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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920994

ABSTRACT

Both clinical practice and basic research of acupuncture have pointed out that acupuncture treatment has specific tissue and cellular targets. In addition to the known fixed tissue targets such as nerves and blood vessels, the author analyzes the biological characteristics of other skin resident cells in the skin and concludes that cutaneous mast cells are the most suitable candidate for the cellular target of acupuncture. A hypothesis of the bionic acupuncture is proposed to explain the biological principles by which the innate immunity and healing system respond to acupuncture. The distribution of mast cells in the human skin is characterized by "approaching to the terminals and gathering at the orifices", and the cell density is highly correlated with the density of acupoints and the micro-acupuncture systems. These evidences all support that mast cells are the mobile target cells for acupuncture, which can explain some clinical phenomena and principles of acupuncture, and suggest mast cells as one of the tissue markers for acupoints.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Mast Cells , Skin
2.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e061, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249374

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Inflammatory periapical lesions are characterized by infiltration of different immune cell types, the functions of which depend on an effective vascular network. This study aimed to evaluate the mast cells density (MCD) in inflamatory odontogenic cysts capsules concerning microvascular density (MVD), microvascular area (MVA), and microvascular perimeter (MVP), and correlate such findings with the type of lesion, intensity of the inflammatory infiltrate, and thickness of the epithelial lining. Twenty inflamatory dentigerous cysts (IDCs), twenty radicular cysts (RCs), and twenty residual radicular cysts (RRCs) were submitted to immunohistochemical analysis using anti-tryptase and anti-CD34 antibodies. RCs exhibited the highest MCD, MVD, MVA, and MVP indexes (p = < 0.001, p = 0.008, p = 0.003 and p = < 0.001, respectively), and lesions with inflammatory infiltrate grade III showed the highest MVD (p = 0.044). Considering epithelial thickness, a higher MVP index was identified in lesions with hyperplastic epithelium (p = 0.018). In IDCs, RCs, and RRCs, a strong positive correlation was observed between MVA and MVP (r = 0.950 and p = < 0.001; r = 0.914 and p = < 0.001; r = 0.713 and p = < 0.001, respectively). In IDCs, a moderate correlation was observed between MCD and both MVA and MVP (r = 0.660 and p = 0.002; r = 0.634 and p = 0.003, respectively). These results suggest that tryptase-positive mast cells might play an important role in the angiogenic activity of IDCs, while RCs had the highest indexes. Our findings also confirmed that the intensity of the inflammatory infiltrate and epithelial thickness influence angiogenesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Odontogenic Cysts , Radicular Cyst , Epithelium , Tryptases , Mast Cells
3.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(10): 791-797, Oct. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1143412

ABSTRACT

The Golden Retriever muscular dystrophy (GRMD) is one of the best models of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), with similar genotypic and phenotypic manifestations. Progressive proliferation of connective tissue in the endomysium of the muscle fibers occurs in parallel with the clinical course of the disease in GRMD animals. Previous studies suggest a relationship between mast cells and the deposition of fibrous tissue due to the release of mediators that recruit fibroblasts. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of mast cells and their relationship with muscle injury and fibrosis in GRMD dogs of different ages. Samples of muscle groups from six GRMD and four control dogs, aged 2 to 8 months, were collected and analyzed. The samples were processed and stained with HE, toluidine blue, and Azan trichrome. Our results showed that there was a significant increase in infiltration of mast cells in all muscle groups of GRMD dogs compared to the control group. The average number of mast cells, as well as the deposition of fibrous tissue, decreased with age in GRMD dogs. In the control group, all muscle types showed a significant increase in the amount of collagenous tissue. This suggests increased mast cell degranulation occurred in younger GRMD dogs, resulting in increased interstitial space and fibrous tissue in muscle, which then gradually decreased over time as the dogs aged. However, further studies are needed to clarify the role of mast cells in the pathogenesis of fibrosis.(AU)


