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1.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; jun. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | SaludCR, LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1520870

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Na neoplasia de mama ocorrem inúmeras transformações na vida da pessoa acometida e de todas as pessoas próximas, sentimentos como medo, angústia e tristeza. Diante disso, a identificação dos métodos usados para enfrentar a neoplasia de mama faz-se crucial, visto que proporciona melhor vivência desse momento por parte da mulher e de todos os envolvidos. Objetivo: Compreender as formas de enfrentamento do câncer de mama por meio do discurso de participantes de um grupo de apoio. Metodologia: Pesquisa descritiva com abordagem qualitativa realizada com 10 mulheres que participam de um grupo geral de apoio, localizado em um município da Paraíba, Brasil. Para a coleta de dados, utilizou-se entrevista semiestruturada, e como processo metodológico para a análise dos dados, o Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo. Resultados: Foi possível a compreensão de três ideias centrais em relação às formas de enfrentamento do câncer de mama: ''Ancoragem na fé e espiritualidade''; ''Suporte familiar''; e ''Grupo de apoio''. Conclusão: O estudo atingiu seu objetivo de identificar as principais formas de enfrentamento do câncer de mama por mulheres mastectomizadas, podendo elucidar a importância da fé e espiritualidade, o suporte familiar e a participação em grupos de apoio por meio do discurso das participantes.


Introducción: Con el cáncer de mama se producen numerosos cambios en la vida de la persona afectada y de las personas cercanas, en los que se manifiestan sentimientos como el miedo, la angustia y la tristeza. Ante eso, la identificación de los métodos utilizados para enfrentar el cáncer de mama es crucial, ya que permite una mejor vivencia de ese momento para la mujer y los involucrados. Objetivo: Comprender las formas de afrontamiento del cáncer de mama, a través del discurso de mujeres mastectomizadas en un grupo de apoyo. Metodología: Investigación descriptiva con enfoque cualitativo realizada con 10 mujeres que participan en un grupo de apoyo, ubicado en un municipio de Paraíba, Brasil. Para la recolección de datos, se utilizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas. Además, como proceso metodológico de análisis de datos, se aplicó el Discurso Colectivo del Sujeto. Resultados: Fue posible comprender tres ideas centrales sobre las formas de enfrentamiento del cáncer de mama: ''Anclaje en la fe y la espiritualidad''; ''Apoyo familiar''y ''Grupo de apoyo''. Conclusión: El estudio alcanzó su objetivo de identificar las principales formas de enfrentamiento del cáncer de mama por parte de las mujeres con mastectomía. Se pudo dilucidar la importancia de la fe y la espiritualidad, el apoyo familiar y la participación en grupos de apoyo, a través del discurso de las participantes.


Introduction: When facing breast cancer, patients and their loving ones experiment many changes in their lives filled with feelings such as fear, anguish, and sadness. In the light of this, the identification of the coping methods used to face breast cancer is crucial to provide a better experience for all those involved. Objective: To understand the ways of coping with breast cancer through the discourse of mastectomized women in a support group. Methodology: Descriptive research with a qualitative approach carried out with 10 women who participate in a support group, located in a municipality in Paraíba, Brasil. For data collection, semi-structured interviews were conducted and as a methodological process for data analysis, the Collective Subject Discourse was used. Results: It was possible to understand three central coping mechanisms: ''Anchoring in faith and spirituality''; ''Family support'', and ''Support group''. Conclusion: The study reached its objective of identifying the main ways of coping with breast cancer by women who had mastectomies, their discourse highlighted the importance of faith and spirituality, the support of their families, and their participation in support groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Self-Help Groups , Breast Neoplasms/psychology , Spirituality , Brazil , Mastectomy/psychology
2.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 29(1): 24-31, 20230000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1428575

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La reconstrucción mamaria inmediata con implantes prepectorales permite realizar la mastectomía oncológica con un resultado estético en un solo tiempo quirúrgico y con menor morbilidad del área dadora. Las indicaciones son precisas, en directa relación con las condiciones de la mastectomía. Material y métodos. Se presentan 83 pacientes en el período comprendido entre febrero de 2020 a febrero de 2022 con mastectomías uni- y bilaterales, con conservación del complejo areola-pezón los cuales fueron injertados en 7 casos. La incisión en surco submamario se realizó en 60 casos, radiada externa en 8 casos, vertical en 8 casos y 7 casos con patrón de reducción en el Instituto Oncológico Alexander Fleming. Los criterios de exclusión que utilizamos son tumores mamarios a menos de 1 cm del complejo areola pezón y tumores localmente avanzados. Resultados. En total se realizaron 98 mastectomías, de las cuales 86 fueron terapéuticas y 12 profilácticas por mutaciones genéticas. La extracción de ganglios se realizó por una incisión axilar, excepto en el patrón de reducción donde se realizó a través de la incisión de la mastectomía. En 42 pacientes se utilizaron implantes anatómicos y en 56 casos redondos texturizados. El seguimiento de las pacientes fue a 25 meses. Conclusión. La reconstrucción mamaria prepectoral lleva a la reconstrucción de la mama en el mismo espacio con una baja morbilidad y resultado natural. Las indicaciones para esta técnica deben ser muy precisas para lograr obtener los resultados deseados. En nuestra experiencia, la reconstrucción mamaria inmediata con implante directo es una técnica segura y reproducible, con excelentes resultados en pacientes en las que está debidamente indicada la técnica, con una baja tasa de complicaciones y disminución en el tiempo de tratamiento y de recuperación.


