Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 472
Filter
1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(1): 31-40, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361656

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A Doença Periodontal tem caráter multifatorial, já que depende de condições microbiológicas, imunogenéticas e sistêmicas do hospedeiro. Representa inflamação crônica das estruturas de suporte e proteção dental. Desencadeia uma complexa estimulação imunológica, bem como a produção de citocinas inflamatórias, que mediam a destruição óssea e de tecido conjuntivo, provocando perda dental e complicações à distância. A compreensão da etiopatogênese, permitiu os conceitos de modulação, que referem-se às modificações dos aspectos danosos da resposta inflamatória. Objetivo: O presente artigo tem como objetivo realizar uma revisão dos estudos sobre as principais terapêuticas adjuvantes na modulação da resposta imune frente à doença periodontal. Revisão de Literatura: Foi realizada uma revisão da literatura, onde foram selecionados artigos científicos em inglês, publicados entre os anos 2005 a 2020, por meio das bases de dados PubMed e ScienceDirect. No decorrer das buscas, foram utilizadas as palavraschaves "Inflamation", "Periodontal Disease", "Subantimicrobial Dose of Doxycycline", "Periodontal Disease", "Host Response Modulation". Resultados e Conclusão: A literatura é bem promissora em relação à terapia de controle complementar da doença periodontal. Dessa forma, novas pesquisas nessa área podem trazer inúmeros beneficos aos pacientes, sendo, assim, um novo caminho para o contorno da resistência bacteriana(AU)


Introduction: Periodontal disease has a multifactorial character, depending on the host's microbiological, immunogenetic and systemic conditions. It represents chronic inflammation of dental support and protection structures. It triggers a complex immune stimulation, as well as the production of inflammatory cytokines, which mediate bone and connective tissue destruction, causing tooth loss and complications at a distance. The understanding of etiopathogenesis allowed the concepts of modulation, which refers to the modifications of the harmful aspects of the inflammatory response. This article has the escape of conducting a review of studies on the main mechanisms of modulation against periodontal disease. Objective: This article aims to rev iew the studies on the main modulation mechanisms in the face of periodontal disease. Literature Review: A literature review was carried out in which scientific articles were selected in English, published between 2005 and 2020, through the PubMed and ScienceDirect databases. During the searches, the keywords "Inflammation", "Periodontal Disease", "Subantimicrobial Dose of Doxycycline", "Periodontal Disease", "Host Response Modulation". Results and Conclusion: The literature is very promising with complementary control therapy for periodontal disease. Thus, new research in this area can bring countless benefits to patients, thus being a new way to bypass bacterial resistance(AU)


Subject(s)
Periodontal Diseases/therapy , Doxycycline , Periodontal Diseases , Periodontitis , Prostaglandins E , Dinoprostone , Fatty Acids, Omega-3 , Aspirin , Probiotics , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors
2.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2022. 78 p. tab, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1380340

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o perfil microbiológico e identificar padrões de agregação bacteriana, avaliar a associação desses padrões com os níveis de mediadores inflamatórios, MMPs e sinais e sintomas clínicos e ainda correlacionar os mediadores inflamatórios entre si e com os sinais e sintomas clínicos em dentes com infecção endodôntica primária e periodontite apical (PA). Para isso, 40 dentes uniradiculares, de pacientes com infecção endodôntica primária e PA, foram submetidos à avaliação clínica, com registro de sinais e sintomas, e tomográfica através do cálculo de volumetria das lesões periapicais com o software ITK Snap. Em seguida os dentes foram submetidos ao tratamento endodôntico. Logo após a abertura coronária, amostras foram coletadas de cada canal radicular utilizando cones de papel (S1) e submetidas ao método Checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization para investigação de espécies bacterianas presentes. Foi realizado o preparo biomecânico (PBM) e em seguida o fluído intersticial da PA foi coletado (SF1) para a quantificação dos mediadores inflamatórios (IL1-ß, IL-6, TNF-α, IL-10, MMPs -2 e -9) através do ensaio multiplex e a quantificação de RvD2 através de ensaio imunoenzimático ELISA. Para a análise de correlação o teste de correlação de Spearman foi utilizado. A análise fatorial foi usada para identificar padrões de agregação bacteriana e regressão linear foi realizada para associar os escores fatoriais, mediadores e características clínicas dos pacientes (P=0,05). Correlação positiva foi encontrada entre MMP-2, -9, IL-10, IL-1ß, IL-6 e TNF-α, e entre RvD2, MMP-9, IL-10, IL-1ß, IL-6 e TNF-α (P<0,05), e correlação negativa foi encontrada entre IL-1ß e sensibilidade a percussão (P<0,05). A análise microbiológica revelou presença de DNA bacteriano em 100% das amostras analisadas com presença de pelo menos 2 das 40 espécies bacterianas investigadas (média = 24,62) por canal. As espécies mais frequentemente detectadas foram P. gingivalis, E. nodatum, F. nucleatum spp. vicentii, S. mitis, L. bucallis e A. actinomycetemcomitans. Das 6 espécies mais detectadas, 4 delas eram gram negativas, destacando o predomínio de gram-negativos das infecções endodônticas primárias com PA. A análise fatorial determinou 2 padrões de associação bacteriana e os resultados de regressão para o fator 1 revelaram uma associação com aumento de dor a percussão (coeficiente (coef) ß=0,788) e redução de dor a palpação (coefß=-0,753) e exsudato (coefß=- 0,479). Níveis mais altos de exsudato e menores de dor a palpação foram associados a bactérias do fator 2 (coefß=0,460 e -0,546, respectivamente). Concluímos que os mediadores inflamatórios formam uma rede inter-relacionada e que as periodontites apicais assintomáticas e sintomáticas tem uma etiologia bacteriana heterogênea e com combinações de espécies diferentes (AU)