O cão Golden Retriever distrófico (Golden Retriever muscular dystrophy - GRMD) é um dos melhores modelos da distrofia muscular de Duchenne (DMD), com manifestações genotípicas e fenotípicas similares. A proliferação progressiva de tecido conjuntivo no endomísio das fibras musculares ocorre paralelamente ao curso clínico da doença em animais GRMD. Estudos anteriores sugerem uma relação entre os mastócitos e a deposição de tecido fibroso devido à liberação de mediadores que recrutam fibroblastos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a presença de mastócitos e sua relação com a lesão muscular e fibrose em cães GRMD de diferentes idades. Amostras de grupos musculares de seis GRMD e quatro controles, com idade entre 2 a 8 meses, foram coletadas e analisadas. As amostras foram processadas e coradas com HE, azul de toluidina e tricrômico de Azan. Nossos resultados mostraram que houve um aumento significativo na infiltração de mastócitos em todos os grupos musculares de cães GRMD em comparação com o grupo controle. O número médio de mastócitos, assim como a deposição de tecido fibroso, diminuiu com a idade em cães GRMD. No grupo controle, todos os tipos musculares mostraram um aumento significativo na quantidade de tecido colágeno. Isto sugere o aumento da degranulação de mastócitos em cães GRMD mais jovens, resultando em aumento do espaço intersticial e tecido fibroso no músculo, que então gradualmente diminuiu com o tempo à medida que os cães envelheceram. No entanto, mais estudos são necessários para esclarecer o papel dos mastócitos na patogênese da fibrose.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Dogs , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/etiology , Dog Diseases , Mast Cells , Fibrosis
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880756

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the therapeutic effect of different doses of dihydroartemisinin (DHA) on atopic dermatitis (AD) in mice and explore the mechanism.@*METHODS@#Forty-two C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 7 groups (@*RESULTS@#Treatment with 25, 75, and 125 mg/kg DHA and dexamethasone all alleviated AD symptoms of mice, reduced the severity scores of skin lesions, and ameliorated pathological changes of the skin tissue. DHA at 125 mg/kg produced the most obvious therapeutic effect and significantly alleviated mast cell infiltration in the lesions as compared with the other treatment groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#DHA is effective for the treatment of AD in mice with an optimal dose of 125 mg/kg. The therapeutic effect of DHA is achieved probably through regulation of local immunity by inhibiting mast cell infiltration in the lesions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Artemisinins , Cytokines , Dermatitis, Atopic/drug therapy , Immunoglobulin E , Mast Cells , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Skin
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828073

ABSTRACT

This paper was aimed to establish a new method for evaluating the anaphylactoid reaction of 15 batches of Zushima Injection from different manufacturers in vitro. Basophilic leukemia cell line RBL-2 H3 cells were cultured in vitro and Compound 48/80 was selected as positive drug. Real-time cell analysis(RTCA) system was used to detect the changes of cell index(CI) value after drug intervention. The degranulation of RBL-2 H3 cells was verified with the toluidine blue staining technology by observing the changes of cell morphology and skeleton. Clustering method was used to analyze the CI values of 15 batches of Zushima Injection on RBL-2 H3 cells. The results showed Compound 48/80(20 μg·mL~(-1)) significantly changed the cell morphology and cytoskeleton, with obvious degranulation. After adding Compound 48/80, CI value decreased rapidly within 30 minutes, then decreased slowly, suggesting that RTCA system can be used for rapid and sensitive evaluation of RBL-2 H3 cell degranulation. The results of cluster analysis showed that Zushima Injection from different manufacturers had different effects on RBL-2 H3 cells. S1-S8 and Compound 48/80 groups were grouped into one cluster, which suggesting that the sample might have potential clinical anaphylaxis. S9-S15 and the normal control group were grouped into one cluster, suggesting there was no anaphylactoid reaction in the sample. In this study, a rapid in vitro anaphylaxis evaluation technique based on RTCA system and pattern recognition method was established, which can be used for rapid in vitro evaluation of anaphylaxis for traditional Chinese medicine injection.


Subject(s)
Anaphylaxis , Cell Degranulation , Humans , Mast Cells , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , p-Methoxy-N-methylphenethylamine
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826658

