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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762780

ABSTRACT

Posttraumatic pseudoaneurysms of the sphenopalatine artery are rare. Only a few cases have been reported. We report two cases of hemorrhage due to pseudoaneurysm of the sphenopalatine artery. The hemorrhage was uncontrollable. It required embolization. Two patients visited our hospital for treatment of zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture. At the emergency room, patients presented with massive nasal bleeding which ceased shortly. After reduction of the fracture, patients presented persistent nasopharyngeal bleeding. Under suspicion of intracranial vessel injury, we performed angiography. Angiograms revealed pseudoaneurysms of the sphenopalatine artery. Endovascular embolization was performed, leading to successful hemostasis in both patients. Due to close proximity to pterygoid plates, zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture involving pterygoid plates may cause injury of the sphenopalatine artery. The only presentation of sphenopalatine artery injury is nasopharyngeal bleeding which is common. Based on our clinical experience, although pseudoaneurysm of maxillary artery branch after maxillofacial trauma has a low incidence, suspicion of injury involving deeply located arteries and early imaging via angiogram are recommended to manage recurrent bleeding after facial trauma or surgery.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, False , Angiography , Arteries , Embolization, Therapeutic , Emergency Service, Hospital , Epistaxis , Hemorrhage , Hemostasis , Humans , Incidence , Maxillary Artery
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759992

ABSTRACT

Pseudoaneurysm of internal maxillary artery (IMA) after trauma is rare, and most cases reported are caused by maxilla-facial blunt trauma. Pseudoaneurysm is discontinuity in the vascular wall leading to an extravascular hematoma that freely communicates with the intravascular space producing pulsatile hematoma rapidly. A 44-years-old woman presented with a pulsatile swelling and pain in the left parotid region. She underwent the masticatory muscle reduction using needle injection in dentistry 1 month ago. The left facial pulsatile swelling developed after the procedure immediately and uncontrolled bleeding occurred on the day of visit to our institution. We performed emergency angiography and diagnosed pseudoaneurysm of left IMA. We treated by embolization with Histoacryl Glue through left IMA. IMA total occlusion was confirmed and symptoms improved. Pseudoaneurysm following blunt trauma of the face have been reported but are few. Furthermore, there is no report of IMA pseudoaneurysm due to direct injury by needle. Recently, many cosmetic surgery procedures using injection techniques have been performed, and it is necessary to pay attention to the direct vessel injury by the needle. And endovascular therapies can give early recovery with minimal morbidity and avoids injury to the facial nerve and its branches.


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Aneurysm, False , Angiography , Dentistry , Emergencies , Enbucrilate , Facial Nerve , Female , Hematoma , Hemorrhage , Humans , Masticatory Muscles , Maxillary Artery , Needles , Parotid Region , Surgery, Plastic
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786153

ABSTRACT

A Le Fort I osteotomy is a common procedure for correcting dental and facial deformities in orthognathic surgery. In rare cases, a delayed hemorrhage can occur as early as several hours or up to 12 weeks, postoperatively. The most frequently involved blood vessels in a delayed hemorrhage are the descending palatine artery, the internal maxillary artery, and the pterygoid venous plexus of veins. Intraoral bleeding accompanied by severe epistaxis in these cases makes it difficult to locate the precise bleeding focus. Eventual uncontrolled bleeding would require Merocel packing or surgical intervention. In general, a severe late postoperative hemorrhage is most effectively managed by angiography and embolization. Herein we describe a delayed hemorrhage case in which the cause was not evident on angiography. We were able to detect the bleeding point through an endoscopic nasal approach and treat it using direct cauterization.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, False , Angiography , Arteries , Blood Vessels , Cautery , Congenital Abnormalities , Epistaxis , Hemorrhage , Maxillary Artery , Orthognathic Surgery , Osteotomy , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Veins
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(3): 1057-1061, Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954230

