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1.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210131, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365225

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze and compare changes of quality of life parameter among dental patients rehabilitated by the implant-supported overdentures with different attachment systems. Material and Methods: Forty-eight patients were recruited as a study cohort. The implant placement procedure was based on the results obtained by CBCT scanning and individualized surgical templates manufactured for correct implant placement. Each individual received two k3Pro Implants (Sure Type with 4.0 or 4.5 mm in diameter) at the intraforaminal area due to standard protocol of implantation provided by the manufacturer under local anesthesia. All patients were distributed between two groups based on the fact of using either Locator- or ball-attachments. Rank correlation was measured using Spearman correlation coefficient, while linear correlation was evaluated by Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: No statistically meaningful differences were noted regarding patients' distribution among groups considering age (p>0.05) and gender (p>0.05). Provided patient-level analysis demonstrated that increase of conventional full denture service time was positively correlated with escalation of OHIP-EDENT scores. The most prominent inter-correspondences were noted specifically between longevity of denture service and elevation of scores within "Functional limitation" (r=0.61; p<0.05), "Physical pain" (r=0.51; p<0.05) and "Physical disability" (r=0.57; p<0.05) subdomains. No statistically argumented regressions were noted between increase tendency of OHIP-EDENT scores and gender (p>0.05) or age (p>0.05) parameters. Conclusion: Significant improvements of quality of life measured with OHIP-EDENT were noted for both types of attachments compared to the pre-treatment situation independently of additionally provided surface electromyography-based alignment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported/instrumentation , Electromyography/instrumentation , Masticatory Muscles , Ukraine , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Cohort Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Occlusal Adjustment , Adaptation , Dental Implantation , Denture, Complete , Denture, Overlay
2.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20201035, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250187

ABSTRACT

Abstract BoNT-A has been widely used for TMD therapy. However, the potential benefits compared to dry needling techniques are not clear. Objective this study aimed to compare the immediate effects of botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) injections and Acupuncture in myofascial temporomandibular disorders (TMD) patients. Methodology 54 women were divided into three groups (n=18). AC patients received four sessions of traditional acupuncture, being one session/week during 20-min. BoNT-A patients were bilaterally injected with 30U and 10U in masseter and anterior temporal muscles, respectively. Moreover, a control group received saline solution (SS) in the same muscles. Self-perceived pain was assessed by visual analog scale, while pressure pain threshold (PPT) was verified by a digital algometer. Electromyographic evaluations (EMG) of anterior temporal and masseter muscles were also measured. All variables were assessed before and 1-month after therapies. The mixed-design two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc tests were used for analysis, considering a=0.05. Results Self-perceived pain decreased in all groups after one month of therapy (P<.001). BoNT-A was not better than AC in pain reduction (P=0.05), but both therapies were more effective in reducing pain than SS (P<0.05). BoNT-A was the only treatment able to improve PPT values (P<0.05); however, a severe decrease of EMG activity was also found in this group, which is considered an adverse effect. Conclusion after one month of follow-up, all therapies reduced the self-perceived pain in myofascial TMD patients, but only BoNT-A enhanced PPT yet decreased EMG.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Acupuncture Therapy , Botulinum Toxins, Type A/therapeutic use , Myofascial Pain Syndromes/drug therapy , Pain , Treatment Outcome , Pain Threshold , Masseter Muscle , Masticatory Muscles
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1354587

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del presente estudio fue presentar una revisión sistemática de la literatura relacionada con los estudios que aborden los métodos de evaluación de la masticación y sus características principales. Como estrategia de investigación se realizó en las bases de datos PubMed, Web Of Science, Medline, SciELO y Lilacs desde 2006 al 2020. Como criterios de selección se escogieron todos los estudios disponibles, sin restricción de idioma; de los últimos 14 años; cuyos participantes no presentaron alteraciones neurológicas ni psiquiátricas. Fueron analizados a partir de su relación con el objeto del presente estudio. Las palabras clave utilizadas en la búsqueda de los artículos fueron identificados en los Descriptores en Ciencias de la Salud (DEDS) siendo las siguientes: "Evaluation", "Mastication", "Masticatory Muscles", "Masseter Muscle" y "Temporal Muscle". Utilizando también OR y AND como operadores lógicos. Se encontró 1311 estudios en las bases de datos investigadas, después de la revisión fueron eliminados 1278 y elegidos 33 artículos; y considerándose sólo 21 artículos según criterios de selección y objetivo. Todos los artículos revisados obtuvieron un alto grado de evidencia (nivel I) luego de realizar una evaluación crítica de la evidencia científica, determinando que todos los artículos evaluados fueron catalogados como estudios clínicos aleatorizados y con diseños experimentales. Siendo excluidos los estudios longitudinales, con individuos con patologías. Se concluye que el método que se utiliza mayormente es la evaluación clínica fonoaudiológica, mediante observación y palpación de musculatura orofacial, seguido de electromiografía de superficie, electrognatografía y la escala analógica visual para la saciedad. Las características observadas fueron, número de ciclos de masticación, velocidad de la masticación, porcentaje de actividad muscular eléctrica, fuerza muscular, tipo de masticación según el lado de preferencia de masticación, eficiencia masticatoria y tipología facial.


The objective of the present study was to present a systematic review of the literature related to studies that address chewing evaluation methods and their main characteristics. As a research strategy, it was carried out in the PubMed, Web Of Science, Medline, SciELO and Lilacs databases from 2006 to 2020. All available studies were chosen as selection criteria, without language restriction; of the last 14 years; whose participants did not present neurological or psychiatric alterations. They were analyzed based on their relationship with the object of the present study. The keywords used in the search for the articles were identified in the Health Sciences Descriptors (DEDS) being the following: "Evaluation", "Mastication", "Masticatory Muscles", "Masseter Muscle" and "Temporal Muscle". Also using OR and AND as logical operators. 1311 studies were found in the investigated databases, after the review 1278 were eliminated and 33 articles were chosen; and considering only 21 articles according to selection and objective criteria. All the articles reviewed obtained a high degree of evidence (level I) after making a critical evaluation of the scientific evidence, determining that all the articles evaluated were classified as randomized clinical studies with experimental designs. Longitudinal studies with individuals with pathologies being excluded. It is concluded that the method most used is the speech therapy clinical evaluation, by observation and palpation of the orofacial muscles, followed by surface electromyography, electrognatography and the visual analog scale for satiety. The observed characteristics were, number of chewing cycles, chewing speed, percentage of electrical muscle activity, muscle strength, chewing type according to chewing preference side, chewing efficiency and facial typology.