The aim of this study was to evaluate the microbiological profile and identify patterns of bacterial aggregation, evaluate the association of these patterns with the levels of inflammatory mediators, MMPs and clinical signs and symptoms, and also correlate the inflammatory mediators with each other and with the clinical signs and symptoms in teeth with primary endodontic infection and apical periodontitis (AP). For this, 40 single-rooted teeth, from patients with primary endodontic infection and PA, were submitted to clinical evaluation, with registration of signs and symptoms, and tomography through the calculation of volumetry of periapical lesions with the ITK Snap software. Then the teeth were submitted to endodontic treatment. Immediately after the coronal opening, samples were collected from each root canal using paper cones (S1) and submitted to the Checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization method to investigate bacterial species present. Biomechanical preparation (BMP) was performed and then the AP interstitial fluid was collected (SF1) for the quantification of inflammatory mediators (IL1-ß, IL-6, TNF-α, IL-10, MMPs -2 and -9) by the multiplex assay and the quantification of RvD2 by enzyme immunoassay ELISA. For correlation analysis, Spearman's correlation test was used. Factor analysis was used to identify bacterial aggregation patterns and linear regression was performed to associate factor scores, mediators and patients' clinical characteristics (P=0.05). Positive correlation was found between MMP-2, -9, IL-10, IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α, and between RvD2, MMP-9, IL-10, IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF- α (P<0.05), and a negative correlation was found between IL-1ß and sensitivity to percussion (P<0.05). The microbiological analysis revealed the presence of bacterial DNA in 100% of the samples analyzed with the presence of at least 2 of the 40 bacterial species investigated (mean = 24.62) per root canal. The most frequently detected species were P. gingivalis, E. nodatum, F. nucleatum spp. vicentii, S. mitis, L. buccallis and A. actinomycetemcomitans. Of the 6 most detected species, 4 of them were gram negative, highlighting the predominance of gram-negative primary endodontic infections with AP. Factor analysis determined 2 patterns of bacterial association and regression results for factor 1 revealed an association with increased pain on percussion (coefficient (coef) ß=0.788) and reduced pain on palpation (coefß=-0.753) and exudate (coefß=-0.479). Higher levels of exudate and lower levels of pain on palpation were associated with factor 2 bacteria (coefß=0.460 and -0.546, respectively). We conclude that inflammatory mediators form an interrelated network and that asymptomatic and symptomatic apical periodontitis has a heterogeneous bacterial etiology and combinations of different species (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periapical Periodontitis , Bacteria , Cytokines , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929260

ABSTRACT

Wuzi-Yanzong-Wan (WZYZW) is a classic prescription for male infertility. Our previous investigation has demonstrated that it can inhibit sperm apoptosis via affecting mitochondria, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. The purpose of the present study was to explore the actions of WZYZW on mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) in mouse spermatocyte cell line (GC-2 cells) opened by atractyloside (ATR). At first, WZYZW-medicated serum was prepared from rats following oral administration of WZYZW for 7 days. GC-2 cells were divided into control group, model group, positive group, as well as 5%, 10%, 15% WZYZW-medicated serum group. Cyclosporine A (CsA) was used as a positive control. 50 μmol·L-1 ATR was added after drugs incubation. Cell viability was assessed using CCK-8. Apoptosis was detected using flow cytometry and TUNEL method. The opening of mPTP and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were detected by Calcein AM and JC-1 fluorescent probe respectively. The mRNA and protein levels of voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1), cyclophilin D (CypD), adenine nucleotide translocator (ANT), cytochrome C (Cyt C), caspase 3, 9 were detected by RT-PCR (real time quantity PCR) and Western blotting respectively. The results demonstrated that mPTP of GC-2 cells was opened after 24 hours of ATR treatment, resulting in decreased MMP and increased apoptosis. Pre-protection with WZYZ-medicated serum and CsA inhibited the opening of mPTP of GC-2 cells induced by ATR associated with increased MMP and decreased apoptosis. Moreover, the results of RT-qPCR and WB suggested that WZYZW-medicated serum could significantly reduce the mRNA and protein levels of VDAC1 and CypD, Caspase-3, 9 and CytC, as well as a increased ratio of Bcl/Bax. However, ANT was not significantly affected. Therefore, these findings indicated that WZYZW inhibited mitochondrial mediated apoptosis by attenuating the opening of mPTP in GC-2 cells. WZYZW-medicated serum inhibited the expressions of VDAC1 and CypD and increased the expression of Bcl-2, which affected the opening of mPTP and exerted protective and anti-apoptotic effects on GC-2 cell induced by ATR.


Subject(s)
1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine , Animals , Atractyloside/pharmacology , Cyclophilin D , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Mice , Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins/metabolism , Mitochondrial Permeability Transition Pore , RNA, Messenger , Rats
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929134