ABSTRACT

The sphenoidal tubercle is a bone elevation located in the anterior edge of the infratemporal crest of the sphenoid greater wing, where the temporal and lateral pterygoid muscles have their origin. This bone accident presents varied morphology so its description and denomination are a topic of discussion. 60 dry skulls obtained from the morphology laboratory of the Biomedical Basic Sciences Department of the University of Talca were used for a morphological and morphometric analysis of the sphenoidal tubercle including its morphology, diameters (anteroposterior, transverse and vertical) and the distance to the grooves for the maxillary artery and maxillary nerve. Sphenoidal tubercle had a prevalence of 98.4 % of all dry skulls analyzed with a bilateral presentation in the 76.6 % of the cases. According to its different forms of presentation established by Cáceres et al., (2016) the pyramidal form was the most frequent with a 25.7 %. The average diameters were of 4.12 mm anteroposterior, 5.50 mm transverse and 3.89 mm vertical. The average distance to the grooves of the maxillary artery and maxillary nerve were 9.04 mm and 7.6 mm, respectively. Sphenoidal tubercle is a constant bone accident with a variated morphology and measures. Due to its anatomical relations with important neurovascular elements such as the maxillary artery and the maxillary nerve, it may be used as a reference point for surgical access to the infratemporal fossa. From this analysis we establish that the denomination of "infratemporal process" is more accurate, because the development of this bone accident is from muscular traction performed by the lateral pterygoid muscle and the deep portion of the temporal muscle causing great variations in its morphology, probably due to external and functional parameters or even influenced by the biotype.


El tubérculo esfenoidal es una elevación ósea ubicada en el extremo anterior de la cresta infratemporal del ala mayor del hueso esfenoides, donde presta inserción al músculo temporal y pterigoideo lateral. Presenta morfología variada, por lo que su descripción y denominación resultan motivo de discusión. 60 cráneos secos obtenidos del Laboratorio de Morfología del Departamento de Ciencias Básicas Biomédicas de la Universidad de Talca, fueron utilizados para realizar un análisis morfológico y morfométrico del tubérculo esfenoidal evaluando forma, diámetros (anteroposterior, laterolateral y vertical) y distancia con el surco de la arteria y nervio maxilar. El tubérculo esfenoidal tuvo una prevalencia del 98,4 % del total de cráneos analizados, presentándose bilateralmente en el 76,6 % de los casos. De acuerdo a las diferentes formas de presentación establecidas por Cáceres et al (2016) la forma piramidal fue la más frecuente con un 25,7 %. Los diámetros promedio fueron de 4,12 mm anteroposterior, 5,50 mm laterolateral y 3,89 mm vertical. Las distancias promedio con el surco de la arteria y nervio maxilar fueron de 9,04 mm y 7,6mm, respectivamente. El tubérculo esfenoidal es un accidente óseo constante de morfología y dimensiones variadas. Debido a sus relaciones con elementos vasculares de importancia, tales como la arteria y nervio maxilar, podría ser utilizado como elemento de referencia para el acceso quirúrgico a la fosa infratemporal. A partir de su análisis planteamos que su denominación como "proceso infratemporal" sería más apropiado, debido a que se desarrollaría a partir de la tracción muscular ejercida por el musculo pterigoideo lateral y la porción profunda del músculo temporal, ocasionando variaciones notables en su morfología, probablemente debido a factores externos y funcionales o incluso influenciada por el biotipo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sphenoid Bone/anatomy & histology , Temporal Muscle/anatomy & histology , Maxillary Artery/anatomy & histology , Maxillary Nerve/anatomy & histology , Cross-Sectional Studies
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 35(4): 1348-1350, Dec. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893140

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Accessory meningeal artery is a branch of the first part of the maxillary artery. It supplies the structures in the infratemporal fossa and the dura mater in the middle cranial fossa. Accessory meningeal artery arose from the middle meningeal artery, 25 mm below the base of the skull and entered the middle cranial fossa through the foramen ovale. The two roots of the auriculotemporal nerve looped around it. The knowledge of the variant origin and relations may be useful during the surgeries of the infratemporal fossa. It might also be useful to the radiologists.


RESUMEN: La arteria meníngea media es una rama accesoria que emerge al inicio de la arteria maxilar. Suministra la vascularización a nivel de la fosa infratemporal y la duramadre en la fosa craneal media. En este trabajo, surgió una arteria meníngea accesoria de la arteria meníngea media, a una 25 mm por debajo de la base del cráneo, accediendo en la fosa craneal media a través del foramen oval. Las dos raíces del nervio auriculotemporal la rodeaban. El conocimiento de esta variación y sus relaciones pueden ser útiles durante las cirugías de la fosa infratemporal, como así también puede ser útil para los radiólogos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anatomic Variation , Maxillary Artery/anatomy & histology , Meningeal Arteries/anatomy & histology , Skull Base/blood supply , Cadaver
6.
ImplantNewsPerio ; 2(6): 1015-1021, nov.-dez. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-880484

