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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 45(1): 59-64, jan.-abr. 2024. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553266

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O tratamento de tumores malignos ou benignos, podem resultar em procedimentos cirúrgicos, como a maxilectomia parcial ou total, gerando comunicação bucosinusal nos pacientes. Uma forma de resolver estas alterações maxilofaciais é através do tratamento reabilitador com próteses obturadoras a fim de restabelecer a função mastigatória, estética, fonética e psicológica. Objetivo: o objetivo deste trabalho foi relatar o caso clínico de um paciente oncológico que foi reabilitado com prótese obturadora devido à maxilectomia por neoplasia maligna de seio maxilar. Relato de caso: Paciente de 62 anos, sexo masculino, procurou atendimento odontológico no Centro de Oncologia Bucal da Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" (UNESP) de Araçatuba ­ SP após a realização de uma maxilectomia parcial com comunicação bucosinusal e foi encaminhado para o Curso de Especialização em Prótese Dentária da Faculdade de Odontologia ­ Unesp/Araçatuba-SP para a reabilitação. Foi proposto, primeiramente a realização da prótese obturadora para fechar a comunicação bucosinusal e uma prótese total inferior para o arco antagonista e, posteriormente, a realização de uma prótese facial. Conclusão: O tratamento reabilitador com próteses obturadoras possui um bom resultado estético e funcional, favorecendo uma melhor função mastigatória e fonética, e melhorando consideravelmente a condição psicológica que é muito afetada nos pacientes submetidos a maxilectomia total ou parcial, sendo necessário uma boa interação com toda a equipe multiprofissional envolvida para que haja um melhor tratamento integrado para a reabilitação e melhora da qualidade de vida(AU)


Introduction: The treatment of malignant or benign tumors can result in surgical procedures, such as partial or total maxillectomy, generating oral communication in patients. One way to resolve these maxillofacial changes is through rehabilitative treatment with obturator prostheses in order to reestablish masticatory, aesthetic, phonetic and psychological function. Objective: the objective of this work was to report the clinical case of a cancer patient who was rehabilitated with an obturator prosthesis due to maxillectomy for malignant neoplasia of the maxillary sinus. Case report: A 62-year-old male patient sought dental care at the Oral Oncology Center of the Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" (UNESP) in Araçatuba ­ SP after undergoing a partial maxillectomy with oral cavity and was referred for the Specialization Course in Dental Prosthesis at the Faculty of Dentistry ­ Unesp/Araçatuba-SP for rehabilitation. It was proposed, firstly, to create an obturator prosthesis to close the bucosinusal communication and a total lower prosthesis for the antagonistic arch and, later, to create a facial prosthesis. Conclusion: Rehabilitative treatment with obturator prostheses has a good aesthetic and functional result, favoring better chewing and phonetic function, and considerably improving the psychological condition that is greatly affected in patients undergoing total or partial maxillectomy, requiring good interaction with the entire the multidisciplinary team involved so that there is better integrated treatment for rehabilitation and improved quality of life


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Palatal Obturators , Mouth Neoplasms , Maxillofacial Prosthesis , Mouth Rehabilitation , Oral Surgical Procedures , Maxilla/surgery
2.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 17(3): 372-383, sept. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514383

ABSTRACT

Canalis sinuosus, canal intraóseo localizado en región maxilar anterior, contiene elementos vasculonerviosos alveolares anterosuperiores. Diversas intervenciones en región maxilar anterior como colocación de implantes, exodoncias, instalación de microtornillos ortodóncicos, procedimientos quirúrgicos, entre otros, pueden comprometer al Canalis sinuosus y/o sus canales accesorios dañando los elementos contenidos en su interior causando complicaciones como hemorragias, parestesia, disestesia, etc. Dado el gran desconocimiento de su existencia, el Canalis sinuosus frecuentemente es confundido con lesiones patológicas y/o endodónticas. Clásicamente la literatura lo describe como una variación anatómica variación anatómica, sin embargo, presenta elevadas prevalencias (51,7 %-100 %), siendo cuestionada esta aseveración. Determinar prevalencia y característica s anatómicas del Canalis sinuosus mediante Cone Beam CT en pacientes chilenos del centro radiológico IMAPROX® entre 2017- 2021. Análisis retrospectivo de 220 CBCT maxilares anonimizados, considerando variables sexo, presencia del Canalis sinuosus, Canalis sinuosus uni/bilateral, diámetro mayor del Canalis sinuosus, presencia/número de accesorios. Análisis estadístico uni y bivariado. 100 % de prevalencia del Canalis sinuosus en ambos sexos, presencia bilateral 100 %. Diámetro mayor promedio del Canalis sinuosus: 2,58 mm. El 76,8 % presentó accesorios, siendo más prevalente la presencia de 2 CA (34,1 %). Una estructura anatómica normal habitual debe presentar sobre 50 % de prevalencia para ser considerada como tal, pero no hay consensos en criterios empleados para definir variación anatómica o estructura anatómica normal habitual. Literatura describe al Canalis sinuosus como variación anatómica, pero estudios actuales muestran elevadas prevalencias: Rusia 67 %, Brasil 88 %, Turquía, Colombia y Chile 100 %. Este estudio encontró 100 % de prevalencia, sugiriendo que Canalis sinuosus es una estructura anatómica normal habitual. Sin embargo, Canalis sinuosus es poco conocido asociándose a numerosas complicaciones por procedimientos odontológicos y/o quirúrgicos en RMA pudiendo generar hemorragias, parestesia/disestesia, dolor agudo, etc. Elevadas prevalencias reportadas sugieren que Canalis sinuosus es una estructura anatómica normal habitual y no una variación anatómica, pero se requieren más estudios y consensos para aseverarlo. Es de relevancia clínica conocer la existencia y localización del Canalis sinuosus para evitar complicaciones.


