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1.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 54-70, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007908

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The aim of this study is to explore the potential modulatory role of quercetin against Endotoxin or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced septic cardiac dysfunction.@*METHODS@#Specific pathogen-free chicken embryos ( n = 120) were allocated untreated control, phosphate buffer solution (PBS) vehicle, PBS with ethanol vehicle, LPS (500 ng/egg), LPS with quercetin treatment (10, 20, or 40 nmol/egg, respectively), Quercetin groups (10, 20, or 40 nmol/egg). Fifteen-day-old embryonated eggs were inoculated with abovementioned solutions via the allantoic cavity. At embryonic day 19, the hearts of the embryos were collected for histopathological examination, RNA extraction, real-time polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemical investigations, and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#They demonstrated that the heart presented inflammatory responses after LPS induction. The LPS-induced higher mRNA expressions of inflammation-related factors (TLR4, TNFα, MYD88, NF-κB1, IFNγ, IL-1β, IL-8, IL-6, IL-10, p38, MMP3, and MMP9) were blocked by quercetin with three dosages. Quercetin significantly decreased immunopositivity to TLR4 and MMP9 in the treatment group when compared with the LPS group. Quercetin significantly decreased protein expressions of TLR4, IFNγ, MMP3, and MMP9 when compared with the LPS group. Quercetin treatment prevented LPS-induced increase in the mRNA expression of Claudin 1 and ZO-1, and significantly decreased protein expression of claudin 1 when compared with the LPS group. Quercetin significantly downregulated autophagy-related gene expressions (PPARα, SGLT1, APOA4, AMPKα1, AMPKα2, ATG5, ATG7, Beclin-1, and LC3B) and programmed cell death (Fas, Bcl-2, CASP1, CASP12, CASP3, and RIPK1) after LPS induction. Quercetin significantly decreased immunopositivity to APOA4, AMPKα2, and LC3-II/LC3-I in the treatment group when compared with the LPS group. Quercetin significantly decreased protein expressions of AMPKα1, LC3-I, and LC3-II. Quercetin significantly decreased the protein expression to CASP1 and CASP3 by immunohistochemical investigation or Western blotting in treatment group when compared with LPS group.@*CONCLUSION@#Quercetin alleviates cardiac inflammation induced by LPS through modulating autophagy, programmed cell death, and myocardiocytes permeability.


Subject(s)
Chick Embryo , Animals , Quercetin/therapeutic use , Lipopolysaccharides/toxicity , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Caspase 3 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Claudin-1 , Inflammation/metabolism , Apoptosis , RNA, Messenger , Autophagy , NF-kappa B
2.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 590-596, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986966

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture on osteoarthritis in rats and explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Thirty SD rats were randomly divided into osteoarthritis model group, electro-acupuncture group and control group (n=10), and in the former two groups, early osteoarthritis was induced using a modified DMM surgical modeling method. After successful modeling, the rats in the electro-acupuncture group were treated with electro-acupuncture at bilateral "Housanli" and "Anterior knee point". Behavioral tests of the rats were performed and scored using the LequesneMG scale. Subchondral bone degeneration was observed in each group, and serum levels of IL-1β, ADAMTS-7, MMP-3 and COMP were measured using ELISA. The mRNA and protein expressions of IL-1β, Wnt-7B, β-catenin, ADAMTS-7, and MMP-3 in the cartilage tissue of the knee joints were detected using RT-PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#In behavioral tests, the rats in the model and electroacupuncture groups had significantly higher LequesneMG scores after modeling than those in the control group (P < 0.05). After 20 days of treatment, LequesneMG scores were significantly lowered in rats in the electroacupuncture as compared with the model rats (P < 0.05). Imaging examination revealed obvious subchondral bone damage in both the electroacupuncture group and the model group, but the damages were significantly milder with former group. Compared with the model rats, the rats receiving electroacupuncture had significantly lower serum levels of IL-1β, ADAMTS-7, MMP-3 and COMP (P < 0.05) with also lower expressions of IL-1β, Wnt-7B, β-catenin, ADAMTS-7 and MMP-3 in the cartilage tissues at both the mRNA and protein levels (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture can alleviate joint pain and improve subchondral bone damage in rats with osteoarthritis by reducing IL-1β levels in the joint cartilage tissue and serum to alleviate joint inflammation and by reducing such cytokines as ADAMTS-7 and MMP-3 via regulating the Wnt-7B/β-catenin signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Electroacupuncture , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , beta Catenin/metabolism , Osteoarthritis/metabolism , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Cartilage, Articular , Inflammation/metabolism
3.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 982-989, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009172

