Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 424
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927689

ABSTRACT

Manganese is an element essential for living organisms. Development of industrial technologies and exploitation of mineral resources have led to the release of large amount of Mn(Ⅱ) into the environment, posing a serious threat to human health. Bioremediation can remove the Mn(Ⅱ) from the environment rapidly and effectively without generating secondary pollution, thus received increasing attention. This review summarized the diversity and distribution of Mn(Ⅱ) removal microorganisms and the associated mechanisms, followed by discussing the effect of environmental factors on microbial Mn(Ⅱ) removal. Finally, the challenges and prospects for bioremediation of Mn(Ⅱ) polluted wastewater were proposed.


Subject(s)
Biodegradation, Environmental , Humans , Manganese , Oxidation-Reduction , Waste Water
2.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786597

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of MnO₂-diatom microbubbler (DM) on the surface of prosthetic materials as a mouthwash by comparing the biofilm removal effect with those previously used as a mouthwash in dental clinic.MATERIALS AND METHODS: DM was fabricated by doping manganese dioxide nanosheets to the diatom cylinder surface. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to observe the morphology of DM and to analyze the composition of doped MnO₂. Stereomicroscope was used to observe the reaction of DM in 3% hydrogen peroxide. Non-precious metal alloys, zirconia and resin specimens were prepared to evaluate the effect of biofilm removal on the surface of prosthetic materials. And then Streptococcus mutans and Porphyromonas gingivalis biofilms were formed on the specimens. When 3% hydrogen peroxide solution and DM were treated on the biofilms, the decontamination effect was compared with chlorhexidine gluconate and 3% hydrogen peroxide solution by crystal violet staining.RESULTS: Manganese dioxide was found on the surface of the diatom cylinder, and it was found to produce bubble of oxygen gas when added to 3% hydrogen peroxide. For all materials used in the experiments, biofilms of the DM-treated groups got effectively removed compared to the groups used with chlorhexidine gluconate or 3% hydrogen peroxide alone.CONCLUSION: MnO₂-diatom microbubbler can remove bacterial membranes on the surface of prosthetic materials more effectively than conventional mouthwashes.


Subject(s)
Alloys , Biofilms , Chlorhexidine , Decontamination , Dental Clinics , Dental Plaque , Diatoms , Gentian Violet , Hydrogen Peroxide , In Vitro Techniques , Manganese , Membranes , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Mouthwashes , Oral Hygiene , Oxygen , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Streptococcus mutans
3.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 33: e190141, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101408

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective In this paper, we studied three different types of ordinary sports supplements containing whey protein: whey protein-based ones, hypercaloric ones, and protein bars. Methods A sample preparation procedure was studied employing microwave-assisted wet digestion in order to determine the Chromium and Manganese levels by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Results The developed methods have presented good accuracy (recoveries in the range of 90% to 109%) and precision (Relative standard deviation <8%). Although an adequate detectability was obtained (50ng g-1 for Manganese and 65ng g-1 for Chromium), the sample preparation method was also adequate to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry analysis. The method was applied to 26 commercial samples, in which the Chromium concentrations were in the range between 0.22 and 1.0μg g-1 and the Manganese concentrations varied from 2.0 to 37μg g-1. Conclusion The results obtained by atomic absorption for both analytes were in agreement with those obtained by mass spectrometry. In addition, some samples presented concentrations of Chromium above the recommended daily intake and, as a result, we used the X-ray powder diffraction technique as an analytical tool to evaluate the oxidation state of Chromium in such samples.


RESUMO Objetivo Neste trabalho, foram estudados diferentes tipos de suplementos esportivos contendo proteína de soro de leite, conhecidos como: whey protein, hipercalóricos e barras de proteína. Métodos Um procedimento de preparo de amostras foi estudado com o emprego de digestão úmida assistida por micro-ondas, a fim de determinar os teores de cromo e manganês por espectrometria de absorção atômica em forno de grafite. Resultados Os métodos adotados apresentaram boa exatidão (recuperações na faixa de 90 a 109%) e precisão (Desvio padrão relativo <8%). Embora tenha sido obtida uma capacidade de detecção adequada de 50ng g-1 para o manganês e de 65ng g-1 para o cromo, o método de preparo da amostra também se revelou adequado para a utilização em análises por espectrometria de massas com plasma indutivamente acoplado. O método foi aplicado a 26 amostras comerciais, cujas concentrações de cromo variaram entre 0,22 e 1,0μg g-1, e de manganês entre 2,0 e 37μg g-1. Conclusão Os resultados obtidos por absorção atômica, para ambos os analitos, mostraram-se de acordo com aqueles obtidos por espectrometria de massas. Além disso, algumas amostras apresentaram concentrações de cromo acima da recomendação de consumo diário e, como resultado, a técnica de difração de raios-X em pó foi utilizada como ferramenta analítica para avaliar o estado de oxidação do cromo em tais amostras.