Canalis sinuosus, an intraosseous canal located in the anterior maxillary region, contains anterosuperior alveolar vascular-nervous elements. Various interventions in anterior maxillary region such as implant placement, extractions, installation of orthodontic microscrews, surgical procedures, among others, can compromise the Canalis sinuosus and/or its accessory canals, damaging the elements contained inside, causing complications such as bleeding, paresthesia, dysesthesia, etc. Given the great ignorance of its existence, Canalis sinuosus is frequently confused with pathological and/or endodontic lesions. Classically, the literature describes it as an anatomical variation, however, it presents high prevalence (51.7 %-100 %), this assertion being questioned. Objective: to determine the prevalence and anatomical characteristics of Canalis sinuosus using Cone Beam CT in Chilean patients from the IMAPROX® radiological center between 2017-2021. Retrospective analysis of 220 anonymous maxillary CBCT, considering variables sex, presence of Canalis sinuosus, uni/bilateral Canalis sinuosus, largest diameter of Canalis sinuosus, presence/number of accessory canals. Univariate and bivariate statistical analysis. The 100 % prevalence of Canalis sinuosus in both sexes, 100 % bilateral presence. Canalis sinuosus average major diameter: 2.58 mm, 76.8 % presented accessory canals, with the presence of 2 accessory canals being more prevalent (34.1 %). A habitual normal anatomical structure must have a prevalence of over 50 % to be considered as such, but there is no consensus on the criteria used to define anatomical variation or normal anatomical structure. Literature describes Canalis sinuosus as anatomical variation, but current studies show high prevalence: Russia 67 %, Brazil 88 %, Turkey, Colombia and Chile 100 %. This study found 100 % prevalence, suggesting that Canalis sinuosus is an normal anatomical structure. However, Canalis sinuosus is little known as it is associated with numerous complications from dental and/or surgical procedures in anterior maxillary region, which can cause bleeding, paresthesia/ dysesthesia, acute pain, etc. High reported prevalences suggest that Canalis sinuosus is an normal anatomical structure and not an anatomical variation, but more studies and consensus are required to confirm this. It is clinically relevant to know the existence and location of Canalis sinuosus to avoid complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Maxilla/anatomy & histology , Chile/epidemiology , Prevalence , Anatomic Variation
3.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(1): 18-21, jan.-mar. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1443455

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Os odontomas compostos são tumores odontogênicos benignos mistos, mais comumente encontrados na região anterior da maxila, com predileção pela segunda década de vida, podendo levar à má oclusão, interferência na erupção dos dentes, deslocamento e malformação dos dentes adjacentes. Em alguns casos, leva à erupção ectópica, diastemas persistentes, divergências do longo eixo do dente e assimetria facial. Devido a isso, o tratamento mais comum é a remoção cirúrgica conservadora. Relato de caso: Paciente do sexo masculino, 13 anos, com presença de odontoma composto em região anterior de maxila. O mesmo foi submetido à enucleação cirúrgica para remoção e diagnóstico adequado da lesão, a partir da análise anatomopatológica do espécime. Conclusão: Por ser uma patologia comum nos maxilares, é adequado que o profissional conheça suas principais características para o correto diagnóstico, bem como o tratamento mais adequado para cada paciente... (AU)


Introduction: Compound odontomas are mixed benign odontogenic tumors, most commonly found in the anterior maxillary region, with a predilection for the second decade of life, may lead to malocclusion, interference in the eruption of teeth, displacement and malformation of adjacent teeth. In some cases, it leads to ectopic eruption, persistent diastemas, divergences of the long axis of the tooth and facial asymmetry. Because of this, the most common treatment is conservative surgical removal. Case report: A 13 year-old male, with presence of compound odontoma in anterior region of maxilla. The patient was underwent surgical enucleation for treatment and propper diagnosis of lesion. Conclusion: As it is a common pathology in the jaws, it is appropriate for the professional to know its main characteristics for the correct diagnosis, as well as the most appropriate treatment for each patient... (AU)


Introduccíon: Los odontomas compuestos son tumores odontogénicos mixtos benignos, que se encuentran con mayor frecuencia en la región anterior del maxilar, con predilección por la segunda década de la vida, lo que puede ocasionar maloclusión, interferencia con la erupción dentaria, desplazamiento y malformación de los dientes adyacentes. En algunos casos, conduce a erupción ectópica, diastema persistente, divergencia del eje longitudinal del diente y asimetría facial. Debido a esto, el tratamiento más común es la extirpación quirúrgica conservadora. Reporte de caso: Paciente masculino, de 13 años, con presencia de odontoma compuesto en la región anterior del maxilar. El mismo fue sometido a enucleación quirúrgica para extirpación y adecuado diagnóstico de la lesión, a partir del análisis anatomopatológico del espécimen. Conclusíon: Por tratarse de una patología común en los maxilares, es conveniente que el profesional conozca sus principales características para el correcto diagnóstico, así como el tratamiento más adecuado para cada paciente... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Tooth Abnormalities , Odontogenic Tumors , Maxilla/abnormalities , Maxillary Diseases
4.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(1): 26-30, jan.-mar. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1443848

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Odontoma é o tipo mais comum de tumor odontogênico, contudo são lesões assintomáticas, de crescimento lento e indolor, descobertos geralmente em consultas de rotina, e que muito comumente são causadores de impactação dentária. Esse trabalho tem por objetivo relatar o caso clínico de uma criança que apresentava um odontoma composto na pré-maxila, ocasionando a impactação de seu incisivo central e comprometimento estético. Relato de caso: Paciente de 12 anos, em preparo para tratamento ortodôntico, no qual na etapa de exames de imagem, foi percebido um odontoma composto na região anterior da maxila o qual impedia a irrupção do dente 21, onde para que se conseguisse o melhor aproveitamento estético e funcional, foi indicado a remoção do tumor com 43 estruturas semelhantes a dentes e o tracionamento do dente associado. Conclusão: O tratamento do odontoma não costuma ter recidivas, permitindo o aproveitamento de possíveis dentes associados e manutenção de estruturas nobres adjacentes. Possibilitando também, o tracionamento do dente impactado ao arco dental, restituindo saúde e estética... (AU)


