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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(2): 52-55, maio-ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1283891

ABSTRACT

Pacientes com históricos de defeitos ósseos provocados por infecções, malformação congênita, neoplasias, deformação por iatrogenia, radioterapia e trauma buscam contornos faciais mais harmônicos através da reabilitação cirúrgica. Para facilitar a reconstrução maxilofacial dois grupos de materiais podem ser utilizados, os enxertos ósseos e os materiais aloplásticos. O objetivo é relatar um caso incomum de infecção e exposição de material utilizado para enxertia a base de polimetilmetacrilato, bem como a sua posterior reabordagem cirúrgica. Embora o Polimetilmetacrilato aparente ser seguro, ele exibe complicações diversas em função da imunologia do hospedeiro, que poderá reagir de diferentes formas. Desse modo, faz-se necessário ressaltar a importância da prevenção e proservação de cada caso de forma individualizada(AU)


Patients with a history of bone defects caused by infections, congenital malformation, neoplasms, iatrogenic deformation, radiotherapy and trauma seek more harmonious facial contours through surgical rehabilitation. To facilitate maxillofacial reconstruction, two groups of materials can be used, bone grafts and alloplastic materials. The objective is to report an unusual case of infection and exposure of material used for grafting with polymethylmethacrylate, as well as its subsequent surgical approach. Although Polymethylmethacrylate appears to be safe, it exhibits different complications depending on the host's immunology, which may react in different ways. Thus, it is necessary to emphasize the importance of preventing and preserving each case individually(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Bone Transplantation , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Maxillofacial Injuries , Orbit , Surgery, Oral , Zygoma , Biocompatible Materials , Iatrogenic Disease , Maxilla
2.
Rev. ADM ; 78(4): 215-220, jul.-ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292866

ABSTRACT

En este informe de caso clínico se muestra el tratamiento exitoso de un paciente con anodoncia parcial de órganos dentales 13 y 23 debido a que fueron extraídos por presentar impactación y mal pronóstico de tracción. En este artículo se presenta un paciente masculino de 29 años clase I esquelética con un perfil convexo, maloclusión de clase III, overjet disminuido, ausencia de guías funcionales, discrepancia oseodentaria positiva en arcada superior y negativa en arcada inferior. El tratamiento se realizó con extracciones de los órganos dentales 34 y 44 para nivelar las discrepancias óseo dentarias interarcadas, se llevó a cabo mediante un cierre de espacios recíproco por medio de cadenas elásticas para ambas arcadas, con lo que se logró crear un overjet y overbite adecuados. La creación de las guías caninas funcionales se consiguió mediante el cambio de morfología de los órganos dentales 14 y 24, los cuales fueron llevados a la posición de los caninos ausentes. El tiempo total de tratamiento para este paciente fue de 24 meses. Se realizaron ameloplastias positivas, la aplicación de agregados de resina para mejorar la funcionalidad y proveer salud articular. Se sugiere que ante casos de anodoncia de caninos en la arcada superior, un tratamiento favorable se puede llevar a cabo mediante el cierre de espacios, la caracterización morfológica de los caninos ausentes mediante ameloplastias positivas en premolares (AU)


This case report shows the successful treatment of a patient with partial anodontia of dental organs 13 and 23 because they have been extracted due to present impactation and poor traction prognosis. This article presents a 29-year-old male class I skeletal patient with convex profile, class III malocclusion, overjet reduction, absence of functional guidance, positive bone-teeth discrepancy in the upper arch and negative in the lower arch. The treatment was carried out with the extractions of the dental organs 34 and 44 for correcting oral dental discrepancies between upper and lower arches; it was done using reciprocal closing of spaces by using elastic chains for both arches in order to achieve a suitable overjet and overbite. The creation of the canine guides was achieved by changing the morphology of the dental organs 14 and 24, which were taken to the position of the absent canines. The total treatment timing for this patient was 24 months. Positive ameloplasties were performed by application of resin aggregates to improve functionality and provide joint health. A favorable treatment for these kinds of cases of canine anodontics in the upper arch is carried out by closing spaces and the morphological characterization of the absent canines by positive in-premolar ameloplasties (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tooth Extraction/methods , Bicuspid , Cuspid/surgery , Dental Enamel/surgery , Anodontia/therapy , Schools, Dental , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Orthodontic Brackets , Orthodontic Retainers , Orthodontic Space Closure , Esthetics, Dental , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/therapy , Maxilla , Mexico
3.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(1): 44-48, jan.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252869