Subject(s)
Spectrophotometry, Atomic/methods , Chromium/analysis , Dietary Supplements/analysis , Manganese/analysis
4.
Mycobiology ; : 217-229, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760537

ABSTRACT

Two manganese peroxidases (MnPs), MnP1 and MnP2, and a laccase, Lac1, were purified from Trametes polyzona KU-RNW027. Both MnPs showed high stability in organic solvents which triggered their activities. Metal ions activated both MnPs at certain concentrations. The two MnPs and Lac1, played important roles in dye degradation and pharmaceutical products deactivation in a redox mediator-free system. They completely degraded Remazol brilliant blue (25 mg/L) in 10–30 min and showed high degradation activities to Remazol navy blue and Remazol brilliant yellow, while Lac1 could remove 75% of Remazol red. These three purified enzymes effectively deactivated tetracycline, doxycycline, amoxicillin, and ciprofloxacin. Optimal reaction conditions were 50 °C and pH 4.5. The two MnPs were activated by organic solvents and metal ions, indicating the efficacy of using T. polyzona KU-RNW027 for bioremediation of aromatic compounds in environments polluted with organic solvents and metal ions with no need for redox mediator supplements.


Subject(s)
Amoxicillin , Biodegradation, Environmental , Ciprofloxacin , Doxycycline , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Ions , Laccase , Manganese , Oxidation-Reduction , Peroxidases , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Solvents , Tetracycline , Trametes
5.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 34(4): 927-936, july/aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-967138

ABSTRACT

Micronutrients are essential nutrients for plant growth and development; however, the micronutrient content in soil is often insufficient to ensure maximum productivity, which creates the need for their application through fertilizers. This study compared the availability of zinc, boron, manganese and copper to the soil, their absorption, accumulation and effect in developing maize plants, supplied as granules mixed with NPK granules or as powder, coating NPK granules. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse, in a randomized block design with four replications, using a soil classified as Oxisol and maize hybrid AG1051. The formulation for fertilizers used was 4-30-10 (N- P2O5 -K2O) with 0.3% zinc, 0.1% boron, 0.2% manganese and 0.2% copper applied at doses of 0, 150, 300, 600, 1200 and 2400 kg ha-1, furthermore, doses of 4-30-10 without micronutrients were applied to ensure variation only for micronutrient doses. Coating NPK granules with micronutrients was better than the mixture for soil Zn content, zinc concentration and accumulation in the shoot and dry mass production. Both fertilizers presented similar behavior for soil B content, B concentration and accumulation in shoots. However, for the greatest dose, B results were better for the mixture of granules. The addition of Mn and Cu to NPK formulation resulted in no response in the soil, although the mixture resulted in greater concentration of Mn in the shoot and coating granules showed greater accumulation of Cu.


Os micronutrientes são essenciais às plantas porém seus teores no solo podem não ser suficientes para altas produtividades, o que gera necessidade de aplicação via fertilizantes. Objetivou-se comparar a disponibilização de zinco, boro, manganês e cobre para o solo, sua absorção, acúmulo e efeito no desenvolvimento de plantas de milho, quando aplicados granulados e em mistura com grânulos NPK ou na forma de pó, revestindo grânulos de NPK. O experimento foi conduzido em casa de vegetação, com delineamento de blocos casualizados, com quatro repetições, com amostras de solo classificado como Latossolo Vermelho distrófico típico e híbrido de milho AG1051. Os fertilizantes utilizados foram de formulação 4-30-10 (N-P2O5-K2O) com 0,3 % de zinco, 0,1 % de boro, 0,2 % de manganês e 0,2 % de cobre aplicados nas doses de 0, 150, 300, 600, 1200 e 2400 kg ha-1. Doses complementares de 4-30-10 sem micronutrientes foram aplicadas para que todos os tratamentos recebessem as mesmas doses de nitrogênio, fósforo e potássio, variando somente as doses dos micronutrientes. O revestimento dos grânulos de NPK com micronutrientes é superior à mistura quando se compara o teor de zinco no solo, a concentração e o acúmulo de zinco na parte aérea e a produção de massa seca das plantas de milho. A mistura de micronutrientes granulados com grânulos de NPK apresenta comportamento semelhante para os teores de boro no solo, sua concentração e acúmulo na parte aérea. A adição de manganês e cobre ao formulado NPK não resultou em resposta no solo, embora a forma de mistura tenha resultado em maior concentração de manganês na parte aérea, e o revestimento de grânulos tenha mostrado maior acúmulo de cobre pelas plantas de milho.


