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1.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(2): 215-219, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279104

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes: Los estudios sobre factores pronóstico de melanoma están basados en poblaciones caucásicas, con predominio de melanomas delgados (Breslow < 3 mm). Los pacientes mexicanos muestran predominio de melanomas gruesos (Breslow ≥ 3 mm). Objetivo: Identificar factores asociados al pronóstico de pacientes con melanomas gruesos. Material y métodos: Se analizó la influencia pronóstica de factores clinicopatológicos en 362 melanomas gruesos. Resultados: La mediana de Breslow fue de 7 mm, 271 (74.9 %) pacientes tuvieron melanoma acral y 49 (13.5 %) melanoma nodular. El 56.6 % de los pacientes se encontró en etapa clínica [EC] III), 269 (74.3 %) tenía ulceración y 15 (4.1 %) márgenes positivos. Las variables asociadas con menor supervivencia global [SG] fueron la EC (p < 0.001), Breslow (p = 0.044), ulceración (p = 0.004), mitosis (p < 0.001) y margen < 2 cm (p < 0.001) . En el análisis multivariante los factores que influyen en SG fueron la EC, mitosis y el margen quirúrgico. Conclusiones: En pacientes con melanomas gruesos la SG es influida por un margen positive, mitosis y EC.


Abstract Background: Studies on prognostic factors in melanoma are based on Caucasian populations, with a predominance of thin melanomas (Breslow <3 mm). Mexican patients show a predominance of thick melanomas (Breslow ≥ 3 mm). Objective: To identify factors associated with the prognosis of patients with thick melanomas. Material and methods: The prognostic influence of clinicopathological factors was analyzed in 362 thick melanomas. Results: The Breslow median was 7 mm, 271 (74.9 %) patients had acral melanoma and 49 (13.5 %) nodular melanoma. The 56.6 % of patients were found in clinical stage [CS] III), 269 (74.3 %) had ulceration, and 15 (4.1 %) had positive margins. The variables associated with lower overall survival [OS] were CS (p < 0.001), Breslow (p = 0.044), ulceration (p = 0.004), mitosis (p < 0.001) and margin < 2 cm (p < 0.001). In the multivariate analysis, the factors influencing OS were CD, mitosis, and the surgical margin. Conclusions: In patients with thick melanomas, OS is influenced by a positive margin, mitosis and CS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Skin Neoplasms/mortality , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Tumor Burden , Melanoma/mortality , Melanoma/pathology , Prognosis , Ulcer/pathology , Margins of Excision , Lymphatic Metastasis , Melanoma/classification , Mexico , Mitosis
2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(1): 46-60, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134331

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Radical nephrectomy (RN) is the standard surgical type for pathological stage T3a (pT3a) renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Recently, some studies have suggested equivalence between partial nephrectomy (PN) and RN for oncologic control and have shown the benefits of PN for better renal function. We conducted this meta-analysis to assess oncologic outcomes, perioperative outcomes and renal function between two groups among patients with pT3a RCC. Materials and methods: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Science Direct, Ovid MEDLINE, The Cochrane Library, Embase and Google Scholar were searched for eligible articles. The endpoints of the final analysis included overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), surgical complications, operative time, estimated blood loss (EBL), serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Results: Twelve studies of moderate to high quality, including 14.152 patients, were examined. PN showed superiority for renal functional preservation, providing higher eGFR (WMD=12.48mL/min; 95%CI: 10.28 to 14.67; P <0.00001) and lower serum creatinine (WMD=-0.31mg/dL; 95%CI: −0.40 to −0.21; P <0.00001). There were no significant differences between PN and RN regarding operative time, EBL, surgical complications, OS, RFS and CSS. Despite inherent selection bias, most pooled estimates were consistent in sensitivity analysis and subgroup analysis. More positive margins were found in the PN group (RR=2.42; 95%CI: 1.25-4.68; P=0.009). Conclusions: PN may be more suitable for treating pT3a RCC than RN because it provides a similar survival time (OS or RFS) and superior renal function. Nevertheless, this result is still disputed, and more high-quality studies are required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Margins of Excision , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Nephrectomy
3.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(3): e035, sept.-dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1253441

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El torus mandibular es un crecimiento exofítico óseo ubicado en el área lingual de la mandíbula, generalmente bilateral. Puede estar asociado con trastornos temporomandibulares, afectar la pronunciación, producir halitosis, interferir con la deglución y causar dolor en la mucosa cuando está bajo prótesis mal diseñadas. Normalmente, el tratamiento no es necesario, excepto por necesidades protésicas, problemas funcionales, retención de alimentos, trastornos fonéticos o en caso de que se vaya a usar como injerto óseo autólogo. El objetivo de este reporte de caso fue realizar la escisión del torus mandibular bilateral en un paciente sistémicamente comprometido para su posterior rehabilitación con una prótesis parcial removible. Se realizo la atención de una paciente de 66 años sexo femenino, a quien, luego de analizar los medios diagnósticos y la evidencia científica, se le pudo realizar la escisión del torus mandibular bilateral de forma atraumática; esto permitió el correcto asentamiento de una prótesis parcial removible. La escisión del torus mandibular bilateral es un procedimiento seguro y predecible, y ayuda a evitar complicaciones protésicas, como el diseño de la estructura, y biológicas, como úlceras, depósitos de comida o halitosis, lo que devuelve la estabilidad y la función al sistema estomatognático. (AU)