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) preconditioning on the expressions of tyrosine kinase Lyn and spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) in mast cells of subcutaneous loose connective tissue in the rats with urticaria and explore the potential biological mechanism of EA in the intervention of urticaria.@*METHODS@#A total of 32 SD rats were randomized into a blank group, a model group, an EA group and a positive medication group, 8 rats in each one. Except of the blank group, the passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) was adopted to prepare the model of urticaria in the rats of the rest three groups. In the EA group, EA was applied to bilateral "Quchi" (LI 11), "Xuehai" (SP 10) and "Zusanli" (ST 36), with disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/15 Hz in frequency and 1 mA in current intensity, once daily, for 20 min each time, consecutively for 7 days. In the positive medication group, loratadine (1 mg•kg•d) was for intragastric administration, once daily, consecutively for 7 days. The samples were collected for index detection 30 min after PCA antigen challenge in the rats of each group. Spectrophotometer was adopted to determine the effusion quantity of Evans blue in the allergized site of skin. HE staining was used to observe the morphological changes in the allergized site of skin. Toluidine blue staining was provided to observe mast cell degranulation in subcutaneous loose connective tissue in the allergized site of skin. Immunohistochemistry was applied to determine the protein expressions of Lyn and Syk during degranulation of mast cells.@*RESULTS@#In the rats of the odel group, the eipdermis of allergized site was thickening, cells were disorganized in hierarchy and inflammatory cells were infiltrated largely in the dermis. In the positive medication group and the EA group, the epidermis was getting thin, cell arrangement was clear and the inflammatory cell infiltration was obviously alleviated as compared with the model group. Compared with the blank group, the OD value of skin dye effusion quantity, the degranulation rate of mast cells and the positive expressions of Lyn and Syk were all increased in the model group (<0.01). Compared with the model group, the OD value of skin dye effusion quantity, the degranulation rate of mast cells and the positive expressions of Lyn and Syk were all reduced in the EA group and the positive medication group (<0.01). Compared with the positive medication group, the degranulation rate of mast cells was increased significantly in the EA group (<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture at "Quchi" (LI 11), "Xuehai" (SP 10) and "Zusanli" (ST 36) reduces vascular permeability and gives play to the role of anti-allergy by the way of regulating and controlling the degranulation of mast cells in the rats with urticaria and the effect mechanism of electroacupuncture may be related to the inhibition of protein expressions of Lyn and Syk in mast cells.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Connective Tissue , Metabolism , Electroacupuncture , Mast Cells , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Syk Kinase , Metabolism , Urticaria , Therapeutics , src-Family Kinases , Metabolism
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785401

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) is a subset of lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) with bone marrow (BM) involvement and an IgM monoclonal gammopathy of any level. We aimed to identify the clinical, laboratory, and BM findings of patients with WM and to evaluate the usefulness of CD154 for the diagnosis and prognosis of WM.METHODS: We reviewed the medical records and BM studies and/or flow cytometric immunotyping of 31 patients with untreated WM. Semiquantitative immunohistochemistry (CD20, CD138, tryptase, and CD154) of BM was performed.RESULTS: Only six patients presented with symptoms of hyperviscosity syndrome. Eleven patients had solid cancer and/or another hematologic malignancy. Mast cells (MC) increased in all samples, with some in close contact with tumor cells. Tryptase-positive MC (17.1/ high-power fields [HPF], 1.2–72.0/HPF) and CD154-positive MC (8.6/HPF, 0.1–31.1/HPF) were observed. The high CD154-positive MC (≥8.6/HPF) group showed a lower overall five-year survival rate than the low CD154-positive MC (<8.6/HPF) group (71.9% vs. 100.0%; P=0.012). Flow cytometric immunophenotyping of BM aspirates showed increased B lymphocytes and plasma cells with a normal phenotype (CD138⁺/CD38⁺/CD19⁺/CD45⁺/CD56⁻).CONCLUSIONS: Approximately one third of WM patients showed other malignancies and all patients had increased MC. Immunohistochemistry and flow cytometric immunophenotyping are useful for diagnosing WM, and increased CD154-positive MC can indicate poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Bone Marrow , Diagnosis , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Immunoglobulin M , Immunohistochemistry , Immunophenotyping , Lymphoma , Mast Cells , Medical Records , Paraproteinemias , Phenotype , Plasma Cells , Prognosis , Survival Rate , Tryptases , Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e108, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132718

ABSTRACT

Abstract Asymptomatic Apical Periodontitis is essentially an inflammatory disease of microbial aetiology. Association and function of the cell components involved, or specific inductive factors and growth mediators associated with development, maintenance and resolution of the periapical lesions are still unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate the concentration of Regulatory T cells (FoxP3+; Treg), Langerhans cells (CD1a+; LC) and mast cells in asymptomatic apical periodontitis. 73 cases were selected: 30 periapical granulomas, 29 radicular cysts and 14 residual cysts. All groups were submitted to morphological analysis for classification of inflammatory infiltrate and thickness of the epithelial lining as well as to immunohistochemical analysis for detection of LC and Treg cells. Toluidine blue staining was used for detecting mast cells. Analysis showed higher mean numbers of LC (8.2 cells/0.2mm2), and Treg cells in radicular cysts (5.910 cells/0.2mm2). As for mast cells, it was found that radicular cysts had a higher mean number of these cells compared to other periapical lesions (12.68 cells/0.2mm2). The association between thickness of the epithelial lining and inflammatory cells showed that the presence of hypertrophic epithelium in radicular cysts presented higher density of LC. The number of LC and Treg cells play an important role in the control of the inflammatory micro-environment in periapical granulomas and radicular cysts, respectively. The presence of mast cells in radicular cysts may be associated with progression of the lesion. Knowledge regarding the inflammatory cell profile is therefore essential for a better understanding of the pathogenesis of asymptomatic periapical periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periapical Periodontitis , Periapical Granuloma , Radicular Cyst , Langerhans Cells , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Tumor Microenvironment , Mast Cells
10.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5105, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090040