Subject(s)
Micronutrients , Zea mays , Fertilizers , Zinc , Boron , Copper , Manganese
6.
Acta toxicol. argent ; 26(1): 1-11, mayo 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-973611

ABSTRACT

El hombre ha cambiado el ambiente para sostener la demanda global de recursos naturales como el agua. La gestión de los cuerpos hídricos tiene que ser constante, con el propósito preventivo y correctivo, dependiendo del estado de antropización de cada sistema. El objetivo de este artículo fue analizar la toxicidad del sedimento y los metales Mn, Zn, Pb, Ni, Cd y Cu, en el reservorio Paiva Castro, que abastece la Region Metropolitana de São Paulo. Se realizaron 2 muestreos (Mayo 2011, estación seca y Enero de 2012, estación húmeda) y se analizaron 5 puntos próximos a la captación de agua por la Companhia de Saneamento Básico do Estado de São Paulo. Se realizaron ensayos de toxicidad aguda y crónica en sedimento, a través de ensayos biológicos con el cladócero Daphnia similis y el insecto Chironomus xanthus. El tratamiento de datos se realizó con el test de Fisher (mortalidad). El nivel de asociación entre las variables en sedimento y en los test ecotoxicológicos fueron evaluados por test no-paramétricos, a través del coeficiente de correlación de Spearman's. Los resultados del presente trabajo señalaron bajas concentracones de metales en el sedimento del área de estudio y ausencia de toxicidad en los organismos ensayados. Se puede concluir que área estudiada del reservorio Paiva Castro se encuentra poco impactada por los metales, sin efectos directos sobre la calidad de vida los organismos bentónicos: D. similis y C. xanthus.


Man had changed the natural environment in an attempt trying to supply the global demand for resources. The management of the hydric bodies has to be constant, with preventive and corrective purpose, depending on the eutrophization state of each one. The objective of this article was to analyze the sediment toxicity and the metals Mn, Zn, Pb, Ni, Cd and Cu, in the Paiva Castro reservoir, that supply the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo. It was made 2 collections (May 2011, dry season and January 2012, wet season). It was analyzed 5 points next to the water captation station by the Companhia de Saneamento Básico do Estado de São Paulo. The sediment was analyzed as for acute and chronic toxicity through bioassays with the cladocerans Daphnia similis and the insect Chironomus xanthus. Data treatment was done with Fisher Exact Test (mortality). The association level between the variables in sediment and ecotoxicological tests was available in non-parametric tests, through the Spearman's correlation coefficient. Oriented on the results presented in this work, pointing low concentrations of heavy metals in the sediments presented in the collect local, and the absence of toxicity, we can say that at this reservoir, at least in the collect area, it's low impacted, not implicating in direct interferences in the quality of life of benthonic organisms.


Subject(s)
Zinc/toxicity , Cadmium/toxicity , Water Reservoirs/prevention & control , Sediments/analysis , Copper/toxicity , Lead/toxicity , Manganese/toxicity , Nickel/toxicity , Brazil , Metals, Heavy/toxicity , Toxicity Tests, Acute/analysis , Toxicity Tests, Acute/methods , Toxicity Tests, Chronic/analysis , Toxicity Tests, Chronic/methods
7.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 34(3): 587-594, mai/jun. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-966904

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the adjustment of four kinetic models and their respective parameters on data of dairy wastewater treatment by the physico-chemical process of flotation and ozonation. The experiment was implemented during the year 2014, with all the tests in triplicate. The treatments were carried out at different pH levels (3.6, 7.0 and 10.4), and flotation/ozonation was catalyzed by manganese (Mn2+) in neutral level (pH 7.0). Best removal efficiencies for chemical oxygen demand (COD) were obtained in acidic medium, with removals greater than 75% after 20 min of treatment. There was no significant difference with regards to addition of Mn2+ on COD removal by the physicochemical process. The kinetic models that best fit to the experimental data, for all treatments, were the asymptotic (residual) model and that of Chan and Chu. Treatment in acidic medium showed the highest values of the kinetic parameters for the adjusted model, obtaining a k coefficient equal to 0.2394 min-1 for the asymptotic model and kinetic coefficient 1/ of 0.4816 min-1 for the Chan and Chu model, both presenting a determination coefficient greater than 99%.


Neste estudo, avaliou-se o ajuste de quatro modelos cinéticos (modelo de escoamento pistonado, mistura completa, assintótico ou residual e de Chan e Chu e seus respectivos parâmetros, na degradação da matéria orgânica presente no efluente de laticínios pelo processo físico-químico de flotação e ozonização. O experimento foi implementado durante o ano de 2014, com todos os testes em triplicata, os s tratamentos foram realizados sob diferentes pHs (3,6; 7,0 e 10,4), além da flotação/ozonização catalisada pelo manganês (Mn2+) em meio neutro. Observando que em meio ácido ocorreram as melhores eficiências de remoção da demanda química de oxigênio (DQO), tendo sido obtida uma remoção superior a 75% em 20 min de tratamento. Não houve diferença significativa em relação à adição de Mn2+ ao processo físico-químico. Os modelos que mais se ajustaram aos dados experimentais, para todos os tratamentos realizados, foram o modelo assintótico e o de Chan e Chu. O tratamento em meio ácido foi o que apresentou os maiores valores dos parâmetros cinéticos para os modelos ajustados, obtendo-se para o modelo assintótico, coeficiente k igual a 0,2394 min-1, e para o modelo de Chan e Chu, coeficiente cinético 1/ de 0,4816 min-1, apresentando para ambos os modelos um coeficiente de determinação superior a 99%.