ABSTRACT

Diversas anomalias craniofaciais acometem os seres humanos, dentre estas podem ser citadas as fissuras labiopalatinas. Ocorrem devido à mal formações congênitas e comprometem o desenvolvimento orofacial e maxilo-mandibular, gerando complicações estéticas e funcionais. O momento para abordagem cirúrgica em pacientes com deformidade deste tipo é crucial para atingir o melhor resultado. Entretanto, muitos deles não procuram atendimento ou não tem acesso aos centros especializados. A pré-maxila em portadores de fissura labiopalatina transforame bilateral, não submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico na infância, é comumente protruída, impedindo o desenvolvimento e função adequada da musculatura perioral/ Ainda, pode causar dificuldades alimentares,de fonação e, principalmente, estético. O objetivo do presente trabalho é relatar o caso de uma paciente acompanhada no serviço de cirurgia bucomaxilofacial OSID/UFBA, portadora de fissura labiopalatina, submetida à remoção de pré-maxila em idade adulta. O fechamento da fenda palatina não foi possível devido a idade da paciente e o grau de desenvolvimento do palato, tendo indicado tratamento com uso de prótese obturadora. Considera-se que quanto mais precoce e associado a uma boa técnica cirúrgica forem realizadas as intervenções primárias, menores serão as sequelas. Consequentemente, os resultados estéticos e funcionais serão mais prováveis, sendo desnecessária a remoção cirúrgica da pre-maxila(AU)


Several craniofacial anomalies affect humans and, among these, it can be cited the cleft lip and palate. These occur due to congenital malformations and compromise the orofacial and maxillo-mandibular development, causing aesthetic and functional complications. The moment of the surgical approach in patients with this type of deformities is crucial to achieve the best outcome, however, many of them do not seek care or have no access to specialized centers. The premaxilla in carries of bilateral cleft lip and palate when they are not submitted to a surgical treatment in childhood, is commonly protruding, impeding the development and function of the perioral musculature, besides difficult feeding, phonation and mainly aesthetic. The aim of this article is to report the case of a patient accompained with the Bucomaxillofacial Surgery Service from OSID / UFBA, with cleft lip and palate, submitted to pre-maxilla removal, in adulthood. The cleft palate closure was not possible due to the age of the patient and degree of development of the palate, indicating treatment with obturator prosthesis. It is considered that, the sooner and associated with a good surgical technique, primary interventions are performed, the fewer the sequelae and consequently the aesthetic and functional results, where, in most cases, surgical removal of the premaxilla will be unnecessary(AU)


Subject(s)
Female , Adult , Cleft Lip , Cleft Palate , Craniofacial Abnormalities , Alveoloplasty , Maxilla/surgery
4.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 34-41, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180717

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to compare the biomechanical behavior of peri-implant bone tissue and prosthetic components in two modalities of treatment for posterior region of the maxilla, using short implants or standard-length implants associated with bone graft in the maxillary sinus. Four 3D models of a crown supported by an implant fixed in the posterior maxilla were constructed. The type of implant: short implant (S) or standard-length implant with the presence of sinus graft (L) and type of crown retention: cemented (C) or screwed (S) were the study factors. The models were divided into SC- cemented crown on a short implant; SS- screwed crown on the short implant; LC- cemented crown on a standard-length implant after bone graft in the maxillary sinus and LS- crown screwed on a standard-length implant after bone graft in the maxillary sinus. An axial occlusal loading of 300 N was applied, divided into five points (60N each) corresponding to occlusal contact. The following analysis criteria were observed: Shear Stress, Maximum and Minimum Main Stress for bone tissue and von Mises Stress for the implant and prosthetic components. The use of standard-length implants reduced the shear stress in the cortical bone by 35.75% and the medullary bone by 51% when compared to short implants. The length of the implant did not affect the stress concentration in the crown, and the cement layer acted by reducing the stresses in the ceramic veneer and framework by 42%. Standard-implants associated with cemented crowns showed better biomechanical behavior.