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether Salvianolic acid A (SAA) can restore cartilage endplate cell degeneration of intervertebral discs and to identify the mechanism via regulation of micro-RNA.@*METHODS@#Cartilage endplate cells were isolated from lumbar intervertebral disc surgical samples and were treated with serum containing a series of concentrations of SAA (2, 5, and 10 ?M) for 24, 48, and 72 h to identify a proper dose and treatment time of SAA. The effect SAA on interlenkin-1β (IL-1β)-induced extracellular matrix degradation of cartilage endplate cells were analyzed by Alcian blue staining and assessment of the expression levels of ADAMTS-5, MMP3 and Col2a1. Further, the potential target miRNAs were preliminarily screened by micro-RNA sequencing combining qRT-PCR and Western blot, and then, the miRNAs mimics and inhibitors were used to verify the regulatory effect of SAA on potential target miRNAs.@*RESULTS@#The 10 μM SAA treatment for 48 h significantly enhanced the viability of cartilage endplate cells, and increased Col2a1 expression and glycosaminoglycan accumulation that were repressed by IL-1β, and reduced the effect of IL-1β on ADAMTS-5, and MMP3. Screening analysis based on micro-RNA sequencing and Venny analysis identified the downstream micro-RNAs, including miR-940 and miR-576-5p. Then, the miR-940-mimic or miR-576-5p-mimic were transfected into CEPCs. Compared with the SAA group, the expression of ADAMTS-5 and MMP3 increased significantly and the expression of COL2A1 obviously decreased after overexpression of miR-940 or miR-576-5p in CEPCs.@*CONCLUSION@#Salvianolic acid A attenuated the IL-1β-induced extracellular matrix degradation of cartilage endplate cells by targeting regulate the miR-940 and the miR-576-5p.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cartilage/metabolism , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5838-5850, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008782

ABSTRACT

Jiming Powder is a traditional ancient prescription with good therapeutic effect in the treatment of heart failure, but its mechanism lacks further exploration. In this study, a mouse model of coronary artery ligation was used to evaluate the effect and mechanism of Jiming Powder on myocardial fibrosis in mice with myocardial infarction. The study constructed a mouse model of heart failure after myocardial infarction using the method of left anterior descending coronary artery ligation. The efficacy of Jiming Powder was evaluated from multiple angles, including ultrasound imaging, hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining, Masson staining, Sirius Red staining, and serum myocardial enzyme spectrum detection. Western blot analysis was performed to detect key proteins involved in ventricular remodeling, including transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1), α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA), wingless-type MMTV integration site family member 3a(Wnt3a), β-catenin, matrix metallopeptidase 2(MMP2), matrix metallopeptidase 3(MMP3), TIMP metallopeptidase inhibitor 1(TIMP1), and TIMP metallopeptidase inhibitor 2(TIMP2). The results showed that compared with the model group, the high and low-dose Jiming Powder significantly reduced the left ventricular internal diameter in systole(LVID;s) and diastole(LVID;d), increased the left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) and left ventricular fractional shortening(LVFS), effectively improved cardiac function in mice after myocardial infarction, and effectively reduced the levels of myocardial injury markers such as creatine kinase(CK), creatine kinase isoenzyme(CK-MB), and lactic dehydrogenase(LDH), thus protecting ischemic myocardium. HE staining showed that Jiming Powder could attenuate myocardial inflammatory cell infiltration after myocardial infarction. Masson and Sirius Red staining demonstrated that Jiming Powder effectively inhibited myocardial fibrosis, reduced the collagen Ⅰ/Ⅲ ratio in myocardial tissues, and improved collagen remodeling after myocardial infarction. Western blot results showed that Jiming Powder reduced the expression of TGF-β1, α-SMA, Wnt3a, and β-catenin, decreased the levels of MMP2, MMP3, and TIMP2, and increased the level of TIMP1, suggesting its role in inhibiting cardiac fibroblast transformation, reducing extracellular matrix metabolism in myocardial cells, and lowering collagen Ⅰ and α-SMA content, thus exerting an anti-myocardial fibrosis effect after myocardial infarction. This study revealed the role of Jiming Powder in improving ventricular remodeling and treating myocardial infarction, laying the foundation for further research on the pharmacological effect of Jiming Powder.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , beta Catenin/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/therapeutic use , Powders , Ventricular Remodeling , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Myocardial Infarction/drug therapy , Myocardium/pathology , Heart Failure/metabolism , Collagen/metabolism , Creatine Kinase , Fibrosis
5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 55-60, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970819

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of midazolam on pain in lumbar disc herniation model rats based on p38 MAPK signaling pathway.@*METHODS@#Fifty SPF-grade Sprague-Dawley healthy rats, half male and half female, were selected and randomly divided into normal group, model group, and low-dose, medium-dose, high-dose groups. Model group and low-dose, medium-dose, high-dose groups were initially modeled for lumbar disc herniation. Intraperitoneal injection of saline was performed in rats of normal and model groups; and in the low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose groups, intraperitoneal injection of midazolam was performed with doses of 30, 60, and 90 mg/kg, respectively. Interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), β-endorphin (β-EP), substance P (SP), neuropeptide Y (NPY) were detected in the serum of rats by enzyme-linked immunoassay. The expression of p38 MAPK and matrix metalloproteinase-3(MMP-3) protein were detected by Western blot in the tissues of rats of each group.@*RESULTS@#The levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and β-EP were higher and the level of 5-HT was lower in the model group than in the normal group(P<0.05);the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and β-EP were lower and the level of 5-HT was higher in the low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups than in the model group(P<0.05). The levels of SP and NPY increased in the model group compared with the normal group (P<0.05) and the levels of SP and NPY decreased in the low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups compared with the model group (P<0.05). The expression of p38 MAPK and MMP-3 increased in the model group compared with the normal group (P<0.05); the expression of p38 MAPK and MMP-3 decreased in the low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose compared with the model group(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Midazolam may ameliorate the immune inflammatory response in rats with a model of lumbar disc herniation, possibly regulated through the p38MAPK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Female , Animals , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/pathology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/metabolism , Midazolam , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Serotonin/metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System/physiology , Pain , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism
6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 641-646, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939508