Subject(s)
Research Design , Mastication , Masticatory Muscles , Palpation , Observation , Efficiency , Electromyography , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Visual Analog Scale , Literature , Methods
4.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 26: e2552, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355709

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To carry out an integrative review of the literature on the use of photobiomodulation (PBM) for the head and neck muscles. Research strategy The research took place between June/2019 and March/2021, in the following databases: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, and SciELO. The MeSH used were Low-Level Light Therapy, Phototherapy, Masseter Muscle, Masticatory Muscles, Tongue, Palate, Mouth, Neck Muscles, and Facial Muscles in English and Portuguese. No limitation was imposed on the year and language of publication. Selection criteria studies that answered the guiding question: what is the use of photobiomodulation to the head and neck muscles?. Results 2857 articles were found, of which 102 were selected for full reading, 52 of those were excluded, giving a total of 50 articles included. The included publications date from 2003 to 2020. Brazil was the country that most published on the topic. With regard to the objectives, 82% of the studies aimed to investigate the analgesic effect of PBM, of these, 50% were related to articular or muscular temporomandibular disorders (TMD). The heterogeneity of the studies makes it impossible to define the dose protocols. Conclusion PBM has been applied to the head and neck muscles mainly for the treatment of pain caused by TMD. There is no treatment protocol to define the doses to be used, due the heterogeneity of the methodologies applied and results found.


RESUMO Objetivos realizar uma revisão integrativa da literatura sobre o uso da fotobiomodulação nos músculos de cabeça e pescoço. Estratégia de pesquisa As buscar foram realizadas nas bases de dados: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS e SciELO. A pesquisa ocorreu entre junho de 2019 e março de 2021. Os descritores utilizados foram Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade, Fototerapia, Músculo Masseter, Músculos Mastigatórios, Língua, Palato, Boca, Pescoço, Músculos do Pescoço, Músculos Faciais e seus respectivos termos em inglês. Não houve limitação de ano de publicação e idioma. Critérios de seleção estudos que respondessem a pergunta norteadora: qual o uso da fotobiomodulação na musculatura de cabeça e pescoço?. Resultados Foram encontrados 2857 artigos, sendo selecionados 102 para leitura completa, dos quais 52 foram excluídos, totalizando 50 artigos incluídos. As publicações incluídas datam de 2003 a 2020. O Brasil foi o país que mais publicou sobre o tema. Quanto aos objetivos, 82% dos estudos pesquisaram o efeito analgésico da fotobiomodulação, e desses, 50% eram relacionados à disfunção temporomandibular (DTM) articular ou muscular. A heterogeneidade dos estudos impossibilita a definição de protocolos dosimétricos. Conclusão A fotobiomodulação tem sido utilizada na musculatura de cabeça e pescoço principalmente para o tratamento da dor proveniente de DTM. Não existe um protocolo de aplicação que defina os parâmetros dosimétricos a serem utilizados, devido a heterogeneidade das metodologias e dos resultados encontrados.


Subject(s)
Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome/radiotherapy , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Facial Muscles , Neck Muscles , Masseter Muscle , Masticatory Muscles
5.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 26: e2400, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350165

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo pesquisar a atividade elétrica do músculo orbicular da boca em quatro diferentes tarefas isométricas e indicar a mais apropriada para utilização como referência na normalização do sinal elétrico do músculo orbicular da boca pela contração voluntária máxima. Métodos participaram do estudo 22 indivíduos, sendo dez do sexo masculino e 12 do feminino, com idades entre 20 e 33 anos. A atividade elétrica das porções superior e inferior do músculo orbicular da boca foi registrada durante a realização das seguintes tarefas isométricas: protrusão labial com fechamento, protrusão labial sem fechamento, contrarresistência com a placa de resistência labial e preensão de lábios. A ordem de realização das tarefas foi randomizada entre os participantes. Os dados foram comparados entre as tarefas, para cada seguimento labial. Resultados no segmento marginal superior, a tarefa com maior média e mediana de amplitude foi preensão labial, embora sem diferença significativa entre tarefas. O menor coeficiente de variação foi obtido na tarefa de contrarresistência com a placa de resistência labial. No segmento marginal inferior, a tarefa com maior média e mediana de amplitude foi protrusão labial com fechamento, que também teve o menor coeficiente de variação e diferença significativa entre as tarefas protrusão labial com fechamento e preensão, sendo os maiores valores obtidos na primeira. Conclusão indica-se como referência para a normalização do sinal elétrico do músculo orbicular da boca, pela contração voluntária máxima, a tarefa de protrusão labial com fechamento.


ABSTRACT Purpose To verify the electrical activity of the orbicularis oris in four different isometric tasks and to indicate the most appropriate task for use as a reference in the normalization of the electrical signal of the orbicularis oris muscle by maximum voluntary contraction. Methods Twenty-two individuals participated in the study, of which 10 were male and 12 were female, with ages ranging from 20 to 33 years. The electrical activity of the upper and lower parts of orbicularis oris muscle was recorded during the following isometric tasks: lip protrusion with bilabial closure; lip protrusion without bilabial closure; the counter resistance using the plate of labial resistance and lips prehension. The order of the tasks was randomized among participants. Data were compared between tasks for each lip part. Results in the upper marginal segment, the task with the highest mean and median amplitude was lip prehension, although there was no significant difference between tasks. The lowest coefficient of variation was obtained in the counter resistance task with the plate of labial resistance. In the lower marginal segment, the task with the highest mean and median amplitude was labial protrusion with lips closure, which also had the lowest coefficient of variation. In this segment, there was a significant difference between labial protrusion with lips closure and prehension, with the highest values obtained in the first task. Conclusion lip protrusion with bilabial closure is suggested as reference for the normalization of the electrical signal of the orbicularis oris muscle, by maximum voluntary contraction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Electromyography , Facial Muscles , Isometric Contraction , Masticatory Muscles/physiopathology
6.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 50: e20210036, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352130