Subject(s)
Kinetics , Flotation , Ozonation , Organic Matter , Waste Water , Chemical Waste Degradation , Dairying , Biological Oxygen Demand Analysis , Manganese
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714899

ABSTRACT

The industrial complexes built during the course of economic development in South Korea played a pivotal role in the country's rapid economic growth. However, this growth was accompanied by health problems due to the pollutants released from the industrial complexes inevitably located near residential areas, given the limited land area available in South Korea. This study was conducted to evaluate the exposure to each pollutant emanating from industrial complexes for residents living in nearby areas, and to determine the substances requiring priority attention in future surveys. Pollutants were comprehensively categorized according to their emission and exposure levels based on data previously collected from the study areas. The emission, ambient concentration, and biomarker concentration levels of major pollutants emitted from eight national industrial complexes (Ulsan, Pohang, Gwangyang, Yeosu, Chungju, Daesan, Sihwa, and Banwol) were determined and tabulated. Each of the values was compared with the national/local average values, reference values, or control area concentrations depending on availability. Substances with completed exposure pathways and with high values for emissions, ambient concentrations, and biomarker concentrations were considered the substances posing exposure risks to the residents living near the corresponding industrial complex. The substances requiring continuous monitoring or supplementary exposure investigation were also categorized and presented. Lead and benzene had higher values for emissions, ambient concentrations, and biomarker concentrations in the Ulsan Industrial Complex area; thus, they were most likely to pose exposure risks to residents living in the area's neighborhoods. In other areas, styrene, xylene, cadmium, nitrogen oxide, trichloroethylene, nickel, manganese, and chromium required continuous monitoring, and arsenic, nickel, manganese, and chromium required biomarker measurements. In conclusion, the substances identified and categorized in this study need to be given appropriate attention in future surveys on exposure risks and health effects related to industrial complexes.


Subject(s)
Arsenic , Benzene , Cadmium , Chromium , Economic Development , Environmental Pollutants , Korea , Manganese , Nickel , Nitrogen , Reference Values , Residence Characteristics , Styrene , Trichloroethylene , Xylenes
9.
Mycobiology ; : 79-83, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729998

ABSTRACT

Azo dyes containing effluents from different industries pose threats to the environment. Though there are physico-chemical methods to treat such effluents, bioremediation is considered to be the best eco-compatible technique. In this communication, we discuss the decolorization potentiality of five azo dyes by Podoscypha elegans (G. Mey.) Pat., a macro-fungus, found growing on the leaf-litter layer of Bethuadahari Wildlife Sanctuary in West Bengal, India. The fungus exhibited high laccase and very low manganese peroxidase activities under different culture conditions. Decolorization of five high-molecular weight azo dyes, viz., Orange G, Congo Red, Direct Blue 15, Rose Bengal and Direct Yellow 27 by the fungus was found to be positive in all cases. Maximum and minimum mean decolorization percentages were recorded in Rose Bengal (70.41%) and Direct Blue 15 (24.8%), respectively. This is the first record of lignolytic study and dye decolorization by P. elegans.


Subject(s)
Azo Compounds , Biodegradation, Environmental , Citrus sinensis , Congo Red , Fungi , India , Laccase , Manganese , Peroxidase , Rose Bengal
10.
Mycobiology ; : 224-235, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729776

ABSTRACT

Temperature is an important environmental factor that can greatly influence the cultivation of Auricularia cornea. In this study, lignin peroxidase, laccase, manganese peroxidase, and cellulose in A. cornea fruiting bodies were tested under five different temperatures (20 °C, 25 °C, 30 °C, 35 °C, and 40 °C) in three different culture periods (10 days, 20 days and 30 days). In addition, the V4 region of bacterial 16S rRNA genes in the substrate of A. cornea cultivated for 30 days at different temperatures were sequenced using next-generation sequencing technology to explore the structure and diversity of bacterial communities in the substrate. Temperature and culture days had a significant effect on the activities of the four enzymes, and changes in activity were not synchronized with changes in temperature and culture days. Overall, we obtained 487,694 sequences from 15 samples and assigned them to 16 bacterial phyla. Bacterial community composition and structure in the substrate changed when the temperature was above 35 °C. The relative abundances of some bacteria were significantly affected by temperature. A total of 35 genera at five temperatures in the substrate were correlated, and 41 functional pathways were predicted in the study. Bacterial genes associated with the membrane transport pathway had the highest average abundance (16.16%), and this increased at 35 °C and 40 °C. Generally, different temperatures had impacts on the physiological activity of A. cornea and the bacterial community in the substrate; therefore, the data presented herein should facilitate cultivation of A. cornea.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Cellulose , Cornea , Fruit , Genes, Bacterial , Genes, rRNA , Laccase , Lignin , Manganese , Membranes , Peroxidase
11.
Mycobiology ; : 396-406, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729736