Introduction. Immediate breast reconstruction with pre pectoral implants allows to perform oncologic mastectomy with an aesthetic result in a single surgical time and with less morbidity of the donor area. The indications are precise and directly related to the conditions of the mastectomy. Material and methods. We present 83 patients in the period from February 2020 to February 2022 with uni and bilateral mastectomies, with preservation of the nipple-areola complex which was grafted in 7 cases. The incision in the submammary sulcus was performed in 60 cases, external radiated in 8 cases, vertical in 8 cases and 7 with reduction pattern at the Alexander Fleming Oncological Institute. The exclusion criteria we used are breast tumors less than 1 cm from the nipple areola complex and locally advanced tumors. Results. A total of 98 mastectomies were performed, of which 86 were therapeutic and 12 prophylactic for genetic mutations. Node removal was performed through an axillary incision, except in the reduction pattern where it was performed through the mastectomy incision. Anatomical implants were used in 42 patients and textured round implants in 56 cases. The follow-up of the patients was 25 months. Conclusion. Pre pectoral breast reconstruction leads to reconstruction of the breast in the same space with low morbidity and natural results. The indications for this technique must be very precise to achieve the desired results. In our experience, immediate breast reconstruction with direct implant is a safe and reproductible technique, with excellent results in patients in whom the technique is properly indicated, with a low rate of complications and decrease in treatment and recovery time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pectoralis Muscles , Mammaplasty , Breast Implants , Mastectomy
3.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 14: 1-7, mar. 20, 2023. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1433714

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever diagnósticos de Enfermagem baseados nos discursos de mulheres sobre a repercussão do câncer mamário e mastectomia. Métodos: Trata-se de pesquisa descritiva, com abordagem qualitativa, realizada em uma Organização Não Governamental (ONG) no município de João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil. O universo amostral foi composto por todas as 15 mulheres mastectomizadas durante os meses de setembro e outubro de 2017. Essas mulheres responderam um roteiro de entrevista semiestruturada. A análise dos dados qualitativos foi norteada pela Técnica de Análise de Conteúdo proposta por Bardin. Após a delimitação das categorias, foram construídos diagnósticos de Enfermagem por meio da Classificação Internacional da Prática de Enfermagem (CIPE)®. Resultados: Foram identificadas três categorias temáticas: Sentimentos experenciados após diagnóstico de câncer e realização da mastectomia; Modificações biológicas e psicológicas após a mastectomia; Resiliência diante do sofrimento. Os diagnósticos de Enfermagem elencados foram: angústia, bem-estar prejudicado, bem-estar espiritual prejudicado, autoestima alterada, autoimagem alterada, capacidade de autocuidado prejudicada, dificuldades diárias, distúrbio da identidade pessoal, insatisfação com a vida e o corpo. Conclusão: é necessário enfatizar o cuidado no momento de verbalizar o diagnóstico, a escuta diante do outro e a percepção das mulheres diante do processo de adoecimento. (AU)


Objective: To describe nursing diagnoses based on women's discourse on the repercussions of breast cancer and mastectomy. Methods: This is a descriptive research, with a qualitative approach, carried out in a Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) in the city of João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil. The sample universe was composed of all 15 women undergoing mastectomy during the months of September and October 2017. These women answered a semi-structured interview script. The analysis of qualitative data was guided by the Content Analysis Technique proposed by Bardin. After delimiting the categories, Nursing diagnoses were constructed using the International Classification of Nursing Practice (ICNP) ®. Results: Three thematic categories were identified: Feelings experienced after cancer diagnosis and mastectomy; Biological and psychological changes after mastectomy; Resilience in the face of suffering. The nursing diagnoses listed were anguish, impaired well-being, impaired spiritual well-being, impaired self-esteem, impaired self-image, impaired self-care capacity, daily difficulties, personal identity disorder, dissatisfaction with life and body. Conclusion: it is necessary to emphasize care when verbalizing the diagnosis, listening to the other and the women's perception of the illness process. (AU)


Objetivo: Describir los diagnósticos de enfermería basados en el discurso de las mujeres sobre las repercusiones del cáncer de mama y la mastectomía. Métodos: Se trata de una investigación descriptiva, con enfoque cualitativo, realizada en una Organización No Gubernamental (ONG) en la ciudad de João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil. El universo muestral estuvo compuesto por las 15 mujeres sometidas a mastectomía durante los meses de septiembre y octubre de 2017. Estas mujeres respondieron un guión de entrevista semiestructurado. El análisis de datos cualitativos fue guiado por la Técnica de Análisis de Contenido propuesta por Bardin. Después de delimitar las categorías, los diagnósticos de enfermería se construyeron utilizando la Clasificación Internacional de la Práctica de Enfermería (CIPE) ®. Resultados: Se identificaron tres categorías temáticas: sentimientos experimentados después del diagnóstico de cáncer y mastectomía; Cambios biológicos y psicológicos después de la mastectomía; Resiliencia ante el sufrimiento. Los diagnósticos de enfermería enumerados fueron angustia, deterioro del bienestar, deterioro del bienestar espiritual, deterioro de la autoestima, deterioro de la autoimagen, deterioro de la capacidad de autocuidado, dificultades diarias, trastorno de la identidad personal, insatisfacción con la vida y el cuerpo. Conclusion: es necesario enfatizar el cuidado al verbalizar el diagnóstico, escuchar al otro y la percepción de la mujer sobre el proceso de la enfermedad. (AU)


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Nursing Diagnosis , Mastectomy
4.
Mastology (Online) ; 33: e2023002, 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1517539

ABSTRACT

This is a comment on a study recently published about peritumoral infiltration of local anesthetic before surgery in early breast cancer. Previously, animal models and a randomized study for stage IV breast cancer patients inferred that the removal of the primary tumor resulted in increased growth factors and worse distant disease control. Therefore, breast cancer surgery might not be a strictly local intervention. In this new randomized study, the intervention was a peritumoral infiltration of local anesthetic ­ lidocaine 0.5% in the six tumor margins, as an attempt to limit the systemic repercussions of surgery. Although the adjuvant treatment available for the study seems outdated, leading us to question the external validation, limited resources may have increased the power of surgery. Unknown mechanisms during surgery can change the patient's journey, and it is our duty to look at surgical studies with due seriousness


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Anesthesia/adverse effects , Mastectomy , Neoplasm Invasiveness
5.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 69(4): e-254470, out-dez. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1526059

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O tratamento do câncer de mama pode gerar uma gama de comprometimentos físicos e psicológicos. A literatura atual sustenta que exercícios de amplitude livre permitem às pacientes boa recuperação funcional do ombro sem aumentar risco de complicações, e que exercícios resistidos progressivos são recomendados. Não há comprovação de que procedimentos no braço aumentem o risco de linfedema. Objetivo: Avaliar o conhecimento dos profissionais fisioterapeutas não especialistas nas áreas de oncologia e saúde da mulher quanto à conduta realizada em pacientes no período pós-operatório de câncer de mama. Método: Estudo observacional transversal, com dados coletados por questionário autopreenchido, sobre a atuação do fisioterapeuta em pacientes no período pós-operatório de câncer de mama. Resultados: Participaram do estudo 44 profissionais, 50,0% dos quais já haviam atendido pacientes em pós-operatório de câncer de mama, 47,7% acreditam que pacientes devem realizar mobilização ativa de membros superiores em até 90º de amplitude, não ultrapassando a linha do ombro em cirurgias sem reconstrução imediata, e 25% orientaram restrição a qualquer tipo de carga e/ou exercícios resistidos até liberação médica. A maior parte dos profissionais participantes da pesquisa orienta a não aferição de pressão arterial no membro homolateral à cirurgia e não puncionar acesso venoso periférico ou coletar exames no membro. Conclusão: A conduta adotada pela maior parte dos profissionais residentes e assistenciais analisados se baseia em recomendações desatualizadas sobre movimentação de membros, exercícios resistidos e prevenção de linfedema após cirurgia de câncer de mama


Introduction: Breast cancer treatment can cause physical and psychological impairments. The current literature advocates that exercises with free range of motion allow patients good functional recovery of the shoulder without increasing the risk of complications, and that progressive resistance exercises are recommended. There is no evidence that procedures on the arm increase the risk of lymphedema. Objective: To evaluate the knowledge of unskilled oncology and women's health physical therapists regarding the conduct adopted with patients post breast cancer surgery. Method: Prospective cross-sectional observational study carried out with a self-reported questionnaire on the physiotherapist's performance in the postoperative period of breast cancer. Results: Forty-four professionals participated in the study, 50% of which had already assisted patients in the postoperative period of breast cancer, 47.7% believe that patients should perform active mobilization of the upper limbs in up to 90º of amplitude, not exceeding the shoulder line in surgeries without immediate reconstruction and 25% advised restriction to any type of load and/or resistance exercises pending medical approval. Most of the professionals investigated advised not to measure blood pressure in the ipsilateral limb to the surgery and not puncture peripheral venous access or collect exams on the limb. Conclusion: The conduct adopted by most of the resident and caring professionals investigated is based in outdated recommendations on limb movements, resistance exercises and prevention of lymphedema post breast cancer surgery


Introducción: El tratamiento del cáncer de mama puede generar una serie de deterioros físicos y psicológicos. La literatura actual respalda que los ejercicios de amplitud libre permiten a las pacientes una buena recuperación funcional del hombro sin aumentar el riesgo de complicaciones, y que se recomiendan ejercicios de resistencia progresivos. No hay evidencia de que los procedimientos en el brazo aumenten el riesgo de linfedema. Objetivo:Evaluar el conocimiento de fisioterapeutas no especialistas en las áreas de oncología y salud de la mujer, sobre la conducta realizada a pacientes en el posoperatorio de cáncer de mama. Método: Estudio observacional transversal, con datos recogidos a través de un cuestionario autocompletado, sobre el papel de los fisioterapeutas en pacientes en el posoperatorio de cáncer de mama. Resultados: Participaron del estudio 44 profesionales, el 50,0% de los cuales ya había atendido a pacientes posoperados de cáncer de mama, el 47,7% cree que los pacientes deben realizar movilizaciones activas de los miembros superiores en hasta 90º de amplitud, no superando la línea del hombro en las cirugías. sin reconstrucción inmediata, y el 25% recomendó restricción a cualquier tipo de carga y/o ejercicios de resistencia hasta aprobación médica. La mayoría de los profesionales que participan en la investigación aconsejan no medir la presión arterial en el miembro ipsilateral a la cirugía y no perforar el acceso venoso periférico ni realizar exámenes en el miembro. Conclusión: La conducta adoptada por la mayoría de los residentes y profesionales asistenciales analizados se basa en recomendaciones obsoletas sobre movimiento de extremidades, ejercicios de resistencia y prevención del linfedema tras la cirugía de cáncer de mama


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms , Physical Therapy Specialty , Exercise Therapy , Mastectomy
6.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1827-1827, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010602

ABSTRACT

The Breast Cancer Surgery Operative Standards Consensus Conference aimed to establish industry technical standards and improve breast cancer surgery practices by addressing controversial and operative breast cancer surgery-related issues in clinical practice.The conference was led by the Breast Oncoplastic and Reconstruction Branch of Guangdong Medical Industry Association (GMIA) and involved 85 breast surgeons with expertise in breast cancer conserving, oncoplastic, and reconstructive surgery.Consensus was reached through 3 meetings.The first meeting brought up the topics of interest, and evidence summaries were presented for debate during the second meeting; the third meeting was held to reach consensus recommendation for selected topics.Pre-defined consensus criteria required that the consensus was reached only when more than 70% of the panelists agreed on the topic.Out of the 57 questions set for voting, 11 operative standards were recommended as Preferred, and one was recommended as Considered.Preferred operative standards included surgical details in breast conserving surgery, mastectomy, reconstructive surgery, surgical treatment of phyllodes tumor.Selected topics that did not reach consensus among the panelists were also discussed.These Preferred operative standards could help guide clinical surgical practice in routine patient care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Mastectomy , Breast Neoplasms , Mastectomy, Segmental , Mammaplasty , Breast
7.
Mastology (Online) ; 332023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1443725

ABSTRACT

Erysipelas is often related to lymphedema, which can occur in up to 60% of cases, with advanced age, radiotherapy, tumor extension, surgical approach, and infections as risk factors. The aim of this study was to present and discuss a series of cases of erysipelas after breast cancer surgery treated in a private mastology clinic over the past ten years. This is a retrospective horizontal cohort study in which we selected all cases of erysipelas after breast cancer surgery from 2009 to 2019. The following were evaluated: number of patients treated with a diagnosis of breast carcinoma with axillary approach, age, surgery performed, adjuvant treatment and treatment of erysipelas, presence of lymphedema, and measurement of circumferences between both arms and associated diseases. A total of 12 cases of breast cancer were treated. In 66.66% of cases, a radical axillary lymphadenectomy was performed, and in 16.66% of cases, only a sentinel lymph node investigation was performed. The average age was 67.6 years. Erysipelas appeared, on average, 43 months after cancer diagnosis. Two deaths were reported due to severe erysipelas leading to sepsis. More studies are still needed on the subject. Of the 12 cases in this study, eight (66.66%) were associated with lymphedema. Only two (16.66%) of the patients in this group who developed erysipelas were not submitted to axillary dissection. The treatment for 50% of the participants in this research was with penicillin G benzathine. There were three relapses, and two patients died during the research period


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Erysipelas/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Breast Neoplasms, Male/surgery , Mastectomy
8.
Mastology (Online) ; 332023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442407

ABSTRACT

Using the serratus anterior fascia may be a safe and effective option to recreate the lateral breast profile during subpectoral breast reconstruction, with minimal functional impact on the donor site. However, the literature is scarce when it comes to studies on this fascia flap in implant-based reconstruction. This article aimed to review the use of the serratus anterior fascia in immediate implant-based breast reconstruction, searching the electronic databases PubMed, Embase, Lilacs, and SciELO. The search was carried out by combining the following keywords: 'breast reconstruction' and 'serratus anterior fascia'. In the Pubmed and Embase databases, the search yielded a total of 12 and 15 articles, respectively, of which seven were selected according to the scope of this article. We found no studies on serratus anterior fascia and breast reconstruction in the Lilacs and SciELO databases. All works have results favorable for the use of the serratus anterior fascia flap and agree that this technique can be considered in the algorithm for the coverage of the inferolateral portion during subpectoral breast reconstruction


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Fascia/transplantation , Intermediate Back Muscles/transplantation , Mastectomy
9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 100-106, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970192

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To establish a newly-designed scoring system for breast imaging-reporting and data system (BI-RADS) 4 and 5 breast lesions only visible on MRI, and to examine their clinical pathway of biopsy. Methods: The BI-RADS 4 and 5 breast lesions only visible on MRI but not suspected on mammograms or ultrasound between June 2007 and December 2021 at Beijing Hospital were evaluated retrospectively. A total of 209 lesions from 184 patients were finally included. All patients were female, aged (50±11) years (range: 27 to 76 years). All lesions were confirmed by pathology and divided into malignancy and non-malignancy. The lesions were divided into mass and non-mass type using BI-RADS. The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the new scoring system. Four types of pathology-obtaining pathway were used: biopsy guided by second-look ultrasound, local excision guided by lesion position information on MRI, intraductal lesion excision guided by methylene blue stain and mastectomy. The data between mass and non-mass lesions were compared by Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test or Fisher exact test,respectively. Results: There were 124 malignant and 85 non-malignant lesions, while 100 mass and 109 non-mass lessions. The sizes between mass and non-mass lesions showed significant difference(M(IQR)) (7.0 (3.0) mm vs. 25.0 (25.0) mm, U=568.000, P<0.01) and their BI-RADS diagnostic accuracy had no significant difference (53.0% (53/100) vs. 65.1% (71/109), χ2=3.184, P=0.074). The areas under ROC curve of the new scoring system for evaluating mass and non-mass were 0.841 and 0.802, respectively. When taking Score 3 as threshold, it can potentially avoid 14.0% (14/100) and 4.6% (5/109) of biopsies in mass and non-mass, respectively. As to pathway of obtaining pathology, second-look ultrasound succeeded more easily in mass than non-mass (41.0% (41/100) vs.26.6% (29/109), χ2=4.851, P=0.028). More MRI-guided local excisions were performed in non-mass than mass (52.3% (57/109) vs. 34.0% (34/100), χ2=7.100, P=0.008). Conclusions: For suspicious breast lesions detected by MRI but not suspected on X-ray or ultrasound, the new scoring system can further increase diagnostic accuracy. The second-look ultrasound plays an important role for obtaining pathology, especially for mass-type lesion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Retrospective Studies , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Mastectomy , Radiography , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
10.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 514-518, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984751

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the oncologic and surgical safety of the fused fascia method for immediate breast reconstruction with implants. Methods: The clinical data of 343 patients with immediate breast reconstruction with implants in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital from 2014-2017 were retrospectively analyzed to compare the 5-year local recurrence-free survival, 5-year disease-free survival and 5-year overall survival of patients with breast reconstruction by fusion fascia and other methods, and to analyze the complication incidences of implant removal between different implant groups. Results: Of the 343 patients with breast reconstruction, 95 were in the fused fascia group (fascia group) and 248 were in the non-fascia group (25 in the bovine pericardial patch group and 223 in the muscle flap group). At a median follow-up of 49 months, the differences in 5-year local recurrence-free survival (90.1% and 94.9%, respectively), 5-year disease-free survival (89.2% and 87.6%, respectively), and 5-year overall survival (95.2% and 95.1%, respectively) between patients in the fascial and non-fascial groups were not statistically significant (P>0.05). The complication incidence of implant removal was 24.0% (6/25) in the patch group and 2.1% (2/95) and 2.2% (5/223) in the fascia and muscle flap groups, respectively. Conclusion: Immediate breast reconstruction with fused fascial combined with implant is safe and feasible, less invasive than muscle flaps, more economical and with fewer complications than patches.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cattle , Female , Mastectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Breast Implants/adverse effects , Feasibility Studies , Mammaplasty/methods , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Treatment Outcome , Postoperative Complications/surgery
11.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 38(4)dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1449937

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La mastectomía es una transformación dolorosa, con diversas repercusiones emocionales. La mujer que se enfrenta a este proceso a consecuencia del cáncer, se encuentra en una posición difícil, con pocas opciones, al considerar las posibilidades de continuar con su existencia y los cambios que esto implica. Objetivo: Conocer los cambios de estilo de vida que experimentan las mujeres con cáncer de mama después de la mastectomía. Métodos: Estudio cualitativo con diseño interpretativo, realizado en la Unidad de Oncología del Hospital Regional de Lambayeque, Chiclayo, Perú, de enero a junio de 2021. Por muestreo no probabilístico, fueron seleccionadas seis mujeres mastectomizadas, mayores de 18 años, con seguimiento en consulta mayor de un año y un familiar conviviente mayor de 18 años. Los datos se obtuvieron mediante entrevista semiestructurada y fueron analizados según el modelo de adaptación de Callista Roy. Resultados: La información recogida se categorizó, en correspondencia a cada elemento del modelo de adaptación de Callista Roy, en: necesidad fisiológica, cambios en la alimentación, dominio de rol, cambios en el rol de madre y esposa, y en interdependencia: las relaciones con los que la rodean (amigos, familia) y el aspecto laboral-profesional. Se destacaron cambios drásticos en la selección de alimentos, aislamiento, reducción de actividades; efecto en la carga laboral; importancia del apoyo familiar. Conclusión: El cáncer y la mastectomía exigen adaptaciones en la paciente y la familia. Sin embargo, ocurren transformaciones afectivas, que mueven sentimientos, valoración, admiración y acercamiento, que refuerzan los vínculos de pareja, familiares y de amigos, tan necesarios para lidiar con el proceso(AU)


Introduction: Mastectomy is a painful transformation, with diverse emotional repercussions. The woman who faces this process as a consequence of cancer finds herself in a difficult position, with few options, when considering the possibilities of continuing with her existence and the changes this implies. Objective: To know the lifestyle changes experienced by women with breast cancer after mastectomy. Methods: Qualitative study with interpretative design, conducted in the Oncology Unit of the Regional Hospital of Lambayeque, Chiclayo, Peru, from January to June 2021. By non-probabilistic sampling, six mastectomized women, older than 18 years, with a follow-up in consultation of more than one year and a cohabiting relative older than 18 years were selected. The data were obtained by semi-structured interview and were analyzed according to Callista Roy's adaptation model. Results: The information collected was categorized, according to each element of Callista Roy's adaptation model, as follows: physiological need, changes in diet, role dominance, changes in the role of mother and wife, and interdependence: relationships with those around her (friends, family) and the work-professional aspect. Drastic changes in food selection, isolation, reduction of activities; effect on workload; importance of family support were highlighted. Conclusion: Cancer and mastectomy require adaptations in the patient and family. However, emotional transformations occur, which move feelings, appreciation, admiration and closeness, which reinforce the couple, family and friends bonds, so necessary to deal with the process(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Breast Neoplasms/etiology , Mastectomy/adverse effects , Family Relations
13.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(1): 176-181, 20221230. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1417733

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El angiosarcoma primario de la mama es una neoplasia maligna derivada de las células endoteliales de los vasos sanguíneos, potencialmente agresiva independientemente de su grado histológico, por lo que su pronóstico es malo. Su diagnóstico prequirúrgico es difícil, ya que las características clínicas e imagenológicas son inespecíficas, y el diagnóstico definitivo únicamente se realiza por estudios de patología. Para su tratamiento generalmente se requiere de resección quirúrgica, radioterapia y, ocasionalmente, quimioterapia.Caso clínico. Paciente de 49 años sin antecedentes, que consultó por cuadro clínico de 5 meses de evolución de aparición y rápido crecimiento de masa en mama izquierda. Se realizaron estudios imagenológicos que reportaron lesión BIRADS 4a y diagnóstico histológico de lesión vascular con atipía, por lo cual fue llevada a mastectomía simple, con informe final de patología de angiosarcoma primario de mama; tuvo que ser reintervenida por márgenes positivos. Completó 33 ciclos de radioterapia y dos años después de la cirugía presentó cambios inflamatorios en la cicatriz quirúrgica, de la cual se tomó biopsia con reporte de lesión vascular atípica, por lo que fue operada nuevamente, con reporte histológico negativo para angiosarcoma residual. Actualmente la paciente está en seguimiento imagenológico, sin evidencia de recaída tumoral. Conclusión. Los angiosarcomas primarios de la mama son neoplasias raras y muy agresivas, independientemente de su grado histológico, por lo cual es importante hacer un diagnóstico histológico y tratamiento oncológico oportunos.


Introduction. Primary breast angiosarcoma is a malignant pathology derived from the endothelial cells of the blood vessels of the breast. They are potentially aggressive regardless of histological grade, reason why its prognosis is poor and treatment requires surgical resection plus radiation therapy and occasionally chemotherapy depending on the degree. Its pre-surgical diagnosis is difficult since the clinical and imaging characteristics are nonspecific, and the definitive diagnosis is only made by means of pathology studies. Clinical case. A 49-year-old patient was admitted to the breast surgery outpatient clinic due to clinical symptoms of 5 months of evolution consisting of the appearance of a painful mass in the left breast. Imaging of the lesion with ultrasound report BIRADS 4a and a tricot biopsy was taken with histological diagnosis of vascular lesion with atypia. It was decided to take the patient to a simple mastectomy, with a final report of breast angiosarcoma but with a margin compromised by a tumor for which she was reoperated. She received 33 cycles of radiotherapy and continued in follow-up for two years. During this period, the patient presented inflammatory changes in the surgical scar for which a punch biopsy was done with histological report of vascular atypical lesion. Surgical resection was performed with final report of negative pathology for residual angiosarcoma. Nowadays the patient continues imaging follow-up without evidence of a tumour relapse. Conclusion. Primary breast angiosarcomas are a rare malignant pathology, very aggressive regardless of its histological grade, for which it is important to perform a timely histological diagnosis and oncological treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Hemangiosarcoma , Radiotherapy , Breast Neoplasms , Immunohistochemistry , Mastectomy
14.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 44(11): 1052-1058, Nov. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423273

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) has been traditionally used in selected cases with tumor-to-nipple distance > 2 cm and negative frozen section of the base of the nipple. Recommending NSM in unselected populations remains controversial. The present study evaluated the oncological outcomes of patients submitted to NSM in an unselected population seen at a single center. Methods This retrospective cohort study included unselected patients with invasive carcinoma or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) who underwent NSM in 2010 to 2020. The endpoints were locoregional recurrence, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS), irrespective of tumor size or tumor-to-nipple distance. Results Seventy-six patients (mean age 46.1 years) (58 invasive carcinomas/18 DCIS) were included. The most invasive carcinomas were hormone-positive (60%) (HER2 overexpression: 24%; triple-negative: 16%), while 39% of DCIS were high-grade. Invasive carcinomas were T2 in 66% of cases, with axillary metastases in 38%. Surgical margins were all negative. All patients with invasive carcinoma received systemic treatment and 38% underwent radiotherapy. After a mean of 34.8 months, 3 patients with invasive carcinoma (5.1%) and 1 with DCIS (5.5%) had local recurrence. Two patients had distant metastasis and died during follow-up. The 5-year OS and DFS rates for invasive carcinoma were 98% and 83%, respectively. Conclusion In unselected cases, the 5-year oncological outcomes following NSM were found to be acceptable and comparable to previous reports. Further studies are required.


Resumo Objetivo A mastectomia poupadora do complexo areolo-mamilar (MPM) tem sido tradicionalmente utilizada em casos selecionados com distância tumor-mamilo > 2 cm e biópsia de congelação da base do mamilo negativa. Recomendar MPM em populações não selecionadas continua controverso. Este estudo avaliou os resultados oncológicos de pacientes submetidas à MPM em uma população não selecionada atendida em um único centro. Métodos Coorte retrospectivo incluindo pacientes não selecionadas com carcinoma invasivo ou carcinoma ductal in situ (CDIS) submetidas à MPM entre 2010 e 2020. Os desfechos incluíram: recorrência locorregional, sobrevida livre de doença (SLD) e sobrevida global (SG), independentemente do tamanho do tumor ou da distância tumor-mamilo. Resultados Setenta e seis pacientes (média: 46,1 anos de idade) (58 carcinomas invasivos/18 CDIS) foram incluídas. A maioria dos carcinomas invasivos era hormônio-positivo (60%) (superexpressão de HER2: 24%; triplo-negativo: 16%), enquanto 39% dos CDIS eram de alto grau histológico. Os carcinomas invasivos foram T2 em 66% dos casos, com metástases axilares em 38%. As margens cirúrgicas foram todas negativas. Todas as pacientes com carcinoma invasivo receberam tratamento sistêmico e 38% receberam radioterapia. Após um período médio de 34,8 meses, 3 pacientes com carcinoma invasivo (5,1%) e 1 com CDIS (5,5%) apresentaram recidiva local. Durante o acompanhamento, duas pacientes tiveram metástase à distância e vieram a óbito. As taxas de SG e SLD aos 5 anos para carcinoma invasivo foram de 98% e 83%, respectivamente. Conclusão Em casos não selecionados, os resultados oncológicos de 5 anos após MPM foram considerados aceitáveis e comparáveis a resultados anteriores. Estudos adicionais são necessários.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms , Mastectomy, Segmental , Mastectomy, Subcutaneous , Mastectomy
15.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 72(5): 587-592, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420583

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Breast cancer surgery is associated with considerable acute post-surgical pain and restricted mobility. Various regional and neuraxial anesthesia techniques have been used to alleviate post-mastectomy pain. Ultrasound-guided serratus anterior plane block (SAPB) has been considered a simple and safe technique. This randomized control study was performed to compare the efficacy of SAPB with the thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) for postoperative analgesia after breast cancer surgery. Methods A total of 40 adult ASA physical status I - II female patients undergoing radical mastectomy were randomly allocated into two groups to receive either ultrasound-guided TPVB or SAPB with 0.4 mL.kg-1 0.5% ropivacaine, 30 min before surgery. All patients received standardized general anesthesia for surgery. Injection diclofenac and tramadol were used for postoperative rescue analgesia. The time to first rescue analgesia, total analgesic consumption in the first 24 hours, postoperative pain scores, and any adverse effects were recorded. Results The time to first rescue analgesia was significantly longer in the SAPB group (255.3 ± 47.8 min) as compared with the TPVB group (146.8 ± 30.4 min) (p< 0.001). Total diclofenac consumption in 24 hours was also less in the SAPB group (138.8 ± 44.0 mg vs 210.0 ± 39.2 mg in SAPB and TPVB group respectively, p< 0.001). Postoperative pain scores were significantly lower in the SAPB group as compared with TPVB group (p< 0.05). The incidence of PONV was also less in the SAPB group (p= 0.028). No block-related adverse effects were reported. Conclusion We found that the serratus anterior plane block was more effective than the thoracic paravertebral block for postoperative analgesia after breast cancer surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Analgesia , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Diclofenac , Ultrasonography, Interventional/methods , Mastectomy/adverse effects
16.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 964-975, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese, French | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399515

ABSTRACT

O câncer de mama é o segundo tipo de câncer mais incidente no mundo. Após o diagnóstico, inúmeras são as alterações e os sentimentos que vêm à tona na vida da mulher, desde a descoberta até a recuperação. Diante disso, objetivou-se analisar os saberes e sentimentos de mulheres mastectomizadas sobre o câncer de mama. Trata-se de estudo descritivo com abordagem qualitativa, realizado no Grupo Amigos do Peito, localizado na cidade de Cajazeiras, estado da Paraíba, Brasil. As participantes do estudo foram dez mulheres que compõem o grupo. Para a coleta de dados utilizou- se de entrevista semiestruturada que foram posteriormente analisadas por meio do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo. A análise dos discursos permitiu a compreensão de três categorias que norteavam sobre saberes e sentimentos vivenciados por mulheres mastectomizadas frente ao câncer, a saber: Fragilidades na definição do câncer de mama; Sentimentos originados pela descoberta da doença; e Sentimentos negativos decorrentes da mastectomia. A própria mulher diagnosticada com a neoplasia não apresenta conhecimento sobre o assunto, porém, expõe características negativas à doença. Além disso, o impacto causado pelo diagnóstico da doença e pelo tratamento cirúrgico é imenso, tendo em vista que a doença traz consigo uma série de transformações na vida, corpo e mente da mulher. Destarte, as mulheres entrevistadas não conseguiam definir a neoplasia da mama com precisão e apresentaram sentimentos negativos relacionados ao câncer e a realização da mastectomia. Contudo, os resultados das ações educativas mostraram-se satisfatórios, e possibilitaram que a mulher se sentisse mais segura e acolhida.


Breast cancer is the second most common type of cancer in the world. After the diagnosis, there are countless changes and feelings that come to light in a woman's life, from discovery to recovery. Therefore, the objective was to analyze the knowledge and feelings of mastectomized women about breast cancer. This is a descriptive study with a qualitative approach, carried out at Grupo Amigos do Peito, located in the city of Cajazeiras, state of Paraíba, Brazil. The study participants were ten women who make up the group. For data collection, semi-structured interviews were used, which were later analyzed through the Collective Subject Discourse. The analysis of the speeches allowed the understanding of three categories that guided the knowledge and feelings experienced by mastectomized women in the face of cancer, namely: Weaknesses in the definition of breast cancer; Feelings caused by the discovery of the disease; and Negative feelings resulting from the mastectomy. The woman diagnosed with the neoplasm does not have knowledge on the subject, however, she exposes negative characteristics to the disease. In addition, the impact caused by the diagnosis of the disease and the surgical treatment is immense, given that the disease brings with it a series of transformations in the woman's life, body and mind. Thus, the women interviewed were not able to define breast cancer precisely and had negative feelings related to cancer and the performance of mastectomy. However, the results of the educational actions proved to be satisfactory, and made it possible for the woman to feel more secure and welcomed.


El cáncer de mama es el segundo tipo de cáncer más frecuente en el mundo. Tras el diagnóstico, son innumerables las alteraciones y sentimientos que afloran en la vida de la mujer, desde el descubrimiento hasta la recuperación. Por lo tanto, este estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar el conocimiento y los sentimientos de las mujeres mastectomizadas sobre el cáncer de mama. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo con enfoque cualitativo, realizado en el Grupo Amigos do Peito, ubicado en la ciudad de Cajazeiras, estado de Paraíba, Brasil. Las participantes en el estudio fueron diez mujeres que componen el grupo. Para la recolección de datos, se utilizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas que posteriormente fueron analizadas a través del Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo. El análisis de los discursos permitió comprender tres categorías que orientaron sobre el conocimiento y los sentimientos experimentados por las mujeres mastectomizadas que se enfrentan al cáncer, a saber Fragilidades en la definición del cáncer de mama; Sentimientos originados por el descubrimiento de la enfermedad; y Sentimientos negativos derivados de la mastectomía. La propia mujer diagnosticada con la neoplasia no presenta conocimientos sobre el tema, sin embargo, expone características negativas a la enfermedad. Además, el impacto causado por el diagnóstico de la enfermedad y el tratamiento quirúrgico es inmenso, teniendo en cuenta que la enfermedad trae consigo una serie de transformaciones en la vida, el cuerpo y la mente de la mujer. Por lo tanto, las mujeres entrevistadas no fueron capaces de definir el cáncer de mama con precisión, y presentaron sentimientos negativos relacionados con el cáncer y con la realización de la mastectomía. Sin embargo, los resultados de las acciones educativas fueron satisfactorios y permitieron a la mujer sentirse más segura y aceptada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Women/psychology , Breast Neoplasms/psychology , Knowledge , Emotions , Mastectomy/psychology , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Women's Health
17.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(4): 426-431, ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407931

ABSTRACT

Resumen El verde de indocianina es un tinte que se ha utilizado en medicina durante varias décadas. Tiene una serie de aplicaciones, incluida la cirugía reconstructiva y las quemaduras. Permite detectar áreas de tejido con perfusión reducida, lo que reduce el riesgo de complicaciones posoperatorias en forma de procesos de cicatrización alterados y necrosis. La técnica de imágenes que utiliza este tinte, permite observar los cambios en la fluorescencia en tiempo real y que, se ha demostrado, ocurren entre las capas superficiales y profundas en las quemaduras. Esto permite un diagnóstico cualitativo y cuantitativo de la profundidad de la quemadura, lo que se traduce en la elección de un tratamiento adicional. Se aprecia la importancia particular de este método en la prevención de la necrosis cutánea con el complejo areola-pezón durante la reconstrucción mamaria simultánea. Se necesitan más ensayos controlados aleatorios prospectivos para considerarlo el "método de elección" en la práctica clínica.


Indocyanine green is a dye that has been used in medicine for several decades. It has a number of applications, including reconstructive surgery and burns. It allows the detection of areas of tissue with reduced perfusion, which reduces the risk of postoperative complications in the form of altered healing processes and necrosis. The imaging technique that uses this dye allows us to observe the changes in fluorescence in real time that have been shown to occur between the superficial and deep layers in burns. This allows a qualitative and quantitative diagnosis of the depth of the burn, which results in the choice of additional treatment. The particular importance of this method in the prevention of skin necrosis with the areolanipple complex is appreciate during simultaneous breast reconstruction. More prospective randomized controlled trials are needed to consider it the 'method of choice' in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Burns/diagnosis , Coloring Agents/therapeutic use , Indocyanine Green/therapeutic use , Wound Healing , Fluorescence , Mastectomy
18.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 37(1): 8-13, jun. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395908

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer in men is a rare pathology. The most common clinical presentation is a palpable and painless retroareolar nodule. In men, it is a rare pathology, there are few studies on the matter, where breast cancer trials frequently exclude men. Objective: to present the incidence of breast cancer in men from the "Regional Hospital of Talca" Method: Retrospective and descriptive study of cases of breast cancer in men who have been treated and followed up in the Breast Pathology Unit of the Regional Hospital of Talca from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2021.Results: There were 9 cases of breast cancer in men. Average age at diagnosis was 63 years, all patients were 50 years of age or older. One hundred percent of patients consulted for a self-palpable breast nodule. Average size on physical examination was 30 mm. The most frequent histology was invasive ductal carcinoma (56%), followed by invasive tubular carcinoma (22%) and ductal carcinoma in situ (11%). Immunohistochemistry was 100% positive for estrogen and progesterone receptor. Surgery in 56% of cases was total mastectomy with axillary dissection, and in 33% it was total mastectomy alone. 4 patients underwent adjuvant treatment with chemotherapy, and just one required a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. During follow-up, only 2 patients died. Conclusion. Breast cancer in men is not very prevalent and the management is extrapolated from large studies in women, we believe that it is essential to have studies in male patients, to really have clarity on the behavior and evolution of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/therapy , Breast Neoplasms, Male/therapy , Mastectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/pathology , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/epidemiology , Combined Modality Therapy , Breast Neoplasms, Male/pathology , Breast Neoplasms, Male/epidemiology , Histology
19.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 28(1): 29-33, 20220000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392329

ABSTRACT

Los grandes defectos torácicos requieren generalmente procedimientos complejos para su reparación; en la mayoría de los casos es necesaria la combinación de tejidos autólogos y materiales protésicos, por lo que constituye un desafío para el cirujano plástico. En nuestra experiencia se presenta una herida compleja de la pared torácica secundaria a exéresis tumoral. En general se dispone de varias opciones reconstructivas para cubrir los defectos resultantes de las amplias escisiones y poder aportar colgajos vascularizados, amplios y voluminosos. A pesar de no disponer en nuestro caso con los tejidos regionales más comúnmente usados, hemos podido dar cobertura a todo el defecto y se ha garantizado una adecuada estabilidad de la pared torácica. Se tuvo como objetivo mostrar la forma en que se realizó la reconstrucción inmediata con la combinación de colgajo de rotación y material protésico. En este artículo se revisa el hemicolgajo dermograso abdominal, la técnica de elevación y sus ventajas e inconvenientes. Se trata de una técnica de gran seguridad, versátil, con pocas secuelas en la zona donante, de tiempo quirúrgico relativamente corto.


Large thoracic defects require complex procedures for repair, in most cases it requires the combination of autologous tissues and prosthetic materials. A complex wound secondary to tumor exeresis was presented in our service. Among the multiple reconstructive options, a rotation and advancement abdominal dermofat hemicolgajo was chosen. Resulting in a technique of great safety, versatile, with little sequel in the donor area, and short surgical time


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Prostheses and Implants , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Thoracic Wall/surgery , Abdominal Fat/transplantation , Myocutaneous Flap/transplantation , Mastectomy/methods
20.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 13-18, Jan. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360716

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the perception of the aesthetic result of breast reconstruction surgery from the perspective of plastic surgeons compared with physicians who are not specialists in plastic surgery. METHODS: Twenty patients who underwent breast reconstruction after mastectomy had their aesthetic results evaluated by 16 plastic surgeons and 16 nonplastic physicians, yielding a total of 620 ratings (320 ratings from plastic surgeons and 320 ratings from other specialists). For all analyses, the level of rejection adopted for the null hypothesis was 5% (p-value <0.05). RESULTS: Significant differences were observed between the two groups. On average, medical professionals who specialized in plastic surgery always obtained higher scores than other physicians. However, no significant differences were found in the assessment of the aesthetic outcome of breast reconstruction according to the sex of the rating medical professional for any of the assessments considered in this study. A strong positive linear correlation between the time since training in the medical specialty of plastic surgery (r=0.750, p=0.001) and the mean aesthetic outcome score was observed in this study. CONCLUSION: Plastic surgeons assessed the aesthetic results of breast reconstruction more positively than nonplastic physicians.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mammaplasty/methods , Surgeons , Esthetics , Mastectomy
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