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever a anatomia do ramo intraósseo da artéria alveolar superior posterior (riAASP) na parede lateral do seio maxilar. Material e métodos: 31 pacientes se encaixaram nos critérios de inclusão para a pesquisa. Avaliou-se a presença ou não do riAASP, sua distância até o assoalho do seio maxilar e até a crista alveolar, e seu diâmetro nas regiões dentais posteriores bilateralmente em maxila, comparando regiões dentadas com edentadas através de TCFCs. Resultados: o riAASP foi identificado em 21 pacientes (67,7%), sendo mais visualizado na região de primeiro molar. Foram avaliadas 248 regiões dentais de 31 pacientes, onde o riAASP foi visualizado e mensurado em 153 regiões (61,7%). Quanto mais posterior era a região, maior era o diâmetro do vaso, tanto para regiões dentadas quanto para as edentadas, e o diâmetro médio encontrado foi de 1,2 mm. A distância do riAASP até o assoalho do seio maxilar nas regiões dentadas não apresentou diferença estatisticamente significante nas diferentes regiões dentais. Já nas regiões edentadas, quanto mais posterior foi a região, menor foi esta distância. Em relação à distância da artéria até a crista alveolar, quanto mais anterior era a região dental, mais distante da crista o riAASP se posicionou. Conclusão: o conhecimento anatômico, a solicitação de exames de tomografi a computadorizada, a interpretação no planejamento pré-operatório e a habilidade do cirurgião poderão eliminar ou diminuir os acidentes relacionados à hemorragia do riAASP durante a cirurgia de levantamento do seio maxilar.


Objective: to define the anatomy of the intraosseous branch of the posterior superior alveolar artery (ioPSAA) in the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus. Material and methods: 31 patients meet the inclusion criteria for the study. The presence or absence of ioAASP, its distance to the floor of the maxillary sinus, to the alveolar crest and its diameter, were evaluated in the posterior dental regions bilaterally in the maxilla, comparing edentulos and dentate regions through CBCTs. Results: the ioPSAA was identifi ed in 21 patients (67.7%), being more visualized in the 1st molar region. A total of 248 dental regions of 31 patients were evaluated, where ioAASP was visualized and measured in 153 regions (61.7%). The diameter of the artery increases as it runs posteriorly in the maxilla, for both toothed and edentate regions. The mean diameter found was 1.2 mm. The distance from the ioPSAA to the maxillary sinus fl oor in the dentate regions did not present a statistically significant difference in the different dental regions. In the edentate regions, the more posterior the region, the smaller the distance to the sinus floor. Regarding the distance from the artery to the alveolar crest, the more anteror the dental anterior, the greater the distance of ioPSAA from the alveolar crest. Conclusion: anatomical knowledge, the need for CT scans, its interpretation in the preoperative planning, and the surgeon's ability, may eliminate or reduce the accidents related to riAASP hemorrhage during maxillary sinus surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Implantation , Maxillary Artery/anatomy & histology , Oral Hemorrhage/prevention & control , Oral Surgical Procedures , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-148446

ABSTRACT

The present case report describes a complication involving facial blanching symptoms occurring during inferior alveolar nerve block anesthesia (IANBA). Facial blanching after IANBA can be caused by the injection of an anesthetic into the maxillary artery area, affecting the infraorbital artery.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Anesthesia, Dental , Arteries , Mandibular Nerve , Maxillary Artery , Nerve Block
8.
Rev. ADM ; 73(6): 286-290, nov.-dic. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-869338

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El conocimiento de la anatomía de la región maxilar debe ser esencial para el cirujano antes de realizar levantamiento del seno maxilar para evitar complicaciones. La arteria alveolo antral forma una anastomosis intraósea con la arteria infraorbitaria a nivel de la pared antero lateral del seno maxilar, aproximadamente a una distancia de entre 18.9 y 19.6 mm desde el reborde alveolar maxilar. La arteria alveolo antral es la encargada de dar vascularidad a la membrana mucosa del seno maxilar, pared antero lateral del seno y tejido perióstico subyacente.Objetivo: Describir y establecer la frecuencia, diámetro y localización dela anastomosis entre la arteria infraorbitaria y la arteria alveolar posterior superior, llamada arteria alveolo antral y su relación con la cresta ósea alveolar en una población mexicana. Material y métodos: Se realizaun protocolo de estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal en una población de 1,116 pacientes derecho habientes del Instituto de Seguridad Social y Servicios para los Trabajadores del Estado (ISSSTE), en el oriente de la Ciudad de México, mediante la revisión de estudios de tomografía volumétrica computarizada. Resultados: Se encuentra la anastomosis arterial en el 90 por ciento de los estudios revisados, correspondiente a 1,005 estudios de tomografía.