ABSTRACT

A newly isolated white rot fungal strain KU-RNW027 was identified as Trametes polyzona, based on an analysis of its morphological characteristics and phylogenetic data. Aeration and fungal morphology were important factors which drove strain KU-RNW027 to secrete two different ligninolytic enzymes as manganese peroxidase (MnP) and laccase. Highest activities of MnP and laccase were obtained in a continuous shaking culture at 8 and 47 times higher, respectively, than under static conditions. Strain KU-RNW027 existed as pellets and free form mycelial clumps in submerged cultivation with the pellet form producing more enzymes. Fungal biomass increased with increasing amounts of pellet inoculum while pellet diameter decreased. Strain KU-RNW027 formed terminal chlamydospore-like structures in cultures inoculated with 0.05 g/L as optimal pellet inoculum which resulted in highest enzyme production. Enzyme production efficiency of T. polyzona KU-RNW027 depended on fungal pellet morphology as size, porosity, and formation of chlamydospore-like structures.


Subject(s)
Biomass , Laccase , Manganese , Peroxidase , Porosity , Trametes
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786748

ABSTRACT

The industrial complexes built during the course of economic development in South Korea played a pivotal role in the country's rapid economic growth. However, this growth was accompanied by health problems due to the pollutants released from the industrial complexes inevitably located near residential areas, given the limited land area available in South Korea. This study was conducted to evaluate the exposure to each pollutant emanating from industrial complexes for residents living in nearby areas, and to determine the substances requiring priority attention in future surveys. Pollutants were comprehensively categorized according to their emission and exposure levels based on data previously collected from the study areas. The emission, ambient concentration, and biomarker concentration levels of major pollutants emitted from eight national industrial complexes (Ulsan, Pohang, Gwangyang, Yeosu, Chungju, Daesan, Sihwa, and Banwol) were determined and tabulated. Each of the values was compared with the national/local average values, reference values, or control area concentrations depending on availability. Substances with completed exposure pathways and with high values for emissions, ambient concentrations, and biomarker concentrations were considered the substances posing exposure risks to the residents living near the corresponding industrial complex. The substances requiring continuous monitoring or supplementary exposure investigation were also categorized and presented. Lead and benzene had higher values for emissions, ambient concentrations, and biomarker concentrations in the Ulsan Industrial Complex area; thus, they were most likely to pose exposure risks to residents living in the area's neighborhoods. In other areas, styrene, xylene, cadmium, nitrogen oxide, trichloroethylene, nickel, manganese, and chromium required continuous monitoring, and arsenic, nickel, manganese, and chromium required biomarker measurements. In conclusion, the substances identified and categorized in this study need to be given appropriate attention in future surveys on exposure risks and health effects related to industrial complexes.


Subject(s)
Arsenic , Benzene , Cadmium , Chromium , Economic Development , Environmental Pollutants , Korea , Manganese , Nickel , Nitrogen , Reference Values , Residence Characteristics , Styrene , Trichloroethylene , Xylenes
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764784

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the corrosion behaviors of dental implant alloy after micro-sized surface modification in electrolytes containing Mn ion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mn-TiO₂ coatings were prepared on the Ti-6Al-4V alloy for dental implants using a plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) method carried out in electrolytes containing different concentrations of Mn, namely, 0%, 5%, and 20%. Potentiodynamic method was employed to examine the corrosion behaviors, and the alternating-current (AC) impedance behaviors were examined in 0.9% NaCl solution at 36.5℃±1.0℃ using a potentiostat and an electrochemical impedance spectroscope. The potentiodynamic test was performed with a scanning rate of 1.667 mV s⁻¹ from −1,500 to 2,000 mV. A frequency range of 10⁻¹ to 10⁵ Hz was used for the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements. The amplitude of the AC signal was 10 mV, and 5 points per decade were used. The morphology and structure of the samples were examined using field-emission scanning electron microscopy and thin-film X-ray diffraction. The elemental analysis was performed using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. RESULT: The PEO-treated surface exhibited an irregular pore shape, and the pore size and number of the pores increased with an increase in the Mn concentration. For the PEO-treated surface, a higher corrosion current density (I(corr)) and a lower corrosion potential (E(corr)) was obtained as compared to that of the bulk surface. However, the current density in the passive regions (I(pass)) was found to be more stable for the PEO-treated surface than that of the bulk surface. As the Mn concentration increased, the capacitance values of the outer porous layer and the barrier layer decreased, and the polarization resistance of the barrier layers increased. In the case of the Mn/Ca-P coatings, the corroded surface was found to be covered with corrosion products. CONCLUSION: It is confirmed that corrosion resistance and polarization resistance of PEO-treated alloy increased as Mn content increased, and PEO-treated surface showed lower current density in the passive region.


