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1.
Arq. odontol ; 60: 10-18, 2024. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1562373

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a prevalência de variações anatômicas no complexo nasossinusal por meio de tomografia computadorizada (TC) em pacientes com sinusite não odontogênica. Métodos: Um estudo observacional e retrospectivo consistiu em 860 prontuários com indicação de tomografias computadorizadas multislice para avaliação de sinusite. A sinusite odontogênica foi caracterizada pela presença de espessamento da mucosa sinusal maior que 2 milímetros e ausência de alterações dentárias na região. Posteriormente, foram avaliadas as variações do complexo nasossinusal e realizada uma análise descritiva. Em seguida, 33 tomografias computadorizadas foram analisadas com sinusopatia não odontogênica, e o complexo nasossinusal foi avaliado quanto à presença das seguintes variações anatômicas como desvio do septo nasal associado a esporão ósseo, concha média bolhos, aumento do seio frontal entre outras. Resultados: Variações anatômicas foram observadas em 87,9% dos casos, sendo 15 do gênero masculino (46,0%) e 18 do gênero feminino (54,0%) e distribuídos em 45,5% dos pacientes entre 41-60 anos. A variação anatômica mais frequente foi a concha média bolhosa (37,9%), seguida de septações no seio maxilar (10,3%) e seio frontal alargado (13,8%). Conclusão:Verificou-se uma considerável incidência de variações anatômicas associadas à sinusite não odontogênica, com evidência para a concha média bolhosa.


Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of anatomical variations in the sinonasal complex using computed tomography (CT) in patients with non-odontogenic sinusitis. Methods: This observational and retrospective study involved the analysis of 860 multislice CT scans prescribed for sinusitis evaluation. Non-odontogenic sinusitis was characterized by the presence of sinus mucosal thickening exceeding 2 millimeters and the absence of dental changes in the region. Subsequently, sinonasal complex variations were evaluated, and a descriptive analysis was conducted. Subsequently, 33 CT scans with non-odontogenic sinusopathy were analyzed, and the sinonasal complex was evaluated for the presence of the following anatomical variations: deviation of the nasal septum associated with a bony spur, bullous middle concha, unilateral hypoplasia of the maxillary sinus, among others. Results: Anatomical variations were observed in 87.9% of cases, with 15 males (46.0%) and 18 female (54.0%), distributed among patients aged 41-60 years (45.5%). The most frequent anatomical variation was the bullous middle concha (37.9%), followed by septations in the maxillary sinus (10.3%) and enlarged frontal sinus (13.8%). Conclusion: A considerable incidence of anatomical variations associated with non-odontogenic sinusitis was observed, with evidence of a bullous middle concha.


Subject(s)
Sinusitis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Anatomic Variation , Maxillary Sinus
2.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 17(3): 240-244, sept. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514375

ABSTRACT

La celulitis orbitaria es una patología grave que está asociada con sinusitis paranasal. Éstas suelen presentar edema periorbitario, dolor, y movimiento extraocular restringido. La mayoría de los casos presentan pronóstico favorable, asociado a terapia antibiótica o drenaje quirúrgico. Las celulitis de origen odontogénico representan 2 a 5 % de todos los casos; se caracterizan por una diseminación del proceso infeccioso desde los ápices de las raíces, infectando al seno maxilar, llegando a la órbita a través de la fisura orbitaria inferior o a través de un defecto en el piso de la órbita. En el presente estudio se reporta el caso de un paciente masculino de 28 años que consulta por aumento de volumen periorbitario izquierdo con 4 días de evolución, posterior a exodoncia de segundo molar superior izquierdo. Al examen extraoral presenta aumento de volumen izquierdo con eritema periorbitario, proptosis ocular ipsilateral con visión conservada, y salida de líquido purulento por fosa nasal izquierda. En los exámenes de laboratorio e imagenológicos se pesquisa compromiso de seno maxilar, etmoidal y esfenoidal, decidiendo su hospitalización y manejo quirúrgico en tres tiempos operatorios, los cuales permiten acceso a pared anterior del seno maxilar y a espacio pterigoideo. Dentro de los diagnósticos de celulitis orbitaria pueden incluir reacciones alérgicas, conjuntivitis o herpes. Se excluyeron los diagnósticos mencionados debido a que no se observaron alteraciones dermocutáneas periorbitarias. Por el contrario, el compromiso unilateral, movimiento ocular alterado y doloroso indica que el cuadro abarcaba espacios profundos. La infección de senos paranasales posterior a una exodoncia es una complicación poco frecuente. Un diagnóstico temprano adecuado disminuye la morbilidad y mortalidad de esta condición. Debemos estar alertas a complicaciones posteriores en procedimientos realizados, tener conocimiento en diagnóstico y manejo de posibles evoluciones tórpidas en pacientes.


Orbital cellulitis is a serious pathology that is associated with paranasal sinusitis. These medical conditions usually present with periorbital edema, pain, and restricted extraocular movement. Most cases have a favorable prognosis, associated with antibiotic therapy or surgical drainage. Cellulitis of odontogenic origin represents 2 to 5 % of all cases. They are characterized by a spread of the infectious process from the apices of the roots, infecting the maxillary sinus, reaching the orbit through the inferior orbital fissure or through a defect in the floor of the orbit. The present study reports the case of a 28-year-old male patient, who consulted for a volume increase in left periorbital volume with 4 days of evolution, after extraction of the upper left second molar. Extraoral examination showed left volume increase with periorbital erythema, ipsilateral ocular proptosis with preserved vision, and discharge of purulent fluid from the left nostril. The laboratory and imaging tests showed compromise of the maxillary, ethmoid and sphenoid sinus deciding on hospitalization and surgical management in three operative times, which allow access to the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus and the pterygoid space. Diagnoses of orbital cellulitis may include allergic reactions, conjunctivitis, or herpes. These diagnoses were excluded because no periorbital dermocutaneous alterations were observed. In contrast, unilateral involvement, impaired eye movement, and pain indicate that the condition involved deep spaces. Paranasal sinus infection after tooth extraction is a rare complication. An early diagnosis adequately decreases the morbidity and mortality of this condition. We must be alert to subsequent complications in procedures performed, have knowledge in diagnosis and management of possible torpid evolutions in patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Maxillary Sinusitis/surgery , Maxillary Sinusitis/diagnostic imaging , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Tooth Extraction/adverse effects , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Orbital Cellulitis/surgery , Focal Infection, Dental/therapy
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 618-624, abr. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440303