Resumo O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar o comportamento biomecânico do tecido ósseo peri-implantar e dos componentes protéticos em duas modalidades de tratamento para região posterior da maxila, utilizando implantes curtos ou implantes de comprimento padrão associados a enxerto ósseo em seio maxilar. Foram construídos quatro modelos 3D de uma coroa suportada por um implante osseointegrado na região posterior da maxila. O tipo de implante: implante curto (S) ou implante de comprimento padrão com presença de enxerto sinusal (L) e tipo de retenção da restauração: cimentada (C) ou parafusada (S) foram os fatores de estudo. Foi aplicada uma força oclusal de 300N, dividida em cinco pontos (60 N cada) correspondentes ao contato oclusal de um primeiro molar superior. Foram observados os seguintes critérios de análise: tensão de cisalhamento, tensão principal máxima e mínima para o tecido ósseo e tensão de Von Mises para o implante e componentes protéticos. O uso de implantes de comprimento padrão reduziu a tensão de cisalhamento no osso cortical em 35,75% e no osso medular em 51% quando comparado aos implantes curtos. O comprimento do implante não afetou a concentração de tensão na restauração. A camada de cimento atuou reduzindo as tensões na cerâmica de cobertura e infraestrutura de cerâmica em 42%. Os implantes de tamanho padrão associados às coroas cimentadas apresentaram o melhor comportamento biomecânico.


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Maxilla/surgery , Stress, Mechanical , Dental Prosthesis Design , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Finite Element Analysis , Crowns , Dental Stress Analysis
5.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20210199, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340100

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To assess craniofacial changes from early adulthood to the seventh decade of life in individuals with normal occlusion. Methodology The sample comprised lateral cephalograms of 21 subjects with normal occlusion (11 male, 10 female), taken at 17 (T1) and 61 years of age (T2). Anteroposterior and vertical maxillomandibular relationships, and dentoalveolar and soft tissue changes were analyzed. Interphase comparisons were performed using paired t-tests. Differences between sexes, and subgroups with and without tooth loss were evaluated using t-tests (p<0.05). Results Maxillary and mandibular anterior displacement, and facial and ramus height increased from T1 to T2. Maxillary molars showed significant mesial angulation. Maxillary and mandibular molars, and mandibular incisors developed vertically during the evaluation period. Soft tissue changes included a decrease of the nasolabial angle, upper and lower lip retrusion, decrease of upper lip thickness and increase of the lower lip and soft chin thickness. Maxillary incisor exposure by the upper lip decreased 3.6 mm in 40 years. Males presented counterclockwise rotation of the mandible, whereas females showed mandibular clockwise rotation and backward displacement of the chin. The group with tooth loss showed a greater increase of the posterior facial height and ramus height. Conclusion We observed aging changes in dentoskeletal structures and soft tissue, as well as sexual differences for craniofacial changes during the maturational process. Subjects with multiple tooth losses showed a greater increase in mandibular ramus height.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Face/anatomy & histology , Mandible , Aging , Cephalometry , Incisor , Maxilla
6.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(2): e2119187, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249699

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: A side effect observed in cases treated with extractions is the instability of orthodontic space closure. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of gingival invagination, presence of third molars and facial pattern, on the stability of orthodontic space-closure in the maxillary arch. Methods: Ninety-nine subjects (41 male and 58 female) with Class I malocclusion treated with four premolars extraction were evaluated. Extraction sites reopening and gingival invaginations were evaluated in scanned dental models in the posttreatment and 1-year posttreatment stages (mean age 16.1 years). Third molars presence was evaluated at 1-year posttreatment panoramic radiographs, and the facial pattern (SN.GoGn) was evaluated in the initial lateral headfilms. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the influence of the aforementioned independent variables on the frequency of extraction space reopening. Results: Space reopening was observed in 20.20% of the subjects 1-year post-debonding. Gingival invaginations were present in 25.73% of quadrants after debonding and in 22.80% 1-year posttreatment. The mean pre-treatment SN.GoGn was 35.64 degrees (SD=5.26). No significant influence was observed of the three independent variables on the instability of extraction site closure. Conclusions: The presence of gingival invaginations, third molars and facial growth pattern do not seem to influence maxillary extraction sites reopening.