Introduction: Odontoma is the most common type of odontogenic tumor. They are asymptomatic, slow-growing lesions of unknown etiopathogenesis. They have a density similar to teeth, surrounded by a thin radiolucent halo. Objective: To report a clinical case of traction surgery of an impacted tooth associated with compound odontoma, and a brief literature review. Case report: Patient presented composite odontoma in the anterior region of the maxilla, preventing the eruption of tooth 21. The lesion was noticed during the preparation of the orthodontic treatment and for the success of such procedure, the treatment consisted of the excision of the lesion composed of 43 similar structures to teeth and the preparation of the traction of the maxillary central incisor. Conclusion: The removal of the odontoma was extremely relevant, with this, the impacted tooth was exposed, allowing the placement of the orthodontic button for its traction. Positioning the missing tooth in the dental arch, restoring health and aesthetics... (AU)


Introducción: El odontoma es el tipo más común de tumor odontogénico. Son lesiones asintomáticas, de crecimiento lento y de etiopatogenia desconocida. Tienen una densidad similar a los dientes, rodeados de un fino halo radiotransparente. Objetivo: Reportar un caso clínico de cirugía de tracción de un diente retenido asociado a odontoma compuesto, y una breve revisión de la literatura. Reporte de caso: Paciente presentó odontoma compuesto en la región anterior del maxilar, impidiendo la erupción del diente 21. La lesión fue notada durante la preparación del tratamiento de ortodoncia y para el éxito de dicho procedimiento, el tratamiento consistió en la escisión de la lesión. compuesto por 43 estructuras similares a los dientes y la preparación de la tracción del incisivo central maxilar. Conclusión: La remoción del odontoma fue de suma relevancia, con esto se logró exponer el diente impactado, permitiendo la colocación del botón de ortodoncia para su tracción. Posicionamiento del diente faltante en la arcada dentaria, restaurando la salud y la estética... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Tooth Abnormalities , Traction , Odontogenic Tumors , Maxilla/surgery
5.
Odontol. vital ; jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1431019

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La atresia o estrechez del maxilar superior es una patología de origen multifactorial que genera un colapso transversal, el mismo e implica la carencia de espacio necesario para la disposición correcta de las piezas dentales. Objetivo. El presente artículo está enmarcado en una revisión narrativa de la literatura, con el objetivo de describir el abordaje terapéutico del colapso transversal del maxilar superior con microimplantes (TAD´s), determinando los efectos esqueléticos y dentoalveolares en el maxilar superior, así como las ventajas y desventajas del tratamiento. Método. La búsqueda de artículos se realizó a través de mediante las plataformas de: Scielo, PubMed, Google Académico y Medline. Se seleccionaron 21 artículos cuyos textos completos fueron descargados para examinarlos a detalle y verificar que cumplieran con todos los criterios de inclusión, de los cuales se obtuvieron 16 artículos para elaborar esta revisión narrativa. Conclusiones. El abordaje terapéutico del colapso transversal se produce por medio de la expansión rápida del maxilar (ERM) o disyunción maxilar, en pacientes jóvenes en crecimiento; y en los pacientes adultos se suele emplear un tratamiento con técnica MARPE con microimplantes (TAD´s). El principal efecto esquelético es la apertura de la sutura maxilar que varía de 2 a 10 mm, muchos autores coinciden en que el manejo del colapso transversal del maxilar superior con microimplantes no genera efectos dentoalveolares negativos, al contrario, tiene ventajas biomecánicas debido al anclaje con el hueso, reduciendo el riesgo de movimiento dentales indeseados y permitiendo un control del crecimiento vertical.


Introduction. The atresia or narrowness of the upper jaw is a pathology of multifactorial origin that generates a transverse collapse, it implies the lack of space necessary for the correct arrangement of the dental pieces. Objective. This article is framed in a narrative review of the literature, with the aim of describing the therapeutic approach of transverse maxillary collapse with microimplants (TAD's), determining the skeletal and dentoalveolar effects in the maxilla, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of treatment. Method. The search for articles was carried out through the following platforms: Scielo, PubMed, Google Scholar and Medline. 21 articles whose full texts were downloaded were selected to examine them in detail and verify that they met all the inclusion criteria, of which 18 articles were obtained to prepare this narrative review. Conclusions. The therapeutic approach to transverse collapse occurs through rapid maxillary expansion (RME) or maxillary disjunction, in young growing patients; and in adult patients, treatment with the MARPE technique with microimplants (TAD's) is usually used. The main skeletal effect is the opening of the maxillary suture, which varies from 2 to 10 mm. Many authors agree that the management of the transverse collapse of the maxilla with microimplants does not generate negative dentoalveolar effects, on the contrary, it has biomechanical advantages due to the anchorage with the bone, reducing the risk of unwanted dental movement and allowing control of vertical growth.


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Maxilla
6.
Rev. ADM ; 80(3): 160-164, mayo-jun. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518264

ABSTRACT

Los neurofibromas solitarios han sido reportados en la literatura, pero son casos muy raros; por definición se presentan en pacientes que no tienen enfermedad de Von Recklinghausen, que se hereda en forma autosómica dominante, y se presenta con mayor frecuencia en hombres. Es un tumor benigno que puede presentarse solitario o múltiple; su aparición en la cavidad oral suele ser muy rara, pero su sitio de predilección es la lengua, seguido de la mucosa alveolar, paladar y encía gingival. Aparecen con más frecuencia durante la tercera década de vida, aunque se describen casos desde los 10 meses hasta los 70 años de edad. En este reporte se expondrá el caso clínico de un paciente de sexo femenino, de 17 años de edad, que acudió a consulta a la clínica dental centenario por presentar una lesión superior que cubría parte de las coronas anatómicas en piezas dentales del maxilar superior izquierdo, además, en el reporte de estudio inmunoquimicohistológico se diagnosticó neurofibroma, con expresión de S-100. Consideramos de suma importancia el reconocimiento de estos crecimientos intraorales para lograr establecer un diagnóstico definitivo cierto y veraz de la situación (AU)


Solitary neurofibromas have been reported in the literature, but they are very rare cases. By definition they occur in patients who do not have Von Recklinghausen disease, which is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner; It occurs more frequently in men. It is a benign tumor that can appear solitary or multiple. Its appearance in the oral cavity is usually very rare, but its site of preference is the tongue, followed by the alveolar mucosa, palate, and gingival gingiva. They appear more frequently during the third decade of life, although cases from 10 months to 70 years of age are described. This report will present the clinical case of a 17-year-old female patient who came to the Centennial Dental Clinic for consultation presenting an elevated lesion covering part of the anatomical crowns in dental pieces in the left upper jaw and in the report. Neurofibroma was diagnosed from the Immunochemicalhistological study, with S-100 expression. We consider the recognition of these intraoral growths of utmost importance in order to establish a true and truthful definitive diagnosis of the situation (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Maxilla/pathology , Biopsy/methods , Immunohistochemistry , S100 Proteins , Histological Techniques
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(3): 901-909, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514281

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: To evaluate the histological adverse effects of alendronate administered systemically and topically in combination with orthodontic movement by intense force. Thirty-six 24-week-old female Wistar rats, ovariectomized, were used and divided into three groups (n = 12/group): control, locally treated with saline (0.07 ml/kg/week) (group 1) and experimental, treated with alendronic acid systemically (0.07 mg/kg/week) (group 2) and locally (7 mg/kg/week) (group 3). At 14 days, an orthodontic anchor was installed in the right first molar, and a force of 144 cN was applied for 28 days. The samples were processed for histological evaluation. Descriptive statistics, Shapiro-Wilk tests, one-way ANOVA with Bonferroni correction, one-way repeated measures ANOVA and chi-square tests were performed. All tests were statistically significant at p <0.05. The adverse events found in all groups were inflammation and osteoclastic activity. In the bisphosphonate-treated groups, there were statistically significant differences (p = 0.005) in the osteoclastic activity between the two hemiarcates. All rats in group 2 presented paralytic ileus. Compared to local administration, systemic treatment with alendronic acid produces more adverse effects, such as inflammation, fibrinoid necrosis, and osteoclastic activity. During the application of intense forces, it was not possible to show that there is necrosis associated with bisphosphonates.


Evaluar los efectos adversos histológicos del alendronato administrado sistémica y tópicamente en combinación con movimientos ortodóncicos de fuerza intensa. Treinta y seis ratas Wistar hembras de 24 semanas de edad, ovariectomizadas, fueron utilizadas y divididas en tres grupos (n = 12/grupo): control, tratado localmente con solución salina (0,07 ml/kg/semana) (grupo 1) y experimental, tratados con ácido alendrónico por vía sistémica (0,07 mg/kg/semana) (grupo 2) y local (7 mg/kg/semana) (grupo 3). A los 14 días se instaló un anclaje de ortodoncia en el primer molar derecho y se aplicó una fuerza de 144 cN durante 28 días. Las muestras fueron procesadas para evaluación histológica. Se realizó estadística descriptiva, pruebas de Shapiro-Wilk, ANOVA de una vía con corrección de Bonferroni, ANOVA de medidas repetidas de una vía y pruebas de chi-cuadrado. Todas las pruebas fueron estadísticamente significativas con un p <0,05. Los eventos adversos encontrados en todos los grupos fueron inflamación y actividad osteoclástica. En los grupos tratados con bisfosfonatos hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p = 0,005) en la actividad osteoclástica entre los dos hemiarcados. Todas las ratas del grupo 2 presentaron íleo paralítico. En comparación con la administración local, el tratamiento sistémico con ácido alendrónico produce más efectos adversos, como inflamación, necrosis fibrinoide y actividad osteoclástica. Durante la aplicación de fuerzas intensas, no fue posible demostrar que existe necrosis asociada con los bisfosfonatos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Tooth Movement Techniques/instrumentation , Alendronate/adverse effects , Bone Density Conservation Agents/adverse effects , Maxilla/pathology , Bone Resorption/chemically induced , Ovariectomy , Analysis of Variance , Rats, Wistar , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures , Inflammation/chemically induced
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(3): 881-888, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514314

ABSTRACT

El conocimiento anatómico del canal nasopalatino (CNP) es fundamental para la realización de cirugías en el sector anterior del maxilar y así prever posibles complicaciones. El objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar y determinar las variaciones anatómicas y dimensionales del CNP según sexo, edad y estado dental. Este estudio transversal analizó un total de 251 imágenes de TCHC obtenidas de la base de datos del Servicio de Imagenología Oral y Maxilofacial de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Andrés Bello, Viña del Mar, Chile. Para evaluar la asociación estadística entre variaciones del CNP con sexo, edad y estado dentario se realizó la prueba T de Student, chi-cuadrado y ANOVA (p0,05). Además, se detectó diferencia significativa entre el estado dentario y la dimensión de la tabla vestibular en relación con el CNP (p<0,01). Se deben considerar las variaciones de CNP para evitar posibles complicaciones durante los procedimientos quirúrgicos.


SUMMARY: Anatomical knowledge of the nasopalatine canal (PNC) is essential for performing surgeries in the anterior sector of the maxilla and thus anticipating possible complications. The objective of this work is to evaluate and determine the anatomical and dimensional variations of the CNP according to sex, age and dental status. This cross-sectional study analyzed a total of 251 CBCT images obtained from the database of the Oral and Maxillofacial Imaging Service of the Faculty of Dentistry of the Andrés Bello University, Viña del Mar, Chile. To evaluate the statistical association between CNP variations with sex, age and dental status, the Student's T test, chi-square and ANOVA (p0.05). In addition, a significant difference was detected between the dental state and the dimension of the vestibular table in relation to the CNP (p<0.01). CNP variations should be considered to avoid potential complications during surgical procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Palate/diagnostic imaging , Nose/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Anatomic Variation , Palate/anatomy & histology , Nose/anatomy & histology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Age and Sex Distribution , Maxilla
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 477-481, abr. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440335

ABSTRACT

Describir la morfología del sistema de canales radiculares del primer molar maxilar en una población chilena mediante exámenes de tomografía computarizada Cone-Beam (CBCT). Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo en el cual se utilizaron los exámenes CBCT de pacientes que fueron atendidos en un Centro de Radiología Maxilofacial privado durante el período comprendido entre Enero y Diciembre del año 2018 en la ciudad de Temuco, Chile, los cuales fueron observados de manera independiente por dos investigadores previamente calibrados. Se observaron 199 exámenes CBCT. En la raíz mesiobucal,predominaron las morfologías tipo II, I y IV de Vertucci respectivamente, mientras que en la raíz distobucal y palatina predominó la morfología tipo I. El canal MB2 estuvo presente en el 62,3 % de los casos, con una prevalencia significativamente mayor en pacientes jóvenes. En la mayoría de los primeros molares maxilares de los habitantes de la ciudad de Temuco se observaron tres raíces separadas y la presencia de cuatro canales. Se determinó una alta frecuencia del canal MB2 en la raíz MB.


SUMMARY: The objective of this study was to describe the morphology of the root canal system of the maxillary first molar in a Chilean population through Cone-Beam computed tomography (CBCT) examinations. A descriptive observational study was carried out in which the CBCT examinations of patients who were treated in a private maxillofacial radiology center during the period between January and December 2018 in Temuco, Chile, were used which were observed independently by two previously calibrated researchers. In this analysis 199 CBCT exams were observed. In the mesiobuccal root, Type II, I and IV morphologies predominated respectively, while in the distobuccal and palatal root, Type I morphology predominated. The MB2 canal was present in 62.3 % of cases, with a higher prevalence in young patients. Three separate roots and the presence of four canals were observed in most of the maxillary first molars of the patients in Temuco. A high frequency of the MB2 canal was determined in the root MB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Chile , Age Distribution , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Maxilla , Molar/anatomy & histology
10.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(2): 1-10, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1436570

ABSTRACT

The maxillary bone restriction can limit the implants position to support a full-arch prosthesis. Objective:Therefore, this study evaluated the biomechanical behavior of a full-arch prosthesis supported by six implants in different configurations: group A (implants inserted in the region of canines, first premolars and second molars), group B (implants inserted in the region of first premolar, first molar and second molar) and group C (implants in second premolar, first premolar and second molar). Material and Methods: The models were analyzed by the finite element method validated by strain gauge. Three types of loads were applied: in the central incisors, first premolars and second molars, obtaining results of von-Mises stress peaks and microstrain. All registered results reported higher stress concentration in the prosthesis of all groups, with group C presenting higher values in all structures when compared to A and B groups. The highest mean microstrain was also observed in group C (288.8 ± 225.2 µÎµ/µÎµ), however, there was no statistically significant difference between the evaluated groups. In both groups, regardless of the magnitude and direction of the load, the maximum von-Mises stresses recorded for implants and prosthesis displacements were lower in group A. Conclusion: It was concluded that an equidistant distribution of implants favors biomechanical behavior of full-arch prostheses supported by implants; and the placement of posterior implants seems to be a viable alternative to rehabilitate totally edentulous individuals. (AU)


A limitação óssea maxilar totais pode limitar o posicionamento dos implantes para suportar uma prótese de arco total. Objetivo: Sendo assim, este estudo avaliou o comportamento biomecânico de uma prótese de arco total suportada por seis implantes em diferentes configurações: grupo A (implantes inseridos na região de caninos, primeiros pré-molares e segundos molares), grupo B (implantes inseridos na região de primeiro pré-molar, primeiro molar e segundo molar) e grupo C (implantes em segundo pré-molar, primeiro pré-molar e segundo molar). Materiais e métodos: Os modelos foram analisados pelo método de elementos finitos validados por extensometria. Foram aplicados três tipos de cargas: nos incisivos centrais, primeiros pré-molares e nos segundos molares, obtendo resultados de picos de tensão de von-Mises e microdeformação. Todos os resultados registrados mostraram maior concentração de tensão na prótese de todos os grupos, sendo que o grupo C apresentou maiores valores em todas as estruturas quando comparado com os grupos A e B. A maior média de microdeformação também foi observada no grupo C (288,8 ± 225,2 µÎµ/µÎµ), no entanto, não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos avaliados. Em todos os grupos, independentemente da magnitude e direção da carga, as tensões máximas de von-Mises registradas para os implantes e deslocamentos de próteses foram menores no grupo A. Conclusão: Concluiu-se que a distribuição de implantes de forma equidistante favorece o desempenho biomecânico das próteses de arco total suportada por implantes; e o posicionamento de implantes posteriores parece ser uma alternativa viável para reabilitar indivíduos densdentados totais. (AU)


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis , Finite Element Analysis , Maxilla
11.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 197-202, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981112

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To summarize the open-eruption technique of impacted anterior maxillary teeth, this study reports a technically improved operation on surgical exposure based on dental follicles and evaluates post-treatment periodontal health considering the effect of dental follicles.@*METHODS@#Patients who underwent open-eruption technique with unilateral labially impacted maxillary central incisors were selected. The impacted teeth were assigned to the experimental group, and the contralateral unimpacted maxillary central incisors were assigned to the control group. In the surgical exposure, the new technique makes use of dental follicles to manage the soft tissue, so as to preserve soft tissue for better aesthetic results and healthier periodontal tissue. Tooth length, root length, alveolar bone loss, and alveolar bone thickness were recorded after the therapy.@*RESULTS@#A total of 17 patients with unilateral maxillary central incisor impaction were successfully treated. The tooth length and root length of the two groups showed a statistically significant difference between the impacted and homonym teeth, with a shorter length in the impacted tooth (P<0.05). More labial alveolar bone loss was found in the experimental group compared with that in the control group (P<0.05). The outcomes of the cementoenamel junction width, pa- latal alveolar bone loss, and alveolar bone thickness did not indicate statistical significance between the experimental and control groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In the surgical exposure, the new technique uses dental follicles to manage the soft tissue and preserve it for better aesthetic results and healthier periodontal tissues.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Incisor , Alveolar Bone Loss/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Root , Dental Sac , Maxilla/surgery , Esthetics, Dental
12.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 302-310, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971398

ABSTRACT

Palatal radicular groove is a developmental malformation of maxillary incisors, lateral incisors in particular, which often causes periodontal destruction. This paper reports a case of combined periodontal-endodontic lesions induced by palatal radicular groove, which was initially misdiagnosed as a simple periapical cyst. After root canal therapy and periapical cyst curettage, the course of disease was prolonged, resulting in the absence of buccal and maxillary bone plates in the affected tooth area. After the etiology was determined, the affected tooth was extracted and guide bone tissue regeneration was performed at the same time, followed by implantation and restoration at the later stage, leading to clinical cure. The palatal radicular groove is highly occult, and the clinical symptoms are not typical. If the abscess of the maxillary lateral incisor occurs repeatedly, and the abscess of the maxillary lateral incisor has not been cured after periodontal and root canal treatment, cone-beam computed tomographic and periodontal flap surgery should be considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Incisor , Radicular Cyst , Abscess , Tooth Root/abnormalities , Root Canal Therapy , Maxilla , Cysts
13.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 547-553, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986109

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a comprehensive diagnostic classification model of lateral cephalograms based on artificial intelligence (AI) to provide reference for orthodontic diagnosis. Methods: A total of 2 894 lateral cephalograms were collected in Department of Orthodontics, Capital Medical University School of Stomatology from January 2015 to December 2021 to construct a data set, including 1 351 males and 1 543 females with a mean age of (26.4± 7.4) years. Firstly, 2 orthodontists (with 5 and 8 years of orthodontic experience, respectively) performed manual annotation and calculated measurement for primary classification, and then 2 senior orthodontists (with more than 20 years of orthodontic experience) verified the 8 diagnostic classifications including skeletal and dental indices. The data were randomly divided into training, validation, and test sets in the ratio of 7∶2∶1. The open source DenseNet121 was used to construct the model. The performance of the model was evaluated by classification accuracy, precision rate, sensitivity, specificity and area under the curve (AUC). Visualization of model regions of interest through class activation heatmaps. Results: The automatic classification model of lateral cephalograms was successfully established. It took 0.012 s on average to make 8 diagnoses on a lateral cephalogram. The accuracy of 5 classifications was 80%-90%, including sagittal and vertical skeletal facial pattern, mandibular growth, inclination of upper incisors, and protrusion of lower incisors. The acuracy rate of 3 classifications was 70%-80%, including maxillary growth, inclination of lower incisors and protrusion of upper incisors. The average AUC of each classification was ≥0.90. The class activation heat map of successfully classified lateral cephalograms showed that the AI model activation regions were distributed in the relevant structural regions. Conclusions: In this study, an automatic classification model for lateral cephalograms was established based on the DenseNet121 to achieve rapid classification of eight commonly used clinical diagnostic items.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Artificial Intelligence , Deep Learning , Cephalometry , Maxilla , Mandible/diagnostic imaging
14.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 143-150, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970767

ABSTRACT

Objective: To measure and analyze the morphometric changes in the anterior alveolar bone during treatment and retention stage after retraction in bimaxillary adults using cone-beam CT(CBCT). Methods: Fifteen adult patients, four males and 11 females, aged 19 to 28 years[(22.2±3.1) years], who have completed orthodontic treatment and extracted four first premolar teeth for retraction in the Department of Orthodontics, The Affiliated Stomatological Hospital of Nanchang University from January 2016 to December 2018 were selected. CBCT was taken to assess the labial and palatal vertical bone level, total bone thickness at crest area, middle root area and apical area in pre-treatment (T1), post-treatment (T2) and at follow-up (maintained for more than two years) (T3). The differences in alveolar bone morphology at different stages were compared by single factor repeated measure ANOVA, and Pearson correlation analysis was performed on the amount of alveolar bone change in treatment stage and retention stage. Results: There were statistically significant differences in the alveolar bone height of the palatal side of maxillary anterior teeth, the labial side of maxillary lateral incisors and canine among three time points (P<0.05). The height difference of palatal alveolar bone of anterior teeth in T1-T2 stage was statistically significant (P<0.05). Palatal alveolar bone of upper and lower central incisors decreased by (1.52±0.32) and (4.96±0.46) mm, respectively. The height difference of anterior palatal alveolar bone was statistically significant in T2-T3 stage(P<0.05), the palatal alveolar bone height of central incisors increased by (1.20±0.27) and (3.14±0.35) mm respectively. The height difference of palatal alveolar bone in the anterior teeth of T1-T3 stage was statistically significant (P<0.05), and the height of palatal alveolar bone of central incisors was decreased (0.33±0.11) and (1.82±0.39) mm, respectively. There were statistically significant differences in the thickness of the cervical and middle root alveolar bone of anterior teeth among three time points (P<0.05). The difference of alveolar bone thickness of the cervical and middle root of anterior teeth at T1-T2 was statistically significant (P<0.05). decreased by (0.63±0.10) and (0.67±0.09) mm in lateral incisors, respectively. In the T2-T3 stage, the alveolar bone thickness of the crest area of the lower anterior teeth was significantly different (P<0.05), the alveolar bone thickness of mandibular central incisor crest area increased (0.09±0.03) mm. There were statistically significant differences in alveolar bone thickness in crest area and middle root of the incisors during T1-T3 stage (P<0.05), among which the middle root decreased by (0.38±0.16) mm and (0.63±0.13) mm, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in other areas (P>0.05). The change of alveolar bone height in palatal side of upper anterior teeth at T2-T3 was very strongly negatively correlated with the change in T1-T2. The change of alveolar bone height in labial side of upper anterior teeth and lingual side of lower anterior teeth and the thickness of incisor root and neck were moderately strongly negatively correlated (r≤-0.8, P<0.001), the change of alveolar bone height in labial side of upper anterior teeth and lingual side of lower anterior teeth and the thickness of incisor crest area were moderately strongly negatively correlated (-0.8<r≤-0.4, P<0.05). Conclusions: For adult patients after retraction, anterior alveolar bone decreased significantly. In the retention stage, the same degree of bone apposition will occur, but still have alveolar bone loss compared with pre-treatment. The amount of alveolar bone change in the retention stage correlated with the amount of alveolar bone change in the treatment stage.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Tooth Root , Malocclusion , Palate
15.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 333-337, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982744