ABSTRACT

El conocimiento de la relación entre el seno maxilar y los ápices de los dientes posterosuperiores es fundamental para evitar complicaciones frente a distintos tratamientos. Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal, con muestra por conveniencia de 383 imágenes de raíces de dientes posterosuperiores obtenidas por medio de tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (TCHC) de un centro radiológico en Viña del Mar, Chile. Cada raíz fue clasificada según su relación vertical con el seno en 4 categorías (0: ápice no se encuentra en contacto con contorno inferior del seno; 1: ápice en contacto con seno; 2: ápice lateralmente al seno; 3: ápice se protruye en seno). Además se midió su distancia en mm. Los datos fueron analizados con estadística descriptivas. El diente más lejano al seno maxilar fue el primer premolar superior (4.2 mm), seguido por el segundo premolar superior (1 mm). En el primer molar superior la raíz más lejana fue la mesio-vestibular (MV) 1mm, seguida por la raíz disto-vestibular (DV) 0.6mm y la raíz palatina (P) -1mm. En el segundo molar superior la raíz más lejana fue P 0.4mm, luego la DV 0.3mm, y MV -0,11mm. En cuanto a las categorías, se observó que la mayoría de las raíces se encuentran alejadas del seno siendo la raíz P del primer molar superior y la raíz MV del segundo molar superior las que se encuentran mayormente protruidas (42 % y 26 % respectivamente). El primer premolar es el diente posterosuperior que se encuentra más alejado del seno maxilar y a medida que se avanza hacia posterior hay tendencia a disminuir la distancia entre los ápices y el seno maxilar.


SUMMARY: Knowledge of the relationship between the maxillary sinus and the apices of the upper posterior teeth is crucial to avoid complications when considering different treatments. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out, with a convenience sample of 383 images of upper posterior teeth roots, obtained by means of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) from a radiological center in Viña del Mar, Chile. Each root was classified according to its vertical relationship with the sinus into 4 categories (0: apex is not in contact with the lower contour of the sinus; 1: apex is in contact with the sinus; 2: apex laterally to the sinus; 3: apex protrudes in sinus). In addition, its distance was measured in mm. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics. The tooth farthest from the maxillary sinus was the maxillary first premolar (4.2 mm), followed by the maxillary second premolar (1 mm). In the upper first molar, the most distant root was the mesiobuccal (MV) 1mm, followed by the distobuccal root (DV) 0.6mm and the palatal root (P) -1mm. In the upper second molar, the furthest root was P 0.4mm, then DV 0.3mm, and MV -0.11mm. In reference to the categories, it was observed that most of the roots are far from the sinus, with the P root of the first upper molar and the MV root of the second upper molar being the most protruding (42 % and 26 % respectively). The first premolar is the posterior maxillary tooth that is furthest from the maxillary sinus and as one advances posteriorly there is a tendency to decrease the distance between the apices and the maxillary sinus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Tooth Apex/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Tooth Apex/anatomy & histology , Maxillary Sinus/anatomy & histology
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 461-465, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440326

ABSTRACT

Comparar la permeabilidad de las vías aéreas y el tamaño de los senos maxilares en relación con la clase esqueletal. se midieron 90 radiografías lateral de cráneo, divididas en 3 grupos, comparando las 3 clases esqueletales, las cuales se determinaron con la medida ANB de Steiner, y estas a su vez en dos subgrupos que fueron hombres y mujeres, en las cuales se utilizó el análisis de McNamara para el análisis de vías aéreas y para el área del seno maxilar se tomaron dos medidas una antero-posterior y cefálica-caudal. Al comparar los hombres con las mujeres se identificó significancia estadística en vía área superior de clase II (p=≤0.017), vía aérea inferior de clase III (p=≤0.006). Al comparar las clases esqueletales en hombres se identificó diferencias en la vía aérea superior en las clases I vs III (p=≤0.05), inferior en la clase I vs III (p=≤0,001) y II vs III (p=≤0.044). Con respecto a mujeres se identificó significancia en la vía aérea superior al comparar la clase I vs II (p=≤0,043), vía aérea inferior en la clase II vs III (p=≤0.05), longitud del seno maxilar al comparar clase I vs II (p=≤0.017). Entre la clase I esqueletal y la clase II, el tamaño de los senos maxilares resulto menor en longitud en las mujeres de clase II esqueletal. Entre la clase I y clase III esqueletal en hombres, se encontró una longitud menor en la vía aérea superior e inferior en la clase I. Las vías aéreas resultaron en menor tamaño en sujetos de clase II.


SUMMARY: To compare the airway permeability and the size of the maxillary sinuses in relation to the skeletal class. 90 lateral skull radiographs were divided into 3 groups, comparing the 3 skeletal classes, which were determined with Steiner's ANB measurement, and these were once in two subgroups that were men and women, in any McNamara analysis was used for the analysis of airways and for the maxillary sinus area measurements were made an antero-posterior and cephalic-caudal. When comparing males with females, statistical significance was identified in the upper class II route (p=≤0,017), lower class III airway (p=≤0.006). At least skeletal classes in men, differences were identified in the upper airway in classes I vs III (p=≤0.05), lower in class I vs III (p=≤0.001) and II vs III (p=≤0.044). With respect to women, significance was identified in the upper airway when comparing class I vs II (p=≤0.043), lower airway in class II vs. III (p=≤0.05), maxillary sinus length to class I vs II (p=≤0.017). Between skeletal class I and class II, maxillary sinus size was shorter in length in skeletal class II women. Between class I and skeletal class III in men, a lower length was found in the upper and lower airways in class I. The airways were found to be smaller in class II subjects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Permeability , Nasopharynx/diagnostic imaging , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Nasopharynx/anatomy & histology , Malocclusion, Angle Class I , Malocclusion, Angle Class II , Malocclusion, Angle Class III , Maxillary Sinus/anatomy & histology , Mexico
5.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 487-490, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982773

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effectiveness of nasal endoscopic anterior lacrimal recess approach combined with temporary fenestration of the nasal septum in resecting recurrent nasal inverted papilloma. Methods:Patients with recurrent nasal inverted papilloma who underwent reoperation in our hospital during the past 2 years were included . The nasal septum may hinder full access to and effective treatment of the lesions at the anterior and medial wall of the maxillary sinus by endoscope, aspirator and surgical instrument in the narrow aperture of the prelacrimal recess, although these lesions could be observed by 70° nasal endoscope. Results:The nasal septum is temporarily opened on the basis of the prelacrimal recess approach, and the nasal endoscope and instrument was introduced through trans-septal window, so as to provide a better view of the operative field and the angular range of the instrument's movement. Conclusion:The recurrent nasal inverted papilloma could be successfully managed by re-endoscopic anterior lacrimal recess approach combined with temporary fenestration of the nasal septum, and no recurrence was observed during the 2-year follow-up. This surgical approach is recommended for the inverted papilla which originates from the anterior medial wall of the maxillary sinus, as the tumor can be removed completely using this surgical approach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Papilloma, Inverted/pathology , Endoscopy , Maxillary Sinus/pathology , Lacrimal Apparatus/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies
6.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 28-28, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982485