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução Ocorrendo de forma branda e não invasiva, a terapia craniossacral é uma técnica de manipulação na qual o terapeuta exerce leve pressão sobre estrutura óssea, sendo utilizada como tratamento para diversos problemas de saúde, como cefaleias e DTM. Objetivo Analisar os efeitos da terapia craniossacral em indivíduos com disfunção temporomandibular associada a cefaleia do tipo tensional. Material e método Estudo descritivo, intervencionista com abordagem quantitativa, realizado no núcleo de atenção médica integrado, no período de fevereiro a setembro de 2018. Foram inclusos no estudo indivíduos com disfunção temporomandibular e que apresentaram cefaleia dentre os sintomas. Foram exclusos aqueles que não compareceram ao atendimento ou não apresentaram a sintomatologia. Previamente, foi realizada uma avaliação para identificar a dor na crise de cefaleia, a mensuração da amplitude de movimento mandibular e a palpação dos músculos da mastigação, para classificar a dor em leve, moderada ou forte. Após oito atendimentos, sendo duas vezes por semana com duração de 15 minutos cada, todos foram reavaliados. Resultado Participaram do estudo 31 indivíduos, sendo 90,3% do sexo feminino. Na classificação do RDC/TMD, houve prevalência dos grupos G1 e G1G3. Quanto a mobilidade mandibular, houve ganho para os movimentos de abertura, com 45,6 mm (±7,5) antes da terapia e, na reavaliação, 47,4 mm (±8,4); desvios laterais antes da terapia (lado direito - 7,0 ±2,8) e (lado esquerdo - 7,7±3,0), e após a terapia (8,0±3,0) e (8,6±2,9), respectivamente; o movimento de protusão, antes com média 5,03 ±2,5 e, na reavaliação, com 4,8 ±1,9. Na palpação muscular, destacamos redução do quadro álgico no músculo pterigoideo medial com média 2,2 (±1,05) antes da terapia e 1,5 (±1,02) após a terapia. Conclusão Concluímos que a terapia se mostrou eficaz no tratamento de pacientes com disfunção temporomandibular associada a cefaleia do tipo tensional.


Abstract Introduction Occurring in a mild and non-invasive way, craniosacra therapy is a manipulation technique that the therapist exerts light pressure on the bone structure, being used as a treatment for several health problems, such as headaches and TMD. Objective To analyze the effects of craniosacra therapy in individuals with temporomandibular disorders associated with tension-type headache. Material and method Descriptive, interventional study with a quantitative approach, carried out in the integrated medical care center from February to September 2018. Individuals with temporomandibular disorder and who presented headache among the symptoms were included in the study. And those who did not attend the service or did not present symptoms were excluded. Previously, an assessment was carried out to identify pain during headache attacks, measurement of mandibular range of motion and palpation of mastication muscles, to quantify pain as mild, moderate and severe. After 8 consultations, twice a week lasting 15 minutes each, all were reassessed. Result 31 individuals participated in the study, being 90.3% female. In the classification of the RDC/TMD, there was a prevalence of groups G1 and G1G3. Regarding mandibular mobility, there was a gain for opening movements with 45.6mm (±7.5) before therapy and 47.4mm (±8.4) in the reassessment; lateral deviations before therapy (right side - 7.0 ±2.8) and (left side - 7.7±3.0) and after (8.0±3.0) and (8.6±2.9); and the protrusion movement before with an average of 5.03 ± 2.5 and in the reassessment with 4.8 ± 1.9. And in muscle palpation, we highlight a reduction in pain in the medial pterygoid muscle with a mean of 2.2 (±1.05) before therapy and 1.5 (±1.02) after. Conclusion We conclude that the therapy has been shown to be effective in treating patients with temporomandibular disorders associated with tension-type headache.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bone and Bones/anatomy & histology , Pain Measurement , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome , Tension-Type Headache , Musculoskeletal Manipulations , Masticatory Muscles
7.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(82): 7-14, 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290750

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: evaluar la rehabilitación funcional de la ATM en pacientes con osteoartrosis, con abordaje neuromuscular. La osteoartrosis se caracteriza por la degeneración del cartílago articular y la cortical ósea, que conduce a dolor e inmovilidad. Se incluyó a 8 mujeres entre 20 y 42 años de edad con dolor en la región orofacial, signos de oclusión disfuncional e imágenes compatibles con trastornos degenerativos en ATM. Clínicamente se evaluó el dolor y la oclusión y, mediante tecnología electrónica, se obtuvieron datos objetivos de los movimientos de apertura-cierre y lateralidades, la velocidad de apertura-cierre mandibulares y de los ruidos articulares. Las mediciones fueron realizadas al inicio y al finalizar el tratamiento de estabilización mandibular con una ortosis neuromuscular. Para determinar la significación estadística se utilizaron el Student`s test de comparaciones múltiples y el análisis de varianza, ANOVA, de un factor. Las diferencias entre medias se consideraron significativas con p <0.05. Los resultados demostraron ausencia de dolor en el 100% de los casos al primer mes de tratamiento. Se incrementaron la apertura bucal (6,73 mm promedio), ambas lateralidades (P=0.0023), velocidad en apertura y en cierre (no estadísticamente significativo). Después de estabilizar la mandíbula se redujo la frecuencia de los ruidos. En conclusión, la oclusión dental disfuncional es el principal factor etiológico de la artrosis de la ATM. El establecimiento de una oclusión fisiológica produce la descompresión de la ATM, aumenta el rango de los movimientos mandibulares y disminuye significativamente el dolor (AU)


