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Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e224265, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354719


Aim: This study assessed the color and translucency stability of a polymer infiltrated ceramic network (PICN) and compared it with a resin composite (RC) and a feldspathic ceramic (FEL). Methods: Disc-shaped samples of a PICN (Vita Enamic), a feldspathic ceramic (Vitablocks Mark II), and a resin composite (Brava block) were prepared from CAD/CAM blocks. PICN and RC surfaces were finished with a sequence of polishing discs and diamond paste. FEL samples received a glaze layer. The samples were subjected to 30-min immersions in red wine twice a day for 30 days. CIEL*a*b* coordinates were assessed with a spectrophotometer at baseline and after 15 and 30 days of immersion. Color alteration (ΔE00) and translucency parameter (TP00) were calculated with CIEDE2000. Average roughness was measured before the staining procedures. Color difference and translucency data were analyzed with repeated-measures ANOVA and Tukey's tests. Roughness was analyzed with the Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: Roughness was similar among the experimental groups. All materials had their color alteration significantly increased from 15 to 30 days of staining. PICN reached an intermediate ΔE00 between FEL and RC at 15 days. PICN revealed a color alteration as high as the composite after 30 days. No statistical difference was observed regarding translucency. Conclusion: PICN was not as color stable as the feldspathic ceramic at the end of the study. Its color alteration was comparable to the resin composite when exposed to red wine. However, the translucency of the tested materials was stable throughout the 30-day staining

Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Ceramics , Computer-Aided Design , Color , Composite Resins
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225757, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1366215


Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of frozen storage on the physical properties of a silicone-based test food material, highly used to evaluate the masticatory performance in research settings. Methods: A total of 1,666 silicone cubes of Optosil Comfort® with 5.6-mm edges were shaped and stored at -18°C. The cubes were subsequently tested for flexural strength (maximum force, displacement, stress, and strain) before breaking (n = 136), changes in weight and size (n = 170), and masticatory performance (n = 1360) at eight timepoints: immediately after cube preparation (baseline, no freezing), and 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks, and 2, 4 and 6 months after frozen storage. The cubes were thawed 8 h before each assessment. Results: The maximum force, stress, maximum displacement, and deformation values for the cubes were not affected by freezing (P > 0.05). At all of the time points, the cubes exhibited similar weight (P = 0.366) and size (identical values). The masticatory performance for the cubes also showed no differences from baseline through 6 months (P = 0.061). Conclusion: Freezing Optosil Comfort® silicone cubes did not alter the physical and mechanical properties of the material, being suitable to optimize the assessment of masticatory parameters for research purposes

Humans , Male , Adult , Silicone Elastomers , Materials Testing/methods , Physical Phenomena , Freezing , Flexural Strength , Mastication , Time Factors
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e220616, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393329


The use of selective barriers as resorbable membranes has become a routine clinical procedure for guided bone regeneration. Therefore, the production of membranes with a low inflammatory potential during their resorption process has become the goal of a considerable number of researches. Aim: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the biocompatibility of poly (L- lactic acid) (PLLA) and biocelulose membranes (BC) inserted in the subcutaneous tissue on the dorsum of rats. Methods: Fifteen animals underwent surgical procedures for the insertion of 4 types of membranes: COL (Collagen membrane) ­ Control Group; BC (Biocellulose membrane); BCAg (Biocellulose membrane impregnated with Silver); PLLA (Poly (L-lactic acid) membrane). All membrane types were inserted into each animal. Animals were euthanized after 3, 7, and 15 days of the surgical procedure. Descriptive histological analyses were carried out to investigate host tissue reaction to membrane presence by assessing the anti-inflammatory process composition associated with the membrane resorption and the presence of foreign-body reaction or encapsulation. Results: The BC membranes showed a higher degree of inflammation and poor pattern of integration with the surrounding tissues than the PLLA and COL membranes. Conclusion: The PLLA and COL membranes present better biocompatibility than the BC membranes

Animals , Rats , Biocompatible Materials/analysis , Bone Regeneration , Materials Testing , Lactic Acid , Subcutaneous Tissue , Membranes , Cellulose , Inflammation
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225263, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1369650


Aim: This study was fulfilled to evaluate the flexural strength, micro-hardness, and release of two fluoride ions of bioactive restorative materials (Cention N and Activa Bioactive), a resin modified glass ionomer (Fuji II LC), and a resin composite (Filtek z250). Methods: Forty samples from four restorative materials (Activa Bioactive, Fuji II LC, Cention N, and Filtek Z250) were provided according to the current standards of ISO 4049/2000 guide lines. Subsequently, the samples were stored for 24 hours and 6 months in artificial saliva, and successively, flexural strength and micro-hardness of the samples were measured. For each studied groups the pH was decreased from 6.8 to 4 in storage solution. The rate of changes in fluoride ion release was measured after three different storage periods of 24 hours, 48 hours, and 6 months in distilled water, according to the previous studies' method. Two-way ANOVA, One-way ANOVA, Tukey HSD Pair wise comparisons, and independent t-tests were used to analyze data (α= 0.05). Results: The highest flexural strength and surface micro-hardness after 24 hours and also after 6 month were observed for Cention N(p<0.001).Flexural strength of all samples stored for 6 months was significantly lower than the samples stored for 24 hours(p<0.001). The accumulative amount of the released fluoride ion in RMGI, after six-month storage period in distilled water was considerably higher (p<0.001) than 24 hours and 48 hours storage. The amount of fluoride ion release with increasing acidity of the environment (from pH 6.8 to 4) in Fuji II LC glass ionomer was higher than the bioactive materials (p<0.05). Conclusion: The flexural strength of RMGI was increased after storage against the Activa Bioactive,Cention N and Z250 composite. Storage of restorative materials in artificial saliva leads to a significant reduction in micro hardness. The behavior and amount of released fluoride ions in these restorative materials, which are stored in an acidic environment, were dependent on the type of restorative material

Saliva, Artificial , Materials Testing , Dental Materials , Physical Phenomena
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 7(1): 31-39, Jan-Apr 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1382163


Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito de um protetor de superfície na sorção e solubilidade de cimentos de ionômero de vidro. Materiais e Métodos: Quatro materiais foram selecionados: ionômero modificado por resina encapsulado (Riva Light Cure); modificado por resina pó/líquido (Vitremer); convencional encapsulado (Equia Forte) e convencional pó/líquido (Fuji IX). Foram confeccionados 20 espécimes de cada, sendo metade com proteção superficial do Equia Forte Coat. As amostras foram mantidas em estufa a 37°C em repouso por 5 dias. Em seguida, esses foram pesados em intervalos de 24 horas. A espessura e o diâmetro foram medidos com um paquímetro digital para o cálculo do volume. Novas pesagens foram realizadas para a obtenção da massa intermediária. Em seguida, as amostras foram mantidas em repouso por 5 dias a 37°C e realizada nova pesagem. Resultados: Os dados obtidos de sorção e solubilidade foram submetidos à análise de variância (ANOVA dois fatores, material e protetor de superfície) e teste Tukey ( =0,05). Para sorção, houve diferença significativa apenas para o fator material (p<0,05), Vitremer > Equia Forte > Riva Light Cure > Fuji IX. O ionômero Fuji IX apresentou os menores valores de sorção, diferindo significativamente dos demais materiais, independentemente do uso do protetor superficial. Não houve diferença significativa para o fator proteção de superfície (p>0,05). Para solubilidade não houve diferença significativa no fator material, protetor de superfície ou interação material*protetor. Conclusão: O uso do protetor superficial não influenciou nos valores de sorção e solubilidade dos ionômeros avaliados e o ionômero convencional Fuji IX apresentou menores taxas de sorção.

Objective: evaluate the effect of a surface coating agents on the sorption and glass ionomer cements solubility. Materials and Methods: Four materials were selected: Encapsulated resin-modified ionomer (Riva Light Cure); Powder/liquid Encapsulated resin-modified (Vitremer); Encapsulated conventional (Equia Forte) and powder/ liquid conventional (Fuji IX). Twenty samples of each were made, half with surface protection of Equia Forte Coat. The samples were kept in an oven for 5 days. These were then weighed at 24-hour intervals. The thickness and diameter were measured using a digital caliper to calculate their volume. New weightings were performed to obtain the intermediate mass. Then, the samples were kept at rest for 5 days and weighed again. Results: The sorption and solubility data obtained were subjected to analysis of variance (two-way ANOVA, material and surface coating agents) and Tukey test ( =0.05). For sorption, there was a significant difference only for the material factor (p<0.05), Vitremer > Equia Forte > Riva Light Cure > Fuji IX. The Fuji IX ionomer showed the lowest sorption values, differing significantly from the other materials, regardless of the use of surface coating agents. There was no significant difference for the surface protection factor (p>0.05). For solubility there was no significant difference for the material factor, surface coating agents or material*surface coating agent interaction. Conclusion: The use of surface coating agents did not influence the sorption and solubility values of the evaluated ionomers and the conventional Fuji IX ionomer showed lower sorption rates.

Solutions/chemistry , Dental Materials , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Solubility , Materials Testing , Water , Absorption
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 7(1): 24-30, Jan-Apr 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1382138


Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of two bleaching treatment protocols to treat dental staining after orthodontic debonding. Materials and Methods: Twenty four bovine teeth were submitted to orthodontic bracket (Morelli, Edgewise Prescription, Slot 22) bonding (Transbond XT, 3M) and debonding, which were divided into three groups according to the bleaching protocol: hydrogen peroxide 10% (Whiteness, FGM) simulating home bleaching protocol (Home Bleaching Group), hydrogen peroxide 35% Whiteness, FGM) simulating dental office bleaching protocol (Office Bleaching Group) and Control Group, which was not exposed to any dental bleaching protocol, and stored in distilled water at 37°C. The specimens were submitted to the following processes: aging of resin remaining tegs by ultraviolet (UV), staining with coffee solution and tooth bleaching with 10% hydrogen peroxide (G1) and 35% hydrogen peroxide (G2). The color stability analysis (CIE color space L* a* b* was performed with Vita Easyshade Compact spectrophotometer before bonding (T0), after aging and staining processes (T1) and after bleaching treatment (T2). All teeth were stored in distilled water at 37°C between experimental times. The comparison between the groups and time effect evaluation were performed using ANOVA / Tukey ( =0.05) and ANOVA-MR with Bonferroni correction ( =0.016), respectively. Results: The color stability parameters L *, a * and b * indicated, with the exception of GC, a tendency of increase in T1 (G1 - L *: 76.72 ± 13.39; a *: 6.68 ± 3.71; b *: 43.14 ± 4.04 / G2: - L *: 75.78 ± 4.66; a *: 8.13 ± 2.75; b *: 43.42 ± 8.87), which reflected the tendency to decrease brightness in T1, followed by a tendency to return to T0 values (G1 - L *: 82.92 ± 12.16; a *: 4.25 ± 3.68; b *: 39.40 ± 9.49 / G2: - L *: 83.76 ± 8.02; a *: 8.76 ± 4.08; b *: 47.90 ± 5.88). Significant differences were observed in G2 in a * (T1: 8.13 ± 2.75, T2: 8.76 ± 4.08) and b * (T1: 43.42 ± 8.87; T2: 47.90 ± 5.88), indicating that this group did not return to the values presented in T0 (a *: 1.81 ± 1.70; b *: 35.40 ± 5.08) (p <0.05). Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that home bleaching protocol presented better performance for dental surface whitening in an eventual staining after orthodontic debonding.