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to introduce a minimally invasive technique for maxillary sinus floor elevation using the lateral approach (lSFE) and to determine the factors that influence the stability of the grafted area in the sinus cavity. Thirty patients (30 implants) treated with lSFE using minimally invasive techniques from 2015 to 2019 were included in the study. Five aspects of the implant (central, mesial, distal, buccal, and palatal bone heights [BHs]) were measured using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) before implant surgery, immediately after surgery (T0), 6 months after surgery (T1), and at the last follow-up visit (T2). Patients' characteristics were collected. A small bone window (height, (4.40 ± 0.74) mm; length, (6.26 ± 1.03) mm) was prepared. No implant failed during the follow-up period (3.67 ± 1.75) years. Three of the 30 implants exhibited perforations. Changes in BH of the five aspects of implants showed strong correlations with each other and BH decreased dramatically before second-stage surgery. Residual bone height (RBH) did not significantly influence BH changes, whereas smoking status and type of bone graft materials were the potentially influential factors. During the approximate three-year observation period, lSFE with a minimally invasive technique demonstrated high implant survival rate and limited bone reduction in grafted area. In conclusion, lSFE using minimally invasive techniques was a viable treatment option. Patients who were nonsmokers and whose sinus cavity was filled with deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM) had significantly limited bone resorption in grafted area.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cattle , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Bone Resorption , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
7.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(5): 1-10, nov. 23, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1435194

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the accuracy of the panoramic radiography with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans in measuring the distances between root apexes and the adjacent anatomical structures including the maxillary sinus and the mandibular canal. Material and Methods: A total of 200 CBCT scans (100 maxillary and 100 mandibular) from patients who also had corresponding panoramic radiography were selected. Linear measurements (in mm) presenting centralized image were made between the apexes of the maxillary teeth and the inferior wall of the maxillary sinus, and between the apexes of the mandibular teeth and the superior border of the mandibular canal by using specific software for panoramic radiography and the measurements on the coronal sections in CBCT scans. Data were submitted to inferential statistical analysis and Student's t-test for comparison between measurements. Results: CBCT scans were significantly more accurate than panoramic radiography to measure the distances between the apexes of the maxillary teeth and the inferior wall of the maxillary sinus (p<0.05) and between the apexes of the mandibular teeth and the superior border of the mandibular canal or mental foramen (p<0.05). Conclusion: CBCT scans present more accurate measurements than panoramic radiography.


Objetivo: Comparar la precisión de la radiografía panorámica con las exploraciones de la tomografía computarizada dental de haz en cónico (CBCT) para medir las distancias entre los vértices radiculares y las estructuras anatómicas adyacentes, incluidos el seno maxilar y el canal mandibular. Material y Métodos: Se seleccionaron un total de 200 tomografías CBCT (100 maxilares y 100 mandibulares) de pacientes que además tenían la correspondiente radiografía panorámica. Se realizaron mediciones lineales (en mm) que presentaban imagen centralizada entre los ápices de los dientes maxilares y la pared inferior del seno maxilar, y entre los ápices de los dientes mandibulares y el borde superior del canal mandibular mediante software específico para radiografía panorámica. y las mediciones en las secciones coronales en escaneos CBCT. Los datos se sometieron a análisis estadístico inferencial y prueba t de Student para comparación entre mediciones. Resultados: Las exploraciones CBCT fueron significativamente más precisas que la radiografía panorámica para medir las distancias entre los ápices de los dientes maxilares y la pared inferior del seno maxilar (p<0,05) y entre los ápices de los dientes mandibulares y el borde superior de los dientes mandibulares. canal o agujero mentoniano (p<0.05). Conclusión: Las exploraciones CBCT presentan mediciones más precisas que la radiografía panorámica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tooth/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Panoramic , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Tooth Apex/anatomy & histology , Mandibular Canal/diagnostic imaging , Anatomy, Regional , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging
8.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(4): 1-13, jul. 21, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427085

ABSTRACT

Objetive: To compare the stresses and deformations generated on the surrounding bone of the zygomatic implants when using an intra sinusal and extra-maxillary approach, through the finite element method. Material and Methods: Computer aided designs (CADs) were constructed using SolidWorks Software of a skull with bone resorption to be rehabilitated through a fixed hybrid prosthesis using two zygomatic and two conventional straight implants. For the boundary conditions (load conditions), symmetry in the sagittal plane was assumed and that all the materials were isotropic, homogeneous and linearly elastic. Two zygomatic implantation techniques were simulated: intra sinusal (Is) and extra maxillary (Em). Vertical and lateral loads of 150 N and 50 N were applied to the finite element models to obtain Von Mises equivalent stress and strain (displacement). Results: The average measurement of the Von Mises stress (MPa) recorded were as follows: Approach of the implant body (Is: 0.24- Em: 0.28,) effort of implant body with vertical load: Is: 0.69 - Em: 0.96; effort of peri-implant surface under horizontal load: Is: 2.11 - Em: 0.94. Average displacement under vertical load of peri-implant surface Is: 0.35 - Em: 0.40, and of implant body Is: 1.34 - Em: 2.04. Average total deformation in approach Is: 2.23 mm - Em: 0.80mm, and average total deformation in the implant body under horizontal load was Is: 0.14 - Em: 0.21. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that despite the differences that occurred in both stress and strain (displacement) between the intra-sinus and extra-maxillary approaches, the static strength of the bone, which is approximately 150 MPa in tension and 250 MPa in compression was not exceeded. Considering the limitations of finite element analysis, there seems to be no biomechanical reason to choose one approach over the other.


Objetivo: Comparar por el método de elementos finitos los esfuerzos y deformaciones generados sobre el hueso circundante de implantes cigomáticos tratados con un abordaje intra sinusal y extra maxilar. Material y Métodos: Se construyeron los diseños asistidos por computadora (CAD) utilizando el Software SolidWorks de un cráneo con una reabsorción ósea para ser rehabilitado, a través de una prótesis híbrida fija, mediante dos implantes cigomáticos y dos rectos convencionales. Para las condiciones de frontera (condiciones de carga) se asumió simetría en el plano sagital y que todos los materiales eran isotrópicos, homogéneos y linealmente elásticos. Se simularon dos técnicas de implantación cigomática: una intra sinusal (Is) y otra extra maxilar (Em). Se aplicaron cargas verticales y laterales de 150 N y 50 N a los modelos de elementos finitos para obtener el esfuerzo equivalente de Von mises y la deformación (desplazamiento). Resultados: La medición promedio del esfuerzo de Von Mises (MPa) registró: abordaje del cuerpo de implante (Is: 0.24-Em: 0.28) esfuerzo del cuerpo de implante con carga vertical: (Is:0.69 ­ Em: 0.96); esfuerzo de la superficie peri implantar ante carga horizontal (lateral):( Is:2.11 ­ Em:0.94). Desplazamiento promedio ante carga vertical de la superficie peri implantar (Is:0.35 ­ Em:0.40) y del cuerpo del implante (Is:1.34 ­ Em:2.04). Deformación total promedio en mm en abordaje (Is: 2.23 ­ Em:0.80) y deformación total promedio en el cuerpo del implante ante carga horizontal (Is:0.14 ­ Em:0.21). Conclusión: Los resultados de este estudio indican que a pesar de las diferencias que se presentaron tanto en el esfuerzo como en la deformación (desplazamiento) entre los abordajes intra sinusal y extra maxilar, la resistencia estática del hueso, que es de aproximadamente 150 MPa en tensión y 250 MPa en compresión no se superó. Considerando las limitaciones de los AEF, parece no haber razones biomecánicas para elegir uno u otro enfoque.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants , Finite Element Analysis , Maxillary Sinus/physiology , Zygoma/surgery , Jaw, Edentulous, Partially/rehabilitation , Weight-Bearing , Computer-Aided Design
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 601-607, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385641