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the density of anti-galectin-3-immunostained cells, collagen percentage, mast cell density and presence of pathological processes in intestinal muscle biopsies of patients. Methods Thirty-five patients who underwent intestinal biopsy were selected from 1997 to 2015. Patients were divided into three groups: chagasic patients with mucosal lesion (n=13), chagasic patients with intact mucosa (n=12) and non-chagasic patients with no mucosal lesion (n=10). Histological processing of the biopsied fragments and immunohistochemistry for galectin-3 were performed. Additional sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin to evaluate the general pathological processes, picrosirius for evaluation of collagen and toluidine blue to evaluate the mast cell density. Results Patients of mucosal lesion group had a significantly higher frequency of ganglionitis and myositis when compared to the chagasic patients with intact mucosa and non-chagasic group. The density of anti-galectin-3-immunostained cells was significantly higher in the chagasic patients with intact mucosa group when compared to the non-chagasic group. The group of chagasic patients with intact mucosa presented a higher percentage of collagen in relation to the patients with mucosal lesion and to the non-chagasic group, with a significant difference. There was no significant difference in mast cell density among the three groups. Conclusion The higher density of anti-galectin-3-immunostained cells in patients in the chagasic patients with intact mucosa group suggested the need for greater attention in clinical evaluation of these patients, since this protein is associated with neoplastic transformation and progression.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a densidade de células imunomarcadas por anti-galectina-3, a percentagem de colágeno, a densidade de mastócitos e a presença de processos patológicos na musculatura intestinal de pacientes biopsiados. Métodos Foram selecionados 35 pacientes submetidos à biópsia de intestino entre 1997 a 2015. Os pacientes foram divididos em três grupos: chagásicos com lesão de mucosa (n=13), chagásicos com mucosa íntegra (n=12) e não chagásicos sem lesão de mucosa (n=10). Foram realizados processamento histológico dos fragmentos biopsiados e imunohistoquímica para galectina-3. Cortes adicionais foram corados por hematoxilina e eosina, para avaliar os processos patológicos gerais, pelo picrosírius, para avaliação do colágeno, e pelo azul de toluidina, para avaliar a densidade de mastócitos. Resultados Os pacientes do grupo chagásicos com lesão de mucosa apresentaram frequência significativamente maior de ganglionite e miosite quando comparados aos dos grupos chagásico com mucosa íntegra e não chagásicos. A densidade das células imunomarcadas por anti-galectina-3 foi significativamente maior no grupo chagásicos com mucosa íntegra quando comparada ao grupo não chagásico. O grupo de chagásicos com mucosa íntegra apresentou maior percentagem de colágeno em relação aos grupos chagásicos com mucosa lesada e ao grupo de não chagásicos, com diferença significativa. Não houve diferença significativa com relação à densidade de mastócitos entre os três grupos. Conclusão A maior densidade de células imunomarcadas por anti-galectina-3 nos pacientes do grupo chagásico com mucosa íntegra sugere a necessidade de maior atenção na avaliação clínica desses pacientes, uma vez que essa proteína está associada com transformação e progressão neoplásica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Colonoscopy/methods , Chagas Disease/pathology , Galectin 3/analysis , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology , Megacolon/pathology , Antibodies, Monoclonal/analysis , Biopsy , Fibrosis , Immunohistochemistry , Case-Control Studies , Cell Count , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Collagen/analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Galectin 3/immunology , Mast Cells/pathology , Middle Aged , Myositis/pathology
11.
Biol. Res ; 53: 12, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100918

