamente. Portanto, a máscara laríngea foi mantida no lugar e a técnica de intubação com fibra óptica descrito por Ellis et al. foi planejada: o tubo traqueal com o adaptador de 15 mm removido foi colocado proximalmente sobre o fibroscópio; o fibroscópio foi avançado na traquéia sob visualização em tela devídeo; a máscara laríngea foi removida, deixando o fibroscópio no lugar; o tubo traqueal foi passado completamente através da máscara laríngea e avançado para baixo sobre o fibroscópiona traquéia; o fibroscópio foi removido e o adaptador de 15 mm foi recolocado no tubo traqueal. Conclusão: O método de intubação com fibra óptica através de uma máscara laríngea descrito por Ellis et al. pode ser usado com sucesso em bebês com síndrome de Treacher Collins.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Laryngeal Masks , Airway Management , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis/surgery , Fiber Optic Technology
11.
Buenos Aires; s.n; 2018. 50 p. graf..
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009917

ABSTRACT

Ateneo de los residentes de Psicopedagogía del Hospital de Niños Dr Ricardo Gutiérrez, de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, donde a partir de la práctica psicopedagógica con niños y adolescentes con patología orgánica se desarrollan cuatro ejes temáticos para describir algunas de las patologías o condiciones con las cuales se han ido encontrando en su labor cotidiana. Se relatan algunas viñetas clínicas que surgen de la experiencia en el Consultorio Interdisciplinario de Espina Bífida, con el fin de reflejar la intervención y los aportes de la psicopedagogía en ese campo. Se presenta el caso de una paciente que presentó un cuadro de Encefalitis Autoinmune por anticuerpos contra el receptor NMDAR, patología que despertó un gran interés al interior del equipo y que debido a su creciente recurrencia en los últimos tiempos, convoca a ampliar el conocimiento en ese campo, que aún se encuentra poco investigado. A continuación, se caracterizan dos patologías genéticas a través de casos de Agustín y Matías, considerando la importante incidencia de diversas condiciones genéticas en la población con la cual trabajamos. A partir de los casos clínicos seleccionados, no solo perseguimos el fin de describir y caracterizar algunos cuadros específicos, sino que a través de los mismos buscaremos plasmar los pilares fundamentales sobre los cuales asentamos nuestra mirada e intervención frente a pacientes que exigen un abordaje complejo, integral e interdisciplinario.


Subject(s)
Congenital Abnormalities/psychology , Congenital Abnormalities/rehabilitation , Congenital Abnormalities/therapy , Spinal Dysraphism/therapy , Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis/therapy , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis/therapy , Noonan Syndrome/therapy , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Internship, Nonmedical
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715187

ABSTRACT

Treacher Collins syndrome is a congenital disorder that is characterized with a wide range of cranio-facial deformities. Zygomatic hypoplasia or aplasia is one of the key features, and surgical reconstruction of the consequent depression on the zygomatic area is deemed necessary by many patients. Various surgical options are available—injectables, alloplastic materials, autologous grafting, and autogenous tissue transfer. It depends on each patient which technique to use. Here, we present a clinical case, in which bilateral free groin flaps were adopted in attempt to resolve the remnant aesthetic deformity associated with zygomatic depression, despite a series of previous surgical efforts, in a 25-year-old Treacher Collins syndrome male patient.


Subject(s)
Adult , Congenital Abnormalities , Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities , Depression , Free Tissue Flaps , Groin , Humans , Male , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis , Transplants
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749693

ABSTRACT

Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS, OMIM 154500), also known as Franceschetti-Klein syndrome, is a rare disorder that affects the first and second branchial arches. The estimated incidence is 1/50 000 live births. Mutations in TCOF1 (78%-93%) and POLR1C or POLR1D (8%) cause the disease. Most of TCS cases are inherited in a dominant pattern, while a small proportion are inherited in a recessive pattern. TCS has a variable phenotype with typical clinical characteristics including downward-slant of palpebral fissure, malar hypoplasia, mandibular hypoplasia and microtia. TCS management is a multidisciplinary affair, as interventions range from reconstructive to psychosocial. For hearing rehabilitation, TCS patients may have the choices of BAHA, ponto, vibrant soundbridge or bonebridge implantation. In this review, we summarize the TCS clinical malformations, diagnosis, genetics, management and auditory rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases , Genetics , Facial Bones , Congenital Abnormalities , Humans , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis , Diagnosis , Genetics , Rehabilitation , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins , Genetics , Phosphoproteins , Genetics
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-208218