RESUMO Introdução: Um efeito colateral observado nos casos tratados com extrações é a instabilidade do fechamento ortodôntico do espaço. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar a influência da invaginação gengival, da presença de terceiros molares e do padrão facial na estabilidade do fechamento ortodôntico dos locais de extração na arcada superior. Métodos: Noventa e nove indivíduos (41 homens e 58 mulheres) com má oclusão de Classe I tratados com extração de quatro pré-molares foram avaliados. A reabertura dos locais de extração e as invaginações gengivais foram avaliadas nos modelos dentários digitalizados nos estágios pós-tratamento e um ano pós-tratamento (idade média de 16,1 anos). A presença dos terceiros molares foi avaliada em radiografias panorâmicas de um ano pós-tratamento, e o padrão facial (SN.GoGn) foi avaliado nas radiografias laterais iniciais. Análise de regressão logística múltipla foi utilizada para estimar a influência das variáveis independentes citadas na frequência de reabertura do espaço de extração. Resultados: A reabertura do espaço foi observada em 20,20% dos sujeitos um ano após a remoção do aparelho. Invaginações gengivais estiveram presentes em 25,73% dos quadrantes após a remoção do aparelho e em 22,80% após um ano pós-tratamento. O SN.GoGn pré-tratamento médio foi de 35,64 graus (DP = 5,26). Não foi observada influência significativa das três variáveis independentes sobre a instabilidade do fechamento do local de extração. Conclusões: A presença de invaginações gengivais, terceiros molares e padrão de crescimento facial não parece influenciar na reabertura dos locais de extração maxilar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Tooth Extraction , Malocclusion, Angle Class I , Tooth Extraction/adverse effects , Bicuspid/surgery , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Orthodontic Space Closure , Malocclusion, Angle Class I/therapy , Malocclusion, Angle Class I/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/surgery , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
7.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(1): e2119155, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154069

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Shorter miniscrew implants (MSIs) are needed to make orthodontics more effective and efficient. Objective: To evaluate the stability, insertion torque, removal torque and pain associated with 3 mm long MSIs placed in humans by a novice clinician. Methods: 82 MSIs were placed in the buccal maxillae of 26 adults. Pairs of adjacent implants were immediately loaded with 100g. Subjects were recalled after 1, 3, 5, and 8 weeks to verify stability and complete questionnaires pertaining to MSI-related pain and discomfort. Results: The overall failure rate was 32.9%. The anterior and posterior MSIs failed 35.7% and 30.0% of the time, respectively. Excluding the 10 MSIs (12.2%) that were traumatically dislodged, the failure rates in the anterior and posterior sites were 30.1% and 15.2%, respectively; the overall primary failure rate was 23.6%. Failures were significantly (p= 0.010) greater (46.3% vs 19.5%) among the first 41 MSIs than the last 41 MSIs that were placed. Excluding the traumatically lost MSIs, the failures occurred on or before day 42. Subjects experienced very low pain (2.2% of maximum) and discomfort (5.5% of maximum) during the first week only. Conclusions: Shorter 3 mm MSIs placed by a novice operator are highly likely to fail. However, failure rates can be substantially decreased over time with the placement of more MSIs. Pain and discomfort experienced after placing 3 mm MSIs is minimal and temporary.


RESUMO Introdução: Mini-implantes (MIs) mais curtos são necessários para uma Ortodontia mais eficiente e efetiva. Objetivo: Avaliar a estabilidade, torque de inserção e de remoção e dor associada a MIs de 3mm instalados em humanos por um ortodontista principiante. Métodos: 82 MIs foram instalados na região vestibular da arcada superior de 26 adultos. Pares de mini-implantes adjacente receberam carga imediata de 100g. Após 1, 3, 5 e 8 semanas, os pacientes foram reavaliados para verificar a estabilidade e preencher um questionário sobre a dor e o desconforto relacionados aos MIs. Resultados: A taxa geral de falhas foi de 32,9%, sendo de 35,7% para os MIs anteriores e 30% para os MIs posteriores. Excluindo os 10 MIs que foram perdidos por trauma (12,2%), a taxa de falha nas regiões anterior e posterior foram de 30,1% e 15,2%, respectivamente e ocorreram no 420 dia ou antes. A taxa geral de falha primária foi de 23,6%. A taxa de falha foi significativamente maior (p=0,010) nos primeiros 41 MIs do que nos 41 últimos (46,3% vs. 19,5%). As experiências relacionadas à dor foram baixas (2,2% máximo), assim como ao desconforto (5,5% máximo) durante a primeira semana. Conclusão: MIs de 3mm instalados por um novato são mais propensos a falhas. Porém, as taxas de falha podem diminuir substancialmente com a instalação de mais MIs com o decorrer do tempo. A dor e o desconforto após a instalação desses dispositivos são mínimos e temporários.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Bone Screws , Dental Implants , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Feasibility Studies , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Torque , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Maxilla/surgery
8.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(1): e211965, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154060

