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1.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(4): 256-263, Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280039

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate the association between prenatal care (PNC) adequacy indexes and the low birth weigth (LBW) outcome. Methods A total of 368,093 live term singleton births in the state of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) from 2015 to 2016 were investigated using data from the Brazilian Live Birth Information System (Sistema de Informações sobre Nascidos Vivos, SINASC, in Portuguese). Seven PNC adequacy indexes were evaluated: four developed by Brazilian authors (Ciari Jr. et al., Coutinho et al., Takeda, and an index developed and used by the Brazilian Ministry of Health - MS) and three by authors from other countries (Kessner et al., the Adequacy of Prenatal Care Utilization index - APNCU, and the Graduated Prenatal Care Utilization Index - GINDEX). Adjusted odds ratios were estimated for the PNC adequacy indexes by means of multivariate logistic regression models using maternal, gestational and newborn characteristics as covariates. Results When the PNC is classified as "inadequate", the adjusted odds ratios to the LBWoutcome increase between 42% and 132%, depending on which adequacy index is evaluated. Younger (15 to 17 years old) and older (35 to 45 years old) mothers, those not married, of black or brown ethnicity, with low schooling (who did not finish Elementary School), primiparous, with preterm births, as well as female newborns had increasing odds for LBW. The models presented areas under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve between 80.4% and 81.0%, and sensitivity and specificity that varied, respectively, between 57.7% and 58.6% and 94.3% and 94.5%. Conclusion Considering all PNC adequacy indexes evaluated, the APNCU had the best discriminatory power and the best ability to predict the LBW outcome.


Resumo Objetivo Investigar a associação entre diferentes índices de adequação do cuidado pré-natal (PN) e o desfecho de nascimentos com baixo peso (BP). Métodos Foram investigados 368.093 nascimentos ocorridos no estado do Rio de Janeiro entre 2015 e 2016, utilizando-se as informações do Sistema de Informações sobre Nascidos Vivos (Sinasc). Sete índices de adequação do cuidado PN foram avaliados: quatro propostos por autores nacionais (Ciari Jr et al., Coutinho et al., Takeda, e um índice atualmente em uso pelo Ministério da Saúde - MS), e três, por autores internacionais (Kessner et al., Adequacy of Prenatal Care Utilization index - APNCU, e Graduated Prenatal Care Utilization Index - GINDEX). As razões de chance ajustadas para BP foram estimadas considerando os índices de adequação do cuidado PN por meio de modelos de regressão logística, utilizando características maternas, da gravidez e do recém-nascido como variáveis de controle. Resultados As chances ajustadas para ocorrência de BP ao nascer aumentam de 42% a 132%, a depender do índice empregado, quando o cuidado PN é considerado inadequado. Mães entre 15 e 17 anos e entre 35 e 45 anos, sem companheiro, de cor parda ou preta, com ensino fundamental incompleto, e primíparas, com gestações pré-termo, além de bebês do sexo feminino são fatores de risco para os nascimentos com BP. Conclusão Entre os índices avaliados, o APNCU foi o que apresentou melhor poder discriminatório e capacidade de prever o desfecho de BP ao nascer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Prenatal Care/standards , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Parity , Brazil , Single Parent , Regression Analysis , Maternal Age , Marital Status , Educational Status , Race Factors , Middle Aged
2.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(4): 291-296, Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280045

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate whether continuation rates with the 52-mg levonorgestrelreleasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) up to 5 years after placement differed between women using the method exclusively for contraception and those using the device for medical reasons alone. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted in a family planning clinic with 5,034 LNG-IUS users: 4,287 using the method exclusively for contraception and 747 for medical reasons alone. The continuation rate at 1 to 5 years of use was calculated by life table analysis. Results Initially, the continuation rate was significantly higher in the contraception group: 85.8 versus 83.4 and 77.4 versus 76.0 per 100 women-years in the 1st and 2nd years of use, respectively. There were more discontinuations due to bleeding/spotting in the medical reasons group in the first two years. The discontinuation rate according to reason for use was not significantly different from the third to the fifth year of use. No women discontinued due to amenorrhea in either group. Conclusion The continuation rate was significantly higher in the contraception group in the first two years of use. Amenorrhea was not a reason for discontinuation in either group, suggesting that counselling in this respect was adequate. Nevertheless, counselling could perhaps have been better with regards to the expected long period of bleeding and spotting in the first two years after placement.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a taxa de continuação até 5 anos de uso do sistema intrauterino liberador de 52-mg levonorgestrel por dia (SIU LNG) -IUS) é diferente entre mulheres que o usam exclusivamente como anticoncepcional que entre as que usam exclusivamente por razões médicas. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo realizado em uma clínica de Planejamento Familiar 5.034 usuárias de SIU LNG, 4.287 que optaram pelo método apenas como anticoncepcional e 747 que o usavamsomente por razoesmédicas. A taxa de continuação de um até cinco ano foi calculada por meio de análise de tabela de vida Resultados No início a taxa de continuação foi significativamente maior no grupo da anticoncepção: 85,8 versus 83,4 e 77,4 versus 76,0 por 100 anos-mulher no 1° e 2° ano de uso, respectivamente. Houve mais descontinuações por sangrado-manchado no grupo de razões médicas nos dos primeiros anos. A taxa de continuação não foi significativamente diferente desde o terceiro até o quinto ano de uso. Nenhuma mulher de ambos os grupos descontinuou por amenorreia. Conclusão A taxa de continuação foi significativamente maior no grupo de anticoncepção durante os dos primeiros anos de uso. Amenorreia não foi motivo de descontinuação em ambos os grupos, sugerindo que a orientação a esse respeito foi adequada. Entretanto, a orientação referente ao longo período de sangramentos irregulares nos dois primeiros anos após a inserção, precisaria ser melhorado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Levonorgestrel/administration & dosage , Contraceptive Agents, Hormonal/administration & dosage , Intrauterine Devices, Medicated/adverse effects , Parity , Brazil , Patient Education as Topic , Regression Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Levonorgestrel/adverse effects , Marital Status , Counseling , Educational Status , Contraceptive Agents, Hormonal/adverse effects , Menstruation Disturbances
3.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 26: 1-9, mar. 2021. tab, fig
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248318