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Mast cells (MCs) have been found to play a critical role during development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that characterized by dysregulation of inflammation and impaired intestinal barrier function. However, the function of MCs in IBD remains to be fully elucidated. RESULTS: In our study, we used exosomes isolated from human mast cells-1 (HMCs-1) to culture with NCM460, HT-29 or CaCO2 of intestinal epithelial cells (lECs) to investigate the communication between MCs and lECs. We found that MCs-derived exosomes significantly increased intestinal epithelial permeability and destroyed intestinal barrier function, which is attributed to exosome-mediated functional miRNAs were transferred from HMCs-1 into lECs, leading to inhibit tight junction-related proteins expression, including tight junction proteins 1 (TJP1, ZO-1), Occludin (OCLN), Claudin 8 (CLDN8). Microarray and bioinformatic analysis have further revealed that a panel of miRNAs target different tight junction-related proteins. Interestingly, miR-223 is enriched in mast cell-derived exosome, which inhibit CLDN8 expression in IECs, while treatment with miR-223 inhibitor in HT-29 cells significantly reversed the inhibitory effect of HMCs-1-derived exosomes on CLDN 8 expression. Most importantly, enrichment of MCs accumulation in intestinal mucosa of patients with IBD compared with those healthy control. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicated that enrichment of exosomal miR-223 from HMCs-1 inhibited CLDN8 expression, leading to destroy intestinal barrier function. These finding provided a novel insight of MCs as a new target for therapeutic treatment of IBD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cattle , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Intestinal Mucosa/metabolism , Mast Cells/metabolism , Permeability , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Caco-2 Cells/cytology , Computational Biology , Tissue Array Analysis , Exosomes/metabolism , Claudins/metabolism , Occludin/metabolism , Zonula Occludens-1 Protein/metabolism
12.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 101-108, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811089

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Melasma is a chronic acquired focal hypermelanosis which pathogenesis has not been fully elucidated. Classical pathophysiologic studies have analysed the affected and perilesional areas, but little is known about the status of sun-protected skin, which is subjected to the same endogenous and genetic factors.OBJECTIVE: To assess the histological characteristics of melasma compared to adjacent and retroauricular skin.METHODS: Skin samples were collected from 10 female from: melasma, perilesional area and retroauricular. The samples were stained (haematoxylin-eosin, periodic acid-Schiff, Fontana-Masson, picrosirius red, toluidine blue and Verhoeff), immunolabelled for CD34 and Wnt1. The data from the skin sites were analysed simultaneously by a multivariate model.RESULTS: Melasma skin exhibited noteworthy stratum corneum compaction, greater collagen heterogeneity, solar elastosis, higher number of mast cells, basement membrane zone (BMZ) damage, Wnt1 expression, pendulum melanocytes, higher cellularity and vascular proliferation at the superficial dermis. Stratum corneum compaction, collagen heterogeneity and BMZ abnormalities were variables associated to melasma that not follow a continuum through retroauricular to adjacent skin. Mast cell count was the variable that disclosed correlation with the most other abnormalities as well as had the greater contribution in the multivariate model.CONCLUSION: In addition to melanocyte hyperactivity, melasma skin exhibits alterations in the epidermal barrier, upper dermis and BMZ, which differ from the adjacent sun-exposed skin and retroauricular skin, indicating a distinct phenotype, rather than a mere extension of photoageing or intrinsic ageing. Mast cells appear to play a central role in the physiopathology of melasma.


Subject(s)
Basement Membrane , Collagen , Dermis , Epidermis , Female , Humans , Hyperpigmentation , Mast Cells , Melanocytes , Melanosis , Phenotype , Population Characteristics , Skin , Tolonium Chloride , Wnt Signaling Pathway
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 719-723, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002283

ABSTRACT

Mobile phone use has increased rapidly. The central nervous system has been shown to be adversely affected by its electromagnetic field (EMF) resulting in headache and sleep disturbances. How the cells make up the CNS and are affected by EMF is unclear. However, because of their central role in inflammation through diverse stimuli including radiation, this study aimed to investigate the effects of electromagnetic fields induced by mobile phones on mast cells in rat dura mater. A total of 18 adult, female, SpragueDawley rats were divided into two groups. The choice of female rats for his study was based on recent surveys demonstrating that mobile phone use is more frequent and prolonged among females. The study group was exposed to 900 MHz electromagnetic field (1 h/day for 45 days). In the end of the study, duramater tissue was extracted and stained using Toluidine blue. Mast cells were counted and results were analysed using Student t test. Mean mast cell number was 202.33±9.82 and 456.78±35.01 in the control and study groups, respectively (p<0.05). Analysis of serum electrolyte and immunoglobulin E levels showed no statistically significant difference between the two groups (p>0.05). The study showed that mobile phone exposure increased mast cell number and degranulation in rat dura mater. Further studies are required to evaluate the clinical implications of these findings.