Subject(s)
Alloys , Corrosion , Dental Implants , Dielectric Spectroscopy , Electric Impedance , Electrolytes , Manganese , Methods , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Plasma , Spectrum Analysis , X-Ray Diffraction
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713782

ABSTRACT

When liver disease is severe, the prognosis can be worse if the patient is malnourished. Adequate nutritional support for patients with liver diseases can improve the patient's condition and prognosis. In the case of liver cirrhosis, malnutrition can occur due to a variety of causes, including poor oral intake, maldigestion, malabsorption, associated renal disease, and metabolic abnormalities. For a nutritional assessment, it is important to check the dietary intake, change in body composition, including anthropometry, and a functional assessment of muscle. Counselling and oral or enteral nutrition is preferred over parenteral nutrition as in other diseases. If esophageal varices are present, care should be taken when installing a feeding tube, but if there are ascites, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy is contraindicated because of the risk of complications. Calories of 30–35 kcal/kg/day and protein from 1.2 to 1.5 g/kg/day are appropriate. Protein restriction is unnecessary unless the hepatic encephalopathy is severe. A late evening snack and branched chain amino acids can be helpful. In the case of cholestasis, the supply of manganese and copper should be restricted. Sarcopenia in patients with liver cirrhosis is also prevalent and associated with the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Anthropometry , Ascites , Body Composition , Cholestasis , Copper , Enteral Nutrition , Esophageal and Gastric Varices , Fibrosis , Gastrostomy , Hepatic Encephalopathy , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Diseases , Liver , Malnutrition , Manganese , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Support , Parenteral Nutrition , Prognosis , Sarcopenia , Snacks
15.
São Paulo; s.n; 2018. 111 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-969571

ABSTRACT

Introdução - A metabolômica permite determinar padrões de variação dos metabólitos entre indivíduos doentes e não doentes, com ou sem ingestão de um determinado alimento ou dieta. Compreender a relação entre metabólitos e doenças metabólicas pode ajudar a combater obesidade e doenças crônicas. Objetivo - Investigar a associação entre o perfil metabolômico de aminoácidos, a ingestão dietética e o estado nutricional em adultos participantes do Inquérito de Saúde no município de São Paulo, Brasil. Métodos - Foram avaliados dados de 168 indivíduos. A análise metabolômica para identificação de 21 aminoácidos foi realizada nas amostras de plasma, utilizando kit AbsoluteIDQTMp180 da Biocrates Life Science AG (Innsbruck, Austria). O consumo alimentar foi estimado por meio da aplicação do questionário de frequência alimentar. Os grupos de aminoácidos e de alimentos foram submetidos à análise fatorial por componente principal. A variável Metabolicamente Saudável foi construída considerando-se as Diretrizes da Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia para o diagnóstico e tratamento da síndrome metabólica. A regressão linear múltipla foi aplicada para avaliar as associações, tendo como variáveis de ajustes: etnia, idade, renda familiar, sexo, dieta, atividade física. A comparação entre grupos foi feita por MANOVA e a confirmação da diferença significativa pelo teste de Bonferroni. Resultados - A porcentagem de indivíduos com obesidade foi de 24%, sendo que a média de IMC correspondeu a 26 kg/m2. A população estudada apresentou média de idade de 50 anos, sendo a maioria de etnia branca (56%) e do sexo masculino (52%), com pouca adesão à atividade física (21%). Os parâmetros bioquímicos estavam, em média, abaixo das concentrações estabelecidas como normais, exceto a insulina, cuja média foi de 20,8 ?UI/mL. Todavia, ao estratificar pelo estado nutricional e metabolicamente saudável, os parâmetros bioquímicos se mostraram diferentes, tais como a glicemia, triglicerídeos e colesterol total. A ingestão dietética foi igual entre os grupos estudados. O perfil de aminoácido revelou potencial de diferenciar os estados nutricional e metabólico, destacando os aminoácidos de cadeia ramificada (Leu, Ile, Val). Foram identificados dois padrões de aminoácidos relacionados a beta oxidação e aos aminoácidos glicogênicos. O primeiro teve relação positiva para os indivíduos com obesidade e metabolicamente não saudável. O segundo, apresentou relação inversa para ambos os estados. O consumo de manganês pela população foi de 2,5 mg/dia, sendo infusão de mate a principal fonte (28mg Mn/porção). Os indivíduos obesos ingeriram menor quantidade de manganês, que apresentou relação inversa ao estado nutricional e ao padrão de aminoácidos relacionado ao metabolismo não saudável. Identificaram-se três padrões alimentares: perfil saudável, tradicional e moderno. A associação com o estado nutricional e metabolicamente saudável foi positiva para o padrão saudável. Conclusão - Os aminoácidos de cadeia ramificada se revelaram biomarcadores para identificar o estado nutricional e metabólico de indivíduos adultos. Os indivíduos que tiveram baixo consumo de manganês apresentaram maior adesão ao perfil metabolômico de aminoácidos relacionados com beta oxidação