Introduction: In order to avoid complications, it is essential for surgeonsto have a detailed knowledge of the anatomy of the superior maxillarybone prior to performing any sinus lift procedure. The alveolarantral artery forms an intraosseous anastomosis with the infraorbitalartery at the level of the anterolateral wall of the maxillary antrum at anapproximate distance of between 18.9 and 19.6 mm from the maxillaryalveolar ridge. The alveolar antral artery is responsible for providingvascularity to the mucous membrane of the maxillary sinus, the anteriorlateral wall of the sinus, and the underlying periosteal tissue. Objective:To analyze and establish the frequency, diameter, and locationof the anastomosis between the infraorbital artery and the posteriorsuperior alveolar artery known as the alveolar antral artery, and itsrelationship to the alveolar bone crest in a Mexican cohort. Materialand methods. We conducted a cross-sectional observational descriptivestudy involving a cohort comprised of 1,116 patients of the Institute forSocial Security and Services for State Workers (ISSSTE) on the eastside of Mexico City. The study consisted of a review of CBCT studies.Results: The arterial anastomosis was found in 90% of the 1,005 CBCTstudies reviewed, based on which the following values were determinedfor the distance between the alveolar ridge and the canal of the alveolarantral artery: for the fi rst premolar, 18.24 mm; second premolar,17.35 mm; fi rst molar, 16.96 mm, and for the second molar, 18.75 mm.Conclusions: We established the average measurements for the locationof the vascular bundle in question and the measurements neededto safeguard it along its course, which is important for the preservationand osseointegration of bone grafts placed during maxillary sinus liftprocedures, thus providing a margin of safety not previously reportedin the literature for a Mexican cohort.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Maxillary Artery/anatomy & histology , Sinus Floor Augmentation/methods , Maxillary Artery , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Arteriovenous Anastomosis/anatomy & histology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Sinus Floor Augmentation/statistics & numerical data , Mexico , Observational Study , Statistical Analysis
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-220416

ABSTRACT

Major maxillofacial bone injury itself can be life threatening from both cardiovascular point of view, as well as airway obstruction. Significant hemorrhage from facial fracture is an uncommon occurrence, and there is little in the literature to guide the management of these patients. We report a 73-year-old male driver who was transported to our hospital after a motor vehicle collision. The patient was hypotensive and tachycardic at presentation and required active fluid resuscitation and transfusion. The patient was intubated to protect the airway. All external attempts to control the bleeding, from packing to fracture reduction, were unsuccessful. Emergency angiogram revealed the bleeding to originate from terminal branches of the sphenopalatine artery, which were embolized. This was associated with cessation of bleeding and stabilization of vital signs. Despite the age and severity of injury, the patient recovered well and was discharged home at 3 months with full employment. In facial trauma patients with intractable bleeding, transcatheter arterial embolization should be considered early in the course of management to decrease mortality rate.


Subject(s)
Aged , Airway Obstruction , Angiography , Arteries , Emergencies , Employment , Hemorrhage , Humans , Male , Maxillary Artery , Maxillary Fractures , Mortality , Motor Vehicles , Resuscitation , Vital Signs
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-144510