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the thickness of the zygomatic-maxillary cortical bone using computed tomography in different skeletal patterns. Methods: A total of 54 patients of both sexes, divided into three groups according to the vertical skeletal pattern, were evaluated for cortical bone thickness of the anterior slope of the zygomatic process of the maxilla, using cone beam computed tomography. Measurements were made at 2mm, 4mm, 6mm, 8mm and 10mm above from first molar mesial root apex. Vertical skeletal pattern was determined by Frankfurt mandibular angle (FMA). Results: The hyperdivergent pattern had the lowest cortical thickness value, nevertheless, no patient in the hyperdivergent group presented cortical thickness exceeding 2mm, and no patient in the hypodivergent group presented cortical thickness less than 1mm. However, the correlation between cortical thickness and mandibular plane angle was weak and not significant. Conclusion: Although higher prevalence of thick cortical was observed in the hypodivergent patients, and thin cortical groups in the hyperdivergent group, the vertical skeletal pattern could not be used as determinant of the zygomatic-maxillary cortical thickness.


RESUMO Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a espessura da cortical óssea zigomático-maxilar por meio de tomografia computadorizada em diferentes padrões esqueléticos. Métodos: Um total de 54 pacientes de ambos os sexos, divididos em três grupos, de acordo com o padrão esquelético vertical, foi avaliado quanto à espessura da cortical óssea na vertente anterior do processo zigomático da maxila, por meio de tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico. As medidas foram feitas a 2mm, 4mm, 6mm, 8mm e 10mm acima do ápice da raiz mesial do primeiro molar. O padrão esquelético vertical foi determinado pelo Ângulo do Plano Mandibular (FMA). Resultados: O padrão hiperdivergente apresentou o menor valor de espessura de cortical. No entanto, nenhum paciente do grupo hiperdivergente apresentou espessura cortical superior a 2mm e nenhum paciente do grupo hipodivergente apresentou espessura cortical inferior a 1mm. No entanto, a correlação entre a espessura da cortical e o ângulo do plano mandibular foi fraca e não significativa. Conclusão: Embora tenha havido uma maior prevalência de cortical espessa no grupo hipodivergente e cortical fina no grupo hiperdivergente, o padrão esquelético vertical não pode ser utilizado como determinante da espessura cortical zigomático-maxilar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cephalometry , Mandible , Maxilla , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Cortical Bone/diagnostic imaging , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e065, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249364

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Maxillary and mandibular incisors have increased risk for severe orthodontically induced inflammatory root resorption. A patient-related risk factor is aberrant root morphology. This study aimed to assess the frequency of detection of different root morphologies in anterior teeth using dental panoramic tomography (DPT) and long cone periapical radiographs (LCPAs). A retrospective cross-sectional design was used to assess a sample of 50 consecutive pre-treatment radiographic records of patients from a specialist orthodontic practice in Adelaide, Australia. A reference guide was developed that included three previously unreported morphologies: pipette and bent, bent and pointed, bent and blunt. Two trained and calibrated assessors examined each record against the inclusion criteria, then independently assessed each anterior tooth from DPTs and LCPAs to detect the type of root morphology present. Data were analysed using the chi-square statistical test. Radiographic records for 48 patients (48 DPTs and 161 LCPAs) were eligible, with 355 and 426 teeth on DPTs and LCPAs, respectively, included for assessment. Normal root morphology (119 teeth) was commonly observed in DPTs, while bent (154 teeth) was frequently observed using LCPAs. Mandibular incisors often had normal morphology in DPTs but bent in LCPAs. Bent was the most common morphology in maxillary lateral incisors using DPT and LCPAs, although maxillary centrals were mostly normal in DPTs but pointed in LCPAs. Differences using the two image acquisition methods were highly significant (p < 0.01). Aberrant root morphologies are more easily detected in anterior teeth using LCPAs compared to DPTs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Resorption/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Panoramic , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Maxilla
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e060, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249378