Introduction - The metabolomics allows to determine patterns of variation of the metabolites between people with or without illness, considering or not the food consumption. Understanding the relationship between metabolites and metabolic disorders, it is possible to deal with obesity and chronic diseases. Objective - To investigate the association between the metabolic profile of amino acids and dietary intake and nutritional status in adults from the household survey conducted in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Method - The 21 amino acids were identified by metabolomic analysis, using Absolute IDQTMp 180 kit from Biocrates Life Science AG (Innsbruck, Austria). Food intake was estimated using the food frequency questionnaire. The amino acid and food groups were submitted to factorial analysis by main component. The Metabolically Healthy variable was constructed considering the Guidelines of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology for the diagnosis and treatment of the metabolic syndrome. Multiple linear regression was applied to evaluate the associations, adjusted by the variables: ethnicity, age, family income, sex, diet, physical activity. The comparison between groups was made by MANOVA, and the confirmation of the significant difference, by the Bonferroni test. Results - The percentage of people with obesity was 24%, although the mean BMI corresponded to 26 kg/m2. The population studied presented a mean age of 50 years, most of them white (56%) and male (52%), with little adherence to physical activity (21%). The biochemical parameters were, on average, below the established normal concentrations, except for insulin (20,8 ?UI/mL). However, when stratified by nutritional status and metabolically healthy, the biochemical parameters were statistically different. The dietary intake was the same among the groups studied. The amino acid profile revealed potential to differentiate the nutritional and metabolic states, highlighting the branched chain amino acids. Two amino acid patterns related to beta-oxidation and glycogenic amino acids had been identified. The former had a positive relationship for obese and metabolically unhealthy people. The second presented an inverse relation for both states. The manganese consumption by the population was 2.5 mg / day, and the mate infusion was the main source (28mg Mn/serving). Obese subjects consumed less manganese, which had an inverse relationship to nutritional status and to the amino acid pattern related to unhealthy metabolism. Three dietary patterns were identified: healthy, traditional and modern profiles. The association with nutritional and metabolically healthy status was positive for the healthy pattern. Conclusion - The branched-chain amino acids had been revealed to be biomarkers to identify the nutritional and metabolic status of adult individuals. The individuals that had low manganese consumption showed greater adhesion to the metabolic profile of amino acids related to beta-oxidation, and could be used as biomarker for the ingestion of this micronutrient


Subject(s)
Nutritional Status , Eating , Metabolomics , Amino Acids/blood , Manganese , Obesity , Eating , Metabolism
16.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170374, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893735

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To determine the concentration of calcium, iron, manganese and zinc ions after the application of chelator to Enterococcus faecalis biofilms. Material and Methods Fifty bovine maxillary central incisors were prepared and inoculated with E. faecalis for 60 days. The following were used as irrigation solutions: 17% EDTA (pH 3, 7 and 10), 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) combined with 17% EDTA (pH 3, 7 and 10), distilled water (pH 3, 7 and 10), and 2.5% NaOCl. Each solution was kept in the root canal for five minutes. Fifteen uncontaminated root canals were irrigated with 17% EDTA (pH 3, 7 and 10). Six teeth were used as bacterial control. The number of calcium, iron, manganese and zinc ions was determined using flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Mean ± standard deviation (SD) values were used for descriptive statistics. Results Calcium chelation using 17% EDTA at pH 7 was higher than at pH 3 and 10, regardless of whether bacterial biofilm was present. The highest concentration of iron occurred at pH 3 in the presence of bacterial biofilm. The highest concentration of manganese found was 2.5% NaOCl and 17% EDTA at pH 7 in the presence of bacterial biofilm. Zinc levels were not detectable. Conclusions The pH of chelating agents affected the removal of calcium, iron, and manganese ions. The concentration of iron ions in root canals with bacterial biofilm was higher after the use of 17% EDTA at pH 3 than after the use of the other solutions at all pH levels.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Chelating Agents/pharmacology , Enterococcus faecalis/drug effects , Biofilms/drug effects , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Root Canal Irrigants/pharmacology , Root Canal Irrigants/chemistry , Sodium Hypochlorite/pharmacology , Sodium Hypochlorite/chemistry , Spectrophotometry, Atomic , Materials Testing , Water/chemistry , Chelating Agents/chemistry , Calcium/analysis , Edetic Acid/pharmacology , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Enterococcus faecalis/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/chemistry , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Ions , Iron/analysis , Manganese/analysis
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728620