ABSTRACT

Inflammation-associated proteinase functions are key determinants of inflammatory stromal tissues deconstruction. As a specialized inflammatory pathological process, dental internal resorption (IR) includes both soft and hard tissues deconstruction within the dentin-pulp complex, which has been one of the main reasons for inflammatory tooth loss. Mechanisms of inflammatory matrix degradation and tissue resorption in IR are largely unclear. In this study, we used a combination of Cre-loxP reporter, flow cytometry, cell transplantation, and enzyme activities assay to mechanistically investigate the role of regenerative cells, odontoblasts (ODs), in inflammatory mineral resorption and matrices degradation. We report that inflamed ODs have strong capabilities of matrix degradation and tissue resorption. Traditionally, ODs are regarded as hard-tissue regenerative cells; however, our data unexpectedly present ODs as a crucial population that participates in IR-associated tissue deconstruction. Specifically, we uncovered that nuclear factor-kappa b (NF-κB) signaling orchestrated Tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α)-induced matrix metalloproteinases (Mmps) and Cathepsin K (Ctsk) functions in ODs to enhance matrix degradation and tissue resorption. Furthermore, TNF-α increases Rankl/Opg ratio in ODs via NF-κB signaling by impairing Opg expression but increasing Rankl level, which utterly makes ODs cell line 17IIA11 (A11) become Trap+ and Ctsk+ multinucleated cells to perform resorptive actions. Blocking of NF-κB signaling significantly rescues matrix degradation and resorptive functions of inflamed ODs via repressing vital inflammatory proteinases Mmps and Ctsk. Utterly, via utilizing NF-κB specific small molecule inhibitors we satisfactorily attenuated inflammatory ODs-associated human dental IR in vivo. Our data reveal the underlying mechanisms of inflammatory matrix degradation and resorption via proteinase activities in IR-related pathological conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinases/metabolism , Minerals/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Odontoblasts/metabolism , Osteoclasts/metabolism , RANK Ligand/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
5.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1155003

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the pulp tissue of rat molars after pulpotomies with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), BiodentineTM (BDT) and calcium hydroxide (CH) mixed with sterile saline solution (24 hours, 72 hours, 7 days and 15 days), through correlating MPO activity with active neutrophils and MMP8 activity with tissue remodeling. Material and Methods: Thirty-eight Wistar rats were randomly distributed into groups (control, I (MTA gray), II (BDT), and III (CH)) and subdivided according to the study period of 24 hours, 72 hours, 7 days or 15 days after pulpotomy. MMP8 activity was assessed through fluorescence technique, and MPO activity was determined using the MPO assay. Results: A gradual decrease of MPO and MM8 activity occurred in the group MTA over the experimental periods (p<0.05). Groups BDT and CH exhibited an increase in the activity at 7 and 15 days (p<0.05). Conclusion: MTA demonstrated a decrease in the values of MPO e MMP8. BDT and CH showed high neutrophilic and collagenase activity over the experimental periods.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Pulpotomy/methods , Biocompatible Materials , Peroxidase , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Dental Cements , Brazil , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Rats, Wistar , Dental Pulp , Microscopy, Fluorescence/methods , Molar
6.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(1): 32-36, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089272

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the cytotoxic effect and the ability to inhibit matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) of 0.2% chitosan (CH) and 1% acetic acid (AA) compared with 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). Cell viability assay was performed according to ISO 10993-5 with mouse fibroblasts (L929). The culture was exposed to 0.2% CH, 1% AA, and 17% EDTA. The chelating agents were evaluated immediately after contact with the cells and after 6 h, 12 h, and 24 h of incubation. Cell viability was analyzed using the 3-(4,5-dimethythiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Inhibition of the gelatinolytic activity of MMP-2 and MMP-9 was evaluated by gelatin zymography. Different concentrations of CH were evaluated: 50 mM, 5 mM, 0.5 mM, and 0.05 mM. EDTA (0.5 mM) was used as a positive control. The results demonstrated that CH and AA had an initial cytotoxic effect, which decreased after 6 h, 12 h, and 24 h, being statistically similar to EDTA (P > 0.05). Additionally, CH at concentrations of 50 mM, 5 mM, and 0.5 mM had an inhibitory effect on MMP-2 and MMP-9, similar to that of the control with EDTA. The chelating agents had no cytotoxic effects after 24 h. MMP-2 and MMP-9 were inhibited by the experimental solutions.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou o efeito citotóxico e a capacidade de inibição das metaloproteinases da matriz extracelular (MMP-2 e MMP-9) pela quitosana 0,2%(CH) e o ácido acético 1% (AA) em comparação com o ácido etilenodiaminotetracético 17% (EDTA). O ensaio de viabilidade celular foi realizado de acordo com a ISO 10993-5 com fibroblastos de camundongo (L929). A cultura foi exposta a CH 0,2%, AA 1% e EDTA 17%. Os agentes quelantes foram avaliados imediatamente após o contato com as células e após 6 h, 12 h e 24 h de incubação. A viabilidade celular foi analisada utilizando o ensaio de brometo de 3- (4,5-dimetitiazol-2-il) -2,5-difeniltetrazólio (MTT). A inibição da atividade gelatinolítica de MMP-2 e MMP-9 foi avaliada por zimografia de gelatina. Diferentes concentrações de CH foram avaliadas: 50 mM, 5 mM, 0,5 mM e 0,05 mM. EDTA (0,5 mM) foi usado como controlo positivo. Os resultados demonstraram que CH e AA apresentaram um efeito citotóxico inicial, que diminuiu após 6 h, 12 h e 24 h, sendo estatisticamente similar ao EDTA (P> 0,05). Adicionalmente, CH a concentrações de 50 mM, 5 mM e 0,5 mM tiveram um efeito inibidor sobre MMP-2 e MMP-9, semelhante ao controlo com EDTA. Os agentes quelantes apresentaram efeitos não citotóxicos após 24 h. MMP-2 e MMP-9 foram inibidas pelas soluções experimentais.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Endodontics , Cell Membrane , Chelating Agents , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2
7.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(2): 1-10, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1095893