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and clinical effect of the surgical approach and method of transnasal fenestration under nasal endoscope for the treatment of maxillary odontogenic cyst. Methods:The clinical data of 23 cases with maxillary odontogenic cysts treated by nasal endoscopy through nasal fenestration were retrospectively analyzed. All cases underwent nasal endoscopy and CT examination before the operation. The mucosal membrane of the parietal wall of the cyst was excised through fenestration of the nasal base. The cyst fluid was removed by decompression, and the bony opening of the nasal base was trimmed and enlarged to the edge of the cyst. The intraoperative and postoperative effects were observed. Results:All cases were well exposed under the direct vision of nasal endoscope. The top wall of the cyst was removed to maximize the communication between the cyst cavity and the nasal floor. There were no complications such as nasolacrimal duct injury, turbinate atrophy, necrosis, and facial numbness. All patients were followed up for 6-12 months, and the clinical symptoms gradually disappeared after surgery. The inferior turbinate was in good shape, the cyst cavity was smooth, the cyst wall was determined, and no cyst recurrence was observed. Conclusion:The treatment of odontogenic cyst of maxilla under nasal endoscope through nasal fenestration is convenient. It has less trauma, fewer complications and a satisfactory curative effect, which is worthy of clinical promotion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Maxilla , Retrospective Studies , Odontogenic Cysts/surgery , Endoscopy , Turbinates/surgery , Endoscopes
16.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 237-242, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982040

ABSTRACT

Occlusal plane (OP) is one of the essential factors affecting craniofacial morphology and function. The OP not only assists in diagnosing malocclusion but also serves as an important reference for making treatment plans. Patients with different types of malocclusions have different forms of OP. Compared with patients with standard skeletal facial type, the occlusal plane of patients with skeletal class Ⅱ and high angle is steeper, while that of patients with skeletal class Ⅲ and low angle is more even. In orthodontic treatment, adjusting and controlling the OP can promote the normal growth and development of the mandible in most patients with malocclusion during the early stage of growth, while causing favorable rotation of the mandible in some adults with mild-to-moderate malocclusion. For moderate-to-severe malocclusion, the OP rotation by orthodontic-orthognathic treatment can achieve better long-term stability. This article reviews the evolution of the definition of OP and its implications for diagnosing and the guiding treatment of malocclusion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Dental Occlusion , Maxilla , Cephalometry , Malocclusion/therapy , Mandible
17.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 52: e20230027, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1530299

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O conhecimento da biomecânica de implantes de diâmetro reduzido indica dimensões seguras para uso clínico. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar biomecanicamente implantes de diâmetro regular e reduzido para suporte de próteses implantossuportadas unitárias na região anterior da maxila por meio de análise de elementos finitos 3D (3D-FEA). Material e método: Quatro modelos 3D-FEA foram desenvolvidos a partir de recomposição de tomografia computadorizada e dados da literatura: um bloco ósseo na região incisiva lateral superior direita com implante e coroa. M1: 3,75 x 13 mm, M2: 3,75 x 8,5 mm, M3: 2,9 x 13 mm e M4: 2,9 x 8,5 mm. Foi aplicada carga de 178 N nos ângulos 0, 30 e 60 graus em relação ao longo eixo do implante. Foram avaliados mapas de tensão de Von Mises, tensão principal máxima e microdeformação. Resultado: M3 e M4 apresentaram maiores valores de tensão e microdeformação que M1 e M2, principalmente quando foram aplicadas forças inclinadas. Porém, M3 apresentou comportamento biomecânico melhor do que M4. Conclusão: Pode-se concluir que reduzir o diâmetro dos implantes pode prejudicar a biomecânica durante a aplicação de forças, mas a distribuição e intensidade das tensões, bem como os valores de microdeformação podem ser melhorados se o comprimento do implante for aumentado


Introduction: Narrow diameter implants biomechanics knowledge indicates safe dimensions for clinical use. Objective: Purpose of the present study was biomechanically to compare regular and narrow diameter implants to support single implant-supported prosthesis in the anterior region of the maxilla by 3D finite element analysis (3D-FEA). Material and method: Four 3D-FEA models were developed form CT scan recompositing and literature data: a bone block in the right upper lateral incisive region with implant and crown. M1: 3.75 x 13 mm, M2: 3.75 x 8.5 mm, M3: 2.9 x 13 mm and M4: 2.9 x 8.5 mm. It was applied load was of 178 N at 0, 30 and 60 degrees in relation to implant long axis. Von Mises stress, maximum principal stress and microdeformation maps were evaluated. Result: M3 and M4 did show higher tension and higher microdeformation values than M1 and M2, especially when inclined forces were applied. However, M3 presented enhanced biomechanical behavior than M4. Conclusion: It can be concluded that reduce the diameter of the implants can disadvantage to the biomechanics during the application of forces, but the distribution and intensity of the stresses, as well as the micro deformation values can be improved if the length of the implant is increased


Subject(s)
Prostheses and Implants , Stress, Mechanical , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone and Bones , Dental Implants , Finite Element Analysis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Maxilla
18.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(6): 1452-1459, dic. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421810

ABSTRACT

El canal incisivo es una estructura anatómica ósea que, según la terminología anatómica actual, se encuentra ubicada exclusivamente en la premaxila. Sin embargo, a continuación de los canales mandibulares, se desprenden hacia lateral los canales mentonianos (que contiene el paquete vasculonervioso del mismo nombre) y hacia anterior continua un paquete vasculonervioso, también denominado incisivo que inerva e irriga a dichos dientes mandibulares. Con el fin de aclarar lo previamente mencionado y distinguir ambas estructuras incisivas, se pretende agregar un sufijo (maxilar o mandibular) rectificando los nombres de dichos canales. Para lo anterior, se realizó una revisión de la bibliografía disponible en PubMed y Google Académico, con las palabras clave "CANAL INCISIVO" e "INCISIVE CANAL", utilizando como operador booleano la palabra OR. Los criterios de inclusión de los estudios fueron: 1) que se refieran a algún canal incisivo (ya sea maxilar o mandibular) 2) que estén disponibles para ser leídos a texto completo y 3) que su idioma sea inglés o español. De la totalidad de los artículos analizados, un 52 % hablaba exclusivamente del canal incisivo maxilar, un 43 % solo del canal incisivo mandibular y un 5 % sobre ambos. Concluyendo, podemos colegir que es de suma importancia que se regularice la nomenclatura de dichas estructuras anatómicas, debido a que, el hecho de reconocerla como tal permite garantizar su estudio y aporte desde toda la comunidad científica, sin importar la procedencia ni el idioma. Además, el canal incisivo mandibular está bien documentado, por lo que, al no ser reconocido en la terminología anatómica, se pierde la principal misión de la asociación internacional de asociaciones de anatomía (IFAA), la cual es unificar y organizar los nombres de las estructuras anatómicas existentes.