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Background and Objectives: The palatine nerves and vessels cross the pterygopalatine fossa, the palatine canals, the palatine foramina and the submucosal space, at the level of the hard palate and the palatine recess of the maxillary sinus. Their trajectory is long, complicated and difficult to highlight on a single dissection piece. In the literature that we studied, we did not find clear images that fully highlight the real configuration of the pterygopalatine ganglion and nerves and of the palatine vessels. Our aim was to provide a clear and representative dissection of the pterygopalatine ganglion and of the palatine neurovascular bundle throughout its pathway in a simple, coherent and useful presentation for the practitioners interested in the regional pathology. We resected the posterior and inferomedial osseous walls of the maxillary sinus and highlighted the neurovascular structures in the pterygopalatine fossa and the wall of the maxillary sinus. We photographed the dissection fields and detailed the important relations. The images that we obtained are clear, simple and easy to interpret and use. We successfully highlighted the aspect and the main relations of the pterygopalatine ganglion and the pathway and distribution of the palatine nerves and vessels, from their origin to the terminal plexuses. There is a broad spectrum of clinical procedures or situations that require a proper knowledge and understanding of the anatomical pathway and relations of the palatine neurovascular elements. This includes the various types of regional anesthesia, tumor resection surgery, flaps of the palatine mucosa, the LeFort osteotomy etc. Demonstration of the pterygopalatine ganglion and its relations is useful in endoscopic interventions at the level of the pterygopalatine fossa.


RESUMEN: Los nervios y vasos palatinos atraviesan la fosa pterigopalatina, además de los canales palatinos, los forámenes palatinos y el espacio submucoso a nivel del paladar duro y el receso palatino del seno maxilar. Su trayectoria es larga, complicada y difícil de destacar en una sola pieza de disección. En la literatura que estudiamos, no encontramos imágenes claras que resalten completamente la configuración real del ganglio y los nervios pterigopalatinos y de los vasos palatinos. Nuestro objetivo fue proporcionar una disección clara y representativa del ganglio pterigopalatino y del haz neurovascular palatino a lo largo de su trayecto en una presentación simple, coherente y útil para los médicos interesados en la patología regional. Resecamos las paredes óseas posterior e inferomedial del seno maxilar y resaltamos las estructuras neurovasculares en la fosa pterigopalatina y la pared del seno maxilar. Fotografiamos los campos de disección y detallamos las relaciones importantes. Las imágenes que obtuvimos son claras, sencillas y de fácil interpretación. Resaltamos con éxito el aspecto y las principales relaciones del ganglio pterigopalatino y el trayecto y distribución de los nervios y vasos palatinos, desde su origen hasta los plexos terminales. En conclusion, existe un amplio espectro de procedimientos o situaciones clínicas que requieren un adecuado conocimiento y comprensión del trayecto anatómico y las relaciones de los elementos neurovasculares palatinos. Esto incluye los distintos tipos de anestesia regional, cirugía de resección tumoral, colgajos de mucosa palatina, osteotomía de LeFort, etc. La demostración del ganglio pterigopalatino y sus relaciones es útil en intervenciones endoscópicas a nivel de la fosa pterigopalatina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Ganglia, Parasympathetic/anatomy & histology , Maxillary Sinus/anatomy & histology , Arteries/anatomy & histology , Cadaver , Ganglia, Parasympathetic/blood supply
10.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(1): 1-13, may. 11, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399621

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the impact of CBCT on diagnostic evaluation and treatment plan for the maxillary sinus in dental implant planning. Material and Methods: Diagnostic evaluation and treatment plan for the maxillary sinus were evaluated by eight specialists experienced in dental implant placement. Eight panoramic radiographs (PAN) and CBCT examinations were obtained from five adult patients with a specific clinical need for dental implants. Evaluation was performed first on PAN then, at least 2 weeks later, on CBCT. Residual alveolar ridge height, mucosal thickening, radiographic findings and treatment plan were recorded. The confidence level was evaluated for both diagnostic evaluation and treatment plan. The kappa statistic for intra-observer reproducibility and McNemar test were performed. Results: In the diagnostic evaluation, CBCT showed significant impact on the diagnosis of radiographic findings. Availability of CBCT significantly changed the treatment plan, for less invasive treatment, or no treatment need. Observers had significantly greater confidence when using CBCT than PAN, when indicating presence of mucosal thickening and radiographic findings in the maxillary sinus. In addition, CBCT increased confidence in the treatment plan. Conclusion: The present study suggests that CBCT has an impact on the diagnostic evaluation of radiographic findings in the maxillary sinus and on the decision to place implants, owing to misdiagnosis of pathology and planning of more invasive treatments when using PAN. Availability of CBCT also improves clinician confidence. Further studies at higher levels of diagnostic efficacy should be performed, to justify the use of CBCT, by evaluating the actual treatment performed and its outcome.


Objetivo: Determinar el impacto de la tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (CBCT) en la evaluación diagnóstica y el plan de tratamiento del seno maxilar en la planificación de implantes dentales. Material y Métodos: La evaluación diagnóstica y el plan de tratamiento del seno maxilar fueron evaluados por ocho especialistas con experiencia en la colocación de implantes dentales. Se obtuvieron ocho radiografías panorámicas (PAN) y exámenes CBCT de cinco pacientes adultos con una necesidad clínica específica de implantes dentales. La evaluación se realizó primero en PAN y luego, al menos dos semanas después, en CBCT. Se registraron la altura del reborde alveolar residual, el engrosamiento de la mucosa, los hallazgos radiográficos y el plan de tratamiento. Se evaluó el nivel de confianza tanto para la evaluación diagnóstica como para el plan de tratamiento. Se realizó el estadístico kappa para la reproducibilidad intraobservador y la prueba de McNemar. Resultados: En la evaluación diagnóstica, CBCT mostró un impacto significativo en el diagnóstico de los hallazgos radiográficos. La disponibilidad de CBCT cambió significativamente el plan de tratamiento, para un tratamiento menos invasivo o sin necesidad de tratamiento. Los observadores tuvieron una confianza significativamente mayor al usar CBCT que PAN, al indicar la presencia de engrosamiento de la mucosa y hallazgos radiográficos en el seno maxilar. Además, CBCT aumentó la confianza en el plan de tratamiento. Conclusión: El presente estudio sugiere que la CBCT tiene un impacto en la evaluación diagnóstica de los hallazgos radiográficos en el seno maxilar y en la decisión de colocar implantes, debido al diagnóstico erróneo de la patología y la planificación de tratamientos más invasivos al usar PAN. La disponibilidad de CBCT también mejora la confianza del clínico. Se deben realizar más estudios a niveles más altos de eficacia diagnóstica para justificar el uso de CBCT, evaluando el tratamiento real realizado y su resultado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Peru/epidemiology , Diagnostic Imaging/instrumentation , Planning , Alveolar Process
11.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(1): 26-29, jan.-mar. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391750