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of chitosan nanoparticles on microtensile bond strength of resin composite to dentin using self etch adhesive after aging. Material and Methods: A total number of 90 freshly extracted, sound human molar teeth. Flat tooth surface was gained after cut of the occlusal surface. Three main groups according to pretreatment of dentin before adhesive application; 0.2 % chitosan, 2.5 % chitosan and no treatment control group. Universal self etch adhesive were applied according to manufacture instruction and 4 mm of Feltik Z250 xt composite. Storage of specimens for 1 day, 3 months and 6 months in 37O C distilled water. After that, the tooth was sectioned to beams of 1 mm x8 mm sticks for microtensile bond strength test using universal testing machine. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to evalute the effect of chitosan nanoparticles on dentin and smear layer. Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare between the three groups as well as the three aging periods. Dunn's test was used for pair-wise comparisons. The significance level was set at P ≤ 0.05. Results: chitosan 0.2% is statistically significant increase in bond strength than chitosan 2.5% and control in one day group. Three months chitosan 0.2 % groups have statistically significant increase in bond strength than chitosan 2.5%. It was found in 6 months that control and chitosan 0.2 % have statistically significant increase in bond strength than chitosan 2.5%. There was statistically significant difference found between the three studied groups regarding bond strength at different storage times . Conclusion: Microtensile bond strength was influenced by different chitosan concentration. Different aging periods had no effect on the microtensile bond strength without application of chitosan and with application of 2.5% chitosan concentration. (AU)


Introdução: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito das nanopartículas de quitosana na resistência da microtração de união do compósito de resina à dentina usando adesivo autocondicionante após o envelhecimento. Material e Métodos: Foram utilizados um total de 90 dentes molares humanos extraídos e sadios. A superfície plana do dente foi obtida após o corte da superfície oclusal. Os dentes foram divididos em três grupos principais de acordo com o pré-tratamento da dentina e antes da aplicação do adesivo: 0,2% de quitosana, 2,5% de quitosana e nenhum tratamento foi utilizado no grupo controle. O adesivo autocondicionante universal foi aplicado de acordo com as instruções do fabricante e 4 mm de composito Feltik Z250 xt foi inserido. O armazenamento de amostras foi realizado por 1 dia, 3 meses e 6 meses em água destilada a 37 °C. Depois disso, o dente foi seccionado em peças de 1 mm x 8 mm para teste de resistência de união por microtração, utilizando máquina de teste universal. Microscópio eletrônico de varredura (MEV) foi usado para avaliar o efeito das nanopartículas de quitosana na dentina e na camada de smear layer. O teste de Kruskal-Wallis foi utilizado para comparar os três grupos e os três períodos de envelhecimento. O teste de Dunn foi usado para comparação pareada dos grupos. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em P ≤ 0,05. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Dentin , Chitosan , Molar
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(7): e202000707, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130661

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To analyze gene and protein expression of metalloproteinases 1, 2, 9, 11 and 16 and their correlation with clinicopathological variables in colorectal adenocarcinoma. Methods: A retrospective study of 114 patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma treated surgically in the period 2006 to 2008 in Hospital de Câncer de Barretos - Fundação Pio XII. The evaluation of gene expression was performed by RT-PCR, and protein by immunohistochemistry. The analysis of gene expression was classified as overexpressed genes and poorly expressed (fold change of approximately 2, p<0.05). The positivity of the markers in the immunohistochemical study was performed by semi-quantitative analysis. The tissue of TMA (Tissue Microarray) was done by two independent pathologists. Results: The gene expression validated by immuno - histochemical was MMP-1(p= 0.00 and 1.57 fold change) and MMP - 2 (p= 0.01 and - 1.84 to fold change) when correlated with the histological types mucinous and adenocarcinoma NOS, MMP9 (p=0.01 and fold change of 1.13) and MMP-16 (p=0.03 and 1.61 fold change) when compared with the histological types villous and adenocarcinoma NOS, MMP - 11 statistically significant in relation to male (p = 0.04 and 1.65 fold change). Conclusions: The MMPs 1, 2, 9, 11 and 16 gene and protein expression with statistical significance in at least one of the clinicopathological variables studied. Thus, we conclude that these MMPs have potential as a prognostic factor in colorectal adenocarcinoma.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms , Prognosis , Immunohistochemistry , Adenocarcinoma , Retrospective Studies , Matrix Metalloproteinases
9.
Actual. osteol ; 15(1): 34-43, ene. abr. 2019. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049002

ABSTRACT

La brucelosis es una de las enfermedades zoonóticas más importantes a nivel mundial capaz de producir enfermedad crónica en los seres humanos. La localización osteoarticular es la presentación más común de la enfermedad activa en el hombre. Sin embargo, algunos de los mecanismos moleculares implicados en la enfermedad osteoarticular han comenzado a dilucidarse recientemente. Brucella abortus induce daño óseo a través de diversos mecanismos en los cuales están implicados TNF-α y RANKL. En estos procesos participan células inflamatorias que incluyen monocitos/macrófagos, neutrófilos, linfocitos T del tipo Th17 y linfocitos B. Además, B. abortus puede afectar directamente las células osteoarticulares. La bacteria inhibe la deposición de la matriz ósea por los osteoblastos y modifica el fenotipo de estas células para producir metaloproteinasas de matriz (MMPs) y la secreción de citoquinas que contribuyen a la degradación del hueso. Por otro lado, la infección por B. abortus induce un aumento en la osteoclastogénesis, lo que aumenta la resorción de la matriz ósea orgánica y mineral y contribuye al daño óseo. Dado que la patología inducida por Brucella afecta el tejido articular, se estudió el efecto de la infección sobre los sinoviocitos. Estos estudios revelaron que, además de inducir la activación de estas células para secretar quemoquinas, citoquinas proinflamatorias y MMPs, la infección inhibe la muerte por apoptosis de los sinoviocitos. Brucella es una bacteria intracelular que se replica en el retículo endoplásmico de los macrófagos. El análisis de los sinoviocitos infectados con B. abortus indicó que las bacterias también se multiplican en el retículo endoplasmático, lo que sugiere que la bacteria podría usar este tipo celular para la multiplicación intracelular durante la localización osteoarticular de la enfermedad. Los hallazgos presentados en esta revisión intentan responder a preguntas sobre los mediadores inflamatorios implicados en el daño osteoarticular causado por Brucella. (AU)


Brucellosis is one of the most important zoonotic diseases that can produce chronic disease in humans worldwide. Osteoarticular involvement is the most common presentation of human active disease. The molecular mechanisms implicated in bone damage have started to be elucidated. B. abortus induces bone damage through diverse mechanisms in which TNF-α and RANKL are implicated. These processes are driven by inflammatory cells, including monocytes/macrophages, neutrophils, Th17 lymphocytes and B cells. Also, Brucella abortus (B. abortus) can directly affect osteoarticular cells. The bacterium inhibits bone matrix deposition by osteoblast and modifies the phenotype of these cells to produce matrix methalloproteinases (MMPs) and cytokine secretion that contribute to bone matrix degradation. B. abortus also affects osteoclast increasing mineral and organic bone matrix resorption and contributing to bone damage. Since the pathology induced by Brucella species involves joint tissue, experiments conducted in sinoviocytes revealed that besides inducing the activation of these cells to secrete chemokines, proinflammatory cytokines and MMPS, the infection also inhibits sinoviocyte apoptosis. Brucella is an intracellular bacterium that replicate in the endoplasmic reticulum of macrophages. The analysis of B. abortus infected sinoviocytes indicated that bacteria also replicate in their reticulum suggesting that the bacterium could use this cell type for intracellular replication during the osteoarticular localization of the disease. The findings presented in this review try to answer key questions about the inflammatory mediators involved in osteoarticular damage caused by Brucella. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Osteoarthritis/pathology , Brucella abortus/pathogenicity , Brucellosis/pathology , Osteoarthritis/immunology , Osteoblasts/pathology , Osteocytes/microbiology , Osteogenesis/immunology , Brucella abortus/immunology , Brucellosis/etiology , Brucellosis/immunology , B-Lymphocytes/pathology , Cytokines/adverse effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/adverse effects , Matrix Metalloproteinases/chemical synthesis , RANK Ligand/adverse effects , Th17 Cells/pathology , Synoviocytes/immunology , Macrophages/pathology , Neutrophils/pathology
10.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 4(1): 61-72, Jan.-Apr. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1024216

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To evaluate the inflammatory tissue response and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9 expression in the pulp-dentin complex in response to RelyX TM Unicem (RU) and Ketac Cem TM Easymix (KC) cements. Methods : Class V cavities were prepared in 56 teeth from six dogs, and indirect pulp capping was performed using RU (n=20), KC (n=20), zinc oxide, and eugenol cement (control, n=16). At 7 and 70 days following indirect pulp capping, the animals were euthanized, and tissues were removed for histological evaluation. The distance from the cavity floor to the odontoblastic layer was measured, and the numbers of inflammatory cells, fibroblasts, and odontoblasts were counted in pulp tissue. MMP-2 and -9 expression levels were immunohistochemically assessed. Statistical analyses were performed for all experiments (significance level=5%). Results : The dentin remnant thickness between the cavity floor and the pulp chamber was similar for all materials, ranging from 469 to 739 µm (p>0.05). At 7 days, KC and RU induced a small inflammatory response in the pulp-dentin complex, similar to the control (p>0.05). At 70 days, RU induced a tissue response characterized by fewer odontoblasts and more mononuclear cells (p<0.05), whereas KC induced a response similar to the control (p>0.05). Lutingagents induced low levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression, similar to the control (p>0.05). Conclusion : KC and RU luting agents are compatible materials for use in deep cavities close to dental pulp tissue, although RU led to a slightly diminished odontoblastic population with a higher percentage of mononuclear cells.


Objetivo : Avaliar a resposta tecidual inflamatória e a expressão de metaloproteinase de matriz (MMP) -2 e -9 no complexo polpa-dentina em resposta aos cimentos RelyX TM Unicem (RU) e Ketac Cem TM Easymix (KC). Métodos : Cavidades classe V foram preparadas em 56 dentes de seis cães, e capeamento pulpar indireto foi realizado com cimento de RU (n = 20), KC (n = 20), óxido de zinco e eugenol (controle, n = 16). Aos 7 e 70 dias após o capeamento pulpar indireto, os animais foram eutanasiados, e os tecidos foram removidos para avaliação histológica. A distância entre o assoalho da cavidade e a camada odontoblástica foi medida, e os números de células inflamatórias, fibroblastos e odontoblastos foram contados no tecido pulpar. Os níveis de expressão de MMP-2 e -9 foram avaliados por imuno-histoquímica. Análises estatísticas foram realizadas para todos os experimentos (nível de significância = 5%). Resultados : A espessura da dentina remanescente entre o assoalho da cavidade e a câmara pulpar foi semelhante para todos os materiais, variando de 469 a 739 µm (p> 0,05). Aos 7 dias, KC e RU induziram uma pequena resposta inflamatória no complexo polpa-dentina, semelhante ao controle (p> 0,05). Aos 70 dias, a RU induziu uma resposta tecidual caracterizada por menos odontoblastos e mais células mononucleares (p <0,05), enquanto o KC induziu uma resposta semelhante ao controle (p> 0,05). Os agentes cimentantes induziram baixos níveis de expressão de MMP-2 e MMP-9, semelhantes ao controle (p> 0,05). Conclusão : Os agentes cimentantes KC e RU são materiais compatíveis para uso em cavidades profundas próximas ao tecido da polpa dentária, embora a UR tenha levado a uma população odontoblástica levemente diminuída, com maior porcentagem de células mononucleares.


Subject(s)
Resin Cements , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Dental Pulp , Dental Pulp Capping
11.
Rev. Salusvita (Online) ; 38(4): 1127-1149, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117870

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A adesão da resina composta à dentina ocorre pela formação da camada híbrida. Assim, sua degradação ocasiona a perda da resistência de união na interface resina/dentina, influenciando na longevidade da restauração. Após o condicionamento ácido e aplicação do sistema adesivo na dentina desmineralizada, fibras colágenas não envolvidas por sistema adesivo ficam desprotegidas e suscetíveis ao ataque das metaloproteinases (MMPs). Objetivos: Esta revisão buscou esclarecer o efeito das MMPs na degradação da camada híbrida e os efeitos da clorexidina no processo de adesão. Materiais e métodos: Foi realizada uma revisão da literatura por meio de uma busca bibliográfica nas bases de dados Pubmed/ Medline, Scielo e Google Acadêmico, utilizados estudos publicados nos anos de 2005 a 2018. Foi realizada a busca pelos seguintes descritores: Dentistry, MMPs, Chlorhexidine. Resultados: Estas enzimas, presentes na própria dentina, são reativadas pelo ácido fosfórico ou pelos monômeros ácidos dos adesivos autocondicionantes e iniciam a degradação. A aplicação da clorexidina (CHX) na dentina, após o condicionamento ácido, impede ou retarda a degradação das fibras de colágeno da camada híbrida. Conclusão: Concluiu-se que a ligação adesiva à dentina diminui com o passar dos anos devido à ação das MMPs que degradam o colágeno não infiltrado por monômeros adesivos na parte mais profunda da camada híbrida. Além disso, a clorexidina como inibidor terapêutico em sistemas adesivos convencionais é capaz de inibir as MMPs e assim a ligação adesiva à dentina pode ser mantida estável por um período de tempo mais longo.


Introduction: The adhesion of the composite resin to the dentin occurs by the formation of the hybrid layer. Thus, its degradation causes loss of union resistance on interface resin / dentin interface, directly influencing the longevity of the restoration. After the acid etching and the application of the adhesive system into demineralized dentin, collagen fibers not involved by adhesive system get unprotected and susceptibles to attack by metalloproteinases (MMPs). The enzymes, present in the dentin itself, are rehabilitated by phosphoric acid or by the acids monomers of the self-etching adhesives initiating degradation. The application of chlorhexidine (CHX) in the dentin, after acid conditioning, prevents or slows down the degradation of the collagen fibers of the hybrid layer. This literature review sought to clarify the effect of MMPs on the degradation of the hybrid layer and the effects of chlorhexidine on the adhesion process. It was concluded that the adhesive bonding to dentin decreases with the passage of years due in part to the action of MMPs, which degrade collagen not infiltrated by adhesive monomers in the deepest part of the hybrid layer. In addition, the use of chlorhexidine as a therapeutic inhibitor in conventional adhesive systems is capable of inhibiting the MMPs and thus the adhesive bonding to the dentin can be kept stable for a longer period of time.


Subject(s)
Chlorhexidine/pharmacology , Dentin-Bonding Agents/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinases/drug effects , Matrix Metalloproteinases/metabolism , Cathepsins/metabolism , Resin Cements/metabolism , Cysteine/metabolism , Fibrillar Collagens/drug effects , Fibrillar Collagens/metabolism
12.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(1): e20190010000007, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983684

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the impact of Ramipril (RAM) on the expressions of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and renal mesangial matrix (RMM) in rats with diabetic nephropathy (DN). Methods: The Sprague Dawley rats were divided into normal control (NC) group (n = 12), DN group (n = 11), and DN+RAM group (n = 12). The ratio of renal weight to body weight (RBT), fasting blood glucose (FBG), HbA1c, 24-h urine protein (TPU), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (Cr), renal pathological changes, the levels of IGF-1, fibronectin (FN), type IV collagen (Col-IV), and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 were compared among the groups. Results: Compared with NC group, the RBT, FBG, HbA1c, TPU, BUN, Cr, and RMM in DN group were significantly increased (P < 0.05), the IGF-1, FN, and Col-IV were significantly upregulated (P < 0.05), while MMP was significantly downregulated (P < 0.05). Compared with DN group, the indexes except for the FBG and HbA1c in DN+RAM group were significantly improved (P < 0.05), among which IGF-1 exhibited significant positive correlation with TPU(r=0.937), FN(r=0.896) and Col-IV(r=0.871), while significant negative correlation with MMP-2 (r=-0.826) (P<0.05). Conclusion: RAM may protect the kidneys by suppressing IGF-1 and mitigating the accumulation of RMM.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/antagonists & inhibitors , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology , Ramipril/pharmacology , Diabetic Nephropathies/drug therapy , Mesangial Cells/drug effects , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Fibronectins/drug effects , Fibronectins/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Matrix Metalloproteinases/drug effects , Matrix Metalloproteinases/metabolism , Collagen Type IV/adverse effects , Collagen Type IV/metabolism , Diabetic Nephropathies/metabolism , Mesangial Cells/metabolism
13.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180596, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1019968

ABSTRACT

Abstract Bone development and healing processes involve a complex cascade of biological events requiring well-orchestrated synergism with bone cells, growth factors, and other trophic signaling molecules and cellular structures. Beyond health processes, MMPs play several key roles in the installation of heart and blood vessel related diseases and cancer, ranging from accelerating metastatic cells to ectopic vascular mineralization by smooth muscle cells in complementary manner. The tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) have an important role in controlling proteolysis. Paired with the post-transcriptional efficiency of specific miRNAs, they modulate MMP performance. If druggable, these molecules are suggested to be a platform for development of "smart" medications and further clinical trials. Thus, considering the pleiotropic effect of MMPs on mammals, the purpose of this review is to update the role of those multifaceted proteases in mineralized tissues in health, such as bone, and pathophysiological disorders, such as ectopic vascular calcification and cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Remodeling/physiology , Matrix Metalloproteinases/physiology , Extracellular Matrix/physiology , Osteoblasts/physiology , Bone Diseases/physiopathology , Bone Diseases/metabolism , Disease Progression , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases/physiology , Vascular Calcification/physiopathology , Vascular Calcification/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Neoplasms/physiopathology , Neoplasms/metabolism
14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e053, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019610