El uso del teléfono móvil ha aumentado rápidamente. Se ha demostrado que el sistema nervioso central (SNC) se ve afectado de manera adversa debido al campo electromagnético (CEM) que produce dolor de cabeza y trastornos del sueño. No está claro cómo se ve afectada la composición celular del SNC por el CEM. Sin embargo, debido a su función principal en la inflamación a través de diversos estímulos que incluyen la radiación, este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar los efectos de los campos electromagnéticos inducidos por los teléfonos móviles en los mastocitos de la duramadre de ratas. Un total de 18 ratas Sprague-Dawley adultas, hembras, se dividieron en dos grupos. Se usaron ratas hembras para este estudio en base a investigaciones recientes que han demostrado que el uso de teléfonos móviles es más frecuente y prolongado en las mujeres. Los grupos de estudio fueron expuestos a un campo electromagnético de 900 MHz (1 h / día durante 45 días). Al término del estudio, fue extirpado el tejido de la duramadre y teñido con azul de toluidina. Se contaron los mastocitos y se analizaron los resultados utilizando la prueba t de Student. La cantidad media de células cebadas fue de 202,33 ± 9.82 y 456,78 ± 35,01 en los grupos control y estudio, respectivamente (p <0,05). El análisis del electrolito sérico y los niveles de inmunoglobulina E no mostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los dos grupos (p> 0,05). El estudio mostró que la exposición a teléfonos móviles aumentó el número de mastocitos y la desgranulación en la duramadre de las ratas. Se requieren estudios adicionales para evaluar las implicaciones clínicas de estos hallazgos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Phone , Dura Mater/radiation effects , Electromagnetic Fields/adverse effects , Mast Cells/radiation effects , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
14.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 23(2): 97-105, maio-ago. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-996705

ABSTRACT

Os mastócitos são células distribuídas pela maior parte do corpo e são reguladores importantes da resposta inflamatória. Nesse estudo o objetivo foi quantificar os mastócitos presentes em fígado humano normal, com esteatose e com cirrose. Foram utilizadas peças de fígado humano do Laboratório de Patologia Geral da Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro, onde selecionaram 16 peças anatômicas, dividindo-se em três grupos: fígado normal (controle), com esteatose e com cirrose. Realizou-se a confecção de 32 lâminas, as quais foram submetidas à duas colorações, sendo HE para análise histopatológica, e Azul de Toluidina para quantificação de mastócitos. Realizou-se análise estatística e a confecção de gráfico, composto pelo número de mastócitos por campo em cada grupo. Observou-se que o aumento da quantidade de mastócitos presentes é diretamente proporcional ao agravo da doença, sendo que a maior população foi encontrada no processo crônico de cirrose hepática. Portanto, subentende-se que exista uma relação intrínseca entre a presença dos mastócitos e, consequente, agravo do processo fibrótico em humanos, de tal modo que uma célula influencie no funcionamento da outra. Torna-se necessário a realização de mais estudos para esclarecerem de forma detalhada tal interação.


Mast cells are distributed in most tissues of the human body and are key regulators of the inflammatory response. The aim of the study was to quantify the presence of mast cells in healthy human livers and diseased human livers presenting steatosis and cirrhosis. Human liver samples were obtained from the General Pathology Laboratory at the Federal University of Triângulo Mineiro. Sixteen samples were divided into three groups: normal liver (control), steatosis, and cirrhosis. A total of 32 slides were prepared, which were submitted to two stainings, the hematoxylin and eosin (HE) for histopathological analysis, and Toluidine Blue (TB) for mast cell quantification. Statistical analysis and a graph composition were performed, presenting the number of mast cells per field in each group. It was observed that the increase of mast cells is directly proportional to the disease burden, and the greatest increase was found in the population with chronic liver cirrhosis. Therefore, it is understood that there is an intrinsic relationship between the presence of mast cells and the consequent aggravation of the fibrotic process in humans, in such way that one cell influences the functioning of the other. Further studies area necessary in order to clarify such interaction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Wounds and Injuries , Liver , Liver Cirrhosis , Mast Cells , Staining and Labeling , Capillaries , Cytokines , Hepatocytes
15.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 24(2): 20-31, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001861

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study contributes to the understanding of the mechanisms associated with signs and symptoms of tooth eruption, by investigating the presence of mast cells in pericoronal tissues during the intraosseous (Group 1) and submucosal (Group 2) phases of eruption. We compared findings for these two groups with each other and with those for the oral mucosa (Group 3). In each group, 14 specimens were analyzed microscopically after hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemical analysis of c-Kit and tryptase expression. Results revealed that the number and density of mast cells is different in follicular tissues according to the eruption phase, which may mean that: 1) masticatory trauma of the oral mucosa and dental follicles in the submucosa may explain why reduced enamel epithelium exposes enamel to the cells of the connective tissue; 2) exposure of antigenic enamel proteins might correspond to the release of sequestered antigens, which may lead to the interaction of IgE and a greater number of mast cells in the region; and 3) the consequent degranulation and the local release of mediators, such as histamine, leukotrienes, prostaglandins, proteases, cytokines and growth factors, contribute to the understanding of signs and symptoms associated with tooth eruption.