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: O carcinoma adenoide cístico é uma lesão rara e agressiva. O presente trabalho visa relatar o caso de uma ressecção de carcinoma adenoide cístico e manutenção do arcabouço ósseo realizado por meio de sonda de Foley insuflada com soro fisiológico. Relato do caso: Um paciente submetido a ressecação de um carcinoma adenoide cístico em maxilla com destruição de soalho de órbita foi relatado. O caso foi realizado no Hospital Josina Machel em Luanda, Angola. A região apresenta uma considerável escassez de materiais de fixação e outros mais, o que impossibilita reconstruções maxilofaciais com a excelência necessária. A realização de enxertos microvascularizados ou implantes customizados torna-se inviável devido aos custos e tecnologia dispendida para tal. Conclusão: A sonda de Foley mostra-se como uma alternativa viável nos casos de reconstrução de terço médio de face com envolvimento de seio maxilar e soalho de órbita em locais de mais difícil acesso... (AU)


Objectives: Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a rare and aggressive lesion. The present work aims to report the case of a resection of adenoid cystic carcinoma and maintenance of the bone framework performed using a Foley catheter insufflated with saline solution. Case report: A patient who underwent resection of an adenoid cystic carcinoma in the maxilla with destruction of the orbital floor was reported. The case was carried out at Hospital Josina Machel in Luanda, Angola. The region has a considerable shortage of fixation materials and others, which makes maxillofacial reconstructions with the necessary excellence impossible. The realization of microvascularized grafts or customized implants becomes unfeasible due to the costs and technology used for this purpose. Conclusion: The Foley catheter is a viable alternative in cases of reconstruction of the middle third of the face with involvement of the maxillary sinus and orbital floor in areas that are more difficult to access... (AU)


Objetivos: El carcinoma adenoide quístico es una lesión rara y agresiva. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo reportar el caso de una resección de carcinoma quístico adenoide y mantenimiento de la estructura ósea realizada mediante sonda de Foley insuflada con suero fisiológico. Caso clínico: Se reporta un paciente que fue sometido a resección de un carcinoma adenoide quístico en el maxilar con destrucción del piso orbitario. El caso se llevó a cabo en el Hospital Josina Machel de Luanda, Angola. La región tiene una escasez considerable de materiales de fijación y otros, lo que imposibilita las reconstrucciones maxilofaciales con la excelencia necesaria. La realización de injertos microvascularizados o implantes personalizados se vuelve inviable por los costes y la tecnología utilizada para tal fin. Conclusión: La sonda de Foley es una alternativa viable en los casos de reconstrucción del tercio medio de la cara con afectación del seno maxilar y suelo orbitario en zonas de más difícil acceso... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Orbit/surgery , Orbit/pathology , Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms , Jaw Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Maxillary Sinus , Wounds and Injuries
12.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(1): 18-23, feb. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385567

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The posterior superior alveolar artery (PSAA) and the infra-orbital artery (IOA) present intraosseous and extraosseous rami which form an anastomosis in the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus. This anastomosis is always present, however it has not yet been included in anatomical terminology (AT), and different terms are used in scientific communication to refer to it. The aim of this study was to carry out a review of the different terms used to name this vascular structure. A literature review was carried out on the terms used to name the anastomosis between the PSAA and IOA in imaging studies and human cadavers that assessed the presence/frequency of this anatomical structure. The search was carried out in the Medline, EMBASE and LILACS databases, in Portuguese, Spanish and English, with no date restrictions. Qualitative analysis was applied to the studies selected, analysing the terminology used to refer to the anastomosis between the PSAA and IOA. Of the 2108 original articles found, 60 were selected as potentially relevant and 54 studies were finally included for qualitative analysis. Sixteen terms were found to refer to the anastomosis between the PSAA and IOA, the most frequent being Posterior Superior Alveolar Artery (PSAA), followed by Alveolar Antral Artery (AAA). Many terms are used in the medical literature to designate the anastomosis between the PSAA and IOA, the most frequent being PSAA and AAA. There is a need to unify the terms used to designate this vascular structure, and to incorporate the selected term into anatomical terminology, in order to avoid confusion in scientific communication.


RESUMEN: La arteria alveolar superior posterior (AASP) y la arteria infra-orbital (AIO) tienen ramas intra y extra óseas que forman una anastomosis en la pared lateral del seno maxilar. Esta anastomosis está siempre presente, sin embargo, aún no ha sido incluida en la terminología anatómica (TA), por lo que en la comunicación científica se utilizan diferentes términos para referirse a ella. El objetivo de este estudio fue realizar una revisión sobre los diferentes términos utilizados para nombrar esta estructura vascular. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura sobre los términos utilizados para nombrar la anastomosis entre AASP y AIO en estudios imagenológicos y en cadáveres humanos que evaluaron la presencia/frecuencia de esta estructura anatómica. La búsqueda fue realizada en las bases de datosMedline, EMBASE y LILACS, en los idiomas portugués, español e inglés, sin restricción de fecha. Los estudios seleccionados fueron evaluados de forma cualitativa, analizando la terminología empleada para referirse a la anastomosis entre AASP y AIO. Fueron encontrados 2108 artículos originales, siendo seleccionados 60 artículos potencialmente relevantes y finalmente fueron incluidos 54 estudios para análisis cualitativo. Fueron encontrados 16 términos para referirse a la anastomosis entre AASP y AIO, siendo AASP el más frecuente seguido de arteria alveolo-antral (AAA). Son muchos los términos utilizados en la literatura médica para designar la anastomosis entre AASP y AIO, siendo AASP y AAA los más usados. La unificación de los términos utilizados para designar esta estructura vascular y su incorporación en la Terminología Anatómica contribuiría a evitar equívocos en la comunicación científica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orbit/blood supply , Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Alveolar Process/blood supply , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Arteriovenous Anastomosis , Cadaver , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Terminology as Topic
13.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(4): 1-9, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1410540