ABSTRACT

The study aims to evaluate the association between social support from partners (SSP) and physical activity (PA) levels. A cross-sectional study conducted in 26 gyms (n = 390) from Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Methods: PA was measured using questions about frequency/duration of PA performed at the gym and elsewhere and analyzed as numerical and dichotomized (median). SSP was measured using a validated questionnaire and analyzed in quartiles. Respectively, Linear and Poisson regression were used to assess the associations. SSP was associated with PA in both analyses. Persons belonging to the highest SSP quartile performed 66.1 (95%CI: 11.1 - 121.0) more minutes of PA and had 1.37 (95%CI:1.01 ­ 1.85) higher probability to perform more than 300 min/week of PA than those from the lowest SSP quartile. SSP was associated with PA, researchers must consider the potential of SSP when targeting PA behavioral changes


O estudo objetiva avaliar a associação entre apoio social do cônjuge (ASC) e o níveis de atividade física (AF). Estudo transversal realizado em 26 academias (n = 390) de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. A AF foi medida usando perguntas sobre frequência e duração de AF realizadas na academia e em outros locais, a mesma foi analisada como desfecho numérico e dicotomizado (mediana). O ASC foi medido utilizando um questionário validado e analisado em quartis. Respectivamente, regressões Linear e de Poisson foram utilizadas para avaliar as associações entre os desfechos e as exposições. Pessoas pertencentes ao quartil mais alto de ASC realizaram 66,1 (IC95%: 11,1 - 121,0) mais minutos de AF e tiveram 1,37 (IC95%: 1,01 - 1,85) maior probabilidade de realizar mais de 300 min/semana AF do que os do quartil de ASC mais baixo. O ASC está diretamente associado com maiores níveis de AF, pesquisadores devem considerar o potencial do ASC ao direcionar as mudanças comportamentais do AF


Subject(s)
Psychological Theory , Marital Status , Spouses , Social Determinants of Health , Motor Activity
4.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(4): 191-198, dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145493

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el siguiente estudio tuvo como finalidad explorar algunas características demográficas asociadas al dolor crónico y el desarrollo de ideas de suicidio en una población de pacientes mayores de 65 años. Método: se realizó un estudio observacional y analítico de corte transversal mediante el relevamiento de datos a partir historias clínicas de pacientes mayores de 65 años que concurrieron a los consultorios externos del equipo de geriatría del Servicio de Psiquiatría del Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, entre junio de 2018 y diciembre de 2018. Resultados: se incluyó en el estudio un total de 222 pacientes, de los cuales 50 (23%) presentaron indicadores de dolor crónico y 33 pacientes (14,6%) lo hicieron de ideación suicida. Mediante estudio de correlación se estableció que estar ocupado, padecer dolor crónico y haber tenido más de una internación psiquiátrica son factores que incrementan el riesgo de presentar ideación suicida. Las variables ideación suicida, edad, y el estado civil ‒separado o divorciado en comparación con estar casado‒ son factores asociados a la presencia de dolor crónico. Conclusiones: el dolor crónico y la ideación suicida son factores que contribuyen a aumentar la fragilidad en personas mayores y deben ser estudiados en mayor profundidad para comprender los distintos modos de expresión de la patología psiquiátrica en esta población. (AU)


Introduction: the following study aimed to explore some demographic characteristics associated with chronic pain and the development of suicidal ideas in a population of patients over 65 years. Method: an cross-sectional observational and analytical study was carried out by collecting data from clinical histories of patients over 65 years of age who attended the external offices of the geriatrics team of the Psychiatry service of the Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires between June 2018 and December 2018. Results: a total of 222 patients were included in the study, of which 50 (23%) presented indicators of chronic pain and 33 patients (14.6%) had suicidal ideation. A correlation study established that being employed, suffering from chronic pain and having had more than one psychiatric hospitalization are factors that increase the risk of presenting suicidal ideation. The variables suicidal ideation, age, and separated or divorced marital status compared to being married are factors associated with the presence of chronic pain. Conclusions: chronic pain and suicidal ideation are factors that contribute to increasing frailty in elderly patients and should be studied in greater depth to understand the different modes of expression of psychiatric pathology in this population. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Suicidal Ideation , Chronic Pain/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Psychotropic Drugs/therapeutic use , Suicide/psychology , Suicide/statistics & numerical data , Grief , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Marital Status/statistics & numerical data , Dementia/psychology , Chronic Pain/psychology , Cognitive Dysfunction/psychology , Frailty/psychology , Geriatric Psychiatry/statistics & numerical data
5.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(7): 373-379, July 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137854