SUMMARY: The incisive canal is an anatomical bone structure that, according to current anatomical terminology, is located exclusively in the premaxilla. However, following the mandibular canals, the mental canals (containing the neurovascular bundle of the same name) branch off laterally and a neurovascular bundle continues anteriorly, also called the incisor, which innervates and irrigates said mandibular teeth. In order to clarify what was previously mentioned and to distinguish both incisive structures, it is intended to add a suffix (maxillary or mandibular) correcting the names of said canals. For the above, a review of the literature available in PubMed and Google Scholar was carried out, with the keywords "INCISIVE CANAL" and "INCISIVE CANAL", using the word OR as a boolean operator. The inclusion criteria of the studies were: 1) that they refer to an incisive canal (whether maxillary or mandibular) 2) that they be available to be read in full text and 3) that their language be English or Spanish. Of all the articles analyzed, 52% spoke exclusively about the maxillary incisive canal, 43% only about the mandibular incisive canal, and 5% about both. In conclusion, we can infer that it is of the utmost importance that the nomenclature of these anatomical structures be regularized, because the fact of recognizing it as such allows guaranteeing its study and contribution from the entire scientific community, regardless of origin or language. In addition, the mandibular incisive canal is well documented, therefore, by not being recognized in anatomical terminology, the main mission of the international association of anatomy associations (IFAA) is lost, which is to unify and organize the names of the anatomy. existing anatomical structures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Incisor/anatomy & histology , Mandible , Maxilla
19.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-4, 01/jan./2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411396

ABSTRACT

The Canalis Sinuosus is a structure of the maxilla that allows the passage of the anterosuperior alveolar nerve and has a neurovascular activity. To visualize this structure, Conical Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) is best recommended. This article aimed to report a case of facial pain after the insertion of a dental implant due to compression of the Canalis Sinuosus. Thus, the implant was removed, followed by the insertion of a bone graft. After that, the facial pain stopped. In conclusion, the identification of anatomical structures in preoperative examinations is essential in surgical dental procedures.


O Canalis Sinuosus é uma estrutura da maxila, que permite a passagem do nervo alveolar anterosuperior e tem uma atividade neurovascular. Para visualizar essa estrutura, a Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico (TCFC) é melhor recomendada. Este artigo teve como objetivo relatar um caso de dor facial após a inserção de um implante dentário, devido à compressão do Canalis Sinuosus. Assim, o implante foi removido, seguido pela inserção de um enxerto ósseo. Depois disso, a dor facial foi interrompida. Em conclusão, a identificação de estruturas anatômicas em exames pré-operatórios é essencial em procedimentos odontológicos cirúrgicos.


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Facial Pain , Tomography , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Maxilla
20.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(4): 42-47, out.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1414852

ABSTRACT

Mixoma Odontogênico é um tumor de origem mesenquimal raro, de desenvolvimento lento e agressivo que acomete indivíduos entre os 10 e 40 anos de idade e principalmente, do gênero feminino. Este estudo teve como principal objetivo descrever um caso clinico de tratamento cirúrgico do mixoma odontogênico sem ressecção maxilar em uma paciente do gênero feminino que compareceu ao Ambulatório de Patologia Oral e Maxilo Facial, da Faculdade de Odontologia da UNIRG, na cidade de Gurupi-TO - Brasil. A paciente foi submetida ao tratamento cirúrgico conservador, através da curetagem e enucleação total do tumor. A proservação foi realizada em períodos de 12 meses, 24 meses e 48 meses aonde pode-se observar a sequencial e completam reparação óssea, inclusive a permanência dos dentes envolvidos que foram submetidos a tratamento endodôntico com total remodelação da lâmina dura e do ligamento periodontal... (AU)


Odontogenic Myxoma (OM) is a rare tumor of mesenchymal origin, of slow and aggressive development that affects individuals between 10 and 40 years of age and mainly female. This study aimed to describe a clinical case of surgical treatment of odontogenic myxoma with out maxillary resection in a female patient who attended the Outpa tient Clinic of Oral Pathology and Facial Maxillo, of UNIRG Dental School, in the city of Gurupi-TO - Brazil. The patient underwent con servative surgical treatment through curettage and total enucleation of the tumor. Proservation was carried out in periods of 12 months, 24 months and 48 months where it was possible to observe the sequential and complete bone repair including the permanence of the involved teeth that underwent endodontic treatment with total remodeling of hard blade and of the periodontal ligament... (AU)


El mixoma odontogénico es un tumor de origen mesenquimal poco frecuente, de desarrollo lento y agresivo que afecta a individuos entre 10 y 40 años de edad y principalmente mujeres. El objetivo principal de este estudio fue describir un caso clínico de tratamiento quirúrgico de mixoma odontogénico sin resección maxilar en una paciente femenina que asistió a la Clínica Ambulatoria de Patología Oral y Maxilo Facial, de la Facultad de Odontología de UNIRG, en la ciudad de Gurupi-TO - Brasil. El paciente se sometió a tratamiento quirúrgico conservador mediante legrado y enucleación tumoral total. La conservación se realizó en periodos de 12 meses, 24 meses y 48 meses donde es posible observar reparación ósea secuencial y completa, incluyendo la permanencia de los dientes implicados que fueron sometidos a tratamiento endodóntico con remodelación total de la durancia y ligamento periodontal... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Maxillary Neoplasms/surgery , Odontogenic Tumors , Maxilla/surgery , Myxoma/surgery , Maxillary Diseases/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Maxilla/physiopathology
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