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This study aimed to describe the morphometric relationship of root canal orifices on the pulp floor in the presence/absence of mesiobuccal second canal (MB2) in the maxillary first molars and other aspects of its internal anatomy. Sixty-two maxillary first molars were scanned by micro-CT. The presence of the MB2 canal was verified. The distance between the center points of the MB1, MB2, distobuccal (DB), and palatal (P) canal orifices on the pulp floor were measured (MB1-MB2, MB1-DB, MB2-DB, MB1-P, and DB-P). The MB1-P to DB-P ratio was calculated. The distances between the anatomic apex and the MB1 and MB2 apical foramina were measured. The length of the band-shaped isthmus was also measured. Student's t-test was applied to verify the association between the presence of an MB2 canal, the interorifice distances, and the ratio of the MB1-P to DB-P distance (α = 5%). The MB2 canal was present in 43 roots (69.35%). Statistics showed significant differences when MB2 was present for the largest MB1-P distance (p < 0.05) and higher values for the MB1-P to DB-P ratio (p < 0.05). A band-shaped isthmus was detected in 25.8% of MB roots. The mean distance from the apical foramen to the isthmus floor ranged from 1.74 for MB1 canals to 1.42 for MB2 canals. Canal orifice distances on the pulp floor may predict the presence of MB2 canals. There was a high incidence of isthmus, accessory canals, and apical delta in the critical apical zone in MB roots of maxillary first molars.


Subject(s)
Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , X-Ray Microtomography , Molar/diagnostic imaging
11.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180860

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the gonial angle characteristics in class III skeletal malocclusion in Javanese ethnic. Material and Methods: Pretreatment lateral cephalometric radiographs of 43 Javanese ethnic patients were measured: upper (Go1) and lower gonial angle (Go2), anterior (AFH) and posterior face height ratio (PFH), maxilla-mandibular length difference, mandibular plane angle (FMA), Y axis, ramus position, ANB angle, posterior cranial base/ramus height and mandibular body length/anterior cranial base. The relation between Go1, Go2 and other variables were analysed using correlation and regression analysis. Results: The total gonial angle is within normal range, but Go1 is below normal and Go2 is above normal. There is no difference between male and female gonial angle measurements (p=0.939 and p=0.861, respectively). Ramus position is positively correlated to Go1 (p=0.003), while AFH (p=0.000), maxilla-mandibular length difference (p=0.000), FMA (p=0.000), Y axis (p=0.000), and posterior cranial base/ramus height (p=0.018) are positively correlated to Go2. PFH is negatively correlated to Go2 (p=0.018). Conclusion: The upper gonial angle is influenced by the position of mandibular ramus, while the lower gonial angle is affected by the posterior and anterior lower facial height and mandibular size and rotation. Javanese with class III malocclusion tends to have hypodivergent facial type, with more posteriorly located mandibular ramus and excess mandibular length.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Orthodontics , Cephalometry/methods , Indonesia/epidemiology , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/therapy , Mandible/anatomy & histology , Regression Analysis , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
12.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1348048

ABSTRACT

Les odontomes sont des tumeurs bénignes des maxillaires composées de dérivés de l'épithélium odontogène et de l'ectomésenchyme. Ils sont divisés en deux groupes: odontome composé et odontome complexe. L'odontome composé est constitué de nombreuses dents rudimentaires, de très petite taille, groupées dans un sac dont la paroi conjonctive est identique à celle du follicule dentaire normal. Il s'agit d'une jeune patiente qui s'est présentée à la consultation pour une tuméfaction maxillaire antérieure évoluant depuis 4 ans. La patiente a rapporté qu'elle a subi un traumatisme à l'enfance. L'évolution de la tuméfaction était asymptomatique. L'examen exobuccal était sans spécificité. L'examen endobuccal a montré la présence au niveau de la muqueuse vestibulaire du maxillaire antérieur, d'une tuméfaction dure à la palpation et indolore. La muqueuse de recouvrement était d'aspect normal. La TDM a montré des images radiopaques entourées d'un halo radioclaire au niveau du secteur maxillaire antérieur droit autour de la racine de la 11, avec une rupture de la corticale externe et sans envahissement des fosses nasales. Les données cliniques et radiologiques ont orienté vers un odontome composé. Une exérèse chirurgicale des odontomes a été réalisée. L'odontome fait partie des tumeurs odontogéniques benignes épithélio-mésenchymateuses mixtes. L'étiologie de l'odontome est inconnue. Il peut apparaître suite à un ancien traumatisme. Les odontomes composés sont asymptomatiques et découverts au cours d'un examen radiographique de routine. Le traitement consiste à l'extraction chirurgicale de l'odontome seule ou suivi d'un traitement orthodontique en cas d'inclusion d'une dent