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of Buyi Pishen acupuncture (acupuncture for invigorating spleen and kidney) on inflammatory factor and synovial cartilage matrix in adjuvant arthritis (AA) rats, and to explore the mechanism of acupuncture for rheumatoid arthritis (RA).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 clean male Wistar rats were randomized into a normal group, a model group, a tripterygium wilfordii polyglycoside tablet (TWP) group and an acupuncture group, 15 rats in each group. Rats in the model group, the TWP group and the acupuncture group received intradermal injection of Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA) at right hind foot pad to induce the AA model. TWP suspension of 8 mg/kg was given by gavage in the TWP group. Acupuncture was applied at "Shenshu" (BL 23), "Pishu" (BL 20) and right "Housanli" (ST 36), "Sanyinjiao" (SP 6), "Yanglingquan" (GB 34) in the acupuncture group, 15 min a time, once a day. The intervention was given 15 days in both TWP group and acupuncture group. The foot-pad swelling degree before modeling, before and after intervention and the arthritis index (AI) score before and after intervention were calculated; the serum levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-4, IL-10 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by ELISA method; the ultrastructure and histomorphological changes of synovium issue were observed by transmission electron microscope and HE staining; the positive expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 and MMP-9 in synovium issue was detected by immunohistochemistry method.@*RESULTS@#Before intervention, foot-pad swelling degree of the model group, the TWP group and the acupuncture group was increased compared with the normal group (P<0.01). After intervention, foot-pad swelling degree and AI score were increased compared with the normal group (P<0.01), foot-pad swelling degree and AI scores in the TWP group and the acupuncture group were lower than the model group (P<0.05), and those in the acupuncture group were decreased compared with the TWP group (P<0.05). The model group exhibited unclear nuclear membrane of synovial cells, chromatin pyknosis, massive inflammatory cell infiltration and hyperplasia in synovial tissue; the TWP group and the acupuncture group exhibited clear and smooth nuclear membrane of synovial cells, inapparent chromatin pyknosis, less inflammatory cell infiltration and hyperplasia in synovial tissue, the acupuncture group exhibited less matrix destruction as well. Compared with the normal group, serum levels of IL-1β and TNF-α and positive expression of MMP-3 and MMP-9 in synovium issue were increased (P<0.01), while serum levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were decreased (P<0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, serum levels of IL-1β and TNF-α and positive expression of MMP-3 and MMP-9 in synovium issue were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), while serum levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were increased (P<0.05) in the TWP group and the acupuncture group; compared with the TWP group, serum level of TNF-α and positive expression of MMP-3 and MMP-9 in synovium issue were decreased (P<0.05), while serum levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were increased (P<0.05) in the acupuncture group.@*CONCLUSION@#Buyi Pishen acupuncture can effectively improve the injury of articular cartilage in AA rats, its mechanism maybe related to reducing the inflammatory reaction in synovium and inhibiting the degradation of articular cartilage matrix.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acupuncture Therapy , Arthritis, Experimental/therapy , Cartilage, Articular , Chromatin , Hyperplasia , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-4 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Rats, Wistar , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(9): e360904, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345023

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The protective effect of silibinin on kidney and lung parenchyma during hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) is explored. Methods: Sixty-three Wistar rats were separated into three groups: sham; control (45 min IRI); and silibinin (200 μL silibinin administration after 45 min of ischemia and before reperfusion). Immunohistochemistry and real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were used to evaluate the expression levels of MMP2, MMP3, MMP9, and TIMP2 on kidney and lung. Results: Comparing sham vs. control groups, confirmed that hepatic IRI increased both renal and lung MMP2, MMP3, MMP9 and TIMP2 expressions starting at 180 min (p<0.001). Comparison of the control vs. silibinin groups showed a statistically significant decrease in the expression levels of MMP2, MMP3, and MMP9 and increase of TIMP2 in kidney and lung parenchyma. The starting point of this decrease was at 120 min after reperfusion, both for kidney and lung parameters, and it was statistically significant at 240 min (p<0.001) for kidney, while silibinin showed a peak of lung protection at 180 min after hepatic reperfusion (p<0.001). Conclusions: Hepatic IRI causes distant kidney and lung damage, while a statistically significant protective action, both on kidney and lung parenchyma, is conveyed by the intravenous administration of silibinin.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Rats, Wistar , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Silymarin , Ischemia , Kidney , Liver Diseases , Lung
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 963-970, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878129

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) regulates chondrocyte hypertrophy and bone formation. The aim of the present study was to explore the effects of HDAC4 on Interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β)-induced chondrocyte extracellular matrix degradation and whether it is regulated through the WNT family member 3A (WNT3A)/β-catenin signaling pathway.@*METHODS@#Primary chondrocytes (CC) and human chondrosarcoma cells (SW1353 cells) were treated with IL-1β and the level of HDAC4 was assayed using Western blotting. Then, HDAC4 expression in the SW1353 cells was silenced using small interfering RNA to detect the effect of HDAC4 knockdown on the levels of matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP3) and MMP13 induced by IL-1β. After transfection with HDAC4 plasmids, the overexpression efficiency was examined using Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and the levels of MMP3 and MMP13 were assayed using Western blotting. After incubation with IL-1β, the translocation of β-catenin into the nucleus was observed using immunofluorescence staining in SW1353 cells to investigate the activation of the WNT3A/β-catenin signaling pathway. Finally, treatment with WNT3A and transfection with glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK3β) plasmids were assessed for their effects on HDAC4 levels using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#IL-1β downregulated HDAC4 levels in chondrocytes and SW1353 cells. Furthermore, HDAC4 knockdown increased the levels of MMP3 and MMP13, which contributed to the degradation of the extracellular matrix. Overexpression of HDAC4 inhibited IL-1β-induced increases in MMP3 and MMP13. IL-1β upregulated the levels of WNT3A, and WNT3A reduced HDAC4 levels in SW1353 cells. GSK-3β rescued IL-1β-induced downregulation of HDAC4 in SW1353 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#HDAC4 exerted an inhibitory effect on IL-1β-induced extracellular matrix degradation and was regulated partially by the WNT3A/β-catenin signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cells, Cultured , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/genetics , Histone Deacetylases/genetics , Interleukin-1beta/pharmacology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 13/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 , Repressor Proteins , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Wnt3A Protein/genetics , beta Catenin/metabolism
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(2): 116-121, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132291