ABSTRACT

In this study, we present the surgical treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in a child with Treacher Collins syndrome. A 10-year-old girl with a past history of Treacher Collins syndrome presented to our clinic with her parents for respiratory distress and insomnia. The patient was referred to a sleep laboratory where she was diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea, which was a consequence of her Treacher Collins syndrome. The patient underwent mandibular distraction osteogenesis under general anesthesia. The mandible was expanded by 15 mm using internal bilateral distractors. After distraction osteogenesis, the patient’s respiratory problems resolved, and she was able to sleep comfortably. Distraction osteogenesis was an effective method of advancing the mandible, increasing the upper airway space and ultimately preventing obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in patients with Treacher Collins syndrome.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, General , Child , Female , Humans , Mandible , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis , Methods , Osteogenesis, Distraction , Parents , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
15.
Rev. paul. pediatr ; 33(4): 483-487, Oct.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-770134

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe a case of hearing rehabilitation with bone anchored hearing aid in a patient with Treacher Collins syndrome. Case description: 3 years old patient, male, with Treacher Collins syndrome and severe complications due to the syndrome, mostly related to the upper airway and hearing. He had bilateral atresia of external auditory canals, and malformation of the pinna. The initial hearing rehabilitation was with bone vibration arch, but there was poor acceptance due the discomfort caused by skull compression. It was prescribed a model of bone-anchored hearing aid, in soft band format. The results were evaluated through behavioral hearing tests and questionnaires Meaningful Use of Speech Scale (MUSS) and Infant-Toddler Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale (IT-MAIS). Comments: The patient had a higher acceptance of the bone-anchored hearing aid compared to the traditional bone vibration arch. Audiological tests and the speech and auditory skills assessments also showed better communication and hearing outcomes. The bone-anchored hearing aid is a good option in hearing rehabilitation in this syndrome.


Objetivo: Descrever um caso de reabilitação auditiva por meio do uso de prótese auditiva ancorada no osso em um paciente portador da síndrome de Treacher Collins. Descrição do caso: Paciente de três anos, masculino, portador da síndrome de Treacher Collins, com complicações graves relacionadas à síndrome, principalmente de vias aéreas altas e audição. Apresentava atresia de condutos auditivos externos bilateralmente, além de malformação dos pavilhões auditivos. Para reabilitação auditiva inicial foi indicado aparelho auditivo em arco de vibração óssea, porém houve péssima aceitação pelo desconforto causado pela compressão no crânio. Foi indicado como método opcional um modelo de prótese auditiva ancorada no osso, no formato softband. Os resultados foram avaliados por meio de testes auditivos comportamentais e dos questionários Meaningful Use of Speech Scale (Muss) e Infant-Toddler Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale (IT-Mais). Comentários: O paciente teve uma excelente aceitação da prótese auditiva ancorada no osso quando comparada com o tradicional arco de vibração óssea. Os testes audiológicos, bem como as avaliações de habilidades de fala e de audição, também demonstraram melhores capacidades de comunicação e audição. Esse equipamento mostra-se uma boa opção na reabilitação auditiva de portadores dessa síndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Cochlear Implants , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis , Hearing Loss/rehabilitation
16.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 9(1): 153-158, Apr. 2015.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-747492

ABSTRACT

Genetic disorders occur by excess or absence of chromosomal material, and the consequence of these changes is reflected in morphological and physiological changes. Autosomal disorders, which have dominant inheritance, as cleidocranial dysostosis, Craniofacial syndrome Apert, Treacher Collins and Achondroplasia have peculiar and similar characteristics. Because of their implications in the dental field, the aim of this review is to report on dysostoses, through exposure of general clinical factors and highlighting the signs in the oral cavity. Articles were selected from Lilacs, PubMed and Bireme databases, included in the year 2007­2014, and the keywords were: cleidocranial dysplasia, craniofacial dysostosis, mandibulofacial dysostosis, dysostosis and oral. Alterations of maxillofacial bones and craniofacial are well documented in the literature, but studies reporting an association between treatment odontologic and dysostoses are scarce. In conclusion, Oral pathological manifestations developed cause difficulty in speech, chewing, breathing, social involvement, and in a general perspective, psychological impairment and physical limitations.