ABSTRACT

Aim: To describe through a clinical case report the surgical sequence of rehabilitation with 3D-printed implants associated with maxillary sinus floor lift with synthetic regenerative materials, including biphasic bioceramic. Case Report: Patient had an agenesis of the upper left premolars (#12 and #13), a vertical bone deficiency caused by maxillary sinus' pneumatization, and a horizontal alveolar resorption around the missing teeth area. During the surgical procedures, incisions, detachment, and osteotomy were performed in the lateral region of the maxillary sinus. The sinus membrane was detached and lifted 10 mm. Then, a thick poly(dioxanone)-based synthetic resorbable membrane (Plenum) was inserted and adapted inside the sinus to protect the sinus membrane. After the osteotomies with sub-instrumentation, 3D-printed implants (Plenum) were installed in the #12 area (3.5mm x 11.5 mm; 30N) and #13 area (4.0mm x 10mm; 20N). The maxillary sinus was entirely filled with a biphasic bioceramic, HA/ß-TCP (70:30) 500-1000 µm (Plenum) and covered by the same synthetic resorbable membrane. Connective tissue graft from the palatal area was positioned internally to the flap and stabilized with sutures to improve the vestibular tissue architecture. The entire surgical wound was sutured, and the tissues stabilized. No complications occurred in the postoperative period. Conclusion: The use of synthetic regenerative memberane and 3D-printed implants seems to be a promising option in areas of deficient bone remnants (AU)


Objetivo: Descrever por meio de um relato de caso clínico a sequência cirúrgica de reabilitação com implantes obtidos por impressão 3D associados à elevação do assoalho do seio maxilar com materiais regenerativos sintéticos, incluindo uma biocerâmica bifásica. Relato de Caso: Paciente apresentava agenesia dos pré-molares superiores esquerdos (24 e 25), deficiência óssea vertical causada pela pneumatização do seio maxilar e reabsorção alveolar horizontal ao redor da área dos dentes ausentes. Durante os procedimentos cirúrgicos foram realizados incisões, descolamento e osteotomia na região lateral do seio maxilar. A membrana sinusal foi descolada e elevada 10 mm. Em seguida, uma membrana reabsorvível sintética à base de poli(dioxanona) espessa (Plenum) foi inserida e adaptada dentro do seio para proteger a membrana do seio. Após as osteotomias com subinstrumentação, implantes impressos em 3D (Plenum) foram instalados na área do 24 (3,5mm x 11,5mm; 30N) e na área do 25 (4,0mm x 10mm; 20N). O seio maxilar foi inteiramente preenchido com biocerâmica bifásica, HA/ß-TCP (70:30)500-1000 µm (Plenum) e recoberto pela mesma membrana sintética reabsorvível. O tecido conjuntivo da região palatina foi posicionado internamente ao retalho e estabilizado com suturas para melhorar a arquitetura do tecido vestibular. Toda a ferida cirúrgica foi suturada e os tecidos estabilizados. Não ocorreram complicações no pós-operatório. Conclusão:A utilização de biomateriais regenerativos sintéticos e implantes impressos parece ser uma opção promissora em áreas de remanescentes ósseos deficientes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Dental Implants , Tissue Transplantation , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Maxillary Sinus
14.
Arq. odontol ; 58: 192-198, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1412016

ABSTRACT

Aim: To report on a surgical procedure with osteotomy in the posterior region of the maxilla and lifting of the maxillary sinus floor for the installation of implants and rehabilitation with implant-supported crowns. Case report: A 54-year-old female patient was admitted to the dental clinic, complaining that she was dissatisfied with her smile and the missing teeth. After the clinical, radiographic, and tomographic examinations, a well as a case study of a semi-adjustable articulator, multidisciplinary planning was carried out using surgical, endodontic, periodontic, orthodontic, and prosthetic approaches. A lack of interocclusal space was observed in the posterior region of the maxilla. After osteotomy in tuberosity, maxillary sinus lift using an autogenous bone graft was performed, and three implants were installed. After the osseointegration period, provisional crowns were placed, followed by definitive metal-ceramic crowns. Conclusion:The surgical techniques used in this clinical case made it possible to install implants in a single clinical session for prosthetic rehabilitation.


Introdução: A reabilitação oral envolve um tratamento integrado, que inclui diversas especialidades odontológicas para restabelecer os aspectos estéticos e funcionais, resultando também na satisfação do paciente. Objetivo: O objetivo foi relatar um procedimento cirúrgico com osteotomia na região posterior da maxila e levantamento do assoalho do seio maxilar para instalação de implantes e reabilitação com coroas implantossuportadas. Relato de caso: Paciente do sexo feminino, 54 anos, apresentou-se ao ambulatório queixando-se de insatisfação com o sorriso e com a falta de dentes. Após os exames clínicos, radiográficos, tomográficos e estudo de caso em articulador semi-ajustável, foi realizado o planejamento multidisciplinar com abordagens cirúrgica, endodôntica, periodontal, ortodôntica e protética. Observou-se falta de espaço interoclusal na região posterior da maxila. Após a osteotomia na tuberosidade, foi realizada a elevação do seio maxilar com enxerto ósseo autógeno e foram instalados três implantes. Posteriormente, no período de osseointegração, foram colocadas coroas provisórias e, posteriormente, coroas metalocerâmicas definitivas. Conclusão: As técnicas cirúrgicas utilizadas neste caso clínico possibilitaram a instalação de implantes em uma única sessão clínica para a reabilitação protética.


Subject(s)
Osteotomy , Surgery, Oral , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis , Maxillary Sinus
15.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(3): e3073, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347440

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El posicionamiento de implantes dentales simultáneos a la elevación de seno maxilar en rebordes con reabsorción severa < 4mm es una técnica quirúrgica sensible que disminuye los tiempos operatorios. Sin embargo, es considerada cirujano-dependiente y en caso de no darse el manejo adecuado puede generar complicaciones. Objetivo: Evaluar, luego de 24 meses de carga funcional, la estabilidad de los tejidos periimplantares del implante dental que se posicionó simultáneo a la elevación de seno maxilar en un reborde alveolar con reabsorción ósea severa < 4mm. Presentación de caso: Paciente masculino de 62 años con reabsorción ósea severa en zona de primer molar superior derecho. Luego de analizar los medios diagnósticos y la evidencia científica; se logró posicionar un implante dental simultáneo a la elevación de seno maxilar técnica de ventana lateral; cuatro meses después se realizó la segunda fase quirúrgica y finalmente fue rehabilitado con una corona en zirconio. Tuvo un periodo de seguimiento de 24 meses. Conclusiones: Un buen diagnóstico, manejo quirúrgico adecuado, la colaboración del paciente y los controles periódicos, resultan en una técnica segura, que proporciona estabilidad de los tejidos periimplantares(AU)