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), limewater (LW), and Polymyxin B (PMB) as irrigants over MMP-3, MMP-8 and MMP-9. Thirty-three patients with apical periodontitis of single-rooted teeth were treated according to three-experimental groups (n=11): group-1: 2.5% NaOCl was used as irrigant; group-2: 2.5% NaOCl for the first two files and LW: [0.14% Ca(OH)2] for the last two files; group-3: 2.5% NaOCl for the first two files and PMB for the last two files. The association of Ca(OH)2 and CHX was used as an intracanal medication in all groups. Four root canal samplings (S) were collected: S1) immediately after access cavity; S2) after biomechanical preparation; S3) after EDTA application; and S4) after removal of the intracanal medication. After quantification of MMP-3, MMP-8, and MMP-9, the data were analyzed by Friedman and Kruskal-Wallis tests and completed by Dunn test (5%). Regardless the used irrigant, there was no difference in reducing MMP-3 or MMP-8 (P=0,5273, P=0,7048 respectively). However, in reducing MMP-9 (P=0,0246) the NaOCl group was the most effective followed by NaOCl+LW group and NaOCl+PMB group respectively. The intracanal medication [Ca(OH)2 + CHX] with the NaOCl and NaOCl+LW was effective in reducing MMP-8 (P<0,0001, P=0,0025) and MMP-9 (P=0,0007, P=0,0047) respectively, but not for the group of NaOCl+PMB which was not effective in reducing MMP-8 or MMP-9 (P=0,1718, P=0,1953) respectively. NaOCl and NaOCl+LW were effective in reducing MMP-9 levels, and this effectivity could be improved by the use of the intracanal medication [Ca(OH)2 + CHX] in reducing MMP-8 and MMP-9 levels.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o hipoclorito de sódio (NaOCl), água de cal (LW) e polimixina B (PMB) como soluções irrigadoras sobre MMP-3, MMP-8 e MMP-9. Trinta e três pacientes com periodontite apical de dentes unirradiculares foram tratados de acordo com três grupos experimentais (n= 11): grupo 1: 2,5% NaOCl foi usado como solução irrigadora; grupo-2: NaOCl a 2,5% para as duas primeiras limas e LW: [0,14% Ca(OH)2] para as duas últimas limas; group-3: 2.5% NaOCl para as duas primeiras limas e PMB para as duas últimas limas. A associação de Ca(OH)2 e CHX foi utilizada como medicação intracanal em todos os grupos. Quatro amostras de canais radiculares (S) foram coletadas: S1) imediatamente após a cirurgia de acesso; S2) após o preparo biomecânico; S3) após aplicação do EDTA; e S4) após a remoção da medicação intracanal. Após a quantificação das MMP-3, MMP-8 e MMP-9, os dados foram analisados pelos testes de Friedman e Kruskal-Wallis e completados pelo teste de Dunn (5%). Independentemente da solução irrigadora utilizada, não houve diferença na redução de MMP-3 ou MMP-8 (P= 0,5273, P= 0,7048 respectivamente). No entanto, na redução de MMP-9 (P= 0,0246) o grupo NaOCl foi o mais eficaz, seguido pelo grupo NaOCl+LW e grupo NaOCl+PMB, respectivamente. A medicação intracanal [Ca(OH)2 + CHX] com o NaOCl e NaOCl+LW foi eficaz na redução de MMP-8 (P<0,0001, P= 0,0025) e MMP-9 (P= 0,0007, P= 0,0047) respectivamente, mas não para o grupo de NaOCl+PMB que não foi eficaz na redução de MMP-8 ou MMP-9 (P= 0,1718, P= 0,1953), respectivamente. NaOCl e NaOCl+LW foram eficazes na redução dos níveis de MMP-9, e esta efetividade pode ser melhorada pelo uso da medicação intracanal [Ca(OH)2+CHX] na redução dos níveis de MMP-8 e MMP-9.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periapical Periodontitis , Sodium Hypochlorite , Polymyxin B , Root Canal Irrigants , Chlorhexidine , Root Canal Preparation , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 , Dental Pulp Cavity
10.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 1-9, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811201