The mandibular torus is a bony exophytic growth located in the lingual area of the mandible. While this growth is generally bilateral, it can be associated with temporomandibular disorders. I It affects pronunciation, produces halitosis, interferes with swallowing, and causes pain in the mucosa under poorly designed prostheses. Normally, treatment is not necessary, except in cases with prosthetic needs, functional problems, food retention, phonetic disorders or if it is to be used as an autologous bone graft. The aim of this study was to perform a bilateral mandibular torus excision in a systemically compromised patient for subsequent rehabilitation with a removable partial denture. A 66-year-old female presenting a bilateral mandibular torus attended our dental clinic. After achieving the diagnosis and analyzing the scientific evidence available, the bilateral mandibular torus was atraumatically excised, allowing correct seating of a removable partial denture. Bilateral mandibular torus excision is a safe and effective procedure, which helps to avoid prosthetic complications involving structural design and biological complications such as ulcers, food deposits and / or halitosis, restoring stability and function to the stomatognathic system. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Exostoses , Margins of Excision
6.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(4): 465-470, July-Aug. 2020. tab
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137307

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: Stroke is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in surgery. In the present study, we examined the cerebral oximetry values of patients with carotid artery stenosis who did not present surgical indications and those who did not present carotid artery stenosis in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery by comparing their cerebral oximetry values with cerebrovascular disease (CVD). Methods: Between January and May 2014, 40 patients who underwent isolated CABG were included in the study. Cerebral oximetry probes were placed prior to induction of anesthesia. Cerebral oximetry values were recorded before induction, in the pump (cardiopulmonary bypass) inlet period, in the post-clamp period, in the pump outlet period, and in the intensive care unit and neurological complications. Results: There was no difference between the groups in terms of demographic data and routine follow-up parameters. Intraoperative surgical data and early postoperative results were similar in both groups. When comparing the groups, there were no statistically significant results in cerebral oximetry values and CVD development. Only one patient in group 2 had postoperative CVD and this patient was discharged from the hospital with right hemiplegia. Mean arterial pressure (MAP)levels were significantly higher in Group 2 (P<0.05). Conclusion: The follow-up of cerebral perfusion with a method like near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) will ensure that MAP is adjusted with interventions that will be made according to changes in NIRS. Thus, it will be possible to avoid unnecessary medication and flow-rate increase with cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Carotid Stenosis/surgery , Carotid Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Oxygen , Oximetry , Cerebrovascular Circulation , Coronary Artery Bypass , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared , Margins of Excision
7.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(3): 425-433, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090618

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Minimally invasive techniques are used increasingly by virtue of advancements in technology. Surgery for prostate cancer, which has high morbidity, is performed with an increasing momentum based on the successful oncological and functional outcomes as well as cosmetic aspects. Materials and methods: Sixty two patients underwent robot-assisted perineal radical prostatectomy (R-PRP) surgery at our clinic between November 2016 and August 2017. Six pelvimetric dimensions were defined and measured by performing multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) prior to operation in all patients. In light of these data, we aimed to investigate the effect of pelvimetric measurements on surgery duration and surgical margin positivity. Results: By using this technique in pelvic area, we observed that measurements only representing surgical site and excluding other pelvic organs had a significant effect on surgery duration, and pelvic dimensions had no significant effect on surgical margin positivity. Conclusion: In R-PRP technique, peroperative findings and oncological outcomes can vary depending on several variable factors, but although usually not taken into account, pelvimetric measurements can also affect these outcomes. However, there is a need for randomised controlled trials to be conducted with more patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , Robotics , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Margins of Excision
8.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(3): 257-261, jun. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115552

ABSTRACT

Resumen El cáncer gástrico es una patología de alta incidencia en Chile. Afortunadamente es baja la incidencia de márgenes R1 cuando se realiza una cirugía con intención curativa. Al tener un tumor subcardial o cardial es perentorio realizar una biopsia rápida (intraoperatoria), en caso que ésta resulte positiva, es difícil tomar una decisión sobre qué realizar a continuación, ya que el realizar una esofagoyeyunoanastomosis intratorácica aumenta el riesgo quirúrgico. Para esto, es de suma importancia tener la información de las características histopatológicas del tumor, el riesgo de filtración, la recurrencia, la sobrevida, las terapias adyuvantes y la realidad país. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura con el fin de poder guiar la toma de decisiones.