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to report our preliminary experience with endovascular treatment (EVT) for life-threatening bleeding from branches of the external carotid artery (ECA) in patients with traumatic maxillofacial fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 12 patients seen between March 2010 and December 2014 were included in this study. All subjects met the following criteria: 1) presence of maxillofacial fracture; 2) continuous blood loss from oronasal bleeding; and 3) EVT to stop bleeding. Various clinical factors were recorded for each patient and the correlations between those factors and clinical outcome (Glasgow Outcome Scale, GOS) were evaluated. RESULTS: Four patients were injured in traffic accidents, five in falls, and three by assaults. Mean initial Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) was 6.9 ± 2.1 and the lowest hemoglobin measured was mean 6.3 ± 0.9 g/dL. GOS at discharge was 4 in five patients, 3 in three patients, and 1 (death) in four patients. GOS on follow-up (mean 13.7 months) was 5 in two patients, 4 in three patients, and 3 in three patients. Initial GCS (p = 0.016), lowest systolic blood pressure (p = 0.011), and lowest body temperature (p = 0.012) showed a significant positive correlation with good clinical outcomes. The number of units of red blood cells transfused (p = 0.030), the number of units of fresh frozen plasma transfused (p = 0.013), and the time from arrival to groin puncture (p < 0.001) showed significant negative correlation with good clinical outcomes. CONCLUSION: It might be suggested that rapid transition to EVT could be preferable to struggling with other rescue strategies to stop life-threatening bleeding from branches of the ECA in patients with traumatic maxillofacial fractures.


Subject(s)
Accidental Falls , Accidents, Traffic , Blood Pressure , Body Temperature , Carotid Artery, External , Endovascular Procedures , Erythrocytes , Facial Bones , Follow-Up Studies , Glasgow Coma Scale , Groin , Hemorrhage , Humans , Maxillary Artery , Maxillary Fractures , Plasma , Punctures
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-144503

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to report our preliminary experience with endovascular treatment (EVT) for life-threatening bleeding from branches of the external carotid artery (ECA) in patients with traumatic maxillofacial fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 12 patients seen between March 2010 and December 2014 were included in this study. All subjects met the following criteria: 1) presence of maxillofacial fracture; 2) continuous blood loss from oronasal bleeding; and 3) EVT to stop bleeding. Various clinical factors were recorded for each patient and the correlations between those factors and clinical outcome (Glasgow Outcome Scale, GOS) were evaluated. RESULTS: Four patients were injured in traffic accidents, five in falls, and three by assaults. Mean initial Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) was 6.9 ± 2.1 and the lowest hemoglobin measured was mean 6.3 ± 0.9 g/dL. GOS at discharge was 4 in five patients, 3 in three patients, and 1 (death) in four patients. GOS on follow-up (mean 13.7 months) was 5 in two patients, 4 in three patients, and 3 in three patients. Initial GCS (p = 0.016), lowest systolic blood pressure (p = 0.011), and lowest body temperature (p = 0.012) showed a significant positive correlation with good clinical outcomes. The number of units of red blood cells transfused (p = 0.030), the number of units of fresh frozen plasma transfused (p = 0.013), and the time from arrival to groin puncture (p < 0.001) showed significant negative correlation with good clinical outcomes. CONCLUSION: It might be suggested that rapid transition to EVT could be preferable to struggling with other rescue strategies to stop life-threatening bleeding from branches of the ECA in patients with traumatic maxillofacial fractures.


Subject(s)
Accidental Falls , Accidents, Traffic , Blood Pressure , Body Temperature , Carotid Artery, External , Endovascular Procedures , Erythrocytes , Facial Bones , Follow-Up Studies , Glasgow Coma Scale , Groin , Hemorrhage , Humans , Maxillary Artery , Maxillary Fractures , Plasma , Punctures
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-180136

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the distribution and prevalence of intraosseous loop (anastomosis between posterior superior alveolar artery and infraorbital artery) in Koreans detected on computed tomography (CT) images taken prior to sinus augmentation surgery. METHODS: From the 177 patients who underwent sinus augmentation with lateral approach at Ewha Womans University Department of Implant Dentistry, 284 CT scans were evaluated. The canal height (CH), ridge height (RH), and canal height from the sinus floor (CHS) were measured on para-axial views at the first premolar, first molar, and second molar. The horizontal positions of the bony canals in the lateral wall were also classified. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and t test were used to estimate the statistical differences (p < 0.05). RESULTS: The intraosseous loops were detected in 92 CT scans (32 %). The mean vertical height of the bony canals from the alveolar crest (CH) was 23.45 +/- 2.81, 15.92 +/- 2.65, and 16.61 +/- 2.92 mm at the second premolar, first molar, and second molar, respectively. In the horizontal positions of the bony canals, intraosseous type was the most predominant. The canal heights more than 15 mm and less than 17 mm were most prevalent (33.7 %) and those under 13 mm were 12.0 %. CONCLUSIONS: The radiographic findings in this study could be used to decide the lateral osteotomy line avoiding potential vascular complication. However, only one third of the canals could be detected in CT scans; a precaution should be taken for the possibility of severe bleeding during lateral osteotomy.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Bicuspid , Dentistry , Female , Hemorrhage , Humans , Maxillary Artery , Molar , Osteotomy , Prevalence , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-632696