Objective: to evaluate the functional rehabilitation of the TMJ in patients with osteoarthritis, with a neuromuscular approach. Osteoarthrosis is characterized by degeneration of articular cartilage and bone cortex, which leads to pain and immobility. Eight women between 20 and 42 years of age with pain in the orofacial region, signs of dysfunctional occlusion, and images consistent with degenerative TMJ disorders were included. Clinically, pain and occlusion were evaluated and, using electronic technology, objective data were obtained on the opening-closing movements and lateralities, the opening-closing speed of the jaws and joint noises. Measurements were made before and at the end of the mandibular stabilization treatment with a neuromuscular orthosis. To determine the statistical significance, the Student`s multiple comparisons test and the analysis of variance, ANOVA, of one factor were used. The differences between means were considered significant with p <0.05. The results showed absence of pain pain in 100% of cases in the first month of treatment. Mouth opening (6.73 mm average), both lateralities (P = 0.0023), opening and closing speed (not statistically significant) were increased. After stabilizing the jaw the noise frequency value was reduced. In conclusion, dysfunctional dental occlusion is the main etiologic factor of TMJ osteoarthritis. Establishing a physiological occlusion causes TMJ decompression, increases the range of mandibular movements, and significantly decreases pain (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Osteoarthritis/rehabilitation , Facial Pain , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Orthotic Devices , Argentina , Statistical Analysis , Analysis of Variance , Range of Motion, Articular , Masticatory Muscles/physiopathology
8.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(82): 27-33, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291040

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este artículo es presentar una alternativa de tratamiento rehabilitador para pacientes jóvenes con gran pérdida de estructura dental, vinculada a lesiones de origen no bacteriano. Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente de sexo masculino, de 39 años de edad, que acudió a la Cátedra de Odontología Integral Adultos de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (FOUBA) relatando síntomas compatibles con hipersensibilidad dentaria y fatiga de los músculos masticadores. Al mismo tiempo, manifestó disconformidad con el aspecto estético de su sonrisa. Teniendo en cuenta la gran pérdida de sustancia en sus piezas dentarias producida por hábitos parafuncionales (bruxismo), se realizó una rehabilitación oral adhesiva con cerámicas utilizando el protocolo de abordaje terapéutico sugerido por la Cátedra. En pacientes que presentan severos desgastes (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tooth Erosion/therapy , Bruxism/therapy , Esthetics, Dental , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Smiling , Ceramics , Dental Bonding/methods , Masticatory Muscles/physiopathology , Mouth Rehabilitation
9.
Rev. CEFAC ; 23(2): e7520, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155333

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: to investigate the existence of changes in the electromyographic patterns of the mentalis and inferior orbicularis oris muscles in oronasal breathers, submitted to massage therapy on the mentalis muscle. Methods: a controlled blind placebo experiment, with a sample of 19 oronasal breathers (1 man and 18 women), mean age (standard deviation) 22.3 (2.63) years, randomly divided into control and experimental groups, respectively with 7 and 12 volunteers. The experimental group alone underwent myotherapy with massages for 3 months, while electromyographic data were collected from both groups at the beginning and end of the treatment, both at rest and when swallowing water. The analysis of variance was conducted to test the existence of differences between the means; the 5% significance level was used. Results: the analysis of variance revealed signs of interaction between the group and phase effects when analyzing the root mean square values of both the inferior orbicularis oris and the mentalis muscles. As expected, no signs of significant differences were found between the means of the phases in the control group. On the other hand, signs of significant difference were found in the experimental group, with reduced root mean square values in both muscles. The inferior orbicularis oris muscle, which in the pre-phase had a mean (standard deviation) of 202.10 (161.47) µV, had, in the post-phase, values of 131.49 (159.18) µV. The mentalis muscle, in its turn, had in the pre- and post-phase, respectively, a mean (standard deviation) of 199.31 (279.77) µV and 114.58 (253.56) µV. Conclusion: given that no effect was detected in the control group, the decrease in the root mean square values of the mentalis and inferior orbicularis oris muscles in oronasal breathers was attributed to the massage therapy on the mentalis muscle.


RESUMO Objetivo: investigar a existência de modificações dos padrões eletromiográficos dos músculos mentual e orbicular inferior da boca em respiradores oronasais submetidas à massoterapia no músculo mentual. Métodos: experimento cego placebo controlado, com amostra de 19 respiradores oronasais, 1 homem e 18 mulheres, com média de idade (desvio-padrão) de 22,3 (2,63) anos, aleatoriamente dividida nos grupos controle e experimental, respectivamente com 7 e 12 voluntários. Apenas no grupo experimental foi aplicada mioterapia por meio de massagens, por três meses e em ambos os grupos foram coletados dados eletromiográficos no início e no final do tempo de tratamento nas condições de repouso e deglutição de água. A análise de variância foi aplicada para testar a existência de diferenças entre as médias e foi adotado o nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: a análise de variância revelou indícios de interação entre os efeitos de grupo e fase quando analisados os valores de Root Mean Square (RMS), tanto do músculo orbicular inferior como do músculo mentual. Como esperado, não foram encontrados indícios de diferenças significantes entre as médias das fases no grupo controle, entretanto, foram encontrados indícios de diferença significante no grupo experimental havendo redução das médias de RMS em ambos os músculos. O orbicular inferior, que na fase pré apresentava média (desvio padrão) de 202,10 (161,47) µV, apresentou valores de 131,49 (159,18) µV na fase pós, enquanto que o músculo mentual apresentou, respectivamente, nas fases pré e pós, média (desvio padrão) de 199,31 (279,77) µV e 114,58 (253,56) µV. Conclusão: tendo em vista a não detecção de efeito no grupo controle, atribui-se à massoterapia no músculo mentual a redução das médias de Root Mean Square dos músculos mentual e orbicular inferior da boca em respiradores oronasais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Myofunctional Therapy/methods , Mouth Breathing/rehabilitation , Electromyography , Mental Foramen , Massage , Masticatory Muscles
10.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 50: e20210035, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1347768

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Changes caused by the rigidity of Parkinson's Disease (PD) can affect the mandibular musculature. However, few studies have been published about its impact on the oral opening. Objective: To analyze the relationship of the vertical extension of the oral opening with muscular rigidity and sociodemographic factors of the elderly with PD. Material and method: This is a cross-sectional, quantitative study that collected data from a primary study conducted at the Hospital das Clínicas of the Federal University of Pernambuco in 2018. Data were collected from medical records and from the questionnaire, Research Diagnostic Criterion for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD). The sample was composed of 81 parkinsonians and characterized using: sociodemographic variables and the presence or absence of muscular rigidity. The measures of vertical extension of the oral opening evaluated were: mouth opening without assistance and without pain (ABASD), and maximum mouth opening without assistance (AMBSA). The Pearson's linear correlation and Spearman's correlation tests were applied to investigate the relationship among the continuous variables. Analyses of association were conducted using simple logistic regression. The level of significance was set at p<0.05. Result: Limitation of the oral opening was not related to age or sex. The greatest level of significance was between mouth opening without assistance and without pain and muscular rigidity (p=0.012), and years of schooling (p=0.038). Conclusion: The limitation of mouth opening in people with PD was shown to be related to muscular rigidity and fewer years of schooling.


Introdução: As alterações causadas pela rigidez na Doença de Parkinson (DP) podem afetar a musculatura mandibular, mas há uma escassez de estudos publicados sobre seu impacto na abertura bucal. Objetivo: Analisar a relação da extensão vertical da abertura de boca com a rigidez muscular e os fatores sociodemográficos de idosos com a DP. Material e método: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, quantitativo, que coletou dados de uma pesquisa primária realizada no Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, em 2018. Apanhou-se dados dos prontuários e do questionário: Critério de Diagnóstico de Pesquisa para Disfunções Temporomandibulares (RDC/TMD). A amostra foi composta por 81 parkinsonianos e caracterizadas em: variáveis sociodemográficas e presença ou ausência de rigidez muscular. As medidas de extensão vertical de abertura de boca avaliadas foram: abertura de boca sem auxílio e sem dor (ABASD) e abertura máxima da boca sem auxílio (AMBSA). Aplicou-se os testes de correlação linear de Pearson e de correlação de Spearman para averiguar relação entre as variáveis contínuas. Análises de associações foram realizadas através da regressão logística simples. Nível de significância de p<0,05. Resultado: A limitação de abertura de boca não apresentou relação com a idade e o sexo. O maior nível de significância foi entre a abertura de boca sem auxílio e sem dor e a rigidez muscular (p= 0,012) e a escolaridade (p= 0,038). Conclusão: A limitação de abertura de boca nas pessoas com DP se mostrou relacionada a rigidez muscular e a escolaridade mais baixa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Parkinson Disease , Socioeconomic Factors , Universities , Mandible/anatomy & histology , Masticatory Muscles , Muscle Rigidity
11.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 7(3): 1-11, sept. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178941

ABSTRACT

La musculatura masticatoria se caracteriza por presentar fibras híbridas que en los últimos años se han relacionado con el fenómeno de plasticidad muscular. El objetivo del estudio fue describir la relación entre la plasticidad muscular y las fibras musculares híbridas presentes en la musculatura masticatoria, mediante una revisión narrativa de literatura. Para esto, se realizó una búsqueda electrónica en PUBMED, ScienceDirect y BIREME, utilizando las palabras claves: "Muscle Plasticity", "Hybrid Muscle Fibers" y "Hybrid Fibers". Fueron seleccionados documentos que reportan las isoformas de cadena pesada de miosina (MHC) presentes en los músculos masticatorios de humanos y otros mamíferos, junto a los cambios vinculados a demandas funcionales. Se describe la presencia de fibras puras tipo I y tipo II, además de otras isoformas como la MHC-la, MHC-IIM, MHC-fetal y MHC-cardíaca. Sin embargo, un porcentaje considerable de fibras en la musculatura masticatoria son híbridas, es decir, expresan a más de una isoforma de MHC, las cuales también son diferentes a nivel intermuscular e intramuscular. Las influencias locales pueden contribuir a la variación de la expresión del tipo de fibra. En la musculatura masticatoria, el destete, la dureza de los alimentos, el bruxismo, la morfología craneofacial y el uso de prótesis dentales genera cambios a nivel de los músculos masticatorios, donde es común la presencia de fibras híbridas. Se concluye la presencia importante de fibras híbridas en la musculatura masticatoria y su relación con la plasticidad muscular a lo largo del ciclo vital, debido a cambios funcionales y patológicos. Es importante que los terapeutas de habla y motricidad orofacial profundicen en el conocimiento de la fisiología del comportamiento oromiofuncional.


The masticatory musculature is characterized by presenting hybrid fibers that in recent years have been related to the phenomenon of muscle plasticity. The objective of the study was to describe the relationship between muscle plasticity and the hybrid muscle fibers present in the masticatory muscles, through a narrative review. For this, an electronic search was conducted in PUBMED, ScienceDirect and BIREME, using the keywords: "Muscle Plasticity", "Hybrid Muscle Fibers" and "Hybrid Fibers". Documents that report the myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms present in the masticatory muscles of humans and other mammals were selected, along with the changes linked to functional demands. The presence of type I and type II pure fibers were described, in addition to other isoforms such as MHC-la, MHC-IIM, MHC-fetal and MHC-cardiac. However, a significant percentage of fibers in the masticatory muscles are hybrids, that is, they express more than one MHC isoform, which are also different at the intermuscular and intramuscular level. Local influences can contribute to the variation of fiber type expression. In the chewing muscles, weaning, the hardness of food, bruxism, craniofacial morphology and the use of dental prostheses generate changes at the level of the chewing muscles, where the presence of hybrid fibers is common. The important presence of hybrid fibers in the masticatory muscles and their relationship with muscle plasticity throughout the life cycle, due to functional and pathological changes, is concluded. It is important for Speech Therapy andMyofunctional Therapy to deepen their understanding of the physiology of oromyofunctional behavior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Muscle Fibers, Skeletal , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Masticatory Muscles
12.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 13(2): 80-83, ago. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134346

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Introducción: El patrón de crecimiento facial se establece antes de la aparición del primer molar permanente. Un exceso de crecimiento vertical facial, corresponde a individuos de cara larga, con ángulos goniacos abiertos, alturas faciales inferiores aumentadas y músculos masticatorios de menor área transversal. Esto se asocia a presentar mordida abierta anterior, mordida cruzada, clase II esquelético, entre otros. El entrenamiento muscular masticatorio podría controlar el excesivo crecimiento vertical, generando fuerzas opuestas que favorezcan un crecimiento horizontal. Objetivo: Describir el efecto del entrenamiento muscular masticatorio en el desarrollo del patrón vertical facial en niños. Método: Se realizó una revisión narrativa mediante búsqueda electrónica en las bases de datos PubMed, EBSCO, Scopus, Cochrane, Trip Database y Epistemonikos. Se utilizaron las palabras clave: "músculos masticatorios", "maseteros", "temporales", "masticación", "ejercicio", "entrenamiento", "crecimiento vertical", "patrón vertical", "dolicofacial", "control vertical". Los términos MeSH: "músculos masticatorios", "ejercicio". Resultados: Se seleccionaron 15 artículos de los cuales 9 son ensayos clínicos, 4 son reportes de caso y 2 son estudios observacionales transversales. Conclusiones: El entrenamiento muscular masticatorio tiene efectos positivos, favoreciendo un mayor crecimiento horizontal en niños con patrón vertical. No obstante, faltan estudios y ensayos clínicos para establecer y cuantificar los cambios morfológicos generados por el entrenamiento muscular.


ABSTRACT: Background: The pattern of facial growth is established before the eruption of the first permanent molar. An excess of vertical facial growth corresponds to individuals with long faces, open gonial angles, higher inferior facial heights and smaller masticatory muscles associated with different dental anomalies like anterior open bite, Brodie bite, skeletal class II and others. The masticatory muscle training could control the excessive growth in the vertical dimension, making opposing forces that will favor the horizontal growth in the patient. Objective: Describe the effect of the masticatory muscle training in the development of the vertical pattern in children. Method: A narrative review was done by an electronic research in PubMed, EBSCO, Scopus, Cochrane, Trip Database y Epistemonikos. The following key words were used: "masticatory muscles", "masseter", "temporalis", "mastication", "chewing", "exercise", "training", "vertical growth", "vertical pattern", "dolichofacial", "vertical control". The MeSH terms: "masticatory muscles", "exercise". Results: Fifteen articles were selected, 9 of them were clinical trials, 4 were case reports and 2 were observational studies. Conclusions: The literature review shows that the masticatory muscle training has positive effects, favoring the horizontal growth in children with vertical facial pattern. Nevertheless, there is a lack of studies and clinical trials, that could help us to establish and quantify the morphological changes made by the masticatory muscle training.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Exercise , Open Bite , Mastication , Masticatory Muscles , Molar
13.
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 33: e003325, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101195

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD or TMJD) involve clinical problems and symptoms affecting the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and associated structures. The temporomandibular joints are anatomically connected to the cervical region, where cervical spine movements occur simultaneously to masticatory muscle activation and jaw movements. Objective: Our study sought to assess the relationship between the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD), surface electromyography (sEMG) of the masticatory muscles, posture and cervical flexibility in women with TMD. Method: Fifty women with an average age of 27.0 ± 6.37 years, diagnosed with TMD according to RDC/TMD, were assessed for craniocervical posture, cervical flexibility and sEMG of the masticatory muscles. Results: There were no differences in jaw function limitations, depression, pain level and its interference in work ability and daily activities, posture and sEMG between TMD diagnoses or between muscle classification (p > 0.05). Depression scores were higher among participants with biarticular dysfunction (p = 0.023). The group with bruxism exhibited a higher pain level at assessment (p = 0.001) and a greater reduction in work ability (p = 0.039). Subjects with muscular and mixed TMD showed less cervical rotation to the right when compared with those with articular TMD. Conclusion: There was no difference in posture or sEMG values for TMD diagnoses, joint and muscle dysfunctions and the presence of bruxism. Muscle dysfunction is associated with reduced cervical rotation to the right. Jaw function limitations did not interfere in posture or sEMG and depression was associated with pain.


Resumo Introdução: A disfunção temporomandibular (DTM) compreende alterações clínicas e sintomas que envolvem a articulação temporomandibular (ATM) e estruturas associadas. A ATM possui conexões anatômicas com a região cervical, onde os movimentos das vértebras cervicais ocorrem simultaneamente com a ativação dos músculos mastigatórios e dos movimentos da mandíbula. Objetivo: O objetivo foi verificar a relação entre achados do Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) com a eletromiografia de superfície (EMGs) da musculatura mastigatória, postura e flexibilidade cervical em mulheres com DTM. Método: Cinquenta mulheres com DTM, pelo RDC/TMD, com idade média de 27,0 ± 6,37 anos foram avaliadas quanto à postura craniocervical, flexibilidade cervical e EMGs da musculatura mastigatória. Resultados: Não houve diferença quanto às limitações relacionadas à função mandibular (LRFM), depressão, grau de dor e interferência no trabalho e atividades diárias, postura e EMGs entre os diagnósticos de DTM e entre a classificação muscular (p > 0,05). O comprometimento biarticular apresentou maior depressão (p = 0,023). O grupo com bruxismo apresentou maior grau de dor no momento (p = 0,001), e maior comprometimento na capacidade de trabalhar (p = 0,039). A DTM muscular e mista tiveram menor rotação à direita em comparação ao diagnóstico articular. Conclusão: Os diagnósticos de DTM, os variados comprometimentos articulares e musculares e a presença de bruxismo não apresentaram diferença quanto à postura e a EMGs. O comprometimento muscular está associado a uma menor rotação cervical à direita. As LRFM não interferiram na postura e na EMGs. A depressão tem associação com a dor.


Resumen Introducción: La disfunción temporomandibular (DTM) incluye alteraciones clínicas y síntomas que involucran la articulación temporomandibular (ATM) y estructuras asociadas. La ATM posee conexiones anatómicas con la región cervical donde los movimientos de las vértebras cervicales ocurren simultáneamente con la activación de los músculos masticatorios y de los movimientos de la mandíbula. Objetivo: Verificar la relación entre la presencia de hallazgos de Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) con la electromiografía superficial (EMG) de la musculatura masticatoria, postura y flexibilidad cervical en mujeres con DTM. Método: Cincuenta mujeres con DTM, por el RDC/TMD, con edad promedio de 27,0 ± 6,37 años fueron evaluadas en cuanto a la postura craniocervical, flexibilidad cervical y EMG de la musculatura masticatoria. Resultados: No hubo diferencia en las limitaciones relacionadas con la función mandibular (LRFM), depresión, grado de dolor e interferencia en el trabajo y actividades diarias, postura y EMG entre los diagnósticos de DTM y entre la clasificación muscular (p > 0,05). La disfunción biarticular presentó mayores puntuaciones de depresión (p = 0,023). El grupo con bruxismo presentó mayor grado de dolor (p = 0,001), y mayor reducción en la capacidad de trabajo (p = 0,039). La DTM muscular y mixta tuvieron menor rotación a la derecha en comparación con el diagnóstico articular. Conclusión: Los diagnósticos de DTM con los variados comprometimientos articulares y musculares y la presencia de bruxismo no presentaron diferencias en cuanto a la postura y la EMG. El comprometimiento muscular está asociado a una menor rotación a la derecha de la cervical. Las LRFM no interfirieron en la postura y la EMG, y la depresión estuvo asociada con el dolor.