Introduction: Dental implant placement simultaneous with maxillary sinus lifting on ridges with severe resorption < 4 mm is a sensitive surgical technique that shortens the duration of interventions. However, it is considered to be operator dependent, and may cause complications if not appropriately managed. Objective: After 24 months of functional load, evaluate the stability of the peri-implant tissue of a dental implant placed simultaneously with maxillary sinus lifting on an alveolar ridge with severe bone resorption. Case presentation: A case is presented of a male 62-year-old patient with severe bone resorption in the area of the first upper right molar. Analysis of the diagnostic means and scientific evidence involved led to placement of a dental implant simultaneous with maxillary sinus lifting (lateral window technique). The second surgical stage was performed four months later. A zirconium crown was finally placed, and a 24-month follow-up period was started. Conclusions: With a good diagnosis, appropriate surgical management, patient cooperation and periodic controls, it is a safe technique that ensures the stability of peri-implant tissue(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Resorption/diagnosis , Dental Implants/adverse effects , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Aftercare
16.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 21(3): 19-22, jul.-set.2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391101

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A extração de terceiros molares é um dos procedimentos mais realizados em cirurgias orais. As indicações para esse procedimento estão ligadas à doença cárie, doença periodontal, pericoronite, entre outras. Objetivo: O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar um relato de caso e discussão com a técnica aplicada a um terceiro molar superior com risco de comunicação oroantral, demonstrando os benefícios deste procedimento. Relato de Caso: Paciente sexo masculino, 49 anos, ausência de comorbidades, encaminhado para remoção de terceiro molar superior por dificuldade de higienização e acúmulo de placa bacteriana, ao exame tomográfico, apresentou proximidades das raízes com o seio maxilar, onde foi optado pela contra indicação de extração devido a grande chance de comunicação oroantral e sugerido coronectomia para resolução do caso. Conclusão: A coronectomia é uma técnica bastante difundida nos casos em que o terceiro molar está intimamente relacionado ao nervo alveolar inferior, com chances de parestesia. Não há relatos na literatura dessa técnica aplicada ao terceiro molar superior... (AU)


Introduction: Extraction of third molars is one of the most commonly performed procedures in oral surgeries. The indications for this procedure are linked to caries disease, periodontal disease, pericoronitis, among others. Case Report: Male patient, 49 years old, absent from comorbidities, referred for removal of the upper third molar due to difficulty in cleaning and bacterial plaque accumulation, on tomographic examination, proximity of the roots to the maxillary sinus, where it was opted for the contraindication of extraction due to great chance of oroantral communication and suggested coronectomy to resolve the case. Objective: The purpose of this article is to present a case report and discussion with the technique applied to a maxillary third molar at risk of oroantral communication, demonstrating the benefits of this procedure. Conclusion: Coronectomy is a widespread technique in cases where the third molar is closely related to the lower alveolar nerve, with chances of paresthesia. There are no reports in the literature of this technique applied to the upper third molar... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pericoronitis , Periodontal Diseases , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Dental Plaque , Molar , Molar, Third/surgery , Mandibular Nerve , Maxillary Sinus
17.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 21(3): 39-43, jul.-set.2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391201

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A comunicação buco-sinusal é tida como uma comunicação entre a cavidade bucal e o seio maxilar, cuja qual possui variadas etiologias, sendo a mais comum a extração de dentes posteriores superiores, pela proximidade de seus ápices radiculares com o assoalho do seio maxilar. O diagnóstico é obtido a partir da combinação de anamnese, exame físico e exames imaginológicos, podendo ser por meio de radiografias ou tomografia. Há diversas abordagens para o tratamento, incluindo o uso de membranas de Fibrina Rica em Plaqueta e Leucócitos para obstrução local da comunicação. O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar e discutir o emprego de membrana de Fibrina Rica em Plaqueta e Leucócitos para manejo de uma comunicação buco-sinusal associado à reconstrução de tábua óssea vestibular com Stick Bone. Relato de caso: Mulher, 61 anos, compareceu ao atendimento odontológico relatando incômodo na região do dente 16 e história de extração do mesmo há cerca de 8 meses. Ao exame intra-oral, observou-se a presença área hiperemiada no alvéolo da região da extração e, ao exame tomográfico, foi observada solução de continuidade no assoalho do seio maxilar, sugerindo comunicação buco-sinusal associado à perda de tábua óssea vestibular local. Considerações Finais: Portanto, o uso destas membranas são adequados para obstrução destas comunicações, sendo um plugue adequado devido às suas propriedades adesivas na área de perfuração, não estar vinculado a nenhuma reação imunológica, preparação fácil e rápida, altamente biocompatível, baixo custo, prevenção da profundidade do sulco vestibular e não apresentar nenhum risco de infecção... (AU)


Introduction: The oroantral communication is a communication between the oral cavity and the maxillary sinus, which has different etiologies, being the most common the extraction of upper posterior teeth, due to the proximity of their root apexes to the floor of the maxillary sinus. Diagnosis is obtained from a combination of anamnesis, physical examination and imaging exams, which may be through radiographs or tomography. There are several approaches to treatment, including the use of Leukocyte- and Platelet-RichFibrin membranes for local obstruction of communication. The aim of this work is to report and discuss the use of a Leukocyte- and Platelet-Rich Fibrin membrane for the management of oroantral communication associated with the reconstruction of the buccal bone plate with Stick Bone. Case report: A 61-year-old woman reported discomfort in the region of right maxillary first molar and a history of extraction of the same for about 8 months. The intraoral evaluation revealed the presence of a hyperemic area in the alveolus of the extraction region, and the tomographic examination revealed an oroantral communication associated with loss of local vestibular bone plate. Final considerations: Therefore, the use of these membranes are suitable for obstructing these communications, being a propper plug due to its adhesive properties in the perforation area, not being associated to any immunological reaction, easy and fast preparation, highly biocompatible, low cost, prevention of the depth of the vestibular sulcus and do not present any risk of infection... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Bone Plates , Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms , Oroantral Fistula/surgery , Mandibular Reconstruction , Maxillary Sinus , Maxillary Sinus/abnormalities , Platelet-Rich Fibrin , Medical History Taking , Molar
18.
Rev. Soc. Odontol. La Plata ; 31(60): 23-26, jul. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284468

ABSTRACT

Las neoplasias malignas de la cavidad oral en gran medida (90%) consisten en carcinoma de células escamosas que surgen de la mucosa de revestimiento. El 10% restantes de neoplasias malignas orales de un grupo heterogéneo de tumores de diferente etiología. Presentamos dos casos de patología oncohematológica: Mieloma Múltiple (AU)


Malignant neoplasms of the oral cavity largely (90%) consist of squamous cell carcinoma arising from the lining mucosa. e remaining 10% of oral malignancies from a heterogeneous group of tumors of different etiology. We present two cases of oncohematological pathology: Multiple Myeloma (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Plasmacytoma/diagnosis , Plasmacytoma/pathology , Plasmacytoma/diagnostic imaging , Mouth Neoplasms/diagnosis , Radiotherapy , Biopsy/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Diphosphonates/therapeutic use , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Multiple Myeloma
19.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(4): 396-401, July-Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285706