ABSTRACT

Abstract Self-adhesive resin cements (RCs) activate matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and cathepsin-related collagen degradation, and gallic acid (GA) inhibits the activity of both MMPs and cysteine cathepsins. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the setting time, biaxial flexural strength, and Vickers hardness of self-adhesive RCs after the addition of two different concentrations of GA. RelyX U200 (3M ESPE) and Panavia SA (Kuraray) were modified with 0.5 and 1 wt% GA. The setting time of five samples in each RC group was assessed using a thermocouple apparatus as described in the ISO 4049 test. Biaxial flexure strength was measured using a universal testing machine until failure. Vickers hardness was measured with three randomized indentations on the surface of each resin disc. RCs without GA were used as control. Data were analyzed using a one-way analysis of variance and Tukey's HSD test (α = 0.05). The setting times ranged from 2.4 to 4.6 min for RelyX and from 4.9 to 6.0 min for Panavia. The biaxial flexure strength ranged from 76.5 to 109.7 MPa for RelyX and from 73.3 to 108.2 MPa for Panavia. Vickers hardness values ranged from 41.6 to 58.6 for RelyX and 27.2 to 33.6 for Panavia. The addition of 0.5 and 1 wt% GA to improve durability of resin-dentin bonds had no adverse effects on setting time, whereas the biaxial flexure strength and Vickers hardness values for the tested materials were significantly reduced.


Subject(s)
Resin Cements/chemistry , Gallic Acid/chemistry , Reference Values , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Matrix Metalloproteinases/chemistry , Flexural Strength , Hardness Tests
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33(supl.1): e066, 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039322

ABSTRACT

Abstract Considering the absence of predictable and effective therapeutic interventions for the treatment of peri-implantitis, scientific evidence concerning the host response profile around dental implants could be important for providing in the future a wider preventive and/or therapeutic window for this peri-implant lesion, indicating biomarkers that provide quantifiable measure of response to peri-implant therapy. Moreover, a better knowledge of pattern of host osteo-immunoinflammatory modulation in the presence of peri-implantitis could either benefit the early diagnostic of the disease or to cooperate to prognostic information related to the status of the peri-implant breakdown. Finally, new evidences concerning the host profile of modulators of inflammation and of osseous tissue metabolism around dental implants could explain the individual susceptibility for developing peri-implant lesions, identifying individuals or sites with increased risk for peri-implantitis. The focus of this chapter was, based on a systematically searched and critically reviewed literature, summarizing the existing knowledge in the scientific research concerning the host osteo-immunoinflammatory response to the microbiological challenge related to periimplantitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants , Peri-Implantitis/immunology , Bone Resorption/immunology , Biomarkers , Interleukins/immunology , Matrix Metalloproteinases/immunology , Peri-Implantitis/microbiology , Host Microbial Interactions/immunology
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760060

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors increase matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) production by inhibiting re-uptake of adenosine and may potentiate nitric oxide (NO) activity. This study was performed to investigate the effects and mechanisms of PDE inhibitors on trabecular outflow in cultured human trabecular meshwork cells (HTMCs). METHODS: Primary HTMC cultures were exposed to 0, 20, and 50 µM dipyridamole (DPD) or theophylline (TPN). Permeability through the HTMC monolayer was assessed using carboxyfluorescein. The production of NO was assessed using the Griess assay and MMP-2 levels were measured via Western blotting. RESULTS: DPD significantly increased permeability accompanied with increased nitrite concentration and MMP-2 levels (all p 0.05). When treated with DPD and TPN together, both permeability and nitrite production were increased; however, MMP-2 levels showed no difference compared to DPD exposure alone (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: DPD increased trabecular permeability accompanied with increased nitrite production and MMP-2 levels. PDE inhibitors may increase trabecular outflow by increasing MMP-2 levels and by potentiating NO activity through cyclic GMP in HTMC.


Subject(s)
Adenosine , Blotting, Western , Cyclic GMP , Dipyridamole , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Nitric Oxide , Permeability , Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors , Theophylline , Trabecular Meshwork
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771633

ABSTRACT

The clinical treatment of joint contracture due to immobilization remains difficult. The pathological changes of muscle tissue caused by immobilization-induced joint contracture include disuse skeletal muscle atrophy and skeletal muscle tissue fibrosis. The proteolytic pathways involved in disuse muscle atrophy include the ubiquitin-proteasome-dependent pathway, caspase system pathway, matrix metalloproteinase pathway, Ca-dependent pathway and autophagy-lysosomal pathway. The important biological processes involved in skeletal muscle fibrosis include intermuscular connective tissue thickening caused by transforming growth factor-β1 and an anaerobic environment within the skeletal muscle leading to the induction of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α. This article reviews the progress made in understanding the pathological processes involved in immobilization-induced muscle contracture and the currently available treatments. Understanding the mechanisms involved in immobilization-induced contracture of muscle tissue should facilitate the development of more effective treatment measures for the different mechanisms in the future.