ABSTRACT

Intracellular Ca²⁺ mobilization is closely linked with the initiation of salivary secretion in parotid acinar cells. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are known to be related to a variety of oxidative stress-induced cellular disorders and believed to be involved in salivary impairments. In this study, we investigated the underlying mechanism of hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂) on cytosolic Ca²⁺ accumulation in mouse parotid acinar cells. Intracellular Ca²⁺ levels were slowly elevated when 1 mM H₂O₂ was perfused in the presence of normal extracellular Ca²⁺. In a Ca²⁺-free medium, 1 mM H₂O₂ still enhanced the intracellular Ca²⁺ level. Ca²⁺ entry tested using manganese quenching technique was not affected by perfusion of 1 mM H₂O₂. On the other hand, 10 mM H₂O₂ induced more rapid Ca²⁺ accumulation and facilitated Ca²⁺ entry from extracellular fluid. Ca²⁺ refill into intracellular Ca²⁺ store and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (1 µM)-induced Ca²⁺ release from Ca²⁺ store was not affected by 1 mM H₂O₂ in permeabilized cells. Ca²⁺ efflux through plasma membrane Ca²⁺-ATPase (PMCA) was markedly blocked by 1 mM H₂O₂ in thapsigargin-treated intact acinar cells. Antioxidants, either catalase or dithiothreitol, completely protected H₂O₂-induced Ca²⁺ accumulation through PMCA inactivation. From the above results, we suggest that excessive production of H₂O₂ under pathological conditions may lead to cytosolic Ca²⁺ accumulation and that the primary mechanism of H₂O₂-induced Ca²⁺ accumulation is likely to inhibit Ca²⁺ efflux through PMCA rather than mobilize Ca²⁺ ions from extracellular medium or intracellular stores in mouse parotid acinar cells.


Subject(s)
Acinar Cells , Animals , Antioxidants , Calcium , Catalase , Cell Membrane , Cytosol , Dithiothreitol , Extracellular Fluid , Hand , Hydrogen Peroxide , Hydrogen , Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate , Ions , Manganese , Mice , Perfusion , Plasma Membrane Calcium-Transporting ATPases , Plasma , Reactive Oxygen Species
18.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(3): 1881-1893, July-Sept. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886722

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT There is a huge lack of researches that evaluate the nutritional limits in tree species used in urban forestry, especially in terms of micronutrients. This study aimed to establish limits and range of micronutrients levels for the proper development of tree species utilized in urban forestry. The study was conducted in the city of Santa Maria-RS-Brazil. Through forest inventory, 23 forest species present in urban forest were selected, and 05 vegetative branches of each tree were collected, in which the contents of B, Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn were analyzed. Ranges of micronutrients' contents were developed for class limits criteria. Nutritional problems were detected for B, Cu and Zn in G. robusta and S. cumini, indicating a need of fertilization and management of these trees. The levels of Mn were within an adequate range only for the species C. illinoensis and H. chrysotrichus. The contents of B were higher than the level considered adequate for H. chrysotrichusand M. nigra. The rates of Fe showed high levels for E. japonica, H. chrysotrichusand S. babylonica. The estimated nutritional limits enable a greater control in the classification of the results for each tree species utilized in urban forestry.


Subject(s)
Forests , Micronutrients/analysis , Urban Population , Zinc/analysis , Cobalt/analysis , Copper/analysis , Iron/analysis , Manganese/analysis
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-725017

ABSTRACT

Previous studies have found that firefighters have a tenfold higher prevalence of Parkinson's disease (PD) compare to the general population. Firefighters are constantly exposed to various occupational hazards including toxic chemicals of fire residue and the toxic chemicals can effects development and progression of PD. Nevertheless, there were no studies about the association between exposure to chemical byproducts of combustion and the development of PD among firefighters. Thus the aim of this study is to look into existing researches regarding the effect of chemical byproducts of combustion on the development of PD. An extensive literature search was conducted to identify harmful chemical components of smoke and fire residue, using the PubMed database during November of 2016. We searched for relevant articles by combining several keywords that contained “Parkinson's disease” and each of the different toxic chemicals, yielding a total of 1401 articles. After applying the selection criteria, 12 articles were chosen. Chemical substances reported to have a harmful effect on PD, in at least one article, were carbon monoxide, toluene, manganese and lead. Carbon monoxide and metal substances including manganese and lead were found to be associated with an increased PD risk in more than two articles. There was a heightened risk of PD in firefighters due to exposure of chemical byproducts of combustion including carbon monoxide, toluene, man-ganese and lead. However, to the best of our knowledge, to support this result we need more systematic epidemiological studies about these risk factors of PD among firefighters. In addition, further studies for the effects of prolonged exposure to toxic fire residue on the development and progression of PD in firefighters are needed.


Subject(s)
Carbon Monoxide , Epidemiologic Studies , Firefighters , Fires , Humans , Manganese , Parkinson Disease , Patient Selection , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Smoke , Toluene
20.
Mycobiology ; : 52-56, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729887

ABSTRACT

In this study, we report the manganese peroxidase production ability from a Fusarium sp. strain using an inexpensive medium of agriculture residues of either rice straw or wood chips as carbon source. The highest manganese peroxidase activity on rice straw medium and on wood chips was 1.76 U/mL by day 9 and 1.91 U/mL by day 12, respectively.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Carbon , Fusarium , Manganese , Mass Screening , Peroxidase , Wood
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL