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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225757, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1366215

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of frozen storage on the physical properties of a silicone-based test food material, highly used to evaluate the masticatory performance in research settings. Methods: A total of 1,666 silicone cubes of Optosil Comfort® with 5.6-mm edges were shaped and stored at -18°C. The cubes were subsequently tested for flexural strength (maximum force, displacement, stress, and strain) before breaking (n = 136), changes in weight and size (n = 170), and masticatory performance (n = 1360) at eight timepoints: immediately after cube preparation (baseline, no freezing), and 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks, and 2, 4 and 6 months after frozen storage. The cubes were thawed 8 h before each assessment. Results: The maximum force, stress, maximum displacement, and deformation values for the cubes were not affected by freezing (P > 0.05). At all of the time points, the cubes exhibited similar weight (P = 0.366) and size (identical values). The masticatory performance for the cubes also showed no differences from baseline through 6 months (P = 0.061). Conclusion: Freezing Optosil Comfort® silicone cubes did not alter the physical and mechanical properties of the material, being suitable to optimize the assessment of masticatory parameters for research purposes


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Silicone Elastomers , Materials Testing/methods , Physical Properties , Freezing , Flexural Strength , Mastication , Time Factors
2.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(1): 57-61, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361720

ABSTRACT

A agenesia dentaria é uma anomalia de desenvolvimento caracterizada pela determinação congênita de menor numero de dentes, podendo estar associada a síndromes genéticas ou ocorrer isoladamente. Embora seja considerada uma das anomalias mais frequentes quando envolve terceiros molares, segundo pré-molares e incisivos laterais, sua ocorrência em dentes estáveis, tais como o canino e o primeiro molar permanente é rara. Desta forma, este relato apresentará o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino, 8 anos idade, que iniciou tratamento de rotina na Clínica de Odontopediatria da UNIFENAS. Na anamnese não foi relatada pela responsável a ocorrência de alterações sistêmicas, nem queixa ou histórico odontológico relevante. No exame clínico odontológico, notou-se o não irrompimento do primeiro molar permanente superior direito (16). Diante dos exames de imagem, foi confirmada a agenesia do dente 16 e também do canino permanente superior direito (13). A agenesia, sobretudo de dentes estáveis e relevantes no arco dentário, pode comprometer o desenvolvimento adequado da oclusão, mastigação, fonação e estética. Desta maneira, é importante o diagnóstico precoce desta ocorrência com o objetivo de favorecer a elaboração de um adequado plano de tratamento e, minimizar as sequelas destas agenesias atípicas(AU)


Dental agenesis is a developmental anomaly characterized by the congenital determination of fewer teeth, may be associated with genetic syndromes or occur in an isolated form. Although it is considered one of the most frequent anomalies when it involves third molars, second lateral premolars and incisors, the occurrence in stable teeth, such as the permanent canine and the permanent first molar is rare. This report will present the case of an 8-year-old female patient who started routine treatment at the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of UNIFENAS. In the anamnesis, the responsible person did not report the occurrence of systemic alterations, or a relevant dental complaint or history. On dental clinical examination, it was noticed the non-rupture of the permament maxillar right first molar (16). In view of the imaging tests, the agenesis of tooth 16 and also of the permanent maxillary right canine (13) was confirmed. Agenesis, especially of stable and relevant teeth in the dental arch, may compromise the proper development of occlusion, chewing, phonation and aesthetics. Thus, it is of paramount importance to early diagnosis of this occurrence in order to favor the development of an appropriate treatment plan in order to minimize the sequelae of these atypical agenesis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Phonation , Cuspid , Anodontia , Molar , Dental Occlusion , Esthetics, Dental , Mastication , Anodontia/diagnosis , Anodontia/therapy
3.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-6, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1363723

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim this research was assess the level of satisfaction of patients undergoing bichectomy and its repercussions. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional and qualitative study, under protocol number 20707519.5.0000.5207, was carried out by applying a questionnaire to patients undergoing bichectomy, which made it possible to assess complaints, degree of postoperative satisfaction, satisfaction of family members, time required to perceive results, complications and adverse effects, intensity of postoperative pain, and possibility of being submitted to a new intervention. Results: The sample consisted of 30 patients, among them, 82% sought surgery for aesthetic reasons. Regarding the degree of satisfaction, the majority (70%) were very satisfied, followed by 13.3% who were satisfied, 10% considered normal, 3.3% were dissatisfied and 3.3% very dissatisfied. Regarding the opinion of friends and family, the majority were very satisfied with the result. The adverse effects found were mild, no permanent injury happened, and the pain was mild in the most majority of the sample. Conclusion: Thus, the most majority of patients were satisfied with the results, as well as their family and friends. The results were more evident between the second and third months. No major or permanent damage was observed, suggesting that it is a safe technique when performed well.(AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar o nível de satisfação dos pacientes submetidos à bichectomia, bem como correlacionar os resultados com algumas características clínicas. Material e Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal e qualitativo, sob protocolo número 20707519.5.0000.5207, através da aplicação de um questionário a pacientes submetidos à bichectomia, o qual foi possível avaliar as queixas, o grau de satisfação pós-operatório, a satisfação dos familiares, o tempo para percepção dos resultados, as complicações e efeitos adversos, intensidade da dor pós operatória, e a possibilidade de ser submetido a nova intervenção. Além disso, as características demográficas da amostra (como sexo e idade) também foi registrada na ficha de avaliação. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 30 pacientes, e desses, 82% buscaram a cirurgia por motivos estéticos. Sobre o grau de satisfação, a maioria (70%) ficou muito satisfeitos, seguidos por 13,3% que ficaram satisfeitos, 10% consideraram normal, 3,3% insatisfeitos e 3,3% muito insatisfeitos. Sobre a opinião dos amigos e familiares, a maioria ficou muito satisfeitos com o resultado. Os efeitos adversos encontrados foram leves, nenhuma lesão permanente foi encontrada, e a dor foi discreta na grande maioria da amostra. Com base na possibilidade de submeter-se a uma nova cirurgia, 70% ficaram satisfeitos e não fariam novamente. Conclusão: A grande maioria dos pacientes demonstrou-se satisfeitos com os resultados, bem como seus familiares e amigos. Os resultados foram mais evidentes entre o segundo e terceiro mês. Não foi observado qualquer dano importante ou permanente, sugerindo ser uma técnica segura quando bem executada. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adipose Tissue , Patient Satisfaction , Esthetics, Dental , Mastication
4.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(supl.3): 5261-5272, Oct. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345775

ABSTRACT

Abstract This article aims to assess whether alterations of oral functions (AOF) are associated with malocclusion (MO)'s type and severity. Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of 332 adolescents aged 12 years in São Luís-MA, Northeastern Brazil. MO criteria included Angle's classification, Dental Aesthetic Index, and other morphological problems. The AOF were evaluated by breathing, phonation, chewing, and swallowing. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated using logistic and multinomial regression analyses (α=5%). Mouth breathing was associated with defined (OR=3.84; 95%CI=1.45-10.12), disabling (OR=4.34; 95%CI=1.99-9.49), and class III (OR=4.15; 95%CI=1.19-14.54) MO. Phonation problems were associated with defined (OR=2.01; 95%CI=1.02-4.39), disabling (OR=3.04; 95%CI=1.55-5.96), and Class II (OR=2.02; 95%CI=1.28-3.18) MO. Chewing disorders were associated with posterior crossbite (PCB) (OR=2.32; 95%CI=1.12-4.82). Swallowing disorders were associated with Class III MO (OR=5.66; 95%CI=1.35-23.71), PCB (OR=6.13; 95%CI=2.76-13.62), and posterior open bite (OR=4.53; 95%CI=1.72-8.92). Breathing and phonation alterations are associated with MO in anterior arch segments, while chewing and swallowing disorders, in the posterior segments.


Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar se alterações das funções orais (AFO) estão associadas ao tipo e gravidade da maloclusão (MO). Estudo transversal com amostra representativa de 332 adolescentes de 12 anos em São Luís-MA, Nordeste do Brasil. Critérios de MO incluíram Classificação de Angle, Índice de Estética Dental e outros problemas morfológicos. As AFO foram avaliadas por respiração, fonação, mastigação e deglutição. Odds ratios (OR) e intervalos de confiança de 95% (IC95%) foram calculados em análises de regressão logística e multinomial (α=5%). Respiração oral foi associada com MO definida (OR=3,84; IC95%=1,45-10,12), incapacitante (OR=4,34; IC95%=1,99-9,49) e classe III (OR=4,15; IC95%=1,19-14,54). Problemas de fonação foram associados às MO definidas (OR=2,01; IC95%=1,02-4,39), incapacitantes (OR=3,04; IC95%=1,55-5,96) e Classe II (OR=2,02; IC95%=1,28-3,18). Alterações na mastigação foram associadas à mordida cruzada posterior (MCP) (OR=2,32; IC95%=1,12-4,82). Deglutição atípica foi associada à MO Classe III (OR=5,66; IC95%=1,35-23,71), MCP (OR=6,13; IC95%=2,76-13,62) e mordida aberta posterior (OR=4,53; IC95%=1,72-8,92). Alterações de respiração e fonação estão associadas às MO nos segmentos anteriores do arco, enquanto as de mastigação e deglutição, nos segmentos posteriores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Malocclusion/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Deglutition , Mastication
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(4): 909-915, Jul.-Aug. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285276

ABSTRACT

In the last decades in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul - Brazil, the reduction in the preservation of areas due to the degradation of the biome and destruction of the natural environment has caused animals, mainly in the order of non-human primates, to come closer to towns and highways, increasing the number of accidents and in some cases, deaths. New surgical techniques have been developed that favor these species as explained in this report. The howler monkey patient was traumatized in the facial region damaging important vital structures such as facial muscle groups responsible for swallowing food, chewing, breathing, defense, and communication (vocalization and mimicry), in addition to the cartilaginous nasal structures. However, reconstructive facial surgical techniques, used on humans, showed satisfactory results from an anatomical, functional, and aesthetic point of view in howler monkey, with acceptance of the animal with a safe postoperative period for a full recovery of the primate patient.(AU)


Nas últimas décadas, no estado do Mato Grosso do Sul - Brasil, a redução de áreas preservadas pela degradação de biomas e pela destruição de habitat naturais tem favorecido a aproximação de animais - muitos desses, primatas não humanos - em cidades e rodovias, aumentando o número de acidentes e, em alguns casos, de mortes. Novas técnicas cirúrgicas têm sido desenvolvidas, favorecendo essas espécies, como reportado neste trabalho. O paciente macaco bugio foi traumatizado em região facial, envolvendo importantes estruturas vitais, como grupos musculares faciais responsáveis pela apreensão alimentar, mastigação, respiração, defesa e comunicação (vocalização e mímicas), além das estruturas cartilaginosas nasais. No entanto, técnicas cirúrgicas reconstrutivas em face aplicadas e descritas em humanos apresentaram resultados satisfatórios dos pontos de vista anatômico, fisiológico e visual nos macacos bugio, com aceitação deles diante do estresse, com pós-operatório seguro, resultando na reabilitação do paciente primata.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Deglutition , Alouatta caraya/surgery , Mastication , Primates/surgery , Wounds and Injuries/veterinary , Accidents , Oral Surgical Procedures/veterinary , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/veterinary
6.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(2): e500, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1251502

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Foreign body aspiration (FBA) is a potentially fatal paediatric emergency. Our objective was to highlight the importance of a multidisciplinary approach to difficult/doubtful diagnosis. Case report 34-month-old girl referred for urgent rigid bronchoscopy after suspected metallic blade ingestion (found chewing on it). She had a previous recurrent history of wheezing. The physical examination revealed face/lip wounds, traces of powder on her teeth but no breathing difficulty. The plain X-Ray revealed radiopaque images of the upper pulmonary field and gastric chamber. In the absence of FBA clinical signs but considering a previous history of bronchial hyperresponsiveness, a direct digital radiographic study was performed. There were no images compatible with foreign bodies: the results were interpreted as artefacts and no bronchoscopy was performed. Conclusions A careful pre-anaesthetic evaluation, a high level of suspicion and excellent multidisciplinary communication led to the recognition of false radiologic findings. A conservative approach was followed and invasive procedures in a remote location, with high anaesthetic risk for the paediatric population were avoided.


Resumen Introducción La aspiración de cuerpo extraño (ACE) es una emergencia pediátrica potencialmente fatal. La intención del presente artículo es resaltar la importancia de un abordaje multidisciplinario en caso de un diagnóstico difícil/dudoso. Reporte de caso Se trata de una paciente de 4 meses de edad remitida para broncoscopia rígida de urgencia, luego de la sospecha de ingestión de una hojilla metálica (se encontró a la bebé mordiéndola). La paciente tenía antecedentes de sibilancia. Al examen físico se encontraron heridas en la cara y los labios, rastros de polvo en los dientes, pero no había dificultad respiratoria. El examen de rayos-x mostraba imágenes radio opacas en el cuadrante superior derecho del pulmón y en la cámara gástrica. En virtud de la ausencia de signos clínicos de ACE en una paciente con antecedentes de hiperresponsividad bronquial, se realizó un estudio radiográfico digital. No hubo imágenes compatibles con cuerpos extraños: los resultados se interpretaron como artefactos y no se realizó la broncoscopia. Conclusiones Un cuidadoso examen pre-anestesia, el alto grado de sospecha y una excelente comunicación multidisciplinaria, permitieron el reconocimiento de hallazgos radiológicos falsos. Se siguió un abordaje conservador, evitando así procedimientos invasivos en lugares remotos con alto grado de riesgo para la población pediátrica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Respiration , Respiratory Sounds , Eating , Emergencies , Foreign Bodies , Wounds and Injuries , X-Rays , Bronchoscopy , Risk , Artifacts , Absenteeism , Lung , Mastication
7.
Acta odontol. Colomb. (En linea) ; 11(1): 42-58, 2021. tab, ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1128590

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: desarrollar y aplicar un manual para evaluar los procesos de deglución y rendimiento masticatorio, dirigido a estudiantes y profesionales de odontología. Método: se realizó un estudio con enfoque cuali-cuantitativo, a partir de dos técnicas de recolección de información: documental para reunir información de los procedimientos y observacional para la aplicación del manual. Los métodos seleccionados fueron el rendimiento masticatorio (Albert T) y de deglución (Técnica Payne); el diseño se esbozó según la metodología para mejorar la calidad de los procesos y una guía técnica de elaboración de manuales de procedimientos en salud. Así, el manual cuenta con introducción, antecedentes históricos, alcance y objetivo, flujograma, descripción de procedimientos de evaluación de la deglución, del rendimiento masticatorio y bibliografía. Este fue aplicado en 27 pacientes de la clínica de ortodoncia, a quienes se les diagnosticó deglución atípica, y se midió el rendimiento masticatorio para conocer la mediana de tamaño de partícula (MTP) de cada individuo. Resultados: el manual se realizó basándose en dos procedimientos, uno con el diagnóstico de deglución y otro con rendimiento masticatorio. Este último fue aplicado por dos estudiantes investigadores a una muestra de 27 pacientes, cuyo resultado fue una mediana de tamaño total de partícula de MTP = 5.35 mm2. Hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre sexos (MTP en hombres: 6,0 mm2 y mujeres 5.1 mm2) siendo las mujeres quienes presentaron mejor desempeño masticatorio. Conclusión: al aplicar el manual, los estudiantes evaluaron el rendimiento masticatorio y la deglución, con lo cual lograron resultados medibles, aplicables y reproducibles.


Objective: To apply a manual to evaluate swallowing and chewing performance aimed at dental students and professionals. Method: A study was carried out with a qualitative-quantitative approach developing two information gathering techniques: documentary to gather information on procedures and observational in the application of the manual. The methods of chewing performance (Albert T) and swallowing (Payne Technique) were selected; the design was outlined according to the methodology to improve the quality of the processes and a technical guide for the elaboration of manuals of health procedures; in the development phase, the thematic units were created and the manual was prepared with: cover, back cover, authors, introduction, historical background, scope and objective, flow chart, description of swallowing evaluation procedures, chewing performance and bibliography; this was applied to 27 patients from the orthodontic clinic, who were diagnosed with atypical swallowing, and the masticatory performance was measured to determine the median particle size (MTP) of each individual evaluated. Results: The manual was made based on two procedures, one with swallowing diagnosis and the other with masticatory performance, which was applied by two student researchers to a sample of 27 patients, yielding a median total particle size of MTP = 5.35 mm2. There was a statistically significant difference between the sexes (MTP in men: 6.0 mm2 and women 5.1 mm2), with women presenting the best masticatory performance Conclusion: when applying the manual, the students evaluated the chewing performance and swallowing, achieving measurable, applicable and reproducible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Deglutition/physiology , Mastication/physiology , Reference Standards , Students, Dental , Methodology , Malocclusion , Mastication
8.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1354587

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del presente estudio fue presentar una revisión sistemática de la literatura relacionada con los estudios que aborden los métodos de evaluación de la masticación y sus características principales. Como estrategia de investigación se realizó en las bases de datos PubMed, Web Of Science, Medline, SciELO y Lilacs desde 2006 al 2020. Como criterios de selección se escogieron todos los estudios disponibles, sin restricción de idioma; de los últimos 14 años; cuyos participantes no presentaron alteraciones neurológicas ni psiquiátricas. Fueron analizados a partir de su relación con el objeto del presente estudio. Las palabras clave utilizadas en la búsqueda de los artículos fueron identificados en los Descriptores en Ciencias de la Salud (DEDS) siendo las siguientes: "Evaluation", "Mastication", "Masticatory Muscles", "Masseter Muscle" y "Temporal Muscle". Utilizando también OR y AND como operadores lógicos. Se encontró 1311 estudios en las bases de datos investigadas, después de la revisión fueron eliminados 1278 y elegidos 33 artículos; y considerándose sólo 21 artículos según criterios de selección y objetivo. Todos los artículos revisados obtuvieron un alto grado de evidencia (nivel I) luego de realizar una evaluación crítica de la evidencia científica, determinando que todos los artículos evaluados fueron catalogados como estudios clínicos aleatorizados y con diseños experimentales. Siendo excluidos los estudios longitudinales, con individuos con patologías. Se concluye que el método que se utiliza mayormente es la evaluación clínica fonoaudiológica, mediante observación y palpación de musculatura orofacial, seguido de electromiografía de superficie, electrognatografía y la escala analógica visual para la saciedad. Las características observadas fueron, número de ciclos de masticación, velocidad de la masticación, porcentaje de actividad muscular eléctrica, fuerza muscular, tipo de masticación según el lado de preferencia de masticación, eficiencia masticatoria y tipología facial.


The objective of the present study was to present a systematic review of the literature related to studies that address chewing evaluation methods and their main characteristics. As a research strategy, it was carried out in the PubMed, Web Of Science, Medline, SciELO and Lilacs databases from 2006 to 2020. All available studies were chosen as selection criteria, without language restriction; of the last 14 years; whose participants did not present neurological or psychiatric alterations. They were analyzed based on their relationship with the object of the present study. The keywords used in the search for the articles were identified in the Health Sciences Descriptors (DEDS) being the following: "Evaluation", "Mastication", "Masticatory Muscles", "Masseter Muscle" and "Temporal Muscle". Also using OR and AND as logical operators. 1311 studies were found in the investigated databases, after the review 1278 were eliminated and 33 articles were chosen; and considering only 21 articles according to selection and objective criteria. All the articles reviewed obtained a high degree of evidence (level I) after making a critical evaluation of the scientific evidence, determining that all the articles evaluated were classified as randomized clinical studies with experimental designs. Longitudinal studies with individuals with pathologies being excluded. It is concluded that the method most used is the speech therapy clinical evaluation, by observation and palpation of the orofacial muscles, followed by surface electromyography, electrognatography and the visual analog scale for satiety. The observed characteristics were, number of chewing cycles, chewing speed, percentage of electrical muscle activity, muscle strength, chewing type according to chewing preference side, chewing efficiency and facial typology.


Subject(s)
Research Design , Mastication , Masticatory Muscles , Palpation , Observation , Efficiency , Electromyography , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Visual Analog Scale , Literature , Methods
9.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180859

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the improvement in masticatory performances two weeks after posterior implant restoration. Material and Methods: Nine patients with missing first and second molars were included in the study. Masticatory performances were evaluated using subjective and objective methods utilizing color-changeable chewing gum and the visual analog scale (VAS) assessment. The subjects were asked to chew the color-changeable chewing gums before and two weeks after the posterior implant restoration. Their expectations regarding aesthetics and function were verified on the VAS before implant placement. Additionally, the VAS was used for the posttreatment completion rating two weeks after the implant restoration. Results: Significant differences in masticatory performance were noted at baseline (before implant posterior restoration) and two weeks after implant restoration (p<0.05). The posttreatment aesthetic and functional expectations ratings significantly exceeded the expectations (p<0.05). Conclusion: Masticatory performances were improved two weeks after implant restoration. In addition, the significant posttreatment ratings of the patients exceeded their initial expectations. In particular, patients with poor masticatory functions demonstrated significant improvements and satisfaction following implant restoration compared to those with good mastication. These findings indicate that a posterior implant restoration can increase the masticatory performance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Chewing Gum/microbiology , Patient Satisfaction , Dental Implantation/instrumentation , Molar/anatomy & histology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Visual Analog Scale , Indonesia/epidemiology , Mastication
10.
São José de Campos; s.n; 2021. 76 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1362101

ABSTRACT

A mastigação pode ser realizada de maneira bilateral, porém a maioria das pessoas possui um lado de preferência mastigatório (LPM). O objetivo do estudo foi verificar, por meio de avaliação em imagens por tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC), se o LPM influencia em parâmetros anatômicos das ATM de indivíduos com disfunção temporomandibular (DTM) de origem articular. Para este estudo, 106 exames (212 ATM) de TCFC foram analisados, sendo 56 exames (112 ATM) de voluntários sem o diagnóstico de DTM (grupo controle - GC) e 50 exames (100 ATM) de indivíduos com diagnóstico de DTM de origem articular (grupo experimental - GE). As variáveis analisadas nos exames foram: o formato axial e o formato paracoronal das cabeças das mandíbulas (côndilos), o grau de translação e o grau de rotação articulares, o volume das cabeças das mandíbulas, a altura e a inclinação dos tubérculos articulares. Para estudar os fatores lado, LPM e grupo foram construídos, para cada variável analisada, quatro modelos de Equações de Estimação Generalizadas (EEG) e o nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. Apenas uma interação significante foi observada entre grupo e LPM para explicar o formato axial da cabeça da mandíbula (p-valor < 0,001). No entanto, dois tipos do formato axial foram excluídos do GE por não serem observados no LPM esquerdo, e após essa exclusão, o LPM não modificou a possibilidade de o paciente apresentar qualquer um dos outros três formatos axiais (p-valor > 0,05). Dessa forma, os resultados evidenciaram que o LPM não exerceu influência sobre os parâmetros estruturais e dinâmicos das ATM de indivíduos com DTM de origem articular. No entanto, estudos complementares são necessários para que nossos resultados possam ser replicados em amostras maiores.


Chewing can be done bilaterally, but most people have a chewing side preference (CSP). The objective of the study was to verify, through image evaluation using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), if the CSP influences anatomical parameters of the TMJ of individuals with temporomandibular disorder (TMD) of joint origin. For this study, 106 exams (212 TMJ) of CBCT were analyzed, being 56 exams (112 TMJ) of volunteers without the diagnosis of TMD (control group - CG) and 50 exams (100 TMJ) of individuals diagnosed with TMD of origin articular (experimental group - EG). The variables analyzed in the exams were: the axial format and paracoronal format of the heads of the mandible (condyles), the degree of translation and the degree of articular rotation, the volume of the heads of the mandibles, the height and inclination of the articular tubercles. To study the side, CSP and group factors, four models of Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) were built for each variable analyzed and the significance level adopted was 5%. Only one significant interaction was observed between group and CSP to explain the axial format of the head of mandible (p-value < 0.001). However, two types of axial format were excluded from the EG because they were not observed in the left CSP, and after this exclusion, the CSP did not change the possibility that the patient had any of the other three axial format (p-value > 0.05 ). Thus, the results showed that the CSP did not influence the structural and dynamic parameters of the TMJ of individuals with TMD of joint origin. However, further studies are needed so that our results can be replicated in larger samples.


Subject(s)
Humans , Temporomandibular Joint , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mastication
11.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 34: e190201, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155459

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Studies have shown that changes in mastication are related to overweight in children and adolescents as these changes influence the increase in food consumption. The objective of this article was to characterize, through a systematic review, the mastication in children and adolescents with overweight or obesity. For this, two independent authors performed a systematic review of the electronic databases: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Scopus, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health, Web of Science and Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences. Masticatory characteristics were considered as primary outcomes; the methods of analyzing mastication, the physical characteristics of the foods/materials used in the analyses and the fasting time were considered as secondary outcomes. This review was prepared in accordance with the items of the preferential reports for systematic analysis and meta-analysis. The systematic review protocol was submitted to the International Prospective Registry of Systematic Reviews. Nine articles were included in this review. The reviewed articles suggest that children and/or adolescents with overweight or obese present masticatory damages because they have worse masticatory performance and altered orofacial myofunctional characteristics.


RESUMO Estudos têm demonstrado que alterações na mastigação estão relacionadas ao excesso de peso em crianças e adolescentes, o que pode levar ao aumento do consumo alimentar. O objetivo deste artigo foi caracterizar, através de uma revisão sistemática, a mastigação em crianças e adolescentes com sobrepeso ou obesidade. Para isso, dois autores independentes realizaram uma revisão sistemática nas bases de dados eletrônicas Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Scopus, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health, Web of Science e Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde. As características mastigatórias foram consideradas desfechos primários; os métodos de análise da mastigação, as características físicas dos alimentos/materiais utilizados nas análises e o tempo de jejum foram classificados como desfechos secundários. Esta revisão foi elaborada de acordo com os itens dos relatórios preferenciais para análise sistemática e metanálises. O protocolo de revisão sistemática foi submetido ao Registro Internacional Prospectivo de Revisões Sistemáticas. Nove artigos foram incluídos nesta revisão. Os resultados dos artigos revisados sugerem que crianças e/ou adolescentes com sobrepeso ou obesidade apresentam danos mastigatórios, pois possuem pior performance mastigatória e características miofuncionais orofaciais alteradas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Stomatognathic System/physiology , Child , Adolescent , Overweight , Mastication/physiology , Obesity
12.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1346680

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the influence of tooth loss and the use of removable dentures on chewing function and nutritional status of institutionalized elders. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study with 155 elders from seven long-stay institutions in João Pessoa, Brazil. The participants were classified according to the presence of reminiscent teeth and use of dentures in four levels: toothless, without denture (1); toothless with a complete denture (2); partial toothless without denture (3) and partial toothless with a partial denture (4). Nutritional status was assessed using the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) instrument and the Body Mass Index (BMI). Swallowing threshold was used for the assessment of masticatory function, using a portion of roasted peanuts (3.7 g). Comparisons among groups were performed using Kruskal-Wallis test with Bonferroni adjustment, considering p<0.05. Results: MNA (p=0.702) and BMI (p=0.884) were not modified in relation to the presence of teeth and denture use. Toothless individuals without dentures had a lower swallowing threshold (p<0.001), whilst partial toothless with dentures had better masticatory function (p>0.05). Conclusion: The presence of reminiscent teeth and the use of dentures do not influence the nutritional status of the elders but interfere with the masticatory function. Prosthetic rehabilitation is desirable for complete toothless individuals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brazil , Nutritional Status , Denture, Complete , Denture, Partial, Removable , Homes for the Aged , Mastication/physiology , Aged , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Mouth, Edentulous , Statistics, Nonparametric
14.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355150

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Introduction: The maxillofacial procedures for skeletal deformities are characterized by structural-morphological changes derived from unfavorable genetics with diagnosis performed during craniofacial growth. Orthognathic surgery requires a total restriction on chewing for 60 days, leading to loss of body weight in overweight and obese individuals, as well as in well-nourished patients. Objective: Evaluating the pre- and post-operative nutritional status of patients undergoing orthognathic surgery. Material and methods: This is an interventional study. The study group received supplementation with whey protein, L-arginine, L-glutamine, and fatty acid Omega-3, and both groups were assessed in terms of anthropometric and biochemical measurements. The evaluation of soft tissue healing was conducted after surgery. Results: It is possible to infer that the percentage of skeletal muscle mass tends to increase in the intervention group, however, the weight loss was greater (-4.88%). Uric acid increased post-operative in the control group (+37.64%). Conclusion: Oral nutritional supplementation used in the study seems promising for reducing the loss of skeletal muscle mass, but further studies involving a larger number of patients are needed to confirm the results. (AU)


RESUMO: Introdução: Os procedimentos maxilofaciais para deformidades esqueléticas são caracterizados por intervenções morfológicas estruturais, necessários por conta de genética desfavorável com diagnóstico feito durante o cresci-mento craniofacial. A cirurgia ortognática requer uma restrição total na mastigação por 60 dias, levando à perda de peso corporal em indivíduos com sobrepeso e obesos, bem como em pacientes bem nutridos. Objetivo: Avaliar o estado nutricional pré e pós-operatório dos pacientes submetidos à cirurgia ortognática. Material e métodos: Trata-se de um estudo de intervenção. O grupo de estudo recebeu suplementação com proteína de soro de leite, L-arginina, L-glutamina e ácido graxo ômega-3 e ambos os grupos foram avaliados em termos de medidas antropo-métricas e bioquímicas. A avaliação da cicatrização de tecidos moles foi realizada após a cirurgia. Resultados: É possível inferir que o percentual de massa muscular esquelética tendeu a aumentar no grupo de intervenção, porém a perda de peso foi maior (-4,88%). O ácido úrico aumentou no pós-operatório no grupo controle (+37,64%). Conclusão: A suplementação nutricional oral utilizada no estudo parece promissora para reduzir a perda de massa muscular esquelética, mas estudos adicionais envolvendo um número maior de pacientes são necessários para confirmar os resultados. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Period , Weight Loss , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Dietary Supplements , Oral Surgical Procedures , Preoperative Period , Orthognathic Surgery , Mastication
15.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 34(3): 149-162, sept. 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1120864

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Introducción: La compresión percutánea con balón (CPB) es una de las técnicas estándar para el tratamiento de la neuralgia del trigémino. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar la eficacia de la compresión percutánea con balón (CPB) del ganglio de Gasser y raíz trigeminal en el tratamiento de la neuralgia del trigémino (TN). Métodos: Se usó un estudio observacional analítico de cohorte prospectivo. Un total de 293 pacientes con neuralgia del trigémino fueron tratados con la CPB entre octubre de 2008 y octubre de 2019 en Lima, Perú. Los datos fueron obtenidos de los registros hospitalarios y entrevistas. La CPB se realizó bajo sedación con propofol y remifentanilo. Se administróoxígeno a través de cánula nasal y se monitorizó la frecuencia cardíaca y la presión arterial durante todo el procedimiento. Elprocedimiento se realizó usando fluoroscopia con arco en C para facilitar la introducción de la aguja 14 G hasta que se ingresaal agujero oval y la visualización del catéter Fogarty 4F inflado en el cavum de Meckel. En la posición correcta, generalmenteaparece claramente definido una forma de pera o de reloj de arena después de la inyección de 0.5-1 ml de material decontraste. Resultados: La edad media fue de 64.2 años (rango 27-90). Treinta y seis pacientes (12%) tuvieron otros procedimientosquirúrgicos previos. Doscientos sesenta y dos pacientes (89.4%) experimentaron un alivio inmediato de la neuralgia despuésdel procedimiento. Se obtuvo un balón con forma de pera en 162 casos (55.3%), reloj de arena 73 (24.9%) y oval 58 (19.8%). En 245 pacientes (83.6%) el balón se mantuvo inflado durante 60 - 90 segundos. Es crucial obtener una forma de pera o de reloj de arena porque este es probablemente el factor más importante para obtener un buen alivio del dolor y duradero. Todo el procedimiento dura unos 15 minutos. La hipoestesia hemifacial después del procedimiento fue moderada o severa en el 76.5% de los pacientes. A los tres meses, la mayoría de los pacientes tienen una recuperación significativa en la sensibilidad facial, que continúa recuperándose con el tiempo. Todos los pacientes tuvieron alguna dificultad transitoria para masticar en el lado afectado. Se observó recurrencia en 26 pacientes (9.2%) en un tiempo de seguimiento de 6 meses a 11 años (5.75 años). La forma más común de balón asociada con recurrencia fue la oval (65.4%).Conclusiones: La CPB es técnicamente simple, bien tolerada por los pacientes. La tasa de éxito de la operación es alta. Los pacientes con balón en forma de pera o de reloj de arena obtuvieron los mejores resultados.


Introduction: Percutaneous balloon compression (PBC) is one of the standards techniques for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia.The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of PBC of the Gasserian ganglion and trigeminal rootlets as treatment for trigeminal neuralgia (TN). Methods: A prospective cohort analytical observational study was used. A total of 293 patients with trigeminal neuralgia were treated with PBC between october 2008 and October 2019 in Lima, Perú. The data were obtained from hospital records and interviews. PBC was performed under sedation with propofol and remifentanil. Oxygen was administered through nasal cannula and the heart rate and blood pressure were monitored throughout the procedure. The procedure is carried out with C-arm fluoroscopy to facilitate the introduction of the 14 G needle until the foramen oval is entered and the visualization of the inflated catheter Fogarty 4F in the Meckel ́s cave. Once in the right position, a clearly defined pear shape or hourglass is seen after injection of 0.5 ­ 1 mL of contrast material. Results: The mean age was 64.2 years (range, 27-90). Thirty-six patients (12%) had other previous surgical procedures. Two hundred sixty-two patients (89.4%) experienced immediate relief from neuralgia following the procedure. A pear-shaped balloon was obtained in 162 cases (55.3%), hourglass 73 (24.9%) and oval 58 (19.8%). In 245 patients (83.6%) the balloon is kept inflated for 60­90 seconds. It is crucial to obtain a pear shape or hourglass because this probably is the most significant factor for obtaining good, long-lasting pain relief. The whole procedure takes 15 minutes. Following the procedure, hemifacial hypoesthesia was moderate or severe in 76.5% of patients. Most patients have a significant recovery in facial sensitivity at three months post-procedure and continue to improve over time. All patients faced some transient difficulty chewing in the affected side. Recurrence was observed in 26 patients (9.2%) during a follow-up time of 6 months to 11 years (5.75 years). The most common form of balloon associated with recurrence was oval (65.4%).Conclusions: PBC is a technically simple, well tolerated by patients. The operation success rate is high. Patients with pear or hourglass shape balloon obtained the best results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Trigeminal Neuralgia , Therapeutics , Trigeminal Ganglion , Mastication , Neuralgia
16.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 58(3): 221-229, set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138576

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La masticación emerge como un mecanismo fisiológico que modula diversos procesos encefálicos aún en proceso de entendimiento, entre dichos procesos se encuentra el estrés. El objetivo fue determinar la influencia del tipo de masticación sobre el estrés crónico en los niveles leucocitarios. Material y método: Se empleó 48 ratones machos de la cepa Balb/c que se dividieron en 4 grupos iguales: grupo N (masticación normal), grupo NE (Masticación normal + estrés), grupo D (masticación deficiente) y grupo DE (Masticación deficiente + estrés). Los niveles leucocitarios fueron evaluados a la cuarta y a la décima segunda semana de iniciado el experimento. Se sacrificó a cada ratón para obtener su muestra de sangre y evaluar su leucograma. Resultados: Se encontró, a la cuarta semana, linfocitopenia del grupo DE respecto al grupo D y al grupo N (p<0,05), y neutrofilia en el grupo DE respecto al grupo D (p<0,05). A la décima segunda semana se observó linfocitopenia y neutrofilia de los grupos DE y NE al compararlos con los grupos D y N (p<0,05), respectivamente. Conclusión: el estrés crónico produce linfocitopenia y neutrofilia, independiente del tipo de masticación.


Introduction: Chewing emerges as a physiological mechanism that modulates various processes in the brain, even in the process of understanding, among these processes is stress. The objective was to determine the influence of the type of chewing on chronic stress in leukocyte levels. Material and method: 48 male Balb/c mice were used that were divided into 4 equal groups: group N (normal chewing), group NE (normal chewing + stress), group D (poor chewing) and group DE (poor chewing + stress). The leukocyte levels were evaluated at the fourth and the twelfth week of beginning the experiment. Each mouse was sacrificed to obtain the blood sample and evaluate its leukogram. Results: At the fourth week, lymphocytopenia of the DE group regarding group D and group N (p <0.05), and neutrophilia were found in the DE group regarding group D (p <0.05). At the twelfth week, lymphocytopenia and neutrophilia of the DE and NE groups were observed when compared with groups D and N (p <0.05), respectively. Conclusion: Chronic stress produces lymphocytopenia and neutrophilia, regardless of the type of chewing.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Stress, Physiological , Brain , Leukocytes , Mastication
17.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 13(2): 59-61, ago. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134341

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: This study evaluated patients' perceptions regarding the installation of temporary fixed partial denture (TFPD). A questionnaire developed that addressed patients' perceptions about the temporary restorations, applied to patients after concluded their treatment. Responses were analyzed by descriptive statistics and contingency tables were constructed to statistically analyze the relationship between patients' perceptions of age, gender and type of prosthesis. We interviewed 28 patients (23 female; 5 male). In the results, 53.57% of the patients reported improvement in the chewing, 3.57% of the patients reported an improvement in speech, 21.43% of patients reported improvement in both aspects and another 21.43% of patients did not report functional improvements in speech and in chewing. Regarding dental pain, 89.28% did not present. In the hygienization aspect, 46.42% of the patients had difficulty, and 25% of the patients had bleeding gum. Finally, 89.28% of the patients reported that a TFPD made it possible to predict the final treatment outcome. No statistically significant difference was found when age (p = 0.86062) and gender (p=0.41225) were correlated. However, the type of prosthesis influenced patients' perceptions of TFPDs (p = 0.01254). It is concluded that TFPD is an important step in the treatment with fixed prosthesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pain , Prostheses and Implants , Speech , Treatment Outcome , Denture, Partial, Fixed , Mastication , Surveys and Questionnaires
18.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 13(2): 80-83, ago. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134346

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Introducción: El patrón de crecimiento facial se establece antes de la aparición del primer molar permanente. Un exceso de crecimiento vertical facial, corresponde a individuos de cara larga, con ángulos goniacos abiertos, alturas faciales inferiores aumentadas y músculos masticatorios de menor área transversal. Esto se asocia a presentar mordida abierta anterior, mordida cruzada, clase II esquelético, entre otros. El entrenamiento muscular masticatorio podría controlar el excesivo crecimiento vertical, generando fuerzas opuestas que favorezcan un crecimiento horizontal. Objetivo: Describir el efecto del entrenamiento muscular masticatorio en el desarrollo del patrón vertical facial en niños. Método: Se realizó una revisión narrativa mediante búsqueda electrónica en las bases de datos PubMed, EBSCO, Scopus, Cochrane, Trip Database y Epistemonikos. Se utilizaron las palabras clave: "músculos masticatorios", "maseteros", "temporales", "masticación", "ejercicio", "entrenamiento", "crecimiento vertical", "patrón vertical", "dolicofacial", "control vertical". Los términos MeSH: "músculos masticatorios", "ejercicio". Resultados: Se seleccionaron 15 artículos de los cuales 9 son ensayos clínicos, 4 son reportes de caso y 2 son estudios observacionales transversales. Conclusiones: El entrenamiento muscular masticatorio tiene efectos positivos, favoreciendo un mayor crecimiento horizontal en niños con patrón vertical. No obstante, faltan estudios y ensayos clínicos para establecer y cuantificar los cambios morfológicos generados por el entrenamiento muscular.


ABSTRACT: Background: The pattern of facial growth is established before the eruption of the first permanent molar. An excess of vertical facial growth corresponds to individuals with long faces, open gonial angles, higher inferior facial heights and smaller masticatory muscles associated with different dental anomalies like anterior open bite, Brodie bite, skeletal class II and others. The masticatory muscle training could control the excessive growth in the vertical dimension, making opposing forces that will favor the horizontal growth in the patient. Objective: Describe the effect of the masticatory muscle training in the development of the vertical pattern in children. Method: A narrative review was done by an electronic research in PubMed, EBSCO, Scopus, Cochrane, Trip Database y Epistemonikos. The following key words were used: "masticatory muscles", "masseter", "temporalis", "mastication", "chewing", "exercise", "training", "vertical growth", "vertical pattern", "dolichofacial", "vertical control". The MeSH terms: "masticatory muscles", "exercise". Results: Fifteen articles were selected, 9 of them were clinical trials, 4 were case reports and 2 were observational studies. Conclusions: The literature review shows that the masticatory muscle training has positive effects, favoring the horizontal growth in children with vertical facial pattern. Nevertheless, there is a lack of studies and clinical trials, that could help us to establish and quantify the morphological changes made by the masticatory muscle training.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Exercise , Open Bite , Mastication , Masticatory Muscles , Molar
19.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(2): 198-204, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090675

ABSTRACT

La masticación se ha estudiado desde diferentes puntos de vista, utilizando alimentos de prueba naturales y artificiales. La evidencia es escasa cuando se analizan alimentos a base de cereales, que van desde cereales para el desayuno hasta barras de granola. El investigar este tipo de alimentos, se vuelve importante para entender el comportamiento de la masticación frente a alimentos con diferentes composiciones y texturas, y como estas características pueden influir en el proceso masticatorio. Se analizó la masticación desde un punto de vista cinemático, en sujetos jóvenes dentados. El alimento de prueba utilizado fue granola prototipo y maní, este último se ha estudiado en sujetos con rehabilitación protésica y su consumo se recomienda en esta población. Se analizaron las características cinemáticas de la masticación como numero de ciclos, frecuencia masticatoria, velocidad de masticación de ascenso y descenso, y el área de masticación en los tres planos del espacio. Se relacionaron los movimientos masticatorios con los movimientos mandibulares bordeantes que conformaron el polígono de Posselt, este también se analizó en los tres planos espaciales. En todas las variables analizadas la granola presento valores mayores, excepto en el número de ciclos masticatorios, sólo se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p= 0,03) al comparar la velocidad (ascenso y descenso) y el área de masticación en el plano horizontal.


Chewing has been studied from different points of view, using natural and artificial foods test. When analyzing cereal-based foods, from breakfast cereals to granola bars, the evidence is scarce. Investigate this type of food is important to understand the behavior of chewing, with foods of different compositions and textures, and how these characteristics can influence the chewing process. Chewing was analyzed from a cinematic point of view, in young subjects complete dental. The test food used was prototype granola and peanuts, last one has been studied in subjects with prosthetic rehabilitation and its consumption is recommended in this population. The kinematic characteristics of chewing were analyzed: number of cycles, chewing frequency, ascent and descent chewing speed, and the chewing area in the three planes of space. The masticatory movements were related to the bordering mandibular movements, that formed the Posselt polygon, which was also analyzed in the three spatial planes. In all the variables analyzed, granola showed higher values, except in the number of chewing cycles, only statistically significant differences (p = 0.03) were found when comparing speed (ascent and descent) and the chewing area in the horizontal plane.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Biomechanical Phenomena , Mandible/physiology , Mastication/physiology , Arachis , Edible Grain , Electromagnetic Phenomena
20.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(1): 81-88, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056505

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Aging is a dynamic process that includes various alterations in the oral cavity, with tooth loss being the most frequent. Rehabilitative treatment may include removable or fixed prostheses and implants. The aim of this study was to describe the geometric (trajectory, ranges, areas) and kinematic (speed) characteristics of the mandibular and masticatory movements threedimensionally in participants with dental prostheses. A sample of 10 participants with removable prosthetic rehabilitation was divided into three groups (complete, atypical and overdenture) the characteristics of mandibular movements bordering and chewing with 3D Electromagnetic Articulography were measured. The Posselt polygonin was obtained, the frontal and sagittal plans, its areas, trajectories and ranges are analyzed. The masticatory movements were analyzed in the area of each cycle, the frequency, the speed and the reason between the masticatory cycle and the bordering movements, no significant differences between the groups. Subjects with dental prostheses, regardless of the type, they showed low of motion (border and functional) compared to dentate subjects with no functional alterations whose values have been reported in the literature. The subjects with overdenture have values closer to what is described for young dentate subjects.


RESUMEN: El envejecimiento es un proceso dinámico que incluye varias alteraciones en la cavidad oral, siendo la pérdida de dientes la más frecuente. El tratamiento de rehabilitación puede incluir prótesis fijas o removibles y/o implantes. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir las características geométricas (trayectoria, rangos, áreas) y cinemáticas (velocidad) de los movimientos mandibulares y masticatorios en participantes con prótesis dentales realizando un análisis en tres dimensiones. Se consideró una muestra de 10 participantes con rehabilitación protésica y se dividió en tres grupos (prótesis total, atípica e implantosoportada), se midieron las características de los movimientos mandibulares bordeantes y masticatorios con articulografía electromagnética 3D. Se obtuvo el polígono Posselt en los planos frontal y sagital, se analizaron sus áreas, trayectorias y rangos. Se analizaron los movimientos masticatorios en cuanto al área de cada ciclo, la frecuencia, la velocidad y la razón entre el área el ciclo masticatorio y los movimientos bordeantes, sin diferencias significativas entre los grupos. Los sujetos con prótesis dentales, independientemente del tipo, mostraron disminución de movimiento (bordeante y funcional) en comparación con los sujetos dentados sin alteraciones funcionales cuyos valores se han informado en la literatura. Los sujetos con prótesis implantosoportada tienen valores más cercanos a lo que se describe para sujetos jóvenes dentados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Denture, Partial, Fixed , Denture, Partial, Removable , Mandible , Temporomandibular Joint , Biomechanical Phenomena , Chile , Statistical Analysis , Computer-Aided Design , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Mandibular Condyle , Mastication , Movement
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