ABSTRACT

Matrix metallopeptidase 3 or MMP3, is a zinc-dependent proteolytic enzyme that is involved in various physiological processes via modification of the extracellular matrix. In particular, its over-expression has been associated with cancer metastasis and tumor growth in various cancers including breast cancer. MMP3 gene expression is regulated by several factors such as DNA polymorphisms which also serve as risk factors for breast cancer. As such, DNA polymorphisms of MMP3 have the potential to be utilized as genetic biomarkers for prediction and prognosis of metastatic breast cancer. Presently, genome-wide association studies of MMP3 gene polymorphisms which are associated with breast cancer risk and patient survival in a variety of populations are reviewed. In order to understand the potential role of MMP3 polymorphisms as genetic markers for breast cancer metastasis, the domain structure of MMP3, the regulation of its expression and its role in breast cancer metastasis are also briefly discussed in this review. The emergence of MMP3 gene polymorphisms as prognostic biomarker candidates for breast cancer metastasis may contribute towards improving targeted therapies and categorization of breast cancer cases in order to provide a better and more accurate prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , DNA , Extracellular Matrix , Gene Expression , Genetic Markers , Genome-Wide Association Study , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 , Neoplasm Metastasis , Physiological Phenomena , Prognosis , Risk Factors
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1071-1078, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772221

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide and still lack of effective therapy so far. Petasin, a natural product found in plants of the genus Petasites, has been reported to possess anticancer activity. The present study aimed to investigate the anticolon cancer activity of petasin both in vitro and in vivo. The molecular mechanism of petasin was also further explored.@*METHODS@#Caco-2, LoVo, SW-620, and HT-29 cell lines were used to detect the inhibitory effect of petasin on colon cancer proliferation. Cell viability was determined using the MTT (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. Cell apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry. Hoechst 33258 staining was used to visualize morphological changes. Cell migration was assessed using a wound-healing migration assay, and cell invasion was investigated using Transwell chambers. Western blotting assays were employed to evaluate the expression levels of proteins in the protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin (Akt/mTOR) signaling pathway. Finally, in vivo activity of petasin was evaluated using the SW-620 subcutaneous tumor model established in Balb/c nude mice. Twelve rats were randomly divided into control group and 10 mg/kg petasin group. The tumor volume was calculated every 7 days for 28 days. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay was performed to assess the apoptotic effect of petasin. Differences between two groups were assessed by analysis of independent-sample t tests.@*RESULTS@#Petasin significantly inhibited the proliferation of human colon carcinoma cell lines, induced apoptosis, and suppressed migration and invasion in SW-620 cells. Western blotting results showed that petasin decreased the phosphorylation of Akt (1.01 ± 0.16 vs. 0.74 ± 0.06, P = 0.042), mTOR (0.71 ± 0.12 vs. 0.32 ± 0.11, P = 0.013), and P70S6K (1.23 ± 0.21 vs. 0.85 ± 0.14, P = 0.008), elevated the expression of caspase-3 (0.41 ± 0.09 vs. 0.74 ± 0.12, P = 0.018) and caspase-9 (1.10 ± 0.27 vs. 1.98 ± 0.22, P = 0.009), decreased the Bcl-2 protein (2.75 ± 0.47 vs. 1.51 ± 0.36, P = 0.008), downregulated the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 (1.51 ± 0.31 vs. 0.82 ± 0.11, P = 0.021) and MMP-9 (1.56 ± 0.32 vs. 0.94 ± 0.15, P = 0.039) in SW-620 cell. In vivo, 10 mg/kg petasin inhibited tumor growth in Balb/c nude mice (924.18 ± 101.23 vs. 577.67 ± 75.12 mm at day 28, P = 0.001) and induced apoptosis (3.6 ± 0.7% vs. 36.0 ± 4.9%, P = 0.001) in tumor tissues.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Petasin inhibits the proliferation of colon cancer SW-620 cells via inactivating the Akt/mTOR pathway. Our findings suggest petasin as a potential candidate for colon cancer therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Apoptosis , Caco-2 Cells , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , HT29 Cells , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Phosphorylation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Genetics , Metabolism , Sesquiterpenes , Therapeutic Uses , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Genetics , Metabolism
12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 645-648, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771947

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the association of 5A/6A polymorphism in the promoter region of MMP3 gene with the stability of extracellular matrix of atherosclerotic plaque.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 776 consecutive patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was reviewed. MMP3 gene polymorphisms and serum level of MMP3 for the second admission were collected. The target gene fragment containing MMP3 promoter region was transfected into HepG2 vector cells. The influence of the polymorphism on the expression of the MMP3 gene was determined in vitro.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the first admission data, the proportion of mutant MMP3 genotypes (5A/5A+5A/6A) was significantly higher in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) compared with the control group (37.6% vs. 24.9%, P<0.01). 64.1% of the patients carrying the 5A allele had AMI, whereas only 50.11% of those carrying the 6A allele had AMI (P<0.01). The proportion of wild-type MMP3 genotype (6A/6A) was significantly higher in the stenotic group compared with the non-restenosis group (79.5% vs. 66.5%, P<0.01). Restenosis has occurred in 9.5% of patients harboring the 5A allele compared with 16.2% in those carrying the 6A allele (P<0.01). In addition, serum level of MMP3 in the restenosis group was significantly lower than that of the non-restenosis group (P<0.01). In vitro studies confirmed that the expression of pGL2-Basic/6A was significantly lower than that of pGL2-Basic/5A.@*CONCLUSION@#The 5A/6A polymorphism in the promoter region of the MMP3 gene may influence its transcriptional activity and impact on the degradation or push-up of extracellular matrix, resulting in a difference in the stability of atherosclerosis plaques, which in turn may induce different pathological processes in AMI or restenosis after stenting.