Gastric cancer is a pathology with a high incidence in Chile, fortunately, the incidence of R1 margins is low when performing surgery with curative intent. When having a sub cardial or cardial tumor, it is essential to perform a rapid (intraoperative) biopsy, if this is positive when cutting the esophagus just under the pillars, it is difficult to make the decision of what to do next, since performing an inthrathoracic esophagojejunostomy increases the surgical risk. For this, it is very important to have information about the histopathological characteristics of the tumor, the leakage risk, there currence, the survival, the adjuvant therapies and the reality of the country. A review of the literature was done in order to guide the decisions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Biopsy/methods , Margins of Excision , Recurrence , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Gastrectomy/methods , Intraoperative Period
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886267

ABSTRACT

@#OBJECTIVE: To compare the presence and severity of meibomian gland (MG) dysfunction among eyes of female subjects with and without eyelid margin tattoos using infrared meibography and colored photographs. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive study that involved 38 Filipino females with and without eyelid margin tattoos. Infrared meibography was performed on the upper and lower eyelids of each eye to assess total or partial MG dropout. Colored photographs were taken to evaluate vascularity, irregularity, thickening of the lid margins, and plugging of MG orifices. Severity of MG dysfunction (MGD) was assessed using Arita’s MGD proposed grading scale. Independent t-test was used to compare MG dropout and other lid margin parameters between the two groups. Prevalence ratio and prevalence odds ratio were calculated to measure the likelihood of MGD among eyes with eyelid tattoos. RESULTS: Seventy-four (74) eyes were included in the study (36 in the tattoo group and 38 in the control group). Scores for abnormal vascularity, irregularity, and thickening of the lid margins were significantly higher in the tattoo group compared to the control group (p<0.0000001). However, plugging of gland orifices scores between the two groups were found to be similar (upper eyelid: p=0.65; lower eyelid: p=0.91). Total MG dropout was significantly greater in the tattoo group (upper eyelid: -1.11 ± 0.82; lower eyelid: 1.37 ± 0.75) compared to the control group (upper eyelid: 0.53 ± 0.83; lower eyelid: 0.45 ± 0.76) (upper eyelid: p=0.003; lower eyelid: p=0.000001) for the upper and lower eyelid, respectively). Analysis of total MG dropout between the two groups showed a prevalence ratio of 2.13. CONCLUSION: Eyelid margin tattoos are associated with several eyelid margin abnormalities and increase the risk of meibomian gland droupout.


Subject(s)
Meibomian Gland Dysfunction , Tattooing , Margins of Excision
10.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1266538

ABSTRACT

Background: Over the years several pterygium surgical techniques have been developed with the aim of having the least possible recurrence rate. This has been from bare sclera excision which had an unacceptable recurrence rate to the current use of conjunctiva autograft with or without various adjuncts. This study was to review the current practice in a typical multi-specialist ophthalmic department. Method: The ophthalmic theatre operating register was retrospectively reviewed to obtain information on all patients who had pterygium excision at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, over a 4-year period from January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2017. Results: A total of 324 pterygium surgeries were performed and final analysis was on 249 (76.9%) surgeries which met the inclusion criteria, male to female ratio of 0.96:1. The commonest surgical technique was excision + 5-Flourouracil (5FU) + conjunctival autograft accounting for 187(75.1%) eyes. In total, postoperative recurrence was recorded in 40 (16.1%) eyes. The subgroup of excision + 5FU + autograft had the least recurrence rate of 18 (9.6%) eyes. Conclusion: A significant majority of the excision was with conjunctiva autograft with an acceptable low recurrence rate compared with most studies


Subject(s)
Autografts , Margins of Excision , Nigeria , Pterygium , Recurrence
11.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(2): 157-164, 2020. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125796

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: los melanomas en cabeza y cuello (MCC) han sido asociados con factores pronósticos diferentes de aquellos en otras localizaciones. Objetivo: comparar características demográficas, clínicas y resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico de pacientes con MCC y pacientes con melanomas en tronco y extremidades (MTE). Material y métodos: se llevó a cabo una revisión retrospectiva de las historias clínicas de pacientes operados por melanoma entre enero de 2012 y diciembre de 2017. Quince pacientes (22,3%) tuvieron MCC y 52 (77,7%) MTE. Resultados: ambos grupos tuvieron edad similar (63,8 ± 21,1 versus 58,5 ± 16), pero los MCC mostraron una tendencia con predominio masculino (80% versus 61,3%). Los MCC tuvieron menor espesor tumoral que los MTE (2,07 versus 5,5 mm) y mayor porcentaje de melanoma in situ, 5 (33,3%) versus 8 (15,3%), pero requirieron vaciamientos ganglionares más a menudo (33% versus 25%) así como reconstrucción del defecto primario con colgajos locales y miocutáneos. Durante el seguimiento, en el grupo de MCC, dos pacientes desarrollaron recidivas locales que fueron extirpadas, y otros tres desarrollaron metástasis a distancia en pulmón, intestino delgado y abdomen y fallecieron por la enfermedad; en el grupo de MTE un paciente tuvo recidiva local y cinco fallecieron de metástasis sistémicas. El tamaño de la muestra no permitió aplicar pruebas de significación entre las diferencias encontradas. Conclusión: los MCC se presentan en un amplio rango de edad y estadios, y tuvieron algunas diferencias clínicas con el MTE. Los defectos producidos por la extirpación de la lesión primaria requieren procedimientos reconstructivos más complejos la mayoría de las veces y se aconseja un abordaje multidisciplinario.


Background: Head and neck melanomas (HNMs) have been associated with prognostic factors different from those on other locations. Objective: The goal of the present study was to compare the demographic and clinical characteristics and the outcomes of surgical treatment between patients with HNM and those with trunk and extremity melanoma (TEM). Material and methods: The clinical records of patients undergoing surgery for melanoma between October 2014 and April 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Fifteen patients (22.3%) had HNM and 52 (77.7) presented TEM. Results: There were no differences in age between both groups (63.8 ± 21.1 versus 58.5 ± 16), but there was a trend toward higher percentage of men in the HNM group (80% versus 61.3%). Patients with HNM had lower tumor thickness than those with TEM (2.07 versus 5.5 mm), higher incidence of melanoma in situ [5 (33.3%) versus 8 (15.3%)]; lymph node resection was more common (33% versus 25%) as well as reconstruction of the primary defect with local and musculocutaneous flaps. During follow-up, two patients in the HNM group developed local recurrences that were excised and three presented distant metastases in the lung, small bowel and abdomen and finally died due to the disease. In the TEM group, one patient had local recurrence and five died due to systemic metastases. The sample size was not sufficient to assess statistically significant differences. Conclusion: Head and neck melanomas occur in a wide age range and stages and has some clinical differences with TEM. The defects produced after the excision of the primary lesion often require more complex procedures and should be managed with a multidisciplinary approach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Head and Neck Neoplasms/epidemiology , Melanoma/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Extremities/pathology , Torso/pathology , Margins of Excision , Melanoma/surgery
12.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(5): 603-610, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039288

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The treatment of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma needs accurate risk stratification, in order to choose the most suitable therapy. The prognostic significance of resection margin is still highly debated, considering the contradictory results obtained in several studies regarding the survival rate of patients with a positive resection margin. Objective: To evaluate the prognostic role of resection margin in terms of survival and risk of recurrence of primary tumour through survival analysis. Methods: Between 2007 and 2014, 139 patients affected by laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma underwent partial or total laryngectomy and were followed for mean of 59.44 ± 28.65 months. Resection margin status and other variables such as sex, age, tumour grading, pT, pN, surgical technique adopted, and post-operative radio- and/or chemotherapy were investigated as prognostic factors. Results: 45.32% of patients underwent total laryngectomy, while the remaining subjects in the cohort underwent partial laryngectomy. Resection margins in 73.39% of samples were free of disease, while in 21 patients (15.1%) anatomo-pathological evaluation found one of the margins to be close; in 16 subjects (11.51%) an involved resection margin was found. Only 6 patients (4.31%) had a recurrence, which occurred in 83.33% of these patients within the first year of follow-up. Disease specific survival was 99.24% after 1 year, 92.4% after 3 years, and 85.91% at 5 years. The multivariate analysis of all covariates showed an increased mortality rate only with regard to pN (HR = 5.043; p = 0.015) and recurrence (HR = 11.586; p = 0.012). Resection margin did not result an independent predictor (HR = 0.757; p = 0.653). Conclusions: Our study did not recognize resection margin as an independent prognostic factor; most previously published papers lack unanimous, methodological choices, and the cohorts of patients analyzed are not easy to compare. To reach a unanimous agreement regarding the prognostic value of resection margins, it would be necessary to carry out meta-analyses on studies sharing definition of resection margin, methodology and post-operative therapeutic choices.


Resumo Introdução: O tratamento do carcinoma de células escamosas de laringe necessita de uma estratificação precisa do risco, para a escolha da terapia mais adequada. O significado prognóstico da margem de ressecção ainda é motivo de debate, considerando-se os resultados contraditórios obtidos em vários estudos sobre a taxa de sobrevida de pacientes com margem de ressecção positiva. Objetivo: Avaliar o papel prognóstico da margem de ressecção em termos de sobrevida e risco de recorrência de tumor primário através da análise de sobrevida. Método: Entre 2007 e 2014, 139 pacientes com carcinoma de células escamosas de laringe foram submetidos à laringectomia parcial ou total e foram acompanhados por um tempo médio de 59,44 ± 28,65 meses. O status de margem de ressecção e outras variáveis, como sexo, idade, grau do tumor, pT, pN, técnica cirúrgica adotada e radio- e/ou quimioterapia pós-operatória, foram investigados como fatores prognósticos. Resultados: Dos pacientes, 45,32% foram submetidos à laringectomia total, enquanto os demais foram submetidos à laringectomia parcial. As margens de ressecção em 73,39% das amostras estavam livres, enquanto em 21 pacientes (15,1%) a avaliação anatomopatológica encontrou uma das margens próxima e 16 indivíduos (11,51%) apresentaram margem de ressecção comprometida. Apenas seis pacientes (4,31%) apresentaram recidiva, o que ocorreu em 83,33% desses pacientes no primeiro ano de seguimento. A sobrevida doença-específica foi de 99,24% em um ano, 92,4% em três anos e 85,91% em cinco anos. A análise multivariada de todas as covariáveis mostrou um aumento na taxa de mortalidade apenas em relação à pN (HR = 5,043; p = 0,015) e recidiva (HR = 11,586; p = 0,012). A margem de ressecção não demonstrou ser um preditor independente (HR = 0,757; p = 0,653). Conclusões: Nosso estudo não identificou a margem de ressecção como fator prognóstico independente; a maioria dos artigos publicados anteriormente não tem escolhas metodológicas unânimes e as coortes de pacientes analisados não são fáceis de comparar. Para chegar a uma concordância unânime em relação ao valor prognóstico da margem de ressecção, seria necessário fazer metanálises em estudos que compartilham a definição da margem de ressecção, metodologia e escolhas terapêuticas pós-operatórias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Margins of Excision , Prognosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/mortality , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Survival Analysis , Laryngeal Neoplasms/mortality , Laryngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Italy/epidemiology , Laryngectomy/methods , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(4): 442-445, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038313

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer. Although the literature provides a great deal of information on the recurrences of basal cell carcinoma, studies about these indices addressing only the cases in which flaps and/or grafts have been performed for surgical reconstruction of the excision of this tumor are still lacking. Objectives: To evaluate rates of recurrence of basal cell carcinoma submitted to conventional surgery with pre-established margins and reconstruction by flaps or grafts. Methods: A retrospective and observational study was performed through the analysis of 109 patients, who met inclusion criteria with 116 basal cell carcinomas submitted to conventional surgery and pre-established safety margins, requiring reconstruction through a graft or cutaneous flap. This work was performed the small surgeries sector of Dermatology of the Specialty Outpatient Clinic of the University Hospital of the State University of Londrina, between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2015. The following data were collected and inserted in an Excel worksheet: name, registration number of the hospital patient, sex, age, tumor location, histopathological type of BCC, procedure performed (type of flap and/or graft), follow-up time, recurrence. Results: Of the 116 procedures, there were recurrences in 3 cases (2.6%) that were located in the nasal region and related to sclerodermiform or micronodular histological types. Study limitations: Retrospective nature of the study. Conclusion: The present study of the dermatology department of this university hospital showed a low rate of recurrence of basal cell carcinoma in cases where flaps and/or grafts were used in the surgical reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Skin Neoplasms/etiology , Surgical Flaps/adverse effects , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/etiology , Skin Transplantation/adverse effects , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/etiology , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Sex Distribution , Margins of Excision , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/epidemiology
15.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(2): 228-236, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001551

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Trans-oral laser microsurgery is an established technique for the treatment of early and moderately advanced laryngeal cancer. Objective: The authors intend to test the usefulness of narrow-band imaging in the intraoperative assessment of the larynx mucosa in terms of specifying surgical margins. Methods: Forty-four consecutive T1-T2 glottic cancers treated with trans-oral laser microsurgery Type I-VI cordectomy were presented. Suspected areas (90 samples/44 patients) were biopsied under the guidance of narrow-band imaging and white light and sent for frozen section. Results: Our study revealed that 75 of 90 (83.3%) white light and narrow-band imaging-guided samples were histopathologically positive: 30 (40%) were confirmed as carcinoma in situ or invasive carcinoma and 45 (60%) as moderate to severe dysplasia. In 6 patients mucosa was suspected only in narrow-band imaging, with no suspicion under white light. Thus, in these 6 patients 18/90 (20%) samples were taken. In 5/6 patients 16/18 (88.8%) samples were positive in frozen section: in 6/18 (33.3%) carcinoma (2 patients), 10/18 (66.6%) severe dysplasia was confirmed (3 patients). In 1 patient 2/18 (11.1%) samples were negative in frozen section. Presented analysis showed, that sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of white light was 79.5%, 20% and 71.1% respectively, while narrow-band imaging was 100%, 0.0% and 85.7%, respectively. Conclusion: The intraoperative use of narrow-band imaging proved to be valuable in the visualization of suspect areas of the mucosa. Narrow-band imaging confirms the suspicions undertaken in white light and importantly, it showed microlesions beyond the scope of white light.


Resumo Introdução: A microcirurgia transoral a laser é uma técnica bem estabelecida para o tratamento de câncer de laringe inicial e moderadamente avançado. Objetivo: Verificar a utilidade da imagem de banda estreita na avaliação intraoperatória da mucosa laríngea na especificação das margens cirúrgicas. Método: Foram avaliados 44 cânceres glóticos T1-T2 consecutivos, tratados com cordectomia Tipo I-VI, por microcirurgia transoral a laser. As áreas suspeitas (90 amostras/44 pacientes) foram submetidas a biopsia e avaliadas através de imagens de banda estreita e luz branca e enviadas para cortes por congelação. Resultados: Nosso estudo revelou que 75 (83,3%) das 90 amostras apresentaram histopatologia positiva na análise com luz branca e imagens de banda estreita: 30 (40%) foram confirmadas como carcinoma in situ ou carcinoma invasivo e 45 (60%) como displasia moderada a grave. Em seis pacientes, a mucosa apresentou-se suspeita apenas na imagem de banda estreita, sem suspeita sob luz branca. Assim, nesses seis pacientes 18/90 (20%) amostras foram colhidas. Em 5/6 pacientes, 16/18 (88,8%) amostras mostraram resultado positivo na análise de congelação: em 6/18 (33,3%) amostras foi confirmado carcinoma (dois pacientes) e em 10/18 (66,6%) foi confirmada displasia grave (três pacientes). Em um paciente, 2/18 (11,1%) as amostras mostraram resultado negativo na congelação. A análise apresentada mostrou que a sensibilidade, a especificidade e a acurácia da luz branca foram de 79,5%, 20% e 71,1%, respectivamente, enquanto a imagem de banda estreita apresentou como resultados 100%, 0,0% e 85,7%, respectivamente. Conclusão: O uso intraoperatório de imagem de banda estreita provou ser valioso na identificação de áreas suspeitas da mucosa, confirmou as suspeitas verificadas na análise com luz branca e, o que é mais importante, identificou microlesões além do alcance da luz branca.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma/surgery , Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Laser Therapy/methods , Narrow Band Imaging/methods , Microsurgery/methods , Vocal Cords/surgery , Vocal Cords/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma/pathology , Laryngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Disease-Free Survival , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Margins of Excision , Intraoperative Period
16.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 30(1): 11-18, mar. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023660

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La escisión total del mesorrecto transanal (TaTME) es una técnica quirúrgica moderna que busca mejorar los resultados oncológicos sorteando dificultades anatómicas y propias del tumor en el cáncer de recto medio e inferior. La expansión de esta operación condujo a complicaciones propias que no se observaban con los procedimientos tradicionales puramente transabdominales. Es por esto que existen recomendaciones de expertos a seguir en el inicio de la práctica del TaTME. Objetivo: Mostrar resultados en la serie inicial de TaTME implementando estrategias de seguridad. Diseño: Análisis retrospectivo sobre una base de datos prospectiva. Métodos: Entre mayo de 2015 y junio de 2018 se seleccionaron pacientes con adenocarcinoma de recto medio o bajo con margen circunferencial de resección respetado sin enfermedad a distancia irresecable. Los pacientes fueron operados con la técnica TaTME por un mismo cirujano "en formación en TaTME" con experiencia y alto volumen de casos de cáncer de recto, habiendo realizado cursos homologados. En algunos de los casos se contó con la asistencia de un especialista internacional "proctor". Resultados: En el período estudiado se operaron 8 pacientes mediante TaTME. Edad media de 62 años (53-77). Siete recibieron Quimiorradioterapia preoperatoria (88%). Todas las piezas tuvieron un margen distal negativo, en 7 de 8 la resección del mesorrecto fue completa y en uno incompleta. El promedio de ganglios resecados fue de 12,5 (6-21). La mediana de tiempo operatorio fue de 351 minutos (255-480). La media de días de internación fue de 10.6 (4-19). Siete pacientes tuvieron complicaciones en el postoperatorio, 4 Clavien I y 3 II. Conclusiones: La aplicación de las estrategias de seguridad durante la implementación de una técnica nueva como el TaTME, ayudaría a la disminución de complicaciones intra y postoperatorias con buenos resultados desde el punto de vista oncológico. (AU)


Introduction: Transanal total mesorectal excision (TaTME) is a modern surgical technique that seeks the best oncological results avoiding anatomic and tumor-specific difficulties in middle and low rectal cancer. The spread of this operation led to complications that were not observed with traditional procedures in a purely transabdominal approach. That is why there are recommendations to follow when starting the TaTME practice. Objective: To show our initial results in TaTME operation implementing security strategies. Design: Retrospective analysis based on a prospective database. Methods: Between May 2015 and June 2018, patients with middle or low rectal adenocarcinoma, with respected circumferential margin in absence of distant unresectable disease were selected. Patients were operated with the TaTME technique by the same surgeon "trainee" with experience and high case volume of rectal cancer, who attended to different courses on the matter. In some of the cases, there was assistance of an international "proctor" specialist. Results: In the period of study, 8 patients underwent surgery through TaTME. Mean age was 62 years (53-77). Seven received preoperative chemoradiotherapy (88%). All the specimens had a negative distal margin, in 7 out of 8, resection of the mesorectum was complete whereas it was incomplete in one. The mean number of resected lymph nodes was 12.5 (6-21). The median operative time was 351 minutes (255-480). The mean time of hospital stay was 10.6 days (4-19). Seven patients had complications in the postoperative period, 4 Clavien I and 3 II. Conclusions: Application of safety strategies during the implementation of a new technique such as TaTME, would help to reduce intra and postoperative complications with good results from the oncological point of view. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery/methods , /methods , Postoperative Complications , Preoperative Care , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Margins of Excision
17.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(1): e634, ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093153