Subject(s)
Female , Temporomandibular Joint , Range of Motion, Articular , Electromyography , Posture , Masticatory Muscles
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781349

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aims to investigate the occlusal and myoelectric characteristics of implant-supported fixed denture in the mandibular region and provide reference for the design of fixed restoration.@*METHODS@#Sixty edentulous patients with implant-supported fixed denture were selected and divided into three groups: group A, 20 cases with implant-supported fixed restoration in the maxillary region; group B, 20 cases with natural dentition, and group C, 20 cases with removable partial denture. The T-scan 8.0 digital occlusion analysis system was used to evaluate the occlusal characteristics of patients in the three groups at intercuspal, protrusion, and left and right lateral positions. Electromyography was used to analyze the myoelectric amplitude and bilateral asymmetry index of the anterior temporalis and masseter of the three groups in different states such as resting and clenching. The relationship between occlusion and myoelectricity was also investigated.@*RESULTS@#In the occlusion analysis by T-scan, the occlusion time, the balance of left and right bite force, the left and right asymmetry of the occlusion center, the trajectory of central occlusion force, and the disclusion time were higher in group C than in groups A and B (P<0.05). No significant differences were observed in the anterior and posterior asymmetry of the occlusion center and percentage of bite force at anterior region among the three groups. In the analysis of myoelectricity, the myoelectric amplitude at resting state and the asymmetry index of masticatory muscles in group C were higher than those in groups A and B (P<0.05). The myoelectric amplitude during clenching in groups A and B groups was higher than that in group C (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In implant-supported fixed restoration at edentulous mandibular, when maxillary includes the removable partial denture, degree of occlusal instability and left and right asymmetry of occlusion center are greater than those with the natural dentition and implant-supported fixed denture at maxillary. The myoelectricity is closely related to occlusion. The removable partial denture can increase the myoelectric activity and reduce the potential of the masticatory muscle. The asymmetry of bilateral myoelectricity is related to the occlusion imbalance.


Subject(s)
Bite Force , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Humans , Mandible , Masticatory Muscles
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781345

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between the clinical diagnostic criteria of sleep bruxism and the frequency of mandibular movements during sleep.@*METHODS@#Video polysomnography was used to record 20 healthy adults with at least one of the following clinical symptoms and signs: 1) report of frequent tooth grinding; 2) tooth wear and dentin exposure with at least three occlusal surfaces; 3) masticatory muscle symptoms in the morning; 4) masseter muscle hypertrophy. The rhythmic masticatory muscle activity (RMMA) and isolated tonic activity were scored to compare the correlations with clinical symptoms and signs. Finally, the incidence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) was investigated in patients with isolated tonic and RMMA subjects.@*RESULTS@#Among the 20 subjects, RMMA events were observed (5.8±3.1) times·h⁻¹ and isolated tonic episodes were observed (2.1±0.9) times·h⁻¹. The frequency of RMMA events was significantly greater in the patients with acoustic molars than in those without (P<0.05). Similarly, the frequency of RMMA events was significantly greater in the patients with tooth attrition than in those without (P<0.05). However, no difference was observed between the occurrence of RMMA and the symptoms of masticatory muscles or masseter hypertrophy in the morning. The incidence of TMD was significantly higher in the patients with RMMA than in the isolated tonic patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The clinical symptoms and signs often used to diagnose sleep bruxism are different clinical and physiological mandibular movements during sleep. RMMA during sleep can reflect the occurrence of tooth attrition and the high risk of TMD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Electromyography , Humans , Masticatory Muscles , Polysomnography , Sleep , Sleep Bruxism , Tooth Attrition
16.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20200272, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134769

ABSTRACT

Abstract Treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is a challenge for health care professionals. Therefore, new approaches have been investigated, such as the use of natural products. Objective This systematic review aims to summarize the natural products used in treatment of experimental models of TMD. Methodology A systematic search was performed in the databases Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, Embase, SciELO, LILACS, and Scholar Google databases in January 2020, dating from their inception. Pre-clinical studies with natural products for intervention in experimental TMD were included. Two reviewers independently selected the studies, extracted the data, and evaluated the risk of bias. Results 17 records were selected, and 17 different natural products were found, including three lectins, three plants or algae extracts, three sulfated polysaccharides, three cocoa preparations, and five isolated compounds. Concerning the risk of bias, most studies lacked on randomization and blinding. Nociception induced by phlogistic agents was evaluated in most articles, and in five studies it was associated with analysis of inflammatory parameters. In order to investigate the mechanism of action of the natural products used, eight studies evaluated expression of neural or glial molecular markers. Conclusions 16 of 17 natural products found in this review presented positive results, showing their potential for treatment of TMD. However, the lack of methodological clarity can influence these results.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biological Products , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Temporomandibular Joint , Models, Animal , Masticatory Muscles
17.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(4): 466-474, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056486

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Tanto la limitación del movimiento mandibular como el auto reporte de síntomas de trastornos témporomandibulares (TTM) son utilizados como elementos para el diagnóstico de pacientes en la clínica. Sin embargo, la relación entre la presencia de síntomas y el movimiento mandibular no está del todo clara. Por ello, el objetivo de este estudio fue relacionar la presencia de síntomas asociados a TTM con el movimiento mandibular en una muestra de sujetos adultos jóvenes y sanos. En este estudio exploratorio participaron 40 estudiantes de Odontología, médicamente sanos, con arco dentario maxilar y mandibular continuo y completo (hasta el primer molar). A cada uno se les solicitó responder un cuestionario de auto-reporte de síntomas asociados a TTM recomendado por la American Academy of Orofacial Pain (AAOP). También se realizó un registro y análisis de sus movimientos mandibulares utilizando articulografía electromagnética 3D, con el objetivo de correlacionar la presencia de síntomas con el rango y trayectoria de apertura, y el área comprendida en lo que se describe como polígono de Posselt en el plano frontal y sagital. No se encontraron diferencias significativas entre las respuestas a cada pregunta entre hombres y mujeres. De acuerdo a las respuestas y según Delcanho (1994), 12 participantes resultaron necesitar una evaluación más exhaustiva. En este grupo se encontró que el área del polígono de Posselt en el plano frontal, fue significativamente menor que el de aquellos participantes que no requieren una evaluación más exhaustiva (p=0,003). Los valores de la trayectoria de apertura mandibular varían según de que síntoma se trate. Los principales síntomas que afectarían los valores de los movimientos bordeantes son la "dificultad para abrir la boca" y el "ruido en las articulaciones mandibulares". Con este estudio, hemos puesto de manifiesto que la limitación del movimiento mandibular como signo de TTM debe evaluarse con cautela, debido a que según la presencia de determinados síntomas y otras características de los sujetos (como el sexo), su valor podría variar.