Resumo Para contribuir com a compreensão dos mecanismos relacionados à sintomatologia e aos sinais associados à erupção dentária, investigou-se a presença de mastócitos nos tecidos pericoronários na fase intraóssea (Grupo 1) e submucosa (Grupo 2), comparando-os entre si e com a mucosa bucal (Grupo 3). Em cada grupo, 14 espécimes foram analisados microscopicamente em cortes corados com hematoxilina e eosina, e imunocitoquimicamente marcados com Ckit e Triptase. Pelos resultados obtidos, concluiu-se que a quantidade/densidade dos mastócitos é diferente nos tecidos foliculares de acordo com a fase de erupção, o que permite inferir que: 1) O traumatismo decorrente da mastigação sobre o conjunto "mucosa bucal com o folículo pericoronário na submucosa" pode explicar porque o epitélio reduzido exporia o esmalte às células do tecido conjuntivo; 2) A exposição das proteínas do esmalte com propriedades antigênicas corresponderia à liberação de antígenos sequestrados que levariam à interação de IgE e mastócitos em número aumentado na região; e 3) A consequente degranulação e liberação de mediadores no local, como histamina, leucotrienes, prostaglandinas, proteases, citocinas e fatores de crescimento, contribuem para a compreensão dos sinais e sintomatologia atribuídos à erupção dentária.


Subject(s)
Tooth Eruption , Mast Cells , Cell Count , Cytokines , Tryptases
16.
Neotrop. ichthyol ; 17(4): e190025, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1056800

ABSTRACT

In Colombia the use of glyphosate commercial formulations (Roundup™) for spraying have left deleterious effects on animals and humans. Much of this spraying takes place at the Orinoco basin, habitat of one of the most exported ornamental fish in Colombia, Cardinal neon. To evaluate the effect of Roundup Activo™ four experimental treatments were carried out with 0 mg/L (T1), 0.1 mg/L (T2), 1 mg/L (T3) and 5 mg/L (T4) during 30 days of exposure. The fishes were processed for high-resolution optical microscopy. The main finding of Roundup Activo™ exposure was an increase in mast cells number in brain blood vessels and some neuronal nuclei of the preoptic and posterior diencephalic areas, including hypothalamus. A correlation between concentrations and mast cells number was observed, with the largest mast cells number in T4 treatment. Mast cells presence is a stress benchmark, suggesting the beginning of allergic, inflammatory and apoptotic events. Presence of mast cells in these brain areas may lead to alterations on reproduction, visual and olfactory information integration among other processes. These alterations may result in diminished survival, affecting the conservation of this species in its natural habitat.(AU)


En Colombia, el uso de formulaciones comerciales de glifosato (Roundup™) para la fumigación ha producido efectos nocivos en animales y humanos. Gran parte de esta fumigación se realiza en la cuenca del Orinoco, hábitat de uno de los peces ornamentales más exportados de Colombia, el Neón Cardenal. Para evaluar el efecto de Roundup Activo™ se realizó un experimento con cuatro tratamientos 0 mg/L (T1), 0,1 mg/L (T2), 1 mg/L (T3) y 5 mg/L (T4) durante 30 días. Los peces fueron procesados para microscopía óptica de alta resolución. El principal hallazgo fue el aumento del número de mastocitos en los vasos sanguíneos cerebrales y algunos núcleos neuronales del área preóptica y diencefálica posterior, incluido el hipotálamo. Identificamos una correlación entre las concentraciones y el número de mastocitos, que alcanzó su máximo en T4. La presencia de mastocitos evidencia estrés, promoviendo eventos alérgicos, inflamatorios y apoptóticos. La presencia de mastocitos en estas áreas del cerebro puede llevar a alteraciones en la reproducción e integración de la información visual y olfativa entre otros procesos. Estas alteraciones pueden resultar en una disminución de la supervivencia, afectando la conservación de esta especie en su hábitat natural.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Characiformes/physiology , Mast Cells/cytology , Herbicides
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773650