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El tumor estromal gastrointestinal es el tumor mesenquimático más frecuente y se caracteriza por la expresión de un receptor de factor de crecimiento tirosina kinasa, CD117 c-KIT/CD 117. Se diferencia del resto de los tumores mesenquimáticos en que no expresa esta proteína. Alrededor del 70 - 80 por ciento de estos tumores son benignos, la mayoría se localizan en estómago e intestino delgado (> 90 por ciento). Los tumores estromal gastrointestinal malignos son generalmente de gran tamaño (> 5 cm), con índice mitótico alto y pueden dar metástasis a hígado y peritoneo. El tratamiento es la resección quirúrgica. Presentamos una paciente con 65 años de edad que acudió al cuerpo de guardia por sufrir caída de sus pies y quejarse de dolor abdominal. Como datos positivos al examen físico se constató palidez cutáneo mucosa y los complementarios de urgencia. El ultrasonido y la tomografía axial computarizada informaron líquido libre en cavidad con cifras de hemoglobina en 6,4 g/L. La punción abdominal constató sangre roja que no coagulaba. Se realizó laparotomía exploratoria encontrando hemoperitoneo y gran tumoración en cara anterior del antro gástrico, con otra pequeña en la porción alta del cuerpo; se realizó resección local con bordes libres de tumor y se suturaron los bordes gástricos. El resultado de la biopsia informó tumor del estroma gastrointestinal de células fusiformes con bajo índice mitótico, que midió 13 x 8 x 8 cm, con marcada angiogénesis y zonas de calcificación(AU)


ABSTRACT Gastrointestinal stromal tumor is the most frequent mesenchymal tumor and is characterized by expression of a tyrosine kinase growth factor receptor, CD117 c-KIT/CD 117. It is different to the rest of mesenchymal tumors in that it does not express this protein. About 70-80 percent of these tumors are benign. The majority are located in the stomach and small intestine (more than 90 percent). Malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumors are usually large (over 5 cm in size), with a high mitotic index, and can metastasize to the liver and peritoneum. The treatment is surgical resection. We present a 65-year-old patient who came to the emergency room due to having fallen on her own feet and complaining of abdominal pain. As positive data to the physical examination, mucous and skin whitening and the emergency complement tests were analyzed. Ultrasound and CT scan reported free fluid in cavity with hemoglobin values at 6.4 g/L. The abdominal puncture showed red blood that did not clot. The exploratory laparotomy showed a hemoperitoneum and a large tumor in the anterior face of the gastric antrum, with a small one in the upper portion of the body; local resection with tumor-free borders was performed and the gastric borders were sutured. The result of the biopsy reported a spindle cell gastrointestinal stromal tumor with a low mitotic index, measuring 13x8x8 cm, with marked angiogenesis and areas of calcification(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/pathology , Margins of Excision , Hemoperitoneum/diagnostic imaging , Laparotomy/methods
18.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(1): 45-53, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989983

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Parameters predictive of biochemical or clinical recurrence after Radical Prostatectomy (RP) were determined as pre-treatment PSA value, pathologic tumor stage, tumor grade and presence of Positive Surgical Margin (PSM), extracapsular extension and seminal vesicle invasion and the status of pelvic lymph nodes. The aim of our study is to evaluate the effect of additional features in patients undergoing RP in our clinic. Materials and Methods: We studied 556 RP operations performed between 2009 and 2016 for prostate cancer at this clinic. Preoperative and postoperative data of the patients were retrospectively reviewed. RP specimens were examined by two pathologists specialized in this subject. Of these patients, 78 (14.02%) patients with PSM were included in the study. The pathology slides of these patients were reassessed. The length of PSM (mm), localization (apex, basis and posterolateral) and Gleason pattern at this margin was determined and statistical correlations with BCR were calculated. Results: The mean follow-up after the RP of 41 patients included in the study was 37.4 ± 13.2 months. During the follow-up period of the patients, BCR was observed in 16 patients (39.02%). No statistically significant difference was observed in age and prostate volume between the groups with and without BCR development (p > 0.05). Preoperative PSA level was found to be statistically significantly higher in the group with BCR development compared to the group without recurrence (p = 0.004). In-group comparisons in each aforementioned Gleason score groups were performed in terms of BCR development and the preoperative Gleason score in the group with development of recurrence was found to be statistically significantly higher compared to the group without recurrence (p = 0.007). The length of the surgical margin was measured as 7.4 ± 4.4 mm in the BCR-developing group and 4.7 ± 3.8 mm in the no-BCR- developing group; it was statistically significantly higher in the group with development of recurrence (p = 0.03). Conclusion: Length and location of the PSM and the Gleason score detected in the PSM region could not predict biochemical recurrence according to the results of this present study. However high preoperative PSA value is an independent prognostic factor for biochemical recurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Prostate-Specific Antigen/blood , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prognosis , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Prostatic Neoplasms/blood , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Margins of Excision , Middle Aged
19.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 84(2): 166-177, 2019. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013828

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN OBJETIVO: Presentar la experiencia de la unidad de mama de nuestro hospital con la utilización de la ecografía intraoperatoria en el tratamiento de las lesiones no palpables de mama. PACIENTES Y MÉTODO: Se incluyeron aquellas pacientes con lesiones no palpables de mama y ecovisibles. Intraoperatoriamente se localizó la lesión con la ecografía y se procedió a su exéresis, con comprobación ecográfica de su correcta extirpación con márgenes de seguridad. Se realizó estudio macroscópico en fresco de los márgenes marcados con tinta intraoperatoriamente. En caso de que los márgenes no fueran correctos se procedía a una ampliación de márgenes en el mismo acto quirúrgico. RESULTADOS: Desde el año 2012 se han intervenido 52 pacientes. En todas las pacientes se localizó la lesión con la ecografía. Se realizó tumorectomía a 24 pacientes y a 28 pacientes se les asoció la biopsia del ganglio centinela. El resultado patológico definitivo fue de 19 lesiones benignas y 33 lesiones malignas. A una paciente se le realizó mastectomía simple por presentar un carcinoma in situ extenso con microinfiltración no diagnosticado con las pruebas radiológicas preoperatorias. El resto de pacientes presentaron márgenes libres de tumor. CONCLUSIONES: La ecografía intraoperatoria es una técnica simple y fácil de desarrollar. Presenta una baja tasa de afectación de márgenes y es enteramente cirujano-controlada. Es confortable para el paciente y conlleva un bajo riesgo de complicaciones relacionadas con la técnica.


ABSTRACT OBJETIVE: To present the results of our hospital's experience with the utilization of intraoperative ultrasound in the treatment of non-palpable breast lesions. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We included those patients whose breast lesions were non-palpable yet simultaneously visible on ultrasound. The lesions were located intraoperatively with ultrasound and were removed with ultrasound verification of the proper security margins. An examination of the intraoperative macroscopic margins with ink was done. In cases with incorrect margins, a re-excision was done utilizing the same technique but with amplified margins. RESULTS: Dating from 2012, we have operated on 52 patients. In all cases, the lesions were discovered and localized by means of ultrasound. Lumpectomy was performed on 24 patients and we associated the sentinel node biopsy in 28 cases. Subsequent pathology reports determined that 19 lesions were benign and 33 lesions were malignant. There was one patient with a mastectomy because a long extensive ductal carcinoma in situ with microinfiltration that was not seeing during the preoperative study. CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative ultrasound is an easy and simple technique that is entirely surgeon controlled and results in a low rate of positive margins. The procedure is comfortable for the patient and carries with it a low rate of complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Mammary/methods , Ultrasonography, Interventional/methods , Breast Diseases/surgery , Breast Diseases/pathology , Breast Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Margins of Excision , Mastectomy
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 928-934, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772174

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Positive surgical margins are independent risk factor for biochemical recurrence, local recurrence, and distant metastasis after radical prostatectomy. However, limited predictive tools are available. This study aimed to develop and validate a preoperative nomogram for predicting positive surgical margins after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP).@*METHODS@#From January 2010 to March 2016, a total of 418 patients who underwent LRP without receiving neoadjuvant therapy at Peking University Third Hospital were retrospectively involved in this study. Clinical and pathological results of each patient were collected for further analysis. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression (backward stepwise method) were used for the nomogram development. The concordance index (CI), calibration curve analysis and decision curve analysis were used to evaluate the performance of our model.@*RESULTS@#Of 418 patients involved in this study, 142 patients (34.0%) had a positive surgical margin on final pathology. Based on the backward selection, four variables were included in the final multivariable regression model, including the percentage of positive cores in preoperative biopsy, clinical stage, free prostate specific antigen (fPSA)/total PSA (tPSA), and age. A nomogram was developed using these four variables. The concordance index (C-index) of the nomogram was 0.722 in the development cohort and 0.700 in the bootstrap validations. The bias-corrected calibration plot showed a limited departure from the ideal line with a mean absolute error of 2.0%. In decision curve analyses, the nomogram showed net benefits in the range from 0.2 to 0.7.@*CONCLUSION@#A nomogram to predict positive surgical margins after LRP was developed and validated, which could help urologists plan surgical procedures.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Laparoscopy , Methods , Male , Margins of Excision , Middle Aged , Nomograms , Prostatectomy , Methods , Prostatic Neoplasms , General Surgery , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
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