Subject(s)
Humans , Case-Control Studies , Extracellular Matrix , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 , Genetics , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Promoter Regions, Genetic
13.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(4): 819-825, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954082

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aims and Objectives: Polypropylene meshes have been increasingly adopted for correction of pelvic organ prolapse due to its lower recurrence rate when compared to surgeries without meshes. The study of the interaction of these materials with the host tissue may contribute to the development of materials with best biocompatibility and, consequently, less complication rates. Materials and Methods: The present study compares the inflammatory reaction of standard-weight (SW) and lightweight (LW) meshes (72 g/m216g/m2 respectively), implanted in the abdomen of 20 adult rats, which were euthanized in four or 30 days. Quantification of pro-inflammatory markers, IL-1 and TNF-α, and of metalloproteinases, MMP2 and MMP3, were carried out through immunohistochemistry with AxioVision® software. Results: There were no significant differences in the quantification of IL-1 and TNF-α in LW versus SW meshes. However, IL-1 quantification increased along time (30 days >4 days, p=0.0269). Also, MMP-2 quantification was similar to SW and LW and both presented a significant increase along time (30 days >4 days, p <0.0001). MMP-3 quantification also showed no difference between the SW and LW groups, but increased along time (30 days >4 days, p=0.02). Conclusions: Mesh's density did not influence the quantification of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1 and TNF-α and metalloproteinases 2 and 3. The increased expression of IL-1, MMP-2 and MMP-3 over time could represent a longstanding inflammatory response after PP mesh implantation. Possibly, the occurrence of adverse events following PP prosthetic implants can be influenced by other factors, not solely related to the amount of implanted material.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Polypropylenes/adverse effects , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Interleukin-1/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/analysis , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Time Factors , Wound Healing , Biocompatible Materials/adverse effects , Materials Testing , Immunohistochemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Foreign-Body Reaction/chemically induced , Foreign-Body Reaction/pathology , Collagen/analysis , Abdominal Wall/pathology , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects
14.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 981-985, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941733

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression level of serum matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP3) in early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA) patients with normal C-reaction protein (CRP) or erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and the significance in disease assessment.@*METHODS@#In the study, 133 cases of early RA patients, 25 osteoarthritis (OA) patients and 60 healthy controls in Peking University People's Hospital from 2011 to 2015 were included. The RA patients were further divided into 4 groups according to levels of CRP and ESR: 88 patients with increased CRP and increased ESR, 15 patients with normal CRP and normal ESR, 17 patients with normal CRP but increased ESR, and 13 patients with increased CRP but normal ESR. All the clinical information of the patients was collected, and the serum MMP3 levels of both patients and healthy controls were detected by enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA).@*RESULTS@#The serum MMP3 level of RA patients with normal CRP and/or normal ESR [(72.89±6.34) μg/L] was obviously higher than that of OA patients [(42.87±4.14) μg/L] (P=0.002) and healthy controls [(31.62±2.88) μg/L] (P<0.001). The serum MMP3 levels of the patients with normal CRP and normal ESR [(47.04±9.64) μg/L] were higher than those of the healthy controls, and there was statistical significance between the two groups (P<0.05). The serum MMP3 levels of the patients with increased CRP but normal ESR [(94.18±9.11) μg/L] and the patients with normal CRP but increased ESR [(79.42±10.60) μg/L] were both higher than those of the OA patients and healthy controls, and there was obvious statistical difference (P<0.05). In the early RA patients with normal CRP and/or normal ESR, the serum MMP3 level was positively correlated with the CRP level (r=0.336, P=0.024). The positive rate of MMP3 in the patients with normal CRP and/or normal ESR was 44.44%, higher than the positive rate of CRP (28.89%) and the positive rate of ESR (37.78%). In these early RA patients, the positive rate was 52.94% in the patients with normal CRP but increased ESR and 53.85% in the patients with increased CRP but normal ESR.@*CONCLUSION@#The detection of the serum MMP3 level was significant in the assessment of early RA patients within 2-year duration who had normal CRP or ESR value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/diagnosis , Blood Sedimentation , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/blood , Osteoarthritis
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(3): 277-280, May-June 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888652

ABSTRACT

Abstract Anterior open bite (AOB) has a multifactorial etiology caused by the interaction of sucking habits and genetic factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between AOB and polymorphisms in genes that encode Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs). Four hundred and seventy-two children that presented at least one sucking habit were evaluated. Children were examined clinically for the presence of AOB. Genomic DNA was extracted from saliva. Genotyping of the selected polymorphisms in MMP2, MMP3, MMP9, TIMP1 and TIMP2 was carried out by real-time PCR using the TaqMan method. Allele and genotype frequencies were compared between the groups with and without AOB using the PLINK® software in a free and in a recessive model using a chi-square test. Logistic regression analysis was implemented (p≤0.05). Two hundred nineteen children had AOB while 253 did not. The polymorphism rs17576 in MMP9 was significantly associated with AOB (p=0.009). In a recessive model GG genotype was a protective factor for AOB (p=0.014; OR 4.6, 95%CI 1.3-16.2). In the logistic regression analysis, none of the genes was associated with AOB. In conclusion, the polymorphism rs17576 (glutamine for arginine substitution) in MMP9 was a protective factor for AOB.


Resumo A mordida aberta anterior apresenta uma etiologia multifatorial causada pela interação entre hábitos de sucção e fatores genéticos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a associação entre mordida aberta anterior e polimorfismo nos genes que codificam as metaloproteinases da matriz (MMPs) e seus inibidores teciduais (TIMPs). Foram avaliadas 472 crianças que apresentvam pelo menos um hábito de sucção. As crianças foram clinicamente examinadas para avaliar a presença de mordida aberta anterior. DNA genômico foi extraído da saliva. A genotipagem dos polimorfismos selecionados em MMP2, MMP3, MMP9, TIMP1 e TIMP2 foi realizada por PCR em tempo real, usando o método de TaqMan. As frequências alélicas e genotípicas foram comparadas entre os grupos com e sem mordida aberta anterior usando o software PLINK®. Duzentas e dezenove crianças apresentavam mordida aberta anterior enquanto 253 não a apresentavam. O polimorfismo rs17576 em MMP9 estava significativamente associado com mordida aberta anterior (p=0,009). No modelo recessivo (GG versus AG+AA) o genótipo GG foi um fator protetor para mordida aberta anterior (p=0,014; OR 4,6; 95%CI 1,3- 16,2). Concluindo, o polimorfismo rs17576 (substituição de glutamina por arginina) em MMP9 está associado com mordida aberta anterior. Os resultados obtidos suportam a hipótese de que fatores genéticos estão envolvidos com a etiologia da mordida aberta anterior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Open Bite/etiology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/genetics , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1/genetics , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/genetics , Open Bite/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Fingersucking , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Models, Genetic
16.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(4): e5714, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839285

ABSTRACT

Inflammation of cartilage is a primary symptom for knee-joint osteoarthritis. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are known to play an important role in the articular cartilage destruction related to osteoarthritis. Naringenin is a plant-derived flavonoid known for its anti-inflammatory properties. We studied the effect of naringenin on the transcriptional expression, secretion and enzymatic activity of MMP-3 in vivo in the murine monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) osteoarthritis model. The assessment of pain behavior was also performed in the MIA rats. The destruction of knee-joint tissues was analyzed microscopically. Moreover, the effect of naringenin was also studied in vitro in IL-1β activated articular chondrocytes. The transcriptional expression of MMP-3, MMP-1, MMP-13, thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS-4) and ADAMTS-5 was also studied in primary cultured chondrocytes of rats. Naringenin caused significant reduction in pain behavior and showed marked improvement in the tissue morphology of MIA rats. Moreover, a significant inhibition of MMP-3 expression in MIA rats was observed upon treatment with naringenin. In the in vitro tests, naringenin caused a significant reduction in the transcriptional expression, secretion and enzymatic activity of the studied degradative enzymes. The NF-κB pathway was also found to be inhibited upon treatment with naringenin in vitro. Overall, the study suggests that naringenin alleviated pain and regulated the production of matrix-metalloproteinases via regulation of NF-κB pathway. Thus, naringenin could be a potent therapeutic option for the treatment of osteoarthritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Arthralgia/enzymology , Chondrocytes/enzymology , Flavanones/pharmacology , Knee Joint/enzymology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/biosynthesis , Osteoarthritis, Knee/enzymology , Arthralgia/drug therapy , Blotting, Western , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Chondrocytes/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Expression , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/drug effects , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Knee Joint/pathology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/analysis , NF-kappa B/analysis , NF-kappa B/drug effects , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha/analysis , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha/drug effects , Osteoarthritis, Knee/drug therapy , Osteoarthritis, Knee/pathology , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Reproducibility of Results , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
17.
Appl. cancer res ; 37: 1-12, 2017. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-910864

ABSTRACT

Background: OSF is a potentially malignant condition affecting the oral cavity and oropharynx. MMP-3 also known as Stromelysin -I is a key member of the MMP family which is responsible for degradation of collagen type II,IV,V,IX and X, proteoglycans, gelatins, fibronectin, laminin and elastin. It plays an important role in activation of pro MMP-1 into the active form of MMP-1 in malignant tissues. MMP-3 expression is low in normal tissues but it is altered during tumour formation, where remodeling of ECM is required. Purpose of the study: To assess the association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms, Adenosine (Insertion/Deletion) in -1171 5A > 6A in the MMP-3 promoter regions of patients with oral submucous fibrosis and in healthy individuals (controls). Methods: Thirty cases of OSF were categorized according to Khanna et al classification into four groups and Twenty age and sex matched controls were included in the study. Blood samples were collected in EDTA coated vacutainers and PCR restriction analysis was done. A statistical analysis was done using Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test to assess the frequency and association of the alleles in the case-control group. Results: The result showed a statistical significance difference between the duration of habit and disease severity with polymorphisms. The result also showed a higher frequency of the 5A allele in the study group as compared to the controls. Conclusion: A long-term follow up of these patients is mandatory to see the prognosis and their susceptibility to malignancy. The positive outcome of an association of the disease with polymorphisms would result in the development of potential diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities in potentially malignant and malignant lesions (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Oral Submucous Fibrosis , Oropharynx , Polymorphism, Genetic , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 , Mouth
18.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 15(4): 304-307, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-875864

ABSTRACT

Polymorphisms in matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) genes have been associated with several pathologies, including dental implant loss. MMP-3 is crucial to the connective tissue remodeling process. The objective of this study was to investigate the possible relationship between -1612 MMP-3 polymorphism and the early implant failure. A sample of 240 non-smokers was divided: test group 120 patients with one or more early failed implants and control group 120 patients with one or more healthy implants. Genomic DNA from oral mucosa was analyzed by PCR-RFLP. No association of early implant loss with genotypes and alleles of the -1612 polymorphism in MMP-3 were found by the Chi-squared test. Only the presence of the -1612 polymorphism of MMP-3 is not a genetic risk factor for early loss of implants (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 , Metalloproteases , Polymorphism, Genetic , Risk Factors , Dental Implants
19.
Invest. clín ; 57(2): 131-142, jun. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-841106

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present research was to determine the levels of IL-1α, IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-6sR, IL-8, IL-10, MMP-3 and MMP-8 in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of subjects with chronic periodontitis. Clinical measurements were carried out in 20 patients with chronic periodontitis and 11 periodontally healthy controls. The clinical indexes evaluated were: gingival index (GI), plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL); the measurements were taken at six sites per tooth in all teeth in each subject. GCF samples were taken from one tooth per quadrant, and the levels of mediators were measured using an ELISA test. Statistically significant differences were observed between patients and control group in relation to all clinical parameters evaluated (p<0.05). The gingival concentrations, in pg/mL, of IL-1α (patients: 239.06 ± 65.5 vs control: 97.79 ± 15.81), IL-1β (patients: 157.19 ± 36.4 vs control: 63.44 ± 19.04), TNF-α (patients: 10.87 ± 1.7 vs control: 1.15 ± 0.84), IL-6 (patients: 3.77 ±1.7 vs control: 0.43 ± 0.22), IL-6Sr (patients: 655.59 ± 185.8 vs control: 73.59 ± 23.18), IL-8 (patients: 496.3 ± 155.3 vs control: 206.13 ± 46.63), IL-10 (patients: 10.75 ± 3.6 vs control: 2.41 ± 0.57), MMP-3 (patients: 3531 ± 1558.2 vs control: 724.84 ± 289.51) and MMP-8 (patients: 8231.70± 1279.2 vs control: 1534.67± 814.90) were significantly greater in patients with periodontal disease than in the control group (p<0.001). The higher levels of the cytokines and metalloproteinases obtained in this study were significantly associated with the severity of the periodontal disease.


El propósito de la presente investigación fue determinar los niveles de IL-1α, IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-6sR, IL-8, IL-10, MMP-3 and MMP-8 en fluido gingival crevicular (FGC) de sujetos con periodontitis crónica. Se evaluaron los parámetros clínicos en 20 pacientes con periodontitis crónica y 11 controles periodontalmente sanos. Los índices clínicos evaluados fueron: indice gingival (IG), indice de placa dental (IP), sangramiento al sondaje (SS), profundidad del saco (PS) y nivel de inserción (NI). Las muestras de FGC fueron tomadas de un diente por cada cuadrante y los niveles de los mediadores fueron medidos utilizando la prueba de ELISA. Se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los pacientes y el grupo control en relación a todos los parámetros clínicos evaluados (p<0,05). Las concentraciones en fluido gingival en pg/mL de IL-1α(pacientes: 239,06 ± 65,5 vs control: 97,79 ± 15,81), IL-1β (pacientes: 157,19 ± 36,4 vs control: 63,44 ± 19,04), TNF-α (pacientes: 10,87 ± 1,7 vs control: 1,15 ± 0,84), IL-6 (pacientes: 3,77 ±1,7 vs control: 0,43 ± 0,22), IL-6Sr (pacientes: 655,59 ± 185,8 vs control: 73,59 ± 23,18), IL-8 (pacientes: 496,3 ± 155,3 vs control: 206,13 ± 46,63), IL-10 (pacientes: 10,75 ± 3.6 vs control: 2,41 ± 0,57), MMP-3 (pacientes: 3531 ± 1558,2 vs control: 724,84 ± 289,51) and MMP-8 (pacientes: 8231,70± 1279,2 vs control: 1534,67± 814,90), estuvieron significativamente mayores en pacientes con enfermedad periodontal que en el grupo control. (p<0,001). Los niveles elevados de citocinas y metaloproteinasas obtenidos en este estudio estuvieron significativamente asociados con la severidad de la enfermedad periodontal.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Cytokines/analysis , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/chemistry , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 8/analysis , Chronic Periodontitis/metabolism
20.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 964-971, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-125094

ABSTRACT

Several studies have evaluated the association between vitamin D receptor, matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP-3) polymorphisms and the risk of intervertebral disc degeneration susceptibility. The findings were inconsistent. This meta-analysis aimed to systematically assess the association between vitamin D receptor, MMP-3 polymorphisms and the risk of intervertebral disc degeneration susceptibility. A search of various databases was done covering all papers published until December 31th, 2014. Eight, 4, 3 studies were finally included that addressed the risk of intervertebral disc degeneration susceptibility and vitamin D receptor FokI (rs2228570), ApaI (rs7975232), and MMP-3 (rs731236) polymorphisms, respectively. FokI (f vs. F: summary odds ratio [OR], 1.13; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.76–1.69; ff vs. FF: OR, 1.02; 95% CI, 0.59–1.77; ff vs. Ff/FF: OR, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.70–1.58), ApaI (a vs. A: OR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.45–1.19; aa vs. AA: OR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.22–1.25 p=0.14; aa vs. AA/Aa: OR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.53–0.89) in the vitamin D receptor gene and MMP3 polymorphisms (5A vs. 6A: OR, 1.92; 95% CI, 0.77–4.80; 5A5A vs. 6A6A: OR, 2.17; 95% CI, 0.75–6.24; 5A5A vs. 5A6A/6A6A: OR, 1.58; 95% CI, 0.72–3.44) were not obviously associated with risk of intervertebral disc degeneration susceptibility. FokI, ApaI polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor gene and MMP-3 polymorphism are not obvious risk factors for intervertebral disc degeneration susceptibility.


Subject(s)
Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 , Odds Ratio , Receptors, Calcitriol , Risk Factors , Vitamin D , Vitamins
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