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate the patterns of hospital births in the state of Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil, between 2015 and 2016; considering the classification of obstetric characteristics proposed by Robson and the prenatal care index proposed by Kotelchuck. Methods Data obtained from the Information System on Live Births of the Informatics Department of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SINASC/DATASUS, in the Portuguese acronym) databases were used to group pregnant women relatively to the Robson classification. A descriptive analysis was performed for each Robson group, considering the variables: maternal age, marital status, schooling, parity, Kotelchuck prenatal adequacy index and gestational age. A logistic model estimated odds ratios (ORs) for cesarean sections (C-sections), considering the aforementioned variables. Results Out of the 456,089 live births in Rio de Janeiro state between 2015 and 2016, 391,961 records were retained, 60.3% of which were C-sections. Most pregnant women (58.6%) were classified in groups 5, 2 or 3. The percentage of C-sections in the Robson groups 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 8 was much higher than expected. Prenatal care proved to be inadequate for women who subsequently had a vaginal delivery, had an unfavorable family structure and a lower socioeconomic status (mothers without partners and with lower schooling), compared with those undergoing cesarean delivery. For a sameRobson group, the chance of C-section increases when maternal age rises (OR = 3.33 for 41-45 years old), there is the presence of a partner (OR = 1.81) and prenatal care improves (OR = 3.19 for "adequate plus"). Conclusion There are indications that in the state of RJ, from 2015 to 2016, many cesarean deliveries were performed due to nonclinical factors.


Resumo Objetivo Investigar os padrões dos partos hospitalares no estado do Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brasil, entre 2015 e 2016, considerando a classificação de características obstétricas de Robson e a dos cuidados pré-natais proposta por Kotelchuck. Métodos Dados sistema de informações sobre nascidos vivos (SINASC) do departamento de informática do sistema único de saúde (DATASUS) foram utilizados para agrupar gestantes relativamente à classificação de Robson. Foi efetuada uma análise descritiva para cada grupo de Robson, considerando-se as variáveis idade materna, estado civil, escolaridade, paridade, o índice de Kotelchuck de adequação do pré-natal e a idade gestacional. Também foi realizado o cálculo de razão de chances (RC) para parto cesáreo, considerando-se um modelo logístico. Resultados Dos 456.089 nascimentos vivos ocorridos no RJ de 2015 a 2016, foram incluídos 391.961 registros, sendo 60,3% cesáreas, com maioria de gestantes (58,6%) nos grupos 5, 2 ou 3. O percentual de cesáreas nos grupos 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 e 8 foi bem superior ao sugerido pela literatura. Para gestantes de um mesmo grupo (controladas as demais características), a chance de cesárea se eleva quando aumenta a idade materna (RC = 3,33 para 41-45 anos), existe a presença de um companheiro (RC = 1,81), o nível de escolaridade é maior (RC = 3,11 para ≥ 12 anos) e o pré-natal é mais cuidadoso (RC= 3,19 para "adequado plus"). Conclusão Há indícios que no RJ, de 2015 a 2016, muitos partos cesáreos foram realizados sob influência de fatores extraclínicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Prenatal Care , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Live Birth , Parity , Pregnancy, Multiple , Brazil/epidemiology , Labor Onset , Gestational Age , Maternal Age , Marital Status , Unnecessary Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Educational Status , Labor Presentation
6.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 19(1): 33-36, jun 17, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358660

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: caracterizar o doador de sangue e seu conhecimento sobre a hanseníase, visando contribuir para identificar pontos de vulnerabilidade sobre a doença. Metodologia: foram entrevistados doadores de sangue (n=199) através de um questionário estruturado abordando características socioeconômicas e o conhecimento sobre a hanseníase. Para a análise dos dados foi utilizado o método de Goodman e considerado significativo p<0,05. Resultados: dentre as perguntas sobre a hanseníase, a maioria dos participantes (65,83%) não tinha conhecimento da doença e nem o seu modo de transmissão (75,88%) e quando computado o conhecimento da Hanseníase, 1,51% conheciam, 39,70% conheciam pouco e 58,79% não conheciam a doença. Nossos resultados demonstraram que somente a escolaridade teve associação significativa com a falta de conhecimento sobre a hanseníase (p=0,0273). Conclusão: verificou-se déficit de conhecimento da população geral quanto à hanseníase. Sugerimos um aprimoramento da divulgação das informações quanto à doença a fim de promover melhoras nos serviços de saúde, acompanhamento dos doentes e prevenção da população saudável.


Objective: to characterize the blood donor and his knowledge about leprosy, aiming to contribute to identify vulnerability points about the disease. Methodology: blood donors (n=199) were interviewed through a structured questionnaire addressing socioeconomic characteristics and knowledge about leprosy. For the data analysis, the Goodman method was used and considered significant p<0.05. Results: Among the questions about leprosy, most participants (65.83%) did not know about the disease and its mode of transmission (75.88%) and when computing the knowledge of leprosy, 1.51% knew, 39,70% knew little and 58.79% did not know the disease. Our results showed that only schooling had a significant association with the lack of knowledge about leprosy (p=0,0273). Conclusion: there was a lack of knowledge of the general population regarding leprosy. We suggest an improved dissemination of information about the disease to promote improvements in health services, patient monitoring and prevention of the healthy population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Blood Donors , Knowledge , Leprosy , Social Class , Marital Status , Educational Status
7.
Rev. epidemiol. controle infecç ; 10(2): 135-139, abr.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223597

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a disease caused by HIV. 3% of the people living with HIV/AIDS in Brazil are 60 years old or over. Although older adults correspond to a small percentage, there has been a significant increase in the incidence in this group in recent years. Thus, HIV infection in older adults is a reality, however, literature hardly addresses this topic. The objective is to study the epidemiological clinical profile of older adults living with HIV monitored at a referral center. Methods:This is an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study with data collection obtained from the medical records of the STI/AIDS outpatient clinic at a reference center. The data were sociodemographic, clinical and laboratory, collected from September 2018 to February 2019. Results:In the reference center, 309 older adults were registered, representing 6.7% of all patients registered in the service. Of these, 75.6% are men, 38% are married, 70% heterosexual and approximately 50% with low education. Comorbidities are associated, with dyslipidemia (54%) being the main one. At the time of diagnosis, 65.8% had detectable viral load and 62% had CD4 + cells <500 cls/mm³ and after therapeutic follow-up, only 20% had detectable viral load. Several therapeutic regimens are used, the main one being Tenofovir, Lamivudine and Efavirenz (35.3%). Conclusion: The epidemiological profile of the population served in the region follows national and global characteristics, with a predominance of men, heterosexuals, married and with low education.(AU)