ABSTRACT

This paper was aimed to establish screening methods of anaphylactoid reaction caused by safflower yellow for injection based on RBL-2 H3 cell degranulation model and mice model for acute anaphylactoid reaction,and evaluate the hypersensitivity caused by safflower yellow for injection from different batches. An in vitro cell model was used to keep the cells stimulated for an hour with different batches of safflower yellow for injection as the drug group,serum-free MEM medium as negative control group and 30 mg·L-1 C48/80 as positive control group respectively. The supernatant was then absorbed,and neutral red staining technique was used to detect the effect of safflower yellow injection on the degranulation of RBL-2 H3 cells with the positive cell rate of degranulation as the indicator.An in vivo model was established to validate the experimental results,and mice model for acute anaphylactoid reaction and ELISA method were adopted to detect the plasma histamine content,and screen the hypersensitivity caused by safflower yellow for injection at the animal level by using plasma histamine content as a test index. The results of the neutral red staining experiments showed that the positive control C48/80 could cause cell degranulation,and most of the cells were deeply stained. There was significant difference in positive cell rate between different batches of safflower yellow and positive control group. In the mice model for acute anaphylactoid reaction,it was found that the positive control C48/80 significantly increased the histamine content in the plasma of mice,while the safflower yellow in each batch did not cause a significant increase in plasma histamine( P<0. 000 1). The mechanism of anaphylactoid reaction is relatively complicated. This study was mainly based on the release of histamine and other active substances by degranulation of mast cells. No significant degranulation reaction of RBL-2 H3 cells induced by safflower yellow for injection was detected,nor was the plasma histamine level significantly increased in mice from the in vitro and in vivo aspects.


Subject(s)
Anaphylaxis , Animals , Cell Degranulation , Cells, Cultured , Chalcone , Histamine , Blood , Mast Cells , Mice
18.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 645-656, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777146

ABSTRACT

Mast cells are widely distributed in various parts of the body, especially in the mucosal surface between the body and the external environment. Mast cell is one of the important immune cells and plays important roles in innate immunity, adaptive immunity and immune regulation. Previous researches have shown that excessive activation of mast cells is closely related to the development of allergic and inflammatory diseases such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, food allergies, acute and chronic itching. Mast cells infiltrate into the inflammation site and release various allergic mediators during the occurrence and development of these diseases. Therefore, termination of mast cell activation can be one of the effective methods for the treatment of allergic and inflammatory diseases, and receptors related to mast cell activation are potential targets for the development of anti-allergic drugs. There are many receptors related to mast cell activation, and the effects mediated by different receptors varied from each other. In the recent years, new mast cell receptors are being discovered, but there are not many literatures discussing the possible functions of these newly discovered receptors. This review aims to summarize the receptors involved in mast cell activation and classify related receptors according to their effects.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Allergy and Immunology , Immunity, Innate , Inflammation , Allergy and Immunology , Mast Cells , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775081

ABSTRACT

A girl, aged 15 months, attended the hospital due to recurrent skin erythema, blisters, and desquamation for more than 7 months. Giemsa staining and immunohistochemical staining showed mast cell infiltration and degranulation. Hematoxylin staining showed spinous layer edema and blister formation under the epidermis, with a large amount of serous fluid and a small number of inflammatory cells in the blister. Marked edema was observed in the dermis, with diffused mononuclear cell infiltration. The girl was diagnosed with mastocytosis. Mastocytosis should be considered for children with recurrent skin erythema and blisters.


Subject(s)
Blister , Female , Humans , Infant , Mast Cells , Skin
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763013

ABSTRACT

Mast cells are the most prominent effector cells of Type 1 hypersensitivity immune responses. CYC116 [4-(2-amino-4-methyl-1,3-thiazol-5-yl)-N-[4-(morpholin-4-yl)phenyl] pyrimidin-2-amine] is under development to be used as an anti-cancer drug, but the inhibitory effects of CYC116 on the activation of mast cells and related allergy diseases have not reported as of yet. In this study, we demonstrated, for the first time, that CYC116 inhibited the degranulation of mast cells by antigen stimulation (IC₅₀, ∼1.42 µM). CYC116 also inhibited the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines including TNF-α (IC₅₀, ∼1.10 µM), and IL-6 (IC₅₀, ∼1.24 µM). CYC116 inhibited the mast cell-mediated allergic responses, passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (ED50, ∼22.5 mg/kg), and passive systemic anaphylaxis in a dose-dependent manner in laboratory experiments performed on mice. Specifically, CYC116 inhibited the activity of Fyn in mast cells and inhibited the activation of Syk and Syk-dependent signaling proteins including LAT, PLCγ, Akt, and MAP kinases. Our results suggest that CYC116 could be used as an alternative therapeutic medication for mast cell-mediated allergic disorders, such as atopic dermatitis and allergic rhinitis.


Subject(s)
Anaphylaxis , Animals , Cytokines , Dermatitis, Atopic , Hypersensitivity , Interleukin-6 , Mast Cells , Mice , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Phosphotransferases , Rhinitis, Allergic
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