ABSTRACT: Both the limitation of mandibular movement and the self-report of symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are used for the diagnosis of patients in clinical diagnosis. However, the relationship between the symptoms and mandibular movement is not entirely clear. Therefore, the objective of this study was to relate the presence of symptoms associated with TMD with mandibular movement in a sample of young and healthy adult subjects. This exploratory study involved 40 medically healthy dentistry students with a continuous and complete maxillary and mandibular arch (up to the first molar). Each subject was asked to answer a self-report questionnaire for symptoms associated with TTM recommended by the American Academy of Orofacial Pain (AAOP). We also recorded and analyzed their mandibular movements using 3D electromagnetic articulography, with the aim of correlating the presence of symptoms with the range and trajectory of opening, and the area included in what is described as a polygon of Posselt in the frontal and sagittal plane. No significant differences were found between the answers to each question between men and women. According to the responses and to Delcanho, 12 participants turned out to need a more exhaustive evaluation. In this group it was found that the area of the Posselt polygon in the frontal plane was significantly smaller than that of those participants who did not require a more extensive evaluation (p = 0.003). The values of the mandibular opening path vary depending on the symptom involved. The main symptoms that would affect the values of the bordering movements are the "difficulty to open the mouth" and "noise in the mandibular joints". With this study, we have shown that the limitation of mandibular movement as a sign of TMD should be assessed with caution, as, according to the presence of certain symptoms and other characteristics of subjects (such as sex), its value may vary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Temporomandibular Joint/pathology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/diagnosis , Electromagnetic Phenomena , Chile , Surveys and Questionnaires , Mandible , Masticatory Muscles/physiology , Mouth/anatomy & histology , Mouth/physiology , Movement
18.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(3): 317-321, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040028

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Chewing and swallowing are physiologically interconnected functions, which share motor structures and supranuclear regions of the central nervous system (CNS), involving a sensorimotor synchrony. Objective To analyze the influence of masticatory behavior on muscular compensations in the oral phase of swallowing in smokers compared with nonsmokers. Methods A cross-sectional study comparing smokers and nonsmokers composed of 24 participants in each group. The aspects of food crunching, masticatory pattern, masticatory speed, atypical muscular contractions, and lip closure were analyzed during mastication. In swallowing, aspects of contraction of the orbicular and mental muscles, head movement and presence of deglutition, mastication, smoking, and of stomatognathic system of residues after swallowing were characterized. Results Statistically significant differences were identified between the study groups related to food grinding pattern, masticatory velocity, and mental contraction during swallowing. There was no significant association between masticatory function and compensations during swallowing. Conclusion Differences were observed in the pattern of chewing and swallowing in smokers compared with nonsmokers, but no influence of masticatory performance was observed in the presence of muscle compensations during the oral phase of swallowing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Deglutition/physiology , Mastication/physiology , Masticatory Muscles/physiology , Stomatognathic System/physiology , Comparative Study , Cross-Sectional Studies , Smokers , Muscle Contraction/physiology
19.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 19(1): 41-44, jan.-mar. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254152

ABSTRACT

A disfunção temporomandibular (DTM) pode acometer os músculos mastigatórios, articulação temporomadibular (ATM) e estruturas adjacentes. Os sintomas mais comuns são: dor na região da ATM e dos músculos da mastigação, mas, em casos mais graves, podem acometer outras regiões faciais, que afetam diretamente a qualidade de vida dos pacientes. Tanto as abordagens cirúrgicas como não cirúrgicas podem ser usadas dependendo da etiologia e gravidade da doença. O tratamento tem como objetivo aliviar os sintomas e, consequentemente, melhorar a qualidade de vida dos pacientes. Objetiva também descrever um caso no qual foi realizada a discopexia como alternativa cirúrgica em uma paciente que teve tratamentos conservadores mal sucedidos para aliviar a dor facial, discutindo as características dos distúrbios de articulação e as formas de tratamento. A paciente continuou com tratamento fisioterápico funcional e evoluiu sem queixas álgicas, relatando melhora na qualidade de vida. A abordagem cirúrgica não deve ser considerada a primeira escolha, quando houver dor facial, no entanto, sob condições de sintomas persistentes e crônicos, alternativas, como a discopexia e cirurgia na articulação temporomandibular, podem ser consideradas para benefício do paciente... (AU)


Temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) can affect the masticatory muscles, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and adjacent structures. The most common symptoms are pain in the TMJ region and chewing muscles, but in more severe cases can affect other facial regions that directly affect the quality of life of patients. Both surgical and non-surgical approaches may be used depending on the etiology and severity of the disease and the goal of treatment is to alleviate symptoms and thereby improve patients' quality of life. The aim of the present article is to describe a case where discopexy was performed as a surgical alternative in a patient who had unsuccessful conservative treatments to relieve facial pain, discussing the characteristics of joint disorders and treatment modalities. The patient continued with functional physiotherapeutic treatment and evolved without pain complaints, reporting improvement in quality of life. The surgical approach should not be considered the first choice when there is facial pain. However, under conditions of persistent and chronic symptoms, alternatives such as discopexy and temporomandibular joint surgery may be considered for the benefit of the patient... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Pain , Temporomandibular Joint , Facial Pain , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Temporomandibular Joint Disc , Conservative Treatment , Mastication , Quality of Life , Signs and Symptoms , Joints , Masticatory Muscles
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