Justificativa e Objetivos: A Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida (SIDA) é uma doença causada pelo HIV. Das pessoas vivendo com HIV(PVHIV)no Brasil, 3% apresentam 60 anos ou mais. Apesar dos idosos corresponderem a um pequeno percentual, há aumento significativo da incidência nesse grupo nos últimos anos. Dessa forma, a infecção pelo HIV em idosos é uma realidade, contudo, a literatura pouco aborda esse tema. O objetivo do trabalho é estudar o perfil clínico epidemiológico dos idosos vivendo com HIV acompanhados em um centro de referência. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo observacional, descritivo, de corte transversal, com coleta de dados obtida através dos prontuários do ambulatório de IST/SIDA de um centro de referência. Os dados sociodemográficos, clínicos e laboratoriais, foram coletados no período setembro de 2018 a fevereiro de 2019. Resultados: No centro de referência, estão cadastrados 309 idosos, representando 6,7% de todos os pacientes matriculados no serviço. Destes, 75,6% são homens, 38% casados, 70% de orientação heterossexual e aproximadamente 50% com baixa escolaridade. Comorbidades estão associadas, sendo a dislipidemia (54%) a principal. No momento do diagnóstico, 65,8% apresentavam carga viral (CV) detectável,62% tinham células CD4+ < 500céls/mm³ e após seguimento terapêutico apenas 20% apresentavam CV detectável. Vários esquemas terapêuticos foram utilizados, sendo o principal Tenofovir, Lamivudina e Efavirenz (35,3%). Conclusão: O perfil epidemiológico da população atendida na região segue as características nacionais e mundiais, com predomínio de homens, heterossexuais, casados e de baixa escolaridade.(AU)


Justificación y Objetivos: El Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirido(SIDA) es una enfermedad causada por el VIH. De las personas que viven con el VIH (PVVIH) en Brasil, el 3% tiene 60 años o más. Aunque los adultos mayor es corresponden a un pequeño porcentaje, en los últimos años se ha producido un aumento significativo de la incidencia en este grupo. La infección por VIH en los adultos mayores es una realidad; sin embargo, la literatura aborda poco este tema. El objetivo de este trabajo es estudiar el perfil clínico epidemiológico de adultos mayores que conviven con el VIH y se atienden en un centro de referencia. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal, con datos obtenidos de los registros de ETS/SIDA de un centro de referencia. Se recogieron datos sociodemográficos, clínicos y de laboratorio desde septiembre de 2018 hasta febrero de 2019. Resultados: En el centro de referencia están registrados309 adultos mayores, que representan el 6,7% de todos los pacientes inscriptos en el servicio. De ellos, el 75,6% es del sexo masculino, el 38%, casado, el 70% con orientación heterosexual y aproximadamente el 50% con baja escolaridad. De las comorbilidades asociadas, la dislipidemia esla principal (54%). En el momento del diagnóstico, el 65,8% tenía una carga viral detectable (CV), el 62%tenía células CD4+<500 células/mm³ y después del seguimiento terapéutico sólo el 20% tenía CV detectable. Se utilizaron varios esquemas terapéuticos, siendo los principales el Tenofovir, la Lamivudina y el Efavirenz (35,3%). Conclusión: El perfil epidemiológico de la población atendida en la región sigue las características nacionales e internacionales, con predominio de hombres heterosexuales, casados y de baja escolaridad.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , HIV Infections/epidemiology , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , HIV Infections/immunology , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/immunology , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/drug therapy , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/epidemiology , HIV/immunology , Marital Status , CD4 Lymphocyte Count , Viral Load , Sexuality , Educational Status , Health Services for the Aged
8.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(4): 1555-1566, abr. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089503

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este artigo analisou a Síndrome de Burnout (SB) entre os gerentes da Estratégia de Saúde da Família (ESF) no Município do Rio de Janeiro e suas associações entre os fatores que influenciam a presença/ausência da SB nesses profissionais. Com natureza descritiva, ele utilizou um questionário, composto de duas partes: 1) perfil do gerente e fatores que possam influenciar a presença de Burnout; 2) Inventário Maslach Burnout Inventory. A taxa percentual de retorno foi de 63,5% (143) dos 225 enviados. Os gerentes da ESF são em geral, enfermeiros (68,6%), jovens (74,5% até 39 anos), do sexo feminino (76,9%) e que atuam na gerência há menos de 5 anos (85,2%). A presença da SB foi identificada em 11,2% dos gerentes. Os fatores de natureza organizacional foram os que obtiveram maior número de variáveis com associação. Esses dados apontam para necessidade de realização de mudanças nas práticas organizativas de serviços e de mudanças nos processos de trabalho. A realização de outros estudos, que aprofundem estas questões, pode contribuir neste sentido.


Abstract This paper analyzed the Burnout Syndrome (BS) among the managers of the Family Health Strategy (ESF) in the city of Rio de Janeiro and its associations with factors that influence the presence/absence of BS among these professionals. This is a descriptive study that used data from a questionnaire consisting of two parts: 1) manager profile and factors that could influence the presence of Burnout; 2) Maslach Burnout Inventory. The return rate was 63.5% (143) of the 225 questionnaires sent. The ESF managers are generally nurses (68.6%), young (63.6% under 39 years) female (76.9%), who have acted as managers for less than 5 years (85.2%). A BS presence was identified in 11.2% of the managers. The factors of an organizational nature were those that obtained the highest number of variables with an association. These data point to the need to make changes in the organizational practices of services and changes in work processes. Further studies on these issues can contribute to this.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Family Health , Health Facility Administrators/psychology , Syndrome , Brazil/epidemiology , Burnout, Professional/etiology , Organizational Culture , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Surveys/statistics & numerical data , Age Factors , Cities/epidemiology , Marital Status , Health Facility Administrators/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged
9.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 319-323, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879648

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Traffic accidents are one of the major health problems in the world, being the first cause of burden of illness and the second leading cause of death in Iran. The Sistan-Baluchestan province is one of the most accidental provinces of Iran with the highest rate of accidents-caused deaths. This study was conducted to determine the risk factors associated with traffic accidents in Zahedan through 2013 to 2016.@*METHODS@#This analytical cross-sectional study was carried out on 223 drivers from Zahedan who were traumatized by traffic accident and sent to Zahedan hospitals. The data were obtained through interviews taken by the trained interviewers via refereeing to the medical records and collected in the researcher-made checklist. Census was obtained from the study subjects. For data analysis, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Chi-square and logistic regression were used with the Stata software version 11.0.@*RESULTS@#In this study, 223 male subjects with the mean age of (32.54 ± 12.95) years, 39.8% single and 60.2% married, entered for investigation. Most accidents (38.8%) occurred between 12:00 to 17:59. While driving, 47.1% of the study subjects were using cell phones, 89.1% had manual use of mobile phones, 21.9% had a habit of sending short message service (SMS) and 23.4% had sent SMS within 10 min before the accident. The one way analysis of variance showed that the mean age of individuals with marital status, driving experience, education and accident with motorcycle were significantly different (p < 0.05). Also, the multivariate logistic regression test indicated a significant relationship of smoking, ethnicity, insurance and SMS typing while driving with motorcycle accident (p < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, SMS and smoking while driving had the highest risk among the variables studied in the motorcycle accidents. Therefore, effective education attempting to enhance people's awareness about the consequences of using cell phone and smoking during driving to reduce traffic accidents seems necessary.


Subject(s)
Accidents, Traffic/statistics & numerical data , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Automobile Driving , Cause of Death , Cell Phone Use/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Health Education , Humans , Iran/epidemiology , Male , Marital Status , Middle Aged , Risk , Smoking/adverse effects , Young Adult
10.
Rev. bras. ciênc. saúde ; 24(1): 123-132, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087539

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Traçar o perfil dos óbitos das vítimas de suicídio necropsiadas no Núcleo de Medicina e Odontologia Legal do Instituto de Polícia Científica do Estado da Paraíba do Muni-cípio de Guarabira, no período de 2016 a 2017. Metodologia: Pesquisa documental e descritiva com abordagem quantitativa. A amostra foi composta por 47 laudos de óbitos por suicídio. Resultados: Das 47 mortes por suicídio, 76,6% eram do sexo masculino e 23,4% do sexo feminino. A média de idade foi de 44,3 anos com desvio padrão de 19,8, não existindo diferença quanto a idade para o sexo masculino e o feminino (p=0,223). Quanto ao estado civil, 55,3% eram solteiros, seguidos de casados (29,8%), 4,3% eram viúvos, 6,4% não tinham esta informação e 4,3% era ignorado. Do total de suicídios, 68,1% das vítimas foi enforcamento, seguido de 23,4% de envenena-mento, 4,3% arma de fogo, 2,1% precipitação de altura e 2,1% automutilação como meio para realizar o seu intuito. Conclusão: As vítimas mais frequentes pertenciam ao sexo masculino, adultos jovens e solteiros. A atividade laboral que mais se mostrou presente foi a agricultura, com meio mais utilizado o enforcamento, seguido pelo envenenamento. Os meses que existiram mais vítimas foram maio, agosto e setembro, com a segunda-feira e quinta-feira mais prevalentes. Espera-se que as características observadas dessas vítimas possibilitem a tomada de intervenções , com o objetivo de identificar os grupos de risco e estabelecer políticas de prevenção. (AU)


Objective: To outline the profile of deaths of suicide victims necropsied at the Center for Medicine and Forensic Dentistry of the Paraíba State Scientific Police Institute in Guarabira, from 2016 to 2017. Methodology: This is a documentary and descriptive research with a quantitative approach. The sample consisted of 47 reports of deaths from suicide. Results: Results showed that of the 47 suicide deaths, 76.6% were male and 23.4% female. The mean age was 44.34 years with a standard deviation of 19.83 in the total group, and no difference in the age of males and females (p = 0.223). Regarding marital status, 55.3% were single, followed by 29.8% were married, 4.3% were widowed, 6.4% did not have this information and 4.3% were ignored. Regarding the method to carry out the suicide, 68.1% of the victims were hanged, followed by 23.4% were poisoned, 4.3% were by firearm, 2.1% were by hight precipitation and 2.1% self-mutilation. Conclusion: The most frequent victims were male, young and single adults. The labor activity that was most present was agriculture, with hanging being the most used method, followed by poisoning. The months with the most casualties were May, August, and September, with the most prevalent days being Monday and Thursday. It is hoped that the observed characteristics will be able to enable effective in-terventions in order to identify suicide risk groups and establish prevention politics. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Suicide/statistics & numerical data , Rural Workers , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Marital Status , Age Distribution , Educational Status , Temporal Distribution
11.
Buenos Aires; GCBA. Dirección General de Estadística y Censos; dic. 2019. a) f: 34 l:49 p. tab.(Población de Buenos Aires, 16, 28).
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, InstitutionalDB, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1119822

ABSTRACT

Informe que presenta como temas principales el origen de las estadísticas vitales a nivel nacional y provincial, la conformación vigente del sistema de estadísticas vitales en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, recomendaciones internacionales para la recopilación de las estadísticas vitales, y el tratamiento de la calidad de las estadísticas vitales en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. También informa sobre el relevamiento para actualizar el circuito de los informes estadísticos de nacimientos, defunciones, y defunciones fetales ocurridos en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, realizado en seis hospitales públicos de distintas especialidades


Subject(s)
Population Characteristics , Divorce/statistics & numerical data , Birth Rate , Data Collection/instrumentation , Vital Statistics , Mortality , Demographic Data , Marital Status/statistics & numerical data , Quality Management , Birth Registration , Hospitals, Public
12.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 41(4): 369-374, Oct.-Dez. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1059183

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To explore and describe sociodemographic characteristics, crack consumption patterns, and psychiatric comorbidities of female crack users receiving treatment at therapeutic communities. Methods This was a cross-sectional, descriptive, quantitative study. Forty-six women who abstained from crack use were assessed using a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I), and a profile of crack use questionnaire. Descriptive statistical analyses were conducted. Results Participants had a mean age of 31.02 years (standard deviation [SD] = 7.73), most were single (76.1%), white (67.4%) and had complete or incomplete elementary education (43.5%). Before treatment, 65.2% of the women reported using crack every day; 46.3% smoked between 10 to 30 crack rocks per week. Mean treatment time was 63.56 days (SD = 75.85), with a mean of 80.41 days of abstinence (SD = 74.52) and 3.37 previous treatments (SD = 5.49). Mean age upon crack use initiation was 22.61 years (SD = 8.06), and the most frequent motivation to start using crack was curiosity (78.3%). The mean lifetime duration of crack use was 82.26 months (SD = 74.76), and the physical complications most frequently reported were weight loss (93.5%), followed by sleep problems (87%). In this study, the most prevalent psychiatric diagnoses were major depressive episode (60.87%), followed by post-traumatic stress disorder (52.17%) and generalized anxiety disorder (13.07%). Conclusions Overall, a pattern of high consumption of crack was observed. The results show a high frequency of mood and anxiety disorders, with the highest frequencies found for major depressive episode and post-traumatic stress disorder.


Resumo Objetivo Explorar e descrever características sociodemográficas, padrão de consumo e comorbidades psiquiátricas em mulheres usuárias de crack recebendo tratamento em comunidades terapêuticas. Método Estudo transversal, descritivo e quantitativo. Quarenta e seis mulheres abstinentes de crack responderam a um questionário sociodemográfico, ao Mini-Exame do Estado Mental (MEEM), à Entrevista Estruturada do DSM-IV para Transtornos do Eixo I (SCID-I) e a um questionário sobre padrão de consumo de crack. Foram realizadas análises estatísticas descritivas dos dados. Resultados As participantes tinham média de 31,02 anos [desvio padrão (DP) = 7,73], eram na maioria solteiras (76,1%), brancas (67,4%) e tinham ensino fundamental completo ou incompleto (43,5%). Antes do tratamento, 65,2% das mulheres relataram usar crack todos os dias; 46,3% fumavam entre 10 e 30 pedras de crack por semana. O tempo médio de tratamento foi de 63,56 dias (DP = 75,85), com média de 80,41 dias em abstinência (DP = 74,52) e 3,37 (DP = 5,49) tratamentos anteriores. A idade média de início do uso de crack foi de 22,61 anos (DP = 8,06), e a motivação mais frequente para iniciar o uso de crack foi a curiosidade (78,3%). A duração média de uso de crack na vida foi de 82,26 meses (DP = 74,76), e as complicações físicas mais frequentemente relatadas foram perda de peso (93,5%), seguida por problemas de sono (87%). Neste estudo, os diagnósticos mais prevalentes foram episódio depressivo maior (60,87%), seguido por transtorno de estresse pós-traumático (52,17%) e transtorno de ansiedade generalizada (13,07%). Conclusões Em geral, observamos um padrão de alto consumo de crack. Os resultados mostram alta frequência de transtornos de humor e ansiedade, com maiores frequências para episódio depressivo maior e transtorno de estresse pós-traumático.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Cocaine Smoking/epidemiology , Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , Sleep Wake Disorders/epidemiology , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Weight Loss , Comorbidity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Crack Cocaine , Marital Status , Depressive Disorder, Major/epidemiology , Educational Status , Cocaine Smoking/psychology , Cocaine Smoking/therapy , Mental Status and Dementia Tests , Interview, Psychological
13.
Rev. APS ; 22(2): 235-250, 20190401.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102798

ABSTRACT

A Unidade Básica de Saúde (UBS) e a Estratégia de Saúde da Família (ESF) são dois modelos diferentes de assistência na Atenção Primária à Saúde. Objetivou-se comparar o grau de adesão a terapêutica medicamentosa de indivíduos com hipertensão assistidos em Estratégia de Saúde da Família (ESF) e Unidade Básica de Saúde (UBS). O estudo teve a participação de 63 indivíduos da ESF e 51 da UBS. Aplicou-se questionários para identificar o perfil da população e avaliar a adesão (teste de Morisky-Green ­ TMG). Utilizou-se estatística descritiva e, para a análise de associação, os testes Goodman e odds ratio. As variáveis idade, sexo feminino e sedentarismo apresentaram-se homogêneas em ambos os grupos. Entre as variáveis estudadas, apenas a idade mostrou diferença significante, pois pessoas com menos de 60 anos demonstraram menor adesão ao tratamento. Houve diferença significativa na adesão ao tratamento medicamentoso (ESF > UBS). Conclui-se que a melhor adesão foi na ESF, mas ambas foram consideradas abaixo do desejado.


The Basic Health Unit (UBS) and the Family Health Strategy (ESF) are two different models of assistance in the Primary Health Care (APS). The objective was to compare therapeutic drug adherence degree in hypertension persons in Family Health Strategy (ESF) and Health Centers (UBS). There were 63 participants from the Family Health Strategy and 51 from the Health Centers. A profile identification questionnaire and a Morisky-Green test (MGT) were used. Descriptive statistic was used and Goodman and Odds Ratio tests were applied for association analyses. Variables as age, female gender and sedentarism were homogeneous in both groups. Among the variables, only age was significantly different, meaning that persons under 60 years of age has have lower rate of adherence to treatment. There was a significative difference in the adhesion (ESF > UBS).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Health Centers , Family Health Strategy , Medication Adherence , Hypertension/drug therapy , Health Programs and Plans , Exercise , Sex Factors , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Patient Education as Topic , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors , Marital Status , Educational Status , Age and Sex Distribution , Sedentary Behavior , Hypertension/prevention & control
14.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(2): 181-189, Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004331

ABSTRACT

Background: Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder in people with suicidal behavior. The knowledge of its risk factors should help to design preventive strategies. Aim: To describe suicidal behavior and risk factors for attempted suicide in people with major depressive disorders (MDD). Material and Methods: A 12-month follow-up study was conducted in 112 outpatients at three psychiatric care centers of Ñuble, Chile, with baseline and quarterly assessments. Demographic, psychosocial and clinical factors as potential risk factors of suicide attempts, were assessed. A clinical interview with DSM-IV diagnostic criteria checklist, Hamilton Depression Scale and the List of Threatening Experiences and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support were applied. Results: Sixty seven percent of participants had suicidal ideation and 43.8% had attempted suicide. Suicide risk was significantly higher in participants with a single major depressive episode (odds ratio [OR] = 3.98; 95% confidence intervals [CI] = 1,29-12,32 p = 0.02) and those with previous suicide attempts (OR = 13.15; 95% CI = 3,87-44.7 p < 0.01). Young age, not having a partner, being unemployed, having a severe major depressive episode, having psychotic symptoms, having a personality disorder and being devoid of medical illness increased the risk of suicide attempts, but they did not reach statistical significance. Conclusions: Significant risk factors should be specially considered when designing suicide preventive strategies in patients with MDD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Suicide, Attempted/psychology , Secondary Care/statistics & numerical data , Depressive Disorder, Major/psychology , Personality Assessment/statistics & numerical data , Psychotic Disorders/psychology , Socioeconomic Factors , Suicide, Attempted/classification , Chile , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Age Factors , Marital Status/statistics & numerical data , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Depressive Disorder, Major/therapy , Suicidal Ideation
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719536

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study analyzed the relationship between health behaviors and marital adjustment in multicultural couples to evaluate their health status. METHODS: Married couples (70 Korean men and their immigrant wives) completed a structured interview on health behaviors and sociodemographic factors, the Revised Dyadic Adjustment Scale (RDAS), and the Marital Intimacy Scale. Based on the cutoff value of the RDAS, respondents were classified into two groups: high or low dyadic adaptation groups. The collected data were compared with health behavior regarding smoking, alcohol consumption, exercise, and weight. RESULTS: The odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval [CI]) by logistic regression with adjustment for age, educational level, career, occupation, length of residence in Korea, nationality, religion, age difference between couple, number of children, monthly income, and proficiency in Korean was 1.279 (1.113–1.492) for unhealthy exercise and 1.732 (1.604–1.887) for unhealthy body weight in female immigrants with low marital adjustment. In Korean husbands with low marital adjustment, the OR (95% CI) was 1.625 (1.232–2.142) for smoking and 1.327 (1.174–1.585) for unhealthy exercise. No significant relationship was found between marital intimacy and health behaviors in female immigrants or Korean husbands. CONCLUSION: More desirable health behaviors were observed in highly adapted couples. Therefore, family physicians should be concerned with marital adjustment and other associative factors to evaluate and improve multicultural couples' health status.


Subject(s)
Alcohol Drinking , Body Weight , Child , Cultural Diversity , Emigrants and Immigrants , Ethnic Groups , Family Characteristics , Female , Health Behavior , Humans , Korea , Logistic Models , Male , Marital Status , Occupations , Odds Ratio , Physicians, Family , Smoke , Smoking , Spouses , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764767

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the effects of compassion competence and organizational commitment on customer orientation in hospital nurses. METHODS: The participant of this study was 223 nurses who have worked at a tertiary hospital in Chungcheong Province for at least one year. The general characteristics, compassion competence, organizational commitment, and customer orientation of the participants were collected, using self-reported questionnaires, from June 15 to June 29, 2018. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, independent t-test, ANOVA (Scheffé test), Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression using an SPSS/WIN 22.0 program. RESULTS: Customer orientation was significantly associated with organizational commitment (r=.51, p<.001), and compassion competence (r=.74, p<.001). Compassion competence (β=.62, p<.001), organizational commitment (β=.17, p=.004), and marital status (β=.11, p=.034) were identified as the predictors of customer orientation. These variables explained 59.1% of the variance in customer orientation. CONCLUSION: This study confirmed that compassion competence and organizational commitment may have an impact on customer orientation in hospital Nurses. Therefore, to improve customer orientation in hospital nurses, it is necessary to develop interventions and education programs considering these factors.


Subject(s)
Education , Empathy , Marital Status , Mental Competency , Tertiary Care Centers
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764664

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting job embeddedness of nurses in trauma centers. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional study using structured questionnaires completed by 140 nurses in three regional trauma centers in Korea. Data were collected from July 15 to September 10, 2017, and analyzed using SPSS/WIN 23.0 program. RESULTS: The mean score of organizational commitment was 3.65±0.75, positive psychological capital was 3.00±0.45, and job embeddedness was 3.00±0.45. The organizational commitment showed a significant positive correlation with positive psychological capital (r=.36, p<.001) and job embeddedness (r=.60, p<.001), and positive psychological capital also showed a significant positive correlation with job embeddedness (r=.74, p<.001). The factors affecting job embeddedness of nurses in trauma centers were positive psychological capital (β=.61, p<.001), organizational commitment (β=.38, p<.001), and marital status (β=-.14, p=.017). CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that to enhance job embeddedness, it is necessary to develop education and programs to strengthen organizational commitment and positive psychological capital of nurses in trauma centers. In addition, for unmarried nurses, interest and consideration are needed to enhance job embeddedness and to reduce turnover.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , Education , Humans , Korea , Marital Status , Single Person , Trauma Centers
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741697

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: A large number of studies on anemia have focused mostly on pregnant women or children. The vegetarian population, which is another potential risk group for anemia, remains largely unexplored. Therefore, this cross-sectional study examined the associations of the sociodemographic, lifestyle, nutritional, and psychological factors with the anemia status among female adult vegetarians. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 177 female vegetarians were recruited from a Buddhist and Hindu organization in Selangor, Malaysia. The participants completed a self-administered questionnaire, which analyzed their sociodemographic characteristics, physical activity level, sleep quality, depression, anxiety, and stress. The body weight, height, waist circumference, and body fat percentage of the participants were also measured. A 3-day dietary recall was conducted to assess their dietary intake. Blood samples (3 ml) were withdrawn by a nurse from each participant to determine the hemoglobin (Hb) level. RESULTS: The findings revealed 28.2% of the participants to be anemic. The age group (AOR = 2.46, 95% CI = 1.19–5.05), marital status (AOR = 2.69, 95% CI = 1.27–5.71), and percentage of energy from protein (AOR = 5.52, 95% CI = 1.41–21.65) were the significant predictors of anemia. CONCLUSIONS: Anemia is a public health problem among female vegetarians in this study. Health promotion programs that target female adult vegetarians should be conducted to manage and prevent anemia, particularly among those who are married, aged 50 and below, and with an inadequate protein intake.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Adult , Anemia , Anxiety , Body Weight , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression , Female , Health Promotion , Humans , Life Style , Malaysia , Marital Status , Motor Activity , Obesity , Pregnant Women , Psychology , Public Health , Vegetarians , Waist Circumference
19.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 313-317, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816608

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: There is a growing number of older adults moving into assisted-living facilities to maintain their independence while being assisted with certain tasks and having convenient access to services. Physical activity (PA) and vitality play an important role in independence, as well as in mental health, of older adults. However, no research has examined the difference in older adults' levels of vitality (defined as the state of feeling alive and alert) between those living in assisted-living facilities and those from community-living settings. This study also explored sociodemographic predictors of PA and vitality among older adults living in two different types of housing.METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined differences in PA levels and vitality between older adults (aged ≥ 60 years; n = 148, mean age = 74.70 years) living in assisted-living facilities (n = 85, mean age = 77.46 years) and those in community-living settings (n = 63, mean age = 70.98 years). PA was assessed by accelerometry, and vitality was measured using the subjective vitality scale.RESULTS: Engagement in light PA and moderate to vigorous PA was higher in individuals living in community-living settings after controlling for sociodemographic variables. However, vitality was not significantly different between the two types of housing after controlling for sociodemographic variables. Marital status, education, and number of diagnosed diseases were associated with vitality.CONCLUSION: The support is needed for designing strategies to increase PA in older adults living in assisted-living facilities. More attention should be paid to increasing subjective vitality of older adults in both types of housing to promote healthy aging.


Subject(s)
Accelerometry , Adult , Aging , Assisted Living Facilities , Cross-Sectional Studies , Education , Housing , Humans , Marital Status , Mental Health , Motor Activity
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786322

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the influence of job stress, compassion satisfaction, and resilience on depression of nurses.METHODS: One hundred seventy six nurses working at one tertiary hospital in one metropolitan city were included. The data collection was conducted from September 1st to October 1st, 2018, using a structured, self-reported questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression.RESULTS: The M±SD age of 170 subjects was 29.62±5.59. Depression had significant negative correlations with compassion satisfaction (r=−.50, p < .001) and resilience (r=−.56, p < .001), and a positive correlation with job stress (r=.42, p < .001). In the multiple regression analysis, marital status (β=−.15, p=.015), job stress (β=−.00, p < .001) and resilience (β=−5.47, p < .001) had a significant effect on depression. The explanatory power of the subject's marital status, leisure life, job stress, compassion satisfaction, and resilience on depression was 44.1% (F=27.62, p < .001).CONCLUSION: The study results showed that single status, low job stress, high resilience may decrease depression of nurses. Reducing job stress and improving resilience of nurses will virtually contribute to reduce their depression that can influence on not only nurses' health status but also their performance and qualitative caring for patients.


Subject(s)
Data Collection , Depression , Empathy , Humans , Leisure Activities , Marital Status , Tertiary Care Centers
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