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Sinonasal inverted papilloma is noted for its high rate of recurrence. Staging systems aid to reduce recurrence and avoid excessive surgeries by guiding the selection of the optimal surgical approach. Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of different endoscopic approaches in inverted papilloma by assessing tumor origin site and tumor volume. Methods Krouse classification system that is based on tumor volume was used for staging; furthermore, tumor origin sites were grouped as lateral nasal wall, medial wall and other walls of maxillary sinus. The main treatment method for all patients was endoscopic sinus surgery. Endoscopic extended middle meatal antrostomy, endoscopic Caldwell-Luc and endoscopic medial maxillectomy were the additional surgery types performed in different combinations. Results Fifty-five patients (42 male) with a mean 54.9 ± 14.4 years of age were included. 37 patients were diagnosed with advanced stage inverted papilloma (67.2 %). Recurrence was observed in 12 patients (21.8 %). In early stage lateral nasal wall origination, no recurrence was observed in the simple tumor resection group (0/10). In early stage medial wall origination, no recurrence was observed in the extended middle meatal antrostomy group (0/8). In advanced stage medial wall origination, the recurrence rates of extended middle meatal antrostomy, extended middle meatal antrostomy + endoscopic Caldwell- Luc and endoscopic medial maxillectomy were 100.0 %, 53.8 % and 13.6 %, respectively (p = 0.002). In advanced stage other walls of maxillary sinus origination, recurrence rates of extended middle meatal antrostomy + endoscopic Caldwell-Luc and endoscopic medial maxillectomy were 20 % and 16.6 %, respectively (p = 0.887). Conclusion Tumor origin site, tumor stage and surgery types show an impact on recurrence. Despite the fact that tumor origin site singly could lead to appropriate selection of the surgery type in most cases, tumor stage carries substantial importance in selection of surgery type for sinonasal-inverted papilloma. An operation plan regarding both tumor volume and tumor origin site may aid surgeons in selecting optimal endoscopic surgical method to avoid recurrence or excessive surgeries.


Resumo Introdução O papiloma invertido nasossinusal é conhecido por sua alta taxa de recorrência. Os sistemas de estadiamento ajudam a reduzir a recorrência e evitar cirurgias excessivas e orientam a seleção da abordagem cirúrgica ideal. Objetivo Avaliar a eficácia de diferentes abordagens endoscópicas no papiloma invertido, de acordo com o local de origem e o volume do tumor. Método Para o estadiamento, usou-se o sistema de classificação de Krouse, baseado no volume do tumor; além disso, os tumores foram agrupados de acordo com seus locais de origem: parede nasal lateral, parede medial e outras paredes do seio maxilar. O principal método de tratamento para todos os pacientes foi a cirurgia endoscópica nasossinusal. Foram feitos, em diferentes combinações, os seguintes tipos de cirurgia: antrostomia estendida do meato médio, Caldwell-Luc endoscópica e maxilectomia medial endoscópica. Resultados Foram incluídos 55 pacientes (42 homens) com média de 54,9 ± 14,4 anos. Trinta e sete pacientes foram diagnosticados com papiloma invertido avançado (67,2%). Foi observada recorrência em 12 pacientes (21,8%). No estágio inicial com origem na parede nasal lateral, não foi observada recorrência no grupo de ressecção simples de tumor (0/10). No estágio inicial com origem na parede medial, não foi observada recorrência no grupo de antrostomia estendida do meato médio (0/8). Com tumor em estágio avançado com origem na parede medial, as taxas de recorrência na antrostomia estendida do meato médio, antrostomia estendida do meato médio + Caldwell-Luc endoscópica e maxilectomia medial endoscópica foram de 100,0%, 53,8% e 13,6%, respectivamente (p = 0,002). No tumor em estágio avançado em outras paredes do seio maxilar, as taxas de recorrência na antrostomia estendida do meato médio + Caldwell-Luc endoscópica e maxilectomia medial endoscópica foram de 20% e 16,6%, respectivamente (p = 0,887). Conclusão O local de origem do tumor, o estágio do tumor e os tipos de cirurgia mostram impacto na recorrência. Apesar da consideração de que na maioria dos casos o local de origem do tumor pode, de forma isolada, orientar a seleção apropriada do tipo de cirurgia, o estágio do tumor tem importância substancial na seleção do tipo de cirurgia para papiloma invertido nasossinusal. Um planejamento cirúrgico considerando tanto o volume quanto o local de origem do tumor pode ajudar os cirurgiões a selecionar o tipo ideal de cirurgia endoscópica para evitar recorrências ou remoções excessivas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Papilloma, Inverted/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tumor Burden , Endoscopy , Maxillary Sinus , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery
20.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 21(2): 39-42, abr.-jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1390997

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O seio maxilar é um dos seios paranasais, constituído por cavidade óssea preenchida de ar, localizado bilateralmente na maxila, próximo a região dos dentes posteriores. Dada sua localização, morfologia e fisiologia, o assoalho desse seio possui íntima relação com as raízes dos dentes posteriores. Essa estrutura possui uma membrana de revestimento e que pode ser acometida em processos de exodontia de dentes posteriores no qual existe uma relação de proximidade muito evidenciada. O alvéolo pode tornar-se uma via de comunicação entre cavidade oral e seio maxilar. Relato de Caso: O objetivo desse trabalho é descrever o relato de caso de um paciente que foi encaminhado à clínica de cirurgia Bucomaxilofacial para remoção de um fresa alojada no interior do seio maxilar direito que se deslocou durante ato de odontossecção do dente 26. A remoção do fragmento foi realizada pelo alvéolo onde, inicialmente, foi realizada a cirurgia de exodontia. O paciente em questão apresentou evolução satisfatória com ausências de sinais e sintomas de complicações relacionadas ao corpo estranho. Considerações Finais: conhecer a história é fundamental na conduta de tais casos, assim como investigar as possíveis queixas relacionadas ao quadro, por exemplo, os sinais e sintomas de uma sinusite maxilar... (AU)


Introduction: The maxillary sinus is one of the paranasal sinuses, constituted by a bone cavity filled with air, located bilaterally in the maxilla, close to the region of the posterior teeth. Given its location, morphology and physiology, the floor of this sinus is closely related to the roots of the posterior teeth. This structure has a lining membrane and can be affected in processes of extraction of posterior teeth in which there is a very evident relationship of proximity. The alveolus can become a communication route between the oral cavity and the maxillary sinus. Case Report: The purpose of this paper is to describe the case report of a patient who was referred to oral and maxillofacial surgery clinic for removal of a dental burr located inside the right maxillary sinus that was displaced during the tooth 26 extraction. Removal of the fragment was performed through the socket where, initially, extraction surgery was performed. The patient in question presented a satisfactory evolution with no signs and symptoms of complications related. Final considerations: knowing the history is important in management of these cases, as well as investigating possible complaints related to the condition, for example the signs and symptoms of a maxillary sinusitis... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Surgery, Oral , Bone and Bones , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Mouth , Maxilla , Maxillary Sinus/pathology
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