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a eficácia de dois protocolos de tratamento clareador para manchas dentárias causadas após a descolagem ortodôntica. Materiais e Métodos: Vinte e quatro dentes bovinos foram submetidos à colagem e descolagem de braquetes ortodônticos (Morelli, Prescrição Edgewise, Slot 22") (Transbond XT, 3M), que foram divididos em três grupos de acordo com o protocolo de clareamento: peróxido de hidrogênio 10% (Whiteness, FGM) simulando protocolo de clareamento caseiro (grupo clareamento caseiro), peróxido de hidrogênio 35% Whiteness, FGM) simulando protocolo de clareamento de consultório (grupo clareamento de consultório) e Grupo Controle, que não foi exposto a nenhum protocolo de clareamento dental, armazenado em água destilada a 37ºC. Os corpos de prova foram submetidos aos seguintes processos: envelhecimento das resinas remanescentes por ultravioleta (UV), manchamento em solução de café e clareamento dental com peróxido de hidrogênio 10% (G1) e peróxido de hidrogênio 35% (G2). A análise de estabilidade de cor (sistema CIE L* a* b*) foi realizada com espectrofotômetro Vita Easyshade Compact antes da colagem (T0), após os processos de envelhecimento e manchamento (T1) e após o tratamento clareador (T2). Todos os dentes foram armazenados em água destilada a 37 °C entre os tempos experimentais. A comparação entre os grupos e a avaliação do efeito do tempo foram realizadas utilizando ANOVA/Tukey ( =0,05) e ANOVA-MR com correção de Bonferroni ( =0,016), respectivamente. Resultados: Os parâmetros de estabilidade de cor L *, a* e b* indicaram, com exceção do GC, tendência de aumento em T1 (G1 - L*: 76,72 ± 13,39; a*: 6,68 ± 3,71; b*: 43,14 ± 4,04 / G2: - L* : 75,78 ± 4,66; a*: 8,13 ± 2,75; b*: 43,42 ± 8,87), o que refletiu a tendência de diminuição do brilho em T1, seguido de uma tendência de retorno aos valores de T0 (G1- L*: 82,92 ± 12,16 ; a*: 4,25 ± 3,68; b*: 39,40 ± 9,49 / G2: - L*: 83,76 ± 8,02; a*: 8,76 ± 4,08; b*: 47,90 ± 5,88). Foram observadas diferenças significativas no G2 em a* (T1: 8,13 ± 2,75, T2: 8,76 ± 4,08) e b* (T1: 43,42 ± 8,87; T2: 47,90 ± 5,88), indicando que esse grupo não retornou aos valores apresentados em T0 (a*: 1,81 ± 1,70; b*: 35,40 ± 5,08) (p<0,05). Conclusão: Com base nos resultados deste estudo, pode-se concluir que o protocolo de clareamento caseiro apresentou melhor desempenho para o clareamento da superfície dentária em um eventual manchamento após a descolagem ortodôntica.

Tooth Bleaching , Dental Debonding , Tooth Bleaching Agents , Materials Testing
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2022. 111 p. tab, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1410402


O presente estudo teve por objetivo avaliar a resistência à flexão de um pino experimental de fibra de vidro vazado, e a resistência adesiva entre este pino experimental à dentina radicular, associando a utilização de um dispositivo iluminador em fibra óptica, sob o processo de envelhecimento, além de determinar a distribuição de tensão pela Análise de Elementos Finitos (FEA). O pino experimental e o dispositivo iluminador de fibra óptica têm por finalidade aumentar a efetividade de fotoativação dos cimentos resinosos nos terços médios e apicais dos canais radiculares. Para o teste de flexão de 3 pontos, estritamente do pino de fibra de vidro, as amostras foram divididas em 4 grupos (n=10): pino convencional (pc), pino experimental sem preenchimento (pp), com preenchimento de cimento resinoso (ppc) e com preenchimento de fibra óptica (ppf). Para o teste de resistência adesiva Pull-out, 100 raízes de dentes bovinos foram restauradas com retentores intrarradiculares e coroas de resina composta, distribuídos em 10 grupos (n=10), tendo como variáveis: o tipo de pino de fibra de vidro [convencional (C) ou perfurado (P)], o sistema de fotoativação [com ou sem o iluminador de fibra óptica (O)], o tipo de cimento resinoso [fotoativado (F) ou polimerização dual (D)] e o envelhecimento das amostras [com e sem ciclagem mecânica (C)]. O processo de envelhecimento foi realizado através da ciclagem mecânica e as amostras foram submetidas ao teste de resistência adesiva Pull-out. A análise do modo de falha foi realizada em Estereomicroscópio. A Análise em Elementos Finitos avaliou a distribuição de tensão pela análise de von Mises, deformação total e tensão máxima principal no Software Ansys 19.3. A análise estatística foi constituída pelo teste de normalidade Shapiro-Wilk, análise de variância (ANOVA) 1, 2 e 3 fatores e teste Tukey 5%. As médias e desvios padrão de resistência à flexão foram (MPa): pc = 677 ± 81,1; ppc = 419 ± 23,2; ppf = 200 ± 32,5 e pp = 177 ± 32,8. As médias e desvios padrão de resistência adesiva foram (MPa): CD = 12,2 ± 1,21; PD = 11,1 ± 1,32; PF = 10,9 ± 1,29; POD = 13,7 ± 1,16; POF = 11,9 ± 1,48; CDC = 10,1 ± 1,33; PDC = 9,25 ± 1,11; PFC = 8,37 ± 1,25; PODC = 10,8 ± 0,95 e POFC = 9,82 ± 1,02. Os resultados do modo de falha foram: adesiva entre pino e cimento (56%), mista predominantemente adesiva entre cimento e dentina (22%), adesiva entre cimento e dentina (14%) e a mista predominantemente adesiva entre pino e cimento (8%). Concluiu-se que entre os pinos experimentais, o grupo do pino perfurado preenchido com cimento resinoso obteve o maior valor de resistência à flexão, a utilização do dispositivo iluminador aumentou os resultados de resistência adesiva nos grupos dos pinos perfurados e não houve diferença na distribuição de tensões entre os grupos. (AU)