Las enfermedades genéticas se producen debido a un exceso o ausencia de material cromosómico, y la consecuencia de estos cambios se refleja en los cambios morfológicos y fisiológicos. Trastornos autosómicos dominantes que tienen herencia dominante, como la disostosis cleidocraneal, el síndrome craneofacial de Apert, Treacher Collins y acondroplasia tiene características peculiares y similares. Debido a sus implicaciones en el campo de la odontología, el objetivo de esta revisión es hablar, a través de la exposición de los factores clínicos y generales, destacando los signos en la cavidad oral. Se seleccionaron los artículos de las bases de datos Lilacs, PubMed y BIREME, incluyendo los años 2007-2014, y las palabras clave fueron: displasia cleidocraneal, craneofacial mandibulofacial disostosis, disostosis y oral. Los cambios de huesos maxilofaciales y craneofaciales están bien documentados en la literatura, pero los estudios que informaron una asociación entre el tratamiento dental y disostosis son escasos. En conclusion, las manifestaciones orales son causas de dificultades del habla, masticación, respiración y la participación social.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cleidocranial Dysplasia/genetics , Craniofacial Dysostosis/genetics , Oral Manifestations , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis/genetics
17.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 24(1)jan.-mar. 2014.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-720019

ABSTRACT

A síndrome de Treacher-Collins é uma malformação hereditária rara do primeiro e segundo arcos branquiais, enquanto a síndrome de Down ou trissomia do cromossomo 21 é a mais frequente alteração cromossômica humana. Este estudo descreve a coocorrência dessas síndromes, constituindo-se no segundo relato até agora descrito na literatura. Evidencia também que o seu diagnóstico precoce e o tratamento adequadodas malformações craniofaciais são fundamentais para prevenir a ambliopia e melhorar a qualidade de vida.


Treacher-Collins syndrome is a rare, inherited malformation of the first and second brancheal arches and Down syndrome or trisomy 21 is the most common human chromosomal alteration. This study describes the co-occurrence of these two syndromes, and is the second report so far ever to do so in the literature. It also shows that early diagnosis and proper treatment of craniofacial malformations are essential to prevent amblyopia and to improve quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis/complications , Down Syndrome/complications , Amblyopia/prevention & control , Eye Abnormalities/prevention & control
19.
Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics [The]. 2014; 15 (2): 199-202
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-154337

ABSTRACT

Miller syndrome is one of the acrofacial dysostosis syndromes, which are characterized by malformations of the craniofacial region and limbs. A 26 month old male child, the product of healthy nonconsanguineous parents has many typical features of Miller syndrome. He has cleft lip and palate, malar hypoplasia, left crumpled cup shaped ear, and prominent nose together with the absence of the fifth ray in feet [postaxial] and fixation of interphalangeal joints of both thumbs [preaxial]. However the limb affection is bilateral and symmetrical against what is usually reported [bilateral with more affection of one side] and the micrognathia is very mild. Our patient has also bilateral corneal opacities as well as underdeveloped external genitals. There is phenotypic variability in Miller syndrome, and our patient may represent a new distinct subgroup in postaxial acrofacial dysostosis


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis , Limb Deformities, Congenital , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/etiology
20.
Rev. estomat. salud ; 22(2): 46-50, 20140000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-877919

ABSTRACT

La Microsomía Hemifacial es una altera - ción congénita que comúnmente se presenta en los tejidos blandos y duros de una mitad de la cara con características específicas que definen su diagnóstico haciendo clara su diferencia con otras patologías similares. El objetivo de esta revisión es reconocer en la clínica las características de la microsomía hemifacial para llevar a cabo un correcto diagnóstico. Se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos (Scielo, Medline, Science Direct) con las palabras claves: Microsomía Hemifacial, tejidos Blandos, tejidos Óseos). Se obtuvo de la búsqueda de la literatura 64 artículos, con la que se pretendió encontrar información que evaluara los diagnósticos diferencia - les de microsomía hemifacial en tejidos blandos y tejidos duros. El profesional clínico debe reconocer la asociación con síndromes para el tratamiento de la MHF, de esa forma el proceso terapéutico puede cambiar, y debe establecer la severidad de la patología en sus diferentes tejidos para su futura recuperación y establecimiento del plan de tratamiento. El buen diagnóstico y la caracterización de la misma darán un adecuado plan de tratamiento.


The Hemifacial Microsomía is a congeni - tal disorder that commonly occurs in the hard and soft tissues of half of the face with specific characteristics that define its diagnosis, making clear its difference from other similar diseases. The aim of this review is to recognize the clinical features of Hemifacial Microsomía to perform a correct diagnosis. A search was conducted in the databases (Scielo, Medline, Science Direct) with keywords: Hemifacial Micro- somía, Soft tissue, Bone tissue). Sixty four papers assesed the differential diagnosis of HFM. The clinician must recognize the as- sociation with syndromes to treat the HFM, thus the therapeutic process can change, and establish the severity of the disease in different tissues for future retrieval and treatment plan.


Subject(s)
Craniofacial Abnormalities , Craniofacial Dysostosis , Goldenhar Syndrome , Mandibulofacial Dysostosis , Dentistry , Review
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