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To present a rare case of post-traumatic recurrent epistaxis in an elderly woman.METHODS:  Design: Case Report  Setting: Tertiary Private Hospital  Patient: OneRESULT: A  93-year-old  woman  had  multiple  admissions  for  recurrent  life  threatening  nose-bleeding  that  was  not  controlled  until  a  post-traumatic pseudoaneurysm  of  the  infraorbital artery was diagnosed and embolized.CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of pseudoaneurysm should be considered in such cases, and treatment involving surgeons and interventional radiologists should be initiated to minimize morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Epistaxis , Aneurysm, False , Maxillary Artery
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746841

ABSTRACT

As an important landmark, the posterolateral wall of maxillary sinus can help to locate numbers of significant signs such as maxillary artery and its branches, maxillary nerve and infraorbital nerve, infratemporal fossa and pterygopalatine fossa etc. in the endoscopic surgery for paranasal sinuses and lateral skull base. This article reviewed related researches about the anatomy and endoscopic surgery of posterolateral wall of maxillary sinus.


Subject(s)
Endoscopy , Humans , Maxillary Artery , Maxillary Nerve , Maxillary Sinus , Nasal Surgical Procedures , Pterygopalatine Fossa
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66596

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to measure the distance of the intraosseous vascular anastomosis in the anterolateral wall of the maxillary sinus from different reference points, and to correlate the location of the intraosseous vascular anastomosis with the tooth position and the residual bone height of the maxilla. METHODS: Computed tomography (CT) images were taken from 283 patients undergoing dental implants placement in the posterior maxilla. Three horizontal lines were drawn at the ridge crest, maxillary sinus floor, and the position of the anastomosis. A vertical second line at the center of each tooth was drawn perpendicular to the horizontal lines. The distance from the ridge crest to the maxillary sinus floor and the distance from the maxillary sinus floor to the bony canal were measured from the intersections of the horizontal and vertical lines. The residual alveolar bone height was used to categorize three groups: group 1,8 mm. RESULTS: The residual bone height values of different tooth positions were significantly different (P=0.0002). The distance from the maxillary sinus floor to the intraosseous vascular anastomosis was significantly different between groups 1 and 3 (P=0.0039). At the molar sites, a moderate negative correlation was found between the residual bone height and the distance from the maxillary sinus floor to the intraosseous anastomosis. The distances of the alveolar ridge crest and the maxillary sinus from the intraosseous vascular anastomosis were not significantly different between sexes. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of this study, sites with a higher residual bone height in the molar regions were at a relatively high risk of artery damage during window osteotomy preparation; therefore, we recommend taking more precautions when using a lateral approach for sinus elevation.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Bone Loss , Alveolar Process , Arteries , Dental Implants , Humans , Maxilla , Maxillary Artery , Maxillary Sinus , Molar , Mouth, Edentulous , Osteotomy , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Tooth
16.
Rev. MED ; 21(2): 53-57, jul.-dic. 2013. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-706619

ABSTRACT

su largo trayecto en el cuero cabelludo y relativa vulnerabilidad, sin embargo, las fístulas arteriovenosas del cuero cabelludo son una patología infrecuente. Presentamos un caso de una paciente femenina quien, 2 años después de un trauma lacerante del cuero cabelludo, presenta una fístula arteriovenosa traumática de la arteria temporal superficial. La lesión es tratada de manera exitosa mediante la extirpación quirúrgica, se realiza una revisión de la literatura con respecto a la etiología, manifestaciones clínicas, patogenia, diagnóstico y su tratamiento.


The superficial temporal artery is particularly vulnerable to trauma because of its long journey throughout the scalp and relative vulnerability; however, the scalp arteriovenous fistulas are an uncommon finding. We report a case of a female patient who 2 years after a scalp wounding injury presents with a superficial temporal artery (STA) traumatic arteriovenous fistula (TAVF), treated successfully by surgical removal. We review the literature regarding the etiology, clinical manifestations, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment.


A artéria temporal superficial é particularmente vulnerável ao trauma devido aoseulongotrajeto no courocabeludo e relativa vulnerabilidade, porém as fístulas arteriovenosas do courocabeludo são uma patologia infrequente. Apresentamos um caso de uma paciente feminina quem2anos apósde um trauma lacerante do courocabeludo a presenta uma fístula arteriovenosa traumática da artéria temporal superficial, tratada com sucesso mediante a extirpação cirúrgica , se realiza uma revisão da literatura a respeito à etiologia, manifestações clínicas, patogenia, diagnóstico eseutratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arteriovenous Fistula , Wounds and Injuries , Maxillary Artery
17.
Braz. oral res ; 27(5): 431-437, Sep-Oct/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-685421

ABSTRACT

Assessment of the maxillary sinus anatomy before sinus augmentation is important for avoiding surgical complications, because of the close anatomical relationship between the posterior maxillary teeth and the maxillary sinus. The posterior superior alveolar artery (PSAA) is the branch of the maxillary artery that supplies the lateral sinus wall and overlying membrane. We evaluated the location of the PSAA and its relationship to the alveolar ridge and maxillary sinus using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). The study group consisted of 135 CBCT scans (270 sinuses) obtained from the archive of the dentomaxillofacial radiology department at Yeditepe University Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul, Turkey. The distance between the lower border of the artery and the alveolar crest, bone height from the sinus floor to the ridge crest, distance from the artery to the medial sinus wall, and the diameter and location of the artery were determined. The occurrence of septa and pathology were recorded from CBCT scans. The PSAA was observed in 89.3% of sinuses, and 71.1% of arteries were intraosseous with diameters mostly < 1 mm (68.9%). The prevalence of sinus septa was 55.2%, and that of sinus pathology was 57.4%. The mean age was 43.07 ± 17.55 years. There was a statistically significant difference between the location of the artery and gender (p < 0.05). The prevalence of sinus membrane thickening was 57.4%. Detailed knowledge about the location of the PSAA and sinus morphology may be obtained with CBCT before maxillary sinus surgery.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Alveolar Process/blood supply , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Maxillary Artery , Maxillary Sinus , Age Factors , Alveolar Process/anatomy & histology , Alveolar Process , Maxillary Artery/anatomy & histology , Maxillary Sinus/anatomy & histology , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Sex Factors
18.
KMJ-Kuwait Medical Journal. 2013; 45 (3): 234-236
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-130594

ABSTRACT

This report describes radiologic features and management of a case of pseudo-aneurysm of the right internal maxillary artery and a brief review of the literature. We report the case of an 18-year-old man who presented with right-sided sudden, severe nasal bleeding. He had sustained craniofacial trauma five months before the onset the bleeding. This resulted in multiple facial bone fractures for which he had undergone open reduction and internal fixation [ORIF]. The pseudoaneurysm was diagnosed by conventional angiography of the common carotid arteries and was successfully occluded


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Maxillary Artery , Cerebral Angiography , Embolization, Therapeutic , Aneurysm, False/therapy
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-105256

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze three-dimensional images of the arterial supply to the temporomandibular joint. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients (five men and five women, mean age 36 years) without signs or symptoms of temporomandibular disorders, who underwent contrast-enhanced computed tomographic (CT) scanning with intravenous contrast, were studied. The direct volume rendering technique of CT images was used, and a data set of images to visualize the vasculature of the human temporomandibular joint in three dimensions was created. After elaboration of the data through post-processing, the arterial supply of the temporomandibular joint was studied. RESULTS: The analysis revealed the superficial temporal artery, the anterior tympanic artery, the deep temporal artery, the auricular posterior artery, the transverse facial artery, the middle meningeal artery, and the maxillary artery with their branches as the main arterial sources for the lateral and medial temporomandibular joint. CONCLUSION: The direct volume rendering technique was found to be successful in the assessment of the arterial supply to the temporomandibular joint. The superficial temporal artery and maxillary artery ran along the lateral and medial sides of the condylar neck, suggesting that these arteries are at increased risk during soft-tissue procedures such as an elective arthroplasty of the temporomandibular joint.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Arthroplasty , Female , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Maxillary Artery , Meningeal Arteries , Neck , Temporal Arteries , Temporomandibular Joint , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders
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