The present study aimed to evaluate the flexural strength of an experimental hollow glass fiber post, and the bond strength between this experimental post and root dentin, associating the use of an optical fiber illuminating device, under the aging process, in addition to determine the stress distribution by Finite Element Analysis (FEA). The experimental post and optical fiber illuminating device are intended to increase the polymerization effectiveness of resin cements in the middle and apical regions of root canals. For the 3-point bending test, strictly of the fiber post, the samples were divided into 4 groups (n=10): conventional post (pc), experimental post without filling (pp), with resin cement filling (ppc) and with optical fiber filling (ppf). For the Pull-out test, 100 roots of bovine teeth were restored with intraradicular retainers and composite resin crowns, distributed into 10 groups (n=10), with the following variables: glass fiber post type [conventional (C) or hollow (P)], the photocuring system [with or without the optical fiber illuminating device (O)], the type of resin cement [light cured (F) or dual cured (D)] and aging of the samples [with and without mechanical cycling (C)]. The aging process was performed by mechanical cycling and the samples were submitted to the Pull-out bond strength test. Failure mode analysis was performed using a stereomicroscope. Finite Element Analysis evaluated the stress distribution by von Mises analysis, total strain and maximum principal stress in Ansys Software 19.3. Statistical analysis consisted of the Shapiro-Wilk normality test, 1-, 2- and 3-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey test 5%. The means and standard deviations of flexural strength were (MPa): pc = 677 ± 81.1; ppc = 419 ± 23.2; ppf = 200 ± 32.5 and pp = 177 ± 32.8. The means and standard deviations of bond strength were (MPa): CD = 12.2 ± 1.21; PD = 11.1 ± 1.32; PF = 10.9 ± 1.29; POD = 13.7 ± 1.16; POF = 11.9 ± 1.48; CDC = 10.1 ± 1.33; PDC = 9.25 ± 1.11; PFC = 8.37 ± 1.25; PODC = 10.8 ± 0.95 and POFC = 9.82 ± 1.02. The failure mode results were: adhesive between post and cement (56%), mixed predominantly adhesive between cement and dentin (22%), adhesive between cement and dentin (14%) and mixed predominantly adhesive between post and cement (8 %). It was concluded that among the experimental posts, the hollow post group filled with resin cement obtained the highest flexural strength value, the use of the illuminating device increased the results of bond strength in the hollow post groups and there was no difference in the stress distribution among the groups (AU)

Materials Testing , Post and Core Technique , Resin Cements , Finite Element Analysis , Curing Lights, Dental
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210090, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1386800


Abstract Objective: To compare the high-cycle fatigue behavior of four commercially available NiTi orthodontic wires. Material and Methods: Twelve NiTi orthodontic wires, round, 0.016-in, three per brand, were selected and divided into four groups: G1 - Heat-activated NiTi, G2 - Superelastic NiTi, G3 - Therma-Ti, and G4 - CopperNiTi. The atomic absorption spectrometry method was used to determine the chemical composition of investigated NiTi wires. We also performed a fatigue test at three-point bending using a universal testing machine for 1000 cycles in a 35 °C water bath. For the first and thousandth cycle, the average plateau load and the plateau length were determined in the unloading area of the force versus displacement diagram. In addition, we calculated the difference between the average plateau load of the first and thousandth cycle (∆F), as well as the difference between the plateau length of both cases (∆L). Results: According to our results, there were no significant differences between the average plateau load of the first and thousandth cycles of each group (p>0.05) and in the plateau length of the first and thousandth cycles of the groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: There were no significant differences between the groups changing the superelasticity property after high-cycle fatigue.

Orthodontic Wires , Orthodontics , Stress, Mechanical , Dental Instruments , Spectrophotometry, Atomic/instrumentation , Spectrum Analysis/methods , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Materials Testing , Analysis of Variance
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36(Jun): e082, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, BNUY, BNUY-Odon | ID: biblio-1372593


Abstract The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of irradiance and radiant exposure on the chemical-mechanical properties of a resin composite. A micro-hybrid resin composite (Clearfil AP-X, Kuraray) was investigated under two different irradiances: low (300 mW/cm2) and high (800 mW/cm2) and radiant exposures: 8 and 16 J/cm2. Four groups, named Low 8 J/cm2, High 8 J/cm2, Low 16 J/cm2, and High 16 J/cm2 were tested, and their flexural strengths, elastic moduli, depths of cure, and degrees of conversion were evaluated. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test. A multiple linear regression model was used to correlate the irradiance and radiant exposure with dependent variables (α = 0.05). Irradiance and radiant exposure were found statistically significant for all dependent variables. The interaction between the factors was statistically significant only for the degree of conversion and elastic modulus. Group Low 16 J/cm2 exhibited a significantly superior performance in all the evaluated properties. Barring the degree of conversion, no significant differences were observed among the properties evaluated between the Low 8 J/cm2 and High 8 J/cm2 groups. The adjusted R2 values were high for the depth of cure and degree of conversion (0.58 and 0.96, respectively). Both irradiance and radiant exposure parameters play an important role in establishing the final properties of a micro-hybrid resin composite. Irradiance has a greater influence under higher radiant exposures.

Materials Testing , Composite Resins , Dental Materials , Curing Lights, Dental , Polymerization , Flexural Strength , Surface Properties
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929026


OBJECTIVES@#Root canal therapy is the most effective and common method for pulpitis and periapical periodontitis. During the root canal preparation, chemical irrigation plays a key role. However, sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), the widely used irrigation fluid, may impact the bonding strength between dentin and restorative material meanwhile sterilization and dissolving. Therefore, it's important to explore the influence of NaOCl on the adhesion between dentin and restoration materials to ensure clinical efficacy. This study aims to explore the effect of NaOCl on dentine adhesion and evaluate the effect of dentine adhesion induced by sodium erythorbate (ERY), and to provide clinical guidance on dentin bonding after root canal therapy.@*METHODS@#Seventy freshly complete extracted human third molars aged 18-33 years old, without caries and restorations were selected. A diamond saw was used under running water to achieve dentine fragments which were divided into 10 groups with 14 fragments in each group: 2 control [deionized water (DW)±10% ERY] and 8 experimental groups (0.5%, 1%, 2.5%, and 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY). The dentine specimens in the control group (treated with DW) and the experimental groups (treated with 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl) were immersed for 20 min using corresponding solutions which were renewed every 5 min. The other 5 groups were immersed in 10% ERY for 5 min after an initial washing with DW for 1 min. Then, we selected 4 dentine fragments from all 14 fragments in each group and the numbers and diameters of opening dentinal tubules were observed under scanning electron microscope (SEM). The other 10 dentine fragments from each group were used to make adhesive samples by using self-etch adhesive wand composite resin. All the above adhesive samples were sectioned perpendicular to the bonded interface into 20 slabs with a cross-sectional area of 1 mm×1 mm using a diamond saw under the cooling water, and then the morphology of 10 slabs in each group's bonding interface was observed from aspects of formation of resin tags, depth of tags in dentin, and formation of hybrid layer under SEM. The other 10 slabs of each group's microtensile bond strength and failure modes were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl groups, the number and diameter of patent dentinal tubules gradually increased with the rise of concentration of NaOCl solution (all P<0.05). Among the DW, 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl groups, the number and diameter of patent dentinal tubules increased after using ERY, but without significant difference (all P>0.05). Among the DW, 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, and 2.5% NaOCl groups, the scores of formation of resin tags under SEM gradually increased with the increase of concentration of NaOCl solution, while the score in the 5.25% NaOCl group decreased significantly compared with the score of the 2.5% NaOCl group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between using 10% ERY groups and without using 10% ERY groups (all P>0.05). The scores of length of the tags under SEM in the 5.25% NaOCl group was significantly higher than the scores of DW, 0.5% NaOCl, and 1% NaOCl groups (all P<0.05), and it was also higher than the score of the 2.5% NaOCl group, but without significant difference (P>0.05). There was no significant difference between using 10% ERY groups and without using 10% ERY groups (P>0.05). The scores of formation of hybrid layer under SEM in the 2.5% NaOCl and 5.25% NaOCl groups significantly decreased compared with the score of the DW group (all P<0.05). There were significant differences between the 2.5% NaOCl±10% ERY groups and between the 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY groups (all P<0.05). Microtensile bond strength was greater in the 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, and 2.5% NaOCl groups, but lower in the 5.25% NaOCl group than that in the DW group (all P<0.05). There were significant differences between the 2.5% NaOCl±10% ERY groups and between the 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY groups (all P<0.05). The incidence of type "Adhesive" of failure modes in the 5.25% NaOCl group was significantly higher than that in other groups (all P<0.05), while the incidence of type "Adhesive" in the 5.25% NaOCl+10% ERY group was lower than that in the 5.25% NaOCl group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The bonding strength to dentine increases with the increase of NaOCl concentration when the concentration lower than 2.5%; whereas it is decreased at a higher concentration (such as 5.25%). 10% ERY has a definite recovery effect on attenuated bonding strength to 5.25% NaOCl-treated dentine.

Adolescent , Adult , Ascorbic Acid , Dental Bonding , Dentin , Dentin-Bonding Agents/pharmacology , Diamond/pharmacology , Humans , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Resin Cements/pharmacology , Sodium Hypochlorite/pharmacology , Tensile Strength , Water/pharmacology , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941003


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of polishing on surface roughness, gloss and optimum polishing time of various computer aided design/computer aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) restorative materials and to provide a proper polishing procedure for dental clinicians.@*METHODS@#Five CAD/CAM restorative materials including vita mark Ⅱ (VM), vita enamic (VE), lava ultimate (LU), shofu block HC (SB) and brilliant crios (BC) were selected. Six specimens were prepared for each material. The specimen was fixed on a custom-made polishing apparatus and sequentially polished with Sof-Lex poli-shing disk system including medium disk (with abrasive particle sizes of 10-40 μm), fine disk (with abrasive particle sizes of 3-9 μm) and superfine disk (with abrasive particle sizes of 1-7 μm). Surface roughness (Ra value) and gloss value were measured every 10 seconds until the numerical values were no longer changed. Then the surface roughness, gloss value and polishing time were recorded and the specimen was moved to the next sequence of polishing. Finally, statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 24.0.@*RESULTS@#For all the restorative materials, the Ra values were significantly reduced (P < 0.05) and the gloss values were significantly increased (P < 0.05) after sequentially polishing with Sof-Lex disks. No significant difference was detected among Ra values of all the tested materials (P>0.05) after sequential polishing. The gloss values of LU [(68.1±4.5) GU] and BC [(68.2±5.8) GU] were significantly higher than those of VE [(48.1±8.1) GU] and BC [(53.2±5.8) GU], P < 0.05. To obtain optimal surface smoothness, VM cost the shortest polishing time [40 (30, 55) s] among all the restorative materials (P < 0.05). No significant differences in the total polishing time were observed among VE [140 (135, 145) s], LU [130 (120, 140) s], SB [140 (130, 150) s] and BC [130 (120, 140) s], P>0.05.@*CONCLUSION@#The surface roughness of all CAD/CAM restorative materials were decreased after sequentially polishing with Sof-Lex disk system. To obtain the smoothest surface, different types of restorative materials might need different polishing times using Sof-Lex polishing disk system. For ceramic restorative material VM, we recommend polishing only with medium disk for 40 s. For hybrid restorative material VE and composite restorative material LU, SB and BC, we recommend polishing with medium disk, fine disk and superfine disk in sequence for 130-140 s in total.

Ceramics , Composite Resins , Computer-Aided Design , Materials Testing , Surface Properties
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939622


The study aimed to evaluate the safety and function of poly(lactic-acid-co-ε-caprolactone) (PLCL)/fibrinogen nanofibers (P/F-Ns), and provide theoretical basis for the clinical application. The surface morphology, mechanical properties, the hydrophilicity and the fibrinogen content of P/F-Ns were tested by scanning electron microscope, the material testing machine, the contact angle meter and the microplate reader, respectively. The cell adhesion, proliferation and ligament remodeling genes expression of Hig-82 cells on P/F-Ns were conducted through cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and real-time quantitative PCR analyses, respectively. The results showed that with the increase of the fibrinogen content, the pore sizes and hydrophilicity of three P/F-Ns increased, but the mechanical properties decreased. Cell adhesion and proliferation tests showed that P/F-N-2 held the best ability to promote cell adhesion and proliferation. The ligament remodeling genes expressions of Hig-82 cells on P/F-N-1, P/F-N-2 and P/F-N-3 were all up-regulated compared to P/F-N-0 on days 3 and 7. All the three P/F-Ns containing fibrinogen (P/F-N-1, P/F-N-2 and P/F-N-3) had better biocompatibility compared to P/F-N-0, and could be efficiently applied to the reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Cell Adhesion , Fibrinogen , Materials Testing , Nanofibers
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936125


OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the marginal roughness and marginal fitness of chairside computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) laminate veneers with different materials and thicknesses, and to provide a reference for the clinical application of laminate veneers.@*METHODS@#The butt-to-butt type laminate veneers were prepared on resin typodonts, the preparations were scanned, and the laminate veneers were manufactured by chairside CAD/CAM equipment. The laminate veneers were divided into four groups (n=9) according to the materials (glass-matrix ceramics and resin-matrix ceramics) and thickness (0.3 mm and 0.5 mm) of the veneers, with a total of 36. The marginal topo-graphies of each laminate veneer were digitally recorded by stereomicroscope, and the marginal rough-nesses of the laminate veneers were determined by ImageJ software. The marginal fitness of the laminate veneers was measured by a fit checker and digital scanning and measuring method. At the same time, the mechanical properties of glass-matrix ceramic and resin-matrix ceramic bars (n=20) were tested by a universal testing device.@*RESULTS@#The marginal roughness of 0.3 mm and 0.5 mm glass-matrix ceramic laminate veneers was (24.48±5.55) μm and (19.06±5.75) μm, respectively, with a statistically significant difference (P < 0.001). The marginal roughness of 0.3 mm and 0.5 mm resin-matrix ceramic laminate veneers was (6.13±1.27) μm and (6.84±2.19) μm, respectively, without a statistically significant difference (P>0.05). The marginal roughness of the glass-matrix ceramic laminate veneers was higher than that of the resin-matrix ceramic laminate veneers with a statistically significant difference (P < 0.001). The marginal fitness of 0.3 mm and 0.5 mm glass-matrix ceramic laminate veneers were (66.30±26.71) μm and (85.48±30.44) μm, respectively. The marginal fitness of 0.3 mm and 0.5 mm resin-matrix ceramic laminate veneers were (56.42±19.27) μm and (58.36±8.33) μm, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference among the 4 groups (P>0.05). For glass-matrix ceramics, the flexural strength was (327.40±54.25) MPa, the flexural modulus was (44.40±4.39) GPa, and the modulus of resilience was (1.24±0.37) MPa. For resin-matrix ceramics, the flexural strength was (173.71±16.61) MPa, the flexural modulus was (11.88±0.51) GPa, and the modulus of resilience was (1.29±0.27) MPa. The flexural strength and modulus of glass-matrix ceramics were significantly higher than those of resin-matrix ceramics (P < 0.001), but there was no statistically significant difference in the modulus of resilience between the two materials (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The marginal roughness of CAD/CAM glass-matrix ceramic laminate veneers is greater than that of resin-matrix ceramic laminate veneers, but there was no statistically significant difference in marginal fitness among them. Increasing the thickness can reduce the marginal roughness of glass-matrix ceramic laminate veneers, but has no effect on the marginal roughness of resin-matrix ceramic laminate veneers.

Ceramics , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Porcelain , Dental Veneers , Materials Testing , Surface Properties
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936118


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effects of resin base and different retention depth on the fracture resistance of mandibular molars restored with nano-ceramic endocrowns.@*METHODS@#Forty mandibular molars selected and randomly divided into 5 groups: ① The control group which was consisted of intact teeth, ② the non-resin base group, ③ the 2 mm retention depth group, ④ the 3 mm retention depth group, ⑤ the 4 mm retention depth group, respectively. After tooth preparation, in vitro root canal therapy was conducted, which was followed by endocrown design, production and adhesive of groups ②-⑤. All the samples were under load (N) of the universal mechanical testing machine after embedding. The fracture pattern of each sample was observed under stereomicroscope. Then the microstructure of the fracture surface was observed by scanning electron microscopy.@*RESULTS@#The fracture loads of each group were respectively: the control group fracture load was (3 069.34±939.50) N; experimental groups: fracture load of (2 438.04±774.40) N for the group without resin base; fracture load of (3 537.18±763.65) N for the group with 2 mm retention depth. The fracture load of the retention depth 3 mm group was (2 331.55±766.39) N; the fracture load of the retention depth 4 mm group was (2 786.98±709.24) N. There was statistical significance in the effect of resin base and different retention depth on the fracture loads of molars restored with nano-ceramic endocrown (P < 0.05). Repairable fractures in each group were as follows: control group 2/8, non-resin base group 1/8, retention depth of 2 mm group 1/8, retention depth of 3 mm group 2/8, and retention depth of 4 mm group 0/8. The effects of the retention depth and the presence of resin base on the fracture resistance of the resin nano-ceramic endocrowns were statistically significant (P < 0.05). Scanning electron microscopy showed more arrest lines and small twist hackles on the fracture surface of the restorations with resin base (retention depths of 2 mm, 3 mm, and 4 mm), with cracks extending towards the root. In addition to the characteristics above, more transverse cracks parallel to the occlusal surface, pointing outwards from the center of the pulp cavity retention, were also observed on the fracture surface of the non-resin base restorations.@*CONCLUSION@#When molar teeth with nano-ceramic endocrowns are restored, resin base and the retention depth of 2 mm help the teeth to obtain optimal fracture strength.

Ceramics , Composite Resins , Dental Porcelain , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Stress Analysis , Materials Testing , Molar
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 516-522, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935895


Objective: To evaluate the effects of pre-sintering heating rate and powder size on dental recycled zirconia. Methods: Recycled zirconia powders were sieved to obtain the large (50 μm<particle diameter≤125 μm) and small (particle diameter≤50 μm) particles, these powders were then formed into green bodies. According to the pre-sintering heating rates, the recycled-zirconia green bodies were divided into 3 groups: group A, pre-sintering heating rate of 2 ℃/min; group B, pre-sintering heating rate of 5 ℃/min; group C, pre-sintering heating rate of 8 ℃/min. The relative density open porosity and machinability of the recycled zirconia pre-sintered bodies were evaluated and compared with the commercial zirconia pre-sintered bodies. Zirconia pre-sintered bodies were then fully sintered according to the manufacturer's instructions. The relative density, open porosity, linear shrinkage and flexural strength of fully sintered zirconia were further compared. The microstructure of fracture surfaces and the crystalline structure were analyzed by scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffractometer, respectively. Results: With the same particle size, the recycled zirconia pre-sintered at different heating rates showed no significant differences in the relative densities, and the open porosities (P>0.05). When the pre-sintering heating rates were 2 ℃/min, 5 ℃/min, and 8 ℃/min, the flexural strengths of the large-particle recycled zirconia were (421.2±54.7), (444.2±70.1) and (427.5±68.4) MPa, the flexural strengths of the small-particle recycled zirconia were (750.1±74.1), (777.2±95.5) and (746.7±73.0) MPa, respectively. The flexural strength of commercial zirconia was (988.4±129.8) MPa. The flexural strengths of the recycled zirconia were significantly lower than that of the commercial zirconia (P<0.05). At the same pre-sintering heating rate, the flexural strengths of the small-particle recycled zirconia were significantly higher than that of the large-particle recycled zirconia (P<0.05). Conclusions: Compared with the large particles, small-particle recycled zirconia powders can effectively improve the properties of recycled zirconia, while the pre-sintering heating rate has no effect on the properties of the recycled zirconia.

Ceramics , Dental Materials/chemistry , Heating , Materials Testing , Powders , Surface Properties , Yttrium , Zirconium
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 418-423, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935883


Zirconia is widely used in the field of dentistry because of its superior mechanical and esthetic characteristics. However, the tetragonal zirconia polycrystal restorations commonly used in clinics will degrade at low temperatures in the oral environment, resulting in increased surface roughness, microcracks, and decreased mechanical properties. Low-temperature degradation of zirconia can be affected by grain size, stress, stabilizer content and type, surface treatment, sintering conditions, and other factors. Through a literature review and analysis, this review summarizes the research progress on the low-temperature degradation of zirconia in prosthetic dentistry to provide references for the improvement of zirconia in clinical and research applications.

Ceramics , Dental Materials , Esthetics, Dental , Materials Testing , Prosthodontics , Surface Properties , Temperature , Yttrium/chemistry , Zirconium
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 173-181, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935845


Objective: To study the effect of hydroxyapatite (HA) based agents on the bonding properties of universal adhesive with different application modes, and to provide evidence for the use of adhesives after desensitization treatment. Methods: Sixty impacted third molars were extracted and selected (acquired from Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Stomatology, Xi'an Jiaotong University). Four third molars were used to prepare 1 mm thick dentin disks and treated with 1% citric acid to simulate sensitive tooth models. The dentin surfaces were observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) after treating with no desensitization (control group), desensitized by HA based toothpaste Biorepair and Dontodent Sensitive respectively (desensitizing toothpaste A group and B group), or HA paste treatment (desensitizing paste group ) (n=2 per group). The remaining teeth were selected to expose the mid-coronal dentin and establish dentin sensitivity models. Then, the specimens were divided into 4 former groups and received corresponding treatment. Each group was randomly divided into 2 subgroups, and intermediately strong universal adhesive (G-Premio Bond) was applied on the desensitized dentin by either etch-and-rinse mode or self-etch mode. Resin-dentin slice specimens (n=4 per subgroup), microtensile specimens (n=20 per subgroup) and slice specimens (n=6 per subgroup) were prepared. The microstructure and nanoleakage of the adhesive interfaces were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The microtensile strength (bond strength) and fracture mode were tested and recorded. The water permeability of the adhesive interface was observed by laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM). Results: SEM showed that desensitizing toothpaste and desensitizing paste could partially or entirely occlude most of the dentin tubules. For the etch-and-rinse mode, the bond strength of specimens treated with toothpaste A [(40.98±4.60) MPa], toothpaste B [(40.89±4.64) MPa] and HA paste [(41.48±3.65) MPa] was significantly higher than that of the control group [(38.58±4.28) MPa] (F=3.89,P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in bond strength among the 4 subgroups for self-etch modes (F=0.48,P>0.05). After desensitization, the bond strength of the control group and desensitizing groups in the self-etch mode was significantly higher than that in the etch-and-rinse mode (P<0.05). The overall fracture modes were mixed failure and interfacial failure in the control group and desensitizing groups. SEM showed speckled silver-stained particles deposited along the bottom of the hybrid layer on the bond interface of etch-and-rinse mode, and there were few silver-stained particles deposited on the bond interface of self-etch mode. LSCM showed continuous linear penetration in the hybrid layer of etch-and-rinse mode subgroups and discontinuous linear penetration in the hybrid layer of self-etch mode subgroups. Conclusions: HA based desensitizers have no adverse effect on the bond strength of intermediately strong universal adhesive and show good bonding performance accompanied with the self-etch mode.

Adhesives , Dental Bonding , Dental Cements , Dentin , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Durapatite , Humans , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Resin Cements , Tensile Strength
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(2): 76-80, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348357


esumen Objetivo: Comparar la microdureza de dos materiales endodónticos a base de silicato de calcio: MTA Densell Endo Sealer y TotalFill BC Sealer. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluó la microdureza de los selladores MTA Densell Endo Sealer (Grupo 1, n=5) y To- talFill BC Sealer (Grupo 2, n=5) contenidos en cilindros de dentina de vacuno a los 14 días posteriores a su fraguado. La medición se realizó a temperatura ambiente mediante la prue- ba de indentación Vickers. Se realizaron cinco indentaciones por probeta con una carga de 100 g durante 10 s cada una. Las mediciones se convirtieron a valores de dureza Vickers (HV) y los promedios de los valores HV de cada grupo se compararon por medio de la prueba t de Student con un nivel de significación de P <0,05. Resultados: A los 14 días, luego del fraguado, la mi- crodureza de MTA Densell Endo Sealer fue significativamen- te mayor (P=0,001) que la de TotalFill BC Sealer. Conclusiones: Los resultados sugieren que a causa de su dureza la remoción de MTA Densell Endo Sealer puede resultar dificultosa cuando está indicado un retratamiento (AU)

Aim: To compare the microhardness of two silicate-based endodontic materials: MTA Densell Endo Sealer and Total Fill BC Sealer. Materials and methods: Samples of MTA Densell Endo Sealer (Group 1, n=5) and Total Fill BC Sealer (Group 2, n=5) contained into cow dentine cylinders were subjected to the Vickers Microhardness Indentation test at room temper- ature and 14 days after setting. Five indentations per sample were performed under a load of 100 g for 10 s. The indenta- tion measurements were converted into hardness values (HV). Mean HV values of each group were compared using the Stu- dent t test at a significance level of P <0,05. Results: 14 days after setting, the microhardness of MTA Densell Endo Sealer was significantly greater (P=0,001) than that of Total Fill BC Sealer. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that due to its hardness the removal of MTA Densell Endo Sealer could be difficult to perform when a root canal retreatment is indicated (AU)

Root Canal Filling Materials , Silicate Cement , Hardness Tests , Materials Testing , Data Interpretation, Statistical
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 8-18, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345521


Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the physicochemical properties, cytocompatibility and antibiofilm activity of a new calcium silicate-based endodontic sealer, Sealer Plus BC (MK Life, Brazil), in comparison with TotalFill BC Sealer (FKG Dentaire SA, Switzerland) and AH Plus (Dentsply, Germany). Setting time and flow were evaluated based on ISO 6876 standard. The pH was evaluated after different periods, and radiopacity by radiographic analysis (mmAl). Solubility (% mass loss) and volumetric change (by micro-CT) were assessed after 30 days of immersion in distilled water. Cytocompatibility was assessed by methyltetrazolium (MTT) and neutral red (NR) assays, after exposure of Saos-2 cells to the sealer extract for 24 h. An additional analysis was performed by using MTT assay after 1, 3 and 7 days of exposure of Saos-2 to the sealers 1:8 dilution extracts. Antibiofilm activity against Enterococcus faecalis and/or Candida albicans was evaluated by crystal violet assay and modified direct contact test. The physicochemical properties were analyzed using ANOVA/Tukey tests; MTT and NR data were analyzed by ANOVA and Bonferroni tests; the antimicrobial tests were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (α=0.05). Sealer Plus BC had proper setting time, radiopacity, flow and alkalization capacity. Sealer Plus BC was significantly more soluble than AH Plus (p<0.05) and presented volumetric change similar to AH Plus and TotalFill BC (p>0.05). Sealer Plus BC presented antibiofilm activity and no cytotoxic effect. In conclusion, although Sealer Plus BC had higher solubility, this sealer showed proper physicochemical properties, cytocompatibility, and antibiofilm activity.

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar as propriedades físico-químicas, a citocompatibilidade e a atividade antibiofilme de um novo cimento endodôntico à base de silicato de cálcio, Sealer Plus BC (MK Life, Brasil), em comparação com TotalFill BC Sealer (FKG Dentaire SA, Suíça) e AH Plus (Dentsply, Alemanha). O tempo de presa e o escoamento foram avaliados com base nas normas ISO 6876. O pH foi avaliado após diferentes períodos, e a radiopacidade por análise radiográfica (mmAl). A solubilidade (% de perda de massa) e alteração volumétrica (por micro-CT) foram avaliadas após 30 dias de imersão em água destilada. Citocompatibilidade foi avaliada pelos ensaios metiltetrazólio (MTT) e vermelho neutro (NR), após exposição das células Saos-2 ao extrato de cimento por 24 horas. Análise adicional foi realizada através do ensaio MTT após 1, 3 e 7 dias de exposição das células Saos-2 aos extratos dos cimentos na diluição de 1:8. Atividade antibiofilme contra Enterococcus faecalis e/ou Candida albicans foi avaliada pelos ensaios cristal violeta e contato direto modificado. As propriedades físico-químicas foram analisadas utilizando os testes ANOVA e Tukey; MTT e NR foram analisados pelos testes ANOVA e Bonferroni; os ensaios antimicrobianos foram analisados pelos testes Kruskal-Wallis e Dunn (α=0.05). Sealer Plus BC apresentou tempo de presa, radiopacidade e escoamento adequados, além de capacidade de alcalinização. Sealer Plus BC foi significantemente mais solúvel que AH Plus (p<0.05) e apresentou alteração volumétrica similar à de AH Plus e TotalFill BC (p>0.05). Sealer Plus BC apresentou atividade antibiofilme, sem efeito citotóxico. Como conclusão, embora Sealer Plus BC apresente maior solubilidade, este cimento apresentou propriedades físico-químicas adequadas, citocompatibilidade e atividade antibiofilme.

Root Canal Filling Materials/pharmacology , Materials Testing , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Biofilms , Epoxy Resins
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 106-115, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345518


Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 2% chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) on microtensile bond strength (µTBS) between an adhesive system and under 3 dentin conditions. For that, this study evaluated the adhesive interface at initial, after 6 months and 1 year of storage. Forty-eight human third molars were prepared and randomly divided into 3 groups, according to dentin substrates: sound dentin (Sd), caries-infected dentin (Ci) and caries-affected dentin (Ca). The groups were subdivided into two according to the dentin pre-treatment: application of 2% CHX or without pre-treatment (control). The dentin surfaces were etched with 35% phosphoric acid gel and bonded with Adper Single Bond 2 (3M ESPE) adhesive system according to manufacturer's instructions. Subsequently, the specimens were stored in deionized water at 37°C for 24h, 6 months and 1 year. Two additional teeth were used to analyze the bonding interfaces by SEM. Data was submitted to three-way ANOVA in a split plot design and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). The results showed that Ci decreased µTBS values when compared to Ca and Sd, regardless storages time or treatment. Stored samples for 6 months and 1 year decreased the µTBS for the control group, but no difference was found between storages time for the CHX group. As a conclusion, the 2% CHX application after etching showed improved dentin bond strength in the storage time, regardless of the substrates evaluated.

Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do digluconato de clorexidina 2% (CHX) na resistência de união à microtração (µTBS) entre um sistema adesivo e sob 3 condições de dentina. Para tanto, este estudo avaliou a interface adesiva no início, após 6 meses e 1 ano de armazenamento. Quarenta e oito terceiros molares humanos foram preparados e divididos aleatoriamente em 3 grupos, de acordo com os substratos dentinários: dentina hígida (Dh), dentina infectada por cárie (Di) e dentina afetada por cárie (Da). Os grupos foram subdivididos em dois de acordo com o pré-tratamento: aplicação de CHX 2% ou sem pré-tratamento (controle). As superfícies da dentina foram condicionadas com gel de ácido fosfórico a 35%, em seguida, utilizou-se o sistema adesivo Adper Single Bond 2 (3M ESPE) de acordo com as instruções do fabricante. Posteriormente, os corpos-de-prova foram armazenados em água deionizada a 37°C por 24h, 6 meses e 1 ano. Dois dentes adicionais foram usados ​​para analisar as interfaces de união no MEV. Os dados foram submetidos a ANOVA três fatores em esquema de parcela subdividida e ao teste de Tukey (α = 0,05). Os resultados mostram que a Di diminuiu os valores de µTBS quando comparado as Da e Dh, independente do tempo de armazenamento ou tratamento. Amostras armazenadas por 6 meses e 1 ano diminuíram a µTBS para o grupo de controle, mas nenhuma diferença foi encontrada entre o tempo de armazenamento para o grupo CHX. A aplicação de CHX 2% após o condicionamento apresentou melhora na resistência de união à dentina no tempo de armazenamento, independente dos substratos avaliados.

Humans , Dental Bonding , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Tensile Strength , Materials Testing , Composite Resins , Resin Cements , Dentin