Odontomas are benign jaw tumors composed of derivatives of odontogenic epithelium and ectomesenchyme. They are divided into two groups: compound odontoma and complex odontoma. A compound odontoma is made up of many rudimentary teeth, very small, grouped in a sac whose connective wall is identical to that of the normal tooth follicle. A young patient presented for the consultation for an anterior maxillary swelling that has progressed for 4 years. The patient reported that she suffered trauma as a child. The progression of the swelling was asymptomatic. The extra oral examination was unspecific. Intraoral examination showed the presence in the vestibular mucosa of the anterior maxilla, a swelling that was hard on palpation and painless. The covering mucosa was normal in appearance. CT showed radiopaque images surrounded by a radiolucent halo in the right anterior maxillary sector around the root of 11, with a rupture of the external cortex and without invasion of the nasal cavity. Clinical and radiological data have pointed to a compound odontoma. Surgical removal of the odontomas was performed. Odontoma is one of the benign mixed epithelial-mesenchymal odontogenic tumors. The etiology of odontoma is unknown. It can appear following an old trauma. Compound odontomas are asymptomatic and discovered during routine radiographic examination. Treatment consists of surgical extraction of the odontoma alone or followed by orthodontic treatment in the event of inclusion of a tooth.


Subject(s)
Odontoma , Epithelium , Mandible , Maxilla
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922592

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#At present, the research on clear aligner of molar distalization mainly focuses on the upper jaw, while the research on mandibular molars is few.This study aims to evaluate the therapeutic effect of mandibular molars distalization with clear aligner via cone beam CT (CBCT) and Dolphin software.@*METHODS@#Twenty cases of mandibular molars with clear aligner were included according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. CBCT was taken before treatment (T0) and when the first molar was moved in place (T1). Dolphin software was used to measure the effectiveness of molar distalization. Three-dimensional changes in direction and the impact on the incisors and facial soft and hard tissues were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The effective rates of crown and root distalization of the second and first mandibular molars were 74%, 49%, and 71%, 47%, respectively. The second and first molars were both the distal buccal cusp with the largest distalization [(2.15 ± 0.91) mm and (1.85±1.09) mm], respectively, with significant difference between the T0 and T1 (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Clear aligner can effectively move mandibular molars farther, the crown is more effective than the root, and it is tilted. The second mandibular molar is more effective than the first mandibular molar in its distant displacement and three-dimensional changes. Molar distalization causes minor changes in mandibular incisors and facial soft and hard tissues.


Subject(s)
Cephalometry , Maxilla , Molar , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Tooth Movement Techniques
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921376

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to evaluate the endo-sinus bone remodeling of dental implants placed via osteotome sinus floor elevation (OSFE) after 6 months and using different implant protrusion lengths and bone grafts through cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).@*METHODS@#Ninety-six patients with 124 implants were included and assigned into four groups. Group 1: implant protrusion length4 mm with bone graft; group 3: implant protrusion length4 mm without bone graft. Apical bone gain (ABG), cortical bone gain (CBG), bone density gain (BDG), and marginal bone loss (MBL) were observed and analyzed at baseline and 6 months after implant surgery.@*RESULTS@#The CBG in grafted groups 1 and 2 was higher than that in non-grafted groups. The ABG and BDG were higher in non-grafted groups 3 and 4 than in grafted groups, and the levels in group 3 were higher than those in group 4. The CBG in grafted group 2 was higher than that in group 1. No significant difference was observed in MBL analysis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The BDG of IPL4 mm implant when bone grafts were not applied. No relevance was observed between IPL and CBG. Bone grafts can accelerate endo-sinus bone remodeling by increasing CBG and dissipating the influence of IPL on BDG.


Subject(s)
Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Humans , Maxilla/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887763

ABSTRACT

Long-term missing teeth can lead to alveolar bone loss in the edentulous area. Guided bone regeneration (GBR) is a bone augmentation method. It is widely used in clinical practice and broadens the indications of orthodontic treatment to a certain extent. This article reports a case of an adult patient with edentulous space in the maxillary central incisor, which was successfully closed through orthodontic treatment combined with GBR. This study will provide a re-ference for future clinical work.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alveolar Bone Loss , Anodontia , Bone Regeneration , Humans , Incisor , Maxilla , Orthodontic Space Closure
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887748

ABSTRACT

The tilted implantation technique is characterized by placing the implant at an angle of more than 15° and less than 45° from the horizontal plane. This technique can avoid damaging the maxillary sinus, inferior alveolar nerve, nasal base, and other anatomical structures when the height of the upper and lower jaw available bone is insufficient, to maximize the use of available bone and avoid a large range of bone increment. The tilted implantation technique can reduce the trauma of the surgery, increase the possibility of immediate restoration and shorten the treatment cycle, which has been widely used clinically. In this review, the scope of application, design elements, design scheme and complications of the tilted implantation technique for edentulous patients will be described.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Bone Loss , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis Design , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Jaw, Edentulous/surgery , Mandible , Maxilla/surgery , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Mouth, Edentulous/surgery
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878456

ABSTRACT

With a case of mesial impaction of maxillary first and second molar, the mechanical analysis and clinical applications of a self-made helical spring for the uprighting treatment of mesial impacted molars was introduced.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mandible , Maxilla , Molar , Molar, Third , Tooth Movement Techniques , Tooth, Impacted
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878445

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to evaluate the short-term clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction of anterior and pterygoid implants in the rehabilitation of edentulous maxilla with posterior atrophy.@*METHODS@#Given a minimum follow-up of 1 year, 25 patients with fixed maxillary rehabilitation over anterior and pterygoid implants were enrolled in this retrospective study. The implant survival rates, peri-implant soft tissue status (including probing depth, modified sulcus bleeding index, and plaque index), marginal bone loss, and patient satisfaction were measured.@*RESULTS@#The survival rates for anterior and pterygoid implants at 1-year follow-up were 96.5% and 97.8%, respectively (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For the edentulous maxilla with posterior atrophy, full-arch fixed prostheses supported by anterior and pterygoid implants has an acceptable short-term clinical outcome and excellent patient satisfaction. It may be considered as a predictable and feasible method for maxillary rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Atrophy/pathology , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Jaw, Edentulous/surgery , Maxilla/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878431

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the differences in the temporomandibular joints (TMJs) between patients with anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADDwR) and asymptomatic subjects by using 3D morphometric measurements.@*METHODS@#A total of 15 patients with ADDwR and 10 asymptomatic subjects were enrolled. Then, 3D models of the maxilla and mandible were reconstructed using MIMICS 20.0. Nine morphologic parameters of TMJs on both sides were measured on the 3D solid model. The differences in the parameters were analyzed between the patients and the asymptomatic subjects and between the left and right sides of each group.@*RESULTS@#The horizontal and coronal condylar angles on the ipsilateral side of the patients were significantly greater than those of the asymptomatic subjects (@*CONCLUSIONS@#ADDwR will increase the condylar angles to be significantly greater than the normal level and decrease SRA and articular spaces to be significantly smaller than the normal level. The condyles will be displaced upward, closer to the fossa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Joint Dislocations , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mandible , Mandibular Condyle , Maxilla , Temporomandibular Joint , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Tooth
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878426

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The present study aimed to explore the innervation of the anterior hard palatine and its relationship with individual development stage. Specifically, the effects of anesthesia on patients of different ages were observed, and neurodevelopment in the maxillofacial region was invesitgated. References that are helpful in selecting local anesthesia were provided.@*METHODS@#A total of 182 patients with mixed dentition were randomly divided into the nasopalatine nerve block and greater palatine nerve block groups. Then, 219 patients with permanent dentition were divided into an adolescent group (13-18 years old) and adult group (over 19 years old), all of whom underwent bilateral greater palatine nerve block. Palatal mucosal pain sensation was tested pre- and post-anesthesia with Von Frey hairs.@*RESULTS@#Among the children with mixed dentition, bilateral greater palatine nerve block tended to result in better anesthetic effects than nasopalatine nerve block (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The sensation of the anterior hard palatine seems mainly dominated by the greater palatine nerve until mixed dentition and gradually shifted to the nasopalatine nerve in conjunction with maxillary development and tooth replacement. Hence, the innervation of the anterior hard palatine induce a secondary development during the development of the maxilla.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Dentition, Mixed , Humans , Maxilla , Maxillary Nerve , Nerve Block , Palate , Palate, Hard , Young Adult
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