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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760559

ABSTRACT

Marrubium vulgare, plant species belonging to Marrubium genus, is widespread in the Mediterranean areas, introduced elsewhere and also cultivated in many countries. Its oil is recognized to possess a considerable biological activities with varied chemical composition. This paper aims to overview the chemical composition and biological activities of M. vulgare essential oil's considered as a medicinal plant, widely used in folk medicine overall the world. In essential oils of M. vulgare, germacrene D, β-caryophyllene, β-bisabolene, bicyclogermacrene and carvacrol are generally considered as either mains or minor constituents and each species presents its own composition. Sesquiterpenoids were the dominant fraction while monoterpenoids were present in appreciable or in trace amount. Oxygenated fractions dominated in monoterpenes however, hydrocarbon fraction overpowered in sesquiterpenes. These oils are biologically active, they exhibit an antioxidant and antimicrobial activities and other activities. Due to the variability of composition of essential oil, further studies are necessary, particularly regarding their chemical's which may cause an important change in the biological activities of oils and probably defined different chemotype.


Subject(s)
Marrubium , Medicine, Traditional , Monoterpenes , Oils , Oils, Volatile , Oxygen , Plants , Plants, Medicinal , Sesquiterpenes
2.
Rev. peru. med. integr ; 4(3): 90-95, 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | MTYCI, LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1145708

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Determinar la estructura química de flavonas aisladas del extracto metanólico de hojas de Marrubium vulgare L. "Cordón", mediante comparación con lo publicado por TJ Mabry. Materiales y métodos. Se elaboró extracto metanólico de hojas de Marrubium vulgare L. "Cordón" . Se determinó su solubilidad en solventes de polaridad creciente. Se detectaron los componentes químicos utilizando tricloruro férrico, reactivo de Shinoda, gelatina, entre otros reactivos cromogénicos. Se realizó cromatografía en capa fina y por espectroscopía UV/VIS se propusieron estructuras químicas para los metabolitos tipo flavonas presentes en el extracto metanólico de hojas de Marrubium vulgare L. "Cordón" . Resultados. El extracto metanólico de hojas de Marrubium vulgare L. "Cordón" fue soluble en solventes de mediana polaridad. Los metabolitos secundarios encontrados fueron flavonoides, taninos y alcaloides. Se propusieron estructuras químicas de flavonas a través del análisis de los espectros UV/Vis, y por comparación con tablas publicadas en la literatura. Conclusiones. Se determinaron nueve estructuras químicas de metabolitos secundarios tipo flavonas del extracto metanólico de hojas de Marrubium vulgare L. "Cordón" mediante comparación con lo publicado por TJ Mabry.


Objective. Determine the chemical structure of flavones isolated from the methanolic extract of Marrubium vulgare L. "Cordón" leaves by comparison with that published by TJ Mabry. Materials and methods. Methanolic leaf extract of Marrubium vulgare L. "Cordón" was prepared. Its solubility in solvents of increasing polarity was determined. The chemical components were detected using ferric trichloride, Shinoda reagent, gelatin, among other chromogenic reagents. Thin layer chromatography was performed and by UV / VIS spectroscopy chemical structures were proposed for flavone metabolites present in the methanolic leaf extract of Marrubium vulgare L. "Cordón". Results. The methanolic extract of Marrubium vulgare L. "Cordón" leaves was soluble in medium polarity solvents. The secondary metabolites found were flavonoids, tannins and alkaloids. Chemical structures of flavones were proposed through the analysis of the UV / Vis spectra, and by comparison with tables published in the literature. Conclusion. Nine chemical structures of flavone secondary metabolites of the methanolic leaf extract of Marrubium vulgare L. "Cordón" were determined by comparison with that published by TJ Mabry.


Subject(s)
Marrubium/chemistry , Flavones , Plants, Medicinal , Spectrum Analysis , Plant Extracts , Chromatography , Phytochemicals , Medicine, Traditional
3.
HerbalGram ; 119: 62-71, 2018. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | MTYCI, LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-980304

ABSTRACT

In 2017, retail sales of herbal dietary supplements in the United States surpassed $8 billion for the first time, reaching an estimated total of $8.085 billion. Consumer spending increased by approximately $633 million, or 8.5%, from 2016 ­ the strongest US sales growth for herbal supplements in more than 15 years. Total US retail sales have increased every year since 2004, and since then, consumer spending on herbal supplements has nearly doubled.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plants, Medicinal , Dietary Supplements/economics , Marrubium , Curcuma , Medicine, Ayurvedic
4.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2013 Aug; 51(8): 653-660
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-149368

ABSTRACT

Isoproterenol injection (100 mg/kg; sc) produced changes in ECG pattern including ST-segment elevation and suppressed R-amplitude. The methanolic extract of M. vulgare at doses of 10, 20, and 40 mg/kg significantly amended the ECG changes. A severe myocardial necrosis and edematous along with a sharp reduction in the arterial blood pressure, left ventricular contractility (LVdP/dtmax or min), but a marked increase in the left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) were seen in the isoproterenol group. All parameters were significantly improved by the extract treatment. The extract (10 mg/kg) strongly increased LVdP/dtmax. Similarly, treatment with 40 mg/kg of M. vulgare lowered the elevated LVEDP and the heart to body weight ratio. In addition to in vitro antioxidant activity, the extract suppressed markedly the elevation of malondialdehyde levels both in serum and in myocardium. The results demonstrate that M. vulgare protects myocardium against isoproterenol-induced acute myocardial infarction and suggest that the effects could be related to antioxidant activities.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Electrocardiography , Heart/drug effects , Heart/physiopathology , Isoproterenol/toxicity , Lipid Peroxidation/drug effects , Male , Malondialdehyde/metabolism , Marrubium/chemistry , Methanol/chemistry , Myocardial Infarction/chemically induced , Myocardial Infarction/drug therapy , Myocardial Infarction/pathology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Rats , Rats, Wistar
5.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 54(5): 281-286, Sept.-Oct. 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-648564

ABSTRACT

Steam distillation of essential oils of aerial parts of Thymus capitatus and Marrubium vulgare L. collected at North cost of Egypt yielded 0.5% and 0.2%, respectively. Results of Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses of the two samples identified 96.27% and 90.19% of the total oil composition for T. capitatus and M. vulgare, respectively. The two oil samples appeared dominated by the oxygenated constituents (88.22% for T. capitatus and 57.50% for M. vulgare), composed of phenols, mainly carvacrol (32.98%) and thymol (32.82%) in essential oil of T. capitatus, and thymol (34.55%) in essential oil of M. vulgare. It was evaluated the molluscicidal activity of T. capitatus and M. vulgare essential oils on adult and eggs of Biomphalaria alexandrina as well as their mosquitocidal activity on Culex pipiens. The LC50 and LC90 of T. capitatus essential oil against adult snails was 200 and 400 ppm/3hrs, respectively, while for M. vulgare it was 50 and 100 ppm/3hrs, respectively. Moreover, M. vulgare showed LC100 ovicidal activity at 200 ppm/24 hrs while T. capitatus oil showed no ovicidal activity. It was verified mosquitocidal activity, with LC50 and LC90 of 100 and 200 ppm/12hrs respectively for larvae, and 200 and 400 ppm/12hrs respectively for pupae of C. pipiens.


A destilação por arraste a vapor dos óleos essenciais de partes aéreas de Thymus capitatus Hoff. et Link. e de Marrubium vulgare L. coletadas na costa norte do Egito resultaram em rendimento de 0,5% e 0,2%, respectivamente. Resultados de análises por cromatografia gasosa acoplada à espectrometria de massas de ambas as amostras possibilitaram a identificação de 96,27% e 90,19% dos constituintes químicos respectivamente de T. capitatus e M. vulgare. Verificou-se predomínio de constituintes oxigenados (88,22% para T. capitatus e 57,50% para M. vulgare, principalmente fenóis, como carvacrol (32,98%) e timol (32,82%) no óleo essencial de T. capitatus, e timol (34,55%) no óleo essencial de M. vulgare. Avaliou-se a atividade dos óleos essenciais obtidos contra adultos e ovos de Biomphalaria alexandrina, bem como em larvas e pupas de Culex pipiens. A CL50 e CL90 do óleo essencial de T. capitatus em moluscos adultos foi respectivamente 200 e 400 ppm/3hrs, enquanto para o óles essencial de M. vulgare verificou-se CL50 e CL90 de 50 e 100 ppm/3hrs, respectivamente. Além disso, M. vulgare apresentou atividade ovicida, com CL 100 de 200 ppm/24 horas, enquanto o óleo essencial de T. capitatus não demonstrou atividade ovicida. Verificou-se ainda atividade mosquitocida, com CL50 e CL90 de 100 e 200 ppm/12hrs respectivamente para larvas, e 200 e 400 ppm/12hrs contra pupas de C. pipiens.


Subject(s)
Animals , Culex , Insecticides , Molluscacides , Marrubium/chemistry , Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Plant Oils/pharmacology , Thymus Plant/chemistry , Biomphalaria , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Larva/drug effects , Oils, Volatile/chemistry , Plant Oils/chemistry , Pupa/drug effects , Thymus Plant/classification
6.
Journal of Medicinal Plants. 2008; 7 (Supp. 4): 44-48
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-88036

ABSTRACT

Some of medicinal plants are a potential source of new drugs to improve the treatment of Chagase disease whose treatment is still a challenge. Here in this screening, the in vitro trypanocidal activity of some fractions for 16 medicinal plants, collected from the northern part of Iran, has been reported. Aerial parts of the plants were dried carefully and followed by extraction with hexane and methanol, successively, by maceration at room temperature. Different concentrations of the plant extracts in ethanol were investigated against the epimastigotes of T. cruzi. The movement of epimastigotes was observed under a microscope. We assumed that immobilized organisms were died. The negative control contained ethanol in the same proportion utilized to dissolve the drugs. Each assay was performed in duplicate together with gentian violet as a positive control Results show that hexane extracts of Rubus hyrcanus and Salvia sclerae have been observed the most activity against the epimastigotes of T. cruzi [MLC = 12.5 micro g/ml]. None of methanol fractions shows trypanocidal activity except Salvia sclerae [MLC = 50 micro g/ml]. Echium amoenum, Satureja macrantha, S. atropatana and Stachys laxa did not display activity lower than 100 micro g/ml in both hexane and methanol extracts. Some of Iranian medicinal plants [Salvia sclerae, Marrubium vulgare and Rubus hyrcanus] could be the promising source of active components against the epimastigotes of T. cruzi and need to further phytochemical and pharmacological studies


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal , Trypanocidal Agents , Chagas Disease/therapy , Plant Components, Aerial , Plant Extracts , Salvia , Echium , Satureja , Stachys , Marrubium
7.
Cahiers Medicaux de Tunisie. 1985; (44): 20-3
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-5470
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