Subject(s)
Atrophy , Autophagy , Calcium , Metabolism , Caspases , Metabolism , Connective Tissue , Metabolism , Pathology , Contracture , Metabolism , Pathology , Therapeutics , Fibrosis , Humans , Immobilization , Joints , Lysosomes , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Metabolism , Muscle, Skeletal , Metabolism , Pathology , Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex , Metabolism , Proteolysis , Signal Transduction , Physiology , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Metabolism , Ubiquitin , Metabolism
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766119

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Despite the well-known anti-inflammatory effects of vitamin D in periodontal health, its mechanism has not been fully elucidated. In the present study, the effect of vitamin D on strengthening E-cadherin junctions (ECJs) was explored in human gingival keratinocytes (HGKs). ECJs are the major type of intercellular junction within the junctional epithelium, where loose intercellular junctions develop and microbial invasion primarily occurs. METHODS: HOK-16B cells, an immortalized normal human gingival cell line, were used for the study. To mimic the inflammatory environment, cells were treated with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in the culture medium were assessed by an MMP antibody microarray and gelatin zymography. The expression of various molecules was investigated using western blotting. The extent of ECJ development was evaluated by comparing the average relative extent of the ECJs around the periphery of each cell after immunocytochemical E-cadherin staining. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) expression was examined via immunohistochemical analysis. RESULTS: TNF-α downregulated the development of the ECJs of the HGKs. Dissociation of the ECJs by TNF-α was accompanied by the upregulation of MMP-9 production and suppressed by a specific MMP-9 inhibitor, Bay 11-7082. Exogenous MMP-9 decreased the development of ECJs. Vitamin D reduced the production of MMP-9 and attenuated the breakdown of ECJs in the HGKs treated with TNF-α. In addition, vitamin D downregulated TNF-α-induced nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling in the HGKs. VDR was expressed in the gingival epithelium, including the junctional epithelium. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that vitamin D may avert TNF-α-induced downregulation of the development of ECJs in HGKs by decreasing the production of MMP-9, which was upregulated by TNF-α. Vitamin D may reinforce ECJs by downregulating NF-κB signaling, which is upregulated by TNF-α. Strengthening the epithelial barrier may be a way for vitamin D to protect the periodontium from bacterial invasion.


Subject(s)
Bays , Blotting, Western , Cadherins , Cell Line , Down-Regulation , Epithelial Attachment , Epithelium , Gelatin , Humans , Intercellular Junctions , Keratinocytes , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Matrix Metalloproteinases , NF-kappa B , Periodontium , Receptors, Calcitriol , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Up-Regulation , Vitamin D , Vitamins
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762145

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Corticosteroids are regarded as the mainstay of medical treatment of eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (ECRSwNP). To date, a head-to-head comparison of the efficacy and safety of glucocorticoid preparations administered via different routes for the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps has not been reported. To compare the efficacy and safety of steroids administered via the oral, intranasal spray and transnasal nebulization routes in the management of ECRSwNP over a short course. METHODS: Overall, 91 patients with ECRSwNP were recruited prospectively and randomized to receive either oral methylprednisolone, budesonide inhalation suspension (BIS) via transnasal nebulization, or budesonide nasal spray (BNS) for 2 weeks. Nasal symptoms and polyp sizes were assessed before and after the treatment. Similarly, nasal polyp samples were evaluated for immunological and tissue remodeling markers. Serum cortisol levels were assessed as a safety outcome. RESULTS: Oral methylprednisolone and BIS decreased symptoms and polyp sizes to a significantly greater extent from baseline (P < 0.05) than BNS. Similarly, BIS and oral methylprednisolone significantly reduced eosinophils, T helper 2 cells, eosinophil cationic protein, interleukin (IL)-5, and expression of matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 9, and significantly increased type 1 regulatory T cells, IL-10, transforming growth factor-β, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 1 and 2 in nasal polyps to a greater extent than BNS. Post-treatment serum cortisol levels were significantly decreased by oral methylprednisolone compared to BIS or BNS, which did not significantly alter the cortisol levels. CONCLUSIONS: A short course of BIS transnasal nebulization is more efficacious compared to BNS in the management of ECRSwNP and is safer than oral methylprednisolone with respect to hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Budesonide , Eosinophil Cationic Protein , Eosinophils , Glucocorticoids , Humans , Hydrocortisone , Inhalation , Interleukin-10 , Interleukins , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Methylprednisolone , Nasal Polyps , Polyps , Prospective Studies , Steroids , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(11): 945-953, Nov. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973475

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effect of oxymatrine on periodontitis in rats and related mechanism. Methods: Ninety SD rats were divided into control, model, 10, 20 and 40 mg/kg oxymatrine and tinidazole groups. The periodontitis model was established in later 5 groups. The 10, 20 and 40 mg/kg oxymatrine groups were intragastrically administrated with 10, 20 and 40 mg/kg oxymatrine, respectively. The tinidazole group was intragastrically administrated with 100 mg/kg tinidazole. The treatment duration was 4 weeks. The tooth mobility, gingival and plaque indexes, serum inflammatory factor levels and gingival tissue matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP) protein levels were detected. Results: After treatment, compared with model group, in 40 mg/kg oxymatrine group the rat general conditions were obviously improved, the tooth mobility, gingival index and plaque index were significantly decreased (P<0.05), the serum tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β and prostaglandin E2 levels were significantly decreased (P<0.05), the MMP-2 and MMP-9 protein levels were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the TIMP-2 protein level was significantly increased (P<0.05). Conclusions: Oxymatrine can alleviate the experimental periodontitis in rats. The mechanism may be related to its inhibiting inflammatory factor secretion and regulating MMPs/TIMP protein expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Periodontitis/drug therapy , Quinolizines/pharmacology , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases/drug effects , Matrix Metalloproteinases/drug effects , Alkaloids/pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Periodontitis/metabolism , Reference Values , Tinidazole , Dinoprostone/blood , Random Allocation , Dental Plaque Index , Reproducibility of Results , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinases/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/blood , Gingiva/pathology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL